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Troides Hübner, [1819]
Birdwings
Troides Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (6): 88, TS: Papilio helena Linnaeus
Ornithoptera Boisduval, 1832; in d'Urville, Voy. Astrolabe (Faune ent. Pacif.) 1 : 33, TS: Papilio priamus Linnaeus
Amphrisius Swainson, 1833; Zool. Illustr. (2) 3 (22): pl. 98
Ornithopterus Westwood, 1840; Introd. Class. Ins. 2 : 348 (emend. of Ornithoptera Boisduval, [1832])
Aetheoptera Rippon, [1890]; Icones Ornithopterorum, 1: 4, TS: Ornithoptera victoriae Gray
Priamoptera Rippon, [1890]; Icones Ornithopterorum, 1: 4, TS: Ornithoptera croesus Wallace
Pompeoptera Rippon, [1890]; Icones Ornithopterorum, 1: 4, TS: Papilio pomepus Cramer
Trogonoptera Rippon, [1890]; Icones Ornithopterorum, 1: 4, TS: Ornithoptera brookiana Wallace
Schoenbergia Pagenstecher, 1893; Jb. Nassau. Ver. Nat. 46 : 35, TS: Schoenbergia schoenbergi Pagenstecher
Phalaenosoma Rippon, [1906]; Icones Ornithopterorum, 2: 121, TS: Troides chimaera Rothschild
Ripponia Haugum, 1975; Ent. Rec. J. Var. 87 (4) : 111, TS: Papilio hypolitus Cramer
Haugumia Page & Treadaway, 2003; in Bauer & Frankenbach, Butterflies of the world, Suppl. 8: ? (1-6), TS: Papilio amphrysus Linnaeus
Troides, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]

Priamusptera ; Rippon, [1890], Icones Ornithopterorum, 1: pl. 12, pl. 15, pl. A (missp.)
Pompeusptera ; Rippon, [1890], Icones Ornithopterorum, 1: pl. A (missp.)
Schoenburgia ; Rippon, [1893-1896], Icones Ornithopterorum, 1: ix (missp.)
Ornithoptera (Papilioninae) ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (4): 154
Troides ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 183
Trogonoptera (Troiditi) ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 5
Troides (Troiditi) ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 6
Troides (Troidini) ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 79
Ornithoptera (Troidini) ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 82

The haliphron species-group
haliphron ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2004, Butterflies of the world 19: 1

Troides darsius (Gray, [1853])
Ceylon. See [About maps] Papilio darsius Gray, [1853]; Cat. lep. Ins. Coll. Brit. Mus. 1 (Papilionidae) : 5, TL: Ceylon
Ornithoptera cambyses Ehrmann, 1904; Ent. News 15 (6) : 215, TL: Columbo, Ceylon
f. clementinae Sala, 1992
f. melanie Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2004
Ornithoptera darsius ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (4): 155, pl. 55, f. 1a-b
Troides darsius ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 203; [BOR, 14]; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2004, Butterflies of the world 19: 1, pl. 2-3, f. 1-4

Troides vandepolli (Snellen, 1890)
-. See [About maps] Papilio vandepolli Snellen, 1890; Tijdschr. Ent. 33 : 22, TL: Preanger Mts, 5000-5500ft
Troides vandepolli ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 205; [BOR, 14]; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2004, Butterflies of the world 19: 1, pl. 8-11
W.Java Troides vandepolli vandepolli ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2004, Butterflies of the world 19: 1, pl. 8, f. 1-2
T. v. honrathiana (Martin, [1893])
N.Sumatra, C.Sumatra Ornithoptera honrathiana Martin, [1893]; Berl. Ent. Z. 37 (4) : 492
Troides vandepolli honrathianus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 205
Troides vandepolli honrathiana ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2004, Butterflies of the world 19: 1, pl. 10-11, f. 1-2
T. v. parrottei Deslisle, 1989
S.Sumatra (Mt. Dempo) Troides vandepolli parrottei ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2004, Butterflies of the world 19: 1, pl. 9, f. 1-2

Troides criton (C. & R. Felder, 1860)
Bachan, Ternate, Halmahera, Morotai, Obi, Celebes. See [About maps] Ornithoptera criton C. & R. Felder, 1860; Wien. ent. Monats. 4 (8): 225, TL: Batjan
Troides criton ab. bernhardus Fruhstorfer, 1898; Berl. Ent. Zs. 43 (1/2) : 194
Troides criton ; [BAUR, 70]; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 210; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2004, Butterflies of the world 19: 1, pl. 4-6
Troides (Troides) criton ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 81

Larva on Aristolochia Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 81

Morotai I., Ternate, Tidore I., Halmahera, Kasiruta, Sali I., Bacan I. Troides criton ♀-ab. oberthüri Rothschild, 1895; Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 210
Troides criton ♀-ab. felderi Rothschild, 1895; Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 210
androgyna (Jordan, 1908) (Papilio); in Seitz, Grossschm. Erde 9: 19
Troides criton criton f. neofelderi Haugum & Low, 1983
Troides criton criton f. pseudcriton Haugum & Low, 1983
Troides criton criton ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2004, Butterflies of the world 19: 1, pl. 4-5, f. 1-3
T. c. critonides (Fruhstorfer, 1903)
Obi I. Ornithoptera criton critonides Fruhstorfer, 1903; Soc. Ent. 18 (7) : 49, TL: Obi
clara (Jordan, 1908) (Papilio); in Seitz, Grossschm. Erde 9: 19
cinna (Fruhstorfer, 1908) (Papilio); Int. ent. Zs. 2 (8) : 50
Troides criton critonides ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2004, Butterflies of the world 19: 1, pl. 6, f. 1-6

Troides riedeli (Kirsch, 1885)
Tanimbar Group Ornithoptera riedeli Kirsch, 1885; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1885 : 275, pl. 19, f. 1, TL: Timor Laut
Ornithoptera riedeli ; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1892, Rhop. Exot. [1] 2: (Ornithoptera) 3, pl. 2, f. 1-2
Troides riedeli ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 211; [BAUR, 72]; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2004, Butterflies of the world 19: 2, pl. 7, f. 1-3

Troides plato (Wallace, 1865)
Timor. See [About maps] Ornithoptera plato Wallace, 1865; Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 25 (1) : 40, TL: Timor
chitonia (Jordan, 1908) (Papilio); in Seitz, Grossschm. Erde 9: 20
nychonia (Jordan, 1908) (Papilio); in Seitz, Grossschm. Erde 9: 21
Troides plato ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 209; [BAUR, 72]; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2004, Butterflies of the world 19: 2, pl. 1, f. 1-3

Troides haliphron (Boisduval, 1836)
-. See [About maps] Ornithoptera haliphron Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 181, TL: Celebes
Troides haliphron ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 206; [BOW: pl. 136, f. 6, 8]; [BOR, 16]; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2004, Butterflies of the world 19: 2, pl. 12-18
Troides (Troides) haliphron ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 81

Larva on (small-leaved) Aristolochia Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 81

SW.Sulawesi Ornithoptera haliphron var. bauermanni Röber, 1885; Corr.-Bl. Ent. Ver. Iris 1 (2) : 19 [♂ only], TL: Kabia Island
Troides haliphron haliphron ♂-ab. bauermanni ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 206
Troides haliphron haliphron ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2004, Butterflies of the world 19: 2, pl. 12-13, f. 1-3
Troides (Troides) haliphron haliphron ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 81
T. h. naias (Doherty, 1891)
Sumbawa, Sumba, Flores, Solor, Alor Ornithoptera naias Doherty, 1891; J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 60 Pt.II (2) : 193, TL: Sumba
Ornithoptera naias var. sambawana Doherty, 1891; J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 60 Pt.II (2) : 194, TL: Sambawa
= ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 207
Ornithoptera haliphron antilochus Fruhstorfer, 1913; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 27 (3) : 133, TL: Alor
= ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2004, Butterflies of the world 19: 2
kronos Kobayashi, 1913
= ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2004, Butterflies of the world 19: 2
Troides haliphron naias ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 207; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2004, Butterflies of the world 19: 2, pl. 15, f. 1-4
T. h. socrates (Staudinger, 1891)
Wetar I. Ornithoptera socrates Staudinger, 1891; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris, 4 (1) : 71, TL: Wetter, Sambawa
= Troides haliphron naias ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 207
pancasila Kobayashi, 1987
Troides haliphron socrates ; [BAUR, 72 (text)]
?Papilio socrates ; [BOW: pl. 136, f. 6 (text)]
Troides haliphron f.loc. socrates ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2004, Butterflies of the world 19: 2, pl. 15, f. 2-3
T. h. pallens (Oberthür, 1897)
Selayar I. Ornithoptera haliphron ab.[var.?] pallens Oberthür, 1879; Étud. d'Ent. 4 : 110, TL: Celebes
Ornithoptera haliphron var. bauermanni Röber, 1885; Corr.-Bl. Ent. Ver. Iris 1 (2) : 19 [♀ only], TL: Kabia Island
Troides haliphron ♀-ab. pallens ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 207
Troides (Troides) haliphron pallens ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 81
Troides haliphron pallens ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2004, Butterflies of the world 19: 2, pl. 17, f. 1-3
T. h. pistor Rothschild, 1896
Tanahjampea, Kalao, Bornate, Kalaota, Karompa, Madu Troides haliphron pistor Rothschild, 1896; Novit. Zool. 3 (2): 91, TL: Kalao I.; Djampea I.
Troides (Troides) haliphron pistor ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 81
Troides haliphor pistor ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2004, Butterflies of the world 19: 2, pl. 14, f. 1-3
T. h. purabu Kobayashi, 1987
Batuata I. f. staudiphron Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2004
f. pseudostaudingeri Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2004
f. schmidti Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2004
Troides (Troides) haliphron purabu ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 81
Troides haliphron purabu ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2004, Butterflies of the world 19: 2, pl. 16, f. 1-6
T. h. bellwoni Neukirchen, 1993
Lucipara I. Troides haliphron bellwoni ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2004, Butterflies of the world 19: 2, pl. 18, f. 1-2
T. h. eleonorae Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2004
Buton I. Troides haliphron eleonorae ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2004, Butterflies of the world 19: 2, pl. 18, f. 3-6

Troides staudingeri (Röber, 1888)
Ornithoptera staudingeri Röber, 1888; Ent. Nachr. 14 (24) : 369, TL: Loeang I.
Troides haliphron staudingeri ; [BAUR, 72 (text)]
Troides staudingeri ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 208; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2004, Butterflies of the world 19: 3, pl. 19-22
Sermata, Luang, Babar Troides staudingeri staudingeri ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2004, Butterflies of the world 19: 3, pl. 20, f. 1-4
T. s. iris (Röber, 1888)
Leti Group (Leti, Moa, Lakor) Ornithoptera iris Röber, 1888; Ent. Nachr. 14 (24) : 369, TL: Letti
f. trinkai Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2004
f. melanie Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2004
?Papilio iris ; [BOW: pl. 136, f. 6 (text)]
Troides haliphron iris ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 208; [BAUR, 72]
Troides staudingeri iris ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2004, Butterflies of the world 19: 3, pl. 19, f. 1-5
T. s. ariadne Rothschild, 1908
Islands of Romang Strait Troides haliphron ariadne Rothschild, 1908; Entomologist 41 (536) : 2, TL: Roma
Troides haliphron ariadne ; [BAUR, 72 (text)]
Troides staudingeri ariadne ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2004, Butterflies of the world 19: 3, pl. 20, f. 5-6
T. s. heptanonius (Fruhstorfer, 1913)
Damar I. Ornithoptera haliphron heptanonius Fruhstorfer, 1913; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 27 (3) : 133, TL: Dammer I.
Troides staudinger heptanonius ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2004, Butterflies of the world 19: 3, pl. 2, f. 1-3
T. s. ikarus Fruhstorfer, 1904
Tanimbar, Selaru, Yamdena, Larat staudingeri ikarus Fruhstorfer, 1904; Insekten-Börse 21 (20): 157
Troides haliphron ikarus Fruhstorfer, 1904; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 140, TL: Selaru
Troides haliphron ikarus ; [BAUR, 72]
Troides staudingeri ikarus ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2004, Butterflies of the world 19: 3, pl. 21, f. 1-4
T. s. rikyu Arima & Morimoto, 1991
Teun, Nila, Serua Troides staudingeri rikyu ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2004, Butterflies of the world 19: 3, pl. 21, f. 5-6

The helena species-group
helena ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 1

Troides × celebensis (Wallace, 1865)
-. See [About maps] Ornithoptera helena f. celebensis Wallace, 1865; Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 25 (1) : 39, TL: Macassar
Troides oblongomaculatus celebensis ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 214; Rothschild, 1896, Novit. Zool. 3 (1) : 63
Troides (Troides) criton celebensis ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 81 (hybdrid?)
Troides × celebensis ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 1, pl. 1, f. 1-5
Sulawesi Troides haliphron haliphron × helene haphaestus
T. × c. selayarensis Kobayashi & Koiwaya, 1981
Selayar Troides haliphron pisto × oblongomaculatus thestius
Troides (Troides) criton selayarensis ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 82 (hybrid?)

Troides helena (Linnaeus, 1758)
-. See [About maps] Common Birdwing
Papilio helena Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 461
Papilio pompeus Cramer, [1775]; Uitl. Kapellen 1 (1-7): 39, pl. 25, f. A
= ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 216; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 1
Papilio astenous Fabricius, 1775; Syst. Ent.: 448
= ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 216; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 1
Papilio helicaon Fabricius, 1793
= ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 216; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 1
Amphrisius nymphalides Swainson, 1833; Zool. Illustr. (2) 3 (22): pl. 98, TL: Java
= ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 216; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 1
Ornithoptera helena var. leda Staudinger, 1891; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris, 4 (1) : 74, TL: Saleyer
?Troides helena mannus Fruhstorfer, 1908; Int. ent. Zs. 2 (38) : 238, TL: Bali
Troides helena, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Troides helena ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 216; [BIR, 372]; [BOW: pl. 136, f. 4, 5]; [BOR, 18]; [MRS, 96]; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 1, pl. 2-31
Troides (Troides) helena ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 80

Larva on Aristolochia indica, Bragantia wallichii [BIR], Aristolochia tagala [MRS], Aristolochia, Thottea Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 80

Java, Bali Papilio pompeus Cramer, [1775]; Uitl. Kapellen 1 (1-7): 39, pl. 25, f. A
?Papilio pluto C. & R. Felder, 1864; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 14 (3) : 291 (nom. nud.?)
Papilio pluto C. & R. Felder, 1865; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (1): 18
Ornithoptera jupiter Oberthür, 1879; Étud. d'Ent. 4 : 31, pl. 1, f. 1, TL: Java
Ornithoptera heliacon ab. rutilans Oberthür, 1879; Étud. d'Ent. 4 : 32, TL: Java
= Troides helena ab. pluto ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 217
Ornithoptera pompeus var. holzi Pagenstecher, 1890; Jahrb. Nassau Ver. Naturk. 43 : 99, 108
= Troides helena ab. pluto ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 217
hycetus Rippon, [1906]; Icones Ornithopterorum, 2: 4, 61, pl. 56, f. 3-4, TL: Java
penetia (Jordan, 1908) (Papilio); in Seitz, Grossschm. Erde 9: 23
Troides helena maurus D'Abrera, 1975
= ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 2
albovittata (Roepke, 1935) (Papilio); Rhop. Javanica 12: 13, TL: Java
seriepunctata (Roepke, 1935) (Papilio); Rhop. Javanica 12: 13, TL: Java
alboradians (Rousseau-Decelle, 1947) (Papilio); Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 51: 133
= f. albovittata ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 2
f. neocarolus Haugum & Low, 1985
f. quadriga Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005
f. noirae Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005
f. pseudodarsius Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005
f. brutus Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005
Troides helena ab. jupiter ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 217
Troides helena ab. pluto ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 217
Troides helena helena ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 2, pl. 16, f. 1-5, pl. 17, f. 1-6, pl. 18, f. 1-4, pl. 19, f. 1-4
T. h. hephaestus (Felder, 1865)
Sulawesi, Salayar, Tukangbesi, Kabaena, Muna, Buton, Banggai Papilio hephaestus C. & R. Felder, 1864; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 14 (3) : 291 (nom. nud.), TL: Celebes
Papilio hephaestus C. & R. Felder, 1865; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (1): 16, TL: Celebes
Ornithoptera leda Wallace, 1865; Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 25 (1) : 39, TL: Celebes, Macassar
= ; [NHM]
lygaea (Jordan, 1908) (Papilio); in Seitz, Grossschm. Erde 9: 23
f. punctata Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005
f. bruno Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005
f. mars Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005
Troides helena hephaestus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 222; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 4, pl. 26, f. 1-3, pl. 27, f. 1-3
Troides (Troides) helena hephaestus ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 80
T. h. cerberus (C. & R. Felder, 1865)
NE.India - Burma, Indo-China, Thailand, Malaya, S.Yunnan Papilio cerberus C. & R. Felder, 1865; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (1): 19, TL: Khasi Hills
gypsothelia (Jordan, 1908) (Papilio); in Seitz, Grossschm. Erde 9: 24
f. seriepuncta Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005
f. punctata Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005
Troides helena cerberus, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Troides helena cerberus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 219; [BMP: 60, pl. 1, f. 2, 3]; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 1, pl. 2, f. 1-4, pl. 3, f. 1-3
[cerberus-1mu.jpg] 899x762 (~179Kb) upperside male Thailand, Phuket, the Khao Phra Theo National Park, a primary forest at the Ton Sai brook headwaters. 19th February 2009, Photo © Oleg Kosterin [cerberus-1mv.jpg] 822x830 (~191Kb) underside male Thailand, Phuket, the Khao Phra Theo National Park, a primary forest at the Ton Sai brook headwaters. 19th February 2009, Photo © Oleg Kosterin

