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Amauris Hübner, 1816
Amauris Hübner, 1816; Verz. bek. Schmett. (1): 14, TS: Papilio niavius Linnaeus
Amaura Geyer, 1837; in Hübner, Zuträge. Samml. exot. Schmett. 5 : 39, TS: Danais phaedone Godart
Conoploea Guenée, 1865; in Vinson, Voy. Madagascar, Annexe F: 27, TS: Danais phaedone Godart
Cadytis Moore, 1883; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1883 (2): 226, TS: Danais vashti Butler
Berethis Moore, 1883; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1883 (2): 228, TS: Papilio phoedon Fabricius
Nebroda Moore, 1883; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1883 (2): 228, TS: Papilio echeria Stoll
Amaurina Aurivillius, 1910; in Sjösted, Kilimandjaro-Meru Exped. 2 (9) : 2 (preocc. Amaurina Kolbe, 1895), TS: Amauris ansorgei Sharpe
Panamauris Bryk, 1937; in Strand, Lep. Cat. 28 (78): 183 (repl. for Amaurina Aurivillius, 1910), TS: Amauris ansorgei Sharpe
Egialea Hemming, 1964; Annot. lep. (4) : 145, TS: Papilio damocles Fabricius
Amauris, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Amauris ; [MWB, 189]
Amauris (Danaina) ; [Wahlberg]; [AfrL]
Amauris (Amaurina) ; Brower, Wahlberg, Ogawa, Boppre & Vane-Wright, 2010, Syst. Biodiv. 8 (1): 84

Subgenus Amauris Hübner, 1816
Amauris Hübner, 1816; Verz. bek. Schmett. (1): 14, TS: Papilio niavius Linnaeus
Amauris, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]

Amauris niavius (Linnaeus, 1758)
Forested Tropical Africa. See [About maps] Friar
Papilio niavius Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 470, TL: [W.Africa]
obliterata Dufrane, 1948; Bull. Soc. linn. Lyon 17 (10) : 193
partita Talbot, 1941; Ent. mon. Mag. 77 : 210
Amauris niavius, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Amauris niavius ; [BK: 258, pl. 27, f. 388]; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 110, f. 20]; [MWB: 189, pl. 10, f. 57-58]
Amauris (Amauris) niavius ; [AfrL]

Larva on Cynanchum, Gymnema, Marsdenia, Secamone, Tylophora [BK], Cynanchum medium, C. nigrum, C. vincetoxicum, (captivity) Gymnema sylvestre, Ipomoea, (captivity) [MWB]

W.Kenya - Zaire, Angola, Cameroun, Sierra Leone, Guinea, Fernando Póo (Macías Nguema I.) Amauris niavius niavius ; [BAFR, 154]
Amauris (Amauris) niavius niavius ; [AfrL]
A. n. dominicanus Trimen, 1879
Natal, Moçambique, Rhodesia - Malawi, E.Tanzania, E.Kenya (E of Rift Valley) Amauris dominicanus Trimen, 1879; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1879 (4) : 323, TL: Natal
Amauris niavius dominicanus ; [BAFR, 154]
Amauris (Amauris) niavius dominicanus ; [AfrL]

Larva on Gymnema sylvestre [PBSA]

A. n. aethiops Rothschild & Jordan, 1903
Ethiopia, N.Uganda, S.Sudan Amauris niavius aethiops Rothschild & Jordan, 1903; Novit. Zool. 10 (3): 503, TL: Anderatscha
Amauris niavius aethiops ; [BAFR, 154 (text)]
Amauris (Amauris) niavius aethiops ; [AfrL]

Amauris tartarea Mabille, 1876
-. See [About maps] Monk
Amauris egialea var. tartarea Mabille, 1876; Bull. Soc. zool. Fr. 1 : 199, TL: Angola, Cabinda
Amauris damocles var. gabunica Aurivillius, 1881; Ent. Tidskr. 2 (1) : 39, TL: Gaboon
Amauris damocles var. albidior Staudinger, 1896; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 8 (2) : 368, TL: Gabon
Amauris mozarti Suffert, 1904; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 12, TL: Ebea, Camerun
Amauris tartarea reata Suffert, 1904; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 13, TL: ? Cameroun; Togo
bassana Strand, 1913; Archiv Naturg. 79 A (7) : 140
bibundana Strand, 1913; Archiv Naturg. 79 A (7) : 140, TL: Cameroun
psyttaloides Strand, 1913; Archiv Naturg. 79 A (7) : 140, TL: Cameroun
tartaroides Strand, 1913; Archiv Naturg. 79 A (7) : 140, TL: Cameroun
Amauris lecerfi Boullet, 1913
Amauris Le Cerfi Boullet, 1913; Bull. Nat. Mus. Paris 19 : 342, pl. 6, f. 2
intermedia Grünberg, 1912; Ergeb. Dt. Z.-Afr. Exped. 3 (Zool. 1) : 506
amplificata Joicey & Talbot, 1925; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (9) 16 (96) : 643
?lagai Dufrane, 1948; Bull. Soc. linn. Lyon 17 (10) : 193
palisotea Stoneham, 1958; Bull. Stoneham Mus. (71): 2, TL: Kenya
steropes Stoneham, 1958; Bull. Stoneham Mus. (71): 2, TL: Kenya
vansomereni Bryk, 1937²; in Strand, Lep. Cat. 28 (78): 203
Amauris tartarea ; [BK: 259, pl. 27, f. 390]; [BOW: pl. 110, f. 23]; [MWB: 190, pl. 10, f. 59-60]
Amauris (Amauris) tartarea ; [AfrL]

Larva on Brassica oleracea vaar. capita? [MWB]

W.Kenya, Uganda - Zaire, W.Tanzania, Angola, Cameroun, Sierra Leone, Guinea Amauris psyttalea Plötz, 1880; Stettin ent. Ztg 41 (4-6): 189
Amauris tartarea tartarea ; [BAFR, 154]
Amauris tartarea tartarea f. psyttalea ; [BAFR, 154, fig.]
Amauris (Amauris) tartarea tartarea ; [AfrL]
?A. t. bulbifera (Grose-Smith, 1887)
E.Africa Amauris bulbifera Grose-Smith, 1887; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 19 (113) : 369, TL: Cameroons
Amauris bulbifera ; [BOW: pl. 110, f. 23 (text only)]
A. t. damoclides Staudinger, 1896
SE.Kenya, E.Tanzania, Malawi Amauris damocles var. damoclides Staudinger, 1896; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 8 (2) : 367, pl. 7, f. 3
Amauris tartarea damoclides ; [BAFR, 154 (text)]
Amauris (Amauris) tartarea damoclides ; [AfrL]
A. t. tukuyuensis Kielland, 1990
Amauris (Amauris) tartarea tukuyuensis ; [AfrL]

