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Lexias Boisduval, 1832
Archdukes
Lexias Boisduval, 1832; in d'Urville, Voy. Astrolabe (Faune ent. Pacif.) 1 : 125, TS: Papilio aeropa Linnaeus
Marthisa Moore, [1897]; Lepidoptera Indica 3 (27): 49, TS: Symphaedra canescens Butler
Marthisa Moore, [1897]; Lepidoptera Indica 3 (28): 73, TS: Symphaedra canescens Butler
Camaraga Moore, [1897]; Lepidoptera Indica 3 (27): 49, TS: Cynthia damalis Erichson
Senadipa Moore, [1897]; Lepidoptera Indica 3 (27): 49, TS: Lexias satrapes C. & R. Felder
Camaraga Moore, [1897]; Lepidoptera Indica 3 (28): 74, TS: Cynthia damalis Erichson
Lexias, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Lexias (Adoliadina) ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 201
Lexias (Adoliadini) ; [Wahlberg]

The panopus species-group
panopus ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 4

Lexias panopus C. & R. Felder, 1861
Philippines. See [About maps] Lexias panopus C. & R. Felder, 1861; Wien. ent. Monats. 5 (10) : 302, TL: Luzon
Lexias panopus ; [BOR, 365]
Philippines (Luzon) Lexias panopus panopus ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 4
L. p. boholensis M. & T. Okano, 1988²
Philippines (Bohol) Lexias panopus boholensis ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 4, pl. 5, f. 1-2
L. p. miscus (Fruhstorfer, 1913)
Philippines (Mindanao) panopus miscus (Fruhstorfer, 1913) (Euthalia); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 694, TL: Philippines
virginalis (Fruhstorfer, 1913) (Euthalia); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 694, TL: Mindanao
Lexias panopus miscus ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 4, pl. 5, f. 6-8
L. p. visayana Schröder & Treadaway, 1987
Philippines (Leyte) Lexias panopus visayana ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 4, pl. 5, f. 3-5, 7
L. p. vistrica (Fruhstorfer, 1913)
Philippines (Bazilan, Dinagar) panopus vistrica (Fruhstorfer, 1913) (Euthalia); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 694, TL: Philippines
panopus macer Tsukada & Nishiyama, 1980; Mem. Tsukada Coll. 2: 7, TL: Philippines
Lexias panopus vistrica ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 4, pl. 2, f. 7-8
L. p. ingae Schröder & Treadaway, 1987²
Philippines (Panay, Negros) Leixas panopus ingae ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 4

The damalis species-group
damalis ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 4

Lexias damalis (Erichson, 1834)
-. See [About maps] Cynthia damalis Erichson, 1834; Nova Acta Leop. Carol. 16 (Suppl. 1): 280, 404, pl. 50, f. 4, TL: Luzon
Zynthia[sic] damalis ; Hemming, 1967, Bull. Br. Mus. (Ent.) Suppl. 9 : 93 (missp.)
Lexias damalis ; [BOR, 367]; Yokochi, 1999, Trans. lepid. Soc. Japan 50 (3): 178
Philippines (N.Luzon) Lexias damalis damalis ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 4, pl. 4, f. 3-4
L. d. galoa (Fruhstorfer, 1913)
Philippines (Mindoro) damalis galoa (Fruhstorfer, 1913) (Euthalia); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 692, TL: Mindoro
Lexias damalis galoa ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 4, pl. 4, f. 5-6, 7-8
L. d. antiquea (Schröder & Treadaway, 1980)
Philippines (Panay) damalis antiquea (Schröder & Treadaway, 1980) (Euthalia); Ent. Z. Frankf. a. M. 90 (21) : 239, TL: Philippines
Lexias damalis antiquea ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 4, pl. 4, f. 1-2

Lexias hikarugenzi Tsukada & Nishiyama, 1980
Philippines (N.Luzon). See [About maps] hikarugenzi Tsukada & Nishiyama, 1980; Mem. Tsukada Coll. 2: 8, TL: Philippines
Lexias hikarugenzi ; [BOR, 367]; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 4, pl. 10, f. 1-2, pl. 14, f. 8

The satrapes species-group
satrapes ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 3

Lexias satrapes C. & R. Felder, 1861
Philippines. See [About maps] Lexias satrapes C. & R. Felder, 1861; Wien. ent. Monats. 5 (10) : 302, TL: Luzon
Adolias imperator Hewitson, 1863; Ill. exot. Butts [3] (Adolias III): [68], pl. [36], f. 10, TL: Luzon
= ; Hewitson, 1866, Ill. exot. Butts [3] : iv; [NHM]
Euthalia satrapes ; [BOW: pl. 145, f. 6]
Lexias satrapes ; [BOR, 365]
Philippines (Luzon, Mindoro) Lexias satrapes satrapes ; [BOR, 365]; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 5, pl. 6, f. 3-6
L. s. hiwaga Nyuda & Kawamura, 1989²
Philippines (Camiguin) Lexias satrapes hiwaga ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 4, pl. 6, f. 1-2
L. s. amlana (Jumalon, 1970)
Philippines (Negros) satrapes amlana (Jumalon, 1970) (Adolias); Philip. Sci. (F) 7 : 32
Lexias satrapes amlana ; [BOR, 365]; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 5, pl. 7, f. 3-4, 7-8
L. s. ornata (Schröder & Treadaway, 1979)
Philippines (Sibuyan) satrapes ornata (Schröder & Treadaway, 1979) (Athyma); Entom. Z. Frankf. a.M. 89 (24): 270, TL: Philippines
Lexias satrapes ornata ; [BOR, 365]; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 5, pl. 7, f. 1-2
L. s. trapesa (Semper, 1888)
Philippines (Mindanao) satrapes trapesa (Semper, 1888) (Symphaedra); Reisen Philipp. (3): 96, pl. 17, f. 4-5, TL: Mindanao
Lexias satrapes trapesa ; [BOR, 365]; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 5, pl. 7, f. 5-6
L. s. ormocana (Jumalon, 1970)
Philippines (Samar, Leyte) satrapes ormocana (Jumalon, 1970) (Adolias); Philip. Sci. (F) 7 : 32, TL: Philippines
Lexias satrapes ormocana ; [BOR, 365]; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 5, pl. 6, f. 7-8

