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Melanargia Meigen, 1828
Melanargia Meigen, 1828; Syst. Beschr. eur. Schmett. 1 : 97, TS: Papilio galathea Linnaeus
Agapetes Billberg, 1820; Enum. Ins. Mus. Billb. : 78 (suppr.), TS: Papilio galathea Linnaeus
Arge Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (4): 60 (preocc. Arge Schrank, 1802), TS: Papilio psyche Hübner
Ledargia Houlbert, 1922; in Oberthür, Etud. Lépid. Comp. 19 (2) : 157, 162, TS: Arge yunnana OberthÜr
Epimede Houlbert, 1922; in Oberthür, Etud. Lépid. Comp. 19 (2) : 132, 142, 160, TS: Halimede menetriesi Oberthür & Houlbert
Parce Oberthür & Houlbert, 1922; C. R. Acad. Sci., Paris 174: 192, TS: Parce fergana Oberthür & Houlbert
Halimede Oberthür & Houlbert, 1922; C. R. Acad. Sci., Paris 174: 192 (preocc. Halimede de Haan, 1835, Halimede Rathke, 1843), TS: Halimede asiatica Oberthür & Houlbert
Lachesis Oberthür & Houlbert, 1922; C. R. Acad. Sci., Paris 174: 192 (preocc. Lachesis Daudin, 1803, Lachesis Risso, 1826, Lachesis Audouin, 1826, Lachesis Saunders, 1871), TS: Lachesis ruscinonensis Oberthür & Houlbert
Argeformia Verity, 1953; Le Farfalle diurn. d'Italia 5: 47, 49, TS: Papilio arge Sulzer
Melanargia, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Melanargia (Melanargiina) ; [Wahlberg]
Ledargia (Melanargiina) ; [Wahlberg]
Parce (Melanargiina) ; [Wahlberg]

fiMelanargia galathea (Linnaeus, 1758)
NAF, SEU, CEU, S.Russia, Caucasus, Iran, Japan. See [About maps] Ruutuperhonen Marbled White Schackbräde Schackfjäril Damenbrett Schachbrett Le Demi-Deuil Medioluto norteña Polowiec szachownica
Papilio galathea Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 474, TL: Germany
Melanargia galathea, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Melanargia galathea, Larvae of North-European Lepidoptera [Kimmo Silvonen]
Melanargia galathea, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Melanargia galathea, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Melanargia galathea, Europaische Schmetterlinge [Mario Maier]
Melanargia galathea, Captain's European Butterfly Guide [Simon Coombes]
Melanargia galathea ; [BRU, 189]; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 7, f. 14]; [Otakar Kudrna]
[galathea-1u.jpg] 500x341 (~36Kb) upperside Hoe lake, Devon, UK 25/06/96, Photo © Simon Coombes [galathea-1v.jpg] 500x437 (~50Kb) underside Axat, Pyrenees Orientales, France 24/07/96, Photo © Simon Coombes [galathea-2v.jpg] 512x768 (~55Kb) underside Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Ötisheim, 8° 49' E, 48° 58' N, altitude 290m, 28.06.1997 (on Centaurea jacea), Photo © Karl Hofsäß
[galathea-3v.jpg] 640x480 (~52Kb) underside Austria, Niederösterreich, St. Corona a. Schöpfl, 7.7.2001, Photo © Per Hoffman Olsen [galathea-4l.jpg] 400x597 (~37Kb) larva Central Europe 1990-2000, Photo © Michael Borsch [galathea-4u.jpg] 400x595 (~46Kb) upperside Central Europe 1990-2000, Photo © Michael Borsch
[galathea-4v.jpg] 400x595 (~50Kb) underside Central Europe 1990-2000, Photo © Michael Borsch [galathea-5fuv.jpg] 635x871 (~133Kb) upperside underside female Ukraine: Kherson region, 21-23.6.1994, Vashchenko S. N. leg, Photo © D. Smirnov [galathea-5muv.jpg] 615x847 (~116Kb) upperside underside male Ukraine: Kherson region, 21-23.6.1994, Vashchenko S. N. leg, Photo © D. Smirnov

Larva on Phleum pratense, Festuca, Brachypodium ?

Larva on Phleum, Poa, Bromus, Elytrigia, Holcus, Dactylis, Triticum, Agropyron [BRU, Eckstein, 1913, Nekrutenko, 1990, Hesselbarth et al., 1995, etc.]


