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Theretra Hübner, [1819]
Theretra Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (9): 135, TS: Sphinx equestris
Oreus Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (9): 136, TS: Sphinx gnomen Fabricius
Gnathostypsis Wallengren, 1858; Öfvers. Vet. Akad. Förh. 15 : 137, TS: ostracina Wallengren
Hathia (Choerocampinae)Moore, 1882; REF#x: 19, TS: Sphinx clotho Drury
Florina Tutt, 1903; Ent. Rec. J. Var. 15 : 76, TS: japonica Boisduval
Theretra, Sphingidae of the Western Palearctic [Tony Pittaway]
Theretra (Choerocampinae) ; Moore, 1882, Lepid. Ceylon 2 (1): 21
Theretra (Choerocampina) ; [HMW, 19]

Theretra alecto (Linnaeus, 1758)
Balkans, SW.Asia, SE.Asia, Oriental Tropics - Sulawesi, Japan, Hong Kong. See [About maps] Kreetankiitäjä Le Deiléphile Candiote
Sphinx alecto Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 492, TL: India
Sphinx cretica Boisduval, 1827; Ann. Soc. linn. Paris 6: 118, pl. 6, f. 5
Theretra freyeri Kirby, 1892; Syn. Cat. Lepid. Het. 1 : 650
Theretra alecto transcaspica O. Bang-Haas, 1927; Horae Macrolep. Palaearct. 1 : 80
Theretro alecto intermissa Gehlen, 1941; Ent. Z. 55: 185-186
Theretra alecto, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Theretra alecto, Sphingidae of the Western Palearctic [Tony Pittaway]
Theretra alecto, Sphigidae of China (and adjacent regions) [Tony Pittaway]
Theretra alecto ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1903, 776; [HMW]

Larva on Vitis, Parthenocissus? [BSW], Saurauia, Dillenia, Tetracera, Leea, Psychotria, Rubia, Cissus [MOB3, 177]


Theretra boisduvalii (Bugnion, 1839)
Iran, Turkey, Greece, SW.Asia - Oriental Tropics - Sundaland, Lesser Sundas, Hong Kong. See [About maps] Sphinx boisduvalii Bugnion, 1839; Ann. Soc. ent. Fr. 8 : 115, TL: Ile de Candie
Chaerocampa punctivenata Butler, 1875; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1875 : 248
Cechenena sumatrensis Joicey & Kaye, 1917; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (8) 20 (118) : 307, TL: Sumatra, Langkat
Theretra boisduvalii, Sphingidae of the Western Palearctic [Tony Pittaway]
Theretra boisduvalii, Sphigidae of China (and adjacent regions) [Tony Pittaway]
Theretra boisduvali ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1903, 767
Theretra boisduvalii ; [HMW]

Larva on Cissus [MOB3, 175]


Theretra cajus (Cramer, [1777])
South Africa, E.Africa, W.Africa, Rhodesia. See [About maps] Cream Striped Hawk
Sphinx cajus Cramer, [1777]; Uitl. Kapellen 2 (9-16): 80, pl. 146, TL: Cape
Sphinx gordius Stoll, 1781; (preocc.)
Sphinx celaeno Esper, 1782; Aussereur. Schmett. 2: 203, pl. 28, f. 2
Xylophanes gortys Hübner, 1825; Zuträge Samml. exot. Schmett. 3 : f. 513-514
epicles (Boisduval, [1875])
Theretra cajus, African Moths [AFM]
Theretra cajus ; [HMW]

Larva on Richardia albomaculata, ("Arum Lily") [HMCSA]


Theretra capensis (Linnaeus, 1764)
Cape - Rhodesia - Tanzania - Kenya. See [About maps] Cape Hawk
Sphinx capensis Linnaeus, 1764; Mus. Lud. Ulr.: 349
Sphinx megara Müller, 1774; Natursystem 5 (1): 642, pl. 20, f. 5
Sphinx aeas Cramer, 1779
Sphinx cecrops Cramer, 1779
Sphinx clotho Fabricius, 1787; (preocc.)
Sphinx immaculata Gmelin, 1790
ostracina (Wallengren, 1858)
vinacea Closs, 1915
Theretra capensis, African Moths [AFM]
Theretra capensis ; [HMW]

