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Synanthedon Hübner, [1819]
Synanthedon Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (9): 129, TS: Sphinx oestriformis Rottemburg
Conopia Hübner, [1819]
Austrosetia R. Felder, 1874
Teinotarsina R. Felder, 1874
Pyrrhotaenia Grote, 1875
= ; [NACL, 29]
Ichneumenoptera Hampson, [1893]
= ; [NACL, 29]
Vespamina Beutenmüller, 1894
Sanninoidea Beutenmüller, 1896
Thamnosphecia Spuler, 1910
Scasiba Matsumura, 1931; (spell.?)
?Scabisa Matsumura, 1931; (spell.?)
= ; [NACL, 29]
Ramosia Engelhardt, 1946
Sylvora Engelhardt, 1946; Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus. 190 : 6 (key), 77, TS: Trochlium acerni Clemens
Tipulia Králícek & Povolný, 1977
= ; [NACL, 29]
Canopia ; Wileman & South, 1918, (missp.)
Synathedon ; Wolfsberger, 1961, (missp.)
Synanthedon (Synanthedonini) ; [NACL, 29]
Synanthedon ; de Freina, 1997, [BSW4, 62]

fiSynanthedon scoliaeformis (Borkhausen, 1789)
EU, Russia, Siberia - Amur. See [About maps] Koivun lasisiipi Dolkstekellik glasvinge Welsh Clearwing Großer Birkenaltholz-Glasflügler Birkenglasflügler Gelbberingter Birken-Glasflügler Dolchwespen-Glasflügler
Sphinx scoliaeformis Borkhausen, 1789; Naturges. Eur. Schmett., 2: 173, TL: Germany, Stettin
Sesia thynniformis Laspeyres, 1801
= Synanthedon culiciformis ; [NACL, #2561]
Sesia emphytiformis Herrich-Schäffer, 1846
Sesia scoliiformis Staudinger, 1856
Sesia deserta Staudinger, 1887
Synanthedon danieli Capuse, 1973
Synanthedon scoliaeformis, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Synanthedon scoliaeformis, Norges Sommerfugler [NORLEP]
Synanthedon scoliaeformis, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Synanthedon scoliaeformis, Sesiidae of Belgium [Bart Vanholder]
Synanthedon scoliaeformis ; de Freina, 1997, [BSW4, 63]
[scoliaeformis.jpg] 700x580 (~70Kb) FINLAND: EH: Koski Hl, 676:40, 18.6.1989, Photo © Kimmo Silvonen

Larva on Betula, B. verrucosa, B. pubescens [SPRK], B. pendula [BSW4]

Parasites Coccygomimus turionellae, Lissanota impressor, Proscus cephalotes, Leskia aurea [BSW4]


S. s. japonicum Spatenka & Arita, 1992
Japan (Honshu)

fiSynanthedon mesiaeformis (Herrich-Schäffer, [1846])
EU, Asia Minor. See [About maps] Kaakon lasisiipi Blattwespen-Glasflügler
Sesia mesiaeformis Herrich-Schäffer, [1846]; Syst. Bearb. Schmett. Europ. 2 (17): 74, TL: S. Russia
Sesia mesiiformis Staudinger, 1856; (emendation)
Synanthedon mesiaeformis ; de Freina, 1997, [BSW4, 66]

Larva on Alnus glutinosa [SPRK] [BSW4]

Parasites Macrocentrus marginator, Proscus cephalotes [BSW4]


fiSynanthedon spheciformis ([Schiffermüller], 1775)
EU - Siberia - Kamtschatka. See [About maps] Lepän lasisiipi White-barred Clearwing Sésie des aunes Sphéciforme Sésie ichneumon Rovstekellik glasvinge Erelnglasschwärmer Erlenglasflügler
Sphinx spheciformis [Schiffermüller], 1775; Ankündung eines systematischen Werkes von den Schmetterlingen der Wienergegend: 306, TL: Germany, Frankfurt am Main
Sphinx sphegiformis Fabricius, 1787; (emendation)
Sphinx ichneumoniformis Borkhausen, 1789; (nec Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)
Synanthedon spheciformis ab. triannulata Pazsiczky, 1941
Synanthedon spheciformis, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Synanthedon spheciformis, Norges Sommerfugler [NORLEP]
Synanthedon spheciformis, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Synanthedon spheciformis, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
Synanthedon spheciformis, Sesiidae of Belgium [Bart Vanholder]
Synanthedon spheciformis ; de Freina, 1997, [BSW4, 67]
[spheciformis-1.jpg] 500x519 (~32Kb) FINLAND: Orivesi, 1994, Photo © Juha Salokannel

Larva on Alnus, A. glutinosa, A. incana, Betula sp., B. pubescens [SPRK], Alnus viridis, Salix spp., (Kamchatka) [BSW4]

Parasites Cryptus ruficoxis, Liotryphon punctulatus, Lissonota basalis, L. fundator, L. impressor, L. nigra, L. pimplator, Ichneumon lugens, Pimpla viduatta, P. cicartricosa, P. roborator, Ephialtes manifestator, Ephialtes tuberculatus, Acaenites arator, Echthrus annulatus, Cratocryptus leucopsis, Lampronota bilineata, L. impressor, Perosis annulata, Macrocentrus marginator, M. nitidulator [BSW4]



Synanthedon stomoxiformis (Hübner, 1790)
-. See [About maps] Kreuzdorn-Glasflügler Faulbaum-Glasflügler Mispelhain-Glasflügler Mispelstamm-Glassschwärmer
Sphinx stomoxiformis Hübner, 1790; Beitr. Ges. Schmett. 2 (4): 93, TL: Germany, Bavaria, Friedberg
Synanthedon stomoxiformis, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Iberian Peninsula, S.France, N.Italy, S.Germany, Switzerland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Austria, Hungary, Balkans, S.Russia, Poland, Lithuania, Caucasus Sesia stomoxyformis Schrank, 1801; (emendation)
Synanthedon stomoxiformis stomoxiformis ; de Freina, 1997, [BSW4, 69]

