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Catonephele Hübner, [1819]
Catonephele Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (3): 40, TS: Catonephele eupalemaena Hübner
Epicalia Doubleday, 1844; List. lepid. Ins. Brit. Mus. 1 : 90, TS: Papilio antiochus Fabricius
= ; [NL4A, 235]
Epicalia Boisduval, 1870; Considérations Lépid. Guatemala: 40, TS: Papilio numilia Cramer
= ; [NL4A, 235]
Catonephele, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Epicalia ; Godman & Salvin, [1883], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 240
Catonephele (Epicaliini) ; [Wahlberg]
Catonephele (Epicaliina) ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, 235]

Catonephele acontius (Linnaeus, 1771)
Colombia, Paraguay. See [About maps] Papilio acontius Linnaeus, 1771; Mantissa Plant. 2: 537, TL: "China" [South America, Guianas?]
Catonephele acontius, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Epicalia acontius ; Godman & Salvin, [1883], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 241
Catonephele acontius ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (2): 100; [EBW]; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #1741]
Guianas, Surinam, Brazil(Amazonas) Papilio antiochus Fabricius, 1775; Syst. Ent.: 480, no. 164 (preocc. Papilio antiochus Linnaeus, 1767), TL: "China"
= ; [NL4A, #1741a]
Papilio medea Fabricius, 1775; Syst. Ent.: 508, TL: [Surinam]
= ; [NL4A, #1741a]
Papilio chione Cramer, [1776]; Uitl. Kapellen 1 (8): pl. 90, f. E, F, TL: Surinam
= ; [NL4A, #1741a]
Papilio eupalemon Cramer, [1777]; Uitl. Kapellen 2 (9-16): pl. 143, f. B, C, TL: Surinam
= ; [NL4A, #1741a]
Catonephele eupalemaena Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (3): 40, TL: "China"
= ; [NL4A, #1741a]
Catonephele acontius exquisitus Stichel, 1899; Berl. ent. Z. 43 (3/4) : 416, TL: Brazil, Amazonas
= ; [NL4A, #1741a]
Catonephele acontius acontius ; [NL4A, #1741a]
C. a. caeruleus Jenkins, 1985
Bolivia acontius caeruleus Jenkins, 1985; , TL: Bolivia
Catonephele acontius caeruleus ; [NL4A, #1741b]

Catonephele antinoe (Godart, [1824])
Brazil(Pará, Amazonas), Peru, Guyana. See [About maps] Nymphalis antinoe Godart, [1824]; Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (2): 410, TL: Brazil
Catonephele boyi Röber, 1923; Stettin ent. Ztg 84 (1) : 94, TL: Brazil, Pará
= ; [NL4A, #1742]
Catonephele aloisilegionensis Fernández, 1928; , TL: Peru
= ; [NL4A, #1742]
Catonephele orbifera Fiedler, 1933; , TL: Peru
= ; [NL4A, #1742]
Catonephele boyi ab. erichi Krüger, 1933; , TL: Brazil, Amazonas
= ; [NL4A, #1742]
Catonephele beccarii Verity, 1934; , TL: Guyana
= ; [NL4A, #1742]
Catonephele antinoe, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Catonephele antinoe ; [BOW: pl. 34, f. 11]; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #1742]

Catonephele chromis (Doubleday, [1848])
Honduras, .... See [About maps] Myscelia chromis Doubleday, [1848]; Gen. diurn. Lep. (1): pl. 27, f. 1, TL: "Honduras" [error, N.Colombia?]
Epicalia chromis ; Godman & Salvin, [1883], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 243, 3: pl. 24a, f. 1-2; Godman & Salvin, [1901], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 686
Catonephele chromis ; [EBW]; [NL4A, #1743]
Bolivia - Colombia Epicalia pierretii Doubleday, [1848]; Gen. diurn. Lep. (1): pl. 29, f. 4, TL: Bolivia
= ; [NL4A, #1743a]
Catonephele chromis ♀-ab. columbana Stichel, 1901; Berl. ent. Z. 46 (1/2) : 2, pl. 2, f. 2, TL: Colombia
= ; [NL4A, #1743a]
Catonephele chromis chromis ; [NL4A, #1743a]; [EcuL]
C. c. godmani Stichel, 1901
Costa Rica - Panama, Colombia Catonephele godmani Stichel, 1901; Berl. ent. Z. 46 (1/2) : 2, pl. 1, f. 2, pl. 2, f. 3, TL: Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia
Catonephele chromis godmani ; [BCR: 160, pl. 25]; [NL4A, #1743b]

