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Hypolimnas Hübner, [1819]
Eggflies Diadems
Hypolimnas Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (3): 45, TS: Papilio pipleis Linnaeus
Hypolimnas Hübner, 1821; Index exot. Lep.: [5]
Esoptria Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (3): 45, TS: Papilio bolina Linnaeus
= ; [NL4A, 251]
Diadema Boisduval, 1832; in d'Urville, Voy. Astrolabe (Faune ent. Pacif.) 1 : 135 (preocc. Diadema Gray, 1825), TS: Papilio bolina Linnaeus
= ; [NL4A, 251]
Euralia Westwood, [1850]; Gen. diurn. Lep. (2): 281, TS: Papilio dubius Palisot de Beauvois
= ; [NL4A, 251]
Eucalia Felder, 1861; Nov. Act. Leop. Carol. 28 (3) : 25, TS: Diadema anthedon Doubleday
= ; [NL4A, 251]
Hypolimnas, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Hipolymnas ; Hübner, [1819], Verz. bek. Schmett. (3): 45 (orig. missp.)
Hypolimnas (Kallimini) ; [MadL]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 211; [NL4A, 251]
Hypolimnas (Junoniina) ; [Wahlberg]; [AfrL]


[sp-1mv.jpg] 870x597 (~50Kb) underside male Paya, Tioman, Malaysia, 12-96, Photo © S. Shuichi Haupt
Hypolimnas sp. det. Krushnamegh Kunte

The exact identification of this species is still unknown, but tentatively assumed to belong into this group.



Hypolimnas alimena (Linnaeus, 1758)
Moluccas, New Guinea, Australia. See [About maps] Blue-banded Egg-fly
Papilio alimena Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 478
Papilio alimena Linnaeus, 1764; Mus. Lud. Ulr.: 291, TL: Amboina
Hypolimnas alimena, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Hypolimnas alimena, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Hypolimnas alimena ; [BOW: pl. 145, f. 11-12]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 213

Larva on Pseuderanthemum variable [BAUR], Asystasia gangetica, Graptophilum pictum, Pseuderanthemum variabile K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991, Review Austr. Butts. (1-4): (120-140), Asystasia, Graptophyllum, Pseuderanthemum, Sida, Pipturus Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 213

Ambon, Serang, Saparua Papilio porphyria Cramer, [1780]; Uitl. Kapellen 3 (22): pl. 255, f. E, F
Papilio velleda Stoll, [1781]; in Cramer, Uitl. Kapellen 4 (29-31): pl. 349, f. C, D
Hypolimnas alimena ♀ ab. coelia Fruhstorfer, 1903; Berl. ent. Zs. 48 (1/2) : 74
Hypolimnas alimena alimena ; [BAUR, 220 (text)]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 213
H. a. heteromorpha Röber, 1891
Kai I. Hypolimnas alimena var. heteromorpha Röber, 1891; Tijdschr. Ent. 34: 306, TL: Key I.
Hypolimnas alimena heteromorpha ; [BAUR, 220]
H. a. senia Fruhstorfer, 1912
Buru alimena senia Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 545
Hypolimnas alimena senia ; [BAUR, 220 (text)]
H. a. bandana Fruhstorfer, 1912
Banda I. alimena bandana Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 546, TL: Banda I.
Hypolimnas alimena bandana ; [BAUR, 220 (text)]
H. a. remigia Fruhstorfer, 1912
Obi alimena remigia Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 546, TL: Obi
Hypolimnas alimena remigia ; [BAUR, 220 (text)]
H. a. eligia Fruhstorfer, 1912
Bachan, Halmahera, Morotai, Ternate alimena eligia Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 546, TL: Batjan
Hypolimnas alimena eligia ; [BAUR, 220 (text)]
H. a. diadema Fruhstorfer, 1912
alimena diadema Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 545
Hypolimnas alimena diadema ; [NHM]
H. a. saturnia Fruhstorfer, 1903
Waigeu Hypolimnas alimena saturnia Fruhstorfer, 1903; Berl. ent. Zs. 48 (1/2) : 74, TL: Waigiu
Hypolimnas alimena saturnia ; [BAUR, 220 (text)]
H. a. talauta Fruhstorfer, 1912
Talaud alimena talauta Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 546, TL: Talaud
Hypolimnas alimena talauta ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 213
H. a. polymena (C. & R. Felder, [1867])
Aru Diadema polymena C. & R. Felder, [1867]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (3): 414, pl. 55, f. 5-6, TL: Aru I.
Hypolimnas alimena polymena ; [BAUR, 220 (text)]
H. a. forbesi Butler, 1883
Timor - Tanimbar Hypolimnas forbesii Butler, 1883; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1883 : 367, pl. 38, f. 4, TL: Larat I.
Diadema alimena var. salvini Kirsch, 1885; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1885 : 276, pl. 19, f. 4, TL: Timor Laut
= ; [NHM]
selina Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 546
= Hyplimnas alimena selina ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas alimena forbesi ; [BAUR, 220 (text)]
H. a. eremita Butler, 1883
West Irian - E.New Guinea Hypolimnas eremita Butler, 1883; Ent. mon. Mag. 20 : 56, TL: Dorey
Hypolimnas alimena eremita ; [BAUR, 220 (text)]
H. a. curicta Fruhstorfer, 1912
Noemfoor I. alimena curicta Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 546
Hypolimnas alimena curicta ; [BAUR, 220 (text)]
H. a. libisonia Fruhstorfer, 1912
Papua alimena libisonia Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 546, TL: New Guinea
Hypolimnas alimena libisonia ; [BAUR, 220 (text)]
H. a. bateia Fruhstorfer, 1915
Yule I., Yela I. alimena bateia Fruhstorfer, 1915; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 746, TL: Yule I.
Hypolimnas alimena bateia ; [BAUR, 220 (text)]
H. a. afra Fruhstorfer, 1903
Trobriand Is. Hypolimnas alimena afra Fruhstorfer, 1903; Berl. ent. Zs. 48 (1/2) : 73, TL: Kiriwina
Hypolimnas alimena afra ; [BAUR, 220 (text)]
H. a. obsolescens Fruhstorfer, 1903
Fergusson I. Hypolimnas alimena obsolescens Fruhstorfer, 1903; Berl. ent. Zs. 48 (1/2) : 73, TL: Fergusson I.
Hypolimnas alimena obsolescens ; [BAUR, 220 (text)]
H. a. lamina Fruhstorfer, 1903
Torres Strait Is., Cape York - Gympi Hypolimnas alimena lamina Fruhstorfer, 1903; Berl. ent. Zs. 48 (1/2) : 73, TL: Cape York
Hypolimnas alimena lamina ; [BAUR, 220]
H. a. darwinensis Waterhouse & Lyell, 1914
Northern Territory Hypolimnas darwinensis Waterhouse & Lyell, 1914
Hypolimnas alimena darwinensis ; [BAUR, 220 (text)]
H. a. manusi Rothschild, 1915
Admiralty Is. Hypolimnas alimena manusi Rothschild, 1915; Novit. Zool. 22 (2): 205, TL: Manus, Admiralty Islands
H. a. inexpectata (Salvin & Godman, 1877)
Bismarck Archipelago Diadema inexpectata Salvin & Godman, 1877; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1877 : 144, TL: Duke of York I.
?Hypolimnas inexpectata var. kuramata Ribbe, 1898; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 11 (1): 118
= Hypolimnas alimena kuramata ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas alimena inexpectata ; [BAUR, 220 (text)]
H. a. salomonis Ribbe, 1898
Bougainville, Shortland Is., New Georgia Group Hypolimnas alimena var. salomonis Ribbe, 1898; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 10 (2) : 247, pl. 8, f. 1
diphridas Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 547, TL: Shortland Is.
= Hypolimnas alimena diphridas ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas alimena salomonis ; [BAUR, 220 (text)]
H. a. ysabela Fruhstorfer, 1912
Santa Isabel alimena ysabela Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 547
interjecta Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 547
= ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas alimena ysabela ; [BAUR, 220 (text)]
H. a. fuliginescens (Mathew, 1887)
Ugi I. Diadema fuliginensis Mathew, 1887; Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1887 (1) : 44, pl. 4, f. 6, TL: Ugi, Solomon Is.
Hypolimnas alimena fuliginescens ; [BAUR, 220 (text)]
H. a. eremitana Strand, 1914
Hypolimnas alimena eremitana Strand, 1914; Lepid. Niepeltiana (1) : 35, pl. 8, f. 14, TL: Admiralty I.
Hypolimnas alimena eremitana ; [NHM]
H. a. catalai Viette, 1950
New Caledonia alimena catalai Viette, 1950; Fn. Emp. frac. 13: 87
Hypolimnas alimena catalai ; [NHM]
H. a. diffusa Howarth, 1962
Bellona I. alimena diffusa Howarth, 1962; The Natural History of the Rennel and Bellona Is. (4) : 74, TL: Bellona I.
Hypolimnas alimena diffusa ; [BAUR, 220 (text)]
H. a. libateia Howarth, 1962
Rennell I. alimena libateia Howarth, 1962; The Natural History of the Rennel and Bellona Is. (4) : 73, TL: Bellona I. [?]
Hypolimnas alimena libateia ; [BAUR, 220 (text)]

Hypolimnas antevorta (Distant, [1880])
NE.Tanzania (Usambara Mts.). See [About maps] Diadema antevorta Distant, [1880]; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1879 (4) : 703, TL: Magila, E.Africa
Hypolimnas antevorta ; [BOW: pl. 103, f. 12]; [EBW]; [BAFR, 216]; [AfrL]

Hypolimnas anthedon (Doubleday, 1845)
Tropical Africa (forests), Saõ Thomé. See [About maps] Variable Eggfly
Diadema anthedon Doubleday, 1845; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (1) 16 (104): 181, TL: Africa
Papilio dubius Palisot de Beauvois, 1805; Ins. Afr. Amer.: 238, pl. 6, f. 2a-b (preocc.)
Diadema damoclina Trimen, 1869; Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 26 : 505 nota, TL: Angola
= Hypolimnas dubius ; [NHM]
Diadema mima Trimen, 1869; Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 26 : 506 nota, pl. 43, f. 7, TL: Natal
= Hypolimnas dubius mima ; [NHM]
Panopea diffusa Butler, 1880; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 5 (28): 336
= Hypolimnas dubius diffusa ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas dubia ab. cerberus Aurivillius, 1894; Ent. Tidskr. 15 : 281
= Hyplimnas dubius ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas daemona Staudinger, 1896; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 9 (1): 211, pl. 2, f. 1, TL: Barombi-Station, Cameroons
= Hypolimnas dubius daemona ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas daemona var. daemonides Staudinger, 1896; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 9 (1): 212, TL: W.Congo, Kuilu
= Hypolimnas dubius daemonides ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas dubius ab. latepicta Bartel, 1905; Novit. Zool. 12 : 135, TL: N.Cameroon
= Hypolimnas dubius daemonides ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas dubius poensis Rothschild, 1918; Novit. Zool. 25 : 344, TL: Banterberri, Fernando Po
Hypolimnas dubius mayottensis Rothschild, 1918; Novit. Zool. 25 : 344, TL: Comoro Is.
Hypolimnas dubia dubia ab. unialba Hulstaert, 1923; Rev. Zool. Afr. 11 : 209, TL: Kisala
pseudodamoclina Dufrane, 1945; Bull. Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 81 : 101, TL: Kivu
= Hypolimnas dubius pseudodamoclina ; [NHM]
mariae Dufrane, 1945; Bull. Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 81 : 101, TL: Kivu
= Hypolimnas dubius ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas dubia mima f. millari Aurivillius, 1913; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 13 : 216
= Hypolimnas dubius mima ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas anthedon, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Hypolimnas dubius ; [EBW]
Hypolimnas dubia ; [BOW: pl. 104, f. 2]
Hypolimnas anthedon ; [BK: 341, pl. 48, f. 591]; [AfrL]

Mimics Amauris niavius, Amauris tartarea (complex), Amauris echeria. [BK]

Larva on Fleurya, Urera, Urtica, Berkheya [BK]

Sierra Leone - W.Kenya Hypolimnas anthedon anthedon ; [BK, 341 (note)]
Hypolimnas dubius dubius ; [BAFR, 222]
Hypolimnas anthedon anthedon ; [AfrL]
H. a. wahlbergi (Wallengren, 1857)
Natal - Kenya (E of Rift Valley) Diadema wahlbergi Wallengren, 1857; K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 2 (4) : 27
= Hypolimnas dubius mima ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas dubius wahlbergi ; [BAFR, 222]
Hypolimnas anthedon wahlbergi ; [BK, 341 (note)]; [AfrL]

Larva on Fleurya capensis, F. mitis [PBSA]

f. wahlbergi mimics Amauris niavius, f. mima Amauris echeria. [PBSA]

H. a. drucei (Butler, 1874)
Madagascar, Comoro Is., Mauritius Panopea drucei Butler, 1874; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1874 (4) : 426, pl. 6, f. 3, TL: Madagascar
Euralia anthedon var. marginalis Butler, 1875; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 16 (96) : 395, TL: S.Africa
= Hypolimnas dubius drucei ; [NHM]
madagascariensis (Mabille, 1881) (Diadema); C. R. Seances Soc. ent. Belg. 25: lv, TL: Madagascar
= Hypolimnas dubius drucei ; [NHM]
Panopea bewsheri Butler, 1879; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 3 (15) : 187, TL: Johanna I.
= Hypolimnas dubius drucei ; [NHM]
lutescens Mabille
= Hypolimnas dubius drucei ; [NHM]
antelmei Le Cerf, 1928; Encycl. ent. (B 3 Lep.) 3: 123
= Hypolimnas dubius drucei ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas dubius drucei ; [BAFR, 222]
Hypolimnas anthedon drucei ; [MadL]; [AfrL]
H. a. mayottensis Le Cerf, 1928
Madagascar anthedon mayottensis Le Cerf, 1928; Encycl. ent. (B 3 Lep.) 3: 124 (preocc)
= Hypolimnas dubius drucei ; [NHM]