Larva on Frangula alnus, Rhamnus catharticus, Mespilus germanica?, Prunus?, Euonymus europaea?, Cornus sanguinea? [BSW4]

S. s. amasina (Staudinger, 1856)
Asia Minor, Caucasus, N.Iran Sesia stomoxiformis v. amasina Staudinger, 1856; Stettin ent. Ztg 17 (7-8): 209, TL: Turkey, Amasia
Synanthedon amasina ;
Synanthedon stomoxiformis amasina ; de Freina, 1997, [BSW4, 71]

Larva on (in addition those of nominate ssp.) Mespilus germanica, Juglans regia, Quercus spp. [BSW4]

S. s. levantina de Freina & Lingenhöle, 2000
Synanthedon stomoxiformis levantina de Freina & Lingenhöle, 2000; Mitt. münch. ent. Ges. 90: (75-84)

fiSynanthedon culiciformis (Linnaeus, 1758)
Holarctic. See [About maps] Vesalasisiipi Large Red-belted Clearwing Mygglik glasvinge Kleiner Birkenglasschwärmer Birkenglasflügler Sésie culiciformis Grand culiciforme
Sphinx culiciformis Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 493
Sphinx culex Retzius, 1783; (emendation)
Sesia culiciformis v. americana Beutenmüller, 1896
Aegeria lutescens Mosley, 1896
Synanthedon culiciformis ab. biannulata Bartel, 1902; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 2 : 387
culiciformis ab. flavocingulata (Spuler, 1910)
culiciformis ab. triannulata (Spuler, 1910)
Synanthedon culiciformis v. biannulata Dalla Torre & Strand, 1925
Synanthedon culiciformis v. flavocingulata Dalla Torre & Strand, 1925
Synanthedon culiciformis v. triannulata Dalla Torre & Strand, 1925
Synanthedon albocingulata ab. albocingulata Cockayne, 1955
Synanthedon culiciformis, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synanthedon culiciformis, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Synanthedon culiciformis, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Synanthedon culiciformis, Norges Sommerfugler [NORLEP]
Synanthedon culiciformis, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
Synanthedon culiciformis, Sesiidae of Belgium [Bart Vanholder]
Synanthedon culiciformis ; [NACL, #2561]; de Freina, 1997, [BSW4, 72]

Larva on Betula [SPRK], B. pendula, B. pubescens, less Alnus [BSW4]

Parasites Liotryphon punctulatus, Lissanota pimplator, Macrocentrus marginator, Ephialtes tuberculatus, Netelia testacea [BSW4]


fiSynanthedon formicaeformis (Esper, 1783)
EU, Asia Minor - Caucasus, Transcaucasus. See [About maps] Pajun lasisiipi Pajulasisiipi Red-tipped Clearwing Myrlik glasvinge Weidenglasschwärmer Weidenglasflügler Uferweiden-Glassflügler Kleiner Weidenglasflügler Ameisen-Glasflügler
Sphinx formicaeformis Esper, 1783; Die. Schmett., Th. II (7): 216, pl. 32, f. 2-3, TL: Germany, Frankfurt am Main
Sphinx tentrediniformis Esper, 1782; Die. Schmett., Th. II (6): 211, pl. 30, f. 2
Sphinx flammeus Haworth, 1803; (nom. nud.)
Sphinx nomadaeformis Hübner, [1806]; (nec Laspeyres, 1801)
Sesia formiciformis Staudinger, 1856; (emendation)
Synanthedon culiciformis f. duplex Schnaider, 1942
Sesia culiciformia ab. uniformis Marquardt, 1959
Synanthedon formicaeformis, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Synanthedon formicaeformis, Norges Sommerfugler [NORLEP]
Synanthedon formicaeformis, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Synanthedon formicaeformis, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
Synanthedon formicaeformis, Sesiidae of Belgium [Bart Vanholder]
Synanthedon formicaeformis ; de Freina, 1997, [BSW4, 74]
[formicaeformis-1.jpg] 1018x613 (~110Kb) Russia, Moscow area (36°25'E, 56°00'N), 1.6.2009, Photo © D. Smirnov

Larva on Salix, S. caprea, S. aurita, S. phylicifolia [SPRK]

Larva on Salix viminalis, S. alba, S. triandra, Salix rubra, S. cinerea, S. purpurea, S. daphnoides, S. aurita, S. caprea, S. repens, S. phylicifolia [BSW4]

Parasites Cryptus prunatus, Ophtion luteus, O. obscurus, Netelia testacea, Pimpla detrita, P. roboratur, P. cicatricosa, Lissonota basalis, L. impressor, Macrocentrus interstitialis, M. marginator, Phylax calcarator, Entedon albipes, Tridymus salicis, Ephialtes continuus, E. tuberculatus, Acaenites arator, Meniscus pimplator, Echthrus annulatus, Proxus sesiae, Gambrus ornatus, Hemteles ornata, Perosis annulata, Lampronota bilineata, L. impressor, Anilastus longicornis, Elachistus leucogrammus [BSW4]



fiSynanthedon polaris (Staudinger, 1877)
NEU, N.Siberia, Alps. See [About maps] Pohjan lasisiipi Högnordisk glasvinge Hochgebirgs-Weidenglasflügler Nordischer Glasflügler
Sesia polaris Staudinger, 1877; Stett. Ent. Ztg. 38 : 175, TL: Finland, Kuusamo
Sesia aurivillii Lampa, 1883
Sesia rufibasalis Bartel, 1906
Synanthedon polaris, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Synanthedon polaris, Norges Sommerfugler [NORLEP]
Synanthedon polaris ; de Freina, 1997, [BSW4, 76]

Larva on Salix lapponum, S. lanata, S. hastata [SPRK]


fiSynanthedon flaviventris (Staudinger, 1883)
CEU, NEU, S.Siberia, Baikal, Irkutsk, Chaborowsk, Ussuri. See [About maps] Äkämälasisiipi Krypvideglasvinge Sallow clearwing Gelbauchiger Weiden-Glassflügler Weidengallen-Glasflügler
Sesia flaviventris Staudinger, 1883; Stettin Ent. Ztg 44 (4-6) : 177, TL: Germany, Meclenburg, Friedland
Synanthedon flaviventris ab. fulva Turner, 1928
Synanthedon flaviventris, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Synanthedon flaviventris, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Synanthedon flaviventris, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
Synanthedon flaviventris ; de Freina, 1997, [BSW4, 78]
[flaviventris.jpg] 800x753 (~86Kb) FINLAND: U: Espoo Pisa, 667:37, ex.l 3.1991, Photo 13.4.1991 © Kimmo Silvonen

