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Amathusia Fabricius, 1807
Palm Kings
Amathusia Fabricius, 1807; Magazin f. Insektenk. (Illiger) 6: 279, TS: Papilio phidippus Linnaeus
Moera Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (4): 51, TS: Papilio phidippus Linneaus
Mitocerus Billberg, 1820; Enum. Ins. Mus. Billb. : 79 (unn. repl. Amathusia Fabricius, 1807), TS: Papilio phidippus Linnaeus
Thoraessa Westwood, [1850]; Gen. diurn. Lep. (2): 326, TS: Papilio phidippus Linnaeus
Pseudamathusia Honrath, 1886; Corr.-Bl. Ent. Ver. Iris 1 (3) : 91, TS: Pseudamathusia ribbei Honrath
Ategana Stichel, 1906; in Wytsman, Genera Insectorum 36 : 10, TS: Papilio phidippus Linnaeus
Syntegana Stichel, 1906; in Wytsman, Genera Insectorum 36 : 12, TS: Amathusia virgata Butler
Amathusia, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Amathusia (Amathusiini) ; [BMP]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 169; [Wahlberg]; Schroeder & Treadaway, 2005, Butterflies of the world, 20: 5

Amathusia andamanensis Fruhstorfer, 1899
Andaman Is. Amathusia taenia andamanensis Fruhstorfer, 1899; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 12 (1) : 76, TL: Andamans
Amathusia andamanensis ; [BOR, 500]

Amathusia binghami Fruhstorfer, 1904
Peninsular Malaya, Sumatra. See [About maps] Amathusia phidippus binghami Fruhstorfer, 1904; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 154 (nom. nov.), TL: Perak, Mergui Arch.
Amathusia binghami ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 137, f. 3]; [BOR, 500]; [BMP: 141, pl. 19, f. 4]

Amathusia duponti Toxopeus, 1951
Java. See [About maps] Amathusia duponti Toxopeus, 1951; Idea 9: 17
Amathusia duponti ; [EBW, (name only)]

Amathusia lieftincki Toxopeus, 1951
Java. See [About maps] Amathusia lieftincki Toxopeus, 1951; Idea 9: 18
Amathusia rosieri Toxopeus, 1951; Idea 9: 18
Amathusia lieftincki ; [EBW, (name only)]

Amathusia masina (Fruhstorfer, 1904)
Borneo. See [About maps] Pseudamathusia masina Fruhstorfer, 1904; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 155, TL: SE.Borneo
Amathusia masina ; [BOW: pl. 137, f. 4]; [BOR, 502]
Borneo Amathusia masina masina ; [BOR, 502]
A. m. malaya Corbet & Pendlebury, 1936
Peninsular Malaya, Sumatra Amathusia malaya Corbet & Pendlebury, 1936; J. fed. Malay St. Mus. 18 (1): 152, pl. 4, f. 4
Amathusia masina malaya, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Amathusia masina malaya ; [BOR, 502]; [BMP: 141, pl. 19, f. 9-10]
A. m. chtonia Fruhstorfer²
Bangka I. Amathusia masina chtonia ; [BOR, 502]

Amathusia ochrotaenia Toxopeus, 1951
Sumatra. See [About maps] Amathusia ochrotaenia Toxopeus, 1951; Idea 9: 30
Amathusia fruhstorferi Toxopeus, 1951; Idea 9: 30
Amathusia ochrotaenia ; [EBW, (name only)]

Amathusia perakana Honrath, [1888]
Malaya. See [About maps] Amathusia phidippus var. perakana Honrath, [1888]; Berl. ent. Z. 31 (2) : 348, pl. 6, f. 2, TL: Larut, Perak (Malacca)
Amathusia perakana ; [BOW: pl. 137, f. 5]; [BOR, 502]
Peninsular Malaya, Sumatra Amathusia perakana perakana ; [BOR, 502]; [BMP: 141, pl. 19, f. 11-12]
A. p. staudingeri Röber, 1900
Borneo Amathusia staudingeri Röber, 1900; Ent. Nachr. 26 (13) : 202, TL: Borneo
Amathusia perakana staudingeri ; [BOR, 502]
A. p. natuna Fruhstorfer, 1904
Natuna Is. Amathusia perakana natuna Fruhstorfer, 1904; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 153, TL: Natuna I.
Amathusia perakana natuna ; [BOR, 502]

