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Junonia Hübner, [1819]
Buckeyes Pansies Commodores
Junonia Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (3): 34, TS: Papilio lavinia Cramer
Alcyoneis Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (3): 35, TS: Alyconeis almane Hübner
= ; [Wahlberg]; [NL4A, 251]
Aresta Billberg, 1820; Enum. Ins. Mus. Billb. : 79, TS: Papilio laomedia Linnaeus
= ; [Wahlberg]; [NL4A, 251]
Kamilla Collins & Larsen, 1991; in Larsen, The butterflies of Kenya and their natural history: 444, TS: Papilio cymodoce Cramer
= ; [Wahlberg]
Junonia, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Dunonia ; Mabille, 1876, Bull. Soc. zool. Fr. 1 : 203 (missp.)
Junonia (Nymphalinae) ; Moore, [1880], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (1): 40
Junonia ; Godman & Salvin, [1882], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 219
Junonia (Junoniini) ; [Wahlberg]; [AfrL]
Junonia (Kallimini) ; [MadL]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 208; [NL4A, 251]

Junonia coenia Hübner, [1822]
S.USA, California, Maryland, Kansas, Bermuda, Mexico, ...?. See [About maps] Buckeye
Junonia coenia Hübner, [1822]; Samml. exot. Schmett. 2 : pl. 32
Junonia coenia ab. ♀ schraderi Gunder, 1925; Ent. News 36 (7) : 199, pl. 5, f. 11, TL: California
= ; [NL4A, #2052]
Junonia coenia weidenhammeri Polacek, 1925; Bull. Maryland Acad. Sci. Baltimore 6 (3): 10, TL: Maryland
= ; [NL4A, #2052]
Junonia coenia bergi Avinoff, 1926; Ann. Carnegie Mus. 16: 366, TL: Bermuda
= ; [NL4A, #2052]
Junonia coenia tf.f. wilhelmi Gunder, 1927; Ent. News. 38 (5) : 134, TL: California
= ; [NL4A, #2052]
Precis coena[sic] f. rubrosuffusa Field, 1936; J. Ent. Zool. 28 (2): 23, TL: Kansas
= ; [NL4A, #2052]
Precis coenia f.hiem. rosa Whittaker & Stallings, 1944; Ent. News. 55 (4): 91 (winter form), TL: Kansas
= ; [NL4A, #2052]
Papilio quinatzin Arias, 1968; (nom. nud.)
= ; [NL4A, #2052]
Junonia coenia grisea Austin & Emmel, 1998; , TL: California
= ; [NL4A, #2052]
Junonia coenia grisea, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Junonia coenia grisea, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Junonia coenia, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Junonia coenia, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Junonia coenia, Georgia Lepidoptera (USA) [GALEPS]
Junonia coenia, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
Junonia weidenhameri ; Polacek, 1925, (missp.)
Junonia weidechameri ; Polacek, 1925, (missp.)
?Junonia coenia ab. weidenhammeri ; Polacek, 1926, Bol. Soc. colomb. Ci. nat. Bogota 15: 42
coena ; Barnes & Benjamin, 1926, (missp.)
Junonia caenia[sic] ; Godman & Salvin, [1882], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 220 (missp.); Godman & Salvin, [1901], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 684
Junonia coenia ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 24; [NACL, #4440]; [Opler]; [Wahlberg]; [NL4A, #2052]
[coenia-1.jpg] 432x343 (~36Kb) USA: Ann Arbor, Michigan, May 1999, Photo © Christopher A. Rickards [coenia-2.jpg] 1300x1034 (~163Kb) USA: N. Shore of Shasta Lake, Siskiyou Co., CA, 29.7.2005, Photo © Markku Savela [coenia-2v.jpg] 1300x1017 (~187Kb) underside USA: N. Shore of Shasta Lake, Siskiyou Co., CA, 29.7.2005, Photo © Markku Savela
[coenia-3u.jpg] 1400x1095 (~260Kb) upperside USA: LepSoc field trip to Patagonia region, Santa Cruz Co., Arizona, 2.8.2005, Photo © Markku Savela [coenia-4u.jpg] 1104x780 (~163Kb) upperside USA: Alabama, 4.5.2003, Photo © Vitaly Charny [coenia-4v.jpg] 967x1081 (~121Kb) underside USA: Alabama, 4.5.2003, Photo © Vitaly Charny
[coenia-5u.jpg] 1400x1050 (~174Kb) upperside USA: Alabama, 12.8.2004, Photo © Vitaly Charny [coenia-5v.jpg] 1265x1126 (~183Kb) underside USA: Alabama, 16.8.2004, Photo © Vitaly Charny [coenia-6u.jpg] 2048x1360 (~317Kb) upperside USA: Alabama, 15.10.2005, Photo © Vitaly Charny
[coenia.jpg] 400x463 (~31Kb) USA, Texas, Grapevine, 15-18.6.1996, Photo © Tero Piirainen

Larva on Plantaginaceae, Schrophulariaceae, Crassulaceae, Verbenaceae [NAB]



Junonia evarete (Cramer, [1779])
Florida, SA (American Tropics). See [About maps] West Indian Buckeye
Papilio evarete Cramer, [1779]; Uitl. Kapellen 3 (17-21): pl. 203, f. C, D, TL: Surinam
?Junonia nigralis Forbes, [1929]; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 36 (4) : 312
Junonia evarete, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Junonia evarete, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Junonia evarete, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Junonia evarete, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Junonia evarete, Lepidoptera of French Antilles [Pierre Zagatti]
Junonia evarete ; [NACL, #4442]; [BCR: 180, pl. 28, f. 14]; [EcuL]; [Opler]; [NL4A, #2053]

Larva on Lippia [NAB], Verbenaceae? [BCR]


[lavinia-1.jpg] 500x360 (~69Kb) Venezuela, Yacambu park near Barquisimeto, July 2002, Photo © Simon Coombes

Tropical America, Surinam, French Guiana, Surinam, Guyana Papilio lavinia Cramer, [1775]; Uitl. Kapellen 1 (1-7): 32, pl. 21, f. C, D (preocc. Papilio lavinia Fabricius, 1775), TL: Surinam
= ; [NL4A, #2053a]
Papilio cortes Herbst, 1796; in Jablonsky, Naturs. Schmett. 8: 260, pl. 225, f. 3-4 (repl. name), TL: Surinam
= ; [NL4A, #2053a]
Papilio esra Fabricius, 1798; Ent. Syst. (Suppl.): 425, TL: French Guiana
= ; [NL4A, #2053a]
Junonia divaricata C. & R. Felder, [1867]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (3): 401, TL: Surinam,"Cuba"
= ; [NL4A, #2053a]
Junonia lavinia arenosa Forbes, [1929]; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 36 (4) : 310, TL: Surinam,Guyana
= ; [NL4A, #2053a]
Junonia lavina Comstock, 1942
Junonia lavinia ; [BOW: pl. 13, f. 31]
Junonia evarete evarete ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (2): 98; [Wahlberg]; [NL4A, #2053a]
J. e. flirtea (Fabricius, 1793)
Argentina Papilio flirtea Fabricius, 1793; Ent. Syst. 3 (1): 90, TL: "India"
Junonia huebneri Kirby, [1900]
Junonia hübneri Kirby, [1900]; in Hübner, [?]Samml. exot. Schmett. (n.ed.): 24
= ; [NL4A, #2053b]
Precis lavinia ab. obscurata Kivirikko, 1936; Ann. ent. Fenn. 2: 55, TL: Argentina
= ; [NL4A, #2053b]
Junonia evarete flirtea ; [Wahlberg]; [NL4A, #2053b]
J. e. fuscescens (Butler, 1901)
Ecuador Precis fuscescens Butler, 1901; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (7) 8 : 199, TL: Porvenir [Los Rios], Ecuador and Quito
= Junonia genoveva infuscata ; [EcuL]
Junonia evarete fuscescens ; [Wahlberg]; [NL4A, #2053c]
J. e. huacapistana Forbes, [1929]
Peru Junonia evarete huacapistana Forbes, [1929]; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 36 (4) : 315, TL: Peru
Precis lavinia funebris Bryk, 1953; Arkiv. Zool. (2) 5 (1): 93, TL: Peru
= ; [NL4A, #2053d]
Junonia evarete huacapistana ; [Wahlberg]; [NL4A, #2053d]
J. e. lima Forbes, [1929]
Peru Junonia evarete lima Forbes, [1929]; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 36 (4) : 315, TL: Peru
Junonia evarete lima ; [Wahlberg]; [NL4A, #2053e]
J. e. michaelisi Fruhstorfer, 1907
Puerto Rico Junonia lavinia michaelisi Fruhstorfer, 1907; Stettin ent. Ztg 68 (2): 224, TL: Puerto Rico
Junonia evarete michaelesi Munroe, 1951; Amer. mus. Novit. no. 1498: 16, TL: Puerto Rico
= ; [NL4A, #2053f]
Junonia evarete michaelisi ; [Wahlberg]; [NL4A, #2053f]
J. e. nigrosuffusa Barnes & McDunnough, 1916
Arizona, Mexico Junonia coenia nigrosuffusa Barnes & McDunnough, 1916; Can. Ent. 48 (7) : 222, TL: Arizona
Junonia lavinia var. melanina Hall, 1919; Entomologist 52 : 196, TL: Mexico, Jalisco
= ; [NL4A, #2053g]
Junonia evarete nigrosuffusa, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Junonia evarete nigrosuffusa, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Junonia nigrosuffusa, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Junonia nigrosuffusa, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
Junonia genoveva nigrosuffusa ;
Junonia nigrosuffusa ; [NACL, #4441]
Junonia evarete nigrosuffusa ; [Opler]; [NL4A, #2053g]
J. e. occidentalis C. & R. Felder, 1862
Peru Junonia lavinia var. occidentalis C. & R. Felder, 1862; Wien. ent. Monats. 6 (4): 110, TL: "Rio Negro" [Peru, San Martin]
Junonia negra C. & R. Felder, [1867]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (3): 399 (repl. name), TL: "Rio Negro" [Peru, San Martin]
= ; [NL4A, #2053h]
Junonia genoveva occidentalis ; [EcuL]
Junonia evarete occidentalis ; [Wahlberg]; [NL4A, #2053h]
J. e. zonalis C. & R. Felder, [1867]
Colombia, Cuba, Venezuela Junonia zonalis C. & R. Felder, [1867]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (3): 399, TL: Colombia,Cuba,"Puerto Rico"
Junonia pallens C. & R. Felder, [1867]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (3): 401, TL: Venezuela
= ; [NL4A, #2053i]
Junonia evarete zonalis ; [NACL, #4442a]; [NL4A, #2053i]
J. e. neildi Brévignon, 2004
Guadeloupe Junonia evarete neildi Brévignon, 2004; Lambillionea 104 (1): 72, TL: Guadeloupe
J. e. swifti Brévignon, 2004
Guadeloupe Junonia evarete swifti Brévignon, 2004; Lambillionea 104 (1): 73, TL: Guadeloupe
Guyana ?Junonia evarete ssp. ; Lamas, MS, [NL4A, #2053j]
Guyana Junonia lavina ab. nigralis Forbes, [1929]; , TL: Guyana
?Junonia evarete ssp. ; Neild, MS, [NL4A, #2053k]

Junonia genoveva (Cramer, [1780])
Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, Trinidad, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Panama. See [About maps] Papilio genoveva Cramer, [1780]; Uitl. Kapellen 4 (25-26a): pl. 290, f. E, F, TL: Surinam
Junonia genoveva, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Junonia genoveva, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Junonia genoveva, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Junonia genoveva, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Junonia genoveva, Lepidoptera of French Antilles [Pierre Zagatti]
Junonia genoveva ; [Opler]; [NL4A, #2054]
Surinam Junonia genoveva genoveva ; [Wahlberg]; [NL4A, #2054a]
J. g. constricta C. & R. Felder, [1867]
Venezuela, Colombia Junonia constricta C. & R. Felder, [1867]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (3): 400, TL: Bogota
Junonia genoveva constricta ; [Wahlberg]; [NL4A, #2054b]
J. g. hilaris C. & R. Felder, [1867]
Paraguay, Uruguay Junonia hilaris C. & R. Felder, [1867]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (3): 400, TL: Paraguay
Junonia oriana Kirby, [1900]; in Hübner, [?]Samml. exot. Schmett. (n.ed.): 24
= ; [NL4A, #2054c]
Papilio cadmus Larrañaga, 1923; (preocc. Cramer, 1775), TL: Uruguay
= ; [NL4A, #2054c]
Junonia genoveva hilaris ; [Wahlberg]; [NL4A, #2054c]
J. g. incarnata C. & R. Felder, [1867]
Colombia, Venezuela? Junonia incarnata C. & R. Felder, [1867]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (3): 400, TL: Colombia
Junonia genoveva incarnata ; [Wahlberg]; [NL4A, #2054d]
J. g. infuscata C. & R. Felder, [1867]
Ecuador Junonia infuscata C. & R. Felder, [1867]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (3): 401, TL: [Brazil] Bahia [error, = SW Ecuador}
Junonia lavinia var. basifusca Weymer, 1890; in Weymer & Maassen, Reisen Süd-America : 120, pl. 3, f. 7, TL: [Ecuador] Bajonales bei Chonana
= ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #2054e]
Junonia genoveva infuscata ; [EcuL]; [Wahlberg]; [NL4A, #2054e]
J. g. vivida Forbes, [1929]
Guyana, Surinam Junonia genoveva vivida Forbes, [1929]; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 36 (4) : 311, TL: Guyana,Surinam
Junonia genoveva vivida ; [Wahlberg]; [NL4A, #2054f]
Mexico(Oaxaca) Junonia genoveva ssp. ; Lamas, MS, [NL4A, #2054g]
Peru Junonia genoveva ssp. ; Lamas, MS, [NL4A, #2054h]