Larva on Salix [SPRK]

Larva on Salix aurita, S. caprea, S. repens, S. cinerea, less S. alba, less S. fragilis, less S. daphnoides, less S. rosmarinifolia [BSW4]

Parasites Dolichomitus messor, Lissonota freyi, L. pimplator, Scambus detritus, S.endromopoda, Alloplasta breviventris, Cremastus crassicornis, Macrocentrus marginator, Bracon mediator, Apanteles spp. [BSW4]



Synanthedon andrenaeformis (Laspeyres, 1801)
CEU - SEEU, Asia Minor - C.Russia. See [About maps] Orange-tailed Clearwing Schneeballglasflügler Schneeballstrauchsteppen-Glasflügler Sandbienen-Glasflügler
Sesia andrenaeformis Laspeyres, 1801; Sesiae Eur.: 20, TL: Hungary, Ofen
Sphinx anthraciniformis Esper, 1800; Die. Schmett., Th. II (Suppl.) Abs. 2 (8-9): 29 (ICZN 1287)
Sphinx anthraciformis[sic] Esper, 1800; Die. Schmett., Th. II (Suppl.) Abs. 2 (8-9): pl. 44, f. 1-2
Trochilium allantiformis Newman, 1832
Sesia monedulaeformis Boisduval, 1840; (nom. nud.)
Sesia oxibeliformis Boisduval, 1840; (nom. nud.)
Trochilium andraeniformis Westwood, 1843; (emendation)
Sesia andreniformis Staudinger, 1861; (emendation)
Synanthedon andrenaeformis ab. monedulaeformis Bartel, 1902
Synanthedon andrenaeformis, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Synanthedon andrenaeformis, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
Synanthedon andrenaeformis, Sesiidae of Belgium [Bart Vanholder]
Synanthedon andrenaeformis ; Gorbunov, 1991, Atalanta 22 (2/4): 126 (note)
Synanthedon andrenaeforme ; Gorbunov, Buda, Mozuraitis & Miatleuski, 1994, Atalanta 25 (1/2): 308 (note), pl. XIIIb, f. 2
Synanthedon andrenaeformis ; de Freina, 1997, [BSW4, 81]

Larva on Viburnum lantana, less V. opulus, Sambucus ebulus? [BSW4]

Parasites Ephialtes, Platylabops pulchellatus [BSW4]


Synanthedon cerskisi Gorbunov, 1994
Synanthedon cerskisi Gorbunov, 1994; Atalanta 25 (1/2): 307, f. 1-4, pl. XIIIb, f. 1, TL: Russia, Far East, Maritime Prov, Khasan, Gusevski Rudnik

Synanthedon ulmicolum Yang & Wang, 1989
Synanthedon ulmicolum ; Gorbunov, Buda, Mozuraitis & Miatleuski, 1994, Atalanta 25 (1/2): 308 (note), pl. XIIIb, f. 3

Synanthedon tosevskii Spatenka, 1987
Synanthedon tosevskii ; Gorbunov, Buda, Mozuraitis & Miatleuski, 1994, Atalanta 25 (1/2): 308 (note), pl. XIIIb, f. 4

Synanthedon perigordensis Garrevoet & Vanholder, 1996
SW.France. See [About maps] Dordogne-Sandbienenglasflügler
Synanthedon perigordensis Garrevoet & Vanholder, 1996; Phegea 24 (4): 141, TL: France, Dordogne, Plaisance/Issigeac
Synanthedon perigordensis ; de Freina, 1997, [BSW4, 83]

Synanthedon spatenkai Gorbunov, 1991
Synanthedon spatenkai Gorbunov, 1991; Atalanta 22 (2/4): 125, f. 1-4, pl. XXII, f. 1, TL: Transcaucasus, Georgia, Meskhetian Mt. Range, ~6km S Abastumani, 41°42'N, 42°50'E

Synanthedon soffneri Spatenka, 1983
S.Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Bohemia, S.Russia, Altai. See [About maps] Soffners Geißblatt-Glasschwärmer Geißblattglassflügler Heckenkirschen-Glasflügler
Synanthedon soffneri Spatenka, 1983; Acta ent. hohemoslov. 80: 297, TL: Czech Republic, S. Bohemia, near Volary, Dobrá na Sumavé
Synanthedon soffneri, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Synanthedon soffneri ; Gorbunov, 1991, Atalanta 22 (2/4): 126 (note), pl. XXII, f. 4; de Freina, 1997, [BSW4, 85]

Larva on Lonicera spp., Lonicera nigra, L. xylosteum, L. tatarica [BSW4]


Synanthedon uralensis (Bartel, 1906)
S.Russia - Uralsk - Kazakhstan - Mongolia. See [About maps] Sesia uralensis Bartel, 1906; Soc. Ent. 20 (22) : 169, TL: W.Kazakhstan, Uralsk
Synanthedon uralensis ; de Freina, 1997, [BSW4, 86]

Larva on Artemisia spp.? [BSW4]