Amathusia phidippus (Linnaeus, 1763)
Burma - Indo China, Malaya, Sundaland, Philippines, Sulawesi. See [About maps] Palmking
Papilio phidippus Linnaeus, 1763; Amoenitates Acad., 6: 402
Amathusia phidippus, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Amathusia phidippus phidippus, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Amathusia phidippus ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 137, f. 6]; [BOR, 500]
Amathusia (Amathusia) phidippus ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 169
[phidippus-1U.jpg] identification uncertain 769x513 (~91Kb) Thailand, Krabi 24.12.2003-7.1.2004, Photo © Olli Vesikko

Larva on ("Palms") [BIR] Bosassus, Cocos, Elaeis, Musa Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 169


Java, ?Bali, Philippines (Bongao, Sanga Sanga, Tawitawi, Sibutu, Balabac) Amathusia phidippus phidippus ; [BMP: 140, pl. 19, f. 1]; [BOR, 500 (note)]; Schroeder & Treadaway, 2005, Butterflies of the world, 20: 5, pl. 11, f. 1-4
[phidippus_phidippus-1.jpg] 586x839 (~186Kb) Thailand, Phuket, Kathu Waterfalls, 25th February 2010, Photo © Oleg Kosterin

A. p. negrosensis Okano & Okano, 1986
Philippines (Negros) Amathusia phidippus negrosensis ; Schroeder & Treadaway, 2005, Butterflies of the world, 20: 5, pl. 11, f. 5-6, pl. 12, f. 1-2
A. p. phidippus f. chersias Fruhstorfer, 1911
King I. Amathusia chersias Fruhstorfer, 1911; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 427, pl. 103
Amathusia phidippus chersias ; [BOR, 501, f.]
Amathusia phidippus phidippus f. chersias ; [BMP: 140, pl. 19, f. 2]
Peninsular Malaya Amathusia gunnerui Pendlebury, 1936; in Corbet & Pendlebury, J. fed. Malay St. Mus. 18 (1): 146, pl. 4, f. 5, 6
Amathusia gunneryi ; [EBW, (name only)]; [BOR, 500]
Amathusia phidippus phidippus f. gunneryi ; [BMP: 140, pl. 19, f. 3]
A. p. adustatus Fruhstorfer, 1904
Thailand, Burma Amathusia phidippus adustatus Fruhstorfer, 1904; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 152, TL: Siam, Bangkok
Amathusia phidippus adustatus ; [BOR, 500 (note)]
[adustatus-1v.jpg] 1204x1177 (~220Kb) underside Thailand, Chantaburi Province, Khao-Khitchakut National Park, the headquarters, attracted by light, 4th January 2006, Photo © Oleg Kosterin

