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Salamis Boisduval, 1833
Mother-of-Pearls
Salamis Boisduval, 1833; Nouv. Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 2 (2) : 194, TS: Salamis augustina Boisduval
Salamis Boisduval, 1833; Faun. ent. Madagascar, Lépid. : 46, TS: Salamis augustina Boisduval
Protogoniomorpha Wallengren, 1857; K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 2 (4) : 23, TS: Papilio anacardii Linnaeus
Salamis, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Salamis (Kallimini) ; [MadL]
Salamis (Junoniini) ; [Wahlberg]; [AfrL]
Protogoniomorpha (Junoniini) ; [Wahlberg]; [AfrL]

Salamis cacta (Fabricius, 1793)
-. See [About maps] Lilac Beauty
Papilio cacta Fabricius, 1793
Salamis cacta languida Bartel, 1905; Novit. Zool. 12 : 135, TL: Central Africa
Salamis cacta, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Salamis cacta ; [BOW: pl. 107, f. 6]; [BK, 344, pl. 48]; [Wahlberg]; [AfrL]
Sierra Leone - Angola, Zaire, Uganda, W.Kenya, Ethiopia Salamis cacta cacta ; [BAFR, 224]; [BK, 344 (note)]; [AfrL]
S. c. amaniensis Vosseler, 1907
Moçambique, Mount Selinda, E.Tanzania, E.Kenya, E.Rhodesia (Chirinda Forest), Malawi Salamis amaniensis Vosseler, 1907; Dt. Ent. Zs. 1907: 379
Salamis cacta amaniensis ; [BAFR, 224 (text)]; [BK, 344 (note)]; [AfrL]
S. c. eileenae Henning & Joannou, 1994
Salamis cacta eileenae ; [AfrL]

Salamis anteva (Ward, 1870)
Madagascar. See [About maps] Junonia anteva Ward, 1870
Salamis anteva var. lambertoni Oberthür
Salamis anteva, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Salamis anteva ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 107, f. 5]; [BAFR, 224]; [MadL]; [Wahlberg]; [AfrL]

Salamis augustina Boisduval, 1833
Salamis augustina Boisduval, 1833; Nouv. Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 2 (2) : 195
Salamis augustina Boisduval, 1833; Faun. ent. Madagascar, Lépid. : 47, pl. 8, f. 1
Salamis augustina ; [Wahlberg]; [AfrL]
Réunion I. Salamis angustina[sic] angustina[sic] ; [BAFR, 224 (missp.)]
Salamis augustina augustina ; [AfrL]
S. a. vinsoni Le Cerf, 1922
Mauritius Salamis angustina[sic] vinsoni ; [BAFR, 224, (missp.)]
Salamis augustina vinsoni ; [MadL, fn. 75]; [AfrL]

Salamis humbloti Turlin, 1994
Salamis humbloti ; [AfrL]

The "protogoniomorpha" species-group

Salamis anacardii (Linnaeus, 1758)
Sierra Leone - E.Africa, Natal - Abyssinia. See [About maps] Clouded Mother-of-Pearl
Papilio anacardii Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 467
Protogoniomorpha anacardii, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Salamis anacardi ; [BOW: pl. 107, f. 4]
Salamis anacardii ; [BAFR, 226]
Protogoniomorpha anacardii ; [Wahlberg]; [AfrL]
Salamis anacardii anacardii ; [BK, 343, pl. 48]
Protogoniomorpha anacardii anacardii ; [AfrL]

Larva on Asystasia, Brillantaisia, Isoglossa, Justicia, Mimulopsis, Paulowilhelmia, Iopsis [BK]

S. a. duprei (Vinson, 1863)
Madagascar Salamis duprei Vinson, 1863; Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (4) 3 : 424
Salamis duprei ; [BAFR, 226]
Salamis anacardii duprei ; [MadL]
Protogoniomorpha anacardii duprei ; [Wahlberg]; [AfrL]
S. a. nebulosa Trimen, 1881
Natal, Zululand, Swaziland, Transvaal, Moçambique, Rhodesia, Okavango Salamis nebulosa Trimen, 1881; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1881 (3) : 441
Protogoniomorpha anacardii nebulosa ; [AfrL]

Salamis parhassus (Druce, 1782)
Tropical Africa. See [About maps] Forest Mother-of-Pearl
Protogoniomorpha parhassus, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Salamis parhassus ; [BOW: pl. 107, f. 9]; [BAFR, 226]
Protogoniomorpha parhassus ; [Wahlberg]; [AfrL]

Larva on Asystasia, Brillantaisia, Isoglossa, Mimulopsis, Paulowilhelmia [BK]

Salamis parhassus parhassus ; [BK, 343]
S. p. aethiops (Palisot de Beauvais, 1805)
Natal, Zululand, Swaziland, Transvaal, Moçambique, Rhodesia Papilio aethiops Palisot de Beauvais, 1805; Ins. Afr. Amer.: 22

Larva on Asystasia coromandeliana, Isoglossa mossambicensis [PBSA]