Larva on Vitis, Cissus, Rhoicissis, Ampelopsis [HMCSA]


Theretra castanea (Moore, 1872)
Pergesa castanea Moore, 1872; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1872 (2) : 567, TL: Bombay
hyporhoda (Hampson, 1900)
swinhoei (Clark, 1925)
castanella Gehlen, 1942
= ; [HMW]
Theretra castanea ; [HMW]

Theretra clotho (Drury, 1773)
Japan, S.Korea, Indo-Australian Tropics - New South Wales, Hong Kong. See [About maps] Sphinx clotho Drury, 1773; Illust. Nat. Hist. Exot. Insects 2 : 48
Deilephila cyrene Westwood, 1848
Chaerocampa[sic] bistrigata Butler, 1875
Chaerocampa[sic] aspersata Kirby, 1877
Theretra clotho, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Theretra clotho clotho, Sphigidae of China (and adjacent regions) [Tony Pittaway]
Hathia clotho ; Moore, 1882, Lepid. Ceylon 2 (1): 20, pl. 87, f. 1
Theretra clotho ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1903, 769; [HMW]

Larva on Amorphophallus, Colocasia, Begonia, Dillenia, Leea, Hisbiscus, Fuchsia, Dendrocnide, Pipturus, Cayratia, Cissus, Parthenocissus, Vitis [MOB3, 176]

T. c. celata (Butler, 1877)
Loyalty Is., ..., Queensland Chaerocampa[sic] celata Butler, 1877
Chaerocampa[sic] cloacina Miskin, 1891; Proc. R. Soc. Qd 8 (1) : 16, TL: Brisbane
Theretra lifuensis Rothschild, 1894; Novit. Zool. 1 (1) : 78, TL: Lifu, Loyalty Islands
Chaerocampa[sic] luteotincta Lucas, 1891; Butterflies and Moths: ?, TL: Queensland
Theretra clotho celata ; [HMW]

Theretra gala Cadiou, 1999
Theretra gala ; [HMW, 209]

Theretra gnoma (Fabricius, 1775)
butus (Cramer, 1777)
gonograpta (Butler, 1875)
Theretra gnoma ; [HMW]

Theretra griseomarginata (Hampson, 1898)
Theretra griseomarginata ; [HMW]

Theretra hausmanni Eitschberger, 2000
Sulawesi. See [About maps] Theretra hausmanni Eitschberger, 2000; Neue Entomologische Nachrichten, 48: 101, pl. 14, f. 1a-b, 2a-b

Theretra incarnata Rothschild & Jordan, 1903
Theretra incarnata ; [HMW]

Theretra indistincta (Butler, 1877)
Australia (Queensland, ...). See [About maps] Choerocampa indistincta Butler, 1877
Chaerocampa[sic] cleopatra Miskin, 1891; Proc. R. Soc. Qd 8 (1) : 14, TL: Brisbane
Chaerocampa[sic] curvilinea Lucas, 1891; Butterflies and Moths: ?, TL: Queenland
Theretra indistincta, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Theretra indistincta ; [HMW]
T. i. manuselensis Joicey & Talbot, 1921
Theretra manuselensis Joicey & Talbot, 1921
Theretra indistincta manuselensis ; [HMW]
T. i. papuensis Joicey & Talbot, 1921
Theretra papuensis Joicey & Talbot, 1921
Theretra indistincta papuensis ; [HMW]
T. i. bismarcki Jordan, 1926
Theretra bismarcki Jordan, 1926
Theretra indistincta bismarcki ; [HMW]

Theretra inornata (Walker, [1865])
Australia. See [About maps] Chaerocampa[sic] inornata Walker, [1865]
Chaerocampa[sic] pallida Miskin, 1891; Proc. R. Soc. Qd 8 (1) : 18, TL: Brisbane
Theretra inornata, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Theretra inornata ; [HMW]

Theretra insignis (Butler, 1882)
Theretra insignis ; [HMW]
T. i. kuehni (Rothschild, 1900)
jordani (Huwe, 1906)
Theretra insignis kuehni ; [HMW]

