[HOME] [INDEXES] < Life < Insecta < Lepidoptera < Ditrysia < Papilionoidea < Nymphalidae < Limenitidinae
Moduza Moore, [1881]
Moduza Moore, [1881]; Lepid. Ceylon 1 (2): 47, TS: Papilio procris Cramer
= Limenitis ; [NHM]
Procris Herrich-Schäffer, 1864; CorrespBl. zool.-min Ver. Regensburg 18 (7/8): 111 (preocc. Procris Fabricius, 1807, Procris Hübner, [1819]), TS: Papilio procris Cramer
Moduza, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Moduza (Nymphalinae) ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (2): 47
Moduza (Limenitidina) ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 195
Moduza (Limenitidini) ; [Wahlberg]

Moduza procris (Cramer, [1777])
Ceylon, Peninsular India (south of M.P. Dun - Bengal), Assam, Burma, Philippines, Java. See [About maps] Commander
Papilio procris Cramer, [1777]; Uitl. Kapellen 2 (9-16): 15, pl. 106, f. E, F, TL: Java
Acca procris var. vicina van Eecke, 1913; Notes Leyden Mus. 35 : 246, TL: Simalur
= ; [NHM]
Moduza procris, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Moduza procris procris, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Limenitis procris ; [BIR]; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 147, f. 11]
Moduza procris ; [BOR, 330]; [MRS, 525]

Larva on Mussaenda frondosa, Wendlandia exserta, W. notoniana, Sarcolephalus missionis, Stephegyne parvifolia [BIR], Nauclea eaolamba, Wendlandia spp. [MRS]

C.India - Sikkim - S.China, Thailand, S.Burma, Indo-China Limenitis procris procris f. chlaena Fruhstorfer, 1906; Ent. Zs. 20 (9) : 62, TL: S.India
Moduza procris procris ; [BOR, 330]
M. p. calidosa (Moore, 1858)
Ceylon Limenitis calidosa Moore, 1858; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 1 : 48, TL: Ceylon
Limenitis calidasa[sic] Butler, 1866; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (3) 17 (100) : 285
Moduza calidasa[sic] ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (2): 48, pl. 25, f. 1, 1a
Moduza procris calidasa ; [BOR, 330]
Limenitis calidosa ; [BOW: pl. 147, f. 11 (text only)]
M. p. anarta (Moore, 1877)
Andaman Is. Limenitis anarta Moore, 1877; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1877 (3) : 585, TL: Andaman I.
Moduza procris anarta ; [BOR, 330]
M. p. arnoldi (Fruhstorfer, 1898)
Bawean, ?Kangean Limenitis procris arnoldi Fruhstorfer, 1898; Berl. Ent. Zs. 43 (1/2) : 197, TL: Bawean
Moduza procris arnoldi ; [BOR, 332]
M. p. undifragus (Fruhstorfer, 1906)
S.India Limenitis procris undifragus Fruhstorfer, 1906; Ent. Zs. 20 (9) : 62, TL: Karwar, Malabar
Moduza procris undifragus ; [BOR, 330]
M. p. milonia Fruhstorfer, 1906
Peninsular Malaya, Thailand Limenitis milonia Fruhstorfer, 1906; Ent. Zs. 20 (9) : 62
Moduza procris milonia, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Moduza procris milonia ; [BMP: 179, pl. 26, f. 21]; [BOR, 330]

Larva on Uncaria, Timonias wallichiana, Mussaenda frondosa, Wendlandia thyrsoides, Nauclea [BMP]