Larva on Alchornea poasana [BCR]


Catonephele cortesi Maza, 1982
Mexico. See [About maps] Catonephele cortesi Maza, 1982; , TL: Mexico, Guerrero
Catonephele cortesi, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Catonephele cortesi ; [NL4A, #1744]

Catonephele mexicana Jenkins & Maza, 1985
Mexico - Costa Rica. See [About maps] Catonephele mexicana Jenkins & Maza, 1985; , TL: Mexico, Oaxaca
Catonephele mexicana, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Catonephele mexicana, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Catonephele mexicana ; [BCR: 159, pl. 25]; [NL4A, #1745]
[mexicana-1f.jpg] 479x448 (~27Kb) female Belize, Central America, Photo © John Shuey [mexicana-1m.jpg] 439x479 (~27Kb) male Belize, Central America, Photo © John Shuey

Larva on Alchornea latifolia, Veconcibea pleistemona, Dalechampia triphylla, D. scandens [BCR]



Catonephele numilia (Cramer, [1775])
Argentina, .... See [About maps] Papilio numilia Cramer, [1775]; Uitl. Kapellen 1 (1-7): 128, pl. 81, f. E, F, TL: Surinam
Catonephele numilia, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Catonephele numilia ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 34, f. 12-13]; [NL4A, #1746]
Surinam Papilio micalia Cramer, 1777; preocc. Cramer, 1776, TL: "West Indies"
= ; [NL4A, #1746a]
Catonephele numilia numilia ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #1746a]
C. n. penthia (Hewitson, 1852)
Brazil(Rio de Janeiro) Epicalia penthia Hewitson, 1852; Ill. exot. Butts [3] (Epicalia II): [8], pl. [4], f. 7, TL: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro
Catonephele numilia penthia ; [NL4A, #1746e]; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (2): 100
C. n. esite (R. Felder, 1869)
Mexico - Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela, Trinidad Epicalia esite R. Felder, 1869; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien. 19 : 472, TL: Mexico, Potrero; Colombia
Catonephele penthia var. penthiana Staudinger, 1886; in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (11): 114, TL: Panama
= ; [NL4A, #1746b]
Catonephele numilia esite, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Catonephele numilia esite, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Epicalia esite ; Godman & Salvin, [1883], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 241; Godman & Salvin, [1901], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 686
Catonephele numilia esite ; [BCR: 159, pl. 25]; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #1746b]
[esite-1m.jpg] 554x510 (~34Kb) male Belize, Central America, Photo © John Shuey

Larva on Alchornea costaricensis, A. latifolia [BCR]


C. n. neogermanica Stichel, 1899
Paraguay, Brazil Catonephele numilia neogermanica Stichel, 1899; Berl. ent. Z. 43 (3/4) : 416, TL: Paraguay
Catonephele numilia ab. fulva Röber, 1914; , TL: Brazil
= ; [NL4A, #1746d]
Catonephele numilia neogermanica ; [NL4A, #1746d]
C. n. immaculata Jenkins, 1985
Mexico Catonephele numilia immaculata Jenkins, 1985; , TL: Mexico, Guerrero
Catonephele numilia immaculata, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Catonephele numilia immaculata, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Catonephele numilia immaculata ; [NL4A, #1746c]

Catonephele nyctimus (Westwood, 1850)
Mexico - Venezuela, Ecuador. See [About maps] Epicalia nyctimus Westwood, 1850; Gen. diurn. Lep. (2): 257, TL: "Mexico",Ecuador,Venezuela
Epicalia nyctimus ; Hewitson, 1852, Ill. exot. Butts [3] (Epicalia II): [7], pl. 4, f. 5-6; Godman & Salvin, [1883], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 242; Godman & Salvin, [1901], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 686
Catonephele nyctimus ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 34, f. 14-15]; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #1747]

