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Kirinia Moore, 1893
Kirinia Moore, 1893; Lepidoptera Indica 2 (13): 14, TS: Lasiommata epimenides Ménétriés
Esperarge Nekrutenko, 1988
Esperia Nekrutenko, 1987; (preocc.)
Esperella Nekrutenko, 1987; (preocc.)
Kirinia, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Kirinia (Lethina) ; [Wahlberg]

Kirinia roxelana (Cramer, [1777])
SEEU, Asia Minor, Cyprus, Syria, Iraq. See [About maps] Lattice Brown
Papilio roxelana Cramer, [1777]; Uitl. Kapellen 2 (9-16): pl. 161, f. C, F
Kirinia roxelana, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Kirinia roxelana, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Kirinia roxelana, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Kirinia roxelana, Europaische Schmetterlinge [Mario Maier]
Kirinia roxelana, Captain's European Butterfly Guide [Simon Coombes]
Kirinia roxelana ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 7, f. 9]
Pararge roxelana ; [Otakar Kudrna]

Kirinia epimenides (Ménétriés, 1859)
Amur, E, China, Korea, Ussuri, Japan. See [About maps] Lasiommata epimenides Ménétriés, 1859; in Schrenck, Reise Forschungen Amur-Lande 2 (1) : 39, pl. 3, f. 8-9, TL: S.Amur region
Neope fentoni Butler, 1877; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 19 (109) : 91
= ; [NHM]
Kirinia epimenides, Lepidoptera collection [SZMN]
Kirinia epimenides, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Lethe epimenides ;
Kirinia epimenides ; [BRU, 184]
?Pararge(?) epimenides ; [BOW: pl. 204, f. 14 (text only)]
[epimenides-1mv.jpg] 400x533 (~65Kb) underside male An open birch/larch forest on a local top of a mountain massif at the Polovinnaya Pad' valley left board few km of the Argun' River left bank 12 km S of the village Uryupino, Gazimurskozavodskoi District, E Chita Province, E Transbaikalia, Siberia, Russia. 28th July 1997, Photo © Oleg Kosterin

K. e. atratus Kurentzov, 1941

Kirinia epaminondas (Staudinger, 1887)
Amur, E.China, Korea, Japan. See [About maps] Pararge epaminondas Staudinger, 1887; in Romanoff, Mém. Lépid. 3 : 150, pl. 17, f. 1-2, TL: Radd, S.Amur region
Kirinia epaminondas, Lepidoptera collection [SZMN]
Kirinia epaminondas, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Kirinia epaminondas ; [BRU, 184]; [MRS, 360]

Larva on Poa ochotensis, P. angustifolia, Brachypodium, (etc.) [BRU, Fukuda et al., 1983]


Kirinia climene (Esper, 1783)
Bulgaria, Romania, Yugoslavia, Macedonia, Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Iran, S.Russia. See [About maps] Papilio climene Esper, 1783; Die Schmett. Th. I, Bd. 2 (8): 165, pl. 85, f. 1-3, TL: Lower Volga flow, S.Russia
?clymene (Fabricius, 1787)
Kirinia climene, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Kirinia climene, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Esperarge climene ; [BRU, 185]
Kirinia climene ;
Pararge climene ; [BOW: pl. 204, f. 3]; [Otakar Kudrna]

Larva on Poa annua [BRU, Hesselbarth et al., 1995]

K. c. roxandra (Herrich-Schäffer, [1850])
Caucasus, Transcausia valentinae Miller, 1923
tkatshukovi Sheljuzhko, 1925

Kirinia eversmanni (Eversmann, 1847)
SE.Kazakhstan, S.Kazakhstan, Ghissaro-Darvaz, Pamiro-Alai, Afghanistan, N.Pakistan, Kashmir. See [About maps] Hipparchia eversmanni Eversmann, 1847; Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou 20 (3): pl. 2, f. 5-6, TL: "Lepsa" [Lepsinsk, Dzhungarsky Alatau, Kazakhstan]
Kirinia eversmanni, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Esperarge eversmanni ; [BRU, 186]
Pararge eversmanni ; [BOW: pl. 204, f. 6]
Lasiommata eversmanni ; [MRS, 359]
Kirinia eversmanni ; [Oleg Kosterin]
[eversmanni-1v.jpg] 600x622 (~142Kb) underside The Kora River gorge about 5 km upstream of its mouth at the town Tekeli, The birch forest/steppe belt, the Northern Dzhungarian Alatau mountain chain, the Taldy-Kurgan Province, SE Kazakhstan. 11th August 1994, Photo © Oleg Kosterin

K. e. unicolor Grum-Grshimailo, 1892
Ghissar, Alai
K. e. cashmirensis (Moore, 1874)
W.Pamirs Lasiommata eversmanni cashmirensis ; [MRS, 359]
K. e. shiva (Wyatt, 1961)
Afghanistan Pararge eversmanni shiva Wyatt, 1961; J. Lep. Soc. 15 (1): 9, TL: Shiva Mts., NE. Badakhshan, 9000ft


