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Colotis Hübner, [1819]
Orange Tips Small Orange Tips Arabs
Colotis Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (7): 97, TS: Papilio amata Fabricius
Aphrodite Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (6): 95 (preocc. Aphrodite Link, 1807), TS: Papilio euippe Linnaeus
Teracolus Swainson, [1833]; Zool. Illustr. (2) 3 (25): pl. 115, TS: Teracolus subfasciatus Swainson
Idmais Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 584, TS: Pontia chrysonome Klug
Callosune Doubleday, [1847]; Gen. diurn. Lep. (1): 57, TS: Papilio danae Fabricius
Anthopsyche Wallengren, 1857; K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 2 (4) : 10, TS: Papilio achine Stoll
Ptychopteryx Wallengren, 1857; K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 2 (4) : 17 (preocc. Ptychopteryx Leach, 1817), TS: Ptychopteryx bohemanni Wallengren
Thespia Wallengren, 1858; Öfvers. Vet. Akad. Förh. 15 : 77 (repl. Ptychopteryx Wallengren, 1857), TS: Ptychopteryx bohemanni Wallengren
Calicharis Oberthür, 1876; Étud. d'Ent. 1 : 18, TS: Anthocharis delphine Boisduval
Gideona Klots, 1933; Ent. amer. 12 (3): 153, 196, TS: Callidryas lucasi Grandidier
= ; [AfrL]
Cuneacolotis Henning et al., 1997
Colotis, Pieridae Holarcticae [Heiner Ziegler]
Callosune (Pierinae) ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (3): 128
Idmais (Pierinae) ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (3): 130
Gideona (Pierinae) ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 9
Colotis (Pierinae) ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 7
Colotis ; [AfrL]


[sp-1a.jpg] 743x713 (~173Kb) Ethiopia, Amhara, Blue Nile right bank at the bridge of the road Addis Ababa - Bahir Dar, 1100 m a.s.l. 1st August 2012, Photo © Oleg Kosterin [sp-1b.jpg] 996x913 (~285Kb) Ethiopia, Amhara, Blue Nile right bank at the bridge of the road Addis Ababa - Bahir Dar, 1100 m a.s.l. 1st August 2012, Photo © Oleg Kosterin [sp-1x.jpg] 974x761 (~212Kb) Ethiopia, Amhara, Blue Nile right bank at the bridge of the road Addis Ababa - Bahir Dar, 1100 m a.s.l. 1st August 2012, Photo © Oleg Kosterin
[sp-2a.jpg] 1106x866 (~263Kb) Ethiopia, Amhara, Blue Nile right bank at the bridge of the road Addis Ababa - Bahir Dar, 1100 m a.s.l. 1st August 2012, Photo © Oleg Kosterin [sp-2b.jpg] 1015x774 (~239Kb) Ethiopia, Amhara, Blue Nile right bank at the bridge of the road Addis Ababa - Bahir Dar, 1100 m a.s.l. 1st August 2012, Photo © Oleg Kosterin

The exact identification of these species is still unknown, but tentatively assumed to belong into this group.



Colotis amata (Fabricius, 1775)
AF, Swaziland, Zululand, Transvaal, Botswana, South West Africa, Rhodesia, Ceylon, India. See [About maps] Topaz Arab Small Salmon Arab
Papilio amata Fabricius, 1775; Syst. Ent.: 476
Papili cypraea Fabricius, 1787; Mantissa Insectorum 2: 22
Pontia dynamene Klug, 1829; Symb. Phys.: pl. 6, f. 17-18 [dry-season]
Teracolus carnifer Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 138, pl. 7, f. 8-9
Teracolus kennedii Swinhoe, 1884; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1884 : 440
Papilio amatus ;
Teracolus amatus ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (118): 388
amata ; [BIR, 438]
Colotis amata ; [EBW]; [BOR, 178]
Colotis (Colotis) amata ; [AfrL]

Larva on (Aden) Salvadora persica [PBSA]

W.India, C.India, S.India, Africa Colotis amata amata ; [BOR, 178]
Colotis amatus amatus ; [BK, 128]
Colotis amata amata ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 7, pl. 8, f. 9
Misidentified/misapplied:
Colotis calais calais; [BAFR, 60 (?referring to amata amata)]
C. a. calais (Cramer, [1775])
Southern Africa Papilio calais Cramer, [1775]:REF#: 84, pl. 53, f. C, D [wet-season]
?Papilio calais Stoll, 1781; in Cramer, Uitl. Kapellen 4 (29-31): 118, pl. 351
Colotis amata calais ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 7, pl. 8, f. 11-12
Colotis (Colotis) amata calais ; [AfrL]
C. a. crowleyi (Sharpe, 1898)
Madagascar Teracolus crowleyi Sharpe, 1898
Teracolus crowleyi ab. flavus Aurivillius, 1910; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 13 : 50, pl. 16 a
Colotis calais crowleyi ; [BAFR, 60 (text)]
Colotis (Colotis) amata crowleyi ; [MadL]; [AfrL]
C. a. modesta (Butler, 1876)
Ceylon Teracolus modestus Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 137
Idmais modesta ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (3): 131, pl. 49, f. 2, 2a
Colotis amata modesta ; [BOR, 178]; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 7, pl. 8, f. 10
C. a. williami Henning & Henning, 1994
Colotis (Colotis) amata williami ; [AfrL]

Colotis antevippe (Boisduval, 1836)
SW.Arabia, Tropical Africa (dry zone). See [About maps] Large Orange Tip
Anthocharis antevippe Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 572
Papilio achine Stoll, [1781]; in Cramer, Uitl. Kapellen 4 (29-31): 94, pl. 338, f. E, F (preocc. Papilio achine Scopoli, 1763)
Anthocharis isaura Lucas, 1852; Revue Mag. Zool. (2) 4 (9): 424
= Colotis achine ; [NHM]
?Teracolus achine var. antevippe ab. sulphurea Rebel, 1914; Ann. k.k. naturh. Hofmus. Wien. 28 : 228
Teracolus ithonus Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 145, pl. 6, f. 7
Teracolus harmonides Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 146
Teracolus hippocrene Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 147
Teracolus ignifer Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 147
Teracolus simplex Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 148
Teracolus hyperides Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 149
Teracolus helle Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 149
Teracolus hero Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 150, pl. 6, f. [?]12
Teracolus trimeni Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 150
?Teracolus helle Butler, 1876; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 18 (108) : 487
= Colotis achine ; [NHM]
Callosune damarensis Aurivillius, 1879; Ofvers K. VetenskAkad. Förh. Stockh. 36 (7) : 46
Callosune ramaquebana Westwood, 1881; in Oates, Matabeland : 341, pl. E, f. 5-6
Teracolus carteri Butler, 1882; Ent. mon. Mag. 18 : 227, TL: Accra, Gold Coast
= Colotis achine ; [NHM]
Teracolus subvenosus Butler, 1883; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 12 (68) : 105, TL: Victoria Nyanza
Callosune haevernicki Staudinger, 1884; in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (7): 45, (5): pl. 23
Teracolus fumidus Swinhoe, 1884; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1884 : 442, pl. 40, f. 4-5
Teracolus laura Sharpe, 1890; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 5 (30) : 441, TL: [East Africa]
= Colotis achine ; [NHM]
Teracolus lüderitzi Suffert, 1904; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 129, pl. 3, f. 8, TL: Lukuledi

Teracolus carteri ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (119): 465
Teracolus isaura ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (119): 466
Teracolus antevippe ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (119): 466
Teracolus ithonus ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (119): 467
Teracolus achine ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (119): 468
Colotis antevippe ; [EBW]
Colotis (Colotis) antevippe ; [AfrL]
Gambia, Senegal - Upper Volta, N.Nigeria Colotis antevippe antevippe ; [BAFR, 69]
Colotis (Colotis) antevippe antevippe ; [AfrL]
C. a. exole (Reiche, 1849)
Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, N.Tanzania, NE.Zaire exole (Reiche, 1849) (Anthocharis); Voy. Abyss. Ferr. et Gal. Ent.: 460, pl. 31, f. 5-6
Colotis antevippe exole ; [BAFR, 69 (text)]

relation with zera?

C. a. zera (Lucas, 1852)
Senegal - E.Africa Anthocharis zera Lucas, 1852; Revue Mag. Zool. (2) 4 (9): 423
Colotis antevippe zera ; [BK, 134]; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 9, pl. 10, f. 13-14
Colotis (Colotis) antevippe zera ; [AfrL]

Larva on Maerua, Capparis [BK]

C. a. gavisa (Wallengren, 1857)
Savannah areas (Botswana, Rhodesia, Mozambique, Angola, Zambia, Malawi, S.Tanzania, Zanzibar, South Africa) Red Tip
Anthopsyche gavisa Wallengren, 1857; K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 2 (4) : 13
Teracolus gavisa ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (119): 469
Colotis antevippe gavisa ; [BAFR, 69]
Colotis (Colotis) antevippe gavisa ; [AfrL]

Larva on Maerua triphylla, Capparis citrifolia, C. oleoides [PBSA]


Colotis aurigineus (Butler, 1883)
S.Sudan, Kenya, Uganda, NE.Zaire, Malawi, NW.Zambia. See [About maps] African Golden Arab Veined Gold Double-banded Orange
Teracolus aurigineus Butler, 1883; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 12 (68) : 103, TL: Victoria Nyanza
Teracolus venustus Butler, 1888; Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1888 : 94, TL: Kilima-njaro
Teracolus aurigineus ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (120): 503
Colotis aurigineus ; [EBW]; [BAFR, 60]; [BK, 129]
Colotis auriginea ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 8, pl. 8, f. 13-14
Colotis (Colotis) aurigineus ; [AfrL]

Larva on Maerua [BK]

?C. a. ansorgei (Marshall, 1897)
SE.Tanzania Teracolus ansorgei Marshall, 1897; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1897 : 13, TL: Parmumbira, German East Africa
Teracolus ansorgei ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (120): 504
Colotis aurigineus ansorgei ; [BAFR, 60 (wet season form.?)]

Colotis aurora (Cramer, [1780])
-. See [About maps] Papilio aurora Cramer, [1780]; Uitl. Kapellen 4 (25-26a): 18, pl. 299, f. A, B
Colotis eucharis aurora ;
Colotis aurora aurora ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 9, pl. 10, f. 7
Colotis (Colotis) aurora ; [AfrL]
C. a. evarne (Klug, 1829)
Senegal - Upper Volta, N.Nigeria, Sudan, Uganda, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Arabia Pontia evarne Klug, 1829; Symb. Phys.: pl. 6, f. 1-4
Teracolus citreus Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 152
Teracolus xanthevarne Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 163
Teracolus syrtinus Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 163
Teracolus phillipsi Butler, [1886]; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1885 (4) : 772, pl. 47, f. 11, TL: Somalia
Teracolus phillipsi ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (119): 454
Teracolus evarne ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (119): 453
Colotis eucharis evarne ; [BAFR, 68]; [BK, 134]
Colotis aurora evarne ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 9, pl. 10, f. 8
Colotis (Colotis) aurora evarne ; [AfrL]

Colotis auxo (Lucas, 1852)
Transvaal, Botswana. See [About maps] Yellow Orange Tip
Anthocharis auxo Lucas, 1852; Revue Mag. Zool. (2) 4 (9): 422
Anthopsyche topha Wallengren, 1857; K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 2 (4) : 15
Anthocharis keiskamma Trimen, 1862; Rhopal. Afr. Austr. : 56, pl. 2, f. 3-4
Teracolus auxo ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (119): 452
Colotis eucharis auxo ; [PBSA]; [BAFR, 68]
Colotis auxo ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 9, pl. 8, f. 6-8
Colotis (Colotis) auxo ; [AfrL]

Larva on Cadaba natalensis [PBSA], Cadaba, Salvadora [BK]


Colotis bacchus (Butler, 1888)
E.Africa. See [About maps] Teracolus bacchus Butler, 1888; Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1888 : 73, TL: Lado; Wadelai
Teracolus bacchus hydrophobus Suffert, 1904; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 85, TL: Mhonda
Callosune mrogoroana Vuillot, 1891; Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1891 : 101, : 115
Callosune bacchus ; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1889, Rhop. Exot. [1] 1: (Callosune) 1, pl. 1, f. 1-4
Teracolus bacchus ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (118): 398

Possibly only a form of C. ione.