A. p. eutropius Fruhstorfer, 1911²
Sumatra phidippus eutropius Fruhstorfer, 1911²; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 427
Amathusia phidippus eutropius ; [BOR, 500 (note)]
A. p. niasana Fruhstorfer, 1899
Nias Amathusia phidippus niasana Fruhstorfer, 1899; Soc. Ent. 14 (1) : 2, TL: Nias
Amathusia phidippus niasana Fruhstorfer, 1899; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 12 (1) : 71, TL: Nias
Amathusia phidippus niasana ; [BOR, 500 (note)]
A. p. baweanicus Fruhstorfer, 1905
Bawean Amathusia phidippus baweanicus Fruhstorfer, 1905; Soc. Ent. 20 (17) : 129, TL: Bawean
Amathusia phidippus baweanica Fruhstorfer²; [BOR, 500 (note)]
A. p. lombokiana Fruhstorfer, 1905
Lombok Amathusia phidippus lombokiana Fruhstorfer, 1905; Soc. Ent. 20 (17) : 130, TL: Lombok
Amathusia phidippus lombokiana ; [BOR, 500 (note)]
A. p. coriotincta Stichel, 1906
Natuna Amathusia phidippus phidippus f. coriotincta Stichel, 1906; in Wytsman, Genera Insectorum 36 : 11, TL: Natuna I.
Amathusia phidippus coretincta; [BOR, 500 (note)]
A. p. dilutus Fruhstorfer, 1904
Borneo Amathusia phidippus dilutus Fruhstorfer, 1904; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 152, TL: Borneo
Amathusia phidippus dilutus ; [BOR, 500 (note)]
A. p. palawanus Fruhstorfer, 1904
Palawan Amathusia phidippus palawanus Fruhstorfer, 1904; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 154, TL: Palawan
Amathusia phidippus palawana ; [BOR, 500 (note)]
A. p. pollicaris Butler, 1870
Philippines Amathusia pollicaris Butler, 1870; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1870 (4) : 485, TL: Luzon, Philippine Islands
Amathusia phidippus cebuensis Okano & Okano, 1986; , TL: Cebu
= ; Schroeder & Treadaway, 2005, Butterflies of the world, 20: 5
Amathusia phidippus pollicaris ; [BOR, 500 (note)]; Schroeder & Treadaway, 2005, Butterflies of the world, 20: 5, pl. 12, f. 3-6, pl. 13, f. 1-6, pl. 14, f. 1-2
A. p. gabrieljiroi Schroeder & Treadaway, 2005
Philippines (Mapun Is.) Amathusia phidippus gabrieljiroi Schroeder & Treadaway, 2005; Butterflies of the world, 20: 5, pl. 14, f. 3-5, TL: Philippines, Mapun Is.
A. p. celebensis Fruhstorfer, 1899
Sulawesi, Talisei, Banggai Amathusia phidippus celebensis Fruhstorfer, 1899; Soc. Ent. 14 (1) : 2, TL: Toli-Toli
Amathusia phidippus celebensis Fruhstorfer, 1899; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 12 (1) : 72, TL: Toli-Toli
Amathusia phidippus celebensis ; [BOR, 500 (note)]
Amathusia (Amathusia) phidippus celebensis ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 170
A. p. kuhni Röber, 1900
Banggai Amathusia kuhni Röber, 1900
Amathusia kühni Röber, 1900; Ent. Nachr. 26 (13) : 201, TL: Banggai
Amathusia phidippus kuhni ; [BOR, 500 (note)]

Amathusia schoenbergi Honrath, [1888]
Sumatra. See [About maps] Amathusia schönbergi Honrath, [1888]; Berl. ent. Z. 31 (2) : 347, pl. 6, f. 1, TL: Perak (Malacca)
Amathusia schoenbergi, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Amathusia schoenbergi ; [BMP: 141, pl. 62, f. 1]; [BOR, 502]
Sumatra, Peninsular Malaya Amathusia schoenbergi schoenbergi ; [BOR, 502]
A. s. borneensis Fruhstorfer, 1899
Borneo Amathusia schönbergi borneensis Fruhstorfer, 1899; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 12 (1) : 72, TL: Bandjermasin, S.Borneo
Amathusia schoenbergi borneensis ; [BOR, 502]

The ? species-group

Amathusia friderici Fruhstorfer, 1904
-. See [About maps] Amathusia phidippus friderici Fruhstorfer, 1904; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 153, TL: Tenasserim
Amathusia friderici ; [BOR, 500]
C.Burma - Tenasserim Amathusia friderici friderici ; [BOR, 500]
A. f. holmanhunti Corbet & Pendlebury, 1936
Peninsular Malaya Amathusia holmanhunti Corbet & Pendlebury, 1936; J. fed. Malay St. Mus. 18 (1): 150, pl. 5, f. 2-4
Amathusia friderici holmanhunti ; [BOR, 500]
A. f. holmanhunti f. utana Corbet & Pendlebury, 1936
Peninsular Malaya, ?Sumatra, ?Java Amathusia utana Corbet & Pendlebury, 1936; J. fed. Malay St. Mus. 18 (1): 149, pl. 5, f. 5-6
Amathusia utana ; [BOR, 500]
Amathusia friderici holmanhunti f. utana ; [BMP: 141, pl. 19, f. 7-8]

Amathusia ochraceofusca Honrath, [1888]
-. See [About maps] Amathusia ochraceofusca Honrath, [1888]; Berl. ent. Z. 31 (2) : 348, TL: Perak (Malacca)
Amathusia ochraceofusca, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Amathusia ochraceofusca ; [BOR, 502]
Sumatra, Peninsular Malaya Amathusia ochraceofusca ochraceofusca ; [BOR, 502]; [BMP: 141, pl. 19, f. 5-6]
A. o. gabriela Fruhstorfer, 1905
Borneo Amathusia ochraceofusca gabriela Fruhstorfer, 1905; Soc. Ent. 20 (17) : 130, TL: SE.Borneo
Amathusia ochraceofusca gabriela ; [BOR, 502]

