[HOME] [INDEXES] < Life < Plants < Magnoliophyta < Magnoliophytina < Magnoliopsida < Rubiaceae
Galium L.
Matarat Bedstraw Cleavers
Galium, Biota of North America Program (query database) [BONAP]
Galium, Den Virtuella Floran [DVF]
Galium (Rubiaceae) ; [GNSP]

Foodplants for Agrotis vestigialis, Amata kruegeri, A. phegea, A. ragazzii, Amerila lupia, Autographa gamma, Catarhoe cuculata, C. rubidata, Cerastis leucographa, Chelis maculosa, C. simplonica, Chlorissa (geometra) viridata, Colostygia aptata, C. olivata, C. pectinataria, Conistra erythrocephala, Cosmorhoe ocellata, Costaconvexa polygrammata, Deilephila elpenor, D. porcellus, Epatolmis caesarea, Epirrhoe alternata, E. galiata, E. hastulata, E. pupillata, E. tartuensis, E. tristata, Eugnorisma (noctua) glareosa, Euxoa obelisca, Gandaritis pyraliata, Hippotion celerio, Hyles gallii, H. livornica, H. vespertilio, Idaea muricata, Lacanobia suasa, Lampropteryx otregiata, L. suffumata, Macroglossum stellatarum, M. stellatarum, M. trochilus, Microsphinx pumilum, Ochropleura plecta, Ocnogyna zoraida, Orthonama obstipatum, O. vittatum, Perizoma parallelolineatum, Phibalapteryx virgata, Rethera komarovi, Sphingonaepiopsis gorgoniades, S. kuldjaensis, S. nana, Spilosoma (bombyx) urticae, Thalera fimbrialis, Watsonarctia deserta, Xanthorhoe (geometra) decoloraria



[sp-1.jpg] 900x669 (~147Kb) USA: FR 9711, Hurley Creek (47°18'49N 120°38'38W), Kittitas Co., WA, 5.7.2000, Photo © Markku Savela [sp-1x.jpg] 600x868 (~70Kb) USA: FR 9711, Hurley Creek (47°18'49N 120°38'38W), Kittitas Co., WA, 5.7.2000, Photo © Markku Savela [sp-1y.jpg] 600x879 (~73Kb) USA: FR 9711, Hurley Creek (47°18'49N 120°38'38W), Kittitas Co., WA, 5.7.2000, Photo © Markku Savela
[sp-2.jpg] 800x1200 (~132Kb) Russia, Udmurtia, river banks of Kama, near village Doksha east of Izhevsk, 20.8.2004, Photo © Markku Savela [sp-2x.jpg] 900x1095 (~126Kb) Russia, Udmurtia, river banks of Kama, near village Doksha east of Izhevsk, 20.8.2004, Photo © Markku Savela [sp-3.jpg] 900x1257 (~77Kb) Russia, Udmurtia, river banks of Kama, near village Doksha east of Izhevsk, 20.8.2004, Photo © Markku Savela

The exact identification of these species is still unknown, but tentatively assumed to belong into this group.



fiGalium boreale L.
Ahomatara Northern Bedstraw Vitmåra
Galium boreale, Bilder ur Nordens Flora (in Swedish) [RUNEBERG]
Galium boreale ; [RK, 330]; [SK, 532]; [GMBOT, 749]
[boreale-1.jpg] 610x858 (~111Kb) Finland, Mouhijärvi, Salmi, 4.7.2004, Photo © Harri Arkkio [boreale-2.jpg] 800x1269 (~114Kb) FINLAND, Ab: Suomusjärvi, 669:31, 25.6.2005, Photo © Markku Savela [boreale-2x.jpg] 800x1030 (~65Kb) FINLAND, Ab: Suomusjärvi, 669:31, 25.6.2005, Photo © Markku Savela

Foodplant for Deilephila elpenor, D. porcellus, Epirrhoe galiata, Eupithecia subumbrata, Gandaritis pyraliata



fiGalium odoratum (L.) Scop.
Tuoksumatara Tuoksumaratti Sweet Woodruff Woodruff Myskmadra Myska
Asperula odorata L.
Asperula odorata, Bilder ur Nordens Flora (in Swedish) [RUNEBERG]
Asperula odorata ; [SK, 531]
Galium odoratum ; [RK, 331]