Larva on Aristolochia tagala [BMP]


T. h. heliconoides (Moore, 1877)
Andaman Is. Ornithoptera heliconoides Moore, 1877; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1877 (3) : 592, TL: Andaman Is.
Ornithoptera heliaconoides Wood-Mason & de Nicéville, 1880; J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 49 : 237
= Troides helena cerberus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 220
= ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 2
rhyparia (Jordan, 1908) (Papilio); in Seitz, Grossschm. Erde 9: 24
Troides helena heliconoides ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 2, pl. 8, f. 3-4
T. h. nereis (Doherty, 1891)
Enggano Ornithoptera nereis Doherty, 1891; J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 60 Pt.II (1) : 30, TL: Engano I.
Troides helena nereis ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 218; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 2, pl. 15, f. 3-4
T. h. propinquus Rothschild, 1895
Sumba I, Sumbawa I. Troides helena propinquus Rothschild, 1895; Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 218, TL: Sambawa I.
Troides helena propinquus ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 3, pl. 21, f. 3-4
T. h. sagittatus (Fruhstorfer, 1896)
Lombok Ornithoptera helena sagittatus Fruhstorfer, 1896; Soc. Ent. 11 (15): 123, TL: Lombok
sciara (Jordan, 1908) (Papilio); in Seitz, Grossschm. Erde 9: 23
Ornithoptera helena sagittatus ; Fruhstorfer, 1897, Berl. Ent. Zs. 41 (4) : 377, pl. 9, f. 1
Troides helena sagittatus ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 3, pl. 30, f. 1-3, pl. 31, f. 1-3
T. h. nereides Fruhstorfer, 1906
Bawean I. helena nereides Fruhstorfer, 1906; Insekten-Börse 23 (24) : 94, TL: Bawean I.
Troides helena nereides ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 3, pl. 22, f. 1-4, pl. 23, f. 1-3
T. h. antileuca Rothschild, 1908
Kangean I. Troides helena antileuca Rothschild, 1908; Entomologist 41 (536) : 3, TL: Kangean Islands
Troides helena antileuca ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 3, pl. 20, f. 3-6
T. h. typhaon Rothschild, 1908
NW.Sumatra Troides helena typhaon Rothschild, 1908; Entomologist 41 (536) : 4, TL: North-east Sumatra
aplotia (Jordan, 1908) (Papilio); in Seitz, Grossschm. Erde 9: 24
f. sinepuncta Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005
Troides helena typhaon ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 2, pl. 12, f. 1-4, pl. 13, f. 1-3
T. h. neoris Rothschild, 1908
Tukangbesi I., Binongkos I. Troides helena neoris Rothschild, 1908; Entomologist 41 (536) : 3, TL: Binongka, Joekan Bessi Islands, south-east of Celebs
Troides helena neoris ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 4, pl. 29, f. 1-3
T. h. isara Rothschild, 1908
Nias Troides helena isara Rothschild, 1908; Entomologist 41 (536) : 4, TL: Nias
Troides helena isara ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 2, pl. 8, f. 5-6, pl. 9, f. 1-3
T. h. mopa Rothschild, 1908
Buton I. Troides helena mopa Rothschild, 1908; Entomologist 41 (536) : 3, TL: Buton, south-east of Celebes
f. mars Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005
Troides helena mopa ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 4, pl. 28, f. 1-3
T. h. spilotia Rothschild, 1908
S.China(Yunnan, Sichuan, Hunan, Heinan, Guangdon, Fujian, Hongkong) Troides helena spilotia Rothschild, 1908; Entomologist 41 (536) : 4, TL: Hainan
Troides helena spilotius Kurosawa, 1966
= ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 2
Troides helena tabuchii Hayami & Kobayashi, 1994
= ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 2
Troides helena spilotia ; [MRS, 96]; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 2, pl. 6, f. 1-3, pl. 7, f. 1-3
T. h. mosychlus (Fruhstorfer, 1913)
N.Borneo, Sabah, Sarawak Ornithoptera helena mosychlus Fruhstorfer, 1913; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 27 (3) : 134, TL: N.Borneo
Troides helena mosychlus ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 3, pl. 24, f. 1-2
T. h. euthycrates (Fruhstorfer, 1913)
N.Vietnam Ornithoptera helena euthycrates Fruhstorfer, 1913; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 27 (3) : 134, TL: Tonkin, Than-Moi
Troides helena euthycrates ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 1, pl. 4, f. 1-3, pl. 5, f. 1-3
T. h. ferrari Tytler, 1926
Nicobar Is. helena ferrari Tytler, 1926; J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 31 : 248, 249
Troides helena ferrari ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 2, pl. 8, f. 1-2
Natuna Archipelago Troides helena bunguranensis ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 3, pl. 25, f. 1-2
T. h. hermes Hayami, 1991
Banyak Archipelago f. reducta Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005
Troides helena hermes ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 2, pl. 10, f. 1-3
T. h. venus Hayami, 1991
S.Natuna Arhcipelago, Subi I. Troides helena venus ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 3, pl. 25, f. 5-6
T. h. rayae Deslisle, 1991
Belitung I. Troides helena rayae ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 3, pl. 20, f. 1-2
T. h. orientis Parrott, 1991
S.Borneo, Kalimantan Troides helena orientis ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 3, pl. 24, f. 3-4
T. h. sugimotoi Hanafusa, 1992
Karimata I. Troides helena sugimotoi ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 3, pl. 25, f. 3-4
T. h. dempoensis Deslisle, 1993
S.Sumatra (Mt. Dempo) Troides helena dempoensis ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 2, pl. 15, f. 1-2
T. h. demeter Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005
We I. Troides helena demeter ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 2, pl. 14, f. 1-3
T. h. hypnos Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005
W.Sumatra (Simeulue I.) Troides helena hypnos ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 2, pl. 11, f. 1-4
T. h. hahneli Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005
Komodo I. Troides helena hahneli ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 3, pl. 21, f. 1-2

Troides oblongomaculatus (Goeze, 1779)
-. See [About maps] Papilio oblongomaculatus Goeze, 1779; Ent. Beyträge 3 (1) : 44
Papilio amphimedon Cramer, [1779]; Uitl. Kapellen 3 (17-21): 2, pl. 194, f. A
Papilio (Troides) helena oblongomaculatus ab. sordidus Joicey & Talbot, 1924; Bull. Hill Mus. 1 (3) : 565
Troides oblongomaculatus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 211
Papilio (Troides) helena oblongomaculatus ; Rothschild, 1915, Novit. Zool. 22 (1): 106
Troides oblongomaculatus ; [BOR, 20]; [EBW]; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 4, pl. 32-56
Troides (Troides) oblongomaculatus ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 81

Larva on Aristolochia Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 81

Boano I., Ceram, Ambon, Haruku I., Saparuea I., Nusa Laut I., Ceram Laut I. Troides oblongomaculatus asartia Rothschild, 1908; Entomologist 41 (536) : 2, TL: Ceram Laut
oblongomaculatus f. linos Haugum & Low, 1981; Monogr. birdwing Butts 1: 30
f. melania Ohya, 1983
f. ohzuoides Ohya, 1983
f. rubescini Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005
f. nigropuncta Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005
f. rusty Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005
f. melanides Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005
f. olympicus Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005
Troides oblongomaculatus oblongomaculatus ; [BAUR, 74]; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 4, pl. 32, f. 1, pl. 36, f. 2, pl. 37, f. 1
T. o. hanno Fruhstorfer, 1904
Gorong I., Watubela I., Tayandy I. Troides oblongomaculatus hanno Fruhstorfer, 1904; Ent. Zs. 18 (7) : 27, TL: Goram, Banda?
Troides oblongomaculatus hanno ; [BAUR, 74 (text)]; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 5, pl. 45, f. 1-3
T. o. bouruensis (Wallace, 1865)
Buru I., Sula I. Ornithoptera helena f. bouruensis Wallace, 1865; Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 25 (1) : 38, TL: Buru
argidia (Jordan, 1908) (Papilio); in Seitz, Grossschm. Erde 9: 22, TL: Buru
f. ohzui Kobayashi & Koiwaya, 1979
Troides oblongomaculatus mangolensis Tsukada & Nishiyama, 1980
= ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 81; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 4
f. reducta Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005
Troides oblongomaculatus bournensis[sic?] ; [BAUR, 74]
Troides oblongomaculatus bouruensis ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 214; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 4, pl. 40, f. 1-3, pl. 41, f. 1-3
Troides (Troides) oblongomaculatus bouruensis ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 81
T. o. papuensis (Wallace, 1865)
Papua, New Guinea Ornithoptera helena f. papuensis Wallace, 1865; Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 25 (1) : 38, TL: New Guinea, Salwatty
Ornithoptera papuensis ab. carolus Fruhstorfer, 1898; Berl. Ent. Zs. 42 (3/4) : 306
Ornithoptera criton var.(ab.?) papuana Oberthür, 1879; Étud. d'Ent. 4 : 31, TL: Amberlaki
oblongomaculatus papuensis f. biroi Horvath & Mocsary, 1900; Term. Füz. 23: 165
obsoleta (Dufrane, 1930) (Papilio); Lambillionea 30 (2) : 20, TL: New Guinea
cellanigra (Rousseau-Decelle, 1935) (Ornithoptera); Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 40 : 48, TL: New Guinea
Papilio helena papuensis ; Rothschild, 1915, Novit. Zool. 22 (2): 193
Troides oblongomaculatus papuensis ♀-ab. papuanus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 215
Troides oblongomaculatus papuensis ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 214; [BAUR, 76]; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 5, pl. 46, f. 1, 3, pl. 49, f. 2, pl. 56, f. 1-2 (gynandomorphs)
T. o. thestius (Staudinger, 1896)
Selayar I, Tanahjampea I., Buton I., Tugangbesi I. Ornithoptera helena var. thestius Staudinger, 1896; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 8 (2) : 283, TL: Saleyr
?f. bernardus Fruhstorfer, 1908
f. leda Ohya, 1983
Troides oblongomaculatus thestius ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 4, pl. 42, f. 1-3, pl. 43, f. 1-3
Troides (Troides) oblongomaculatus thestius ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 81
T. o. bandensis Pagenstecher, 1904
Banda I. Troides oblongomaculatus bandensis Pagenstecher, 1904; Ent. Zs. 18 (11) : 41, TL: Banda
?Troides oblongomaculatus bandensis Rothschild, 1908; Entomologist 41 (536) : 2, TL: Great Banda
Troides oblongomaculatus bandensis ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 5, pl. 44, f. 1-3
T. o. ilonae Schäffler, 1999
Yapen I. f. obsoleta Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005
Troides oblongomaculatus ilonae ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 5, pl. 50, f. 1-3, pl. 51, f. 1-3
T. o. cyclop Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005
Manipa I., Kelang I. Troides oblongomaculatus cyclop ; Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005, Butterflies of the world 21: 4, pl. 52, f. 1-2, pl. 53, f. 1-2, pl. 54, f. 1-2, pl. 55, f. 1-2

The aeacus species-group
aeacus ; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 6: 1

Troides aeacus (C. & R. Felder, 1860)
-. See [About maps] Golden Birdwing
Ornithoptera aeacus C. & R. Felder, 1860; Wien. ent. Monats. 4 (8): 225, TL: Khasi Hills
Troides aeacus aeacus, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Troides aecus[sic] ; [BIR, 372]
Troides aeacus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 223; [BOR, 24]; [MRS, 97]

Larva on Aristolochia griffithi [BHR]

Nepal, Bhutan, Assam, Indo-China - S.China, Malay Peninsula Orhithoptera rhadamanthus[sic] var. thomsonii Bates, 1875; in Thomson, The Straits of Malacca, ... (Appendix, Diurnal Lepidoptera of Siam): 546, TL: Cambodia
= Troides aeacus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 223
= ; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 6: 1
Ornithoptera aeacus f. praecox Fruhstorfer, 1913; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 27 (3) : 134, TL: Siam; Bangkok
Troides thibeticus Staudinger & Bang-Haas, 1926
Troides aeacus aeacus ; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 6: 1
Troides aeacus thomsonii ; [BMP: 60, pl. 1, f. 4, 5]

Larva on Thottea corymbosa, T. dependens, (for thomsonii) [BMP]

T. a. formosanus Rothschild, 1899
Taiwan Troides aeacus formosanus Rothschild, 1899; Novit. Zool. 6 (1) : 67, TL: Formosa
Troides aeaeus[sic] kaguya Nakahara & Esaki, 1930; Zephyrus 2 (4) : 209 (repl. Troides aeacus formosanus Rothschild, 1899)
= ; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 6: 1
Troides aeacus formosanus ; [MRS, 97]; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 6: 1, pl. 2

Larva on Aristolochia kankauensis, A. elegans [MRS]

T. a. malaiianus Fruhstorfer, 1902
S.Malay Peninsula Troides aeacus malaiianus Fruhstorfer, 1902; Soc. Ent. 17 (8): 57
Troides aeacus malaiianus, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Troides aeacus malaiianus ; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 6: 1, pl. 4
NE.Sumatra Troides aeacus insularis ; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 6: 1, pl. 3
T. a. szechwanus Okano & Okano, 1983
Hainan Troides aeacus szechwanus ; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 6: 1, pl. 5

Troides magellanus (C. & R. Felder, 1862)
-. See [About maps] Ornithopus magellanus C. & R. Felder, 1862; Wien. ent. Monats. 6 (9) : 282, TL: ♂ Babuyanes; ♀ Luzon
f. apoensis Okano & Ohkura, 1978
f. leyteanus Okano & Ohkura, 1983
Troides magellanus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 232; [BOR, 20]; [MRS, 100]; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 6: 1
Troides (Haugumia) magellanus ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 6

Larva on Aristolochia tagala, A. kankauensis [MRS]

Philippines (Babuyanes Group, Bohol, Calandagan, Camiguin de Mindanao, Camotes, Catanduanes, Cebu, Cuyo, Homonhon, Leyte, Luzon, Marinduque, Mindanao, NE.Minodoro, Panaon, Polillo, Samar) Troides magellanus magellanus ; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 6: 1, pl. 6-12
Troides (Haugumia) magellanus magellanus ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 6, pl. 16, f. 1-3
T. m. sonani (Matsumura, 1931)
SE.Formosa magellanus sonani (Matsumura, 1931) (Papilio); 6000 Illust. Insects Japan.-Empire: 459
Troides magellanus sonani ; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 6: 2, pl. 13-15

Troides minos (Cramer, [1779])
India (W.Ghats, S.India). See [About maps] Papilio minos Cramer, [1779]; Uitl. Kapellen 3 (17-21): 4, pl. 195
Troides minos ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 203; [BOR, 26]; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 6: 2, pl. 16-17

