[HOME] [INDEXES] < Life < Insecta < Lepidoptera < Ditrysia < Bombycoidea < Sphingidae < Smerinthinae
Smerinthus Latreille, [1802]
Smerinthus Latreille, [1802]; Hist. Nat. Crust. Ins. 3: 401, TS: Sphinx ocellata Linnaeus
Dilina Dalman, 1816; K. VetenskAcad. Handl. 1816 (2): 205, TS: Sphinx ocellata Linnaeus
Merinthus Meigen, 1830; Syst. Beschr. eur. Schmett. 2 : 148, TS: Sphinx ocellata Linnaeus
Bebroptera Sodoffsky, 1837; Bull. Soc. imp. Nat. Moscou 1837 (6) : 84, TS: Sphinx ocellata Linnaeus
Copismerinthus Grote, 1866; Hawk Moths N. Amer.: 35, TS: Smerinthus cerisyi Kirby
Eusmerinthus Grote, 1877; Can. Ent. 9 (7) : 132, TS: Smerinthus geminatus Say
Bellia Tutt, 1902; Nat. Hist. Br. Lepid. 3 : 386, TS: Smerinthus caecus Ménétriés
Daddia Tutt, 1902; Nat. Hist. Br. Lepid. 3 : 386, TS: Smerinthus kindermannii Lederer
Nicholsonia Tutt, 1902; Nat. Hist. Br. Lepid. 3 : 386, TS: Smerinthus saliceti Boisduval
Bellinca Strand, 1943; Folia zool. hydrobiol. 12: 98, TS: Smerinthus caecus Ménétriés
Niia Strand, 1943; Folia zool. hydrobiol. 12: 99, TS: Smerinthus saliceti Boisduval
Smerinthus, Sphingidae of the Western Palearctic [Tony Pittaway]
Copiosmerinthus ; Kirby, 1892, Syn. Cat. Lepid. Het. 1 : 712 (missp.)
Smerithus ; Chu & Wang, 1980, Fauna Sinica 11: 268 (missp.)
Smerinthus ; Druce, 1881, in Godman & Salvin, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 17; Eitschberger, 2002, Neue Ent. Nachr. 53: 88
Smerinthus (Smerinthinae) ; [MABL]
Smerinthus (Smerinthini) ; [HMW, 16]

Smerinthus astarte Strecker, [1885]
Colorado. See [About maps] Smerinthus astarte Strecker, [1885]; Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 36 : 283, TL: near Denver, Colorado
= Smerinthus cerisyi Kirby, 1837; [HMW]
Smerinthus astarte ; Eitschberger, 2002, Neue Ent. Nachr. 53: 89

Smerinthus atlanticus Austaut, 1890
Algeria. See [About maps] Smerinthus atlanticus Austaut, 1890; Naturaliste 12: 190, TL: Algeria, Oujda
Smerinthus atlanticus var. aestivalis Austaut, 1890; Naturaliste 12: 191, TL: N.Africa
Smerinthus ocellatus atlanticus, Sphingidae of the Western Palearctic [Tony Pittaway]
Smerinthus ocellatus atlanticus ; [HMW]
Smerinthus atlanticus ; Eitschberger, 2002, Neue Ent. Nachr. 53: 89

Smerinthus caecus Ménétriés, 1857
Siberia, Altai. See [About maps] Smerinthus caecus Ménétriés, 1857; Cat. lep. Petersb. 2: 135, TL: Amurland, Russia
Smerinthus caecus, Sphingidae of the Western Palearctic [Tony Pittaway]
Smerinthus caecus, Sphigidae of China (and adjacent regions) [Tony Pittaway]
Smerinthus coecus ; Boisduval, [1875], Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. Hétérocères, 1 : 40 (missp.)
Smerinthus caecus ; [HMW]; Eitschberger, 2002, Neue Ent. Nachr. 53: 90

Larva on Salix, Betula [Tony Pittaway]