Hypolimnas anomala (Wallace, 1869)
Timor, Darwin. See [About maps] Malayan Egg-fly Crow Egg-fly
Diadema anomala Wallace, 1869; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1869 (4): 285, TL: Malacca; Java
Hypolimnas anomala anomala, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Hypolimnas anomala, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Hypolymnas[sic] anomala ; van Eecke, 1913, Notes Leyden Mus. 35 : 246
Diadema anomala ; [MRS, 568]
Hypolimnas anomala ; [BOR, 284]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 212

Larva on Pipturus arboresceus [MRS], Claoxylon, Pipturus, Pouzolzia, Villebrunea Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 212

?S.Thailand, Peninsular Malaya, Singapore, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Palawan, Philippines, Bali, Lombok, Enggano, Bawean Malayan Egg-fly
Hypolimnas nivas Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 543, (174)
Hypolimnas anomala anomala f. nivas ; [BMP: 164, pl. 24, f. 7]
Hypolimnas anomala anomala ; [BOR, 284]; [BMP: 164, pl. 24, f. 6]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 212
H. a. discandra Weymer, 1885
Nias Hypolimnas discandra Weymer, 1885; Stettin ent. Ztg. 46 (4-6) : 264, pl. 1, f. 6, TL: Nias I.
Hypolimnas antilope discandra ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas anomala discandra ; [BOR, 284]
H. a. arnoldi Fruhstorfer, 1903
Kangean, Sumbawa, Flores Hypolimnas antilope arnoldi Fruhstorfer, 1903; Berl. ent. Zs. 48 (1/2) : 76, TL: Sumbawa
Hypolimnas anomala arnoldi ; [BOR, 284]
H. a. interstincta (Butler, 1873)
Borneo Diadema insterstincta Butler, 1873; Cist. Ent. 1 (7) : 157, TL: Assam
Hypolimnas anomala interstincta ; [BOR, 284]
H. a. wallaceana (Butler, 1873)
Sulawesi Diadema wallaceana Butler, 1873; Cist. Ent. 1 (7) : 157, TL: "India?"
Hypolimnas anomala wallaceana ; [BOR, 284]
H. a. euvaristos Fruhstorfer, 1912
Philippines (Mindanao, S.Is.) anomala euvaristos Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 543, TL: Philippines
Hypolimnas anomala euvaristos ; [BOR, 284]
Hypolimnas antilope euvaristos ; [NHM]
H. a. truentus Fruhstorfer, 1912
Philippines (Luzo, ?Babuyanes) anomala truentus Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 543
Hypolimnas antilope truentus ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas anomala truentus ; [BOR, 284]; [MRS, 568]
H. a. sumbawana Pagenstecher, 1898
Sumbawa Hypolimnas sumbawana Pagenstecher, 1898; Ent. Nachr. 24 : 81, TL: Sumbawa
Hypolimnas pithoeka sumbawana ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas anomala sumbawana ; [BOR, 284]
H. a. stellata (Fruhstorfer, 1912)
Sulawesi, Buton, Kabaena, Bangai, Sula anomala stellata (Fruhstorfer, 1912) (Hypolimnata); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 543, TL: Minahassa
Hypolimnas anomala stellata ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 212

Hypolimnas antilope (Cramer, [1777])
Malaya - Philippines, New Guinea, Australia. See [About maps] Papilio antilope Cramer, [1777]; Uitl. Kapellen 2 (9-16): 132, pl. 183, f. E, F, TL: Amboina
violaria Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 543, TL: Java
= ; [NHM]
pseudopithoeca Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 544, TL: Ceram
= ; [NHM]
circumscripta Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 543, TL: Java
= Hypolimnas antilope circumscripta ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas antilope ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 145, f. 13]; Samson, 1986, Tyō to Ga 37 (1): 16 (note); Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 212

Larva on Pipturus argenteus [BAUR], Asystasia, Graptophyllum, Pseuderanthemum, Oreocnide, Pipturus Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 212

Ambon, Serang, Saparua, Sula, Maluku Hypolimnas antilope antilope ; [BAUR, 218 (text)]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 213
H. a. albula (Wallace, 1869)
Timor Diadema albula Wallace, 1869; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1869 (4): 287, TL: Timor
Hypolimnas antilope albula ; [NHM]; [BAUR, 218 (text)]
H. a. lutescens (Butler, 1874)
Fiji Diadema lutescens Butler, 1874; Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1874 : 283, pl. 44, f. 3, TL: Ovalau, Fiji
H. a. mela Fruhstorfer, 1903
SE.New Guinea, Papua Hypolimnas antilope mela Fruhstorfer, 1903; Berl. ent. Zs. 48 (1/2) : 75, TL: Kiriwina
Hypolimnas antilope mela ; [BAUR, 218]
H. a. maglovius Fruhstorfer, 1912
Buru antilope maglovius Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 544, TL: Buru
Hypolimnas antilope maglovius ; [BAUR, 218 (text)]
H. a. typhlis Fruhstorfer, 1912
?Key I. antilope typhlis Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 544, TL: Key I.?
H. a. quinctinus Fruhstorfer, 1912
Obi, Bachan, Halmahera antilope quinctinus Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 544, TL: Obi
Hypolimnas antilope quinctinus ; [BAUR, 218 (text)]
H. a. sila Fruhstorfer, 1912
Ceram antilope sila Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 544, TL: Cerma
H. a. shortlandica Ribbe, 1898
Solomons (Shortland I.) Hypolimnas shortlandica Ribbe, 1898; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 11 (1): 119
Hypolimnas antilope shortlandica ; [BAUR, 219 (text)]
H. a. wagneri Clark, 1946
Admiralty I. Hypolimnas antilope wagneri Clark, 1946; Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 59 : 119, TL: Los Negros, Admiralty Is.
Hypolimnas antilope wagneri ; [BAUR, 219 (text)]
H. a. scopas (Godman & Salvin, 1888)
Solomons (Malaita) Diadema scopas Godman & Salvin, 1888; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 1 (2): 98, TL: Solomon Is.
Hypolimnas antilope scopas ; [BAUR, 219 (text)]
H. a. albomela Howarth, 1962
Solomons (Rennell I.) antilope albomela Howarth, 1962; The Natural History of the Rennel and Bellona Is. (4) : 71, TL: Rennell Is.
Hypolimnas antilope albomela ; [BAUR, 219]
H. a. phalkes Fruhstorfer, 1908²
Talaud Is., Sangihe phalkes Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 543, TL: Talaut
Hypolimnas anomala phalkes ; [BOR, 284]
Hypolimnas antilope phalkes ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 213

Hypolimnas aubergeri Hecq, 1987
Hypolimnas aubergeri ; [AfrL]

Hypolimnas bartelotti Grose-Smith, 1890
Cameroun, Zaire, W.Uganda. See [About maps] Hypolimnas bartelotti Grose-Smith, 1890; Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1890 : 468
Hypolimnas bartteloti[sic] obliterata Holland, 1920; Bull. Am. Mus. nat. Hist. 43 (6) : 156, pl. 6, f. 5, TL: Congo
= Hypolimnas bartelotti obliterata ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas bartteloti[sic, recte bartelotti] ; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1891, Rhop. Exot. [2] 1: (Hypolimnas) 1, pl. 1, f. 1-2; [BAFR, 218]
Hypolimnas bartelotti ; [AfrL]

Hypolimnas bolina (Linnaeus, 1758)
India, Ceylon, Burma, AU, S.Arabia, Madagascar. See [About maps] Common Eggfly Great Eggfly Varied Egg-fly
Papilio bolina Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 479, TL: "India" [? Canton, China]
Papilio melita Cramer, [1775]; Uitl. Kapellen 1 (1-7): pl. 28, f. D, E
= ; [NHM]
Papilio antigone Cramer, [1775]; Uitl. Kapellen 1 (1-7): pl. 67, f. C
= ; [NHM]
Papilio alcithoe Cramer, [1775]; Uitl. Kapellen 1 (1-7): pl. 80, f. A, B
= ; [NHM]
Papilio auge Cramer, [1777]; Uitl. Kapellen 2 (9-16): pl. 190, f. A, B
= ; [NHM]
Papilio manilia Cramer, [1780]; Uitl. Kapellen 3 (22): pl. 255, f. A, B
= ; [NHM]
Papilio eriphile Stoll, [1782]; in Cramer, Uitl. Kapellen 4 (32-32): pl. 376, f. A, B
= ; [NHM]
Papilio avia Fabricius, 1793; Ent. Syst. 3 (1): 111
= ; [NHM]
liria (Fabricius, 1793); Ent. Syst. 3 (1): 126
= ; [NHM]
otaheitae (Felder, 1862) (Diadana); Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 12 (1/2) : 492, TL: Marquesas I.
= Hypolimnas bolina otaheitae ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas charybdis Butler, 1879; Cistula ent. 2 (21) : 432, TL: Bombay
= ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas bolina ab. decorata Röber, 1891; Tijdschr. Ent. 34: 306
Hypolimnas bolina antiopa ab. euryanthe Fruhstorfer, 1903; Berl. ent. Zs. 48 (1/2) : 83, TL: Java
= ; [NHM]
viriliformis Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 549
= ; [NHM]
victrix Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 549
= ; [NHM]
subucula Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 549
= ; [NHM]
subviolacea Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 549
= ; [NHM]
ornamentalis Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 549
= Hypolimnas bolina ornamentalis ; [NHM]
luctuosa Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 549
= ; [NHM]
joloana Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 549
= Hypolimnas bolina joloana ; [NHM]
cyanecula Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 549
= Hypolimnas bolina cyanecula ; [NHM]
chrysonicans Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 550
= Hypolimnas bolina chrysonicans ; [NHM]
micromalayana Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 551
= Hypolimnas bolina micromalayana ; [NHM]
discalis Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 551
= Hypolimnas bolina discalis ; [NHM]
astra Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 551
= Hypolimnas bolina astra ; [NHM]
palauensis Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 552
= Hypolimnas bolina palauensis ; [NHM]
ivena Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 552
= ; [NHM]
pelva Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 553
= Hypolimnas bolina pelva ; [NHM]
maeza Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 553
= ; [NHM]
elliciana Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 553
= Hypolimnas bolina elliciana ; [NHM]
crexa Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 553
= ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas parva Aurivillius, 1920; Ark. Zool. 13 (2) : 6, TL: Australia
= Hypolimnas bolina parva ; [NHM]
euphonoides Poulton, 1924; Trans. Ent. Soc. 1923: 643
= Hypolimnas bolina euphonoides ; [NHM]
euploeoides Poulton, 1924; Trans. Ent. Soc. 1923: 646, pl. 45, f. 3, TL: Kandavu, Fiji
= ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas bolina ab. inornata Matsumura, 1927; Ins. Matsumurana 2 (2) : 116, pl. 3, f. 8, TL: Formosa
= ; [NHM]
shirinna Sonan, 1929; Zephyrus 1 (4) : 135, TL: Formosa
= ; [NHM]
rufanalis Sonan, 1929; Zephyrus 1 (4) : 135, TL: Formosa
= ; [NHM]
yokoojii Nomura, 1937; Zephyrus 7: 140
= ; [NHM]
alcithoides Roepke, 1938; Rhopalocera Javanica 3 : 281, TL: Java
= ; [NHM]
ftoobi Ushioda, 1938; Ent. World 6: 157, TL: Japan
= ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas bolina, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Hypolimnas bolina, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Papilio bolina ; Linnaeus, 1764, Mus. Lud. Ulr.: 295
Hypolimnas bolina kezia ab. yokoojii ; Murayama & Shimonoya, 1963, Tyō to Ga 13 (3): 53, f. 13, 16
Apatura bolina ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (2): 58, pl. 30, f. 1, 1b
Hypolimnas bolina ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 145, f. 14, pl. 146, f. 1]; [BOR, 284]; [BAFR, 214]; [MRS, 567]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 213; [AfrL]
[bolina-1f.jpg] 951x624 (~60Kb) female Paya, Tioman, Malaysia, 12-96, Photo © S. Shuichi Haupt [bolina-1m.jpg] 951x624 (~52Kb) male Paya, Tioman, Malaysia, 12-96, Photo © S. Shuichi Haupt [bolina-2fvU.jpg] identification uncertain 1024x768 (~174Kb) underside female Butterfly House (Vienna, Austria, 16 June 2000), Photo © Erich Mangl
[bolina-3v.jpg] 769x513 (~94Kb) underside Thailand, Krabi 24.12.2003-7.1.2004, Photo © Olli Vesikko [bolina-4xf.jpg] 748x591 (~76Kb) female Thailand, Chon Buri Province, Pattaya, Jomtien Beach, Natural Park Resort. 25th January 2005, Photo © Oleg Kosterin [bolina-4yf.jpg] 876x1134 (~163Kb) female Thailand, Chon Buri Province, Pattaya, Jomtien Beach, Natural Park Resort. 25th January 2005, Photo © Oleg Kosterin
[bolina-4zf.jpg] 740x534 (~67Kb) female Thailand, Chon Buri Province, Pattaya, Jomtien Beach, Natural Park Resort. 25th January 2005, Photo © Oleg Kosterin [bolina-5m.jpg] 1044x1110 (~149Kb) male Thailand, Chon Buri Province, Pattaya, Ko Khram Island, Saikaew beach, a side of a road through shrubbery along coast, 3rd February, 2006, Photo © Oleg Kosterin [bolina-6mv.jpg] 876x915 (~119Kb) underside male Thailand, Chon Buri Province, Pattaya environs, Ko Lan island, ruderal vegeation at a roadside. 15th January 2006, Photo © Oleg Kosterin
[bolina-7m.jpg] 796x808 (~181Kb) male Thailand, Phuket, a bank of a pond at a road 1 km NE of Khao Sai Tan Kliang Mt., 18th February 2009, Photo © Oleg Kosterin