Subgenus Amaura Geyer, 1837
Amaura Geyer, 1837; in Hübner, Zuträge. Samml. exot. Schmett. 5 : 39, TS: Danais phaedone Godart
Conoploea Guenée, 1865; in Vinson, Voy. Madagascar, Annexe F: 27, TS: Danais phaedone Godart
Cadytis Moore, 1883; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1883 (2): 226, TS: Danais vashti Butler
Berethis Moore, 1883; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1883 (2): 228, TS: Papilio phoedon Fabricius
Nebroda Moore, 1883; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1883 (2): 228, TS: Papilio echeria Stoll
Amaurina Aurivillius, 1910; in Sjösted, Kilimandjaro-Meru Exped. 2 (9) : 2 (preocc. Amaurina Kolbe, 1895), TS: Amauris ansorgei Sharpe
Panamauris Bryk, 1937; in Strand, Lep. Cat. 28 (78): 183 (repl. for Amaurina Aurivillius, 1910), TS: Amauris ansorgei Sharpe
Egialea Hemming, 1964; Annot. lep. (4) : 145, TS: Papilio damocles Fabricius

Amauris ellioti Butler, 1895
-. See [About maps] Ansorge's Danaid
Amauris ellioti Butler, 1895; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 16 (91) : 122, TL: Uganda
Amauris ellioti ab. styx Rebel, 1914; Ann. k.k. naturh. Hofmus. Wien. 28 : 231, pl. 18, f. 3
torrefacta Le Cerf, 1920; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Paris 26 : 39
neavei (Poulton, 1929) (Amaurina); Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 77: 476
duponti (Dufrane, 1948) (Amaurina); Bull. Soc. linn. Lyon 17 (10) : 193
Amauris ellioti, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Amauris ellioti ; Butler, [1896], Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1895 : 723, pl. 42, f. 1; [EBW]; [MWB: 191, pl. 10, f. 61]
Amauris (Amaura) ellioti ; [AfrL]

Larva on Cynanchum, Gymnema, Marsdenia, Secamone, Tylophora [BK], Marsdenia racemosa, Tylophora anomala, T. stolzii? [MWB]

W.Uganda, E.Zaire, Rwanda Amauris ellioti ellioti ; [BAFR, 158 (labelled as E. mitra)]
Amauris (Amaura) ellioti ellioti ; [AfrL]
A. e. altumi Poulton, 1929
Kenya? ellioti altumi Poulton, 1929; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 77: 476
altumi (Poulton, 1929) (Amaurina); Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 77: 476
Amauris ellioti altumi ; [BAFR, 158 (text)]
Amauris (Amaura) ellioti altumi ; [AfrL]
A. e. ansorgei Sharpe, 1896
W.Kenya (W of Rift Valley), E.Uganda? Amauris ansorgei Sharpe, 1896; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 18 : 158, TL: Uganda
Amauris ansorgei ; [BOW: pl. 110, f. 13]
Amauris ellioti ansorgei ; [BAFR, 158 (text)]
Amauris (Amaura) ellioti ansorgei ; [AfrL]
A. e. junia (Le Cerf, 1920)
S.Tanzania, N.Malawi ellioti junia (Le Cerf, 1920) (Amaurina); Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Paris 26 : 40
Amauris ellioti junia ; [BAFR, 158 (text)]
Amauris (Amaura) ellioti junia ; [AfrL]

Amauris phoedon (Fabricius, 1798)
Mauritius Papilio phoedon Fabricius, 1798; Ent. Syst. (Suppl.): 423
Danais phaedone Godart, 1819; Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 183
Amauris phaedon ; [BOW: pl. 110, f. 22 [missp.]]
Amauris pheodon ; (missp.?)
Amauris phoedon ; [BAFR, 158 (labelled as E. mitra)]; [MWB: 191, pl. 10, f. 62, pl. XI, f. 164]
Amauris (Amaura) phoedon ; [AfrL]

Larva on Nerium, Tylophora asthmatica [MWB]


Amauris comorana Oberthür, 1897
Comoro Islands Amauris comorana Oberthür, 1897; Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 1897 : 191, TL: Comoro Islands, Grande Comore
Amauris comorana ; [BOW: pl. 110, f. 22 (text only)]; [BAFR, 158 (labelled as E. goudoti)]; [MWB: 191, pl. 11, f. 63]
Amauris (Amaura) comorana ; [AfrL]

Larva on Tylophora laevigata? [MWB]


Amauris echeria (Stoll, [1790])
-. See [About maps] Papilio echeria Stoll, [1790]; Aanhangsel Werk, Uitl. Kapellen (2-5): 135, pl. 19, f. 2, 23, TL: South Africa
Danais vaillantiana Godart, 1819; Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 183
echerioides Weismann, 1913; Vortrag. Desz. theor. (3): 1, pl. 1, f. 6
vaal Talbot, 1940; Trans. R. Ent. Soc. Lond. 90 : 328, TL: Transvaal
luxuriosa Talbot, 1940; Trans. R. Ent. Soc. Lond. 90 : 329, TL: Uganda
imatongensis Talbot, 1941; Ent. mon. Mag. 77 : 213, TL: Sudan
Amauris echeria ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 110, f. 14]; [BK: 260, pl. 27, f. 392]; [MWB: 192, pl. 11, f. 64, pl. XI, f. 163]
Amauris (Amaura) echeria ; [AfrL]

Larva on Tylophora anomala, Cynanchum chirindense [PBSA], Gymnema, Marsdenia, Secamone [BK], Gymnema sylvestre, Marsdenia angolensis, M. racemosa, Secamone africana, S. parviflora, Tylophora anomala, T. stolzii? [MWB]

