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Danainae Boisduval, [1833]
Milkweed Butterflies Danaids Tigers and Crows
Danaides Boisduval, [1833]; Icon. hist. Lépid. Europe 1 (9-10): 84, TG: Danaus Klug
Danainae, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Danaidae (Nymphalidae) ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 214
Danainae (Nymphalidae) ; [NL4A, 171]; [Wahlberg]

Higher classification is mainly after [Wahlberg], November 2005.

Tribe Danaini Boisduval, [1833]
Danaides Boisduval, [1833]; Icon. hist. Lépid. Europe 1 (9-10): 84, TG: Danaus Klug
Danaini (Danainae) ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 215; [NL4A, 171]; [Wahlberg]; Brower, Wahlberg, Ogawa, Boppre & Vane-Wright, 2010, Syst. Biodiv. 8 (1): 84
Subtribe Amaurina Le Cerf, 1921
Amaurina Le Cerf, 1921; (incl.)
Amaurinae Le Cerf, 1921; Compte Rendu du Congrès ... 1921: 92 (incl.), TG: Amauris Hübner
Radenini d'Almeida, 1939; Memoria do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Rio de Janeiro 34: 12 (incl.), TG: Radena Moore
Amaurina (Danaini) ; Brower, Wahlberg, Ogawa, Boppre & Vane-Wright, 2010, Syst. Biodiv. 8 (1): 84
Parantica Moore, [1880] — 39 spp.
Miriamica Vane-Wright, Boppré & Ackery, 2002 — 2 spp.
Ideopsis Horsfield, 1857 — 8 spp.
Amauris Hübner, 1816 — 17 spp.
Subtribe Danaina Boisduval, [1833]
Danaides Boisduval, [1833]; Icon. hist. Lépid. Europe 1 (9-10): 84, TG: Danaus Klug
Limnaina Moore, 1883; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1883 (2): 214, TG: Limnas Hübner
Danaidinae Aurivillius, 1893; Ent. Tidskr. 14 : 258-259, TG: Danaida Latreille
Limnadidae Grote, 1896; Mitt. Roemer-Museum, Hildesh. 7: [2], TG: Limnas Hübner
Danaina (Danaini) ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 215; [NL4A, 171]; [Wahlberg]; Brower, Wahlberg, Ogawa, Boppre & Vane-Wright, 2010, Syst. Biodiv. 8 (1): 84
Tirumala Moore, [1880] Blue Tigers — 11 spp.
Danaus Kluk, 1780 Tigers Milkweeds Monarchs Queens — 10 spp.
Tiradelphe Ackery & Vane-Wright, 1984 — 1 sp.
Subtribe Euploeina Moore, [1880]
Euploeinae Moore, [1880]; Lepid. Ceylon 1 (1): 1, TG: Euploea Fabricius
Euploeini Moore, [1880]
Hestiinae Rothschild, 1915; Novit. Zool. 22 (1): 118, TG: Hestia Hübner
Euploeini (Danainae) ; [NL4A, 171]
Itunina (Euploeini) ; [NL4A, 171]
Euploeina (Danaini) ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 223; [Wahlberg]; Brower, Wahlberg, Ogawa, Boppre & Vane-Wright, 2010, Syst. Biodiv. 8 (1): 84
Euploea Fabricius, 1807 Crows — 59 spp.
Idea Fabricius, 1807 Tree Nymphs Paper-butterflies — 12 spp.
Protoploea Ackery & Vane-Wright, 1984 — 1 sp.
Subtribe Itunina Reuter, 1896
Itunidi Reuter, 1896; Acta Soc. Sci. fenn. 22 (1): 311, TG: Ituna Doubleday
Lycoreinae Kirby, [1900]; in Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3[?] (Wytsman's facsim., Additional Notes): 7, TG: Lycorea Doubleday
Lycoreanae Kaye, 1904; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1904 (2) : 162, TS: lycorea Doubleday
Anetiinae Stichel, 1938; in Bryk, Lep. Cat. 30 (86): 151, TG: Anetia Hübner
Anetiini d'Almeida, 1939; Memoria do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Rio de Janeiro 34: 57, TG: Anetia Hübner
Anellidi Clark, 1947; Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 49: 149, TG: Anelia Hübner
Itunina (Danaini) ; Brower, Wahlberg, Ogawa, Boppre & Vane-Wright, 2010, Syst. Biodiv. 8 (1): 84
