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Cethosia Fabricius, 1807
Lacewings
Cethosia Fabricius, 1807; Magazin f. Insektenk. (Illiger) 6: 280, TS: Papilio cydippe Linnaeus
Alazonia Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (3): 46, TS: Papilio cydippe Linnaeus
Eugramma Billberg, 1820; Enum. Ins. Mus. Billb. : 78 (repl. for Cethosia Fabricius, 1807), TS: Papilio cydippe Linnaeus
Cethosia, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Cethosia (Nymphalinae) ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (2): 51
Cethosia (Acraeini) ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 237; [Wahlberg]

Cethosia biblis (Drury, [1773])
Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, Assam, Burma, Malaya, W.China, C.China. See [About maps] Red Lacewing
Papilio biblis Drury, [1773]; Illust. Nat. Hist. Exot. Insects 1 : 9, pl. 4, f. 2 (& Index)
biblina Godart, 1819²; Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 248
= Cethosia biblis biblina ; [NHM]
thadana Godart, 1819²; Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 326
= ; [NHM]
simbiblis (Hübner, [1819]) (Alazonia); Verz. bek. Schmett. (3): 46
= ; [NHM]
woolletti Hall, 1929²; Entomologist 62: 130, pl. 3, f. 1, TL: N.Borneo
= Cethosia biblis woolletti ; [NHM]
nacoleia Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 499
= Cethosia biblis nacoleia ; [NHM]
Cethosia biblis tonkingiana Stichel, 1908; Genera Insectorum 63 : 23, TL: Tonking
= ; [NHM]
adonarensis Talbot, 1932; Bull. Hill. Mus. 4 : 157, TL: Adonara I.
= Cethosia biblis adonarensis ; [NHM]
Cethosia biblis, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Cethosia biblis biblis, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Cethosia biblis ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 194, f. 3]; [BOR, 266]; [MRS, 423]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 237
[biblis-1.jpg] 800x496 (~118Kb) Butterfly House (Vienna, Austria, April 2001), Photo © Erich Mangl [biblis-2u.jpg] 600x400 (~62Kb) upperside India: Subansiri, 3.11.2005, Photo © Kedar Tokekar [biblis-2v.jpg] 512x341 (~45Kb) underside India: Ziro, 9.11.2005, Photo © Kedar Tokekar

Larva on Passiflora [BOW], Passiflora cochinchinensis [MRS], Adenia, Balbas, Modecca, Passiflora Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 237


Assam, C.India - SW.China Cethosia biblis f. ♀ viridiana Fruhstorfer, 1906; Wiener ent. Ztg 25 (10) : 331
Cethosia biblis biblis ; [BOR, 266]
C. b. insularis C. & R. Felder, 1861
Philippines (Luzon, Polillo, ?Babuyanes) Cethosia insularis C. & R. Felder, 1861; Wien. ent. Monats. 5 (10) : 300, TL: Luzon
Cethosia eurymena C. & R. Felder, [1867]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (3): 384, TL: Luzon
= ; [NHM]
Cethosa insularis philippina Felder, 1862; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 12 (1/2) : 485
= ; [NHM]
Cethosia biblis insularis ; [BOR, 268]
C. b. nikobarica Felder, 1862
Nicobar? Cethosia nikobarica Felder, 1862; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 12 (1/2) : 484
Cethosia nikobarica ; C. & R. Felder, [1867], Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (3): 384, pl. 48, f. 7-8
Cethosia biblis nicobarica[sic, recte nikobarica] ; [BOR, 266]
C. b. picta C. & R. Felder, [1867]
Sulawesi, Kabaena, Muna, Buton Cethosia picta C. & R. Felder, [1867]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (3): 381, TL: Macassar
Cethosia biblis picta ; [BOR, 266]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 237
C. b. amboinensis C. & R. Felder, [1867]
Ambon Cethosia insularis var. amboinensis Felder, 1862; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 12 (1/2) : 485 (nom. nud.)
Cethosia amboinensis C. & R. Felder, [1867]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (3): 382, TL: Amboina
Cethosia biblis amboinensis ; [BAUR, 208 (text)]
C. b. javana C. & R. Felder, [1867]
Java Cethosia javana C. & R. Felder, [1867]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (3): 384:Java
Cethosia biblis javana ; [BOR, 268]
C. b. logani Distant, 1881
E.Sumatra Cethosia logani Distant, 1881; Ent. mon. Mag. 18 (6) : 134
Cethosia biblis logani ; [BOR, 268]
C. b. tambora (Doherty, 1891)
Sumbawa Cethosia tambora Doherty, 1891; J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 60 Pt.II (2) : 171, TL: Sambawa
Cethosia biblis tambora ; [BOR, 268]
Cethosia tambora ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 237
C. b. sumbana Pagenstecher, 1894
Sumba Cethosia cyane var. sumbana Pagenstecher, 1894; Jb. Nassau. Ver. Nat. 47 : 53, TL: Sumba
Cethosia biblis sumbana ; [BOR, 268]
C. b. narmada Fruhstorfer, 1896
Lombok Cethosia narmada Fruhstorfer, 1896; Soc. Ent. 11 (13): 108, TL: Lombok I.
Cethosia biblis narmada ; [BOR, 268]
C. b. narmadoides de Nicéville, 1898
Bali Cethosia narmadoides de Nicéville, 1898; J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 66 Pt.II (5): 683 (?narmadioides), TL: Bali
Cethosia biblis narmadoides ; [BOR, 268]
C. b. sandakana Fruhstorfer, 1899
N.Borneo, ?Palawan Cethosia biblis sandakana Fruhstorfer, 1899; Soc. Ent. 13 (21) : 161
Cethosia biblis sandakana ; [BOR, 268]
C. b. buruana Holland, 1900
Buru Cethosia buruana Holland, 1900; Novit. Zool. 7 (1): 63, TL: Buru
Cethosia biblis buruana ; [BAUR, 208]
C. b. perakana Fruhstorfer, 1902
S.Thailand, Peninsular Malaya, Pulau Tioman Cethosia biblis perakana Fruhstorfer, 1902; Stettin ent. Ztg 63 (1) : 331
Cethosia biblis perakana, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Cethosia biblis perakana ; [BMP: 157, pl. 22, f. 12-13]; [BOR, 266]
C. b. togiana Fruhstorfer, 1902
Togian Is. Cethosia picta togiana Fruhstorfer, 1902; Stettin ent. Ztg 63 (1) : 337, 347
Cethosia biblis togiana ; [BOR, 268]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 237
C. b. floresiana Fruhstorfer, 1902
Flores Cethosia tambora floresiana Fruhstorfer, 1902; Stettin ent. Ztg 63 (1) : 341, 347
Cethosia biblis floresiana ; [BOR, 268]
C. b. ceramensis Fruhstorfer, 1902
Serang Cethosia biblis ceramensis Fruhstorfer, 1902; Stettin ent. Ztg 63 (1) : 349, TL: Ceram
Cethosia biblis ceramensis ; [BAUR, 208 (text)]
C. b. atia Fruhstorfer, 1905
Kalao, Tanahjampea Cethosia biblis(?) atia Fruhstorfer, 1905; Ent. Zs. 19 (19) : 105, f. 6, TL: Kalao
Cethosia biblis atia Fruhstorfer, 1906; Wiener ent. Ztg 25 (10) : 333, TL: Kalao
Cethosia biblis atia ; [BOR, 268]
Cethosia tambora atia ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 237
C. b. alceste Fruhstorfer, 1905
Bawean Cethosia biblis alceste Fruhstorfer, 1905; Ent. Zs. 19 (19) : 106, TL: Bawean
Cethosia biblis alceste ; [BOR, 268]
C. b. hainana Fruhstorfer, 1908
Hainan Cethosia biblis hainana Fruhstorfer, 1908; Ent. Zs. 22 (34) : 135, TL: Hainan
Cethosia biblis hainana ; [BOR, 266]; [MRS, 423]
C. b. sarsina Fruhstorfer, 1912
Sulawesi biblis sarsina Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 502
viridipicta Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 502
= ; [NHM]
Cethosia biblis sarsina ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 237
C. b. tisamena Fruhstorfer, 1912
N.India, Burma, Siam biblis tisamena Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 499, TL: "India"
Cethosia thebava Grose-Smith, 1887; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 19 (112) : 296, TL: Yendau, Burmah
= ; [NHM]
mixta Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 499
= ; [NHM]
Cethosia thebava ; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1889, Rhop. Exot. [2] 1: (Cethosia) 2, pl. 1, f. 3-4
Cethosia biblis tisamena ; [Torben B. Larsen]
C. b. phanaroia Fruhstorfer, 1912
Hong Kong biblis phanaroia Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 499, TL: Hongkong
Cethosia biblis phanaroia ; [BOR, 266]; [MRS, 423]
C. b. adantonia Fruhstorfer, 1912
W.Sumatra biblis adantonia Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 499, TL: W.Sumatra
Cethosia biblis adantonia ; [BOR, 268]
C. b. liacura Fruhstorfer, 1912
Philippines (Mindanao) biblis liacura Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 501
Cethosia biblis liacura ; [BOR, 268]
C. b. tagalorum Fruhstorfer, 1912
Philippines (Mindoro) biblis tagalorum Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 501
Cethosia biblis tagalorum ; [BOR, 268]
C. b. andamanica Stichel, 1908
Andaman Cethosia biblis andamanica Stichel, 1908; Genera Insectorum 63 : 24, TL: Andamans
ab. fawcetti Hall
= ; [NHM]
Cethosia biblis ssp. ; Fruhstorfer, 1902, Stettin ent. Ztg 63 (1) : 334, 347
Cethosia biblis andamanica ; [BOR, 266]
Pemanggil Cethosia biblis pemanggilensis Eliot, 1978; in Corbet & Pendlebury, Butterflies Malay Peninsula (3rd edn): 415, TL: Malaysia, P. Pemanggil
Cethosia biblis pemanggilensis ; [BOR, 266]

