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Malacosoma Hübner, [1820]
Malacosoma Hübner, [1820]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (12): 192, TS: Bombyx franconica Denis & Schiffermüller
Trichoda Hübner, [1806]; Tentamen determinationis digestionis ...: [1] (rej.)
Trichoda Hübner, 1822; Syst.-alph. Verz.: 15-19, TS: Phalaena neustria Linnaeus
Trichodia Stephens, 1827; Retrospective Review (2) 1: 242, TS: Phalaena neustria Linnaeus
Clisiocampa Curtis, 1828; British Entomology 5: pl. 229, TS: Phalaena neustria Linnaeus
= ; [NACL, 108]
Cliseocampa Agassiz, 1847; Nom. zool. (Index univ.) : 90 (unj. emend. Curtis, 1828)
Malacosoma (Lasiocampinae) ; [NACL, 108]

fiMalacosoma neustria (Linnaeus, 1758)
S.Palearctic. See [About maps] Tarharengaskehrääjä Ringspinnare Ringspinder Rõngakedrik Lackey Common Lackey (larva) Lackey Caterpillar (larva) Tent Caterpillar Ringelspinner (larva) Gabelraupe Bombyx Neustrien Bombyx à Livrée (larva) Livrée des Abres Mariposa de Neustria Falena Bata de Noche (larva) Lagarta Rayada gyürüsszövö
Phalaena neustria Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 500, TL: [Europe]
mauginii Turati, 1924²
Malacosoma neustria, Larvae of North-European Lepidoptera [Kimmo Silvonen]
Malacosoma neustria, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Malacosoma neustria, Norges Sommerfugler [NORLEP]
Malacosoma neustria, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Malacosoma neustria, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
Malacosoma neustrium ; de Freina, 1999, Atalanta 30 (1/4): 188
Malacosoma neustrium neustrium ; Zolotuhin, 1995, Atalanta 26 (1/2): 277
[neustria-1l.jpg] 597x400 (~40Kb) larva Central Europe 1990-2000, Photo © Michael Borsch [neustria-1m.jpg] 551x369 (~71Kb) male Central Europe 1990-2000, Photo © Michael Borsch [neustria-2af.jpg] 922x741 (~117Kb) female Russia, Moscow area (36°25'E, 56°00'N), 1.7.2009 (ex. l), Photo © D. Smirnov
[neustria-2bf.jpg] 624x756 (~95Kb) female Russia, Moscow area (36°25'E, 56°00'N), 1.7.2009 (ex. l), Photo © D. Smirnov [neustria-2c.jpg] 935x745 (~130Kb) cocoon Russia, Moscow area (36°25'E, 56°00'N), 14.6.2009, Photo © D. Smirnov [neustria-2l.jpg] 1228x548 (~111Kb) larva Russia, Moscow area (36°25'E, 56°00'N), 1.6.2009, Photo © D. Smirnov
[neustria-2p.jpg] 960x630 (~119Kb) pupa Russia, Moscow area (36°25'E, 56°00'N), 20.6.2009, Photo © D. Smirnov

Larva on Malus domestica [SPRK]

Larva on Prunus, Quercus, Betula, Populus, Tilia [BSW]


M. n. flavescens Grünberg, 1912
Morocco, Algeria Malacosoma neustria flavescens Grünberg, 1912; , TL: Algeria

Malacosoma parallellum (Staudinger, 1887)
Samarkand, Issyk-Kul, E.Anatolia. See [About maps] Malacosoma parallellum ; de Freina, 1999, Atalanta 30 (1/4): 189
Malacosoma parallelum paralelum[sic?] ; Zolotuhin, 1995, Atalanta 26 (1/2): 279