Smerinthus cerisyi Kirby, 1837
New Foundland - New York - British Columbia - Washington - Oregon - Arizona, New Mexico, California, Utah, Idaho. See [About maps] One-eyed Sphinx
Smerinthus cerisyi Kirby, 1837; in Richardson, Fauna Boreal Amer.: 301, pl. 4, f. 4, TL: North America
Smerinthus cerisyi borealis Clark, 1929; Proc. New England Zool. Cl. 11: 20, TL: McCreary, Manitoba
= ; [HMW]
Smerinthus cerisyi, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Smerinthus cerisyi, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Smerinthus cerisyi, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Smerinthus cerisyi, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Smerinthus cerisyi, Lynn Scott's Lepidoptera Images [Lynn Scott]
Smerinthus cerisyi, The Moths of Southeastern Arizona [Bruce Walsh]
Smerinthus cerisii ; Harris, 1839, Amer. J. Sci. Arts, 36 (2): 291 (missp.)
Smerinthus cerysii ; Smith, 1888, Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc. 15 : 223, pl. f. 7 (missp.)
Smerinthus cerisyi ; [HMW]; Eitschberger, 2002, Neue Ent. Nachr. 53: 90, 125-127 (gen.), pl. VIII, f. 1-2; [MABL]

Larva on Salix, Populus [MNA21]


Smerinthus jamaicensis (Drury, 1773)
Florida - Mississippi - Newfoundland - Alberta, British Columbia, Washington, Oregon - Arizona. See [About maps] Twin-spot Sphinx
Sphinx ocellatus jamaicensis Drury, 1773; Illust. Nat. Hist. Exot. Insects 2 : 43 and index, pl. 25, f. 2-3, TL: Jamaica?
Smerinthus geminatus Say, 1824; American Entomologist 1: [74], pl. 12
= ; [HMW]
Calasymbolus geminatus var. tripartitus Grote, 1886; The Hawk Moths of North America: 36
= ; [HMW]
Smerinthus jamaicensis var. flavitincta Nixon, 1912; Ent. News 23 (3) : 127, TL: Baltimore, Maryland
= ; [HMW]
Smerinthus jamaicensis ab. clarkii Franck, 1913; Bull. Brooklyn Ent. Soc. 8: 49, TL: Coney Island, New York
= ; [HMW]
Smerinthus jamaicensis r. gamma Cockerell, 1925; Entomologist 58: 37, TL: Boulder, Colorado
= ; [HMW]
Smerinthus jamaicensis, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Smerinthus jamaicensis, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Smerinthus jamaicensis, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Smerinthus jamaicensis, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Smerinthus jamaicensis, Lynn Scott's Lepidoptera Images [Lynn Scott]
Smerinthus jamaicensis, Georgia Lepidoptera (USA) [GALEPS]
Smerinthus jamaicensis ; [HMW]; Eitschberger, 2002, Neue Ent. Nachr. 53: 90, 122-124 (gen.), pl. X, f. 4-5

Larva on Populus, Betula, Salix, Ulmus, Fraxinus, Malus sylvestris, Prunus [MNA21]