The aeropa species-group
aeropa ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 5

Lexias aeropa (Linnaeus, 1758)
Moluccas, New Guinea. See [About maps] Orange-banded Plane
Papilio aeropa Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 475
?Papilio aeropus Linnaeus, 1767; Syst. Nat. (Edn 12) 1 (2): 768, no. 28
Papilio aeropus Linnaeus, 1764; Mus. Lud. Ulr.: 256, TL: Amboina
nodrica Boisduval, 1832
Adolias (Lexias) aeropus ab. bicolorata Strand, 1913; Archiv Naturgesch. 78 A (11) : 66
Adolias (Lexias) aeropus ab. lutescentitincta Strand, 1913; Archiv Naturgesch. 78 A (11) : 66
Adolias (Lexias) aeropus ab. albinistica Strand, 1913; Archiv Naturgesch. 78 A (11) : 66
Lexias aeropa, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Lexias aeropa, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Lexias aeropa ; [EBW]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 202
?Parthenos tigrina nodrica ; [BAUR, 238 (text)]
Euthalia aeropa ; [BOW: pl. 143, f. 13]

Larva on Calophyllum [BAUR]

S.Moluccas (Ambon, Ceram, Saparua) Lexias aeropus aeropus ; [BAUR, 340 (text)]
Lexias aeropa aeropa ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 5, pl. 3, f. 4
L. a. choirilus (Fruhstorfer, 1913)
Waigeu aeropa choirilus (Fruhstorfer, 1913) (Euthalia); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 694, TL: Waigeu
Lexias aeropus choirilus ; [BAUR, 340]
Lexias aeropa choirilus ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 5, pl. 3, f. 7
L. a. eporidorix (Fruhstorfer, 1913)
N.Moluccas (Bachan, Halmahera, Morotai) aeropa eporidorix (Fruhstorfer, 1913) (Euthalia); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 694
Lexias aeropus eporidorix ; [BAUR, 340 (text)]
Lexias aeropa eporidorix ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 5, pl. 3, f. 5-6
L. a. paisandrus (Fruhstorfer, 1913)
Moluccas (Obi) aeropa paisandrus (Fruhstorfer, 1913) (Euthalia); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 694, TL: Obi
Lexias aeropus paisandrus ; [BAUR, 340 (text)]
Lexias aeropa paisandrus ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 5, pl. 3, f. 3
L. a. helvidius (Fruhstorfer, 1913)
Buru aeropa helvidius (Fruhstorfer, 1913) (Euthalia); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 694
Lexias aeropus helvidius ; [BAUR, 340 (text)]
Lexias aeropa helvidius ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 5, pl. 3, f. 1-2
L. a. eutychius (Fruhstorfer, 1913)
Aru, Kai, West Irian - Papua, Karkar I., Cape York? aeropa eutychius (Fruhstorfer, 1913) (Euthalia); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 694, TL: New Guinea
ergena (Fruhstorfer, 1913) (Euthalia); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 695, TL: Obi; Buru
albifera (Fruhstorfer, 1913) (Euthalis); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 695, TL: Obi; Buru
midia (Fruhstorfer, 1913) (Euthalia); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 695, TL: Obi; Buru
mysolensis (Talbot, 1932) (Euthalia); Bull. Hill. Mus. 4 : 165, TL: Misool Is.

eutychias ; Common & Waterhouse, 1981, (missp.)
Lexias aeropus eutychius f. eutychius ; [BAUR, 340 (f. form) (text)]
Lexias aeropus eutychius f. ergena ; [BAUR, 340 (f. form) (text)]
Lexias aeropus eutychius f. albifera ; [BAUR, 340 (f. form) (text)]
Lexias aeropus eutychius f. midia ; [BAUR, 340 (f. form) (text)]
Lexias aeropa euptychius "mysolensis" ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: pl. 1, f. 5
Lexias aeropus eutychius ; [BAUR, 340 (text)]
Lexias aeropa eutychius f. eutychius ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: pl. 2, f. 6
Lexias aeropa eutychius f. albifera ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: pl. 1, f. 2, 4
Lexias aeropa eutychius f. ergena ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: pl. 1, f. 6, pl. 2, f. 4
Lexias aeropa eutychius f. media ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: pl. 2, f. 2
Lexias aeropa eutychius ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 5, pl. 1, f. 1-5, 7-8, pl. 2, 1.6
L. a. angustifascia (Joicey & Noakes, 1915)
Biak, Yapen Is. Euthalia aeropa angustifascia Joicey & Noakes, 1915; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1915 (2) : 193, pl. 27, f. 4, pl. 28, f. 1, TL: Biak
?meforensis (Talbot, 1932) (Euthalia); Bull. Hill. Mus. 4 : 166, TL: Mefor I. (= Noemfoor)
Lexias aeropus angustifascia ; [BAUR, 340 (text)]
Lexias aeropa angustifascia ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 5, pl. 1, f. 6
L. a. hegias (Fruhstorfer, 1913)
Bismarck Archipelago (New Britain, New Ireland) aeropa hegias (Fruhstorfer, 1913) (Euthalia); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 695, TL: Bismarck Archipelago
Lexias aeropus hegias ; [BAUR, 340 (text)]
Lexias aeropus[sic] hegias ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 5, pl. 3, f. 8
L. a. orestias (Fruhstorfer, 1913)
Sula Is. (Taliabu, Mangoly, Sanana?) Euthalia aeropus orestias Fruhstorfer, 1913; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 694, TL: Sula Is.
Lexias aeropa orestias ; Yokochi, 1999, Trans. lepid. Soc. Japan 50 (3): 182; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 202; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 5