Theretra insularis (Swinhoe, 1892)
Ceram Chaerocampa[sic] insularis Swinhoe, 1892; Cat. Het. Mus. Oxford (1) : 18, TL: Ceram, Ké
Theretra insularis ; [HMW]
T. i. lenis Jordan, 1926
Theretra insularis lenis ; [HMW]
T. i. mollis Jordan, 1926
Theretra insularis mollis ; [HMW]
T. i. valens Jordan, 1926
Theretra insularis valens ; [HMW]

Theretra japonica (Boisduval, 1869)
Deilephila japonica var. suifuna Staudinger, 1892; in Romanoff, Mém. Lépid. 6 : 228, pl. 4, f. 2, TL: Suifun
alticola Mell, 1939
Theretra japonica, Sphigidae of China (and adjacent regions) [Tony Pittaway]
Theretra japonica ; [HMW]

Theretra jugurtha Boisduval, [1875]
Tropical Africa, Tanganyika, Senegal, Sierra Leone. See [About maps] Green Striped Hawk
Theretra jugurtha Boisduval, [1875]; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. Hétérocères, 1 : 256, TL: Senegal
?Choerocampa clotho Schaus & Clemens, 1893
Theretra obliterata Rothschild, 1894; Novit. Zool. 1 (1) : 74, TL: Sierra Leone
Theretra jugurtha, African Moths [AFM]
Theretra jugurtha ; [HMW]
T. j. peracuta Darge, 1989
Theretra jugurtha peracuta ; [HMW]

Theretra latreillii (MacLeay, [1826])
Indo-Australian Tropics - Solomons Sphinx latreillii MacLeay, [1826]; in King, Narr. Surv. Austr. 2: 414
Chaerocampa[sic] comminuens Walker, [1865]
Chaerocampa[sic] deserta Butler, 1876
Chaerocampa[sic] walduckii Butler, 1877; Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1877 (4) : 398, pl. 9, f. 2, TL: Australia
Chaerocampa[sic] amara Swinhoe, 1892; Cat. Het. Mus. Oxford (1) : 21, pl. 1, f. 9, TL: Mysol, Aru
Theretra latreillii, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Theretra latreillei[sic] ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1903, 772; Holloway, 1987, [MOB3, 176]
Theretra latreillii ; [HMW]

Larva on Parthenocissus, Leeaceae, Onagraceae, Balsaminaceae, Lythraceae [Don Herbison-Evans], Saurauia, Impatiens, Begonia, Tetracera, Leea, Lagerstroemia, Fuchsia, Cayratia, Cissus, Parthenocissus, Tetrastigma, Vitis [MOB3, 177]

T. l. lucasi (Walker, 1856)
Hong Kong Chaerocampa[sic] lucasi Walker, 1856; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 8: 141
Chaerocampa[sic] procne Clemens, 1859
Theretra latreillei lucasi f. montana Mell, 1922; Biol. und Syst. südchin. Sphing. 1 & 2: 299
Theretra latreillei lucasi f. distincta Mell, 1922,:REF#b: 299
Theretra montana Clark, 1928
Theretra distincta Clark, 1928
Chaerocampa[sic] tenebrosa Moore, 1877; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1877 (3) : 595
Theretra latreillii lucasii, Sphigidae of China (and adjacent regions) [Tony Pittaway]
Hathia tenebrosa ; Moore, 1882, Lepid. Ceylon 2 (1): 20, pl. 86, f. 2, 2a
Hathia lucasii ; Moore, 1882, Lepid. Ceylon 2 (1): 20, pl. 86, f. 3
Theretra latreillii lucasii ; [HMW]
T. l. prattorum Clark, 1924
Theretra prattorum Clark, 1924
Theretra latriellii prattorum ; [HMW]

Theretra lycetus (Cramer, 1775)
Sphinx lycetus Cramer, 1775
rosina (Butler, 1875)
Choerocampa prunosa Butler, [1876]; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1875 (4) : 622
Xylophanes prunosa ; Moore, 1882, Lepid. Ceylon 2 (1): 18, pl. 84, f. 2
Theretra lycetus ; [HMW]