Larva on Amygdalus, Malus, Prunus, Pyrus, Cerasus, Rosa, Sorbus, Crataegus, Cydonia, Chaemomeles, Padus, Ribes, Hippophae, Berberis, Juglans, Populus, Salix, Quercus, Atraphaxis, Myricata, Fraxinus, Lonicera, Vitis Zolotuhin, 1995, Atalanta 26 (1/2): 279


fiMalacosoma castrense (Linnaeus, 1758)
NAF, EU - AC - Amur, Asia Minor. See [About maps] Niittyrengaskehrääjä Ängsringspinnare Strandringspinder Niidukedrik Ground Lackey Wolfmilchspinner Lasiocampe de l'euphorbe (larva) Livrée des Prés kutyatejszövö
Phalaena castrensis Linnaeus, 1758
halphila Stauder, 1915²
Malacosoma castrensis, Larvae of North-European Lepidoptera [Kimmo Silvonen]
Malacosoma castrensis, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Malacosoma castrensis, Norges Sommerfugler [NORLEP]
Malacosoma castrense, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Malacosoma castrensis, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
Malacosoma castrense ; [EKK]
[castrense-1l.jpg] 800x581 (~140Kb) larva Olsztyn near Czestochowa, central Poland, June 1998 (young larvae), Photo © Marek Michalski [castrense-2l.jpg] 466x303 (~50Kb) larva Netherlands?, Photo © Jeroen Voogd [castrense.jpg] 374x275 (~17Kb)

[castrensis-3f.jpg] 942x505 (~96Kb) female Russia, Moscow area (36°25'E, 56°00'N), 9.7.2009 (ex.l), Photo © D. Smirnov [castrensis-3m.jpg] 896x512 (~100Kb) male Russia, Moscow area (36°25'E, 56°00'N), 7.7.2009 (ex.l), Photo © D. Smirnov [castrensis-3xl.jpg] 1075x482 (~108Kb) larva Russia, Moscow area (36°25'E, 56°00'N), 15.6.2009, Photo © D. Smirnov
[castrensis-3yl.jpg] 884x638 (~86Kb) larva Russia, Moscow area (36°25'E, 56°00'N), 19.6.2009, Photo © D. Smirnov [castrensis-3zl.jpg] 842x703 (~89Kb) larva Russia, Moscow area (36°25'E, 56°00'N), 20.6.2009, Photo © D. Smirnov

Larva on Ribes rubrum, Fragaria vesca, Fragaria ananassa, Filipendula vulgaris, Rubus idaeus, Potentilla norvegica, P. erecta, P. palustris, Trifolium medium, Geranium sanguineum, G. silvaticum, Artemisia vulgaris, Achillea millefolium, Centaurea jacea, Hieracium pilosella [SPRK]

Larva on Euphorbia, E. cyparissias [BSW]


M. c. kirghisicum (Staudinger, 1879)
Asia Minor, steppes and foothills (Kazakhstan, Turkmenia, Uzbekistan) Malacosoma castrense kirghisicum ; de Freina, 1999, Atalanta 30 (1/4): 189; Zolotuhin, 1995, Atalanta 26 (1/2): 277

Larva on Artemisia, Geranium, Euphorbia Zolotuhin, 1995, Atalanta 26 (1/2): 277

M. c. thomalae Gaede, 1932
Tien-Shan Malacosoma tianshanica Daniel, 1949
Malacosoma castrense thomalae ; Zolotuhin, 1995, Atalanta 26 (1/2): 279

Malacosoma franconicum (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)
CEU, SEU, Armenia. See [About maps] Ruskorengaskehrääjä Queckenspinner La Franconienne déli gyürüsszövö
Bombyx franconica Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775; Ankündung eines systematischen Werkes von den Schmetterlingen der Wienergegend: 57, TL: Germany, Franfurt
dorycnii (Millière, 1864)
panormitana Turati, 1909²
calabricum Stauder, 1921²
Malacosoma joannisi Viette, 1965; (W.France)
Malacosoma franconica, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Phalaena (Bombyx) franconica ; Esper, 1785, Die. Schmett., Th. III (20): 139, (19): pl. 26, f. 1
Malacosoma franconicum ; [EKK]
Malacosoma franconicum franconicum ; Zolotuhin, 1995, Atalanta 26 (1/2): 276

Larva on Artemisia, Achillea, Plantago, Rumex [BSW]


Malacosoma alpicolum Staudinger, 1870
SEU, CEU, Morocco. See [About maps] Alppirengaskehrääjä Alpenringelspinner l'Alpine
Malacosoma alpicolum Staudinger, 1870; , TL: Alps
intermedia Millière, 1875²
Malacosoma alpicolum, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]

Larva on Salix, Rosa pimpinellifolia, Alchemilla, Polygonum bistorta [BSW]

