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Mustela Linnaeus, 1758
Mustela Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 45, TS: Mustela erminea Linnaeus
Arctogale
Eumustela
Foetorius
Gale
Hydromustela
Ictis Kaup
Kolonokus
Lutreola Wagner, 1841; in Schreber, Die Säugthiere ..., Suppl., 2: 239, TS: Mustela lutreola Linnaeus
Mustelina
Putorius Cuvier, 1817; Regn. Anim., 1: 147, TS: Mustela putorius Linnaeus
Grammogale

Subgenus Grammogale

Mustela felipei

Mustela africana

Subgenus Mustela

fiMustela erminea Linnaeus, 1758
CEU, NEU, Siberia, Caucasus, Himalayas, Manchuria, Mongolia, Sakhalin, Japan. See [About maps] Kärppä Stoat
Mustela erminea Linnaeus, 1758; , TL: Sweden
Mainland range aestiva; (Germany)
algiricus; (Algeria, [error?])
alpestris
baturini; (Gt Shantar Is., E. Siberia)
birulae Martino
digna
ferghanae; (Ferghana, E.Turkestan)
giganteus
hyberna
kamtschatica
karaginensis; (Karaginski Is., Kamchatka)
Mustela lymani Hollister, 1912; Smithsonian Misc. Coll. 60 (14): 5, TL: Tapucha, Altai Mountains, Siberia
maculata
major
martinoi
minima
mongolica; (Altai)
naumovi
ognevi
orientalis; (Kolyma, E.Siberia)
ricinae; (Islay, Scotland)
schnitnikovi
stabilis; (England)
tobolica
transbaikalia; (L. Baikal)
whiteheadi; (N. India)
Putorius kaneii Baird, 1857; Mammals of North America: 172, TL: Arikamchechen Is., Bering Sea
Mustela erminea teberdina Kornejev, 1941; , TL: Teberdina region, Caucasus, USSR
Mustela erminea balkarica Baziev, 1962; , TL: SW. part of Kabardino-Balkan ASSR, central Caucasus, USSR
Mustela erminea erminea ; [MPR, 168]
M. e. hibernica (Thomas & Barrett-Hamilton, 1895)
Ireland erminea hibernica (Thomas & Barrett-Hamilton, 1895); (Ireland)
Mustela erminea hibernica ; [MPR, 168]
M. e. nippon Cabrera, 1913
Japan (Honshu) Mustela erminea nippon ; [MPR, 168]
M. e. arctica (Merriam, 1896)
Alaska (arctic regions), Arctic Canada Putorius arcticus Merriam, 1896; North Amer. Fauna 11: 15, TL: Point Barrow, Alaska
Putorius audax Barret-Hamilton, 1904; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7, 13: 392, TL: Dicovery Bay, N.Greenland, ?Ellesmere Is.
Mustela arctica arctica ; Miller, 1912, U. S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 79: 97
Mustela audax ; Miller, 1912, U. S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 79: 97
Mustela erminea arctica ; Hall, 1945, Journ. Mamm., 26 (2): 179; [LNAM, 729]
M. e. polaris (Barret-Hamilton, 1904)
Greenland (north coast - Turner Sound) Putorius arcticus polaris Barret-Hamilton, 1904; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7, 13: 393, TL: Gap Valley, 7 1/4 miles NE of Cape Brevoort, lat. 82°N,long. 59°20'W, NW.Greenland
Mustela erminea polaris ; Hall, 1945, Journ. Mamm., 26 (2): 179; [LNAM, 730]
M. e. semplei Sutton & Hamilton, 1932
Baffin Is., Southampton Is., Hudson Bay Mustela arctica semplei Sutton & Hamilton, 1932; : 79, TL: Coral Inlet, South Bay, Southampton Is., Hudson Bay
Mustela arctica labiata Degerbøl & Freuchen, 1935; Danish Exped. to Arctic North America, 2 (Nos. 4-5, pt. 1): 25, TL: Malugsitaq, Melville Peninsula
Mustela erminea semplei ; Hall, 1945, Journ. Mamm., 26 (2): 179; [LNAM, 730]
M. e. kadiacensis (Merriam, 1896)
Alaska (Kodiak Island) Putorius arcticus kadiacensis Merrian, 1896; : 16, TL: Kodiak Island, Alaska
Mustela erminea kadiacensis ; Hall, 1945, Journ. Mamm., 26 (2): 179; [LNAM, 730]
M. e. richardsonii Bonaparte, 1838
Hudsonian timber belt (S.Yukon - Hudson Bay) - Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Quebec, C.Ontario, C.Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, British Columbia - Yukon Mustela richardsonii Bonaparte, 1838; Mag. Nat. Hist., 2: 38, TL: Fort Franklin, Great Bear Lake, Mackenzie District, Canada
Mustela microtis J. A. Allen, 1903; Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 19: 563, TL: Shesley, British Columbia
Mustela arcticus imperii Barret-Hamilton, 1904; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7, 13: 392, TL: Fort Simpson, Mackenzie, Canada
Mustela cicognanii mortigena Bangs, 1913; Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 54: 511, TL: Bay St. George, Newfoundland
Mustela cicognanii richardsonii ; Miller, 1912, U. S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 79: 95
Mustela erminea richardsonii ; Hall, 1945, Journ. Mamm., 26 (2): 77; [LNAM, 730]
M. e. cicognanii Bonaparte, 1838
NE.USA - Connecticut, Pennsylvania, NE.Ohio, Quebec, Ontario Mustela cigognanii[sic] Bonaparte, 1838; Mag. Nat. Hist., 2: 37, TL: E.USA