Mimics Euploea core. [BIR]

Larva on Acanthaceae, Colvolvulaceae, Malvaceae, Urticaceae [BK], Portulaca, Pseuderanthemum [BOW], Portulaca oleracea, Pseuderanthemum, Fleurya interrupta, Elatostemma cuneatum, Alternanthera sessilis, Ipomoea batatus [MRS]

Larva on Polygonum prostratum, Portulaca sp., Alternanthera denticulata, Sida rhombifolia, Richardia brasiliensis, Asystasia gangetica, A. scandens, Dipteracanthus spp., Pseuderanthemum variabile, Ruellia spp., Synedrella nodiflora K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991, Review Austr. Butts. (1-4): (120-140)

Larva on Asystasia, Diptercanthus, Justicia, Pseuderanthemum, Rostellularia, Ruelia, Systasia, Alternanthera, Eclipta, Synedrella, Commelina, Ipomoea, Merremia, Desmodium, Phaseolus, Vigna, Perilla, Abutiliion, Malvastrum, Sida, Ficus, Polygonum, Persicaria, Portulaca, Richardia, Triumfetta, Boehmeria, Elatostema, Fleurya, Laportea, Pipturus, Urtica Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 213


Sumatra, Java, Lesser Sunda Is., W.Borneo, Sulawesi, Salayar, Kabaena, Galla, Banggai, Sula, Maluku, New Guinea, Solomon Is., Australia, New Caledonia Great Egg-fly
Papilio alcmene Cramer, [1775]; Uitl. Kapellen 1 (1-7): pl. 67, f. A
= Hypolimnas bolina ; [NHM]
Papilo perimele Cramer, [1775]; Uitl. Kapellen 1 (1-7): pl. 65, f. C, D, pl. 67, f. B
Hypolimnas bolina antiopa ab. aphrodite Fruhstorfer, 1903; Berl. ent. Zs. 48 (1/2) : 83, TL: W.Java
celebensis Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 551, TL: Celebes
= ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 213
Diadema perimele ; C. & R. Felder, 1860, Wien. ent. Monats. 4 (4): 107
Hypolimnas bolina bolina f. alcmene ; [BMP: 164, pl. 24, f. 13]
Hypolimnas bolina bolina f. perimele ; [BMP]
Hypolimnas bolina bolina f. aphrodite ; [BMP]
Hypolimnas bolina bolina ; [BMP: 164, pl. 24, f. 10]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 213

f. alcmene
[bolina_bolina_alcmene-1u.jpg] 480x360 (~68Kb) upperside Singapore, 2006?, Photo © Gan Cheong Weei [bolina_bolina_alcmene-1v.jpg] 480x360 (~68Kb) underside Singapore, 2006?, Photo © Gan Cheong Weei

Larva on Ipomaea battatas [BMP]

H. b. nerina (Fabricius, 1775)
Timor - Kai, Aru, Waigeu, West Irian - Papua, N.Australia - E.Victoria, Bismarck Archipelago, Solomon Is., New Zealand antiopa (Müller, 1774); Natursystem 5 (1): 609, pl. 69, f. 5
Papilio nerina Fabricius, 1775; Syst. Ent.: 509
= Hypolimnas bolina antiopa ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas pseudomisippus Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 552 (?New Guinea, f. form)
Papilio iphigenia Cramer, [1775]; Uitl. Kapellen 1 (1-7): 105, pl. 67, f. D, E
Papilio proserpina Cramer, [1779]; Uitl. Kapellen 3 (17-21): pl. 218, f. C, D
= Hypolimnas bolina antiopa ; [NHM]
imperialis Illidge, 1924; Queensl. Nat. 4: 36
= Hypolimnas bolina antiopa ; [NHM]
formosa Illidge, 1924; Queensl. Nat. 4: 36, TL: Queensland
= Hypolimnas bolina antiopa ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas bolina bolina f. nerina ; [BMP: 164, pl. 24, f. 11]
Hypolimnas bolina bolina f. proserpina ; [BMP]
Hypolimnas bolina antiopa ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas bolina nerina ; [BAUR, 220]
H. b. rarik (Eschscholtz, 1821)
Lifu bolina rarik (Eschscholtz, 1821); in Kotzebue, Entdeck. Reise Süd-See 3 (App. 5): 203, pl. 5, f. 10, TL: Lifu
Hypolimnas bolina rarik ; [NHM]
H. b. kraimoku (Eschscholtz, 1821)
Lifu bolina kraimoku (Eschscholtz, 1821); in Kotzebue, Entdeck. Reise Süd-See 3 (App. 5): 203
Hypolimnas bolina kraimoku ; [NHM]
H. b. inconstans Butler, 1873
Navigator Is. bolina inconstans Butler, 1873; Cist. Ent. 1 (7) : 164, TL: Navigator Is.
H. b. philippensis (Butler, 1874)
Philippines Diadema philippensis Butler, 1874; Cistula ent. 1 : 243
H. b. constans (Butler, 1875)
Tasmania? Diadema constans Butler, 1875; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1875 (1) : 6, TL: Tasmania?
Hypolimnas bolina constans ; [NHM]
H. b. kezia (Butler, 1877)
Formosa Diadema kezia Butler, 1877; Proc. zool. soc. Lond. 1877 : 812, TL: Formosa
Diadema priscilla Butler, 1877; Proc. zool. soc. Lond. 1877 : 812, TL: Formosa
= ; [NHM]
egna Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 549
= ; [NHM]
formosana Sonan, 1926; Trans. nat. Hist. Soc. Formosa 16: 235, TL: Formosa
= ; [NHM]
taihokuna Nomura, 1930; Mushi 3: 73
= ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas bolina kezia ; [MRS, 567]

Larva on Ipomoea aquatica, I. batatus, Synedrella nodiflora, Sida rhombifolia, Ficus microcarpa [MRS]

H. b. labuana Butler, 1879
Labuan Hypolimnas labuana Butler, 1879; Cistula ent. 2 (21) : 432, TL: Labuan, Borneo
H. b. incommoda Butler, 1879
Hypolimnas incommoda Butler, 1879; Trans. linn. Soc. Lond. (2) 1 (8) : 543, TL: Malacca
Hypolimnas bolina incommoda ♀ ab. semiramis Wildey, [1941]; Malay Nat. J. 1 (4): 148, pl. 2, f. 4
= ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas bolina incommoda ♀ ab. iris Wildey, [1941]; Malay Nat. J. 1 (4): 148, pl. 1, f. 2
= ; [NHM]
?Hypolimnas bolina jacintha f. incommoda ; [BMP]
?Hypolimnas bolina bolina f. iris ; [BMP]
Hypolimnas bolina incommoda ; [NHM]

f. incommoda
[bolina_jacintha_incommoda-1.jpg] 402x302 (~50Kb) Singapore, 2001?, Photo © Gan Cheong Weei

H. b. naresii Butler, 1883
Fiji Hypolimnas naresii Butler, 1883; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 11 (66) : 414, TL: Tongatabu, Fiji
Hypolimnas thomsoni Butler, 1883; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 11 (66) : 414, TL: Tongatabu, Fiji
= ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas moseleyi Butler, 1883; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 11 (66) : 414, TL: Tongatabu, Fiji
= ; [NHM]
H. b. holdeni Butler, 1884
Caroline I. bolina holdeni Butler, 1884; Mem. Nat. Acad. Sci. 2: 93, TL: Caroline I.
Hypolimnas bolina holdeni ; [NHM]
H. b. listeri Butler, 1888
Christmas I. Hypolimnas listeri Butler, 1888; Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1888 : 542, TL: Christmas I.
Hypolumnas nerina var. listeri ; Butler, 1900, in Andrews, Mon. Christmas Isl. : 62
H. b. jaluita Fruhstorfer, 1903
Hypolimnas bolina jaluita Fruhstorfer, 1903; Berl. ent. Zs. 48 (1/2) : 85, TL: Jaluit, Marshall Is.
marshallensis Hirose, 1934; Trans. Kansai ent. Soc. (5): 25, TL: Marshall Is.
= ; [NHM]
ebonensis Hirose, 1934; Trans. Kansai ent. Soc. (5): 26, TL: Marshall Is.
= ; [NHM]
nanshini Hirose, 1934; Trans. Kansai ent. Soc. (4): 35, TL: Marshall Is.
= ; [NHM]
H. b. enganica Fruhstorfer, 1904
Engano I. Hypolimnas bolina enganica Fruhstorfer, 1904; Berl. ent. Zs. 49 (1/2) : 193, TL: Engano
H. b. montrouzieri (Butler, 1874)
Woodlark, Fergusson, Trobriand Is. Diadema montrouzieri Butler, 1874; Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1874 : 281 (repl. Diadema lassinassa Montrouzier, 1856), TL: Woodlark I.
Diadema lassinassa Montrouzier, 1856; Ann. Sci. Phys. Lyon (2) 8: 406, TL: Woodlark I.
= Hypolimnas montrouzieri ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas bolina montrouzieri ; [BAUR, 220]
H. b. pulchra (Butler, 1874)
New Caledonia Diadema pulchra Butler, 1874; Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1874 : 281, TL: New Caledonia
Hypolimnas bolina pulchra ; [BAUR, 220 (text)]
H. b. pallescens (Butler, 1874)
Fiji Diadema pallescens Butler, 1874; Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1874 : 282, TL: Solomon Is.
Hypolimnas murrayi Butler, 1883; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 11 (66) : 413, TL: Fiji
= ; [NHM]
Apatura hypna Swinhoe, 1916; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (8) 18 (108) : 482, TL: Fiji
= ; [NHM]
Apatura tracta Swinhoe, 1916; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (8) 18 (108) : 482, TL: Fiji
= ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas bolina pallescens ; [BAUR, 222]
H. b. lisianassa (Cramer, 1779)
Moluccas Papilio lisianassa Cramer, [1779]; Uitl. Kapellen 3 (17-21): pl. 205, f. A, B
Hypolimnas bolina var. melaniris Röber, 1891; Tijdschr. Ent. 34: 306, TL: Ceram
= ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas bolina lisianassa ♀ f. signata Joicey & Talbot, 1924; Bull. Hill Mus. 1 (3) : 569, TL: Ceram
= Hypolimnas bolina nisianassa ; [NHM]
vitramana Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 551
= Hypolimnas bolina vitramana ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas bolina lisianassa ; [BAUR, 222]
H. b. jacintha (Drury, 1773)
Papilio jacintha Drury, 1773; Illust. Nat. Hist. Exot. Insects 2 : pl. 21, f. 1-2 (& Index)
Hypolimnas bolina jacintha, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Apatura jacintha ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (2): 58, pl. 30, f. 1a
Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ; [BK: 340, pl. 47, f. 589]; [MRS, 567]; [BMP: 164, pl. 24, f. 14-15]; [MadL]; [AfrL]
Hypolimnas bolina jacintha f. jacintha ; [BMP]
H. b. gigas (Oberthür, 1879)
Sangihe Diadema lassinassa var. gigas Oberthür, 1879; Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1879 (3) : 233, TL: Sanghir I.
Hypolimnas bolina gigas ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 213

Hypolimnas chapmani (Hewitson, 1873)
Nigeria, Cameroun. See [About maps] Diadema chapmani Hewitson, 1873; Ent. mon. Mag. 9 : 233, TL: Calabar
Hypolimnas chapmani ab. fasciata Aurivillius, 1894; Ent. Tidskr. 15 : 280
Hypolimnas chapmani f. fasciata ; [BAFR, 218, fig.]
Hypolimnas chapmanni[sic] ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas chapmani ; [EBW, (name only)]; [BAFR, 218]; [AfrL]

Hypolimnas deceptor (Trimen, 1873)
-. See [About maps] Deceptive Eggfly
Diadema deceptor Trimen, 1873; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1873 (2) : 105, TL: Victoria County, Natal
Euralia kirbyi Butler, 1898; Proc. zool. Soc. 1898 : 51, TL: Shiringoma; Makaya
= ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas deceptor ; [BOW: pl. 103, f. 15]; [AfrL]

Larva on Fleurya capensis, F. mitis [PBSA], Laportea [BK]

Mimics Amauris ochlea [PBSA], Amauris niavius, Amauris echeria. [BK]

coastal forests (Natal - S.Somalia) Hypolimnas deceptor deceptor ; [BAFR, 220]; [BK: 340, pl. 47, f. 590]; [AfrL]
H. d. deludens Grose-Smith, 1891
Madagascar Hypolimnas deludens Grose-Smith, 1891; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 7 (37) : 125, TL: Madagascar
Euralia grandidieri Mabille, 1900; Bull. Mus. hist. nat. Paris 5 : 374, TL: Madagascar
= ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas deludens ; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1898, Rhop. Exot. [2] 3: (Hypolimnas) 6, pl. 3, f. 4-5
Hypolimnas deceptor deludens ; [BAFR, 220]; [MadL]; [AfrL]