EU, S.Urals procida Herbst, 1794
symaithis Fruhstorfer, 1910
conventa Fruhstorfer, 1917
M. g. lucasi (Rambur, 1858)
Arge lucasi Rambur, 1858; Cat. syst. Lépid. Andalousie (1): 20 [footnote], f. 683-684, TL: Bougie [Bejaïa] (Algeria)
Arge galathea var. mauretanica Oberthür, 1876; Étud. d'Ent. 1 : 26, TL: Lambessa (Algeria)
Melanargia galathea lucasi f. magnifica Stauder, 1913; Z. Wiss. InsektBiol. 9: 341, pl. 2, f. 11-12, TL: Constantine (Algeria)
Melanargia galathea meadewaldoi Rothschild, 1917; Novit. Zool. 24 (1): 110, TL: Tamarouth (Morocco)
Melanargia lucasi ab. erilda R. Oberthür, 1936; Lambillionea 36: 271, TL: Morocco
Melanargia galathea lucasi f. lepigrei Betz, 1948; Revue fr. Lépidopt. 11: 297, TL: Tala Rana (Algeria)
Melanargia galathea meadewaldoi ab. fumata Mokhles, 1989; SHILAP Revta. lepid. 17 (66): 245, TL: Boulemane (Morocco)
Melanargia galathea lucasi ; [BMAT: 71, pl. 19, f. 11-21]

meadewaldoi
[meadewaldoi-1v.jpg] 600x435 (~27Kb) underside Morocco, Tizi-n-Tretten, Moyen Atlas, Photo © Jean Delacre [meadewaldoi-2u.jpg] 600x435 (~35Kb) upperside Morocco, Djebel Siroua, Anti-Atlas, Photo © Michel Tarrier [meadewaldoi-3vmf.jpg] 600x435 (~46Kb) underside male female Morocco, Djebel Oukaïmeden, Haut Atlas, Photo © Michel Tarrier

M. g. satnia Fruhstorfer, 1917
Caucasus Melanargia galathea satnia Fruhstorfer, 1917; Soc. ent. 32 (2) : 5
Melanargia galathea syntelia Fruhstorfer, 1917; Archiv Naturg. (A) 82 (2) : 20, pl. 1, f. 8-9, TL: "Occupationsländer... Banat"
Melanargia galathea syntelia Fruhstorfer, 1917; Soc. ent. 32 (2) : 5 (repeated descr.)
njurdzhan Sheljuzhko, 1936
syntelia ; Abadjiev, 2002, Neue Ent. Nachr. 23: 41
M. g. tenebrosa Fruhstorfer, 1917
Melanargia galathea tenebrosa Fruhstorfer, 1917; Archiv Naturg. (A) 82 (2) : 20, pl. 1, f. 7, TL: Slovenia, "Laibach in Krain" [Ljubljana]
Melanargia galathea tenebrosa Fruhstorfer, 1917; Soc. ent. 32 (2) : 6 (repeated descr.)
tenebrosa ; Abadjiev, 2002, Neue Ent. Nachr. 23: 41
M. g. donsa Fruhstorfer, 1916
Crimea, Caucasus Melanargia galathea donsa ; [Oleg Kosterin]
[donsa-1u.jpg] 474x400 (~40Kb) upperside A juniper/oak parkland on the coastal (Black Sea) slopes above the settlement Mukhovatka, Crimea, Ukraine. 3rd July 1991, Photo © Oleg Kosterin


Melanargia lachesis (Hübner, 1790)
S.France, Spain, Portugal. See [About maps] Papilio lachesis Hübner, 1790; Beitr. Ges. Schmett. 2 (3): 70, pl. 3, f. P. 1-2
Lachesis ruscinonensis Oberthür & Houlbert, 1922; C. R. Acad. Sci., Paris 174: 192 (unn. repl. Papilio lachesis Hübner, 1790)
Melanargia lachesis, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Melanargia lachesis, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Melanargia lachesis, Captain's European Butterfly Guide [Simon Coombes]
Melanargia galathea lachesis ;
Melanargia lachesis ; [Otakar Kudrna]

