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Tithorea Doubleday, [1847]
Tithorea Doubleday, [1847]; Gen. diurn. Lep. (1): 99[?], pl. 14, f. 1-2, TS: Heliconia megara Godart
Hirsutis Haensch, 1909; in Seitz, Grosschmett. Erde 5: 119, TS: Papilio harmonia Cramer
= ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 45; [NL4A, 172]
Tithorea, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Tithorea ; Godman & Salvin, [1879], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 9
Tithorea (Tithoreini) ; Fox, 1940, Trans. amer. entomol. Soc. 66 (3) : 174; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 23, 45; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: 2; Brevignon, 2003, Lambillionea 103 (1): 41; [NL4A, 172]
Tithorea (Tithoreina) ; [Wahlberg]

Tithorea harmonia (Cramer, [1777])
-. See [About maps] Papilio harmonia Cramer, [1777]; Uitl. Kapellen 2 (9-16): 142, pl. 190, f. D, TL: Surinam
Tithorea harmonia, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Tithorea harmonia ; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: 2, pl.2, f. 1-2; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 51; [EBW]; [NL4A, #20]
[harmonia-1m.jpg] 553x455 (~42Kb) male Belize, Central America, Photo © John Shuey

Surinam, Venezuela, French Guiana f. moppa Bryk, 1937; in Strand, Lep. Cat. 28 (80): 462, TL: "East Indies"
= ; [NL4A, #20a]
?Papilio mopsa Fabricius, 1781; Spec. Ins. 2 : 27
= ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 54
= Tithorea harmmonia moppa ; [NHM]
Tithorea harmonia deltana Fox, 1956; Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 54, pl. 5, f. 6, TL: Orinoco delta, Venezuela
= ; [NL4A, #20a (hyb.)]
Tithorea harmonia moppa ; Brevignon, 2003, Lambillionea 103 (1): 41, f. 15
Tithorea harmonia harmonia ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 54, pl. 5, f. 8; [NL4A, #20a]
T. h. irene (Drury, 1782)
Panama Papilio irene Drury, 1782; Illust. Nat. Hist. Exot. Insects 3 : pl. 38, f. 1, TL: ["Jamaica"]
Tithorea umbratilis Bates, 1866; Ent. mon. Mag. 3 (28): 86, TL: Panama
= Tithorea irene ; Godman & Salvin, [1879], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 10
= ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 53; [NL4A, #20o]
Tithorea irene ; Godman & Salvin, [1879], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 10, 3: pl. 2, f. 10; [BOW: pl. 48, f. 6 (text only)]
Tithorea harmonia irene ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 53, pl. 5, f. 3; [NL4A, #20o]
T. h. megara (Godart, 1819)
Trinidad Heliconia megara Godart, 1819; Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 223, TL: "Antilles"
Tithorea flavescens Kirby, 1889; Entomologist 22 : 149, TL: Trinidad
= ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 54; [NL4A, #20s]
Tithorea harmonia megara ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 54, pl. 5, f. 7; [NL4A, #20s]
T. h. cuparina Bates, 1862
Brazil(Pará) Tithorea cuparina Bates, 1862; Trans. linn. Soc. Lond. 23 (3) : 552, TL: Brazil, Pará, Rio Cupari
Tithorea harmonia cuparina ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 55, pl. 5, f. 9; [NL4A, #20d]
T. h. egaensis Butler, 1873
Brazil(Amazonas) Tithorea egaensis Butler, 1873; Cist. Ent. 1 (7) : 156, TL: Brazil, Amazonas, Middle Rio Maranon and Rio Huallaga
Tithorea harmonia egaensis ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 56, pl. 6, f. 5; [NL4A, #20f]
T. h. pseudethra Butler, 1873
Brazil Tithorea pseudethra Butler, 1873; Cist. Ent. 1 (7) : 155, TL: Brazil
Tithorea harmonia pseudethra ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 58, pl. 6, f. 9; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (2): 95; [NL4A, #20v]
T. h. neitha Hopffer, 1874
Peru Tithorea neitha Hopffer, 1874; Stettin ent. Ztg 35 (10-12) : 337, TL: Peru
Tithorea neitha Hopffer, 1879; Stettin Ent. Ztg 40 (1-2): 89
Tithorea harmonia neitha ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 57, pl. 6, f. 6; [NL4A, #20u]
T. h. helicaon Godman & Salvin, [1879]
Nicaragua - Panama, Costa Rica Tithorea helicaon Godman & Salvin, [1879]; Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 10, TL: Costa Rica
Tithorea helicaon ; Godman & Salvin, [1901], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 640
Tithorea harmonia helicaon ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 53, pl. 5, f. 2; [NL4A, #20k]; [BCR, 218]