Hypolimnas deois (Hewitson, 1858)
New Guinea, Moluccas. See [About maps] Diadema deois Hewitson, 1858; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1858 : 464, pl. 54, f. 3-5, TL: Aru Islands
albiplaga Röber
= Hypolimnas deois albiplaga ; [NHM]
tydeina Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 555
= Hypolimnas deois tydeina ; [NHM]
depunctata Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 556
= Hypolimnas deois depunctata ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas deois, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
?deiois ; (missp.?)
Hypolimnas deois ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 146, f. 2]; Samson, 1986, Tyō to Ga 37 (1): 16 (note)
Aru, Waigeu? Hypolimnas deois deois ; [BAUR, 222 (text)]
H. d. divina Fruhstorfer, 1903
Papua Hypolimnas deois divina Fruhstorfer, 1903; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 16 (1) : 66, TL: New Guinea
Hypolimnas deois divina ; [BAUR, 222]
H. d. tydea (C. & R. Felder, [1867])
Bachan, Halmahera, Ternate, Morotai? Diadema tydea C. & R. Felder, [1867]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (3): 415, pl. 55, f. 1-4
Hypolimnas deois tydea ; [BAUR, 222 (text)]
H. d. obianus Fruhstorfer, 1912
Obi deois obianus Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 555, TL: Obi
Hypolimnas deois obianus ; [BAUR, 222 (text)]
H. d. hewitsoni (Wallace, 1869)
Kai I. Diadema hewitsoni Wallace, 1869; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1869 (4): 282, TL: Ké I.
Hypolimnas deois hewitsoni ; [BAUR, 222 (text)]
Misidentified/misapplied:
Diadema pandarus; Hewitson, 1858, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1858 : 464, pl. 54, f. 1-2
H. d. panopion Grose-Smith, 1894
West Irian - N.New Guinea Hypolimnas panopion Grose-Smith, 1894; Novit. zool. 1 (2): 350, TL: Humboldt Bay
Hypolimnas panopion ; [BOW: pl. 146, f. 8]
Hypolimnas deois panopion ; [BAUR, 222 (text)]
H. d. waigeuensis Joicey & Talbot, 1917
Waigeu Hypolimnas deois waigeuensis Joicey & Talbot, 1917; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (8) 20 (117) : 218, TL: Waigeu
H. d. mysolensis Talbot, 1932
Mysol deois mysolensis Talbot, 1932; Bull. Hill. Mus. 4 : 161
H. d. otakwensis Talbot, 1932
New Guinea deois otakwensis Talbot, 1932; Bull. Hill. Mus. 4 : 162
H. d. albosignata Talbot, 1932
Rossel I. deois albosignata Talbot, 1932; Bull. Hill. Mus. 4 : 162, TL: Rossel I.
H. d. denticulata Talbot, 1932
Karkar I. deois denticulata Talbot, 1932; Bull. Hill. Mus. 4 : 163
Hypolimnas deois denticulata ; [BAUR, 222]
H. d. palladius Grose-Smith, 1897
Fergusson I. Hypolimnas palladius Grose-Smith, 1897; Ann. Mag. Nat. hist. (6) 19 : 175, TL: Fergusson I.
Hypolimnas palladius ; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1897, Rhop. Exot. [2] 3: (Hypolimnas) 4, pl. 2, f. 4-6
Hypolimnas deois palladius ; [BAUR, 222]
H. d. paleutes Grose-Smith, 1897
Trobriand Is. Hypolimnas paleutes Grose-Smith, 1897; Ann. Mag. Nat. hist. (6) 19 : 176, TL: Kiriwini, Trobriands
Hypolimnas paleutes ; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1897, Rhop. Exot. [2] 3: (Hypolimnas) 3, [2] 3: pl. 3, f. 1-3
Hypolimnas deois paleutes ; [BAUR, 223 (text)]
H. d. woodlarkiana Talbot, 1932
Woodlark I. deois woodlarkiana Talbot, 1932; Bull. Hill. Mus. 4 : 162, TL: Woodlark I.
Hypolimnas deois woodlarkiana ; [BAUR, 223 (text)]

Hypolimnas exiguus Samson, 1980
Solomon Is.. See [About maps] Hypolimnas exiguus Samson, 1980; Tyō to Ga 30 (3,4) : 225, f. 7, TL: Mapwe (200ft), Santa Ana
Hypolimnas exiguus ; Samson, 1986, Tyō to Ga 37 (1): 16 (note); [NHM]

Hypolimnas dexithea (Hewitson, 1863)
Madagascar. See [About maps] Diadema dexithea Hewitson, 1863; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1863 : 65, pl. 11, TL: Madagascar
Hypolimnas dexithea ; [BOW: pl. 103, f. 14]; [EBW]; [BAFR, 216]; [MadL]; [AfrL]

Hypolimnas dinarcha (Hewitson, 1865)
-. See [About maps] Diadema dinarcha Hewitson, 1865; Ill. exot. Butts [3] (Diadema II): [22], pl. [11], f. 7, TL: Old Calabar
cytherea Stoneham, 1965; Bull. Stoneham Mus. (81): 2
= ; [NHM]
antiope Stoneham, 1965; Bull. Stoneham Mus. (81): 2
= ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas dinarcha, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Diadema dinarba[sic] ; Distant, [1880], Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1879 (4) : 704 (missp.)
Hypolimnas dinarcha ; [BOW: pl. 104, f. 1]; [EBW]; [BK: 341, pl. 48, f. 592]; [AfrL]

Larva on Fleurya [BK]

Nigeria, Cameroun, Gabon, Zaire, C.A.R. Hypolimnas dinarcha dinarcha ; [BAFR, 220]; [AfrL]
H. d. liberiensis Bernardi, 1959
Sierra Leone - Ghana dinarcha liberiensis Bernardi, 1959; Bull. I.F.A.N. (A) 21 : 1025
Hypolimnas dinarcha narchadi Suffert, 1904; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 110, TL: Acera
Hypolimnas dinarcha liberiensis f. narchadi ; [BAFR, 221, fig.]
Hypolimnas dinarcha liberiensis ; [BAFR, 220]
H. d. grandis Rothschild, 1918
Uganda Hypolimnas dinarcha grandis Rothschild, 1918; Novit. Zool. 25 : 344, TL: Uganda
Hypolimnas dinarcha grandis ; [BAFR, 220]; [AfrL]

Hypolimnas diomea (Hewitson, 1861)
Celebes. See [About maps] Diadema diomea Hewitson, 1861; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1861 : 51, pl. 8, f. 2, TL: Moluccas
coerulans Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 553
= ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas diomea, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Hypolimnas diomea ; [BOW: pl. 146, f. 5]; [BOR, 284]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 212

Larva on Elatostema lineolatum Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 212

Sulawesi, Buton Hypolimnas diomea diomea ; [BOR, 284]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 212
H. d. fraterna (Wallace, 1869)
S.Sulawesi Diadema fraterna Wallace, 1869; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1869 (4): 284, TL: Macassar, Celebes
Hypolimnas fraterna ; [BOW: pl. 146, f. 5 (text only)]
Hypolimnas diomea fraterna ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 212
H. d. sororia Hall, 1930
Sangihe diomea sororia Hall, 1930; Entomologist 63 : 279, TL: Sangir
Hypolimnas diomea sororia ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 212
H. d. serica Tsukada, 1985²
Kabaena Hypolimnas diomea serica ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 212

Hypolimnas dimona Fruhstorfer, 1912
Sula Is. Hypolimnas dimona Fruhstorfer, 1912; Ent. Rundschau 29 (1) : 5, TL: Sula
Hypolimnas diomea dimona ; [BOR, 284]
Hypolimnas dimona ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 212

Hypolimnas euploeoides Rothschild, 1915
Admiralty I. Hypolimnas euploeoides Rothschild, 1915; Novit. Zool. 22 (2): 205, TL: Manus, Admiralty Islands

Hypolimnas macarthuri Neidhoefer, 1972
Hypolimnas macarthuri Neidhoefer, 1972; Occ. Pap. Milwaukee Pub. Mus. (3): 3
Hypolimnas macarthuri ; [AfrL]

Hypolimnas mechowi (Dewitz, 1884)
Zaire, Cameroun. See [About maps] Diadema mechowi Dewitz, 1884; Berl. ent. Z. 28 (1) : 187, pl. 1, f. 2, TL: Quango, Mechow
Diadema ragiens Capronnier, 1889; Bull. Ent. Soc. Belg. 33 : cxxiii, TL: Kassai
= ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas stanleyi Grose-Smith, 1890; Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1890 : 467
= ; [NHM]
paranarchadi Bernardi, 1959; Bull. I.F.A.N. (A) 21 : 1030
= ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas stanleyi ; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1891, Rhop. Exot. [2] 1: (Hypolimnas) 2, pl. 1, f. 3-4, [3]: (Additions-Corrections) 1
Hypolimnas mechowi ; [BOW: pl. 104, f. 4]; [BAFR, 218]; [AfrL]

Hypolimnas misippus (Linnaeus, 1764)
S.America (north), Florida, Caribbean, Africa, Australasia, India, Ceylon, Burma. See [About maps] Mimic Danaid Eggfly Diadem
Papilio misippus Linnaeus, 1764; Mus. Lud. Ulr.: 264, TL: "America" [?Java]
Papilio diocippus Cramer, [1775]; Uitl. Kapellen 1 (1-7): pl. 28, f. B, C, TL: "Batavia"
= ; [NL4A, #2051]
Papilio inaria Cramer, [1779]; Uitl. Kapellen 3 (17-21): pl. 214, f. A, TL: B;"Amboina,Java"
= ; [NL4A, #2051]
Euploea dioxippe Hübner, 1816; (repl. name), TL: "Batavia"
= ; [NL4A, #2051]
Danais misippe Godart, 1819; (repl. name), TL: America
= ; [NL4A, #2051]
Hypolimnas alcippoides Butler, 1883; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 12 (68) : 102, TL: Victoria Nyanza
Hypolimnas misippus ab. dorippoides Aurivillius, 1898; K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 31 (5) : 148
= ; [NHM]
picta Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 547
pallens Nire, 1917; Dobuts. Zasahi, Tokyo 29: (145-148)
= ; [NHM]
immima Bernardi, 1959; Bull. I.F.A.N. (A) 21 : 1023
horina Tanaka, 1941; Zephyrus 9 (1) : 4, TL: Formosa
= ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas misippus ab. luculentus Murayama & Shimonoya, 1966; Tyō to Ga 15 (3/4) : 61, f. 36, TL: Urai, Formosa
?bolina Drury, 1773
Hypolimnas misippus, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Hypolimnas misippus, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Hypolimnas misippus, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Hypolimnas misippus, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Hypolimnas misippus, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Hypolimnas misippus, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Hypolimnas misippus, Lepidoptera of French Antilles [Pierre Zagatti]
Hypolimnas misippus ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 146, f. 3-4]
Apatura misippus ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (2): 59, pl. 29, f. 1a-c; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 17
Hypolimnas misippus ; Butler, 1900, in Andrews, Mon. Christmas Isl. : 62; [NACL, #4439]; [BAFR, 214]; [BK: 339, pl. 47, f. 588]; [BCR: 181, pl. 28]; [Opler]; [NL4A, #2051]; [MadL]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 213; [AfrL]; [Otakar Kudrna]
Hypolimnas missipus[sic?] ; [BOR, 284]; [MRS, 566]; [BAUR, 222]
Hypolimnas misippus misippus ; [BMP: 165, pl. 24, f. 8-9]
[misippus-1f.jpg] 951x624 (~55Kb) female EXPO Park Motobu, Okinawa, Ryukyus, Japan, 8-93, Photo © S. Shuichi Haupt [misippus-2mu.jpg] 1224x918 (~210Kb) upperside male Thailand, Chon Buri Province, Pattaya environs, Ko Lan island, ruderal vegeation at a roadside. 15th January 2006, Photo © Oleg Kosterin [misippus-3mv.jpg] 600x400 (~41Kb) underside male India: Melghat, 5.10.2008, Photo © Kedar Tokekar

Larva on Malvaceae, Portulacaceae, Ficus [NAB], Convolvulaceae [BCR]

Larva on Portulaca oleracea [BIR], Portulaca, Portulaca okracea, Abutilon, Hibiscus, Plantago asiatica, P. major [MRS], Asystasia, Justicia, Blepharis, Ruellia, Pseuderantheum [BK]

Larva on Portulaca oleracea, Asystasia gangetica, Pseuderanthemum variabile K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991, Review Austr. Butts. (1-4): (120-140), Asystasia, Barlesia, Blepharis, Justicia, Pseuderanthemum, Ruellia, Amaranthus, Eleais, Batatas, Abelmoschus, Abutilon, Gossypium, Hibiscus, ?Ficus, Plantago, Portulaca, Talinum, Elatostema Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 214

Mimics Danaus chrysippus.



