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Actias Leach, 1815
Actias Leach, 1815; in Leach & Nodder, Zool. Miscell. 2: 25, TS: Phalaena luna Linnaeus
Echidna Hübner, [1807]; Samml. exot. Schmett. 1 : pl. [173] (preocc. Echidna Forster, 1788 (Pisces)), TS: Echidna selene Hübner
= ; [NACL, 109]
Tropaea Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (10): 152, TS: Phalaena luna Linnaeus
= ; [NACL, 109,#]
Meceura Billberg, 1820; Enum. Ins. Mus. Billb. : 83, TS: Phalaena luna Linnaeus
Artemis Kirby & Spence, 1828; Introd. Ent. (Edn 5) 3: 248, TS: Phalaena luna Linnaeus
Plectropteron Hutton, 1846; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. 17 : 60 (repl. Echidna Hübner, [1807]), TS: Plectropteron dianae Hutton
Argema Wallengren, 1858; Öfvers. Vet. Akad. Förh. 15 : 140, TS: Saturnia mimosae Boisduval
Angas Wallengren, 1865; K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 5 (4) : 24, TS: Saturnia mimosae Boisduval
Sonthonnaxia Watson, 1913; Rep. Trans. Machr ent. Soc. 1912: 42, TS: Actias maenas Doubleday
Proactias Arora & Gupta, 1979; Mem. zool. Surv. India 16(1): 8 (key), 15, TS: Tropaea sinensis Walker
Actias, Saturniidae of the Western Palearctic [Tony Pittaway]
Astias ; Leach, 1815, in Leach & Nodder, Zool. Miscell. 2: 26 (missp.)
Actias ; Godman & Salvin, 1886, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 188
Actias (Saturniini) ; [NACL, 109]; [MABL]

Actias luna (Linnaeus, 1758)
ENA, Mexico, Guatemala. See [About maps] Luna Moth
Phalaena luna Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 496, TL: North America
Tropaea dictynna Walker, 1855; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 6: 1264
= ; [NACL, #7758]
Actias azteca Packard, 1869; Guide to the study of insects (?9th edn.): 298
Actias rossii Ross, 1872
= ; [NACL, #7758]
bolli (Wagner, 1876)
= ; [NACL, #7758]
Actias maasseni Kirby, 1892
= ; [NACL, #7758]
rubromarginata (Davis, 1912)
= ; [NACL, #7758]
rubrosuffusa (Cockerell, 1914)
= ; [NACL, #7758]
mariae (Benjamin, 1922)
= ; [NACL, #7758]
lacrimens (Niepelt, 1923)
= ; [NACL, #7758]
Actias luna, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Actias luna, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Actias luna, Lynn Scott's Lepidoptera Images [Lynn Scott]
Actias luna, Georgia Lepidoptera (USA) [GALEPS]
Actias luna, Saturniidae of North America [Bill Oehlke]
Actias azteca ; Godman & Salvin, 1886, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 188
Actias dictynna ; Godman & Salvin, 1886, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 189
Actias luna ; Godman & Salvin, 1886, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 188; [NACL, #7758]; [SMNA: 182, pl. 24, f. 1, 4]
[luna-1l.jpg] 1000x758 (~72Kb) larva USA, ex. o. (commercial source), Photo 02.07.1979 © Pertti Pakkanen [luna.jpg] 640x480 (~59Kb) USA, Kansas City, Mo, e.o, Photo May 1996 © Dan Chaffee

Larva on Betula papyrifera, Carya, Juglans, Rhus, Diospyros virginiana, Liquidambar styraciflua [SMNA]



Actias truncatipennis (Sonthonnax, 1899)
Mexico, ...?. See [About maps] Actias truncatipennis ; [MABL]