The dirtea species-group
dirtea ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 3

Lexias aegle (Doherty, 1891)
-. See [About maps] Symphaedra aegle Doherty, 1891; J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 60 Pt.II (2) : 177, TL: Sumba
Lexias aegle ; [BOR, 368]
Sumba Lexias aegle aegle ; [BOR, 368]; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 5, pl. 21, f. 5-6, 8
L. a. miyatai Hanafusa, 1990²
Lombok, Sumbawa Lexias aegle miyatai ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 5, pl. 21, f. 1-4
L. a. floresiana (Fruhstorfer, 1898)
Flores Adolias aegle floresiana Fruhstorfer, 1898; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 11 (1) : 189, TL: Flores
Lexias aegle floresiana; [BOR, 368]
Lexias aegle floresiana ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 5, pl. 21, f. 7

Lexias cyanipardus (Butler, [1869])
-. See [About maps] Great Archduke
Symphaedra cyanipardus Butler, [1869]; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1868 (3) : 613, TL: "Sylhet"
Euthalia cyanipardus ; [BOW: pl. 143, f. 14]
Lexias cyanipardus ; [BOR, 368]; [MRS, 503]
Assam - Yunnan Lexias cyanipardus cyanipardus ; [BOR, 368]; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 5, pl. 8, f. 1-2
L. c. grandis Yokochi, 1991
N.Thailand, S.Yunnan Lexias cyanipardus grandis Yokochi, 1991; Futao (8): 16, pl. 4, f. 1-3
Lexias cyanipardus grandis, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Lexias cyanipardus grandis ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 5, pl. 8, f. 3-4; Huang & Xue, 2004, Neue Ent. Nachr. 57: 139 (name)

Lexias bangkana (Hagen, 1892)
-. See [About maps] Symphaedra bangkana Hagen, 1892; Berl. ent. Z. 37 : 146, TL: Bangka
Bangka I. Lexias cyanipardus bangkana ; [BOR, 368]
Lexias bangkana bangkana ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 5
L. b. sandakanus (Fruhstorfer, 1896)
Borneo, Peninuslar Malaya (Johore) Symphaedra sandakana Fruhstorfer, 1896; Ent. Nachr. 22 (3) : 39
Lexias bangkana gyokudo Yokochi, 1993; , TL: Laut Is.
Lexias cyanipardus sandakana ; [BMP: 190, pl. 28, f. 17-18]
Lexias cyanipardus sandakanus ; [BOR, 368]
Lexias bangkana sandakanus ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 5, pl. 8, f. 7
L. b. marthae (Strand, 1910)
Sumatra Adolias cyanipardus f. marthae Strand, 1910; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 24 (10) : 202, TL: Sumatra
Lexias cyanipardus marthae ; [BOR, 368]
Lexias bangkana marthae ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 5
L. b. johorensis Tsukada, 1991
Johor Lexias bangkana johorensis Tsukada, 1991; Butt. S.E. Asian Islands 5: 382, 547, pl. 80. f. 1-2, TL: Johor
Lexias bangkana johorensis, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Lexias bangkana johorensis ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 5
L. b. nishikawai Hanafusa, 1990²
Serasan Is. Lexias bangkana nishikawai ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 5
L. b. nemoralis Tsukada, 1991²
Belitung Lexias bangkana nemoralis ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 5, pl. 9, f. 5-6, 7-8

Lexias albopunctata (Crowley, 1895)
-. See [About maps] Symphaedra albo-punctata Crowley, 1895; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 16 : 437, TL: Siam
Lexias albopunctata albopunctata, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Lexias cyanipardus albopunctata ; [BOR, 368]
N.Thailand, SE.Thailand, Indo-China, S.China Lexias albopunctata albopunctata ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 5, pl. 8, f. 5-6
L. a. borealis Hanafusa, 1990
NE.Thailand - Laos Lexias albopunctata borealis Hanafusa, 1990; Futao (5): 13, pl. 2, f. 1-3
Lexias albopunctata borealis, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Lexias albopunctata borealis ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 6
?L. a. exarchus (Fruhstorfer, 1914)
Adolias cyanipardus exarchus Fruhstorfer, 1914; Ent. Rundschau 31 (1) : 3, TL: Cochin China

Lexias immaculata Snellen, 1890²
Belitung Lexias aegle immaculata ; [BOR, 368]
Lexias dirtea immaculata ;
Lexias immaculata ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 6, pl. 9, f. 1-4