Lycorea Doubleday, [1847] — 3 spp.
Anetia Hübner, [1823] — 5 spp.
Archaeolycorea† Martins, 1989 — 1 sp.
Tribe Tellervini
Tellervini (Danainae) ; [Wahlberg]
Tellervinae (Ithomiidae) ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 19
Tellervini (Ithomiinae) ;
Tellervo Kirby, 1894 — 7 spp.
Tribe Ithomiini
Ithomiini (Danainae) ; [Wahlberg]
Ithomiinae (Ithomiidae) ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 21
Ithomiinae (Nymphalidae) ; [EcuL]; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: 2; Brevignon, 2003, Lambillionea 103 (1): 41; [NL4A, 172]
Subtribe Tithoreina
Tithoreina (Ithomiini) ; [Wahlberg]
Tithoreini (Ithomiinae) ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 22; [EcuL]; Fox, 1940, Trans. amer. entomol. Soc. 66 (3) : 175; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: 2; Brevignon, 2003, Lambillionea 103 (1): 41; [NL4A, 172]
Elzunia Bryk, 1937 — 2 spp.
Tithorea Doubleday, [1847] — 3 spp.
Aeria Hübner, 1816 — 3 spp.
Subtribe Melinaeina
Melinaeina (Ithomiini) ; [Wahlberg]
Melinaeini (Ithomiinae) ; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: 2; Brevignon, 2003, Lambillionea 103 (1): 42; [NL4A, 173]
Athesis Doubleday, [1847] — 3 spp.
Eutresis Doubleday, [1847] — 2 spp.
Athyrtis C. & R. Felder, 1862 — 1 sp.
Paititia Lamas, 1979 — 1 sp.
Olyras Doubleday, [1847] — 3 spp.
Patricia Fox, 1940 — 3 spp.
Melinaea Hübner, 1816 — 11 spp.
Subtribe Mechanitina
Mechanitina (Ithomiini) ; [Wahlberg]
?Mechanitidini (Ithomiinae) ; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: 2
Mechanitini (Ithomiinae) ; Brevignon, 2003, Lambillionea 103 (1): 43; [NL4A, 174]
Methona Doubleday, [1847] — 7 spp.
Thyridia Hübner, 1816 — 1 sp.
Scada Kirby, 1871 — 5 spp.
Sais Hübner, 1816 — 2 spp.
Forbestra Fox, 1967 — 3 spp.
Mechanitis Fabricius, 1807 — 4 spp.
Subtribe Napeogenina
Napeogenina (Ithomiini) ; [Wahlberg]
Napeogenini (Ithomiinae) ; [NL4A, 176]
Aremfoxia Real in Fox & Real, 1971 — 1 sp.
Epityches d'Almeida, 1938 — 1 sp.
Hyalyris Boisduval, 1870 — 12 spp.
Napeogenes Bates, 1862 — 23 spp.
Hypothyris Hübner, 1821 — 17 spp.
Subtribe Ithomiina
Ithomiina (Ithomiini) ; [Wahlberg]
Ithomiini (Ithomiinae) ; [NL4A, 180]
Placidula d'Almeida, 1922 — 1 sp.
Pagyris Boisduval, 1870 — 3 spp.
Ithomia Hübner, 1816 — 22 spp.
Subtribe Oleriina
Oleriina (Ithomiini) ; [Wahlberg]
Oleriini (Ithomiinae) ; [NL4A, 182]
Megoleria Constantino, 1999 — 2 spp.
Hyposcada Godman & Salvin, [1879] — 8 spp.
Oleria Hübner, 1816 — 44 spp.
Subtribe Dircennina
Dircennina (Ithomiini) ; [Wahlberg]
Dircennini (Ithomiinae) ; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: 5; Brevignon, 2003, Lambillionea 103 (1): 50; [NL4A, 185]
Godyrini (Ithomiinae) ; (incl.?)
Ceratinia Hübner, 1816 — 4 spp.
Callithomia Bates, 1862 — 3 spp.
Dircenna Doubleday, [1847] — 6 spp.
Hyalenna Forbes, 1942 — 6 spp.
Episcada Godman & Salvin, [1879] — 15 spp.
Haenschia Lamas, 2004 — 2 spp.
Pteronymia Butler & Druce, 1872 — 42 spp.
Subtribe Godyridina
Godyridina (Ithomiini) ; [Wahlberg]
Godyridini (Ithomiinae) ; [NL4A, 189]
Velamysta Haensch, 1909 — 3 spp.
Godyris Boisduval, 1870 — 13 spp.
Veladyris Fox, 1945 — 1 sp.
Hypoleria Godman & Salvin, [1879] — 8 spp.
Brevioleria Lamas, 2004 — 4 spp.
Mcclungia Fox, 1940 — 1 sp.
Greta Hemming, 1934 — 20 spp.
Heterosais Godman & Salvin, [1880] — 2 spp.
Pseudoscada Godman & Salvin, [1879] — 4 spp.


