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Cirsium Miller
Ohdakkeet Common Thistle Plumed Thistle
Cirsium, Biota of North America Program (query database) [BONAP]
Cirsium, Den Virtuella Floran [DVF]
Cirsium (Asteraceae) ; [GNSP]

Foodplants for Agonopterix arenella, A. propinquella, Autographa mandarina, Coleophora frischella, C. paripennella, C. peribenanderi, C. pratella, Eucharia festiva, Eupithecia centaureata, Ocnogyna loewii, Papaipema arctivorens, P. pertincta, P. sauzalitae, P. sauzalitae, Phlyctaenia perlucidalis, Phyciodes mylitta, P. orseis, P. pallida, Sitochroa verticalis, Spaelotis ravida, Tebenna bjerkandrella, Udea lutealis



[sp-1a.jpg] 1600x1119 (~222Kb) USA: Wilson Arch on road 191 (38°16'32N, 109°22'27W), San Juan Co., Utah, 15.8.2005, Photo © Markku Savela [sp-1x.jpg] 1000x1427 (~157Kb) USA: Wilson Arch on road 191 (38°16'32N, 109°22'27W), San Juan Co., Utah, 15.8.2005, Photo © Markku Savela

The exact identification of these species is still unknown, but tentatively assumed to belong into this group.



fiCirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten.
Piikkiohdake Spear Thistle Common Thistle Bull Thistle Vägtistel
Carduus lanceolatum L.
Cnicus lanceolatum (L.); Willd.
Cirsium lanceolatum (L.); Scop.
Cirsium lanceolatum (L.); Hill.
Cirsium lanceolatum, Bilder ur Nordens Flora (in Swedish) [RUNEBERG]
Cirsium lanceolatum ; [SK, 556]
Cirsium vulgare ; [RK, 439]; [FPN, 503]
[vulgare-1.jpg] 400x676 (~34Kb) FINLAND: Ka: Virolahti, 671:53, 10.8.1996, Photo © Markku Savela [vulgare-2.jpg] 400x588 (~24Kb) FINLAND: Ka: Virolahti, 671:53, 10.8.1996, Photo © Markku Savela [vulgare-3.jpg] 300x450 (~23Kb) FINLAND: Ka: Virolahti, 671:53, 10.8.1996, Photo © Markku Savela
[vulgare-4.jpg] 500x734 (~72Kb) USA: Near Puyallup (47°15'18N 122°13'45W), Pierce Co., WA, 16.7.1999, Photo © Markku Savela
Cirsium vulgare det. David Keil
[vulgare-5.jpg] 600x738 (~75Kb) USA: Near North Bend, (47°29'11N 121°43'53W), King Co., WA, 11.7.1999, Photo © Markku Savela
Cirsium vulgare det. David Keil

Foodplant for Acronicta rumicis, Aethes cnicana, Autographa gamma, Phycitodes binaevella, Vanessa cardui, Walshia miscecolorella

Foodplant as Cirsium lanceolatum for Cochylis dubitana



fiCirsium oleraceum (L.) Scop.
Keltaohdake Kaaliohdake Cabbage Thistle Kåltistel
Cirsium oleraceum, Bilder ur Nordens Flora (in Swedish) [RUNEBERG]
Cirsium oleraceum ; [RK, 439]; [SK, 555]
[oleraceum-1a.jpg] 612x816 (~56Kb) Russia, Novgorod, 9.7.2004, Photo © Harri Arkkio [oleraceum-1b.jpg] 1305x979 (~133Kb) Russia, Novgorod, 9.7.2004, Photo © Harri Arkkio [oleraceum-2.jpg] 1038x794 (~99Kb) Finland: Nokia, Pitkäniemi, 15.7.2006, Photo © Harri Arkkio

Foodplant for Aethes cnicana, A. rubigana, Phlyctaenia perlucidalis


Cirsium oleraceum f. amaranthina ; [SK, 555]

fiCirsium helenioides Hill
Huopaohdake Melancholy Thistle Brudborste Borsttistel
Cirsium heterophyllum (L.); Hill
Cirsium heterophyllum ; [SK, 556]
Cirsium helenioides ; [RK, 439]
[helenioides-1.jpg] 1305x979 (~196Kb) Finland, Mouhijärvi, Salmi, 4.7.2004, Photo © Harri Arkkio [helenioides-2.jpg] 783x1044 (~153Kb) Finland: Pirkkala, Hyrsinki, 27.6.2008, Photo © Harri Arkkio