Smerinthus kindermanni Lederer, 1853
-. See [About maps] Smerinthus kindermanni Lederer, 1853; Verh. zool.-bot. Ver. Wien 2 (Abh.) : 92, TL: Argana Maden, Kurdistan
Smerinthus kindermannii, Sphingidae of the Western Palearctic [Tony Pittaway]
Smerinthus kindermannii, Sphigidae of China (and adjacent regions) [Tony Pittaway]
Smerinthus kindermannii ; [HMW]
Syria, Asia Minor Smerinthus kindermanni kindermanni f.aest. obscura Closs, 1917; Int. Ent. Z. 11 (16): 153, TL: Syria and Asia Minor
= Smerinthus kindermanni Lederer, 1853; [HMW]
Smerinthus kindermannii kindermannii ; Eitschberger, 2002, Neue Ent. Nachr. 53: 91
S. k. gehleni Eitschberger & Lukhtanov, 1996
N.India Smerinthus kindermanni gehleni Eitschberger & Lukhtanov, 1996; Atalanta 27: 617 (repl. Smerinthus kindermanni meridionalis Gehlen, 1931)
= Smerinthus kindermanni Lederer, 1853; [HMW]
Smerinthus kindermanni meridionalis Gehlen, 1931; Ent. Z. 45: 202, f. 2-3 (preocc. Smerinthus planus merdidionalis Closs, 1917), TL: Bashhar, N.India, 5000m
Smerinthus kindermannii gehleni ; Eitschberger, 2002, Neue Ent. Nachr. 53: 91
S. k. iliensis Eitschberger & Lukhtanov, 1996
Kasakstan Smerinthus kindermanni iliensis Eitschberger & Lukhtanov, 1996; Atalanta 27: 617-618, TL: Kasachstan, Alma-Ata region, 20km SW Tschundsha, 500m
= Smerinthus kindermanni Lederer, 1853; [HMW]
Smerinthus kindermannii iliensis ; Eitschberger, 2002, Neue Ent. Nachr. 53: 91
S. k. obsoleta Staudinger, 1901
W.China Smerinthus kindermanni obsoleta Staudinger, 1901; in Staudinger & Rebel, Cat. Lepid. palaearct. Faunengeb., 3: 100, TL: Korla, W.China
= Smerinthus kindermanni Lederer, 1853; [HMW]
Smerinthus kindermannii obsoleta ; Eitschberger, 2002, Neue Ent. Nachr. 53: 91
S. k. orbata Grum-Grshimailo, 1890
Ferghana Smerinthus kindermanni var. orbata Grum-Grshimailo, 1890; in Romanoff, Mém. Lép. 4 : 512-513, TL: Ferghana
= Smerinthus kindermanni Lederer, 1853; [HMW]
Smerinthus kindermannii orbata ; Eitschberger, 2002, Neue Ent. Nachr. 53: 91

Smerinthus minor Mell, 1937
Smerinthus minor Mell, 1937; Dt. Ent. Z. 1937: 3, 5-6, f. 5b, TL: Tapeishan, 1700m
Smerinthus minor, Sphigidae of China (and adjacent regions) [Tony Pittaway]
Smerinthus minor ; [HMW]; Eitschberger, 2002, Neue Ent. Nachr. 53: 91, 119-120 (gen.), pl. X, f. 3

