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Fragaria L., 1753
Mansikat Strawberry
Fragaria L., 1753; Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 218, TS: Fragaria vesca L.
Dactylophyllum Spenn, 1829; (part.)
Fragaria, Biota of North America Program (query database) [BONAP]
Fragaria, Den Virtuella Floran [DVF]
Fragaria ; [GFP1: 198 (8 spp.)]

Foodplants for Abia sericea, Acleris aspersana, A. comariana, Callimorpha dominula, Clossiana selene, Coleophora albicostella, Egira rubrica, Epicallia villica, Eupsilia tristigmata, Hadena caesia, Lacinipolia stricta, Mesothea incertata incertata, Nola aerugula, Pamphilius nemorum, Perigrapha i-cinctum, Protorthodes curtica, Pyrgus centaureae, P. malvoides, P. ruralis, Stigmella aeneofasciella, Strymon melinus, Udea ferrugalis


fiFragaria vesca L.
Ahomansikka Wild Strawberry Woods Strawberry Woodland Strawberry Smultron
Fragaria vesca var. alba (Ehrh.); Rydb.
Fragaria vesca, Bilder ur Nordens Flora (in Swedish) [RUNEBERG]
Fragaria vesca ; [RK, 258]; [SK, 337]; [GMBOT, 479]; [FPN, 211]
Fragaria vesca var. alba ; [GMBOT, 480]
[vesca-1.jpg] 900x661 (~91Kb) FINLAND, Ab: Suomusjärvi, 669:31, 11.6.2000, Photo © Markku Savela [vesca-2.jpg] 1200x917 (~189Kb) Finland, N: Helsinki, Vuosaari/Mustavuori, 1.6.2004, Photo © Markku Savela [vesca-3.jpg] 757x1048 (~94Kb) Finland, Ylöjärvi, Pikku-Ahvenisto, 29.5.2005, Photo © Harri Arkkio
[vesca-3x.jpg] 1375x1003 (~173Kb) Finland, Ylöjärvi, Pikku-Ahvenisto, 29.5.2005, Photo © Harri Arkkio

Foodplant for Acronicta rumicis, Coleophora potentillae, Dicallomera fascelina, Ectoedemia arcuatella, Malacosoma castrense, Pamphilius nemorum, Pyrgus armoricanus, P. malvae, Stigmella splendidissimella


Fragaria americana (Porter); Britton
Fragaria vesca ssp. americana (Porter); Staudt
Fragaria vesca var. americana ; [GMBOT, 480]
F. v. var. bracteata (Heller) Davis
Wild Strawberry
Fragaria bracteata Heller
Fragaria helleri Holz
Fragaria vesca ssp. bracteata (Heller); Staudt
Fragaria vesca var. bracteata ; [FPN, 211]
F. v. var. crinita (Rydb.) Hichc.
Pacific Strawberry
Fragaria crinita Rydb.
Fragaria vesca var. crinita ; [FPN, 211]
Fragaria vesca f. leucocarpa ; [SK, 336]

fiFragaria vesca × viridis
Fragaria vesca × viridis ; [RK, 258]

fiFragaria viridis Duchesne
Karvamansikka Creamy Strawberry Backsmultron
Fragaria collina Ehrh.
Fragaria viridis, Bilder ur Nordens Flora (in Swedish) [RUNEBERG]
Fragaria viridis ; [RK, 258]; [SK, 337]

Foodplant for Ectoedemia arcuatella


fiFragaria moschata Weston
Ukkomansikka Parksmultron
Fragaria muricata Mill.; (nom. ill.)
Fragaria moschata auct.
?Fragaria elatior Ehrh.
Fragaria muricata ; [RK, 258]
Fragaria moschata ; [SK, 337]; [RKe, 59]

Foodplant for Ectoedemia arcuatella


fiFragaria × ananassa (Weston) Rozier
Puutarhamansikka Tarhamansikka Garden Strawberry Jordgubbe
Fragaria × ananassa (Weston); Loisel. & al.
Fragaria grandifolia Ehrh.; (nom. ill.)
Fragaria chiloensis × virginiana
Fragaria grandifolia ; [SK, 338]
Fragaria × ananassa ; [RK, 258]; [RKe, 59]

Foodplant for Acleris comariana, Acronicta alni, A. auricoma, A. rumicis, Agrotis (noctua) exclamationis, Arctia caja, Dysstroma truncata, Hydraecia (noctua) micacea, Malacosoma castrense, Saturnia pavonia


Fragaria ananassa × Potentilla palustris
Lipstick Strawberry
[x_ananassa_Potentilla_palustris-1.jpg] 1000x663 (~95Kb) USA: Wallingford, Seattle, King Co., WA, 20.6.2000 (cultivated), Photo © Markku Savela


Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Duchesne
Chileans Strawberry Coastal Strawberry Beach Strawberry
Fragaria chiloensis ; [FPN, 211]; [SK, 338 (note)]
[chiloensis-1U.jpg] identification uncertain 1000x665 (~160Kb) USA: Oregon Dunes (49°52'59N 124°09'16W ±1km), Lane Co. OR, 1.8.2001, Photo © Markku Savela [chiloensis-2U.jpg] identification uncertain 900x758 (~131Kb) USA: Horsefall Beach, Oregon Dunes, (43°27'09N 124°16'41W ±1km), Douglas Co. OR, 1.8.2001, Photo © Markku Savela [chiloensis-3U.jpg] identification uncertain 1000x671 (~163Kb) USA: Cape Blanco, (42°49'43N 124°33'45W ±1km), Curry Co. OR, 2.8.2001, Photo © Markku Savela

