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Polyura Billberg, 1820
Nawabs
Polyura Billberg, 1820; Enum. Ins. Mus. Billb. : 79, TS: Papilio pyrrhus Linnaeus
Eulepis Scudder, 1875; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sci. 10 (2) : 170 (preocc. Eulepis Billberg, 1820), TS: Papilio athamas Drury
= ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 126
Murwareda Moore, [1896]; Lepidoptera Indica 2 (24): 263, TS: Charaxes dolon Westwood
= ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 126
Pareriboea Roepke, 1938; Rhopalocera Javanica 3 : 346 (nom. nud.), TS: Papilio athamas Drury
= ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 126
Polyura, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Pareriboea ; Hemming, 1964, Annot. lep. (4): 126 (TS)
Eulepis (Nymphalinae) ; Moore, [1880], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (1): 29
Eulepis ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): 562
Polyura ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 126
Polyura (Charaxini) ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 187; [Wahlberg]

Polyura gamma (Lathy, 1898)
New Caledonia Charaxes gamma Lathy, 1898; Entomologist 31 : 226, TL: New Caledonia
Eriboea aristophanes Fruhstorfer, 1913; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 27 (3) : 139, TL: "Shortland Is." [New Caledonia]
= ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 133
Polyura aristophanes ; [EBW, (name only)]
Eulepis gamma ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): 566, f. 18, 18A
Polyura gamma ; [BAUR, 246]; [EBW, (name only)]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 133, f. 69-70

Polyura epigenes (Godman & Salvin, 1888)
Solomon Is.. See [About maps] Charaxes epigenes Godman & Salvin, 1888; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 1 (3): 210, TL: Aola, Guadalcanar
Charaxes epigenes ; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1888, Rhop. Exot. [2] 1: (Charaxes) [5], pl. 3, f. 1-4
Eulepis epigenes ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): 568
Polyura epigenes ; [BAUR, 246]; [EBW, (name only)]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 134
Tulagi, Guadalcanal Polyura epigenes epigenes ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 134, f. 8-9,23-24
P. e. monochroma (Niepelt, 1914)
Bougainville, Shorthlan Is., Choiseul I., Vella Lavella, Rendova, Santa Isabel Charaxes (Eulepsis[sic]) epigenes f. monochromus Niepelt, 1914; in Strand, Lepid. Niepeltiana (1) : 32, pl. 9, f. 5, TL: Bougainville
Polyura epigenes monochroma ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 135

Polyura caphontis (Hewitson, 1863)
Fiji Charaxes caphontis Hewitson, 1863; Ill. exot. Butts [3] (Charaxes III): [90], pl. [47], f. 14-15, TL: Fiji [?] "Port Denison, Australia"
Eulepis caphontis ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): 564
Polyura caphontis ; [BAUR, 246]; [EBW, (name only)]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 135
Viti Levu I., Ovalu I., Taveuni I. Polyura caphontis caphontis ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 135, f. 71
P. c. nambavatua Smiles, 1982
Vanua Mbbalavu I. Polyura caphontis nambavatua Smiles, 1982; Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 136, f. 7, 22, 72, TL: Navabatin

Polyura pyrrhus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Timor, Moluccas, New Guinea, Australia. See [About maps] Papilio pyrrhus Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 462
Charaxes pyrrhus ; Butler, [1866], Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1865 (3) : 632
Eulepis pyrrhus ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): 572, f. 22-35
Polyura pyrrhus ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 150, f. 7]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 136

Larva on Acacia, Albizia, Robinia, Kurrajong, Cassia, Celtis, Ponsiana [BAUR]

Buru, Ambon, Seram, Saraparua, Batjan Papilio canomaculatus Goeze, 1779; Ent. Beyträge 3 (1) : 88
= ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): 579; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 138
Eulepis pyrrhus pyrrhus ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): 579, f. 24
Polyura pyrrhus pyrrhus ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 138, f. 10, 25, 73
P. p. sempronius (Fabricius, 1793)
Australia Tailed Emperor Four Tail
Papilio sempronius Fabricius, 1793; Ent. Syst. 3 (1): 62
Jasia australis Swainson, 1833; Zool. Illustr. (2) 3 (25): pl. 114
= ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): 593
= Polyura sempronius sempronius ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 153
Charaxes tyrtaeus C. & R. Felder, 1859; Wien. ent. Monats. 3 (12): 399, pl. 9, f. 3, TL: N.India [?]
= ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): 593
= Polyura sempronius sempronius ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 153
Polyura sempronius, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Polyura sempronius, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Polyura sempronius ; [AUCL]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 153
Polyura sempronius sempronius ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 153, f. 105-106
Eulepis pyrrhus sempronius ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): 593, f. 35
Polyura pyrrhus sempronius ; [BAUR, 244]; [Bernard Rond]

Larva on Celtis paniculata, C. philippensis, C. sinensis, Cinnamomum camphora, Robinia pseudoacacia, Caesalpinia ferrea, C. gilliesii, Cassia alata, C. fistula, C. surattensis, Delonix regia, Abarema sapindoides, Acacia baileyana, A. cyanophylla, A. dealbata, A. decurrens, A. longifolia, A. maidenii, A. neriifolia, A. podalyriifolia, A. spectabilis, Adenanthera abrosperma, Albizia lebbeck, Albizia lophantha, A. retusa, Paraserianthes toona, Guilfoylia monostylis, Brachychiton acerifolium, B. populneum, Lagerstroemia indica K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991, Review Austr. Butts. (1-4): (120-140)

P. p. galaxia (Butler, [1866])
Timor, Wetar Kalao Nawab
Charaxes galaxia Butler, [1866]; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1865 (3) : 633, pl. 37, f. 2, TL: Timor
Eulepis pyrrhus pyrrhulus Fruhstorfer, 1903; Berl. ent. Zs. 48 (1/2) : 94, TL: Wetter or Wettar
= Polyura galaxia galaxia ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 149

Polyura pyrrhus pyrrhulus ; [BAUR, 244 (text)]
Eulepis pyrrhus galaxia ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): 586, f. 29
Charaxes galaxia ; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1891, Rhop. Exot. [2] 1: (Charaxes) 12, pl. 5, f. 3-4
Polyura galaxia ; [BOR, 384]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 148
Polyura galaxia galaxia ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 148, f. 91-92
Polyura galaxia ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 188
Polyura pyrrhus galaxia ; [Bernard Rond]
P. p. jovis (Staudinger, 1895)
Sumbawa Charaxes jovis Staudinger, 1895; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 7 (2) : 357, TL: Sambawa
Eulepis pyrrhus jovis ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): 589, f. 32
Polyura galaxia jovis ; [BOR, 384]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 149, f. 93
Polyura pyrrhus jovis ; [Bernard Rond]
P. p. bandanus (Rothschild, 1898)
Banda I. Eulepis pyrrhus bandanus Rothschild, 1898; in Rothschild & Jordan, Novit. zool. 5 (4): 581, f. 25, TL: Banda Islands
Polyura pyrrhus bandanus ; [BAUR, 244 (text)]
Polyura pyrrhus bandana ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 138, f. 74
P. p. lettianus (Rothschild, 1898)
Letti Eulepis pyrrhus lettianus Rothschild, 1898; in Rothschild & Jordan, Novit. zool. 5 (4): 587, f. 30, TL: Letti
Polyura pyrrhus lettianus ; [BAUR, 244 (text)]
Polyura galaxia lettiana ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 151, f. 102
P. p. aloranus (Rothschild, 1898)
Alor Eulepis pyrrhus aloranus Rothschild, 1898; in Rothschild & Jordan, Novit. zool. 5 (4): 588, f. 31, TL: Alor
Polyura galaxia alorana ; [BOR, 384]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 151, f. 101
Polyura pyrrhus aloranus ; [Bernard Rond]
P. p. kalaonicus (Rothschild, 1898)
Kalao, Flores Eulepis pyrrhus kalaonicus Rothschild, 1898; in Rothschild & Jordan, Novit. zool. 5 (4): 591, f. 33, TL: Kalao
Polyura galaxia kalaonica ; [BOR, 384]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 150, f. 100; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 188
Polyura pyrrhus kalaonicus ; [Bernard Rond]
P. p. scipio (Rothschild, 1898)
Sumba Eulepis pyrrhus scipio Rothschild, 1898; in Rothschild & Jordan, Novit. zool. 5 (4): 592, f. 34, TL: Sumba
Polyura galaxia scipio ; [BOR, 384]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 150, f. 99
P. p. babbericus (Fruhstorfer, 1903)
Babar Eulepis pyrrhus babbericus Fruhstorfer, 1903; Berl. ent. Zs. 48 (1/2) : 93, TL: Babber Is.
Polyura pyrrhus babbericus ; [BAUR, 244 (text)]
Polyura galaxia babberica ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 152, f. 104
P. p. antigonus (Fruhstorfer, 1904)
Sermata, Damar Eulepis pyrrhus antigonus Fruhstorfer, 1904; Insekten-Börse 21 (18): 140
Polyura pyrrhus antigonus ; [BAUR, 244 (text)]
Polyura galaxia antigonus ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 151, f. 103
P. p. romanus (Fruhstorfer, 1904)
Roma Eulepis pyrrhus romanus Fruhstorfer, 1904; Insekten-Börse 21 (22): 172, TL: Romang
= Polyura galaxia lettiana ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 151
Polyura pyrrhus romanus ; [Bernard Rond]
P. p. tiberius (Waterhouse, 1920)
Lord Howe Is. Eulepis pyrrhus tiberius Waterhouse, 1920; Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W. 45 (3) : 468, TL: Lord Howe Is.
Polyura pyrrhus tiberius ; [BAUR, 244 (text)]
Polyura sempronius tiberius ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 155

Polyura gilolensis (Butler, 1869)
Charaxes gilolensis Butler, 1869; Lepid. Exotica (2): 14, pl. 5, f. 6, pl. 6, f. 3, TL: Batchian; Gilolo
Polyura gilolensis ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 139
Batjan, Halmahera Eulepis pyrrhus gilolensis ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): 584, f. 28
Polyura pyrrhus gilolensis ; [BAUR, 244 (text)]
Polyura gilolensis gilolensis ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 139, f. 11, 26, 75
P. g. obiensis (Rothschild, 1898)
Obi I. Eulepis pyrrhus obiensis Rothschild, 1898; in Rothschild & Jordan, Novit. zool. 5 (4): 583, f. 27, TL: Laiwui, Obi
Polyura pyrrhus obiensis ; [BAUR, 244 (text)]
Polyura gilolensis obiensis ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 139, f. 76
P. g. buruana (Rothschild, 1898)
Buru I. Eulepis pyrrhus buruanus Rothschild, 1898; in Rothschild & Jordan, Novit. zool. 5 (4): 582, f. 26, TL: Buru
Polyura pyrrhus buruensis[sic?] ; [BAUR, 244 (text)]
Polyura gilolelensis buruana ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 140, f. 77

Polyura sacco Smart, 1977
New Hebrides (Vanuatu) Polyura sacco Smart, 1977; Bull. amat. Ent. Soc. 36: 56, f. 1-2, TL: Tana Is.
Polyura sacco ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 140, f. 12, 27, 78

Larva on Poinciana? Burgess in Smart, 1977, in Smart, Bull. amat. Ent. Soc. 36: 59


Polyura jupiter (Butler, 1869)
-. See [About maps] Charaxes jupiter Butler, 1869; Lepid. Exotica (2): 14, pl. 5, f. 4, 7, TL: Dorey
Polyura jupiter ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 141

Larva on Albizia stipulata [BAUR]