Synanthedon myopaeformis (Borkhausen, 1789)
SEU, CEU, S.Sweden, Denmark, Turkey, Egypt, Caucasus. See [About maps] Omenalasisiipi Äppleglasvinge Red-belted Clearwing Small Red-belted Clearwing Apple clearwing Apple Borer Sésie du pommier Petit culiciforme Sesia del manzano Obsthain-Glasflügler Apfelstamm-Glasschwärmer Apfelbaum-Glasflügler
Sphinx myopaeformis Borkhausen, 1789; Naturges. Eur. Schmett., 2: 169
Sphinx zonatus Donovan, 1797
Sesia mutillaeformis Laspeyres, 1801
Sesia luctuosa Lederer, 1853
Sesia myopiformis Staudinger, 1856; (emendation)
Sesia elegans Lederer, 1861
myopaeformis v. graeca (Staudiner, 1870)
myopaeformis ab. bicingulata (Rebel, 1910)
Synanthedon flavoannellata Popescu-Gorj & Draghia, 1967
Synanthedon myopaeformis, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Synanthedon myopaeformis, Norges Sommerfugler [NORLEP]
Synanthedon myopaeformis, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Synanthedon myopaeformis, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
Synanthedon myopaeformis, Sesiidae of Belgium [Bart Vanholder]
Synanthedon myopaeformis ; Gorbunov, 1991, Atalanta 22 (2/4): 128 (note), pl. XXII, f. 3; de Freina, 1997, [BSW4, 87]

Larva on Malus sylvestris, Pyrus communis, Prunus domestica, P. padus, Crataegus, Sorbus aucuparia, S. aria, Sorbus mouegeotii, Syringa vulgaris, Hippophae rhamnoides, Alnus, Betula, Mespilus germanica [BSW4]


Synanthedon armeniacum Gorbunov, 1991
Synanthedon armeniacum Gorbunov, 1991; Atalanta 22 (2/4): 128, f. 5, pl. XXII, f. 2, TL: Armenia, Khosrov Nature Reserve, 39°58'N, 44°53'E

Larva on Malus communis Gorbunov, 1991, Atalanta 22 (2/4): 129


Synanthedon typhiaeformis (Borkhausen, 1789)
-. See [About maps] Grabwespen-Glasflügler
Sphinx typhiaeformis Borkhausen, 1789; Naturges. Eur. Schmett., 2: 174
SE.France, Corsica, Italian Peninsula Sphinx tiphiaeformis Hübner, [1806]; (emendation)
Sesia tiphiiformis Staudinger, 1856; (emendation)
Synanthedon typhiaeformis ; de Freina, 1997, [BSW4, 89]

Larva on Malus, Pyrus, Eriobotrya japonica [BSW4]

S. t. cruentata (Mann, 1859)
Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta Sesia cruentata Mann, 1859; Wien. Ent. Mon. 3 (3): 91, TL: Sicily, Palermo, Palla-gutta-Valley
Synanthedon typhiaeformis cruentata ; de Freina, 1997, [BSW4, 90]

Larva on Malus, Pyrus [BSW4]


Synanthedon melliniformis (Laspeyres, 1801)
S.France, Piemont, Italian Peninsula, E.Austria, S.Slovakia, Hungary, Serbia, Bosnia-Hercegovina. See [About maps] Pappel-Grabwespenglasflügler
Sesia melliniformis Laspeyres, 1801; Sesiae Eur.: 19, TL: S.France
Setia[sic!] dioctriaeformis Meigen, 1830
Synanthedon mimus Le Cerf, 1922; in Oberthür, Étud. Lépid. Comp. 19 (2) : 17, pl. 539, f. 4524, TL: Italy, Colline di Macerata
Aegeria danubica Králícek, 1975
Synanthedon croaticus Kránjcev, 1979
Synanthedon melliniformis ; de Freina, 1997, [BSW4, 92]

Larva on Salix alba, Populus nigra, P. alba [BSW4]


Synanthedon martjanovi Sheljuzhko, 1918
S.Russia, S.Siberia, Baikal - Promorskie, Japan. See [About maps] Martjanovs Espenglasflügler
Synanthedon martjanovi Sheljuzhko, 1918; Neue Beitr. syst. Insektenkunde 1: 104, TL: Russia, Minussinsk
Synanthedon martjanovi ; de Freina, 1997, [BSW4, 93]

Larva on Populus tremula, Populus davidiana? [BSW4]


Synanthedon codeti (Oberthür, 1881)
Morocco - Algeria, Tunisia, Spain, Portugal, S.France, Sardinia. See [About maps] Codets Glasflügler
Sesia codeti Oberthür, 1881; Étud. Ént. 6: 67, TL: Algeria, Oran, Sebdou
Sesia puigi Oberthür, 1881
Sesia pingi Staudinger & Rebel, 1901
Synanthedon codeti ssp. inversa Le Cerf, 1916
Synanthedon codeti ssp. kabylaria Le Cerf, 1916
Synanthedon codeti ab. atavus Le Cerf, 1920
Synanthedon codeti v. maroccana Le Cerf, 1920
Synanthedon codeti v. almohades Le Cerf, 1920
Synanthedon ferdinandi Rungs, 1972
Synanthedon codeti ; de Freina, 1997, [BSW4, 94]

Larva on Quercus, Castanea sativa, Juglans regia, Corylus avellana, Fagus sylvatica, Platanus orientalis, Malus, Prunus, Carya pecan, C. olivaeformis


Synanthedon theryi Le Cerf, 1916
Morocco, Algeria, Spain. See [About maps] Therys Tamarisken-Glasflügler
Synanthedon theryi Le Cerf, 1916; in Oberthür, Étud. Lépid. Comp. 11: 16, TL: Algeria, near Algiers, Boufarik
Aegeria pistarcha Meyrick, 1931
Synanthedon theryi ; de Freina, 1997, [BSW4, 96]

Larva on Tamarix africana, T. gallica, Tamarix boveana [BSW4]