Lexias pardalis (Moore, 1878)
-. See [About maps] Symphaedra pardalis Moore, 1878; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878 (3) : 699, TL: Hainan
Lexias pardalis, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Lexias pardalis ; [BOR, 367]; [MRS, 503]
Hainan Lexias pardalis pardalis ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 6
L. p. jadeitina (Fruhstorfer, 1913)
NE.India, Burma - N.Thailand, S.Yunnan Adolias dirtea jadeitina Fruhstorfer, 1913; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 687
Lexias pardalis jadeitina, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Lexias pardalis jadeitina ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 6, pl. 15, f. 1-8
L. p. eleanor (Fruhstorfer, 1898)
S.China, Laos, Vietnam Adolias dirtea eleanor Fruhstorfer, 1898; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 11 (1) : 173, TL: Tonkin
Lexias pardalis eleanor, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Lexias dirtea eleanor ; [MRS, 503]
Lexias pardalis eleanor ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 6
L. p. nephritica (Fruhstorfer, 1913)
Sumatra pardalis nephritica (Fruhstorfer, 1913) (Euthalia); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 688
Lexias pardalis nephritica ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 6, pl. 12, f. 1-6
L. p. nasiensis Tsukada, 1991²
Nasi, We Is. Lexias pardalis nasiensis ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 6, pl. 12, f. 7-8
L. p. gigantea (Fruhstorfer, 1898)
Nias Adolias dirtea gigantea Fruhstorfer, 1898; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 11 (1) : 175, TL: Nias
Lexias pardalis gigantea ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 6, pl. 13, f. 5-8
L. p. pallidulus Tsukada, 1991²
Musala Is. Lexias pardalis pallidulus ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 6
L. p. dirteana (Corbet, 1941)
Singapore Archduke
Euthalia dirteana Corbet, 1941; Entomologist 74 (6): 135
Lexias pardalis dirteana, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Lexias pardalis dirteana ; [BMP: 190, pl. 28, f. 20-21]; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 6, pl. 11, f. 3-8
L. p. ritsemae (Fruhstorfer, 1906)
Bangka Adolias dirtea ritsemae Fruhstorfer, 1906; Soc. Ent. 20 (19) : 149, TL: Banka
Lexias pardalis ritsemae ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 6
L. p. silawa (Fruhstorfer, 1913)
Belitung pardalis silawa (Fruhstorfer, 1913) (Euthalia); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 689, TL: Sumatra
Lexias pardalis silawa ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 6, pl. 13, f. 1-4
L. p. nigricans Hanafusa, 1989²
Karimata Lexias pardalis nigricans ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 6, pl. 14, f. 5-7
L. p. borneensis Tsukada, 1991²
Borneo, Natuna, Laut Lexias pardalis borneensis ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 6, pl. 14, f. 1-4
L. p. cavarna (Fruhstorfer, 1913)
Philippines (Balabac) Euthalia dirtea cavarna Fruhstorfer, 1913; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 689, TL: Balabas
Lexias pardalis cavarna ; Yokochi, 1999, Trans. lepid. Soc. Japan 50 (3): 178; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 6
L. p. tethys Tsukada, 1991²
Philippines (Palawan) Lexias pardalis tethys ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 6, pl. 10, f. 3-4
L. p. ellora (Fruhstorfer, 1898)
Philippines (Mindoro) Adolias dirtea ellora Fruhstorfer, 1898; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 11 (1) : 208
Lexias pardalis ellora ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 6, pl. 10, f. 5-8
?L. p. saifuli Hanafusa, 1992
Siberut?