Mustela pusilla DeKay, 1842; Zoology of New York, ..., 1 (1) (Mammalia): 34
Putorius vulgaris True, 1884; Proc. U.S. Nat Mus., 7 (App. Circ. 29): 609 (Part)
Mustela cicognanii cicognanii ; Miller, 1912, U. S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 79: 95
Mustela erminea cicognanii ; Hall, 1945, Journ. Mamm., 26 (2): 180; [LNAM, 731]
M. e. bangsi Hall, 1945
S.Manitoba, NE.North Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, N.Iowa Mustela erminea bangsi Hall, 1945; Journ. Mamm., 26 (2): 176, TL: Elk River, Sherburne Co., Minnesota
Mustela erminea bangsi ; [LNAM, 731]
M. e. invicta Hall, 1945
C.Rocky Mountains (Jasper Park - Alberta - SE.British Columbia, Washington (east of Cascades), Idaho, NW.Montana) Mustela erminea invicta Hall, 1945; Journ. Mamm., 26 (2): 75, TL: Benewah, Benewah Co., Idaho
Mustela erminea invicta ; [LNAM, 731]
M. e. alascensis (Merriam, 1896)
SE.Alaska Putorius richardsoni alascensis Merriam, 1896; North Amer. Fauna 11: 12, TL: Juneau, Alaska
Mustela cicognanii alascensis ; Miller, 1912, U. S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 79: 96
Mustela erminea alascensis ; Hall, 1944, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 57: 36; [LNAM, 731]
M. e. salva Hall, 1944
Admiralty Island/Alaska Mustela erminea salva Hall, 1944; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 57: 35, TL: Mole Harbor, Admiralty Island, Alaska
Mustela erminea salva ; [LNAM, 731]
M. e. initis Hall, 1944
Chichagof Is., Baranof Is. Mustela erminea initis Hall, 1944; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 57: 37, TL: Saook Bay, Baranof Island, Alaska
Mustela erminea initis ; [LNAM, 732]
M. e. celenda Hall, 1944
Alaska (Prince of Wales Is., Dall Is., Long Is.) Mustela erminea celenda Hall, 1944; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 57: 38, TL: Kasaan Bay, Prince of Wales Island, Alaska
Mustela erminea celenda ; [LNAM, 732]
M. e. seclusa Hall, 1944
Alaska (Suemez Island) Mustela erminea seclusa Hall, 1944; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 57: 39, TL: Santa Cruz, Suemez Island, Alaska
Mustela erminea seclusa ; [LNAM, 732]
M. e. haidarum (Preble, 1898)
Queen Charlotte Islands Putorius haidarum Preble, 1898; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 12: 169, TL: Masset, Graham Island, Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia
Mustela haidarum ; Miller, 1912, U. S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 79: 38
Mustela erminea haidarum ; Hall, 1944, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 57: 38; [LNAM, 732]
M. e. anguinae Hall, 1932
Vancouver Island Mustela cicognanii anguinae Hall, 1932; Univ. California Publ. Zool., 38 (12): 417, TL: French Creek, Vancouver Island, British Columbia
Mustela erminea anguinae ; Hall, 1945, Journ. Mamm., 26 (2): 181; [LNAM, 732]
M. e. fallenda Hall, 1945
British Columbia Mustela erminea fallenda Hall, 1945; Journ. Mamm., 26 (1): 79, TL: Huntingdon, British Columbia
Mustela erminea fallenda ; [LNAM, 732]
M. e. olympica Hall, 1945
Washington (Olympic Peninsula) Mustela erminea olympica Hall, 1945; Journ. Mamm., 26 (1): 81, TL: Near head of Soleduck River, Olympic Mountains, Clallam Co., Washington
Mustela erminea olympica ; [LNAM, 732]
M. e. streatori (Merriam, 1896)
W.Washington (east side of Puget Sound) - W.Oregon - NW.California Putorius streatori Merriam, 1896; North Amer. Fauna 11: 30
Mustela streatori streatori ; Miller, 1912, U. S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 79: 96
Mustela erminea streatori ; Hall, 1945, Journ. Mamm., 26 (1): 77; [LNAM, 733]
M. e. gulosa Hall, 1945
Cascades (NE.King Co. - Mt. Adams) Mustela erminea gulosa Hall, 1945; Journ. Mamm., 26 (1): 84, TL: Trout Lake, Klickitat Co., Washington
Mustela erminea gulosa ; [LNAM, 733]
M. e. muricus (Bangs, 1899)
Colorado (Santa Fe Baldy), SW.Montana, S.Idaho, Washington (Blue Mts.), Great Basin, New Mexico, Nevada Putorius (Arctogale) muricus Bangs, 1899; Proc. New England Zool. Club, 1: 71, TL: Echo, El Dorado Co., California
Putorius streatori leptus Merriam, 1903; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washginton, 16: 76, TL: Silverton, San Juan, Co,, Colorado
Mustela muricus ; Miller, 1912, U. S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 79: 96
Mustela streatori leptus ; Miller, 1912, U. S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 79: 96
Mustela erminea murica ; Hall, 1945, Journ. Mamm., 26 (1): 84
Mustela erminea muricus ; [LNAM, 733]