M. p. minoe (Fruhstorfer, 1906)
Sumatra Limenitis procris minoe Fruhstorfer, 1906; Ent. Zs. 20 (9) : 62, TL: Sumatra
Moduza procris minoe ; [BOR, 330]
M. p. batuna (Fruhstorfer, 1906)
Batu Is. Limenitis procris batuna Fruhstorfer, 1906; Ent. Zs. 20 (18): 121, TL: Batu Is.
Limenitis procris batuna Fruhstorfer, 1906; Ent Zs. 20 (15): 98, TL: Batu Is.
Moduza procris batuna ; [BOR, 330]
M. p. aemonia (Weymer, 1883)
Nias Limenitis aemonia Weymer, 1883; Ent. Nachr. 9 : 193, TL: Nias
Moduza procris aemonia ; [BOR, 330]
M. p. agnata (Fruhstorfer, 1897)
Borneo procris agnata (Fruhstorfer, 1897) (Limenitis); Ent. Nachr. 23 (4) : 59, TL: Borneo
Moduza procris agnata ; [BOR, 330]
M. p. neutra (Fruhstorfer, 1897)
Java, ?Bali, Lombok Limenitis procris neutra Fruhstorfer, 1897; Ent. Nachr. 23 (4) : 59, TL: Java
Moduza procris neutra ; [BOR, 332]
M. p. laubenheimeri (Hagen, 1898)
Mentawai Is. Limenitis laubenheimeri Hagen, 1898; Ent. Nachr. 24 (13) : 204, TL: Mentawej
Limenitis laubenheimeri Hagen, 1902; Abh. Senckenb. Nat. Ges. 20 : 334, pl. 1, f. 8, TL: Mentawej
Moduza procris laubenheimeri ; [BOR, 332]
M. p. sumbawana (Fruhstorfer, 1913)
Sumbawa procris sumbawana (Fruhstorfer, 1913) (Limenitis); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 641, TL: Sumbawa
Moduza procris sumbawana ; [BOR, 332]
M. p. sumbana (Fruhstorfer, 1913)
Sumba procris sumbana (Fruhstorfer, 1913) (Limenitis); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 641, TL: Sumba
Moduza procris sumbana ; [BOR, 332]
?M. p. floresiana (Fruhstorfer, 1906)
?Flores Limenitis procris floresiana Fruhstorfer, 1906; Ent. Zs. 20 (9) : 62, TL: Flores
M. p. bankana (Fruhstorfer, 1913)
Banka procris bankana (Fruhstorfer, 1913) (Limenitis); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 640, TL: Banka
M. p. florensis (Fruhstorfer, 1913)
Flores procris florensis (Fruhstorfer, 1913) (Limenitis); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 641, TL: Flores
Moduza procris florensis ; [BOR, 332]
M. p. tioma Eliot, 1978
Pulau Tioman Moduza procris tioma Eliot, 1978; in Corbet & Pendlebury, Butterflies Malay Peninsula (3rd edn): 415, TL: Malaysia, P. Tioman
Moduza procris tioma ; [BOR, 332]

Moduza thespias (Semper, 1889)
Philippines (Mindano, Camiguin de Mindanao). See [About maps] thespias (Semper, 1889) (Limenitis); Reisen Philipp. (4): 141, pl. 25, f. 3-4, TL: Philippines
Moduza thespias ; [BOR, 332]

Moduza imitata Butler, 1883
Nias Moduza imitata Butler, 1883; Ent. mon. Mag. 20 : 54, TL: Nias
Limenitis imitata ; [BOW: pl. 147, f. 8]

Moduza mata (Moore, 1858)
-. See [About maps] Limenitis mata Moore, 1858; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 1 : 48, TL: Manilla
Moduza mata ; [BOR, 332]
Philippines (Luzon) Moduza mata mata ; [BOR, 332]
M. m. avalokita (Fruhstorfer, 1913)
Philippines (Mindanao) mata avalokita (Fruhstorfer, 1913) (Limentitis); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 641, TL: Mindanao
Moduza mata avalokita ; [BOR, 332]
M. m. amida (Fruhstorfer, 1913)
Philippines (Cebu) mata amida (Fruhstorfer, 1913) (Limenitis); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 641, TL: Cebu
Moduza mata amida ; [BOR, 332]

Moduza nuydai Shirôzu & Saigusa, 1970
Philippines (N.Luzon). See [About maps] Moduza nuydai Shirôzu & Saigusa, 1970; Tyô to Ga 21 (3-4) : 82, f. 1-2, TL: Bagio, Luzon, Philippines
Moduza nuydai ; [BOR, 332]

Moduza jumaloni (Schröder, 1976)
-. See [About maps] jumaloni (Schröder, 1976) (Limenitis); Ent. Z. Frankf. a. M. 86 (24): 267
Moduza jumaloni ; [BOR, 332]
Philippines (Negros, Masbate) Moduza jumaloni jumaloni ; [BOR, 332]
M. j. punctata (Schröder & Treadaway, 1980)
Philippines (Sibuyan, Romblon Group) jumaloni punctata (Schröder & Treadaway, 1980) (Limenitis); Ent. Z. Frankf. a. M. 90 (24): 281, TL: Philippines
Moduza jumaloni punctata ; [BOR, 332]

