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Erannis Hübner, 1825
Hybernia Berthold, 1827
= ; [NACL, 93]
Hibernia; (missp.)
= ; [NACL, 93]
Lampetia Stephens, 1827
= ; [NACL, 93]
Erannis (Bistonini) ; [NACL, 93]; [FE]

fiErannis defoliaria (Clerck, 1759)
Pakkasmittari Mottled Umber Großer Frostspanner
Erannis defoliaria, Larvae of North-European Lepidoptera [Kimmo Silvonen]
Erannis defoliaria, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Erannis defoliaria, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Erannis defoliaria, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
[defoliaria-1.jpg] 372x308 (~21Kb) [defoliaria-2.jpg] 356x300 (~19Kb) [defoliaria-3m.jpg] 900x590 (~89Kb) male Finland, U: Espoo Mankkaa 667:376, ex.l. 6.1996, Photo 23.10.1996 © Kimmo Silvonen
[defoliaria-4m.jpg] 616x446 (~82Kb) male Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Illingen, Bergweg (8°53'E, 48°58'N, 285m), 05.11.1999, Photo © Karl Hofsäß [defoliaria-5f.jpg] 598x400 (~51Kb) female Central Europe 1990-2000, Photo © Michael Borsch [defoliaria-5l.jpg] 599x400 (~46Kb) larva Central Europe 1990-2000, Photo © Michael Borsch
[defoliaria-5m.jpg] 601x400 (~91Kb) male Central Europe 1990-2000, Photo © Michael Borsch

Larva on Betula spp., Corylus avellana, Quercus robur, Ulmus spp., Ribes alpinum, R. nigrum, R. rubrum, Rosa sp., Malus domestica, Sorbus intermedia, S. hybrida, S. aucuparia, Crataegus oxyacantha, Amelanchier sp., Cotoneaster sp., Prunus sp., P. spinosa, P. padus, Hippophae rhamnoides, Tilia spp., T. platyphylla, Acer spp., Lonicera xylosteum [SPRK]



Erannis potopolskii Viidalepp, 1988

Erannis jacobsoni Djakonov, 1926

Erannis golda Djakonov, 1929

Erannis ankeraria (Staudinger, 1861)
E. a. syriaca (Wehrli, 1934)
Agriopis ankeraria syriaca Wehrli, 1934

Erannis declinans (Staudinger, 1879)
Hybernia declinans Staudinger, 1879; Horae Soc. Ent. Ross. 14 : 448

The "NA" species-group

Erannis tiliaria (Harris, 1841)
Erannis coloradata Hulst, 1896
= ; [NACL, #6665]
Erannis tiliaria, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Erannis tiliaria, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Erannis tiliaria, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Erannis tiliaria, Georgia Lepidoptera (USA) [GALEPS]
Erannis tiliaria ; [NACL, #6665]
Erannis brunneata Cassino & Swett, 1923
= ; [NACL, #6665a]
Erannis tiliaria vancouverensis ; [NACL, #6665a]


23.2.2013 (7)

References:
[ALBERTA]
University of Alberta, E.H. Strickland Entomological Museum; Browse Entomology Collection
[BAMONA]
Opler, Pavulaan, Stanford & Pogue; Butterflies and Moths of North America; Mountain Prairie Information Node
[FE]
Fauna Europaea; Fauna Europaea
[GALEPS]
Moths and Butterflies of Georgia and the Southeastern United States; James K. Adams; Dept. of Natural Science, Dalton State College, Dalton, GA ; http://www.daltonstate.edu/galeps/index.htm
[Ian Kimber]
http://www.ukmoths.force9.co.uk/
[Karl Hofsäß]
Karl Hofsaess; e-mail: Karl Hofsäß
[Kimmo Silvonen]
Espoo, Finland; Kimmo's Lep Site
[MBE]
Moths and Butteflies of Europe; Paolo Mazzei, Diego Reggianti and Ilaria Pimpinelli; http://www.leps.it/
[MPG]
North American Moth Photographers Group
[Michael Borsch]
Geesthacht, Germany; contact through; e-mail: Francisco Welter-Schultes
[NACL]
Hodges, 1983; Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico
[SPRK]
Seppänen, E. J, 1970; Suomen suurperhostoukkien ravintokasvit, Animalia Fennica 14
[SVF]
Svenska fjärilar; Naturhistoriska riksmuseet; (Sweden)


Some related literature:
Staudinger, 1879
Lepidopteren-Fauna Kleinasiens Horae Soc. Ent. Ross. 14 : 176-482


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.