W.Papua Eriboea pyrrhus chlorus Fruhstorfer, 1914; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 728, TL: Waigeo
= ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 142
Eulepis pyrrhus jupiter ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): 573, f. 22; Rothschild, 1915, Novit. Zool. 22 (2): 208
Polyura pyrrhus jupiter ;
Polyura jupiter jupiter ; [BAUR, 245]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 142, f. 79-80

Larva on Albizia fulva, A. chinensis Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 143

P. j. kronos (Honrath, 1888)
Bismarck Archipelago Charaxes pyrrhus var. kronos Honrath, 1888; Berl. ent. Z. 32 (1) : 250, TL: Ralum, Neu Pommern
= Polyura jupiter jupiter ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 142
Polyura jupiter kronus[sic] ; [BAUR, 245 (text)]
Polyura jupiter kronos ; [Bernard Rond]
P. j. admiralitatis (Rothschild, 1915)
Admiralty Is. Eulepis pyrrhus admiralitatis Rothschild, 1915; Novit. Zool. 22 (2): 208, TL: Manus, Admiralty Islands
Polyura jupiter admiralitatis ; [BAUR, 245 (text)]
Polyura jupites admiralitatis ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 145, f. 89
P. j. attila (Grose-Smith, 1889)
Guadalcanal Charaxes attila Grose-Smith, 1889; Ent. mon. Mag. 25 : 301, TL: Solomons, Guadalcanal
Charaxes editha Ribbe, 1899; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 11 (1): 131, TL: Bougainville
= Eulepis pyrrhus attila ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): 576
= ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 145
Charaxes attila ; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1891, Rhop. Exot. [2] 1: (Charaxes) 11, pl. 5, f. 1-2
Polyura jupiter editha ; [BAUR, 245 (text)]
Eulepis pyrrhus attila ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): 576, f. 23
Polyura jupiter attila ; [BAUR, 245]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 145, f. 90
P. j. keianus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1897)
Key I. Charaxes pyrrhus keianus Rothschild & Jordan, 1897; Novit. Zool. 4 : 508, TL: Kei-Inseln
Eulepis pyrrhus juta Hulstaert, 1924; Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 64 : 80, TL: Kai Besar
= Polyura jupiter keiana ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 144
Eulepis pyrrhus keianus ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): 578, pl. 6, f. 2
Polyura jupiter keianus ; [BAUR, 245 (text)]
Polyura jupiter keiana ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 144, f. 84, 88

Larva on Albizia sp., Mesua ferra Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 145

P. j. seitzi (Rothschild, 1897)
Tanimbar Charaxes pyrrhus seitzi Rothschild, 1897; in Rothschild & Jordan, Novit. Zool. 4 : 508, TL: Tanimbar
Eulepis pyrrhus seitzi ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): 585, pl. 5, f. 1
Polyura jupiter seitzi ; [BAUR, 245 (text)]
Polyura galaxia seitzi ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 152, f. 15, 30
P. j. watubela (Rothschild, 1903)
Watubela I. Eulepis pyrrhus watubela Rothschild, 1903; Novit. Zool. 10 (2) : 311, TL: Watubela
Polyura jupiter watubela ; [BAUR, 245 (text)]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 144, f. 85
P. j. glauca (Joicey & Talbot, 1916)
Biak, Aru I. Eriboea pyrrha glauca Joicey & Talbot, 1916; Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1916 (1) : 73, TL: Biak
Polyura jupiter glauca ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 143, f. 82
?P. j. rectifascia (Talbot, 1920)
Ceram Eriboea jupiter ab. rectifascia Talbot, 1920; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (9) 6 (34) : 405, TL: Seram
Misidentified/misapplied:
Polyura jupiter (from Seram); Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 143, f. 81

Polyura clitarchus (Hewitson, 1874)
New Caledonia, Loyalty Is. Charaxes clitarchus Hewitson, 1874; Ill. exot. Butts [3] (Charaxes IV): [91], pl. [48], f. 16-17, TL: New Caledonia
Eulepis clitarchus ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): 570, f. 21
Polyura clitarchus ; [BAUR, 245]; [EBW, (name only)]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 146, f. 13, 28

Polyura andrewsi (Butler, 1900)
Christmas Is. Charaxes andrewsi Butler, 1900; in Andrews, Mon. Christmas Isl. : 61, pl. 9, f. 8, TL: Christmas Is.
Polyura andrewsi ; [BOR, 384]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 147, f. 14, 29

Polyura dehanii (Westwood, 1850)
Java, Sumatra. See [About maps] Nymphalis dehanii Westwood, 1850; Gen. diurn. Lep. (2): 308, TL: Eastern Archipelago
Polyura dehaani[sic] ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 147, f. 18 (spell.?)]
Polyura dehanii ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 155
Java Charaxes kadenii C. & R. Felder, 1860; Wien. ent. Monats. 4 (8): 232, pl. 3, f. 2, TL: Java
= ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 156
Eulepis kadeni ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): 598, f. 37-38
Charaxes kadunii[sic] ; Butler, [1866], Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1865 (3) : 634
Eulepis kadeni kadeni ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): 599, f. 37
Polyura dehanii dehanii ; [BOR, 384]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 156, f. 16, 31, 114
P. d. sulthan (Hagen, 1896)
Sumatra Charaxes kadenii var. sulthan Hagen, 1896; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 9 (1) : 184, TL: Sumatra
Charaxes kadenii var. sumatrana Hagen, 1896; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 9 (1) : 184, TL: Sumatra
= Eulepis kadeni sulthan ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): 600
= ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 157
Eulepis kadeni sulthan ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): 600, f. 38
Polyura dehanii sulthan ; [BOR, 384]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 157, f. 115

Polyura cognatus Vollenhoven, 1861
Celebes. See [About maps] Sulawesi Blue Nawab
Polyura cognatus Vollenhoven, 1861; Tijdschr. Ent. 4 (5/6) : 159, pl. 9, f. 1-2, TL: Celebes
Charaxes (Eulepis) cognatus f. kailicus Martin, 1924; 105, TL: Sulawesi
= ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 157
Eulepis cognatus ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): 595, f. 33
Polyura cognatus ; [BOR, 384]
Polyura cognata ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 147, f. 43, 59; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 187
Sulawesi Polyura cognata cognata ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 187
P. c. yumikoe Nishimura, 1984
Banggai Polyura cognata yumikoe ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 187
P. c. bellona Tsukada, 1991
S.Sulawesi, Tukangbesi Polyura cognata bellona ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 187

Polyura schreiber (Godart, [1824])
India, Assam - Burma, Malaya, Java. See [About maps] Blue Nawab
Nymphalis schreiber Godart, [1824]; Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (2): 825, no. 11-12, TL: Java
Eulepis schreiber ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5: f. 39, (4): pl. 12, f. 1-2; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 220
Polyura schreiberi[sic, recte schreiber] ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 150, f. 8]
Polyura schreiber ; [BOR, 384]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 159; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 161, f. 110 (Andaman Is.); [MRS, 413]

Larva on Rourea santaloides, Wagatea spicata [BIR]

Java Eulepis schreiber schreiber ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 224
Polyura schreiber schreiber ; [BOR, 384]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 160, f. 107-108

Larva on Nephelium lappaceum, Rourea santaloides, Wagatea spicata, Cynometra Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 160

P. s. wardii (Moore, 1896)
S.India Eulepis wardii Moore, [1896]; Lepidoptera Indica 2 (24): 262, pl. 188, f. 2, 2a, TL: Karwar
Eulepis screiber wardi ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): pl. 12, f. 2; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 222
Polyura schreiber wardii ; [BOR, 386]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 160, f. 109

Larva on Rourea santaloides, Wagatea spicata Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 161

P. s. niasicus (Butler, 1883)
Nias Charaxes niasicus Butler, 1883; Ent. mon. Mag. 20 : 56, TL: Nias
Polyura schreiber masica[sic] ; [BOR, 386 (missp.)]
Polyura schreiber niasica ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 164, f. 45, 61
P. s. assamensis (Rothschild, 1899)
Assam - Thailand, Burma, Vietnam, S.Yunnan Eulepis schreiber assamensis Rothschild, 1899; in Rothschild & Jordan, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 223, f. 39, TL: Assam, Khasia Hills
Polyura schreiber assamensis, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Polyura schreiber assamensis ; [BOR, 386]; [MRS, 413]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 161, f. 111
P. s. malayicus (Rothschild, 1899)
Borneo Eulepis schreiber malayicus Rothschild, 1899; in Rothschild & Jordan, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 224, TL: Borneo, Baram R.
Polyura schreiber malayica ; [BOR, 386]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 164, f. 112
Misidentified/misapplied:
Eulepis schreiber schreiber; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): pl. 12, f. 1
P. s. luzonicus (Rothschild, 1899)
Philippines (Luzon, Bataan) Eulepis schreiber luzonicus Rothschild, 1899; in Rothschild & Jordan, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 225, TL: Mariveles, Luzon
Polyura schreiber luzonica ; [BOR, 386]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 164
P. s. entheatus (Fruhstorfer, 1914)
Beleitung schreiber entheatus (Fruhstorfer, 1914) (Eriboea); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 725
Polyura schreiber entheatus ; [Bernard Rond]
P. s. valesius (Fruhstorfer, 1914)
Sumatra Eriboea schreiber valesius Fruhstorfer, 1914; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 725, TL: Sumatra
= Polyura schreiber tisamenus ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 162
Polyura schreiber valesius ; [Bernard Rond]
P. s. tisamenus (Fruhstorfer, 1914)
Peninsular Malaya, Langkawi, Singapore, Bangka, Belitung Is. Eriboea tisamenus Fruhstorfer, 1914; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 725, TL: Singapore
Polyura schreiber tisamenus, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Polyura schreiber tisamenus ; [BMP: 199, pl. 30, f. 5]; [BOR, 384]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 162, f. 44, 60

Larva on Nephelium lappaceum [BOR, 386], Adenanthera pavonina Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 164

P. s. bilarensis Jumalon, 1975
Philippines (Panaon, Bohol) Polyura schreiberi[sic] bilarensis Jumalon, 1975; Tyō to Ga 26 (2) : 59, f. 23-24, TL: Bilar, Bohol
Polyura schreiber bilarensis ; [BOR, 386]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 165, f. 113
P. s. praedictus Schröder & Treadaway, 1980
Philippines (Palawan) Polyura schreiber praedictus Schröder & Treadaway, 1980; Ent. Z. Frankf. a. M. 90 (21) : 241, TL: Palawana
Polyura schreiber predictus[sic?] ; [BOR, 386]
Polyura schreiber praedicta ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 165

Polyura athamas (Drury, [1773])
Tibet, .... See [About maps] Common Nawab
Papilio athamas Drury, [1773]; Illust. Nat. Hist. Exot. Insects 1: index, : 5, pl. 2, f. 4, TL: China
Polyura athamas athamas, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
athamus[sic?] ; [EOB]
Eulepis athamas ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): pl. 10, f. 1-5, 7, pl. 11, f. 1-12; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 245
Polyura athamas ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 150, f. 1]; [BOR, 386]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 165; [MRS, 412]
[athamas-1mv.jpg] 1224x1268 (~251Kb) underside male Thailand, Chon Buri Province, Si Racha environs, the Chan-ta-Then River valley at lower reaches, 14th January 2006, Photo © Oleg Kosterin

Larva on Acacia, Caesalpinia, Poinciana [BHR], Abarema clypearia, Albizia lebbeck, Leucaena leucocephala [MRS]