Cape - Natal, Zululand, Transvaal Amauris echeria echeria ; [BAFR, 157]
Amauris (Amaura) echeria echeria ; [AfrL]
A. e. jacksoni Sharpe, 1892
W.Kenya (W of Rift Valley) Amauris jacksoni Sharpe, 1892; Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1891 : 633, pl. 48, f. 2
Amauris echeria jacksoni ; [BAFR, 157]
Amauris (Amaura) echeria jacksoni ; [AfrL]
A. e. kikuyu Talbot, 1940
E.Kenya (Katamayu - Meru, Nyambeni) echeria kikuyu Talbot, 1940; Trans. R. Ent. Soc. Lond. 90 : 329, TL: Kenya
Amauris echeria kikuyu ; [BAFR, 157 (text)]
Amauris (Amaura) echeria kikuyu ; [AfrL]
A. e. chyuluensis van Someren, 1939
SE.Kenya (Chyulu, Sagala, Emali, Teita) echeria chyuluensis van Someren, 1939; J. E.Afr. Uganda nat. Hist. Soc. 14 : 137
Amauris (Amaura) echeria chyuluensis ; [AfrL]
Amauris echeria chyuluensis ; [BAFR, 157 (text)]
A. e. contracta Talbot, 1940
W.Kenya, Kitale echeria contracta Talbot, 1940; Trans. R. Ent. Soc. Lond. 90 : 330, TL: Kenya
Amauris echeria contracta ; [BAFR, 157 (text)]
Amauris (Amaura) echeria contracta ; [AfrL]
A. e. abessinica Schmidt, 1921
Eritrea, N.Ethiopia Amauris lonengula abessinica Schmidt, 1921; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 35 (1/2) : 32
Amauris echeria abessinica ; [BAFR, 157 (text)]
Amauris (Amaura) echeria abessinica ; [AfrL]
A. e. katangae Neave, 1910
S.Zaire (S.Shaba), Zambia? Amauris lobengula katangae Neave, 1910; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1910 : 8, pl. 1, f. 1, TL: Katanga
Amauris echeria katangae ; [BAFR, 157]
Amauris (Amaura) echeria katangae ; [AfrL]
A. e. fernandina Schultze, 1914
Fernando Póo (Macías Nguema I.) Amauris fernandina Schultze, 1914; Ent. Rundsch. 31 (8) : 47
Amauris echeria fernandina ; [BAFR, 157 (text)]
Amauris (Amaura) echeria fernandina ; [AfrL]
A. e. lobengula (Sharpe, 1890)
Rhodesia, S.Mozambique, S.Malawi (Mt. Mlanje) Nebroda lobengula Sharpe, 1890; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 6 (34) : 346, TL: Matabe Land
Amauris lohengula[sic] ; Aurivillius, 1911, in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 13 : pl. 25 d
Amauris lobulenga[sic] ; [EBW, (name only)]
Amauris echeria lobengula ; [BAFR, 157 (text)]
Amauris (Amaura) echeria lobengula ; [AfrL]
A. e. meruensis Talbot, 1940
N.Tanzania (Arusha, Moshi, Nogorongoro) echeria meruensis Talbot, 1940; Trans. R. Ent. Soc. Lond. 90 : 330
Amauris echeria meruensis ; [BAFR, 157 (text)]
Amauris (Amaura) echeria meruensis ; [AfrL]
A. e. mongallensis Carpenter, 1928
S.Sudan, N.Uganda echeria mongallensis Carpenter, 1928; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 76 : 35, pl. 3, f. 5
Amauris echeria mongallensis ; [BAFR, 157 (text)]
Amauris (Amaura) echeria mongallensis ; [AfrL]
A. e. mpala Talbot, 1940
Zaire (highlands) echeria mpala Talbot, 1940; Trans. R. Ent. Soc. Lond. 90 : 329
Amauris echeria mpala ; [BAFR, 157 (text)]
Amauris (Amaura) echeria mpala ; [AfrL]
A. e. occidentalis Schmidt, 1921
Cameroun Amauris echeria occidentalis Schmidt, 1921; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 35 (1/2) : 33
Amauris echeria occidentalis ; [BAFR, 157 (text)]
Amauris (Amaura) echeria occidentalis ; [AfrL]
A. e. septentrionis Poulton, 1924
N.Kenya (Marsabit, Nyiro, Kulal) echeria septentrionis Poulton, 1924; Proc. ent. Soc. Lond. 1924 : 26
Amauris echeria septentrionis ; [BAFR, 157 (text)]
Amauris (Amaura) echeria septentrionis ; [AfrL]
A. e. serica Talbot, 1940
S.Tanzania, N.Malawi echeria serica Talbot, 1940; Trans. R. Ent. Soc. Lond. 90 : 332
Amauris echeria serica ; [BAFR, 157 (text)]
Amauris (Amaura) echeria serica ; [AfrL]
A. e. steckeri Kheil, 1890
S.Ethiopia, W.Ethiopia, S.Sudan Amauris steckeri Kheil, 1890; Berl. Ent. Zs. 33 (2) : 393, TL: Abyssinia
Amauris echeria streckeri[sic] ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1903, Novit. Zool. 10 (3): 504; [BAFR, 157 (text)]
Amauris (Amaura) echeria steckeri ; [AfrL]
A. e. terrena Talbot, 1940
W.Uganda, E.Zaire, NW.Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi echeria terrena Talbot, 1940; Trans. R. Ent. Soc. Lond. 90 : 330, TL: Uganda,...
Amauris echeria terrena ; [BAFR, 157 (text)]
Amauris (Amaura) echeria terrena ; [AfrL]
A. e. whytei Butler, 1894
S.Malawi (Zomba Plateau) Amauris whytei Butler, 1894; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1893 : 644, TL: Nyassaland
Amauris echeria whytei ; [BAFR, 157 (text)]
Amauris (Amaura) echeria whytei ; [AfrL]

Amauris vashti (Butler, 1869)
Nigeria, Cameroun, C.A.R., C.Zaire. See [About maps] Danais vashti Butler, 1869; Cistula ent. 1 (1) : 1, TL: Nigeria, Old Calabar
unipuncta Dufrane, 1948; Bull. Soc. linn. Lyon 17 (10) : 193
Amauris vashti, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Amauris vashti ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 110, f. 24]; [BAFR, 158]; [MWB: 192, pl. 11, f. 65, pl. VII, f. 56]
Amauris (Amaura) vashti ; [AfrL]

Amauris crawshayi Butler, 1897
-. See [About maps] Amauris crawshayi Butler, 1897; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1896 : 821, pl. 41, f. 1, TL: N.Malawi
Amauris echeria var. prominens Grünberg, 1908; S.B. Ges naturf. Fr. Berl. 1908 : 50, pl. 2, f. 1, TL: Uganda
reducta Aurivillius, 1922; Ark. Zool. 14 (5) : 2, TL: Uganda, Entebbe
Amauris oscarus crawshayi ; auth.
Amauris crawshayi ; [MWB: 193, pl. 11, f. 66-67, pl. XI, f. 161]
Amauris reducta ; [EBW, (name only)]
Amauris (Amaura) crawshayi ; [AfrL]
N.Malawi Amauris crawshayi crawshayi ; [BAFR, 158 (labelled as E. euphon, E. desjardini)]
Amauris (Amaura) crawshayi crawshayi ; [AfrL]
A. c. oscarus Thurau, 1903
Zaire - Tanzania, W.Kenya, Uganda, Burundi, Rwanda Amauris echeria var. oscarus Thurau, 1903; Berl. ent. Z. 48 : 301, TL: Uganda; S.Albert-Nyansa
Amauris crawshayi oscarus ; [BAFR, 158 (labelled as E. desjardinsi?)]; [MWB, 193]
Amauris oscarus oscarus ; [BK: 261, pl. 27, f. 394]
Amauris (Amaura) crawshayi oscarus ; [AfrL]