Foodplant for Calyciphora albodactylus, Scrobipalpa acuminatella

Foodplant as Cirsium heterophyllum for Autographa gamma, Vanessa cardui


Cirsium heterophyllum var. laciniosum Norrl.
Cirsium heterophyllum var. laciniosum; [SK, ]

fiCirsium helenioides × palustre
Cirsium × wankelii Reichardt
Cirsium helenioides × palustre ; [RK, 439]

fiCirsium palustre (L.) Scop.
Suo-ohdake Marsh Thistle Kärrtistel
Cirsium palustre, Bilder ur Nordens Flora (in Swedish) [RUNEBERG]
Cirsium palustre ; [RK, 440]; [SK, 556]; [GMBOT, 859]
[palustre-1.jpg] 900x1350 (~112Kb) FINLAND, Ab: Suomusjärvi, 669:31, 2.7.2005, Photo © Markku Savela [palustre-1x.jpg] 900x1315 (~149Kb) FINLAND, Ab: Suomusjärvi, 669:31, 2.7.2005, Photo © Markku Savela [palustre-1y.jpg] 1000x765 (~80Kb) FINLAND, Ab: Suomusjärvi, 669:31, 2.7.2005, Photo © Markku Savela
[palustre-3.jpg] 600x860 (~59Kb) FINLAND: Ks: Kuusamo, Liikasenvaara, 736:61, 10.7.1997, Photo © Markku Savela
Cirsium palustre det. Tapio Lahtonen
[palustre-4.jpg] 959x756 (~116Kb) Finland: Nokia, Penttilä, 16.7.2006, Photo © Harri Arkkio

Foodplant for Autographa gamma, Scrobipalpa acuminatella, S. pauperella



fiCirsium arvense (L.) Scop.
Pelto-ohdake Creeping Thistle Canada Thistle Åkertistel
Carduus arvense (L.); Robson
Cnicus arvense (L.); Hoffm.
Cirsium arvense, Aquatic and Wetland Vascular Plants of the Northern Great Plains [USGS]
Cirsium arvense ; [RK, 440]; [SK, 556]; [GMBOT, 858]; [FPN, 503]

Foodplant for Acronicta euphorbiae, A. rumicis, Autographa gamma, Ceramica pisi, Coleophora follicularis, C. paripennella, C. peribenanderi, Cucullia lucifuga, Diacrisia sannio, Ectropis crepuscularia, Eupithecia absinthiata, E. subfuscata, Lacanobia contigua, L. oleracea, L. suasa, Lythria rotaria, Melanchra persicariae, Mniotype bathensis, Odontopera bidentata, Orthosia gracilis, Scrobipalpa acuminatella, Vanessa cardui

Cirsium arvense var. horridum Wimm. & Grab.
Cirsium arvense var. maritimum Fr.
Cirsium arvense var. horridum ; [SK, 557]; [FPN, 903]
Cirsium arvense var. arvense ; [FPN, 503]; [RK, 440]
fiC. a. var. mite (Wimm. & Grab.) Lange
Cirsium arvense var. mite ; [RK, 440]
Cirsium arvense var. argenteum ; [RK, 440]
fiC. a. var. vestitum Wimm. & Grab.
Cirsium arvense var. incanum (S. G. Gmel.); Ledeb.
Cirsium arvense var. vestitum ; [RK, 440]; [GMBOT, 858]
Cirsium arvense var. commune ; [SK, 557]
?Cirsium arvense f. integrifolium;
Cirsium arvense var. integrifolium ; [GMBOT, 858]
[integrifolium-1.jpg] 528x960 (~122Kb) Russia, Novgorod, 9.7.2004, Photo © Harri Arkkio


Cirsium esculentum (Siev.) Mey.
Cirsium acaule Scop.
Cirsium esculentum ; [Oleg Kosterin]

Foodplant as Cirsium acaule for Metzneria (metzneria) neuropterella

Cirsium esculentum var. caulescens; (with stem)
Cersium esculentum var. acaulis; (without stem)
[acaulis-1.jpg] 788x512 (~168Kb) A stony steppen southern sloppe on the Dzhazator River right bank in its upper flow, between the Chikty and Akbul River, 2000 m above sea level, Kosh-Agach District, Altai Republic, West Siberia, Russia. 19th July 1998, Photo © Oleg Kosterin


Cirsium canovirens (Rydb.) Petr.
Gray-green Thistle
Cirsium canovirens ; [FPN, 903]

Cirsium brevifolium Nutt.
Palouse Thistle
Cirsium brevifolium ; [FPN, 904]

Cirsium flodmanii (Rydb.) Arthur
Flodman's Thistle
Cirsium flodmanii ; [FPN, 904]

