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Poaceae Barnhart
Heinäkasvit Grass Family
Agrostidaceae Burnett
= ; [GNSP]
Andropogonaceae Martinov
= ; [GNSP]
Anomochloaceae Nakai
= ; [GNSP]
ArundinaceaeDumort.; Herter
= ; [GNSP]
Arundinariaceae Baum.-Bodenh.
= ; [GNSP]
ArundinellaceaeStapf.; Herter
= ; [GNSP]
Avenaceae Martinov
= ; [GNSP]
Bambusaceae Burnett
= ; [GNSP]
Bromaceae K. Koch
= ; [GNSP]
ChloridaceaeRchb.; Herter
= ; [GNSP]
EragrotidaceaeStapf.; Herter
= ; [GNSP]
FestucaceaeDumort.; Herter
= ; [GNSP]
Gramineae (Glumiflorae) ; [GMB, #22]
Gramineae (Graminales) ; [FFP, #411]
Poaceae (Poales) ; [RK, #127]

Foodplants for Atalopedes campestris, Autographa californica, Bryotropha terrella?, Cercyonis meadii, C. oetus, C. pegala, C. sthenele, Coenonympha ampelos, C. california, C. haydenii?, C. inornata, C. kodiak?, C. ochracea?, C. pamphilus, Cyllopsis gemma, C. pertepida?, C. pyracmon henshawi?, Erebia callias?, E. epipsodea, E. fasciata?, E. theano?, E. vidleri?, E. youngi?, Hermeuptychia hermes?, H. sosybius, Hesperia comma benuncas, H. dacotae, H. ottoe, H. pahaska, H. woodgatei, Hylephila phyleus, Lerodea eufala, Lopinga achine, Megalographa biloba, Megisto cymela, Metisella kakamega, M. medea, M. midas, M. orientalis, M. willemi, Neominois ridingsii, Neonympha areolatus, Nyctelius nyctelius, Ochlodes agricola, O. sylvanoides, Oeneis alberta, O. bore taygete?, O. chryxus, O. ivallda, O. macounii, O. melissa, O. nevadensis, O. polixenes, O. uhleri, Oligoria maculata?, Panoquina lucas, P. ocola, P. panoquin, Paratrytone snowi?, Poanes aaroni, P. hobomok, P. massasoit, P. zabulon, Polites baracoa, P. peckius, P. sabuleti, P. vibex, Pyronia cecilia, Trachelus troglodyta?