Sri Lanka, India, Bangladesh, Burma, China (Sichuan, Yunnan, Hong Kong), Taiwan, Hainan, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore Charaxes bharata C. & R. Felder, [1867]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (3): 438, TL: Darjeeling
= ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 251; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 166
Charaxes samatha Moore, [1879]; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878 (4) : 831, TL: Moolai, 3000-6000ft, Upper Tenasserim
= ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 251; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 166
Charaxes hamasta Moore, 1882; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1882 (1) : 238, TL: Dharmsala, 6200ft
= ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 251; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 166
Eriboea athamas dexippus Fruhstorfer, 1914; Ent. Rundschau 31 (1) : 2, TL: Cochinchina
= ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 166
Eulepis athamas athamas f. temp. bharata ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): pl. 10, f. 9; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 252
Eulepis samatha ; Moore, [1880], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (1): 29, pl. 14, f. 2a-b
Eulepis athamas athamas f. temp. athamas ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): pl. 10, f. 4-5; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 252
Eulepis athamas athamas f. temp. hamasta ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): pl. 10, f. 1, 3; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 253
Eulepis athamas athamas ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): pl. 10, f. 1-5, 9-10; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 250
Polyura athamas athamas ; [BMP: 198, pl. 29, f. 16-17]; [BOR, 386]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 166, f. 17, 32, 87, 94

Larva on Acacia moluccana, A. catechu, A. pennata, A. caesia, Albizia julibrissin, Albizia stipulata, A. milletti, A. lebbek, Caesalpinea mimosioides, C. sappan, C. ruga, C. bonducella, Poinciana regia, Adenanthera pavonica, Leucaena leucocephala, Abarema clypearia, Grewia Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 169

P. a. attalus (C. & R. Felder, [1867])
Java Charaxes attalus C. & R. Felder, [1867]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (3): 438, TL: Java
Charaxes phrixus Röber, 1895; Ent. Nachr. 21 (4) : 64, TL: Java
= ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 257; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 172
Eulepis athamas attalus f. fruhstorferi Rothschild & Jordan, 1899; Novit. zool. 6 (2): 259
Eulepis athamas attalus f. attalus ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): pl. 11, f. 1; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 259; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): pl. 11, f. 3
Eulepis athamas attalus ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): pl. 11, f. 1, 3; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 257
Polyura athamas attalus ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 171, f. 98
P. a. agrarius (Swinhoe, 1887)
S.India, Burma Charaxes agrarius Swinhoe, 1887; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1886 (4) : 425, pl. 40, f. 3
Eulepis athamas agrarius f. (temp.?) agrarius ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 249
Polyura agraria ; [BOR, 386]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 172
Polyura agrarius ; Fujioka, 1970, Spec. Bull. Lepid. Soc. Japan (4) : 30
Polyura agraria agraria ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 173, f. 20, 35
Eulepis athamas agrarius ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): pl. 10, f. 7; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 248
Polyura athamas agrarius ; [Bernard Rond]
P. a. fruhstorferi (Röber, 1895)
Java Charaxes fruhstorferi Röber, 1895; Ent. Nachr. 21 (4) : 63, TL: Java
= Eulepis athamas attalus ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 257
Charaxes athamas batavianus Fruhstorfer, 1898; Ent. Nachr. 24 (4) : 57, 58, TL: W.Java, Batavia
= Eulepis athamas attalus ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 257
= Polyura agraria fruhstorferi ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 173
Polyura agraria fruhstorferi ; [BOR, 386 (note)]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 174, f. 83
P. a. sumbaensis (Swinhoe, 1897)
Sumba, Flores Charaxes sumbaensis Swinhoe, 1897; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 19 (112) : 408, TL: Waingapo, Sumba
Eulepis athamas sumbaensis ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): pl. 6, f. 4-6; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 260
Polyura agraria sumbaensis ; [BOR, 386 (note)]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 174, f. 86
Polyura athamas sumbaensis ; [Bernard Rond]
P. a. madeus (Rothschild, 1899)
Sri Lanka Eulepis athamas agrarius f. (temp.?) madeus Rothschild, 1899; in Rothschild & Jordan, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 249, TL: Sri Lanka
= Polyura athamas athamas ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 166
Polyura athamas madeus ; [Bernard Rond]
P. a. uraeus (Rothschild, 1899)
Sumatra, Borneo, Natuna Eulepis athamas uraeus Rothschild, 1899; in Rothschild & Jordan, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 254, TL: Sumatra
Eulepis athamas uraeus ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): pl. 10, f. 8
Polyura athamas uraeus ; [BMP: 198, pl. 29, f. 18]; [BOR, 386]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 169, f. 96

Larva on Albizia stipulata Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 170

P. a. palawanicus (Rothschild, 1899)
Philippines (Palawan) Eulepis athamas palawanicus Rothschild, 1899; in Rothschild & Jordan, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 256, TL: Palawan
Eulepis athamas palawanicus ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): pl. 11, f. 9-10
Polyura athamas palawanica ; [BOR, 386]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 170, f. 97
Polyura athamas palawanicus ; [Bernard Rond]
P. a. acutus (Rothschild, 1899)
Philippines (Luzon, Mindoro, Bohol, Mindanao) Eulepis athamas acutus Rothschild, 1899; in Rothschild & Jordan, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 256, TL: Mindanao
Eulepis athamas acutus ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): pl. 11, f. 7-8
Polyura athamas acuta ; [BOR, 386]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 171, f. 19, 34
Polyura athamas acutus ; [Bernard Rond]
P. a. andamanicus (Fruhstorfer, 1906)
Andaman Is. Eulepis athamas andamanicus Fruhstorfer, 1906; Soc. Ent. 20 (23): 179, TL: Andaman Is.
Polyura athamas andamanica ; [BOR, 386]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 168, f. 95
Polyura athamas andamanicus ; [Bernard Rond]
P. a. faliscus (Fruhstorfer, 1913)
Borneo Eriboea athamas faliscus Fruhstorfer, 1913; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 719, pl. 134 a
= Polyura athamas uraeus ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 169
Polyura athamas faliscus ; [Bernard Rond]
P. a. menaius (Fruhstorfer, 1913)
Sumbawa Eriboea athamas menaius Fruhstorfer, 1913; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 720, TL: Sumbawa
= Polyura agraria sumbaensis ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 174
Polyura athamas menaius ; [Bernard Rond]
P. a. stratiocus (Fruhstorfer, 1913)
Lombok Eriboea athamas stratiocus Fruhstorfer, 1913; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 720, TL: Lombok
= Polyura agraria sumbaensis ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 174
Polyura athamas stratiocus ; [Bernard Rond]
P. a. kannegieteri (Lathy, 1913)
Nias Eulepis kannegieteri Lathy, 1913; Entomologist 46 : 136, TL: Nias
Polyura athamas kannegieteri ; [BOR, 386]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 169, f. 18, 33

Polyura alphius (Staudinger, 1886)
Timor. See [About maps] Staudinger's Nawab
Charaxes alphius Staudinger, 1886; in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (14): 172, TL: Timor
Eriboea athamas oitylus Fruhstorfer, 1914; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 720, TL: Wetar
= ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 176
Eulepis athamas alphius ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): pl. 11, f. 11; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 261
Polyura athamas alphius ; [BAUR, 244]
Polyura agraria alphius ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 175, f. 116
Polyura alphius ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 187
P. a. piepersianus (Martin, 1924)
S.Sulawesi Charaxes (Eulepis) athamas piepersianus Martin, 1924; Tijdschr. Ent. 67 : 107, TL: Sulawesi
Polyura agraria piepersianus ; [BOR, 386 (note)]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 174
Polyura athamas piepersianus ; [Bernard Rond]
Polyura alphius piepersianus ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 188

Polyura arja (C. & R. Felder, [1867])
NE.India, Sikkim - Assam, Burma, Thailand, Indo China. See [About maps] Pallid Nawab
Charaxes arja C. & R. Felder, [1867]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (3): 438, TL: "Silhet"
Charaxes arja roeberi Fruhstorfer, 1898; Ent. Nachr. 24 (4) : 59, TL: Khasia Hills
= ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 176
Eulepis arja f.temp. vernus Rothschild, 1899; in Rothschild & Jordan, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 245, TL: Sikkim
= ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 176
Polyura arja arja, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Eulepis arja f.temp. arja ab. roeberi ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): pl. 10, f. 6; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 245
Eulepis arja ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): pl. 10, f. 6; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 244
Polyura arja ; [BOR, 386]; [MRS, 412]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 176, f. 21, 36, 117

Polyura hebe (Butler, [1866])
-. See [About maps] Charaxes hebe Butler, [1866]; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1865 (3) : 634, pl. 37, f. 3
Eulepis hebe ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): pl. 12, f. 8-12; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 229, pl. 7, f. 1-3
Polyura hebe ; [BOR, 386]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 177
Sumatra Charaxes albanus Röber, 1895; Ent. Nachr. 21 (4) : 66, TL: Sumatra
= ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 233
Eulepis hebe hebe ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): pl. 12, f. 10; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 233
Polyura hebe hebe ; [BOR, 386]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 178, f. 37, 53, 118
P. h. ganymedes (Staudinger, 1886)
Borneo Charaxes ganymedes Staudinger, 1886; in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (14): 173, TL: Borneo
Eulepis hebe ganymedes ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 232, pl. 7, f. 2
Polyura hebe ganymedes ; [BOR, 386]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 181, f. 122
P. h. fallax (Röber, 1894)
Java Charaxes fallax Röber, 1894; Ent. Nachr. 20 (19) : 291, 293, 294, TL: Java
Eulepis smerdis Moore, [1896]; 263 (nom. nud.)
= ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 181
Eulepis hebe fallax ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): pl. 12, f. 11-12; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 235
Polyura hebe fallax ; [BOR, 386]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 181, f. 123

Larva on Adenanthera pavonina, Albizia falcata Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 182

P. h. fallacides (Fruhstorfer, 1895)
Nias Charaxes fallacides Fruhstorfer, 1895; Ent. Nachr. 21 (11): 170, TL: Nias
Eulepis hebe fallacides ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): pl. 12, f. 8; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 235
Polyura hebe fallacides ; [BOR, 386]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 181, f. 121
P. h. plautus (Fruhstorfer, 1898)
Singapore Charaxes plautus Fruhstorfer, 1898; Ent. Nachr. 24 (4) : 54, TL: Singapore
Eriboea [hebe] falculus Fruhstorfer, 1914; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9: pl. 137 a
= ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 179
Eulepis hebe plautus ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): pl. 12, f. 9; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 232
Polyura hebe plautus ; [BMP: pl. 29, f. 20 (not hebe chersonesa)]; [BOR, 386]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 179, f. 120

Larva on Adenanthera pavonina Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 180