Larva on Cynanchum, Gymnema, Marsdenia, Secamone, Tylophora [BK]

A. c. angola Bethune-Baker, 1914
Amauris angola Bethune-Baker, 1914; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1914 : 336, pl. 61, f. 25
Amauris (Amaura) crawshayi angola ; [AfrL]
?A. c. alba Neustetter, 1916
Tanzania? crawshayi alba Neustetter, 1916; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 30 : 96
?Amauris crawshayi alba ; [BAFR, 158 (text)]
A. c. camerunica Joicey & Talbot, 1925
Cameroun - Ghana crawshayi camerunica Joicey & Talbot, 1925; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (9) 16 (96) : 643
Amauris crawshayi camerunica ; [BAFR, 158 (text)]
Amauris (Amaura) crawshayi camerunica ; [AfrL]
Angola ?Amauris crawshayi angolae ; [BAFR, 158 (text)]
A. c. simulator Talbot, 1926
S.Zaire (Shaba) crawshayi simulator Talbot, 1926; in Schouteden, Revue Zool. afr. 14 : 226
Amauris crawshayi simulator ; [BAFR, 158 (text)]
Amauris (Amaura) crawshayi simulator ; [AfrL]

The damocles species-group
damocles ; Vane-Wright, 2003, Syst. & Biodiv. 1 (1): 9 (superspecies)

Amauris damocles (Fabricius, 1793)
Sierra Leone - Nigeria, Uganda?. See [About maps] Papilio damocles Fabricius, 1793; Ent. Syst. 3 (1): 41, TL: [W.Africa]
Papilio egialea Cramer, [1777]; Uitl. Kapellen 2 (9-16): 146, pl. 192, f. D
= ; Vane-Wright, 2003, Syst. & Biodiv. 1 (1): 5
Amauris hyalites punctata Dufrane, 1948; Bull. Soc. linn. Lyon 17 (10) : 193
= ; Vane-Wright, 2003, Syst. & Biodiv. 1 (1): 5
Amauris egialea ; [EBW, (name only)]
Amauris egilaea[sic] ; [BAFR, 155]
?Amauris damocles ?Beauvoir; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 110, f. 23 (text only)]
Amauris damocles ; [MWB: 193, pl. 11, f. 68, pl. 12, f. 69]
Amauris (Amaura) damocles ; [AfrL]
Amauris (Amaura damocles) damocles ; Vane-Wright, 2003, Syst. & Biodiv. 1 (1): 9
Amauris (Amaura) damocles damocles ; [AfrL]

?Amauris lygia Hulstaert, 1924
Congo. See [About maps] Amauris lygia Hulstaert, 1924; Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr. 12 : 476, TL: Democratic Republic of Congo, Bas Uele, Sassa
Amauris (Amaura) damocles lygia ; Vane-Wright, 2003, Syst. & Biodiv. 1 (1): 9 (incert. sedis)

Amauris hyalites Butler, 1874
-. See [About maps] Amauris hyalites Butler, 1874; Cistula ent. 1 (8) : 209, TL: Angola
Amauris hyalites ; [EBW, (name only)]
Amauris damocles hyalites ;
Amauris hyalites hyalites ; [BAFR, 156]
Amauris (Amaura) hyalites ; [AfrL]
Amauris (Amaura damocles) hyalites ; Vane-Wright, 2003, Syst. & Biodiv. 1 (1): 9
Cameroun - Angola, W.Zambia, Zaire Amauris difficilis Aurivillius, 1891; Ent. Tidskr. 12 : 194, 197
= ; Vane-Wright, 2003, Syst. & Biodiv. 1 (1): 5
Amauris fenestrata Aurivillius, 1907; Ark. Zool. 3 (19) : 1, f. 36
= ; Vane-Wright, 2003, Syst. & Biodiv. 1 (1): 9
Amauris fenestrata ; [BAFR, 156 (text)]; [EBW, (name only)]
Amauris (Amaura damocles) hyalites hyalites ; Vane-Wright, 2003, Syst. & Biodiv. 1 (1): 9
A. h. schubotzi Schultze, 1914
Congo Amauris schubotzi Schultze, 1914; Ent. Rundsch. 31 (8) : 47
Amauris (Amaura damocles) hyalites schubotzi ; Vane-Wright, 2003, Syst. & Biodiv. 1 (1): 9
A. h. makuyensis Carcasson, 1964
W.Tanzania (E shore of L. Tanganyika) Amauris egialea makuyensis Carcasson, 1964; J. E. Africa nat. Hist. Soc. 24: 66
Amauris hyalites makuyensis ; [BAFR, 156]
Amauris (Amaura) damocles makuyensis ; [AfrL]
Amauris (Amaura damocles) hyalites makuyensis ; Vane-Wright, 2003, Syst. & Biodiv. 1 (1): 9

 

Amauris albimaculata Butler, 1875
-. See [About maps] Layman
Amauris echeria var. albimaculata Butler, 1875; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 16 (96) : 394, TL: South Africa, Natal
Amauris egialea similis Joicey & Talbot, 1921; Bull. Hill Mus. 1 (1) : 46, pl. 9, f. 5, TL: N.Kivu
impar Aurivillius, 1922; in Rothschild, Lep. Rhop., Voy. Rothschild : 335, pl. K1, f. 1, TL: Uganda
?Hirsutis virginalis Köhler, 1923; Fauna argent. Lepid. (1) Rhop 18 (12) Suppl.: 19, pl. 2, f. 10
= ; Fox, 1956, Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 58
semifascia Talbot, 1941²
Tithorea virginalis Bryk, 1937; in Strand, Lep. Cat. 28 (80): 466
Amauris albimaculata ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 110, f. 12]; [MWB: 194, pl. 12, f. 70, pl. XI, f. 159]; [BK: 261, pl. 27, f. 393]
Amauris (Amaura) albimaculata ; [AfrL]

Larva on Tylophora anomala, Cynanchum chirindense [PBSA], Gymnema, Marsdenia, Secamone [BK], Cynanchum vincetoxicum, Marsdenia angolensis, M. racemosa, Tylophora stolzii? [MWB]