Colotis celimene (Lucas, 1852)
East Africa, Senegal - Ethiopia. See [About maps] Lilac Tip Magenta Tip
Anthocharis celimene Lucas, 1852; Revue Mag. Zool. (2) 4 (9): 426
Anthocharis amina Hewitson, 1866; Ill. exot. Butts [1] (Pieris VIII): [44], pl. [23], f. 1-3
Teracolus celimene ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (120): 500
Colotis celimene ; [EBW]
Colotis (Colotis) celimene ; [AfrL]

Larva on Capparis spp., Boscia spp. [PBSA] [BK]

Etiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi Colotis celimene celimene ; [BAFR, 62]; [BK, 130]; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 8, pl. 9, f. 1
Colotis (Colotis) celimene celimene ; [AfrL]
C. c. amina (Hewitson, 1866)
Rhodesia, Transvaal, Natal, Swaziland, Botswana Anthocharis amina Hewitson, 1866; Exot. Butt. 3: pl. 5
Colotis celimene amina ; [BAFR, 62 (text)]
Colotis (Colotis) celimene amina ; [AfrL]
C. c. angusi Rothschild, 1921
W.Sudan, C.Sudan Colotis celimene angusi ; [BAFR, 62 (text)]
Colotis (Colotis) celimene angusi ; [AfrL]
C. c. pholoe (Wallengren, 1860)
South West Africa, Botswana Anthopsyche pholoe Wallengren, 1860
Anthopsyche pholoë Wallengren, 1860; Wien ent. Monats. 4: 35
Anthocharis phaenon Trimen, 1863; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. (3) 1 : 522
Teracolus pholoe ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (120): 500
Colotis celimene pholoe ; [BAFR, 62]
Colotis (Colotis) celimene pholoe ; [AfrL]
C. c. praeclarus (Butler, 1886)
Somalia, Ethiopia Teracolus praeclarus Butler, [1886]; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1885 (4) : 769, pl. 47, f. 7, TL: Somalia
Teracolus praeclarus ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (120): 501
Colotis celimene praeclarus ; [BAFR, 62 (text)]
Colotis (Colotis) celimene praeclarus ; [AfrL]
C. c. sudanicus (Aurivillius, 1905)
S.Sudan - N.Nigeria, Upper Volta, Senegal Colotis celimene sudanicus ; [BAFR, 62 (text)]
Colotis (Colotis) celimene sudanicus ; [AfrL]

Colotis chrysonome (Klug, 1829)
Senegal - Kenya, Somalia, SW.Arabia, Dead Sea. See [About maps] Golden Arab
Pontia chrysonome Klug, 1829; Symb. Phys.: pl. 7, f. 9-11, TL: Sudan
Teracolus helvolus Butler, 1888; Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1888 : 94
= ; [NHM]
Teracolus chrysonome ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (120): 503
Teracolus helvolus ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (120): 503
Colotis chrysonome ; [BAFR, 60]; [BK, 129]; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 8, pl. 8, f. 15-16, 19-20
Colotis (Colotis) chrysonome ; [AfrL]

Larva on Maerua [BK]

C. c. meinertzhageni (Riley, 1934)
Teracolus chrysonome meinertzhageni Riley, 1934; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (10) 13 : 178, TL: Tamanrasset (Algeria)
Colotis chrysonome meinertzhageni ; [BMAT: 16, pl. 5, f. 46-48]

Larva on Maerua crassifolia [BMAT]


Colotis daira (Klug, 1829)
N.Nigeria - Ethiopia, Kenya, N.Tanzania, S.Arabia. See [About maps] Black-Marked Orange Tip
Pontia daira Klug, 1829; Symb. Phys.: pl. 8, f. 1-4
Anthopsyche heuglini C. & R. Felder, 1859; Wien. ent. Monats. 3 (9): 272
= ; [NHM]
Anthopsyche demagore C. & R. Felder, [1865]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 186
Anthopsyche dalila C. & R. Felder, [1865]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 188
Teracolus xanthus Swinhoe, 1884; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1884 : 440 ♀, pl. 39, f. 11
Teracolus odysseus Swinhoe, 1884; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1884 : 441 ♂, pl. 40, f. 3
Teracolus yerburii Swinhoe, 1884; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1884 : 441, pl. 39, f. 12
= ; [NHM]
Teracolus saxeus Swinhoe, 1884; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1884 : 441, pl. 40, f. 1-2
= ; [NHM]
Teracolus swinhoei Butler, 1884; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1884 : 491
= ; [NHM]
Teracolus jamesi Butler, [1886]; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1885 (4) : 771, TL: Somalia
Teracolus heuglini ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (119): 459
Teracolus daira ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (119): 459
Colotis daira ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 4, f. 9]
Colotis (Colotis) daira ; [AfrL]

Larva on Capparis, Cadaba [BK]

S.Yemen Colotis daira daira ; [BAFR, 71]
Colotis daira daira f. flavus ?Aurivillius, 1910; [BAFR, 71, fig.]
Colotis (Colotis) daira daira ; [AfrL]
C. d. jacksoni (Sharpe, 1890)
E.Kenya, NE.Tanzania Teracolus jacksoni Sharpe, 1890; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 5 (28) : 336, TL: [East Africa]
Colotis daira jacksoni ; [BAFR, 71]; [BK, 135]; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 9, pl. 10, f. 18
Colotis (Colotis) daira jacksoni ; [AfrL]
C. d. stygia (C. & R. Felder, 1865)
N.Kenya, Somalia, S.Ethiopia, Sudan - Nigeria Anthopsyche stygia C. & R. Felder, [1865]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 188
Teracolus stygia ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (119): 459
Colotis daira stygia ; [BAFR, 71]
Colotis (Colotis) daira stygia ; [AfrL]
Colotis daira ?ssp. ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 9, pl. 10, f. 17, 21
?C. d. thruppi (Butler, [1886])
Somalia Teracolus thruppi Butler, [1886]; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1885 (4) : 770, pl. 47, f. 10, TL: Somalia

Colotis danae (Fabricius, 1775)
AF, Ethiopia, Ceylon, Peninsular India - Madhya Pradesh, Saurashtra - Baluchistan. See [About maps] Scarlet Tip Crimson Tip
Papilio danae Fabricius, 1775; Syst. Ent.: 476
Papilio eborea Stoll, [1781]; in Cramer, Uitl. Kapellen 4 (29-31): 121, pl. 352, f. C-F
= ; [NHM]
Teracolus sanguinalis Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 158
Teracolus taplini Swinhoe, 1884; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1884 : 444, pl. 40, f. 8-9
Callosune sanguinalis ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (3): 129
Callosune danae ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (3): 129
Teracolus danae ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (120): 498
Colotis danae ; [EBW]; [BOR, 178]; [BK, 133]
Colotis (Colotis) danae ; [AfrL]
[danae-1a.jpg] 634x804 (~141Kb) Ethiopia, Amhara, a rapidous brook, Blue Nile right tributary just upstream the bridge of the road Addis Ababa - Bahir Dar, 1100 m a.s.l. 1st August 2012, Photo © Oleg Kosterin [danae-1b.jpg] 1055x981 (~234Kb) Ethiopia, Amhara, a rapidous brook, Blue Nile right tributary just upstream the bridge of the road Addis Ababa - Bahir Dar, 1100 m a.s.l. 1st August 2012, Photo © Oleg Kosterin

Larva on Cadaba, Capparis, Maerua [BK]


Ceylon Colotis danae danae ; [BOR, 178]
C. d. dulcis (Butler, 1876)
W.India, SW.India - Persian Gulf Teracolus dulcis Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 157, pl. 7, f. 13
Teracolus dirus Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 157, pl. 7, f. 11
Teracolus eboreoides Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 158, pl. 7, f. 12
Teracolus immaculatus Swinhoe, 1884; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1884 : 443
Teracolus subroseus Swinhoe, 1884; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1884 : 443, pl. 40, f. 6-7
Callosune alberta Swinhoe, 1890; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 5 (29) : 356, TL: Karachi
= dulcis ; [NHM]
Teracolus dulcis ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (120): 497
Colotis danae dulcis ; [BOR, 178]
C. d. annae (Wallengren, 1857)
Savannah areas (South West Africa, Botswana, Rhodesia, Moçambique, Transvaal, Natal, Transkei, Swaziland) Thestias annae Wallengren, 1857; K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 2 (4) : 16
Teracolus cinerescens Butler, 1873; Cist. Ent. 1 (7) : 172
Teracolus wallengreni Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 157
Callosune confusa Westwood, 1881; in Oates, Matabeland : 341, pl. E, f. 3-4
Teracolus annae ab. sulphurosa Thurau, 1903; Berl. ent. Z. 48 : 312, TL: Kirbaya Massai-Land
Teracolus annae ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (120): 495
Colotis danae annae ; [BAFR, 68]
Colotis (Colotis) danae annae ; [AfrL]

Larva on Maerua angolensis, Cadaba natalensis [PBSA]

C. d. eupompe (Klug, 1829)
Mauritania, Senegal - N.Nigeria, Sudan, Ethiopia, N.Uganda, N.Kenya, Somalia, Arabia Pontia eupompe Klug, 1829; Symb. Phys.: pl. 6, f. 11-14
Anthopsyche theopompe C. & R. Felder, [1865]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 183
Anthopsyche anteupompe C. & R. Felder, [1865]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 184
Anthopsyche dedecora C. & R. Felder, [1865]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 184
Teracolus miles Butler, 1883; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 12 (68) : 105, TL: Victoria Nyanza
Teracolus phoenius Butler, 1876; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 18 (108) : 488
Teracolus eupompe ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (120): 497
Colotis danae eupompe ; [BAFR, 68]
Colotis (Colotis) danae eupompe ; [AfrL]
C. d. pseudacaste (Butler, 1876)
Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, NE.Zaire Teracolus pseudacaste Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 156, pl. 6, f. 11
Teracolus pseudacaste ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (120): 496
Colotis danae pseudacaste ; [BAFR, 68 (text)]; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 8, pl. 9, f. 3-4
Colotis (Colotis) danae pseudacaste ; [AfrL]
C. d. walkeri (Butler, 1884)
Angola, Namibia Teracolus walkeri Butler, 1884; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 14 (84) : 403, TL: Elephant Bay, SW. Africa
Teracolus walkeri ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (120): 496
Colotis danae walkeri ; [BAFR, 68 (text)]
Colotis (Colotis) danae walkeri ; [AfrL]

Colotis dissociatus (Butler, 1897)
Malawi, Zambia, Rhodesia, Botswana, N.Mozambique, Tanzania. See [About maps] Teracolus dissociatus Butler, 1897; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (119): 453
Colotis eucharis dissociatus ; [BAFR, 68]
Colotis (Colotis) dissociatus ; [AfrL]

Colotis doubledayi (Hopffer, 1862)
South Africa (Orange River), South West Africa. See [About maps] Idmaeus doubledayi Hopffer, 1862; in Peters, Zoologie 5 : 363
Idmaeus vesta Trimen, 1862; Rhopal. Afr. Austr. : 62 (preocc. Idmaeus vesta Reiche, 1849)
Idmais hewitsoni Kirby, 1871; Syn. Cat. diurn. Lep. : 498
Teracolus doubledayi ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (120): 503
Colotis (Colotis) doubledayi ; [AfrL]

Larva on Maerua schinzii [PBSA]

Zaire - Sierra Leone, Guinea Colotis doubledayi doubledayi ; [BAFR, 61]
Angola ?Colotis doubledayi angolanus ; [BAFR, 61 (text)]

Colotis elgonensis (Sharpe, 1891)
E.Nigeria, Cameroun, Uganda, Kenya, Zaire, Burundi, Rwanda, Tanzania. See [About maps] Elgon Crimson Tip
Teracolus elgonensis Sharpe, 1891; Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1891 : 191, pl. 16, f. 6, TL: Mt Elgon
helena Grose-Smith, 1898²
Teracolus elgonensis ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (118): 393
Colotis elgonensis ; [BK, 133]
Colotis (Colotis) elgonensis ; [AfrL]

Larva on Maerua, Boscia, Capparis, Cadaba, Ritchiea [BK, Ackery & Rajan, 1988]

Kenya (highlands, W of Rift Valley), E.Uganda Colotis elgonensis elgonensis ; [BAFR, 67]
Colotis (Colotis) elgonensis elgonensis ; [AfrL]
C. e. kenia Talbot, 1939
Kenya (Mt. Kenya) Colotis elgonensis kenia ; [BAFR, 67]; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 8, pl. 10, f. 4
Colotis (Colotis) elgonensis kenia ; [AfrL]
C. e. nobilis Carcasson, 1961
W.Tanzania (highland forest) Colotis elgonensis nobilis ; [BAFR, 67]; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 8, pl. 9, f. 15
Colotis (Colotis) elgonensis nobilis ; [AfrL]
C. e. basilewskyi Berger, 1956
Rwanda, E.Zaire (Kivu), W.Uganda Colotis elgonensis basilewskyi ; [BAFR, 67 (text)]
Colotis (Colotis) elgonensis basilewskyi ; [AfrL]
C. e. glauningi (Schultze, 1909)
NW.Cameroun Colotis elgonensis glauningi ; [BAFR, 67 (text)]
Colotis (Colotis) elgonensis glauningi ; [AfrL]

Colotis ephyia (Klug, 1829)
Sudan. See [About maps] Pontia ephyia Klug, 1829; Symb. Phys.: pl. 6, f. 9-10
Teracolus ephyia ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (119): 457
Colotis ephyia ; [BAFR, 72]
Colotis (Colotis) ephyia ; [AfrL]

Colotis erone (Angas, 1849)
Coastal Belt (Natal, Pondoland, Swaziland, Transvaal). See [About maps] Anthocharis erone Angas, 1849; Kafirs Illustr.: pl. 30, f. 3
Anthopsyche speciosa Wallengren, 1857; K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 2 (4) : 16
Euchloe jobina Butler, 1869; Cistula ent. 1 (1) : 14, TL: Natal
Colotis erone ; [BAFR, 63]
Colotis erone f. jobina ; [BAFR, 63, fig.]
Colotis (Colotis) erone ; [AfrL]

Larva on Maerua pedunculosa [PBSA]


Colotis etrida (Boisduval, 1836)
India, Ceylon. See [About maps] Little Orange Tip
Anthocharis etrida Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 576
Teracolus pernotatus Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 159, pl. 7, f. 1
Teracolus farrinus Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 159, pl. 7, f. 2
Teracolus purus Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 160, pl. 7, f. 14-15
Teracolus casimirus[sic?] Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 161, pl. 7, f. 5 (?casmirus)
Teracolus bimbura Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 161, pl. 7, f. 3-4
Teracolus etrida ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (119): 456
Colotis etrida ; [BIR, 440]; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 158, f. 28]; [BOR, 178]
India Colotis etrida etrida ; [BOR, 178]
C. e. limbata (Butler, 1876)
Ceylon Teracolus limbatus Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 161, TL: Ceylon
Callosune limbata ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (3): 129, pl. 49, f. 5
Colotis etrida limbata ; [BOR, 178]

