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Dynastor Doubleday, [1849]
Dynastor Doubleday, [1849]; Gen. diurn. Lep. (1): pl. 58, f. 2, TS: Dynastor napoleon Doubleday
Dynastor Westwood, [1851]; Gen. diurn. Lep. (2): 346
Megastes Westwood, [1851]; Gen. diurn. Lep. (2): 346, TS: Dynastor napoleon Doubleday
= ; [NL4A, 203]
Megastes Boisduval, 1870; Considérations Lépid. Guatemala: 53, TS: Papilio darius Fabricius
= ; [NL4A, 203]
Dynastor, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Dynastor ; Godman & Salvin, [1881], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 122
Dynastor (Brassolini) ; [Wahlberg]
Dynastor (Brassolina) ; [NL4A, 203]

Larva on (Banana) [EBW]


Dynastor darius (Fabricius, 1775)
-. See [About maps] Papilio darius Fabricius, 1775; Syst. Ent.: 482, TL: Brazil, [Rio de Janeiro]
Dynastor darius, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Dynastor darius ; Godman & Salvin, [1881], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 123; Godman & Salvin, [1901], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 664; [BOW: pl. 29, f. 7]; [NL4A, #459]

Larva on Aechmea fasciata, A. nudicaulis, Ananas comosus, Billbergia nutans, Billbergia speciosa, Bromelia fastuosa, Ortgiesia gamosepala, Tillandsia zebrina Penz, Aiello & Srygley, 2000, J. Lep. Soc. 53 (4): 148 (from various sources)

Brazil(Rio de Janeiro) Dynastor darius darius ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (2): 92; [NL4A, #459a]

Larva on Bromelia plumieri, B. chrysantha, Aechmea aquilega, A. lasseri, Quesnelia arvensis Romero, Bermúdez & González, 2005, J. Lep. Soc. 59 (1). 37-39: 38

D. d. anaxarete (Cramer, [1776])
Surinam, French Guiana Papilio anaxarete Cramer, [1776]; Uitl. Kapellen 1 (8): pl. 95, f. A-B, TL: Surinam
Dynastor populus Röber, 1927; , TL: French Guiana
= ; [NL4A, #459b]
Dynastor darius anaxarete ; [NL4A, #459b]
D. d. stygianus Butler, 1872
Costa Rica, Guatemala - Ecuador Dynastor stygianus Butler, 1872; Cistula ent. 1 : 73, TL: [Costa Rica, Cartago]
Dynastor darius stygianus ; [BCR: 250, pl. 41]; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #459e]

Larva on Aechmea, Bromelia, Ananas [BCR], Aechmea magdalenae, Agallostachys pinguin, Ananas comosus, Bromelia plumieri Penz, Aiello & Srygley, 2000, J. Lep. Soc. 53 (4): 148 (from various sources)

D. d. ictericus Stichel, 1904
Paraguay darius ictericus Stichel, 1904; , TL: Paraguay
Dynastor mardonius Fruhstorfer, 1911; , TL: [Paraguay]
= ; [NL4A, #459d]
Dynastor darius mardonius ;
Dynastor darius ictericus ; [NL4A, #459d]
D. d. faenius Fruhstorfer, 1912
Brazil(Rio Grande do Sul) darius faenius Fruhstorfer, 1912; , TL: Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul
Dynastor darius faenius ; [NL4A, #459c]

Dynastor macrosiris (Westwood, 1851)
-. See [About maps] macrosiris (Westwood, 1851) (Brassolis); , TL: Cayenne
Dynastor macrosiris ; [NL4A, #460]

Larva on Aechmea nudicaulis Penz, Aiello & Srygley, 2000, J. Lep. Soc. 53 (4): 148 (from various sources)

French Guiana Dynastor macrosiris macrosiris ; [NL4A, #460a]
D. m. strix (Bates, 1864)
Guatemala, Ecuador? Brassolis strix Bates, 1864; Ent. mon. Mag. 1 (7): 164, TL: Guatemala, Chuacus
Dynastor macrosiris strix, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Dynastor macrosiris strix, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Brassolis strix ; Godman & Salvin, [1881], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 3: pl. 12, f. 3-4
Dynastor strix ; Godman & Salvin, [1881], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 123
Dynastor macrosiris strix ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #460d]
D. m. hannibal Oberthür, 1881
Colombia macrosiris hannibal Oberthür, 1881; , TL: Colombia
Dynastor macrosiris hannibal ; [NL4A, #460b]
D. m. pharnaces Stichel, 1908
Bolivia Dynastor macrosiris pharnaces Stichel, 1908; Berl. ent. Z. 52 (3) : 174, TL: Bolivia
Dynastor macrosiris pharnaces ; [NL4A, #460c]