Cethosia cyane (Drury, [1773])
Mussoorie - Assam, Burma, Bengal, Orissa, Lucknow. See [About maps] Leopard Lacewing
Papilio cyane Drury, [1773]; Illust. Nat. Hist. Exot. Insects 1 : pl. 4, f. 1, TL: Bengal
?Alazoniae symbiblis Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (3): 46
= ; [NHM]
Cethosia cyane, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Cethosia cyane ; Fruhstorfer, 1900, Stettin ent. Ztg 61 (3/4) : 372; [BOW: pl. 140, f. 17]; [BOR, 270]; [MRS, 425]
[cyane-1mu.jpg] 640x585 (~83Kb) upperside male Butterfly House (Vienna, Austria, 16 June 2000), Photo © Erich Mangl [cyane-1mv.jpg] 768x1024 (~162Kb) underside male Butterfly House (Vienna, Austria, 16 June 2000), Photo © Erich Mangl [cyane-2mv.jpg] 1200x1600 (~115Kb) underside male Butterfly House (Gran Canary, near Ingles, Autumn 2000), Photo © Aarno Junkkari
[cyane-3.jpg] 505x425 (~47Kb) Maram village [Border of Nagaland and Manipur states], 07 November 2003 early morning, Photo © Kedar Tokekar [cyane-3v.jpg] 461x398 (~37Kb) underside Maram village [Border of Nagaland and Manipur states], 07 November 2003 early morning, Photo © Kedar Tokekar

Larva on Passiflora [MRS]


Sikkim, ?Bhutan, Assam - C.India, Burma Cethosia cyane cyane ; [BOR, 270]
C. c. euanthes Fruhstorfer, 1912
N.Thailand - Indo-China, S.Yunnan cyane euanthes Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 503
Cethosia cyane euanthes, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Cethosia cyane euanthes ; [BOR, 270]; [MRS, 425]
[euanthes-1fu.jpg] 736x893 (~97Kb) upperside female Thailand, Chon Buri Province, Pattaya, Jomtien beach, a wasting land behind Jomtien Holiday Hotel, 2nd January 2006, Photo © Oleg Kosterin [euanthes-1fv.jpg] 589x847 (~88Kb) underside female Thailand, Chon Buri Province, Pattaya, Jomtien beach, a wasting land behind Jomtien Holiday Hotel, 2nd January 2006, Photo © Oleg Kosterin [euanthes-1mu.jpg] 1344x1122 (~198Kb) upperside male Thailand, Chon Buri Province, Pattaya, Jomtien beach, a wasting land behind Jomtien Holiday Hotel, 4th January 2006, Photo © Oleg Kosterin
[euanthes-1mv.jpg] 1130x918 (~152Kb) underside male Thailand, Chon Buri Province, Pattaya, Jomtien beach, a wasting land behind Jomtien Holiday Hotel, 4th January 2006, Photo © Oleg Kosterin


Cethosia cydippe (Linnaeus, 1763)
Australia, New Guinea, Solomon Islands. See [About maps] Eastern Red Lacewing
Papilio cydippe Linnaeus, 1763; Amoenitates Acad., 6: 409, TL: India
Papilio cydippe Linnaeus, 1767; Syst. Nat. (Edn 12) 1 (2): 776
Cethosia chrysonoe Godart, 1819; Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 249
aurigena Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 509
= Cethosia cyridppe aurigena ; [NHM]
xerxene Fruhstorfer, 1915; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 745, TL: Yule Is.
= Cethosia cydippe xerxene ; [NHM]
ternatensis Hall, 1929²; Entomologist 62: 130, TL: Ternate
= Cethosia cydippe ternatensis ; [NHM]
Cethosia chrysippe koridana Kalis, 1933; Tijdschr. Ent. 76 (1-2) : 80, TL: Korida
cydippina Stichel, 1938; in Bryk, Lep. Cat. 30 (86): 146
= Cethosia cydippe cydippinea ; [NHM]
Cethosia cydippe, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Cethosia cydippe, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Cethosia cydippe ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 238

Larva on Adenia populifolia [BAUR], Adenia heterophylla, Hollrungia sp., Passiflora aurantia, P. foetida, P. herbertiana K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991, Review Austr. Butts. (1-4): (120-140)