Junonia vestina C. & R. Felder, [1867]
Bolivia, Ecuador. See [About maps] Junonia vestina C. & R. Felder, [1867]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (3): 398
Junonia vestina ; [NL4A, #2055]
Junonia vestina vestina ; [EcuL]; [Wahlberg]; [NL4A, #2055a]
J. v. livia Fruhstorfer, 1912
Bolivia Junonia livia Fruhstorfer, 1912; Ent. Rundschau 29 (2) : 15, TL: Bolivia
Junonia livia ; [EBW, name]
Junonia lavinia livia ; [NHM]
Junonia vestina livia ; [Wahlberg]; [NL4A, #2055b]

Junonia orithya (Linnaeus, 1758)
Madagascar, Tropical Africa (dry), Arabia, India, Ceylon, Burma, New Guinea, N.Australia. See [About maps] Blue Pansy
Papilio orithya Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 473, TL: S.China
Junonia orithya f. isocratia Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (3): 34
= ; [NHM]
?Vanessa royeri Vollenhoven, 1861; Tijdschr. Ent. 4 (5/6) : 157, pl. 8, f. 1-2, TL: Moluccas
Junonia orthyia[sic] var. leechi Alphéraky, 1897; in Romanoff, Mém. Lép. 9 : 103, pl. 9, f. 4a-d
= ; [NHM]
phycites (Fruhstorfer, 1912) (Precis); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 522
= ; [NHM]
Precis orithya ab. flava Wichgraf, 1918; Int. Ent. Z. 12 (4) : 26
= ; [NHM]
?Precis adamauana Schultze, 1920; Ergeb. 2tn. Dt. Zent. Afrika Exp. 1 (14): 823
Precis orithya ab. jacouleti Watari, 1941; Zephyrus 9: 70-72
= ; [NHM]
Junonia orithya, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Junonia orithya, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Papilio oritya ; Linnaeus, 1764, Mus. Lud. Ulr.: 473 (missp.)
orithyra ; Waterhouse & Lyell, 1914, (missp.)
Junonia adamauana ; [NHM, (hyrbrid)]
orithyia[sic, recte orithya] ; [BIR]
Precis orithya ; [BOW: pl. 150, f. 6]
Junonia orithya ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (2): 41, pl. 22, f. 1a-b; [BOR, 278]; [MRS, 578]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 210; [Wahlberg]; [AfrL]
[orithya-1mf.jpg] 1024x768 (~111Kb) male female Funaura, Iriomote, Ryukyu, Japan, 4-95, Photo © S. Shuichi Haupt [orithya-1mu.jpg] 1024x768 (~64Kb) upperside male Funaura, Iriomote, Ryukyu, Japan, 4-95, Photo © S. Shuichi Haupt [orithya-2u.jpg] 631x421 (~35Kb) upperside Imphal [Manipur state], 10 November 2003, Photo © Kedar Tokekar

Larva on Justicia procumbens, J. micrantha, Lepidagathis prostrata, Ipomoea batatas, Antirrhinum majus, Striga asatica [MRS], Antirrhinum, Thunbergia alata [BAUR], Hygrophila [BMP]

Larva on Angelonia salicariifolia, Antirrhinum sp., Buchnera linearis, Asystasia gangetica, A. scandens, Hypoestes floribunda, Hygrophila salicifolia, Justicia sp., Pseuderanthemum variabile, P. sp., Rostellularia adscendens glaucoviolacea, Thunbergia alata K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991, Review Austr. Butts. (1-4): (120-140)

Larva on Acanthus, Asystasia, Barleria, Brunoniella, Hygrophila, Hypoestes, Justicia, ?Lepidagathis, Pseuderanthemum, Rostellularia, Ipomoea, Engelastrum, Plectranthus, Plantago, Angelonia, Antirrhinum, Buchnera, Misopates, Scrophularia, Striga, Thunbergia Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 210


J. o. patenas (Fruhstorfer, 1912)
Ceylon orithya patenas (Fruhstorfer, 1912) (Precis[?]); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 523, TL: Ceylon
Junonia orithya patenas ; [BOR, 278]
J. o. ocyale Hübner, [1819]
India - S.Burma, S.Yunnan Junonia ocyale Hübner, [1819]; Samml. exot. Schmett. 2 : pl. [33], f. 3-4, TL: Coromandel Coast
Junonia alleni Kirby, [1900]; in Hübner, [?]Samml. exot. Schmett. (n.ed.): pl. 246, f. 1-2
= ; [NHM]
Junonia orithya ocyale, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Junonia orithya ocyale ; [BOR, 278]; Huang, 2001
J. o. hainanensis (Fruhstorfer, 1912)
Hainan Precis orithya hainanensis Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 522
Junonia orithya hainanensis ; [BOR, 278]
J. o. wallacei Distant, 1883
Thailand, Peninsular Malaya, Singapore Junonia wallacei Distant, 1883; Rhopalocera Malayana : 95, pl. 11, f. 3-4
Junonia orithya wallacei, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Junonia orithya wallacei ; [BOR, 278]; [BMP: 160, pl. 23, f. 11-12]
[wallacei-1v.jpg] 801x817 (~126Kb) underside Thailand, Chon Buri Province, Pattaya, a vasting land behind the Jomtien beach, 1th January 2006, Photo © Oleg Kosterin [wallacei-2mu.jpg] 1172x885 (~128Kb) upperside male Thailand, Chon Buri Province, Pattaya environs, Ko Lan island, ruderal vegeation at a roadside. 15th January 2006, Photo © Oleg Kosterin

J. o. swinhoei Butler, 1885
Burma Junonia swinhoei Butler, 1885; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 16 : 309
J. o. minagara Fruhstorfer, 1904
Java, Bali Junonia orithya minagara Fruhstorfer, 1904; Insekten-Börse 21 (41): 325, TL: Java
Junonia orithya minagara ; [BOR, 278]
J. o. sumatrana Fruhstorfer, 1906
Sumatra Junonia orithya sumatrana Fruhstorfer, 1906; Wiener ent. Ztg 25 (10) : 358, TL: Sumatra
Junonia orithya sumatrana ; [BOR, 278]
J. o. baweana Fruhstorfer, 1906
Bawean Junonia orithya baweana Fruhstorfer, 1906; Wiener ent. Ztg 25 (10) : 358, TL: Bawean
Junonia orithya baweana ; [BOR, 278]
J. o. minusculus Fruhstorfer, 1906
Sumba Junonia orithya minusculus Fruhstorfer, 1906; Wiener ent. Ztg 25 (10) : 359, TL: Sumba
J. o. mevaria Fruhstorfer, 1904²
Lombok orithya mevaria Fruhstorfer, 1904²; Insekten-Börse 21 (3): 19
Junonia orithya mevaria ; [BOR, 278]
J. o. metion Fruhstorfer, 1905
Borneo Junonia orithya metion Fruhstorfer, 1905; Soc. Ent. 20 (7) : 50, TL: N.Borneo
Junonia orithya metion Fruhstorfer, 1906; Wiener ent. Ztg 25 (10) : 358, TL: N.Borneo
Junonia orithya metion ; [BOR, 278]
J. o. leucasia (Fruhstorfer, 1912)
Philippines orithya leucasia (Fruhstorfer, 1912) (Precis); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 523, TL: Luzon
Junonia orithya leucasia ; [BOR, 278]
J. o. celebensis Staudinger, [1888]²
Sulawesi, Muna orithya celebensis Staudinger, [1888]²; in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (10): 98, (8): pl. 37
Junonia orithya celebensis ; [BOR, 278]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 210
J. o. novaeguineae Hagen, 1897
New Guinea - Papua Junonia orithyia[sic] var. novae guineae Hagen, 1897; Jarhb. Nass. Ver. Nat. 50 : 85, TL: German New Guinea
Precis orithya novaeguineae ; Rothschild, 1915, Novit. Zool. 22 (2): 203
Precis orithya novaguineae[sic, recte novaeguineae] ; [BAUR, 211]
J. o. orthosia (Godart, [1824])
Ambon, Serang, Saparua, Sula Is., Maluku Vanessa orthosia Godart, [1824]; Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (2): 821, TL: Amboina
Junonia orbitola Swinhoe, 1893; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 12 (70) : 257, TL: Sapareea I., near Celebes
= Junonia orithya orbitola ; [NHM]
Precis orithya orthosia ; [BAUR, 211 (text)]
Junonia orithya otrhosia ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 210
J. o. eutychia (Fruhstorfer, 1912)
Timor, Wetar, Babar, Kissar Precis orithya eutychia Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 523
Precis orithya eutychia ; [BAUR, 211 (text)]
J. o. palea (Fruhstorfer, 1912)
Tanimbar orithya palea (Fruhstorfer, 1912) (Precis); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 524
Precis orithya palea ; [BAUR, 211 (text)]
J. o. neopommerana Ribbe, 1898
New Britain Junonia orithya var. neopommerana Ribbe, 1898; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 11 (1): 116
Precis orithya neopommerana ; [BAUR, 211 (text)]
J. o. albicincta Butler, 1875
N.Australia, Cape York - Brisbane Blue Argus
Junonia albicincta Butler, 1875; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1875 (1) : 5, TL: Queensland
Precis orithya albicincta ; [BAUR, 211 (text)]
albocincta ; K. & L. Dunn, 1991, (missp.)
Natal (Midlands), Transvaal, Moçambique, Rhodesia, Botswana, South West Africa Junonia orithya var. madagascariensis Guenée, 1865; in Vinson, Voy. Madagascar, Annexe F: 37
?Junonia orythia[sic] madagascariensis Guenée, 1865
Junonia boopis Trimen, 1879; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1879 (4) : 331, TL: Africa
= ; [NHM]
Precis orithya madagascariensis ab. punctella Strand, 1915; Arch. Naturgescb. 80 A (10) : 105
Junonia orithya madagascariensis ; [BAFR, 228]; [BK: 344, pl. 49, f. 600]; [AfrL]
Junonia (Precis) orithya madagascariensis ; [MadL]

Larva on Hygrophila sp. [PBSA], Barleria, Convolvulus, Lippia, Plantago [BK]

J. o. here Lang, 1884
Arabia Junonia here Lang, 1884; Entomologist 17 : 207, TL: Arabia; Turkey?
Junonia orithya here ; [BAFR, 228 (text)]; [AfrL]
J. o. kuehni Fruhstorfer, 1904²
Lesser Sunda Is., Kalao, Tukangbesi orithya kühni Fruhstorfer, 1904²; Insekten-Börse 21 (3): 18, TL: Tukanbesi
Junonia orithya kuehni ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 210
J. o. saleyra (Fruhstorfer, 1912)
Salayar orithya saleyra (Fruhstorfer, 1912) (Precis); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 524, TL: Saleyer
Junonia orithya saleyra ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 210
J. o. kontinentalis Martin, 1920
Sulawesi Iunonia orithya kontinentalis Martin, 1920; Tidschr. Ent. 63 : 157, TL: N.Celebes
Junonia orithya kontinentalis ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 210
J. o. marcella (Hulstaert, 1923)
New Guinea orithya marcella (Hulstaert, 1923) (Precis); Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (9) 12: 232, TL: New Guinea
J. o. cheesmani (Riley, 1925)
Arabia? Precis orithya cheesmani Riley, 1925; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (9) 15 : 151

Junonia oenone (Linnaeus, 1758)
Tropical Africa, Madagascar, SW.Arabia. See [About maps] Dark Blue Pansy
Papilio oenone Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 473
Papilio clelia Cramer, [1775]; Uitl. Kapellen 1 (1-7): pl. 21, f. E, F
ab. subepiclelia (Strand, 1911) (Precis); Int. Ent. Zs. 4 (42): 227
= ; [NHM]
ab. triocellata (Strand, 1911) (Precis); Int. Ent. Zs. 4 (42): 227
= ; [NHM]
ab. viridata (Strand, 1911) (Precis); Int. Ent. Zs. 4 (42): 227
= ; [NHM]
ab. vosseleriana (Strand, 1911) (Precis); Int. Ent. Zs. 4 (42): 227
= ; [NHM]
Precis clelia ab. bipupillata Strand, 1912; Archiv Naturg. 77 (Suppl. 4) : 89
= ; [NHM]
Precis clelia ab. posterior Strand, 1912; Archiv Naturg. 77 (Suppl. 4) : 89
= ; [NHM]
Precis clelia ab. subbipupillata Strand, 1912; Archiv Naturg. 77 (Suppl. 4) : 90
= ; [NHM]
Precis clelia ab. subtriocellata Strand, 1912; Archiv Naturg. 77 (Suppl. 4) : 90
= ; [NHM]
Precis clelia ab. virilis Strand, 1912; Archiv Naturg. 77 (Suppl. 4) : 90
= ; [NHM]
Precis clelia ab. subvirilis Strand, 1912; Archiv Naturg. 78 A (9) : 144
= ; [NHM]
Precis clelia ab. caeruleffugiens Heslop, 1962; Ent. Rec. J. Var. 74 : 124, TL: Owerri, S.Nigeria
= ; [NHM]
Junonia oenone, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Precis clelia ; [BOW: pl. 105, f. 16]
Junonia oenone ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (2): 42, pl. 22, f. 3, 3a; [Wahlberg]; [AfrL]

Larva on Asystasia coromandeliana, Justicia natalensis [PBSA], Isoglossa, Pualowilhelmia, Ruella [BK]