Lexias dirtea (Fabricius, 1793)
-. See [About maps] Archduke
Papilio dirtea Fabricius, 1793; Ent. Syst. 3 (1): 59, no. 184, TL: Naga Hills, Myanmar
dirtea f. esmalta (Fruhstorfer, 1913) (Euthalia); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 687, TL: Malay
Euthalia dirtea ; [BOW: pl. 144, f. 1]
Lexias dirtea ; [BOR, 367]; [MRS, 503]
Lexias dirtea f. esmalta ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 7, pl. 11, f. 2, pl. 18, f. 7
NE.India (Naga Hills) Lexias dirtea dirtea ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 6
L. d. khasiana (Swinhoe, 1890)
NE.India (Assam) - Burma, Yunnan? Dark Archduke Southern Archduke?
Euthalia khasiana Swinhoe, 1890; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 5 (29) : 354, TL: Khasia Hills
?intermedia ?Tytler
khasiana r. khasiana ; [BIR, (Bhutan,Sikkim,NE.India (Hills))]
khasiana r. intermedia ; [BIR, (Manipur)]
Lexias khasiana ;
Euthalia khasiana ; [EBW]
Lexias dirtea khasiana ; [MRS, 503]; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 6, pl. 17, f. 1
L. d. toonchai Murayama & Kimura, 1991
N.Thailand Lexias dirtea opertus Tsukada, 1991
= ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 6
Lexias dirtea gratus Tsukada, 1991
= ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 6
Lexias dirtea toonchaii ; (missp.?)
Lexias dirtea toonchai ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 6, pl. 17, f. 3-6
L. d. agosthena (Fruhstorfer, 1914)
S.China (Kwangtung), Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam Adolias dirtea agosthena Fruhstorfer, 1914; Ent. Rundschau 31 (1) : 2, TL: Cochinchina
Lexias dirtea agosthena, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Lexias dirtea agosthena ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 6, pl. 17, f. 2
L. d. merguia (Tytler, 1926)
S.Myanmar, Tenasserim, S.Thailand, Malaysia Adolias merguia Tytler, 1926; J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 31 (3): 580
Lexias dirtea maga Tsukada, 1991; , TL: Singapore
= ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 6
Lexias dirtea pluvius Tsukada, 1991; , TL: SE.Thailand
= ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 6
Lexias dirtea merguia, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Lexias dirtea merguia ; [BMP: 190, pl. 28, f. 19]; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 6, pl. 16, f. 1-2, pl. 11, f. 1-2
L. d. montana (Hagen, 1896)
Sumatra Symphaedra dirtea var. montana Hagen, 1896; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 9 (1) : 172, TL: Sumatra
Lexias dirtea montana ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 6, pl. 18, f. 1-8
L. d. inimitabilis Tsukada, 1991
Siberut (Mentawei Is.) Lexias dirtea inimitabilis ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 6, pl. 16, f. 5-8
L. d. insulanus Tsukada, 1991
Bangka, Lingga, Singkep Lexias dirtea insulanus ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 6, pl. 19, f. 5-8
L. d. javana (Fruhstorfer, 1898)
W.Java Adolias dirtea javana Fruhstorfer, 1898; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 11 (1) : 175, TL: Java
Lexias dirtea javana ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 6, pl. 19, f. 3-4
L. d. aquilus Tsukada, 1991
Anambas group Lexias dirtea aquilus ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 6, pl. 16, f. 3-4
L. d. baliaris Tsukada, 1991
Natuna Is. Lexias dirtea baliaris ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 6
L. d. chalcedonides (Fruhstorfer, 1913)
Borneo dirtea chalcedonides (Fruhstorfer, 1913) (Euthalia); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 689, TL: Borneo
?Lexias dirtea nanus Tsukada, 1991; , TL: Sarawak
?Lexias dirtea opicus Tsukada, 1991; , TL: Sabah
Lexias dirtea chalcedonides ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 6, pl. 19, 1-2
L. d. annae (Hagen, 1896)
Bawean Symphaedra annae Hagen, 1896; Jahrb. Nass. Nat. 49 : 186, pl. 4, f. 9
Lexias dirtea annae ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 7, pl. 20, f. 4-8
L. d. palawana (Moore, [1897])
Philippines (Palawan) Adolias palawana Moore, [1897]; Lepidoptera Indica 3 (28): 73, TL: Palawan
Lexias dirtea palawana ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 7, pl. 17, f. 7-8
?L. d. iwasakii Okubo, 1983
Tioman Lexias dirtea iwasakii Okubo, 1983; Tyō to Ga 33 (3,4): 175, f. 25-26, TL: Tekek-Juara, Tioman
L. d. bontouxi (Vitalis de Salvaza, 1924)
S.Yunnan, ...? Euthalia dirtea bontouxi Vitalis de Salvaza, 1924; Faune ent. Indo-Chine fr. 3: 44
Lexias dirtea bontouxi, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Lexias dirtea bontouxi ; Huang & Xue, 2004, Neue Ent. Nachr. 57: 139 (name)

Lexias perdix (Butler, 1884)
Nias Symphaedra perdix Butler, 1884; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 13 (73) : 59, TL: Nias
Euthalia perdix ;
Lexias perdix ; [BOR, 368]; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 7, pl. 20, f. 1-3

Lexias canescens (Butler, [1869])
-. See [About maps] Symphaedra canescens Butler, [1869]; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1868 (3) : 612, pl. 45, f. 5
Euthalia canescens ; [EBW, (name only)]
Lexias canescens ; [BOR, 370]
Borneo Lexias canescens pacalis Yokochki, 1993; , TL: Laut Is.
Lexias canescens canescens ; [BOR, 370]; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 7, pl. 24, f. 5-6
L. c. civetta (Fruhstorfer, 1913)
Sumatra canescens civetta (Fruhstorfer, 1913) (Euthalia); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 690, TL: Sumatra
?Lexias canescens albata Yokochi, 1992; , TL: Aceh
Lexias canescens civetta ; [BOR, 370]; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 7, pl. 24, f. 3
L. c. pardalina (Staudinger, 1886)
Peninsular Malaya Symphaedra pardalina Staudinger, 1886; in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (13): 154 (part 15), (10): pl. 54 (as pardalis)
Lexias canescens pardalina, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Lexias canescens pardalina ; [BOR, 370]; [BMP: 190, pl. 28, f. 16]; Yokochi, 1999, Trans. lepid. Soc. Japan 50 (3): 183; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 7, pl. 24, f. 4
L. c. tigrina (Fruhstorfer, 1913)
Bangka I. canescens tigrina (Fruhstorfer, 1913) (Euthalia); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 690, TL: Bangka
Lexias canescens tigrina ; [BOR, 370]; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 7
L. c. ornatus Tsukada, 1991
Belitung Lexias canescens ornatus ; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 7, pl. 24, f. 1-2, 7-8
L. c. leopardina (Fruhstorfer, 1913)
Sulu Is. canescens leopardina (Fruhstorfer, 1913) (Euthalia); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 690, TL: Sulu I.
Lexias canescens leopardina ; [BOR, 370]; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 7

Lexias elna (van de Poll, 1895)
Nias Symphaedra elna van de Poll, 1895; Tijdschr. Ent. 38 : 7, TL: Nias
Lexias elna ; [BOR, 367]; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 7, pl. 8, f. 8