Serang, Ambon, Saparua Papilio ino Cramer, [1775]; Uitl. Kapellen 1 (1-7): 96, pl. 62, f. A, B
tymbrasa Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 508
= Cethosia cydippe tymbrasa ; [NHM]
Cethosia chrysippe cydippe ; [BAUR, 209 (text)]
C. c. chrysippe (Fabricius, 1775)
Cape York Red Lacewing
Papilio chrysippe Fabricius, 1775; Syst. Ent.: 503
Cethosia chrysippe ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 140, f. 16]
Cethosia chrysippe chrysippe ; [BAUR, 209]
C. c. cydalima C. & R. Felder, [1867]
Aru, Goram Cethosia cydalima C. & R. Felder, [1867]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (3): 380, pl. 48, f. 1-2, TL: Aru; Goram
aruensis Talbot, 1932²; Bull. Hill. Mus. 4 : 158
= ; [NHM]
Cethosia chrysippe cydalima ; [BAUR, 209 (text)]
C. c. damasippe C. & R. Felder, [1867]
New Guinea Cethosia damasippe C. & R. Felder, [1867]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (3): 379, TL: New Guinea
Cethosia cydippe damasippe ab. hermanni Fruhstorfer, 1902; Stettin ent. Ztg 63 (1) : 344, TL: Astrolabe Bay
= Cethosia cydippe praestabilis ; [NHM]
Cethosia cydippe coronilla Fruhstorfer, 1909; Stettin ent. Ztg. 70 (2) : 228, TL: New Guinea
Cethosia cydippe praestabilis Fruhstorfer, 1909; Stettin ent. Ztg. 70 (2) : 228, TL: Deutch Neu-Guinea, Friedrich-Wilhelmshafen
Cethosia cydippe claudilla Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 509, TL: Dutch New Guinea
Cethosia cydippe antianeira Fruhstorfer, 1913; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 27 (3) : 138, TL: British New Guinea, Ekeikei
Cethosia chrysippe praestabilis ; [BAUR, 210 (text)]
Cethosia chrysippe claudilla ; [BAUR, 209 (text)]
Cethosia chrysippe damasippe ; [BAUR, 209 (text)]
C. c. bernsteini C. & R. Felder, [1867]
Bachan, Halmahera, Morotai Cethosia bernsteinii C. & R. Felder, [1867]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (3): 379, TL: Morotai
Cethosia chrysippe bernsteini ; [BAUR, 209 (text)]
C. c. cyrene Wallace, 1869
Waigeu Cethosia cyrene Wallace, 1869; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1869 (4): 338, TL: Waigiou
Cethosia chrysippe cyrene ; [BAUR, 209 (text)]
C. c. insulata Butler, 1873
Kai I. Cethosia insulata Butler, 1873; Cist. Ent. 1 (7) : 165, TL: Ké Island
Cethosia cydippe theona Fruhstorfer, 1903; Insekten-Börse 20: 164
Cethosia chrysippe insulata ; [BAUR, 209 (text)]
C. c. imperialis Butler, 1876
Cape York - Townsville Cethosia imperialis Butler, 1876; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (4) 18 (104) : 124
Cethosia chrysippe imperialis ; [BAUR, 209]
C. c. iphigenia Fruhstorfer, 1901
Buru Cethosia cydippe iphigenia Fruhstorfer, 1901; Insekten-Börse 18: 389
Cethosia chrysippe iphigenia ; [BAUR, 209 (text)]
C. c. cleanthis Fruhstorfer, 1902
Trobriand Is. Cethosia cydippe cleanthis Fruhstorfer, 1902; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 15 (1) : 173, TL: Kiriwina, Trobrian Is.
Cethosia chrysippe cleanthis ; [BAUR, 210 (text)]
C. c. woodlarkiana Fruhstorfer, 1902
Woodlark I. Cethosia cydippe woodlarkiana Fruhstorfer, 1902; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 14 (2) : 339, TL: Woodlark I.
Cethosia chrysippe woodlarkiana ; [BAUR, 210 (text)]
C. c. alkmene Fruhstorfer, 1902
D'Etrecasteaux Archipelago Cethosia cydippe alkmene Fruhstorfer, 1902; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 15 (1) : 173
Cethosia chrysippe alkmene ; [BAUR, 210]
C. c. obiana Fruhstorfer, 1903
Obi Cethosia cydippe obiana Fruhstorfer, 1903; Insekten-Börse 20: 357, TL: Obi
Cethosia chrysippe obiana ; [BAUR, 209 (text)]
C. c. lucina Fruhstorfer, 1905
Jobi Cethosia cydippe lucina Fruhstorfer, 1905; Insekten-Börse 22 (9): 36
Cethosia chrysippe lucina ; [BAUR, 210 (text)]
C. c. sangira Fruhstorfer, 1906
Sangihe? Cethosia cydippe sangira Fruhstorfer, 1906; Ent. Zs. 19 (36) : 215, TL: Sangir I.
Cethosia cydippe sangira ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 238
C. c. cenchrites Fruhstorfer, 1909
Cethosia cydippe cenchrites Fruhstorfer, 1909; Stettin ent. Ztg. 70 (2) : 227, TL: British New Guinea
Cethosia chrysippe cenchrites ; [BAUR, 210 (text)]
C. c. salwattensis Fruhstorfer, 1913
Salwatti Cethosia cydippe salwattensis Fruhstorfer, 1913; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 27 (3) : 138, TL: Salwatti
C. c. mysolensis Fruhstorfer, 1913
Mysol I. Cethosia cydippe mysolensis Fruhstorfer, 1913; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 27 (3) : 138, TL: Mysol. I
C. c. doxata Fruhstorfer, 1913
Goodenough I. Cethosia cydippe doxata Fruhstorfer, 1913; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 27 (3) : 139, TL: Goodenough I.
C. c. schoutensis Joicey & Noakes, 1915
Biak Cethosia chrysippe schoutensis Joicey & Noakes, 1915; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1915 (2) : 189, pl. 27, f. 1-2, TL: Biak
Cethosia chrysippe schoutensis ; [BAUR, 210 (text)]
C. c. antoni Kawai, 1996
Tanimbar Is. Cethosia chrysippe antoni Kawai, 1996; Trans. lepid. Soc. Japan 47 (2) : 109, TL: Tanimbar Is., Yamdena I.

Cethosia hypsea Doubleday, [1847]
Burma, Malaya, Sumatra. See [About maps] Cethosia hypsea Doubleday, [1847]; Gen. diurn. Lep. (1): pl. 20, f. 4
Cethosia hypsea, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Cethosia hypsea ; Fruhstorfer, 1900, Stettin ent. Ztg 61 (3/4) : 365; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 141, f. 1]; [BOR, 270]

Larva on Adenia [BMP]

Borneo Cethosia hypsea hypsea ; [BOR, 270]
C. h. aeole Moore, [1858]
NE.Sumatra Cethosia aeole Moore, [1858]; in Horsfield & Moore, Cat. lep. Ins. Mus. East India Coy 1 : 154
Cethosia aeole de Haan, MS
Cethosia aeole ; C. & R. Felder, 1860, Wien. ent. Monats. 4 (4): 103, pl. 1, f. 2
Cethosia hypsea aeole ; Fruhstorfer, 1900, Stettin ent. Ztg 61 (3/4) : 365; [BOR, 271]
C. h. mindanensis C. & R. Felder, 1863
Philippines (Mindanao, Basilan) Cethosia mindanensis C. & R. Felder, 1863; Wien. ent. Monats. 7 (4) : 106, TL: Mindanao
Cethosia hypsea mindanensis ; Fruhstorfer, 1900, Stettin ent. Ztg 61 (3/4) : 369; [BOR, 271]
C. h. hypsina C. & R. Felder, [1867]
S.Burma - Singapore Malay Lacewing
Cethosia hypsina C. & R. Felder, [1867]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (3): 385, TL: Malacca
Cethosia hypsea hypsina, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Cethosia hypsea hypsina ; Fruhstorfer, 1900, Stettin ent. Ztg 61 (3/4) : 365; [BMP: 157, pl. 22, f. 14-16]; [BOR, 271]
C. h. pallaurea Hagen, 1898
Mentawai Cethosia pallaurea Hagen, 1898; Ent. Nachr. 24 (13) : 202, TL: Mentawej
Cethosia pallaurea Hagen, 1902; Abh. Senckenb. Nat. Ges. 20 : 333, pl. 1, f. 6, TL: Mentawej
Cethosia gabinia pallaurea ; Fruhstorfer, 1900, Stettin ent. Ztg 61 (3/4) : 370
Cethosia hypsea pallaurea ; [BOR, 271]
C. h. palawana Fruhstorfer, 1900
Palawan Cethosia hypsea palawana Fruhstorfer, 1900; Stettin ent. Ztg 61 (3/4) : 367, TL: Palawan; Balabac(?)
Cethosia hypsea palawana ; [BOR, 270]
C. h. festiva Fruhstorfer, 1909
Jolo (Sulu Archipelago) Cethosia mindanensis festiva Fruhstorfer, 1909; Stettin ent. Ztg. 70 (2) : 229, TL: Jolo
Cethosia hypsea festiva ; [BOR, 271]
C. h. fruhstorferi Stichel, 1908
E.Java Cethosia hypsea fruhstorferi Stichel, 1908; Genera Insectorum 63 : 28, TL: E.Java
Cethosia hypsea fruhstorferi ; [BOR, 270]
C. h. munjava Fruhstorfer, 1912
W.Java hypsea munjava Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 504
Cethosia hypsea munjava ; [BOR, 270]
C. h. triocala Fruhstorfer, 1912
W.Sumatra hypsea triocala Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 504
Cethosia hypsea triocala ; [BOR, 271]
C. h. bankana Fruhstorfer, 1912
Bangka I. hypsea bankana Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 504
Cethosia hypsea bankana ; [BOR, 271]
C. h. nigrescens van Eecke, 1913
Simalur Cethosia hypsea var. nigrescens van Eecke, 1913; Notes Leyden Mus. 35 : 244, TL: Sinabang (Simalur)
C. h. batuensis Stichel, 1908
Batu Is. Cethosia hypsea batuensis Stichel, 1908; Genera Insectorum 63 : 29, pl. 3, f. 7 ♀, TL: Batu I.
Cethosia gabinia batunensis Fruhstorfer, 1900; Stettin ent. Ztg 61 (3/4) : 371 (nom. nud.)
Cethosia hypsea batuensis ; [BOR, 271]
C. h. elioti Okubo, 1983
Tioman Cethosia hypsea elioti Okubo, 1983; Tyô to Ga 33 (3,4): 172, f. 15-18, TL: Tekek-Juara, Tioman