Moduza urdaneta (C. & R. Felder, 1863)
Philippines (Luzon, Mindanao). See [About maps] Limenitis urdaneta C. & R. Felder, 1863; Wien. ent. Monats. 7 (4) : 110, TL: Luzon
Limenitis urdaneta ; [EBW]
Moduza urdaneta ; [BOR, 332]

Moduza pintuyana (Semper, 1878)
-. See [About maps] Limenitis pintuyana Semper, 1878; Verh. Ver. Nat. Unterh. Hamburg 3 : 109, TL: Pintuyan (Panaon), Mindanao
Moduza pintuyana ; [BOR, 333]
Philippines (Mindanao) Moduza pintuyana pintuyana ; [BOR, 333]
M. p. mahastha (Fruhstorfer, 1913)
Philippines (Basilan) pintuyana mahastha (Fruhstorfer, 1913) (Limenitis); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 642
Moduza pintuyana mahastha ; [BOR, 333]

Moduza lycone (Hewitson, 1859)
Sulawesi. See [About maps] Limenitis lycone Hewitson, 1859; Ill. exot. Butts [3] (Limenitis I-II): [14], pl. [7], f. 4-5, TL: Celebes
Limenitis lycone ; [EBW]
Tarattia lycone ; [BOR, 334]
Moduza lycone ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 196
N.Sulawesi, Bangka Moduza lycone lycone ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 196
M. l. lyconides (Fruhstorfer, 1913)
S.Sulawesi, Butung, Wowoni, Muna lycone lyconides (Fruhstorfer, 1913) (Limenitis); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9: ?
= ; [NHM]
Moduza lycone lyconides ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 196
M. l. kojimai Detani, 1983²
Banggai obatratus Tsukada, 1991²
= ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 196
Moduza lycone kojimai ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 196
M. l. nubilus Tsukada, 1991²
Sula Is. Moduza lycone nubilus ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 196

Moduza lymire (Hewitson, 1859)
Celebes. See [About maps] Limenitis lymire Hewitson, 1859; Ill. exot. Butts [3] (Limenitis I-II): [13], pl. [7], f. 3-6, TL: Celebes
Limenitis lymire ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 147, f. 9]
Tarattia lymire ; [BOR, 334]
Moduza lymire ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 195
Sulawesi Tarattia lymire lymire
Tarattia lymire lymire ; [BOR, 334]
Moduza lymire lymire ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 195
M. l. neolymira (Fruhstorfer, 1913)
Sula Is. lymire neolymira (Fruhstorfer, 1913) (Limenitis); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9: ?
Tarattia lymire neolymira ; [BOR, 334]
Moduza lymire neolymira ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 196
M. l. munaensis Hanafusa, 1989²
Muna, Butung Moduza lymire munaensis ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 195
M. l. potens Hanafusa, 1989²
Banggai Moduza lymire potens ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 195
M. l. nectareus Tsukada, 1991²
Kabaena Moduza lymire nectareus ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 195
M. l. citatus Tsukada, 1991²
Togian Modusa lymire citatus ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 195


Unknown or unplaced taxa

Limenitis pausanias Staudinger, 1889; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 2 (1) : 58, TL: Palawan
Limenitis pausanias ; [NHM]


16.3.2013 (10)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BIR]
Wynter-Blyth, 1957; Butterflies of the Indian Region; (1982 Reprint)
[BMP]
Eliot (Ed.), Corbet & Pendlebury, 1992; The Butterflies of The Malay Peninsula; 4th edition; ISBN 983-9681-05-2
[BOR]
D'Abrera, 1982, 1985, 1986; Butterflies of the Oriental Region, Part I-III
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[CiNii]
http://ci.nii.ac.jp/
[EBW]
Smart, Paul, 1976; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World; ISBN 0 600 31381 6
[LAMAS-2005]
Gerardo Lamas; Entomofauna 26 (6): 57-100; A Bibliography of the Zoological Publications of Hans Fruhstorfer (1886* - 1922+)
[MRS]
Chou Io (Ed.); Monographia Rhopalocerum Sinensium, 1-2
[NHM]
Natural History Museum; The Global Lepidoptera Names Index
[Wahlberg]
Niklas Wahlberg; The NSG's voucher specimen database; Nymphalidae Systematics Group
[Yutaka Inayoshi]
A Check List of Butterflies in Indo-China; Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM
[²]
This may require parentheses or not. I don't have the necessary information for this taxon.