Larva on Prestonia [BCR]

T. h. hippothous Godman & Salvin, [1879]
Guatemala Tithorea hippothous Godman & Salvin, [1879]; Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 11, TL: Guatemala
Tithorea harmonia hippothous, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Tithorea harmonia hippothous, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Tithorea hippothous ; Godman & Salvin, [1901], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 640
Tithorea harmonia hippothous ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 53, pl. 5, f. 1; [NL4A, #20n]
Misidentified/misapplied:
Tithorea irene; Godman & Salvin, [1879], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 3: pl. 2, f. 9
T. h. salvadoris Staudinger, 1885
El Salvador Tithorea furea var. salvadoris Staudinger, 1885; in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (9): 73, TL: El Salvador
Tithorea salvadoris ; Godman & Salvin, [1901], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 641
Tithorea harmonia salvadoris ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 53, pl. 4, f. 9; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: pl. 2, f. 1; [NL4A, #20x]
T. h. furia Staudinger, [1884]
Ecuador - Venezuela harmonia furia Staudinger, [1884]; in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (9): 73, (6): pl. 30, TL: Venezuela
tyro Doubleday, 1847; (nom. nud.), TL: Venezuela
= ; [NL4A, #20h]
Tithorea furia ; [BOW: pl. 48, f. 4 (text only)]
Tithorea harmonia furia ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 53, pl. 5, f. 4; [NL4A, #20h]
T. h. pseudonyma Staudinger, 1894
Bolivia Tithorea harmonia var. pseudonyma Staudinger, 1894; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 7 (1) : 65, pl. 2, f. 7, TL: Bolivia
Hirsutis pseudonyma mira Neustetter, 1929; Int. ent. Zs. 22: 390, TL: Bolivia
= Tithorea harmonia psuedonyma ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 57
= ; [NL4A, #20w]
Tithorea harmonia pseudonyma ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 57, pl. 6, f. 7-8; [NL4A, #20w]
T. h. flacilla Godman & Salvin, 1898
Colombia Tithorea flacilla Godman & Salvin, 1898; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1898 (1) : 105, TL: Colombia
= Tithorea harmonia furina ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 54
Tithorea harmonia flacilla ; [NL4A, #20g]
T. h. furina Godman & Salvin, 1898
Colombia Tithorea furina Godman & Salvin, 1898; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1898 (1) : 105, TL: Colombia
Tithorea harmonia furina ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 53, pl. 5, f. 5; [NL4A, #20i]
T. h. hermias Godman & Salvin, 1898
Ecuador, Amazon Tithorea hermias Godman & Salvin, 1898; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1898 (1) : 106, TL: Sarayacu, Cururai, Gualaquiza
Tithorea hermias ; [BOW: pl. 48, f. 4]
Tithoera harmonia hermias ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 55, pl. 6, f. 2-3
Tithorea harmonia hermias ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #20l]
T. h. hermina Haensch, 1903
Ecuador Tithorea hermias hermina Haensch, 1903; Berl. ent. Zs. 48 : 162, TL: Ecuador, Napo
Tithorea hermias hermina ab. napona Haensch, 1903; Berl. ent. Zs. 48 : 162, TL: Ecuador
= Tithorea harmonia hermias ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 56
= ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #20m]
Tithorea harmonia hermina ; [EcuL]; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: pl. cover, f. 1; [NL4A, #20m]
T. h. brunnea Haensch, 1905
Peru Tithorea brunnea Haensch, 1905; Berl. ent. Z. 50 (1/2) : 144, TL: Peru
= Tithonia harmonia neitha ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 57
Tithorea assimilis Haensch, 1905; Berl. ent. Z. 50 (1/2) : 143, TL: Peru
= Tithorea harmonia pseudonyma ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 57
= ; [NL4A, #20b]
Tithorea harmonia brunnea ; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: pl. 2, f. 2; [NL4A, #20b]
T. h. melanina Haensch, 1905
Peru Tithorea melanina Haensch, 1905; Berl. ent. Z. 50 (1/2) : 143, f. 1 (Stgdr. i. l.), TL: Peru
= Tithorea harmonia neitha ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 57
Tithorea harmonia melanina ; [NL4A, #20t]
T. h. lateflava (Haensch, 1909)
Bolivia harmonia lateflava (Haensch, 1909) (Hirsutis); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 5 : 121, TL: Bolivia
= Tithorea harmonia pseudonyma ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 57
Tithorea harmonia lateflava ; [NL4A, #20p]
T. h. caissara (Zikán, 1941)
Brazil(Espírito Santo) harmonia caissara (Zikán, 1941) (Hirsutis); Ent. Z. 55 (2): 14, TL: Brazil, Espírito Santo, Sierra de Contareira
Tithorea harmonia caissara ; [NL4A, #20c]
T. h. sulphurata (Zikán, 1941)
Brazil(Amazonas) harmonia sulphurata (Zikán, 1941) (Hirsutis); Ent. Z. 55 (2): 13, TL: Brazil, Amazonas
Tithorea harmonia sulphurata ; [NL4A, #20y]
T. h. martina Fox, 1956
Peru Tithorea harmonia martina Fox, 1956; Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 56, pl. 6, f. 4, TL: Peru
Tithorea harmonia martina ; [NL4A, #20r]
T. h. manabiana Fox, 1956
Ecuador Tithorea harmonia manabiana Fox, 1956; Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 55, pl. 6, f. 1, TL: Ecuador, Palmar, Manabi
Tithorea harmonia manabiana ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #20q]
T. h. dorada Brown, 1977
Venezuela harmonia dorada Brown, 1977; Acta amazon. 7 (1): 121, TL: Venezuela
Tithorea harmonia dorada ; [NL4A, #20e]
T. h. gilberti Brown, 1977
Peru harmonia gilberti Brown, 1977; Acta amazon. 7 (1): 122, TL: Peru
Tithorea harmonia gilberti ; [NL4A, #20j]
Colombia Tithorea harmonia ssp. ; Lamas, MS, [NL4A, #20z]
Venezuela Tithorea harmonia ssp. ; Brown, MS, [NL4A, #20aa]
Brazil(Pernambuco) Tithorea harmonia ssp. ; Brown, MS, [NL4A, #20ab]
Brazil(Pará) Tithorea harmonia ssp. ; Brown, MS, [NL4A, #20ac]
Brazil(Pará) Tithorea harmonia ssp. ; Brown, MS, [NL4A, #20ad]
Guyana Tithorea harmonia ssp. ; Brown, MS, [NL4A, #20ae]

