Norway - state railways NSB electric and diesel multiple units

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NSB's commuter and regional electric multiple units


Passenger traffic is still today totally in the hands of the previous state monopoly, Norske Statsbaner NSB. In the south of the country, where most lines are electrified, most of the passenger trains consist of electric multiple units, whereas in the very north diesel multiple units and diesel locomotive driven train sets still persist. Our first picture shows this very old but renovated class 69 unit pushed aside from the capital city to perform sideline duty between Bergen and Voss. And even from Bergen these oldies are to be pushed aside soon.
Picture from Voss station 2.7.2016 by Ilkka Siissalo.


This is a Swiss Stadler built 3rd generation FLIRT train of the NSB class 75. NSB has ordered and partly received well over 100 trains of the FLIRT family, both long distance trains, even with restaurant cars, as well as regional and commuter train versions, both shorter and longer varieties. Class 75 is one of the newest, it is a local commuter train intended especially for the fairly short distance city traffic around Oslo. Top speed is 200 km/h. They will be replacing class 69 trains totally sooner or later and the very similar looking class 74 will also replace the older class 70. Class 74 is the variant for longer distances, but still "regional". There will be later also dual power electric/diesel varieties for use in the north, where all main lines are not yet electrified.
Photo from Oslo sentral station 10.9.2015 by Ilkka Siissalo.


NSB class 72 used to Norway's newest and finest EMU trains before the FLIRTs arrived. They were built by AnsaldoBreda 2002-2005 in 35 copies. An option to buy more was never exercised and as with many other cases, AnsaldoBreda's quality was not satisfying the customer, although for passengers the trains are very nice and comfortable. Top speed is 160 km/h.
Photo from Oslo sentral station 10.9.2015 by Ilkka Siissalo


Another AnsaldoBreda built class 72 unit at Oslo sentral. These trains are very nice inside, with stylish wooden walls, very comfortable seats and style that comes close to luxury. But just like Italian cars, these Italian trains are nice to drive, but are full of faults and suffer from corrosion.
Picture from Oslo sentral 21.6.2011 by Ilkka Siissalo.


Still a couple of years ago almost all regional traffic around Oslo was run by these electric multiple units of the class 69. They were built in 4 different series since 1971 and after refurbishments NSB classes them into 6 subclasses BM69A to BM69G. This one is one of the BM69E series (refurbished D-series modified with a bit better seats for longer distances) which can easily be recognised by the different looking ("diver's mask") front windows of the drivers' cabs. By the year 2016 these trains were already almost completely pushed out of traffic and replaced by new Stadler FLIRT trains and the old 69s were given duties on sidelines further away from the capital.
Photo from Voss 2.7.2016 by Ilkka Siissalo.


This is the other subtype, a class BM69C train after refurbishments.
Photo from Oslo sentral station 10.9.2015 by Ilkka Siissalo


This is a class 69 subtype BM69D unit, repainted/refurbished, but with no major renovations. For example an airconditioner for the driver's cab on the roof does not exist like in the later refurbished units. Subtype D was built 1983-84. They have already the newer "diver's mask" style front windows, but inside their main difference with the older versions was just better seats.
Picture from Oslo sentral 21.6.2011 by Ilkka Siissalo.


This is what the class 69 trains looked like before renovation, in the so called "in-between" painting.
A class BM69C unit at Oslo sentral station 14.9.2007. Photo by Ilkka Siissalo.

NSB's long distance electric multiple units


Two class BM73 long distance electric multiple units forming an express train from Oslo to Trondheim. This was the original livery. These trains were Norway's first tilting fast trains. They were built by Kalmar Verkstad in Sweden and the design is based on the Swedish X2000 train.
Photo taken at Oslo sentral 14.9.2007 by Ilkka Siissalo.


This is what the same class BM73 tilting bullet trains look like today after their latest refurbishment. In the photo a BM73 is just arriving from Stavanger to the station of Kristiansand to then continue as an express service to Oslo.
Photo from Kristiansand 6.7.2016 by Ilkka Siissalo.