Catonephele orites Stichel, 1899
Costa Rica - Colombia, NW.Ecuador. See [About maps] Catonephele orites Stichel, 1899; Berl. ent. Z. 43 (3/4) : 415, TL: Colombia, Muzo
Catonephele orites, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Catonephele orites ; [BCR: 160, pl. 25]; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #1748]

Larva on Alchornea costaricensis [BCR]


Catonephele sabrina (Hewitson, 1851)
Brazil(Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro). See [About maps] Epicalia sabrina Hewitson, 1851; Ill. exot. Butts [3] (Epicalia & Myscelia I): [5], pl. [3], f. 1, TL: Brazil, Minas Gerais
Myscelia samaria Hewitson, 1851; Ill. exot. Butts [3] (Epicalia & Myscelia I): [6], pl. [3], f. 3, TL: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro
= ; [NL4A, #1749]
Epicalia sabrina ; Hewitson, 1852, Ill. exot. Butts [3] (Epicalia II): [7], pl. [4], f. 4
Catonephele sabrina ; [NL4A, #1749]

Catonephele salacia (Hewitson, 1851)
Brazil(Amazonas). See [About maps] Epicalia salacia Hewitson, 1851; Ill. exot. Butts [3] (Epicalia & Myscelia I): [5], pl. [3], f. 2, TL: Brazil, Amazonas
Epicalia salacia ; Hewitson, 1852, Ill. exot. Butts [3] (Epicalia II): [7], pl. [4], f. 1-3
Catonephele salacia ; [EBW]; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #1750]

Catonephele salambria (C. & R. Felder, 1861)
Colombia, Peru, Bolivia. See [About maps] Epicalia salambria C. & R. Felder, 1861; Wien. ent. Monats. 5 (4): 106, TL: Cordillerae Bogotanae
Catonephele salambria ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #1751]


Unknown or unplaced taxa

Epicalia cerambus Westwood, 1850; (nom. nud.), TL: Mexico
cerambus ; [NL4A, 236]

Epicalia corinnette Westwood, 1850; (nom. nud.), TL: Peru
corinnette ; [NL4A, 236]

Epicalia lygistus Westwood, 1850; (nom. nud.), TL: Colombia
lygistus ; [NL4A, 236]


5.11.2011 (11)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BCA]
electronic; BIOLOGIA CENTRALI-AMERICANA
[BCR]
DeVries; The Butterflies of Costa Rica 1; Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae
[BHL]
The; Biodiversity Heritage Library; and on; Internet Archive; Note: The linking to the content of Internet Archive is somewhat delicate -- notify me when links break!
[BOA]
Interactive Listing of American Butterflies; Listado Interactivo de la Mariposas Americanas; Butterflies of America
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[EBW]
Smart, Paul, 1976; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World; ISBN 0 600 31381 6
[EcuL]
Tommaso & Racheli, 2001; Fragmenta entomologica 33 (2): 213-380; An annotated list of Ecuadorian Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae)
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[ILMB]
Interactive Listing of Mexican Butterflies
[JLS]
Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society; the original J. Lep. Soc. articles
[John Shuey]
e-mail: jshuey at tnc.org; Director of Conservation Science; Indiana Office of The Nature Conservancy; http://www.nature.org
[LAMAS-NEO]
Gerardo Lamas; Bibliography of butterflies; An Annocated Bibliography of the Neotropical Butterflies and Skipper (Lepididoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea); Revised Electronic Edition (2007)
[NL4A]
Gerardo Lamas, 2004; Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera; Checklist: Part 4A; Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea
[Wahlberg]
Niklas Wahlberg; The NSG's voucher specimen database; Nymphalidae Systematics Group