P. h. chersonesus (Fruhstorfer, 1898)
Peninsular Malaya, Thailand, Burma Charaxes attalus chersonesus Fruhstorfer, 1898; Ent. Nachr. 24 (4) : 54 n, 55
Polyura hebe chersonesus, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Eulepis hebe chersonesus ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 231, pl. 7, f. 1
Polyura hebe chersonesus ; [BOR, 386]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 179, f. 119; [BMP: 199, pl. 29, f. 19]
P. h. lombokianus (Fruhstorfer, 1898)
Lombok Charaxes attalus lombokianus Fruhstorfer, 1898; Ent. Nachr. 24 (4) : 56, TL: Lombok
Eulepis hebe lombokianus ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 236, pl. 7, f. 3
Polyura hebe lombokiana ; [BOR, 386]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 183, f. 38, 54
P. h. arnoldi (Rothschild, 1899)
Sumba Eulepis hebe arnoldi Rothschild, 1899; in Rothschild & Jordan, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 236, TL: Sumba
Polyura hebe arnoldi ; [BOR, 386]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 184
P. h. kangeanus (Fruhstorfer, 1903)
Kangean Is. Eulepis hebe kangeanus Fruhstorfer, 1903; Berl. ent. Zs. 48 (1/2) : 94, TL: Kangean I.
Polyura hebe kangeana ; [BOR, 386]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 182, f. 125
P. h. baweanicus (Fruhstorfer, 1906)
Bawean Eulepis hebe baweanicus Fruhstorfer, 1906; Soc. Ent. 20 (23): 179, TL: Bawean
Polyura hebe baweanica ; [BOR, 386]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 183, f. 126
P. h. nikias (Fruhstorfer, 1914)
Bali Eriboea hebe nikias Fruhstorfer, 1914; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 721, TL: Bali
Polyura hebe nikias ; [BOR, 386]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 182, f. 124
P. h. clavata (van Eecke, 1918)
Simeulue Eriboea hebe clavata van Eecke, 1918; Zool. Meded. 4 (7) : 92, TL: Lasia
Polyura hebe clavata ; [BOR, 386]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 180
P. h. quaesita Corbet, 1942
Sipora I. Polyura hebe quaesita Corbet, 1942; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (11) 9: 625, TL: Sipora
Polyura hebe quasita[sic?] ; [BOR, 386]
Polyura hebe quaesita ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 180, f. 39, 55
P. h. takizawai Hanafusa, 1987
Polyura hebe takizawai Hanafusa, 1987; Iwase No. 4: 19, pl. 6, f. 3-6

Polyura moori (Distant, 1883)
Assam, Burma. See [About maps] Malayan Nawab
Charaxes moori Distant, 1883; Rhopalocera Malayana : 108, pl. 13, f. 3, TL: Malay Pen.
Polyura moori, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Polyura moori moori, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Eulepis moori ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): pl. 12, f. 3-7; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 237
Polyura moori ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 150, f. 5]; [BOR, 388]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 184
Peninsular Malaya, Sumatra, Singapore, Langkawi I. Eulepis moori moori ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): pl. 12, f. 4; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 239
Polyura moori moori ; [BMP: 199, pl. 30, f. 3]; [BOR, 388]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 185, f. 40, 46, 150
P. m. sandakanus (Fruhstorfer, 1895)
Sikkim, Assam - Burma Charaxes sandakanus Fruhstorfer, 1895; Ent. Nachr. 21 (12/13): 197, TL: Sandakan, N.Borneo
Eulepis moori sandakanus f. marginalis Rothschild, 1899; in Rothschild & Jordan, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 242, TL: Naga Hills
= Polyura moori sandakana ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 185
Polyura moori sandakana, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Eulepis moori sandakanus f. marginalis ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): pl. 12, f. 3
Eulepis moori sandakanus f. sandakanus ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 243, pl. 7, f. 4-5
Eulepis moori sandakanus ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 242, pl. 7, f. 4-5
Polyura moori sandakanus ; [BOR, 388]
Polyura moori sandakana ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 185, f. 151
P. m. kaba (Kheil, 1884)
Nias Charaxes kaba Kheil, 1884; Rhopalocera Ins. Nias : 27, pl. 3, f. 19, TL: Nias
Eulepis moore kaba ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 241, pl. 7, f. 6
Polyura moori khaba[sic?] ; [BOR, 388]
Polyura moori kaba ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 186, f. 41, 57
P. m. javanus (Röber, 1895)
Java Charaxes javanus Röber, 1895; Ent. Nachr. 21 (4) : 66, TL: Java
Polyura moori javana ; [BOR, 388]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 186, f. 152
P. m. saida (Preyer & Cator, 1894)
Borneo, Natuna Is. Charaxes saida Preyer & Cator, 1894; Br. N. Borneo Herald 12 : 258
Charaxes heracles Röber, 1894; Ent. Nachr. 20 (19) : 291, 294, TL: Borneo
= ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 187
Eulepis moori heracles ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): pl. 12, f. 6; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 239
Polyura moori heracles ; [Bernard Rond]
Polyura moori saida ; [BOR, 388]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 187, f. 149
P. m. chalazias (Fruhstorfer, 1914)
Bali Eriboea moori chalazias Fruhstorfer, 1914; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 720, TL: Bali
Polyura moori chalazias ; [BOR, 388]
Polyura moore chalazias ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 187, f. 153

Polyura jalysus (C. & R. Felder, [1867])
Malaya, Borneo. See [About maps] Charaxes jalysus C. & R. Felder, [1867]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (3): 438, pl. 59, f. 5
Polyura jalysus jalysus, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Eulepis jalysus ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 261, pl. 7, f. 7
Polyura jalysus ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 150, f. 4]; [BOR, 388]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 188
Sumatra, Peninsular Malaya, ?Thailand, Vietnam Polyura jalysus jalysus ; [BMP: 199, pl. 30, f. 4]; [BOR, 388]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 188, f. 138-139
P. j. ephebus (Fruhstorfer, 1914)
Burma, Thailand Eriboea jalysus ephebus Fruhstorfer, 1914; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 722
Polyura ephebus ; [BOW: pl. 150, f. 5 (text only)]
Polyura jalysus ephebus ; [BOR, 388]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 189, f. 140
P. j. triphonus (Fruhstorfer, 1914)
Borneo Eriboea jalysus triphonus Fruhstorfer, 1914; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 722, pl. 134 b
Polyura jalysus triphonius[sic?] ; [BOR, 388]
Polyura jalysus triphonus ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 189, f. 141

Polyura delphis (Doubleday, 1843)
Assam - Burma, Malaya, Sumatra, Borneo. See [About maps] Jewelled Nawab
Charaxes delphis Doubleday, 1843; Ann. Soc. ent. Fr. (2) 1 (3) : 217, pl. 7, TL: "Silhet"
Polyura delphis delphis, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Eulepis delphis ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 281, f. 40-42
Polyura delphis ; [BOW: pl. 150, f. 2]; [BOR, 388]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 189
Sikkim, Assam - Thailand Eulepis delphis delphis ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 283, f. 40
Polyura delphis delphis ; [BOR, 388]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 190, f. 127-128
P. d. concha (Vollenhoeven, 1861)
Peninsular Malaya, Sumatra Charaxes concha Vollenhoven, 1861; Tijdschr. Ent. 4 (5/6) : 162, pl. 10, f. 1, 3
Polyura delphis concha, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Eulepis delphis concha ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 284, f. 41
Polyura delphis concha ; [BMP: 199, pl. 30, f. 6]; [BOR, 388]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 191, f. 49, 65
P. d. cygnus (Rothschild, 1899)
Java Eulepis delphis cygnus Rothschild, 1899; in Rothschild & Jordan, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 285, TL: Java
Polyura delphis cygnus ; [BOR, 388]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 192, f. 130
P. d. niveus (Rothschild, 1899)
Palawan Eulepis delphis niveus Rothschild, 1899; in Rothschild & Jordan, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 286, f. 42, TL: Palawan
Polyura delphis niveus ; [BOR, 388]
Polyura delphis nivea ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 192, f. 131
P. d. delphinion (Fruhstorfer, 1904)
Borneo Eulepis delphis delphinion Fruhstorfer, 1904; Soc. Ent. 19 (10): 75, TL: S.Borneo
= Polyura delphis concha ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 191
Polyura delphis delphinion ; [Bernard Rond]
P. d. othonis (Fruhstorfer, 1904)
Nias Eulepis delphis othonis Fruhstorfer, 1904; Soc. Ent. 19 (10): 75, TL: Nias
Polyura delphis othonis ; [BOR, 388]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 191

Polyura posidonius (Leech, 1891)
Tibet, W.China. See [About maps] Charaxes posidonius Leech, 1891; Entomologist 24 (Suppl.) : 30, TL: Wa-ssu-Kow; Ni-tou
Charaxes clitiphon Oberthür, 1891; Étud. d'Ent. 15 : 12, pl. 2, f. 11, TL: Tse-Kou
= ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 275
Eulepis posidonius ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 275, pl. 7, f. 8
Polyura posidonius ; [BOW: pl. 197, f. 11]; [MRS, 418]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 193, f. 42, 58

Polyura narcaeus (Hewitson, 1854)
China, Naga Hills, Abor Valley, N.Burma. See [About maps] China Nawab
Nymphalis narcaeus Hewitson, 1854; Ill. exot. Butts [3] (Nymphalis): [85], pl. [45], f. 1, 4, TL: Chekiang
Eulepis narcaeus ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 277, pl. 7, f. 9-10
Polyura narcaea ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 197, f. 10]; [MRS, 413]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 194
Polyura narcaeus ; [BOR, 389]
Charaxes mandarinus C. & R. Felder, [1867]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (3): 437, TL: Shanghai
= Polyura narcaea narcaea ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 194
Charaxes narcaeus var. thibetanus Oberthür, 1891; Étud. d'Ent. 15 : 11, pl. 2, f. 10
= Polyura narcaea narcaea ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 194
Charaxes satyrina Oberthür, 1891; Étud. d'Ent. 15 : 13, TL: China, nr. Ning-po
= Polyura narcaea narcaea ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 194
Eriboea narcaea f. aemiliani Fernįndez, 1912; Boln R. Soc. esp. Hist. nat. 12 : 304, f. 2, TL: China
= Polyura narcaea narcaea ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 194
Eriboea narcaeus richthofeni Fruhstorfer, 1915; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 29 (1) : 38, TL: China, Tsingtao
= Polyura narcaea narcaea ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 194
Eriboea narcaeus f. arna Fruhstorfer, 1915; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 29 (1) : 38, TL: China, Tsingtao
= Polyura narcaea narcaea ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 194
Eriboea narcaea abrupta Röber, 1925; Stettin. Ent. Ztg 86 (1) : 168
= Polyura narcaea narcaea ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 194
Eriboea narcaea acuminata Lathy, 1926; Encycl. Ent. (3) B 1 : 96, pl. 3, f. 1, TL: China, Yunnan
= Polyura narcaea narcaea ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 194
Eriboea narcaea ab. intermedia Lathy, 1926; Encycl. Ent. (3) B 1 : 96, pl. 3, f. 2, TL: China, Tung-men
= Polyura narcaea narcaea ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 194
Eriboea narcaea ab. marginepunctatus Lathy, 1926; Encycl. Ent. (3) B 1 : 96, pl. 3, f. 3, TL: China, Chiang-nan
= Polyura narcaea narcaea ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 194
Eulepis narcaeus f. temp. narcaeus ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 279, pl. 7, f. 9
Eulepis narcaeus f. temp. mandarinus ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 280, pl. 7, f. 10
Polyura narcaea narcaea ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 194, f. 50, 66, 132
P. n. menedemus (Oberthür, 1891)
China (Ta-tsien-lou, Moenia, Yunnan, ...) Charaxes satyrina menedemus Oberthür, 1891; Étud. d'Ent. 15 : 13, pl. 2, f. 9, TL: China, Tsekou
Polyura narcaea menedemus ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 196, f. 133
P. n. meghaduta (Fruhstorfer, 1908)
Taiwan Eriboea narcaeus meghaduta Fruhstorfer, 1908; Ent. Zs. 22 (31) : 127, TL: Chip-Chip, Formosa
Eriboea narcaea var. formosana Moltrecht, 1909; Ent. Zs. 23 (29) : 132 (?preocc. Eulepis eudamippus formosanus Rothschild, 1899), TL: Taiwan
= Polyura narcaea meghaduta ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 197
Eriboea narcaea meghaduta ab. pallida Lathy, 1926; Encycl. Ent. (3) B 1 : 96, pl. 3, f. 5, TL: Taiwan
= Polyura narcaea meghaduta ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 197
Polyura narcaeus meghaduta ; [BOR, 389]
Polyura narcaea meghaduta ; [MRS, 413]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 197, f. 134