Another BM73. The paintings differ slightly depending on when the train was refurbished. There are actually quite many variations of the grey and red theme.
Picture taken at Oslo S 19.1.2014 by Ilkka Siissalo.


This is also a class 73 tilting train, but of the subtype BM73B. After renovation they were painted red and grey like this. This is the subtype B which has been used on the Oslo-Göteborg(SWE) route and on the Oslo-Halden route in the same direction, so called Østfoldbanen. Subtype 73B is intended for shorter express train routes and has no cafeteria/bistro and no special space for care for small children as the "real" BM73 does. After their renovation the B-type can easily be recognised from the longer distance type - see the picture above and compare the paintings with this one.
Picture taken at Oslo sentral 21.6.2011 by Ilkka Siissalo.


Something newer and something older meeting in Oslo. A class BM73B EMU on the left and an old, just slightly modernised regional train of the class 69 subtype 69C. The lump on the ceiling is a cooling machine to keep the drivers from frying, but passengers had to suffer still.
Picture from Oslo sentral 22.6.2011 by Ilkka Siissalo.


This is a class 74 "regional" Stadler FLIRT train in front of the very impressive old station building of Hamar. Class 74 looks very much like the class 75 shown above, but it is intended for a bit longer runs and not just capital city commuter traffic.
Photo taken in Hamar 1.7.2016 by Ilkka Siissalo.


This is the class 70 regional EMU that the new class 74 FLIRTs are now quickly pushing aside. They were made 1992-96 in only 16 copies by a consortium including the German company Düwag and ADtranz. They are four cars long and have a maximum speed of 160 km/h.
Photo taken at Oslo sentral 21.6.2011 by Ilkka Siissalo.

Diesel multiple units


This is a class 93 railbus of the Bombardier type Talent, very similar to the Talents used in Germany, but with only two coaches. In Norway trains also need massive snow ploughs in contrast to Germany.
Photo taken 18.8.2009 in Bodø by Ilkka Siissalo.


Another Bombardier Talent railbus, in Norway known as the class 93.
Picture from Mo i Rana 20.8.2009 by Ilkka Siissalo.


A class 93 Talent railbus is stopping at the little station of Snåsa to let out two passengers and pick up one on the Nordlandsbanan route from Bodø to Mo i Rana.
Picture 20.8.2009 by Ilkka Siissalo.


An older class 92 railbus. These trains were built by Düwag in Germany 1984-85 and NSB ordered 15 of them. Photo from Steinkjer 20.8.2009 by Ilkka Siissalo.


Another view of a class 92 railbus. These were further developments of the German class 628 and the Dutch trains known as "Wadlopers", also made by Düwag. Compare with the class 70 electric units shown above on this same page. They came out of the same factory.
Photo taken in Trondheim 21.8.2009 by Ilkka Siissalo.


Still another view of a class 92 Düwag.
Picture from Röros station 22.8.2009 by Ilkka Siissalo.

Airport train Flytoget


This is a "Flytoget" airport train of the class BM71. It is a modified version of the long distance class BM73 tilting train connecting the Oslo-Gardermoen airport to the Oslo metropolitan area. Top speed is 210 km/h.
Photo at Gardermoen 8.9.2015 by Ilkka Siissalo.


Like sister and brother, but whereas the BM71 Flytoget train on the left is intended just for a 19 minutes dash to the airport, the BM73 on the right (in older grey and blue livery) is used on really long lines with 5 to 6 hr duration to Trondheim, Stavanger or Bergen and has all the comforts like for example a bistro wagon. Note that instead of backwards looking mirrors, the drivers of both trains have backwards looking video cameras in the small "ears" by the sides.
Picture from Oslo sentral 21.6.2011 by Ilkka Siissalo.


A Flytoget class 71 train after a total refurbishment and after receiving an additional coach.
Picture from Oslo S 11.5.2017 by Ilkka Siissalo.


A closeup picture showing the side of the same refurbished Flytoget train as above. The main reason for the renovation of these trains was to increase capacity by adding more coaches.
Picture from Oslo S 11.5.2017 by Ilkka Siissalo.
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