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Pararge Hübner, [1819]
Pararge Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (4): 59, TS: Papilio aegeria Linnaeus
Pararge, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Parage ; Evans, 1923, J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 29 (2): 537 (missp.)
Pararga ; Herrich-Schäffer, [1844], Syst. Bearb. Schmett. Europ. 1 (5): 87 (missp.)
Pararge (Lethina) ; [Wahlberg]

Pararge aegeria (Linnaeus, 1758)
-. See [About maps] Papilio aegeria Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 473, TL: S. Europe and N. Africa
Pararge aegeria elegantia Fruhstorfer, 1909; Ent. Zs. 22 (49) : 211, TL: Greece?
Pararge aegeria, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Pararge aegeria, Larvae of North-European Lepidoptera [Kimmo Silvonen]
Pararge aegeria, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Pararge aegeria, Norges Sommerfugler [NORLEP]
Pararge aegeria, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Pararge aegeria aegeria, Europaische Schmetterlinge [Mario Maier]
Pararge aegeria, Captain's European Butterfly Guide [Simon Coombes]
Pararge aegeria ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 8, f. 10]; [BRU, 186]; [Otakar Kudrna]

Larva on Gramineae, Agropyrum, Triticum repens [H&R], Poa, Brachypodium, Dactylis, Lolium, (etc.) [BRU, Buckler, 1886, Nekrutenko, 1990, etc] (in Spain) Agropyrum repens, Dactylis glomerata, (in Europe) Agropyrum sp., Elytrigia repens [BMAT]

NAF, SEU, Lebanon Papilio meone Stoll, [1780]; in Cramer, Uitl. Kapellen 4 (26b-28): 51, pl. 314, f. E, F, TL: Algeria
Pararge aegeria ab. megei Oberthür, 1909; Étud. Lépid. Comp. 3 : 375, TL: (France), Sebdou (Algeria)
Pararge aegeria ab. albescens Oberthür, 1915; Étud. Lépid. Comp. 10 : 353, TL: Sebdou (Algeria)
Pararge aegeria f. eudokia Verity, 1925; Arch. Naturgesch. (A) 91 (9): 113 [Fruhstorfer], TL: Algiers (Algeria)
Pararge aegeria aegeria ; [BMAT: 88, pl. 27, f. 11-14]
[aegeria_aegeria-1u.jpg] 600x435 (~36Kb) upperside Morocco, Itzer, Moyen Atlas, Photo © Michel Tarrier [aegeria_aegeria-2v.jpg] 600x435 (~32Kb) underside Morocco, Ifrane, Moyen Atlas, Photo © Jean Delacre [aegeria_aegeria-3.jpg] 600x435 (~77Kb) Morocco, Plateau de l'Arid, Haut Atlas, Photo © Jean Delacre
[aegeria_aegeria-4u.jpg] 500x358 (~37Kb) upperside El Bosque, Andalucia, Spain 07/04/96, Photo © Simon Coombes

fiP. a. tircis (Godart, 1821)
NEU, CEU, Asia Minor, Syria, Russia, C.Asia Täpläpapurikko Speckled Wood Kvickgräsfjäril Rutfjäril Laubfalter Le Tircis Maculada Osadnik egeria
Satyrus aegeria tircis Godart, 1821; Hist. Nat. Lépid. Fr. 1 : 163-164, pl. 8a, f. 1
?aegeria tircis (Butler, 1867)
egerides (Staudinger, 1871)
Pararge aegeria egestas Fruhstorfer, 1908; Int. ent. Zs. 2 (2) : 9, TL: Dalmatia
= ; Abadjiev, 2002, Neue Ent. Nachr. 23: 26
Pararge aegeria tircis, Europaische Schmetterlinge [Mario Maier]
egestas ; Abadjiev, 2002, Neue Ent. Nachr. 23: 26
[tircis-1u.jpg] 500x342 (~71Kb) upperside Haldon woods, Devon, UK 08/05/95, Photo © Simon Coombes [tircis-2u.jpg] 500x400 (~25Kb) upperside Finland, Lempäälä, Koipijärvi, 6817:330, 1996?, Photo © Tero Piirainen [tircis-3mu.jpg] 312x400 (~26Kb) upperside male A juniper/oak parkland on the Black Sea coast at the settlement Simeiz, Crimea, Ukraine. 29th June 1991, Photo © Oleg Kosterin
[tircis-4fu.jpg] 1000x740 (~140Kb) upperside female France, Sophia Antipolis, 5.10.2000, Photo © Markku Savela [tircis-4mu.jpg] 700x631 (~41Kb) upperside male France, Sophia Antipolis, 3.10.2000, Photo © Markku Savela [tircis-5p.jpg] 400x595 (~34Kb) pupa Central Europe 1990-2000, Photo © Michael Borsch
[tircis-5u.jpg] 595x400 (~50Kb) upperside Central Europe 1990-2000, Photo © Michael Borsch [tircis-5v.jpg] 400x595 (~42Kb) underside Central Europe 1990-2000, Photo © Michael Borsch [tircis-6u.jpg] 626x570 (~105Kb) upperside Russia: Moscow area (36°25'E, 56°00'N), 11.08.2007, Photo © D. Smirnov
[tircis-6v.jpg] 543x577 (~88Kb) underside Russia: Moscow area (36°25'E, 56°00'N), 11.08.2007, Photo © D. Smirnov [tircis-7mu.jpg] 824x561 (~133Kb) upperside male Russia, Moscow area, 10.5.2010 (36°25'E, 56°00'N), Photo © D. Smirnov [tircis-f.jpg] 483x334 (~46Kb) female
[tircis-m.jpg] 391x312 (~26Kb) male [tircis-x.jpg] 500x294 (~17Kb) FINLAND: Ab: Suomusjärvi, 669:31, 23.6.1996, Photo © Markku Savela