Tribe Bambuseae
Bambuseae (Gramineae) ; [FFP, 715]
Dendrocalaminae
Dendrocalaminae (Bambuseae) ; [FFP, 715]
Dendrocalamus
Melocalamus
Pseudostachyum
Teinostachyum
Cephalostachyum
Melocanninae
Melocanninae (Bambuseae) ; [FFP, 715]
Dinochloa
Schizostachyum
Melocanna
Ochlandra
Bambusinae
Bambusinae (Bambuseae) ; [FFP, 715]
Bambusa — 1 sp.
Gigantochloa
Oxytenanthera
Oreobambos
Guadua
Nastus
Arundinariinae
Arundinariinae (Bambuseae) ; [FFP, 715]
Arundinaria Michx. Cane — 2 spp.
Sasa
Phyllostachys
Chusquea
Arthrostylidium
Merostachys
Puelliinae
Puelliinae (Bambuseae) ; [FFP, 715]
Puellia
Guaduella
Atractocarpa
Tribe Streptochaeteae
Streptochaeteae (Gramineae) ; [FFP, 717]
Streptochaeta — 1 sp.
Tribe Festuceae
Festuceae (Gramineae) ; [FFP, 717]
Centothecinae
Centothecinae (Festuceae) ; [FFP, 717]
Centotheca
Orthoclada
Lophatherum
Zeugites
Festucinae
Festucinae (Festuceae) ; [FFP, 717]
fi Bromus L. Kattarat Brome Grass — 28 spp.
fi Festuca L. Nadat Fescue Grass — 15 spp.
fi Poa L. Nurmikat Meadow Grass Spear Grass — 27 spp.
fi Dactylis L. Koiranheinät Orchard Grass — 1 sp.
fi Cynosurus L. Sukapäät — 2 spp.
fi Briza L. Räpelöt Quaking Grass — 3 spp.
fi Glyceria R. Br. Sorsimot Manna Grass — 18 spp.
Lasiochloa
Demazeria
Aeuluropus
Loliinae
Loliinae (Festuceae) ; [FFP, 717]
fi Lolium L. Raiheinät Darnel — 7 spp.
Melicinae
Melicinae (Festuceae) ; [FFP, 717]
fi Melica L. Helmikät Melic Grass — 10 spp.
Sesleriinae
Sesleriinae (Festuceae) ; [FFP, 717]
fi Sesleria Scop. Lupikat — 1 sp.
Tribe Hordeeae
Hordeeae (Gramineae) ; [FFP, 719]
Triticinae
Triticinae (Hordeeae) ; [FFP, 719]
Agropyron Gaertner Harjasvehnät — 7 spp.
fi Triticum L. Vehnät — 2 spp.
Aegilops L. 'Pukinvehnät' — 4 spp.
fi Secale L. Rukiit — 1 sp.
Haynaldia
Elyminae
Elyminae (Hordeeae) ; [FFP, 719]
fi Hordeum L. Ohrat Barley — 11 spp.
fi Elymus L. Villivehnät Wild Rye Lyme Grass — 19 spp.
Sitanion
Asperella
Tribe Pappophoreae
Pappophoreae (Gramineae) ; [FFP, 720]
Pappophorum
Enneapogon — 1 sp.
Schmidtia
Cottea
Tribe Arundineae
Arundineae (Gramineae) ; [FFP, 720]
Arundo L. — 1 sp.
fi Phragmites Adanson Ruo'ot Reed — 1 sp.
Gynerium
Cortaderia Pampas Grass? — 1 sp.
Tribe Eragrosteae
Eragrosteae (Gramineae) ; [FFP, 720]
fi Eragrostis N.M. Wolf Röllinurmikat — 10 spp.
Diplachne
Leptochloa
Eleusine Gaertner Sormihirssit Goose Grass Yard Grass — 2 spp.
Dactyloctenium
Triraphis
Tripogon
Thellungia
Tridens
Triplasis
Coelachyrum
Trichoneura
Heterocarpha — 1 sp.
Tribe Sporoboleae
Sporoboleae (Gramineae) ; [FFP, 722]
Sporobolus — 1 sp.
Blepharoneuron
Tribe Chlorideae
Chlorideae (Gramineae) ; [FFP, 723]
Spartina — 1 sp.
Cynodon L.C.M. Richard Varvasheinät Bermuda Grass Scutch Grass — 1 sp.
Microchloa
Ctenium
Chloris Swartz 'Viuhkaheinät' — 3 spp.
Bouteloua
Trichloris
Craspedorrhachis
Enteropogon
Tribe Nardeae
Nardeae (Gramineae) ; [FFP, 724]
fi Nardus L. Jäkit — 1 sp.
Tribe Leptureae
Leptureae (Gramineae) ; [FFP, 725]
Lepturus — 1 sp.
Ischnurus
Pholiurus
Psilurus
Tribe Aveneae
Aveneae (Gramineae) ; [FFP, 726]
fi Aira L. Kääpiölauhat Hair Grass — 4 spp.
fi Deschampsia Beauv. Lauhat — 4 spp.
Eriachne
fi Holcus L. Mesiheinät — 2 spp.
fi Arrhenatherum Beauv. Heinäkaurat Oat Grass — 1 sp.
Gaudinia Beauv. 'Haprakaurat' — 1 sp.
fi Trisetum Pers. Villikaurat — 4 spp.
fi Avena L. Kaurat Oat — 5 spp.
fi Avenula Dumort. Mäkikaurat — 2 spp.
fi Danthonia DC. Hinat Wild Oat Grass — 6 spp.
Pentaschistis — 1 sp.
Astrebla
Koeleria Pers. Topot — 4 spp.
Tribe Agrosteae
Agrosteae (Gramineae) ; [FFP, 726]
fi Agrostis L. Röllit Bent Grass — 13 spp.
fi Calamagrostis Adanson Kastikat Reed Bent Grass — 18 spp.
Lagurus L. Jänönhännät — 1 sp.
Gastridium Beauv. 'Nyyläheinät' — 1 sp.
Triplachne
Echinopogon — 1 sp.
Dichelachne
Polypogon Desf. Sukaheinät Beard Grass — 3 spp.
Epicampes
Muehlenbergia
fi Phleum L. Tähkiöt — 4 spp.
fi Alopecurus L. Puntarpäät — 7 spp.
Tribe Stipeae
Stipeae (Gramineae) ; [FFP, 726]
Aristida
Stipa L. Höyhenheinät Feather Grass — 9 spp.
Oryzopsis