Some related literature:
Boisduval, 1870
Considerations sur des Lépidoptères envoyés du Guatemala à M. de l'Orza Considérations Lépid. Guatemala: 100pp
Brown & Mielke, 1967
Lepidoptera of the Central Brazil Plateau. I. Preliminary list of Rhopalocera J. Lep. Soc. 21 (2): 77-106
Cramer, [1775]; Cramer, [1776]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) Uitl. Kapellen 1 (1-7): 1-132, pl. 1-84 (1775), (8): 133-155, pl. 85-96 (1776)
Cramer, [1777]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) Uitl. Kapellen 2 (9-16): 1-152, pl. 97-192 (1777)
Doubleday, 1844
List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous insects in The Collection of the British Museum List. lepid. Ins. Brit. Mus. 1 : 1-150
Doubleday, [1848]; Westwood, 1850
The genera of diurnal Lepidoptera, comprising their generic characters, a notice of their habitats and transformations, and a catalogue of the species of each genus; illustrated with 86 plates by W. C. Hewitson Gen. diurn. Lep. (1): 1-18, pl. A, 1-4 (1-2) (1846), (1): 19-132, pl. 4*, 5-25, 28 (3-14) (1847), (1): 133-200, pl. 1*, 26, 27, 29, 31-44 (15-23) (1848), (1): 201-242, pl. 30, 45-52, 56-58, 60-62, 64 (24-31) (1849), (1): 243-250 [?], (2): 243-326, pl. 53-55, 63, 65, 66 (32-38) (1850), (2): 327-466, pl. 59, 67-77 (39-50) (1851), (2): 467-534, 143, 144, pl. 78-80 (Index) (51-54) (1852)
Fabricius, 1775
Systema Entomologiae, sistens Insectorum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, Adiectis Synonymis, Locis, Descriptionibus, Observationibus. Syst. Ent.: 832pp
R. Felder, 1869
Diagnosen neuer von dem K. K. Oberlieutenant H. v. Hedemann in Mexico in den Jahren 1865-1867 gesammelter Lepidopteren. Erste Folge Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien. 19 : 465-480
C. & R. Felder, 1861
Lepidoptera nova Columbiae Wien. ent. Monats. 5 (3): 72-87, (4): 97-111
Godart, [1824]
in Latreille & Godart, Encyclopédie Méthodique. Histoire naturelle Entomologie, ou histoire naturelle des crustacés, des arachnides et des insectes Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 3-328 (1819), (2): 329-828 ([1824])
Godman & Salvin, [1883]
Biologia Centrali-Americana. Rhopalocera. Vol. 1. (1879-1886) Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 1-487, 3: pl. 1-24,24a,25-112
Godman & Salvin, [1901]
Biologia Centrali-Americana. Rhopalocera. (1887-1901) Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 1-782, 3: pl. 1-112
Hewitson, 1851; Hewitson, 1852
Illustrations of new species of exotic Butterflies selected chiefly from the collections of W. Wilson Saunders and William C. Hewitson Ill. exot. Butts [3] : (Systematic Index) III, (Callithea): [1-2], pl. [1] (1857), (Callithea Agrias II): [3-4], pl. [2] (1870), (Epicalia & Myscelia I): [5-6], pl. [3] (1851), (Epicalia II): [7-8], pl. [4] (1852), (Timetes): [9-10], pl. [5] (1852), (Neptis): [11-12], pl. [6] (1868), (Limenitis I-II): [13-16], pl. [7-8] (1859), (Heterochroa): [17-18], pl. [9] (1867), (Diadema): [19-20], pl. [10] (1863), (Diadema II): [21-22], pl. [11] (1865), (Diadema III): [23-24], pl. [12] (1868), (Amechania): [25-26], pl. [13] (1861), (Romaleosoma): [27-28], pl. [14] (1864), (Romaleosoma II-III): [29-32], pl. [15-16] (1865), (Romaleosoma