?Amathusia patalena Westwood, 1848²
patalena Westwood, 1848²; Cabinet Orient. Ent.: 20, pl. 19, f. 3
Amathusia patalena ; [EBW, (name only)]; [NHM]

Amathusia taenia Fruhstorfer, 1899
-. See [About maps] Amathusia taenia Fruhstorfer, 1899; Soc. Ent. 14 (1) : 3
Amathusia taenia Fruhstorfer, 1899; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 12 (1) : 73
Amathusia taenia ; [BOR, 502]
Amathusia perakana taenia ; [NHM]
Java, ?Bali Amathusia taenia taenia ; [BOR, 502]
A. t. orasis Fruhstorfer, 1905
Lombok Amathusia phidippus lombokiana f. orasis Fruhstorfer, 1905; Soc. Ent. 20 (17) : 130, TL: Lombok
Amathusia taenia orasis ; [BOR, 502]
A. t. incisa Fruhstorfer, 1905
Bawean Amathusia phidippus(?) f. incisa Fruhstorfer, 1905; Soc. Ent. 20 (17) : 130, TL: Bawean
Amathusia perakana incisa ; [NHM]
Amathusia taenia incisa ; [BOR, 502]

Subgenus Pseudamathusia
Pseudamathusia, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]

Amathusia virgata Butler, 1870
-. See [About maps] Honrath's Palmking
Amathusia virgata Butler, 1870; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1870 (4) : 486, TL: near Macassar, Celebes
Pseudamathusia ribbei Honrath, 1886; Corr.-Bl. Ent. Ver. Iris 1 (3) : 91, pl. 3, f. 1, TL: S.Celebes
Amathusia virgata ; [BOW: pl. 137, f. 4 (text only)]; [BOR, 504]
Amathusia (Pseudamathusia) virgata ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 170
S.Sulawesi Amathusia virgata virgata ; [BOR, 504]
Amathusia (Pseudamathusia) virgata virgata ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 170
A. v. thoanthea Fruhstorfer, 1911²
Sulawesi virgata thoanthea Fruhstorfer, 1911²; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 431, TL: N.Celebes
Amathusia virgata thoanthea ; [BOR, 504]
Amathusia (Pseudamathusia) virgata thoanthea ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 170


15.2.2013 (14)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BHL]
The; Biodiversity Heritage Library; and on; Internet Archive; Note: The linking to the content of Internet Archive is somewhat delicate -- notify me when links break!
[BIR]
Wynter-Blyth, 1957; Butterflies of the Indian Region; (1982 Reprint)
[BMP]
Eliot (Ed.), Corbet & Pendlebury, 1992; The Butterflies of The Malay Peninsula; 4th edition; ISBN 983-9681-05-2
[BOR]
D'Abrera, 1982, 1985, 1986; Butterflies of the Oriental Region, Part I-III
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[EBW]
Smart, Paul, 1976; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World; ISBN 0 600 31381 6
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[LAMAS-2005]
Gerardo Lamas; Entomofauna 26 (6): 57-100; A Bibliography of the Zoological Publications of Hans Fruhstorfer (1886* - 1922+)
[NHM]
Natural History Museum; The Global Lepidoptera Names Index
[Oleg Kosterin]
Institue of Cytology & Genetics; Siberian Division of Russian Academy of Sciences; Novosibirsk; e-mail: Oleg Kosterin; http://pisum.bionet.nsc.ru/kosterin/
[Olli Vesikko]
http://koti.welho.com/ovesikko/
[Wahlberg]
Niklas Wahlberg; The NSG's voucher specimen database; Nymphalidae Systematics Group
[Yutaka Inayoshi]
A Check List of Butterflies in Indo-China; Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM
[²]
This may require parentheses or not. I don't have the necessary information for this taxon.