Melanargia russiae (Esper, 1783)
SEU, Balkans, Asia Minor, S.Russia, Transcaucasus, W.Siberia, Middle Asia - Tien Shan. See [About maps] Esper's Marbled White Medioluto montañera
Papilio russiae Esper, 1783; Die Schmett. Th. I, Bd. 2 (8): 162, pl. 84, f. 1-2, TL: Sevastianovka, Penza Region, Russia
Melanargia russiae, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Melanargia russiae, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Melanargia russiae, Europaische Schmetterlinge [Mario Maier]
Melanargia russiae, Captain's European Butterfly Guide [Simon Coombes]
Melanargia russiae ; [BRU, 190]; [BOW: pl. 8, f. 2]; [MRS, 378]; [Otakar Kudrna]
[russiae-1mfv.jpg] 800x600 (~97Kb) underside male female A meadow steppe on the Shipunikha Rivulet right bank terrace 2 km NE of the village Evsino, Iskitim District, Novosibirsk Province, West Siberia, Russia. 21st June 1997, Photo © Oleg Kosterin [russiae-2muv.jpg] 750x975 (~143Kb) upperside underside male Russia: C.Tuva, near Kyzil tn., Biy-Khem riv. 1-5.7.1999, Vashchenko S. N. leg, Photo © D. Smirnov

Larva on Poa, Stipa, Brachypodium, Elytrigia, Agropyron, Dactylis, Phleum, Bromus [BRU, Lang, 1884, Gorbunov, Korshunov, 1995, etc]


japigia Cyrilli, 1787
suwarovius Herbst, 1796
M. r. caucasica Nordmann, 1851
Caucasus Minor, Armenian Highland, Talysh russiae caucasica Nordmann, 1851; Bull. Soc. imp. Nat. Moscou 24 (4): 403, pl. 8, f. 3
xenia Freyer, 1845
Melanargia russiae caucasica ; [MRS, 378]
M. r. transcaspica Staudinger, 1901
Kopet-Dagh

Melanargia parce Staudinger, 1882
Ghissar-Alai - S.Kazakhstan. See [About maps] Melanargia parce Staudinger, 1882; in Staudinger & Bang-Haas, Berl. ent. Z. 26 (1) : 170, TL: Margelan, Samarkand
Parce fergana Oberthür & Houlbert, 1922; C. R. Acad. Sci., Paris 174: 192 (unnec. repl. Melanargia parce Staudinger, 1882)
Melanargia parce ; [BRU, 190]

Larva on Bromus oxydon [BRU]

M. p. lucida Staudinger, 1886
Ghissar, S.Ghissar, Alai, N.Pamirs

Melanargia larissa (Geyer, [1828])
SEEU, Asia Minor - Transcaucasia, NW.Iran. See [About maps] Balkan Marbled White
Papilio larissa Geyer, [1828]; in Hübner, Samml. eur. Schmett. [1] : pl. 182, f. 896-899, TL: Cherso Island, Croatia
Melanargia larissa, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Melanargia larissa, Captain's European Butterfly Guide [Simon Coombes]
Melanargia larissa ; [BRU, 190]; [BOW: pl. 7, f. 16]; [Otakar Kudrna]
[larissa-1u.jpg] 629x772 (~62Kb) upperside Greece: Ipiros, Ammoudia, 9.6.2006, Photo © Harri Arkkio

Larva on Poa [BRU, Nekrutenko, 1990, Hesselbarth et al., 1995]


M. l. astanda (Boisduval, 1848)
Transcaucasia
M. l. hertina Staudinger, 1901
Georgia
M. l. freyeri Fruhstorfer, 1917
Melanargia larissa freyeri Fruhstorfer, 1917; Soc. ent. 32 (8) : 33, TL: Korfu

Melanargia hylata (Ménétriés, 1832)
E.Turkey, N.Iran, W.Iran, Talysh Mts.. See [About maps] hylata (Ménétriés, 1832); Cat. Rais.: 251, TL: Talysh Mts, Zuvand, Azerbaijan
Melanargia hylata, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Melanargia hylata ; [BRU, 191]

Larva on Agropyron [BRU]


Melanargia teneates (Ménétriés, 1832)
Talysh Mts., N.Iran. See [About maps] teneates (Ménétriés, 1832); Cat. Rais.: 252, TL: Talysh Mts, Zuvand, Azerbaijan
Melanargia teneates ; [BRU, 191]

Melanargia evartianae Wagener, 1976
N.Iran. See [About maps] Melanargia evartianae Wagener, 1976; J. Ent. Soc. Iran 3 (1,2): 75, TL: "vallée de Gorgan, 50km E. Minudasht, 450m", Iran, Mazandaràn
Melanargia evartianae ; Carbonell & Naderi, 2006, Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 111 (4): 465 (note)