Cethosia lamarckii Godart, 1819
Timor, Wetar, Kissar, Babar, Tanimbar?, Tajandu, Kur. See [About maps] Cethosia lamarckii Godart, 1819; Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 249
Cethosia lamarckii timorensis Stichel, 1908; Genera Insectorum 63 : 30
= Cethosia lamarckii timorensis ; [NHM]
justa Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 502, TL: Timor
= Cethosia lamarckii justa ; [NHM]
elateia Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 502
= Cethosia lamarckii elateia ; [NHM]
orientalis Talbot, 1932²; Bull. Hill. Mus. 4 : 157
= Cethosia lamarckii orientalis ; [NHM]
Cethosia lamarcki ; [BAUR, 208]

Cethosia luzonica C. & R. Felder, 1863
Luzon. See [About maps] Cethosia luzonica C. & R. Felder, 1863; Wien. ent. Monats. 7 (4) : 107, TL: Luzon
Cethosia luzonica ; [BOR, 273]
Philippines (Luzon) Cethosia hypsea luzonica ; Fruhstorfer, 1900, Stettin ent. Ztg 61 (3/4) : 368
Cethosia luzonica luzonica ; [BOR, 273]
C. l. pariana Semper, 1888
Philippines (Panay, Negros, Guimaras) Cethosia luzonica var. pariana Semper, 1888; Reisen Philipp. (3): 101
Cethosia hypsea pariana ; Fruhstorfer, 1900, Stettin ent. Ztg 61 (3/4) : 368
Cethosia luzonica pariana ; [BOR, 273]
C. l. boholica Semper, 1888
Bohol, Leyte, ?Samar, Cebu, Panaon Cethosia luzonica var. boholica Semper, 1888; Reisen Philipp. (3): 101, pl. 18, f. 9
Cethosia hypsea boholica ; Fruhstorfer, 1900, Stettin ent. Ztg 61 (3/4) : 368
Cethosia luzonica boholica ; [BOR, 273]
C. l. magindanica Semper, 1888
Philippines (Mindanao) Cethosia luzonica var. magindanica Semper, 1888; Reisen Philipp. (3): 102
Cethosia hypsea magindanica ; Fruhstorfer, 1900, Stettin ent. Ztg 61 (3/4) : 368
Cethosia luzonica magindanica ; [BOR, 273]

Cethosia myrina C. & R. Felder, [1867]
-. See [About maps] Violet Lacewing
Cethosia myrina C. & R. Felder, [1867]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (3): 386, pl. 48, f. 3-4, TL: Celebes
Cethosia myrina, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Cethosia myrina ; Fruhstorfer, 1900, Stettin ent. Ztg 61 (3/4) : 379; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 141, f. 2]; [BOR, 273]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 237
N.Sulawesi Cethosia myrina myrina ; [BOR, 273]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 237; Vane-Wright, 2012, J. Res. Lepid. 45: 56
C. m. ribbei Honrath, 1887
Banggai Cethosia myrina var. ribbei Honrath, 1887; Berl. ent. Z. 30 (2): 296, pl. 6, f. 3, TL: Kep. Banggai
Cethosia myrina ab. ribbei ; Fruhstorfer, 1900, Stettin ent. Ztg 61 (3/4) : 381
Cethosia myrina ribbei ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 237; Vane-Wright, 2012, J. Res. Lepid. 45: 60
C. m. sarnada Fruhstorfer, 1912
S.Sulawesi Cethosia myrina sarnada Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 506, pl. 110 d, TL: Bonthain
Cethosia myrina sarnada ; [BOR, 273]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 237; Vane-Wright, 2012, J. Res. Lepid. 45: 59
C. m. melancholica Fruhstorfer, 1912
E.Sulawesi Cethosia myrina melancholica Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 506, pl. 110 d, TL: Sulawesi
Cethosia myrina ♀ f. melancholia[sic] Fruhstorfer, 1909; Stettin ent. Ztg. 70 (2) : 229, TL: E.Celebes, Mapane
Cethosia myrina melancholica ; [BOR, 273]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 237; Vane-Wright, 2012, J. Res. Lepid. 45: 59
C. m. vanbemmeleni Jurriaanse, 1920
Butung I. Cethosia myrina vanbemmeleni Jurriaanse, 1920; Tijdschr. Ent. 62 : xlviii
Cethosia myrina bemmeleni[sic] Jurriaanse & Lindemans, 1918; Zool Meded. Leiden 4 (18) : 256
Cethosia myrina vanbemmeleni ; [BOR, 273]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 237; Vane-Wright, 2012, J. Res. Lepid. 45: 61

Cethosia nietneri C. & R. Felder, [1867]
Ceylon, W.Ghats. See [About maps] Tamil Lacewing
Cethosia nietneri C. & R. Felder, [1867]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (3): 380, pl. 48, f. 5-6, TL: Ceylon
Cethosia nietneri ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (2): 51, pl. 27, f. 3a-b; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 141, f. 4]; [BOR, 268]
Ceylon Cethosia cyane nietneri ; Fruhstorfer, 1900, Stettin ent. Ztg 61 (3/4) : 373
Cethosia nietneri nietneri ; [BOR, 268]
nietneri r. nietneri ; [BIR]
C. n. mahratta Moore, 1872
W.Ghats Cethosia mahratta Moore, 1872; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1872 (2) : 556, TL: Malabar, S.India
Cethosia cyane mahratta ; Fruhstorfer, 1900, Stettin ent. Ztg 61 (3/4) : 372
Cethosia nietneri mahratta ; [BOR, 268]
nietneri r. mahratta ; [BIR]

Cethosia obscura Guérin-Méneville, [1830]
Bismarck Archipelago. See [About maps] Cethosia obscura Guérin-Méneville, [1830]; Voyage Coquille, 2 (2) : pl. 15, f. 4
hormisda Fruhstorfer, 1915; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 745
= Cethosia obscura hormisda ; [NHM]
Cethosia obscura ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 141, f. 5]
New Hanover, New Ireland Cethosia obscura obscura ; [BAUR, 208 (text)]
C. o. antippe Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1889
New Britain, Duke of York I Cethosia antippe Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1889; Rhop. Exot. [2] 1: (Cethosia) 1, pl. 1, f. 1-2, TL: New Britain
Cethosia obscura antippe ; [BAUR, 208]
C. o. gabrielis Rothschild, 1898
Admiralty I. Cethosia gabrielis Rothschild, 1898; Novit. Zool. 5 (2): 218, TL: St. Gabriel, Admiralty Is.
Cethosia obscura gabrielis ; [BAUR, 208 (text)]
C. o. manusi Rothschild, 1915
Admiralty I. Cethosia obscura manusi Rothschild, 1915; Novit. Zool. 22 (2): 202, TL: Manus, Admiralty Island