Synanthedon vespiformis (Linnaeus, 1761)
CEU, SEU, Asia Minor, Syria, Lebanon, Russia, Caucasus. See [About maps] Yellow-legged Clearwing Getinglik glasvinge Großer Eichenglasschwärmer Kleiner Eichenhain-Glasflügler Grande sésie du chéne Vespiforme Asiliforme
Sphinx vespiformis Linnaeus, 1761; Fauna Suecica (Edn 2): 289
Sphinx asiliformis Rottemburg, 1775
Sphinx oestriformis Rottemburg, 1775
Sphinx cynipiformis Esper, 1783; Die. Schmett., Th. II (7): 214, (6): pl. 31, f. 3-4
Sphinx chrysorrhoea Donovan, 1795
Trochilium vespiformis ab. rufimarginata Spuler, 1910
Synanthedon vespiformis ab. hadjina Le Cerf, 1920
Synanthedon vespiformis ab. polycincta Le Cerf, 1922; in Oberthür, Étud. Lépid. Comp. 19 (2) : 19, pl. 539, f. 4525, TL: Espagne méridionale, Grenade
Synanthedon vespiformis v. rufimarginata Dalla Torre & Strand, 1925
Synanthedon vespiformis v. polycincta Dalla Torre & Strand, 1925
Synanthedon vespiformis f. quadriannulata Schnaider, 1942
Synanthedon vespiformis f. quadriannulata-rufimarginata Schnaider, 1942
Synanthedon vespiformis, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Synanthedon vespiformis, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Synanthedon vespiformis, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
Synanthedon vespiformis, Sesiidae of Belgium [Bart Vanholder]

Larva on Quercus, Populus, Fagus sylvatica, Aesculus, Juglans regia, Salix, Ulmus glabra, Betula spp., Castanea sativa, Malus, Prunus, Cerasus, Abies alba, Juniperus communis, Tamarix gallica, Loranthus europaeus, (on Quercus) [BSW4]

Parasites Lampronota bilineata, Syceustus irisorius, Myobia aurea [BSW4]


Synanthedon velox (Fixsen, 1887)
Korea. See [About maps] Sesia velox Fixsen, 1887; in Romanoff, Mém. Lépid. 3 : 323, pl. 15, f. 5, TL: Korea
Conopia velox ; [NHM]

Subgenus Tipulia Králícek & Povolný, 1977
Tipulia Králícek & Povolný, 1977; , TS: Sphinx tipuliformis

Synanthedon conopiformis (Esper, 1782)
Dale's Oak Clearwing Sésie du chéne Dickkopffliegen-Glasflügler Großer Eichenhochwald-Glasflügler Kleinen Eichen-Glasflügler
Sphinx conopiformis Esper, 1782; Die. Schmett., Th. II (7): 213, (6): pl. 31, f. 1-2, TL: Austria, near Vienna
Sphinx syrphiformis Hübner, 1796
Sesia nomadaeformis Laspeyres, 1801
Synanthedon conopiformis ab. lucasi Le Cerf, 1922; in Oberthür, Étud. Lépid. Comp. 19 (2) : 19, pl. 540, f. 4542, TL: Vendée, Bourg-sous-la-Roche
Synanthedon conopiformis v. lucasi Dalla Torre & Strand, 1925
Synanthedon conopiformis, Sesiidae of Belgium [Bart Vanholder]
Synanthedon conopiformis ; de Freina, 1997, [BSW4, 100]

Larva on Quercus robur, Quercus petraea, Q. rubra [BSW4]


fiSynanthedon tipuliformis (Clerck, 1759)
EU - Siberia, AU (introduced), NA (introduced). See [About maps] Herukan lasisiipi Herukkalasisiipi Vinbärsglasvinge Currant Clearwing Currant Borer Currant Borer Moth Currant Clearwing Moth Currant and Gooseberry borer Sesia del grosselloro Sésie du groseillier Petit culiciforme Johannisbeerglasflügler
Sphinx tipuliformis Clerck, 1759; Icon. Ins. rariorum : pl. 9, f. 1
Phalaena (Sphinx) salmachus Linnaeus, 1758; (ICZN 1288)
Sphinx tipula Retzius, 1783; (ememdation)
Sphinx ophioniformis Hübner, [1813]
salmachus Linnaeus, 1758
Synanthedon tipuliformis, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synanthedon tipuliformis, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Synanthedon tipuliformis, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Synanthedon tipuliformis, Norges Sommerfugler [NORLEP]
Synanthedon tipuliformis, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Synanthedon tipuliformis, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
Synanthedon tipuliformis, Sesiidae of Belgium [Bart Vanholder]
Synanthedon tipuliformis ; de Freina, 1997, [BSW4, 102]
[tipuliformis-1.jpg] 500x420 (~17Kb) FINLAND: Tampere, Leinola, 1994, Photo © Juha Salokannel [tipuliformis-mf.jpg] 600x443 (~39Kb) male female FINLAND: EK: Kotka 668:51, 5.7.1993, Photo © Kimmo Silvonen [tipuliformis.jpg] 500x346 (~23Kb) FINLAND: Ka: Virolahti, 8.7.1969, Markku Savela leg.

Larva on Ribes, R. rubrum, R. nigrum, R. uva-crispa [SPRK], R. alpinum, R. aureum, R. grossularia [BSW4]

Parasites Liotryphon crassiseta, L. punctulatus, L. frontalis, L. impressor, L. coracinus, L. fundator, L. sulfulifera, L. nitida, Campoplex ensator, Cubocephalus parvulus, Centeterus major, Macrocentrus marginator, Ipobracon triangularis, Apanteles evonymellae, A. praetor, A. falcatus, A. iarbas, A. laevignatus, Microchelonus starki, Bracon triangularis, Pelatachina tibialis [BSW4]



Synanthedon spuleri (Fuchs, 1908)
SEU, Asia Minor, Georgia, S.Russia. See [About maps] Wacholder-Glasflügler Spulers Glasflügler
Aegeria spuleri Fuchs, 1908; Int. Ent. Z. Guben 2: 33, TL: Austria, Tyrolia, Karwendel Mts., Halltal
Aegeria schwartzi Králícek & Povolný, 1977
Synanthedon spuleri ; de Freina, 1997, [BSW4, 107]

Larva on Gymnosporangium clavariiforme, Juniperus communis, Juniperus chinensis, J. phoenica, Abies alba, Populus, Salix, Betula, Carpinus, Fagus, Corylus, Quercus, Acer, Ulmus, Rubus?, Prunus domestica?, Diospyros kaki? [BSW4]


Synanthedon loranthi (Králícek, 1966)
France, S.Germany, Austria, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia, Croatia, SW.Balkans, Asia Minor. See [About maps] Králíceks Mistelgewächs-Glasflügler Mistel-Glasflügler
Aegeria loranthi Králícek, 1966; Acta Mus. Mor. Sci. nat. 51: 231, TL: Moravia, Hodonin
Aegeria cryptica Králícek & Povolný, 1977
Synanthedon loranthi ; de Freina, 1997, [BSW4, 109]