Colotis eucharis (Fabricius, 1775)
-. See [About maps] Plain Orange Tip Sulphur Orange Tip
Papilio eucharis Fabricius, 1775; Syst. Ent.: 472
Euchloe coeneos Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (6): 94
Pieris titea Godart, 1819; Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 124
Teracolus pseudevanthe Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 164, pl. 7, f. 16
Teracolus pallens Moore, 1877; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 20 (115) : 49, TL: Bombay; N.Canara
Callosune eucharis ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (3): 128, pl. 49, f. 4
Teracolus eucharis ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (119): 455
Colotis eucharis ; [EBW]

Larva on Cadaba, (?for Colotis dissociatus?) [BK]

Ceylon - C.India

Colotis euippe (Linnaeus, 1758)
AF, SW.Arabia. See [About maps] Round Winged Orange Tip
Papilio euippe Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 469
Papilio arethusa Drury, 1773; Illust. Nat. Hist. Exot. Insects 2: index, : 35, pl. 19, f. 5-6
Papilio hanna Herbst, 1792; in Jablonsky, Naturs. Schmett. 5: 177, pl. 107, f. 5-6
Anthocharis cebrene Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 583
Anthocharis ocale Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 584
Anthopsyche epigone C. & R. Felder, [1865]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 186
Teracolus pseudocale Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 154, pl. 6, f. 9
Teracolus angolensis Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 154
Teracolus microcale Butler, 1876; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 18 (108) : 487
Teracolus evippe[sic, recte euippe] ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (119): 471
Teracolus ocale ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (119): 472
Teracolus epigone ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (119): 472
Colotis evippe[sic, recte euippe] ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 158, f. 28 (text)]
Colotis euippe ; [BK, 135]
Colotis (Colotis) euippe ; [AfrL]

Larva on Capparis, Maerua, Boscia [BK]

Gambia, Senegal - N.Nigeria, Chad, C.A.R., Zaire Colotis evippe evippe[sic, recte euippe] ; [BAFR, 70]
Colotis euippe euippe ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 9, pl. 10, f. 10
Colotis (Colotis) euippe euippe ; [AfrL]
C. e. amytis (Godart, 1819)
W.Zaire, Angola Pieris amytis Godart, 1819; Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 123
Colotis evippe amytis ; [BAFR, 70 (text)]
C. e. mediata Talbot, 1939
S.Zaire, Zambia, Rhodesia Colotis evippe mediata ; [BAFR, 70 (text)]
Colotis (Colotis) euippe mediata ; [AfrL]
C. e. omphale (Godart, 1819)
South Africa, Malawi, Botswana, Nabimia, Comoro Is. Pieris omphale Godart, 1819; Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 122
Anthocharis theogone Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 575
Anthocharis eurygone Lucas, 1852; Revue Mag. Zool. (2) 4 (7): 341
= Colotis omphale ; [NHM]
Anthopsyche procne Wallengren, 1857; K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 2 (4) : 12
Anthopsyche acte C. & R. Felder, [1865]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 187
= Colotis omphale ; [NHM]
Anthopsyche roxane C. & R. Felder, [1865]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 187
= Colotis omphale ; [NHM]
Teracolus omphaloides Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 151
Teracolus hybridus Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 152
Teracolus suffusus Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 152, pl. 6, f. 10
= Colotis omphale ; [NHM]
Teracolus pyrrhopterus Butler, 1894; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1894 : 575, pl. 36, f. 8-9
= Colotis omphale ; [NHM]
Teracolus pyrrhopterus ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (119): 470
Teracolus omphale ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (119): 469
Colotis evippe omphale ; [BAFR, 70]
Colotis euippe omphale ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 9, pl. 10, f. 11-12
Colotis (Colotis) euippe omphale ; [AfrL]

Larva on Maerua triphylla, Cadaba juncea, Capparis citrifolia, C. oleoides [PBSA]

C. e. complexivus (Butler, 1886)
Uganda, Kenya, NE.Tanzania, S.Somalia Teracolus complexivus Butler, [1886]; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1885 (4) : 770, TL: Somalia
Colotis evippe complexivus ; [BAFR, 70 (text)]
Colotis (Colotis) euippe complexivus ; [AfrL]
C. e. exole (Reiche, 1849)
S.Sudan, S.Ethiopia, Somalia, Arabia Anthocharis exole Reiche, 1849; Voy. Abyss. Ferr. et Gal. Ent.: pl. 31, f. 4
Teracolus exole ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (119): 470
Colotis evippe exole ; [BAFR, 70 (text)]
Colotis (Colotis) euippe exole ; [AfrL]
C. e. mirei Bernardi, 1960
Colotis (Colotis) euippe mirei ; [AfrL]

Colotis eunoma (Hopffer, 1855)
Moçambique - S.Kenya. See [About maps] Three Spot Crimson Tip
Pieris eunoma Hopffer, 1855; Ber. Verh. Akad. Berlin 1855 : 640, TL: Mozambique
Teracolus chromiferus Rothschild, 1894; Novit. Zool. 1 (2) : 538, TL: Zambesi River
Teracolus chromiferus ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (118): 394
Teracolus eunoma ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (118): 393
Colotis (Colotis) eunoma ; [AfrL]
Mozambique (coastal sand-dunes) Colotis eunoma eunoma ; [BAFR, 67]
Colotis (Colotis) eunoma eunoma ; [AfrL]
C. e. flotowi (Suffert, 1904)
Zanzibar (sand-dunes), Tanzania (coast) Teracolus flotowi Suffert, 1904; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 83, TL: Pangani, Deutsch-Ost-Africa
Colotis eunoma flotowi ; [BAFR, 67]; [BK, 132]
Colotis (Colotis) eunoma flotowi ; [AfrL]

Colotis evagore (Klug, 1829)
Tropical Africa (drier parts), NAF, Spain, SW.Arabia. See [About maps] Desert Orange Tip Tiny Orange Tip
Pontia evagore Klug, 1829; Symb. Phys.: pl. 8, f. 5-6, TL: Arabia
Colotis evagore, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Colotis evagore, Captain's European Butterfly Guide [Simon Coombes]
Teracolus evagore ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (119): 459
Colotis evagore ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 4, f. 9 (text only)]; [Otakar Kudrna]
Colotis (Colotis) evagore ; [AfrL]

Larva on Capparis spinosa [H&R], Capparis, Cadaba, Maerua [BK]

Arabia Colotis evagore evagore ; [BAFR, 73 (text)]
Colotis (Colotis) evagore evagore ; [AfrL]
C. e. nouna (Lucas, 1849)
S.Spain, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Anthocharis nouna Lucas, 1849; Explor. Sci. Algérie, zool 3: 350, pl. 1, f. 2, TL: Oran (Algeria)
Teracolus daira nouna var. biskrensis Blachier, 1908; Ann. Soc. ent. Fr. 77 (2) : 212, TL: Biskra (Algeria)
Calicharis nouna f. aestivalis Oberthür, 1911; Étud. Lépid. Comp. 5 (1) : 186, TL: Biskra (Algeria)
Teracolus daira nouna f. vern. auresiaca Stauder, 1913; Z. Wiss. InsektBiol. 9: 290, TL: Algeria
Teracolus daira nouna f. aest. pyroleuca Stauder, 1913; Z. Wiss. InsektBiol. 9: 290, TL: Algeria
Teracolus daira nouna f. autumn. biformata Stauder, 1913; Z. Wiss. InsektBiol. 9: 290, TL: Algeria
Teracolus daira nouna ab. turatii Stauder, 1913; Z. Wiss. InsektBiol. 9: 290, TL: Algeria
Teracolus daira nouna ab. evagorides Stauder, 1913; Z. Wiss. InsektBiol. 9: 290, TL: Algeria
Teracolus lefevrei Oberthür, 1922; Étud. Lépid. Comp. 19 (1): 30, TL: Azrou (Algeria)
Teracolus daira nouna f. gyn. panadrophila Stauder, 1922; Z. Wiss. InsektBiol. 17: 108, TL: (Algeria)
Teracolus daira nouna auresiaca g.II. interposita f. flavide apicata Stauder, 1922; Mitt. münch. ent. Ges. 12 (1-6) : 24, TL: (?Algeria)
Teracolus daira nouna ab. costaenigrata Stauder, 1922; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 36: 42, TL: El Kantara (Algeria)
Teracolus daira var. nouna ab. suffusa Pionneau, 1936; Échange 463: 18, TL: Biskra (Algeria)
Teracolus daira var. nouna ab. impuncta Pionneau, 1936; Échange 463: 18, TL: Algeria
Teracolus daira var. nouna ab. minor Pionneau, 1936; Échange 463: 18, TL: Algeria
Teracolus daira nouna ; Rothschild, 1915, Novit. Zool. 22 (2): 228
Colotis evagore nouna ; [BMAT: 17, pl. 7, f. 5-14]; [BAFR, 73 (text)]; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 9, pl. 10, f. 19
[nouna-1u.jpg] 600x435 (~60Kb) upperside Morocco, Tizi-n-Tarakatine, Anti-Atlas, Photo © Jean Delacre [nouna-2v.jpg] 600x435 (~27Kb) underside Morocco, Tizi-n-Tarakatine, Anti-Atlas, Photo © Jean Delacre [nouna-3.jpg] 600x435 (~52Kb) Morocco, Tizi-n-Tarakatine, Anti-Atlas, Photo © Jean Delacre

Larva on Capparis droserifolia, C. spinosa [BMAT]


C. e. antigone (Boisduval, [1836])
Cape, South West Africa, arid areas (south of Sahara) Anthocharis antigone Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 572
Anthocharis phlegetonia Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 576
Anthocharis delphine Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 577
Anthocharis eione Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 578
= Colotis antigone ; [NHM]
Teracolus loandicus Butler, [1872]; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1871 (3) : 724
= Colotis antigone ; [NHM]
Teracolus interruptus Butler, [1872]; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1871 (3) : 724
= Colotis antigone ; [NHM]
Teracolus subfumosus Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 139, pl. 6, f. 3
Teracolus flaminia Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 140, pl. 6, f. 1
Teracolus lycoris Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 140, pl. 6, f. 6
= Colotis antigone ; [NHM]
Teracolus lyaeus[sic?] Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 141, pl. 6, f. 2 (?_lyaceus)
Teracolus galanthinus Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 142
= Colotis antigone ; [NHM]
Teracolus friga Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 142, pl. 6, f. 5
Teracolus lucullus Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 143, pl. 6, f. 4
Teracolus gelasinus Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 143
Teracolus glycera Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 144
Teracolus coniger Butler, 1882; Ent. mon. Mag. 18 : 229, TL: Accra, Gold Coast
Teracolus minans Butler, 1882; Ent. mon. Mag. 18 : 229, TL: Accra, Gold Coast
Teracolus xanthus Swinhoe, 1884; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1884 : 440 ♂, pl. 39, f. 10
Teracolus comptus Butler, 1888; Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1888 : 94, TL: Kilima-njaro
= Colotis antigone ; [NHM]
Teracolus bifasciatus Sharpe, 1890; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 5 (28) : 336, TL: [East Africa]
= Colotis antigone ; [NHM]
Teracolus emini Butler, 1891; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 7 (37) : 47
= Colotis antigone ; [NHM]

Teracolus emini ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (119): 460
Teracolus antigone ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (119): 461
Teracolus glycera ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (119): 461
Teracolus xanthus ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (119): 462
Teracolus interruptus ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (119): 462
Colotis evagore antigone ; [BAFR, 73]; [BK, 136]
Colotis (Colotis) evagore antigone ; [AfrL]

Larva on Capparis citrifolia, Cadaba juncea, Maerua triphylla [PBSA]

C. e. niveus (Butler, 1881)
Socotra I. Teracolus niveus Butler, 1881; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1881 : 177, pl. 18, f. 1
Teracolus candidus Butler, 1881; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1881 : 178, pl. 18, f. 2
Teracolus niveus ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (119): 464
Colotis evagore niveus ; [BAFR, 73]
Colotis niveus ; [EBW]
Colotis (Colotis) evagore niveus ; [AfrL]

Colotis evanthe (Boisduval, 1836)
Madagascar, Comoro Is.. See [About maps] Anthocharis evanthe Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 567, TL: Madagascar
Anthocharis ena Mabille, 1879; Bull. Soc. Philom. Paris (7) 3 : 134
Colotis evanthe ; [BAFR, 70]; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 8, pl. 10, f. 6
Colotis (Colotis) evanthe ; [MadL]; [AfrL]

Colotis evanthides (Holland, 1896)
Comoro, Aldabra, Assumption, Cosmoledo, Astove Is. Callosune evanthides Holland, 1896; Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 18 (1064) : 268, pl. 8, f. 9
Teracolus evanthides ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (119): 455
Colotis evanthides ; [BAFR, 71 (text)]; [EBW]
Colotis (Colotis) evanthides ; [AfrL]

Colotis evenina (Wallengren, 1857)
South West Africa, Botswana, Little Namaqualand, Rhodesia, Transvaal, Swaziland, Zululand, Moçambique, Ethiopia - Kenya, Uganda, SE.Zaire. See [About maps] Anthopsyche evenina Wallengren, 1857; K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 2 (4) : 12
Anthopsyche deidamia Wallengren, 1860; Wien ent. Monats. 4: 35
Calosune deidamioides Aurivillius, 1879; Ofvers K. VetenskAkad. Förh. Stockh. 36 (7) : 45
Callosune inornata Westwood, 1881; in Oates, Matabeland : 338
Teracolus corda Möschler, 1884; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 33 : 278
= ; [NHM]
Teracolus evenina ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (119): 464
Colotis evenina ; [EBW]; [BK, 135]
Colotis (Colotis) evenina ; [AfrL]

Larva on Capparis spp. [PBSA]