Dynastor napoleon Doubleday, [1849]
Brazil, Brazil(Rio de Janeiro). See [About maps] Dynastor napoleon Doubleday, [1849]; Gen. diurn. Lep. (1): pl. 58, f. 2, TL: [Brazil]
Dynastor f. maculatus Niepelt, 1922; , TL: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro
= ; [NL4A, #461]
Dynastor napoleon ; [EBW]; [NL4A, #461]

Larva on Aechmea nudicaulis, Ananas comosus Penz, Aiello & Srygley, 2000, J. Lep. Soc. 53 (4): 148 (from various sources)



9.1.2011 (3)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BCA]
electronic; BIOLOGIA CENTRALI-AMERICANA
[BCR]
DeVries; The Butterflies of Costa Rica 1; Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae
[BHL]
The; Biodiversity Heritage Library; and on; Internet Archive; Note: The linking to the content of Internet Archive is somewhat delicate -- notify me when links break!
[BOA]
Interactive Listing of American Butterflies; Listado Interactivo de la Mariposas Americanas; Butterflies of America
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[EBW]
Smart, Paul, 1976; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World; ISBN 0 600 31381 6
[EcuL]
Tommaso & Racheli, 2001; Fragmenta entomologica 33 (2): 213-380; An annotated list of Ecuadorian Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae)
[ILMB]
Interactive Listing of Mexican Butterflies
[JLS]
Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society; the original J. Lep. Soc. articles
[LAMAS-NEO]
Gerardo Lamas; Bibliography of butterflies; An Annocated Bibliography of the Neotropical Butterflies and Skipper (Lepididoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea); Revised Electronic Edition (2007)
[NL4A]
Gerardo Lamas, 2004; Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera; Checklist: Part 4A; Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea
[Wahlberg]
Niklas Wahlberg; The NSG's voucher specimen database; Nymphalidae Systematics Group


Some related literature:
Bates, 1864
New species of butterflies from Guatemala and Panama, collected by Osbert Salvin and F. du Cane Godman, Esqs. Ent. mon. Mag. 1 (1): 1-6 (1864), (2): 31-35 (1864), (3): 55-59 (1864), (4): 81-85 (1864), (5): 113-116 (1864), (6): 126-131 (1864), (7): 161-164 (1864), (8): 178-180 (1865), (9): 202-205 (1865)
Boisduval, 1870
Considerations sur des Lépidoptčres envoyés du Guatemala ŕ M. de l'Orza Considérations Lépid. Guatemala: 100pp
Brown & Mielke, 1967
Lepidoptera of the Central Brazil Plateau. I. Preliminary list of Rhopalocera J. Lep. Soc. 21 (2): 77-106
Butler, 1872
Descriptions of new Butterflies from Costa Rica Cistula ent. 1 : 72-90
Cramer, [1776]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) Uitl. Kapellen 1 (1-7): 1-132, pl. 1-84 (1775), (8): 133-155, pl. 85-96 (1776)
Doubleday, [1849]; Westwood, [1851]
The genera of diurnal Lepidoptera, comprising their generic characters, a notice of their habitats and transformations, and a catalogue of the species of each genus; illustrated with 86 plates by W. C. Hewitson Gen. diurn. Lep. (1): 1-18, pl. A, 1-4 (1-2) (1846), (1): 19-132, pl. 4*, 5-25, 28 (3-14) (1847), (1): 133-200, pl. 1*, 26, 27, 29, 31-44 (15-23) (1848), (1): 201-242, pl. 30, 45-52, 56-58, 60-62, 64 (24-31) (1849), (1): 243-250 [?], (2): 243-326, pl. 53-55, 63, 65, 66 (32-38) (1850), (2): 327-466, pl. 59, 67-77 (39-50) (1851), (2): 467-534, 143, 144, pl. 78-80 (Index) (51-54) (1852)
Fabricius, 1775
Systema Entomologiae, sistens Insectorum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, Adiectis Synonymis, Locis, Descriptionibus, Observationibus. Syst. Ent.: 832pp
Godman & Salvin, [1881]
Biologia Centrali-Americana. Rhopalocera. Vol. 1. (1879-1886) Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 1-487, 3: pl. 1-24,24a,25-112
Godman & Salvin, [1901]
Biologia Centrali-Americana. Rhopalocera. (1887-1901) Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 1-782, 3: pl. 1-112
Penz, Aiello & Srygley, 2000
Early stages of Caligo illioneus and C. idomeneus from Panama, with remarks on larval food plants for the subfamily J. Lep. Soc. 53 (4): 142-152
Romero, Bermúdez & González, 2005
Notes on the life history of Dynastor darius darius (Fabricius) (Nymphalidae: Brassolinae) from Venezuela J. Lep. Soc. 59 (1). 37-39
Stichel, 1908
Brassoliden-Studien Berl. ent. Z. 52 (3) : 160-179


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.