M. a. mixtum Rothschild, 1925
Morocco Malacosoma alpicolum mixtum Rothschild, 1925; , TL: Morocco, C.Atlas, Azrou

Malacosoma primum (Staudinger, 1887)
Asia Minor. See [About maps] Malacosoma prima, Lepidoptera collection [SZMN]
Malacosoma primum ; de Freina, 1999, Atalanta 30 (1/4): 190
Malacosoma prima ; Zolotuhin, 1995, Atalanta 26 (1/2): 277, f. 3

Larva on Polygonum Zolotuhin, 1995, Atalanta 26 (1/2): 277


Malacosoma luteum Oberthür, 1878
Algeria. See [About maps] Afrikanrengaskehrääjä
Malacosoma luteum Oberthür, 1878; , TL: Algeria, El-May
orientalis Oberthür, 1916²
brunneoolivacea Rothschild, Hartert & Jordan, 1917²

Malacosoma laurae Lajonquuière, 1977
Spain. See [About maps] Espanjanrengaskehrääjä
Malacosoma laurae Lajonquuière, 1977; Spain, Huelva, Bacuta

Larva on Limonastrium monopetalum, Halimium halimifolium [BSW]


Malacosoma disstria Hübner, [1820]
S.Canada, USA. See [About maps] Forest Tent Caterpillar Livrée des Forêts
Malacosoma disstria Hübner, [1820]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (12): 192, TL: Georgia
Chelonia nubilis Guérin-Méneville, [1832]; Icon. Règne anim. Cuvier 3 (Insectes) : pl. 88, f. 2
= ; [NACL, #7698]
Clisiocampa sylvatica Harris, 1841; Rep. Insects Mass. injurious to Vegn: 271, TL: Massachusetts
= ; [NACL, #7698]
Bombyx drupacearum Boisduval, 1868; Bull. Soc. ent. Belg. 12: 82, TL: Georgia
= ; [NACL, #7698]
Clisiocampa erosa Stretch, 1881; Papilio 1 (5) : 67, TL: Oregon
= ; [NACL, #7698]
Clisiocampa disstria var. thoracicoides Neumoegen & Dyar, 1893; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 1 : 30, TL: [Poughkeepsie, New York]
= ; [NACL, #7698]
Clisiocampa erosa var. sylvaticoides Neumoegen & Dyar, 1893; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 1 : 30, TL: [Portland, Oregon]
= ; [NACL, #7698]
Clisiocampa erosa var. perversa Neumoegen & Dyar, 1893; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 1 : 30, TL: [Portland, Oregon]
= ; [NACL, #7698]
Malacosoma disstria f. astriata Reiff, 1913; Ent. News 24 (7) : 306, pl. 10, fig. 5, 6, TL: Lincoln, Massachusetts
= ; [NACL, #7698]
Malacosoma disstria f. anita Reiff, 1913; Ent. News 24 (7) : 307, pl. 10, fig. 7, TL: Concord, Massachusetts
= ; [NACL, #7698]
Malacosoma disstria, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Malacosoma disstria, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Malacosoma disstria, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Malacosoma disstria, Lynn Scott's Lepidoptera Images [Lynn Scott]
Malacosoma disstria, Georgia Lepidoptera (USA) [GALEPS]
Malacosoma disstria ; [NACL, #7698]
Misidentified/misapplied:
Phalaena neustria; Smith, 1797, in Smith & Abbot, Nat. Hist. Rarer Lepid. Ins. Georgia, 2: 117, pl. 59

Larva on Acer saccharum, Populus, P. tremuloides, Betula papyrifera [MNA20.1]


Malacosoma constrictum (H. Edwards, 1874)
California. See [About maps] Pacific Tent Caterpillar
Clisiocampa constricta H. Edwards, 1874; Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 5 : 368, TL: California [Napa County]
Clisiocampa strigosa Stretch, 1881; Papilio 1 (5) : 67, TL: Yosemite Valley, California
= ; [NACL, #7699]
Malacosoma constrictum, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Malacosoma constrictum ; [NACL, #7699]

Larva on Quercus [MNA20.1]