fiMustela nivalis Linnaeus, 1766
Palearctic, Azores. See [About maps] Lumikko Weasel Least Weasel
Mustela nivalis Linnaeus, 1766; , TL: Sweden
Mainland range in Eurasia minor
typicus
?albipes Mina Palumbo
alpinus
caraftensis; (Sakhalin)
caucasicus; (Caucasus)
?corsicanus; (Corsica)
dinniki
dombrowskii
?fulva Mina Palumbo
gale
?galilnthias; (Crete)
hungarica Vasarhelyi
ibericus; (S. Spain)
italicus
kamtschatica
major Fatio
meridionalis; (S. Italy)
minutus
monticola
mosanentis; (Korea)
nikolskii; (Crimea)
pallidus; (Ferghana, E.Turkestan)
punctata; (E. Transbaikalia)
pusillus
pygmaeus; (NE. Siberia)
russelliana; (Szechuan, China)
siculus; (Sicily)
stoliczkana; (Sinkiang)
trettaui
varsarhelyi
vulgaris
Mustela nivalis kerulenica Bannikov, 1952; , TL: Near Undurkhan, R. Kerulen, Mongolia
Mustela nivalis heptneri Morozova-Turova, 1953; , TL: Islim Tchesme, R. Egri-Geke, tributary of Kushki, Badkhiz, S. Turkmenia, USSR
Mustela nivalis nivalis ; [MPR, 169]
M. n. boccamela Bechstein, 1800
Sardinia Mustela nivalis boccamela Bechstein, 1800; , TL: Sardinia
Mustela nivalis boccamela ; [MPR, 169]
M. n. numidica Pucheran, 1855
NW.Africa Mustela nivalis numidica Pucheran, 1855; , TL: Tangier
africana Gray
atlas
Mustela nivalis numidica ; [MPR, 169]
M. n. subpalmata Heprich & Ehrenberg, 1833
Egypt Mustela nivalis subpalmata ; [MPR, 169]
M. n. namiyei Kuroda, 1921
Japan (Honshu) Mustela nivalis namiyei Kuroda, 1921; (Honshu, Japan)
?yesoidsuma; (Hokkaido)
Mustela nivalis namiyei ; [MPR, 169]
M. n. rixosa (Bangs, 1896)
British Columbia - C.Montana - N.Dakota, Minnesota, Canada Putorius rixosus Bangs, 1896; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 10: 21, TL: osler, Saskatchevan, Canada
Mustela rixosa ; Thomas, 1911, Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1911 (1): 168
Mustela rixosa rixosa ; Miller, 1912, U. S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 79: 96; [LNAM, 733]
Mustela nivalis rixosa ; [MPR, 169]
?M. n. allegheniensis (Rhoads, 1901)
Wisconsin, N.Illinois, N.Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, NW.North Carolina Putorius allegheniensis Rhoads, 1901; Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 52: 751, TL: Near Beallsville, Washington Co., Pa.
Putorius rixosus allegheniensis ; Ward, 1907, Bull. Wisconsin Nat. Hist. Soc. 5: 64
Mustela allegheniensis ; Miller, 1912, U. S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 79: 96
Mustela rixosa allegheniensis ; [LNAM, 734]
?M. n. eskimo (Stone, 1900)
Alaska, Yukon Putorius rixosus eskimo Stone, 1900; Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 52: 44, TL: Point Barrow, Alaska
Mustela rixosa eskimo ; Miller, 1912, U. S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 79: 96; [LNAM, 734]
?M. n. campestris Jackson, 1913
S.Dakota, Nebraska, Iowa Mustela campestris Jackson, 1913; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 26: 124, TL: Beemer, Cuming Co., Nebraska
Mustela rixosa campestris ; Swenk, 1926, Journ. Mamm., 7 (4): 329; [LNAM, 734]