Melanargia sadjadii Carbonell & Naderi, 2006
N.Iran. See [About maps] Melanargia sadjadii Carbonell & Naderi, 2006; Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 111 (4): 465, TL: Iran, Mazandaràn, N. Nekà, ca. Zàgh Marz, 0m

Melanargia leda Leech, 1891
Tibet, W.China. See [About maps] Melanargia leda Leech, 1891; Entomologist 24 (Suppl.) : 57, TL: How-kow, Tibet
Melanargia leda ; [MRS, 378]
M. l. yunnana (Oberthür, 1891)
Arge yunnana Oberthür, 1891; Étud. d'Ent. 15 : 13, pl. 3, f. 21
= ; [GNB]

Melanargia halimede (Ménétriés, 1859)
Transbaikalia, E.Mongolia - NE.China, Korea. See [About maps] Arge halimede Ménétriés, 1859; Bull. phys-math. Acad. Sci. St. Pétersb. 17 (14) : 216, TL: Amur
Halimede menetriesi Oberthür & Houlbert, 1922; C. R. Acad. Sci., Paris 174: 707 (unn. repl. Arge halimede Ménétriés, 1859)
Melanargia halimede ; [BRU, 191]; [BOW: pl. 203, f. 7]; [MRS, 378]
[halimede-1fv.jpg] 600x800 (~90Kb) underside female A steppefied meadow on a southern slope in the valley of a brook being a tributary of the Serebryanka River, the southern environs of the village Nerchinskii Zavod, Nerchinskozavodskoi District, E Chita Province, E Transbaikalia, Siberia, Russia. 6th August 1997 (on Adenophora tricuspidata (Fischer ex Roemer & Schultes) A. DC), Photo © Oleg Kosterin

Larva on Calamagrostis epigeios [BRU, Graeser, 1888]



Melanargia lugens Honrath, 1888
C.China. See [About maps] Melanargia helimede var. lugens Honrath, 1888; Ent. Nachr. 14 (11) : 161, TL: Kiukiang
Melanargia lugens, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Melanargia lugens ; [MRS, 379]

Melanargia meridionalis C. & R. Felder, 1862
N.China, W.China. See [About maps] Melanargia halimedes var. meridionalis C. & R. Felder, 1862; Wien. ent. Monats. 6 (1): 29, TL: Ning-Po
Melanargia meridionalis ; [MRS, 379]

Melanargia epimede Staudinger, 1892
E.Mongolia - NE.China, Korea. See [About maps] Melanargia meridionalis var. epimede Staudinger, 1892; in Romanoff, Mém. Lépid. 6 : 196
?Melanargia epimede Staudinger, 1887; in Romanoff, Mém. Lépid. 3 : 147, pl. 16, f. 10, TL: "Raddefka", Amur
Melanargia epimede ; [BRU, 191]; [MRS, 379]

Larva on Agrostis clavata [BRU, Graeser, 1888]


Melanargia ganymedes Rühl, 1895
Tibet. See [About maps] Melanargia ganymedes Rühl, 1895; in Heyne, Palaearkt. Grossschmett. 1 : 804
Melanargia ganymedes ; [MRS, 379]

Melanargia asiatica (Oberthür & Houlbert, 1922)
China. See [About maps] Halimede asiatica Oberthür & Houlbert, 1922; C. R. Acad. Sci., Paris 174: 192, f. 1

Melanargia montana Leech, 1890
Yang-tse-kiang Melanargia halimede var. montana Leech, 1890; Entomologist 23 : 26
Melanargia montana ; [MRS, 380]

Melanargia occitanica (Esper, 1793)
SWEU, NAF, Sicily. See [About maps] Western Marbled White Medioluto herrumbrosa
Papilio arge occitanica Esper, 1789; Die Schmett., Suppl. Th 1 (3-4): 17, pl. 96, f. 3-4, TL: Spain
Papilio psyche Hübner, [1799-1800]; Samml. eur. Schmett. [1] : pl. 44, f. 198-199
syllius (Herbst, 1796)
Melanargia occitanica, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Melanargia occitanica, Europaische Schmetterlinge [Mario Maier]
Melanargia occitanica, Captain's European Butterfly Guide [Simon Coombes]
Melanargia occitanica ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 8, f. 1]; [Otakar Kudrna]
[occitanica-1.jpg] 872x568 (~90Kb) Ciempozuelos, prov. Madrid, , Spain, April-1989, Photo © Enrique Garcia-Barros