Theretra manilae Clark, 1922
Philippines. See [About maps] Theretra manilae ; [HMW]; Eitschberger, 2000, Neue Entomologische Nachrichten, 48: pl. 14, f. 3a-b

Theretra mansoni Clark, 1924
Theretra mansoni ; [HMW]

Theretra margarita (Kirby, 1877)
Australia. See [About maps] Chaerocampa[sic] margarita Kirby, 1877
Theretra margarita, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Theretra margarita ; [HMW]

Theretra mercedes Eitschberger, 2002
Sumbawa. See [About maps] Theretra mercedes Eitschberger, 2002; Neue Ent. Nachr. 53: 55, pl. 2, f. 1-3, pl. 3, f. 1-3, TL: Indonesia, Sumabwa, Nusa Tenggara Barat, Tembora Mts., 925m

Theretra molops Jordan, 1926
Theretra molops ; [HMW]

Theretra monteironis (Butler, 1882)
South Africa, Moçambique - Tanganyika. See [About maps] Lesser Cream Striped Hawk
Chaerocampa monteironis Butler, 1882; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 10 : 433, TL: Delagoa Bay, Mozambique
ugandae Clark, 1923
Theretra monteironis, African Moths [AFM]
Theretra monteironis ; [HMW]

Theretra muricolor Jordan, 1926
Theretra muricolor ; [HMW]

Theretra natashae Cadiou, 1995
-. See [About maps] Theretra natashae Cadiou, 1995; Lambillionea 95: (499-515), TL: Flores
Theretra natashae ; [HMW]
Flores
T. n. paukstadtorum Eitschberger, 2000
Lombok Theretra natashae paukstadtorum Eitschberger, 2000; Atalanta 31 (3/4): 497, pl. XXII, f. 1, TL: Lombok,W. slope of Mt. Rinjani (3726m), Baun Bussuk

Theretra nessus (Drury, 1773)
Japan, Indo-Australian Tropics - New Caledonia, Hong Kong, Hawaii (introduced). See [About maps] Sphinx nessus Drury, 1773; Illust. Nat. Hist. Exot. Insects 2 : 46
Sphinx equestris Fabricius, 1793; Ent. Syst. 3 (1): 365
Chaerocampa[sic] rubricundus Schaufuss, 1870
Theretra nessus, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Theretra nessus, Sphigidae of China (and adjacent regions) [Tony Pittaway]
Theretra nessus ; Moore, 1882, Lepid. Ceylon 2 (1): 22, pl. 86, f. 1; Rothschild & Jordan, 1903, 765; [HMW]
[nessus-1fm.jpg] 586x900 (~63Kb) male female Oppadake, Okinawa, Ryukyu, Japan, 8-90, Photo © S. Shuichi Haupt [nessus-2.jpg] 769x514 (~132Kb) Thailand, Krabi 24.12.2003-7.1.2004, Photo © Olli Vesikko

Larva on Amaranthus, Impatiens, Citrullus, Arachis, Boerhavia, Knoxia, Morinda, Oldenlandia, Spermacoce, Glossostigma, Camellia [MOB3, 174]



Theretra oldenlandiae (Fabricius, 1775)
Indo-Australian Tropics - Solomons, Hong Kong, Japan. See [About maps] Impatiens Hawk Moth
Sphinx oldenlandiae Fabricius, 1775; Syst. Ent.: 542
Sphinx drancus Cramer, 1777
= ; [HMW]
Deilephila argentata Stephens, 1828
= ; [HMW]
Chaerocampa[sic] sobria Walker, 1856
= ; [HMW]
Chaerocampa[sic] puellaris Butler, 1875
= ; [HMW]
Deilephila proxima Austaut, 1892
= ; [HMW]
Delephila olivacens Mell, 1922
Theretra fuscata Gehlen, 1941
= ; [HMW]
Theretra olivascens Inoue, 1973
= ; [HMW]
Theretra oldenlandiae, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Theretra oldenlandiae oldenlandiae, Sphigidae of China (and adjacent regions) [Tony Pittaway]
Xylophanes oldenlandiae ; Moore, 1882, Lepid. Ceylon 2 (1): 17, pl. 85, f. 1, 1a
Theretra oldenlandiae ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1903, 781