Lexias aeetes (Hewitson, 1861)
-. See [About maps] Adolias aeetes Hewitson, 1861; Ill. exot. Butts [3] (Adolias): [63], pl. [34], f. 1-2, TL: Celebes
Adolias aeetes ab. ignigena Fruhstorfer, 1898; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 11 (1) : 193
Euthalia aeetes ; [BOW: pl. 143, f. 12]
Lexias aeetes ; [BOR, 367]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 201
N.Sulawesi Lexias aeetes aeetes ; [BOR, 367]; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 7, pl. 23, f. 1-2
L. a. phasiana (Butler, 1884)
S.Sulawesi, Banggai Symphaedra phasiana Butler, 1884; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 13 (73) : 60, TL: Macassar
?Symphaedra aeetes meridionalis Fruhstorfer, 1897; Soc. Ent. 11 (19): 155, TL: Celebes
?Symphaedra aeetes meridionalis ; Fruhstorfer, 1898, Berl. Ent. Zs. 42 (3/4) : 335
Lexias aeetes phasiana ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 201; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 7, pl. 22, f. 1-4, 6-8
L. a. tyrtaeus (Staudinger, 1886)
S.Sulawesi Symphaedra tyrtaeus Staudinger, 1886; in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (13): 154, TL: Celebes
Lexias aeetes tyrtaeus ; [BOR, 367]; Yokochi, 1999, Trans. lepid. Soc. Japan 50 (3): 189
L. a. rubellio (Fruhstorfer, 1898)
Bangkai Adolias aeetes rubellio Fruhstorfer, 1898; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 11 (1) : 198, TL: Bangkai
Lexias aeetes rubellio ; [BOR, 367]; Yokochi, 1999, Trans. lepid. Soc. Japan 50 (3): 185; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 201; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 7, pl. 23, f. 5, 7-8
L. a. satellita (Jurriaanse & Lindemans, 1920)
C.Sulawesi Euthalia aeetes satellita Jurriaanse & Lindemans, 1920; Tijdschr. Ent. 62 (Suppl.) : 25, pl. 5, f. 529
?Euthalia aeetes satellita Jurriaanse, 1920; Tijdschr. Ent. 62 : xlviii
Lexias aeetes satellita ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 201; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 7, pl. 23, f. 3-4, 6
L. a. butongensis Tsukada, 1991
Buton Is. Lexias aeetes butongensis ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 201; Casteleyn, 2004, Butterflies of the world, 18: 7, pl. 22, f. 5

The ? species-group

Lexias acutipenna Chou & Li, 1994
Guangxi. See [About maps] Lexias acutipenna Chou & Li, 1994; in Chou, Monographia Rhopalocerum Sinensium 1-2: 763, 505, f. 45-46, TL: Guangxi, Longkuang 200m


18.2.2013 (17)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BAUR]
D'Abrera, 1977; Butterflies of the Australian Region (2nd edn)
[BIR]
Wynter-Blyth, 1957; Butterflies of the Indian Region; (1982 Reprint)
[BMP]
Eliot (Ed.), Corbet & Pendlebury, 1992; The Butterflies of The Malay Peninsula; 4th edition; ISBN 983-9681-05-2
[BOR]
D'Abrera, 1982, 1985, 1986; Butterflies of the Oriental Region, Part I-III
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[CiNii]
http://ci.nii.ac.jp/
[Don Herbison-Evans]
and Stella A. Crossley; Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans
[EBW]
Smart, Paul, 1976; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World; ISBN 0 600 31381 6
[LAMAS-2005]
Gerardo Lamas; Entomofauna 26 (6): 57-100; A Bibliography of the Zoological Publications of Hans Fruhstorfer (1886* - 1922+)
[LAMAS-NEO]
Gerardo Lamas; Bibliography of butterflies; An Annocated Bibliography of the Neotropical Butterflies and Skipper (Lepididoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea); Revised Electronic Edition (2007)
[MRS]
Chou Io (Ed.); Monographia Rhopalocerum Sinensium, 1-2
[NHM]
Natural History Museum; The Global Lepidoptera Names Index
[Wahlberg]
Niklas Wahlberg; The NSG's voucher specimen database; Nymphalidae Systematics Group
[Yutaka Inayoshi]
A Check List of Butterflies in Indo-China; Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM
[²]
This may require parentheses or not. I don't have the necessary information for this taxon.