Actias selene (Hübner, [1807])
Afghanistan - India - China - Korea - Sundaland. See [About maps] Echidna selene Hübner, [1807]; Samml. exot. Schmett. 1 : [3], : pl. [172], : [173], : [174] (missid. as luna), TL: India
Plectropteron dianae Hutton, 1846; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. 17 : 60, TL: India
Actias selene seitzi Kalis, 1934; Ent. Rdsch. 51: 210
Actias selene miae Toxopeus, 1944; Treubia: 146
Actias selene vandenberghi Roepke, 1956; Tijdschr. Ent. 99: 23
Actias selene, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Actias selene ; Allen, 1981, 112; Lampe, 1985, 9; [MOB3, 96]
[selene-1l.jpg] 900x673 (~63Kb) larva India, ex. o. (commercial source), Photo 1980 © Pertti Pakkanen [selene-2l.jpg] 1000x761 (~98Kb) larva India, ex. o. (commercial source), Photo 20.07.1980 © Pertti Pakkanen [selene-3.jpg] 1000x807 (~78Kb) India, ex. o. (commercial source), Photo 10.08.1980 © Pertti Pakkanen

Larva on Lannea, Mangifera, Terminalia, Coriaria, Corylus, Andromeda, Quercus, Juglans, Lawsonia, Hibiscus, Azadirachta, Cedrela, Moringa, Ligustrum, Rhamnus, Malus, Prunus, Pyrus, Zanthoxylum, Salix [MOB3]



Actias maenas Doubleday, 1847
Himalaya - SE.Asia - Sundaland, Sumba, Flores, Sulawesi, Amboina. See [About maps] Actias maenas Doubleday, 1847; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. 19 (124) : 95, pl. 7, f. 1, TL: Bangladesh, Sylhet
Actias ignescens Moore, 1877; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1877 (3) : 602, TL: S.Andamans
Sonthonnaxia recta Bouvier, 1928; Bull. Hill Mus. 2: 138, TL: Sumatra
Sonthonnaxia saja van Eecke, 1913; Notes Leyden Mus. 35 : 134, TL: Sumatra/Java
Saturnia leto Doubleday, 1848; Proc. ent. Soc. Lond. 5 : li, pl. 15, TL: Java
Actias maenas groenendaeli Roepke, 1954; Tijdschr. Ent. 97: 257, TL: Flores
Argema isis Sonthonnax, 1899; Essai classif. Lep. prod. Soie 2: 15, TL: Sulawesi
Argema maenas latona Rothschild & Jordan, 1901; Novit. Zool. 8 (4) : 404, TL: Sulawesi
Sonthonnaxia cotei Testout, 1944; Bull. Soc. Linn. Lyon. 13: 147, TL: Sulawesi
Tropaea rosenbergii Kaup, 1866; in Plötz, Exot. Schmett. Saturn.: f. 33 d, TL: Amboina
Argema rieli Testout, 1942; Bull. Soc. Linn. Lyon. 11: 89, TL: Amboiina
Agrema maenas ; Allen, 1981, 113; Barlow, 1982, 48
Actias maenas ; Nassig & Peigler, 114; Lampe, 1985, 8; [MOB3, 97]

Larva on Averrhoa, Schima, Adinandra, Turpina, Canarium [MOB3]


Actias artemis Bremer, 1861
Korea, China, Japan, India, Malaysia archipelago. See [About maps] Actias artemis, Lepidoptera collection [SZMN]
Actias artemis ; [Vladimir V. Izerskyy: 52, pl. 7 , f. 59-60]
[artemis-1f.jpg] 579x555 (~28Kb) female pl. 7, f. 59, Photo 1999 © Vladimir V. Izerskyy [artemis-1g.jpg] 579x555 (~26Kb) pl. 7, f. 61 (horizontal gynandromorph), Photo 1999 © Vladimir V. Izerskyy [artemis-1m.jpg] 579x555 (~24Kb) male pl. 7, f. 60, Photo 1999 © Vladimir V. Izerskyy

Larva on Salix, Betula, Juglans, less Qercus [Vladimir V. Izerskyy]