S.Africa, S.Mozambique Amauris albimaculata albimaculata ; [BAFR, 156]
Amauris (Amaura) albimaculata albimaculata ; [AfrL]
A. a. hanningtoni Butler, 1888
S.Somalia, E.Kenya, E.Tanzania Amauris hanningtoni Butler, 1888; Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1888 : 91, TL: Hills of Terta
Amauris albimaculata hanningtoni ; [BAFR, 156 (text)]
Amauris (Amaura) albimaculata hanningtoni ; [AfrL]
A. a. magnimacula Rebel, 1914
Uganda, E.Zaire, NW.Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi Amauris albimaculata f. magnimacula Rebel, 1914; Ann. k.k. naturh. Hofmus. Wien. 28 : 231
Amauris albimaculata magnimacula ; [BAFR, 156 (text)]
Amauris (Amaura) albimaculata magnimacula ; [AfrL]
A. a. intermedians Hulstaert, 1926
Cameroun albimaculata intermedians Hulstaert, 1926; Rev. Zool. Afr. 14 : 60
Amauris albimaculata intermedians ; [BAFR, 156 (text)]
Amauris intermedians ; [EBW, (name only)]
Amauris (Amaura) albimaculata intermedians ; [AfrL]
A. a. interposita Talbot, 1940
W.Kenya, N.Tanzania albimaculata interposita Talbot, 1940; Trans. R. Ent. Soc. Lond. 90 : 327
Amauris albimaculata interposita ; [BAFR, 156 (text)]
Amauris (Amaura) albimaculata interposita ; [AfrL]
A. a. sudanica Talbot, 1940
S.Sudan albimaculata sudanica Talbot, 1940; Trans. R. Ent. Soc. Lond. 90 : 328, TL: S.Sudan
Amauris albimaculata sudanica ; [BAFR, 157 (text)]
Amauris (Amaura) albimaculata sudanica ; [AfrL]
A. a. latifascia Talbot, 1940
albimaculata latifascia Talbot, 1940; Trans. R. Ent. Soc. Lond. 90 : 327, TL: Nyasaland
Amauris (Amaura) albimaculata latifascia ; [AfrL]
A. a. chirindana Talbot, 1941
Rhodesia albimaculata chirindana Talbot, 1941; Ent. mon. Mag. 77 : 212, pl. 40, TL: Uganda
Amauris albimaculata chirindana ; [BAFR, 156 (text)]
Amauris (Amaura) albimaculata chirindana ; [AfrL]

Amauris nossima (Ward, 1870)
Madagascar, Comoro Is. (Mayotte). See [About maps] Danais nossima Ward, 1870; Ent. mon. Mag. 6 : 225, TL: Madagascar
Amauris nossima var. interrupta Boullet, 1912; Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1912 : 381, TL: Madagascar
Amauris nossima var. conjuncta Boullet, 1913; Bull. Nat. Mus. Paris 19 : 343, pl. 6, f. 4
defasciata Röber, 1937; Ent. Rundschau 54 : 298
disjuncta Talbot, 1940; Trans. R. Ent. Soc. Lond. 90 : 323
antsingyi Paulian, 1956; Faune Madagascar 2: 7, TL: Madacascar
Amauris nossima ; [BOW: pl. 110, f. 21 (text only)]; [BAFR, 155]; [MWB: 194, pl. 12, f. 71]; [MadL]
Amauris (Amaura) nossima ; [AfrL]

Amauris ochlea (Boisduval, 1847)
-. See [About maps] Novice
Euploea ochlea Boisduval, 1847; in Delegorgue, Voyage Afr. australe, 2: 589, TL: South Africa, Natal
spatiosa Talbot, 1940; Trans. R. Ent. Soc. Lond. 90 : 323, TL: Comoro Is.
valens Talbot, 1940; Trans. R. Ent. Soc. Lond. 90 : 323, TL: Comoro Is.
Amauris ochlea ; [BOW: pl. 110, f. 21]; [MWB: 194, pl. 12, f. 72-73]; [BK: 259, pl. 27, f. 389]
Amauris (Amaura) ochlea ; [AfrL]

Larva on Tylophora anomala, Cynanchum chirindense [PBSA], Gymnema, Marsdenia, Secamone [BK], Cyanchum abyssinicum, C. medium, C. nigrum, C. vincetoxicum, Tylophora stolzii? [MWB]

E.Kenya - Zululand, Natal Amauris ochlea ochlea ; [BAFR, 155 (text)]
Amauris (Amaura) ochlea ochlea ; [AfrL]
A. o. bumilleri Lanz, 1896
W.Tanzania Amauris bumilleri Lanz, 1896; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 8 (2) : 380, pl. 7, f. 1
Amauris bumilleri Lanz, 1896; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 9 (1) : 130
Amauris ochlea bumilleri ; [BAFR, 155 (text)]
Amauris (Amaura) ochlea bumilleri ; [AfrL]
A. o. ochleides Staudinger, 1896
Eritrea, N.Ethiopia Amauris ochleides Staudinger, 1896; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 8 (2) : 366, pl. 7, f. 2, TL: Abyssinia
Amauris ochlea ochleides ; [BAFR, 155 (text)]
Amauris (Amaura) ochlea ochleides ; [AfrL]
A. o. darius Rothschild & Jordan, 1903
N.Kenya (Meru, Mt. Kulai) - S.Somalia, S.Ethiopia Amauris ochleides darius Rothschild & Jordan, 1903; Novit. Zool. 10 (3): 503, TL: Anderatscha
Amauris ochlea darius ; [BAFR, 155 (text)]
Amauris (Amaura) ochlea darius ; [AfrL]
A. o. affinis Aurivillius, 1911
Comoro Is. Amauris ochleides affinis Aurivillius, 1911; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 13 : 75 (repl. comorana Aurivillius, 1909)
comorana Aurivillius, 1909; in Voeltzkow, Reise in Ostafrika, 2: 312, pl. 19, f. 1
Amauris ochlea affinis ; [BAFR, 155]
Amauris (Amaura) ochlea affinis ; [AfrL]
A. o. moya Turlin, 1994
Amauris (Amaura) ochlea moya ; [AfrL]

Amauris dannfelti Aurivillius, 1891
-. See [About maps] Amauris dannfelti Aurivillius, 1891; Ent. Tidskr. 12 : 196, TL: 'Congo-Gebiete' [? Angola]
Amauris dannfelti ; [EBW, (name only)]; [MWB: 195, pl. 12, f. 74]
Amauris (Amaura) dannfelti ; [AfrL]
Zaire, Angola Amauris dannfelti dannfelti ; [BAFR, 155]
Amauris (Amaura) dannfelti dannfelti ; [AfrL]
A. d. restricta Talbot, 1940
SE.Zaire, Zambia, Rhodesia dannfelti restricta Talbot, 1940; Trans. R. Ent. Soc. Lond. 90 : 326
Amauris dannfelti restricta ; [BAFR, 155]
Amauris (Amaura) dannfelti restricta ; [AfrL]