Troides rhadamantus (Lucas, 1835)
-. See [About maps] Ornithoptera rhadamantus Lucas, 1835; Hist. nat. Lép. exot. : 5, TL: Philippines
Papilio nephereus Gray, 1856; List Spec. lep. Ins. Brit. Mus. 1: 6, TL: Philippine Is.
= ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 225
Troides rhadamantus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 224; [BOW: pl. 136, f. 10]; [BOR, 22]; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 6: 2, pl. 20-23
Troides (Troides) rhadamantus ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 6

Larva on Aristolochia tagala, Aristolochia ramosi, A. philippensis, A. elegans Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 6

Philippines basilanicus Fruhstorfer, 1908
= ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 6
?bazilanicus (Fruhstorfer, 1908) (Papilio); Int. ent. Zs. 2 (6): 39
belzanor (Fruhstorfer, 1911) (Papilio); Ent. Rundschau 28 (23): 177, TL: Jolo I.
= ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 6
hesiodus Fruhstorfer, 1911
= ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 6
f. belzanor ;
f. hesiodus ;
Troides (Troides) rhadamantus rhadamantus ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 6, pl. 14, f. 1-4
T. r. plateni (Staudinger, 1888)
Philippines (Palawan, Balabac, Dumaran, Busuanga) Ornithoptera plateni Staudinger, 1888; Corr.-Bl. Ent. Ver. Iris 1 (5) : 274, TL: Palawan
f. flavoradiata Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999
Troides rhadamantus plateni ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 226
Troides plateni ; [BOR, 22]; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 6: 2, pl. 28-32
Troides (Troides) rhadamantus plateni ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 6, pl. 15, f. 1-3

Troides dohertyi (Rippon, 1893)
Talaut Orhithoptera (Priamoptera) dohertyi Rippon, 1893; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 11 (64) : 295, TL: Talaut I.
Papilio vordermani Snellen, 1894; Tijdschr. Ent. 37 : 191, TL: Talaut
= ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 227
Troides dohertyi ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 227; [BOR, 24]
Troides rhadamantus dohertyi ;
Troides (Troides) dohertyi ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 82

Larva on Aristolochia Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 82


Troides prattorum (Joicey & Talbot, 1922)
Buru Papilio (Troides) prattorum Joicey & Talbot, 1922; Bull. Hill Mus. 1 (2) : 360, TL: West Buru, 2000-5000ft
Papilio (Troides) prattorum f. mixtum Joicey & Talbot, 1923; The Entomologist 56: (26-28), TL: Buru
Papilio (Troides) prattorum f. mixtum ; Joicey & Talbot, 1924, Bull. Hill Mus. 1 (3) : 508
Troides prattorum ; [BAUR, 76]; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 6: 2, pl. 18-19

The amphrysus species-group
amphrysus ; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 7: 1

Troides amphrysus (Cramer, [1779])
-. See [About maps] Papilio amphrysus Cramer, [1779]; Uitl. Kapellen 3 (17-21): 43, pl. 219, f. A, TL: Java
Troides amphrysus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 228; [BOW: pl. 136, f. 13 (text)]; [BOR, 12]; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 7: 1
Troides (Haugumia) amphrysus ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 6
[amphrysus-1.jpg] 995x754 (~52Kb) Tekek/Paya, Tioman, Malaysia, 12-96, Photo © S. Shuichi Haupt
Troides amphrysus det. Mohd. Fairus Jalil

Java, Bali Ornithoptera amphrysus var. palabuana Fruhstorfer, 1894; Ent. Nachr. 20 (2) (3): 44, TL: Java
Troides amphrysys joanae Parrott, 1991
= ; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 7: 1
Troides amphrysus ab. palabuanus Fruhstorfer, 1894; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 229
Troides amphrysus amphrysus ; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 7: 1, pl. 1-3, 12
T. a. ruficollis (Butler, 1879)
Peninsular Malaya, Thailand, Burma Ornithoptera ruficollis Butler, 1879; Trans. linn. Soc. Lond. (2) 1 (8) : 552, TL: Malacca
Troides amphrysus ruficollis, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Troides amphrysus ruficollis ; [BMP: 60, pl. 1, f. 7-8]; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 7: 1, pl. 19
T. a. gardineri Fruhstorfer, 1902
Troides amphrysus gardineri Fruhstorfer, 1902; Soc. Ent. 17 (8) : 57 (nom. nov.)
Misidentified/misapplied:
Troides amphrysus flavicollis ab. ruficollis (= Troides amphrysus gardineri); Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 232
T. a. euthydemus (Fruhstorfer, 1913)
Sumatra Ornithoptera amphrysus euthydemus Fruhstorfer, 1913; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 27 (3) : 133, TL: Sumatra
Troides amphrysus centralis Deslisle, 1993
= ; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 7: 1
Troides amphrysus euthydemus ; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 7: 1, pl. 18
T. a. actinotia (Jordan, 1908)
S.Borneo amphrysus actinotia (Jordan, 1908) (Papilio); in Seitz, Grossschm. Erde 9: 28
Troides amphrysus actinotia ; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 7: 1, pl. 5
T. a. flavicollis (Druce, 1873)
N.Borneo Ornithoptera flavicollis Druce, 1873; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1873 (2) : 356, TL: Borneo
?Troides flavicollis ab. nigricollis Fruhstorfer, 1899; Berl. ent. Zs. 43 (3/4) : 419, TL: N.Borneo
?Troides flavicollis ab. bruneicollis Fruhstorfer, 1899; Berl. ent. Zs. 43 (3/4) : 419, TL: N.Borneo
Ornithoptera olympia Honrath, 1891; Ent. Nachr. 17 (16) : 241, TL: S.E. Borneo
Ornithoptera flavicollis var. olympia ; Honrath, 1892, Berl. ent. Z. 36 (2) : 429, pl. 15, f. 1
Troides amphrysus flavicollis ♀-ab. loc. olympia ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 231
Troides amphrysus flavicollis ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 231; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 7: 1, pl. 8-9
T. a. niasicus (Fruhstorfer, 1898)
Nias Ornithoptera amphrysus niasicus Fruhstorfer, 1898; Berl. Ent. Zs. 42 (3/4) : 306, TL: Nias
Troides amphrysus niasicus ; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 7: 1, pl. 16-17
T. a. vistara (Fruhstorfer, 1906)
Batu Is. Ornithoptera amphrysus vistara Fruhstorfer, 1906; Ent Zs. 20 (15): 99, (16): 105, TL: Batu I.
Troides amphrysus vistara ; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 7: 1, pl. 20-21
T. a. astrea Hayami, 1992
Banyak I. Troides amphrysus astrea ; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 7: 1, pl. 6
T. a. arkumene Hayami, 1994
Tioman Troides amphrysus arkumene ; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 7: 1
T. a. chrysomelas Parrott & Schmid, 1984
Natuna Troides amphrysus chrysomelas Parrott & Schmid, 1984; Can. Ent. 116: (1519-1524), TL: Morotai
Troides amphrysus chrysomelas ; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 7: 1, pl. 7
Simeuluë, Babi I. Troides amphrysus simeuluensis ; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 7: 1, pl. 22
T. a. perintis Kobayashi, 1986
Tambelan Is. Troides amphrysus perintis ; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 7: 1, pl. 15
T. a. kuris Kobayashi & Hayami, 1987
Anambas I. Troides amphrysus kuris ; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 7: 1, pl. 13
T. a. hilbert Hayami, 1992
Karimata Troides amphrysus hilbert ; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 7: 1, pl. 10-11
T. a. merah Kobayashi & Hayami, 1992
Simuk, Batu I. Troides amphrysus merah ; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 7: 1, pl. 14
T. a. zeus Kobayashi & Hayami, 1992
Sipora, Siberut, Mentawai Troides amphrysus zeus ; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 7: 1, pl. 23
T. a. naokoae (Morita, 1996) Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999
Langkawi Troides amphrysus naokoae Morita, 1996; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 7: 1
T. a. kecilensis (Schäffler, 1999) Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999
P. Laut Kecil Troides amphrysus kecilensis Schäffler, 1999; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 7: 1, 3, pl. 4

Troides andromache (Staudinger, 1892)
Borneo. See [About maps] Orhithoptera andromache Staudinger, 1892; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 5 (2) : 393, TL: Mt. Kinabalu?
Troides andromache ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 228; [BOR: 10]; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 7: 2
N.Borneo (Mt. Kinabalu) Troides andromache andromache ; [BOR, 10]; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 7: 2, pl. 24-25
T. a. marapokensis Fruhstorfer, 1899
N.Borneo (Mt. Marapok) Troides andromache marapokensis Fruhstorfer, 1899; Berl. ent. Zs. 43 (3/4) : 419, TL: Labuan, Mt. Marapok
Troides andromache marapokensis ; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 7: 2, pl. 26
T. a. nishikawai Kobayashi, 1992
W.Borneo (Mt. Saran) Troides andromache nishikawai ; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 7: 2, pl. 27

Troides cuneifera (Oberthür, 1879)
-. See [About maps] Ornithoptera amphrisius ab. cuneifera Oberthür, 1879; Étud. d'Ent. 4 : 110, TL: Java
Troides amphrysus cuneifer[sic, recte cuneifera] ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 229
Troides cuneifer[sic, recte cuneifera] ; [EBW]
Troides cuneifera ; [BOR, 12]; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 7: 2
Java (high elev.) Papilio (Ornithoptera) ritsemae Snellen, 1889; Notes Leyden Mus. 11 : 153, TL: Java, Preanger, Ardjoena, 1500-1800m
= Troides amphrysus cuneifer ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 229
= ; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 7: 2
Ornithoptera ritsemae var. tantalus Ehrmann, 1904; Ent. News 15 (6) : 214, TL: Kala Bula Hills, N. Borneo
= ; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 7: 2
Troides cuneifera cuneifera ; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 7: 2, pl. 28-29
T. c. sumatranus (Hagen, 1894)
Sumatra (high elev.) Ornithopus ritsemae var. sumatranus Hagen, 1894; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 7 (1) : 19, TL: Sumatra
Troides amphrysus sumatranus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 232
Troides cuneifera sumatranus ; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 7: 2, pl. 31
T. c. paeninsulae (Pendlebury, 1936)
Malaya Papilio paeninsulae Pendlebury, 1936; J. Fed. Malay St. Mus., 18 (1): 178, TL: Bukit Kutu, Selangor, Malaysia
Troides cuneifera paeninsulae, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Troides cuneifer paeninsulae ; [BMP: 60, pl. 1, f. 6]
Troides cuneifera paeninsulae ; (spell.?); Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 7: 2, pl. 30

Troides miranda (Butler, 1869)
-. See [About maps] Papilio miranda Butler, 1869; Lepid. Exotica (1): 3, pl. 1, TL: Sarawak
Troides mirandus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 227; [BOW: pl. 136, f. 11, 13]
Troides miranda ; [BOR, 10]; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 7: 2
N.Borneo f. nigrosuffusa Haugum & Low, 1893
Troides miranda miranda ; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 7: 2, pl. 32-35
T. m. neomiranda (Fruhstorfer, 1903)
W.Sumatra (mountains) Ornithoptera miranda neomiranda Fruhstorfer, 1903; Soc. Ent. 18 (8) : 57, TL: Sumatra
zacheri Suffert, 1903²; Insekt. Börse 20: 235
= ; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 7: 2
annae Deslisle, 1988²
= ; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 7: 2
Troides miranda neomiranda ; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 7: 2, pl. 38-40
T. m. hayamii Kobayashi, 1991
SW.Borneo Troides miranda hayamii ; Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999, Butterflies of the world 7: 2, pl. 36-37

Subgenus Ripponia Haugum, 1975
Ripponia Haugum, 1975; Ent. Rec. J. Var. 87 (4) : 111, TS: Papilio hypolitus Cramer

Troides hypolitus (Cramer, [1775])
Moluccas, Celebes. See [About maps] Papilio hypolitus Cramer, [1775]; Uitl. Kapellen 1 (1-7): 14, pl. 10, f. A-B, pl. 11, f. A-B, TL: Amboina
?Papilio remus Fabricius, 1777; Genera Insectorum : 250
Troides hypolitus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 200; [BOW: pl. 136, f. 7]; [BOR, 8]
Troides (Ripponia) hypolitus ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 80
[hypolitus-1mu.jpg] 830x700 (~133Kb) upperside male Indonesia, Photo © D. Smirnov [hypolitus-1mv.jpg] 835x696 (~145Kb) underside male Indonesia, Photo © D. Smirnov

Larva on Aristolochia Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 80


Moluccas Papilio (Troides) hypolitus hypolitus ; Rothschild, 1915, Novit. Zool. 22 (1): 106
Troides hypolitus hypolitus ; [BAUR, 70]
T. h. antiopa Rothschild, 1908
Morotai Troides hypolitus antiopa Rothschild, 1908; Entomologist 41 (536) : 2, TL: Northern Moluccas, Morty (= Morotai)
Troides hypolitus antiopa ; [BAUR, 70 (text)]
T. h. cellularis Rothschild, 1895
Sulawesi, Talaus Is., Sanghie, Togian, Buton, Muna, Tuangbesi, Salayar Troides hypolitus cellularis Rothschild, 1895; Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 202 (repl. Papilio remus C. & R. Felder, 1864), TL: Celebes
Papilio remus C. & R. Felder, 1864; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 14 (3) : 291, 333 (?preocc. Fabricius, 1777), TL: Celebes
?Ornithoptera hippolytus[sic] var. celebensis Staudinger, 1895; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 7 (2) : 342 (?preocc. Wallace, 1865), TL: Celebes
Troides (Ripponia) hypolitus cellularis ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 80
T. h. sulaensis (Staudinger, 1895)
Sula Is. Ornithoptera hippolytus[sic] var. sulaensis Staudinger, 1895; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 7 (2) : 342, TL: Mangola I., Sulla I.
Troides hypolitus sulaensis ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 202
Troides (Ripponia) hypolitus sulaensis ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 80
T. h. caelicola Haugum & Low, 1982
Banggai Troides (Ripponia) hypolitus caelicola ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 80

Subgenus Trogonoptera Rippon, [1890]

Troides brookiana (Wallace, 1855)
Malaysia, Borneo, Balabac Islands. See [About maps] Raja Brooke's Birdwing
Ornithoptera brookiana Wallace, 1855; Proc. ent. Soc. Lond. (2) 3 : 104, TL: Borneo
Ornithoptera brookiana ; Hewitson, 1855, Ill. exot. Butts [1] (Ornithoptera and Papilio): [1], pl. [1], f. 1
Troides brookianus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 198
Trogonoptera brookianus ; [EBW]
Trogonoptera brookiana ; [BOW: pl. 135, f. 19, pl. 136, f. 3]; [BOR, 4]
Trogonoptera brookana brookiana ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 5
Troides brookiana ; [BMP: 59]
[brookiana-1fu.jpg] 755x700 (~111Kb) upperside female Indonesia, Photo © D. Smirnov [brookiana-1fv.jpg] 750x704 (~118Kb) underside female Indonesia, Photo © D. Smirnov

Ornithoptera brookeana var. eleanor Walker, 1889; Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1889 (1) : 75
Troides brookianus brookianus ♀-ab. eleanor ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 199
T. b. albescens Rothschild, 1895
Malaysia Troides brookianus albescens Rothschild, 1895; Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 199, TL: Malay Pen.
Trogonoptera brookiana albescens, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Troides brookiana albescens ; [BMP: 59, pl. f. 1, 2]
Trogonoptera brookiana albescens ;

Larva on Aristolochia Nieuwenhuis & Straatman, 1961, [BMP]

T. b. trogon (Vollenhoven, 1860)
Sumatra, Malaysia Papilio trogon Vollenhoven, 1860; Tijdschr. Ent. 3 : 69, pl. 6, TL: Sumatra interior
= Troides brookianus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 198
Trogonoptera brookiana r. mollumar D'Abrera, Dogget & Parker, 1976; Vict. Nat. 93: 22
Trogonoptera brookiana trogon ; Eliot, 1959, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 7 (8) : 372; [BOR, 4]
Trogonoptera brookiana mollumar ; [BOR, 4]
Troides brookiana trogon ; [BMP: 59, pl. 1, f. 1]
T. b. natunensis Rothschild, 1908
Natuna Islands Troides brookiana natunensis Rothschild, 1908; Entomologist 41 (536) : 1, TL: Burguran, Natuna Is.