Tithorea pacifica Willmott & Lamas, 2004
-. See [About maps] Tithorea pacifica Willmott & Lamas, 2004; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 112 (1): 2, f. 1A-B, 3, 4A, 5A-C, G-H, P-R, 6A-E, 7, TL: Ecuador, Esmeraldas, km 12.5 Lita - San Lorenzo road, Rio Chuchuvi, 0°53.1'N, 78°30.9'W, 850m
?Tithorea sp. ; Willmott & Lamas, MS, [NL4A, #22]
W.Ecuador
T. p. euphonia Willmott & Lamas, 2004
Colombia Tithorea pacifica euphonia Willmott & Lamas, 2004; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 112 (1): 11, f. 1C, 3, 5D, I-J, 7, TL: Colombia, Valle de Cauca, Rio Dagua [ca. 3°36'N, 76°39'W]
?Tithorea sp. ssp. ; Lamas & Willmott, MS, [NL4A, #22c]
T. p. concordia Willmott & Lamas, 2004
Panama Tithorea pacifica concordia Willmott & Lamas, 2004; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 112 (1): 14, f. 1D, 3, 7, TL: Panama, Darien, Cana, Cerro Pierre, 7°56'N, 77°43'W, 1200m
?Tithorea sp. ssp. ; Lamas & Willmott, MS, [NL4A, #22b]