Fragaria chiloensis var. scouleri Hook.
Fragaria chiloensis ssp. chiloensis ; [BONAP]
F. c. ssp. lucida (Vilm.) Staudt
Fragaria chiloensis ssp. lucida ; [BONAP]
Fragaria chiloensis ssp. pacifica ; [BONAP]
Fragaria chiloensis ssp. sandwicensis ; [BONAP]
Fragaria chiloensis var. sandwicensis O.& I. Deg.; [BONAP]

fiFragaria virginiana Mill.
Virginianmansikka Scharlakanssmultron Virginia Strawberry Wild Strawberry
Fragaria virginiana ?Duchesne
Fragaria canadensis Michx.; (in part.)
Fragaria virginiana ; [SK, 338 (note)]; [GMBOT, 479]; [FPN, 211]
[virginiana-1.jpg] 600x866 (~108Kb) USA: near Table Mtn (47°18N 120°34W, Kittitas Co., WA, 19.7.1999, Photo © Markku Savela [virginiana-2.jpg] 1300x966 (~294Kb) USA: Cabin Mountain, (1408m), (47°14'15N 121°16'27W ~ ±0.5km), Kittitas Co., WA, 29.7.2006, Photo © Markku Savela


Fragaria australis (Rydb.); Rydb.
Fragaria canadensis Michx.
Fragaria virginiana var. australis Rydb.
Fragaria virginiana var. canadensis (Michx.); Farw.
Blueleaf Strawberry
Fragaria glauca (S. Wats.); Rydb.
Fragaria multicipita Fern.
Fragaria ovalis (Lehm.); Rydb.
Fragaria pauciflora Rydb.
Fragaria virginiana var. glauca Wats.
Fragaria virginiana var. ovalis (Lehm.); Davis
Fragaria terrae-novae Rydb.
Fragaria virginiana var. terrae-novae (Rydb.); Fern. & Wieg.
Fragaria virginiana var. glauca ; [FPN, 211]
Broadpetal Strawberry
Fragaria platypetala Rydb.
Fragaria platypetala var. sibbaldifolia (Rydb.); Jepson
Fragaria sibbaldifolia Rydb.
Fragaria suksdorfii Rydb.
Fragaria truncata Rydb.
Fragaria virginiana ssp. platypetala (Rydb.); Staudt
Fragaria virginiana var. platypetala ; [FPN, 211]
F. v. var. grayana (Vilm. ex Gay) ?Rydb.

Fragaria virginiana ssp. grayana (Vilm. ex Gay); Staudt
Fragaria grayana Vilm. ex Gay
Fragaria virginiana var. illinoensis Gray
?Fragaria virginiana var. illinoensis (Prince); Gray
?Fragaria illinoensis Prince
Fragaria virginiana var. illinoensis ; [GMBOT, 479]


21.5.2006 (5)

References:
[BONAP]
A Synonymized Checklist of the Vascular Flora of the United States, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands; A data base interface; BONAP U.S. Checklist - 1998; Provided by TAMU-BWG; Texas A & M Bioinformatics Working Group; Based on; Biota of North America Program
[DVF]
Den Virtuella floran; http://linnaeus.nrm.se/flora/welcome.html; Ett projekt vid Naturhistoriska riksmuseet (Stockholm, Sweden).; Even for non-Swedish speaker, the distribution maps on species are nice (map buttons "Norden" and "Norra halvklotet")
[FPN]
Hitchcock & Cronquist, 1998; Flora of the Pacific Northwest (11th ed.); ISBN 0-295-95273-3
[GFP1]
Hutchinson, 1964; The Genera of Flowering Plants; Dicotyledons; Volume 1
[GMBOT]
Robinson, Benjamin, Fernald, Lyndon, 1908; Gray's New Manual of Botany (7th edition); A Handbook of the Flowering Plants and Ferns of the Central and Northeastern United States and adjacent Canada; American Book Company
[Harri Arkkio]
Finland; For the time being these pictures are only for this site. Other usage not allowed.
[RK]
Hämet-Ahti, L., Suominen, J., Ulvinen, T. & Uotila, P. (eds), 1998; Retkeilykasvio (Field Flora of Finland); Ed. 4. 656 pp.; Finnish Museum of Natural History, Botanical Museum. Helsinki
[RKe]
Hämet-Ahti, L., Kurtto, A., Lampinen, R., Piirainen, M., Suominen, J., Ulvinen, T., Uotila, P., Väre, H., 2005; Lisäyksiä ja korjauksia Retkeilykasvion neljänteen painokseen; Lutukka 21: 41-85
[RUNEBERG]
Project Runeberg: Nordic literature online; Project Runeberg; Bilder ur Nordens Fauna (Carl Axel Magnus Lindman)
[SK]
Mela & Cajander, 1906; Suomen Kasvio; Viides painos


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.