Mustela frenata Lichtenstein, 1831
-. See [About maps] Long-tailed Weasel
S.Texas - Mexico (city of Mexico) Mustela frenata Lichtenstein, 1831; Darstellung neuer oder wenig bekannter Säugethiere ...: 42, TL: Valley of Mexico, near city of Mexico, Mexico
Mustela brasiliensis frenatus ; True, 1884, Proc. U.S. Nat Mus., 7 (App. Circ. 29): 610 (part)
Mustela frenata frenata ; Miller, 1912, U. S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 79: 99; Strecker, 1936, Baylor Bull., 27: 12; [LNAM, 734]
M. f. leucoparia (Merriam, 1896)
Mexico Putorius frenatus leucoparia Merriam, 1896; North Amer. Fauna 11: 29, TL: Patzcuaro, Michoacan, Mexico
Mustela frenata leucoparia ; Miller, 1912, U. S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 79: 100; [LNAM, 734]
M. f. perotae Hall, 1936
Mexico Mustela frenata perotae Hall, 1936; Carnegie Inst. Washington Publ. 473: 100, TL: Cofre de Perote, elev. 12500ft, Veracruz, Mexico
Mustela frenata perotae ; [LNAM, 735]
M. f. macrophonius (Elliot, 1905)
Mexico Putorius macrophonius Elliot, 1905; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 18: 235, TL: Achotal, Veracruz, Mexico
Mustela frenata macrophonius ; Hall, 1936, Carnegie Inst. Washington Publ. 473: 109; [LNAM, 735]
M. f. goldmani (Merriam, 1896)
Mexico Putorius frenatus goldmani Merriam, 1896; North Amer. Fauna 11: 28, TL: Pinabete, Chiapas, Mexico
Mustela frenata goldmani ; Miller, 1912, U. S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 79: 100; [LNAM, 735]
M. f. tropicalis (Merriam, 1896)
Mexico Putorius tropicalis Merriam, 1896; North Amer. Fauna 11: 30, TL: Jico, Veracruz, Mexico
Mustela frenata tropicalis ; Hall, 1936, Carnegie Inst. Washington Publ. 473: 109; [LNAM, 735]
M. f. perda (Merriam, 1902)
S.Mexico - Guatemala Putorius frenata perdus Merriam, 1902; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 15: 67, TL: Teapa, Tabasco, Mexico
Mustela frenata perda ; Hall, 1936, Carnegie Inst. Washington Publ. 473: 109
M. f. nicaraguae J. A. Allen, 1916
Honduras, Nicaragua Mustela tropicalis nicaraguae J. A. Allen, 1916; Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 35: 100, TL: Matagalpa, Nicaragua
Mustela frenata nicaraguae ; [LNAM, 736]
M. f. costaricensis Goldman, 1884
Costa Rica Putoruis brasiliensis aequatorialis True, 1884; Proc. U.S. Nat Mus., 7 (App. Circ. 29): 610 (Part)
Mustela costaricensis Goldman, 1912; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 25: 9, TL: San Jose, San Jose, Costa Rica
Mustela frenata costaricensis ; Hall, 1936, Carnegie Inst. Washington Publ. 473: 109; [LNAM, 736]
M. f. panamensis Hall, 1932
Panama Mustela frenata panamensis Hall, 1932; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 45: 139, TL: Rio Indio, near Gatun, Canal Zone, Panama
Mustela frenata panamensis ; [LNAM, 736]
M. f. texensis Hall, 1936
Texas Mustela frenata texensis Hall, 1936; Carnegie Inst. Washington Publ. 473: 99, TL: Kerr Co., Texas
Mustela frenata texensis ; [LNAM, 736]
M. f. neomexicana (Barber & Cockerell, 1898)
N.Mexico, SE.Arizona, New Mexico, W.Texas, SE.Colorado, SW.Kansas Putorius frenatus neomexicanus Barber & Cockerell, 1898; Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 50: 188, TL: Armstrongs Lake, Mesilla Valley, Dona Ana Co., New Mexico
Mustela frenata neomexicana ; Miller, 1912, U. S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 79: 100; [LNAM, 736]
M. f. arizonensis (Mearns, 1891)
W.New Mexico, Arizon Putorius arizonensis Mearns, 1891; Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 3: 234, TL: San Francisco Forest, Yavapai Co., Arizona
Mustela frenata arizonensis ; Hall, 1936, Carnegie Inst. Washington Publ. 473: 106; [LNAM, 736]
M. f. inyoensis Hall, 1936
California Mustela frenata inyoensis Hall, 1936; Carnegie Inst. Washington Publ. 473: 99, TL: Carl Walter's Ranch, 2 miles north of Independence, Inyo Co., Californa
Mustela frenata inyoensis ; [LNAM, 737]
M. f. pulchra Hall, 1936
California Mustela frenata pulchra Hall, 1936; Carnegie Inst. Washington Publ. 473: 98, TL: Buttonwillow, Kern. Co., California
Mustela frenata pulchra ; [LNAM, 737]
M. f. latirostra Hall, 1936
S.California Mustela frenata latirostra Hall, 1936; Carnegie Inst. Washington Publ. 473: 96, TL: San Diego, San Diego Co., California
Mustela frenata latirostra ; [LNAM, 737]
M. f. nigriauris Hall, 1936
California Mustela frenata nigriauris Hall, 1936; Carnegie Inst. Washington Publ. 473: 95, TL: 2 1/2 miles E of Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz Co., California
Mustela frenata nigriauris ; [LNAM, 737]
California Mustela xanthogenys Gray, 1843; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 11: 118, TL: ?Sacramento River
Mustela frenata xanthogenys ; Hall, 1936, Carnegie Inst. Washington Publ. 473: 107; [LNAM, 737]
M. f. munda (Bangs, 1899)
California Putorius xanthogenys mundus Bangs, 1899; Proc. New England Zool. Club, 1: 56, TL: Point Reyes, Marin Co., California
Mustela frenata munda ; Hall, 1936, Carnegie Inst. Washington Publ. 473: 107; [LNAM, 737]
M. f. oregonensis (Merriam, 1896)
California, Oregon Putorius xanthogenys oregonensis Merriam, 1896; North Amer. Fauna 11: 25, TL: Grants Pass, Rogue River Valley, Josephine Co., Oregon