Larva on Impatiens wallerana [Don Herbison-Evans], Alocasia, Amorphophallus, Arisaema, Caladium, Colocasia, Cryptocoryne, Pinellia, Typhonia, Zanedeschia, Impatiens, Careya, Planchonia, Clystostoma, Ipomoea, Hibbertia, Clarkia, Epilobium, Fuchsia, Ludwigia, Coelospermum, Oldenlandia, Pentas, Richardia, Ampelocissus, Cayratia, Cissus, Vitis [MOB3, 178]

T. o. lewini (Thon, 1828)
Sphinx lewini Thon, 1828
Chaerocampa[sic] firmata Walker, 1856
= ; [HMW]
Chaerocampa[sic] argentata Butler, 1875
= ; [HMW]
Theretra oldenlandiae lewini ; [HMW]
T. o. samoana Gehlen, 1941
Theretra samoana Gehlen, 1941
Theretra oldenlandiae samoana ; [HMW]

Theretra orpheus (Herrich-Schäffer, [1854])
Africa (South of Sahara). See [About maps] Lined Hawk
Chaerocampa orpheus Herrich-Schäffer, [1854]; Samml. aussereurop. Schmett. (I) 1 (6): f. 104, TL: Cape
Panacra natalensis Rothschild, 1894; Novit. Zool. 1 (1) : 79, pl. 5, f. 13, TL: Natal
Theretra orpheus, African Moths [AFM]
Theretra orpheus ; [HMW]

Larva on Angraecum, Ansellia atricana, Polystachys [HMCSA]

T. o. pelius Rothschild & Jordan, 1903
Theretra orpheus pelius Rothschild & Jordan, 1903; Novit. Zool. 9 (Suppl.) : 787, TL: Cameroons
Theretra orpheus pelius ; [HMW]
T. o. intensa Rothschild & Jordan, 1903
Theretra orpheus intensa ; [HMW]
T. o. scotinus Rothschild & Jordan, 1915
S.Nigeria Theretra orpheus scotinus Rothschild & Jordan, 1915; Novit. Zool. 22 (2): 294, pl. 20, f. 6, TL: Ilesha, South Nigeria
Theretra orpheus scotinus ; [HMW]
T. o. malgassica Clark, 1933
megalesia Viette, 1956
Theretra orpheus malgassica ; [HMW]
T. o. gauthieri Darge, 1991
Theretra orpheus gauthieri ; [HMW]

Theretra pallicosta (Walker, 1856)
Hong Kong, ... Choerocampa pallicosta Walker, 1856; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 8: 145
Theretra pallicosta, Sphigidae of China (and adjacent regions) [Tony Pittaway]
Gnathothlibus pallicosta ; Moore, 1882, Lepid. Ceylon 2 (1): 21, pl. 84, f. 6
Theretra pallicosta ; [HMW]

Theretra perkeo Rothschild & Jordan, 1903
Theretra perkeo, African Moths [AFM]
Theretra perkeo ; [HMW]

Theretra polistratus Rothschild & Jordan, 1904
Theretra polistratus ; [HMW]

Theretra queenslandi (Lucas, 1891)
Australia. See [About maps] Chaerocampa[sic] queenslandi Lucas, 1891; Butterflies and Moths: ?, TL: Queensland
Chaerocampa[sic] potentia Druce, 1894
Theretra queenslandi, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Theretra queenslandi ; [HMW]

Theretra radiosa Rothschild & Jordan, 1916
Australia. See [About maps] Theretra radiosa, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Theretra radiosa ; [HMW]

Theretra rhesus (Boisduval, [1875])
Sumatra, Borneo - Solomons. See [About maps] Choerocampa rhesus Boisduval, [1875]; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. Hétérocères, 1 : 254
Theretra javanica Rothschild, 1894; Novit. Zool. 1 (1) : 76, TL: Java
Theretra rhesus, Sphigidae of China (and adjacent regions) [Tony Pittaway]
Theretra rhesus ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1903, 767; [HMW]