M. c. austrinum Stehr, 1968
Malacosoma constrictum ssp. austrinum Stehr, 1968; Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus. 276 : 99, TL: "One quarter mile E. of Santa Ysabel, San Diego Co., Calif., Elevation 3,000 ft,..."
Malacosoma constrictum austrinum ; [NACL, #7699a]

Malacosoma tigris (Dyar, 1902)
S. Great Plains, S. Rocky Mountains, SWNA, Mexico. See [About maps] Sonoran Tent Caterpillar
Clisiocampa tigris Dyar, 1902; Proc. Ent. Soc. Washington 5 (1) : 38, TL: Platte Canyon near Denver
Malacosoma tigris var. inducta Dyar, 1906; Mus. Brooklyn Inst. Arts and Sci., Sci. Bull., 1: 195, TL: [Palmerlee, Cochise Co., Arizona]
= ; [NACL, #7700]
Clisiocampa onissa Dyar, 1911; Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 38 (1742) : 255, TL: Zacualpan, Mexico
= ; [NACL, #7700]
Malacosoma texana Dyar, 1928; in Seitz, Dir Gross-Schmett. Erde 6: 623, TL: Texas
= ; [NACL, #7700]
Malacosoma tigris, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Malacosoma tigris, The Moths of Southeastern Arizona [Bruce Walsh]
Malacosoma tigris ; [NACL, #7700]
Misidentified/misapplied:
Clisiocampa disstria; Neumoegen & Dyar, 1894, J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 2 : 154 (in part)

Larva on Quercus [MNA20.1]


Malacosoma americanum (Fabricius, 1793)
S.Canada, ENA. See [About maps] Eastern Tent Caterpillar Livrée d'Amérique
Bombyx americana Fabricius, 1793; Ent. Syst. 3 (1): 433, TL: America boreali
Bombyx pensylvanica Guérin-Méneville, [1832]; Icon. Règne anim. Cuvier 3 (Insectes) : pl. 86, f. 5
= ; [NACL, #7701]
Clisiocampa decipiens Walker, 1855; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 6: 1488, TL: Trenton Falls, New York
= ; [NACL, #7701]
Bombyx frutetorum Boisduval, 1869; Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 12 : 82, TL: Georgia
= ; [NACL, #7701]
Malacosoma americana, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Malacosoma americanum, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Malacosoma americanum, Lynn Scott's Lepidoptera Images [Lynn Scott]
M. americanum, Georgia Lepidoptera (USA) [GALEPS]
Malacosoma americana ;
Malacosoma americanum ; [NACL, #7701]
Misidentified/misapplied:
Phalaena castrensis; Smith, 1797, in Smith & Abbot, Nat. Hist. Rarer Lepid. Ins. Georgia, 2: 119, pl. 60

Larva on Prunus serotina, Malus, Prunus virginiana [MNA20.1]


Malacosoma californicum (Packard, 1864)
WNA. See [About maps] Western Tent Caterpillar
Clisiocampa californica Packard, [1865]; Proc. ent. Soc. Philad. 3 : 387, TL: California
Clisiocampa californica Walker, 1865; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 32: 572, TL: California
= ; [NACL, #7702]
Bombyx pseudoneustria Boisduval, 1868; Bull. Soc. ent. Belg. 12: 82, TL: California
= ; [NACL, #7702]
Clisiocampa thoracica Stretch, 1881; Papilio 1 (5) : 68, TL: Congress Springs, San Mateo Co. [Santa Clara Co.], California
= ; [NACL, #7702]
Clisiocampa fragilis var. perlutea Neumoegen & Dyar, 1893; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 1 : 31, TL: Colorado
= ; [NACL, #7702]
Malacosoma californicum, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Malacosoma californicum, The Moths of Southeastern Arizona [Bruce Walsh]
Malacosoma californicum ; [NACL, #7702]
[californicum-1l.jpg] 500x746 (~49Kb) larva USA: Near Bandera Mtn, (47°24'23N 121°33'51W), King Co., WA, 15.7.1999, Photo © Markku Savela
Malacosoma californicum (on Alnus rubra) det. Eric LaGasa
[californicum-1lx.jpg] 1000x752 (~85Kb) larva USA: Near Bandera Mtn, (47°24'23N 121°33'51W), King Co., WA, 15.7.1999, Photo © Markku Savela
Malacosoma californicum (on Alnus rubra) det. Eric LaGasa