South Africa, Namibia, Botswana Colotis evenina evenina ; [BAFR, 70]
Colotis (Colotis) evenina evenina ; [AfrL]
C. e. sipylus (Swinhoe, 1884)
Rhodesia, Zambia, S.Zaire (Shaba), Mozanbique, Malawi, S.Tanzania, E.Tanzania, Zanzibar, Kenya (coast) Teracolus sipylus Swinhoe, 1884; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1884 : 444, pl. 40, f. [?]10-11
Colotis evenina sipylus ; [BAFR, 70]
Colotis (Colotis) evenina sipylus ; [AfrL]
C. e. xantholeuca (Sharpe, 1904)
C.Tanzania, NW.Tanzania, SW.Kenya, S.Uganda Colotis evenina xantholeuca ; [BAFR, 70]
Colotis (Colotis) evenina xantholeuca ; [AfrL]
C. e. casta (Gerstaecker, 1871)
N.Kenya, Ethiopia, Somalia Callosune casta Gerstaecker, 1871; Archiv Naturg. 37 (1) : 357
Teracolus casta ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (119): 464
Colotis evenina casta ; [BAFR, 70 (text)]; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 9, pl. 10, f. 15-16
Colotis (Colotis) evenina casta ; [AfrL]

Colotis fausta (Olivier, 1804)
Lebanon, Syria - Baluchistan, W.India, Peninsular India, Ceylon. See [About maps] Large Salmon Arab
Papilio fausta Olivier, 1804; Voy. L'Emp. Othoman. Atl. 4 (1801?): 29, pl. 33, f. 4a-b, TL: Beirut, Lebanon
Teracolus tripuncta Butler, 1868; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1868 (1) : 221 ♂, pl. 17, f. 9
Teracolus rosaceus Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 134, pl. 7, f. 6
Teracolus oriens Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 134, pl. 7, f. 7
Teracolus solaris Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 135
Teracolus tripunctatus Butler, 1880; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1880 : 149, pl. 15, f. 4
Idmais tripuncta ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (3): 130, pl. 49, f. 3, 3a
Teracolus fausta ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (120): 498
Teracolus tripunctatus ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (120): 500
Colotis fausta ; [EBW]; [BOR, 182]
Colotis (Colotis) fausta ; [AfrL]

Larva on Capparis herbacea [BRU]

Baluchistan - NW.Frontier, Israel - Syria - Turkey, Afghanista, NW.India, S.Arabia (Hadhramaut) Colotis fausta fausta ; [BOR, 182]; [BAFR, 74]
Colotis fausta r. fausta ; [BIR, 440]
Colotis (Colotis) fausta fausta ; [AfrL]
C. f. vi (Swinhoe, 1884)
SW.Arabia Teracolus vi Swinhoe, 1884; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1884 : 437, pl. 39, f. 6-7
Teracolus vi ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (120): 499
Colotis fausta vi ; [BAFR, 74 (text)]; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 9, pl. 10, f. 22
Colotis (Colotis) fausta vi ; [AfrL]
C. f. mijurteina Carpenter, 1951
N.Somalia Colotis fausta mijurteina Carpenter, 1951; Proc. R. Ent. Soc. Lond. (B) 20 : 106
Colotis fausta mijurteina ; [BAFR, 74 (text)]
Colotis (Colotis) fausta mijurteina ; [AfrL]
C. f. faustina (C. & R. Felder, [1865])
Sind, C.India, Punjab - Karwar Idmais faustina C. & R. Felder, [1865]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 190
Colotis fausta r. faustina ; [BIR, 440]
C. f. fulvia (Wallace, 1867)
Peninsular India, Ceylon Idmais fulvia Wallace, 1867; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. (3) 4 (3) : 392, pl. 9, f. 5, TL: S.India
Idmais surya Moore, 1884; J. asiat. Soc. Bengal 53 Pt.II (1) : 45, TL: Sonakhala, Orissa
Teracolus palliseri Butler, 1888; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 1 : 418
Teracolus fulvia ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (120): 499
fausta r. fulvia ; [BIR, 440]
Colotis fausta fulvia ; [BOR, 182]

Colotis guenei (Mabille, 1877)
Madagascar. See [About maps] Anthocharis guenei Mabille, 1877; Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. (5) 7 : xxxviii
Colotis guenei ; [BAFR, 68]
Colotis (Colotis) guenei ; [MadL]; [AfrL]

Colotis halimede (Klug, 1829)
S.Arabia - Senegal, E.Africa - Tanzania. See [About maps] Yellow Patch White Orange Patch White White and Orange Halimede Dappled White
Pontia halimede Klug, 1829; Symb. Phys.: pl. 7, f. 12-15
Pontia acaste Klug, 1829; Symb. Phys.: pl. 7, f. 16-17
Pieris polycaste Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 525
Anthocharis leo Butler, 1865; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (3) 16 (96) : 397, TL: White Nile
Teracolus leo ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (120): 501
Teracolus halimede ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (120): 501
Colotis halimede ; [EBW]
Colotis (Colotis) halimede ; [AfrL]
Senegal - White Nile, Red Sea coast Colotis halimede halimede ; [BAFR, 62]; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 8, pl. 10, f. 1
Colotis (Colotis) halimede halimede ; [AfrL]
C. h. coelestis (Swinhoe, 1884)
S.Yemen Teracolus coelestis Swinhoe, 1884; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1884 : 435, pl. 39, f. 1-2
Colotis halimede coelestis ; [BAFR, 62 (text)]
C. h. australis Talbot, 1939
N.Tanzania, C.Tanzania Colotis halimede australis ; [BAFR, 62 (text)]
Colotis (Colotis) halimede australis ; [AfrL]
?C. h. maxima Talbot, 1939²
Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya ?Colotis halimede maxima ; [BAFR, 62]
C. h. restricta Talbot, 1939
Colotis halimede restricta ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 8, pl. 10, f. 2-3
Colotis (Colotis) halimede restricta ; [AfrL]

Colotis hetaera (Gerstaecker, 1871)
Kenya, Tanzania. See [About maps] Crimson Tip Coast Purple Tip
Callosune hetaera Gerstaecker, 1871; Archiv Naturg. 37 (1) : 357
Teracolus foliaceus Butler, 1894; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1894 : 573, pl. 36, f. 7
Teracolus hetaera ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (118): 394
Colotis hetaera ; [BK, 132]
Colotis (Colotis) hetaera ; [AfrL]

Larva on Maerua, Boscia, Capparis, Cadaba, Ritchiea [BK]

Kenay (coastal bush), N.Tanzania Colotis hetaera hetaera ; [BAFR, 66]; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 8, pl. 9, f. 9-10
Colotis (Colotis) hetaera hetaera ; [AfrL]
C. h. ankolensis Stoneham, 1940
C.Kenya - N.Tanzania, Uganda Colotis ankolensis Stoneham, 1940; Bull. Stoneham Mus. (40): 2
Colotis hetaera ankolensis ; [BAFR, 66 (text)]; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 8, pl. 9, f. 5-8
Colotis (Colotis) hetaera ankolensis ; [AfrL]
C. h. aspasia (Ungemach, 1932)
SW.Ethiopia, S.Sudan, N.Uganda Colotis hetaera aspasia ; [BAFR, 66]
Colotis (Colotis) hetaera aspasia ; [AfrL]
C. h. lorti (Sharpe, 1896)
Somalia, SE.Ethiopia, N.Kenya Teracolus lorti Sharpe, 1896; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1896 : 527
Teracolus lorti ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (118): 395
Colotis hetaera lorti ; [BAFR, 66]
Colotis (Colotis) hetaera lorti ; [AfrL]

Colotis hildebrandti (Staudinger, 1885)
Zambia, Malawi - Kenya. See [About maps] Golden Tip
Callosune hildebrandti Staudinger, 1885; in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (7): 44, (5): pl. 23
Teracolus callidia Grose-Smith, 1886; Ent. mon. Mag. 23 : 32, TL: Zanzibar
= ; [NHM]
Teracolus hildebrandti clara Suffert, 1904; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 129, TL: Iringa, Uhehe; Dar-es-Salaam
Teracolus hildebrandti blanca Suffert, 1904; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 129, TL: Madibira
Teracolus lanzi Bartel, 1905; Novit. Zool. 12 : 151, TL: N.Nyassa-See
= Colotis hildebrandti lanzi ; [NHM]
Teracolus hildebrandti ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (120): 495
Colotis hildebrandti ; [BAFR, 67]; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 8, pl. 9, f. 2
Colotis (Colotis) hildebrandtii ; [AfrL]

Larva on Cadaba? [BK]


Colotis incretus (Butler, 1881)
Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, N.Malawi. See [About maps] Teracolus incretus Butler, 1881; Ent. mon. Mag. 18 : 146, TL: Mamboia, E. Africa
?Callosune vulnerata Staudinger, 1884; in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (7): 46, (5): pl. 23
Teracolus incretus ab. panganiensis Thurau, 1903; Berl. ent. Z. 48 : 312
Teracolus incretus ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (119): 452
Colotis incretus ; [BAFR, 69]
Colotis auxo incretus ; [BK, 134]
Colotis (Colotis) incretus ; [AfrL]

Colotis ione (Godart, 1819)
dry zones of Africa (south of Sahara). See [About maps] Purple Tip Violet Tip
Pieris ione Godart, 1819; Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 140
Teracolus imperator Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 132
Anthocharis phlegyas Butler, 1865; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1865 (2) : 431, pl. 25, f. 3, 3a
Euchloe coliagenes Butler, 1867; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (3) 20 (117) : 216, pl. 4, f. 4-5
Euchloe jalone Butler, 1869; Cistula ent. 1 (1) : 14, TL: White Nile
Teracolus buxtoni Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 130
Callosune jalone var. natalensis Staudinger, 1885; in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (7): 44
Teracolus ione aurivillii Suffert, 1904; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 85, TL: Mhonda
Teracolus bacchus f. anomalus Aurivillius, 1910; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 13 : 54, pl. 17 b
obsolescens Joicey & Talbot, 1927; Encycl. Ent. (B III) 2 (1): 11
primularis Talbot, 1939; Trans. R. ent. Soc. Lond. 88 : 185
xanthozona Talbot, 1939; Trans. R. ent. Soc. Lond. 88 : 186
xerophila Talbot, 1939; Trans. R. ent. Soc. Lond. 88 : 186

Teracolus imperator ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (118): 395
Teracolus phlegyas ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (118): 396
Teracolus ione ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (118): 397
Colotis ione ; [EBW]; [BAFR, 65]; [BK, 131]
Colotis ione f. anomalus ; [BAFR, 64, fig.]
Colotis ione f. imperator ; [BAFR, 64, fig.]
Colotis ione f. ione ; [BAFR, 64, fig.]
Colotis ione f. jalone ; [BAFR, 64, fig.]
Colotis ione f. natalensis ; [BAFR, 64, fig.]
Colotis ione f. obsolescens ; [BAFR, 64, fig.]
Colotis ione f. primularis ; [BAFR, 64, fig.]
Colotis ione f. xanthoza ; [BAFR, 64, fig.]
Colotis ione f. xerophila ; [BAFR, 65, fig.]
Colotis ione ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 8, pl. 9, f. 11-13, 16
Colotis (Colotis) ione ; [AfrL]

Larva on Maerua racemulosa [PBSA], Maerua, Boscia, Capparis, Cadaba, Ritchiea [BK]


Colotis lais (Butler, 1876)
Botswana, SW.Transvaal, Namibia. See [About maps] Teracolus lais Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 145
Teracolus lais ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (119): 457
Colotis (Colotis) lais ; [AfrL]
Colotis lais ; [BAFR, 72]

Colotis liagore (Klug, 1829)
NAF, Somalia, Ethiopia, Sudan - N.Nigeria, Arabia - Afghanistan, Baluchistan. See [About maps] Pontia liagore Klug, 1829; Symb. Phys.: pl. 6, f. 5-8, TL: Sudan
Colotis liagore ; [EBW]; [BMAT: 17, pl. 7, f. 1-4]; [BAFR, 72]; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 9, pl. 10, f. 20
Colotis (Colotis) liagore ; [AfrL]

Colotis mananhari (Ward, 1870)
Madagascar. See [About maps] Pieris mananhari Ward, 1870; Ent. mon. Mag. 6 : 224, TL: Madagascar
Anthocharis fladida Mabille, 1877; Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. (5) 7 : xxxvii
?Teracolus flavidus Mabille, 1885
Teracolus nothus Mabille, 1887; Hist. Madag. 18 (Lép. 1) : 290
Teracolus mananhari ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (119): 451
Colotis mananhari ; [BAFR, 74]; [EBW]
Colotis (Colotis) mananhari ; [MadL]; [AfrL]

Colotis pallene (Hopffer, 1855)
South West Africa - Botswana - Rhodesia - Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda, Moçambique, Transvaal, Swaziland, Zululand. See [About maps] Anthocharis pallene Hopffer, 1855; Ber. Verh. Akad. Berlin 1855 : 640, TL: Mozambique
Teracolus halyattes Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 145, pl. 6, f. 8
= ; [NHM]
?Teracolus wissmanni Suffert, 1904; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 130, pl. 3, f. 9, TL: Bukumbi
Callosune pseudetrida Westwood, 1881; in Oates, Matabeland : 340
Teracolus cinctus Butler, 1883; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 12 (68) : 105, TL: Victoria Nyanza
Teracolus infumatus Butler, 1896; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1896 : 128, pl. 6, f. 5-6
Teracolus infumatus ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (119): 458
Teracolus pallene ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (119): 458
Colotis pallene ; [BAFR, 72]
Colotis (Colotis) pallene ; [AfrL]