Theretra silhetensis (Walker, 1856)
Indo-Australian Tropics - Samoa, Hong Kong Chaerocampa[sic] silhetensis Walker, 1856; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 8: 143
Chaerocampa silhetensis Schaufuss, 1870; 17, TL: (preocc.)
Chaerocampa[sic] bisecta Moore, 1857; in Horsfield & Moore, Cat. lep. Ins. Mus. East India Coy 1 : 278, pl. 11, f. 5, 5a
Theretra silhetensis, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Theretra silhetensis silhetensis, Sphigidae of China (and adjacent regions) [Tony Pittaway]
Theretra silhetensis ; [HMW]

Larva on Arum, Caladium, Colocasia, Pistia, Kochia, Ipomoea, Boerhavia, Ludwigia, Rosa, Trapa [MOB3, 179]

T. s. intersecta (Butler, 1875)
Chaerocampa[sic] intersecta Butler, 1875
aquila Lachlan & Moulds, 1996
= ; [HMW]
Theretra silhetensis intersecta ; [HMW]

Theretra suffusa (Walker, 1856)
Hong Kong, Japan, Oriental Tropics - Sundaland. See [About maps] Chaerocampa suffusa Walker, 1856; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 8: 146
hector (Boisduval, [1875])
Theretra suffusa, Sphigidae of China (and adjacent regions) [Tony Pittaway]
Theretra suffusa ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1903, 778; [HMW]

Larva on Melastoma [MOB3, 178]


Theretra sugi Cadiou, 1995
Theretra sugi ; [HMW]

Theretra tessmanni Gehlen, 1927
Thereta tessmanni ; [HMW]

Theretra tryoni (Miskin, 1891)
Australia. See [About maps] Chaerocampa[sic] tryoni Miskin, 1891; Proc. R. Soc. Qd 8 (1) : 17, TL: Brisbane
Theretra herrichii Kirby, 1892
Theretra tryoni, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Theretra tryoni ; [HMW]

Theretra turneri (Lucas, 1891)
Australia. See [About maps] Panacra turneri Lucas, 1891; Butterflies and Moths: ?, TL: Queensland
Panacra mira Swinhoe, 1892; Cat. Het. Mus. Oxford (1) : 13[?], pl. 1, f. 6, TL: Cape York
Theretra turneri, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Theretra turneri ; [HMW]

Theretra viridis Basquin, 1992
Theretra viridis ; [HMW]


24.2.2013 (43)

References:
[AFM]
African Moths
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BHL]
The; Biodiversity Heritage Library; and on; Internet Archive; Note: The linking to the content of Internet Archive is somewhat delicate -- notify me when links break!
[BSW]
de Freina & Witt, 1987; Die Bombyces und Sphinges der Westpalearktis; ISBN 3-926285-00-1
[Don Herbison-Evans]
and Stella A. Crossley; Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[HMCSA]
Pinhey, E., 1962; Hawk Moths of Central and Southern Africa
[HMW]
Kitching & Cadiou, 2000; Hawkmoths of the World; An annotated and illustrated revisionary checklist (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae)
[MBE]
Moths and Butteflies of Europe; Paolo Mazzei, Diego Reggianti and Ilaria Pimpinelli; http://www.leps.it/
[MOB3]
Holloway, 1987; The Moths of Borneo, Part 3; Superfamily Bombycoidea: families Lasiocampidae, Eupterotidae, Bombycidae, Brahmaeidae, Saturniidae, Sphingidae; (1998 reprint)
[Olli Vesikko]
http://koti.welho.com/ovesikko/
[S. Shuichi Haupt]
e-mail: S. Shuichi Haupt; http://www.tu-berlin.de/fb7/ioeb/biologie/stefan.htm
[Tony Pittaway]
WWW pages; Sphingidae of the Western Palearctic; Saturniidae of the Western Palaearctic; Sphingidae of China (and adjacent regions)