Actias ningpoana C. & R. Felder, 1862
S.Primoria, China, Japan, India, Nepal, Ceylon. See [About maps] Actias selene var. ningpoana C. & R. Felder, 1862; Wien. ent. Monats. 6 (2): 34, TL: Ning-Po
Actias ningpoana ; [Vladimir V. Izerskyy: 51, pl. 7, f. 58]
[ningpoana-1.jpg] 553x556 (~20Kb) pl. 7, f. 58, Photo 1999 © Vladimir V. Izerskyy

Larva on Quercus mangoliana, Salix, Juglans mandgurica [Vladimir V. Izerskyy]



Actias sinensis (Walker, 1855)
N.China? Tropaea sinensis Walker, 1855; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 6: 1264, TL: Northern China

Actias mimosae (Boisduval, 1847)
S.Africa? Saturnia mimosae Boisduval, 1847; in Delegorgue, Voyage Afr. australe, 2: 600, TL: Natal


24.2.2013 (8)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BAMONA]
Opler, Pavulaan, Stanford & Pogue; Butterflies and Moths of North America; Mountain Prairie Information Node
[BCA]
electronic; BIOLOGIA CENTRALI-AMERICANA
[Bill Oehlke]
Saturniidae; e-mail: Bill Oehlke; http://www3.pei.sympatico.ca/oehlkew
[Dan Chaffee]
6903 NW Cross Rd; Kansas City, Mo. 64152; USA; e-mail: Dan Chaffee
[GALEPS]
Moths and Butterflies of Georgia and the Southeastern United States; James K. Adams; Dept. of Natural Science, Dalton State College, Dalton, GA ; http://www.daltonstate.edu/galeps/index.htm
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[Lynn Scott]
Moths of the Ottawa Area; Lynn Scott's Lepidoptera Images
[MABL]
Manuel A. Balcázar Lara; Palomillas de México
[MOB3]
Holloway, 1987; The Moths of Borneo, Part 3; Superfamily Bombycoidea: families Lasiocampidae, Eupterotidae, Bombycidae, Brahmaeidae, Saturniidae, Sphingidae; (1998 reprint)
[MPG]
North American Moth Photographers Group
[NACL]
Hodges, 1983; Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico
[Pertti Pakkanen]
e-mail: Pertti Pakkanen; Butterfly and moth observations from Finland
[SMNA]
Tuskes, Paul M., Tuttle, James P., Collins, Michael M.; The wild silk moths of North America
[SVF]
Svenska fjärilar; Naturhistoriska riksmuseet; (Sweden)
[SZMN]
Lepidoptera; Siberian Zoological Museum
[Tony Pittaway]
WWW pages; Sphingidae of the Western Palearctic; Saturniidae of the Western Palaearctic; Sphingidae of China (and adjacent regions)
[Vladimir V. Izerskyy]
Vladimir V. Izerskyy; Bombicoidae lepidoptera and Notodontidae of Siberia and Far East; Kiev, 1999