Tropical Africa (not Madagascar) Junonia oenone oenone ; [BAFR, 228]; [BK: 345, pl. 49, f. 601]; [AfrL]
J. o. epiclelia Boisduval, 1833
Madagascar, Aldabra, Astove, Assumption, Cosmoledo Is. Vanessa epiclelia Boisduval, 1833; Faun. ent. Madagascar, Lépid. : 44, pl. 7, f. 3
Junonia oenone epiclelia ; [BAFR, 228]; [AfrL]
Junonia (Precis) oenone epiclelia ; [MadL]

Junonia villida (Fabricius, 1787)
Australia, Tasmania, Samoa, Solomon Is., New Hebrides. See [About maps] Meadow Argus
Papilio villida Fabricius, 1787; Mantissa Insectorum 2: 35, TL: Kingdom of Tonga, Tongatapu
Papilio velleda Fabricius, 1793; Ent. Syst. 3 (1): 91
Vanessa calybe Godart, 1819; Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 317, TL: Australia
= ; Vane-Wright & Tennent, 2011, Syst. Biodiv. 9 (4): 290
Papilio hampstediensis Jermyn, 1824; 50, TL: "Hampstead, Middlesex" [Indonesia, Java?]
= ; Vane-Wright & Tennent, 2011, Syst. Biodiv. 9 (4): 290
Cynthia hampstediensis Stephens, 1827; Ill. Br. Ent. (Haustellata) 1 (1): 48, pl. 5, f. 3-4 (preocc.)
= ; Vane-Wright & Tennent, 2011, Syst. Biodiv. 9 (4): 290
Junonia vellida[sic] var. astrolabiensis Hagen, 1897; Jarhb. Nass. Ver. Nat. 50 : 85, TL: Astrolabe Bay
= ; Vane-Wright & Tennent, 2011, Syst. Biodiv. 9 (4): 290
Junonia vellida[sic] var. bismarckiana Hagen, 1897; Jarhb. Nass. Ver. Nat. 50 : 86, TL: "Neupommern"
= ; Vane-Wright & Tennent, 2011, Syst. Biodiv. 9 (4): 290
Junonia villida samoensis Rebel, 1911; in Rechinger, Denkschr. Ak. Wiss. Wien 85 (3) : 418, pl. 18, f. 9, TL: Samoa, Upolu
= ; Vane-Wright & Tennent, 2011, Syst. Biodiv. 9 (4): 290
Precis villida phylace Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 521, TL: Indonesia, Sumba
= ; Vane-Wright & Tennent, 2011, Syst. Biodiv. 9 (4): 290
Precis villida taitica Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 522, TL: Fiji
= ; Vane-Wright & Tennent, 2011, Syst. Biodiv. 9 (4): 290
Precis villida f. procax Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 522, TL: Tenimber; Kisar
= ; Vane-Wright & Tennent, 2011, Syst. Biodiv. 9 (4): 290
Junonia villida chagoensis Watkins, 1925; Entomologist 58 (1) : 33, TL: Chagos Islands
= ; Vane-Wright & Tennent, 2011, Syst. Biodiv. 9 (4): 290
Precis villida longfieldae Riley, 1928; in Poulton & Riley, Trans. ent. Soc. London 76 : 458, pl. 21, f. 12, TL: Napuka I.
= ; Vane-Wright & Tennent, 2011, Syst. Biodiv. 9 (4): 290
incommoda Riley²
= ; [NHM]
Precis villida soerabajana Kalis, 1933; Tijdschr. Ent. 76 (1-2) : 82, TL: Java
= ; Vane-Wright & Tennent, 2011, Syst. Biodiv. 9 (4): 290
Precis villida ketoepatana Kalis, 1933; Tijdschr. Ent. 76 (1-2) : 82, TL: E. JavaRaäs
= ; Vane-Wright & Tennent, 2011, Syst. Biodiv. 9 (4): 290
Precis villica papoeana Kalis, 1933; Tijdschr. Ent. 76 (1-2) : 82, TL: New Guinea
= ; Vane-Wright & Tennent, 2011, Syst. Biodiv. 9 (4): 290
Junonia villida, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Junonia villida, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
vellida ; Donovan, 1805, (missp.)
Junonia vellida[sic] ; Kirby, 1871, Syn. Cat. diurn. Lep. : 188; Godman & Salvin, [1901], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 684
Precis vellida[sic] astrolabiensis ; Rothschild, 1915, Novit. Zool. 22 (2): 203
Junonia villida ; Butler, 1900, in Andrews, Mon. Christmas Isl. : 62
Precis villida ; [BOW: pl. 150, f. 15]; [BAUR, 211]
Junonia villida ; [BOR, 277]; [Wahlberg]; Vane-Wright & Tennent, 2011, Syst. Biodiv. 9 (4): 290

Larva on Plantago, Centaurium australis, Antirrhinum, Convolvulus valsinoidi, Verbena [BAUR], Paspalum dilatatum, Portulaca oleracea, Centaurium minus, C. spicatum, Evolvulus alsinoides, Verbena bonariensis, V. sp., Antirrhinum sp., Russelia equisetiformis, Veronica repens, Plantago lanceolata, P. spp., Goodenia sp., Scaevola aemula, Arctotheca calendula, Epaltes australis, Ruellia spp.? K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991, Review Austr. Butts. (1-4): (120-140)


Junonia hierta (Fabricius, 1798)
India, Ceylon, Burma, Cambodia - W.China, S.China, Andaman, Nicobar. See [About maps] Yellow Pansy
Papilio hierta Fabricius, 1798; Ent. Syst. (Suppl.): 424, TL: "South India"
Papilio lintingensis Osbeck, 1765; (suppr. #842)
ab. demaculata (Neustetter, 1916) (Precis); Dt. ent. Z. Iris 30 : 99
Junonia hierta, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Junonia hierta hierta, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Precis hierta ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 150, f. 16]
Junonia hierta ; [BOR, 278]; [MRS, 578]; [Wahlberg]; [AfrL]
[hierta-1fu.jpg] 809x634 (~60Kb) upperside female Laibin, Guangxi, China, 19-23 July 1999, Photo © Frédéric Vivien [hierta-2u.jpg] 769x513 (~188Kb) upperside Thailand, Krabi 24.12.2003-7.1.2004, Photo © Olli Vesikko [hierta-3.jpg] 769x513 (~78Kb) Thailand, Krabi 24.12.2003-7.1.2004, Photo © Olli Vesikko
[hierta-4av.jpg] 753x957 (~98Kb) underside Thailand, Chanthaburi, Khao-Kitchakut National Park, the park at the headquarters. 4th January 2006 , Photo © Oleg Kosterin [hierta-4bv.jpg] 713x867 (~72Kb) underside Thailand, Chanthaburi, Khao-Kitchakut National Park, the park at the headquarters. 4th January 2006 , Photo © Oleg Kosterin [hierta-4u.jpg] 689x765 (~81Kb) upperside Thailand, Chanthaburi, Khao-Kitchakut National Park, the park at the headquarters. 4th January 2006 , Photo © Oleg Kosterin
[hierta-5au.jpg] 753x641 (~57Kb) upperside Cambodia, Siem Reap, Angkor Wat. 8th January 2006, Photo © Oleg Kosterin [hierta-5bu.jpg] 967x834 (~78Kb) upperside Cambodia, Siem Reap, Angkor Wat. 8th January 2006, Photo © Oleg Kosterin [hierta-5v.jpg] 681x857 (~59Kb) underside Cambodia, Siem Reap, Angkor Wat. 8th January 2006, Photo © Oleg Kosterin

Larva on Acanthaceae, Asteracantha longifolia, Barleria cristata [MRS]


S.Yunnan, ...? Junonia hierta hierta ; [BMP: 160, pl. 23, f. 10]
J. h. cebrene Trimen, 1870
Africa (drier parts), Arabia Junonia cebrene Trimen, 1870; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1870 (4) : 353
Junonia cebrene f. aeolus Stoneham, 1965; Bull. Stoneham Mus. (81): (2)
= ; [NHM]
Junonia cebrene f. conjuncta Stoneham, 1965; Bull. Stoneham Mus. (81): (2)
= ; [NHM]
f. sudanica Schultze, 1920
= ; [NHM]
Precis oenone crebrene[sic] ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1903, Novit. Zool. 10 (3): 512
?Precis celrene ; [BOW: pl. 150, f. 16 (text only) [missp. of P. cebrene?]]
Junonia hierta cebrene ; [BAFR, 228]; [BK: 345, pl. 49, f. 602]; [AfrL]
[cebrene-1f.jpg] 1112x1069 (~504Kb) female Ethiopia, Amhara, a Blue Nile right bank at the bridge of the road Addis Ababa - Bahir Dar, 1100 m a.s.l. 31st July 2012, Photo © Oleg Kosterin

Larva on Justicia natalensis, Asystasia coromandeliana, Barleria pungens, Chaetacanthus persoonii [PBSA]


J. h. paris Trimen, 1887
Madagascar Junonia paris Trimen, 1887; South-African Butts 1 : 212, TL: Madagascar
Junonia hierta paris ; [BAFR, 228 (text)]; [AfrL]
Junonia (Precis) hierta paris ; [MadL]
?J. h. magna (Evans, 1926)
Sikkim Precis magna Evans, 1926; J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 31 (3): 715

Junonia hadrope Doubleday, [1847]
Ghana. See [About maps] Junonia hadrope Doubleday, [1847]; Gen. diurn. Lep. (1): pl. 25, f. 2
Junonia ixia Butler, 1866; Ent. mon. Mag. 2 : 227
= ; [NHM]
Precis hadrope ; [BOW: pl. 105, f. 17]
Junonia hadrope ; [BAFR, 229]; [Wahlberg]; [AfrL]

Junonia westermanni Westwood, 1870
Ghana - Angola, Tanzania, Ethiopia, Kenya. See [About maps] Blue Spot Pansy
Junonia westermanni Westwood, 1870; Ent. mon. Mag. 6 : 278, TL: Guinea
Precis westermanni f. jordani Aurivillius, 1913; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 13 : 225
= ; [NHM]
lugens Ungemach, 1932; Mém. Soc. Sci. nat. phys. Maroc 32 : 69, TL: Abyssinia
= ; [NHM]
nigricans Stoneham, 1934; Bull. Stoneham Mus. (20): 2, TL: Kenya
= ; [NHM]
pallida Stoneham, 1965; Bull. Stoneham Mus. (81): 2, TL: Africa
= ; [NHM]
nucleata Stoneham, 1965; Bull. Stoneham Mus. (81): 2, TL: Kenya
= ; [NHM]
Junonia westermanni, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Precis westermanni ; [BOW: pl. 106, f. 6, 21]
Junonia westermanni ; [Wahlberg]; [AfrL]
Ivory Coast - Angola, Zaire, SW.Ethiopia Junonia westermanni westermanni ; [BAFR, 228]; [AfrL]
J. w. suffusa (Rothschild & Jordan, 1903)
W.Uganda - Kenya (Nairobi) Precis westermanni suffusa Rothschild & Jordan, 1903; Novit. Zool. 10 (3): 513, TL: Kikuyu Escarpment
Junonia westermanni suffusa ; [BAFR, 228]; [BK: 345, pl. 49, f. 603]; [AfrL]

Larva on Asystasia, Brillantaisia, Barleria, Justicia, Paulowilhemlmia, Ruellia, Pupalia [BK]

J. w. splendens (Schmidt, 1921)
E.Tanzania (Usambara Mts. - Lindi) Precis westermanni splendens Schmidt, 1921; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 35 (1/2) : 34
Junonia westermanni splendens ; [AfrL]; [BAFR, 228]

Junonia artaxia Hewitson, 1864
Rhodesia, Moçambique, Angola - E.Africa, W.Kenya (Lake Victoria). See [About maps] Commodore
Junonia artaxia Hewitson, 1864; Ill. exot. Butts [2] (Junonia): [80], pl. [41], f. 6, TL: Zambesi
Precis nobilitata Thurau, 1903; Berl. ent. Z. 48 : 137, pl. 2, f. 11, TL: Lake Nyassa
= Junonia artaxia nachtigali ; [NHM]
Precis nachtigalii Dewitz, 1879; Nova Acta Leop. Carol. (2) 41 (2) : 22, pl. 1, f. 16
= Junonia artaxia nachtigali ; [NHM]
Junonia artaxia, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Precis artaxia ; [BOW: pl. 105, f. 23]
Junonia artaxia ; [BAFR, 230]; [BK: 346, pl. 49, f. 604]; [Wahlberg]; [AfrL]

Larva on Hygrophila [BK]


Junonia rhadama (Boisduval, 1833)
Moçambique?, Madagascar, Comoro, Mascarene, Astove. See [About maps] Vanessa rhadama Boisduval, 1833; Faun. ent. Madagascar, Lépid. : 44, pl. 7, f. 2, TL: Madagascar
Precis rhadama f. arida Aurivillius, 1913; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 13 : 220
= ; [NHM]
Junonia rhadama, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Precis rhadama ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 106, f. 3]
Junonia rhadama ; [BAFR, 229]; [Wahlberg]; [AfrL]
Junonia (Precis) rhadama ; [MadL]

Junonia iphita (Cramer, [1779])
Ceylon, S.India, C.India, Himalayas, NE.India, Burma, Sumatra, W.China, S.China. See [About maps] Chocolate Pansy
Papilio iphita Cramer, [1779]; Uitl. Kapellen 3 (17-21): 30, pl. 209, f. C, D, TL: China
Precis iphita siccata Fruhstorfer, 1900; Berl. ent. Zs. 45 (1/2): 22, TL: N.India
= ; [NHM]
Precis iphita ab. gynaiensis Murayama, 1961; Tyô to Ga 11 (4): 57, f. 18, 24, TL: Gynai
Precis iphita ab. pullus Murayama, 1961; Tyô to Ga 11 (4): 57, f. 8, 13, TL: Poli, Formosa
Junonia iphita, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Junonia iphita iphita, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Precis iphita ; Moore, [1880], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (1): 39, (2): pl. 21, f. 1a-b; [BOW: pl. 150, f. 17]
Junonia iphita ; [BOR, 278]; [MRS, 580]; [Wahlberg]
[iphita-1u.jpg] 769x514 (~115Kb) upperside Thailand, Krabi 24.12.2003-7.1.2004, Photo © Olli Vesikko