Mustela frenata oregonensis ; Hall, 1936, Carnegie Inst. Washington Publ. 473: 107; [LNAM, 738]
M. f. saturatus (Merriam, 1896)
S.Oregon, NW.California Putorius saturatus Merriam, 1896; North Amer. Fauna 11: 21, TL: Siskiyou, Jackson Co., Oregon
Mustela frenata saturata ; Hall, 1936, Carnegie Inst. Washington Publ. 473: 106; [LNAM, 738]
Oregon, Washington, SW.British Columbia Mustela frenata altifrontalis Hall, 1936; Carnegie Inst. Washington Publ. 473: 94, TL: Tillamook, Tillamook Co., Oregon
Mustela frenata altifrontalis ; [LNAM, 738]
M. f. washingtoni (Merriam, 1896)
Washington Putorius washingtoni Merriam, 1896; North Amer. Fauna 11: 18, TL: Trout Lake, south base of Mt. Adams, Skamania Co., Washington
Mustela frenata washingtoni ; Hall, 1936, Carnegie Inst. Washington Publ. 473: 106; [LNAM, 738]
M. f. effera Hall, 1936
E.Oregon, SE.Washington Mustela frenata effera Hall, 1936; Carnegie Inst. Washington Publ. 473: 93, TL: Ironside, 4000ft, Malheur Co., Oregon
Mustela frenata effera ; [LNAM, 738]
M. f. nevadensis Hall, 1936
S.British Columbia, Washington, Idaho, Utah, Nevada, NE.Arizona, N.New Mexico Mustela frenata nevadensis Hall, 1936; Carnegie Inst. Washington Publ. 473: 91, TL: 3 miles E of Baker, White Pine Co., Nevada
Mustela frenata nevadensis ; [LNAM, 738]
M. f. oribasus (Bangs, 1899)
British Columbia, Alberta, Montana, N.Wyoming Putorius (Arctogale) longicauda oribasus Bangs, 1899; Proc. New England Zool. Club, 1: 81, TL: Source of Kettle River, British Columbia
Mustela frenata oribasa ; Hall, 1936, Carnegie Inst. Washington Publ. 473: 105; [LNAM, 739]
M. f. longicauda Bonaparte, 1838
Alberta, Saskatchewan, S.Manitoba - E.Montana, Dakota, Nebraska, SE.Wyoming, NE.Colorado, W.Kansas Mustela longicauda Bonaparte, 1838; Mag. Nat. Hist., 2: 38, TL: Carlton House, North Saskatchewan River, Saskatchewan, Candada
?Putorius culbertsoni Coues, 1877; Fur-Bearing Animals, U. S. Geol. Surv. Terr. Misc. Publ. 8: 136, TL: Fort Laramie, Laramie Co., Wyoming
Putorius longicauda ; True, 1884, Proc. U.S. Nat Mus., 7 (App. Circ. 29): 609
Mustela frenata longicauda ; Hall, 1936, Carnegie Inst. Washington Publ. 473: 105; [LNAM, 739]
M. f. alleni (Merriam, 1896)
S.Dakota (Black Hills), Wyoming, Nebraska Putorius alleni Merriam, 1896; North Amer. Fauna 11: 24, TL: Custer, Black Hills, Custer Co., South Dakota
Mustela frenata alleni ; Hall, 1936, Carnegie Inst. Washington Publ. 473: 106
M. f. spadix (Bangs, 1896)
Minnesota, Iowa, SE.North Dakoa, E.South Dakota, NE.Nebraska Putorius longicauda spadix Bangs, 1896; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 10: 8, TL: Fort Snelling, Hennepin Co., Minnesota
Mustela frenata spadix ; Hall, 1936, Carnegie Inst. Washington Publ. 473: 105; [LNAM, 740]
M. f. noveboracensis (Emmons, 1840)
Ontario, Quebec - E.USA (Carolina, N.NA.Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi) Putorius noveboracensis Emmons, 1840; A report on the quadrupeds of Massachusetts (in Rep. of Comm. on Zool. Surv. of State): 45, TL: Williamstown, Berkshire Co., Massachusets
Putorius erminea True, 1884; Proc. U.S. Nat Mus., 7 (App. Circ. 29): 609 (Part)
Putorius noveboracensis notius Bangs, 1899; Proc. New England Zool. Club, 1: 53, TL: Weaverville, Buncombe Co., N. C.
Putorius noveboracensis ; Bangs, 1896, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 10: 13
Mustela frenata noveboracensis ; Hall, 1936, Carnegie Inst. Washington Publ. 473: 104; [LNAM, 740]
M. f. occisor (Bangs, 1899)
Maine Putorius occisor Bangs, 1899; Proc. New England Zool. Club, 1: 54, TL: Bucksport, near mouth of Penobscot River, Hancock Co., Maine
Mustela frenata occisor ; Hall, 1936, Carnegie Inst. Washington Publ. 473: 104; [LNAM, 740]
M. f. primulina Jackson, 1913
Missouri, Arkansas, Iowa, E.Kansas, Oklahoma, N.Louisiana, NE.Texas Mustela primulina Jackson, 1913; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 26: 123, TL: 5 miles NE of Avilla, Jarper Co., Mo.
Mustela frenata primulina ; Hall, 1936, Carnegie Inst. Washington Publ. 473: 104; [LNAM, 740]
M. f. arthuri Hall, 1927
SE.Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi Mustela noveboracensis arthuri Hall, 1927; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 40: 193, TL: Remy, St. James Parish, La.
Mustela frenata arthuri ; Hall, 1936, Carnegie Inst. Washington Publ. 473: 105; [LNAM, 741]
M. f. olivacea Howell, 1913
E.Mississippi, Alabama, NA.Georgia, South Carolina, N.Florida Mustela peninsulae olivacea Howell, 1913; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 26: 139, TL: Autaugaville, Autauga Co., Alabama
Mustela frenata olivacea ; Hall, 1936, Carnegie Inst. Washington Publ. 473: 105; [LNAM, 741]
M. f. peninsulae (Rhoads, 1894)
Florida Putorius peninsulae Rhoads, 1894; Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 46: 152, TL: Hudson, Pasco Co., Florida
Mustela frenata peninsulae ; Hall, 1936, Carnegie Inst. Washington Publ. 473: 105; [LNAM, 741]
M. f. meridana Hollister, 1914
?Venezuela Mustela meridana Hollister, 1914; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 27: 143, TL: Sierra de Merida, 1630m, near Merida, Venezuela
Mustela frenata meridana ; Hall, 1936, Carnegie Inst. Washington Publ. 473: 110; [TNAM, 72]