Nassella
Piptochaetium
Aciachne
fi Milium L. Tesmat Millet Grass — 1 sp.
Tribe Zoysieae
Nazieae
Trageae
Zoysieae (Gramineae) ; [FFP, 729]
Tragus
Latipes
Perotis
Mosdenia
Lopholepis
Leptothrium
Zoysia
Dignathia — 1 sp.
Tribe Lygeeae
Lygeeae (Gramineae) ; [FFP, 729]
Lygeum — 1 sp.
Tribe Phalarideae
Phalarideae (Gramineae) ; [FFP, 730]
fi Hierochloe R. Br. Maarianheinät Holy Grass — 4 spp.
fi Anthoxanthum L. Simakkeet Sweet Vernal Grass — 3 spp.
fi Phalaris L. Ruokohelpi Canary Grass — 7 spp.
Tetrarrhena
Microlaena
Ehrharta
Tribe Oryzeae
Oryzeae (Gramineae) ; [FFP, 730]
Oryzinae
Oryzinae (Oryzeae) ; [FFP, 731]
Oryza — 2 spp.
fi Leersia Swartz Hukkariisit Cut-grass White Grass — 3 spp.
Hygroryza
Zizaniinae
Zizaniinae (Oryzeae) ; [FFP, 731]
Zizania L. Intiaaniriisit Water Rice Indian Rice — 2 spp.
Zizaniopsis
Hydrochloa
Luziola
Tribe Anomochlooeae
Anomochlooeae (Gramineae) ; [FFP, 731]
Anomochloa — 1 sp.
Tribe Parianeae
Parianeae (Gramineae) ; [FFP, 733]
Pariana — 1 sp.
Tribe Phareae
Phareae (Gramineae) ; [FFP, 733]
Pharus — 1 sp.
Leptaspis
Tribe Olyreae
Olyreae (Gramineae) ; [FFP, 734]
Olyra — 1 sp.
Raddia
Lithachne
Mniochloa
Diandrolyra
Tribe Thysanolaeneae
Thysanolaeneae (Gramineae) ; [FFP, 735]
Thysanolaena — 1 sp.
Tribe Arundinelleae
Arundinelleae (Gramineae) ; [FFP, 735]
Arundinella
Trichopteryx — 1 sp.
Tristachya
Danthoniopsis
Gilgiochloa
Tribe Paniceae
Paniceae (Gramineae) ; [FFP, 737]
Panicinae
Panicinae (Paniceae) ; [FFP, 738]
fi Digitaria Haller Verihirssit — 3 spp.
Alloteropsis
Eriochloa Kunth 'Silkkihirssit' — 2 spp.
Brachiaria
Axonopus
Paspalum L. 'Helmihirssit' — 20 spp.
fi Echinochloa Beauv. Kananhirssit — 4 spp.
Oplismenus
fi Panicum L. Hirssit Panic Grass — 74 spp.
fi Setaria Beauv. Pantaheinät Bristly Foxtail Grass — 9 spp.
Pennisetum — 1 sp.
Rhynchelytrum
Anthephora
Xerochloa
Spinifex
Isachninae
Isachninae (Paniceae) ; [FFP, 738]
Isachne — 1 sp.
Heteranthoecia
Dissochondrus
Tribe Andropogoneae
Andropogoneae (Gramineae) ; [FFP, 738]
Saccharinae
Saccharinae (Andropogoneae) ; [FFP, 739]
Imperata
Miscanthus
Miscanthidium
Saccharum — 1 sp.
Eriochrysis
Eulalia
Microstegium — 1 sp.
Pogonatherum
Dimeriinae
Dimeriinae (Andropogoneae) ; [FFP, 739]
Dimeria
Ischaeminae
Ischaeminae (Andropogoneae) ; [FFP, 740]
Ischaemum
Sehima
Andropterum
Thelepogon
Apluda
Rottboelliinae
Rottboelliinae (Andropogoneae) ; [FFP, 740]
Vossia
Urelytrum
Jardinea
Hemarthria
Hackelochloa
Elionurus
Rottboellia
Ophiurus
Andropogoninae
Andropogoninae (Andropogoneae) ; [FFP, 740]
Sorghum Moench Durrat — 3 spp.
Vetiveria — 1 sp.
Chrysopogon
Arthraxon
Andropogon
Cymbopogon
Hyparrhenia Fourn., 1886 — 1 sp.
Trachypogon
Heteropogon
Themeda
Tribe Maydeae
Tripsaceae
Maydeae (Gramineae) ; [FFP, 740]
fi Zea L. Maissit — 3 spp.
Euchlaena — 1 sp.
Coix L. Kyynelheinät — 1 sp.
Tripsacum — 1 sp.
Chionachne
Polytoca
Tribe ?
fi Vulpia C.C. Gmelin 'Häntänadat' — 6 spp.
Desmazeria Dumort. Soulot — 1 sp.
fi Arctophila Rupr. ex Andersson Pohjansorsimot — 1 sp.
fi Puccinellia Parl. Suolasorsimot — 7 spp.
fi Phippsia R. Br. Tunturihilvet — 1 sp.
fi Arctagrostis Griseb. Lapinhilvet — 1 sp.
fi Beckmannia Host Törökit — 2 spp.
Lamarckia Moench 'Kultaheinät' — 1 sp.
fi Catabrosa Beauv. Vesihilvet — 1 sp.
fi Cinna L. Hajuheinät Wood Reed Grass — 2 spp.
fi Apera Adanson Luohot — 1 sp.
Mibora Adanson 'Keriheinät' — 1 sp.
fi Brachypodium Beauv. Lehtolusteet — 3 spp.
fi Leymus Hochst. Rantavehnät — 1 sp.
Eremopyrum Jaub. & Spach Vaivaisvehnät — 2 spp.
Lophochloa Reichenb. 'Tähkiötopot' — 1 sp.
fi Vahlodea Fries Lapinlauhat — 1 sp.
Corynephorus Beauv. Hopeaheinät — 1 sp.
Avellinia Parl. 'Rivieranheinät' — 1 sp.
fi Ammophila Host Rantakaurat — 1 sp.
Chaetopogon Janchen 'Partaheinät' — 1 sp.
Parapholis C.E. Hubbard Kyyntähkät — 1 sp.
Hainardia W. Greuter 'Piiskaheinät' — 1 sp.
fi Scolochloa Link Piurut — 1 sp.
fi Molinia Schrank Siniheinät — 1 sp.
Dinebra DC. 'häntäheinät' — 1 sp.
Cenchrus L. 'Piikkiheinät' Sandbur Bur Grass — 3 spp.
 