Cirsium canum (L.) Bieb.
Cirsium canum ; [GMBOT, 859]

Cirsium spinosissimum (Walt.) Scop.
Yellow Thistle
Carduus spinosissimum Walt.
Cnicus horridulus Pursh.
Cirsium spinosissimum ; [GMBOT, 857]

Cirsium pitcheri (Torr.) T. & G.
Cnicus pitcheri Torr.
Carduus pitcheri (Torr.); Porter
Cirsium Pitcheri ; [GMBOT, 857]

Cirsium undulatum (Nutt.) Spreng
Wavy-leaved Thistle
Carduus undulatum Nutt.
Cnicus undulatum (Nutt.); Gray
Cirsium undulatum ; [GMBOT, 857]; [FPN, 904]
Cirsium undulatum var. megacephalum ; [GMBOT, 857]

Cirsium subniveum Rydb.
Jackson's Hole Thistle
Cirsium subniveum ; [FPN, 904]

Cirsium utahense Petr.
Utah Thistle
Cirsium utahense ; [FPN, 904]

Cirsium tweedyi (Rydb.) Petr
Tweedy's Thistle
Cirsium tweedyi ; [FPN, 904]

Cirsium callilepis (Greene) Jeps.
Mountain Thistle
Cirsium callilepis ; [FPN, 904]
C. c. var. oregonense (Petr.) Howell
Cirsium callilepis var. oregonense ; [FPN, 904]

Cirsium longistylum Moore & Frankton
Long-styled Thistle
Cirsium longistylum ; [FPN, 905]

Cirsium magnificum (A. Nels.) Petr.
Showy Thistle
Cirsium magnificum ; [FPN, 905]

Cirsium scariosum Nutt.
Elk Thistle
Cirsium scariosum ; [FPN, 905]

Cirsium brevistylum Cronq.
Short-styled Thistle
Cirsium brevistylum ; [FPN, 905]
[brevistylum-1.jpg] 900x1382 (~169Kb) USA: West Fork of Miller River (~ 47.6°N 121.4°W), King Co., WA, 24.7.2005, Photo © Markku Savela
Cirsium brevistylum det. Stewart Wechsler


Cirsium hallii (Gray) Jones
Hall's Thistle
Cirsium hallii ; [FPN, 905]

Cirsium edule Nutt.
Indian Thistle Edible Thistle
Cirsium edule ; [FPN, 905]
[edule-1.jpg] 600x824 (~81Kb) USA: Near Crystal Mtn, (46°57'27N 121°28'30W), Pierce Co., WA, 20.7.1999, Photo © Markku Savela
Cirsium edule det. David Keil
[edule-2.jpg] 600x880 (~90Kb) USA: Corral Pass region (47°00'15N 121°29'02W ±1km), Pierce Co., WA, 18.7.2000, Photo © Markku Savela
Cirsium edule det. David Keil
Cirsium brevistylum? det. Stewart Wechsler
[edule-2x.jpg] 700x873 (~92Kb) USA: Corral Pass region (47°00'15N 121°29'02W ±1km), Pierce Co., WA, 18.7.2000, Photo © Markku Savela
Cirsium edule det. David Keil
Cirsium brevistylum? det. Stewart Wechsler
[edule-3.jpg] 900x621 (~173Kb) USA: Cape Blanco, (42°49'57N 124°32'50W ±0.5km), Curry Co. OR, 2.8.2001, Photo © Markku Savela
Cirsium edule det. David Keil
[edule-3x.jpg] 600x939 (~87Kb) USA: Cape Blanco, (42°49'57N 124°32'50W ±0.5km), Curry Co. OR, 2.8.2001, Photo © Markku Savela
Cirsium edule det. David Keil
[edule-3y.jpg] 700x986 (~83Kb) USA: Cape Blanco, (42°49'57N 124°32'50W ±0.5km), Curry Co. OR, 2.8.2001, Photo © Markku Savela
Cirsium edule det. David Keil
[edule-4.jpg] 1000x645 (~142Kb) USA: Cape Blanco, (42°49'43N 124°33'45W ±1km), Curry Co. OR, 2.8.2001, Photo © Markku Savela
Cirsium edule det. David Keil
[edule-5.jpg] 1000x662 (~148Kb) USA: Cape Blanco, (42°49'43N 124°33'45W ±1km), Curry Co. OR, 2.8.2001, Photo © Markku Savela
Cirsium edule det. David Keil
[edule-6.jpg] 600x923 (~122Kb) USA: Cape Blanco, (42°49'43N 124°33'45W ±1km), Curry Co. OR, 2.8.2001, Photo © Markku Savela
Cirsium edule det. David Keil