Larva on Trema orientalis, Celtis formosana, Pithecellobium lucidum, Prunus phaeosticta [MRS]

P. n. aborica (Evans, 1924)
SE.Tibet, N.Assam Eriboea narcaeea[sic] aborica Evans, 1924; J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 29 (3) : 896, TL: India, NE.Assam
Polyura narcaeus aborica ; [BOR, 389]
Polyura narcaea aborica ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 197, f. 135
P. n. thawgawa (Tytler, 1940)
C.Burma - Vietnam, Yunnan Eriboea narcaea thawgawa Tytler, 1940; J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 42 (1): 109, TL: Burma
Polyura narcaeus thawgawa, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Polyura narcaeus thawgawa ; [BOR, 389]
Polyura narcaea thawgawa ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 198, f. 136; Huang, 2003, Neue Ent. Nachr. 55: 90 (note)
P. n. lissainei (Tytler, 1914)
Assam (Naga Hills) - Thailand Eulepis lissainei Tytler, 1914; J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 23 (3): 502, pl. 1, f. 4, TL: India, Naga Hills
Polyura lissanei[sic] ; [BOW: pl. 197, f. 10 (text only)]
Polyura narcaeus lissainei ; [BOR, 389]
Polyura narcaea lissainei ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 198, f. 137

Polyura eudamippus (Doubleday, 1843)
C.China, Kumaon - Assam, Burma. See [About maps] Great Nawab
Charaxes eudamippus Doubleday, 1843; Ann. Soc. ent. Fr. (2) 1 (3) : 218, pl. 8, TL: Silhet
Eulepis eudamippus ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): pl. 8, f. 1-6; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 263
Polyura eudamippus ; [BOW: pl. 150, f. 3]; [BOR, 389]; [MRS, 413]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 199

Larva on Rhamnella franguloides, Celtis boninensis [BHR]

Nepal, Sikkim, Assam - Manipur Eulepis eudamippus eudamippus ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): pl. 8, f. 1; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 265
Polyura eudamippus eudamippus ; [BOR, 389]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 199, f. 46, 62, 154
P. e. rothschildi (Leech, 1893)
W.China, ... Charaxes rothschildi Leech, 1893; Butts China Japan Corea (1): 128, pl. 12, f. 3, TL: Chow-pin-sa, Omei-shan, Mupin
Charaxes ganymedes Leech, 1891; Entomologist 24 (Suppl.) : 30 (preocc. Charaxes ganymedes Staudinger, 1886), TL: Omei-Shan
= ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 202
Polyura rothschildi ; [EBW]
Eulepis eudamippus rothschildi ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): pl. 8, f. 5-6; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 267
Polyura eudamippus rothschildi ; [MRS, 413]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 202, f. 47, 63
P. e. weismanni (Fritze, 1894)
Okinava Charaxes weismanni Fritze, 1894; Zool. Jb. Abth. Systemat. 7: 898, f. 12, TL: Okinawa
Eulepis eudamippus weismanni ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 269
Polyura eudamippus weismanni ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 205, f. 6, 158; [Bernard Rond]

Larva on Rhamnella franguloides, Celtis boninensis Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 207

P. e. nigrobasalis (Lathy, 1898)
Burma, Thailand - Indo China, S.Yunnan Charaxes nigrobasalis Lathy, 1898; Entomologist 31 : 192, TL: Pak-a-jong, Siam
Eruviea eudamippus celetis Fruhstorfer, 1914; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 722, TL: Vietnam
= ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 200
Eriboea eudamippus nigra Lathy, 1926; Encycl. Ent. (3) B 1 : 97, TL: Laos
= ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 200
Eriboea eudamippus major Lathy, 1926; Encycl. Ent. (3) B 1 : 97, TL: Vietnam
= ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 200
Eriboea eudamippus chota Tytler, 1940; J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 42 (1): 110, TL: Burma
= ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 201
Polyura eudamippus nigrobasalis, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Eulepis eudamippus nigrobasalis ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): pl. 8, f. 2-3; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 266
Polyura eudamippus nigrobasalis ; [BOR, 389]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 200, f. 155
P. e. formosanus (Rothschild, 1899)
Taiwan Eulepis eudamippus formosanus Rothschild, 1899; in Rothschild & Jordan, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 268, TL: North Formosa
Polyura eudamippus formosana ab. eclepis Murayama & Shimonoya, 1963; Tyō to Ga 13 (3): 53, f. 24, 26, TL: Tosei, Taichu-ken, Formosa
Eulepis eudamippus formosanus ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): pl. 8, f. 4
Polyura eudamippus formosana ; [BOR, 389]; [MRS, 413]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 204, f. 48, 64
P. e. whiteheadi (Crowley, 1900)
Hainan Eulepis eudamippus whiteheadi Crowley, 1900; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1900 (3) : 506, pl. 35, f. 4, TL: Hainan
Polyura eudamippus whiteheadi ; [BOR, 389]; [MRS, 413]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 203, f. 157
P. e. jamblichus (Fruhstorfer, 1914)
S.Burma (Tenasserim) Eriboea eudamippus jamblichus Fruhstorfer, 1914; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 722, TL: Burma
= Polyura eudamippus nigrobasalis ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 200
Polyura eudamippus jamblichus ; [Bernard Rond]
P. e. cupidinius (Fruhstorfer, 1914)
Yunnan Eriboea eudamippus cupidinius Fruhstorfer, 1914; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 722
Eriboea eudamippus le moulti Joicey & Talbot, 1916; Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1916 (1) : 65, pl. 5, f. 1, TL: China, Tibet
= ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 202
Eriboea eudamippus lemoulti ;
Polyura eudamippus cupidinius ; [BOR, 389]; [MRS, 413]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 202, f. 156

Larva on Albizzia spp. [MRS]

Guangdong Eriboea eudamippus kuangtungensis Mell, 1923; Dt. ent. Z. 1923 (2) : 158, TL: China
Polyura eudamippus kuangtungensis ; [BOR, 389]; [MRS, 413]
Polyrua eudamippus kuangtungensis ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 203
P. e. peninsularis (Pendlebury, 1933)
Peninsular Malaya Eriboea eudamippus peninsularis Pendlebury, 1933; J. Fed. Malay St. Mus. 17 (2): 398
Polyura eudamippus peninsularis, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Polyura eudamippus peninsularis ; [BOR, 389]; [BMP: 199, pl. 30, f. 7]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 206, f. 159
P. e. splendens (Tytler, 1940)
Yunnan, ... Eriboea eudamippus splendens Tytler, 1940; J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 42 (1): 110, TL: Burma
= Polyura eudamippus nigrobasalis ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 200
Polyura eudamippus splendens ; Huang, 2003, Neue Ent. Nachr. 55: 90 (note)

Polyura nepenthes (Grose-Smith, 1883)
E.China. See [About maps] Charaxes nepenthes Grose-Smith, 1883; Ent. mon. Mag. 20 : 58, TL: Siam
Polyura nepenthes nepenthes, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Charaxes nepenthes ; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1887, Rhop. Exot. [2] 1: (Charaxes) [4], pl. 2, f. 3-4
Eulepis nepenthes ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): pl. 9, f. 3; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 269
Polyura nepenthes ; [MRS, 417]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 207
Burma, Thailand, Indo China, S.China, Hainan Eriboea nepenthes fugator Fruhstorfer, 1914; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 723, TL: Vietnam
= ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 207
Polyura nepenthes nepenthes ; [BOR, 390]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 207, f. 51, 67, f. 143

Larva on Leguminosae [MRS]

P. n. kiangsiensis (Rousseau-Decelle, 1938)
China (Kiangsi, S.Zhejiang, ...) Eriboea nepenthes kiangsiensis Rousseau-Decelle, 1938; Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 43: 166, pl. 1, f. 1-2, TL: China, Kiangsi
Polyura nepenthes kiangsiensis ; [MRS, 417]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 208, f. 142

Polyura dolon (Westwood, 1847)
Tibet, W.China, Kulu - Assam, Burma. See [About maps] Stately Nawab
Charaxes dolon Westwood, 1847; Cabinet Orient. Ent.: 55, pl. 27, f. 2-3
Eulepis dolon ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): pl. 9, f. 1-2; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 271
Polyura dolon ; [BOW: pl. 197, f. 9]; [BOR, 390]; [MRS, 416]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 208
NW.India, Nepal Eulepis dolon dolon ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1899, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 273
Polyura dolon dolon ; [BOR, 390]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 209, f. 52, 68, 144
P. d. centralis (Rothschild, 1899)
Sikkim Eulepis dolon centralis Rothschild, 1899; in Rothschild & Jordan, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 275, TL: Sikkim
Eulepis dolon centralis ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): pl. 9, f. 1
Polyura dolon centralis ; [BOR, 390]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 210, f. 145
P. d. grandis (Rothschild, 1899)
Burma, Thailand, Laos Eulepis dolon grandis Rothschild, 1899; in Rothschild & Jordan, Novit. zool. 6 (2): 275, TL: Shan States
Polyura dolon grandis, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Eulepis dolon grandis ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1898, Novit. zool. 5 (4): pl. 9, f. 2
Polyura dolon grandis ; [BOR, 390]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 211, f. 147
P. d. carolus (Fruhstorfer, 1904)
N.Assam, N.Burma, Tibet Eulepis dolon carolus Fruhstorfer, 1904; Insekten-Börse 21 (48): 381
Charaxes dolon sinica Oberthür, 1912; Étud. Lépid. Comp. 6 : 315, pl. 105, f. 970, TL: China
= ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 211
Eriboea dolon carolus ab. niger Lathy, 1926; Encycl. Ent. (3) B 1 : 97, pl. 3, f. 4, TL: Chian
= ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 212
Polyura dolon carolus ; [BOR, 390]; [MRS, 416]; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 211, f. 148
P. d. magniplagus (Fruhstorfer, 1914)
Assam - Manipur, Yunnan Eriboea dolon magniplagus Fruhstorfer, 1914; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 723, pl. 134 c
Polyura dolon magniplaga ; [BOR, 390]
Polyura dolos magniplaga ; Smiles, 1982, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 210, f. 146
Polyura dolon magniplaga ; Huang, 2003, Neue Ent. Nachr. 55: 90 (note)
Polyura dolon magniplagus ; [Bernard Rond]

 

Polyura inopinatus (Röber, 1939)
Sulawesi. See [About maps] Charaxes inopinatus Röber, 1939; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 53 : 102, TL: Tondano
Polyura inopinatus ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 187


30.4.2013 (25)