Larva on Brachypodium, Dactylis, Lygeum [BHR], (in Spain) Lygeum spartum? [BMAT]

Larva on (in Spain) Grasses, (eventually sedges) Munguira, García-Barros, Martín, 1997, Boletín de la Asociación española de Entomología, 21: 29-53


M. o. pelagia Oberthür, 1911
Morocco (High Atlas, Middle Atlas) Melanargia syllius f. pelagia Oberthür, 1911; Étud. Lépid. Comp. 5 (1) : 188, pl. 60, f. 547, TL: Sebdou Géryville [Skikda] (Algeria)
Melanargia syllius moghrebiana Varin, 1951; Revue fr. Lépidopt. 12: 345, TL: Ifrane, Azrou, Annoceur, Tizi-n'Foucht, Col du Taghzeff, Aghbalou Larbi (Middle Atlas) (Morocco)
Melanargia occitanica pelagia ; [BMAT: 72, pl. 20, f. 1-7]

moghrebiana
[moghrebiana-1v.jpg] 600x435 (~27Kb) underside Morocco, Aguelmame Sidi-Ali, Moyen Atlas, Photo © Michel Tarrier


Melanargia pherusa (Boisduval, 1833)
Sicily Melanargia pherusa, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Melanargia pherusa ; [Otakar Kudrna]

Melanargia arge (Sulzer, 1776)
it Italian Marbled White
Papilio arge Sulzer, 1776; Gesch. Ins. nach linn. Syst.: 144, pl. 16, f. 8-9
Melanargia arge, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Melanargia arge ; [Otakar Kudrna]

Melanargia ines (Hoffmannsegg, 1804)
Spain, Portugal, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Cyrenaica. See [About maps] Spanish Marbled White Medioluto Inés
Papilio ines Hoffmannsegg, 1804; Mag. f. Insektenk. (Illiger) 3: 205, TL: Spain
Melanargia ines, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Melanargia ines, Europaische Schmetterlinge [Mario Maier]
Melanargia ines, Captain's European Butterfly Guide [Simon Coombes]
Melanargia ines ; [BOW: pl. 7, f. 15]; [Otakar Kudrna]
[ines-1v.jpg] 500x390 (~61Kb) underside Alvor, Algarve, Portugal 12/03/93, Photo © Simon Coombes

Larva on Brachypodium [BHR]


Melanargia ines f. hannibal Stauder, 1913; Z. Wiss. InsektBiol. 9: 353, TL: Biskra, El Kantara, Constantine (Algeria)
Melanargia ines var. fathme Wagner, 1913; Int. Ent. Z. 7 (17) : 111, TL: Tunisia
Melanargia ines ab. completa Oberthür, 1915; Étud. Lépid. Comp. 10 : 350, pl. 287, f. 2325, 2326, TL: Beni-Ounif (Algeria)
Melanargia ines colossea Rothschild, 1917; Novit. Zool. 24 (1): 111-112, TL: Rabat (Morocco)
Melanargia ines var. jahandiezi Oberthür, 1922; Étud. Lépid. Comp. 19 (1): 80, (2): pl. 545, f. 4594, TL: Reraya Valley (Morocco)
Melanargia ines f. minima Houlbert, 1923; Etudes Lépid. Comp. 21 (1): 68, f. 41, TL: Spain
Melanargia ines f. semi-reducta Houlbert, 1923; Etudes Lépid. Comp. 21 (1): 68, TL: Algeria, Tunisia
Melanargia ines ines ; [BMAT: 72, pl. 20, f. 8-20]

jahandiezi
[jahandiezi-2u.jpg] 600x435 (~52Kb) upperside Morocco, Afourer, Moyen Atlas, Photo © Jean Delacre [jahandiezi-3v.jpg] 600x435 (~31Kb) underside Morocco, Tirhboula, Moyen Atlas, Photo © Michel Tarrier [jahandiezi-4u.jpg] 600x435 (~34Kb) upperside Morocco, Tirhboula, Moyen Atlas, Photo © Michel Tarrier


The ??? species-group

Melanargia grumi Standfuss, 1892

Melanargia syriaca (Oberthür, 1894)