Larva on Acanthaceae, Strobilanthes callosus, Justica micrantha, Asteracantha longifolia, Lepidagathis formosensis, Goldfussia formosanus [MRS]


India - S.China Junonia iphita iphita ; [BOR, 278]
J. i. pluviatilis (Fruhstorfer, 1900)
Ceylon, S.India, Maldive Is. Precis iphita pluviatilis Fruhstorfer, 1900; Berl. ent. Zs. 45 (1/2): 22, TL: Malabar; Ceylon
Junonia iphita pluviatilis ; [BOR, 279]
J. i. horsfieldi Moore, [1899]
S.Thailand, Peninsular Malaya - Java Chocolate Soldier
Junonia horsfieldii Moore, [1899]; Lepidoptera Indica, 4 : 82, TL: Java
Precis iphita horsfieldi ; Rothschild, 1915, Novit. Zool. 22 (1): 128
Junonia iphita horsfieldi ; [BOR, 279]; [MRS, 580]; [BMP: 159, pl. 23, f. 3]
[horsfieldi-1v.jpg] 606x800 (~158Kb) underside Thailand, Phuket, a bank of a pond at a road 1 km NE of Khao Sai Tan Kliang Mt., 18th February 2009, Photo © Oleg Kosterin [horsfieldi-2v.jpg] 869x800 (~236Kb) underside Thailand, Phuket, the Khao Phra Theo National Park, the lower reaches of Bang Pae brook. 19th February 2009, Photo © Oleg Kosterin

J. i. hopfferi (Möschler, 1872)
Silhet Precis hopfferi Möschler, 1872; Stettin Ent. Ztg 33 (7-9) : 337, TL: Silhet
J. i. tosca (Fruhstorfer, 1900)
Sumatra Precis iphita tosca Fruhstorfer, 1900; Berl. ent. Zs. 45 (1/2): 22, TL: Sumatra; Borneo
Junonia iphita tosca ; [BOR, 279]
J. i. viridis (Staudinger, 1889)
N.Borneo Precis iphita var. viridis Staudinger, 1889; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 2 (1) : 52, TL: N.Borneo
Precis neglecta Swinhoe, 1899; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (7) 3 (13) : 103, TL: Sandakan, Borneo
= ; [NHM]
Junonia iphita viridis ; [BOR, 279]
J. i. adelaida (Staudinger, 1889)
Palawan Precis iphita var. (?) adelaida Staudinger, 1889; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 2 (1) : 51, TL: Palawan
Junonia iphita adelaida ; [BOR, 279]
J. i. cebara (Fruhstorfer, 1912)
Sumba Precis iphita cebara Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 517
Junonia iphita cebara ; [BOR, 279]

Junonia hedonia (Linnaeus, 1764)
Malaya - New Guinea, Australia. See [About maps] Brown Soldier Chocolate Argus
Papilio hedonia Linnaeus, 1764; Mus. Lud. Ulr.: 279
Apatura tragia Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (3): 35
= ; [NHM]
Precis hedonia f. pseudiphita Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 518
= ; [NHM]
Junonia hedonia, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Junonia hedonia, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Precis hedonia ; [BOW: pl. 150, f. 12]
Junonia hedonia ; [BOR, 278]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 209; [Wahlberg]

Larva on Hemigraphis alternata, Hygrophila salicifolia K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991, Review Austr. Butts. (1-4): (120-140), Blechum, Hemigraphis, Hygrophila, Ruellia Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 209

Ambon, Serang, Saparua Precis hedonia hedonia
Precis hedonia hedonia ; [BAUR, 211 (text)]
J. h. ida (Cramer, [1775])
Philippines, Peninsular Malaya, Java, Bali, Bawean, Palawan, Talaud, Sangihe, Enggano, ?Nias Papilio ida Cramer, [1775]; Uitl. Kapellen 1 (1-7): 66, pl. 42, f. C, D, TL: Java
Vanessa idamene Godart, 1819; Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 315
= ; [NHM]
Junonia hedonia ida ; [BMP: 159, pl. 23, f. 2]; [BOR, 278]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 209
J. h. seitzi (Corbet, 1937)
Pulau Tioman Precis seitzi Corbet, 1937; Proc. R. ent. Soc. Lond. (B) 6 (5): 100
Junonia hedonia seitzi ; [BOR, 278]; [BMP]
J. h. apollonia (Fruhstorfer, 1906)
Sumbawa, Flores Precis hedonia apollonia Fruhstorfer, 1906; Wiener ent. Ztg 25 (10) : 351, TL: Sumbawa, Flores
Junonia hedonia apollonia ; [BOR, 278]
J. h. hondai (Hayashi, 1973)
Palawan Precis hedonia hondai Hayashi, 1973; Tyô to Ga 23 (3-5) : 94, TL: Gimba, Palawan
Junonia hedonia hondai ; [BOR, 278]
J. h. hellanis (C. & R. Felder, [1867])
Bachan, Halmahera, Ternate Precis hellanis C. & R. Felder, [1867]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (3): 402, n. 601
Precis hedonia hellanis ; [BAUR, 210]
J. h. numana (Fruhstorfer, 1912)
Obi Precis hedonia numana Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 518, TL: Obi
Precis hedonia numana ; [BAUR, 210 (text)]
J. h. thero (Fruhstorfer, 1912)
Gorma, Banda Is. Precis hedonia thero Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 518
Precis hedonia thero ; [BAUR, 210 (text)]
J. h. zelima (Fabricius, 1775)
Aru, Kai, Misool, Waigeu, Northern Territory, Cape York - Brisbane, West Irian - Papua, Bismarck Archipelago, Solomon Is. Brown Soldier Chocolate Soldier
Papilio zelima Fabricius, 1775; Syst. Ent.: 492, TL: Nova Hollandia
Precis hedonia zelima ; [BAUR, 211 (text)]

Larva on Hygrophila salicifolia Dunn, 1995, Victorian Ent. 25 (5): (Sankowsky, 1975)

J. h. admiralitatis (Rothschild, 1915)
Admiralty Is. Precis hedonia admiralitatis Rothschild, 1915; Novit. Zool. 22 (2): 203, TL: Manus, Admiralty Islands
Precis hedonia admiralitatis ; [BAUR, 211 (text)]
J. h. iwasakii (Matsumura, 1915)
Okinawa Precis hedonia iwasakii Matsumura, 1915; Ent. Mag. Kyoto 1 (2): ?
J. h. parvipuncta (Howarth, 1962)
Rennel I. Precis hedonia parvipuncta Howarth, 1962; The Natural History of the Rennel and Bellona Is. (4) : 70
J. h. kangeana (Kalis, 1933)
Java Precis hedonia kangeana Kalis, 1933; Tijdschr. Ent. 76 (1-2) : 57, TL: Tambajangan, Kangean

Junonia stygia (Aurivillius, 1894)
-. See [About maps] Brown Pansy
Precis stygia Aurivillius, 1894; Ent. Tidskr. 15 : 275 (nom. nov.), TL: Cameroons
Precis stygia fuscata Holland, 1920; Bull. Am. Mus. nat. Hist. 43 (6) : 148, pl. 7, f. 5, TL: Medje
= Junonia stygia fuscata ; [NHM]
alberici (Dufrane, 1945) (Precis); Bull. Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 81 : 100, TL: Kivu
= Junonia stygia fuscata ; [NHM]
Junonia stygia ; [Wahlberg]; [AfrL]
Senegal - Angola, Zaire Junonia stygia stygia ; [BAFR, 230 (text)]

Junonia gregorii Butler, [1896]
Uganda, W.Tanzania, Kenya (highlands). See [About maps] Junonia gregorii Butler, [1896]; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1895 : 726, pl. 42, f. 7-8
Junonia gregorii, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Junonia stygia gregorii ; [BAFR, 230]; [BK: 346, pl. 49, f. 606]
Junonia gregorii ; [AfrL]

Larva on Asystasia, Brillantaisia, Barleria, Justicia, Paulowilhelmia, Phaulopsis [BK]


Junonia sophia (Fabricius, 1793)
-. See [About maps] Papilio sophia Fabricius, 1793; Ent. Syst. 3 (1): 248
leucotincta (Strand, 1911) (Precis); Ent. Rundsch. 28 : 137
= ; [NHM]
ferenigra (Schultze, 1920) (Precis); Ergeb. 2tn. Dt. Zent. Afrika Exp. 1 (14): 820
= ; [NHM]
nigeria (Stoneham, 1934) (Precis); Bull. Stoneham Mus. (20): 1, TL: Kenya
= ; [NHM]
Junonia sophia, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Precis sophia ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 106, f. 5]
Junonia sophia ; [Wahlberg]; [AfrL]
Senegal - Ghana, Cameroun Junonia sophia sophia ; [BAFR, 229]; [AfrL]
J. s. infracta Butler, 1888
Zaire, Angola - Uganda, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, N.Zambia Little Commodore
Junonia infracta Butler, 1888; Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1888 : 63, TL: Tobbo
Precis sophia albida Suffert, 1904; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 108, TL: Kilimandjaro
= ; [NHM]
Precis infracta ; [BOW: pl. 105, f. 19]
Junonia sophia infracta ; [BAFR, 229 (text)]; [BK, 346, pl. 49, f. 605]; [AfrL]

Larva on Asystasia, Brillantaisia, Barleria, Justicia, Paulowilhelmia, Ruellia [BK]


Junonia terea (Drury, 1773)
Sierra Leone - Uganda, Somalia, Angola. See [About maps] Soldier Commodore
Papilio terea Drury, 1773; Illust. Nat. Hist. Exot. Insects 2 : pl. 18, f. 3-4
januarii (Ungemach, 1932) (Precis); Mém. Soc. Sci. nat. phys. Maroc 32 : 67, TL: Abyssinia
= ; [NHM]
Junonia terea, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Precis terea ; [BOW: pl. 106, f. 9]
Junonia terea ; [BK, 347, pl. 49, f. 609]; [Wahlberg]; [AfrL]

Larva on Asystasia, Barleria, Hygrophila, Justicia, Paulowilhelmia, Phaulopsis, Ruellia [BK]

Senegal - Nigeria Junonia terea terea ; [BAFR, 231]; [AfrL]
J. t. tereoides (Butler, 1901)
C.Kenya, Uganda, N.Zaire, Gabon Precis tereoides Butler, 1901; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (7) 8 : 211, TL: E.Africa
Junonia terea tereoides ; [BAFR, 231]; [AfrL]
J. t. fumata (Rothschild & Jordan, 1903)
Ethiopia Precis terea fumata Rothschild & Jordan, 1903; Novit. Zool. 10 (3): 518, TL: Gillet Mtns
Junonia terea fumata ; [BAFR, 231]; [AfrL]
J. t. elgiva Hewitson, 1864
Natal, Swaziland, Transvaal, Moçambique, Rhodesia, Malawi, Zambia, S.Zaire, Angola, coast (E.Tanzania, E.Kenya) Junonia elgiva Hewitson, 1864; Ill. exot. Butts [2] (Junonia): [79], pl. [41], f. 1, TL: Zambesi
Junonia zipha Butler, 1869; Cistula ent. 1 (1) : 7, TL: Old Calabar
= ; [NHM]
gonensis (Dufrane, 1945) (Precis); Bull. Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 81 : 100, TL: Kivu
= ; [NHM]
Junonia terea elgiva ; [BAFR, 231]; [AfrL]

Larva on Asystasia coromandeliana, Phaulopsis imbricata [PBSA]


Junonia goudoti (Boisduval, 1833)
Madagascar, Comoro Is.. See [About maps] Vanessa goudoti Boisduval, 1833; Faun. ent. Madagascar, Lépid. : 45, n. 5, pl. 7, f. 1
Junonia goudoti ; [BAFR, 230]; [Wahlberg]; [AfrL]
Junonia (Precis) goudoti ; [MadL]

Junonia natalica (C. & R. Felder, 1860)
Natal, Zululand, Swaziland, Transvaal, Moçambique, Rhodesia - Kenya. See [About maps] Natal Pansy
Precis natalica C. & R. Felder, 1860; Wien. ent. Monats. 4 (4): 106, TL: Port Natal
Precis hecate Trimen, 1862; Rhopal. Afr. Austr. : 140, TL: Natal
= ; [NHM]
Precis natalica f. natalensis Rothschild, 1918; Novit. Zool. 25 : 345
Precis natalica var. schmidti Knoch, 1927; Int. ent. Z. 21: 24
Junonia natalica, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Precis natalica ; [BOW: pl. 107, f. 8]
Junonia natalica ; [Wahlberg]; [AfrL]

Larva on Asystasia coromandeliana, Phaulopsis parviflora [PBSA], Asystasia, Barleria, Hygrophila, Justicia, Paulowilhelmia, Phaulopsis, Ruellia, Plectranthus? [BK]

Natal, Mozambique, Rhodesia, Zambia, Malawi, Tanzania, E.Kenya, C.Kenya Junonia natalica natalica ; [BAFR, 230]; [BK, 347, pl. 49, f. 608]; [AfrL]
J. n. angolensis (Rothschild, 1918)
Angola, S.Zaire Precis natalica angolensis Rothschild, 1918; Novit. Zool. 25 : 345, TL: Angola
Junonia natalica angolensis ; [BAFR, 230 (text)]; [AfrL]