References:
[AUCL]
Nielsen & Rangsi, 1996; Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Australia; CSIRO, Australia
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BAUR]
D'Abrera, 1977; Butterflies of the Australian Region (2nd edn)
[BHL]
The; Biodiversity Heritage Library; and on; Internet Archive; Note: The linking to the content of Internet Archive is somewhat delicate -- notify me when links break!
[BHR]
D'Abrera; Butterflies of the Holarctic Region, Part I-III
[BIR]
Wynter-Blyth, 1957; Butterflies of the Indian Region; (1982 Reprint)
[BMP]
Eliot (Ed.), Corbet & Pendlebury, 1992; The Butterflies of The Malay Peninsula; 4th edition; ISBN 983-9681-05-2
[BOR]
D'Abrera, 1982, 1985, 1986; Butterflies of the Oriental Region, Part I-III
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[Bernard Rond]
e-mail: Bernard Rond
[CiNii]
http://ci.nii.ac.jp/
[Don Herbison-Evans]
and Stella A. Crossley; Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans
[EBW]
Smart, Paul, 1976; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World; ISBN 0 600 31381 6
[EOB]
Feltwell; The Encyclopedia of Butterflies; Prentice Hall, 1993; ISBN 0-671-86828-4
[LAMAS-2005]
Gerardo Lamas; Entomofauna 26 (6): 57-100; A Bibliography of the Zoological Publications of Hans Fruhstorfer (1886* - 1922+)
[LAMAS-NEO]
Gerardo Lamas; Bibliography of butterflies; An Annocated Bibliography of the Neotropical Butterflies and Skipper (Lepididoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea); Revised Electronic Edition (2007)
[MRS]
Chou Io (Ed.); Monographia Rhopalocerum Sinensium, 1-2
[NBC]
Netherlands Centre for Biodiversity Naturalis; NBC naturalis
[Oleg Kosterin]
Institue of Cytology & Genetics; Siberian Division of Russian Academy of Sciences; Novosibirsk; e-mail: Oleg Kosterin; http://pisum.bionet.nsc.ru/kosterin/
[Wahlberg]
Niklas Wahlberg; The NSG's voucher specimen database; Nymphalidae Systematics Group
[Yutaka Inayoshi]
A Check List of Butterflies in Indo-China; Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM


Some related literature:
Butler in Andrews, 1900
A Monograph of Christmas Island (Indian Ocean): Physical Features and Geology Mon. Christmas Isl. : 1-337, pl. 1-21,2bis
Billberg, 1820
Enumeratio Insectorum Enum. Ins. Mus. Billb. : 1-138
Butler, [1866]
Monograph of the Species of Charaxes, a Genus of diurnal Lepidoptera Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1865 (3) : 622-639, pl. 36-37
Butler, 1869
Lepidoptera Exotica, or descriptions and illustrations of exotic Lepidoptera Lepid. Exotica (1): 1-8, pl. 1-3 (1869), (2): 9-16, pl. 4-6 (1869), (3): 17-24, pl. 7-9 (1869), (4): 25-32, pl. 10-12 (1870), (5): 33-42, pl. 13-15 (1870), (6): 43-50, pl. 16-19 (1870), (7): 51-58, pl. 20-22 (1870), (8): 59-66, pl. 23-25 (1871), (9): 67-74, pl. 26-28 (1871), (10): 75-84, pl. 29-32 (1871), (11): 85-94, pl. 33-35 (1872), (12): 95-104, pl. 36-38 (1872), (13): 105-114, pl. 39-41 (1872), (14): [115],[116],117-120, pl. 42-44 (1872), (15): 121-128, pl. 45-48 (1873), (17): 137-144, pl. 49-51 (1873), (18): 145-152, pl. 52-54 (1873), (19): 153-162, pl. 55-57 (1873), (20): 163-174, pl. 58-60 (1874), (21): 175-190, pl. 61-64 (1874)
Butler, 1883
Descriptions of some new species of Lepidoptera, chiefly from the island of Nias Ent. mon. Mag. 20 : 53-57
Crowley, 1900
On the butterflies collected by the late Mr. John Whitehead in the interior of the Island of Hainan Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1900 (3) : 505-511, pl. 35
Distant, 1883
Rhopalocera Malayana: a Description of the Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula Rhopalocera Malayana : 1-481, pl. 1-27,27A,27B,28-44
Doubleday, 1843
Description de deux nouvelles espčces de Charaxes des Index orientales, de la Collection de M. Henri Doubleday Ann. Soc. ent. Fr. (2) 1 (3) : 217-220, pl. 7-8
Westwood, 1850
The genera of diurnal Lepidoptera, comprising their generic characters, a notice of their habitats and transformations, and a catalogue of the species of each genus; illustrated with 86 plates by W. C. Hewitson Gen. diurn. Lep. (1): 1-18, pl. A, 1-4 (1-2) (1846), (1): 19-132, pl. 4*, 5-25, 28 (3-14) (1847), (1): 133-200, pl. 1*, 26, 27, 29, 31-44 (15-23) (1848), (1): 201-242, pl. 30, 45-52, 56-58, 60-62, 64 (24-31) (1849), (1): 243-250 [?], (2): 243-326, pl. 53-55, 63, 65, 66 (32-38) (1850), (2): 327-466, pl. 59, 67-77 (39-50) (1851), (2): 467-534, 143, 144, pl. 78-80 (Index) (51-54) (1852)
Drury, [1773]
Illustrations of natural history; wherein are exhibited ... Illust. Nat. Hist. Exot. Insects 1 : 1-130, pl. 1-50 (1770), (1773)
K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991
Review of Australian Butterflies: distribution, life history and taxonomy. Pushlished by authors, Melbourne Review Austr. Butts. (1-4):
van Eecke, 1918
Studies on Indo-Australian Lepidoptera--III. Some Rhopalocera and Netrocera[sic] from Simalur, Pulu Lasia, Pulu Babi and Sumatra Zool. Meded. 4 (7) : 70-101, 2pls
Evans, 1924
The Identification of Indian Butterflies (3-4) J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 29 (3) (3): 780-797, pl. 13-16, : 890-907
C. & R. Felder, 1859
Lepidopterologische Fragmente. I-IV Wien. ent. Monats. 3 (6): 178-186, pl. 3-4, (9): 263-273, pl. 5, (11): 321-328, pl. 6, (12): 390-405, pl. 7-9
C. & R. Felder, 1860
Lepidopterologische Fragmente. V-VI Wien. ent. Monats. 4 (4): 97-112, pl. 1-2, (8): 225-251, pl. 3-4
C. & R. Felder, [1867]
Reise der österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Behilfen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair. Zoologischer Theil. Band 2. Abtheilung 2. Lepidoptera. Rhopalocera Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (1): 1-136, pl. 1-21 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, [1865]), (2): 137-378, pl. 22-47 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, 1865), (3): 379-536, pl. 48-74 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, 1867), (4): 537-548, pl. 75-120, (Inhalts-Verz.) 1-9 (pl. 1-74), (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1874) , (5): pl. 121-140, (erklärung) 1-10 (pl. 75-107), (Inhalts-Verz.) 1-20 (pl. 108-140), (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1875)
Fernįndez, 1912
Dos nuevos lepidópteros paleįrticos.--Notas de geografia entomológica Boln R. Soc. esp. Hist. nat. 12 : 300-307
Fruhstorfer, 1895
Neue Rhopaloceren aus dem malayischen Archipel. III & IV Ent. Nachr. 21 (11): 168-171 ([1] June), (12/13): 196-197 (June-July)
Fruhstorfer, 1898
Ueber einige Charaxes-Arten Ent. Nachr. 24 (4) : 53-60 ([15] February)
Fruhstorfer, 1903
Neue Nymphaliden Berl. ent. Zs. 48 (1/2) : 93-96 (early May)
Fruhstorfer, 1904
Neue Falter Insekten-Börse 21 (18): 140-141 (28 April), (20): 157 (12 May)
Fruhstorfer, 1904
Ein neuer Charaxes von der Insel Roma Insekten-Börse 21 (22): 172 (26 May)
Fruhstorfer, 1904
Neue Euploea aus dem malayischen Archipel Soc. Ent. 19 (8): 61 (15 July), (9): 66-68 (1 August), (10): 73-76 (15 August)
Fruhstorfer, 1904
Zwei neue Charaxes Insekten-Börse 21 (48): 381 (24 November)
Fruhstorfer, 1906
Neue Charaxes-Formen Soc. Ent. 20 (22): 172 (15 February), (23): 179-180 (1 March)
Fruhstorfer, 1908
Lepidopterologisches Pźle-Mźle. VII. Neue Rhopaloceren von Formosa. VIII. Neue paläarktische Satyriden-Rassen Ent. Zs. 22 (31) : 127-128 (31 October)
Fruhstorfer, 1913; Fruhstorfer, 1914
6. Familie: Nymphalidae in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 453-456 (31 January, 1912), : 457-488 (18 March, 1912), : 489-496 (25 May, 1912), : 489-496 (10 May, 1912), : 497-504 (15 April, 1912), : 505-512 (10 May, 1912), : 513-528 (11 April, 1912), : 529-552 (20 April, 1912), : 553-592 (15 May, 1912), : 593-616 (25 September, 1912), : 617-632 (15 October, 1912), : 633-640 (25 October, 1912), : 641-656 (10 January, 1913), : 657-664 (12 January, 1913), : 665-680 (13 January, 1913), : 681-688 (25 January, 1913), : 689-696 (16 June, 1913), : 697-704 (5 August, 1913), : 705-712 (20 January, 1914), : 713-720 (20 November, 1913), : 721-744 (9 March, 1914), : 745-751 (30 July, 1915), : 753-760 (28 March, 1914), : 761-766 (14 April, 1914)
Fruhstorfer, 1913
Neue Indo-Australiche[sic] Rhopaloceren Dt. ent. Z. Iris 27 (3) : 130-139 ([14 October])
Fruhstorfer, 1914
Rhopaloceren von Cochinchina Ent. Rundschau 31 (1) : 1-3 (10 January)
Fruhstorfer, 1915
Eine neue palaearktiche Charaxes-Rasse Dt. ent. Z. Iris 29 (1) : 38-39 (10 May)
Fujioka, 1970
Butterflies collected by the Lepidopterological Research Expedition to Nepal Himalaya, 1963. Part 1. Papilionoidea Spec. Bull. Lepid. Soc. Japan (4) : 1-125
Godart, [1824]
in Latreille & Godart, Encyclopédie Méthodique. Histoire naturelle Entomologie, ou histoire naturelle des crustacés, des arachnides et des insectes Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 3-328 (1819), (2): 329-828 ([1824])
Godman & Salvin, 1888
New species of Butterflies collected by Mr. C. M. Woodford in the Solomon Islands Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 1 (2): 90-101, (3): 209-214
Goeze, 1779
Entomologische Beyträge zu des Ritter Linné zwölften Ausgabe des Natursystems Ent. Beyträge 3 (1) : 1-390
Grose-Smith, 1883
Descriptions of three new species of Charaxes Ent. mon. Mag. 20 : 57-58
Grose-Smith, 1889
Descriptions of new species of butterflies captured by Mr. C.M. Woodford in the Solomon Islands Ent. mon. Mag. 25 : 299-303
Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1887; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1888; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1891
Rhopalocera Exotica, being Illustrations of New, Rare, and Unfigured Species of Butterflies Rhop. Exot. [1] 1: (Ornithoptera) 1-2, pl. 1 (1887), [1] 2: (Ornithoptera) 3-4, pl. 2 (1892), [1] 3: (Ornithoptera) [5-6] 1-2, pl. 3 (1900), [1] 3: (Ornithoptera) 7-8, pl. 4 (1901), [1] 1: (Papilio) 1-2, pl. 1 (1887), [1] 1: (Papilio) 3-5,7-14, pl. 2-6 (1888), [1] 1: (Papilio) 15-20, pl. 7-9 (1890), [1] 1: (Papilio) 21-25, pl. 10-11 (1891), [1] 2: (Papilio) 27-31, pl. 12-13 (1893), [1] 2: (Papilio) 33-35, pl. 14 (1894), [1] 2: (Papilio) 37-38, pl. 15 (1895), [1] 2: (Papilio) 39-40, pl. 16 (1897), [1] 3: (Papilio) 41-46, pl. 17-19 (1899), [1] 3: (Papilio) 47-48, pl. 20 (1900), [1] 3: (Papilio) 49-50, pl. 21 (1901), [1] 3: (Papilio) 51-55, pl. 22-23 (1902), [1] 1: (Delias) 1-3, pl. 1 (1889), [1] 2: (Delias) 5-7, 9-11, pl. 2-3 (1893), [1] 2: (Delias) 12-18, pl. 4-5 (1895), [1] 2: (Delias) 20-22, pl. 6 (1896), [1] 3: (Delias) 24-26, pl. 7 (1897), [1] 3: (Delias) 28-35, pl. 8-9 (1901), [1] 3: (Delias) 36-38, pl. 10 (1902), [1] 1: (Pieridae) 1-3, pl. 1 (1888), [1] 2: (Pinacopteryx) 1-4, pl. 1 (1893), [1] 1: (Callosune) 1-3, pl. 1 (1889), [1] 3: (Huphina) 1-7, pl. 1-2 (1898), [1] 3: (Huphina) [8],9-10, pl. 3 (1899), [1] 1: (Elodina) 1-4, pl. 1 (1890), [1] 1: (Belenois) 1-4, pl. 1 (1892), [1] 2: (Belenois) 5-8, pl. 2 (1892), [1] 3: (Mylothris) 1-3, 5-7, pl. 1-2 (1900), [1] 1: (Ixias) 1-3, pl. 1 (1888), [1] 2: (Appias) 1-3, pl. 1 (1894), [1] 1: (Pierinae) 5-7, pl. 2 (1889), [1] 2: (Dismorphia) 1-4, pl. 1 (1896), [1] 2: (Dismorphia) 5-9, 11-15, pl. 2-3 (1897), [2] 1: (Asthipa) 1-3, pl. 1 (1890), [2] 2: (Asthipa) 5-6, pl. 2 (1896), [2] 2: (Ravadeba) 7, pl. 1 (1896), [2] 2: (Mycalesis) 1-4, pl. 1 (1895), [2] 2: (Mycalesis) 5-12, pl. 2-3 (1896), [2] 3: (Mycalesis) 13-18, pl. 4-5 (1902), [2] 3: (Libythea) 1-2, pl. 1 (1902), : (Ragadia-Argyronympha-Hypocysta) : 1-6, pl. [1] (1895), [2] 2: (Pedaliodes) 1-5, pl. 1 (1893), [2] 2: (Pedaliodes) 7-9, pl. 2 (1894), [2] 2: (Pedaliodes) 10-14, pl. 3 (1895), [2] 3: (Pedaliodes) 15-20, pl. 4-5, (Oxeoschistus) 1 (1900), [2] 3: (Pronophila) 1-2, pl. 1, (Oxeoschistus) 2-3, pl. 1 (1900), [2] 2: (Elymnias) 1-4, pl. 1 (1896), [2] 3: (Elymnias) 5-6, pl. 2, (Bruasa) 6-7, pl. 1 (1897), [2] 1: (Morpho) 1-2, pl. 1 (1890), [2] 3: (Morphotenaris-Hyantis) 1-3, pl. [1] (1898), [2] 2: (Tenaris) 1-3, 5-7, pl. 1-2 (1894), [2] 2: (Tenaris) 9-11, pl. 3 (1895), [2] 2: (Tenaris) 13-15, pl. 4 (1896), [2] 3: (Tenaris) 17-18, pl. 5 (1898), [2] 1: (Heliconius) 1-3, pl. 1 (1892), [2] 1: (Acraea) 1-6, pl. 1-2 (1889), [2] 1: (Acraea) 7-10, pl. 3 (1892), [2] 2: (Acraea) 11-14, pl. 4 (1892), [2] 2: (Acraea) 15-18, pl. 5 (1894), [2] 3: (Acraea) 19-29, pl. 6-8, (Planema) 29-30, pl. [1] (1901), [2] 1: (Cethosia) 1-2, pl. 1 (1889), [2] 3: (Cirrhochroa) 1, pl. [1], (Cupha) 2-4, pl. [1] (1898), [2] 2: (Terinos) 1-2, pl. 1 (1894), [2] 1: (Thaleropis) 1-3, pl. 1 (1891), [2] 2: (Doleschallia) 1-3,5-7, pl. 1-2 (1893), [2] 2: (Kallima) 1-3, pl. 1 (1892), [2] 1: (Hypolimnas) 1-2, pl. 1 (1891), [2] 3: (Hypolimnas) 3-4, pl. 2 (1897), [2] 3: (Hypolimnas) 5-6, pl. 3 (1898), [2] 1: (Euxanthe) 1-3, pl. 1 (1890), [2] 1: (Hestina) 1-3, pl. 1 (1891), [2] 1: (Cymothoe) 1-4, pl. 1 (1890), [2] 3: (Limenitis) 1-3, pl. 1 (1899), [2] 2: (Neptis) 1-4, pl. 1 (1895), [2] 3: (Neptis) 5-11, pl. 2-3 (1899), [2] 3: (Neptis) 13-17, pl. 4-5 (1900), [2] 1: (Euthalia-Tanaecia) 1-3, pl. 1 (1889), [2] 1: (Euthalia) 5-10, pl. 2-3 (1891), [2] 2: (Euthalia) 11-14, pl. 4 (1894), [2] 3: (Euthalia) 15, pl. 5, (Dichorragia) 16, pl. 1 (1898), [2] 1: (Apatura) 1-3, pl. 1 (1892), [2] 1: (Euphaedra) 1-2, pl. 1 (1889), [2] 1: (Euryphene) 1-3, pl. 1 (1889), [2] 1: (Charaxes) 1-2,[3-4] pl. 1-2 (1887), [2] 1: (Charaxes) [5], pl. 3 (1888), [2] 1: (Charaxes) 7-9, pl. 4 (1890), [2] 1: (Charaxes) 11-13, pl. 5 (1891), [2] 1: (Mynes) 1-2, pl. 1 (1888), [2] 2: (Mynes) 3-6, pl. 2 (1894), [2] 2: (Prothoe) 1-2, pl. 1 (1896), [3] 3: (Erycinidae) 1-10, pl. 1-2 (1902), [3] 2: (Dicallaneura-etc) 1-6, pl. 1 (1897), [3] 3: (Dicallaneura-etc) 7-11, pl. 2 (1901), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 1-4,[5-9] 1-5, pl. 1-2 (1887), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 11-17, 19-22, pl. 3-5 (1888), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 23-25, 27-29, 31-33, pl. 6-8 (1889), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 35-48, pl. 9-11 (1890), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 49-51,53-64, pl. 12-15 (1891), [3] 2: (Lycaenidae) 65-68, pl. 16 (1892), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) [69-72] 57-60, pl. 17 (1892), [3] 2: (Lycaenidae) [73-77] 61-65,79-84, pl. 18-19 (1892), [3] 2: (Lycaenidae) 85-107, pl. 20-23 (1893), [3] 2: (Lycaenidae) 109-120, pl. 24-25 (1894), [3] 3: (Lycaenidae) 121-125, pl. 26 (1900), [3] 3: (Lycaenidae) 127-131, 133-141, pl. 27-29 (1901), [3] 3: (Lycaenidae) 143-146, pl. 30 (1902), [3] 2: (Hypochrysops) 1-6, pl. 1 (1894), [3] 2: (Hypochrysops) 7-13, 15-22, pl. 2-3 (1895), [3] 2: (Thysonotis) 23-25, 27-31, pl. 1-2 (1895), [3] 2: (Waigeum) 34-38, pl. 1 (1896), [3] 2: (Thysonotis) 39-46, pl. 3-4 (1896), [3] 2: (Holochila) 1-4, pl. 1 (1896), [3] 2: (Holochila) 5-8, pl. 2 (1897), [3] 2: (Pseudonotis) 1-3, pl. [1], (Epimastidia) 4-5, pl. [1], (Lampides) 5-8, pl. [1] (1897), [3] 2: (Lampides) 9-10, pl. 2, (Thysonotis) 47, pl. 5 (1897), [3] 3: (Holochila) 9-11, pl. 3 (1898), [3] 3: (Arhopala) 1-7, pl. 1-2 (1898), [3] 3: (Arhopala) 9-12, pl. 3, (Ilerda) 13, pl. [1], (Horaga) 14-15, pl. [1] (1902), [3] 3: (Thysonotis) 47x,48-50, pl. 6 (1898), [3] 3: (Hypochrysops) 23-26, pl. 4 (1898), [3] 3: (Holochila) 13-15, pl. 4 (1899), [3] 3: (Hypochrysops) 27-29, pl. 5, (Waigeum) [30], pl. 2 (1899), [3] 3: (Holochila) 17-19, pl. 5 (1899), [3] 3: (Thysonotis) 51-54, pl. 7 (1899), [3] 3: (Jamides) 11-14, pl. 1 (1900), [3] 3: (Hypolycaena-etc) 1-4, pl. [1] (1900), [3] 3: (Hypochrysops) 31-33, pl. 6, (Thysonotis) 55-56, pl. 8 (1900), [3]: (Additions-Corrections) 1-2,[3],vii-x