Amauris inferna Butler, 1871
W.Africa, Congo, Uganda. See [About maps] Amauris inferna Butler, 1871; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1871 : 79, TL: W.Africa [? Cameroun]
Amauris egialia var. semivitrea Mabille, 1876; Bull. Soc. zool. Fr. 1 : 198
Amauris hecatoides Aurivillius, 1901; Ent. Tidskr. 22 : 113, f. 19, TL: Congo
Amauris hecate ab. reuteri Strand, 1910; Wiener ent. Z. 29 : 29, 31
Amauris inferna ab. infernalis Strand, 1912; Archiv Naturg. 77 (Suppl. 4) : 108
torleyi Hulstaert, 1926; Rev. Zool. Afr. 14 : 61
aurivilliana Bryk, 1937; in Strand, Lep. Cat. 28 (78): 191
Amauris inferna ; [BOW: pl. 110, f. 17]; [MWB: 195, pl. 13, f. 75]
Amauris (Amaura) inferna ; [AfrL]
Cameroun, Gabon, Zaire Amauris inferna inferna ; [BAFR, 156]
Amauris (Amaura) inferna inferna ; [AfrL]
A. i. grogani Sharpe, 1901
E.Zaire, W.Uganda Amauris grogani Sharpe, 1901; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (7) 8 : 278, TL: Mushari
Amauris inferna grogani ; [BAFR, 156 (text)]
Amauris (Amaura) inferna grogani ; [AfrL]
A. i. discus Talbot, 1940
W.Zaire, C.Zaire inferna discus Talbot, 1940; Trans. R. Ent. Soc. Lond. 90 : 325
Amauris inferna discus ; [BAFR, 156 (text)]
Amauris (Amaura) inferna discus ; [AfrL]
A. i. moka Talbot, 1940
Fernando Póo (Macías Nguema I.) inferna moka Talbot, 1940; Trans. R. Ent. Soc. Lond. 90 : 325, TL: Fernando Po
Amauris inferna moka ; [BAFR, 156 (text)]
Amauris (Amaura) inferna moka ; [AfrL]
A. i. uganda Talbot, 1940
Uganda inferna uganda Talbot, 1940; Trans. R. Ent. Soc. Lond. 90 : 325, TL: Uganda
Amauris inferna uganda ; [BAFR, 156 (text)]
Amauris (Amaura) inferna uganda ; [AfrL]

Amauris hecate (Butler, 1866)
-. See [About maps] Dusky Danaid Black Friar
Danais hecate Butler, 1866; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1866 (1) : 44, TL: Ashanti
Amauris dira Neave, 1904; Novit. Zool. 11 : 324, pl. 1, f. 1, TL: Nyangori; Tiriki
Amauris hecate ♀-f. reducta Bartel, 1905; Novit. Zool. 12 : 129, TL: Kamerun
bedoci Dufrane, 1948; Bull. Soc. linn. Lyon 17 (10) : 193
?lagai Dufrane, 1948; Bull. Soc. linn. Lyon 17 (10) : 193
draedana Stoneham, 1958; Bull. Stoneham Mus. (71): 2, TL: Kenya
expansa Stoneham, 1958; Bull. Stoneham Mus. (71): 3
tenebrosa Stoneham, 1958; Bull. Stoneham Mus. (71): 3, TL: Kenya
Amauris dira ; [EBW, (name only)]
Amauris hecate ; [BOW: pl. 110, f. 16]; [MWB: 195, pl. 13, f. 76]; [BK: 260, pl. 27, f. 391]
Amauris (Amaura) hecate ; [AfrL]
Guinea, Liberia - Ghana, Cameroun, Angola, Zaire, Uganda, S.Sudan, W.Kenya Amauris hecate hecate ; [BAFR, 156]
Amauris (Amaura) hecate hecate ; [AfrL]
A. h. stictica Rothschild & Jordan, 1903
S.Ethiopia Amauris hecate stictica Rothschild & Jordan, 1903; Novit. Zool. 10 (3): 504, TL: Anderatscha
Amauris hecate stictica ; [BAFR, 156]
Amauris (Amaura) hecate stictica ; [AfrL]


Unknown or unplaced taxa

Amauris ansorgei altumi van Someren, 1926; J. E. Afr. Uganda Nat. Hist. Soc. 21: 44

Papilio enceladus Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 470
Euploea enceladus ; Moore, 1883, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1883 (3): 323


15.4.2013 (17)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[AfrL]
Mark C. Williams; Checklist of Afrotropical Papilionoidea and Hesperoidea; Compiled by Mark C. Williams, 7th ed. (2008) (April 2007); Afrototropical Butterflies; e-mail: Mark C. Williams
[BAFR]
D'Abrera, 1980; Butterflies of the Afrotropical Region
[BHL]
The; Biodiversity Heritage Library; and on; Internet Archive; Note: The linking to the content of Internet Archive is somewhat delicate -- notify me when links break!
[BK]
Larsen, 1996; The Butterflies of Kenya and their natural history
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[EBW]
Smart, Paul, 1976; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World; ISBN 0 600 31381 6
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[LAMAS-NEO]
Gerardo Lamas; Bibliography of butterflies; An Annocated Bibliography of the Neotropical Butterflies and Skipper (Lepididoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea); Revised Electronic Edition (2007)
[MWB]
Ackery & Vane-Wright, 1984; Milkweed butterflies, their cladistics and biology; British Museum (Natural History)
[MadL]
Lees, D.C., Kremen, C. and Raharitsimba, H. 2003; in S.M. Goodman & J. P. Benstead (eds.), The Natural History of Madagascar; Classification, Diversity and Endemism of the Butterflies (Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea): A Revised Species Checklist: : pp. 762-793; University of Chicago Press. 1709 pp.
[PBSA]
Dickson, C.G.C (ed.), Kroon, D.M.; Pennington's Butterflies of Southern Africa; AD. DONKER 1978
[Wahlberg]
Niklas Wahlberg; The NSG's voucher specimen database; Nymphalidae Systematics Group
[²]
This may require parentheses or not. I don't have the necessary information for this taxon.