Some related literature:
Billberg, 1820
Enumeratio Insectorum Enum. Ins. Mus. Billb. : 1-138
Boisduval, 1847
Catalogue des Lépidoptères recuellis par M. Delegorgue, 1833-1844 in Delegorgue, Voyage Afr. australe, 2: 585-614
Bouvier, 1928
Eastern Saturniidae with descriptions of new species Bull. Hill Mus. 2: 122-141
Doubleday, 1847
Description of a new species of the genus Actias of Hübner, from Northern India Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. 19 (124) : 95-96, pl. 7
van Eecke, 1913
On the verieties of Actias maenas Doubld. Notes Leyden Mus. 35 : 132-139, pl. 3-6
C. & R. Felder, 1862
Observationes de Lepidoteris nonullis Chinae centralis et Japoniae Wien. ent. Monats. 6 (1): 22-32, (2): 33-40
Godman & Salvin, 1886
Biologia Centrali-Americana; or Contributions to the Knowledge of the Fauna of Mexico and Central America. Zoology. Lepidoptera. Heterocera Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 1-490, 3: pl. 1-101
Hübner, [1807]
Sammlung exotischer Schmetterlinge, Vol. 1 (1806 - [1819]) Samml. exot. Schmett. 1 : [1-4] (1807), : [5-12] (1807-1809), : [13-36] (1823-1824), : pl. [1-2], [5-8], [12], [15], [29], [47] (1806), : pl. [9], [11], [17], [21], [25-27], [32], [35], [43-44], [56], [60], [79], [102], [104], [116], [141], [148], [150-151], [155], [159], [200] (1807), : pl. [19], [39], [57], [73], [82], [114], [157], [167], [170], [173], [187] (1807), : pl. [3], [31], [37], [46], [54], [58], [62], [76], [84], [92], [95], [105], [112-113], [117], [137-138], [146], [154], [158], [180], [209] (1808), : pl. [16], [28], [65], [89], [142], [160], [162], [166], [182], [188], [193] (1809), : pl. [4], [22], [42], [53], [61], [88], [90], [97], [100], [107], [110], [118], [120], [140], [143], [149], [161], [171], [178], [184], [196], [202] (1809), : pl. [10], [18], [30], [41], [51], [80], [144], [172], [189] (1810), : pl. [36], [70], [87], [91], [101], [124], [129], [177], [183], [207], [210] (1811), : pl. [20], [38], [45], [55], [85], [98], [103], [108], [136], [139], [152-153], [156], [163], [179], [186], [190], [205-206] (1812), : pl. [13-14], [40], [48], [50], [67], [74], [86], [119], [121], [130], [135], [175-176], [197-199], [204], [212] (1813), : pl. [72], [75], [77-78], [83], [93], [109], [111], [115], [128], [131], [165], [174], [194] (1813), : pl. [24], [49], [52], [63-64], [66], [68-69], [71], [81], [123], [145], [181], [192] (1814), : pl. [126], [132-134], [168] (1815), : pl. [23], [96], [122], [125], [169], [195] (1816), : pl. [33], [99], [127], [187], [185], [213] (1817), : pl. [59], [106], [147], [164], [208], [211] (1818), : pl. [34], [94], [191], [201] (1819), : (Index Systematicus) [1-4] (1819 - April 1823)
Hübner, [1819]
Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge, 1816-[1826] Verz. bek. Schmett. (1): [1-3], 4-16 (1816), (2): 17-32 (1819), (3): 33-48 (1819), (4): 49-64 (1819), (5): 65-80 (1819), (6): 81-96 (1819), (7): 97-112 (1819), (8): 113-128 (1819), (9): 129-144 (1819), (10): 145-160 (1819), (11): 161-176 (1819), (12): 177-192 (1820), (13): 193-208 (1820), (14): 209-224 (1821), (15): 225-240 (1821), (16): 241-256 (1821), (17): 257-272 (1823), (18): 273-288 (1823), (19): 289-304 (1823), (20): 305-320 (1825), (21): 321-336 (1825), (22): 337-352 (1825), (23-27): 353-431 ([1825])
Hutton, 1846
Description of the habits of Plectropteron Dianae (B. Selene), a large Indian Moth Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. 17 : 60
Linnaeus, 1758
Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Clases, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Symonymis, Locis. Tomis I. 10th Edition Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 1-338, : 339-824
Moore, 1877
The Lepidopterous Fauna of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1877 (3) : 580-632, pl. 58-60
Rothschild & Jordan, 1901
On some Lepidoptera Novit. Zool. 8 (4) : 401-407, pl. 9-10
Walker, 1855
List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 1: 1-278 (1854), 2: 279-581 (1854), 3: 583-775 (1855), 4: 777-976 (1855), 5: 977-1258 (1855), 6: 1259-1508 (1855), 7: 1509-1808 (1856)
Wallengren, 1858
Nya Fjärilslägten - Nova Genera Lepidopterorum Öfvers. Vet. Akad. Förh. 15 : 75-84,135-142,209-215
Wallengren, 1865
Heterocer-Fjärilar, samlade i Kafferlandet af J. A. Wahlberg, beskirfna af H. D. J. Wallengren K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 5 (4) : 1-83


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.