Troides trojana (Staudinger, 1889)
Philippines (Palawan). See [About maps] Ornithoptera trojana Staudinger, 1889; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 2 (1) : 4, TL: Palawan
Troides trojanus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 199
Trogonoptera trojana ; [EBW]; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 5, pl. 13, f. 1-3

Larva on Aristolochia Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 5


Subgenus Ornithoptera Boisduval, 1832
Ornithoptra (Ornithoptera) ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 1

Troides aesacus Ney, 1903
Moluccas (Obi) aesacus Ney, 1903; Insektenbörse 20: 36, TL: Obi
Troides (Ornithoptera) obiana Rebel, 1906; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 56 : 220, TL: Obi
= ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 1
obiensis (Rippon, [1906]) (Ornithoptera); Icones Ornithopterorum, 2: 119, pl. 9, f. 1-2
= ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 1
f. maculatusaurum Parrott & Deslisle, 1987
f. tenebricosa Parrott & Deslisle, 1987
f. purpurea Sumiyoshi, 1989
f. masaeae Ohya, 1995
Ornithoptera aesacus ; [EBW]; [BAUR, 62]; Hancock, 1991, Tyô to Ga 42 (1): 21
Ornithoptera (Ornithoptera) aesacus ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 1, pl. 1, f. 1-2

Troides priamus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Moluccas, New Guinea, Solomon Is., N.Australia. See [About maps] Papilio priamus Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 458
Papilio archideus Gray, [1853]; Cat. lep. Ins. Coll. Brit. Mus. 1 (Papilionidae) : 3
Papilio cronius C. & R. Felder, 1864; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 14 (3) : 290, 332
Papilio pegasus C. & R. Felder, 1864; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 14 (3) : 290 (nom. nud.), TL: New Guinea
= Troides priamus poseidon ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 188
Papilio triton C. & R. Felder, 1864; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 14 (3) : 290, 332, TL: Rawak
= Troides priamus poseidon ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 188
Ornithoptera arruana ab. ♀ kirschi Oberthür, 1888; Étud. d'Ent. 12 : 1, TL: New Guinea
Troides priamus poseidon ♀-ab. brunneus Rothschild, 1895; Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 189, TL: Fergusson I.
Papilio priamus poseidon ab. boreas Fruhstorfer, 1902; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 14 (2) : 349, TL: Hattam
Ornithoptera priamus archideus f. aurago Fruhstorfer, 1913; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 27 (3) : 132
Ornithoptera priamus archideus f. nivalis Fruhstorfer, 1913; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 27 (3) : 132
Ornithoptera priamus archideus f. lavata Fruhstorfer, 1913; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 27 (3) : 132
aureopunctata (Dufrane, 1930) (Papilio); Lambillionea 30 (2) : 19, TL: New Guinea
nigropunctata (Dufrane, 1930) (Papilio); Lambillionea 30 (2) : 19, TL: New Guinea
paradoxa (Dufrane, 1930) (Papilio); Lambillionea 30 (2) : 20, TL: New Guinea
decora (Niepelt, 1934) (Papilio); Int. Ent. Zs. 28: 71, TL: New Guinea
obscura (Niepelt, 1934) (Papilio); Int. Ent. Zs. 28: 70, TL: New Guinea
papuensis (Niepelt, 1934) (Papilio)
radiata (Niepelt, 1934) (Papilio); Int. Ent. Zs. 28: 71, TL: New Guinea
ornata (Niepelt, 1934) (Papilio); Int. Ent. Zs. 28: 69, TL: New Guinea
albiplaga (Röber, 1937) (Papilio); Festschr. E. Strand 2 : 524, TL: Papua
akakeoides (Haugum & Low, 1981) (Ornithoptera); Tokurana 2: 6
pseudotroides (Haugum & Low, 1981) (Ornithoptera); Tokurana 2: 6
Ornithoptera flammeus Parrott & Deslisle, 1989
Ornithoptera fuscuocellus Parrott & Deslisle, 1989
Ornithoptera latimarginata Sumiyoshi, 1989
Ornithoptera michikoae Sumiyoshi, 1989
Ornithoptera multicolorei Parrot & Deslisle, 1989
Ornithoptera radialei Parrot & Deslisle, 1989
Ornithoptera radians Parrot & Deslisle, 1989
Ornithoptera titanoides Sumiyoshi, 1989
Troides priamus, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]

Troides priamus poseidon ♂-ab. cronius ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 189 (ab.)
Troides priamus poseidon ♀-ab. kirschi ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 190 (ab.)
Troides priamus poseidon ♀-ab. archideus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 190
Troides pegasus ; Grose-Smith, 1894, Novit. zool. 1 (2): 331
Troides priamus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 183
Ornithoptera priamus ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 132, f. 9]; [BAUR, 46]
Ornithoptera (Ornithoptera) priamus ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 1

Larva on Aristolochia deltantha, Aristolochia praevenosa, A. tagala, A. spp., A. indica? K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991, Review Austr. Butts. (1-4): (120-140)

Moluccas (Ambon, Ceram, Haruku, Saparoea) Papilio panthous Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 461
= ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 1
Ornithoptera priamus f. divina Fruhstorfer, 1913; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 27 (3) : 131, TL: Amboina
Ornithoptera priamus f. addenda Fruhstorfer, 1913; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 27 (3) : 132, TL: Amboina
f. viridocellularis Schäffler, 2001
f. fasciata Schäffler, 2001
f. harukensis Schäffler, 2001
f. pseudobrunneus Schäffler, 2001
Ornithoptera (Ornithoptera) priamus priamus ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 1
T. p. urvillianus (Guérin-Méneville, 1830)
Admiralty Is., Solomon Is., New Ireland, New Hanover D'Urville's Birdwing
Papilio urvillianus Guérin-Méneville, 1830; Voyage Coquille, 2 (2) : 273, : pl. 13, f. 1-2
Papilio priamus burkei Clark, 1944; Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 57 : 95, TL: S. Solomon Is.
= ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 4
Ornithoptera urvilliana ab. flavomaculata Ribbe, 1898; Soc. Ent. 12 (20): 153
f. viridescens Kaiser, 1917
f. radiata Rousseau-Decelle, 1935; Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 40 : 46
f. fuscapallida Rousseau-Decelle, 1935; Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 40 : 47
Troides priamus urvillianus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 191
Ornithoptera urvillianus ; [BOW: pl. 133, f. 2-3]
Ornithoptera urvilliana ; [BAUR, 56-59]
Ornithoptera (Ornithoptera) priamus urvillianus ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 4

Larva on Aristolochia parvenosa, A. indica, A. deltantha, A. elegans [BAUR]

T. p. euphorion (Gray, [1853])
Queensland Cairns Birdwing
Papilio euphorion Gray, [1853]; Cat. lep. Ins. Coll. Brit. Mus. 1 (Papilionidae) : 4, pl. 2, f. 3, TL: N.Australia
Ornithoptera cassandra Scott, 1864; Trans. ent. Soc. N.S.W. 1 : 131, pl. 10
= ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 186; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 2
f. atsukoae (Okano, 1980) (Ornithoptera)
f. kogane (Okano, 1980) (Ornithoptera)
f. aureomacula (Sumiyoshi, 1989) (Ornithoptera)
f. beuriei (Parrot & Deslisle, 1989) (Ornithoptera)
f. supermultispot von Knötgen, 1997
f. cassandra ; Haugum & Low, 1979
Troides priamus euphorion ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 186
Ornithoptera euphorion ; Hancock, 1991, Tyô to Ga 42 (1): 22
Ornithoptera priamus euphorion ; [EBW]; [BAUR, 50, 56]
Ornithoptera (Ornithoptera) priamus euphorion ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 2, pl. 12 (gyn.morph)
Misidentified/misapplied:
?Orhithoptera priamus var. pronomus; Semper, [1879], J. Mus. Godeffroy 5 (2): 41
T. p. richmondia (Gray, [1853])
S.Queensland, N.New South Wales Richmond Birdwing
Papilio richmondia Gray, [1853]; Cat. lep. Ins. Coll. Brit. Mus. 1 (Papilionidae) : 2, pl. 2, f. 1, TL: N. S. Wales
australis (Swainson, 1851) (Amphrisius)
f. reducta (Haugum & Low, 1979) (Ornithoptera)
richmondii[sic, recte richmondia] ; Schneider, 1895
Troides priamus richmondius ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 187
richmundia[sic, recte richmondia] ; Borch & Schmid, 1973
Ornithoptera priamus richmondia ; [EBW]
Ornithoptera richmondia ; [BAUR, 52]; Hancock, 1991, Tyô to Ga 42 (1): 22
Ornithoptera (Ornithoptera) priamus richmondia ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 2
T. p. poseidon (Doubleday, 1847)
W.Irian - Papua, Waigeu, Salawati New Guinea Birdwing
Ornithoptera poseidon Doubleday, 1847; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (1) 19 (125): 173, TL: Darnley Island
Ornithoptera archidaeus C. & R. Felder, 1859; Wien. ent. Monats. 3 (9): 264
= ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 188
Ornithoptera arruana var. valentina Vuillot, 1892; Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1892 : 124, TL: Pt. Moresby
= ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 188; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 3
Ornithoptera priamus eudamidas Fruhstorfer, 1913; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 27 (3) : 130, TL: Finschafen
= ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 3
Ornithoptera priamus eurysaces Fruhstorfer, 1913; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 27 (3) : 131, TL: Milne Bay, New Guinea
= ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 3
aureus (Parrott, 1987) (Ornithoptera)
= ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 3
sterrensis (Parrott, 1990) (Ornithoptera)
= ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 3
f. viridocellularis Schäffler, 2001
f. melaina Schäffler, 2001
f. muckai Schäffler, 2001
f. lemoulti (Dufrane, 1946) (Papilio)
f. beigeli Schäffler, 2001
eurysaches ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 3 (missp.?)
Troides priamus poseidon ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 188
Ornithoptera priamus poseidon ; [BAUR, 48]
Ornithoptera (Ornithoptera) priamus poseidon ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 3
T. p. boisduvalii (Montrouzier, 1856)
Woodlark I. Ornithoptera boisduvali Montrouzier, 1856; Ann. Sci. Phys. Lyon (2) 8: 393, TL: Woodlark I.
Papilio oceanus C. & R. Felder, 1864; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 14 (3) : 290, 332, TL: Woodlark I.
= Troides priamus boisduvali ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 191
= ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 4
Troides priamus boisduvali ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 191
Ornithoptera (Ornithoptera) priamus boisduvalii ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 4
T. p. arruana (C. & R. Felder, 1859)
Aru Is. Ornithoptera arruana C. & R. Felder, 1859; Wien. ent. Monats. 3 (12): 391, TL: Aru Is.
= Troides priamus poseidon ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (4): 503
Ornithoptera priamus var. arruanus Oberthür, 1879; Étud. d'Ent. 4 : 27, TL: New Guinea, Aru I.
= Troides priamus poseidon ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 188
f. viridocellularis Haugum & Low, 1981
f. chrysophila Rothschild, 1908
Ornithoptera eumaeus Rippon, 1892; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 10 (56) : 193
f. eumaeus Rippon, 1908
f. caramalei Parrot & Deslisle, 1989
Troides priamus poseidon ♂-ab. eumaeus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 189
Ornithoptera priamus arruana ; [BAUR, 48 (text)]
Ornithoptera (Ornithoptera) priamus arruana ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 3
T. p. pronomus (Gray, [1853])
N.Queensland Papilio pronomus Gray, [1853]; Cat. lep. Ins. Coll. Brit. Mus. 1 (Papilionidae) : 2, n. 3, pl. 1, f. 1, TL: Cape York?
Ornithoptera (Ornithoptera) priamus pronomus ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 4
T. p. hecuba Röber, 1891
Moluccas (Kai Is., Tayandu I.) Orthinoptera priamus var. hecuba Röber, 1891; Tijdschr. Ent. 34: 263, TL: Key Is.
Ornithoptera priamus tayandensis von Knötgen, 1997
= ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 3
f.loc. albireo Kobayashi & Hayami, 1987; , TL: ?Kur I.,?Watubela I.
= ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 3
f. kibleri Przegendza, 1912
f. virido-cellularis Przegendza, 1912
f. transiens Przegendza, 1912
f. nigra Przegendza, 1912
f. immaculata Przegendza, 1912
f. flavomaculata Przegendza, 1912
f. inaureomaculata Przegendza, 1912
f. femineus Parrott & Deslisle, 1989
f. cyanoides Haugum & Low, 1979
f. margaretae Bryk, 1918
f. flavescens Hulstaert, 1924
Troides priamus poseidon ♀-ab. hecuba ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 190
Ornithoptera priamus albireo ; von Knötgen
Ornithoptera priamus hecuba ; [BAUR, 48]
Ornithoptera (Ornithoptera) priamus hecuba ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 3
T. p. bornemanni (Pagenstecher, 1894)
New Britain, Witu Is. Ornithoptera pegasus var. bornemanni Pagenstecher, 1894; Jb. Nassau. Ver. Nat. 47 : 65, f. 2
f. viridilineata Haugum & Low, 1979
Troides priamus urvillianus ab.loc. bornemanni ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 192
Ornithoptera priamus bornemanni ; [BAUR, 52]
Ornithoptera (Ornithoptera) priamus bornemanni ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 4
T. p. miokensis (Ribbe, 1898)
Mioko Is. Ornithoptera urvilliana var. miokensis Ribbe, 1898; Soc. Ent. 12 (20): 153, TL: Mioko
f. icarus Schäffler, 2001
Ornithoptera priamus miokensis ; [BAUR, 54]
Ornithoptera (Ornithoptera) priamus miokensis ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 4, pl. 7, f. 1
T. p. caelestis Rothschild, 1898
Louisiad I. Troides priamus caelestis Rothschild, 1898; Novit. Zool. 5 (2): 216, TL: St. Aignan, Louisiade Archipelago
f. flavopunctata Rousseau-Decelle, 1935; Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 40 : 47
Ornithoptera priamus caelestis ; [EBW]
Ornithoptera caelestis ; [BAUR, 54]
Ornithoptera (Ornithoptera) priamus caelestis ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 4
T. p. demophanes (Fruhstorfer, 1913)
Trobriand, D'Enrecasteaux, Fergusson, Kiriwina, Engineer Ornithoptera priamus demophanes Fruhstorfer, 1913; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 27 (3) : 131, TL: Fergusson I.
f.loc. medeia Kobayashi, 1987
Ornithoptera (Ornithoptera) priamus demophanes ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 3
T. p. admiralitatis (Rothschild, 1915)
Admiralty Is. Papilio priamus admiralitatis Rothschild, 1915; Novit. Zool. 22 (2): 192, TL: Manus, Admiralty Islands
f. moinieri Blandin, 1969
Ornithoptera priamus admiralitatis ; [BAUR, 54 (text)]
Ornithoptera (Ornithoptera) priamus admiralitatis ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 4
T. p. teucrus (Joicey & Talbot, 1916)
Biak I. Papilio (Troides) priamus teucrus Joicey & Talbot, 1916; Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1916 (1) : 67, TL: Biak I.
f. aurora Ohya, 1999
f. unipunctata (Dufrane, 1946) (Papilio)
Ornithoptera (Ornithoptera) priamus teucrus ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 3
T. p. macalpinei Moulds, 1974
N.Queensland macalpinei (Moulds, 1974) (Ornithoptera)
= ?Ornithoptera priamus pronomus ;
Ornithoptera (Ornithoptera) priamus macalpinei ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 2
T. p. impensus Parrott, 1990²
Moluccas (Manipa I.) Ornithoptera (Ornithoptera) priamus impensus ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 2
T. p. gebeensis Parrott, 1990²
Moluccas (Gebe I.) latimarginata Sumiyoshi, 1989²
= ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 2
Ornithoptera (Ornithoptera) priamus gebeensis ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 2, pl. 6, f. 1-2
T. p. kasandra Kobayashi, 1994²
Yapen I. Ornithoptera (Ornithoptera) priamus kasandra ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 3