Some related literature:
Butler, 1866
Descriptions of some new Species of Diurnal Lepidoptera in the Collection of the British Museum Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (3) 17 (100) : 285-287
Butler, 1883
Descriptions of some new species of Lepidoptera, chiefly from the island of Nias Ent. mon. Mag. 20 : 53-57
Eliot in Corbet & Pendlebury, 1978
The butterflies of the Malay Peninsula. Third Edition revised by J. N. Eliot Butterflies Malay Peninsula (3rd edn): 578pp, 55pls
Cramer, [1777]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) Uitl. Kapellen 2 (9-16): 1-152, pl. 97-192 (1777)
van Eecke, 1913
Fauna Simalurensis. Lepidoptera Rhopalocera, fam. Satyridae, Morphidae and Nymphalidae Notes Leyden Mus. 35 : 243-247
C. & R. Felder, 1863
Lepidoptera nova a Dr. Carolo Semper in Insulis Philippinis collecta diagnosibus. (3) Wien. ent. Monats. 7 (4) : 105-127
Fruhstorfer, 1897
Neue Rhopaloceren aus dem malayischen Archipel Ent. Nachr. 23 (4) : 59-64 ([15] February)
Fruhstorfer, 1898
Neue Lepidopteren aus Asien Berl. Ent. Zs. 43 (1/2) : 175-199 (mid November)
Fruhstorfer, 1906
Neue und seltene indo-malayische Rhopaloceren Ent. Zs. 20 (9) : 61-63, f. 1-5 (1 June)
Fruhstorfer, 1906
Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Rhopaloceren der Batu-Inseln an der S.-W.-Küste von Sumatra Ent Zs. 20 (15): 98-99 (15 July), (16): 105-106 (22 July)
Fruhstorfer, 1906
Neue Schmetterlinge von den Batu-Inseln Ent. Zs. 20 (18): 121-122 (8 August), (19): 131-132 (15 August), (21): 145-146 (1 September)
Fruhstorfer, 1913
6. Familie: Nymphalidae in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 453-456 (31 January, 1912), : 457-488 (18 March, 1912), : 489-496 (25 May, 1912), : 489-496 (10 May, 1912), : 497-504 (15 April, 1912), : 505-512 (10 May, 1912), : 513-528 (11 April, 1912), : 529-552 (20 April, 1912), : 553-592 (15 May, 1912), : 593-616 (25 September, 1912), : 617-632 (15 October, 1912), : 633-640 (25 October, 1912), : 641-656 (10 January, 1913), : 657-664 (12 January, 1913), : 665-680 (13 January, 1913), : 681-688 (25 January, 1913), : 689-696 (16 June, 1913), : 697-704 (5 August, 1913), : 705-712 (20 January, 1914), : 713-720 (20 November, 1913), : 721-744 (9 March, 1914), : 745-751 (30 July, 1915), : 753-760 (28 March, 1914), : 761-766 (14 April, 1914)
Hagen, 1898
Vorläufige Diagnose neuer Rhopaloceren von den Mentawej-Inseln Ent. Nachr. 24 (13) : 193-207
Hagen, 1902
Schmetterlinge von den Mentawej-Inseln Abh. Senckenb. Nat. Ges. 20 : 309-340, pl. 1-2
Herrich-Schäffer, 1864
Prodromus Systematis Lepidopterorum - Versuch einer systematischen Anordnung der Schmetterlinge CorrespBl. zool.-min Ver. Regensburg 18 (7/8): 89-112 (1864), (9): 123-136 (1864), (10): 148-152 (1864), (11/12): 173-174 (1865)
Hewitson, 1859