Some related literature:
O. Bang-Haas, 1927
Horae Macrolepidopterologicae Regionis Palaearcticae Horae Macrolep. Palaearct. 1 : 1-128, pl. 1-11
Boisduval, [1875]
Histoire Naturelle des Insectes. Species Général des Lépidoptéres Hétérocéres. Tome Premier. Sphingides, Sésiides, Castnides Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. Hétérocères, 1 : 1-568, pl. 1-11
Bugnion, 1839
Note sur le Sphinx cretica Ann. Soc. ent. Fr. 8 : 113-116
Butler, 1875
Descriptions of new species of Sphingidae Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1875 : 238-261, pl. 36-37
Butler, [1876]
Descriptions of several new species of Sphingidae Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1875 (4) : 621-623
Butler, 1877
Descriptions of a new genus and two new species of Sphingidae, with general remarks on the family Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1877 (4) : 395-399
Butler, 1882
Descriptions of new Species of Sphingidae, chiefly from Africa Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 10 : 432-436
Cadiou, 1995
Seven new species of Sphingidae Lambillionea 95: 499-515
Cramer, [1777]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) Uitl. Kapellen 2 (9-16): 1-152, pl. 97-192 (1777)
Drury, 1773
Illustrations of natural history; wherein are exhibited ... Illust. Nat. Hist. Exot. Insects 2 : 1-90, pl. 1-50
Eitschberger, 2000
Eine neue Theretra-Art von der Insel Sulawesi Neue Entomologische Nachrichten, 48: 101-107, pl. 14
Eitschberger, 2000
Zur Verbreiting von Theretra natashae Cadiou, 1995 mit Beschreibung einer neuen Unterart von der Insel Lombok Atalanta 31 (3/4): 497-503
Eitschberger, 2002
Theretra mercedes spec. nov., eine neue Sphingide von Sumbawa Neue Ent. Nachr. 53: 55-63
Fabricius, 1775
Systema Entomologiae, sistens Insectorum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, Adiectis Synonymis, Locis, Descriptionibus, Observationibus. Syst. Ent.: 832pp
Gehlen, 1941
Neue Sphingiden Ent. Z. 55: 185-186
Herrich-Schäffer, [1854]
Sammlung neuer oder wenig bekannter aussereuropäischer Schmetterlinge, 1850-[1869]: Heterocera (Nachfalter) Samml. aussereurop. Schmett. (I) 1 (1): pl. 1-4, f. 1-17 (1853), 1 (2): pl. 5-8, f. 18-38 (1853), 1 (3): pl. 9-12, f. 39-51 (1853), 1 (4): pl. 13-16, f. 52-76 (1853), 1 (5): pl. 17-20, f. 77-97 (1854), 1 (6): pl. 21-24, f. 98-114 (1854), 1 (7): pl. [25-28], f. 115-138 (1854), 1 (8): pl. [29-32], f. 139-153 (1854), 1 (9): pl. [33-36], f. 154-173 (1854), 1 (10): pl. [37-40], f. 174-201 (1854), 1 (11): pl. [41-44], f. 202-231 (1854), 1 (12): pl. [45-48], f. 232-258 (1854), 1 (13-17): pl. 49-68, f. 259-390 (1855), 1 (?18): pl. [69], f. 391-396 (1858), 1 (?19): pl. [70], f. 397-403 (1858), 1 (?20-21): pl. 71-78, f. 404-451 (1855), 1 (?22): pl. [79], f. 452-458 (1858), 1 (23-25): pl. 80-94, f. 459-540 (1856), 1 (26): pl. [95-96], f. 541-551 (1858), 1: 1-52 (1856), 1: 53-84 (1858), 2: pl. [97-100], f. 552-571 (1869)
Hübner, [1819]
Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge, 1816-[1826] Verz. bek. Schmett. (1): [1-3], 4-16 (1816), (2): 17-32 (1819), (3): 33-48 (1819), (4): 49-64 (1819), (5): 65-80 (1819), (6): 81-96 (1819), (7): 97-112 (1819), (8): 113-128 (1819), (9): 129-144 (1819), (10): 145-160 (1819), (11): 161-176 (1819), (12): 177-192 (1820), (13): 193-208 (1820), (14): 209-224 (1821), (15): 225-240 (1821), (16): 241-256 (1821), (17): 257-272 (1823), (18): 273-288 (1823), (19): 289-304 (1823), (20): 305-320 (1825), (21): 321-336 (1825), (22): 337-352 (1825), (23-27): 353-431 ([1825])