Unknown or unplaced taxa

Pararge gafuri Tytler, 1914; J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 23 (2): 218, 23 (3): pl. 1, f. 1


23.4.2012 (5)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[BRU]
Tuzov, Bogdanov, Devyatkin, Kaabak, Korolev, Murzin, Samodurov, Tarasov, 1997; Guide to the Butterflies of Russia and adjacent territories; Hesperiidae, Papilionidae, Pieridae, Satyridae; Volume 1
[EBW]
Smart, Paul, 1976; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World; ISBN 0 600 31381 6
[ESP]
Heppner, 1981; The dates of E. J. C. Esper's Die Schmetterlinge in Abblidungen... 1776-[1830]; Archives of Natural History (1981) 10 (2): 251-254
[MBE]
Moths and Butteflies of Europe; Paolo Mazzei, Diego Reggianti and Ilaria Pimpinelli; http://www.leps.it/
[MRS]
Chou Io (Ed.); Monographia Rhopalocerum Sinensium, 1-2
[Mario Maier]
Europäische Schmetterlinge; e-mail: Mario Maier
[NHM]
Natural History Museum; The Global Lepidoptera Names Index
[Oleg Kosterin]
Institue of Cytology & Genetics; Siberian Division of Russian Academy of Sciences; Novosibirsk; e-mail: Oleg Kosterin; http://pisum.bionet.nsc.ru/kosterin/
[SVF]
Svenska fjärilar; Naturhistoriska riksmuseet; (Sweden)
[SZMN]
Lepidoptera; Siberian Zoological Museum
[Simon Coombes]
1 Park Street, Plymouth, PL3 4BL, UK; 01752 607854; e-mail: Simon Coombes; http://www.butterfly-guide.co.uk
[Wahlberg]
Niklas Wahlberg; The NSG's voucher specimen database; Nymphalidae Systematics Group


Some related literature:
Butler, 1877
On Rhopalocera from Japan and Shanghai, with Descriptions of new Species Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 19 (109) : 91-97
Cramer, [1777]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) Uitl. Kapellen 2 (9-16): 1-152, pl. 97-192 (1777)
Esper, 1783
Die Schmetterlinge in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Beschreibungen. Theil I. Die Tagschmetterlinge. Fortsetzung. Band 2 Die Schmett. Th. I, Bd. 2 (1): 1-36, pl. 51-56 (1780), (2): 37-68, pl. 57-62 (1781), (3): 69-100, pl. 63-68 (1781), (4): 101-124, pl. 69-74 (1781), (5): 125-140, pl. 75-80 (1782), (7): 141-156, pl. 81-82 (1783), (8): 157-172, pl. 83-88 (1783), (9): 173-184, pl. 89-92 (1784), (28): 185-190, pl. 93 (1786)
Eversmann, 1847
Lepidoptera quaedam nova Rossiae et Sibiriae indigena descripsit et delineavit Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou 20 (3) : 66-83, 6 pls.
Ménétriés, 1859
Lépidoptères de la Sibérie orientale et en particulier des rives de l'Amour in Schrenck, Reise Forschungen Amur-Lande 2 (1) : 1-75, pl. 1-5
Moore, 1893
Lepidoptera Indica. Rhopalocera. Family Nymphalidae. Sub-families Satyrinae (continued), Elymniinae, Amathusiinae, Nymphalinae (Group Charaxina) Lepidoptera Indica 2 (13): 1-32, pl. 95-100 (1893), (14): 33-64, pl. 101-107 (1893), (15): 65-88, pl. 108-114 (1893), (16): 89-112, pl. 115-122 (1893), (17): 113-136, pl. 123-130 (1894), (18): 137-160, pl. 131-138 (1894), (19): 161-176, pl. 139-146 (1894), (20): 177-192, pl. 147-154 (1895), (21): 193-208, pl. 155-162 (1895), (22): 209-232, pl. 163-170 (1895), (23): 233-248, pl. 171-180 (1895), (24): 249-274, pl. 181-190 ([1896])
Staudinger, 1887
Neue Arten und Varietäten von Lepidopteren aus dem Amur-Gebiete in Romanoff, Mém. Lépid. 3 : 126-232, pl. 6-12, 16-17
Tytler, 1914
Notes on some new and interesting butterflies from Manipur and the Naga Hills. Part 1-3 J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 23 (2): 216-229 (1914), 23 (3): 502-515, pl. 1-2 (1915), 24 (1): 119-155, pl. 3-4 (1915)
Notes on some new and interesting butterflies from Manipur and the Naga Hills. Part 3
Wyatt, 1961
Additions to the Rhopalocera of Afghanistan with descriptions of new species and subspecies J. Lep. Soc. 15 (1): 1-18, 3pls


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.