Tithorea tarricina Hewitson, 1858
-. See [About maps] Tithorea tarricina Hewitson, 1858; Ill. exot. Butts [1] (Heliconia IV): [75], pl. [39], f. 1, TL: Colombia
Tithorea tarracina[sic] ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 49 (missp.)
Tithorea tarricina ; [BOW: pl. 48, f. 6]; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: 2, pl. 2, f. 3-4; [EBW]; [NL4A, #21]
Colombia Tithorea tarricina tarricina ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 50, pl. 4, f. 4-6; [NL4A, #21a]
T. t. duenna Bates, 1864
Mexico - Guatemala Tithorea duenna Bates, 1864; Ent. mon. Mag. 1 (3): 56, TL: Guatemala
Tithorea tarricina duenna, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Tithorea tarricina duenna, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Tithorea duenna ; Godman & Salvin, [1879], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 9, 3: pl. 2, f. 7; Godman & Salvin, [1901], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 640
Tithorea tarricina duenna ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 50, pl. 4, f. 2; [NL4A, #21c]
T. t. hecalesina C. & R. Felder, 1865
Colombia tarricina hecalesina C. & R. Felder, 1865; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 352, TL: Colombia
= Tithorea tarricina tarricina ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 50
Hirsutis tarricina ab. obscurata Haensch, 1909; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 5 : 120, TL: Colombia
= Tithorea tarricina tarricina ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 50
= ; [NL4A, #21e]
Tithorea tarricina hecalesina ; [NL4A, #21e]
T. t. tagarma Hewitson, 1874
Bolivia, Peru tarricina tagarma Hewitson, 1874; Descr. new Spec. Butts Buckley Bolivia: 4, TL: Bolivia
Tithorea anachoreta Thieme, 1903; Berl. ent. Z. 47 (3/4) : 282, TL: Peru
= ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 51; [NL4A, #21h]
Tithorea tarricina tagarma ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 51, pl. 4, f. 8; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: pl. 2, f. 4; [NL4A, #21h]
T. t. pinthias Godman & Salvin, 1878
Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua Tithorea pinthias Godman & Salvin, 1878; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 2 (9) : 259, TL: Panama,Costa Rica,Nicaragua
Tithorea monosticta Godman & Salvin, 1897; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1897 (2) : 243, TL: Panama, Chiriqui
= ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 50; [NL4A, #21g]
Tithorea monosticta ; Godman & Salvin, [1901], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 640
Tithorea pinthias ; [BOW: pl. 48, f. 5]
Tithorea tarricina pinthias ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 50, pl. 4, f. 3; [BCR, 218]; [NL4A, #21g]

Larva on Prestonia portabellensis [BCR]

T. t. parola Godman & Salvin, 1898
Colombia Tithorea parola Godman & Salvin, 1898; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1898 (1) : 106, TL: Colombia
= Tithorea tarricina tarricina ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 50
Tithorea tarricina parola ; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: pl. 2, f. 3; [NL4A, #21f]
T. t. bonita Haensch, 1903
Ecuador, Peru Tithorea bonita Haensch, 1903; Berl. ent. Zs. 48 : 161, TL: Santa Inéz
Hirsutis pinthias f. macasica Niepelt, 1915; Soc. Ent. 30 : 63, TL: Ecuador
= ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 51; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #21b]
Tithorea pinthias melini Bryk, 1953; Arkiv. Zool. (2) 5 (1): 25, TL: Peru
= ; [NL4A, #21b]
Hirsutis pinthias f. macasica ; Strand, 1916, Lepidoptera Niepeltiana (2) : 15, pl. 16, f. 6
Tithorea tarricina bonita ; [EcuL]; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 51, pl. 4, f. 7; [NL4A, #21b]
T. t. franciscoi Brown, 1977
Venezuela tarricina franciscoi Brown, 1977; Acta amazon. 7 (1): 119, TL: Venezuela
Tithorea tarricina franciscoi ; [NL4A, #21d]
T. t. lecromi Vitale & Rodriguez, 2004
Colombia Tithorea tarricina lecromi Vitale & Rodriguez, 2004; Lambillionea 104 (1): 87, TL: Colombia


Unknown or unplaced taxa

Tithorea alexandri Freyer, 1933; (nom. nud.), TL: Ecuador
alexandri ; [NL4A, 173]

Tithorea euryanthe Herrich-Schäffer, 1865; (nom. nud.), TL: ?
euryanthe ; [NL4A, 173]