Chionochloa Zotov., 1966 — 2 spp.
Piptatherum P. Beauv., 1812 — 1 sp.


[sp-1.jpg] 1000x700 (~124Kb) USA: Oregon Dunes (43°52'59N 124°09'16W ±1km), Lane Co. OR, 1.8.2001, Photo © Markku Savela [sp-2.jpg] 900x1350 (~106Kb) FINLAND, Ka: Virolahti, Virojoki 27.6.2004, Photo © Markku Savela [sp-3.jpg] 900x1311 (~200Kb) USA: Stop at Colorado River on rd. 128 (38°40'56"N, 109°28'42"W), Grand Co., Utah, 15.8.2005, Photo © Markku Savela
[sp-4.jpg] 900x1350 (~306Kb) USA: Antelope Island, Great Salt Lake (near ~ 41°02'24"N 112°15'31"W), Davis Co., Utah, 17.8.2005, Photo © Markku Savela [sp-4a.jpg] 900x1235 (~209Kb) USA: Antelope Island, Great Salt Lake (near ~ 41°02'24"N 112°15'31"W), Davis Co., Utah, 17.8.2005, Photo © Markku Savela [sp-4b.jpg] 900x1350 (~166Kb) USA: Antelope Island, Great Salt Lake (near ~ 41°02'24"N 112°15'31"W), Davis Co., Utah, 17.8.2005, Photo © Markku Savela

The exact identification of these species is still unknown, but tentatively assumed to belong into this group.




1.6.2007 (481)

References:
[FFP]
Hutchinson, 1959; The Families of Flowering Plants (2nd ed.)
[GMB]
Fernald, 1970; Gray's Manual of Botany (8th edition); A Handbook of the Flowering Plants and Ferns of the Central and Northeastern United States and adjacent Canada
[GNSP]
Wielgorskaya, 1995; Dictionary of generic names of seed plants
[RK]
Hämet-Ahti, L., Suominen, J., Ulvinen, T. & Uotila, P. (eds), 1998; Retkeilykasvio (Field Flora of Finland); Ed. 4. 656 pp.; Finnish Museum of Natural History, Botanical Museum. Helsinki


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.