Larva on Gramineae, Melica nutans [SPRK]



Pararge xiphioides Staudinger, 1871²
Canary Islands Canary Speckled Wood
xiphioides Staudinger, 1871²; in Staudinger & Wocke, Cat. Lepid. eur. Faunegeb. (Edn. 2) : 30
Pararge xiphioides, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Pararge xiphioides, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Pararge xiphioides, Europaische Schmetterlinge [Mario Maier]
Pararge xiphioides, Captain's European Butterfly Guide [Simon Coombes]
Pararge xiphioides ; [Otakar Kudrna]
[xiphioides-1v.jpg] 500x496 (~57Kb) underside Tenerife, Puerto de la Cruz, 2/4/97, Photo © Simon Coombes


Pararge xiphia (Fabricius, 1775)
Madeira Madeiran Speckled Wood
Papilio xiphia Fabricius, 1775; Syst. Ent.: 492
Pararge xiphia, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Pararge xiphia, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Pararge xiphia ; [Otakar Kudrna]


3.9.2011 (3)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BMAT]
Tennent, 1996; The butterflies of Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia; ISBN 0 906802 05 9
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[BRU]
Tuzov, Bogdanov, Devyatkin, Kaabak, Korolev, Murzin, Samodurov, Tarasov, 1997; Guide to the Butterflies of Russia and adjacent territories; Hesperiidae, Papilionidae, Pieridae, Satyridae; Volume 1
[D. Smirnov]
Russia, Moscow; e-mail: D. Smirnov
[EBW]
Smart, Paul, 1976; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World; ISBN 0 600 31381 6
[H&R]
Higgins, L.G, Riley, N.D, 1970; A Field Guide to the Butterflies of Britain and Europe
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[Jean Delacre]
http://homepage.mac.com/jdelacre
[Kimmo Silvonen]
Espoo, Finland; Kimmo's Lep Site
[LAMAS-2005]
Gerardo Lamas; Entomofauna 26 (6): 57-100; A Bibliography of the Zoological Publications of Hans Fruhstorfer (1886* - 1922+)
[MBE]
Moths and Butteflies of Europe; Paolo Mazzei, Diego Reggianti and Ilaria Pimpinelli; http://www.leps.it/
[Mario Maier]
Europäische Schmetterlinge; e-mail: Mario Maier
[Michael Borsch]
Geesthacht, Germany; contact through; e-mail: Francisco Welter-Schultes
[Michel Tarrier]
Michel R. Tarrier; Malaga, Spain; http://www.tarrier.org
[NORLEP]
Norges Sommerfugler
[Oleg Kosterin]
Institue of Cytology & Genetics; Siberian Division of Russian Academy of Sciences; Novosibirsk; e-mail: Oleg Kosterin; http://pisum.bionet.nsc.ru/kosterin/
[SPRK]
Seppänen, E. J, 1970; Suomen suurperhostoukkien ravintokasvit, Animalia Fennica 14
[SVF]
Svenska fjärilar; Naturhistoriska riksmuseet; (Sweden)
[Simon Coombes]
1 Park Street, Plymouth, PL3 4BL, UK; 01752 607854; e-mail: Simon Coombes; http://www.butterfly-guide.co.uk
[Tero Piirainen]
Tampere, Finland; e-mail: Tero Piirainen
[Wahlberg]
Niklas Wahlberg; The NSG's voucher specimen database; Nymphalidae Systematics Group
[²]
This may require parentheses or not. I don't have the necessary information for this taxon.