Colotis phisadia (Godart, 1819)
NAF, Arabia - Afghanistan, NW.India, Cutch, Sind, Baluchistan, Punjab, Gujerat. See [About maps] Blue-spotted Arab Variable Colotis
Pieris phisadia Godart, 1819; Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 132
Pontia arne Klug, 1829; Symb. Phys.: pl. 7, f. 1-4
Idmais[?] philumene Mabille, 1880; C. R. Soc. ent. Belg. 23 : 106
Teracolus phisadia ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (118): 389
Colotis phisadia ; [BOR, 178]; [BK, 128]; [BMAT: 16, pl. 5, f. 49-52]
Colotis (Colotis) phisadia ; [AfrL]

Larva on Salvadora persica [BMAT]

Arabia, Somalia, Eritrea, Sudan - Chad, Senegal, Mauritania Colotis phisadia phisadia ; [BAFR, 60 (text)]; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 7, pl. 8, f. 24
Colotis (Colotis) phisadia phisadia ; [AfrL]
C. p. ocellatus (Butler, 1886)
Ethiopia Teracolus ocellatus Butler, [1886]; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1885 (4) : 767, TL: Somalia
Teracolus ocellatus ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (118): 389
Colotis phisadia ocellatus ; [BAFR, 60 (text)]
Colotis (Colotis) phisadia ocellatus ; [AfrL]
C. p. vagus d'Abrera, 1980
N.Uganda, N.Kenya phisadia f. vagus Riley, 1920²; Entomologist 53: 73
Colotis phisadia vagus ; [BAFR, 60]
Colotis (Colotis) phisadia vagus ; [AfrL]
C. p. rothschildi (Sharpe, 1898)
S.Kenya, E.Kenya (coastal), S.Uganda, Tanzania? Colotis phisadia rothschildi ; [BAFR, 60]; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 8, pl. 8, f. 27-28
Colotis (Colotis) phisadia rothschildi ; [AfrL]
C. p. somalica Storace, 1948
Somalia Colotis phisadia somalica ; [BAFR, 60 (text)]
Colotis (Colotis) phisadia somalica ; [AfrL]
C. p. palaestinensis Staudinger, 1898²
Colotis phisadia palaestinensis ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 7, pl. 8, f. 23

Colotis protractus Butler, 1876
Punjab, Baluchistan. See [About maps] Colotis protractus Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 137
Teracolus protractus ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (118): 388
Colotis protractus ; [BIR, 439]
C. p. semiramis Grum-Grshimailo, 1902²
Colotis protracta semiramis ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 8, pl. 8, f. 21

Colotis pleione (Klug, 1829)
SW.Arabia, Somaila, Ethiopia, Sudan, Kenya. See [About maps] Orange Patch White
Pontia pleione Klug, 1829; Symb. Phys.: pl. 8, f. 7-8
Idmais miriam C. & R. Felder, [1865]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 190, pl. 27, f. 3-4
Teracolus chrysomelis Butler, 1874; Cistula ent. 1 : 244, TL: Aden
Idmais eucheria Mabille, 1879; Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. (5) 9 : 174
Teracolus pleione ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (120): 502
Colotis pleione ; [EBW]
Colotis (Colotis) pleione ; [AfrL]
SW.Arabia Colotis pleione pleione ; [BAFR, 63]; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 8, pl. 10, f. 5
Colotis (Colotis) pleione pleione ; [AfrL]
C. p. heliocaustus (Butler, 1886)
Ethiopia, Somalia, N.Kenya, E.Kenya Teracolus heliocaustus Butler, [1886]; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1885 (4) : 768, pl. 47, f. 8-9, TL: Somalia
Teracolus heliocaustus ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (120): 502
Colotis pleione heliocaustus ; [BAFR, 63]; [BK, 131]
Colotis (Colotis) pleione heliocaustus ; [AfrL]

Larva on Cadaba, Cleome [BK]

C. p. nilus Talbot, 1942
S.Sudan, E.Sudan Colotis pleione nilus ; [BAFR, 63 (text)]
Colotis (Colotis) pleione nilus ; [AfrL]

Colotis protomedia (Klug, 1829)
Nigeria, Chad - Kenya, Tanzania, Sudan, SW.Arabia. See [About maps] Yellow Splendour
Pontia protomedia Klug, 1829; Symb. Phys.: pl. 8, f. 13-14
Teracolus protomedia ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (120): 507
Colotis protomedia ; [EBW]; [BAFR, 61]; [BK, 130]; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 8, pl. 9, f. 6-7
Colotis (Colotis) protomedia ; [AfrL]

Larva on Maerua [BK]


Colotis regina (Trimen, 1863)
Rhodesia, Transvaal, Botswana, South West Africa, Zululand, Moçambique, East Africa. See [About maps] Anthocharis regina Trimen, 1863; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. (3) 1 : 520
Callosune anax Grose-Smith, 1889; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 3 (14) : 125, TL: Mombasa
= ; [NHM]
Callosune anax -teracolus eliza
Sharpe, 1890;:REF#ab: 441;[East Africa] =colotis regina
;:NHM;# -teracolus regina louisa
Suffert, 1904;:REF#d: 128;Nyangao -teracolus regina
;:REF#c: 395;#Butler, 1897 -colotis regina
;:EBW;# -colotis regina
;:BAFR, 65;# -colotis regina
;:BK, 132;# -colotis regina
;:BW#: 8, pl. 9, f. 14;#Winhard, 2000 -colotis (Colotis) regina
;:AfrL;# :en
Large Violet Tip :en
Regal Purple Tip :en
Queen Purple Tip
Callosune anax ; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1889, Rhop. Exot. [1] 1: (Callosune) 2, pl. 1, f. 5-6

Larva on (East Africa) Capparis spp., Boscia spp. [PBSA]


Colotis rogersi (Dixey, 1915)
Kenya, Sudan, Ethiopia. See [About maps] Rogers' Orange Tip
Tercolus rogersi Dixey, 1915; Trans. Ent. Soc. 1915 (1) : 1, pl. 1, f. 1-4, TL: Taveta
Colotis pallene rogersi ; [PBSA]
Colotis rogersi ; [BK, 136]; [BAFR, 73]
Colotis (Colotis) rogersi ; [AfrL]

Larva on (East Africa) Capparis sp. [PBSA]


Colotis ungemachi (Le Cerf, 1922)
NE.Ethiopia. See [About maps] Colotis ungemachi ; [BAFR, 61]
Colotis (Colotis) ungemachi ; [AfrL]

Colotis venosa (Staudinger, 1885)
Somalia - E.Kenya - NE.Tanzania. See [About maps] No Patch White
Idmais venosa Staudinger, 1885; in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (7): 43, (5): pl. 23
Teracolus venosus ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (120): 502
Colotis venosus ; [EBW]; [BAFR, 62]; [BK, 131]
Colotis venosa ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 8, pl. 8, f. 4
Colotis (Colotis) venosa ; [AfrL]

Larva on Cadaba [BK]


Colotis vesta (Reiche, 1849)
Natal, Zululand, Swaziland, Transvaal, Rhodesia, Botswana, South West Africa, Tropical Africa (dry parts). See [About maps] Veined Orange Veined Golden Arab
Idmaeus vesta Reiche, 1849; Voy. Abyss. Ferr. et Gal. Ent.: 460
Teracolus vesta ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (120): 505
Colotis vesta ; [EBW]; [BK, 130]
Colotis (Colotis) vesta ; [AfrL]

Larva on Maerua angolensis [PBSA]

Larva on Capparis, Maerua, Boscia, Ritchiea, Salvadora [BK]

Ethiopia, Somalia Colotis vesta vesta ; [BAFR, 61]
Colotis (Colotis) vesta vesta ; [AfrL]
C. v. amelia (Lucas, 1852)
N.Ghana, N.Nigeria, Upper Volta, Senegal Idmais amelia Lucas, 1852; Revue Mag. Zool. (2) 4 (9): 428
Teracolus amelia ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (120): 506
Colotis vesta amelia ; [BAFR, 61 (text)]
Colotis (Colotis) vesta amelia ; [AfrL]
C. v. argillaceus (Butler, 1877)
S.Mozambique, Zululand, Natal Teracolus argillaceus Butler, 1877; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 19 (114) : 459, TL: Natal
Colotis vesta argillaceus ; [BAFR, 61 (text)]
Colotis (Colotis) vesta argillaceus ; [AfrL]
C. v. catachrysops (Butler, 1878)
coast (Kenya, Tanzania) Teracolus catachrysops Butler, 1878; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 2 (8) : 178
Teracolus catachrysops ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (120): 506
Colotis vesta catachrysops ; [BAFR, 61]; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 8, pl. 8, f. 14, 17
Colotis (Colotis) vesta catachrysops ; [AfrL]
C. v. hanningtoni (Butler, 1883)
NE.Uganda, NW.Kenya Teracolus hanningtoni Butler, 1883; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 12 (68) : 104, TL: Victoria Nyanza
Teracolus bipartitus Rothschild, 1894; Novit. Zool. 1 (2) : 539, TL: Witu (East Africa)
Teracolus hanningtoni ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (120): 506
Colotis vesta hanningtoni ; [BAFR, 61 (text)]
Colotis (Colotis) vesta hanningtoni ; [AfrL]
C. v. mutans (Butler, 1877)
Zambia, Malawi, Rhodesia Teracolus mutans Butler, 1877; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 19 (114) : 459, TL: Lake Nyassa
Teracolus mutans ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (120): 505
Colotis vesta mutans ; [BAFR, 61 (text)]
Colotis (Colotis) vesta mutans ; [AfrL]
C. v. princeps Talbot, 1939
Uganda, SE.Sudan, NE.Zaire Colotis vesta princeps ; [BAFR, 61 (text)]
Colotis (Colotis) vesta princeps ; [AfrL]
C. v. rhodesinus (Butler, 1894)
W.Tanzania, NW.Zambia, SE.Zaire Teracolus rhodesinus Butler, 1894; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1893 : 663, pl. 60, f. 6, TL: Rhodesia, Lake Mweru
Teracolus rhodesinus ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (120): 504
Colotis vesta rhodesinus ; [BAFR, 61 (text)]
Colotis (Colotis) vesta rhodesinus ; [AfrL]
C. v. velleda (Lucas, 1852)
Sudan (not SE.Sudan) Idmais velleda Lucas, 1852; Revue Mag. Zool. (2) 4 (9): 428
Teracolus velleda ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (120): 505
Colotis vesta velleda ; [BAFR, 61 (text)]
Colotis (Colotis) vesta velleda ; [AfrL]
C. v. kagera Congdon, Kielland & Collins, 1998
Colotis (Colotis) vesta kagera ; [AfrL]

Colotis vestalis (Butler, 1876)
Baluchistan - Saurashtra, Punjab, Rajputana, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, E.Africa. See [About maps] White Arab
Teracolus vestalis Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 135, pl. 7, f. 10
Teracolus puellaris Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 136
Teracolus ochreipennis Butler, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 136
Teracolus intermissus Butler, 1883; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1883 (2) : 152, pl. 24, f. 4
Teracolus rorus Swinhoe, 1884; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1884 : 437, pl. 39, f. 8
Teracolus peelus Swinhoe, 1884; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1884 : 438, pl. 39, f. 9
Teracolus dubius Swinhoe, 1884; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1884 : 439
Teracolus vestalis ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (118): 390
Colotis vestalis ; [BOW: pl. 161, f. 13]; [BOR, 178]
Colotis (Colotis) vestalis ; [AfrL]

Larva on Salvadora persica [BK]

C. v. castalis (Staudinger, [1885])
Somalia, S.Ethiopia, Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania Idmais castalis Staudinger, [1885]; in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (7): 43, (5): pl. 23
Teracolus castalis ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (118): 390
Colotis vestalis castalis ; [BAFR, 66]; [BK, 129]; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 8, pl. 8, f. 25
Colotis (Colotis) vestalis castalis ; [AfrL]
C. v. nadir Gross & Ebert, 1975²
Colotis vestalis nadir ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 8, pl. 8, f. 22

Colotis zoe (Grandidier, 1867)
Madagascar. See [About maps] Anthocharis zoe Grandidier, 1867; Rev. Mag. Zool. (2) 19 : 272, TL: Madagascar
Teracolus zoe ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (120): 501
Colotis zoe ; [EBW]; [BAFR, 62]; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 8, pl. 10, f. 9
Colotis (Colotis) zoe ; [MadL]; [AfrL]

Subgenus Teracolus Swainson, [1833]
Teracolus Swainson, [1833]; Zool. Illustr. (2) 3 (25): pl. 115, TS: Teracolus subfasciatus Swainson

Colotis eris (Klug, 1829)
Natal, Transvaal, Moçambique, Rhodesia, Botswana, South West Africa, Tropical Africa (dry zone), S.Arabia. See [About maps] Banded Gold Tip Black-barred Gold Tip
Pieris eris Klug, 1829; Symb. Phys.: pl. 6, f. 15-16
Idmais fatma C. & R. Felder, [1865]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 189, pl. 25, f. 3
Teracolus abyssinicus Butler, 1876; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 18 (108) : 486
Idmais maimuna Kirby, 1880; Proc. R. Dublin Soc. (2) 2: 338
= ; [NHM]
Teracolus opalescens Butler, 1886; Ent. mon. Mag. 23 : 30, TL: Delagoa Bay
= ; [NHM]
Idmais eris var. punctigera Lanz, 1896; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 9 (1) : 126
Teracolus opalescens ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (118): 391
Teracolus maimuna ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (118): 392
Teracolus eris ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (118): 391
Colotis eris ; [EBW]
Colotis (Teracolus) eris ; [AfrL]