Some related literature:
Boisduval, 1832
Voyage de découvertes de l'Astrolabe exécuté par ordre du Roi, pendant les années 1826-1827-1828-1829, sous le commandément de M. J. Dumont d'Urville. Faune entomologique de l'Océan Pacifique, avec l'illustration des insectes nouveaux recueillis pendant le voyage. Lépidoptčres in d'Urville, Voy. Astrolabe (Faune ent. Pacif.) 1 : 1-267, pl. 1-5
Butler, [1869]
A monographic Revision of the Lepidoptera hitherto included in the Genus Adolias, with Descriptions of new Genera and Species Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1868 (3) : 599-615, pl. 45
Butler, 1884
Lepidoptera from the Island of Nias Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 13 (73) : 58-60
Casteleyn, 2004
Nymphalidae VIII, Lexias Butterflies of the world, 18: 8pp, 24pls
Corbet, 1941
Further revisional Notes on Malayan Rhopalocera Entomologist 74 (6): 133-135
Crowley, 1895
Description of a new Species of Symphaedra Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 16 : 437
Doherty, 1891
The Butterflies of Sumba and Sumbawa, with some Account of the Island of Sumba J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 60 Pt.II (2) : 141-197, pl. 2
C. & R. Felder, 1861
Lepidoptera nova a Dr. Carolo Semper in Insulis Philippinis collecta diagnosibus. (1) Wien. ent. Monats. 5 (10) : 297-306
Fruhstorfer, 1896
Neue Rhopaloceren aus dem malayischen Archipel Ent. Nachr. 22 (3) : 39-40 ([1] February)
Fruhstorfer, 1897
Neue Rhopaloceren aus dem malayischen Archipel Soc. Ent. 11 (17): 139-140 (1 December, 1896), (19): 155-156 (1 January, 1897), (20): 164 (15 January, 1897), (21): 172-173 (1 February, 1897)
Fruhstorfer, 1898
Neue Rhopaloceren aus dem Indo-malayischen Archipel Berl. Ent. Zs. 42 (3/4) : 311-343 (mid July)
Fruhstorfer, 1898
Monographische Revision der Nymphaliden-Gruppe Symphaedra und Adolias Dt. ent. Z. Iris 11 (1) : 160-208 (10 August)
Fruhstorfer, 1906
Neue Euthaliiden Soc. Ent. 20 (19) : 148-149, 1 fig. (1 January)
Fruhstorfer, 1913
6. Familie: Nymphalidae in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 453-456 (31 January, 1912), : 457-488 (18 March, 1912), : 489-496 (25 May, 1912), : 489-496 (10 May, 1912), : 497-504 (15 April, 1912), : 505-512 (10 May, 1912), : 513-528 (11 April, 1912), : 529-552 (20 April, 1912), : 553-592 (15 May, 1912), : 593-616 (25 September, 1912), : 617-632 (15 October, 1912), : 633-640 (25 October, 1912), : 641-656 (10 January, 1913), : 657-664 (12 January, 1913), : 665-680 (13 January, 1913), : 681-688 (25 January, 1913), : 689-696 (16 June, 1913), : 697-704 (5 August, 1913), : 705-712 (20 January, 1914), : 713-720 (20 November, 1913), : 721-744 (9 March, 1914), : 745-751 (30 July, 1915), : 753-760 (28 March, 1914), : 761-766 (14 April, 1914)
Fruhstorfer, 1914
Rhopaloceren von Cochinchina Ent. Rundschau 31 (1) : 1-3 (10 January)
Hagen, 1892
Beitrag zur Kenntniss der Rhopaloceren der Insel Banka Berl. ent. Z. 37 : 139-158
Hagen, 1896
Verzeichnis der von mir auf Sumatra gefangene Rhopaloceren Dt. ent. Z. Iris 9 (1) : 153-187
Hagen, 1896
Beitrag zur kenntnis der Rhopaloceren-fauna der Insel Bawean Jahrb. Nass. Nat. 49 : 173-188, pl. 4
Hanafusa, 1990
Four new subspecies of Nymphalid butterflies from Indonesia and Thailand Futao (5): -13-
Hemming, 1967
Generic names of the butterflies and their type-species (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera) Bull. Br. Mus. (Ent.) Suppl. 9 : 5-509
Hewitson, 1861; Hewitson, 1863; Hewitson, 1866
Illustrations of new species of exotic Butterflies selected chiefly from the collections of W. Wilson Saunders and William C. Hewitson Ill. exot. Butts [3] : (Systematic Index) III, (Callithea): [1-2], pl. [1] (1857), (Callithea Agrias II): [3-4], pl. [2] (1870), (Epicalia & Myscelia I): [5-6], pl. [3] (1851), (Epicalia II): [7-8], pl. [4] (1852), (Timetes): [9-10], pl. [5] (1852), (Neptis): [11-12], pl. [6] (1868), (Limenitis I-II): [13-16], pl. [7-8] (1859), (Heterochroa): [17-18], pl. [9] (1867), (Diadema): [19-20], pl. [10] (1863), (Diadema II): [21-22], pl. [11] (1865), (Diadema III): [23-24], pl. [12] (1868), (Amechania): [25-26], pl. [13] (1861), (Romaleosoma): [27-28], pl. [14] (1864), (Romaleosoma II-III): [29-32], pl. [15-16] (1865), (Romaleosoma IV): [33-34], pl. [17] (1866), (Euryphene): [35-36], pl. [18] (1864), (Euryphene II): [37-38], pl. [19] (1865), (Euryphene III Aterica): [39-40], pl. [20] (1865), (Euryphene IV): [41-42], pl. [21] (1865), (Aterica & Euryphene V-VI): [43-46], pl. [22-23] (1866), (Euryphene VII): [47-48], pl. [24] (1871), (Euryphene VIII & Aterica): [49-50], pl. [25] (1871), (Euryphene IX): [51-52], pl. [26] (1874), (Aterica & Harma): [53-54], pl. [27] (1866), (Harma): [55-56], pl. [28] (1864), (Harma II): [57-58], pl. [29] (1866), (Harma III-IV): [59-60], pl. [30-31] (1869), (Harma V-VI & Euryphene X): [61-62], pl. [32-33] (1874), (Adolias): [63-64], pl. [34] (1861), (Adolias II): [65-66], pl. [35] (1862), (Adolias III): [67-68], pl. [36] (1863), (Adolias IV): [69-70], pl. [37] (1875), (Agrias): [71-72], pl. [38] (1860), (Agrias & Nymphalis): [73-74], pl. [39] (1855), (Agrias & Siderone): [75-76], pl. [40] (1854), (Prepona): [77-78], pl. [41] (1859), (Prepona II & Agrias): [79-80], pl. [42] (1876), (Pandora & Prepona): [81-82], pl. [43] (1854), (Apatura): [83-84], pl. [44] (1869), (Nymphalis): [85-86], pl. [45] (1854), (Nymphalis II): [87-88], pl. [46] (1859), (Charaxes III): [89-90], pl. [47] (1863), (Charaxes IV): [91-92], pl. [48] (1874), (Charaxes V): [93-94], pl. [49] (1876), (Paphia II): [95-96], pl. [50] (1869), (Paphia & Siderone): [97-98], pl. [51] (1856), (Siderone): [99-100], pl. [52] (1860), (Zeuxidia & Aemona): [101-102], pl. [53] (1868), : iv