Some related literature:
Abadjiev, 2002
Types of Balkan butterflies in the collection of The Natural History Museum, London Neue Ent. Nachr. 23: 3-53
Fabricius, 1775
Systema Entomologiae, sistens Insectorum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, Adiectis Synonymis, Locis, Descriptionibus, Observationibus. Syst. Ent.: 832pp
Fruhstorfer, 1908
Neue palaearktische Satyriden Int. ent. Zs. 2 (2) : 9-10 (11 April)
Fruhstorfer, 1909
Neue paläarktische Satyriden Ent. Zs. 22 (49) : 210-212 (6 March)
Godart, 1821
Histoire naturelle des Lépidoptères ou Papillons de France. Diurnes. Environs de Paris Hist. Nat. Lépid. Fr. 1 : 1-296, 39pls
Herrich-Schäffer, [1844]
Systematische Bearbeitung der Schmetterlinge von Europa, zugleich als Text, Revision und Supplement zu J. Hübner's Sammlung europäischer Schmetterlinge, 1843 (-1855), Die Tagfalter Syst. Bearb. Schmett. Europ. 1 (9): Title ("1843"), (1): [1-3], 4-16, (ii) pl. 1-5, f. 1-29 (1843), (2): 17-40, (ii) pl. 29-34, f. 131-156 (1843), (3): 41-56, (ii) pl. 6-12, f. 30-60, pl. 35-36, f. 157-164 (1844), (4): 57-80, (ii) pl. 13-22, f. 61-107 (1844), (5): 81-90, (ii) pl. 23-28, f. 108-130, pl. 37-41, f. 165-189 (1844), (6): 91-98, (ii) pl. 42-44, f. 190-203 (1844), (7): 99-114, (ii) pl. 45-52, f. 204-248 (1844), (9): 115-122 (1844), (10): 123-146, (ii) pl. 53-57, f. 249-274 (1845), (11): 147-162 (1845), (12): (iii) pl. 1-3, f. 1-17 (1845), (13): 163-164, (ii) pl. 58-65, f. 275-315 (1846), (14): (ii) pl. 66-70, f. 316-338, (iii) pl. 4-5, f. 18-30 (1846), (26): (ii) pl. 71-77, f. 339-376 (1847), (32): (ii) pl. 78-82, f. 377-400 (1848), (36): (ii) pl. 83-89, f. 401-426, (iii) pl. 6, f. 31-36 (1848), (37): (ii) pl. 90-91, f. 427-437 (1849), (43): (ii) pl. 92-94, f. 438-450, 452-453 (1850), (45): (ii) pl. 95-102, f. 453-489 (1850), (47): (ii) pl. 103, f. 490-495 (1851), (49): (ii) pl. 104-109, f. 496-528 (1851), (51): (ii) pl. 110-118, f. 529-570 (1851), (54): (ii) pl. 119-123, f. 571-596 (1852), (56): (ii) pl. 124-127, f. 597-618, pl. 130-132, f. 628-639, pl. 134, f. 646-651 (1852), (59): (ii) pl. 128-129, f. 619-627, pl. 133, f. 640-645 (1853), (65): (iii) pl. 7, f. 37-42, (index) [1], 2-20 (1854), (66): (index) 21-24 (1855)
Hübner, [1819]
Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge, 1816-[1826] Verz. bek. Schmett. (1): [1-3], 4-16 (1816), (2): 17-32 (1819), (3): 33-48 (1819), (4): 49-64 (1819), (5): 65-80 (1819), (6): 81-96 (1819), (7): 97-112 (1819), (8): 113-128 (1819), (9): 129-144 (1819), (10): 145-160 (1819), (11): 161-176 (1819), (12): 177-192 (1820), (13): 193-208 (1820), (14): 209-224 (1821), (15): 225-240 (1821), (16): 241-256 (1821), (17): 257-272 (1823), (18): 273-288 (1823), (19): 289-304 (1823), (20): 305-320 (1825), (21): 321-336 (1825), (22): 337-352 (1825), (23-27): 353-431 ([1825])
Linnaeus, 1758
Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Clases, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Symonymis, Locis. Tomis I. 10th Edition Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 1-338, : 339-824
Oberthür, 1909
Notes pour servir à établir la Faune Francaise et Algeriénne des Lépidoptères Étud. Lépid. Comp. 3 : 101-400, 405-415, pl. 11,16-20,23-26
Oberthür, 1915
Faune des Lépidoptères de la Barbarie, Algerie Étud. Lépid. Comp. 10 : 1-459, pl. 276-277,277bis,278-315
Staudinger in Staudinger & Wocke, 1871
Catalog der Lepidopteren des europaeischen Faunegebiets (Edn. 2): - Cat. Lepid. eur. Faunegeb. (Edn. 2) : 1-421, : 422-426 (Corrigenda et Addenda)
Stoll, [1780]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) in Cramer, Uitl. Kapellen 4 (26b-28): 29-90, pl. 305-336 (1780), (29-31): 91-164, pl. 337-372 (1781), (32-32): 165-252, 1-29, pl. 373-400 (1782)
Verity, 1925
A systematic index of the races of Palaearctic Rhopalocera described by H. Fruhstorfer Arch. Naturgesch. (A) 91 (9): 102-120


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.