Larva on Capparis oleoides [PBSA], Boscia, Maerua, Capparis [BK]

dry areas (south of Sahara) Colotis eris eris ; [BAFR, 74]; [BK, 136]; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 9, pl. 10, f. 25-28
Colotis (Teracolus) eris eris ; [AfrL]
C. e. contractus Gabriel, 1937-38
SW.Arabia Colotis eris contractus Gabriel, 1937-38; Exped. S.W. Arabia 1: 370
Colotis eris contractus ; [BAFR, 74 (text)]
Colotis (Teracolus) eris contractus ; [AfrL]
?C. e. johnstoni (Butler, 1886)
Cape Teracolus johnstoni Butler, 1886; Ent. mon. Mag. 23 : 29, TL: Graham's Town
Teracolus johnstoni ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (118): 391

Colotis subfasciatus (Swainson, 1822)
-. See [About maps] Teracolus subfasciatus Swainson, 1822; Zool. Illustr. (1) 2: pl. 115
Ptychopteryx bohemanni Wallengren, 1857; K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 2 (4) : 18
Teracolus subfasciatus ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (118): 393
Colotis subfasciatus ; [EBW]
Colotis (Teracolus) subfasciatus ; [AfrL]
Orange River (North of), Transvaal, Rhodesia, Botswana, South West Africa, Orange Free State, S.Mozanbique Colotis subfasciatus subfasciatus ; [BAFR, 74]
Colotis (Teracolus) subfasciatus subfasciatus ; [AfrL]
C. s. ducissa (Dognin, 1891)
Malawi, Zambia, S.Zaire (Shaba) - W.Tanzania Ptychopteryx? ducissa Dognin, 1891; Le Naturaliste 13 / (2) 5 (102): 132
Colotis ducissa ; [EBW]
Colotis subfasciatus ducissa ; [BAFR, 74]
Colotis (Teracolus) subfasciatus ducissa ; [AfrL]

The ? species-group

?Colotis puniceus (Butler, 1888)
E.Africa. See [About maps] Teracolus puniceus Butler, 1888; Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1888 : 72, TL: Wadelai
Teracolus puniceus f. albomaculatus Aurivillius, 1910; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 13 : 55, pl. 18 row b
Teracolus puniceus f. flavescens Aurivillius, 1910; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 13 : 55, pl. 18 row b
Teracolus puniceus ; Butler, 1894, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1894 : 573; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (118): 394

Subgenus Cuneacolotis Henning et al., 1997

Colotis agoye (Wallengren, 1857)
South West Africa - Botswana - Transvaal, Rhodesia. See [About maps] Speckled Sulfur Tip
Anthopsyche agoye Wallengren, 1857; K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 2 (4) : 15
Teracolus agoye ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (119): 463
Colotis agoye ; [EBW]
Colotis (Cuneacolotis) agoye ; [AfrL]
N.Transvaal, E.Botswana, N.Botswana, Rhodesia Colotis agoye agoye ; [BAFR, 73]
Colotis (Cuneacolotis) agoye agoye ; [AfrL]
C. a. eosphorus (Trimen, 1863)
W.Transvaal, N.Cape, Nambia Teracolus eosphorus Trimen, 1863; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. (3) 1 : 523
Colotis agoye eosphorus ; [BAFR, 73]
C. a. bowkeri (Trimen, 1883)
Botswana, Cape Teracolus bowkeri Trimen, 1883; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1883 (4) : 358
Colotis (Cuneacolotis) agoye bowkeri ; [AfrL]
C. a. zephyrus (Marshall, 1897)
Ethiopia, Somalia Teracolus zephyrus Marshall, 1897; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1897 : 8
Colotis agoye zephyrus ; [BAFR, 72]
Colotis (Cuneacolotis) agoye zephyrus ; [AfrL]

Subgenus Gideona Klots, 1933
Gideona Klots, 1933; Ent. amer. 12 (3): 153, 196, TS: Callidryas lucasi Grandidier

Colotis lucasi (Grandidier, 1867)
Madagascar. See [About maps] Callidryas lucasi Grandidier, 1867; Rev. Mag. Zool. (2) 19 : 273
Gideona lucasi ; [EBW]; [BAFR, 75]
Gideona lucas ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 9, pl. 10, f. 24
Colotis (Gideona) lucasi ; [MadL]; [AfrL]


Unknown or unplaced taxa

Teracolus metagone Holland, 1896; Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 18 (1098) : 760, TL: East Africa
Teracolus metagone ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (119): 462

Teracolus gaudens Butler, 1876; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 18 (108) : 486, TL: Abyssinia
Teracolus arenicolens Butler, 1884; Ent. mon. Mag. 21 : 81, TL: Arabia
Teracolus gaudens ; Butler, 1897, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (120): 503

Teracolus schuberti Suffert, 1904; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 84, TL: Meotu, E.Africa


28.4.2013 (50)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[AfrL]
Mark C. Williams; Checklist of Afrotropical Papilionoidea and Hesperoidea; Compiled by Mark C. Williams, 7th ed. (2008) (April 2007); Afrototropical Butterflies; e-mail: Mark C. Williams
[BAFR]
D'Abrera, 1980; Butterflies of the Afrotropical Region
[BHL]
The; Biodiversity Heritage Library; and on; Internet Archive; Note: The linking to the content of Internet Archive is somewhat delicate -- notify me when links break!
[BIR]
Wynter-Blyth, 1957; Butterflies of the Indian Region; (1982 Reprint)
[BK]
Larsen, 1996; The Butterflies of Kenya and their natural history
[BMAT]
Tennent, 1996; The butterflies of Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia; ISBN 0 906802 05 9
[BOR]
D'Abrera, 1982, 1985, 1986; Butterflies of the Oriental Region, Part I-III
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[BRU]
Tuzov, Bogdanov, Devyatkin, Kaabak, Korolev, Murzin, Samodurov, Tarasov, 1997; Guide to the Butterflies of Russia and adjacent territories; Hesperiidae, Papilionidae, Pieridae, Satyridae; Volume 1
[EBW]
Smart, Paul, 1976; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World; ISBN 0 600 31381 6
[H&R]
Higgins, L.G, Riley, N.D, 1970; A Field Guide to the Butterflies of Britain and Europe
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[Heiner Ziegler]
Switzerland / Schweiz; www.pieris.ch
[Jean Delacre]
http://homepage.mac.com/jdelacre
[LAMAS-NEO]
Gerardo Lamas; Bibliography of butterflies; An Annocated Bibliography of the Neotropical Butterflies and Skipper (Lepididoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea); Revised Electronic Edition (2007)
[MBE]
Moths and Butteflies of Europe; Paolo Mazzei, Diego Reggianti and Ilaria Pimpinelli; http://www.leps.it/
[MadL]
Lees, D.C., Kremen, C. and Raharitsimba, H. 2003; in S.M. Goodman & J. P. Benstead (eds.), The Natural History of Madagascar; Classification, Diversity and Endemism of the Butterflies (Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea): A Revised Species Checklist: : pp. 762-793; University of Chicago Press. 1709 pp.
[NHM]
Natural History Museum; The Global Lepidoptera Names Index
[Oleg Kosterin]
Institue of Cytology & Genetics; Siberian Division of Russian Academy of Sciences; Novosibirsk; e-mail: Oleg Kosterin; http://pisum.bionet.nsc.ru/kosterin/
[PBSA]
Dickson, C.G.C (ed.), Kroon, D.M.; Pennington's Butterflies of Southern Africa; AD. DONKER 1978
[Simon Coombes]
1 Park Street, Plymouth, PL3 4BL, UK; 01752 607854; e-mail: Simon Coombes; http://www.butterfly-guide.co.uk
[²]
This may require parentheses or not. I don't have the necessary information for this taxon.