Foodplant for Pyrausta nigratus


fiGalium triflorum Michx.
Lehtomatara Kolmikukkainen matara Sweet-scented Bedstraw Myskmåra
Galium triflorum ; [RK, 331]; [SK, 533]; [GMBOT, 750]
[triflorum-1.jpg] 1371x1028 (~211Kb) Finland: Ruovesi, Sourunperä, 2.8.2008, Photo © Harri Arkkio [triflorum-1x.jpg] 1028x860 (~108Kb) Finland: Ruovesi, Sourunperä, 2.8.2008, Photo © Harri Arkkio


fiGalium uliginosum L.
Luhtamatara Fen Bedstraw Sumpmåra
Galium uliginosum ; [RK, 331]; [SK, 533]
[uliginosum-1.jpg] 1287x1010 (~132Kb) Finland, Kuhmalahti, Mattilankylä, 23.6.2005, Photo © Harri Arkkio [uliginosum-1x.jpg] 1408x1036 (~95Kb) Finland, Kuhmalahti, Mattilankylä, 23.6.2005, Photo © Harri Arkkio

Foodplant for Deilephila elpenor, Xanthorhoe abrasaria



fiGalium palustre L.
Rantamatara Suomatara Common Marsh Bedstraw Vattenmåra
Galium palustre ; [RK, 331]; [SK, 533]; [GMBOT, 749]

Foodplant for Colostygia pectinataria, C. turbata?, Epirrhoe alternata, Hypoxystis pluviaria, Xanthorhoe abrasaria?

Pikkurantamatara Vattenmåra
Galium palustre palustre ; [RK, 331]
fiG. p. elongatum (C. Presl.) Lange
Isorantamatara Stor vattenmåra
Galium elongatum C. Presl.
Galium palustre f. decipiens Hn.
Galium palustre elongatum ; [RK, 331]
Galium palustre f. elongata ; [SK, 533]
[elongatum-1.jpg] 1164x852 (~113Kb) Finland: Nokia, Pitkäniemi, 15.7.2006, Photo © Harri Arkkio


fiGalium trifidum L.
Pikkumatara Rantamatara Dvärgmåra
Galium trifidum var. pusillum Gray
Galium trifidum, Aquatic and Wetland Vascular Plants of the Northern Great Plains [USGS]
Galium trifidum ; [RK, 332]; [SK, 532]; [GMBOT, 749]
[trifidum-1.jpg] 768x1058 (~105Kb) Finland, Tammela, Saaren kansanpuisto, Kuivajärvi, 18.8.2005, Photo © Harri Arkkio [trifidum-1x.jpg] 781x1034 (~63Kb) Finland, Tammela, Saaren kansanpuisto, Kuivajärvi, 18.8.2005, Photo © Harri Arkkio


fiGalium verum L.
Keltamatara Lady's Bedstraw Yellow Bedstraw Gulmåra
Galium verum, Bilder ur Nordens Flora (in Swedish) [RUNEBERG]
Galium verum ; [RK, 332]; [SK, 534]; [GMBOT, 748]
[verum-1.jpg] 936x1224 (~118Kb) Finland, Hamina, Meltti, 13.8.2005, Photo © Harri Arkkio [verum-2.jpg] 645x1044 (~153Kb) Finland: Korppoo, Brunskär, 25.7.2008, Photo © Harri Arkkio [verum-3.jpg] 737x1030 (~95Kb) Lithuania: Dzukija, Marcinkonys, railway station, 16.7.2008, Photo © Harri Arkkio

Foodplant for Amphipyra tragopoginis, Camptogramma bilineatum, Catarhoe cuculata, C. rubidata, Ceramica pisi, Chiasmia clathrata, Cleora cinctaria, Cosmorhoe ocellata, Cucullia (noctua) umbratica, Deilephila elpenor, D. porcellus, Epirrhoe alternata, E. galiata, E. hastulata, E. pupillata, E. tristata, Euclidia mi, Eupithecia centaureata, E. orphnata, E. pimpinellata, E. satyrata, E. subumbrata, Gandaritis pyraliata, Hemaris tityus, Hippotion celerio, Hyles gallii, Lacanobia contigua, Macroglossum stellatarum, Phibalapteryx virgata, Polia bombycina, Rhyparia purpurata, Scopula floslactata, Siona lineata, Xanthorhoe ferrugata, X. montanata, Xestia xanthographa, Xylena exsoleta