Troides croesus (Wallace, 1859)
Halmahera, Bachan Ornithoptera croesus Wallace, 1859; Proc. ent. Soc. Lond. (2) 5 : 70, TL: Batjan
Troides croesus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 192
Ornithoptera croesus ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 132, f. 8]; [BAUR, 60]; Hancock, 1991, Tyô to Ga 42 (1): 22
Ornithoptera (Ornithoptera) croesus ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 5
Ornithoptera croesus ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 82

Larva on Pararistolochia Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 82

f.loc. wallacei Deslisle, 1991
f. biaureomaculata Schäffler, 2001
f. andreae Schäffler, 2001
Ornithoptera (Ornithoptera) croesus croesus ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 5
T. c. lydius (Felder & Felder, 1865)
Ternate, Tidore Papilio lydius C. & R. Felder, 1865; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (1): 9, pl. 3, f. a, TL: Halmahera
Troides lydius ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 194
Ornithoptera croesus lydius ; [EBW]
T. c. toeantei Parrot & Schmid, 1894²
morotaiensis Sumiyoshi, 1989²
= ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 5
f. carinae Schäffler, 2001
Ornithoptera (Ornithoptera) croesus toeantei ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 5, pl. 14, pl. 15
T. c. sananaensis Tsukada & Nishiyama, 1980²
Ornithoptera (Ornithoptera) croesus sananaensis ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 5, pl. 13
Ornithoptera croesus sananaensis ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 82

Subgenus Schoenbergia Pagenstecher, 1893
Schoenbergia (Ornithoptera) ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 6

The tithonus species-group
tithonus ; Hancock, 1991, Tyô to Ga 42 (1): 20

Troides rothschildi (Kenrick, 1911)
Afrak Mts., West Irian. See [About maps] Rothschild's Birdwing
Ornithoptera rothschildi Kenrick, 1911; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1911 (1) : 17, pl. 5 ♂, 6
f. oceanus Schäffler, 2001
f. kenricki Haugum & Low, 1979
f. kirschoides Haugum & Low, 1979
Ornithoptera rothschildi; [BAUR: 17]
Ornithoptera rothschildi ; [EBW]; Hancock, 1991, Tyô to Ga 42 (1): 21, 25
Ornithoptera (Schoenbergia) rothschildi ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 6, pl. 20

Troides goliath Oberthür, 1888
Waigeu, New Guinea. See [About maps] Ornithoptera arruana ab. ♀ goliath Oberthür, 1888; Étud. d'Ent. 12 : 1
Ornithophera goliath ; Oberthür, 1894, Étud. d'Ent. 19 : 1, pl. 4, f. 19
Troides priamus poseidon ♀-ab. goliath ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 190
Ornithoptera goliath ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 132, f. 10]
Orhithoptera goliath ; Hancock, 1991, Tyô to Ga 42 (1): 20
Ornithoptera (Schoenbergia) goliath ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 6
Waigeo, New Guinea, Goodenough Is. Ornithoptera goliath goliath ; [BAUR, 66]
T. g. procus Rothschild, 1914
Serang Troides procus Rothschild, 1914; Novit. Zool. 21 (2) : 262, TL: Interior Ceram
f. nigraocellatus Haugum & Low, 1981
f. confluenta Schäffler, 2001
f. albopuncta Ohya, 1983
Papilio (Troides) procus ; Rothschild, 1915, Novit. Zool. 22 (1): 105
Ornithoptera goliath procus ; [BAUR, 66-69]
Ornithoptera (Schoenbergi) goliath procus ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 6, pl. 22
T. g. atlas Rothschild, 1908
Onin Peninsula, Weyland Mts. Troides goliath atlas Rothschild, 1908; Entomologist 41 (536) : 1, TL: Kapaur, Dutch South-west New Guinea
f. albiflora Symiyoshi, 1989
Ornithoptera (Schoenbergi) goliath atlas ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 6
T. g. samson (Niepelt, 1913)
Afrak Mts., Irian Jaya Ornithoptera joiceyi Noakes & Talbot, 1915; in Joicey & Noakes, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (8) 15 (85) : 59, pl. 4, 5, TL: Angi Lakes, Arfak Mts
= ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 6
Ornithoptera (Schoenbergi) goliath samson ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 6
T. g. supremus Röber, 1896
Huon Peninsula, Bismarcks, Goodenough I. Troides supremus Röber, 1896; Ent. Nachr. 22 (19) : 289
elisabethai-reginae Horvath & Mocsary, 1899; Term. Füz. 22: 114
Ornithoptera titan Grose-Smith, 1900; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7) 6 (34) : 388, TL: New Guinea
huebneri (Rumbucher, 1973) (Schoenbergia); Ent. Z. Franf. a.M. 83 (1-2): 6, TL: Goodenough I.
kikoriensis (Szent-Ivany, 1974) (Ornithoptera); Pacif. Ins. 16 (4): 433
f. aurifer Haugum & Low, 1979
f. schmidi Haugum & Low, 1979
Ornithoptera goliath var. titan ; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1901, Rhop. Exot. [1] 3: (Ornithoptera) 7, pl. 4
Ornithoptera (Schoenbergi) goliath supremus ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 6
T. g. ukihidei Hanafusa, 1994²
Yapei I. f. edouardei Deslisle, 1995
Ornithoptera (Schoenbergi) goliath ukihidei ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 6, pl. 23
T. g. sorongensis Morita & Sugiyama, 1998²
Sorong Ornithoptera (Schoenbergi) goliath sorongensis ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 7, pl. 21

Troides chimaera Rothschild, 1904
New Guinea. See [About maps] Troides chimaera Rothschild, 1904; Novit. Zool. 11 (1) : 311, pl. 3, f. 25, TL: Owgarra, N of head of Aroa River
?Papilio (Troides) chimaera dracaena Joicey & Talbot, 1916; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (8) 17 (97) : 69, pl. 5, f. 1, TL: Wandammen Mtns, New Guinea
?Papilio (Troides) chimaera dracaena Joicey & Talbot, 1922; Bull. Hill Mus. 1 (2) : 320
Ornithoptera chimaera ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 132, f. 6]; [BAUR, 64]; Hancock, 1991, Tyô to Ga 42 (1): 20
Ornithoptera (Schoenbergia) chimaera ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 7
Owen Stanley, Bismarc Range f. aurata Rousseau-Decelle, 1935; Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 40 : 45
f. sagnifluens Rousseau-Decelle, 1935; Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 40 : 45
f. herminea Rousseau-Decelle, 1935; Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 40 : 46
f. confluenta Haugum & Low, 1979
f. excellens Haugum & Low, 1979
Ornithoptera (Schoenbergia) chimaera chimaera ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 7
T. c. flavidior Rothschild, 1913
Peninsula Huon Troides chimaera flavidior Rothschild, 1913; Novit. Zool. 20 (2) : 278, TL: Bolauberg, German New Guinea, 1200m
chimaera draco (Rousseau-Decelle, 1935) (Ornithoptera); Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 40 : 44
= ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 7
Ornithoptera (Schoenbergia) chimaera flavidior ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 7
T. c. charybdis (van Eecke, 1915)
Weyland Mts. f. aurata Rousseau-Decelle, 1935; Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 40 : 45
f. sagnifluens Rousseau-Decelle, 1935; Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 40 : 45
f. confluenta Haugum & Low, 1979
f. polyconfluenta Ohya, 1983
f. quinquemaculata Parrott & Deslisle, 1986; Papilio Int. 2 (Suppl.): (147-168)
Ornithoptera (Schoenbergia) chimaera charybdis ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 7, pl. 24, f. 1-4, pl. 25, f. 1-4

Troides tithonus (de Haan, 1840)
New Guinea. See [About maps] Ornithoptera tithonus de Haan, 1840; Verh. Nat. Gesch. Ned. Overz. Bez. (Zool.): 18, TL: New Guinea
Ornithoptera tithonus ; Oberthür, 1888, Étud. d'Ent. 12 : 1, pl. 3, f. 10
Troides tithonus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 195
Ornithoptera tithonus ; [EBW, (text)]; Hancock, 1991, Tyô to Ga 42 (1): 21; [BOW: pl. 132, f. 6 (text)]
Ornithoptera (Schoenbergia) tithonus ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 8
SW.West Irian Papilio (Troides) tithonus prominens Joicey & Noakes, 1916; in Joicey, Noakes & Talbot, Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1915 (3-4) : 361, pl. 55, f. 1, pl. 56, f. 1, TL: New Guinea
= ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 8
Papilio (Troides) tithonus tithonus ; Rothschild, 1915, Novit. Zool. 22 (1): 105
Ornithoptera tithonus tithonus ; [BAUR, 64]
Ornithoptera (Schoenbergia) tithonus tithonus ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 8, pl. 34-35
T. t. waigeuensis Rothschild, 1897
Waigeu I. Troides tithonus waigeuensis Rothschild, 1897; Novit. Zool. 4 (1): 179, TL: Waigeu
Ornithoptera tithonus waigeuensis ; [BAUR, 64 (text)]
Ornithoptera (Schoenbergia) tithonus waigeuensis ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 8
T. t. misresiana (Joicey & Noakes, 1916)
Arfak Mts. Papilio (Troides) tithonus misresiana Joicey & Noakes, 1916; in Joicey, Noakes & Talbot, Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1915 (3-4) : 362, pl. 57, f. 1, TL: Mt. Misresi, 3000ft
f. lowi Haugum & Low, 1979
Ornithoptera tithonus misresiana f. ichwani Kobayashi & Koiwaya, 1980; Trans. Himeji nat. Hist. Ass. 1980: (8-21)
f. crepusculum Parrott & Deslisle, 1986; Papilio Int. 2 (Suppl.): (147-168)
f. rubicunda Parrott & Deslisle, 1986; Papilio Int. 2 (Suppl.): (147-168)
f. confluenta von Knötgen, 1997
f. aurata Schäffler, 2001
Ornithoptera (Schoenbergia) tithonus misresiana ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 9
T. t. cytherea (Kobayashi & Koiwaya, 1980)
Enarotali, Wamena, E.Nassau Range Ornithoptera tithonus cytherea Kobayashi & Koiwaya, 1980; Trans. Himeji nat. Hist. Ass. 1980: (8-21)
Ornithoptera (Schoenbergia) tithonus cytherea ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 9
T. t. misoolana (Deslisle, 1985)
Misool I. Ornithoptera tithonus misoolana Deslisle, 1985; Can. Ent. 117: (221-225), TL: Misool I.
Ornithoptera (Schoenbergia) tithonus misoolana ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 8
T. t. makikoae Morita, 1998²
Timika Ornithoptera (Schoenbergia) tithonus makikoae ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 9, pl. 26-27
T. t. dominici Schäffler, 2001
Mt. Irau, Mt. Kwoka f.loc. erwini Schäffler, 2001; Butterflies of the world 12: pl. 30-33
Ornithoptera (Schoenbergia) tithonus dominici ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 8, pl. 28-29

The paradisea species-group
paradisea ; Hancock, 1991, Tyô to Ga 42 (1): 18

Troides arfakensis (Joicey & Noakes, 1916)
Arfak Mts. Papilio (Troides) paradisea arfakensis Joicey & Noakes, 1916; in Joicey, Noakes & Talbot, Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1915 (3-4) : 362, pl. 58, f. 1
Ornithoptera paradisea arfakensis ; [BAUR, 62 (text)]; Hancock, 1991, Tyô to Ga 42 (1): 18 (note)
Ornithoptera (Schoenbergia) arfakensis ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 10
Arfak Mts. f. confluenta Parrott & Deslisle, 1986; Papilio Int. 2 (Suppl.): (147-168)
f. oculisaureus Parrott & Deslisle, 1986; Papilio Int. 2 (Suppl.): (147-168)
Ornithoptera (Schoenbergia) arfakensis arfakensis ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 10
Sorong paradisea occidentalis Morita, 1998²
Ornithoptera (Schoenbergia) arfakensis occidentalis ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 10, pl. 34-347

Troides paradisea (Staudinger, 1893)
New Guinea. See [About maps] Ornithoptera paradisea Staudinger, 1893; Ent. Nachrichten 19 (12) : 178, TL: German New Guinea
Ornithoptera schoenbergi Pagenstecher, 1893; Jb. Nassau. Ver. Nat. 46 : 29, : 83
Schoenbergia schoenbergi Pagenstecher, 1893; Jb. Nassau. Ver. Nat. 46 : 35
?Troides (Ornithoptera) schönbergi Röber, 1896; Ent. Nachr. 22 (19) : 289, TL: New Guinea
Ornithoptera paradisea ab. auriflua Fruhstorfer, 1903; Soc. Ent. 18 (7) : 49
Troides paradiseus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 196
Ornithoptera paradisea ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 132, f. 13, 14]; Hancock, 1991, Tyô to Ga 42 (1): 18
Ornithoptera (Schoenbergia) paradisea ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 10
NE.New Guinea f. aurifluoides Haugum & Low, 1979
Ornithoptera paradisea paradisea ; [BAUR, 62]
Ornithoptera (Schoenbergia) paradisea paradisea ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 10
T. p. flavescens Rothschild, 1897
Etna (Kiruri), W.Irian Troides paradisea flavescens Rothschild, 1897; Novit. Zool. 4 (1): 180, TL: Etna Bay, Dutch New Guinea
Ornithoptera paradisea flavescens ; [BAUR, 62 (text)]
Ornithoptera (Schoenbergia) paradisea flavescens ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 11, pl. 42
T. p. borchi (Haugum & Low, 1974)
Prince-Alexander Range paradisea borchi (Haugum & Low, 1974) (Ornithoptera); Ent. Rec. J. Var. 86 (4): 110
f. aurifluoides Haugum & Low, 1979
Ornithoptera (Schoenbergia) paradisea borchi ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 11
T. p. chrysanthemum (Kobayashi & Koiwaya, 1979)
Arfak Mts. Ornithoptera paradisea chrysanthemum Kobayashi & Koiwaya, 1979; Trans. Himeji nat. Hist. Ass. 1979: (4-12), TL: West Irian
f.loc ornatum Schäffler, 2001; Butterflies of the world 12: 11, pl. 40
f.loc sabinae Schäffler, 2001; Butterflies of the world 12: 12, pl. 41
Ornithoptera (Schoenbergia) paradisea chrysanthemum ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 11
T. p. demeter (So & Sato, 1998)
Lake Kutubu Ornithoptera paradisea demeter So & Sato, 1998; Trans. lepid. Soc. Japan 49 (2): 135, TL: Lake Kutubu, Souther Highlands Prov., Papua New Guinea
Ornithoptera (Schoenbergia) paradisea demeter ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 11, pl. 43
T. p. detanii Schäffler, 2001
Snow Mts. Ornithoptera (Schoenbergia) paradisea detanii ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 12, pl. 44-47

Troides meridionalis Rothschild, 1897
New Guinea. See [About maps] Troides paradiseus meridionalis Rothschild, 1897; Novit. Zool. 4 (1): 180, TL: Mailu district, British New Guinea
Schoenbergia meridionalis ; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1900, Rhop. Exot. [1] 3: (Ornithoptera) [5], pl. 3, f. 1-2
Ornithoptera meridionalis ; [BAUR: 180]; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 132, f. 15 (text)]; Hancock, 1991, Tyô to Ga 42 (1): 20
Ornithoptera (Schoenbergia) meridionalis ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 12
Ornithoptera meridionalis meridionalis ; [BAUR, 62]
Ornithoptera (Schoenbergia) meridionalis meridionalis ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 12
T. m. tarunggarensis (Joicey & Talbot, 1927)
Wanggar Ornithoptera meridionalis tarunggarensis ; [BAUR, 62 (text)]
Ornithoptera paradisea tarunggarensis ; Hancock, 1991, Tyô to Ga 42 (1): 18 (note)
Ornithoptera (Schoenbergia) meridionalis tarunggarensis ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 13

Subgenus Aetheoptera Rippon, [1890]
Aetheoptera (Ornithoptera) ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 13

Troides alexandrae Rothschild, 1907
SE.Papua. See [About maps] Queen Alexandra's Birdwing
Troides alexandrae Rothschild, 1907; Novit. Zool. 14 (1) : 96, TL: Papua
f. atavis Rumbucher, 1973
f. diva Schäffler, 2001
Ornithoptera alexandrae ; [EBW]; [BAUR, 44]; Hancock, 1991, Tyô to Ga 42 (1): 21
Ornithoptera (Aetheoptera) alexandrae ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 13, pl. 52