IV): [33-34], pl. [17] (1866), (Euryphene): [35-36], pl. [18] (1864), (Euryphene II): [37-38], pl. [19] (1865), (Euryphene III Aterica): [39-40], pl. [20] (1865), (Euryphene IV): [41-42], pl. [21] (1865), (Aterica & Euryphene V-VI): [43-46], pl. [22-23] (1866), (Euryphene VII): [47-48], pl. [24] (1871), (Euryphene VIII & Aterica): [49-50], pl. [25] (1871), (Euryphene IX): [51-52], pl. [26] (1874), (Aterica & Harma): [53-54], pl. [27] (1866), (Harma): [55-56], pl. [28] (1864), (Harma II): [57-58], pl. [29] (1866), (Harma III-IV): [59-60], pl. [30-31] (1869), (Harma V-VI & Euryphene X): [61-62], pl. [32-33] (1874), (Adolias): [63-64], pl. [34] (1861), (Adolias II): [65-66], pl. [35] (1862), (Adolias III): [67-68], pl. [36] (1863), (Adolias IV): [69-70], pl. [37] (1875), (Agrias): [71-72], pl. [38] (1860), (Agrias & Nymphalis): [73-74], pl. [39] (1855), (Agrias & Siderone): [75-76], pl. [40] (1854), (Prepona): [77-78], pl. [41] (1859), (Prepona II & Agrias): [79-80], pl. [42] (1876), (Pandora & Prepona): [81-82], pl. [43] (1854), (Apatura): [83-84], pl. [44] (1869), (Nymphalis): [85-86], pl. [45] (1854), (Nymphalis II): [87-88], pl. [46] (1859), (Charaxes III): [89-90], pl. [47] (1863), (Charaxes IV): [91-92], pl. [48] (1874), (Charaxes V): [93-94], pl. [49] (1876), (Paphia II): [95-96], pl. [50] (1869), (Paphia & Siderone): [97-98], pl. [51] (1856), (Siderone): [99-100], pl. [52] (1860), (Zeuxidia & Aemona): [101-102], pl. [53] (1868), : iv
Hübner, [1819]
Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge, 1816-[1826] Verz. bek. Schmett. (1): [1-3], 4-16 (1816), (2): 17-32 (1819), (3): 33-48 (1819), (4): 49-64 (1819), (5): 65-80 (1819), (6): 81-96 (1819), (7): 97-112 (1819), (8): 113-128 (1819), (9): 129-144 (1819), (10): 145-160 (1819), (11): 161-176 (1819), (12): 177-192 (1820), (13): 193-208 (1820), (14): 209-224 (1821), (15): 225-240 (1821), (16): 241-256 (1821), (17): 257-272 (1823), (18): 273-288 (1823), (19): 289-304 (1823), (20): 305-320 (1825), (21): 321-336 (1825), (22): 337-352 (1825), (23-27): 353-431 ([1825])
Linnaeus, 1771
Mantissa Plantarum altera Generum editionis Vi & Specierum editionis II Mantissa Plant. 2: -,[iv], 142-510, + Regni Animalis Appendix 511-552
Röber, 1923
Neue Schmetterlinge usw. Stettin ent. Ztg 84 (1) : 94-96 (31 July)
Staudinger, 1886
Exotische Tagfalter in sysmatischer Reihenfolge mit Berücksichtigung neuer Arten in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (1): 3-6, pl. 1-5 (1884), (2): 7-10, pl. 6-10 (1884), (3): 11-14, pl. 11-15 (1884), (4): 15-22, pl. 16-20 (1884), (5): 23-30, pl. 21-25 (1884), (6): 31-38, pl. 26-30 (1884), (7): 39-46, pl. 31-35 (1885), (8): 47-58, pl. 30-40 (1885), (9): 59-82, pl. 41-50 (1885), (10): 83-102, pl. 51-60 (1885), (11): 103-122, pl. 61-65 (1886), (12): 123-138, pl. 66-70 (1886), (13): 139-158, pl. 71-75 (1886), (14): 159-174, pl. 76-80 (1886), (15): 175-194, pl. 81-85 (1887), (16): 195-214, pl. 86-90 (1887), (17): 215-234, pl. 91-95 (1887), (18): 235-270, pl. 96-98 (1888), (19): 1-2,271-333, pl. 99-100 (1888)
Stichel, 1899
Neue Catonephelen, vorläufige Diagnosen Berl. ent. Z. 43 (3/4) : 415-418
Stichel, 1901
Zur Synonymie einiger Arten der Gattung Catonephele Hbn. Berl. ent. Z. 46 (1/2) : 1-4, pl. 1-2


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.