Galium verum ruthenicum ; [SK, 534]

Galium mollugo L.
'Etelänpaimenmatara' Great Hedge Bedstraw Smooth Bedstraw
?Galium mollugo ; [GMBOT, 749]

Foodplant for Amphipyra tragopoginis, Catarhoe cuculata, Chiasmia clathrata, Deilephila elpenor, D. porcellus, Epirrhoe alternata, E. tristata, Eupithecia centaureata, E. satyrata, E. subfuscata, E. subumbrata, E. vulgata, Gandaritis pyraliata, Hyles gallii, Lampropteryx suffumata, Mecyna flavalis, Xanthorhoe abrasaria, X. ferrugata, X. montanata, X. quadrifasciata


fiGalium album Miller
Paimenmatara Hedge Bedstraw Stormåra
Galium mollugo auct.
Galium album ; [RK, 332]
Galium mollugo ; [SK, 534]

Foodplant as Galium mollugo for Amphipyra tragopoginis, Catarhoe cuculata, Chiasmia clathrata, Deilephila elpenor, D. porcellus, Epirrhoe alternata, E. tristata, Eupithecia centaureata, E. satyrata, E. subfuscata, E. subumbrata, E. vulgata, Gandaritis pyraliata, Hyles gallii, Lampropteryx suffumata, Mecyna flavalis, Xanthorhoe abrasaria, X. ferrugata, X. montanata, X. quadrifasciata

Galium mollugo f. elatum ; [SK, 534]
Galium mollugo f. ochroleuca ; [SK, 534]
?Galium erectum Huds.
Galium mollugo f. erectum ; [SK, 534]
?Galium erectum Huds.; [GMBOT, 749]

fiGalium × pomeranicum Retz.
Piennarmatara
Galium album × verum
[pomeranicum-1.jpg] 783x1044 (~138Kb) Lithuania: Dzukija, Marcinkonys, railway station, 16.7.2008, Photo © Harri Arkkio


Galium glaucum L.
'Harmaamatara' Glaucous Bedstraw

fiGalium schultesii Vest.
Harsomatara
Galium intermedium Schult.
Galium schultesii ; [RK, 333]

fiGalium pumilum Murray
Puistomatara Nurmimatara Slender Bedstraw Parkmåra
Galium pumilum ; [RK, 333]

fiGalium saxatile L.
Nummimatara Kivikkomatara Heath Bedstraw Stenmåra
Galium hercynicum Weigel
Galium saxatile ; [RK, 333]; [SK, 533]

fiGalium spurium L.
Peltomatara False Cleavers Småsnärjmåra
Galium spurium ; [RK, 333]

Foodplant for Deilephila elpenor

Pellavamatara Linsnärjmåra
?aparine var. spurium (L.); [SK, 532]
Galium spurium spurium ; [RK, 334]
fiG. s. vaillantii (DC.) Gaudin
Peltomatara Småsnärjmåra
Galium vaillantii DC.
?Galium infestum Waldst. & Kit.
Galium aparine vaillantii (DC.); Koch
Galium aparine vaillantii ; [SK, 532]; [GMBOT, 748]
Galium spurium vaillantii ; [RK, 334]

fiGalium aparine L.
Kierumatara Goosegrass Cleavers Snärjmåra
Galium aparine, Bilder ur Nordens Flora (in Swedish) [RUNEBERG]
Galium aparine ; [RK, 334]; [SK, 532]; [GMBOT, 748]
[aparine-1.jpg] 846x1032 (~46Kb) Finland, Helsinki, Suomenlinna, Susisaari, 6.7.2005, Photo © Harri Arkkio
Galium aparine det. Vesa Järvinen
[aparine-2.jpg] 979x734 (~219Kb) Estonia: Hiiumaa, Emmaste, Sõru, 28.6.2006, Photo © Harri Arkkio [aparine-3.jpg] 1328x982 (~182Kb) Norway: Tröms, Drumalsskolten (merenranta), 28.7.2007, Photo © Harri Arkkio