Cethosia penthesilea (Cramer, [1777])
Java, Malaysia - Australia. See [About maps] Papilio penthesilea Cramer, [1777]; Uitl. Kapellen 2 (9-16): 78, pl. 145, f. B, C
?Cethosia penthesilea doddi Oberthür, 1911; Étud. Lépid. Comp. 5 (1) : 325, pl. 68, f. 650
algitha Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 507
Cethosia doddi Stichel, 1938
Cethosia penthesilea, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Cethosia penthesilea, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Cethosia penthesilea ; Fruhstorfer, 1900, Stettin ent. Ztg 61 (3/4) : 374; [EBW]; [BOR, 273]; [BOW: pl. 141, f. 3]

Larva on Adenia heterophylla K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991, Review Austr. Butts. (1-4): (120-140)

Java, ?Bali, ?Kangean Cethosia penthesilea penthesilea ; [BOR, 273]
C. p. methypsea Butler, 1879
S.Burma - Peninsular Malaya, Langkawi Cethosia methypsea Butler, 1879; Trans. linn. Soc. Lond. (2) 1 (8) : 543
Cethosia methypsea methypsea, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Cethosia methypsea ; Fruhstorfer, 1900, Stettin ent. Ztg 61 (3/4) : 371
Cethosia penthesilea methypsea ; [BOR, 273]; [BMP: 157, pl. 22, f. 5, 17-18]
C. p. carolinae Forbes, 1885
W.Sumatra Cethosia carolinae Forbes, 1885; Natur. Wand. E. Arch.: 274
Cethosia penthesilea carolinae ; Fruhstorfer, 1900, Stettin ent. Ztg 61 (3/4) : 378; [BOR, 273]
C. p. exsanguis Fruhstorfer, 1897
Lombok Cethosia penthesilea exsanguis Fruhstorfer, 1897; Berl. Ent. Zs. 41 (4) : 382, TL: Lombok
Cethosia penthesilea exsanguis ; Fruhstorfer, 1900, Stettin ent. Ztg 61 (3/4) : 376; [BOR, 273]
C. p. filiola Fruhstorfer, 1902
Sumba Cethosia penthesilea filiola Fruhstorfer, 1902; Stettin ent. Ztg 63 (1) : 348, TL: Sumba
Cethosia penthesilea filiola ; [BOR, 273]
C. p. diffusa Fruhstorfer, 1905
Sumbawa Cethosia penthesilea diffusa Fruhstorfer, 1905; Ent. Zs. 19 (19) : 105, TL: Sumbawa
Cethosia penthesilea diffusa ; [BOR, 273]
C. p. paksha Fruhstorfer, 1905
Northern Territory, Timor, Wetar, Kisar, Damar, Tanimbar? Orange Lacewing
Cethosia penthesilea paksha Fruhstorfer, 1905; Ent. Zs. 19 (19) : 105, TL: Wetter; Timor
Cethosia penthesilea paksha Fruhstorfer, 1906; Wiener ent. Ztg 25 (10) : 332, TL: Wetter
Cethosia penthesilea paksha ; [BAUR, 208]
C. p. baweanica Fruhstorfer, 1912
Bawean penthesilea baweanica Fruhstorfer, 1912; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 506, pl. 110 a-b
Cethosia penthesilea baweanica ; [BOR, 273]

The ? species-group

Cethosia moesta C. & R. Felder, [1867]
Bachan, Halmahera, Ternate Cethosia moesta C. & R. Felder, [1867]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (3): 383, TL: Hamlaheira
Cethosia biblis moesta ; Stichel, 1908, Genera Insectorum 63 : 24
Cethosia moesta ; [EBW, (name)]; [BAUR, 208]

Cethosia leschenault Godart, [1824]
Timor, Wetar. See [About maps] Cethosia leschenault Godart, [1824]; Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (2): 816
?leschnaulti[sic?] ;
Cethosia lechenaulti[sic, recte leschenault] ; [EBW, (name)]; [BAUR, 209]

Cethosia gabinia Weymer, 1883
Nias Cethosia gabinia Weymer, 1883; Ent. Nachr. 9 : 191, TL: Nias
Cethosia gabinia ; Fruhstorfer, 1900, Stettin ent. Ztg 61 (3/4) : 369; [BOR, 271]

Cethosia vasilia Müller, 1999
Cethosia vasilia Müller, 1999; Records of the Australian Museum 51: (169-177), TL: New Ireland, Papua New Guinea, 990m


30.4.2013 (14)

References:
[Aarno Junkkari]
e-mail: Aarno Junkkari
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BAUR]
D'Abrera, 1977; Butterflies of the Australian Region (2nd edn)
[BHL]
The; Biodiversity Heritage Library; and on; Internet Archive; Note: The linking to the content of Internet Archive is somewhat delicate -- notify me when links break!
[BIR]
Wynter-Blyth, 1957; Butterflies of the Indian Region; (1982 Reprint)
[BMP]
Eliot (Ed.), Corbet & Pendlebury, 1992; The Butterflies of The Malay Peninsula; 4th edition; ISBN 983-9681-05-2
[BOR]
D'Abrera, 1982, 1985, 1986; Butterflies of the Oriental Region, Part I-III
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[CiNii]
http://ci.nii.ac.jp/
[Don Herbison-Evans]
and Stella A. Crossley; Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans
[EBW]
Smart, Paul, 1976; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World; ISBN 0 600 31381 6
[Erich Mangl]
http://www.mangl.at
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[Kedar Tokekar]
India
[LAMAS-2005]
Gerardo Lamas; Entomofauna 26 (6): 57-100; A Bibliography of the Zoological Publications of Hans Fruhstorfer (1886* - 1922+)
[LAMAS-NEO]
Gerardo Lamas; Bibliography of butterflies; An Annocated Bibliography of the Neotropical Butterflies and Skipper (Lepididoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea); Revised Electronic Edition (2007)
[MRS]
Chou Io (Ed.); Monographia Rhopalocerum Sinensium, 1-2
[NBC]
Netherlands Centre for Biodiversity Naturalis; NBC naturalis
[NHM]
Natural History Museum; The Global Lepidoptera Names Index
[Oleg Kosterin]
Institue of Cytology & Genetics; Siberian Division of Russian Academy of Sciences; Novosibirsk; e-mail: Oleg Kosterin; http://pisum.bionet.nsc.ru/kosterin/
[Wahlberg]
Niklas Wahlberg; The NSG's voucher specimen database; Nymphalidae Systematics Group
[Yutaka Inayoshi]
A Check List of Butterflies in Indo-China; Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM
[²]
This may require parentheses or not. I don't have the necessary information for this taxon.


