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Solanum L.
Koisot Nightshade
Solanum, Biota of North America Program (query database) [BONAP]
Solanum, Den Virtuella Floran [DVF]
Solanum (Solanaceae) ; [GNSP]

Foodplants for Acherontia lachesis, A. styx, A. styx, Acraea acerata, Amerila bubo, Ceratinia tutia dorilla, Coelonia fulvinotata, Ctenoplusia limbirena, Dircenna klugii, Earias vittella, Eublemma chlorochroa, Gyrtothripa papuana, Helicoverpa armigera, H. assulta, Hellinsia lienigianus?, Hypoleria lavinia cassotis, Mechanitis menapis doryssus, M. polymnia isthmia, Napeogenes tolosa amara, Olene mendosa, Phaeochlaena lampra, Pteronymia simplex simplex, Selepa celtis, Spilosoma atridorsia, S. aurantiaca, S. jacksoni, Spodoptera litura


fiSolanum nigrum L.
Mustakoiso Black Nightshade Common Nightshade Garden Nightshade Nattskatta
Solanum nigrum, Bilder ur Nordens Flora (in Swedish) [RUNEBERG]
Solanum nigrum ; [RK, 373]; [SK, 500]; [GMBOT, 713]; [FPN, 412]

Foodplant for Heliothis subflexa

Solanum nigrum var. villosum ; [GMBOT, 713]
Mustakoiso Nattskatta
Solanum nigrum nigrum ; [RK, 373]
[nigrum_nigrum-1.jpg] 850x1031 (~104Kb) Germany, Lüneburger, Heide, Wilsede, 3.8.2005, Photo © Harri Arkkio [nigrum_nigrum-1x.jpg] 954x804 (~54Kb) Germany, Lüneburger, Heide, Wilsede, 3.8.2005, Photo © Harri Arkkio

Solanum nigrum nigrum var. nigrum ; [RK, 373]
fiS. n. nigrum var. atriplicifolium (Desp.) G. F. W. Mey.
Solanum nigrum nigrum var. atriplicifolium ; [RK, 373]
fiS. n. schultesii (Opiz) Wessely
Karvamustakoiso Hårig nattskatta
Solanum nigrum schultesii ; [RK, 373]

fiSolanum americanum Miller
Amerikanmustakoiso American Black Nightshade
Solanum nodiflorum Jacq.
Solanum americanum ; [RK, 373]

Solanum physalifolium Rusby
fiS. p. var. nitidbaccatum (Bitter) Edmonds
Kehtokoiso Bägarnatskatta
Solanum nitidaccatum Bitter
Solanum physalifolium var. nitidbaccatum ; [RK, 374]

Solanum luteum Miller
Keltakoiso Hairy Nightshade

Solanum sarrachoides Sendtner
Brasiliankoiso Hairy Nightshade
Solanum sarrachoides ; [FPN, 412]

Solanum triflorum Nutt.
Kolmikukkakoiso Small Nightshade Cutleaf Nightshade
Solanum triflorum ; [GMBOT, 713]; [FPN, 412]
[triflorum-1U.jpg] identification uncertain 1000x667 (~241Kb) USA: McPhee Reservoir Camping, SW Colorado, 14.8.2005, Photo © Markku Savela [triflorum-1xU.jpg] identification uncertain 900x1252 (~101Kb) USA: McPhee Reservoir Camping, SW Colorado, 14.8.2005, Photo © Markku Savela [triflorum-1yU.jpg] identification uncertain 900x1291 (~155Kb) USA: McPhee Reservoir Camping, SW Colorado, 14.8.2005, Photo © Markku Savela


Solanum capsicastrum Link & Schauer
Huonekoiso

fiSolanum dulcamara L.
Punakoiso Bitter Nightshade Bittersweet Bittersweet Nightshade Climbing Nightshade Felonwort Blue Bindweed Besksöta
Solanum dulcamara, Bilder ur Nordens Flora (in Swedish) [RUNEBERG]
Solanum dulcamara ; [RK, 374]; [SK, 500]; [GMBOT, 713]; [FPN, 412]
[dulcamara-1.jpg] 1000x720 (~82Kb) FINLAND: N: Espoo, Tapiola 667:37, 3.9.2000, Photo © Markku Savela [dulcamara-1x.jpg] 1000x769 (~71Kb) FINLAND: N: Espoo, Tapiola 667:37, 3.9.2000, Photo © Markku Savela [dulcamara-2x.jpg] 828x1080 (~97Kb) Finland, Hamina, Meltti, 13.8.2005, Photo © Harri Arkkio
[dulcamara-2y.jpg] 683x910 (~28Kb) Finland, Hamina, Meltti, 13.8.2005, Photo © Harri Arkkio