Larva on Populus, Ribes, Rosa, Prunus, Ceanothus, Quercus, Purshia [MNA20.1]


M. c. ambisimile (Dyar, 1893)
Clisiocampa ambisimile Dyar, 1893; Can. Ent. 25 (2) : 40, TL: Santa Cruz Co., California
Malacosoma californicum ambisimile ; [NACL, #7702a]
M. c. recenseo Dyar, 1928
Malacosoma pluvialis f. recenseo Dyar, 1928; in Seitz, Dir Gross-Schmett. Erde 6: 623, TL: mountains of California
Malacosoma californicum recenseo ; [NACL, #7702b]
M. c. pluvialis (Dyar, 1893)
Clisiocampa pluvialis Dyar, 1893; Can. Ent. 25 (2) : 42, TL: Pacific Northwest (Seattle, Washington)
Malacosoma californicum pluvialis ; [NACL, #7702c]
M. c. lutescens (Neumoegen & Dyar, 1893)
Clisiocampa fragilis var. lutescens Neumoegen & Dyar, 1893; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 1 : 31, TL: Miles City, Montana
Malacosoma californicum lutescens ; [NACL, #7702d]
M. c. fragile (Stretch, 1881)
Clisiocampa fragilis Stretch, 1881; Papilio 1 (5) : 64, TL: Virginia City, Nevada
Clisiocampa mus Neumoegen, 1893; Can. Ent. 25 (1) : 4, TL: Southwest Utah
= ; [NACL, #7702e]
Malacosoma californicum fragile ; [NACL, #7702e]

Malacosoma incurvum (H. Edwards, 1882)
Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah, Mexico. See [About maps] Southwestern Tent Caterpillar
Clisiocampa incurva H. Edwards, 1882; Papilio 2 (8) : 125, TL: Arizona
Clisiocampa incurva var. constrictina Neumoegen & Dyar, 1893; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 1 : 30, TL: [Arizona]
= ; [NACL, #7703]
Clisiocampa azteca Neumoegen, 1893; Can. Ent. 25 (1) : 5, TL: city of Mexico and vicinity
Clisiocampa luteomargo Dyar, 1907; J. N.Y. ent. Soc. 15 : 232, TL: Mexico City, Mexico
Malacosoma incurvum, The Moths of Southeastern Arizona [Bruce Walsh]
Malacosoma incurvum ; [NACL, #7703]

Larva on Populus fremontii, Populus, Salix, Prunus [MNA20.1]

M. i. discoloratum (Neumoegen, 1893)
Clisiocampa mus var. discolorata Neumoegen, 1893; Can. Ent. 25 (1) : 4, TL: S.W. Utah
Malacosoma incurvum discoloratum ; [NACL, #7703a]


6.6.2012 (14)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BAMONA]
Opler, Pavulaan, Stanford & Pogue; Butterflies and Moths of North America; Mountain Prairie Information Node
[BSW]
de Freina & Witt, 1987; Die Bombyces und Sphinges der Westpalearktis; ISBN 3-926285-00-1
[Bruce Walsh]
Bruce Walsh; e-mail: Bruce Walsh; The Moths of Southeastern Arizona; Butterflies of Southeastern Arizona
[D. Smirnov]
Russia, Moscow; e-mail: D. Smirnov
[EKK]
Sotavalta (Finnish Ed.), Rougeot & Viette; Euroopan ja Pohjois-Afrikan kiitäjät ja kehrääjät (Guide des Papillons Nocturnes)
[ESP]
Heppner, 1981; The dates of E. J. C. Esper's Die Schmetterlinge in Abblidungen... 1776-[1830]; Archives of Natural History (1981) 10 (2): 251-254
[Eric LaGasa]
Chief Entomologist; Plant Protection Division; Washington State Department of Agriculture; P. O. Box 42560; Olympia, Washington 98504-2560
[GALEPS]
Moths and Butterflies of Georgia and the Southeastern United States; James K. Adams; Dept. of Natural Science, Dalton State College, Dalton, GA ; http://www.daltonstate.edu/galeps/index.htm
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[Ian Kimber]
http://www.ukmoths.force9.co.uk/
[Jeroen Voogd]
The Netherlands
[Kimmo Silvonen]
Espoo, Finland; Kimmo's Lep Site
[Lynn Scott]
Moths of the Ottawa Area; Lynn Scott's Lepidoptera Images
[MBE]
Moths and Butteflies of Europe; Paolo Mazzei, Diego Reggianti and Ilaria Pimpinelli; http://www.leps.it/
[MNA20.1]
John G. Franclemont; The Moths of America North of Mexico, 20.1; MIMALLONOIDEA; BOMBYCIDAE (in part)
[MPG]
North American Moth Photographers Group
[Marek Michalski]
Lodz, Poland; e-mail: Marek Michalski
[Michael Borsch]
Geesthacht, Germany; contact through; e-mail: Francisco Welter-Schultes
[NACL]
Hodges, 1983; Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico
[NORLEP]
Norges Sommerfugler
[PNWM]
Pacific Northwest Moths
[SPRK]
Seppänen, E. J, 1970; Suomen suurperhostoukkien ravintokasvit, Animalia Fennica 14
[SVF]
Svenska fjärilar; Naturhistoriska riksmuseet; (Sweden)
[SZMN]
Lepidoptera; Siberian Zoological Museum
[²]
This may require parentheses or not. I don't have the necessary information for this taxon.