Melanargia titea (Klug, 1832)
Syria, Palestine, Armenia, Iran. See [About maps] titea (Klug, 1832); in Ehrenberg, Symbolae phys., Ins. 3: pl. 29, f. 15-18, TL: "Syria"
Melanargia titea ; [BOW: pl. 203, f. 8]; Carbonell & Naderi, 2006, Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 111 (4): 465 (note)
M. t. wiskotti (Röber, 1896)
Turkey titea wiskotti (Röber, 1896); Ent. Nachr. 22 (6): (83-84) , TL: "Dorak" (Durak), Turkey, Adana
Melanargia titea wiskotti ; Carbonell & Naderi, 2006, Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 111 (4): 465 (note)


Unknown or unplaced taxa

Melanargia galathea scolis Fruhstorfer, 1917; Soc. ent. 32 (2) : 5, TL: Transsylvania

Melanargia galathea auricoma Frushtorfer
Melanargia galathea auricoma ; Fruhstorfer, 1917, Soc. ent. 32 (2) : 6

Papilio arge nemaufiaca Esper, 1789; Die Schmett., Suppl. Th 1 (3-4): 15, pl. 96, f. 1-2

Papilio lapygia Esper, 1794; Die Schmett., Suppl. Th 1 (5-6): 66, pl. 105, f. 3
Papilio lapygia Esper, 1800; Die Schmett., Suppl. Th 1 (8-9): 96, pl. 111, f. 3


16.2.2013 (24)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BHL]
The; Biodiversity Heritage Library; and on; Internet Archive; Note: The linking to the content of Internet Archive is somewhat delicate -- notify me when links break!
[BHR]
D'Abrera; Butterflies of the Holarctic Region, Part I-III
[BMAT]
Tennent, 1996; The butterflies of Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia; ISBN 0 906802 05 9
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[BRU]
Tuzov, Bogdanov, Devyatkin, Kaabak, Korolev, Murzin, Samodurov, Tarasov, 1997; Guide to the Butterflies of Russia and adjacent territories; Hesperiidae, Papilionidae, Pieridae, Satyridae; Volume 1
[D. Smirnov]
Russia, Moscow; e-mail: D. Smirnov
[EBW]
Smart, Paul, 1976; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World; ISBN 0 600 31381 6
[ESP]
Heppner, 1981; The dates of E. J. C. Esper's Die Schmetterlinge in Abblidungen... 1776-[1830]; Archives of Natural History (1981) 10 (2): 251-254
[Enrique Garcia-Barros]
Enrique García-Barros; Dept. Biol. (Zool.); Univ. Autonoma de Madrid
[GNB]
Hemming, 1967; Generic names of the butterflies and their type-species (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera); Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. (Ent.), Suppl.
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[Harri Arkkio]
Finland; For the time being these pictures are only for this site. Other usage not allowed.
[Jean Delacre]
http://homepage.mac.com/jdelacre
[Karl Hofsäß]
Karl Hofsaess; e-mail: Karl Hofsäß
[Kimmo Silvonen]
Espoo, Finland; Kimmo's Lep Site
[LAMAS-2005]
Gerardo Lamas; Entomofauna 26 (6): 57-100; A Bibliography of the Zoological Publications of Hans Fruhstorfer (1886* - 1922+)
[MBE]
Moths and Butteflies of Europe; Paolo Mazzei, Diego Reggianti and Ilaria Pimpinelli; http://www.leps.it/
[MRS]
Chou Io (Ed.); Monographia Rhopalocerum Sinensium, 1-2
[Mario Maier]
Europäische Schmetterlinge; e-mail: Mario Maier
[Michael Borsch]
Geesthacht, Germany; contact through; e-mail: Francisco Welter-Schultes
[Michel Tarrier]
Michel R. Tarrier; Malaga, Spain; http://www.tarrier.org
[Oleg Kosterin]
Institue of Cytology & Genetics; Siberian Division of Russian Academy of Sciences; Novosibirsk; e-mail: Oleg Kosterin; http://pisum.bionet.nsc.ru/kosterin/
[Per Hoffman Olsen]
Austria; Nature Photography by Per Hoffmann Olsen
[SVF]
Svenska fjärilar; Naturhistoriska riksmuseet; (Sweden)
[Simon Coombes]
1 Park Street, Plymouth, PL3 4BL, UK; 01752 607854; e-mail: Simon Coombes; http://www.butterfly-guide.co.uk
[Wahlberg]
Niklas Wahlberg; The NSG's voucher specimen database; Nymphalidae Systematics Group