Some related literature:
Aurivillius, 1881
Om en samling fjärilar från Gaboon Ent. Tidskr. 2 (1) : 38-47
Aurivillius, 1891
Verzeichniss einer vom Herrn Fritz Theorin aus Gabun und dem Gebiete des Camerunflusses heimgebrachten Schmetterlings-sammlung Ent. Tidskr. 12 : 193-228, pl. 1-3
Aurivillius, 1901
Diagnosen neuer Lepidopteren aus Afrika Ent. Tidskr. 22 : 113-128
Aurivillius, 1907
Diagnosen neuer Lepidopteren aus Afrika Ark. Zool. 3 (19) : 1-7
Aurivillius, 1911
Die Gross-Schmetteringe der Erde; 13 Band; Die Afrikanischen Tagfalter in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 13 : 1-613, pl. 1-80
Aurivillius, 1909
Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera und Heterocera (Pars 1) von Madagascar, den Comoren und den Inseln Ostafrikas in Voeltzkow, Reise in Ostafrika, 2: 310-348
Aurivillius, 1910
Lepidoptera in Sjösted, Kilimandjaro-Meru Exped. 2 (9) : 1-56, pl. 1-2
Aurivillius, 1922
Sammlungen der schwedischen Elgon-Expedition im Jahre 1920 Ark. Zool. 14 (5) : 1-27
Aurivillius, 1922
Lépidoptères Rhopalocères. Extrait du voyage de M. le Baron Maurice de Rothschild en Ethiopie et Afrique Orientale Anglaise in Rothschild, Lep. Rhop., Voy. Rothschild: 333-386, pl. K1 : 333-386
Bartel, 1905
Neue Aethiopische Rhopalocera des Kgl. Museums für Naturkunde in Berlin Novit. Zool. 12 : 129-152
Bethune-Baker, 1914
Notes on the taxonomic value of the genital armature in Lepidoptera Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1914 : 314-337, pl. 55-65
Boisduval, 1847
Catalogue des Lépidoptères recuellis par M. Delegorgue, 1833-1844 in Delegorgue, Voyage Afr. australe, 2: 585-614
Boullet, 1912
Description d'une forme nouvelle d'Amauris [Lep. Danaidae] Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1912 : 381-382
Boullet, 1913
Description d'une Amauris nouvelle (Lépid. Danaidae) Bull. Nat. Mus. Paris 19 : 342-343, pl. 6
Brower, Wahlberg, Ogawa, Boppre & Vane-Wright, 2010
Phylogenetic relationships among genera of danaine butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) as implied by morphology and DNA sequences Syst. Biodiv. 8 (1): 75-89
Butler, 1866
A Monograph of the diurnal Lepidoptera belonging to the Genus Danais, being a Revision of the Insects of that Genus, with Descriptions of new Species in the National Collection Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1866 (1) : 43-59, pl. 4
Butler, 1869
Descriptions of New Rhopalocera from the Collection of Herbert Druce Esq. Cistula ent. 1 (1) : 1-16
Butler, 1871
Descriptions of some new species of exotic lepidoptera Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1871 : 79-83
Butler, 1874
Descriptions of new African Lepidoptera Cistula ent. 1 (8) : 209-214,[215-217] (misnumbered pages)
Butler, 1875
On a Collection of Lepidoptera from Southern Africa, with Descriptions of new Genera and Species Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 16 (96) : 394-420
Butler, 1888
Descriptions of some new Lepidoptera from Kilima-njaro Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1888 : 91-98
Butler, 1894
On two collection of Lepidoptera sent by H. H. Johnston, Esq., C.B., from British Central Africa Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1893 : 643-684, pl. 60 (1894)
Butler, 1895
Description of a new Species of Butterfly of the Genus Amauris obtained by Mr. Scott Elliot in East Central Africa Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 16 (91) : 122-123
Butler, [1896]
On Lepidoptera recently collected in British East Africa by Mr. G. F. Scott Elliot Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1895 : 722-742, pl. 42-43 (1896)
Butler, 1897
On two collections of lepidoptera made by Mr R. Crawshay in Nyasa-land Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1896 : 817-850, pl. 41-42
Carcasson, 1964
New African moths J. E. Africa nat. Hist. Soc. 24: 53-82 [??], 8pls
Carpenter, 1928
Two collections of butterflies from the S.E. corner of the Sudan Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 76 : 25-54
Le Cerf, 1920
Voyage de MM. Ch. Alluaud et R. Jeannel dans l'Afrique Oriental - Descriptions de deux formes nouvelles d'Amaurina ansorgei E. Sharpe [Lepidopt. Danaidae] Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Paris 26 : 39-40
Cramer, [1777]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) Uitl. Kapellen 2 (9-16): 1-152, pl. 97-192 (1777)
Dufrane, 1948
Note sur les Danaidae Bull. Soc. linn. Lyon 17 (10) : 192-194
Fox, 1956
A monograph of the Ithomiidae (Lepidoptera) Bull. amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 111 (1) : 1-76, pl. 1-9
Godart, 1819
in Latreille & Godart, Encyclopédie Méthodique. Histoire naturelle Entomologie, ou histoire naturelle des crustacés, des arachnides et des insectes Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 3-328 (1819), (2): 329-828 ([1824])
Grose-Smith, 1887
Description of two new species of Danainae Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 19 (113) : 369
Grünberg, 1908
Neue Lepidopteren aus Uganda S.B. Ges naturf. Fr. Berl. 1908 : 50-62, pl. 2-4
Grünberg, 1912
Rhopalocera in Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika Expedition 1907-1908 Ergeb. Dt. Z.-Afr. Exped. 3 (Zool. 1) : 505-560
Guenée, 1865
Lépidoptéres de Madagascar. In Vinson. Voyage a Madagascar au couronnement de Radama II. in Vinson, Voy. Madagascar, Annexe F: 25-48
Hemming, 1964
Establishment of a new genus in the family Danaidae Annot. lep. (4) : 145-146
Hübner, 1816
Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge, 1816-[1826] Verz. bek. Schmett. (1): [1-3], 4-16 (1816), (2): 17-32 (1819), (3): 33-48 (1819), (4): 49-64 (1819), (5): 65-80 (1819), (6): 81-96 (1819), (7): 97-112 (1819), (8): 113-128 (1819), (9): 129-144 (1819), (10): 145-160 (1819), (11): 161-176 (1819), (12): 177-192 (1820), (13): 193-208 (1820), (14): 209-224 (1821), (15): 225-240 (1821), (16): 241-256 (1821), (17): 257-272 (1823), (18): 273-288 (1823), (19): 289-304 (1823), (20): 305-320 (1825), (21): 321-336 (1825), (22): 337-352 (1825), (23-27): 353-431 ([1825])
Geyer, 1837
Zuträge zur Sammlung exotischer Schmettlinge, Vol. 5 [1833]-1837 in Hübner, Zuträge. Samml. exot. Schmett. 5 : [1-3], 4, [5], 6-52 (1837), : pl. [138-151], f. 801-880 (1833), : pl. [152-172], f. 881-1000 (1834 - 1836)