Larva on Aristolochia [BAUR]


Troides victoriae (Gray, 1856)
Solomon Is.. See [About maps] Papilio (Ornithoptera) victoriae Gray, 1856; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. (24) 1856 : 8, pl. 39, TL: Gudalcanar
Troides victoriae ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 196
Ornithoptera victoriae ; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1887, Rhop. Exot. [1] 1: (Ornithoptera) 1, pl. 1, f. 1-2, [3]: (Additions-Corrections) vii; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 133, f. 1, pl. 134, f. 1]; Hancock, 1991, Tyô to Ga 42 (1): 21
Ornithoptera (Aetheoptera) victoriae ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 13
Guadalcanal, Florida Group f. niclasi Schäffler, 2001
Ornithoptera victoriae victoriae ; [BAUR, 42 (text)]
Ornithoptera (Aetheoptera) victoriae victoriae ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 13
T. v. regis Rothschild, 1895
Bougainville Troides victoriae regis Rothschild, 1895; Entomologist 28 : 79, TL: Bougainville
Ornithoptera victoriae var. gabrieli Le Moult, 1911; Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1911 : 146, TL: Buin I.
Ornithoptera victoriae var. buinensis Le Moult, 1912; Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1912 : 337, TL: Buin I.
= ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 13
Ornithoptera victoriae ab. alexisi Le Moult, 1912; Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1912 : 338, TL: Buin I.
Ornithoptera victoriae var. brabanti Le Moult, 1912; Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1912 : 338, TL: Buin I.
Ornithoptera victoriae ab. lanieli Le Moult, 1912; Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1912 : 338, TL: Buin I.
f. infanta Bryk & Peebles, 1932; Mitt. Dt. Ent. Ges. 3 : 10, TL: Bougainville
Ornithoptera victoriae regis f. ind. sanguinea Rousseau-Decelle, 1933; Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 37 : 301, TL: Borobere, Bougainville I.
f. ponceletanus (Rousseau-Decelle, 1947) (Papilio); Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 51: 132
victoriae resplendens (Ehrmann, 1925) (Ornithoptera); Encycl. Ent. (B) 3 Lep. 1: 80
= ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 13
f. niclasi Schäffler, 2001
Troides victoriae regis ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 197
Ornithoptera victoriae regis ; [BAUR, 42]
Ornithoptera (Aetheoptera) victoriae regis ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 13
T. v. archeri (Calderara, 1984)
Choiseul I. Ornithoptera victoriae archeri Calderara, 1984; Proc. Trans. Br. ent. nat. Hist. Soc. 17 (1-2): (31-35) , TL: Choiseul I.
f. niclasi Schäffler, 2001
Ornithoptera (Aetheoptera) victoriae archeri ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 13
T. v. isabellae (Rothschild & Jordan, 1901)
Isabel Is. Papilio victoriae isabellae Rothschild & Jordan, 1901; Novit. Zool. 8 (4) : 401, TL: Isabel I.
Ornithoptera victoriae isabellae ; [BAUR, 42 (text)]
Ornithoptera (Aetheoptera) victoriae isabellae ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 13
T. v. reginae (Salvin, 1888)
Malaita Ornithoptera reginae Salvin, 1888; Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1888 : 117, TL: Maleita
f. rubesco Haugum & Low, 1979
Troides victoriae reginae ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 197
Ornithoptera victoriae reginae ; [BAUR, 42 (text)]
Ornithoptera (Aetheoptera) victoriae reginae ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 13
T. v. rubianus Rothschild, 1904
Rubiana, Rendova, Kolombangara Troides victoriae rubianus Rothschild, 1904; Novit. Zool. 11 (2) : 654, TL: Rendova, Rubiana group, Solomon Is.
f. noellann Rumbucher, 1973; Ent. Z. Franf. a.M. 83 (1-2): 10
f. niclasi Schäffler, 2001
f. gisoensis (Haugum & Low, 1978) (Ornithoptera); Monogr. birdwing butts 1 (1): 67
Ornithoptera victoriae rubianus ; [BAUR, 43]
Ornithoptera (Aetheoptera) victoriae rubianus ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 13
T. v. epiphanes (Schmid, 1970)
San Cristoval victoriae epiphanes (Schmid, 1970) (Ornithoptera); Naturaliste Can. 97: 470
Ornithoptera (Aetheoptera) victoriae epiphanes ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 13
Maramasike Is. Ornithoptera (Aetheoptera) victoriae maramasikensis ; Schäffler, 2001, Butterflies of the world 12: 13, pl. 48

Troides × allottei (Rothschild, 1914)
Bougainville. See [About maps] Troides allottei Rothschild, 1914; Novit. Zool. 21 (3) : 275
Papilio (Troides) allottei ; Strand, 1916, Lepidoptera Niepeltiana (2) : 20, pl. 17, f. 1-2
Ornithoptera allotei[sic?] ; [EBW]; [BAUR, 46]
Ornithoptera urvilliana × victoriae ; Hancock, 1991, Tyô to Ga 42 (1): 23

Troides × akakeae (Kobayashi & Koiwaya, 1978)
New Guinea (Arfak Mts.). See [About maps] Ornithoptera akakeae Kobayashi & Koiwaya, 1978; Trans. Himeji nat. Hist. Ass. 1978: (7-13), TL: Irian Jaya
Ornithoptera priamus aureus × tinhonus misresiana ; Hancock, 1991, Tyô to Ga 42 (1): 23


Unknown or unplaced taxa

Ornithoptera rhadamanthus Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 180, TL: Chochinchine; Manille


22.9.2013 (34)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BAUR]
D'Abrera, 1977; Butterflies of the Australian Region (2nd edn)
[BHL]
The; Biodiversity Heritage Library; and on; Internet Archive; Note: The linking to the content of Internet Archive is somewhat delicate -- notify me when links break!
[BHR]
D'Abrera; Butterflies of the Holarctic Region, Part I-III
[BIR]
Wynter-Blyth, 1957; Butterflies of the Indian Region; (1982 Reprint)
[BMP]
Eliot (Ed.), Corbet & Pendlebury, 1992; The Butterflies of The Malay Peninsula; 4th edition; ISBN 983-9681-05-2
[BOR]
D'Abrera, 1982, 1985, 1986; Butterflies of the Oriental Region, Part I-III
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[BnF]
Gallica / Bibliothèque nationale de France; Annales de la Société entomologique de France; Bulletin de la Sociéte entomologique de France
[CiNii]
http://ci.nii.ac.jp/
[D. Smirnov]
Russia, Moscow; e-mail: D. Smirnov
[Don Herbison-Evans]
and Stella A. Crossley; Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans
[EBW]
Smart, Paul, 1976; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World; ISBN 0 600 31381 6
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[LAMAS-2005]
Gerardo Lamas; Entomofauna 26 (6): 57-100; A Bibliography of the Zoological Publications of Hans Fruhstorfer (1886* - 1922+)
[LAMAS-NEO]
Gerardo Lamas; Bibliography of butterflies; An Annocated Bibliography of the Neotropical Butterflies and Skipper (Lepididoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea); Revised Electronic Edition (2007)
[MRS]
Chou Io (Ed.); Monographia Rhopalocerum Sinensium, 1-2
[Mohd. Fairus Jalil]
Institute for Tropical Biology & Conservation; Universiti Malaysia Sabah, 88999 Kota Kinabalu; Sabah, Malaysia; http://www.geocities.com/mohdfairus.geo/intro.html
[NHM]
Natural History Museum; The Global Lepidoptera Names Index
[Oleg Kosterin]
Institue of Cytology & Genetics; Siberian Division of Russian Academy of Sciences; Novosibirsk; e-mail: Oleg Kosterin; http://pisum.bionet.nsc.ru/kosterin/
[S. Shuichi Haupt]
e-mail: S. Shuichi Haupt; http://www.tu-berlin.de/fb7/ioeb/biologie/stefan.htm
[Wahlberg]
Niklas Wahlberg; The NSG's voucher specimen database; Nymphalidae Systematics Group
[Yutaka Inayoshi]
A Check List of Butterflies in Indo-China; Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM
[²]
This may require parentheses or not. I don't have the necessary information for this taxon.