Hypolimnas monteironis (Druce, 1874)
E.Nigeria - Tanzania, W.Kenya. See [About maps] Black-Tipped Diadem
Diadema monteironis Druce, 1874; Cistula ent. 1 (10) : 286, TL: Old Calabar
Hypolimnas monteironis, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
monteironis ; [EBW, (name only)]
?montieronis ; (missp.?)
Hypolimnas monteironis ; [AfrL]

Larva on Urera, Fleurya [BK]

Cameroun - Angola, E.Zaire Hypolimnas monteironis monteironis ; [BAFR, 218]; [AfrL]
H. m. major Rothschild, 1918
Uganda Hypolimnas monteironis major Rothschild, 1918; Novit. Zool. 25 : 344, TL: Uganda
Hypolimnas monteironis major ; [BAFR, 218 (text)]; [BK: 342, pl. 48, f. 594]; [AfrL]

Hypolimnas arakalulk Semper, 1906
Hypolimnas arakalulk Semper, 1906; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 18 (2) : 253, TL: Karolinen Arch.
Hypolimnas arakalulk ; Samson, 1986, Tyō to Ga 37 (1): 16 (note), 33
Carolines Hypolimnas arakalulk arakalulk ; Samson, 1986, Tyō to Ga 37 (1): 16 (note), 33
H. a. marianensis Fruhstorfer, 1912
Marianas (Saipan, Guam) Hypolimnas octocula marianensis Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 555
Hypolimnas octocula marianensis ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas arakalulk marianensis ; Samson, 1986, Tyō to Ga 37 (1): 16 (note), 36

Hypolimnas octocula (Butler, 1869)
New Hebrides, Marianas Diadema octocula Butler, 1869; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 3 (13) : 19, TL: Tologa I. [Totoya]
Hypolimnas octocula ; [BOW: pl. 146, f. 6]; Samson, 1986, Tyō to Ga 37 (1): 16 (note)
New Hebrides, Fiji, Tonga, N.Vanuatu Diadema formosa Herrich-Schäffer, 1869; Stettin ent. Ztg 30 (1-3) : 71, pl. 4, f. 17
= ; Samson, 1986, Tyō to Ga 37 (1): 16
Hypolimnas octocula formosa ; [BAUR, 224 (text)]
Hypolimnas octocula octocula ; Samson, 1986, Tyō to Ga 37 (1): 16; [BAUR, 224]

Larva on Cypholophus macrocephalus, Pipturus argenteus, Portulaca oleracea Samson, 1986, Tyō to Ga 37 (1): 21, 23

H. o. perryi (Butler, [1876])
Vanuatu Diadema perryi Butler, [1876]; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1875 (4) : 613, pl. 67, f. 3, TL: Eromango, New Hebrides
Hypolimnas pallas Grose-Smith, 1897; Ann. Mag. Nat. hist. (6) 19 : 406, TL: New Hebrides
= ; Samson, 1986, Tyō to Ga 37 (1): 16 (note), 23
Hypolimnas pallas ; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1898, Rhop. Exot. [2] 3: (Hypolimnas) 5, pl. 3, f. 1-2
Hypolimnas octocula pallas ; [BAUR, 224 (text)]
Hypolimnas octocula perryi ; Samson, 1986, Tyō to Ga 37 (1): 16 (note), 23
H. o. elsina (Butler, 1877)
New Caledonia, Loyalty Is. Diadema elsina Butler, 1877; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 20 (118) : 351, TL: Lifu I.
Diadema lifuana Butler, 1877; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 20 (118) : 351, TL: Lifu I.
Hypolimnas octocula elsina ; [BAUR, 224 (text)]
Hypolimnas octocula elsina f. elsina ; Samson, 1986, Tyō to Ga 37 (1): 29
Hypolimnas octocula elsina f. lifuana ; Samson, 1986, Tyō to Ga 37 (1): 16, 30
Hypolimnas octocula elsina ; Samson, 1986, Tyō to Ga 37 (1): 16, 29
H. o. samoa Samson, 1986
Samoa Hypolimnas octocula samoa Samson, 1986; Tyō to Ga 37 (1): 16, 23, TL: Samoa
H. o. futunaensis Samson, 1986
New Hebrides (Futuna) Hypolimnas octocula futunaensis Samson, 1986; Tyō to Ga 37 (1): 16, 25, TL: S.New Hebrides, Futuna
H. o. tanna Samson, 1986
New Hebrides (Tanna) Hypolimnas octocula tanna Samson, 1986; Tyō to Ga 37 (1): 16, 27, TL: S.New Hebrides, Tanna Is.

Hypolimnas errabunda Hopkins, 1927
Samoa Hypolimnas errabunda Hopkins, 1927; Insects of Samoa 3 (fasc. 1): 23, TL: Samoa
Hypolimnas errabunda ; [NHM]; Samson, 1986, Tyō to Ga 37 (1): 16 (note), 37

Hypolimnas pandarus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Moluccas Papilio pandarus Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 461, TL: Amboina?
Papilio pipleis Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 476
Papilio calisto Cramer, [1775]; Uitl. Kapellen 1 (1-7): pl. 24, f. A, B
Papilio (Nymphalis) lacteolus Gmelin, 1788; in Linnaeus, Syst. Nat. (edn 13) 1 (5) : 2290
triumphans Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 554
= ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas pandarus, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Papilio pandarus ; Linnaeus, 1764, Mus. Lud. Ulr.: 198
Hypolimnas pandarus ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 146, f. 7]; Samson, 1986, Tyō to Ga 37 (1): 16 (note)
Ambon, Serang, Saparua Hypolimnas pandarus pandarus ; [BAUR, 224]
H. p. pandora (Wallace, 1869)
Buru Diadema pandora Wallace, 1869; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1869 (4): 281, TL: Buru
Hypolimnas pandarus pandora ; [BAUR, 224]
H. p. hewitsoni Wallace, 1869
Kai I. pandarus hewitsoni Wallace, 1869; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1869 (4): 282
Hypolimnas deois hewitsoni ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas pandarus hewitsoni ; [BAUR, 224]

Hypolimnas pithoeka Kirsch, 1877
-. See [About maps] Hypolimnas pithoeka Kirsch, 1877; Mitt. zool. Mus. Dresden (2) : 125
illuminata Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 544
= ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas pithoeka ; Samson, 1986, Tyō to Ga 37 (1): 16 (note)
West Irian - Papua Diadema unicolor Salvin & Godman, 1877; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1877 : 144, pl. 23, f. 1-2, TL: Duke of York I.
Hypolimnas pithoeka pithoeka ; [BAUR, 219]
H. p. dampierensis Rothschild, 1915
Dampier I. Hypolimnas pithoeka dampierensis Rothschild, 1915; Novit. Zool. 22 (2): 204, TL: Dampier Island
H. p. vulcanica Rothschild, 1915
Manam I. Hypolimnas pithoeka vulcanica Rothschild, 1915; Novit. Zool. 22 (2): 205, TL: Vulcan Island
Hypolimnas pithoeka vulcanica ; [BAUR, 219]
H. p. fumosus Joicey & Noakes, 1915
Biak Hypolimnas pithoeka fumosus Joicey & Noakes, 1915; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1915 (2) : 191, TL: Biak
Hypolimnas pithoeka fumosus ; [BAUR, 219 (text)]
H. p. bradleyi Howarth, 1962
Rennell I. pithoeka bradleyi Howarth, 1962; The Natural History of the Rennel and Bellona Is. (4) : 71, TL: Rennell I.
Hypolimnas pithoeka bradleyi ; [BAUR, 219 (text)]
H. p. ferruginea Howarth, 1962
Bellona I. pithoeka ferruginea Howarth, 1962; The Natural History of the Rennel and Bellona Is. (4) : 73, TL: Bellona I.
Hypolimnas pithoeka ferruginea ; [BAUR, 219 (text)]
H. p. gretheri Clark, 1946
Admiralty Is. Hypolimnas pithoeka gretheri Clark, 1946; Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 59 : 119, TL: Lou I., Admiralty Is.
Hypolimnas pithoeka gretheri ; [BAUR, 219 (text)]
H. p. salomona D'Abrera, 1977
Gudalcanal Hypolimnas pithoeka salomona D'Abrera, 1977; Butts. Aust. Region (2nd ed.): 219, TL: Mt. Gallego, Guadalcanal

Hypolimnas salmacis (Drury, 1773)
-. See [About maps] Blue Diadem
Papilio salmacis Drury, 1773; Illust. Nat. Hist. Exot. Insects 2 : pl. 8, f. 1-2
Papilio omphale Stoll, [1790]; Aanhangsel Werk, Uitl. Kapellen (2-5): pl. 26, f. 1, 1a
= ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas salmacis cissalma Suffert, 1904; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 110, TL: Camerun
Hypolimnas salmacis ♀ f. ochreata Joicey & Talbot, 1921; Bull. Hill Mus. 1 (1) : 56
transiens Dufrane, 1953; Bull. Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 89 : 44, TL: Ivory Coast
= ; [NHM]
interrupta Dufrane, 1953; Bull. Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 89 : 44, TL: Belgian Congo
= ; [NHM]
Hypolimnas salmacis, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Hypolimnas salmacis ; [BOW: pl. 104, f. 5]; [AfrL]

Larva on Fleurya, Urera [BK]

Sierra Leone - Cameroun, Gabon, Zaire, W.Uganda (Bwamba Valley) Hypolimnas salmacis salmacis ; [BAFR, 216]; [AfrL]
H. s. magnifica Rothschild, 1918
Uganda Hypolimnas salmacis magnifica Rothschild, 1918; Novit. Zool. 25 : 343, TL: Uganda
Hypolimnas salmacis magnifica ; [BAFR, 216 (text)]; [BK: 342, pl. 48, f. 595]; [AfrL]
H. s. platydema Rothschild & Jordan, 1903
S.Ethiopia Hypolimnas salmacis platydema Rothschild & Jordan, 1903; Novit. Zool. 10 (3): 524, TL: Scheko
Hypolimnas salmacis platydema ; [BAFR, 216]; [AfrL]
H. s. thomensis Aurivillius, 1910
Sćo Tomé I. Hypolimnas salmacis var. thomensis Aurivillius, 1910; Ann. Mus. Stor. nat. Genova (3) 4 / 44 : 510
Hypolimnas salmacis thomensis ; [BAFR, 216]; [AfrL]
H. s. insularis Schultze, 1920
salmacis insularis Schultze, 1920; Ergeb. 2tn. Dt. Zent. Afrika Exp. 1 (14): 805, TL: Fernando Po
Hypolimnas salmacis insularis ; [AfrL]

Hypolimnas saundersii (Wallace, 1869)
Timor. See [About maps] Diadema saundersi Wallace, 1869; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1869 (4): 282, TL: Timor
Hypolimnas saundersii ; Samson, 1986, Tyō to Ga 37 (1): 16 (note)
Timor Hypolimnas saundersii saundersii ; [BAUR, 224]
H. s. junia Fruhstorfer, 1903
Wetar Hypolimnas pandarus junia Fruhstorfer, 1903; Berl. ent. Zs. 47 (3/4) : 234, TL: Wetter
Hypolimnas saundersii junia ; [BAUR, 224 (text)]

Hypolimnas usambara (Ward, 1872)
E.Kenya (coastal), E.Tanzania (coastal). See [About maps] Red Spot Diadem Usambara Diadem
usambara (Ward, 1872) (Diadema); Ent. mon. Mag. 9 : 148
Hypolimnas usambara ; [BOW: pl. 104, f. 8]; [BAFR, 222]; [BK: 341, pl. 47, f. 593]; [AfrL]

Mimic of Amauris niavius dominicanus. [BK]

Larva on Fleurya, Urera [BK]


Hypolimnas inopinata Waterhouse, 1920
Fiji Hypolimnas inopinata Waterhouse, 1920; Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W. 45 (3) : 468, TL: Waidoi, Fiji
Hypolimnas inopinata ; Samson, 1986, Tyō to Ga 37 (1): 40

Hypolimnas aurifascia Mengel, 1903
New Hebrides Hypolimnas aurifascia Mengel, 1903; Ent. News 14 (6) : 167, pl. 7, TL: Santo, New Hebrides


Unknown or unplaced taxa

Hypolimnas limbata Crowley, 1890; Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1890 : 552, pl. 17, f. 2, TL: Madagascar

Diadema ruhama Hewitson, 1872; Ent. mon. Mag. 9 : 84, TL: Angola
Hypolimnas ruhama ; [NHM]

Hypolymnas[sic] poggii Dewitz, 1879; Nova Acta Leop. Carol. (2) 41 (2) : 25, pl. 2, f. 2, TL: Guinea
Hypolimnas poggii ; [NHM]

Diadema macularia Capronnier, 1889; Bull. Ent. Soc. Belg. 33 : cxliv, TL: Gabon
Hypolimnas macularia ; [NHM]

Hypolimnas heteroma Swinhoe, 1915; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (8) 16 (93) : 173, TL: Sarawak, Borneo
Hypolimnas heteroma ; [NHM]

Hypolimnas curiosa Swinhoe, 1915; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (8) 16 (93) : 173, TL: Staru, India
Hypolimnas curiosa ; [NHM]

Hypolimnas alada Swinhoe, 1915; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (8) 16 (93) : 174, TL: Hongkong
Hypolimnas alada ; [NHM]

Hypolimnas angustolimbata Weymer, 1892; Stettin ent. Ztg 53 (4-6) : 87, TL: E.Africa
Hypolimnas angustolimbata ; [NHM]