Salamis cytora Doubleday, 1847²
Sierra Leone - Ghana, Togo, Benin. See [About maps] cytora Doubleday, 1847²
?Salamis amarantha Butler, 1869; Cistula ent. 1 (1) : 6, TL: Old Calabar
Salamis cytora ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 107, f. 11]; [BAFR, 224]
Protogoniomorpha cytora ; [Wahlberg]; [AfrL]

Salamis temora C. & R. Felder, [1867]
Nigeria - E.Africa, Abyssinia. See [About maps] Salamis temora C. & R. Felder, [1867]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (3): 404
Salamis temora ; [BOW: pl. 107, f. 10]
Protogoniomorpha temora ; [Wahlberg]; [AfrL]

Larva on Asystasia, Mellera, Justicia, Mimulopsis, Paulowilhelmia [BK]

E.Nigeria, Cameroun - Angola, Zaire, Uganda, W.Tanzania, W.Kenya, Ethiopia Blue Mother-of-Pearl
Salamis temora temora ; [BAFR, 226]; [BK, 342, pl. 48]
Protogoniomorpha temora temora ; [AfrL]
S. t. virescens Suffert, 1904
E.Tanzania (Nguru, Uluguru Mts.) Salamis temora virescens Suffert, 1904; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 109, TL: Mhonda
Protogoniomorpha temora virescens ; [AfrL]
Salamis temora virescens ; [BAFR, 226 (text)]

The ??? species-group

?Salamis strandi Röber, 1937²
Gold Coast? ?Salamis strandi ; [BAFR, 226 (text)]
Salamis strandi ; [EBW, (name only)]


14.4.2013 (9)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[AfrL]
Mark C. Williams; Checklist of Afrotropical Papilionoidea and Hesperoidea; Compiled by Mark C. Williams, 7th ed. (2008) (April 2007); Afrototropical Butterflies; e-mail: Mark C. Williams
[BAFR]
D'Abrera, 1980; Butterflies of the Afrotropical Region
[BK]
Larsen, 1996; The Butterflies of Kenya and their natural history
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[EBW]
Smart, Paul, 1976; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World; ISBN 0 600 31381 6
[MadL]
Lees, D.C., Kremen, C. and Raharitsimba, H. 2003; in S.M. Goodman & J. P. Benstead (eds.), The Natural History of Madagascar; Classification, Diversity and Endemism of the Butterflies (Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea): A Revised Species Checklist: : pp. 762-793; University of Chicago Press. 1709 pp.
[PBSA]
Dickson, C.G.C (ed.), Kroon, D.M.; Pennington's Butterflies of Southern Africa; AD. DONKER 1978
[Wahlberg]
Niklas Wahlberg; The NSG's voucher specimen database; Nymphalidae Systematics Group
[²]
This may require parentheses or not. I don't have the necessary information for this taxon.


Some related literature:
Bartel, 1905
Neue Aethiopische Rhopalocera des Kgl. Museums für Naturkunde in Berlin Novit. Zool. 12 : 129-152
Boisduval, 1833
[Mémoire sur les Lépidoptères de Madagascar, Bourbon et Maurice] Nouv. Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 2 (2) : 149-270
Boisduval, 1833
Faune Entomologique de Madagascar, Bourbon et Maurice. Lépidoptéres Faun. ent. Madagascar, Lépid. : 1-122, pl. 1-16, : (Repaged offprint from Nouv. Ann. Mus. Hist. nat. Paris 2 (2) : 149-270)
Butler, 1869
Descriptions of New Rhopalocera from the Collection of Herbert Druce Esq. Cistula ent. 1 (1) : 1-16
C. & R. Felder, [1867]
Reise der österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Behilfen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair. Zoologischer Theil. Band 2. Abtheilung 2. Lepidoptera. Rhopalocera Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (1): 1-136, pl. 1-21 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, [1865]), (2): 137-378, pl. 22-47 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, 1865), (3): 379-536, pl. 48-74 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, 1867), (4): 537-548, pl. 75-120, (Inhalts-Verz.) 1-9 (pl. 1-74), (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1874) , (5): pl. 121-140, (erklärung) 1-10 (pl. 75-107), (Inhalts-Verz.) 1-20 (pl. 108-140), (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1875)
Linnaeus, 1758
Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Clases, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Symonymis, Locis. Tomis I. 10th Edition Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 1-338, : 339-824
Suffert, 1904
Neue Nymphaliden aus Africa Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 108-123
Trimen, 1881
On some new species of Rhopalocera from Southern Africa Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1881 (3) : 433-445
Vinson, 1863
Salamis de Dupré Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (4) 3 : 424-426, pl. 10
Vosseler, 1907
Eine neue Salamis aus Ostusambara (Lep.) Dt. Ent. Zs. 1907
Wallengren, 1857
Kafferlandets Dag-fjärilar, insamlade åren 1838-1845 af J. A. Wahlberg / Lepidoptera Rhopalocera in Terra Caffrorum annis 1838-1845 collecta a J. A. Wahlberg K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 2 (4) : 1-55


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.