Mustela altaica Pallas, 1811
Altai - Himalayas, Tibet, E.China - Korea, SE.Siberia. See [About maps] Mountain Weasel
Mustela altaica Pallas, 1811; (Altai Mts)
Altai Mts. alpinus
Mustela altaica altaica ; [MPR, 169]
M. a. raddei (Ognev, 1928)
Sayan Mts., NE.Mongolia, SE.Siberia, Manchuria?, Korea? altaica raddei (Ognev, 1928); , TL: SE. Transbaikalia
Mustela altaica raddei ; [MPR, 169]
M. a. sacana Thomas, 1914
Tien Shan, Pamir Mustela altaica sacana Thomas, 1914; , TL: Przhevalsk
birulai; (Pamir)
Mustela altaica sacana ; [MPR, 169]
M. a. temon Hodgson, 1857
Himalayas, Tibet, W.China Mustela altaica temon Hodgson, 1857; , TL: Sikkim
astutus; (Szechuan)
longstaffi
Mustela altaica temon ; [MPR, 169]

Mustela kathiah

Mustela sibirica Pallas, 1773
Siberia, Korea, China, Himalayas, Upper Burma, Sakhalin. See [About maps] Siberian Weasel Kolinsky
Mustela sibirica Pallas, 1773; (Altai)
W.Siberia, C.Siberia miles; (Transbaikalia)
australis; (W.Siberia)
Mustela sibirica sibirca ; [MPR, 170]
M. s. manchurica Brass, 1911
Amur region, Manchuria, Korea charbinensis
coreana; (Korea)
katsura
peninsulae
Mustela sibirica manchurica ; [MPR, 170]
M. s. subhemachalana Hodgson, 1837
China (except Manchuria), Taiwan canigula; (Tibet)
davidianus; (Kiangsi)
fontanieri; (Peking)
hamptoni
hodgsoni
horsfieldi
humeralis
major
melli
moupinensis; (Szechuan)
noctis
stegmanni; (Shantung)
tafeli
taivana; (Taiwan)
Mustela sibirica subhemachalana ; [MPR, 170]
M. s. itatsi Temminck, 1844
Japan, Sakhalin (introduced), Iriomote Is., Ryukuy Is. natsi
asaii; (Oshima Is, Japan)
Mustela sibirica itatsi ; [MPR, 170]
M. s. sho (Kuroda, 1924)
Yakushima Is. sibirica sho (Kuroda, 1924); , TL: Yakushima Is, Japan
Mustela sibirica sho ; [MPR, 170]
M. s. quelpartis (Thomas, 1908)
Korea (Quelpart Is.) sibirica quelpartis (Thomas, 1908); , TL: Quelpart Is., Korea
Mustela sibirica quelpartis ; [MPR, 170]
M. s. lutreolina Robinson & Thomas, 1917
Java Mustela sibirica lutreolina Robinson & Thomas, 1917; , TL: Java
?Mustela lutreolina ;
Mustela sibirica lutreolina ; [MPR, 170]

Mustela strigidorsa

Mustela nudipes

Subgenus Lutreola

fiMustela lutreola (Linnaeus, 1761)
Finland, Poland, Hungary, W.Siberia, Caucasus. See [About maps] Vesikko European mink
Viverra lutreola Linnaeus, 1761; , TL: Finland
N.Europe, E.Europe, W.Siberia europaea
fulva
minor
?alba
albica
?alpinus
borealis Novikov
budina
cylipenina
glogeri
hungarica Ehik, 1932
novikovi
transsylvanica
varina
wyborgensis
Lutreola lutreola ehiki Kretzoi, 1942; (new name for M. l. hungarica Ehik, 1932)
Mustela lutreola lutreola ; [MPR, 170]
M. l. biedermanni Matschie, 1912
W.France Mustela lutreola biedermanni Matschie, 1912; , TL: W.France
aremorica
Mustela lutreola biedermanni ; [MPR, 170]
M. l. turovi Kuznetzov, 1939
Caucasus Mustela (Lutreola) lutreola turovi Kuznetzov, 1939; in Novikov, 47, TL: Caucasus
binominata
borealis Novikov
caucasicus Novikov
novikovi
Mustela lutreola turovi ; [MPR, 170]

fiMustela vison Schreber, 1777
Scandinavia, Germany, Iceland, Britain. See [About maps] Minkki American mink
Mustela vison tatarica Popov, 1949; (Tatariya, USSR)
Mustela (Putorius) vison domestica Haltenorth, 1955; in Doderlein, (domestic mink)
Lutreola vison altaica Ternovksi, 1958; (Altai)
Mustela vison ; [MPR, 170]
[vison-1.jpg] 1248x1278 (~150Kb) Iceland: Reykjanes, 3.7.2006, Photo © Johannes Skaftason