fiSmerinthus ocellatus (Linnaeus, 1758)
EU, W.Siberia, Asia Minor. See [About maps] Silmäkiitäjä Sinisilmäkiitäjä Videsvärmäre Aftenpåfugleøje Silmiksuru Eyed Hawk-moth Abendpfauenauge Smérinthe Demi-paon Ocellé Esfinge Ocelada esti pávaszem
Sphinx ocellata Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 489, TL: Updala, Sweden
Sphinx semipavo Retzius, 1783; Gen. Spec. Ins. : 35
Sphinx salicis Hübner, 1796; Samml. eur. Schmett. [2] : pl. 15, TL: Augsburg, Germany
Smerinthus ocellata cinerascens Staudinger, 1879; Stettin Ent. Ztg 40 : 316, TL: Naryn
Smerinthus ocellata ab. rosea Bartel, 1900; in Rühl, Palae. Großschm. 2: 176
Smerinthus ocellata ab. albescens Tutt, 1902; Nat. Hist. Br. Lepid. 3 : 426
Smerinthus ocellata ab. caeca Tutt, 1902; Nat. Hist. Br. Lepid. 3 : 427
Smerinthus ocellata ab. pallida Tutt, 1902; Nat. Hist. Br. Lepid. 3 : 427, TL: Bexley woods, England
Smerinthus ocellata f. grisescens Closs, ?1915; ?Int. Ent. Z. 9: 1
Smerinthus ocellata f. dilutata Closs, 1917; Int. Ent. Z. 11 (9): 82, TL: Berlin, Germany
Smerinthus ocellata f. ocellata Closs, 1917; Int. Ent. Z. 11 (9): 82, TL: Brelin-Friedenau, Germnay
?grisea Closs, 1917
Smerinthus ocellata ab. ollivryi Oberthür, 1920; Étud. Lépid. Comp. 17 : 7, pl. 503, f. 4190
Smerinthus ocellata f. flavescens Neumann, 1930; Int. Ent. Z. 24 (22): 248, TL: Straußberg near Berlin, Germany
Smerinthus ocellata ab. kainiti Knop, 1937; Ent. Z. 51 (26): 263
Smerinthus ocellata ab. reducta Schnaider, 1950; Polsk. Pismo. Ent. 19: 245, TL: Poland, Brzuchowice
Smerinthus ocellata ab. monochromica Cockayne, 1953; Ent. Rec. J. Var. 65 (2) : 34, TL: Worcester, England
Smerinthus ocellata f. brunnescens Lempke, 1959; Tijdschr. Ent. 102 (1) : 73 (317), TL: Amsterdam, Holland
Smerinthus ocellata f. rufescens Lempke, 1959; Tijdschr. Ent. 102 (1) : 73 (317), TL: Noordwijk, Holland
Smerinthus ocellata f. biocellata Lempke, 1959; Tijdschr. Ent. 102 (1) : 74 (318), TL: Breda, Holland
Smerinthus ocellata f. caerulocellata Lempke, 1959; Tijdschr. Ent. 102 (1) : 74 (318), TL: Putten, Holland
Smerinthus ocellata f. deroseata Lempke, 1959; Tijdschr. Ent. 102 (1) : 74 (318), TL: Wammel, Holland
Smerinthus ocellata f. uniformis Lempke, 1959; Tijdschr. Ent. 102 (1) : 74 (318), TL: Appeldoorn, Holland
Smerinthus ocellata f. viridiocellata Lempke, 1959; Tijdschr. Ent. 102 (1) : 74 (318), TL: Amsterdam, Holland
Smerinthus ocellata f. parvocellata Lempke, 1959; Tijdschr. Ent. 102 (1) : 75 (319), TL: Amsterdam, Holland
Smerinthus ocellata, Larvae of North-European Lepidoptera [Kimmo Silvonen]
Smerinthus ocellata, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Smerinthus ocellata, Norges Sommerfugler [NORLEP]
Smerinthus ocellatus, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Smerinthus ocellatus ocellatus, Sphingidae of the Western Palearctic [Tony Pittaway]
Smerinthus ocellata ocellata, Sphigidae of China (and adjacent regions) [Tony Pittaway]
Smerinthus ocellata, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
Smerinthus ocellata ; [HMW]; Eitschberger, 2002, Neue Ent. Nachr. 53: 92
[ocellatus-1l.jpg] 640x430 (~30Kb) larva Northern Poland, Biebrza river, 20.8.1996, Photo © Marek Michalski [ocellatus-2l.jpg] 604x900 (~54Kb) larva Finland, Järvenpää 670:39, 11.8.1981, Photo © Pertti Pakkanen [ocellatus-3l.jpg] 1600x1200 (~129Kb) larva FINLAND Joensuu, Matara, Summer 2000 Jaakko Pohjoismäki & Pekka Pohjola, Photo 2000 © Timo Veteli
[ocellatus-4.jpg] 600x400 (~58Kb) Central Europe 1990-2000, Photo © Michael Borsch [ocellatus-4l.jpg] 603x400 (~47Kb) larva Central Europe 1990-2000, Photo © Michael Borsch [ocellatus-5.jpg] 916x633 (~129Kb) Belgium, Antwerpen, Hobokense Polder, 21.5.2004, Photo © Toon Verbruggen
[ocellatus-6fu.jpg] 989x531 (~86Kb) upperside female Russia, Moscow, 8.6.2008, Photo © D. Smirnov [ocellatus-6fv.jpg] 994x524 (~86Kb) underside female Russia, Moscow, 8.6.2008, Photo © D. Smirnov [ocellatus-6mu.jpg] 1022x588 (~98Kb) upperside male Russia, Moscow area, 22.6.2008, Photo © D. Smirnov
[ocellatus-7m.jpg] 979x731 (~111Kb) male Russia, Moscow area, 28.6.2010 (36°25'E, 56°00'N), Photo © D. Smirnov [ocellatus.jpg] 802x421 (~82Kb)