Some related literature:
Billberg, 1820
Enumeratio Insectorum Enum. Ins. Mus. Billb. : 1-138
Butler, 1873
Descriptions of new species of Lepidoptera Cist. Ent. 1 (7) : 151-177
Butler, 1876
On a small Collection of Lepidoptera from Cape York and the South-east Coast of New Guinea Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (4) 18 (104) : 122-128
Butler, 1879
The butterflies of Malacca Trans. linn. Soc. Lond. (2) 1 (8) : 533-568, pl. 68-69
Eliot in Corbet & Pendlebury, 1978
The butterflies of the Malay Peninsula. Third Edition revised by J. N. Eliot Butterflies Malay Peninsula (3rd edn): 578pp, 55pls
Cramer, [1775]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) Uitl. Kapellen 1 (1-7): 1-132, pl. 1-84 (1775), (8): 133-155, pl. 85-96 (1776)
Cramer, [1777]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) Uitl. Kapellen 2 (9-16): 1-152, pl. 97-192 (1777)
Distant, 1881
Description of a new Butterfly from the Malay Peninsula Ent. mon. Mag. 18 (6) : 134-135
Doherty, 1891
The Butterflies of Sumba and Sumbawa, with some Account of the Island of Sumba J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 60 Pt.II (2) : 141-197, pl. 2
Doubleday, [1847]
The genera of diurnal Lepidoptera, comprising their generic characters, a notice of their habitats and transformations, and a catalogue of the species of each genus; illustrated with 86 plates by W. C. Hewitson Gen. diurn. Lep. (1): 1-18, pl. A, 1-4 (1-2) (1846), (1): 19-132, pl. 4*, 5-25, 28 (3-14) (1847), (1): 133-200, pl. 1*, 26, 27, 29, 31-44 (15-23) (1848), (1): 201-242, pl. 30, 45-52, 56-58, 60-62, 64 (24-31) (1849), (1): 243-250 [?], (2): 243-326, pl. 53-55, 63, 65, 66 (32-38) (1850), (2): 327-466, pl. 59, 67-77 (39-50) (1851), (2): 467-534, 143, 144, pl. 78-80 (Index) (51-54) (1852)
Drury, [1773]
Illustrations of natural history; wherein are exhibited ... Illust. Nat. Hist. Exot. Insects 1 : 1-130, pl. 1-50 (1770), (1773)
K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991
Review of Australian Butterflies: distribution, life history and taxonomy. Pushlished by authors, Melbourne Review Austr. Butts. (1-4):
van Eecke, 1913
Fauna Simalurensis. Lepidoptera Rhopalocera, fam. Satyridae, Morphidae and Nymphalidae Notes Leyden Mus. 35 : 243-247
Fabricius, 1775
Systema Entomologiae, sistens Insectorum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, Adiectis Synonymis, Locis, Descriptionibus, Observationibus. Syst. Ent.: 832pp
Fabricius, 1807
Systema Glossatorum. Die neueste Gattungs-Eintheilung der Schmetterlinge aus den Linnéischen Gattungen Papilio und Sphinx Magazin f. Insektenk. (Illiger) 6: 277-295
Felder, 1862
Verzeichniss der von den Naturforschern der k. k. Fregatte Novara gesammelten Macropepidoteren Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 12 (1/2) : 473-496
C. & R. Felder, 1860
Lepidopterologische Fragmente. V-VI Wien. ent. Monats. 4 (4): 97-112, pl. 1-2, (8): 225-251, pl. 3-4
C. & R. Felder, 1861
Lepidoptera nova a Dr. Carolo Semper in Insulis Philippinis collecta diagnosibus. (1) Wien. ent. Monats. 5 (10) : 297-306
C. & R. Felder, 1863
Lepidoptera nova a Dr. Carolo Semper in Insulis Philippinis collecta diagnosibus. (3) Wien. ent. Monats. 7 (4) : 105-127
C. & R. Felder, [1867]
Reise der österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Behilfen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair. Zoologischer Theil. Band 2. Abtheilung 2. Lepidoptera. Rhopalocera Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (1): 1-136, pl. 1-21 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, [1865]), (2): 137-378, pl. 22-47 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, 1865), (3): 379-536, pl. 48-74 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, 1867), (4): 537-548, pl. 75-120, (Inhalts-Verz.) 1-9 (pl. 1-74), (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1874) , (5): pl. 121-140, (erklärung) 1-10 (pl. 75-107), (Inhalts-Verz.) 1-20 (pl. 108-140), (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1875)
Forbes, 1885
A Naturalist's Wanderings in the eastern Archipelago, a narrative Travel and Exploration from 1878 to 1883 Natur. Wand. E. Arch.: xix, 536pp, 14 pls
Fruhstorfer, 1896
Neue Lepidopteren aus Lombok. I-IV Soc. Ent. 11 (13): 107-108 (1 October, 1896), (14): 115-116 (15 October, 1896), (15): 123-124 (1 November, 1896), (17): 140 (1 December, 1896), (21): 172 (1 February, 1897)
Fruhstorfer, 1897
Neue und wenig bekannte Lepidopteren aus dem malayischen Archipel Berl. Ent. Zs. 41 (4) : 377-399, pl. 9 (end May)
Fruhstorfer, 1899
Cethosia biblis sandakana nov. subspec. Soc. Ent. 13 (21) : 161-162 (1 February)
Fruhstorfer, 1900
Aufzählung der bekannten Cethosia-Arten Stettin ent. Ztg 61 (3/4) : 364-381 (after November).
Fruhstorfer, 1902
Neue Indo-Australische Lepidopteren Dt. ent. Z. Iris 14 (2) : 334-350 (1 March)
Fruhstorfer, 1902
Aufzählung der bekannten Cethosia-Arten Stettin ent. Ztg 63 (1) : 330-349 (1 July)
Fruhstorfer, 1902
Neue Lepidopteren aus dem Indo-Malayischen Gebiet Dt. ent. Z. Iris 15 (1) : 169-178 (early September)
Fruhstorfer, 1905
Neue Rhopaloceren Insekten-Börse 22 (9): 36 (2 March)
Fruhstorfer, 1905
Neue Cethosia-Formen Ent. Zs. 19 (19) : 105-106, f. 5-7 (15 August)
Fruhstorfer, 1906
Neue Rhopaloceren Ent. Zs. 19 (36) : 215-216 (15 March)
Fruhstorfer, 1906
Verzeichnis der von mir in Tonkin, Annam und Siam gesammelten Nymphaliden und Besprechung verwandter Formen Wiener ent. Ztg 25 (10) : 307-362, pl. 1-2 (30 October)
Fruhstorfer, 1908
Neue indische Tagfalter-Formen Ent. Zs. 22 (34) : 135 (21 November)
Fruhstorfer, 1909
Neues über Rhopaloceren Stettin ent. Ztg. 70 (2) : 209-238 (early April)
Fruhstorfer, 1912; Fruhstorfer, 1915