4.5.2013 (31)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[AfrL]
Mark C. Williams; Checklist of Afrotropical Papilionoidea and Hesperoidea; Compiled by Mark C. Williams, 7th ed. (2008) (April 2007); Afrototropical Butterflies; e-mail: Mark C. Williams
[BAFR]
D'Abrera, 1980; Butterflies of the Afrotropical Region
[BAMONA]
Opler, Pavulaan, Stanford & Pogue; Butterflies and Moths of North America; Mountain Prairie Information Node
[BAUR]
D'Abrera, 1977; Butterflies of the Australian Region (2nd edn)
[BCR]
DeVries; The Butterflies of Costa Rica 1; Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae
[BHL]
The; Biodiversity Heritage Library; and on; Internet Archive; Note: The linking to the content of Internet Archive is somewhat delicate -- notify me when links break!
[BIR]
Wynter-Blyth, 1957; Butterflies of the Indian Region; (1982 Reprint)
[BK]
Larsen, 1996; The Butterflies of Kenya and their natural history
[BMP]
Eliot (Ed.), Corbet & Pendlebury, 1992; The Butterflies of The Malay Peninsula; 4th edition; ISBN 983-9681-05-2
[BOA]
Interactive Listing of American Butterflies; Listado Interactivo de la Mariposas Americanas; Butterflies of America
[BOR]
D'Abrera, 1982, 1985, 1986; Butterflies of the Oriental Region, Part I-III
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[CiNii]
http://ci.nii.ac.jp/
[Don Herbison-Evans]
and Stella A. Crossley; Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans
[EBW]
Smart, Paul, 1976; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World; ISBN 0 600 31381 6
[Erich Mangl]
http://www.mangl.at
[Gan Cheong Weei]
Butterfly Interest Group (Singapore)
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[ILMB]
Interactive Listing of Mexican Butterflies
[Kedar Tokekar]
India
[Krushnamegh Kunte]
Doctoral Student (Gilbert Labs).; University of Texas at Austin,; Section of Integrative Biology,; 1 University Station C 0930,; Austin, Texas 78712-0253.; Office: (512) 471-4506; Cell: (512) 577-1370; Fax: (512) 471-3878
[LAMAS-2005]
Gerardo Lamas; Entomofauna 26 (6): 57-100; A Bibliography of the Zoological Publications of Hans Fruhstorfer (1886* - 1922+)
[LAMAS-NEO]
Gerardo Lamas; Bibliography of butterflies; An Annocated Bibliography of the Neotropical Butterflies and Skipper (Lepididoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea); Revised Electronic Edition (2007)
[MRS]
Chou Io (Ed.); Monographia Rhopalocerum Sinensium, 1-2
[MadL]
Lees, D.C., Kremen, C. and Raharitsimba, H. 2003; in S.M. Goodman & J. P. Benstead (eds.), The Natural History of Madagascar; Classification, Diversity and Endemism of the Butterflies (Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea): A Revised Species Checklist: : pp. 762-793; University of Chicago Press. 1709 pp.
[NAB]
Pyle, 1981; Field Guide to North American Butterflies, National Audubon Society; ISBN 0-394-51914-0
[NACL]
Hodges, 1983; Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico
[NHM]
Natural History Museum; The Global Lepidoptera Names Index
[NL4A]
Gerardo Lamas, 2004; Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera; Checklist: Part 4A; Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea
[Oleg Kosterin]
Institue of Cytology & Genetics; Siberian Division of Russian Academy of Sciences; Novosibirsk; e-mail: Oleg Kosterin; http://pisum.bionet.nsc.ru/kosterin/
[Olli Vesikko]
http://koti.welho.com/ovesikko/
[Opler]
Opler & Warren, 2003 (April); Butterflies of North America. 2. Scientific Names List for Butterfly Species of North America, north of Mexico.
[PBSA]
Dickson, C.G.C (ed.), Kroon, D.M.; Pennington's Butterflies of Southern Africa; AD. DONKER 1978
[Pierre Zagatti]
WWW pages; Catalogue of the Lepidoptera of the French Antilles; e-mail: Pierre Zagatti
[S. Shuichi Haupt]
e-mail: S. Shuichi Haupt; http://www.tu-berlin.de/fb7/ioeb/biologie/stefan.htm
[Wahlberg]
Niklas Wahlberg; The NSG's voucher specimen database; Nymphalidae Systematics Group
[Yutaka Inayoshi]
A Check List of Butterflies in Indo-China; Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM
[²]
This may require parentheses or not. I don't have the necessary information for this taxon.


