Nymphalidae Swainson, 1827
Emperors, Admirals, Tortoiseshells, Fritillaries,
Higher classification is after [Wahlberg], November 2005.
— 14 spp.
- Danainae Boisduval, 
Tigers and Crows
— 496 spp.
— 350 spp.
— 241 spp.
Graylings, Ringlets, Browns, Heaths
— 2291 spp.
— 10 spp.
— 546 spp.
— 1067 spp.
- Cyrestinae Guenée, 1865
— 53 spp.
- Biblidinae Boisduval, 1833
— 307 spp.
— 88 spp.
Nokkosperhoset, Amiraalit, ...
Tortoiseshells, Admirals, ...
— 503 spp.
1046x1144 (~115Kb) pupa Thailand, Chon Buri Province, Pattaya, a chain of muddy pools behind the chain of hotels along the Jomtien Beach. 2nd February 2005, Photo © Oleg Kosterin
721x1068 (~83Kb) pupa Thailand, Chon Buri Province, Pattaya, a small wood at a grassy swamp at the Jomtien beach, between B.O. Guesthouse and Jomtien Metro Condotel, 2nd January, 2006 (killed by some parasite), Photo © Oleg Kosterin
The exact identification of these species is still unknown,
but tentatively assumed to belong into this group.
Some related literature:
- [NACL]; Hodges, 1983
Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico
Check List Lep. Am. N of Mexico
- [NL4A]; Lamas, 2004
Checklist: Part 4A, Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea
Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera
- van Nieukerken et al., 2011
in Zhang (Ed.), Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Order Lepidoptera Linnaeus, 1758
If you have corrections, comments or
information to add into these pages, just send mail to
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.