Some related literature:
Agassiz, 1847
Nomenclatoris zoologici. Index Universalis Nom. zool. (Index univ.) : 1-393
Boisduval, 1869
Lépidoptères de la Californie Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 12 : 5-28,37-94
Curtis, 1828
British Entomology; being Illustrations and Descriptions of the Genera of Insecta found in Great Britain and Ireland: Containing coloured Figures from Nature of the Most Rare and Beautiful Species, an in Many Instances of the Plants Upon Which They are Found British Entomology 1: pl. 1-50 (1824), 2: pl. 51-98 (1825), 3: pl. 99-146 (1826), 4: pl. 147-194 (1827), 5: pl. 195-241 (1828), 6: pl. 242-289 (1829), 7: pl. 290-337 (1830), 8: pl. 338-383 (1831), 9: pl. 384-433 (1832), 10: pl. 434-481 (1833), 11: pl. 482-529 (1834), 12: pl. 530-577 (1835), 13: pl. 578-625 (1836), 14: pl. 626-673 (1837), 15: pl. 674-721 (1838), 16: pl. 722-769 (1839)
Dyar, 1893
The larvae of the Clisiocampae Can. Ent. 25 (2) : 37-44
Dyar, 1902
A new form of Clisiocampa from Colorado Proc. Ent. Soc. Washington 5 (1) : 38-39
Dyar, 1907
New American Lepidoptera J. N.Y. ent. Soc. 15 : 226-234
Dyar, 1911
Descriptions of new species and genera of Lepidoptera from Mexico Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 38 (1742) : 229-273
Dyar, 1928
(Drepanidae,...?) in Seitz, Dir Gross-Schmett. Erde 6: 631-633
H. Edwards, 1874
Pacific Coast Lepidoptera. No. 8. - On the Transformations of some species of Heterocera, not previously described Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 5 : 367-372
H. Edwards, 1882
Descriptions of new species of North American Heterocera Papilio 2 (8) : 123-130
Esper, 1785
Die Schmetterlinge in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Beschreibungen. Theil III. Die Nachtschmetterlinge Die. Schmett., Th. III (15): 1-32, pl. 1-6 (1782), (16): 33-56, pl. 7-12 (1782), (17): 57-88, pl. 6A, 13-17 (1783), (18): 89-104, pl. 18-23 (1783), (19): 105-136, pl. 24-31 (1784), (20): 137-184, pl. 32-37 (1785), (21): 185-208, pl. 38-43 (1785), (22): 209-240, pl. 44-49 (1785), (23): 241-272, pl. 50-55 (1785), (24): 273-288, pl. 56-61 (1786), (25): 289-312, pl. 62-67 (1786), (26): 313-328, pl. 68-73 (1786), (27): 329-344, pl. 74-79 (1786), (28): 345-396 (1786)
de Freina, 1999
Beitrag zur systematischen Erfassung der Bombyces- und Sphinges-Fauna Kleinasiens, Weitere Kenntnisse über Artenspektrum, Systematik und Verbreitung der Lasiocampidae, Lemoniidae, Notodontidae, Thaumetopoeidae, Lymantriidae, Arctiidae und Cymatophoridae Atalanta 30 (1/4): 187-257
Guérin-Méneville, [1832]
Iconographie du Règne Animal de G. Cuvier. Insectes. Icon. Règne anim. Cuvier 3 (Insectes) : pl. 3-12 (1829), : pl. 13-14,21-24 (1830), : pl. 25-30,42-46,52-55,60,62,76,24-25,25bis,28bis (1831), : pl. 77-92,99,84bis (1832), : pl. 31,36-39,47-49,59,101,39bis (1833), : pl. 32-35,50,61,64-66,49bis (1834), : pl. 15-20,40,51,56-58,67-75,93-98 (1835), : pl. 100,102-104 (1836), : pl. 1-2,41,63 (1837), : 1-576 (1844)