Larva on Alnus glutinosa, A. incana, Betula spp., Malus domestica, Populus tremula, P. balsamifera, Prunus padus, Pyrus communis, Salix, S. fragilis, S. alba, S. viminalis, S. caprea, S. aurita, S. cinerea, S. myrsinifolia, S. phylicifolia, Viburnum opulus [SPRK]


S. o. protai (Speidel & Kaltenbach, 1981)
Smerinthus ocellata protai Speidel & Kaltenbach, 1981; Atalanta 12: 112-116, f. 2a-b, TL: Sardinia, Siniscola
= Smerinthus ocellata atlanticus Austaut, 1890; [HMW]
Smerinthus ocellata protai ; Eitschberger, 2002, Neue Ent. Nachr. 53: 94

Smerinthus ophthalmica Boisduval, 1855
California, Mexico. See [About maps] Smerinthus ophthalmica Boisduval, 1855; Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. (3) 3: 32, TL: California
= Smerinthus cerisyi Kirby, 1837; [HMW]
Smerinthus opthalmicus[sic] var. pallidulus H. Edwards, 1875; Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 6 : 91, TL: San Francisco, California
= Smerinthus cerisyi Kirby, 1837; [HMW]
Smerinthus cerisyi ophthalmica ab. nigrescens Clark, 1919; Proc. New England Zool. Club 6 : 105, pl. 11, f. 5, TL: Mission, San Jose, California
= Smerinthus cerisyi Kirby, 1837; [HMW]
Smerinthus ophthalmica, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Smerinthus ophtalmicus[sic] ; Boisduval, [1875], Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. Hétérocères, 1 : 33-35 (missp.?)
Smerinthus ophthalmicus ; Godman & Salvin, 1881, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 17
Smerinthus ophthalmica ; Eitschberger, 2002, Neue Ent. Nachr. 53: 94, 128-130 (gen.), pl. IX, f. 1-2

Smerinthus planus Walker, 1856
N.China, Mongolia, S.Siberia, Korea, Taiwan, Japan. See [About maps] Smerinthus planus Walker, 1856; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 8: 254, TL: Northern China
Smerinthus argus Ménétriés, 1857; Cat. lep. Petersb. 2: 136-137, TL: Amur
Smerinthus planus meridionalis Closs, 1917; Ent. Mitt. 6 (4/6) : 133, TL: Kuangtung
Smerinthus planus alticola Clark, 1922; Proc. New England Zool. Cl. 8 : 8, TL: Mt. Pao-Hwa, near Lungtan, China
Smerinthus planus f.vern. clarissimus Mell, 1922; Biol. und Syst. südchin. Sphing. 1 & 2: 188, TL: N.China, Schantung
Smerinthus planus f.vern. distinctus Mell, 1922; Biol. und Syst. südchin. Sphing. 1 & 2: 189, TL: Kuangtung
Smerinthus planus f.aest. kuangtungensis Mell, 1922; Biol. und Syst. südchin. Sphing. 1 & 2: 189
Smerinthus planus f.vern. jünnanus Mell, 1922; Biol. und Syst. südchin. Sphing. 1 & 2: 189, TL: China
Smerinthus planus juennanus Chu & Wang, 1980; Acta Zootax. Sinica 5: 418-426 (not Mell, 1922), TL: China
= ; Eitschberger, 2002, Neue Ent. Nachr. 53: 95
?chosensis Matsumura, 1931
?unicolor Matsumura, 1931
Smerinthus planus, Sphingidae of the Western Palearctic [Tony Pittaway]
Smerinthus planus planus, Sphigidae of China (and adjacent regions) [Tony Pittaway]
Smerinthus planus juennanus ; [HMW]
Smerinthus planus ; [HMW]; Eitschberger, 2002, Neue Ent. Nachr. 53: 94

Smerinthus saliceti Boisduval, [1875]
California, Arizona, Mexico. See [About maps] Salicet Sphinx
Smerinthus saliceti Boisduval, [1875]; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. Hétérocères, 1 : 35, TL: Mexico
Smerinthus saliceti, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Smerinthus saliceti, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Smerinthus saliceti, The Moths of Southeastern Arizona [Bruce Walsh]
Smerinthus saliceti ; Godman & Salvin, 1881, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 17, 3: pl. 1, f. 9; [HMW]; Eitschberger, 2002, Neue Ent. Nachr. 53: 95, 131-133 (gen.), pl. VIII, f. 3-5; [MABL]