Junonia chorimene (Guérin-Méneville, [1844])
Senegal - Sudan, Ugdanda, W.Kenya, Ethiopia. See [About maps] Golden Pansy
Precis chorimene Guérin-Méneville, [1844]; Icon. Règne anim. Cuvier 3 (Insectes) : 476
?Vanessa orthosia Klug, 1845; in Ehrenberg, Symb. Phys.: pl. 48, f. 8-9
Salamis ethyra Feisthamel, 1850; Ann. Soc. ent. Fr. (2) 8 : 250
= ; [NHM]
Precis chorimene f. angulata Aurivillius, 1913; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 13 : 220
= ; [NHM]
Precis chorimene ; [BOW: pl. 105, f. 25]
Junonia chorimene ; [BAFR, 231]; [BK: 347, pl. 49, f. 607]; [Wahlberg]; [AfrL]
[chorimene-1x.jpg] 1180x918 (~228Kb) Ethiopia, Amhara, Lake Hayk bank. 7th August 2012, Photo © Oleg Kosterin [chorimene-1y.jpg] 874x910 (~211Kb) Ethiopia, Amhara, Lake Hayk bank. 7th August 2012, Photo © Oleg Kosterin [chorimene-1z.jpg] 1224x918 (~264Kb) Ethiopia, Amhara, Lake Hayk bank. 7th August 2012, Photo © Oleg Kosterin
[chorimene-2.jpg] 1072x920 (~291Kb) Ethiopia, Amhara, Hayk Town environs. 6th August 2012, Photo © Oleg Kosterin [chorimene-3v.jpg] 1082x1109 (~294Kb) underside Ethiopia, Amhara, a rapidous brook, Blue Nile right tributary just upstream the bridge of the road Addis Ababa - Bahir Dar, 1100 m a.s.l. 1st August 2012, Photo © Oleg Kosterin


Junonia atlites (Linnaeus, 1763)
NE.India, Himalayas (foot), Peninsular India (wetter regions), Ceylon, Burma. See [About maps] Grey Pansy
Papilio atlites Linnaeus, 1763; Amoenitates Acad., 6: 407, TL: "Asia" [? Canton]
Papilio laomedia Linnaeus, 1767; Syst. Nat. (Edn 12) 1 (2): 772
?f. laodamia Clerck
Junonia atlites, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Junonia atlites atlites, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Precis laomedia ; Moore, [1880], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (1): 40, (2): pl. 21, f. 2
Junonia laomedia ; van Eecke, 1913, Notes Leyden Mus. 35 : 245
Precis atlites ; [BOW: pl. 150, f. 10]
Junonia atlites ; [BOR, 278]; [MRS, 579]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 209; [Wahlberg]
[atlites-1u.jpg] 640x480 (~115Kb) upperside Thailand, Krabi 24.12.2003-7.1.2004, Photo © Olli Vesikko [atlites-2u.jpg] 1157x927 (~111Kb) upperside Thailand, Chon Buri Province, Pattaya, Jomtien beach, a wasting land behind Jomtien Holiday Hotel, 2nd January 2006, Photo © Oleg Kosterin [atlites-3.jpg] 1153x1067 (~138Kb) Thailand, Chon Buri Province, Si Racha environs, the Chan-ta-Then River valley at lower reaches, 14th January 2006, Photo © Oleg Kosterin
[atlites-3v.jpg] 1076x875 (~111Kb) underside Thailand, Chon Buri Province, Si Racha environs, the Chan-ta-Then River valley at lower reaches, 14th January 2006, Photo © Oleg Kosterin

Larva on Asteracantha longifolia, Barleria, Alternanthera philoxeroides, Hygrophila lancea, H. salicifolia [MRS], Asteracantha, Barleria, Blechum, Hygrophila, Justicia, Nelsonia, Pseuderanthemum, Strobilanthes, Achyranthes, Alternanthera, Oryza, Lindernia, Phyla Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 209


Grey Pansy
Junonia atlites atlites ; [BMP: 159, pl. 23, f. 7]

Larva on Hygrophila [BMP]

J. a. acera (Fruhstorfer, 1912)
Sulawesi, Banggai Precis atlites acera Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 519, TL: Celebes
Junonia atlites acera ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 209

Junonia almana (Linnaeus, 1758)
Ceylon, India, Burma, Malaysia, Java, Sumatra, Formosa, Philippines, Hong Kong, Andaman, Nicoban. See [About maps] Peacock Pansy
Papilio almana Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 472, TL: Canton, China
Papilio asterie Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 472
Alcyoneis almane Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (3): 35 (emend.?)
?Junonia nikobariensis Felder, 1862; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 12 (1/2) : 482
Precis almana asterie ab. inauditus Murayama, 1961; Tyô to Ga 11 (4): 57, f. 15, 21, TL: South Cape, Formosa
Precis almana asterie ab. fluentis Murayama, 1961; Tyô to Ga 11 (4): 57, f. 16, 22, TL: Gynai, Formosa
Precis almana asterie ab. liquefactus Murayama, 1961; Tyô to Ga 11 (4): 57, f. 17, 23, TL: Poli, Formosa
Junonia almana, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Junonia almana almana, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Junonia asterie ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (2): 43, pl. 22, f. 2; van Eecke, 1913, Notes Leyden Mus. 35 : 245
Precis almana ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 150, f. 9]
Junonia almana ; [BOR, 279]; [MRS, 577]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 209; [Wahlberg]
[almana-1.jpg] 680x878 (~52Kb) Thailand, Chon Buri Province, a small pool at the lake at Bang Phra. 1st February 2005, Photo © Oleg Kosterin [almana-1v.jpg] 1031x880 (~89Kb) underside Thailand, Chon Buri Province, a small pool at the lake at Bang Phra. 1st February 2005, Photo © Oleg Kosterin [almana-2u.jpg] 779x791 (~111Kb) upperside Thailand, Chantaburi Province, Khao-Khitchakut National Park, a park at the headquarters, 7th January 2006, Photo © Oleg Kosterin
[almana-3v.jpg] 612x772 (~60Kb) underside Thailand, Chon Buri Province, Si Racha environs, the Chan-ta-Then River valley at lower reaches, 14th January 2006, Photo © Oleg Kosterin [almana-4u.jpg] 600x400 (~25Kb) upperside India: Assam, Guwahati, December 2004, Photo © Kedar Tokekar

Larva on Acanthaceae [BOW], Asteracantha longifolia, Hygrophila lancea, Barleria spp., Osbeckia spp., Alternanthera philoxeroides, Vandellia ciliata, V. anagallis, Antirrhinum majus, Plantago asiatica, P. major [MRS], Acanthus, Asteracantha, Barleria, Blechum, Hemigraphis, Hygrophila, Ruellia, Strobilanthes, Alternanthera, Mimosa, Gloxinia, Osbeckia, Ludwigia, Plantago, Antirrhinum, Bonnaya, Ilysanthes, Lindernia, Mimulus, Lippia, Phyla, ?Stachytarpheta Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 209


S.Yunnan, ...?
J. a. sumbae Doherty, 1891
Sumba Junonia asterie var. sumbae Doherty, 1891; J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 60 Pt.II (2) : 172, TL: Sumba; Sumbawa?
Junonia almana sumbae ; [BOR, 279]
J. a. battana Fruhstorfer, 1906
S.Sulawesi Junonia almana battana Fruhstorfer, 1906; Wiener ent. Ztg 25 (10) : 353, TL: Sulawesi, Patunuang
Junonia almana battana ; [BOR, 279]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 209
J. a. javana C. Felder, 1862
Java Junonia asteriae var. javana C. Felder, 1862; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 12 (1/2) : 487, TL: Java
?Precis? xerophylla Roepke, 1938; Rhopalocera Javanica 3 : 265, TL: Java
= ; [NHM]
Junonia almana javana ; [BMP: 160, pl. 23, f. 9]

Larva on Mimosa pudica [BMP]

Nicobar nicobariensis Felder, 1862²; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 12 (1/2) : 482, TL: Nicobar

Junonia lemonias (Linnaeus, 1758)
Ceylon, Himalayas, Assam, Bengal, S.India, C.India, Saurashtra, Burma. See [About maps] Lemon Pansy
Papilio lemonias Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 473, TL: Canton, China
Papilio aonis Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 472, no. 91, TL: "Asia"
= ; [NHM]
Junonia lemonias ab. nirei Esaki & Nakahara, 1930; Zephyrus 2 (3) : 148
= ; [NHM]
Precis lemonias f. persicaria Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 520
= ; [NHM]
Junonia lemonias, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Junonia lemonias lemonias, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Precis lemonias ; [BOW: pl. 197, f. 12]
Junonia lemonias ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (2): 41, pl. 21, f. 3, 3a; [BOR, 277]; [MRS, 579]; [Wahlberg]
[lemonias-1u.jpg] 755x601 (~66Kb) upperside Laibin, Guangxi, China, 19-23 July 1999, Photo © Frédéric Vivien [lemonias-2.jpg] 769x513 (~86Kb) Thailand, Krabi 24.12.2003-7.1.2004, Photo © Olli Vesikko [lemonias-3u.jpg] 711x594 (~126Kb) upperside Thailand, Chon Buri Province, Pattaya, a chain of muddy pools behind the chain of hitels along the Jomtien Beach. 25th January 2005, Photo © Oleg Kosterin
[lemonias-4v.jpg] 1098x906 (~123Kb) underside Thailand, Chon Buri Province, Pattaya environs, Ko Khram island, a spiny bamboo forest at a beach. 2nd February 2005, Photo © Oleg Kosterin [lemonias-5v.jpg] 993x829 (~108Kb) underside Thailand, Chon Buri Province, Pattaya, a small grassy swamp with cattail and reed, surrounded by trees, at the Jomtien beach, between B.O. Guesthouse and Jomtien Metro Condotel, 15th January, 2006, Photo © Oleg Kosterin

Larva on Nelsonia campestris, Asteracantha longifolia, Lepidagathis incurva, Sida rhombifolia, Lepidagathis formosensis, Goldfussia formosanus [MRS]


India - N.Peninsular Mlaya, Indo-China, China, Taiwan Junonia lemonias lemonias ; [BOR, 277]; [BMP: 159, pl. 23, f. 8]
J. l. vaisya (Fruhstorfer, 1912)
Ceylon Precis lemonias vaisya Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 520
Junonia lemonias vaisya ; [BOR, 277]
J. l. aenaria (Fruhstorfer, 1912)
Precis lemonias aenaria Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 520

Junonia erigone (Cramer, [1775])
-. See [About maps] Northern Argus
Papilio erigone Cramer, [1775]; Uitl. Kapellen 1 (1-7): pl. 62, TL: Java
Precis erigone f. walkeri Butler, 1901; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (7) 8 : 214
?Precis erigone f. persicosta Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 520
?persiccata (Fruhstorfer, 1912) (Precis); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 91912, TL: 520
= ; [NHM]
Junonia erigone, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Precis erigone ; [BOW: pl. 150, f. 11]
Junonia erigone ; [BOR, 277]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 210; [Wahlberg]
Java, Bali, Lombok Junonia erigone erigone ; [BOR, 277]
J. e. iona Grose-Smith, 1894
West Irian (Humboldt Bay) Junonia iona Grose-Smith, 1894; Novit. zool. 1 (2): 349, TL: New Guinea
Precis erigone iona ; [BAUR, 211]
J. e. tristis Miskin, 1891
NE.New Guinea (coastal) Precis tristis Miskin, 1891; in Blue Book, Her Majesty's Colonial possessions. No. 103: 117, TL: British New Guinea
Precis erigone himera Fruhstorfer, 1915; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 746 (repl. Junonia tristis Miskin, 1891)
Precis erigone tristis ; [BAUR, 211 (text)]
J. e. leucophora Fruhstorfer, 1903
Fergusson, Trobriand Is. Junonia erigone leucophora Fruhstorfer, 1903; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 15 (2) : 313, TL: Trobriand Is.
Precis erigone leucophora ; [BAUR, 211 (text)]
J. e. expansa (Butler, 1883)
Timor Precis expansa Butler, 1883; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1883 : 367, TL: Larat
Precis erigone expansa ; [BAUR, 211 (text)]
J. e. antigone C. & R. Felder, [1867]
Aru Junonia antigone C. & R. Felder, [1867]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (3): 398
J. e. gardineri Fruhstorfer, 1903
Celebes Junonia erigone gardineri Fruhstorfer, 1903; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 15 (2) : 313 (repl. Precis celebensis Butler, 1901), TL: Celebes
Precis erigone f. celebensis Butler, 1901; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (7) 8 : 214 (preocc. Junonia orithya celebensis Staudinger, 1888), TL: Celebes
Junonia erigone gardineri ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 210
J. e. tegea (Fruhstorfer, 1912)
Precis erigone tegea Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 521
J. e. wetterensis (Strand, 1916)
Precis erigone wetterensis Strand, 1916; Lepidoptera Niepeltiana (2) : 7, pl. 14, f. 5, TL: Wetter I.