6. Familie: Nymphalidae in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 453-456 (31 January, 1912), : 457-488 (18 March, 1912), : 489-496 (25 May, 1912), : 489-496 (10 May, 1912), : 497-504 (15 April, 1912), : 505-512 (10 May, 1912), : 513-528 (11 April, 1912), : 529-552 (20 April, 1912), : 553-592 (15 May, 1912), : 593-616 (25 September, 1912), : 617-632 (15 October, 1912), : 633-640 (25 October, 1912), : 641-656 (10 January, 1913), : 657-664 (12 January, 1913), : 665-680 (13 January, 1913), : 681-688 (25 January, 1913), : 689-696 (16 June, 1913), : 697-704 (5 August, 1913), : 705-712 (20 January, 1914), : 713-720 (20 November, 1913), : 721-744 (9 March, 1914), : 745-751 (30 July, 1915), : 753-760 (28 March, 1914), : 761-766 (14 April, 1914)
Fruhstorfer, 1913
Neue Indo-Australiche[sic] Rhopaloceren Dt. ent. Z. Iris 27 (3) : 130-139 ([14 October])
Godart, 1819; Godart, [1824]
in Latreille & Godart, Encyclopédie Méthodique. Histoire naturelle Entomologie, ou histoire naturelle des crustacés, des arachnides et des insectes Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 3-328 (1819), (2): 329-828 ([1824])
Grose-Smith, 1887
Descriptions of three new Species of Butterflies from Burmah Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 19 (112) : 296-297
Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1889
Rhopalocera Exotica, being Illustrations of New, Rare, and Unfigured Species of Butterflies Rhop. Exot. [1] 1: (Ornithoptera) 1-2, pl. 1 (1887), [1] 2: (Ornithoptera) 3-4, pl. 2 (1892), [1] 3: (Ornithoptera) [5-6] 1-2, pl. 3 (1900), [1] 3: (Ornithoptera) 7-8, pl. 4 (1901), [1] 1: (Papilio) 1-2, pl. 1 (1887), [1] 1: (Papilio) 3-5,7-14, pl. 2-6 (1888), [1] 1: (Papilio) 15-20, pl. 7-9 (1890), [1] 1: (Papilio) 21-25, pl. 10-11 (1891), [1] 2: (Papilio) 27-31, pl. 12-13 (1893), [1] 2: (Papilio) 33-35, pl. 14 (1894), [1] 2: (Papilio) 37-38, pl. 15 (1895), [1] 2: (Papilio) 39-40, pl. 16 (1897), [1] 3: (Papilio) 41-46, pl. 17-19 (1899), [1] 3: (Papilio) 47-48, pl. 20 (1900), [1] 3: (Papilio) 49-50, pl. 21 (1901), [1] 3: (Papilio) 51-55, pl. 22-23 (1902), [1] 1: (Delias) 1-3, pl. 1 (1889), [1] 2: (Delias) 5-7, 9-11, pl. 2-3 (1893), [1] 2: (Delias) 12-18, pl. 4-5 (1895), [1] 2: (Delias) 20-22, pl. 6 (1896), [1] 3: (Delias) 24-26, pl. 7 (1897), [1] 3: (Delias) 28-35, pl. 8-9 (1901), [1] 3: (Delias) 36-38, pl. 10 (1902), [1] 1: (Pieridae) 1-3, pl. 1 (1888), [1] 2: (Pinacopteryx) 1-4, pl. 1 (1893), [1] 1: (Callosune) 1-3, pl. 1 (1889), [1] 3: (Huphina) 1-7, pl. 1-2 (1898), [1] 3: (Huphina) [8],9-10, pl. 3 (1899), [1] 1: (Elodina) 1-4, pl. 1 (1890), [1] 1: (Belenois) 1-4, pl. 1 (1892), [1] 2: (Belenois) 5-8, pl. 2 (1892), [1] 3: (Mylothris) 1-3, 5-7, pl. 1-2 (1900), [1] 1: (Ixias) 1-3, pl. 1 (1888), [1] 2: (Appias) 1-3, pl. 1 (1894), [1] 1: (Pierinae) 5-7, pl. 2 (1889), [1] 2: (Dismorphia) 1-4, pl. 1 (1896), [1] 2: (Dismorphia) 5-9, 11-15, pl. 2-3 (1897), [2] 1: (Asthipa) 1-3, pl. 1 (1890), [2] 2: (Asthipa) 5-6, pl. 2 (1896), [2] 2: (Ravadeba) 7, pl. 1 (1896), [2] 2: (Mycalesis) 1-4, pl. 1 (1895), [2] 2: (Mycalesis) 5-12, pl. 2-3 (1896), [2] 3: (Mycalesis) 13-18, pl. 4-5 (1902), [2] 3: (Libythea) 1-2, pl. 1 (1902), : (Ragadia-Argyronympha-Hypocysta) : 1-6, pl. [1] (1895), [2] 2: (Pedaliodes) 1-5, pl. 1 (1893), [2] 2: (Pedaliodes) 7-9, pl. 2 (1894), [2] 2: (Pedaliodes) 10-14, pl. 3 (1895), [2] 3: (Pedaliodes) 15-20, pl. 4-5, (Oxeoschistus) 1 (1900), [2] 3: (Pronophila) 1-2, pl. 1, (Oxeoschistus) 2-3, pl. 1 (1900), [2] 2: (Elymnias) 1-4, pl. 1 (1896), [2] 3: (Elymnias) 5-6, pl. 2, (Bruasa) 6-7, pl. 1 (1897), [2] 1: (Morpho) 1-2, pl. 1 (1890), [2] 3: (Morphotenaris-Hyantis) 1-3, pl. [1] (1898), [2] 2: (Tenaris) 1-3, 5-7, pl. 1-2 (1894), [2] 2: (Tenaris) 9-11, pl. 3 (1895), [2] 2: (Tenaris) 13-15, pl. 4 (1896), [2] 3: (Tenaris) 17-18, pl. 5 (1898), [2] 1: (Heliconius) 1-3, pl. 1 (1892), [2] 1: (Acraea) 1-6, pl. 1-2 (1889), [2] 1: (Acraea) 7-10, pl. 3 (1892), [2] 2: (Acraea) 11-14, pl. 4 (1892), [2] 2: (Acraea) 15-18, pl. 5 (1894), [2] 3: (Acraea) 19-29, pl. 6-8, (Planema) 29-30, pl. [1] (1901), [2] 1: (Cethosia) 1-2, pl. 1 (1889), [2] 3: (Cirrhochroa) 1, pl. [1], (Cupha) 2-4, pl. [1] (1898), [2] 2: (Terinos) 1-2, pl. 1 (1894), [2] 1: (Thaleropis) 1-3, pl. 1 (1891), [2] 2: (Doleschallia) 1-3,5-7, pl. 1-2 (1893), [2] 2: (Kallima) 1-3, pl. 1 (1892), [2] 1: (Hypolimnas) 1-2, pl. 1 (1891), [2] 3: (Hypolimnas) 3-4, pl. 2 (1897), [2] 3: (Hypolimnas) 5-6, pl. 3 (1898), [2] 1: (Euxanthe) 1-3, pl. 1 (1890), [2] 1: (Hestina) 1-3, pl. 1 (1891), [2] 1: (Cymothoe) 1-4, pl. 1 (1890), [2] 3: (Limenitis) 1-3, pl. 1 (1899), [2] 2: (Neptis) 1-4, pl. 1 (1895), [2] 3: (Neptis) 5-11, pl. 2-3 (1899), [2] 3: (Neptis) 13-17, pl. 4-5 (1900), [2] 1: (Euthalia-Tanaecia) 1-3, pl. 1 (1889), [2] 1: (Euthalia) 5-10, pl. 2-3 (1891), [2] 2: (Euthalia) 11-14, pl. 4 (1894), [2] 3: (Euthalia) 15, pl. 5, (Dichorragia) 16, pl. 1 (1898), [2] 1: (Apatura) 1-3, pl. 1 (1892), [2] 1: (Euphaedra) 1-2, pl. 1 (1889), [2] 1: (Euryphene) 1-3, pl. 1 (1889), [2] 1: (Charaxes) 1-2,[3-4] pl. 1-2 (1887), [2] 1: (Charaxes) [5], pl. 3 (1888), [2] 1: (Charaxes) 7-9, pl. 4 (1890), [2] 1: (Charaxes) 11-13, pl. 5 (1891), [2] 1: (Mynes) 1-2, pl. 1 (1888), [2] 2: (Mynes) 3-6, pl. 2 (1894), [2] 2: (Prothoe) 1-2, pl. 1 (1896), [3] 3: (Erycinidae) 1-10, pl. 1-2 (1902), [3] 2: (Dicallaneura-etc) 1-6, pl. 1 (1897), [3] 3: (Dicallaneura-etc) 7-11, pl. 2 (1901), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 1-4,[5-9] 1-5, pl. 1-2 (1887), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 11-17, 19-22, pl. 3-5 (1888), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 23-25, 27-29, 31-33, pl. 6-8 (1889), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 35-48, pl. 9-11 (1890), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 49-51,53-64, pl. 12-15 (1891), [3] 2: (Lycaenidae) 65-68, pl. 16 (1892), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) [69-72] 57-60, pl. 17 (1892), [3] 2: (Lycaenidae) [73-77] 61-65,79-84, pl. 18-19 (1892), [3] 2: (Lycaenidae) 85-107, pl. 20-23 (1893), [3] 2: (Lycaenidae) 109-120, pl. 24-25 (1894), [3] 3: (Lycaenidae) 121-125, pl. 26 (1900), [3] 3: (Lycaenidae) 127-131, 133-141, pl. 27-29 (1901), [3] 3: (Lycaenidae) 143-146, pl. 30 (1902), [3] 2: (Hypochrysops) 1-6, pl. 1 (1894), [3] 2: (Hypochrysops) 7-13, 15-22, pl. 2-3 (1895), [3] 2: (Thysonotis) 23-25, 27-31, pl. 1-2 (1895), [3] 2: (Waigeum) 34-38, pl. 1 (1896), [3] 2: (Thysonotis) 39-46, pl. 3-4 (1896), [3] 2: (Holochila) 1-4, pl. 1 (1896), [3] 2: (Holochila) 5-8, pl. 2 (1897), [3] 2: (Pseudonotis) 1-3, pl. [1], (Epimastidia) 4-5, pl. [1], (Lampides) 5-8, pl. [1] (1897), [3] 2: (Lampides) 9-10, pl. 2, (Thysonotis) 47, pl. 5 (1897), [3] 3: (Holochila) 9-11, pl. 3 (1898), [3] 3: (Arhopala) 1-7, pl. 1-2 (1898), [3] 3: (Arhopala) 9-12, pl. 3, (Ilerda) 13, pl. [1], (Horaga) 14-15, pl. [1] (1902), [3] 3: (Thysonotis) 47x,48-50, pl. 6 (1898), [3] 3: (Hypochrysops) 23-26, pl. 4 (1898), [3] 3: (Holochila) 13-15, pl. 4 (1899), [3] 3: (Hypochrysops) 27-29, pl. 5, (Waigeum) [30], pl. 2 (1899), [3] 3: (Holochila) 17-19, pl. 5 (1899), [3] 3: (Thysonotis) 51-54, pl. 7 (1899), [3] 3: (Jamides) 11-14, pl. 1 (1900), [3] 3: (Hypolycaena-etc) 1-4, pl. [1] (1900), [3] 3: (Hypochrysops) 31-33, pl. 6, (Thysonotis) 55-56, pl. 8 (1900), [3]: (Additions-Corrections) 1-2,[3],vii-x
Guérin-Méneville, [1830]
Crustacés, arachnides et insectes. 319pp, 22pls [lepidoptera 271-286] Voyage Coquille, 2 (2) : pl. 13-17 (1830), : pl. 14bis (1831), : pl. 18-19 (1831), : 271-286, 316-319 [index?] (1838)
Hagen, 1898
Vorläufige Diagnose neuer Rhopaloceren von den Mentawej-Inseln Ent. Nachr. 24 (13) : 193-207
Hagen, 1902
Schmetterlinge von den Mentawej-Inseln Abh. Senckenb. Nat. Ges. 20 : 309-340, pl. 1-2
Hall, 1929
New forms of Nymphalidae (Rhopalocera) in the collection of the British Museum Entomologist 62: 130-134
Holland, 1900
The Lepidoptera of Buru. (1) Rhopalocera, (2) Heterocera Novit. Zool. 7 (1): 54-86, (3): 555-591
Honrath, 1887
Neue Rhopalocera (4 & 5) Berl. ent. Z. 30 (1): 129-131, pl. 5, (2): 294-296, pl. 6 (1887)
Hübner, [1819]
Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge, 1816-[1826] Verz. bek. Schmett. (1): [1-3], 4-16 (1816), (2): 17-32 (1819), (3): 33-48 (1819), (4): 49-64 (1819), (5): 65-80 (1819), (6): 81-96 (1819), (7): 97-112 (1819), (8): 113-128 (1819), (9): 129-144 (1819), (10): 145-160 (1819), (11): 161-176 (1819), (12): 177-192 (1820), (13): 193-208 (1820), (14): 209-224 (1821), (15): 225-240 (1821), (16): 241-256 (1821), (17): 257-272 (1823), (18): 273-288 (1823), (19): 289-304 (1823), (20): 305-320 (1825), (21): 321-336 (1825), (22): 337-352 (1825), (23-27): 353-431 ([1825])
Joicey & Noakes, 1915
New Butterflies and a Moth from Biak Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1915 (2) : 177-197, pl. 21-28
Jurriaanse, 1920
[Verslag] Tijdschr. Ent. 62 : xlvii-li
Jurriaanse & Lindemans, 1918
A new Cethosia-form from Boeton Zool Meded. Leiden 4 (18) : 256-257
Kalis, 1933
Bijdrage tot de kennis van de Lepidoptera Rhopalocera van Nederlandsch-Indië Tijdschr. Ent. 76 (1-2) : 47-86
Kawai, 1996
A new subspecies of Cethosia chrysippe (Fabricius) (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) from the Tanimbar Is [in Japanese] Trans. lepid. Soc. Japan 47 (2) : 108-110
Linnaeus, 1763
in Johansson (Thesis), Centuria Insectorum Amoenitates Acad., 6: -,(121) 384-415
Linnaeus, 1767
Systema Naturae per Regna tria Naturae, secundum Classes, Ordines, .... Editio Duocecima Reformata. Tom. 1. Part II. Syst. Nat. (Edn 12) 1 (2): -,533-1327
Moore, [1858]
A Catalogue of the Lepidopterous Insects in the Museum of the Hon. East-India Company in Horsfield & Moore, Cat. lep. Ins. Mus. East India Coy 1: : 1-278, pl. 1-12,1a,2a,3a,4a,5a,6a
Moore, 1872
Descriptions of new Indian Lepidoptera Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1872 (2) : 555-583, pl. 32-34
Moore, [1881]
The Lepidoptera of Ceylon Lepid. Ceylon 1 (1): 1-40, pl. 1-18 (Dec 1880), (2): 41-80, pl. 19-36 (Jan 1881), (3): 81-136, pl. 37-54 (Jun 1881), (4): 137-190, pl. 55-71 (Dec 1881)
Okubo, 1983
Butterflies of Tioman Island, West Malaysia, with the description of new species Tyô to Ga 33 (3,4): 168-184
Pagenstecher, 1894
Beiträge zur Lepidopteren - Fauna des Malayischen Archipels. (9 & 10) Jb. Nassau. Ver. Nat. 47 : 25-58, pl. 1, : 59-81, pl. 2-3
Rothschild, 1898
Some new Lepidoptera from the East Novit. Zool. 5 (2): 216-219, (3): 602-605
Rothschild, 1915
On the Lepidoptera in the Tring Museum sent by Mr. A. S. Meek from the Admiralty Islands, Dampier and Vulcan Islands Novit. Zool. 22 (2): 192-208, (3): 387-402
Semper, 1888
Die Schmetterlinge der Philippinischen Inseln. Reisen im Archipel der Philippinen Reisen Philipp. (1): 1-46, pl. 1-8, A (1886), (2): 47-86, pl. 9-16 (1887), (3): 87-134, pl. 17-24 (1888), (4): 135-174, pl. 25-32 (1889), (5): 175-238, pl. 33-38, B (1890), (6): 239-270, pl. 39-46 (1891), (7): 271-380, pl. 47-49 [iv] (1892)
Stichel, 1908
Lepidoptera Rhopalocera. Fam. Nymphalidae. Subfam. Dioninae Genera Insectorum 63 : 1-38, pl. 1-3
Stichel, 1938
Nymphalidae I: Subfam.: Dioninae, Anetiinae, Apaturinae in Bryk, Lep. Cat. 30 (86): 1-374
Talbot, 1932
New forms of Lepidoptera from the Oriental Region Bull. Hill. Mus. 4 : 155-169
Vane-Wright, 2012
Subspecies of the Violet Lacewing, Cethosia myrina (Nymphalidae: Heliconiinae), a protected butterfly from Sulawesi J. Res. Lepid. 45: 55-64
Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003
The butterflies of Sulawesi: annotated checklist for a critical island faunda Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 3-268, pl. 1-16
Wallace, 1869
Notes on eastern Butterflies (3 parts) Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1869 (1): 77-81, (4): 277-288, 321-349
Weymer, 1883
Exotische Lepidopteren Ent. Nachr. 9 : 190-196


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Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.