Some related literature:
Billberg, 1820
Enumeratio Insectorum Enum. Ins. Mus. Billb. : 1-138
Butler, 1870
Descriptions of some new diurnal Lepidoptera, chiefly Hesperiidae Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1870 (4) : 485-520
Corbet & Pendlebury, 1936
Revision of the Genus Amathusia with special Reference to the Malayan Species J. fed. Malay St. Mus. 18 (1): 141-153, pl. 4-5
Westwood, [1850]
The genera of diurnal Lepidoptera, comprising their generic characters, a notice of their habitats and transformations, and a catalogue of the species of each genus; illustrated with 86 plates by W. C. Hewitson Gen. diurn. Lep. (1): 1-18, pl. A, 1-4 (1-2) (1846), (1): 19-132, pl. 4*, 5-25, 28 (3-14) (1847), (1): 133-200, pl. 1*, 26, 27, 29, 31-44 (15-23) (1848), (1): 201-242, pl. 30, 45-52, 56-58, 60-62, 64 (24-31) (1849), (1): 243-250 [?], (2): 243-326, pl. 53-55, 63, 65, 66 (32-38) (1850), (2): 327-466, pl. 59, 67-77 (39-50) (1851), (2): 467-534, 143, 144, pl. 78-80 (Index) (51-54) (1852)
Fabricius, 1807
Systema Glossatorum. Die neueste Gattungs-Eintheilung der Schmetterlinge aus den Linnéischen Gattungen Papilio und Sphinx Magazin f. Insektenk. (Illiger) 6: 277-295
Fruhstorfer, 1899
Neue Amathusien Soc. Ent. 14 (1) : 2-3 (1 April)
Fruhstorfer, 1899
Neue Amathusien und Aufzählung der Bekannten Dt. ent. Z. Iris 12 (1) : 71-78 (15 September)
Fruhstorfer, 1904
Neue indo-australische Lepidopteren Dt. ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 133-157, fig. (5 October)
Fruhstorfer, 1905
Neue Amathusiinae Soc. Ent. 20 (17) : 129-130, fig. (1 December)
Fruhstorfer, 1911
5. Familie: Amathusiidae in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 403-408 (15 August, 1911), : 409-416 (20 August, 1911), : 417-432 (25 August, 1911), : 433-440 (30 August, 1911), : 441-448 (15 October, 1911), : 449-452 (31 January)
Honrath, 1886
Eine neue Morphine aus Celebes Corr.-Bl. Ent. Ver. Iris 1 (3) : 91
Honrath, [1888]
Neue Rhopalocera (6) Berl. ent. Z. 31 (2) : 347-352, pl. 6
Hübner, [1819]
Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge, 1816-[1826] Verz. bek. Schmett. (1): [1-3], 4-16 (1816), (2): 17-32 (1819), (3): 33-48 (1819), (4): 49-64 (1819), (5): 65-80 (1819), (6): 81-96 (1819), (7): 97-112 (1819), (8): 113-128 (1819), (9): 129-144 (1819), (10): 145-160 (1819), (11): 161-176 (1819), (12): 177-192 (1820), (13): 193-208 (1820), (14): 209-224 (1821), (15): 225-240 (1821), (16): 241-256 (1821), (17): 257-272 (1823), (18): 273-288 (1823), (19): 289-304 (1823), (20): 305-320 (1825), (21): 321-336 (1825), (22): 337-352 (1825), (23-27): 353-431 ([1825])
Linnaeus, 1763
in Johansson (Thesis), Centuria Insectorum Amoenitates Acad., 6: -,(121) 384-415
Pendlebury, 1936
Revision of the Genus Amathusia with special Reference to the Malayan Species in Corbet & Pendlebury, J. fed. Malay St. Mus. 18 (1): 141-153, pls 4, 5
Röber, 1900
Neue Schmetterlinge Ent. Nachr. 26 (13) : 199-204
Schroeder & Treadaway, 2005
Nymphalidae IX, Amathusiini of the Philippine Islands Butterflies of the world, 20: 8pp, 24pls
Stichel, 1906
Lepidoptera Rhopalocera. Fam. Nymphalide. Subfam. Amathusiinae in Wytsman, Genera Insectorum 36 : 1-67, pl. 1-5
Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003
The butterflies of Sulawesi: annotated checklist for a critical island faunda Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 3-268, pl. 1-16
Westwood, 1848
The Cabinet of Oriental Entomology, being... Cabinet Orient. Ent.: [2] + 2 + 88pp, 42 pls (in parts)


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.