Junonia timorensis Wallace, 1869
Timor, Wetar, Letti Is.. See [About maps] Junonia timorensis Wallace, 1869; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1869 (4): 346, TL: Timor
Junonia timorensis valesca Fruhstorfer, 1898; Berl. Ent. Zs. 43 (1/2) : 181, TL: Alor
timorensis cibota (Fruhstorfer, 1912) (Precis); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 521, TL: Sumba I.
Precis timorensis ; [BAUR, 211]
Junonia timorensis ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 210; [Wahlberg]
J. t. kucil Tsukada & Kaneko, 1985
Kalao Junonia timorensis kucil ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 210

Junonia adulatrix (Fruhstorfer, 1903)
Sumba Precis adulatrix Fruhstorfer, 1903; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 15 (2) : 312, TL: Sumba
Precis adulatrix Fruhstorfer, 1905; Berl. ent. Zs. 49 (sb): 7, TL: Sumba
Junonia adulatrix ; [BOR, 279]; [Wahlberg]

Junonia intermedia (C. & R. Felder, [1867])
-. See [About maps] Precis intermedia C. & R. Felder, [1867]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (3): 402
?sanghirensis Staudinger
= ; [NHM]
Junonia intermedia, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Junonia intermedia ; [BOR, 278]; [Wahlberg]
Sulawesi, Sangihe, Salayar, Kabaena, Buton, Banggai Precis permagna Martin, 1920; Tidschr. Ent. 63 : 143 (nom. nov.)
= Junonia hedonia intermedia ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 209
Junonia intermedia intermedia ; [BOR, 278]
Junonia hedonia intermedia ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 209
J. i. teurnia (Fruhstorfer, 1912)
Sula Is. Precis hedonia teurnia Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 518
Junonia intermedia teurnia ; [BOR, 278]
Junonia hedonia teurnia ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 209

Junonia touhilimasa Vuillot, 1892
Zambia. See [About maps] Junionia[sic] touhilimasa Vuillot, 1892; Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1892 : cxlviii
?Junonia pavonina Butler, 1895; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1895 (2) : 257, pl. 16, f. 1-3
?obscurata Ball, 1932²; Bull. Soc. ent. Belg. 72: 54
Junonia touhilimasa, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Junonia touhilimasa ; [BAFR, 230]; [Wahlberg]; [AfrL]

Junonia ansorgei (Rothschild, 1899)
Cameroons - Uganda, Zaire, Uganda, Tanzania, W.Kenya, Ethiopia. See [About maps] Ansorge's Leaf Butterfly
Kallima ansorgei Rothschild, 1899
Kallima incerta Grünberg, 1908; S.B. Ges naturf. Fr. Berl. 1908 : 52, pl. 2, f. 3, TL: Uganda
= ; [NHM]
Junonia ansorgei, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Kallima ansorgei ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 104, f. 11]; [BAFR, 213]
Junonia ansorgei ; Shirôzu & Nakanishi, 1984, Tyô to Ga 34 (3) : 106
Kamilla ansorgei ; [BK, 352, pl. 50]
Junonia ansorgei ; [Wahlberg]; [AfrL]

Junonia cymodoce (Cramer, [1777])
Ivory Coast - Angola - W.Uganda. See [About maps] Western Leaf
Papilio cymodoce Cramer, [1777]; Uitl. Kapellen 2 (9-16): 5, pl. 99, f. G, H
Kallima cymodice; [BOW: pl. 104, f. 12 (spell.?)]
Junonia cymodoce, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Kallima cymodoce ; [BAFR, 213]
Junonia cymodoce ; Shirôzu & Nakanishi, 1984, Tyô to Ga 34 (3) : 107; [Wahlberg]; [AfrL]
Junonia cymodoce cymodoce ; [AfrL]
J. c. lugens (Schultze, 1912)
Kallima cymododoce var. lugens Schultze, 1912; Ent. Rundsch. 29 (14) : 92, TL: Kamerun
Junonia cymodoce lugens ; [AfrL]

Junonia africana (Richelmann, 1913)
Cameroun. See [About maps] Precis africana Richelmann, 1913; Int. ent. Z. 7 : 106
Junonia africana ; [BAFR, 237 (text)]; [AfrL]

Junonia schmiedeli (Fiedler, 1920)
Cameroun. See [About maps] Precis schmiedeli Fiedler, 1920; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 34 (1/2) : 53, TL: Kamerun
Precis schmiedeli ;
Junonia schmiedeli ; [BAFR, 237 (text)]; [AfrL]


21.4.2013 (33)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[AfrL]
Mark C. Williams; Checklist of Afrotropical Papilionoidea and Hesperoidea; Compiled by Mark C. Williams, 7th ed. (2008) (April 2007); Afrototropical Butterflies; e-mail: Mark C. Williams
[BAFR]
D'Abrera, 1980; Butterflies of the Afrotropical Region
[BAMONA]
Opler, Pavulaan, Stanford & Pogue; Butterflies and Moths of North America; Mountain Prairie Information Node
[BAUR]
D'Abrera, 1977; Butterflies of the Australian Region (2nd edn)
[BCA]
electronic; BIOLOGIA CENTRALI-AMERICANA
[BCR]
DeVries; The Butterflies of Costa Rica 1; Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae
[BHL]
The; Biodiversity Heritage Library; and on; Internet Archive; Note: The linking to the content of Internet Archive is somewhat delicate -- notify me when links break!
[BIR]
Wynter-Blyth, 1957; Butterflies of the Indian Region; (1982 Reprint)
[BK]
Larsen, 1996; The Butterflies of Kenya and their natural history
[BMP]
Eliot (Ed.), Corbet & Pendlebury, 1992; The Butterflies of The Malay Peninsula; 4th edition; ISBN 983-9681-05-2
[BOA]
Interactive Listing of American Butterflies; Listado Interactivo de la Mariposas Americanas; Butterflies of America
[BOR]
D'Abrera, 1982, 1985, 1986; Butterflies of the Oriental Region, Part I-III
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[Bruce Walsh]
Bruce Walsh; e-mail: Bruce Walsh; The Moths of Southeastern Arizona; Butterflies of Southeastern Arizona
[Christopher A. Rickards]
Ann Arbor, Mi 48105, USA.; e-mail: Christopher A. Rickards
[CiNii]
http://ci.nii.ac.jp/
[Don Herbison-Evans]
and Stella A. Crossley; Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans
[EBW]
Smart, Paul, 1976; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World; ISBN 0 600 31381 6
[EcuL]
Tommaso & Racheli, 2001; Fragmenta entomologica 33 (2): 213-380; An annotated list of Ecuadorian Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae)
[Frédéric Vivien]
e-mail: Frédéric Vivien
[GALEPS]
Moths and Butterflies of Georgia and the Southeastern United States; James K. Adams; Dept. of Natural Science, Dalton State College, Dalton, GA ; http://www.daltonstate.edu/galeps/index.htm
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[ILMB]
Interactive Listing of Mexican Butterflies
[JLS]
Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society; the original J. Lep. Soc. articles
[Kedar Tokekar]
India
[LAMAS-2005]
Gerardo Lamas; Entomofauna 26 (6): 57-100; A Bibliography of the Zoological Publications of Hans Fruhstorfer (1886* - 1922+)
[LAMAS-NEO]
Gerardo Lamas; Bibliography of butterflies; An Annocated Bibliography of the Neotropical Butterflies and Skipper (Lepididoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea); Revised Electronic Edition (2007)
[MRS]
Chou Io (Ed.); Monographia Rhopalocerum Sinensium, 1-2
[MadL]
Lees, D.C., Kremen, C. and Raharitsimba, H. 2003; in S.M. Goodman & J. P. Benstead (eds.), The Natural History of Madagascar; Classification, Diversity and Endemism of the Butterflies (Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea): A Revised Species Checklist: : pp. 762-793; University of Chicago Press. 1709 pp.
[NAB]
Pyle, 1981; Field Guide to North American Butterflies, National Audubon Society; ISBN 0-394-51914-0
[NACL]
Hodges, 1983; Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico
[NHM]
Natural History Museum; The Global Lepidoptera Names Index
[NL4A]
Gerardo Lamas, 2004; Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera; Checklist: Part 4A; Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea
[Oleg Kosterin]
Institue of Cytology & Genetics; Siberian Division of Russian Academy of Sciences; Novosibirsk; e-mail: Oleg Kosterin; http://pisum.bionet.nsc.ru/kosterin/
[Olli Vesikko]
http://koti.welho.com/ovesikko/
[Opler]
Opler & Warren, 2003 (April); Butterflies of North America. 2. Scientific Names List for Butterfly Species of North America, north of Mexico.
[PBSA]
Dickson, C.G.C (ed.), Kroon, D.M.; Pennington's Butterflies of Southern Africa; AD. DONKER 1978
[Pierre Zagatti]
WWW pages; Catalogue of the Lepidoptera of the French Antilles; e-mail: Pierre Zagatti
[S. Shuichi Haupt]
e-mail: S. Shuichi Haupt; http://www.tu-berlin.de/fb7/ioeb/biologie/stefan.htm
[Simon Coombes]
1 Park Street, Plymouth, PL3 4BL, UK; 01752 607854; e-mail: Simon Coombes; http://www.butterfly-guide.co.uk
[Tero Piirainen]
Tampere, Finland; e-mail: Tero Piirainen
[Vitaly Charny]
Birmingham, Alabama, USA
[Wahlberg]
Niklas Wahlberg; The NSG's voucher specimen database; Nymphalidae Systematics Group
[Yutaka Inayoshi]
A Check List of Butterflies in Indo-China; Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM
[²]
This may require parentheses or not. I don't have the necessary information for this taxon.