Foodplant for Acherontia atropos, Acrolepia autumnitella, Ceramica pisi, Lacanobia splendens



fiSolanum tuberosum L.
Peruna Potaati Potato Potatis
Solanum tuberosum ; [RK, 374]; [SK, 501]
[tuberosum.jpg] 500x604 (~30Kb) FINLAND: Ka: Virolahti, 671:53, 3.8.1996, Photo © Markku Savela

Foodplant for Acherontia atropos, Agrotis ipsilon, Autographa gamma, Hydraecia (noctua) micacea, Lacanobia oleracea, Loxura atymnus, Manduca quinquemaculata, M. sexta, Symmetrischema tangolias



Solanum sisymbriifolium Lam.
'Liuskakoiso' Sticky Nightshade Viscid Nightshade
Solanum sisymbrifolium[?] ; [GMBOT, 713]
Solanum sisymbriifolium ; [FPN, 413]

Foodplant for Neoleucinodes elegantilis


fiSolanum rostratum Dunal.
Kärsäkoiso Taggborre Buffalo Bur
Solanum cornutum auct.
Solanum rostratum ; [RK, 374]; [GMBOT, 713]; [FPN, 413]
[rostratum-1a.jpg] 1200x998 (~145Kb) USA: LepSoc field trip to Patagonia region, Santa Cruz Co., Arizona, 2.8.2005, Photo © Markku Savela [rostratum-1b.jpg] 1200x1075 (~152Kb) USA: LepSoc field trip to Patagonia region, Santa Cruz Co., Arizona, 2.8.2005, Photo © Markku Savela


Solanum heterodoxum Dunal
Meksikonkoiso

Solanum carolinense L.
'Karoliinankoiso' Horse Nettle
Solanum carolinense ; [GMBOT, 713]
Solanum carolinensis ; [FPN, 413]

Solanum elaeagnifolium Cav.
'Tähtikoiso' Silverleaf Nightshade White Horse Nettle Bull-nettle
Solanum elaeagnifolium ; [GMBOT, 713]; [FPN, 413]
[elaeagnifolium-1.jpg] 900x1214 (~137Kb) USA: Sierra Vista, Cochise Co., Arizona, 6.8.2005, Photo © Markku Savela [elaeagnifolium-1x.jpg] 900x1202 (~125Kb) USA: Sierra Vista, Cochise Co., Arizona, 6.8.2005, Photo © Markku Savela [elaeagnifolium-2a.jpg] 900x1268 (~167Kb) USA: Gillespie Wash on rd 266, Graham Co., Arizona (~ 32°33'N 109°45'W), 9.8.2005, Photo © Markku Savela
[elaeagnifolium-2b.jpg] 900x1299 (~182Kb) USA: Gillespie Wash on rd 266, Graham Co., Arizona (~ 32°33'N 109°45'W), 9.8.2005, Photo © Markku Savela [elaeagnifolium-3.jpg] 783x1044 (~221Kb) Greece: Mesovouni, 14.6.2006, Photo © Harri Arkkio [elaeagnifolium-3x.jpg] 945x1028 (~153Kb) Greece: Mesovouni, 14.6.2006, Photo © Harri Arkkio


Solanum citrullifolium A. Br.
Solanum heterodoxum Britton, not Dunal
Solanum citrullifolium ; [GMBOT, 713]

?Solanum melongena L.
Egg-plant?

Foodplant for Neoleucinodes elegantilis



15.4.2007 (16)

References:
[BONAP]
A Synonymized Checklist of the Vascular Flora of the United States, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands; A data base interface; BONAP U.S. Checklist - 1998; Provided by TAMU-BWG; Texas A & M Bioinformatics Working Group; Based on; Biota of North America Program
[DVF]
Den Virtuella floran; http://linnaeus.nrm.se/flora/welcome.html; Ett projekt vid Naturhistoriska riksmuseet (Stockholm, Sweden).; Even for non-Swedish speaker, the distribution maps on species are nice (map buttons "Norden" and "Norra halvklotet")
[FPN]
Hitchcock & Cronquist, 1998; Flora of the Pacific Northwest (11th ed.); ISBN 0-295-95273-3
[GMBOT]
Robinson, Benjamin, Fernald, Lyndon, 1908; Gray's New Manual of Botany (7th edition); A Handbook of the Flowering Plants and Ferns of the Central and Northeastern United States and adjacent Canada; American Book Company
[GNSP]
Wielgorskaya, 1995; Dictionary of generic names of seed plants
[Harri Arkkio]
Finland; For the time being these pictures are only for this site. Other usage not allowed.
[RK]
Hämet-Ahti, L., Suominen, J., Ulvinen, T. & Uotila, P. (eds), 1998; Retkeilykasvio (Field Flora of Finland); Ed. 4. 656 pp.; Finnish Museum of Natural History, Botanical Museum. Helsinki
[RUNEBERG]
Project Runeberg: Nordic literature online; Project Runeberg; Bilder ur Nordens Fauna (Carl Axel Magnus Lindman)
[SK]
Mela & Cajander, 1906; Suomen Kasvio; Viides painos


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.