2.6.2012 (3)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BCA]
electronic; BIOLOGIA CENTRALI-AMERICANA
[BCR]
DeVries; The Butterflies of Costa Rica 1; Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae
[BHL]
The; Biodiversity Heritage Library; and on; Internet Archive; Note: The linking to the content of Internet Archive is somewhat delicate -- notify me when links break!
[BOA]
Interactive Listing of American Butterflies; Listado Interactivo de la Mariposas Americanas; Butterflies of America
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[EBW]
Smart, Paul, 1976; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World; ISBN 0 600 31381 6
[EcuL]
Tommaso & Racheli, 2001; Fragmenta entomologica 33 (2): 213-380; An annotated list of Ecuadorian Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae)
[ILMB]
Interactive Listing of Mexican Butterflies
[JLS]
Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society; the original J. Lep. Soc. articles
[John Shuey]
e-mail: jshuey at tnc.org; Director of Conservation Science; Indiana Office of The Nature Conservancy; http://www.nature.org
[LAMAS-NEO]
Gerardo Lamas; Bibliography of butterflies; An Annocated Bibliography of the Neotropical Butterflies and Skipper (Lepididoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea); Revised Electronic Edition (2007)
[NHM]
Natural History Museum; The Global Lepidoptera Names Index
[NL4A]
Gerardo Lamas, 2004; Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera; Checklist: Part 4A; Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea
[Wahlberg]
Niklas Wahlberg; The NSG's voucher specimen database; Nymphalidae Systematics Group