E.Canada - E.Ontario, New York - N.Pennsylvania Mustela vison Schreber, 1777; Die Säugthiere ..., Theil 3 (Heft 25): pl. 127b, TL: Eastern Canada
Lutreola vison borealis Brass, 1911; Aus dem reiche der Pelze: 504, TL: NE.North America
Putorius vison ; True, 1884, Proc. U.S. Nat Mus., 7 (App. Circ. 29): 609 (Part)
Mustela vison vison ; Miller, 1912, U. S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 79: 101; [LNAM, 741]
M. v. lowii Anderson, 1945
N.Labrador, N.Quebec Mustela vison lowii Anderson, 1945; Ann. Rep. Provancher Soc. Nat. Hist. Quebec 1944: 57, TL: Mistassini Post, Mistassini Lake, Mistassini District, Quebec, Canada
Mustela vison lowii ; [LNAM, 741]
M. v. mink Peale & Palisot de Beauvois, 1796
E.USA (New England - North Carolina, NA.Georgia, Alabama, S.Pennsylvania - Ohio - Missouri - NE.Texas) Mustela mink Peale & Palisot de Beauvois, 1796; A scientific and descriptive catalogue of Peale's Museum, Philadelphia: 39, TL: Maryland
Putorius vison lutreocephalus Bangs, 1896; Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 27: 27
Mustela vison mink ; Hollister, 1914, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 27: 215; [LNAM, 742]
M. v. lutensis (Bangs, 1898)
Coast of SE.USA (S.Carolina - Florida) Putorius (Lutreola) lutensis Bangs, 1898; Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 28: 229, TL: Salt marsh off Matanzas Inlet, St. Johns Co., Florida
Mustela vison lutensis ; Hollister, 1913, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 44: 474; [LNAM, 742]
M. v. evergladensis Hamilton, 1948
?Florida Mustela vison evergladensis Hamilton, 1948; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 61: 139, TL: Tamiami Trail (U.S. Route 41), 5 miles SE of Royal Palm Hammock, Collier Co., Florida
Mustela vison evergladensis ; [LNAM, 742]
M. v. vulgivaga (Bangs, 1895)
coast of (Louisiana, Mississippi) Putorius (Lutreola) vulvigagus Bangs, 1895; Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 28: 539, TL: Burbridge, Plaquemines Parish, Louisiana
Mustela vison vulgivaga ; Miller, 1912, U. S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 79: 102; [LNAM, 742]
M. v. letifera Hollister, 1913
N.Wisconsin, N.South Dakota - N.Illinois, N.Missouri, S.Kansas Mustela vison letifera Hollister, 1913; Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 44: 475, TL: Elk River, Sherburne Co., Minnesota
Mustela vison letifera ; [LNAM, 742]
M. v. lacustris (Preble, 1902)
Hudson Bay - Keewatin - Mackenzie, Alberta, NE.British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Manitoba - S.North Dakota Lutreola vison lacustris Preble, 1902; North Amer. Fauna 22: 66, TL: Echimamish River (near Painted Stone portage), Manitoba, Canada
Mustela vison lacustris ; Miller, 1912, U. S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 79: 101; [LNAM, 742]
M. v. energumenos (Bangs, 1896)
S.Yukon, NE.British Columbia - NE.Nevada, Utah - New Mexico Putorius vison energumenos Bangs, 1896; Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 27: 5, TL: Sumas, British Columbia, Canada
Mustela vison energumenos ; Miller, 1912, U. S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 79: 101; [LNAM, 743]
M. v. aestuarina Grinnell, 1916
Oregon, W.Nevada, N.California Mustela vison aestuarina Grinnell, 1916; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 29: 213, TL: Grizzly Island, Solano Co., California
Mustela vison aestuarina ; [LNAM, 743]
M. v. nesolestes (Heller, 1909)
Alaska (Alexander Archipelago) Lutreola vison nesolestes Heller, 1909; Univ. California Publ. Zool., 5 (2): 259, TL: Windfall Harbor, Admiralty Island, Alaska
Mustela vison nesolestes ; Miller, 1912, U. S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 79: 102; [LNAM, 743]
M. v. evagor Hall, 1932
Vancouver Island Mustela vison evagor Hall, 1932; Univ. California Publ. Zool., 38 (12): 418, TL: Little Qualicum River, 8 or 9 miles west of Parksville, Vancouver Island, British Columbia
Mustela vison evagor ; [LNAM, 743]
M. v. melampeplus (Elliot, 1903)
Alaska (Kenai Peninsula, Cook Inlet region) Putorius vison melampeplus Elliot, 1903; Field Columb. Mus. Publ. 74, Zool. Ser., 3 (10): 170
Mustela vison melampeplus ; Miller, 1912, U. S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 79: 102; [LNAM, 743]
M. v. ingens (Osgood, 1900)
Alaska, N.Yukon, NW.Mackenzie Lutreola vison ingens Osgood, 1900; North Amer. Fauna No. 19: 42, TL: Fort Yukon, Alaska
Mustela vison ingens ; Miller, 1912, U. S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 79: 101; [LNAM, 744]