Cirsium remotifolium (Hook.) DC.
Weak Thistle
Cirsium remotifolium ; [FPN, 905]

Cirsium hookerianum Nutt.
Hooker's Thistle White Thistle
Cirsium hookerianum ; [FPN, 905]

Cirsium canescens Nutt.
Cirsium canescens ; [GMBOT, 857]

Cirsium discolor (Muhl.) Spreng.
Carduus discolor (Muhl.); Nutt
Cnicus altissiumus var. discolor (Muhl.); Gray
Cirsium discolor ; [GMBOT, 857]

Cirsium altissimum (L.) Spreng.
Carduus altissimum L.
Cnicus altissimum (L.); Willd.
Cirsium altissimum ; [GMBOT, 858]

Foodplant for Calephelis muticum


Cirsium iowense (Pammel) Fernald
Cirsium iowense ; [GMBOT, 858]

Cirsium virginianum (L.) Michx.
Carduus virginianum L.
Cnicus virginianum (L.); Pursh.
Cirsium virginianum ; [GMBOT, 858]

Cirsium muticum Michx.
Swamp Thistle
Carduus muticum (Michx.); Pers.
Cnicus muticum (Michx.); Pursh.
Cirsium muticum ; [GMBOT, 858]

Foodplant for Calephelis muticum

C. m. var. subpinnatifidum (Britton) Fernald
Cirsium muticum var. subpinnatifidum ; [GMBOT, 858]

Cirsium pumilum (Nutt.) Spreng
Pasture Thistle Bull Thistle
Cnicus odoratus Muhl.; (nom. nud.)
Carduus odoratus Porter
Carduus pumilum ; [GMBOT, 858]

Cirsium hillii (Canby) Fernald
Cnicus hillii Canby
Carduus hillii (Canbu); Porter
Carduus Hillii ; [GMBOT, 858]

Cirsium scopulorum (Greene) Cockerell ex Daniels
Cirsium eriocephalum Gray
Cirsium hesperium (Eeastw.); Petr
[scopulorum-1U.jpg] identification uncertain 1200x1659 (~474Kb) USA: Colorado, Clear Creek Co., Mt. Evans, 23.7.2012 (roadside), Photo © Markku Savela


26.1.2013 (34)

References:
[BONAP]
A Synonymized Checklist of the Vascular Flora of the United States, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands; A data base interface; BONAP U.S. Checklist - 1998; Provided by TAMU-BWG; Texas A & M Bioinformatics Working Group; Based on; Biota of North America Program
[DVF]
Den Virtuella floran; http://linnaeus.nrm.se/flora/welcome.html; Ett projekt vid Naturhistoriska riksmuseet (Stockholm, Sweden).; Even for non-Swedish speaker, the distribution maps on species are nice (map buttons "Norden" and "Norra halvklotet")
[David Keil]
Dr. David J. Keil, Professor; Biological Sciences Department; California Polytechnic State University; San Luis Obispo, CA 93407; (805) 756-2043; FAX (805) 756-1419
[FPN]
Hitchcock & Cronquist, 1998; Flora of the Pacific Northwest (11th ed.); ISBN 0-295-95273-3
[GMBOT]
Robinson, Benjamin, Fernald, Lyndon, 1908; Gray's New Manual of Botany (7th edition); A Handbook of the Flowering Plants and Ferns of the Central and Northeastern United States and adjacent Canada; American Book Company
[GNSP]
Wielgorskaya, 1995; Dictionary of generic names of seed plants
[Harri Arkkio]
Finland; For the time being these pictures are only for this site. Other usage not allowed.
[Oleg Kosterin]
Institue of Cytology & Genetics; Siberian Division of Russian Academy of Sciences; Novosibirsk; e-mail: Oleg Kosterin; http://pisum.bionet.nsc.ru/kosterin/
[RK]
Hämet-Ahti, L., Suominen, J., Ulvinen, T. & Uotila, P. (eds), 1998; Retkeilykasvio (Field Flora of Finland); Ed. 4. 656 pp.; Finnish Museum of Natural History, Botanical Museum. Helsinki
[RUNEBERG]
Project Runeberg: Nordic literature online; Project Runeberg; Bilder ur Nordens Fauna (Carl Axel Magnus Lindman)
[SK]
Mela & Cajander, 1906; Suomen Kasvio; Viides painos
[Stewart Wechsler]
Ecological Consulting; West Seattle; 206 932-7225; e-mail: Stewart Wechsler
[USGS]
Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center; http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/index.htm


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.