Some related literature:
Bates, 1862
Contributions to an Insect Fauna of the Amazon Valley. Heliconidae Trans. linn. Soc. Lond. 23 (3) : 495-566, pl. 55-56
Bates, 1864
New species of butterflies from Guatemala and Panama, collected by Osbert Salvin and F. du Cane Godman, Esqs. Ent. mon. Mag. 1 (1): 1-6 (1864), (2): 31-35 (1864), (3): 55-59 (1864), (4): 81-85 (1864), (5): 113-116 (1864), (6): 126-131 (1864), (7): 161-164 (1864), (8): 178-180 (1865), (9): 202-205 (1865)
Bates, 1866
New species of butterflies from Guatemala and Panama Ent. mon. Mag. 3 (27): 49-52 (1866), (28): 85-88 (1866), (30): 133-136 (1866), (31): 152-157 (1866)
Brevignon, 2003
Inventaire des Ithomiinae de Guyane Française (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) Lambillionea 103 (1): 41-58
Brown & Mielke, 1967
Lepidoptera of the Central Brazil Plateau. I. Preliminary list of Rhopalocera J. Lep. Soc. 21 (2): 77-106
Bryk, 1953
Lepidoptera aus dem Amazonasgebiete und aus Peru gesammelt von Dr. Douglas Melin und Dr. Abraham Roman Arkiv. Zool. (2) 5 (1): 1-268
Butler, 1873
Descriptions of new species of Lepidoptera Cist. Ent. 1 (7) : 151-177
Cramer, [1777]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) Uitl. Kapellen 2 (9-16): 1-152, pl. 97-192 (1777)
Doubleday, [1847]
The genera of diurnal Lepidoptera, comprising their generic characters, a notice of their habitats and transformations, and a catalogue of the species of each genus; illustrated with 86 plates by W. C. Hewitson Gen. diurn. Lep. (1): 1-18, pl. A, 1-4 (1-2) (1846), (1): 19-132, pl. 4*, 5-25, 28 (3-14) (1847), (1): 133-200, pl. 1*, 26, 27, 29, 31-44 (15-23) (1848), (1): 201-242, pl. 30, 45-52, 56-58, 60-62, 64 (24-31) (1849), (1): 243-250 [?], (2): 243-326, pl. 53-55, 63, 65, 66 (32-38) (1850), (2): 327-466, pl. 59, 67-77 (39-50) (1851), (2): 467-534, 143, 144, pl. 78-80 (Index) (51-54) (1852)
Drury, 1782
Illustrations of natural history; wherein are exhibited ... Illust. Nat. Hist. Exot. Insects 3 : 1-76, pl. 1-50
Fabricius, 1781
Species Insectorum Exhibentes Eorum Differentia Specifica, Synonyma Auctorum, Loca Natalia, Metamorphosin Adiectis, Observationibus, Descriptionibus. Tom II Spec. Ins. 2 : 1-494 (1781), : 495-514 (appendix), 515-517 (index) ([1782])
C. & R. Felder, 1865
Reise der österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Behilfen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair. Zoologischer Theil. Band 2. Abtheilung 2. Lepidoptera. Rhopalocera Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (1): 1-136, pl. 1-21 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, [1865]), (2): 137-378, pl. 22-47 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, 1865), (3): 379-536, pl. 48-74 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, 1867), (4): 537-548, pl. 75-120, (Inhalts-Verz.) 1-9 (pl. 1-74), (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1874) , (5): pl. 121-140, (erklärung) 1-10 (pl. 75-107), (Inhalts-Verz.) 1-20 (pl. 108-140), (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1875)
Fox, 1940
A generic review of Ithomiinae (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) Trans. amer. entomol. Soc. 66 (3) : 161-207, pl. 5-8
Fox, 1956
A monograph of the Ithomiidae (Lepidoptera) Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 1-76, pl. 1-9
Godart, 1819
in Latreille & Godart, Encyclopédie Méthodique. Histoire naturelle Entomologie, ou histoire naturelle des crustacés, des arachnides et des insectes Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 3-328 (1819), (2): 329-828 ([1824])
Godman & Salvin, 1878
Description of new Species of Rhopalocera from Central and South America Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 2 (9) : 257-266
Godman & Salvin, [1879]
Biologia Centrali-Americana. Rhopalocera. Vol. 1. (1879-1886) Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 1-487, 3: pl. 1-24,24a,25-112
Godman & Salvin, [1901]
Biologia Centrali-Americana. Rhopalocera. (1887-1901) Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 1-782, 3: pl. 1-112
Godman & Salvin, 1897
Descriptions of New Species of Central and South American Rhopalocera Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1897 (2) : 241-248
Godman & Salvin, 1898
Descriptions of New Species of American Rhopalocera Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1898 (1) : 105-112
Haensch, 1903
Die Ithomiinen (Neotropiden) meiner Ecuador-Reise. Mit beschreibungen neuer Forman und biologischen Notizen Berl. ent. Zs. 48 : 157-214, pl. 3
Haensch, 1905
Neue südamerikanische Ithomiinen meiner Sammlung. Berl. ent. Z. 50 (1/2) : 142-182, pl. 4-5
Hewitson, 1858