Mustela macrodon (Prentiss, 1903)
Extinct (since about 1860) Lutreola macrodon Prentiss, 1903; Proc. U.S. Nat. Must., 26: 887, TL: Shell heaps at Brooklin, Hancock Co., Maine
Lutreola vison antiquus Loomis, 1911; Amer. Journ. Sci., 31: 228, TL: Flagg Island, Casco Bay, Maine
Mustela macrodon ; Miller, 1912, U. S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 79: 101; [LNAM, 744]

Subgenus Putorius

fiMustela putorius Linnaeus, 1758
EU. See [About maps] Hilleri Polecat Western Polecat Fitchew Foumart Foul-marten
Mustela putorius Linnaeus, 1758; , TL: Sweden
foetens
foetidus
infectus
iltis
vulgaris
albus
anglia; (Wales)
aureola; (Spain)
caledoniae; (Scotland)
?flavicans
furo-putorius
manium
orientalis Brauner
Putorius putorius f. piriformis Kostron, 1948; 52, TL: Rajhrad, Moravia, Czechoslovakia
Putorius putorius ognevi Kratochvil, 1952; a (preocc. by M. erminea ognevi Jurgenson, 1932), TL: Central European Russia.
Putorius putorius orientalis Polushina, 1955; (Preocc. by M. erminea orientalis Ognev, 1928 and Putorius putorius orientalis Brauner, 1929), TL: East of a line from Pskov through Minsk, Zhitomir to Vinnitsa, European Russia
Mustela putorius mosquensis Heptner, 1965; , TL: Savvino, 20km E. of Moscow
Mustela putorius ; [MPR, 171]

Mustela eversmanni Lesson, 1827
Steppe (USSR steppe and subdesert zone), Mongolia, Tibet, E.China, Hungary, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Germany. See [About maps] Steppe Polecat
Mustela eversmanni Lesson, 1827; (Turkestan)
admirata; (Hopei, NE. China)
amurensis; (Amur Basin)
aurea; (European Russia)
hungarica; (Hungary)
larvatus; (SE. Tibet)
Mustela lineiventer Hollister, 1913; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 26: 2, TL: Tchegan-Burgazi Pass, 9000ft, Little Altai Mts, Siberia
michnoi; (Tranbaikalia)
talassicus
Mustela tiarata Hollister, 1913; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 26: 2, TL: Chui-ning-chow, 150 miles east of Lanchow, Kansu, China
tibetanus
Mustela eversmanni robusta Ehik, 1927; (Hungary)
Putorius eversmanni satunini Migulin, 1928; (Nagaiski Steppes, Dagestan ASSR, USSR)
Putorius eversmanni occidentalis Brauner, 1929; (Kherson Bay, Ukraine)
Putorius eversmanni nobilis Stroganov, 1958; 150, TL: Kolchetava, Kazakhstan
Putorius eversmanni pallidus Stroganov, 1958; 150, TL: Kargat, between Novosibirsk and Lake Chany, W. Sibera
Putorius eversmanni tuvinicus Stroganov, 1958; 152, TL: Chaa Khol`, Tuvinskaya Oblast, USSR
Putorius eversmanni dauricus Stroganov, 1958; 154, TL: Smolensk, near Chita, Transbaikalia, USSR
Putorius eversmanni heptopotamicus Stroganov, 1960; , TL: Ili, S. Prebalkhash, Kazakhstan, USSR
Mustela larvata tiarata ; G. M. Allen, 1929, Amer. Mus. Nov. 358: 2
Mustela eversmanni ; [MPR, 171]

Mustela nigripes (Audubon & Bachman, 1851)
W.North Dakota, N.Montana - SE.Alberta, SW.Saskatchewan - Texas - New Mexico. See [About maps] Black-footed Ferret
Putorius nigripes Audubon & Bachman, 1851; The Viviparous Quadrupeds of North America, 2: 297, TL: Fort Laramie, Goshen Co.,Wyoming
Putorius nigripes ; True, 1884, Proc. U.S. Nat Mus., 7 (App. Circ. 29): 609
Mustela nigripes ; Miller, 1912, U. S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 79: 609; [LNAM, 744]


3.1.2013 (16)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[Johannes Skaftason]
Iceland; e-mail: Johannes Skaftason
[LNAM]
Gerrit S. Miller Jr., Remington Kellog, 1955; List of North American Recent Mammals; United States National Museum, Bulletin 205
[MPR]
Corbet, 1978; The Mammals of the Palearctic Region: a taxonomic review
[TNAM]
Poole & Schantz, 1942; Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus. 178: -; Catalog of the type specimens of mammals in the United States national museum, including the biological surveys collection


Some related literature:
Linnaeus, 1758
Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Clases, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Symonymis, Locis. Tomis I. 10th Edition Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 1-338, : 339-824
Cuvier, 1817
Le règne animal ..., 1: - Regn. Anim., 1: -,279


Additional information sources:


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.