Some related literature:
Bates, 1875
The Straits of Malacca, Indo-China and China, or ten years' Travels, Adventures and Residence abroad in Thomson, The Straits of Malacca, ... (Appendix, Diurnal Lepidoptera of Siam): 545-546
Boisduval, 1832
Voyage de découvertes de l'Astrolabe exécuté par ordre du Roi, pendant les années 1826-1827-1828-1829, sous le commandément de M. J. Dumont d'Urville. Faune entomologique de l'Océan Pacifique, avec l'illustration des insectes nouveaux recueillis pendant le voyage. Lépidoptères in d'Urville, Voy. Astrolabe (Faune ent. Pacif.) 1 : 1-267, pl. 1-5
Boisduval, 1836
Histoire Naturelle des Insectes. Species Général des Lépidoptéres. Tome Premier Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 1-690, pl. 1-24
Bryk & Peebles, 1932
New Papilionidae (Lep.) Mitt. Dt. Ent. Ges. 3 : 10
Butler, 1869
Lepidoptera Exotica, or descriptions and illustrations of exotic Lepidoptera Lepid. Exotica (1): 1-8, pl. 1-3 (1869), (2): 9-16, pl. 4-6 (1869), (3): 17-24, pl. 7-9 (1869), (4): 25-32, pl. 10-12 (1870), (5): 33-42, pl. 13-15 (1870), (6): 43-50, pl. 16-19 (1870), (7): 51-58, pl. 20-22 (1870), (8): 59-66, pl. 23-25 (1871), (9): 67-74, pl. 26-28 (1871), (10): 75-84, pl. 29-32 (1871), (11): 85-94, pl. 33-35 (1872), (12): 95-104, pl. 36-38 (1872), (13): 105-114, pl. 39-41 (1872), (14): [115],[116],117-120, pl. 42-44 (1872), (15): 121-128, pl. 45-48 (1873), (17): 137-144, pl. 49-51 (1873), (18): 145-152, pl. 52-54 (1873), (19): 153-162, pl. 55-57 (1873), (20): 163-174, pl. 58-60 (1874), (21): 175-190, pl. 61-64 (1874)
Butler, 1879
The butterflies of Malacca Trans. linn. Soc. Lond. (2) 1 (8) : 533-568, pl. 68-69
Calderara, 1984
A new subspecies of Ornithoptera victoriae Gray (Papilionidae) from Choiseul, Solomon Islands Proc. Trans. Br. ent. nat. Hist. Soc. 17 (1-2) : 31-35
Clark, 1944
A new butterfly from the Solomon Islands Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 57 : 95-96
Cramer, [1775]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) Uitl. Kapellen 1 (1-7): 1-132, pl. 1-84 (1775), (8): 133-155, pl. 85-96 (1776)
Cramer, [1779]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) Uitl. Kapellen 3 (17-21): 1-104, pl. 193-252 (1779), (22): 105-128, pl. 253-264 ([1780]), (23-24): 129-176, pl. 265-288 (1780)
D'Abrera, Dogget & Parker, 1976
A new race of Trogonoptera brookiana Wallace (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) from West Malaysia Vict. Nat. 93: 21-24
Deslisle, 1985
Nouvelle sous-espèce chez Ornithoptera tithonus de l'ile Mosoöl, Indonesie (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) Can. Ent. 117: 221-225
Doherty, 1891
A list of the butterflies of Engano, with some remarks on the Danaidae J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 60 Pt.II (1) : 4-32
Doherty, 1891
The Butterflies of Sumba and Sumbawa, with some Account of the Island of Sumba J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 60 Pt.II (2) : 141-197, pl. 2
Doubleday, 1847
Descriptions of new or imperfectly described Lepidopterous Insects Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (1) 19 (125): 173-176, (128): 385-389
Druce, 1873
A list of the Collections of diurnal Lepidoptera made by Mr. Lowe in Borneo, with Descriptions of new Species Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1873 (2) : 337-361, pl. 32-33
Dufrane, 1930
Nouvelles aberrations de Papilio (Pharmacophagus) Lambillionea 30 (2) : 19-21
K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991
Review of Australian Butterflies: distribution, life history and taxonomy. Pushlished by authors, Melbourne Review Austr. Butts. (1-4):
Eliot, 1959
New or little known Butterflies from Malaya Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 7 (8) : 371-391, 7fgs., pl. 10
Ehrmann, 1904
New Forms of Exotic Papilionidae Ent. News 15 (6) : 214-215
Fabricius, 1775
Systema Entomologiae, sistens Insectorum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, Adiectis Synonymis, Locis, Descriptionibus, Observationibus. Syst. Ent.: 832pp
Fabricius, 1777
Genera Insectorum eorumque characters naturales secundum numerum, figuram, situm et proportionem ... Genera Insectorum : 1-310
C. & R. Felder, 1859
Lepidopterologische Fragmente. I-IV Wien. ent. Monats. 3 (6): 178-186, pl. 3-4, (9): 263-273, pl. 5, (11): 321-328, pl. 6, (12): 390-405, pl. 7-9
C. & R. Felder, 1860
Lepidopterologische Fragmente. V-VI Wien. ent. Monats. 4 (4): 97-112, pl. 1-2, (8): 225-251, pl. 3-4
C. & R. Felder, 1862
Lepidoptera nova a Dr. Carolo Semper in Insulis Philippinis collecta diagnosibus. (2) Wien. ent. Monats. 6 (9) : 282-294
C. & R. Felder, 1864
Species Lepidopterum, hucusque descriptae vel iconibus expressae, in seriem systematicam digestae 1. Papilionidae Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 14 (3) : 289-378
C. & R. Felder, 1865
Reise der österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Behilfen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair. Zoologischer Theil. Band 2. Abtheilung 2. Lepidoptera. Rhopalocera Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (1): 1-136, pl. 1-21 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, [1865]), (2): 137-378, pl. 22-47 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, 1865), (3): 379-536, pl. 48-74 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, 1867), (4): 537-548, pl. 75-120, (Inhalts-Verz.) 1-9 (pl. 1-74), (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1874) , (5): pl. 121-140, (erklärung) 1-10 (pl. 75-107), (Inhalts-Verz.) 1-20 (pl. 108-140), (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1875)
Fruhstorfer, 1894
Neue Java-Rhopaloceren. V, VI, VII Ent. Nachr. 20 (2) (2): 19-24, (3): 43-44, (19): 300-302
Fruhstorfer, 1896
Neue Lepidopteren aus Lombok. I-IV Soc. Ent. 11 (13): 107-108 (1 October, 1896), (14): 115-116 (15 October, 1896), (15): 123-124 (1 November, 1896), (17): 140 (1 December, 1896), (21): 172 (1 February, 1897)
Fruhstorfer, 1897
Neue und wenig bekannte Lepidopteren aus dem malayischen Archipel Berl. Ent. Zs. 41 (4) : 377-399, pl. 9 (end May)
Fruhstorfer, 1898
Neue Papilioformen aus dem Indo-malayischen Peloponnes Berl. Ent. Zs. 42 (3/4) : 303-310 (mid July)
Fruhstorfer, 1898
Neue Lepidopteren aus Asien Berl. Ent. Zs. 43 (1/2) : 175-199 (mid November)
Fruhstorfer, 1899
Neue Papilio-Formen aus dem Malayischen Archipel Berl. ent. Zs. 43 (3/4) : 419-430 (early May)
Fruhstorfer, 1902
Neue Indo-Australische Lepidopteren Dt. ent. Z. Iris 14 (2) : 334-350 (1 March)
Fruhstorfer, 1902
Troides amphrysus gardineri nom. nov. für Troides ruficollis Rothschild Rev. Pap. p. 232 nec. ruficollis Butl. Soc. Ent. 17 (8) : 57 (15 July)
Fruhstorfer, 1902
Neue Papilioformen aus dem Indo-Australischen Gebiet Soc. Ent. 17 (8): 57-58 (15 July), (9): 65-66 (1 August)
Fruhstorfer, 1903
Ornithoptera paradisea ab. auriflua (nov. subspec.) Soc. Ent. 18 (7) : 49 (1 July)
Fruhstorfer, 1903
Eine neue Ornithoptera-Form Soc. Ent. 18 (7) : 49 (1 July)
Fruhstorfer, 1903
Eine neue Ornithopteraform aus Sumatra Soc. Ent. 18 (8) : 57 (15 July)
Fruhstorfer, 1904
Neue Falter Insekten-Börse 21 (18): 140-141 (28 April), (20): 157 (12 May)
Fruhstorfer, 1904
Ein neuer Ornithoptera. Troides oblongomaculatus hanno nov. subspec Ent. Zs. 18 (7) : 27 (15 May)
Fruhstorfer, 1904
Neue indo-australische Lepidopteren Dt. ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 133-157, fig. (5 October)
Fruhstorfer, 1906
Reisebericht über eine Sammeltour auf der Insel Bawean Insekten-Börse 23 (24) : 94-95, 1 fig. (14 June)
Fruhstorfer, 1906
Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Rhopaloceren der Batu-Inseln an der S.-W.-Küste von Sumatra Ent Zs. 20 (15): 98-99 (15 July), (16): 105-106 (22 July)
Fruhstorfer, 1908
Eine neue Ornithopterarasse von den Südphilippinen Int. ent. Zs. 2 (6): 39 (9 May)
Fruhstorfer, 1908
Neue Papilio-Rassen Int. ent. Zs. 2 (8) : 49-50 (23 May)
Fruhstorfer, 1908
Neue Rhopalocerenrassen der Insel Bali Int. ent. Zs. 2 (38) : 238 (19 December)
Fruhstorfer, 1911
Neue Papilioniden aus der Sammlung Staudinger des Berliner Zoologischen Museums Ent. Rundschau 28 (23): 177-178 (2 December)
Fruhstorfer, 1913
Neue Indo-Australiche[sic] Rhopaloceren Dt. ent. Z. Iris 27 (3) : 130-139 ([14 October])
Goeze, 1779
Entomologische Beyträge zu des Ritter Linné zwölften Ausgabe des Natursystems Ent. Beyträge 3 (1) : 1-390
Gray, [1853]
Catalogue of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum. Part 1. Papilionidae. [1853 Jan], "1852" Cat. lep. Ins. Coll. Brit. Mus. 1 (Papilionidae) : 1-84, pl. 1-10,10*,11-13
Gray, 1856
List of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum. Part I. Papilionidae List Spec. lep. Ins. Brit. Mus. 1: 106pp
Gray, 1856
On a New Species of Lepidopterous Insect Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. (24) 1856 : 7-8, pl. 39
Grose-Smith, 1894
An Account of a Collection of Diurnal Lepidoptera from New Guinea (Parts I-III) - made by Mr. W. Doherty at Humboldt Bay, Dutch New Guinea, and in neighbouring islands, in the Museum of the honourable Walter Rothschild at Tring, with descriptions of new species Novit. zool. 1 (2): 331-365, (2): 543-551, (3): 571-584
Grose-Smith, 1900
Description of a new species of Ornithoptera Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7) 6 (34) : 388-389
Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1887; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1892; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1900; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1901
Rhopalocera Exotica, being Illustrations of New, Rare, and Unfigured Species of Butterflies Rhop. Exot. [1] 1: (Ornithoptera) 1-2, pl. 1 (1887), [1] 2: (Ornithoptera) 3-4, pl. 2 (1892), [1] 3: (Ornithoptera) [5-6] 1-2, pl. 3 (1900), [1] 3: (Ornithoptera) 7-8, pl. 4 (1901), [1] 1: (Papilio) 1-2, pl. 1 (1887), [1] 1: (Papilio) 3-5,7-14, pl. 2-6 (1888), [1] 1: (Papilio) 15-20, pl. 7-9 (1890), [1] 1: (Papilio) 21-25, pl. 10-11 (1891), [1] 2: (Papilio) 27-31, pl. 12-13 (1893), [1] 2: (Papilio) 33-35, pl. 14 (1894), [1] 2: (Papilio) 37-38, pl. 15 (1895), [1] 2: (Papilio) 39-40, pl. 16 (1897), [1] 3: (Papilio) 41-46, pl. 17-19 (1899), [1] 3: (Papilio) 47-48, pl. 20 (1900), [1] 3: (Papilio) 49-50, pl. 21 (1901), [1] 3: (Papilio) 51-55, pl. 22-23 (1902), [1] 1: (Delias) 1-3, pl. 1 (1889), [1] 2: (Delias) 5-7, 9-11, pl. 2-3 (1893), [1] 2: (Delias) 12-18, pl. 4-5 (1895), [1] 2: (Delias) 20-22, pl. 6 (1896), [1] 3: (Delias) 24-26, pl. 7 (1897), [1] 3: (Delias) 28-35, pl. 8-9 (1901), [1] 3: (Delias) 36-38, pl. 10 (1902), [1] 1: (Pieridae) 1-3, pl. 1 (1888), [1] 2: (Pinacopteryx) 1-4, pl. 1 (1893), [1] 1: (Callosune) 1-3, pl. 1 (1889), [1] 3: (Huphina) 1-7, pl. 1-2 (1898), [1] 3: (Huphina) [8],9-10, pl. 3 (1899), [1] 1: (Elodina) 1-4, pl. 1 (1890), [1] 1: (Belenois) 1-4, pl. 1 (1892), [1] 2: (Belenois) 5-8, pl. 2 (1892), [1] 3: (Mylothris) 1-3, 5-7, pl. 1-2 (1900), [1] 1: (Ixias) 1-3, pl. 1 (1888), [1] 2: (Appias) 1-3, pl. 1 (1894), [1] 1: (Pierinae) 5-7, pl. 2 (1889), [1] 2: (Dismorphia) 1-4, pl. 1 (1896), [1] 2: (Dismorphia) 5-9, 11-15, pl. 2-3 (1897), [2] 1: (Asthipa) 1-3, pl. 1 (1890), [2] 2: (Asthipa) 5-6, pl. 2 (1896), [2] 2: (Ravadeba) 7, pl. 1 (1896), [2] 2: (Mycalesis) 1-4, pl. 1 (1895), [2] 2: (Mycalesis) 5-12, pl. 2-3 (1896), [2] 3: (Mycalesis) 13-18, pl. 4-5 (1902), [2] 3: (Libythea) 1-2, pl. 1 (1902), : (Ragadia-Argyronympha-Hypocysta) : 1-6, pl. [1] (1895), [2] 2: (Pedaliodes) 1-5, pl. 1 (1893), [2] 2: (Pedaliodes) 7-9, pl. 2 (1894), [2] 2: (Pedaliodes) 10-14, pl. 3 (1895), [2] 3: (Pedaliodes) 15-20, pl. 4-5, (Oxeoschistus) 1 (1900), [2] 3: (Pronophila) 1-2, pl. 1, (Oxeoschistus) 2-3, pl. 1 (1900), [2] 2: (Elymnias) 1-4, pl. 1 (1896), [2] 3: (Elymnias) 5-6, pl. 2, (Bruasa) 6-7, pl. 1 (1897), [2] 1: (Morpho) 1-2, pl. 1 (1890), [2] 3: (Morphotenaris-Hyantis) 1-3, pl. [1] (1898), [2] 2: (Tenaris) 1-3, 5-7, pl. 1-2 (1894), [2] 2: (Tenaris) 9-11, pl. 3 (1895), [2] 2: (Tenaris) 13-15, pl. 4 (1896), [2] 3: (Tenaris) 17-18, pl. 5 (1898), [2] 1: (Heliconius) 1-3, pl. 1 (1892), [2] 1: (Acraea) 1-6, pl. 1-2 (1889), [2] 1: (Acraea) 7-10, pl. 3 (1892), [2] 2: (Acraea) 11-14, pl. 4 (1892), [2] 2: (Acraea) 15-18, pl. 5 (1894), [2] 3: (Acraea) 19-29, pl. 6-8, (Planema) 29-30, pl. [1] (1901), [2] 1: (Cethosia) 1-2, pl. 1 (1889), [2] 3: (Cirrhochroa) 1, pl. [1], (Cupha) 2-4, pl. [1] (1898), [2] 2: (Terinos) 1-2, pl. 1 (1894), [2] 1: (Thaleropis) 1-3, pl. 1 (1891), [2] 2: (Doleschallia) 1-3,5-7, pl. 1-2 (1893), [2] 2: (Kallima) 1-3, pl. 1 (1892), [2] 1: (Hypolimnas) 1-2, pl. 1 (1891), [2] 3: (Hypolimnas) 3-4, pl. 2 (1897), [2] 3: (Hypolimnas) 5-6, pl. 3 (1898), [2] 1: (Euxanthe) 1-3, pl. 1 (1890), [2] 1: (Hestina) 1-3, pl. 1 (1891), [2] 1: (Cymothoe) 1-4, pl. 1 (1890), [2] 3: (Limenitis) 1-3, pl. 1 (1899), [2] 2: (Neptis) 1-4, pl. 1 (1895), [2] 3: (Neptis) 5-11, pl. 2-3 (1899), [2] 3: (Neptis) 13-17, pl. 4-5 (1900), [2] 1: (Euthalia-Tanaecia) 1-3, pl. 1 (1889), [2] 1: (Euthalia) 5-10, pl. 2-3 (1891), [2] 2: (Euthalia) 11-14, pl. 4 (1894), [2] 3: (Euthalia) 15, pl. 5, (Dichorragia) 16, pl. 1 (1898), [2] 1: (Apatura) 1-3, pl. 1 (1892), [2] 1: (Euphaedra) 1-2, pl. 1 (1889), [2] 1: (Euryphene) 1-3, pl. 1 (1889), [2] 1: (Charaxes) 1-2,[3-4] pl. 1-2 (1887), [2] 1: (Charaxes) [5], pl. 3 (1888), [2] 1: (Charaxes) 7-9, pl. 4 (1890), [2] 1: (Charaxes) 11-13, pl. 5 (1891), [2] 1: (Mynes) 1-2, pl. 1 (1888), [2] 2: (Mynes) 3-6, pl. 2 (1894), [2] 2: (Prothoe) 1-2, pl. 1 (1896), [3] 3: (Erycinidae) 1-10, pl. 1-2 (1902), [3] 2: (Dicallaneura-etc) 1-6, pl. 1 (1897), [3] 3: (Dicallaneura-etc) 7-11, pl. 2 (1901), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 1-4,[5-9] 1-5, pl. 1-2 (1887), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 11-17, 19-22, pl. 3-5 (1888), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 23-25, 27-29, 31-33, pl. 6-8 (1889), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 35-48, pl. 9-11 (1890), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 49-51,53-64, pl. 12-15 (1891), [3] 2: (Lycaenidae) 65-68, pl. 16 (1892), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) [69-72] 57-60, pl. 17 (1892), [3] 2: (Lycaenidae) [73-77] 61-65,79-84, pl. 18-19 (1892), [3] 2: (Lycaenidae) 85-107, pl. 20-23 (1893), [3] 2: (Lycaenidae) 109-120, pl. 24-25 (1894), [3] 3: (Lycaenidae) 121-125, pl. 26 (1900), [3] 3: (Lycaenidae) 127-131, 133-141, pl. 27-29 (1901), [3] 3: (Lycaenidae) 143-146, pl. 30 (1902), [3] 2: (Hypochrysops) 1-6, pl. 1 (1894), [3] 2: (Hypochrysops) 7-13, 15-22, pl. 2-3 (1895), [3] 2: (Thysonotis) 23-25, 27-31, pl. 1-2 (1895), [3] 2: (Waigeum) 34-38, pl. 1 (1896), [3] 2: (Thysonotis) 39-46, pl. 3-4 (1896), [3] 2: (Holochila) 1-4, pl. 1 (1896), [3] 2: (Holochila) 5-8, pl. 2 (1897), [3] 2: (Pseudonotis) 1-3, pl. [1], (Epimastidia) 4-5, pl. [1], (Lampides) 5-8, pl. [1] (1897), [3] 2: (Lampides) 9-10, pl. 2, (Thysonotis) 47, pl. 5 (1897), [3] 3: (Holochila) 9-11, pl. 3 (1898), [3] 3: (Arhopala) 1-7, pl. 1-2 (1898), [3] 3: (Arhopala) 9-12, pl. 3, (Ilerda) 13, pl. [1], (Horaga) 14-15, pl. [1] (1902), [3] 3: (Thysonotis) 47x,48-50, pl. 6 (1898), [3] 3: (Hypochrysops) 23-26, pl. 4 (1898), [3] 3: (Holochila) 13-15, pl. 4 (1899), [3] 3: (Hypochrysops) 27-29, pl. 5, (Waigeum) [30], pl. 2 (1899), [3] 3: (Holochila) 17-19, pl. 5 (1899), [3] 3: (Thysonotis) 51-54, pl. 7 (1899), [3] 3: (Jamides) 11-14, pl. 1 (1900), [3] 3: (Hypolycaena-etc) 1-4, pl. [1] (1900), [3] 3: (Hypochrysops) 31-33, pl. 6, (Thysonotis) 55-56, pl. 8 (1900), [3]: (Additions-Corrections) 1-2,[3],vii-x
Guérin-Méneville, 1830
Crustacés, arachnides et insectes. 319pp, 22pls [lepidoptera 271-286] Voyage Coquille, 2 (2) : pl. 13-17 (1830), : pl. 14bis (1831), : pl. 18-19 (1831), : 271-286, 316-319 [index?] (1838)
Hagen, 1894
Verzeichnis der von mir auf Sumatra gefangenen Dt. ent. Z. Iris 7 (1) : 1-41
Hancock, 1991
Notes on the Phylogeny and Biogeography of Ornithoptera BOISDUVAL (Lepidoptera : Papilionidae) Tyô to Ga 42 (1): 17-36