Larva on Viscum album, Viscum album abietis, V. album austriacum, V. laxum, Loranthus europaeus [BSW4]


Synanthedon geranii Kallies, 1997
Greece. See [About maps] Synanthedon geranii Kallies, 1997; Nachr. entomol. Ver. Apollo, N. F. 18 (1): 60, TL: Greece, Parnass near Arachova
Synanthedon geranii ; de Freina, 1997, [BSW4, 261]

Larva on Geranium macrorrhizum [BSW4]


Synanthedon cephiformis (Ochsenheimer, 1808)
Pyrenees - France - Switzerland, Austria, Germany, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovacia, Hercegovina, Romania, Bulgaria, N.Greece. See [About maps] Tannenwald-Glasflügler Tannen-Glasflügler Wacholder-Glasflügler Tannenkrebs-Glasflügler Sägewespen-Glasflügler Sesia des sapinières
Sesia cephiformis Ochsenheimer, 1808; Schmett. Eur. 2 : 169, TL: Austria, near Vienna
Synanthedon cephiformis ab. fumosa Schütze, 1919
Aegeria gaderensis Králícek & Povolný, 1977
Synanthedon laspeyres Heppner & Duckworth, 1981; (nom. nud.)
Synanthedon cephiformis ; de Freina, 1997, [BSW4, 111]

Larva on (growth caused by) Melampsorelle caryophyllacearum, Aecidium elatinum, (on Abies alba, Picea excelsa, Larix decidua or Juniperus communis) [BSW4]


Synanthedon cupreifascia (Miskin, 1892)
AU. See [About maps] Trochilium cupreifascia Miskin, 1892

The "NA" species-group

Synanthedon acerrubri Engelhardt, 1925
Synanthedon acerrubri, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synanthedon acerrubri ; [NACL, #2546]

Synanthedon geliformis (Walker, 1856)
Mexico, Florida, .... See [About maps] Aegeria geliformis Walker, 1856; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 1: 46
Synanthedon geliformis, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Aegeria geliformis ; Godman & Salvin, 1883, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 32, 3: pl. 5, f. 12, 17
Synanthedon geliformis ; [NACL, #2547]

Synanthedon richardsi (Engelhardt, 1946)
Synanthedon richardsi ; [NACL, #2548]

Synanthedon scitula (Harris, 1839)
Texas, .... See [About maps] Dogwood Borer
gallivorum (Westwood, 1854)
= ; [NACL, #2549]
hospes (Walsh, 1867)
= ; [NACL, #2549]
Aegeria corusca Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (10) : 193, TL: Texas
= ; [NACL, #2549]
Aegeria aemula Edwards, 1883; Papilio 3 (7-10) : 155
= ; [NACL, #2549]
Synanthedon scitula, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synanthedon scitula, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Synanthedon scitula ; [NACL, #2549]
Thamnosphecia scitula ;

Synanthedon pictipes (Grote & Robinson, 1868)
New Hampshire, Massachusetts, .... See [About maps] Aegeria inusitata Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (10) : 201, TL: White Mts., N. H.; Andover, Mass.
= ; [NACL, #2550]
Synanthedon pictipes, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synanthedon pictipes, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Synanthedon pictipes ; [NACL, #2550]

Synanthedon rhododendri (Beutemüller, 1909)
Synanthedon rhododendri, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synanthedon rhododendri ; [NACL, #2551]

Synanthedon rileyana (Edwards, 1881)
Missouri, NA.Georgia, West Virginia, .... See [About maps] Albuna rileyana Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (10) : 187, TL: Cadet, Missouri
Aegeria brunneipennis Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (10) : 191, TL: Geordia
= ; [NACL, #2552]
Aegeria hyperici Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (10) : 195, TL: West Virginia
= ; [NACL, #2552]
austini (Engelhardt, 1946)
= ; [NACL, #2552]
Synanthedon rileyana, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synanthedon rileyana, The Moths of Southeastern Arizona [Bruce Walsh]
Synanthedon rileyana ; [NACL, #2552]

Synanthedon tipuliformis (Clerck, 1759)
salmachus (Linnaeus, 1758)
= ; [NACL, #2553]
tipula (Retzius, 1783)
= ; [NACL, #2553]
Synanthedon tipuliformis, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synanthedon tipuliformis, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Synanthedon tipuliformis, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Synanthedon tipuliformis, Norges Sommerfugler [NORLEP]
Synanthedon tipuliformis, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Synanthedon tipuliformis, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
Synanthedon tipuliformis, Sesiidae of Belgium [Bart Vanholder]
Synanthedon tipuliformis ; [NACL, #2553]

Synanthedon acerni (Clemens, 1860)
W.Canada, ..., NA.Georgia. See [About maps] acericolum (Germadius, 1874)
= ; [NACL, #2554]
Pyrrhotaenia tepperi Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (10) : 203, TL: Georgia
= ; [NACL, #2554]
buscki (Engelhardt, 1946); (race)
= ; [NACL, #2554]
Synanthedon acerni, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synanthedon acerni, Lynn Scott's Lepidoptera Images [Lynn Scott]
Synanthedon acerni ; [NACL, #2554]; Brou, 1997, South. Lep. News 19: 25-26

Synanthedon fatifera Hodges, 1962
Synanthedon fatifera, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synanthedon fatifera ; [NACL, #2555]

Synanthedon viburni Engelhardt, 1925
Synanthedon viburni, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synanthedon viburni ; [NACL, #2556]

Synanthedon alleri (Engelhardt, 1946)
Synanthedon alleri, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synanthedon alleri ; [NACL, #2557]

Synanthedon arctica (Beutenmüller, 1900)
Alaska. See [About maps] Synanthedon arctica, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synanthedon arctica ; [NACL, #2558]; Eichlin, 1995, J. Lep. Soc. 49 (2): 116, f. 4, 7