Huang & Xue, 2004
A Contribution to the Butterfly Fauna of Southern Yunnan Neue Ent. Nachr. 57: 135-154, pl. 11
Joicey & Noakes, 1915
New Butterflies and a Moth from Biak Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1915 (2) : 177-197, pl. 21-28
Jumalon, 1970
A new Philippine species and subspecies of Adolias (Nymphalidae: Lepidoptera) Philip. Sci. (F) 7 : 31-34
Jurriaanse, 1920
[Verslag] Tijdschr. Ent. 62 : xlvii-li
Jurriaanse & Lindemans, 1920
Bijdrage tot de kennis der Lepidoptera van Z.O.-Celebes en omliggende eilanden Tijdschr. Ent. 62 (Suppl.) : 1-39
Linnaeus, 1758
Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Clases, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Symonymis, Locis. Tomis I. 10th Edition Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 1-338, : 339-824
Linnaeus, 1764
Museum S'ae R'ae M'tis Ludovicae Ulricae Reginae Svecorum, Gothorum, Vandalorumque Mus. Lud. Ulr.: vi + 720 + [2]
Linnaeus, 1767
Systema Naturae per Regna tria Naturae, secundum Classes, Ordines, .... Editio Duocecima Reformata. Tom. 1. Part II. Syst. Nat. (Edn 12) 1 (2): -,533-1327
Moore, 1878
List of Lepidopterous Insects collected by the late R. Swinhoe in the Island of Hainan Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878 (3) : 695-708
Moore, [1897]
Lepidoptera Indica. Rhopalocera. Family Nymphalidae. Sub-family Nymphalinae (continued), Groups Potamina, Euthalina, Limenitina Lepidoptera Indica 3 (25): 1-24, pl. 191-198 (1896), (26): 25-48, pl. 199-206 (1896), (27): 49-72, pl. 207-214 (1897), (28): 73-96, pl. 215-222 (1897), (29): 97-112, pl. 223-230 (1897), (30): 113-128, pl. 231-238 (1898), (31): 129-144, pl. 239-246 (1898), (32): 145-168, pl. 247-254 (1898), (33): 169-192, pl. 255-262 (1898), (34): 193-216, pl. 263-270 (1898), (35): 217-232, pl. 271-278 (1898), (36): 233-254, pl. 279-286 (1899)
van de Poll, 1895
New Rhopalocera from the island of Nias Tijdschr. Ent. 38 : 6-8
Okubo, 1983
Butterflies of Tioman Island, West Malaysia, with the description of new species Tyō to Ga 33 (3,4): 168-184
Schröder & Treadaway, 1980
Neue Lepidoptera von den Philippinen Ent. Z. Frankf. a. M. 90 (21) : 233-243
Semper, 1888
Die Schmetterlinge der Philippinischen Inseln. Reisen im Archipel der Philippinen Reisen Philipp. (1): 1-46, pl. 1-8, A (1886), (2): 47-86, pl. 9-16 (1887), (3): 87-134, pl. 17-24 (1888), (4): 135-174, pl. 25-32 (1889), (5): 175-238, pl. 33-38, B (1890), (6): 239-270, pl. 39-46 (1891), (7): 271-380, pl. 47-49 [iv] (1892)
Staudinger, 1886
Exotische Tagfalter in sysmatischer Reihenfolge mit Berücksichtigung neuer Arten in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (1): 3-6, pl. 1-5 (1884), (2): 7-10, pl. 6-10 (1884), (3): 11-14, pl. 11-15 (1884), (4): 15-22, pl. 16-20 (1884), (5): 23-30, pl. 21-25 (1884), (6): 31-38, pl. 26-30 (1884), (7): 39-46, pl. 31-35 (1885), (8): 47-58, pl. 30-40 (1885), (9): 59-82, pl. 41-50 (1885), (10): 83-102, pl. 51-60 (1885), (11): 103-122, pl. 61-65 (1886), (12): 123-138, pl. 66-70 (1886), (13): 139-158, pl. 71-75 (1886), (14): 159-174, pl. 76-80 (1886), (15): 175-194, pl. 81-85 (1887), (16): 195-214, pl. 86-90 (1887), (17): 215-234, pl. 91-95 (1887), (18): 235-270, pl. 96-98 (1888), (19): 1-2,271-333, pl. 99-100 (1888)
Strand, 1910
Schmetterlinge aus Zentral- und West-Sumatra, gesammelt von Herrn Dr. Max Moszkowski Dt. ent. Z. Iris 24 (10) : 190-208
Strand, 1913
Zweites Verzeichnis von Herrn Prof. Dr. L. Schultze in Neu-Guinea gesammelter Lepidoptera Archiv Naturgesch. 78 A (11) : 64-69
Swinhoe, 1890
New Species of Indian Butterflies Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 5 (29) : 353-365
Talbot, 1932
New forms of Lepidoptera from the Oriental Region Bull. Hill. Mus. 4 : 155-169
Tytler, 1926
Notes on some new and interesting Butterflies from India and Burma. (1) & (2) J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 31 : 248-260, (3): 578-590, pl. 1-5 [?]
Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003
The butterflies of Sulawesi: annotated checklist for a critical island faunda Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 3-268, pl. 1-16
Yokochi, 1991
Five new subspecis of Indonesian butterflies (Lep.: Papilionidae, Nymphalidae, Riodinidae) Futao (8): -16-
Yokochi, 1999
Type series of the tribe Euthalini in Zoologisches Museum, Humboldt Universität (ZMHU), Berlin, with designation of lectotypes and some notes Trans. lepid. Soc. Japan 50 (3): 173-192


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.