Haugum, 1975
Notes on the Staus of Troides hypolitus (Cramer) 1775 (Lep.: Papilionidae: Troidini) with a Description of a New Genus, Notes on the Status of T. hypolitus cellularis Rothschild 1895, and the Apparent Dimorphi in the Male Sex of T. hypolitus sulaenis Staudinger 1895 Ent. Rec. J. Var. 87 (4) : 111-119
Hewitson, 1855
Illustrations of new species of exotic Butterflies selected chiefly from the collections of W. Wilson Saunders and William C. Hewitson. Ill. exot. Butts [1] : (Systematic Index) I, (Ornithoptera and Papilio): [1-2], pl. [1] (1855), (Papilio II): [3-4], pl. [2] (1856), (Papilio III): [5-6], pl. [3] (1858), (Papilio IV): [7-8], pl. [4] (1859), (Papilio V): [9-10], pl. [5] (1861), (Papilio VI): [11-12], pl. [6] (1864), (Papilio VII-VIII): [13-16], pl. [7-8] (1865), (Papilio IX): [17-18], pl. [9] (1868), (Papilio X-XII): [19-22], pl. [10-12] (1869), (Papilio XIII): [23-24], pl. [13] (1873), (Papilio XIV): [25-26], pl. [14] (1875), (Papilio XV): [27-28], pl. [15] (1877), (Pieris I): [29-30], pl. [16] (1852), (Pieris II): [31-32], pl. [17] (1853), (Pieris III-VI): [33-40], pl. [18-21] (1861), (Pieris VII): [41-42], pl. [22] (1862), (Pieris VIII): [43-44], pl. [23] (1866), (Euterpe): [45-46], pl. [24] (1860), (Euterpe II): [47-48], pl. [25] (1872), (Euterpe and Leptalis): [49-50], pl. [26] (1853), (Leptalis II): [51-52], pl. [27] (1857), (Leptalis III): [53-54], pl. [28] (1858), (Leptalis IV): [55-56], pl. [29] (1860), (Leptalis V-VII): [57-62], pl. [30-32] (1870), (Callidryas and Eronia): [63-64], pl. [33] (1867), (Euploea): [65-66], pl. [34] (1858), (Euploea II): [67-68], pl. [35] (1866), (Heliconia I): [69-70], pl. [36] (1853), (Heliconia II-III): [71-74], pl. [37-38] (1854), (Heliconia IV): [75-76], pl. [39] (1858), (Heliconia V): [77-78], pl. [40] (1867), (Heliconia VI): [79-80], pl. [41] (1871), (Heliconia and Tithorea VII): [81-82], pl. [42] (1873), (Heliconia VIII): [83-84], pl. [43] (1875), (Athesis): [85-86], pl. [44] (1872), (Mechanitis I): [87-88], pl. [45] (1856), (Mechanitis II-III): [89-92], pl. [46-47] (1860), (Ithomia I): [93-94], pl. [48] (1851), (Ithomia II): [95-96], pl. [49] (1852), (Ithomia III): [97-98], pl. [50] (1853), (Ithomia IV-V): [99-102], pl. [51-52] (1854), (Ithomia VI-XIII): [103-118], pl. [53-60] (1855)
Honrath, 1891
Eine neue Ornithoptera Ent. Nachr. 17 (16) : 241
Honrath, 1892
Neue Rhopalocera (10) Berl. ent. Z. 36 (2) : 429-440, pl. 15
Hübner, [1819]
Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge, 1816-[1826] Verz. bek. Schmett. (1): [1-3], 4-16 (1816), (2): 17-32 (1819), (3): 33-48 (1819), (4): 49-64 (1819), (5): 65-80 (1819), (6): 81-96 (1819), (7): 97-112 (1819), (8): 113-128 (1819), (9): 129-144 (1819), (10): 145-160 (1819), (11): 161-176 (1819), (12): 177-192 (1820), (13): 193-208 (1820), (14): 209-224 (1821), (15): 225-240 (1821), (16): 241-256 (1821), (17): 257-272 (1823), (18): 273-288 (1823), (19): 289-304 (1823), (20): 305-320 (1825), (21): 321-336 (1825), (22): 337-352 (1825), (23-27): 353-431 ([1825])
Noakes & Talbot in Joicey & Noakes, 1915
Four new Delias and a new Ornithoptera from the Angi Lakes, Arfak Mountains, North Guinea, coll. Messrs. Pratt & Sons. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (8) 15 (85) : 59-61, pl. 4-6
Joicey & Noakes in Joicey, Noakes & Talbot, 1916
New Lepidoptera from Dutch New Guinea Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1915 (3-4) : 361-386, pl. 55-62
Joicey & Talbot, 1916
New Lepidoptera from the Schouten Islands, with description of a new Tineid Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1916 (1) : 65-83, pl. 3-6
Joicey & Talbot, 1916
New Lepidoptera from Dutch New Guinea Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (8) 17 (97) : 68-90, pl. 5-8
Joicey & Talbot, 1922
New forms of Papilionidae from New Guinea, Malaya, and South America Bull. Hill Mus. 1 (2) : 320-324
Joicey & Talbot, 1922
A new Papilio from Buru Bull. Hill Mus. 1 (2) : 360-362
Joicey & Talbot, 1924
New forms of butterflies from Buru Bull. Hill Mus. 1 (3) : 508-513
Joicey & Talbot, 1924
New forms of Indo-Australian butterflies Bull. Hill Mus. 1 (3) : 565-569
Kenrick, 1911
Some undescribed Butterflies from Dutch New Guinea Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1911 (1) : 16-20, pl. 3-6
Kirsch, 1885
On the Butterflies of Timorlaut Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1885 : 275-277, pl. 19
Kobayashi & Koiwaya, 1978
A new species of Ornithoptera (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) from Irian Jaya Trans. Himeji nat. Hist. Ass. 1978: 7-13
Kobayashi & Koiwaya, 1979
A new subspecies of Ornithopera paradisea (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) from West Irian Trans. Himeji nat. Hist. Ass. 1979: 4-12
Kobayashi & Koiwaya, 1980
Ornithoptera (Schoenbergia) tithonus de Haan 1840 with descriptions of a new subspecies and a new form Trans. Himeji nat. Hist. Ass. 1980: 8-21
Linnaeus, 1758
Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Clases, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Symonymis, Locis. Tomis I. 10th Edition Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 1-338, : 339-824
Lucas, 1835
Histoire naturelle des Lépidoptères exotiques [links to 2nd printing, 1845] Hist. nat. Lép. exot. : 1-156, pl. 1-80
Martin, [1893]
Eine neue Ornithoptera aus Sumatra Berl. Ent. Z. 37 (4) : 492
Montrouzier, 1856
Faune de l'lle de Woodlark ou Moiou Ann. Sci. Phys. Lyon (2) 8: 393-412
Moore, 1877
The Lepidopterous Fauna of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1877 (3) : 580-632, pl. 58-60
Moore, [1881]
The Lepidoptera of Ceylon Lepid. Ceylon 1 (1): 1-40, pl. 1-18 (Dec 1880), (2): 41-80, pl. 19-36 (Jan 1881), (3): 81-136, pl. 37-54 (Jun 1881), (4): 137-190, pl. 55-71 (Dec 1881)
Le Moult, 1911
Description d'une nouvelle form d'Ornithoptera Victoriae [Lep.] Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1911 : 146-147
Le Moult, 1912
Description de nouvelles formes d'Ornithoptera Victoriae [Lep.] Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1912 : 337-338
Nakahara & Esaki, 1930
New names for two Formosan Papilio species [in Japanese] Zephyrus 2 (4) : 209-210
Oberthür, 1879
Catalogue raisonné des Papilionidae de la Collection de Ch. Oberthür Étud. d'Ent. 4 : 19-102, 107-117 (Appendice), pl. 1-6
Oberthür, 1888
Lépidoptères exotiques nouveaux ou peu connus Étud. d'Ent. 12 : 1-8, pl. 1-3,7
Oberthür, 1894
Lépidoptères d'Europe, d'Algérie, d'Asie et d'Océanie Étud. d'Ent. 19 : 1-41, pl. 1-8
Page & Treadaway, 2003
Descriptions of New Subspecies and Changes in Classification in Bauer & Frankenbach, Butterflies of the world, Suppl. 8: 1-6
Page & Treadaway, 2003
Papilionidae of the Philippine Islands Butterflies of the world, 17: 12pp, pl. 1-59
Pagenstecher, 1890
Beitrage zur Lepidopterenfauna des malayischen Archipels. (6) Jahrb. Nassau Ver. Naturk. 43 : 93-110
Pagenstecher, 1893
Beiträge zur Lepidopteren - Fauna des Malayischen Archipels. (7 & 8) Jb. Nassau. Ver. Nat. 46 : 27-40, pl. 2-3, : 81-88, pl. 4
Pagenstecher, 1894
Beiträge zur Lepidopteren - Fauna des Malayischen Archipels. (9 & 10) Jb. Nassau. Ver. Nat. 47 : 25-58, pl. 1, : 59-81, pl. 2-3
Pagenstecher, 1904
Ueber Troides oblongomaculatus Goeze Ent. Zs. 18 (11) : 41-42
Parrott & Deslisle, 1986
New and interesting forms of birdwing butterflies. Part 1. Ornithoptera, subgenus Schoenbergia Papilio Int. 2 (Suppl.): 147-168
Parrott & Schmid, 1984
A new subspecies of Ornithoptera croesus from Morotai Island, Indonesia, and a gyandromorph of O. croesus lydius (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) Can. Ent. 116: 1519-1524
Pendlebury, 1936
Some new Records of Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula J. Fed. Malay St. Mus., 18 (1): 178-186
Rebel, 1906
[Versammlung] Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 56 : 220-224, : 232-238
Ribbe, 1898
Neue Lepidopteren aus dem Schutzgebiete der Neu-Guinea-Compagnie Bismarck und Salomo-Archipel Soc. Ent. 12 (20): 153-154, (21): 161-162, (22): 171-172, (23): 177-178
Rippon, 1892
Description of a new Species of Ornithoptera, of the Priamus Group, in the Collection of the Hon. L. Walter Rothschild Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 10 (56) : 193-196
Rippon, [1890]; Rippon, [1893-1896]
Icones Ornithopterorum: a Monograph of the Papilionine tribe Troides Hübner, or Ornithoptera Boisduval Icones Ornithopterorum, 1: 4
Rippon, 1893
Description of a new Transitional Form of Ornithoptera belonging to the Subgenus Priamoptera Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 11 (64) : 294-299
Rothschild, 1895
A revision of the Papilios of the Eastern Hemisphere, exclusive of Africa Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 167-463, pl. 6
Rothschild, 1895
Some notes on my revision of the Papilios of the Eastern Hemisphere, exclusive of Africa Novit. Zool. 2 (4): 503-504
Rothschild, 1895
Description of a new local form of Troides victoriae (Gray) from Bougainville Island, Solomon Group Entomologist 28 : 78-79
Rothschild, 1896
Further notes on my revision of the Papilios of the eastern hemisphere exclusive of Africa Novit. Zool. 3 (1) : 63-68
Rothschild, 1896
New Lepidoptera Novit. Zool. 3 (2): 91-99, (3): 322-328
Rothschild, 1897
Descriptions of some new species and subspecies of Lepidoptera Novit. Zool. 4 (1): 179-184
Rothschild, 1898
Some new Lepidoptera from the East Novit. Zool. 5 (2): 216-219, (3): 602-605
Rothschild, 1899
Some new eastern Lepidoptera Novit. Zool. 6 (1) : 67-71
Rothschild, 1904
Lepidoptera from British New Guinea, collected by Mr. A. S. Meek Novit. Zool. 11 (1) : 310-322, pl. 2-3
Rothschild, 1904
A new subspecies of Troides victoriae Novit. Zool. 11 (2) : 654
Rothschild, 1907
Troides alexandrae spec. nov. Novit. Zool. 14 (1) : 96
Rothschild, 1908
New Oriental Papilionidae Entomologist 41 (536) : 1-4
Rothschild, 1913
Some new Lepidoptera from German New Guinea Novit. Zool. 20 (2) : 278-279
Rothschild, 1914
A new species of Troides Novit. Zool. 21 (2) : 262
Rothschild, 1914
Description of a new Troides Novit. Zool. 21 (3) : 275
Rothschild, 1915
On the Lepidoptera in the Tring Museum sent by Mr. A. S. Meek from the Admiralty Islands, Dampier and Vulcan Islands Novit. Zool. 22 (2): 192-208, (3): 387-402
Rothschild, 1915
On Lepidoptera from the islands of Ceram (Seran), Buru, Bali, and Misol Novit. Zool. 22 (1): 105-144, (2): 209-227
Rothschild & Jordan, 1901
On some Lepidoptera Novit. Zool. 8 (4) : 401-407, pl. 9-10
Rousseau-Decelle, 1933
Quelques formes nouvelles et aberrantes des genres Papilio et Charaxes [Lép.] Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 37 : 301-307
Rousseau-Decelle, 1935
Note sur une race nouvelle et quelques formes aberrantes d'Ornithoptera Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 40 : 44-48, pl. 1
Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999
Papilionidae III: Troides I Butterflies of the world 6: 2pp, 32pls
Rumbucher & von Knötgen, 1999
Papilionidae IV: Troides II Butterflies of the world 7: 2pp, 40pls
Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2004
Papilionidae X: Troides III Butterflies of the world 19: 3pp, 22pls
Rumbucher & Schäffler, 2005
Papilionidae XI: Troides IV Butterflies of the world 21: 6pp, 56pls
Röber, 1885
Zur ostindischen Schmetterlings-Fauna Corr.-Bl. Ent. Ver. Iris 1 (2) : 19-23
Röber, 1891
Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Indo-Australischen Lepidopteren-Fauna Tijdschr. Ent. 34: 261-334 (1891), 35: 85-86, pl. 3-6 (1892)
Röber, 1888
Zwei neue Ornithopteren Ent. Nachr. 14 (24) : 369-370
Röber, 1896
Zwei neue Papilioniden aus Deutsch-Neu-Guinea Ent. Nachr. 22 (19) : 289-293
Röber, 1937
Uber neue Falter Festschr. E. Strand 2 : 524-526
Salvin, 1888
A Note on Ornithoptera victoriae Gray Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1888 : 116-119, pl. 4
Schäffler, 2001
Papilionidae VI: Ornithoptera Butterflies of the world 12: 10pp, 52pls
Scott, 1864
On a new species of Ornithoptera Trans. ent. Soc. N.S.W. 1 : 131-133
Snellen, 1889
Papilio (Ornithoptera) ritsemae, n. sp. Notes Leyden Mus. 11 : 153-157
Snellen, 1890
Papilio van de Polli nov. sp. Tijdschr. Ent. 33 : 22-26
Snellen, 1894
Papilio Vordermani n. sp. Tijdschr. Ent. 37 : 191-193
So & Sato, 1998
A new subspecies of Ornithoptera paradisea Staudinger, 1893 (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae) Trans. lepid. Soc. Japan 49 (2): 135-146
Staudinger, 1888
Lepidopteren von der Insel Palawan Corr.-Bl. Ent. Ver. Iris 1 (5) : 273-280
Staudinger, 1889
Lepidoptera der Insel Palawan Dt. ent. Z. Iris 2 (1) : 3-180, pl. 1-2
Staudinger, 1891
Neue exotische Lepidopteren Dt. Ent. Z. Iris, 4 (1) : 61-157, pl. 1-2
Staudinger, 1892
Ornithoptera Andromache n. sp. Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 5 (2) : 393-394
Staudinger, 1893
Eine neue Ornithoptera-Art Ent. Nachrichten 19 (12) : 177-178
Staudinger, 1895
Ueber einige neuere und neue Tagfalter des indo-malayischen Faunengebietes Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 7 (2) : 341-358 (1895)
Staudinger, 1896
Berichtigungen Dt. ent. Z. Iris 8 (2) : 283-284
Strand, 1916
Abbildungen und Beschreibungen neuer und wenig bekannter Lepidoptera aus der Sammlung W. Niepelt Lepidoptera Niepeltiana (2) : 1-26, pl. 13-17
Swainson, 1833
Zoological illustrations, or original figures and descriptions of new, rare or interesting animals, selected chiefly from the classes of ornithology, entomology, and conchology, and arranged according to their apparent affinities. Second series Zool. Illustr. (2) 1: 1-30, pl. 1-30 (1829), 1: 31-45, pl. 31-45 (1830), 2 (11): 46-50, pl. 46-50, 2 (12): 51-55, pl. 51-55, 2 (13): 56-60, pl. 56-60, 2 (14): 61-65, pl. 61-65, 2 (15): 66-70, pl. 66-70, 2 (16): 71-75, pl. 71-75, 2 (17): 76-80, pl. 76-80, 2 (18): 81-85, pl. 81-85 (1831), 2 (19): 86-90, pl. 86-90, 2 (20): 91, pl. 91 (1832), 3 (21): 92-96, pl. 92-96 (1832), 3 (22): 97-101, pl. 97-101, 3 (23): 102-106, pl. 102-106, 3 (24): 107-111, pl. 107-111, 3 (25): 112-116, pl. 112-116, 3 (26): 117-121, pl. 117-121, 3 (27): 122-126, pl. 122-126, 3 (28): 127-131, pl. 127-131, 3 (29): 132-136, pl. 132-136 (1833)
Tytler, 1926
Notes on some new and interesting Butterflies from India and Burma. (1) & (2) J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 31 : 248-260, (3): 578-590, pl. 1-5 [?]
Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003
The butterflies of Sulawesi: annotated checklist for a critical island faunda Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 3-268, pl. 1-16
Vollenhoven, 1860
Description d'une nouvelle espèce de Lépidoptère du Genre Papilio, suivie d'une énumération des espèces de ce Gener, qui se trouvent au Musée Royal des Pays-bas à Leide Tijdschr. Ent. 3 : 67-89, pl. 6
Vuillot, 1892
[no title] Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1892 : cxxiv-cxxv,[124-125], : cxl-cxli,[140-141], : cxlviii-cl,[148-150]
Walker, 1889
Description of a variety of Ornithoptera Brookiana (female) Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1889 (1) : 75-77
Wallace, 1855
Description of a new Species of Ornithoptera Proc. ent. Soc. Lond. (2) 3 : 104-105
Wallace, 1859
[note] Proc. ent. Soc. Lond. (2) 5 : 70
Wallace, 1865
On the Phenomena of Variation and Geographical Distribution as illustrated by the Papilionidae of the Malayan Region Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 25 (1) : 1-71, pl. 1-8
Westwood, 1840
An introduction to the modern classification of insects; founded on natural habits and corresponding organization of the different families Introd. Class. Ins. 2 : 1-352 (1839), : 353-587 (1840)
Wood-Mason & de Nicéville, 1880
List of Diurnal Lepidoptera from Port Blair, Andaman Islands J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 49 : 223-243, 1pl


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