Smerinthus szechuanus (Clark, 1938)
Szechuan, Yunnan. See [About maps] Anambulyx szechuanus Clark, 1938; Proc. New England Zool. Cl. 17: 43, TL: Omei, Szechuan, SW.China, 9000ft
Smerinthus litulinea Zhu & Wang, 1997; Fauna Sinica 11: 212, TL: Yunnan
Smerinthus szechuanus, Sphigidae of China (and adjacent regions) [Tony Pittaway]
Smerinthus szechuanus ; [HMW]; Eitschberger, 2002, Neue Ent. Nachr. 53: 96, 121 (gen.), pl. IX, f. 5

Smerinthus tokyonis Matsumura, 1921
Japan. See [About maps] Smerinthus tokyonis Matsumura, 1921; Thous. Ins. Japan (Additam.) 4 : 751, TL: Japan
Smerinthus tokyonis, Sphigidae of China (and adjacent regions) [Tony Pittaway]
Smerinthus tokyonis ; [HMW]; Eitschberger, 2002, Neue Ent. Nachr. 53: 96

Smerinthus vancouverensis Butler, 1876
British Columbia. See [About maps] Smerinthus vancouverensis Butler, 1876; Trans. Zool. Soc. Lond. 9 (19) : 593, TL: Vancouver Island, British Columbia
= Smerinthus cerisyi Kirby, 1837; [HMW]
Smerinthus vancouverensis ; Eitschberger, 2002, Neue Ent. Nachr. 53: 96, 137-139 (gen. ?), pl. X, f. 1-2?


7.12.2011 (14)

References:
[ALBERTA]
University of Alberta, E.H. Strickland Entomological Museum; Browse Entomology Collection
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BAMONA]
Opler, Pavulaan, Stanford & Pogue; Butterflies and Moths of North America; Mountain Prairie Information Node
[BCA]
electronic; BIOLOGIA CENTRALI-AMERICANA
[Bruce Walsh]
Bruce Walsh; e-mail: Bruce Walsh; The Moths of Southeastern Arizona; Butterflies of Southeastern Arizona
[D. Smirnov]
Russia, Moscow; e-mail: D. Smirnov
[GALEPS]
Moths and Butterflies of Georgia and the Southeastern United States; James K. Adams; Dept. of Natural Science, Dalton State College, Dalton, GA ; http://www.daltonstate.edu/galeps/index.htm
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[HMW]
Kitching & Cadiou, 2000; Hawkmoths of the World; An annotated and illustrated revisionary checklist (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae)
[Ian Kimber]
http://www.ukmoths.force9.co.uk/
[Kimmo Silvonen]
Espoo, Finland; Kimmo's Lep Site
[LAMAS-NEO]
Gerardo Lamas; Bibliography of butterflies; An Annocated Bibliography of the Neotropical Butterflies and Skipper (Lepididoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea); Revised Electronic Edition (2007)
[Lynn Scott]
Moths of the Ottawa Area; Lynn Scott's Lepidoptera Images
[MABL]
Manuel A. Balcázar Lara; Palomillas de México
[MBE]
Moths and Butteflies of Europe; Paolo Mazzei, Diego Reggianti and Ilaria Pimpinelli; http://www.leps.it/
[MNA21]
Ronald W. Hodges, 1971; The Moths of America North of Mexico; Fascicle 21; SPHINGOIDEA
[MPG]
North American Moth Photographers Group
[Marek Michalski]
Lodz, Poland; e-mail: Marek Michalski
[Michael Borsch]
Geesthacht, Germany; contact through; e-mail: Francisco Welter-Schultes
[NORLEP]
Norges Sommerfugler
[PNWM]
Pacific Northwest Moths
[Pertti Pakkanen]
e-mail: Pertti Pakkanen; Butterfly and moth observations from Finland
[SPRK]
Seppänen, E. J, 1970; Suomen suurperhostoukkien ravintokasvit, Animalia Fennica 14
[SVF]
Svenska fjärilar; Naturhistoriska riksmuseet; (Sweden)
[Tony Pittaway]
WWW pages; Sphingidae of the Western Palearctic; Saturniidae of the Western Palaearctic; Sphingidae of China (and adjacent regions)
[Toon Verbruggen]
Toon Verbruggen