Synanthedon bolteri (Edwards, 1883)
Illinois, .... See [About maps] Aegeria bolteri Edwards, 1883; Papilio 3 (7-10) : 155, TL: N. Illinois
Synanthedon bolteri, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synanthedon bolteri, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Synanthedon bolteri ; [NACL, #2559]

Synanthedon canadensis Duckworth & Eichlin, 1973
Synanthedon canadensis, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synanthedon canadensis ; [NACL, #2560]

Synanthedon dominicki Duckworth & Eichlin, 1973
Synanthedon dominicki, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synanthedon dominicki ; [NACL, #2562]

Synanthedon fulvipes (Harris, 1839)
Synanthedon fulvipes, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synanthedon fulvipes ; [NACL, #2563]

Synanthedon helenis (Engelhardt, 1946)
Synanthedon helenis, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synanthedon helenis, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Synanthedon helenis ; [NACL, #2564]

Synanthedon pyri (Harris, 1830)
Aegeria koebelei Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (10) : 196, TL: Tallahassee, Florida
= ; [NACL, #2565]
Synanthedon pyri, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synanthedon pyri ; [NACL, #2565]

Synanthedon refulgens (Edwards, 1881)
NA.Georgia. See [About maps] Aegeria refulgens Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (10) : 199, TL: Georgia
marica (Beutenmüller, 1899)
= ; [NACL, #2566]
seminole (Beutenmüller, 1899)
= ; [NACL, #2566]
Synanthedon refulgens, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synanthedon marcia[sic] ; auth., (missp.)
Synanthedon refulgens ; [NACL, #2566]

Synanthedon rubrofascia (Edwards, 1881)
NA.Georgia, .... See [About maps] Aegeria rubrofascia Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (10) : 191, TL: Georgia
Synanthedon rubrofascia, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synanthedon rubrofascia ; [NACL, #2567]; Brou, 1997, South. Lep. News 19: (36-37)

Synanthedon saxifragae (Edwards, 1881)
Colorado, .... See [About maps] Aegeria saxifragae Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (10) : 190, TL: Colorado
henshawii (H. Edwards, 1882)
= ; [NACL, #2568]
Synanthedon saxifragae, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synanthedon saxifragae, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Synanthedon saxifragae ; [NACL, #2568]

Synanthedon sigmoidea (BeutenmÜller, 1897)
Synanthedon sigmoidea, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synanthedon sigmoidea ; [NACL, #2569]

Synanthedon albicornis (Edwards, 1881)
Nevada, .... See [About maps] Aegeria albicornis Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (10) : 201, TL: Nevada
Synanthedon albicornis, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synanthedon albicornis ; [NACL, #2570]

Synanthedon decipiens (Edwards, 1881)
Colorado, Texas, .... See [About maps] Aegeria decipiens Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (10) : 197, TL: Colorado
Aegeria imperfecta Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (10) : 198, TL: Colorado
= ; [NACL, #2571]
Aegeria nicotianae Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (10) : 202, TL: Texas
= ; [NACL, #2571]
rubristigma (Kellicott, 1892)
= ; [NACL, #2571]
Synanthedon decipiens, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synanthedon decipiens ; [NACL, #2571]

Synanthedon proxima (Edwards, 1881)
New Hampshire, .... See [About maps] Aegeria proxima Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (10) : 201, TL: White Mts., N. H.
modesta (Kellicott, 1892)
= ; [NACL, #2572]
Synanthedon proxima, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synanthedon proxima, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Synanthedon proxima ; [NACL, #2572]

Synanthedon sapygaeformis (Walker, 1856)
floridensis (Grote, 1875)
= ; [NACL, #2573]
Synanthedon sapygaeformis, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synanthedon sapygaeformis ; [NACL, #2573]

Synanthedon arizonensis (Beutenmüller, 1916)
Synanthedon arizonensis ; [NACL, #2574]

Synanthedon arkansasensis Duckworth & Eichlin, 1973
Synanthedon arkansasensis, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synanthedon arkansasensis ; [NACL, #2575]

Synanthedon bibionipennis (Boisduval, 1869)
Nevada, California, Washington, Texas, .... See [About maps] Albuna rutilans Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (10) : 186, TL: Virginia City, Nevada
= ; [NACL, #2576]
Aegeria lupini Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (10) : 192, TL: Marin; Mendocino Co., Calif.
= ; [NACL, #2576]
Aegeria perplexa Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (10) : 192, TL: Texas
= ; [NACL, #2576]
Aegeria impropria Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (10) : 193, TL: Marin Co.; Sier. Nev. Cal.; Washington Ter.
= ; [NACL, #2576]
Aegeria aureola Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (10) : 194, TL: Nevada
= ; [NACL, #2576]
Aegeria washingtonia Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (10) : 197, TL: Washington Ter.
= ; [NACL, #2576]
Aegeria neglecta Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (10) : 197, TL: Olympia, Washington Ter.
= ; [NACL, #2576]
Aegeria hemizoniae Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (10) : 198, TL: Nevada
= ; [NACL, #2576]
Aegeria madariae Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (10) : 201, TL: Saucelito, Califr
= ; [NACL, #2576]
Synanthedon bibionipennis, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synanthedon hemizonae ; Smith, 1891, (missp.)
Synanthedon bibionipennis ; [NACL, #2576]

Synanthedon castaneae (Busck, 1913)
Synanthedon castaneae, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synanthedon castaneae ; [NACL, #2577]

Synanthedon chrysidipennis (Boisduval, 1869)
tacoma (Beutenmüller, 1898)
= ; [NACL, #2578]
wallowa (Engelhardt, 1946); (race)
= ; [NACL, #2578]
Synanthedon chrysidipennis, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synanthedon chrysidipennis ; [NACL, #2578]

Synanthedon kathyae Duckworth & Eichlin, 1977
New York, New Jersey, South Carolina, Nova Scotia, Maryland, Massachusetts. See [About maps] Synanthedon kathyae Duckworth & Eichlin, 1977; J. Lep. Soc. 31: (191-196)
Synanthedon kathyae, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synanthedon kathyae ; [NACL, #2579]

Larva on Ilex spp. Ghidiu, Vasvary, Eichlin & Solomon, 1987, J. Lep. Soc. 41 (3): 154