Illustrations of new species of exotic Butterflies selected chiefly from the collections of W. Wilson Saunders and William C. Hewitson. Ill. exot. Butts [1] : (Systematic Index) I, (Ornithoptera and Papilio): [1-2], pl. [1] (1855), (Papilio II): [3-4], pl. [2] (1856), (Papilio III): [5-6], pl. [3] (1858), (Papilio IV): [7-8], pl. [4] (1859), (Papilio V): [9-10], pl. [5] (1861), (Papilio VI): [11-12], pl. [6] (1864), (Papilio VII-VIII): [13-16], pl. [7-8] (1865), (Papilio IX): [17-18], pl. [9] (1868), (Papilio X-XII): [19-22], pl. [10-12] (1869), (Papilio XIII): [23-24], pl. [13] (1873), (Papilio XIV): [25-26], pl. [14] (1875), (Papilio XV): [27-28], pl. [15] (1877), (Pieris I): [29-30], pl. [16] (1852), (Pieris II): [31-32], pl. [17] (1853), (Pieris III-VI): [33-40], pl. [18-21] (1861), (Pieris VII): [41-42], pl. [22] (1862), (Pieris VIII): [43-44], pl. [23] (1866), (Euterpe): [45-46], pl. [24] (1860), (Euterpe II): [47-48], pl. [25] (1872), (Euterpe and Leptalis): [49-50], pl. [26] (1853), (Leptalis II): [51-52], pl. [27] (1857), (Leptalis III): [53-54], pl. [28] (1858), (Leptalis IV): [55-56], pl. [29] (1860), (Leptalis V-VII): [57-62], pl. [30-32] (1870), (Callidryas and Eronia): [63-64], pl. [33] (1867), (Euploea): [65-66], pl. [34] (1858), (Euploea II): [67-68], pl. [35] (1866), (Heliconia I): [69-70], pl. [36] (1853), (Heliconia II-III): [71-74], pl. [37-38] (1854), (Heliconia IV): [75-76], pl. [39] (1858), (Heliconia V): [77-78], pl. [40] (1867), (Heliconia VI): [79-80], pl. [41] (1871), (Heliconia and Tithorea VII): [81-82], pl. [42] (1873), (Heliconia VIII): [83-84], pl. [43] (1875), (Athesis): [85-86], pl. [44] (1872), (Mechanitis I): [87-88], pl. [45] (1856), (Mechanitis II-III): [89-92], pl. [46-47] (1860), (Ithomia I): [93-94], pl. [48] (1851), (Ithomia II): [95-96], pl. [49] (1852), (Ithomia III): [97-98], pl. [50] (1853), (Ithomia IV-V): [99-102], pl. [51-52] (1854), (Ithomia VI-XIII): [103-118], pl. [53-60] (1855)
Hewitson, 1874
Descriptions of new species of butterflies collected by Mr. Buckley in Bolivia Descr. new Spec. Butts Buckley Bolivia: 22pp
Hopffer, 1874
Neue Lepidopteren von Peru und Bolivia Stettin ent. Ztg 35 (10-12) : 329-371
Hopffer, 1879
Exotische Schmetterlinge Stettin Ent. Ztg 40 (1-2): 47-95, (10-12): 413-454
Kirby, 1889
Description of a new butterfly from Trinidad Entomologist 22 : 149-150
Lamas, 1999
Nymphalidae II. Ithomiinae Butterflies of the world, 3: 17pp, 16pls
Neustetter, 1929
Neue exotische Tagfalter Int. ent. Zs. 22: 389-392
Niepelt, 1915
Neue Formen südamerikanischer Tagfalter Soc. Ent. 30 : 63
Haensch in Seitz, 1909
Die amerikanischen Tagfalter Gross-Schmett. Erde 5 : 1-48 (1907), : 49-72 (1908), : 73-160 (1909), : 161-200 (1910), : 201-240 (1911), : 241-344 (1912), : 345-456 (1913), : 457-480 (1914), : 481-536 (1915), : 537-664 (1916), : 665-720 (1917), : 745-768 (1919), : 721-744,769-816 (1920), : 817-856 (1921), : 857-912,937-944 (1922), : 913-936,945-1000 (1923), : 1001-1141 (1924)
Staudinger, [1884]; Staudinger, 1885
Exotische Tagfalter in sysmatischer Reihenfolge mit Berücksichtigung neuer Arten in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (1): 3-6, pl. 1-5 (1884), (2): 7-10, pl. 6-10 (1884), (3): 11-14, pl. 11-15 (1884), (4): 15-22, pl. 16-20 (1884), (5): 23-30, pl. 21-25 (1884), (6): 31-38, pl. 26-30 (1884), (7): 39-46, pl. 31-35 (1885), (8): 47-58, pl. 30-40 (1885), (9): 59-82, pl. 41-50 (1885), (10): 83-102, pl. 51-60 (1885), (11): 103-122, pl. 61-65 (1886), (12): 123-138, pl. 66-70 (1886), (13): 139-158, pl. 71-75 (1886), (14): 159-174, pl. 76-80 (1886), (15): 175-194, pl. 81-85 (1887), (16): 195-214, pl. 86-90 (1887), (17): 215-234, pl. 91-95 (1887), (18): 235-270, pl. 96-98 (1888), (19): 1-2,271-333, pl. 99-100 (1888)
Staudinger, 1894
Hochlandine Lepidoptera Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 7 (1) : 43-100, pl. 1-2
Strand, 1916
Abbildungen und Beschreibungen neuer und wenig bekannter Lepidoptera aus der Sammlung W. Niepelt Lepidoptera Niepeltiana (2) : 1-26, pl. 13-17
Thieme, 1903
Eine neue Tithorea von Chanchamayo Berl. ent. Z. 47 (3/4) : 282
Vitale & Rodriguez, 2004
Nuevos Ithomiinae de Colombia y Ecuador (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) Lambillionea 104 (1): 86-91, 1pl
Willmott & Lamas, 2004
A new species of Tithorea (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Ithomiinae) from the Chocó region of northwestern South America and Panama J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 112 (1): 1-17
Zikán, 1941
Beschreibungen neuer neotropischer Papilionidae, Pieridae, Danaidae und Satyridae Ent. Z. 54 (19): 147-151, 11 figs. (10 October 1940), 54 (20): 154-159 (20 October 1940), 54 (26): 205-208 (20 December 1940), 54 (32): 249-254, f. 4-7 (20 February 1941), 55 (2): 13-16, f. 9-10 (10 April 1941), 55 (3): 19-24 (20 April 1941), 55 (11): 81-84 (10 July 1941), 55 (14): 107-111, f. 11-12, 18-19 (10 August 1941), 55 (34): 269-272, f. 17, 20-26 (10 March 1942), 55 (35): 273-278, f 13-16, 27-35 (20 March 1942)


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Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.