Some related literature:
Boisduval, [1875]
Histoire Naturelle des Insectes. Species Général des Lépidoptéres Hétérocéres. Tome Premier. Sphingides, Sésiides, Castnides Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. Hétérocères, 1 : 1-568, pl. 1-11
Butler, 1876
Revision of the heterocerous Lepidoptera of the family Sphingidae Trans. Zool. Soc. Lond. 9 (19) : 511-644, pl. 90-94
Clark, 1919
Some undescribed Sphingidae Proc. New England Zool. Club 6 : 99-114, 4pls
Clark, 1922
Twenty-five new Sphingidae Proc. New England Zool. Cl. 8 : 1-23
Clark, 1929
Sundry notes on Sphingidae, descriptions of sixteen new forms and of one new genus Proc. New England Zool. Cl. 11: 7-24
Closs, 1917
Ueber einige Heteroceren (Lep.) Ent. Mitt. 6 (4/6) : 129-135, pl. 5
Cockayne, 1953
Aberrations of British Macrolepidoptera Ent. Rec. J. Var. 65 (2) : 33-34, pl. 3
Dalman, 1816
Försök till systematiks Uppställing af Sveriges Fjärilar K. VetenskAcad. Handl. 1816 (1): 48-101, (2): 199-225
Drury, 1773
Illustrations of natural history; wherein are exhibited ... Illust. Nat. Hist. Exot. Insects 2 : 1-90, pl. 1-50
H. Edwards, 1875
Pacific Coast Lepidoptera, No. 11. - List of the Sphingidae of California and Adjacent Districts, with Descriptions of New Species Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 6 : 86-94
Eitschberger, 2002
Revidierte Checkliste der Gattunged Paonias Hübner, [1819] sowie Smerinthus Latreille, [1802] mit der Beschreibung neuer Paonias-Arten Neue Ent. Nachr. 53: 85-149
Druce in Godman & Salvin, 1881; Godman & Salvin, 1881
Biologia Centrali-Americana; or Contributions to the Knowledge of the Fauna of Mexico and Central America. Zoology. Lepidoptera. Heterocera Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 1-490, 3: pl. 1-101
Grote, 1877
Notice on Mr. Butler's revision of the Sphingidae Can. Ent. 9 (7) : 130-133
Grum-Grshimailo, 1890
Le Pamir et sa faune lépidoptérologique in Romanoff, Mém. Lép. 4 : 1-576, pl. A,1-21
Harris, 1839
Descriptive catalogue of the North American insects belonging to the Linnean genus Sphinx in the cabinet of Thaddeus William Harris Amer. J. Sci. Arts, 36 (2): 282-320
Hübner, 1796
Sammlung europäischer Schmetterlinge. II. Sphinges - Schwärmer ("Zweyte Band" - part) Samml. eur. Schmett. [2] : 75-100, : [1-10], 11-32 (1796), : (cancelled) pl. 1, f. 1-5 (1796), : pl. 1. f. 1-5 (1803-1806), : pl. 2-16, f. 6-78 (1796), : pl. 17, f. 79-84 (1796-1799), : pl. 18-20, f. 85-101 (1803-1806), : pl. 21-22, f. 102-109 (1803-1806), : pl. 23, f. 110-112 (1807-1808), : pl. 24-29, f. 113-136 (1808- 1813), : pl. 30, f. 137-140 (1814-1817), : pl. 31, f. 141-143 (1818-1819), : pl. 32-34, f. 144-155 (1819-1822), : pl. 35, f. 156-160 (1824-1825), : pl. 36, f. 161-164 (1827-1828), : pl. 37, f. 165-168 (1834-1836), : pl. 38, f. 169-173 (1836-1838)
Kirby, 1837
Fauna Boreali-Americana or the Zoology of the northern parts of British America in Richardson, Fauna Boreal Amer.: 325pp, 8pls
Kirby, 1892
A synonymic catalogue of Lepidoptera Heterocera (Moths). Sphinges and Bombyces Syn. Cat. Lepid. Het. 1 : 1-951
Latreille, [1802]
Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes. Ouvrage faisant suite a l'histoire naturelle générale et particuliére, composée par Leclerc de Buffon, et redigée par C. S. Sonnini, member de plusieurs sociétés savantes Hist. Nat. Crust. Ins. 3: 1-468
Lederer, 1853
Versuch die europäischen Lepidopteren (einschlissig der ihrem Habitus nach noch zure europäischen Fauna gehörigen Arten Labradors, der asiatischen Türkei un des asiatischen Russlands) in möglichst natürliche Reihenfolge zu stellen, nebst Bemerkungen zu eineg Familien und Arten. Rhopaloceren & Heteroceren Verh. zool.-bot. Ver. Wien 2 (Abh.) : 14-54 (Rhopaloceren), : 65-126 (Heteroceren)
Lempke, 1959
Catalogus der Nederlandse Macrolepidoptera (Zesde Supplement) Tijdschr. Ent. 102 (1) : 57-134
Linnaeus, 1758
Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Clases, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Symonymis, Locis. Tomis I. 10th Edition Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 1-338, : 339-824
Matsumura, 1921
Thousand Insects of Japan. Additamenta 4 [Shin Nihon senchu zukai] Thous. Ins. Japan (Additam.) 4 : 743-962, pl. 54-71
Meigen, 1830
Systematische Beschreibung der europäischen Schmetterlinge; mit Abbildungen auf Steintafeln Syst. Beschr. eur. Schmett. 2 : 1-212, pl. 43-80
Mell, 1922
Beiträge zur Fauna Sinica (II). Biologie und Systematik der südchinesischen Sphingiden. Zugleich ein Versuch einer Biologie tropischer Lepidopteren überhaupt Biol. und Syst. südchin. Sphing. 1 & 2: (1) 1-177, (2) 331pp (Atlas): pl. 1-35
Ménétriés, 1857
Enumeratio corporum animalium Musei Imperialis Academiae Scientiarum Petropilitanae. Classis Insectorum, Ordo Lepidopterorum Cat. lep. Petersb. 1: 1-66, pl. 1-6, (supplement) 67-112 (1855), 2: 67-97,99-144, pl. 7-14 (1857), 3: 145-161, pl. 15-18 (1863)
Nixon, 1912
Description of a New Variety of Smerinthus jamaicensis (Lepid.) Ent. News 23 (3) : 127
Oberthür, 1920
Sur quelques Sphingidae et plusieurs Lépidoptères Nord-Américains Étud. Lépid. Comp. 17 : 1-24, pl. 502-507
Retzius, 1783
Genera et Species Insectorum Gen. Spec. Ins. : 7-220
Schnaider, 1950
Formes de lépidoptères nouvelles ou plus rares Polsk. Pismo. Ent. 19: 237-255
Smith, 1888
A monograph of the Sphingidae of North America, north of Mexico Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc. 15 : 49-242, pl. 4-13
Sodoffsky, 1837
Entomologische untersuchungen ueber die Gattungsnamen der Schmetterlinge Bull. Soc. imp. Nat. Moscou 1837 (6) : 76-97
Staudinger, 1879
Ueber Lepidopteren des südöstlichen europäischen Russlands Stettin Ent. Ztg 40 : 315-328
Strecker, [1885]
Description of new species of North American heterocera Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 36 : 283-286
Tutt, 1902
A natural history of the British Lepidoptera. A text-book for students and collectors Nat. Hist. Br. Lepid. 3 : 1-558
Walker, 1856
List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 8: 1-271 (1856)
Zhu & Wang, 1997
Lepidoptera, Sphingidae Fauna Sinica 11: 1-410, 8pls


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.