Foodplant for Hyles gallii



fiGalium tricornutum Dandy
Sarvimatara Kolmisarvinen matara Threehorn Bedstraw Pillermåra
Galium tricorne Stokes
Galium tricorne ?With.
Galium tricorne ; [SK, 532]; [GMBOT, 748]
Galium tricornutum ; [RK, 334]

Galium parisiense L.
Ranskanmatara
Galium anglicum Huds.
Galium parisiense ; [GMBOT, 748]

 

Galium virgatum Nutt.
Galium virgatum ; [GMBOT, 748]

Galium wirtgenii F. Schultz
Galium wirtgenii ; [GMBOT, 748]

Galium pilosum Ait.
Galium pilosum ; [GMBOT, 748]
G. p. var. puncticulosum (Michx.) T. & G.
Galium pilosum var. puncticulosum ; [GMBOT, 748]

Galium kamtschaticum Steller
Galium kamtschaticum ; [GMBOT, 749]

Galium circaezans Michx.
Wild Liquorice
Galium circaezans ; [GMBOT, 749]
Galium circaezans var. glabellum Britton
Galium circaezans var. glabrum ; [GMBOT, 749]

Galium lanceolatum Torr.
Wild Liquorice
Galium lanceolatum ; [GMBOT, 749]

Galium latifolium Michx.
Galium latifolium ; [GMBOT, 749]
Galium latifolium var. hispidum ; [GMBOT, 749]

Galium arkansanum Gray
Galium arkansanum ; [GMBOT, 749]

Galium sylvaticum L.
Scotch Mist Baby's Breath
Galium sylvaticum ; [GMBOT, 749]

Galium claytoni Michx.
Galium claytoni ; [GMBOT, 750]

Galium tinctorium L.
Galium trifidum var. latifolium Torr.
Galium tinctorium ; [GMBOT, 750]

Is this same as Asperula tinctoria L.?

Galium tinctorium var. filifolium ; [GMBOT, 750]

Galium labradoricum Wiegand
Galium tinctorium var. labradoricum (Wiegand); Wiegand
Galium labradoricum, Aquatic and Wetland Vascular Plants of the Northern Great Plains [USGS]
Galium labradoricum ; [GMBOT, 750]

Galium concinnum T. & G.
Galium concinnum ; [GMBOT, 750]

Galium asprellum Michx.
Rough Bedstraw
Galium asprellum ; [GMBOT, 750]

Galium hispidulum Michx.
Galium hispidulum ; [GMBOT, 750]


27.10.1998 (32)

References:
[BONAP]
A Synonymized Checklist of the Vascular Flora of the United States, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands; A data base interface; BONAP U.S. Checklist - 1998; Provided by TAMU-BWG; Texas A & M Bioinformatics Working Group; Based on; Biota of North America Program
[DVF]
Den Virtuella floran; http://linnaeus.nrm.se/flora/welcome.html; Ett projekt vid Naturhistoriska riksmuseet (Stockholm, Sweden).; Even for non-Swedish speaker, the distribution maps on species are nice (map buttons "Norden" and "Norra halvklotet")
[GMBOT]
Robinson, Benjamin, Fernald, Lyndon, 1908; Gray's New Manual of Botany (7th edition); A Handbook of the Flowering Plants and Ferns of the Central and Northeastern United States and adjacent Canada; American Book Company
[GNSP]
Wielgorskaya, 1995; Dictionary of generic names of seed plants
[Harri Arkkio]
Finland; For the time being these pictures are only for this site. Other usage not allowed.
[RK]
Hämet-Ahti, L., Suominen, J., Ulvinen, T. & Uotila, P. (eds), 1998; Retkeilykasvio (Field Flora of Finland); Ed. 4. 656 pp.; Finnish Museum of Natural History, Botanical Museum. Helsinki
[RUNEBERG]
Project Runeberg: Nordic literature online; Project Runeberg; Bilder ur Nordens Fauna (Carl Axel Magnus Lindman)
[SK]
Mela & Cajander, 1906; Suomen Kasvio; Viides painos
[USGS]
Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center; http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/index.htm


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.