Some related literature:
Butler in Andrews, 1900
A Monograph of Christmas Island (Indian Ocean): Physical Features and Geology Mon. Christmas Isl. : 1-337, pl. 1-21,2bis
Aurivillius, 1894
Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Insektenfaun von Kamerun. 2. Tagfalter Ent. Tidskr. 15 : 273-314
Aurivillius, 1898
Rhopalocera Aethiopica. Die tagfalter des Aethiopischen Faunegebietes K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 31 (5) : 1-561, pl. 1-6
Aurivillius, 1913
Die Gross-Schmetteringe der Erde; 13 Band; Die Afrikanischen Tagfalter in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 13 : 1-613, pl. 1-80
Aurivillius, 1910
Schmetterlinge gesammelt in West Africa von Leonard Fea in den jahren 1897-1902 Ann. Mus. Stor. nat. Genova (3) 4 / 44 : 494-530
Aurivillius, 1920
Results of Dr. E. Mjöberg's Swedish Scientific Expeditions to Australia. 1910-1913. 21. Macrolepidoptera Ark. Zool. 13 (2) : 1-44, pl. 1
Bartel, 1905
Neue Aethiopische Rhopalocera des Kgl. Museums für Naturkunde in Berlin Novit. Zool. 12 : 129-152
Bernardi, 1959
La variation géographique du polymorphisme chez les Hypolimnas du continent africain (Lep. Nymphalidae) Bull. I.F.A.N. (A) 21 : 1021-1032
Boisduval, 1832
Voyage de découvertes de l'Astrolabe exécuté par ordre du Roi, pendant les années 1826-1827-1828-1829, sous le commandément de M. J. Dumont d'Urville. Faune entomologique de l'Océan Pacifique, avec l'illustration des insectes nouveaux recueillis pendant le voyage. Lépidoptčres in d'Urville, Voy. Astrolabe (Faune ent. Pacif.) 1 : 1-267, pl. 1-5
Butler, 1869
Descriptions of several new Species of Nymphalidian Rhopalocera Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 3 (13) : 17-21, pl. 9
Butler, 1873
Descriptions of new species of Lepidoptera Cist. Ent. 1 (7) : 151-177
Butler, 1874
Description of new Lepidoptera Cistula ent. 1 : 243-244 (9)
Butler, 1874
List of Diurnal Lepidoptera of the South-Sea Islands Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1874 : 274-291, pl. 44
Butler, 1874
Descriptions of some new species and a new genus of diurnal Lepidoptera in the collection of Herbert Druce Esq. Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1874 (4) : 423-436, pl. 6
Butler, 1875
Contributions towards a knowledge of the Rhopalocera of Australia Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1875 (1) : 1-10
Butler, [1876]
On a Collection of Butterflies from the New Hebrides and Loyalty Islands with Descriptions of new Species Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1875 (4) : 610-619, pl. 67
Butler, 1875
On a Collection of Lepidoptera from Southern Africa, with Descriptions of new Genera and Species Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 16 (96) : 394-420
Butler, 1877
On a Collection of Lepidoptera obtained by the Rev. S. J. Whitmee from Lifu (Loyalty Group), with Descriptions of new Species Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 20 (118) : 348-359
Butler, 1877
On a Collection of Lepidoptera made in Northern Formosa Proc. zool. soc. Lond. 1877 : 810-816
Butler, 1879
On a Collection of Lepidoptera from the Island of Johanna Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 3 (15) : 186-192
Butler, 1879
The butterflies of Malacca Trans. linn. Soc. Lond. (2) 1 (8) : 533-568, pl. 68-69
Butler, 1879
Descriptions of new Butterflies of the Indian Region Cistula ent. 2 (21) : 431-432, pl. 8
Butler, 1880
On a collection of Lepidoptera from Madagascar, with descriptions of new Genera and Species Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 5 (28): 333-344, (29): 384-395
Butler, 1883
The Lepidoptera collected during the recent expedition of H.M.S. "Challenger." Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 11 (66) : 402-428
Butler, 1883
On some Lepidoptera from the Victoria Nyanza Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 12 (68) : 101-107
Butler, 1883
List of Lepidoptera collected by Mr. H. O. Forbes in the Islands of Timor Laut Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1883 : 365-371, pl. 38
Butler, 1883
Descriptions of some new species of Lepidoptera, chiefly from the island of Nias Ent. mon. Mag. 20 : 53-57
Butler, 1884
The Lepidoptera collected by Herr Palisa at Caroline Island in May, 1883 Mem. Nat. Acad. Sci. 2: 93-96
Butler, 1888
On the Lepidoptera from Christmas Island Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1888 : 542-546
Butler, 1898
On a collection of Lepidoptera made by Mr. F. V. Kirby chiefly Portuguese E. Africa Proc. zool. Soc. 1898 : 49-58
Capronnier, 1889
Liste des Lépidoptčres capturés au Congo par Messieurs Thys, Legat, Martini et Machado en 1887 Bull. Ent. Soc. Belg. 33 : cxviii-cxxvii [118-127]
Capronnier, 1889
Liste d'Une Collection de Lépidoptčres recueillis au Gabon ace la description de quatre espčces nouvelles Bull. Ent. Soc. Belg. 33 : cxli-cxlvii
Le Cerf, 1928
Lepidopteres Africains nouveaux Encycl. ent. (B 3 Lep.) 3: 117-126
Clark, 1946
Two new butterflies from the Admiralty Islands Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 59 : 119-120
Cramer, [1775]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) Uitl. Kapellen 1 (1-7): 1-132, pl. 1-84 (1775), (8): 133-155, pl. 85-96 (1776)
Cramer, [1777]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) Uitl. Kapellen 2 (9-16): 1-152, pl. 97-192 (1777)
Cramer, [1779]; Cramer, [1780]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) Uitl. Kapellen 3 (17-21): 1-104, pl. 193-252 (1779), (22): 105-128, pl. 253-264 ([1780]), (23-24): 129-176, pl. 265-288 (1780)
Crowley, 1890
On some new species of African diurnal Lepidoptera Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1890 : 551-556, pl. 17-18
Dewitz, 1879
Afrikanische Tagschmetterlinge Nova Acta Leop. Carol. (2) 41 (2) : 173-210, [1-38], pl. 25-26, [1-2]
Dewitz, 1884
Drei neue westafrikanische Tagschmetterlinge Berl. ent. Z. 28 (1) : 187-188
Distant, [1880]
On some African Species of Lepidoptera belonging to the Sufamily Nymphalinae Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1879 (4) : 703-709, pl. 54
Doubleday, 1845
Descriptions of new or imperfectly described Diurnal Lepidoptera Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (1) 16 (104): 176-182, (105): 232-236, (106): 304-308
Westwood, [1850]
The genera of diurnal Lepidoptera, comprising their generic characters, a notice of their habitats and transformations, and a catalogue of the species of each genus; illustrated with 86 plates by W. C. Hewitson Gen. diurn. Lep. (1): 1-18, pl. A, 1-4 (1-2) (1846), (1): 19-132, pl. 4*, 5-25, 28 (3-14) (1847), (1): 133-200, pl. 1*, 26, 27, 29, 31-44 (15-23) (1848), (1): 201-242, pl. 30, 45-52, 56-58, 60-62, 64 (24-31) (1849), (1): 243-250 [?], (2): 243-326, pl. 53-55, 63, 65, 66 (32-38) (1850), (2): 327-466, pl. 59, 67-77 (39-50) (1851), (2): 467-534, 143, 144, pl. 78-80 (Index) (51-54) (1852)
Druce, 1874
Descriptions of new species of diurnal Lepidoptera chiefly from tropical America Cistula ent. 1 (10) : 285-290
Drury, 1773
Illustrations of natural history; wherein are exhibited ... Illust. Nat. Hist. Exot. Insects 2 : 1-90, pl. 1-50
Dufrane, 1945
Lepidopteres du Kivu (3e note) Bull. Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 81 : 90-143
Dufrane, 1953
Lépidoptčres du Kivu (5e note) Bull. Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 89 : 41-57
K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991
Review of Australian Butterflies: distribution, life history and taxonomy. Pushlished by authors, Melbourne Review Austr. Butts. (1-4):
Dyar, 1903
A List of North American Lepidoptera and Key to the Literature of this Order of Insects Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 1-723
van Eecke, 1913
Fauna Simalurensis. Lepidoptera Rhopalocera, fam. Satyridae, Morphidae and Nymphalidae Notes Leyden Mus. 35 : 243-247
Eschscholtz, 1821
Beschreibung neuer ausländischer Schmetterling in Kotzebue, Entdeck. Reise Süd-See 3 (App. 5): 201-219, 11pls
Fabricius, 1775
Systema Entomologiae, sistens Insectorum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, Adiectis Synonymis, Locis, Descriptionibus, Observationibus. Syst. Ent.: 832pp
Felder, 1861
Ein neues Lepidopteron aus der Familie der Nymphaliden und seine Stellnung im natürlichen System, begründet aus der Synopse der rigen Nov. Act. Leop. Carol. 28 (3) : 1-50, pl. 1
Felder, 1862
Verzeichniss der von den Naturforschern der k. k. Fregatte Novara gesammelten Macropepidoteren Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 12 (1/2) : 473-496
C. & R. Felder, 1860
Lepidopterologische Fragmente. V-VI Wien. ent. Monats. 4 (4): 97-112, pl. 1-2, (8): 225-251, pl. 3-4
C. & R. Felder, [1867]
Reise der österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Behilfen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair. Zoologischer Theil. Band 2. Abtheilung 2. Lepidoptera. Rhopalocera Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (1): 1-136, pl. 1-21 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, [1865]), (2): 137-378, pl. 22-47 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, 1865), (3): 379-536, pl. 48-74 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, 1867), (4): 537-548, pl. 75-120, (Inhalts-Verz.) 1-9 (pl. 1-74), (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1874) , (5): pl. 121-140, (erklärung) 1-10 (pl. 75-107), (Inhalts-Verz.) 1-20 (pl. 108-140), (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1875)
Fruhstorfer, 1903
Verzeichniss der in Tonkin, Annam und Siam gesammelten Papilioniden und Besprechung verwandter Formen Berl. ent. Zs. 47 (3/4) : 167-234, 4 fgs. (late January)
Fruhstorfer, 1903
Neue Hypolimnas und Uebersicht der bekannten Arten Berl. ent. Zs. 48 (1/2) : 73-87 (early May)
Fruhstorfer, 1903
Eine neue Nymphalide aus Neu-Guinea Dt. ent. Z. Iris 16 (1) : 66-67 (early October)
Fruhstorfer, 1904
Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Rhopaloceren-Fauna der Insel Engano Berl. ent. Zs. 49 (1/2) : 170-206, pl. 1-2 (mid August)
Fruhstorfer, 1912
Zwei neue Nymphaliden der Sammlung Staudinger des Berliner Zoologischen Museums Ent. Rundschau 29 (1) : 5 (13 January)
Fruhstorfer, 1912; Fruhstorfer, 1915
6. Familie: Nymphalidae in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 453-456 (31 January, 1912), : 457-488 (18 March, 1912), : 489-496 (25 May, 1912), : 489-496 (10 May, 1912), : 497-504 (15 April, 1912), : 505-512 (10 May, 1912), : 513-528 (11 April, 1912), : 529-552 (20 April, 1912), : 553-592 (15 May, 1912), : 593-616 (25 September, 1912), : 617-632 (15 October, 1912), : 633-640 (25 October, 1912), : 641-656 (10 January, 1913), : 657-664 (12 January, 1913), : 665-680 (13 January, 1913), : 681-688 (25 January, 1913), : 689-696 (16 June, 1913), : 697-704 (5 August, 1913), : 705-712 (20 January, 1914), : 713-720 (20 November, 1913), : 721-744 (9 March, 1914), : 745-751 (30 July, 1915), : 753-760 (28 March, 1914), : 761-766 (14 April, 1914)
Gmelin, 1788
Systema Naturae in Linnaeus, Syst. Nat. (edn 13) 1 (5) : 2225-3020
Salvin & Godman, 1877
On a Collection of Lepidoptera made by he Rev. G. Brown of Duke-of-York Island and its Neighbourhood Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1877 : 139-151, pl. 22-23
Godman & Salvin, 1888
New species of Butterflies collected by Mr. C. M. Woodford in the Solomon Islands Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 1 (2): 90-101, (3): 209-214
Grose-Smith, 1890
A list of the Butterflies collected by Mr. William Bonny on the Journey with Mr. Stanley from Yambuya on the Aruwimi River through the Great Forest of Central Africa; with Descriptions of nine new Species Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1890 : 463-473
Grose-Smith, 1891
Descriptions of Ten new Species of Butterflies from the North-west Coast of Madagascar, captured by Mr. J. T. Last, in the Collection of Mr. H. Grose Smith Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 7 (37) : 122-128
Grose-Smith, 1894
An Account of a Collection of Diurnal Lepidoptera from New Guinea (Parts I-III) - made by Mr. W. Doherty at Humboldt Bay, Dutch New Guinea, and in neighbouring islands, in the Museum of the honourable Walter Rothschild at Tring, with descriptions of new species Novit. zool. 1 (2): 331-365, (2): 543-551, (3): 571-584
Grose-Smith, 1897
Descriptions of new Species of Butterflies from the Pacific Islands Ann. Mag. Nat. hist. (6) 19 : 172-180
Grose-Smith, 1897
Descriptions of further new Species of Butterflies from the Pacific Islands Ann. Mag. Nat. hist. (6) 19 : 403-407
Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1891; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1897; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1898
Rhopalocera Exotica, being Illustrations of New, Rare, and Unfigured Species of Butterflies Rhop. Exot. [1] 1: (Ornithoptera) 1-2, pl. 1 (1887), [1] 2: (Ornithoptera) 3-4, pl. 2 (1892), [1] 3: (Ornithoptera) [5-6] 1-2, pl. 3 (1900), [1] 3: (Ornithoptera) 7-8, pl. 4 (1901), [1] 1: (Papilio) 1-2, pl. 1 (1887), [1] 1: (Papilio) 3-5,7-14, pl. 2-6 (1888), [1] 1: (Papilio) 15-20, pl. 7-9 (1890), [1] 1: (Papilio) 21-25, pl. 10-11 (1891), [1] 2: (Papilio) 27-31, pl. 12-13 (1893), [1] 2: (Papilio) 33-35, pl. 14 (1894), [1] 2: (Papilio) 37-38, pl. 15 (1895), [1] 2: (Papilio) 39-40, pl. 16 (1897), [1] 3: (Papilio) 41-46, pl. 17-19 (1899), [1] 3: (Papilio) 47-48, pl. 20 (1900), [1] 3: (Papilio) 49-50, pl. 21 (1901), [1] 3: (Papilio) 51-55, pl. 22-23 (1902), [1] 1: (Delias) 1-3, pl. 1 (1889), [1] 2: (Delias) 5-7, 9-11, pl. 2-3 (1893), [1] 2: (Delias) 12-18, pl. 4-5 (1895), [1] 2: (Delias) 20-22, pl. 6 (1896), [1] 3: (Delias) 24-26, pl. 7 (1897), [1] 3: (Delias) 28-35, pl. 8-9 (1901), [1] 3: (Delias) 36-38, pl. 10 (1902), [1] 1: (Pieridae) 1-3, pl. 1 (1888), [1] 2: (Pinacopteryx) 1-4, pl. 1 (1893), [1] 1: (Callosune) 1-3, pl. 1 (1889), [1] 3: (Huphina) 1-7, pl. 1-2 (1898), [1] 3: (Huphina) [8],9-10, pl. 3 (1899), [1] 1: (Elodina) 1-4, pl. 1 (1890), [1] 1: (Belenois) 1-4, pl. 1 (1892), [1] 2: (Belenois) 5-8, pl. 2 (1892), [1] 3: (Mylothris) 1-3, 5-7, pl. 1-2 (1900), [1] 1: (Ixias) 1-3, pl. 1 (1888), [1] 2: (Appias) 1-3, pl. 1 (1894), [1] 1: (Pierinae) 5-7, pl. 2 (1889), [1] 2: (Dismorphia) 1-4, pl. 1 (1896), [1] 2: (Dismorphia) 5-9, 11-15, pl. 2-3 (1897), [2] 1: (Asthipa) 1-3, pl. 1 (1890), [2] 2: (Asthipa) 5-6, pl. 2 (1896), [2] 2: (Ravadeba) 7, pl. 1 (1896), [2] 2: (Mycalesis) 1-4, pl. 1 (1895), [2] 2: (Mycalesis) 5-12, pl. 2-3 (1896), [2] 3: (Mycalesis) 13-18, pl. 4-5 (1902), [2] 3: (Libythea) 1-2, pl. 1 (1902), : (Ragadia-Argyronympha-Hypocysta) : 1-6, pl. [1] (1895), [2] 2: (Pedaliodes) 1-5, pl. 1 (1893), [2] 2: (Pedaliodes) 7-9, pl. 2 (1894), [2] 2: (Pedaliodes) 10-14, pl. 3 (1895), [2] 3: (Pedaliodes) 15-20, pl. 4-5, (Oxeoschistus) 1 (1900), [2] 3: (Pronophila) 1-2, pl. 1, (Oxeoschistus) 2-3, pl. 1 (1900), [2] 2: (Elymnias) 1-4, pl. 1 (1896), [2] 3: (Elymnias) 5-6, pl. 2, (Bruasa) 6-7, pl. 1 (1897), [2] 1: (Morpho) 1-2, pl. 1 (1890), [2] 3: (Morphotenaris-Hyantis) 1-3, pl. [1] (1898), [2] 2: (Tenaris) 1-3, 5-7, pl. 1-2 (1894), [2] 2: (Tenaris) 9-11, pl. 3 (1895), [2] 2: (Tenaris) 13-15, pl. 4 (1896), [2] 3: (Tenaris) 17-18, pl. 5 (1898), [2] 1: (Heliconius) 1-3, pl. 1 (1892), [2] 1: (Acraea) 1-6, pl. 1-2 (1889), [2] 1: (Acraea) 7-10, pl. 3 (1892), [2] 2: (Acraea) 11-14, pl. 4 (1892), [2] 2: (Acraea) 15-18, pl. 5 (1894), [2] 3: (Acraea) 19-29, pl. 6-8, (Planema) 29-30, pl. [1] (1901), [2] 1: (Cethosia) 1-2, pl. 1 (1889), [2] 3: (Cirrhochroa) 1, pl. [1], (Cupha) 2-4, pl. [1] (1898), [2] 2: (Terinos) 1-2, pl. 1 (1894), [2] 1: (Thaleropis) 1-3, pl. 1 (1891), [2] 2: (Doleschallia) 1-3,5-7, pl. 1-2 (1893), [2] 2: (Kallima) 1-3, pl. 1 (1892), [2] 1: (Hypolimnas) 1-2, pl. 1 (1891), [2] 3: (Hypolimnas) 3-4, pl. 2 (1897), [2] 3: (Hypolimnas) 5-6, pl. 3 (1898), [2] 1: (Euxanthe) 1-3, pl. 1 (1890), [2] 1: (Hestina) 1-3, pl. 1 (1891), [2] 1: (Cymothoe) 1-4, pl. 1 (1890), [2] 3: (Limenitis) 1-3, pl. 1 (1899), [2] 2: (Neptis) 1-4, pl. 1 (1895), [2] 3: (Neptis) 5-11, pl. 2-3 (1899), [2] 3: (Neptis) 13-17, pl. 4-5 (1900), [2] 1: (Euthalia-Tanaecia) 1-3, pl. 1 (1889), [2] 1: (Euthalia) 5-10, pl. 2-3 (1891), [2] 2: (Euthalia) 11-14, pl. 4 (1894), [2] 3: (Euthalia) 15, pl. 5, (Dichorragia) 16, pl. 1 (1898), [2] 1: (Apatura) 1-3, pl. 1 (1892), [2] 1: (Euphaedra) 1-2, pl. 1 (1889), [2] 1: (Euryphene) 1-3, pl. 1 (1889), [2] 1: (Charaxes) 1-2,[3-4] pl. 1-2 (1887), [2] 1: (Charaxes) [5], pl. 3 (1888), [2] 1: (Charaxes) 7-9, pl. 4 (1890), [2] 1: (Charaxes) 11-13, pl. 5 (1891), [2] 1: (Mynes) 1-2, pl. 1 (1888), [2] 2: (Mynes) 3-6, pl. 2 (1894), [2] 2: (Prothoe) 1-2, pl. 1 (1896), [3] 3: (Erycinidae) 1-10, pl. 1-2 (1902), [3] 2: (Dicallaneura-etc) 1-6, pl. 1 (1897), [3] 3: (Dicallaneura-etc) 7-11, pl. 2 (1901), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 1-4,[5-9] 1-5, pl. 1-2 (1887), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 11-17, 19-22, pl. 3-5 (1888), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 23-25, 27-29, 31-33, pl. 6-8 (1889), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 35-48, pl. 9-11 (1890), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 49-51,53-64, pl. 12-15 (1891), [3] 2: (Lycaenidae) 65-68, pl. 16 (1892), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) [69-72] 57-60, pl. 17 (1892), [3] 2: (Lycaenidae) [73-77] 61-65,79-84, pl. 18-19 (1892), [3] 2: (Lycaenidae) 85-107, pl. 20-23 (1893), [3] 2: (Lycaenidae) 109-120, pl. 24-25 (1894), [3] 3: (Lycaenidae) 121-125, pl. 26 (1900), [3] 3: (Lycaenidae) 127-131, 133-141, pl. 27-29 (1901), [3] 3: (Lycaenidae) 143-146, pl. 30 (1902), [3] 2: (Hypochrysops) 1-6, pl. 1 (1894), [3] 2: (Hypochrysops) 7-13, 15-22, pl. 2-3 (1895), [3] 2: (Thysonotis) 23-25, 27-31, pl. 1-2 (1895), [3] 2: (Waigeum) 34-38, pl. 1 (1896), [3] 2: (Thysonotis) 39-46, pl. 3-4 (1896), [3] 2: (Holochila) 1-4, pl. 1 (1896), [3] 2: (Holochila) 5-8, pl. 2 (1897), [3] 2: (Pseudonotis) 1-3, pl. [1], (Epimastidia) 4-5, pl. [1], (Lampides) 5-8, pl. [1] (1897), [3] 2: (Lampides) 9-10, pl. 2, (Thysonotis) 47, pl. 5 (1897), [3] 3: (Holochila) 9-11, pl. 3 (1898), [3] 3: (Arhopala) 1-7, pl. 1-2 (1898), [3] 3: (Arhopala) 9-12, pl. 3, (Ilerda) 13, pl. [1], (Horaga) 14-15, pl. [1] (1902), [3] 3: (Thysonotis) 47x,48-50, pl. 6 (1898), [3] 3: (Hypochrysops) 23-26, pl. 4 (1898), [3] 3: (Holochila) 13-15, pl. 4 (1899), [3] 3: (Hypochrysops) 27-29, pl. 5, (Waigeum) [30], pl. 2 (1899), [3] 3: (Holochila) 17-19, pl. 5 (1899), [3] 3: (Thysonotis) 51-54, pl. 7 (1899), [3] 3: (Jamides) 11-14, pl. 1 (1900), [3] 3: (Hypolycaena-etc) 1-4, pl. [1] (1900), [3] 3: (Hypochrysops) 31-33, pl. 6, (Thysonotis) 55-56, pl. 8 (1900), [3]: (Additions-Corrections) 1-2,[3],vii-x
Hall, 1930
New forms of Tropical Rhopalocera Entomologist 63 : 278-279
Herrich-Schäffer, 1869
Neue Schmetterlinge aus dem "Museum Godeffroy" in Hamburg Stettin ent. Ztg 30 (1-3) : 65-80, pl. 1-4
Hewitson, 1865
Illustrations of new species of exotic Butterflies selected chiefly from the collections of W. Wilson Saunders and William C. Hewitson Ill. exot. Butts [3] : (Systematic Index) III, (Callithea): [1-2], pl. [1] (1857), (Callithea Agrias II): [3-4], pl. [2] (1870), (Epicalia & Myscelia I): [5-6], pl. [3] (1851), (Epicalia II): [7-8], pl. [4] (1852), (Timetes): [9-10], pl. [5] (1852), (Neptis): [11-12], pl. [6] (1868), (Limenitis I-II): [13-16], pl. [7-8] (1859), (Heterochroa): [17-18], pl. [9] (1867), (Diadema): [19-20], pl. [10] (1863), (Diadema II): [21-22], pl. [11] (1865), (Diadema III): [23-24], pl. [12] (1868), (Amechania): [25-26], pl. [13] (1861), (Romaleosoma): [27-28], pl. [14] (1864), (Romaleosoma II-III): [29-32], pl. [15-16] (1865), (Romaleosoma IV): [33-34], pl. [17] (1866), (Euryphene): [35-36], pl. [18] (1864), (Euryphene II): [37-38], pl. [19] (1865), (Euryphene III Aterica): [39-40], pl. [20] (1865), (Euryphene IV): [41-42], pl. [21] (1865), (Aterica & Euryphene V-VI): [43-46], pl. [22-23] (1866), (Euryphene VII): [47-48], pl. [24] (1871), (Euryphene VIII & Aterica): [49-50], pl. [25] (1871), (Euryphene IX): [51-52], pl. [26] (1874), (Aterica & Harma): [53-54], pl. [27] (1866), (Harma): [55-56], pl. [28] (1864), (Harma II): [57-58], pl. [29] (1866), (Harma III-IV): [59-60], pl. [30-31] (1869), (Harma V-VI & Euryphene X): [61-62], pl. [32-33] (1874), (Adolias): [63-64], pl. [34] (1861), (Adolias II): [65-66], pl. [35] (1862), (Adolias III): [67-68], pl. [36] (1863), (Adolias IV): [69-70], pl. [37] (1875), (Agrias): [71-72], pl. [38] (1860), (Agrias & Nymphalis): [73-74], pl. [39] (1855), (Agrias & Siderone): [75-76], pl. [40] (1854), (Prepona): [77-78], pl. [41] (1859), (Prepona II & Agrias): [79-80], pl. [42] (1876), (Pandora & Prepona): [81-82], pl. [43] (1854), (Apatura): [83-84], pl. [44] (1869), (Nymphalis): [85-86], pl. [45] (1854), (Nymphalis II): [87-88], pl. [46] (1859), (Charaxes III): [89-90], pl. [47] (1863), (Charaxes IV): [91-92], pl. [48] (1874), (Charaxes V): [93-94], pl. [49] (1876), (Paphia II): [95-96], pl. [50] (1869), (Paphia & Siderone): [97-98], pl. [51] (1856), (Siderone): [99-100], pl. [52] (1860), (Zeuxidia & Aemona): [101-102], pl. [53] (1868), : iv
Hewitson, 1858
Descriptions of some Butterflies from the Collection of Mr. Wallace Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1858 : 464-465, pl. 54-55
Hewitson, 1861
Descriptions of some Butterflies from the Collection of Mr. Wallace Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1861 : 50-53, pl. 8-9
Hewitson, 1863
A list of diurnal Lepidoptera taken in Madagascar by Caldwell Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1863 : 64-65, pl. 11
Hewitson, 1872
Descriptions of seven new exotic Rhopalocera Ent. mon. Mag. 9 : 83-86
Hewitson, 1873
Description of two new butterflies from the west coast of Africa Ent. mon. Mag. 9 : 232-233
Holland, 1920
Lepidoptera of the Congo. Being a Systematic List of the Butterflies and Moths Collected by the American Museum of Natural History Congo Expedition Together with Descriptions of Some Hitherto Undescribed Species Bull. Am. Mus. nat. Hist. 43 (6) : 109-369, pl. 6-14
Hopkins, 1927
Butterflies of Samoa and some neighbouring Island-groups Insects of Samoa 3 (fasc. 1): 1-64
Howarth, 1962
Rhopalocera of the Rennel and Bellona Islands The Natural History of the Rennel and Bellona Is. (4) : 63-83
Hübner, [1819]
Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge, 1816-[1826] Verz. bek. Schmett. (1): [1-3], 4-16 (1816), (2): 17-32 (1819), (3): 33-48 (1819), (4): 49-64 (1819), (5): 65-80 (1819), (6): 81-96 (1819), (7): 97-112 (1819), (8): 113-128 (1819), (9): 129-144 (1819), (10): 145-160 (1819), (11): 161-176 (1819), (12): 177-192 (1820), (13): 193-208 (1820), (14): 209-224 (1821), (15): 225-240 (1821), (16): 241-256 (1821), (17): 257-272 (1823), (18): 273-288 (1823), (19): 289-304 (1823), (20): 305-320 (1825), (21): 321-336 (1825), (22): 337-352 (1825), (23-27): 353-431 ([1825])
Hübner, 1821
Index Exocticorum Lepidopterorum, ... Index exot. Lep.: -
Hulstaert, 1923
Une aberration albinique de Hypolimnas dubia Pal. Rev. Zool. Afr. 11 : 209-210
Joicey & Noakes, 1915
New Butterflies and a Moth from Biak Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1915 (2) : 177-197, pl. 21-28
Joicey & Talbot, 1917
New Lepidoptera from Waigiou, Dutch New Guinea and Biak Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (8) 20 (117) : 216-229
Joicey & Talbot, 1921
New Lepidoptera Collected by Mr. T. A. Barns, in East Central Africa. New Forms of Rhopalocera Bull. Hill Mus. 1 (1) : 44-118, pl. 5-16
Joicey & Talbot, 1924
New forms of Indo-Australian butterflies Bull. Hill Mus. 1 (3) : 565-569
Kirsch, 1877
Beitrag zur Kenntniss der Lepidopteren Fauna von Neu Guinea Mitt. zool. Mus. Dresden (2) : 103-134, pl. 5-7
Kirsch, 1885
On the Butterflies of Timorlaut Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1885 : 275-277, pl. 19
Linnaeus, 1758
Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Clases, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Symonymis, Locis. Tomis I. 10th Edition Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 1-338, : 339-824
Linnaeus, 1764
Museum S'ae R'ae M'tis Ludovicae Ulricae Reginae Svecorum, Gothorum, Vandalorumque Mus. Lud. Ulr.: vi + 720 + [2]
Mabille, 1881
Note sur plusiers envois de Lépidoptéres provenant de Madagascar C. R. Seances Soc. ent. Belg. 25: lv-lxv [55-65]
Mabille, 1900
Description de Lépidoptčres de Madagascar Bull. Mus. hist. nat. Paris 5 : 373-375
Mathew, 1887
Descriptions of some new species of Rhopalocera from the Solomon Islands Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1887 (1) : 37-49, pl. 4
Matsumura, 1927
Some new Butterflies Ins. Matsumurana 2 (2) : 114-118
Mengel, 1903
A new species of Hypolimnas from New Hebrides Ent. News 14 (6) : 167-168, pl. 7
Montrouzier, 1856
Faune de l'lle de Woodlark ou Moiou Ann. Sci. Phys. Lyon (2) 8: 393-412
Moore, [1881]
The Lepidoptera of Ceylon Lepid. Ceylon 1 (1): 1-40, pl. 1-18 (Dec 1880), (2): 41-80, pl. 19-36 (Jan 1881), (3): 81-136, pl. 37-54 (Jun 1881), (4): 137-190, pl. 55-71 (Dec 1881)
Müller, 1774
Des Ritters Carl von Linné königlich schwedischen Leib-arztes u. u. vollständiges Natursystem nach der zwölften lateinischen Ausgabe und nach Anleitung des hollän-dischen Houttuynischen Werks mit einer ausfürlichen Erklärung ausgefertigt Natursystem 5 (1): 1-758, pl. 1-22
Murayama & Shimonoya, 1963
On some interesting butterflies from Formosa, with descriptions of 2 new species, 2 new races, and 7 new aberrant forms [in Japanese] Tyō to Ga 13 (3): 51-59
Murayama & Shimonoya, 1966
Some Formosan butterflies of new species, new race, new aberrant forms or little known species and forms. [in Japanese] Tyō to Ga 15 (3/4) : 58-67
Neidhoefer, 1972
Contributions to the Lepidoptera (2). Descriptions of Hypolimnas (Nymphalidae) and Charaxes (Charaxidinae) Occ. Pap. Milwaukee Pub. Mus. (3): 1-9
Oberthür, 1879
Observations sur les Lépidoptčres des īles Sangir, et descriptions de quelques espčces nouvelles Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1879 (3) : 229-233, pl. 8
Pagenstecher, 1898
Hypolimnas sumbawana Pagenst. Eine neue Nymphalide aus Sumbawa Ent. Nachr. 24 : 81-83
Ribbe, 1898
Noch nicht bekannte Raupen und Puppen von Schmetterlingen aus dem deutschen Schutzgebiee der Neu-Guinea-Copagnie in der Süd-See Dt. ent. Z. Iris 10 (2) : 244-248, pl. 8
Ribbe, 1898
Beiträge zur Lepidopteren-Fauna des Bismarck- und Salomon-Archipels in der Süd-See Dt. ent. Z. Iris 11 (1): 35-133, 12 (1): 219-260
Roepke, 1938
Nymphalidae Rhopalocera Javanica 3 : 235-362, pl. 26-36
Rothschild, 1915
On the Lepidoptera in the Tring Museum sent by Mr. A. S. Meek from the Admiralty Islands, Dampier and Vulcan Islands Novit. Zool. 22 (2): 192-208, (3): 387-402
Rothschild, 1918
Some Apparently New Forms of African Nymphalidae Novit. Zool. 25 : 338-345
Rothschild & Jordan, 1903
Lepidoptera collected by Oscar Neumann in north-east Africa Novit. Zool. 10 (3): 491-542, 12: 175-191
Röber, 1891
Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Indo-Australischen Lepidopteren-Fauna Tijdschr. Ent. 34: 261-334 (1891), 35: 85-86, pl. 3-6 (1892)
Samson, 1980
The Butterflies of Santa Ana Island, with Descriptions of New Taxa from San Cristobal Island, Solomon Islands Tyō to Ga 30 (3,4) : 211-236
Samson, 1986
The Hypolimnas octocula Complex, with Notes on H. inopinata (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) Tyō to Ga 37 (1): 15-43
Schultze, 1920
Lepidoptera (1 & 2) Ergeb. 2tn. Dt. Zent. Afrika Exp. 1 (12): 511-597, pl. 25-26 (1917), (14): 639-829 (1920)
Semper, 1906
Beitrag zur Lepidopterenfauna des Karolinen-Archipels Dt. ent. Z. Iris 18 (2) : 245-267
Sonan, 1929
Descriptions of two aberrant forms and a new species of the butterflies from Formosa Zephyrus 1 (4) : 135-137
Staudinger, 1896
Neue exotische Tagfalter Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 9 (1): 193-224, pl. 1-2 (July 1896), (2): 225-240, pl. 5 (Jan. 1897)
Stoll, [1781]; Stoll, [1782]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) in Cramer, Uitl. Kapellen 4 (26b-28): 29-90, pl. 305-336 (1780), (29-31): 91-164, pl. 337-372 (1781), (32-32): 165-252, 1-29, pl. 373-400 (1782)
Stoll, [1790]
Aanhangsel van het Werk, de Uitlandsche Kapellen Aanhangsel Werk, Uitl. Kapellen (1): 1-42, pl. 1-8 (1787), (2-5): 43-184, pl. 9-42 (1790)
Stoneham, 1965
New subspecies and forms of African Lepidoptera Bull. Stoneham Mus. (81): 1-3
Strand, 1914
Abbildungen und Beschreibungen neuer und wenig bekannter Lepidoptera aus der Sammlung W. Niepelt Lepid. Niepeltiana (1) : 1-64, pl. 1-12
Suffert, 1904
Neue Nymphaliden aus Africa Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 108-123
Swinhoe, 1915
New Species of Indo-Malayan Lepidoptera Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (8) 16 (93) : 170-186
Swinhoe, 1916
New Species of Butterflies and Moths from Australia, Africa, and the Indo-Malayan Region Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (8) 18 (108) : 480-490
Talbot, 1932
New forms of Lepidoptera from the Oriental Region Bull. Hill. Mus. 4 : 155-169
Tanaka, 1941
[On some aberrant form of Butterflies from Honshu and Formosa] Zephyrus 9 (1) : 4-5
Trimen, 1869
On some remarkable mimetic analogies among African Butterflies Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 26 : 497-522, pl. 42-43
Trimen, 1873
On some new species of Butterflies discovered in Extra-Tropical Southern Africa Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1873 (2) : 101-124, pl. 1
Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003
The butterflies of Sulawesi: annotated checklist for a critical island faunda Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 3-268, pl. 1-16
Wallace, 1869
Notes on eastern Butterflies (3 parts) Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1869 (1): 77-81, (4): 277-288, 321-349
Wallengren, 1857
Kafferlandets Dag-fjärilar, insamlade åren 1838-1845 af J. A. Wahlberg / Lepidoptera Rhopalocera in Terra Caffrorum annis 1838-1845 collecta a J. A. Wahlberg K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 2 (4) : 1-55
Ward, 1872
Descriptions of new species of African diurnal Lepidoptera Ent. mon. Mag. 9 : 147-148
Waterhouse, 1920
Descriptions of New Forms of Butterflies from the South Pacific Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W. 45 (3) : 468-471
Weymer, 1885
Exotische Lepidopteren. III. Beitrag zur Lepidoperen-Fauna von Nias Stettin ent. Ztg. 46 (4-6) : 257-285, pl. 1-2
Weymer, 1892
Exotische Lepidopteren VI Stettin ent. Ztg 53 (4-6) : 79-125
Wildey, [1941]
The Eggfly (Hypolimnas bolina incommoda Btlr) Malay Nat. J. 1 (4): 147-148, 2 pls


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Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.