Harris, 1841
A report on the insects of Massachusetts injurious to vegetation Rep. Insects Mass. injurious to Vegn: 459pp
Hübner, [1806]
Tentamen determinationis digestionis alque denominationis singlarum stripium Lepidopterorum, peritisad inspiciendum et dijudicandum communicatum, a Jacob Hübner Tentamen determinationis digestionis ...: -
Hübner, [1820]
Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge, 1816-[1826] Verz. bek. Schmett. (1): [1-3], 4-16 (1816), (2): 17-32 (1819), (3): 33-48 (1819), (4): 49-64 (1819), (5): 65-80 (1819), (6): 81-96 (1819), (7): 97-112 (1819), (8): 113-128 (1819), (9): 129-144 (1819), (10): 145-160 (1819), (11): 161-176 (1819), (12): 177-192 (1820), (13): 193-208 (1820), (14): 209-224 (1821), (15): 225-240 (1821), (16): 241-256 (1821), (17): 257-272 (1823), (18): 273-288 (1823), (19): 289-304 (1823), (20): 305-320 (1825), (21): 321-336 (1825), (22): 337-352 (1825), (23-27): 353-431 ([1825])
Hübner, 1822
Systematisch-alphabetisches Verzeichniss aller bisher bey den Fürbildungen zur Sammlung europäischer Schmetterlinge angegebenen Gattungsbenennungen; mit Vormerkung auch augsburgischer Gattungen, von Jacob Hübner Syst.-alph. Verz.: [I-III], IV-VI, [1]-2-81
Linnaeus, 1758
Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Clases, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Symonymis, Locis. Tomis I. 10th Edition Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 1-338, : 339-824
Neumoegen, 1893
Some new additions to the genus Clisiocampa, Curt. Can. Ent. 25 (1) : 4-5
Neumoegen & Dyar, 1893
New species and varieties of Bombyces J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 1 : 29-35
Neumoegen & Dyar, 1894
A preliminary revision of the Bombyces of America North of Mexico [2] J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 2 : 1-30, 57-76, 109-132, 147-174
Packard, [1865]
Synopsis of the Bombycidae of the United States. (1 & 2) Proc. ent. Soc. Philad. 3 : 97-130, : 331-396
Reiff, 1913
Some new forms of Lepidoptera from Massachusetts Ent. News 24 (7) : 305-310, pl. 10
Stehr, 1968
A revision of the Genus Malacosoma in North America (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae): Systematics, Biology, Immatures, and Parasites Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus. 276 : 1-321
Stretch, 1881
Notes on the genus Clisiocampa, Curtis Papilio 1 (5) : 64-69
Walker, 1855
List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 1: 1-278 (1854), 2: 279-581 (1854), 3: 583-775 (1855), 4: 777-976 (1855), 5: 977-1258 (1855), 6: 1259-1508 (1855), 7: 1509-1808 (1856)
Walker, 1865
List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 31: 1-322 ([1865]), 32: 323-706 (1865), 33: 707-1120 (1865), 34: 1121-1534 ([1866]), 35: 1535-2040 (1866)
Zolotuhin, 1995
An annotated checklist of the Lasiocampidae of Kazakhstan and Middle Asia Atalanta 26 (1/2): 273-290


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Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.