Some related literature:
Alphéraky, 1897
Lépidoptéres des provinces chinoises Sé-Tchouen et Kam recueillis, en 1893, par M-r G. N. Potaine in Romanoff, Mém. Lép. 9 : 83-149
Butler in Andrews, 1900
A Monograph of Christmas Island (Indian Ocean): Physical Features and Geology Mon. Christmas Isl. : 1-337, pl. 1-21,2bis
Aurivillius, 1894
Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Insektenfaun von Kamerun. 2. Tagfalter Ent. Tidskr. 15 : 273-314
Aurivillius, 1913
Die Gross-Schmetteringe der Erde; 13 Band; Die Afrikanischen Tagfalter in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 13 : 1-613, pl. 1-80
Avinoff, 1926
Descriptions of some new species and varieties of Rhopalocera in the Carnegie Museum Ann. Carnegie Mus. 16: 355-376, pl. 30-33
Barnes & McDunnough, 1916
Some new races and species of North American Lepidoptera Can. Ent. 48 (7) : 221-226
Billberg, 1820
Enumeratio Insectorum Enum. Ins. Mus. Billb. : 1-138
Boisduval, 1833
Faune Entomologique de Madagascar, Bourbon et Maurice. Lépidoptéres Faun. ent. Madagascar, Lépid. : 1-122, pl. 1-16, : (Repaged offprint from Nouv. Ann. Mus. Hist. nat. Paris 2 (2) : 149-270)
Brévignon, 2004
Description de deux nouvelles sous-espèces guadeloupéennes du genre Junonia Hübner, 1819 (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Nymphalinae) Lambillionea 104 (1): 72-80
Brown & Mielke, 1967
Lepidoptera of the Central Brazil Plateau. I. Preliminary list of Rhopalocera J. Lep. Soc. 21 (2): 77-106
Bryk, 1953
Lepidoptera aus dem Amazonasgebiete und aus Peru gesammelt von Dr. Douglas Melin und Dr. Abraham Roman Arkiv. Zool. (2) 5 (1): 1-268
Butler, 1866
Description of a new species of Junonia in the national collection Ent. mon. Mag. 2 : 227-228
Butler, 1869
Descriptions of New Rhopalocera from the Collection of Herbert Druce Esq. Cistula ent. 1 (1) : 1-16
Butler, 1875
Contributions towards a knowledge of the Rhopalocera of Australia Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1875 (1) : 1-10
Butler, 1883
List of Lepidoptera collected by Mr. H. O. Forbes in the Islands of Timor Laut Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1883 : 365-371, pl. 38
Butler, 1885
On a Collection of Lepidoptera made at Manipur and on the Borders of Assam by Dr. George Watt Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 16 : 298-310, pl. 8, : 334-347
Butler, 1888
On the Lepidoptera received from Dr. Emin Pascha [from Equatorial Africa] Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1888 : 56-85
Butler, 1895
On collections of Lepidoptera from British Central Africa and Lake Tanganyika Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1895 (2) : 250-270, pl. 15-16
Butler, [1896]
On Lepidoptera recently collected in British East Africa by Mr. G. F. Scott Elliot Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1895 : 722-742, pl. 42-43 (1896)
Butler, 1901
A Revision of the Butterflies of teh Genus Precis, with Notes on the Seasonal Phases of the Species Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (7) 8 : 196-216
Corbet, 1937
Observations on Species of Nymphalidae and Riodinidae from the Malay Peninsula Proc. R. ent. Soc. Lond. (B) 6 (5): 99-104
Cramer, [1775]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) Uitl. Kapellen 1 (1-7): 1-132, pl. 1-84 (1775), (8): 133-155, pl. 85-96 (1776)
Cramer, [1777]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) Uitl. Kapellen 2 (9-16): 1-152, pl. 97-192 (1777)
Cramer, [1779]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) Uitl. Kapellen 3 (17-21): 1-104, pl. 193-252 (1779), (22): 105-128, pl. 253-264 ([1780]), (23-24): 129-176, pl. 265-288 (1780)
Cramer, [1780]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) Uitl. Kapellen 4 (25-26a): 1-28, pl. 289-304 (1780)
Dewitz, 1879
Afrikanische Tagschmetterlinge Nova Acta Leop. Carol. (2) 41 (2) : 173-210, [1-38], pl. 25-26, [1-2]
Distant, 1883
Rhopalocera Malayana: a Description of the Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula Rhopalocera Malayana : 1-481, pl. 1-27,27A,27B,28-44
Doherty, 1891
The Butterflies of Sumba and Sumbawa, with some Account of the Island of Sumba J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 60 Pt.II (2) : 141-197, pl. 2
Doubleday, [1847]
The genera of diurnal Lepidoptera, comprising their generic characters, a notice of their habitats and transformations, and a catalogue of the species of each genus; illustrated with 86 plates by W. C. Hewitson Gen. diurn. Lep. (1): 1-18, pl. A, 1-4 (1-2) (1846), (1): 19-132, pl. 4*, 5-25, 28 (3-14) (1847), (1): 133-200, pl. 1*, 26, 27, 29, 31-44 (15-23) (1848), (1): 201-242, pl. 30, 45-52, 56-58, 60-62, 64 (24-31) (1849), (1): 243-250 [?], (2): 243-326, pl. 53-55, 63, 65, 66 (32-38) (1850), (2): 327-466, pl. 59, 67-77 (39-50) (1851), (2): 467-534, 143, 144, pl. 78-80 (Index) (51-54) (1852)
Drury, 1773
Illustrations of natural history; wherein are exhibited ... Illust. Nat. Hist. Exot. Insects 2 : 1-90, pl. 1-50
Dufrane, 1945
Lepidopteres du Kivu (3e note) Bull. Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 81 : 90-143
Dunn, 1995
Biological notes on some eastern Australian butterflies Victorian Ent. 25 (5): 85-92
K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991
Review of Australian Butterflies: distribution, life history and taxonomy. Pushlished by authors, Melbourne Review Austr. Butts. (1-4):
Dyar, 1903
A List of North American Lepidoptera and Key to the Literature of this Order of Insects Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 1-723
van Eecke, 1913
Fauna Simalurensis. Lepidoptera Rhopalocera, fam. Satyridae, Morphidae and Nymphalidae Notes Leyden Mus. 35 : 243-247
Esaki & Nakahara, 1930
Some new aberrant forms of Japanese and Formosan butterflies Zephyrus 2 (3) : 148-150
Fabricius, 1775
Systema Entomologiae, sistens Insectorum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, Adiectis Synonymis, Locis, Descriptionibus, Observationibus. Syst. Ent.: 832pp
Feisthamel, 1850
Description de quelques Lépidoptères Rhopalocéres nouveaux ou peu connus, provenant de la Cazamance (Afrique) Ann. Soc. ent. Fr. (2) 8 : 247-262
Felder, 1862; C. Felder, 1862
Verzeichniss der von den Naturforschern der k. k. Fregatte Novara gesammelten Macropepidoteren Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 12 (1/2) : 473-496
C. & R. Felder, 1860
Lepidopterologische Fragmente. V-VI Wien. ent. Monats. 4 (4): 97-112, pl. 1-2, (8): 225-251, pl. 3-4
C. & R. Felder, 1862
Specimen faunae lepidopterologicae riparum fluminis Negro superioris in Brasilia septentrionali Wien. ent. Monats. 6 (3): 65-80, (4): 109-126, (6): 175-192, (7): 229-235
C. & R. Felder, [1867]
Reise der österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Behilfen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair. Zoologischer Theil. Band 2. Abtheilung 2. Lepidoptera. Rhopalocera Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (1): 1-136, pl. 1-21 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, [1865]), (2): 137-378, pl. 22-47 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, 1865), (3): 379-536, pl. 48-74 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, 1867), (4): 537-548, pl. 75-120, (Inhalts-Verz.) 1-9 (pl. 1-74), (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1874) , (5): pl. 121-140, (erklärung) 1-10 (pl. 75-107), (Inhalts-Verz.) 1-20 (pl. 108-140), (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1875)
Fiedler, 1920
Precis schmiedeli. Eine neue Art aus Kamerun Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 34 (1/2) : 53-55
Forbes, [1929]
Variation in Junonia lavinia (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 36 (4) : 305-321
Fruhstorfer, 1898
Neue Lepidopteren aus Asien Berl. Ent. Zs. 43 (1/2) : 175-199 (mid November)
Fruhstorfer, 1900
Rhopalocera Bazilana. Verzeichniss der von W. Doherty auf der Insel Bazilan gesammelten Tagfalter Berl. ent. Zs. 45 (1/2): 1-38 (early August), 44 (3/4): [331], pl. 2, f. 1-6 (1899)
Fruhstorfer, 1903
Neue Papilioformen und andere Lepidopteren aus Ost-Asien und dem malayischen Archipel Dt. ent. Z. Iris 15 (2) : 306-315 (1 May)
Fruhstorfer, 1904
Tagebuchblätter Insekten-Börse 21 (1): 3-4 (1 January), (3): 18-19 (14 January), (4): 26-27 (21 January), (5): 34-35 (28 January), (6): 42-43 (4 February), (7): 51 (11 February), (9): 66-67 (25 February), (10): 74 (3 March), (11): 83 (10 March), (12): 90-91 (17 March), (14): 106-107 (31 March), (15): 114-115 (7 April), (16): 122-123 (14 April), (17): 130-131, 4 figs. (21 April), (18): 139-140 (28 April), (19): 146-147 (5 May), (20): 154-155 (12 May), (22): 170-171 (26 May), (23): 177-179 (2 June), (24): 186-187 (9 June), (25): 195-196 (16 June), (26): 202-203 (23 June), (27): 210-211 (30 June), (28): 218-219 (7 July), (30): 235 (21 July), (31): 242-244 (28 July), (32): 251-252 (4 August), (33): 259-260 (11 August), (34): 267-268 (18 August), (35): 274-275 (25 August), (36): 282-283 (1 September), (37): 291 (8 September), (38): 299-300 (15 September), (39): 306-307 (22 September), (40): 314-315 (29 September)
Fruhstorfer, 1904
Neue Junonia-Rassen Insekten-Börse 21 (41): 325 (6 October)
Fruhstorfer, 1905
Neue Rhopaloceren aus Borneo Soc. Ent. 20 (7) : 49-50 (1 July)
Fruhstorfer, 1905
[Sitzungsberichte] Berl. ent. Zs. 49 (sb): 1-7,20-22,24
Fruhstorfer, 1906
Verzeichnis der von mir in Tonkin, Annam und Siam gesammelten Nymphaliden und Besprechung verwandter Formen Wiener ent. Ztg 25 (10) : 307-362, pl. 1-2 (30 October)
Fruhstorfer, 1907
Verzeichniss der von Herrn Dr. Theodor Koch-Grünberg am oberen Waupes 1903-1905 gesammelten Rhopaloceren mit Besprechung verwandter Arten Stettin ent. Ztg 68 (1): 117-164 (May), (2): 207-309, pl. 1 (July)
Fruhstorfer, 1912
Neue Nymphaliden des neotropischen Gebietes aus der Sammlung Staudinger. Ent. Rundschau 29 (2) : 14-15 (27 January)
Fruhstorfer, 1912; Fruhstorfer, 1915
6. Familie: Nymphalidae in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 453-456 (31 January, 1912), : 457-488 (18 March, 1912), : 489-496 (25 May, 1912), : 489-496 (10 May, 1912), : 497-504 (15 April, 1912), : 505-512 (10 May, 1912), : 513-528 (11 April, 1912), : 529-552 (20 April, 1912), : 553-592 (15 May, 1912), : 593-616 (25 September, 1912), : 617-632 (15 October, 1912), : 633-640 (25 October, 1912), : 641-656 (10 January, 1913), : 657-664 (12 January, 1913), : 665-680 (13 January, 1913), : 681-688 (25 January, 1913), : 689-696 (16 June, 1913), : 697-704 (5 August, 1913), : 705-712 (20 January, 1914), : 713-720 (20 November, 1913), : 721-744 (9 March, 1914), : 745-751 (30 July, 1915), : 753-760 (28 March, 1914), : 761-766 (14 April, 1914)
Godart, 1819; Godart, [1824]
in Latreille & Godart, Encyclopédie Méthodique. Histoire naturelle Entomologie, ou histoire naturelle des crustacés, des arachnides et des insectes Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 3-328 (1819), (2): 329-828 ([1824])
Godman & Salvin, [1882]
Biologia Centrali-Americana. Rhopalocera. Vol. 1. (1879-1886) Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 1-487, 3: pl. 1-24,24a,25-112
Godman & Salvin, [1901]
Biologia Centrali-Americana. Rhopalocera. (1887-1901) Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 1-782, 3: pl. 1-112
Grose-Smith, 1894
An Account of a Collection of Diurnal Lepidoptera from New Guinea (Parts I-III) - made by Mr. W. Doherty at Humboldt Bay, Dutch New Guinea, and in neighbouring islands, in the Museum of the honourable Walter Rothschild at Tring, with descriptions of new species Novit. zool. 1 (2): 331-365, (2): 543-551, (3): 571-584
Grünberg, 1908
Neue Lepidopteren aus Uganda S.B. Ges naturf. Fr. Berl. 1908 : 50-62, pl. 2-4
Guenée, 1865
Lépidoptéres de Madagascar. In Vinson. Voyage a Madagascar au couronnement de Radama II. in Vinson, Voy. Madagascar, Annexe F: 25-48
Guérin-Méneville, [1844]
Iconographie du Règne Animal de G. Cuvier. Insectes. Icon. Règne anim. Cuvier 3 (Insectes) : pl. 3-12 (1829), : pl. 13-14,21-24 (1830), : pl. 25-30,42-46,52-55,60,62,76,24-25,25bis,28bis (1831), : pl. 77-92,99,84bis (1832), : pl. 31,36-39,47-49,59,101,39bis (1833), : pl. 32-35,50,61,64-66,49bis (1834), : pl. 15-20,40,51,56-58,67-75,93-98 (1835), : pl. 100,102-104 (1836), : pl. 1-2,41,63 (1837), : 1-576 (1844)
Gunder, 1925
Several New Aberrant Lepidoptera (Rhopalocera) Ent. News 36 (7) : 193-200, pl. 5
Gunder, 1927
New transition forms of "abs" and their classification Ent. News. 38 (5) : 129-138, pl. 2
Hagen, 1897
Verzeichniss der in den Jahren 1893-95 von mir in Kaiser-Wilhelmsland und Neupommern gesammelten Tagschmetterlinge Jarhb. Nass. Ver. Nat. 50 : [23],25-96
Hall, 1919
Descriptions of twelve new Nymphaline butterflies Entomologist 52 : 195-200
Hayashi, 1973
A new subspecies of Precis hedonia LINNAEUS from Palawan Tyô to Ga 23 (3-5) : 93-94
Herbst, 1796
Natursystem aller bekannten in- und auslandischen Insekten als eine Fortsetzun der von Büffonschen Naturgeschichte in Jablonsky, Naturs. Schmett. 8: 1-304, pl. 181-230
Heslop, 1962
A New Aberration of Precis clelia Cramer Ent. Rec. J. Var. 74 : 123-124
Hewitson, 1864