Illustrations of new species of exotic Butterflies selected chiefly from the collections of W. Wilson Saunders and William C. Hewitson Ill. exot. Butts [3] : (Systematic Index) III, (Callithea): [1-2], pl. [1] (1857), (Callithea Agrias II): [3-4], pl. [2] (1870), (Epicalia & Myscelia I): [5-6], pl. [3] (1851), (Epicalia II): [7-8], pl. [4] (1852), (Timetes): [9-10], pl. [5] (1852), (Neptis): [11-12], pl. [6] (1868), (Limenitis I-II): [13-16], pl. [7-8] (1859), (Heterochroa): [17-18], pl. [9] (1867), (Diadema): [19-20], pl. [10] (1863), (Diadema II): [21-22], pl. [11] (1865), (Diadema III): [23-24], pl. [12] (1868), (Amechania): [25-26], pl. [13] (1861), (Romaleosoma): [27-28], pl. [14] (1864), (Romaleosoma II-III): [29-32], pl. [15-16] (1865), (Romaleosoma IV): [33-34], pl. [17] (1866), (Euryphene): [35-36], pl. [18] (1864), (Euryphene II): [37-38], pl. [19] (1865), (Euryphene III Aterica): [39-40], pl. [20] (1865), (Euryphene IV): [41-42], pl. [21] (1865), (Aterica & Euryphene V-VI): [43-46], pl. [22-23] (1866), (Euryphene VII): [47-48], pl. [24] (1871), (Euryphene VIII & Aterica): [49-50], pl. [25] (1871), (Euryphene IX): [51-52], pl. [26] (1874), (Aterica & Harma): [53-54], pl. [27] (1866), (Harma): [55-56], pl. [28] (1864), (Harma II): [57-58], pl. [29] (1866), (Harma III-IV): [59-60], pl. [30-31] (1869), (Harma V-VI & Euryphene X): [61-62], pl. [32-33] (1874), (Adolias): [63-64], pl. [34] (1861), (Adolias II): [65-66], pl. [35] (1862), (Adolias III): [67-68], pl. [36] (1863), (Adolias IV): [69-70], pl. [37] (1875), (Agrias): [71-72], pl. [38] (1860), (Agrias & Nymphalis): [73-74], pl. [39] (1855), (Agrias & Siderone): [75-76], pl. [40] (1854), (Prepona): [77-78], pl. [41] (1859), (Prepona II & Agrias): [79-80], pl. [42] (1876), (Pandora & Prepona): [81-82], pl. [43] (1854), (Apatura): [83-84], pl. [44] (1869), (Nymphalis): [85-86], pl. [45] (1854), (Nymphalis II): [87-88], pl. [46] (1859), (Charaxes III): [89-90], pl. [47] (1863), (Charaxes IV): [91-92], pl. [48] (1874), (Charaxes V): [93-94], pl. [49] (1876), (Paphia II): [95-96], pl. [50] (1869), (Paphia & Siderone): [97-98], pl. [51] (1856), (Siderone): [99-100], pl. [52] (1860), (Zeuxidia & Aemona): [101-102], pl. [53] (1868), : iv
Moore, 1858
Descriptions of three new species of Diurnal Lepidoptera Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 1 : 48-49
Moore, 1877
The Lepidopterous Fauna of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1877 (3) : 580-632, pl. 58-60
Moore, [1881]
The Lepidoptera of Ceylon Lepid. Ceylon 1 (1): 1-40, pl. 1-18 (Dec 1880), (2): 41-80, pl. 19-36 (Jan 1881), (3): 81-136, pl. 37-54 (Jun 1881), (4): 137-190, pl. 55-71 (Dec 1881)
Semper, 1878
Diagnosen einiger neur Tagfalter von den Philippinen Verh. Ver. Nat. Unterh. Hamburg 3 : 106-116
Semper, 1889
Die Schmetterlinge der Philippinischen Inseln. Reisen im Archipel der Philippinen Reisen Philipp. (1): 1-46, pl. 1-8, A (1886), (2): 47-86, pl. 9-16 (1887), (3): 87-134, pl. 17-24 (1888), (4): 135-174, pl. 25-32 (1889), (5): 175-238, pl. 33-38, B (1890), (6): 239-270, pl. 39-46 (1891), (7): 271-380, pl. 47-49 [iv] (1892)
Shirôzu & Saigusa, 1970
A new Nymphalid butterfly from Luzon of the Philippines Tyô to Ga 21 (3-4) : 82-83
Staudinger, 1889
Lepidoptera der Insel Palawan Dt. ent. Z. Iris 2 (1) : 3-180, pl. 1-2
Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003
The butterflies of Sulawesi: annotated checklist for a critical island faunda Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 3-268, pl. 1-16
Weymer, 1883
Exotische Lepidopteren Ent. Nachr. 9 : 190-196


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.