Some related literature:
Abadjiev, 2002
Types of Balkan butterflies in the collection of The Natural History Museum, London Neue Ent. Nachr. 23: 3-53
Billberg, 1820
Enumeratio Insectorum Enum. Ins. Mus. Billb. : 1-138
Carbonell & Naderi, 2006
Melanargia sadjadii n. sp., du nord de l'Iran (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 111 (4): 465-468
Esper, 1783
Die Schmetterlinge in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Beschreibungen. Theil I. Die Tagschmetterlinge. Fortsetzung. Band 2 Die Schmett. Th. I, Bd. 2 (1): 1-36, pl. 51-56 (1780), (2): 37-68, pl. 57-62 (1781), (3): 69-100, pl. 63-68 (1781), (4): 101-124, pl. 69-74 (1781), (5): 125-140, pl. 75-80 (1782), (7): 141-156, pl. 81-82 (1783), (8): 157-172, pl. 83-88 (1783), (9): 173-184, pl. 89-92 (1784), (28): 185-190, pl. 93 (1786)
Esper, 1789; Esper, 1794; Esper, 1800
Die Schmetterlinge in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Beschreibungen. Theil I. Die Tagschmetterlinge. Supplement Theil 1. Abschnitt 1 Die Schmett., Suppl. Th 1 (1-2): 1-8, pl. 94 (1789), (3-4): 9-60, pl. 95-101 (1789), (5-6): 61-68, pl. 102-106 (1794), ([7]): [69-88], pl. [107-109] (1798), (8-9): 89-104, pl. 110-112 (1800), (10): 105-120, pl. 113-116 ([1803-1804])
C. & R. Felder, 1862
Observationes de Lepidoteris nonullis Chinae centralis et Japoniae Wien. ent. Monats. 6 (1): 22-32, (2): 33-40
Fruhstorfer, 1917
Neue Rhopaloceren aus der Sammlung Leonhard Archiv Naturg. (A) 82 (2) : 1-28, pl. 1 (January)
Fruhstorfer, 1917
Neue Melanargia galathea-Rassen Soc. ent. 32 (2) : 5-6 (2 February)
Fruhstorfer, 1917
Eine neue Melanargia Soc. ent. 32 (8) : 33 (20 July)
Honrath, 1888
Zwei neue Tagfalter-Varietäten aus Kiukiang (China) Ent. Nachr. 14 (11) : 161-162
Wagener, 1976
Beitraege zur kenntnis der Rhopaloceren Irans. 5. Beitrag: Melanargia evartianae species nova aus Nord-Iran J. Ent. Soc. Iran 3 (1,2): 75-80
Houlbert, 1922
Contribution à l'étude des Melanargiinae de Chine et de Sibérie in Oberthür, Etud. Lépid. Comp. 19 (2) : 117-163
Hübner, 1790
Beiträge zur Geschichte der Schmetterlinge, Band 2 (1789) Theil 1-4 Beitr. Ges. Schmett. 2 (1): [1-6], 7-31, [32], 4pls, (2): [33-35], 36-56, 4pls, (3): [57-59], 60-79, [80], 4pls, (4): [81-83], 84-100, 4pls, : [101-103], 104-128 (Nachtrag and suppl.), : [129-134] (index)
Geyer in Hübner, [1828]; Hübner, [1799-1800]
Sammlung europäischer Schmetterlinge. I. Papiliones - Falter ("Erste Band") Samml. eur. Schmett. [1] : 3-74, : pl. 1-88, f. 1-446 (1799-1800), : pl. 89-96, f. 447-490 (1800-1803), : pl. 97-114, f. 491-588 (1803-1804), : pl. 115-119, f. 589-612 (1805), : pl. 120-124, f. 613-636 (1805-1806), : pl. 125-128, f. 637-652 (1806-1808), : pl. 129-144, f. 653-727 (1808-1813), : pl. 145-147, f. 728-741 (1814-1816), : pl. 148-150, f. 742-756 (1816-1817), : pl. 151, f. 757-762 (1818-1819), : pl. 152-154, f. 757-774 (1819-1822), : pl. 155, f. 775-778 (1822-1823), : pl. 156-161, f. 779-806 (1823), : pl. 162-175, f. 807-874 (1823-1824), : pl. 176, f. 869-874 (1824-1825), : pl. 177-181, f. 875-895 (1825-1826), : pl. 182-187, f. 896-981 (1827-1828), : pl. 188-195, f. 922-968 (1828-1832), : pl. 196, f. 969-974 (1832-1833), : pl. 197-201, f. 975-997 (1834-1836), : pl. 202-203, f. 998-1009 (1836-1838), : pl. 204-207, f. 1010-1029 (1837-1838)
Hübner, [1819]
Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge, 1816-[1826] Verz. bek. Schmett. (1): [1-3], 4-16 (1816), (2): 17-32 (1819), (3): 33-48 (1819), (4): 49-64 (1819), (5): 65-80 (1819), (6): 81-96 (1819), (7): 97-112 (1819), (8): 113-128 (1819), (9): 129-144 (1819), (10): 145-160 (1819), (11): 161-176 (1819), (12): 177-192 (1820), (13): 193-208 (1820), (14): 209-224 (1821), (15): 225-240 (1821), (16): 241-256 (1821), (17): 257-272 (1823), (18): 273-288 (1823), (19): 289-304 (1823), (20): 305-320 (1825), (21): 321-336 (1825), (22): 337-352 (1825), (23-27): 353-431 ([1825])
Leech, 1890
New species of Lepidoptera from China Entomologist 23 : 26-50, 81-83, : 109-114, : 187-192, pl. 1
Leech, 1891
New Species of Rhopalocera from Western China Entomologist 24 (Suppl.) : 57-61, 66-68
Linnaeus, 1758
Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Clases, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Symonymis, Locis. Tomis I. 10th Edition Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 1-338, : 339-824
Meigen, 1828
Systematische Beschreibung der europäischen Schmetterlinge; mit Abbildungen auf Steintafeln Syst. Beschr. eur. Schmett. 1 : 1-170, pl. 1-42
Ménétriés, 1832
Catalogue raisonne des objects de zoologie recuelis dans un voyage au Caucase et jusqu'aux frontières de la Perse Cat. Rais.: -
Ménétriés, 1859
Lépidoptères de la Sibérie orientale et en particulier des rives de l'Amour Bull. phys-math. Acad. Sci. St. Pétersb. 17 (14) : 212-221, Mélanges biol. St.-Pétersb. 3 (1): 99-113 (1858)
Munguira, García-Barros, Martín, 1997
Plantas nutricias de los licénidos y satirinos españoles (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae y Nymphalidae) Boletín de la Asociación española de Entomología, 21: 29-53
Nordmann, 1851
Die im Gebiete der Fauna Taurico-Caucasica beobachteten Schmetterlinge Bull. Soc. imp. Nat. Moscou 24 (4): 395-428, 6 pls
Oberthür, 1876
Sur la Faune des Lépidoptères de l'Algerie Étud. d'Ent. 1 : 1-74, pl. 1-4
Oberthür, 1891
Nouveaux Lépidoptères d'Asie Étud. d'Ent. 15 : 7-25, pl. 1-3
Oberthür, 1915
Faune des Lépidoptères de la Barbarie, Algerie Étud. Lépid. Comp. 10 : 1-459, pl. 276-277,277bis,278-315
Oberthür, 1922
Les Lépidoptères du Maroc Étud. Lépid. Comp. 19 (1): 13-402, (2): pl. 530-546
Rambur, 1858
Catalogue systematique des lépidoptères de l'Andalousie Cat. syst. Lépid. Andalousie (1): 1-92 (1858), (2): 93-442 ([1866])
Rothschild, 1917
Supplemental notes to Mr. Charles Oberthür's Faune des Lépidoptères de la Barbarie, with lists of the specimens contained in the Tring Museum Novit. Zool. 24 (1): 61-120, : 325-373, : 393-409
Röber, 1896
Neue Schmetterlinge aus dem cilicischen Taurus Ent. Nachr. 22 (6) : 81-84
Staudinger, 1887
Neue Arten und Varietäten von Lepidopteren aus dem Amur-Gebiete in Romanoff, Mém. Lépid. 3 : 126-232, pl. 6-12, 16-17
Staudinger, 1892
Die Macrolepidopteren des Amurgebiets. I. Theil. Rhopalocera, Sphinges, Bombyces, Noctuae in Romanoff, Mém. Lépid. 6 : 83-658, pl. 4-14
Staudinger in Staudinger & Bang-Haas, 1882
Ueber einige neue Parnassius- und andere Tagfalter-Arten Central-Asiens Berl. ent. Z. 26 (1) : 161-177, pl. 1-2
Sulzer, 1776
Dr. Sulzers Abgekürzte Geschichte der Insecten nach dem Linaeischen System Gesch. Ins. nach linn. Syst.: -
Wagner, 1913
Eine neue Lokalform von Melanargia ines Hoffm. Int. Ent. Z. 7 (17) : 111-112


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