Some related literature:
Angas, 1849
The Kaffirs illustrated in a series of drawings taken among the Amazulu, Amapanda, and Amakosa Tribes; also Portraits of the Hotentot, Malay, Fingo and other Races Inhabiting South Africa Kafirs Illustr.: [52pp]
Aurivillius, 1879
Lepidoptera Damarensia förteckning på fjärilar insamlade i Damaralandet af G. de Bylder åren 1873 och 1874 jente beskrifning öfer förut okändarten Ofvers K. VetenskAkad. Förh. Stockh. 36 (7) : 39-69
Aurivillius, 1910
Die Gross-Schmetteringe der Erde; 13 Band; Die Afrikanischen Tagfalter in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 13 : 1-613, pl. 1-80
Bartel, 1905
Neue Aethiopische Rhopalocera des Kgl. Museums für Naturkunde in Berlin Novit. Zool. 12 : 129-152
Blachier, 1908
Lépidoptères du Maroc - Remarque sur diverses espèces et descriptions de variétés nouvelles Ann. Soc. ent. Fr. 77 (2) : 209-222
Boisduval, 1836
Histoire Naturelle des Insectes. Species Général des Lépidoptéres. Tome Premier Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 1-690, pl. 1-24
Butler, 1865
Description of six new species of diurnal Lepidoptera in the British Museum collection Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1865 (2) : 430-434, pl. 25
Butler, 1865
Description of four new Species of Butterflies in the Collection of the British Museum Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (3) 16 (96) : 397-399
Butler, 1867
Descriptions of some remarkable new Species and a new Genus of Diurnal Lepidoptera Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (3) 20 (117) : 216-217, pl. 4
Butler, 1868
Descriptions of the new or little-known Species of Lepidoptera Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1868 (1) : 221-224, pl. 17
Butler, 1869
Descriptions of New Rhopalocera from the Collection of Herbert Druce Esq. Cistula ent. 1 (1) : 1-16
Butler, [1872]
On a small Collection of Butterflies from Angola Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1871 (3) : 721-725
Butler, 1873
Descriptions of new species of Lepidoptera Cist. Ent. 1 (7) : 151-177
Butler, 1874
Description of new Lepidoptera Cistula ent. 1 : 243-244 (9)
Butler, 1876
Revision of the Lepidopterous Genus Teracolus, with Descriptions of the new Species Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 : 126-165, pl. 6-7
Butler, 1876
On a Collection of Lepidoptera recently received from Abyssinia Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 18 (108) : 480-490
Butler, 1877
Descriptions of several African and Australian Lepidoptera in the collection of the British Museum Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 19 (114) : 458-562
Butler, 1878
Descriptions of several new Species of Lepidoptera in the Collection of the British Museum Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 2 (8) : 177-179
Butler, 1880
On new and little-known Butterflies from India Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1880 : 147-152, pl. 15
Butler, 1881
On the Lepidoptera collected in Socotra by I. Bayley Balfour Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1881 : 175-180, pl. 18
Butler, 1881
On two new species of butterflies from East Africa Ent. mon. Mag. 18 : 145-146
Butler, 1882
On the butterflies of the genus Teracolus occurring at Accra, Gold Coast Ent. mon. Mag. 18 : 227-230
Butler, 1883
On some Lepidoptera from the Victoria Nyanza Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 12 (68) : 101-107
Butler, 1883
On a collection of Indian Lepidoptera received from Lieut.-Colonel Charles Swinhoe; with numerous notes by the collector Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1883 (2) : 144-175, pl. 24
Butler, 1884
On a collection of Lepidoptera made by Major J.W. Yerbury at or near Aden Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1884 : 478-503, pl. 46
Butler, 1884
On new Species of Lepidoptera recently added to the Collection of the British Museum Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 14 (84) : 403-407
Butler, 1884
On an undescritbed butterfly of the genus Teracolus from Arabia Ent. mon. Mag. 21 : 81
Butler, [1886]
An account of two collections of Lepidoptera recently received from Somali-land Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1885 (4) : 756-776, pl. 47
Butler, 1886
Description of two new species of Teracolus Ent. mon. Mag. 23 : 29-31
Butler, 1888
On the Lepidoptera received from Dr. Emin Pascha [from Equatorial Africa] Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1888 : 56-85
Butler, 1888
Descriptions of some new Lepidoptera from Kilima-njaro Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1888 : 91-98
Butler, 1888
On Butterflies of the Genus Teracolus obtained by Mr. H. G. Palliser at Khadesh in the Winter of 1886-7 Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 1 : 417-419
Butler, 1891
List of Lepidoptera in a Collection made by Emin Pasha in Central Africa Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 7 (37) : 40-51
Butler, 1894
On two collection of Lepidoptera sent by H. H. Johnston, Esq., C.B., from British Central Africa Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1893 : 643-684, pl. 60 (1894)
Butler, 1894
On a collection of Lepidoptera from British East Africa, made by Dr J. W. Gregory between the Moths of March & August 1893 Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1894 : 557-593, pl. 36-37
Butler, 1896
On a collection of Butterflies obtained by Mr. Richard Crawshay in Nyasa-land, between the months of January and April 1895b Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1896 : 108-136, pl. 6
Butler, 1897
A revision of the Species of Butterflies belonging to the Genus Teracolus Swains. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 20 (118): 385-399, (119): 451-473, (120): 495-507
Carpenter, 1951
Colotis fausta somalica Hale Carpenter and Jackson, 1950 (Lep., Pieridae) Proc. R. Ent. Soc. Lond. (B) 20 : 106
Cramer, [1780]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) Uitl. Kapellen 4 (25-26a): 1-28, pl. 289-304 (1780)
Dixey, 1915
New species and subspecies of Pierinae Trans. Ent. Soc. 1915 (1) : 1-15, pl. 1-2
Dognin, 1891
Description de Lépidoptera nouveaux Le Naturaliste 13 / (2) 5 (102): 132, (111): 242, (112): 257-258, (114): 278-279
Doubleday, [1847]
The genera of diurnal Lepidoptera, comprising their generic characters, a notice of their habitats and transformations, and a catalogue of the species of each genus; illustrated with 86 plates by W. C. Hewitson Gen. diurn. Lep. (1): 1-18, pl. A, 1-4 (1-2) (1846), (1): 19-132, pl. 4*, 5-25, 28 (3-14) (1847), (1): 133-200, pl. 1*, 26, 27, 29, 31-44 (15-23) (1848), (1): 201-242, pl. 30, 45-52, 56-58, 60-62, 64 (24-31) (1849), (1): 243-250 [?], (2): 243-326, pl. 53-55, 63, 65, 66 (32-38) (1850), (2): 327-466, pl. 59, 67-77 (39-50) (1851), (2): 467-534, 143, 144, pl. 78-80 (Index) (51-54) (1852)
Drury, 1773
Illustrations of natural history; wherein are exhibited ... Illust. Nat. Hist. Exot. Insects 2 : 1-90, pl. 1-50
Fabricius, 1775
Systema Entomologiae, sistens Insectorum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, Adiectis Synonymis, Locis, Descriptionibus, Observationibus. Syst. Ent.: 832pp
C. & R. Felder, 1859
Lepidopterologische Fragmente. I-IV Wien. ent. Monats. 3 (6): 178-186, pl. 3-4, (9): 263-273, pl. 5, (11): 321-328, pl. 6, (12): 390-405, pl. 7-9
C. & R. Felder, [1865]
Reise der österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Behilfen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair. Zoologischer Theil. Band 2. Abtheilung 2. Lepidoptera. Rhopalocera Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (1): 1-136, pl. 1-21 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, [1865]), (2): 137-378, pl. 22-47 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, 1865), (3): 379-536, pl. 48-74 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, 1867), (4): 537-548, pl. 75-120, (Inhalts-Verz.) 1-9 (pl. 1-74), (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1874) , (5): pl. 121-140, (erklärung) 1-10 (pl. 75-107), (Inhalts-Verz.) 1-20 (pl. 108-140), (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1875)
Gerstaecker, 1871
Beiträge zur Insektenfauna von Zanzibar Archiv Naturg. 37 (1) : 345-363
Godart, 1819
in Latreille & Godart, Encyclopédie Méthodique. Histoire naturelle Entomologie, ou histoire naturelle des crustacés, des arachnides et des insectes Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 3-328 (1819), (2): 329-828 ([1824])
Grandidier, 1867
Description de quatre espèces nouvelles de Lépidoptères découvertes de le côte sud-ouest de Madagascar Rev. Mag. Zool. (2) 19 : 272-275
Grose-Smith, 1886
Description of two new species of Pieridae from Zanzibar Ent. mon. Mag. 23 : 32
Grose-Smith, 1889
Descriptions of twenty-four new Species of Butterflies captured by Mr. Last in the neighbourhood of Mombasa, East Coast of Africa, in the Collection of Mr. H. Grose Smith Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 3 (14) : 121-137
Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1889
Rhopalocera Exotica, being Illustrations of New, Rare, and Unfigured Species of Butterflies Rhop. Exot. [1] 1: (Ornithoptera) 1-2, pl. 1 (1887), [1] 2: (Ornithoptera) 3-4, pl. 2 (1892), [1] 3: (Ornithoptera) [5-6] 1-2, pl. 3 (1900), [1] 3: (Ornithoptera) 7-8, pl. 4 (1901), [1] 1: (Papilio) 1-2, pl. 1 (1887), [1] 1: (Papilio) 3-5,7-14, pl. 2-6 (1888), [1] 1: (Papilio) 15-20, pl. 7-9 (1890), [1] 1: (Papilio) 21-25, pl. 10-11 (1891), [1] 2: (Papilio) 27-31, pl. 12-13 (1893), [1] 2: (Papilio) 33-35, pl. 14 (1894), [1] 2: (Papilio) 37-38, pl. 15 (1895), [1] 2: (Papilio) 39-40, pl. 16 (1897), [1] 3: (Papilio) 41-46, pl. 17-19 (1899), [1] 3: (Papilio) 47-48, pl. 20 (1900), [1] 3: (Papilio) 49-50, pl. 21 (1901), [1] 3: (Papilio) 51-55, pl. 22-23 (1902), [1] 1: (Delias) 1-3, pl. 1 (1889), [1] 2: (Delias) 5-7, 9-11, pl. 2-3 (1893), [1] 2: (Delias) 12-18, pl. 4-5 (1895), [1] 2: (Delias) 20-22, pl. 6 (1896), [1] 3: (Delias) 24-26, pl. 7 (1897), [1] 3: (Delias) 28-35, pl. 8-9 (1901), [1] 3: (Delias) 36-38, pl. 10 (1902), [1] 1: (Pieridae) 1-3, pl. 1 (1888), [1] 2: (Pinacopteryx) 1-4, pl. 1 (1893), [1] 1: (Callosune) 1-3, pl. 1 (1889), [1] 3: (Huphina) 1-7, pl. 1-2 (1898), [1] 3: (Huphina) [8],9-10, pl. 3 (1899), [1] 1: (Elodina) 1-4, pl. 1 (1890), [1] 1: (Belenois) 1-4, pl. 1 (1892), [1] 2: (Belenois) 5-8, pl. 2 (1892), [1] 3: (Mylothris) 1-3, 5-7, pl. 1-2 (1900), [1] 1: (Ixias) 1-3, pl. 1 (1888), [1] 2: (Appias) 1-3, pl. 1 (1894), [1] 1: (Pierinae) 5-7, pl. 2 (1889), [1] 2: (Dismorphia) 1-4, pl. 1 (1896), [1] 2: (Dismorphia) 5-9, 11-15, pl. 2-3 (1897), [2] 1: (Asthipa) 1-3, pl. 1 (1890), [2] 2: (Asthipa) 5-6, pl. 2 (1896), [2] 2: (Ravadeba) 7, pl. 1 (1896), [2] 2: (Mycalesis) 1-4, pl. 1 (1895), [2] 2: (Mycalesis) 5-12, pl. 2-3 (1896), [2] 3: (Mycalesis) 13-18, pl. 4-5 (1902), [2] 3: (Libythea) 1-2, pl. 1 (1902), : (Ragadia-Argyronympha-Hypocysta) : 1-6, pl. [1] (1895), [2] 2: (Pedaliodes) 1-5, pl. 1 (1893), [2] 2: (Pedaliodes) 7-9, pl. 2 (1894), [2] 2: (Pedaliodes) 10-14, pl. 3 (1895), [2] 3: (Pedaliodes) 15-20, pl. 4-5, (Oxeoschistus) 1 (1900), [2] 3: (Pronophila) 1-2, pl. 1, (Oxeoschistus) 2-3, pl. 1 (1900), [2] 2: (Elymnias) 1-4, pl. 1 (1896), [2] 3: (Elymnias) 5-6, pl. 2, (Bruasa) 6-7, pl. 1 (1897), [2] 1: (Morpho) 1-2, pl. 1 (1890), [2] 3: (Morphotenaris-Hyantis) 1-3, pl. [1] (1898), [2] 2: (Tenaris) 1-3, 5-7, pl. 1-2 (1894), [2] 2: (Tenaris) 9-11, pl. 3 (1895), [2] 2: (Tenaris) 13-15, pl. 4 (1896), [2] 3: (Tenaris) 17-18, pl. 5 (1898), [2] 1: (Heliconius) 1-3, pl. 1 (1892), [2] 1: (Acraea) 1-6, pl. 1-2 (1889), [2] 1: (Acraea) 7-10, pl. 3 (1892), [2] 2: (Acraea) 11-14, pl. 4 (1892), [2] 2: (Acraea) 15-18, pl. 5 (1894), [2] 3: (Acraea) 19-29, pl. 6-8, (Planema) 29-30, pl. [1] (1901), [2] 1: (Cethosia) 1-2, pl. 1 (1889), [2] 3: (Cirrhochroa) 1, pl. [1], (Cupha) 2-4, pl. [1] (1898), [2] 2: (Terinos) 1-2, pl. 1 (1894), [2] 1: (Thaleropis) 1-3, pl. 1 (1891), [2] 2: (Doleschallia) 1-3,5-7, pl. 1-2 (1893), [2] 2: (Kallima) 1-3, pl. 1 (1892), [2] 1: (Hypolimnas) 1-2, pl. 1 (1891), [2] 3: (Hypolimnas) 3-4, pl. 2 (1897), [2] 3: (Hypolimnas) 5-6, pl. 3 (1898), [2] 1: (Euxanthe) 1-3, pl. 1 (1890), [2] 1: (Hestina) 1-3, pl. 1 (1891), [2] 1: (Cymothoe) 1-4, pl. 1 (1890), [2] 3: (Limenitis) 1-3, pl. 1 (1899), [2] 2: (Neptis) 1-4, pl. 1 (1895), [2] 3: (Neptis) 5-11, pl. 2-3 (1899), [2] 3: (Neptis) 13-17, pl. 4-5 (1900), [2] 1: (Euthalia-Tanaecia) 1-3, pl. 1 (1889), [2] 1: (Euthalia) 5-10, pl. 2-3 (1891), [2] 2: (Euthalia) 11-14, pl. 4 (1894), [2] 3: (Euthalia) 15, pl. 5, (Dichorragia) 16, pl. 1 (1898), [2] 1: (Apatura) 1-3, pl. 1 (1892), [2] 1: (Euphaedra) 1-2, pl. 1 (1889), [2] 1: (Euryphene) 1-3, pl. 1 (1889), [2] 1: (Charaxes) 1-2,[3-4] pl. 1-2 (1887), [2] 1: (Charaxes) [5], pl. 3 (1888), [2] 1: (Charaxes) 7-9, pl. 4 (1890), [2] 1: (Charaxes) 11-13, pl. 5 (1891), [2] 1: (Mynes) 1-2, pl. 1 (1888), [2] 2: (Mynes) 3-6, pl. 2 (1894), [2] 2: (Prothoe) 1-2, pl. 1 (1896), [3] 3: (Erycinidae) 1-10, pl. 1-2 (1902), [3] 2: (Dicallaneura-etc) 1-6, pl. 1 (1897), [3] 3: (Dicallaneura-etc) 7-11, pl. 2 (1901), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 1-4,[5-9] 1-5, pl. 1-2 (1887), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 11-17, 19-22, pl. 3-5 (1888), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 23-25, 27-29, 31-33, pl. 6-8 (1889), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 35-48, pl. 9-11 (1890), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 49-51,53-64, pl. 12-15 (1891), [3] 2: (Lycaenidae) 65-68, pl. 16 (1892), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) [69-72] 57-60, pl. 17 (1892), [3] 2: (Lycaenidae) [73-77] 61-65,79-84, pl. 18-19 (1892), [3] 2: (Lycaenidae) 85-107, pl. 20-23 (1893), [3] 2: (Lycaenidae) 109-120, pl. 24-25 (1894), [3] 3: (Lycaenidae) 121-125, pl. 26 (1900), [3] 3: (Lycaenidae) 127-131, 133-141, pl. 27-29 (1901), [3] 3: (Lycaenidae) 143-146, pl. 30 (1902), [3] 2: (Hypochrysops) 1-6, pl. 1 (1894), [3] 2: (Hypochrysops) 7-13, 15-22, pl. 2-3 (1895), [3] 2: (Thysonotis) 23-25, 27-31, pl. 1-2 (1895), [3] 2: (Waigeum) 34-38, pl. 1 (1896), [3] 2: (Thysonotis) 39-46, pl. 3-4 (1896), [3] 2: (Holochila) 1-4, pl. 1 (1896), [3] 2: (Holochila) 5-8, pl. 2 (1897), [3] 2: (Pseudonotis) 1-3, pl. [1], (Epimastidia) 4-5, pl. [1], (Lampides) 5-8, pl. [1] (1897), [3] 2: (Lampides) 9-10, pl. 2, (Thysonotis) 47, pl. 5 (1897), [3] 3: (Holochila) 9-11, pl. 3 (1898), [3] 3: (Arhopala) 1-7, pl. 1-2 (1898), [3] 3: (Arhopala) 9-12, pl. 3, (Ilerda) 13, pl. [1], (Horaga) 14-15, pl. [1] (1902), [3] 3: (Thysonotis) 47x,48-50, pl. 6 (1898), [3] 3: (Hypochrysops) 23-26, pl. 4 (1898), [3] 3: (Holochila) 13-15, pl. 4 (1899), [3] 3: (Hypochrysops) 27-29, pl. 5, (Waigeum) [30], pl. 2 (1899), [3] 3: (Holochila) 17-19, pl. 5 (1899), [3] 3: (Thysonotis) 51-54, pl. 7 (1899), [3] 3: (Jamides) 11-14, pl. 1 (1900), [3] 3: (Hypolycaena-etc) 1-4, pl. [1] (1900), [3] 3: (Hypochrysops) 31-33, pl. 6, (Thysonotis) 55-56, pl. 8 (1900), [3]: (Additions-Corrections) 1-2,[3],vii-x