Illustrations of new species of exotic Butterflies selected chiefly from the collections of W. Wilson Saunders and William C. Hewitson Ill. exot. Butts [2] : (Systematic Index) II, (Ithomia XIV): [1-2], pl. [1] (1855), (Ithomia XV-XIX): [3-12], pl. [2-6] (1856), (Ithomia XX): 13x,14x, [13-14] (1861), pl. [7] (1857), (Ithomia XXI): 15x,16x, [15-16] (1861), pl. [8] (1858), (Ithomia XXII): [17-18], pl. [9] (1859), (Ithomia XXIII): [19-20], pl. [10] (1861), (Ithomia XXIV): [21-22], pl. [11] (1863), (Ithomia XXV): [23-24], pl. [12] (1867), (Ithomia XXVI): [25-26], pl. [13] (1868), (Ithomia XXVII): [27-28], pl. [14] (1869), (Ithomia XXVIII-XXIX): [29-32], pl. [15-16] (1871), (Ithomia XXX-XXXI): [33-36], pl. [17-18] (1872), (Ithomia XXXII-XXXIII): [37-40], pl. [19-20], (1874) , (Ithomia XXXIV-XXXV): [41-44], pl. [21-22] (1876), (Acraea I): [45-46], pl. [23] (1852), (Acraea II): [47-48], pl. [24] (1861), (Acraea III): [49-50], pl. [25] (1865), (Acraea IV-V): [51-52], pl. [26-27] (1867), (Acraea VI): [53-54], pl. [28] (1868), (Acraea VII): [55-56], pl. [29] (1875), (Messaras): [57-58], pl. [30] (1859), (Eresia I): [59-60], pl. [31] (1852), (Eresia II): [61-62], pl. [32] (1857), (Eresia III-VI): [63-70], pl. [33-36] (1864), (Eresia VII): [71-72], pl. [37] (1868), (Eresia VIII-IX): [73-76], pl. [38-39] (1870), (Eresia X): [77-78], pl. [40] (1872), (Junonia): [79-80], pl. [41] (1864), (Cybdelis I-II): [81-84], pl. [42-43] (1852), (Cybdelis III): [85-86], pl. [44] (1857), (Cybdelis IV): [87-88], pl. [45] (1869), (Epiphile I): [89-90], pl. [46] (1857), (Epiphile II & Paromia): [91-92], pl. [47] (1861), (Eubagis I): [93-94], pl. [48] (1852), (Eubagis II): [95-96], pl. [49] (1857), (Eubagis III): [97-98], pl. [50] (1859), (Catagramma I): [99-100], pl. [51] (1851), (Catagramma II): [101-102], pl. [52] (1853), (Catagramma III-V): [103-108], pl. [53-55] (1855), (Catagramma VI): [109-110], pl. [56] (1857), (Catagramma VII-VIII): [111-114], pl. [57-58] (1858), (Catagramma IX and Callithea): [115-116], pl. [59] (1858), (Catagramma X): [117-118], pl. [60] (1864), (Catagramma XI-XII): [119-122], pl. [61-62] (1868), (Catagramma XIII): [123-124], pl. [63] (1876), : iv
Holland, 1920
Lepidoptera of the Congo. Being a Systematic List of the Butterflies and Moths Collected by the American Museum of Natural History Congo Expedition Together with Descriptions of Some Hitherto Undescribed Species Bull. Am. Mus. nat. Hist. 43 (6) : 109-369, pl. 6-14
Howarth, 1962
Rhopalocera of the Rennel and Bellona Islands The Natural History of the Rennel and Bellona Is. (4) : 63-83
Hübner, [1819]; Hübner, [1822]
Sammlung exotischer Schmetterlinge, Vol. 2 ([1819] - [1827]) Samml. exot. Schmett. 2 : pl. [90], [180], [223] (1819), : pl. [2], [12], [16], [78], [141], [182] (1820), : pl. [11], [13], [24], [77], [83], [97], [102-103], [108-109], [116-117], [122], [147], [150], [164], [183], [195], [197], [212-214] (1821), : pl. [14], [18-19], [26], [38-39], [43], [68], [70-71], [74], [84], [86], [92], [94-95], [106], [114], [121], [161], [169], [174], [177-178], [184], [194], [200], [204-205], [207-208], [210] (1821), : pl. [33], [72], [76], [115], [131], [138-139], [153], [198], [211], [218], [220] (1822), : pl. [32], [75], [81], [93], [105], [129] (1822), : pl. [1], [6], [22-23], [25], [27], [29-31], [34-37], [40-42], [48], [50-53], [56], [58-59], [64-66], [69], [73], [87], [89], [91], [96], [98-101], [110], [124], [128], [130], [132-137], [142], [155-158], [160], [162-163], [165-167], [170-173], [175-176], [187-188], [196], [199], [201-202], [206], [215-216], [219], [222], [224] (1823), : pl. [54], [118], [143], [149], [159] [179], [181], [185], [203], [217] (1824), : pl. [3-5], [8-10], [15], [20], [45], [49], [55], [60], [62-63], [67], [79-80], [88], [104], [111-113], [120], [125], [127], [140], [144-146], [148], [151-152], [154], [168], [189-193], [221], [225] (1825), : pl. [7], [17], [21], [28], [44], [46-47], [57], [61], [82], [123], [126] (1826), : pl. [85], [119], [186], [209] (1827), : (Index Systematicus) [1-4] (1827-1832)
Hübner, [1819]
Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge, 1816-[1826] Verz. bek. Schmett. (1): [1-3], 4-16 (1816), (2): 17-32 (1819), (3): 33-48 (1819), (4): 49-64 (1819), (5): 65-80 (1819), (6): 81-96 (1819), (7): 97-112 (1819), (8): 113-128 (1819), (9): 129-144 (1819), (10): 145-160 (1819), (11): 161-176 (1819), (12): 177-192 (1820), (13): 193-208 (1820), (14): 209-224 (1821), (15): 225-240 (1821), (16): 241-256 (1821), (17): 257-272 (1823), (18): 273-288 (1823), (19): 289-304 (1823), (20): 305-320 (1825), (21): 321-336 (1825), (22): 337-352 (1825), (23-27): 353-431 ([1825])
Kalis, 1933
Bijdrage tot de kennis van de Lepidoptera Rhopalocera van Nederlandsch-Indië Tijdschr. Ent. 76 (1-2) : 47-86
Kirby, 1871
A synonymic catalogue of the diurnal Lepidoptera Syn. Cat. diurn. Lep.: vii + 690pp : 1-690
Lang, 1884
Description of a new species of Junonia Entomologist 17 : 206-207
Linnaeus, 1758
Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Clases, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Symonymis, Locis. Tomis I. 10th Edition Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 1-338, : 339-824
Linnaeus, 1763
in Johansson (Thesis), Centuria Insectorum Amoenitates Acad., 6: -,(121) 384-415
Linnaeus, 1764
Museum S'ae R'ae M'tis Ludovicae Ulricae Reginae Svecorum, Gothorum, Vandalorumque Mus. Lud. Ulr.: vi + 720 + [2]
Linnaeus, 1767
Systema Naturae per Regna tria Naturae, secundum Classes, Ordines, .... Editio Duocecima Reformata. Tom. 1. Part II. Syst. Nat. (Edn 12) 1 (2): -,533-1327
Mabille, 1876
Catalogue des Lépidoptères de la cote occidentale d'Afrique Bull. Soc. zool. Fr. 1 : 194-203 (1876), : 274-281 (1877)
Martin, 1920
Die Tagfalter der Insel Celebes Tidschr. Ent. 63 : 111-159
Matsumura, 1915
Some new species and varieties of butterflies from Japan Ent. Mag. Kyoto 1 (2): 55-61, pl. 2
Miskin, 1891
Note on a collection of Lepidoptera from S.E. New Guinea in Blue Book, Her Majesty's Colonial possessions. No. 103: 117-124
Moore, [1880]; Moore, [1881]
The Lepidoptera of Ceylon Lepid. Ceylon 1 (1): 1-40, pl. 1-18 (Dec 1880), (2): 41-80, pl. 19-36 (Jan 1881), (3): 81-136, pl. 37-54 (Jun 1881), (4): 137-190, pl. 55-71 (Dec 1881)
Munroe, 1951
The genus Junonia in the West Indies (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) Amer. mus. Novit. no. 1498: 1-16
Murayama, 1961
An unrecorded and some aberrant butterflies from Formosa [in Japanese] Tyô to Ga 11 (4): 54-61
Möschler, 1872
Neue exotische Schmetterlinge Stettin Ent. Ztg 33 (7-9) : 336-362
Neustetter, 1916
Neue oder wenig bekannte Cymothoe Arten Dt. ent. Z. Iris 30 : 95-108
Riley in Poulton & Riley, 1928
The Rhopalocera of the "St. George" Expedition, from French Oceania Trans. ent. Soc. London 76 : 453-468, pl.
Rebel, 1911
Lepidopteren von den Samoainseln. In: Botanische und Zoologische Ergebnisse einer Wissenschaftlichen Forschungsreise nach den Samoainseln, dem Neuguinea-Archipel und den Salomonsinseln von März bis Dezember 1905 in Rechinger, Denkschr. Ak. Wiss. Wien 85 (3) : 412-432
Ribbe, 1898
Beiträge zur Lepidopteren-Fauna des Bismarck- und Salomon-Archipels in der Süd-See Dt. ent. Z. Iris 11 (1): 35-133, 12 (1): 219-260
Richelmann, 1913
Einige neue afrikanische Tagfalter Int. ent. Z. 7 : 105-106
Riley, 1925
List of the butterflies collected in Arabia by Captain R.E. Cheesman, with a description of one new subspecies Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (9) 15 : 151-152
Roepke, 1938
Nymphalidae Rhopalocera Javanica 3 : 235-362, pl. 26-36
Rothschild, 1915
On the Lepidoptera in the Tring Museum sent by Mr. A. S. Meek from the Admiralty Islands, Dampier and Vulcan Islands Novit. Zool. 22 (2): 192-208, (3): 387-402
Rothschild, 1915
On Lepidoptera from the islands of Ceram (Seran), Buru, Bali, and Misol Novit. Zool. 22 (1): 105-144, (2): 209-227
Rothschild, 1918
Some Apparently New Forms of African Nymphalidae Novit. Zool. 25 : 338-345
Rothschild & Jordan, 1903
Lepidoptera collected by Oscar Neumann in north-east Africa Novit. Zool. 10 (3): 491-542, 12: 175-191
Schmidt, 1921
Neue oder wenig bekannte afrikanische Rhopaloceren Dt. ent. Z. Iris 35 (1/2) : 32-51
Schultze, 1912
Neue Rhopaloceren aus dem tropischen Westafrika Ent. Rundsch. 29 (14) : 91-93
Schultze, 1920
Lepidoptera (1 & 2) Ergeb. 2tn. Dt. Zent. Afrika Exp. 1 (12): 511-597, pl. 25-26 (1917), (14): 639-829 (1920)
Shirôzu & Nakanishi, 1984
A revision of the genus Kallima Doubleday (Lepidoptera; Nymphalidae) Tyô to Ga 34 (3) : 97-110
Staudinger, [1888]
Exotische Tagfalter in sysmatischer Reihenfolge mit Berücksichtigung neuer Arten in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (1): 3-6, pl. 1-5 (1884), (2): 7-10, pl. 6-10 (1884), (3): 11-14, pl. 11-15 (1884), (4): 15-22, pl. 16-20 (1884), (5): 23-30, pl. 21-25 (1884), (6): 31-38, pl. 26-30 (1884), (7): 39-46, pl. 31-35 (1885), (8): 47-58, pl. 30-40 (1885), (9): 59-82, pl. 41-50 (1885), (10): 83-102, pl. 51-60 (1885), (11): 103-122, pl. 61-65 (1886), (12): 123-138, pl. 66-70 (1886), (13): 139-158, pl. 71-75 (1886), (14): 159-174, pl. 76-80 (1886), (15): 175-194, pl. 81-85 (1887), (16): 195-214, pl. 86-90 (1887), (17): 215-234, pl. 91-95 (1887), (18): 235-270, pl. 96-98 (1888), (19): 1-2,271-333, pl. 99-100 (1888)
Staudinger, 1889
Lepidoptera der Insel Palawan Dt. ent. Z. Iris 2 (1) : 3-180, pl. 1-2
Stephens, 1827
Illustrations of British Entomology; or, a synopsis of indigenous insects: containing their generic and specific distinctions; with an account of their metamorphoses, times of appearance, localities, food, and economy, as far as practicable Ill. Br. Ent. (Haustellata) 1 (1): 1-56, pl. 1-9 (1827), (2): 57-150, pl. 10-12 (1828)
Stoneham, 1934
Some melanistic forms of Lepidoptera occurring in British East Africa Bull. Stoneham Mus. (20): 1-2
Stoneham, 1965
New subspecies and forms of African Lepidoptera Bull. Stoneham Mus. (81): 1-3
Strand, 1911
Neue Gross-Schmetterlinge aus Abyssinien, etc. Ent. Rundsch. 28 : 137-141
Strand, 1911
Neue afrikanische Pierididen und Nymphalididen gesammelt von Herrn Prof. Dr. J. Vosseler Int. Ent. Zs. 4 (41): 219-220, (42): 226-227
Strand, 1912
Tagfalter und Schwärmer aus Abyssinien, gesammelt von Herrn A. Kostlan Archiv Naturg. 77 (Suppl. 4) : 87-94
Strand, 1912
Exotisch-Lepidopterologisches Archiv Naturg. 78 A (9) : 143-158
Strand, 1915
Lepidoptera aus Ober-Aegypten und dem Aegyptischen Sudan Arch. Naturgescb. 80 A (10) : 95-112
Strand, 1916
Abbildungen und Beschreibungen neuer und wenig bekannter Lepidoptera aus der Sammlung W. Niepelt Lepidoptera Niepeltiana (2) : 1-26, pl. 13-17
Suffert, 1904
Neue Nymphaliden aus Africa Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 108-123
Swinhoe, 1893
New species of Oriental Lepidoptera Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 12 (70) : 254-265
Swinhoe, 1899
New Species of Oriental Lepidoptera Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (7) 3 (13) : 102-116
Thurau, 1903
Neue Rhopaloceren aus Ost Afrika. Ergebnisse der Nyassa-See-un Kenya-Gebirgs-Expedition der Hermann und Elise geb. Heckmann-Wentzel-Stiftung Berl. ent. Z. 48 : 117-143
Trimen, 1862
Rhopalocera Africae Australis; A catalogue of South African Butterflies: comprising descriptions of all the known species ... Rhopal. Afr. Austr. : 1-353, pl. 1-6
Trimen, 1870
Notes on Butterflies collected by J. H. Bowker, Esq., in Basuto-land, South Africa; with descriptions of some New Species Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1870 (4) : 341-390, pl. 6
Trimen, 1879
On some hitherto undescribed Butterflies inhabiting Southern Africa Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1879 (4) : 323-346
Trimen, 1887
South-African Butterflies: a monograph of the extra-tropical species. Vol. 1 South-African Butts 1 : 1-350, pl. A, 1-6
Ungemach, 1932
Contribution à l'étude des Lépidoptères d'Abyssinie (Pt. 1, Rhopalocères) Mém. Soc. Sci. nat. phys. Maroc 32 : 1-122, 2pls
Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003
The butterflies of Sulawesi: annotated checklist for a critical island faunda Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 3-268, pl. 1-16
Vane-Wright & Tennent, 2011
Colour and size variation in Junonia villida (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae): subspecies of phenotypic plasticity? Syst. Biodiv. 9 (4): 289-305
Vollenhoven, 1861
Description de quelques espèces nouvelles de Lépidoptères Tijdschr. Ent. 4 (5/6) : 157-163, pl. 8-10
Vuillot, 1892
[no title] Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1892 : cxxiv-cxxv,[124-125], : cxl-cxli,[140-141], : cxlviii-cl,[148-150]
Wallace, 1869
Notes on eastern Butterflies (3 parts) Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1869 (1): 77-81, (4): 277-288, 321-349
Watkins, 1925
Precis villida, Fab. (Lep. Nymphalidae), and a new race Entomologist 58 (1) : 33
Westwood, 1870
Description of an undescribed species of diurnal Lepidoptera from Tropical Africa Ent. mon. Mag. 6 : 278
Weymer in Weymer & Maassen, 1890
Lepidoptera gesammelt auf einer Reise durch Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Brasilien, Argentinien und Bolivien in den Jahren 1868-1877 von Alphons Stübel Reisen Süd-America : 1-182, pl. 1-9
Whittaker & Stallings, 1944
Notes on Seasonal Variation in Lepidoptera Ent. News. 55 (3): 67-71, (4): 87-92
Wichgraf, 1918
Neue afrikanische Lepidopteren Int. Ent. Z. 12 (4) : 25-30


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Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.