Hübner, 1825
Zuträge zur Sammlung exotischer Schmettlinge, Vol. 3 [1824-] 1825 [-1831] Zuträge Samml. exot. Schmett. 3 : [1-3], 4-6, [7], 8-40, [41-48] (1827 - 1831), : pl. [70-100], f. 401-582 (1824), : pl. [101-103], f. 583-600 (1825)
Joicey & Kaye, 1917
New species and forms of Sphingidae Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (8) 20 (118) : 305-309
Kirby, 1892
A synonymic catalogue of Lepidoptera Heterocera (Moths). Sphinges and Bombyces Syn. Cat. Lepid. Het. 1 : 1-951
Linnaeus, 1758
Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Clases, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Symonymis, Locis. Tomis I. 10th Edition Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 1-338, : 339-824
Linnaeus, 1764
Museum S'ae R'ae M'tis Ludovicae Ulricae Reginae Svecorum, Gothorum, Vandalorumque Mus. Lud. Ulr.: vi + 720 + [2]
MacLeay, [1826]
in King, Narrative of a Survey of the Intertropical and Western Coasts of Australia. 2 vols. in King, Narr. Surv. Austr. 2: -
Mell, 1922
Beiträge zur Fauna Sinica (II). Biologie und Systematik der südchinesischen Sphingiden. Zugleich ein Versuch einer Biologie tropischer Lepidopteren überhaupt Biol. und Syst. südchin. Sphing. 1 & 2: (1) 1-177, (2) 331pp (Atlas): pl. 1-35
Miskin, 1891
A Revision of the Australian Sphingidae Proc. R. Soc. Qd 8 (1) : 1-28
Moore, 1857
A Catalogue of the Lepidopterous Insects in the Museum of the Hon. East-India Company in Horsfield & Moore, Cat. lep. Ins. Mus. East India Coy 1: : 1-278, pl. 1-12,1a,2a,3a,4a,5a,6a
Moore, 1872
Descriptions of new Indian Lepidoptera Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1872 (2) : 555-583, pl. 32-34
Moore, 1877
The Lepidopterous Fauna of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1877 (3) : 580-632, pl. 58-60
Moore, 1882
The Lepidoptera of Ceylon Lepid. Ceylon 2 (1): 1-72, pl. 72-107 (1882), (2): 73-162, pl. 108-143 ([1883])
Müller, 1774
Des Ritters Carl von Linné königlich schwedischen Leib-arztes u. u. vollständiges Natursystem nach der zwölften lateinischen Ausgabe und nach Anleitung des hollän-dischen Houttuynischen Werks mit einer ausfürlichen Erklärung ausgefertigt Natursystem 5 (1): 1-758, pl. 1-22
Rothschild, 1894
Notes on Sphingidae, with descriptions of new species Novit. Zool. 1 (1) : 65-98, pl. 5-7
Rothschild & Jordan, 1903
A revision of the Lepidopterous family Sphingidae Novit. Zool. 9 (Suppl.) : 1-813, : 815-972, pl. 1-67
Rothschild & Jordan, 1915
Some new Sphingidae in the collection of the British Museum Novit. Zool. 22 (2): 291-294
Staudinger, 1892
Die Macrolepidopteren des Amurgebiets. I. Theil. Rhopalocera, Sphinges, Bombyces, Noctuae in Romanoff, Mém. Lépid. 6 : 83-658, pl. 4-14
Swinhoe, 1892
Catalogue of Eastern and Australian Lepidoptera Heterocera in the Collection of the Oxford University Museum (Part 1) Cat. Het. Mus. Oxford (1) : 1-324, viii, pl. 1-8
Tutt, 1903
Some Genera of the Eumorphid Sphinges Ent. Rec. J. Var. 15 : 75-76
Walker, 1856
List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 8: 1-271 (1856)
Wallengren, 1858
Nya Fjärilslägten - Nova Genera Lepidopterorum Öfvers. Vet. Akad. Förh. 15 : 75-84,135-142,209-215


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Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.