Hewitson, 1866
Illustrations of new species of exotic Butterflies selected chiefly from the collections of W. Wilson Saunders and William C. Hewitson. Ill. exot. Butts [1] : (Systematic Index) I, (Ornithoptera and Papilio): [1-2], pl. [1] (1855), (Papilio II): [3-4], pl. [2] (1856), (Papilio III): [5-6], pl. [3] (1858), (Papilio IV): [7-8], pl. [4] (1859), (Papilio V): [9-10], pl. [5] (1861), (Papilio VI): [11-12], pl. [6] (1864), (Papilio VII-VIII): [13-16], pl. [7-8] (1865), (Papilio IX): [17-18], pl. [9] (1868), (Papilio X-XII): [19-22], pl. [10-12] (1869), (Papilio XIII): [23-24], pl. [13] (1873), (Papilio XIV): [25-26], pl. [14] (1875), (Papilio XV): [27-28], pl. [15] (1877), (Pieris I): [29-30], pl. [16] (1852), (Pieris II): [31-32], pl. [17] (1853), (Pieris III-VI): [33-40], pl. [18-21] (1861), (Pieris VII): [41-42], pl. [22] (1862), (Pieris VIII): [43-44], pl. [23] (1866), (Euterpe): [45-46], pl. [24] (1860), (Euterpe II): [47-48], pl. [25] (1872), (Euterpe and Leptalis): [49-50], pl. [26] (1853), (Leptalis II): [51-52], pl. [27] (1857), (Leptalis III): [53-54], pl. [28] (1858), (Leptalis IV): [55-56], pl. [29] (1860), (Leptalis V-VII): [57-62], pl. [30-32] (1870), (Callidryas and Eronia): [63-64], pl. [33] (1867), (Euploea): [65-66], pl. [34] (1858), (Euploea II): [67-68], pl. [35] (1866), (Heliconia I): [69-70], pl. [36] (1853), (Heliconia II-III): [71-74], pl. [37-38] (1854), (Heliconia IV): [75-76], pl. [39] (1858), (Heliconia V): [77-78], pl. [40] (1867), (Heliconia VI): [79-80], pl. [41] (1871), (Heliconia and Tithorea VII): [81-82], pl. [42] (1873), (Heliconia VIII): [83-84], pl. [43] (1875), (Athesis): [85-86], pl. [44] (1872), (Mechanitis I): [87-88], pl. [45] (1856), (Mechanitis II-III): [89-92], pl. [46-47] (1860), (Ithomia I): [93-94], pl. [48] (1851), (Ithomia II): [95-96], pl. [49] (1852), (Ithomia III): [97-98], pl. [50] (1853), (Ithomia IV-V): [99-102], pl. [51-52] (1854), (Ithomia VI-XIII): [103-118], pl. [53-60] (1855)
Holland, 1896
List of the Lepidoptera from Aldabra, Seychelles, and other East African Islands, Collected by Dr. W. L. Abbot Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 18 (1064) : 265-273
Holland, 1896
List of the Lepidoptera Collected in East Africa, 1894, by Mr. William Astor Chanler and Lieut. Ludwig von Höhnel Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 18 (1098) : 741-767
Hopffer, 1855
[Lepidoptera Diurna] Ber. Verh. Akad. Berlin 1855 : 639-643
Hopffer, 1862
Die Schmetterlinge in W. C. H. Peters, Reise nach Mossambique in Peters, Zoologie 5 : 349-438
Hübner, [1819]
Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge, 1816-[1826] Verz. bek. Schmett. (1): [1-3], 4-16 (1816), (2): 17-32 (1819), (3): 33-48 (1819), (4): 49-64 (1819), (5): 65-80 (1819), (6): 81-96 (1819), (7): 97-112 (1819), (8): 113-128 (1819), (9): 129-144 (1819), (10): 145-160 (1819), (11): 161-176 (1819), (12): 177-192 (1820), (13): 193-208 (1820), (14): 209-224 (1821), (15): 225-240 (1821), (16): 241-256 (1821), (17): 257-272 (1823), (18): 273-288 (1823), (19): 289-304 (1823), (20): 305-320 (1825), (21): 321-336 (1825), (22): 337-352 (1825), (23-27): 353-431 ([1825])
Joicey & Talbot, 1927
New forms of Lepidoptera Rhopalocera Encycl. Ent. (B III) 2 (1): 1-14
Kirby, 1871
A synonymic catalogue of the diurnal Lepidoptera Syn. Cat. diurn. Lep.: vii + 690pp : 1-690
Kirby, 1880
Catalogue of the Lepidoptera (Rhopalocera, Sphingidae, Castniidae and Uraniidae) in the Museum of the Science and Art, Dublin, with remarks of new or interesting species Proc. R. Dublin Soc. (2) 2: 292-340
Klots, 1933
A generic revision of the Pieridae (Lepidoptera). Together with a study of the male genitalia Ent. amer. 12 (3): 139-204, (4): 205-242, pl. 5-13
Lanz, 1896
Besprechung der von Dr. Bumiller 1893 aus Ostafrika mitgebrachten Schmetterlinge Dt. ent. Z. Iris 9 (1) : 113-147
Linnaeus, 1758
Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Clases, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Symonymis, Locis. Tomis I. 10th Edition Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 1-338, : 339-824
Lucas, 1849
Exploration Scientifique de l'Algerie pendant les Annees 1840, 1841, 1842. Histoire Naturelle des Animaux Articules (3) Insectes Explor. Sci. Algérie, zool 3: 1-527
Lucas, 1852
Description de nouvelles Espèces de Lépidoptères appartenant aux Collections entomologiques du Musée de Paris Revue Mag. Zool. (2) 4 (3): 128-141 (1852), 4 (4): 189-198 (1852), 4 (6): 290-300 (1852), 4 (7): 324-343 (1852), 4 (9): 422-432, pl. 10 (1852), 5 (7): 310-322 (1853)
Mabille, 1877
[no title] Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. (5) 7 : xxxvii-xxxix [37-39], : xxxix-xl [39-40], : lxxi-lxxiii [71-73]
Mabille, 1879
Lepidoptera Madagascariensia; species novae Bull. Soc. Philom. Paris (7) 3 : 132-144
Mabille, 1879
[... nouvelles espèces de Lépidoptères de Madagascar ...] Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. (5) 9 : clxxii-clxxiv,[173-174]
Mabille, 1880
Note sur une collection de Lépidoptéres C. R. Soc. ent. Belg. 23 : 104-109,civ-cix
Mabille, 1887
in Grandidier, Histoire physique, naturelle et politique de Madagascar Hist. Madag. 18 (Lép. 1) : 1-364, pl. 1-55,2A,7A-B,9A,18A-B,25A,30A
Marshall, 1897
On the Synonymy of the Butterflies of the Genus Teracolus Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1897 : 3-36
Moore, 1877
Descriptions of Asiatic Diurnal Lepidoptera Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 20 (115) : 43-52
Moore, [1881]
The Lepidoptera of Ceylon Lepid. Ceylon 1 (1): 1-40, pl. 1-18 (Dec 1880), (2): 41-80, pl. 19-36 (Jan 1881), (3): 81-136, pl. 37-54 (Jun 1881), (4): 137-190, pl. 55-71 (Dec 1881)
Moore, 1884
Descriptions of some new Asiatic diurnal Lepidoptera; chiefly from specimens contained in the Indian Museum, Calcutta J. asiat. Soc. Bengal 53 Pt.II (1) : 16-52
Möschler, 1884
Beiträge zur Schmetterlings-Fauna des Kafferlands Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 33 : 267-310, pl. 16
Oberthür, 1876
Sur la Faune des Lépidoptères de l'Algerie Étud. d'Ent. 1 : 1-74, pl. 1-4
Oberthür, 1922
Les Lépidoptères du Maroc Étud. Lépid. Comp. 19 (1): 13-402, (2): pl. 530-546
Rebel, 1914
Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Expedition R. Grauernach. Zentralafrika. 1909-1911. Lepidoptera Ann. k.k. naturh. Hofmus. Wien. 28 : 219-294, pl. 17-24
Riley, 1934
On Lepidoptera from the Ahaggar Mountains Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (10) 13 : 175-181
Rothschild, 1894
Some new species of Lepidoptera Novit. Zool. 1 (2) : 535-540
Rothschild, 1915
Lepidoptera of the M'Zab country, south Algeria, collected by Dr Ernest Hartert and Carl Hilgert in 1914 Novit. Zool. 22 (2): 228-243
Sharpe, 1890
Descriptions of new Species of East-African Butterflies Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 5 (28) : 335-336
Sharpe, 1890
Further Descriptions of Butterflies and Moths collected by Mr. F. J. Jackson in Eastern Africa Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 5 (30) : 440-443
Sharpe, 1891
Descriptions of New Butterflies collected by Mr. F. J. Jackson, F.Z.S:, in British East Africa, during his recent Expedition. - Part I & II Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1891 : 187-194, pl. 16-17, : 633-638, pl. 48
Sharpe, 1896
List of Lepidoptera collected in Somali-land by Mrs. E. Lort Phillips Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1896 : 523-529
Stauder, 1922
Neue Palaearktenformen. I Mitt. münch. ent. Ges. 12 (1-6) : 17-25
Staudinger, 1884; Staudinger, [1885]
Exotische Tagfalter in sysmatischer Reihenfolge mit Berücksichtigung neuer Arten in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (1): 3-6, pl. 1-5 (1884), (2): 7-10, pl. 6-10 (1884), (3): 11-14, pl. 11-15 (1884), (4): 15-22, pl. 16-20 (1884), (5): 23-30, pl. 21-25 (1884), (6): 31-38, pl. 26-30 (1884), (7): 39-46, pl. 31-35 (1885), (8): 47-58, pl. 30-40 (1885), (9): 59-82, pl. 41-50 (1885), (10): 83-102, pl. 51-60 (1885), (11): 103-122, pl. 61-65 (1886), (12): 123-138, pl. 66-70 (1886), (13): 139-158, pl. 71-75 (1886), (14): 159-174, pl. 76-80 (1886), (15): 175-194, pl. 81-85 (1887), (16): 195-214, pl. 86-90 (1887), (17): 215-234, pl. 91-95 (1887), (18): 235-270, pl. 96-98 (1888), (19): 1-2,271-333, pl. 99-100 (1888)
Stoll, [1781]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) in Cramer, Uitl. Kapellen 4 (26b-28): 29-90, pl. 305-336 (1780), (29-31): 91-164, pl. 337-372 (1781), (32-32): 165-252, 1-29, pl. 373-400 (1782)
Stoneham, 1940
Notes on the African genus Colotis, Hubnr. (Teracolus Swin.) and some new forms Bull. Stoneham Mus. (40): 1-4
Suffert, 1904
Neue afrikansche Tagfalter aus dem kön. zool. Museum, Berlin, und meiner Sammlung Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 12-107, pl. 1-3
Suffert, 1904
Neue Tagfalter aus Deutsch-Ost-Afrika Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 124-132
Swainson, 1822
Zoological illustrations, or original figures and descriptions of new, rare, or interesting animals, selected chiefly from the classes of ornithology, entomology, and conchology, and arranged on the principles of Cuvier and other modern zoologists Zool. Illustr. (1) 1: pl. 1-18 (1820), 1: pl. 19-66 (1821), 2: pl. 67-83 (1821), 2: pl. 84-119 (1822), 3: pl. 120-134 (1822), 3: pl. 135-182 (1823)
Swainson, [1833]
Zoological illustrations, or original figures and descriptions of new, rare or interesting animals, selected chiefly from the classes of ornithology, entomology, and conchology, and arranged according to their apparent affinities. Second series Zool. Illustr. (2) 1: 1-30, pl. 1-30 (1829), 1: 31-45, pl. 31-45 (1830), 2 (11): 46-50, pl. 46-50, 2 (12): 51-55, pl. 51-55, 2 (13): 56-60, pl. 56-60, 2 (14): 61-65, pl. 61-65, 2 (15): 66-70, pl. 66-70, 2 (16): 71-75, pl. 71-75, 2 (17): 76-80, pl. 76-80, 2 (18): 81-85, pl. 81-85 (1831), 2 (19): 86-90, pl. 86-90, 2 (20): 91, pl. 91 (1832), 3 (21): 92-96, pl. 92-96 (1832), 3 (22): 97-101, pl. 97-101, 3 (23): 102-106, pl. 102-106, 3 (24): 107-111, pl. 107-111, 3 (25): 112-116, pl. 112-116, 3 (26): 117-121, pl. 117-121, 3 (27): 122-126, pl. 122-126, 3 (28): 127-131, pl. 127-131, 3 (29): 132-136, pl. 132-136 (1833)
Swinhoe, 1884
On some new and little-known Species of Butterflies of the Genus Teracolus Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1884 : 434-445, pl. 39-40
Swinhoe, 1890
New Species of Indian Butterflies Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 5 (29) : 353-365
Talbot, 1939
Revisional notes on the genus Colotis Hubn. (Lepid. Pieridae) with a systematic list Trans. R. ent. Soc. Lond. 88 : 173-233
Thurau, 1903
Neue Lepidopteren aus Ost- und Central-Afrika, im Königl. zoologischen Museum zu Berlin Berl. ent. Z. 48 : 301-314
Trimen, 1863
Description of Three New Species of the Genus Anthocharis, Boisd., and a New Species of the Genus Pais, Hübn., from Tropical South-Western Africa Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. (3) 1 : 519-525
Trimen, 1862
Rhopalocera Africae Australis; A catalogue of South African Butterflies: comprising descriptions of all the known species ... Rhopal. Afr. Austr. : 1-353, pl. 1-6
Trimen, 1883
Descriptions of twelve new species of South African Lepidoptera Rhopalocera Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1883 (4) : 347-363
Vuillot, 1891
[notes, communiques] Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1891 : lxxviii-lxxix,[78-79], : xcvi-xcvii,[96-97], : ci-cii,[101-102], : cxv-cxvi,[115-116]
Wallace, 1867
On the Pieridae of the Indian and Australian Regions Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. (3) 4 (3) : 301-416, pl. 6-9
Wallengren, 1857
Kafferlandets Dag-fjärilar, insamlade åren 1838-1845 af J. A. Wahlberg / Lepidoptera Rhopalocera in Terra Caffrorum annis 1838-1845 collecta a J. A. Wahlberg K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 2 (4) : 1-55
Wallengren, 1858
Nya Fjärilslägten - Nova Genera Lepidopterorum Öfvers. Vet. Akad. Förh. 15 : 75-84,135-142,209-215
Wallengren, 1860
Lepidopterologische Mittheilungen (1-3) Wien ent. Monats. 4: 33-46,161-176 (1860), 7: 137-151 (1863)
Ward, 1870
Descriptions of new species of diurnal Lepidoptera from Madagascar Ent. mon. Mag. 6 : 224-225
Winhard, 2000
Pieridae I Butterflies of the world, 10: (1) 40pp, (2) 48pls


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