Hulstaert, 1924
Rhopaloceres nouveaux du Congo Belge Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr. 12 : 476-481
Hulstaert, 1926
Rhopaloceres nouveaux du Musee du Congo Belge Rev. Zool. Afr. 14 : 60-63
Joicey & Talbot, 1921
New Lepidoptera Collected by Mr. T. A. Barns, in East Central Africa. New Forms of Rhopalocera Bull. Hill Mus. 1 (1) : 44-118, pl. 5-16
Joicey & Talbot, 1925
Notes on some Lepidoptera, with descriptions of new forms Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (9) 16 (96) : 633-653
Kheil, 1890
Ein neuer Danaid Berl. Ent. Zs. 33 (2) : 393-394
Lanz, 1896
Eine neue Amauris Dt. ent. Z. Iris 8 (2) : 380, pl. 7 (1896)
Lanz, 1896
Besprechung der von Dr. Bumiller 1893 aus Ostafrika mitgebrachten Schmetterlinge Dt. ent. Z. Iris 9 (1) : 113-147
Linnaeus, 1758
Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Clases, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Symonymis, Locis. Tomis I. 10th Edition Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 1-338, : 339-824
Mabille, 1876
Catalogue des Lépidoptères de la cote occidentale d'Afrique Bull. Soc. zool. Fr. 1 : 194-203 (1876), : 274-281 (1877)
Moore, 1883
A Monograph of Limnaina and Euploeina, two Groups of Diurnal Lepidoptera belonging to the Subfamily Euploeinae; with Descriptions of new Genera and Species. Part I & II Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1883 (2): 201-252, (3): 253-324, pl. 29-32
Neave, 1904
On a large collection of Rhopalocera from the shores of the Victoria Nyanza Novit. Zool. 11 : 323-363
Neave, 1910
Zoological collections from Northern Rhodesia and adjacent territories. Lepidoptera Rhopalocera Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1910 : 2-86, pl. 1-3
Neustetter, 1916
Neue oder wenig bekannte Cymothoe Arten Dt. ent. Z. Iris 30 : 95-108
Oberthür, 1897
Descriptions de Lépidoptères nouveaux Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 1897 : 188-194
Paulian, 1956
Faune de Madagascar II. Insectes: Lepidopteres; Danaidae, Nymphalidae, Acraeidae Faune Madagascar 2: 1-102
Plötz, 1880
Verzeichniss der von Professor Dr. R. Bucholz in West-Africa gesammelten Schmetterlinge Stettin ent. Ztg 41 (1-3): 76-88, (4-6): 189-206, (7-9): 298-307
Poulton, 1924
A new race of Amauris lobengula E.M. Sh., from S.E. of Lake Rudolf, flying with a corresponding F. of Papilio dardanus Brown Proc. ent. Soc. Lond. 1924 : xxv-xxix,[25-29]
Rebel, 1914
Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Expedition R. Grauernach. Zentralafrika. 1909-1911. Lepidoptera Ann. k.k. naturh. Hofmus. Wien. 28 : 219-294, pl. 17-24
Rothschild & Jordan, 1903
Lepidoptera collected by Oscar Neumann in north-east Africa Novit. Zool. 10 (3): 491-542, 12: 175-191
Röber, 1937
Eine neue Amauris-Unterart Ent. Rundschau 54 : 298
Schmidt, 1921
Neue oder wenig bekannte afrikanische Rhopaloceren Dt. ent. Z. Iris 35 (1/2) : 32-51
Talbot in Schouteden, 1926
Contribution a l'etude des Lepidopteres Rhopaloceres du Katanga Revue Zool. afr. 14 : 217-236 (1926), : 283-309 (1927)
Schultze, 1914
Zwei neue Amauris-Arten aus dem tropischen West-Afrika Ent. Rundsch. 31 (8) : 47-48
Sharpe, 1890
Descriptions of some new Species of African Butterflies in the Collection of Captain G. E. Shelley Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 6 (34) : 346-350
Sharpe, 1892
Descriptions of New Butterflies collected by Mr. F. J. Jackson, F.Z.S:, in British East Africa, during his recent Expedition. - Part I & II Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1891 : 187-194, pl. 16-17, : 633-638, pl. 48
Sharpe, 1896
Descriptions of Two new Species of Lepidoptera collected by Dr. W. J. Ansorge in East Africa Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 18 : 158-159
Sharpe, 1901
A List of Lepidoptera collected by Mr. Ewart S. Grogan in Central Africa Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (7) 8 : 278-286
van Someren, 1926
Amauris ansorgei altumi Sbsp. Nov. J. E. Afr. Uganda Nat. Hist. Soc. 21: 44
van Someren, 1939
Butterflies of the Chyulu Range. A systematic list of the species taken by the Museum Expedition to the Hills J. E.Afr. Uganda nat. Hist. Soc. 14 : 130-151
Staudinger, 1896
Neue exotische Tagfalter Dt. ent. Z. Iris 8 (2) : 366-379, pl. 6-8 (1896)
Stoll, [1790]
Aanhangsel van het Werk, de Uitlandsche Kapellen Aanhangsel Werk, Uitl. Kapellen (1): 1-42, pl. 1-8 (1787), (2-5): 43-184, pl. 9-42 (1790)
Stoneham, 1958
New forms of African Danaidae Bull. Stoneham Mus. (71): 1-3
Strand, 1910
Verzeichnis der von Herrn Oberleutnant F. Reuter an der Dume-Mündung in Kamerun gesammelten und dem Kgl zoologischen Museum geschenkten Lepidopterenp Wiener ent. Z. 29 : 29-36
Strand, 1912
Westafrikanische Lepidoptera de Familien Danaididae, Satyridae, Nymphalididae, Notodontidae und Drepanidae Archiv Naturg. 77 (Suppl. 4) : 107-123
Strand, 1913
Zoologische Ergebnisse der Expedition des Herrn G. Tessmann nach Sud-Kamerun und Spanisch-Guinea. Lepidoptera Archiv Naturg. 79 A (7) : 138-151
Suffert, 1904
Neue afrikansche Tagfalter aus dem kön. zool. Museum, Berlin, und meiner Sammlung Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 12-107, pl. 1-3
Talbot, 1940
Revisional notes on the genus Amauris Hübner (Lep.) Trans. R. Ent. Soc. Lond. 90 : 319-336
Talbot, 1941
Notes on the genus Amauris (Lep., Danaidae) with descriptions of four new forms, and description of a new subspecies of Pseudacraea deludens Neave (Nymphalidae) resembling A. echeria contracta Talbot Ent. mon. Mag. 77 : 210-216
Thurau, 1903
Neue Lepidopteren aus Ost- und Central-Afrika, im Königl. zoologischen Museum zu Berlin Berl. ent. Z. 48 : 301-314
Trimen, 1879
On some hitherto undescribed Butterflies inhabiting Southern Africa Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1879 (4) : 323-346
Vane-Wright, 2003
Indifferent Philosophy versus Almighty Authority: on consistency, consensus and unitary taxonomy Syst. & Biodiv. 1 (1): 3-11
Ward, 1870
Descriptions of new species of diurnal Lepidoptera from Madagascar Ent. mon. Mag. 6 : 224-225


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Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.