Hagen, 1896
Verzeichnis der von mir auf Sumatra gefangene Rhopaloceren Dt. ent. Z. Iris 9 (1) : 153-187
Hanafusa, 1987
New subspecies of Charaxes, Polyura and Moduza from South East Asia Iwase No. 4: 19-24
Hewitson, 1854; Hewitson, 1863; Hewitson, 1874
Illustrations of new species of exotic Butterflies selected chiefly from the collections of W. Wilson Saunders and William C. Hewitson Ill. exot. Butts [3] : (Systematic Index) III, (Callithea): [1-2], pl. [1] (1857), (Callithea Agrias II): [3-4], pl. [2] (1870), (Epicalia & Myscelia I): [5-6], pl. [3] (1851), (Epicalia II): [7-8], pl. [4] (1852), (Timetes): [9-10], pl. [5] (1852), (Neptis): [11-12], pl. [6] (1868), (Limenitis I-II): [13-16], pl. [7-8] (1859), (Heterochroa): [17-18], pl. [9] (1867), (Diadema): [19-20], pl. [10] (1863), (Diadema II): [21-22], pl. [11] (1865), (Diadema III): [23-24], pl. [12] (1868), (Amechania): [25-26], pl. [13] (1861), (Romaleosoma): [27-28], pl. [14] (1864), (Romaleosoma II-III): [29-32], pl. [15-16] (1865), (Romaleosoma IV): [33-34], pl. [17] (1866), (Euryphene): [35-36], pl. [18] (1864), (Euryphene II): [37-38], pl. [19] (1865), (Euryphene III Aterica): [39-40], pl. [20] (1865), (Euryphene IV): [41-42], pl. [21] (1865), (Aterica & Euryphene V-VI): [43-46], pl. [22-23] (1866), (Euryphene VII): [47-48], pl. [24] (1871), (Euryphene VIII & Aterica): [49-50], pl. [25] (1871), (Euryphene IX): [51-52], pl. [26] (1874), (Aterica & Harma): [53-54], pl. [27] (1866), (Harma): [55-56], pl. [28] (1864), (Harma II): [57-58], pl. [29] (1866), (Harma III-IV): [59-60], pl. [30-31] (1869), (Harma V-VI & Euryphene X): [61-62], pl. [32-33] (1874), (Adolias): [63-64], pl. [34] (1861), (Adolias II): [65-66], pl. [35] (1862), (Adolias III): [67-68], pl. [36] (1863), (Adolias IV): [69-70], pl. [37] (1875), (Agrias): [71-72], pl. [38] (1860), (Agrias & Nymphalis): [73-74], pl. [39] (1855), (Agrias & Siderone): [75-76], pl. [40] (1854), (Prepona): [77-78], pl. [41] (1859), (Prepona II & Agrias): [79-80], pl. [42] (1876), (Pandora & Prepona): [81-82], pl. [43] (1854), (Apatura): [83-84], pl. [44] (1869), (Nymphalis): [85-86], pl. [45] (1854), (Nymphalis II): [87-88], pl. [46] (1859), (Charaxes III): [89-90], pl. [47] (1863), (Charaxes IV): [91-92], pl. [48] (1874), (Charaxes V): [93-94], pl. [49] (1876), (Paphia II): [95-96], pl. [50] (1869), (Paphia & Siderone): [97-98], pl. [51] (1856), (Siderone): [99-100], pl. [52] (1860), (Zeuxidia & Aemona): [101-102], pl. [53] (1868), : iv
Honrath, 1888
Neue Rhopalocera (7) Berl. ent. Z. 32 (1) : 247-252, pl. 5
Huang, 2003
A list of butterflies collected from Nujiang (Lou Tse Kiang) and Dulongiang, China with descriptions of new species, and revisional notes Neue Ent. Nachr. 55: 3-114
Hulstaert, 1924
Rhopalocčres nouveaux des Indes hollandaises Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 64 : 73-81
Joicey & Talbot, 1916
New Lepidoptera from the Schouten Islands, with description of a new Tineid Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1916 (1) : 65-83, pl. 3-6
Jumalon, 1975
New Philippine Butterflies Tyō to Ga 26 (2) : 45-66
Kheil, 1884
Zur Fauna des Indo-Malayischen Archipels. Die Rhoplalocera der Insel Nias Rhopalocera Ins. Nias : [1-5], 6-38, 5pls
Lathy, 1898
A new species of Charaxes from Siam Entomologist 31 : 192-193
Lathy, 1898
A new species of Charaxes Entomologist 31 : 226-227
Lathy, 1913
New butterflies from Nias Entomologist 46 : 98-101, 135-138
Lathy, 1926
Notes sur les Charaxes de la collection de Madame G. Fournier Encycl. Ent. (3) B 1 : 93-97, pl. 2-3
Leech, 1891
New Species of Rhopalocera from North-west China Entomologist 24 (Suppl.) : 23-31
Leech, 1893
Butterflies from China, Japan, and Corea Butts China Japan Corea (1): 1-297, pl. 1-28 (1892-1894), (2): 297-681, pl. 29-43 (1893-1894)
Linnaeus, 1758
Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Clases, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Symonymis, Locis. Tomis I. 10th Edition Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 1-338, : 339-824
Martin, 1924
Die Tagfalter der Insel Celebes. Eine kritische Studie mit einigen Neubeschreibungen Tijdschr. Ent. 67 : 32-116
Mell, 1923
Noch unbeschriebene Lepidopteren aus Südchina (2) Dt. ent. Z. 1923 (2) : 153-160
Moltrecht, 1909
Nachtrag zu dem Aufsatz "Neues aus dem Amurlande" Ent. Zs. 23 (29) : 131-132
Moore, [1879]
A list of the Lepidopterous Insects collected by Mr. Ossian Limborg in Upper Tenasserim, with Descriptions of new Species Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878 (4) : 821-859, pl. 51-53 (1879)
Moore, [1880]
The Lepidoptera of Ceylon Lepid. Ceylon 1 (1): 1-40, pl. 1-18 (Dec 1880), (2): 41-80, pl. 19-36 (Jan 1881), (3): 81-136, pl. 37-54 (Jun 1881), (4): 137-190, pl. 55-71 (Dec 1881)
Moore, 1882
List of the Lepidoptera collected by the Rev. J.H. Hocking, chiefly in the Kangra Discrict, N.W Hiamalaya; with Descriptions of new Genera and Species Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1882 (1) : 234-263, pl. 11-12
Moore, [1896]
Lepidoptera Indica. Rhopalocera. Family Nymphalidae. Sub-families Satyrinae (continued), Elymniinae, Amathusiinae, Nymphalinae (Group Charaxina) Lepidoptera Indica 2 (13): 1-32, pl. 95-100 (1893), (14): 33-64, pl. 101-107 (1893), (15): 65-88, pl. 108-114 (1893), (16): 89-112, pl. 115-122 (1893), (17): 113-136, pl. 123-130 (1894), (18): 137-160, pl. 131-138 (1894), (19): 161-176, pl. 139-146 (1894), (20): 177-192, pl. 147-154 (1895), (21): 193-208, pl. 155-162 (1895), (22): 209-232, pl. 163-170 (1895), (23): 233-248, pl. 171-180 (1895), (24): 249-274, pl. 181-190 ([1896])
Murayama & Shimonoya, 1963
On some interesting butterflies from Formosa, with descriptions of 2 new species, 2 new races, and 7 new aberrant forms [in Japanese] Tyō to Ga 13 (3): 51-59
Oberthür, 1891
Nouveaux Lépidoptčres d'Asie Étud. d'Ent. 15 : 7-25, pl. 1-3
Pendlebury, 1933
Notes and new Records of Butterflies from the Malay Peninsula J. Fed. Malay St. Mus. 17 (2): 377-401
Preyer & Cator, 1894
Preliminary list of the Rhopalocera of Borneo Br. N. Borneo Herald 12 : 258-260
Ribbe, 1899
Beiträge zur Lepidopteren-Fauna des Bismarck- und Salomon-Archipels in der Süd-See Dt. ent. Z. Iris 11 (1): 35-133, 12 (1): 219-260
Roepke, 1938
Nymphalidae Rhopalocera Javanica 3 : 235-362, pl. 26-36
Rothschild, 1903
Some new butterflies and moths Novit. Zool. 10 (2) : 309-312
Rothschild, 1915
On the Lepidoptera in the Tring Museum sent by Mr. A. S. Meek from the Admiralty Islands, Dampier and Vulcan Islands Novit. Zool. 22 (2): 192-208, (3): 387-402
Rothschild & Jordan, 1898; Rothschild in Rothschild & Jordan, 1898
A Monograph of Charaxes and the allied Prionopterous Genera. (1) Novit. zool. 5 (4): 545-605, pl. 5-14,14a
Rothschild & Jordan, 1899; Rothschild in Rothschild & Jordan, 1899
A Monograph of Charaxes and the allied Prionopterous genera. (2) Novit. zool. 6 (2): 220-286, pl. 7-8, (index): 454
Rousseau-Decelle, 1938
Notes sur quelques formes nouvelles de Charaxidinae des faunes éthiopienne et indo-malaise (Lep. Nymphalidae) Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 43: 161-168, 1pl
Röber, 1894
Ueber neue und wenig bekannte Schmetterlinge aus Deutsch-Neu-Guinea und Nias Ent. Nachr. 20 (19) : 290-295
Röber, 1895
Ueber neue Charaxes aus Indien Ent. Nachr. 21 (4) : 63-67
Röber, 1925
Neue Falter Stettin. Ent. Ztg 86 (1) : 167-175
Röber, 1939
Die Tagfalter der Insel Celebes Dt. ent. Z. Iris 53 : 89-117 (?1940)
Schröder & Treadaway, 1980
Neue Lepidoptera von den Philippinen Ent. Z. Frankf. a. M. 90 (21) : 233-243
Scudder, 1875
Historical Sketch of the Generic Names proposed for Butterflies: A Contribution to Systematic Nomenclature Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sci. 10 (2) : 91-293
Burgess in Smart, 1977; Smart, 1977
A new species of Polyura (Lep: Charaxinae) from the New Hebrides with some notes on allied species in the Australian region Bull. amat. Ent. Soc. 36: 56-62
Smiles, 1982
The taxonomy and phylogeny of the genus Polyura Billberg (Lepidoptera; Nymphalidae) Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (3) : 115-237, f. 1-159
Staudinger, 1886
Exotische Tagfalter in sysmatischer Reihenfolge mit Berücksichtigung neuer Arten in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (1): 3-6, pl. 1-5 (1884), (2): 7-10, pl. 6-10 (1884), (3): 11-14, pl. 11-15 (1884), (4): 15-22, pl. 16-20 (1884), (5): 23-30, pl. 21-25 (1884), (6): 31-38, pl. 26-30 (1884), (7): 39-46, pl. 31-35 (1885), (8): 47-58, pl. 30-40 (1885), (9): 59-82, pl. 41-50 (1885), (10): 83-102, pl. 51-60 (1885), (11): 103-122, pl. 61-65 (1886), (12): 123-138, pl. 66-70 (1886), (13): 139-158, pl. 71-75 (1886), (14): 159-174, pl. 76-80 (1886), (15): 175-194, pl. 81-85 (1887), (16): 195-214, pl. 86-90 (1887), (17): 215-234, pl. 91-95 (1887), (18): 235-270, pl. 96-98 (1888), (19): 1-2,271-333, pl. 99-100 (1888)
Staudinger, 1895
Ueber einige neuere und neue Tagfalter des indo-malayischen Faunengebietes Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 7 (2) : 341-358 (1895)
Niepelt in Strand, 1914
Abbildungen und Beschreibungen neuer und wenig bekannter Lepidoptera aus der Sammlung W. Niepelt Lepid. Niepeltiana (1) : 1-64, pl. 1-12
Swainson, 1833
Zoological illustrations, or original figures and descriptions of new, rare or interesting animals, selected chiefly from the classes of ornithology, entomology, and conchology, and arranged according to their apparent affinities. Second series Zool. Illustr. (2) 1: 1-30, pl. 1-30 (1829), 1: 31-45, pl. 31-45 (1830), 2 (11): 46-50, pl. 46-50, 2 (12): 51-55, pl. 51-55, 2 (13): 56-60, pl. 56-60, 2 (14): 61-65, pl. 61-65, 2 (15): 66-70, pl. 66-70, 2 (16): 71-75, pl. 71-75, 2 (17): 76-80, pl. 76-80, 2 (18): 81-85, pl. 81-85 (1831), 2 (19): 86-90, pl. 86-90, 2 (20): 91, pl. 91 (1832), 3 (21): 92-96, pl. 92-96 (1832), 3 (22): 97-101, pl. 97-101, 3 (23): 102-106, pl. 102-106, 3 (24): 107-111, pl. 107-111, 3 (25): 112-116, pl. 112-116, 3 (26): 117-121, pl. 117-121, 3 (27): 122-126, pl. 122-126, 3 (28): 127-131, pl. 127-131, 3 (29): 132-136, pl. 132-136 (1833)
Swinhoe, 1887
On the Lepidoptera of Mhow, in Central India Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1886 (4) : 421-465, pl. 40-41
Swinhoe, 1897
New eastern Lepidoptera Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 19 (112) : 407-410
Talbot, 1920
New Rhopalocera from Central Ceram Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (9) 6 (34) : 398-407, pl. 14-19
Tytler, 1914
Notes on some new and interesting butterflies from Manipur and the Naga Hills. Part 1-3 J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 23 (2): 216-229 (1914), 23 (3): 502-515, pl. 1-2 (1915), 24 (1): 119-155, pl. 3-4 (1915)
Notes on some new and interesting butterflies from Manipur and the Naga Hills. Part 3
Tytler, 1940
Notes on some new and interesting butterflies chiefly from Burma 1 & 2 J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 41 (2): 235-252, 42 (1): 109-123
Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003
The butterflies of Sulawesi: annotated checklist for a critical island faunda Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 3-268, pl. 1-16
Vollenhoven, 1861
Description de quelques espčces nouvelles de Lépidoptčres Tijdschr. Ent. 4 (5/6) : 157-163, pl. 8-10
Waterhouse, 1920
Descriptions of New Forms of Butterflies from the South Pacific Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W. 45 (3) : 468-471
Westwood, 1847
The Cabinet of Oriental Entomology, being... Cabinet Orient. Ent.: [2] + 2 + 88pp, 42 pls (in parts)


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Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.