Unknown or unplaced taxa

Papilio enceladus Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 470, TL: 'In Indiis'
Papilio enceladues ; [MWB: 245 (incertae cedis)]


16.4.2013 (498)

References:
[BAMONA]
Opler, Pavulaan, Stanford & Pogue; Butterflies and Moths of North America; Mountain Prairie Information Node
[EcuL]
Tommaso & Racheli, 2001; Fragmenta entomologica 33 (2): 213-380; An annotated list of Ecuadorian Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae)
[LAMAS-NEO]
Gerardo Lamas; Bibliography of butterflies; An Annocated Bibliography of the Neotropical Butterflies and Skipper (Lepididoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea); Revised Electronic Edition (2007)
[MWB]
Ackery & Vane-Wright, 1984; Milkweed butterflies, their cladistics and biology; British Museum (Natural History)
[NL4A]
Gerardo Lamas, 2004; Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera; Checklist: Part 4A; Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea
[Wahlberg]
Niklas Wahlberg; The NSG's voucher specimen database; Nymphalidae Systematics Group


Some related literature:
d'Almeida, 1939
Revisao das especies americanas superfamilia Danaoidea (Lepid.: Pieridae). Parte 1. Memoria do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Rio de Janeiro 34: 1-113, 30 pls.
Aurivillius, 1893
Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Insektenfauna von Kamerun. 2. Tagfalter Ent. Tidskr. 14 : 257-292, 4pls
Boisduval, [1833]
Icones historique des Lépidoptères nouveaux ou peu connus. Collection, avec Figures coloritées, des Papillons d'Europe nouvellement découverts; ouvrage formant le complément de tous les auteurs iconographes Icon. hist. Lépid. Europe 1 (1-2): 1-24, pl. 1-4 (1832), (3-4): 25-40, pl. 5-8 (1832), (5-6): 41-56, pl. 9-12 (1832), (7-8): 57-72, pl. 13-16 (1832), (9-10): 73-104, pl. 17-20 (1833), (11-12): 105-120, pl. 21-24 (1833), (13-14): 121-144, pl. 25-28 (1833), (15-16): 145-160, pl. 29-32 (1833), (17-18): 161-184, pl. 33-36 (1833), (19-20): 185-208, pl. 37-40 (1834), (21-22): 209-224, pl. 41-44 (1834), (23-24): 225-248, pl. 45-47 (1834), (25-28): 249-252 (1834)
Brevignon, 2003
Inventaire des Ithomiinae de Guyane Française (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) Lambillionea 103 (1): 41-58
Brower, Wahlberg, Ogawa, Boppre & Vane-Wright, 2010
Phylogenetic relationships among genera of danaine butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) as implied by morphology and DNA sequences Syst. Biodiv. 8 (1): 75-89
Le Cerf, 1921
Les Danaididae Africaines Compte Rendu du Congrès ... 1921: 91-102
Clark, 1947
The interrelationships of the several groups within the butterfly superfamily Nymphaloidea Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 49: 148-149, 192
Fox, 1940
A generic review of Ithomiinae (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) Trans. amer. entomol. Soc. 66 (3) : 161-207, pl. 5-8
Fox, 1956
A monograph of the Ithomiidae (Lepidoptera) Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 1-76, pl. 1-9
Grote, 1896
System der nordamerikanischen Schmetterlinge Mitt. Roemer-Museum, Hildesh. 7: [4]pp
Kaye, 1904
A catalogue of the Lepidoptera Rhopalocera of Trinidad Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1904 (2) : 159-224, pl. 17-18
Lamas, 1999
Nymphalidae II. Ithomiinae Butterflies of the world, 3: 17pp, 16pls
Linnaeus, 1758
Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Clases, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Symonymis, Locis. Tomis I. 10th Edition Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 1-338, : 339-824
Moore, [1880]
The Lepidoptera of Ceylon Lepid. Ceylon 1 (1): 1-40, pl. 1-18 (Dec 1880), (2): 41-80, pl. 19-36 (Jan 1881), (3): 81-136, pl. 37-54 (Jun 1881), (4): 137-190, pl. 55-71 (Dec 1881)
Moore, 1883
A Monograph of Limnaina and Euploeina, two Groups of Diurnal Lepidoptera belonging to the Subfamily Euploeinae; with Descriptions of new Genera and Species. Part I & II Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1883 (2): 201-252, (3): 253-324, pl. 29-32
Reuter, 1896
Über die palpen der Rhopaloceren. Ein Beitrag zure Erkenntnis der Verwandtschaftlichen Beziehungen unter den Tagfaltern Acta Soc. Sci. fenn. 22 (1): xvi + 578, 6pls
Rothschild, 1915
On Lepidoptera from the islands of Ceram (Seran), Buru, Bali, and Misol Novit. Zool. 22 (1): 105-144, (2): 209-227
Stichel, 1938
Nymphalidae I: Subfam.: Dioninae, Anetiinae, Apaturinae in Bryk, Lep. Cat. 30 (86): 1-374
Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003
The butterflies of Sulawesi: annotated checklist for a critical island faunda Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 3-268, pl. 1-16


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.