Synanthedon mellinipennis (Boisduval, 1836)
California, .... See [About maps] Albuna artemisiae Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (10) : 187, TL: Sier. Nev. Calif.
= ; [NACL, #2580]
Aegeria seneciodes Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (10) : 198, TL: Nevada
= ; [NACL, #2580]
Synanthedon mellinipennis, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synanthedon senecioides ; Smith, 1891, (missp.)
Synanthedon mellinipennis ; [NACL, #2580]

Synanthedon polygoni (Edwards, 1881)
Colorado, Nevada, Arizona, California, .... See [About maps] Pyrrhotaenia polygoni Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (10) : 202, TL: San Miguel, Calif.
Pyrrhotaenia fragariae Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (10) : 202, TL: Colorado
= ; [NACL, #2581]
Pyrrhotaenia helianthi Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (10) : 203, TL: Virginia City, Nevada
= ; [NACL, #2581]
Pyrrhotaenia achillae Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (10) : 203, TL: San Rafael, Califor.
= ; [NACL, #2581]
Pyrrhotaenia eremocarpi Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (10) : 203, TL: Sier. Nevada, Calif.
= ; [NACL, #2581]
Pyrrhotaenia meadii Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (10) : 204, TL: Lake Tahoe, Calif.
= ; [NACL, #2581]
Pyrrhotaenia orthocarpi Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (10) : 204, TL: Washoe Lake, Nevada
= ; [NACL, #2581]
praestans (H. Edwards, 1882)
= ; [NACL, #2581]
behrensii (H. Edwards, 1882)
= ; [NACL, #2581]
Pyrrhotaenia animosa Edwards, 1883; Papilio 3 (7-10) : 156, TL: Arizona
= ; [NACL, #2581]
elda (H. Edwards, 1885)
= ; [NACL, #2581]
semipraestans (Cockerell, 1908); (var.)
= ; [NACL, #2581]
Synanthedon polygoni, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synanthedon polygoni, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Synanthedon polygoni, The Moths of Southeastern Arizona [Bruce Walsh]
achillaeae ; Dalla Torre & Strand, 1925, (missp.)
behrensi ; Dalla Torre & Strand, 1925, (missp.)
Synanthedon polygoni ; [NACL, #2581]

Synanthedon resplendens (Edwards, 1881)
California, .... See [About maps] Albuna resplendens Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (10) : 186, TL: Soda Springs, Siskiyou Co., California
Synanthedon resplendens, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synanthedon resplendens ; [NACL, #2582]

Synanthedon exitiosa (Say, 1823)
Nevada, Colorado, .... See [About maps] persica (Thomas, 1824)
= ; [NACL, #2583]
pepsidiformis (Hübner, 1827-31)
= ; [NACL, #2583]
xiphiaeformis (Boisduval, 1875)
= ; [NACL, #2583]
Sciapteron graefi Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (10) : 183, TL: Nevada
= ; [NACL, #2583]
Aegeria opalescens Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (10) : 199, TL: Virginia City, Nevada; Colorado
= ; [NACL, #2583]
fitchii (H. Edwards, 1882); (var.)
= ; [NACL, #2583]
pacifica (Riley, 1891)
= ; [NACL, #2583]
luminosa (Neumoegen, 1894); (var.)
= ; [NACL, #2583]
edwardsii (Beutenmüller, 1900); (var.)
= ; [NACL, #2583]
barnesii (Beutenmüller, 1900); (var.)
= ; [NACL, #2583]
Synanthedon exitiosa, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synanthedon graefii ; Beutenmüller, 1900, (missp.)
fitchi ; Dalla Torre & Strand, 1925, (missp.)
Synanthedon exitiosa ; [NACL, #2583]; Brou, 1997, South. Lep. News 19: (36-37)

Synanthedon novaroensis (Edwards, 1881)
California, .... See [About maps] Aegeria novaroensis Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (10) : 199, TL: Soda Sprins, Siskiyou Co., Cal.; Novaro, Mendocino Co., Cal
piceae (Dyar, 1904)
= ; [NACL, #2584]
brunneri (Busck, 1914)
= ; [NACL, #2584]
Synanthedon novaroensis, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synanthedon novaroensis ; [NACL, #2584]

Synanthedon pini (Kellicott, 1881)
Synanthedon pini, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synanthedon pini ; [NACL, #2585]

Synanthedon sequoiae (H. Edwards, 1881)
Washington, .... See [About maps] Bembecia superba Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (10) : 181, TL: Washington Terr.
= ; [NACL, #2586]
pinorum (Behrens, 1889)
= ; [NACL, #2586]
Synanthedon sequoiae, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synanthedon sequoiae ; [NACL, #2586]

Synanthedon tryphoniformis (Walker, 1856)
Guatemala, Panama, Amazons. See [About maps] Aegeria tryphoniformis Walker, 1856; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 8: 48, TL: Amazons, Para; Villa Nova
Sesia tryphoniformis ; Boisudval
Aegeria tryphoniformis ; Godman & Salvin, 1883, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 29, 3: pl. 5, f. 3

Synanthedon senta (Druce, 1883)
Guatemala. See [About maps] Aegeria senta Druce, 1883; in Godman & Salvin, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 30, 3: pl. 5, f. 1, TL: Guatemala, Panzos

Synanthedon sellustiformis (Druce, 1883)
Panama. See [About maps] Aegeria sellustiformis Druce, 1883; in Godman & Salvin, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 30, 3: pl. 5, f. 2, TL: Panama, Bugaba 800 to 1500ft

Synanthedon ruficaudis (Walker, [1865])
Panama, Upper Amazons (Ega). See [About maps] Aegeria ruficaudis Walker, [1865]; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 31: 6, TL: Upper Amazons, Ega
Aegeria ruficaudis ; Godman & Salvin, 1883, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 30, 3: pl. 5, f. 6

Synanthedon deipyla (Druce, 1883)
Panama. See [About maps] Aegeria deipyla Druce, 1883; in Godman & Salvin, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 30, 3: pl. 5, f. 8, TL: Panama, Bugaba, 800 to 1500ft

Synanthedon producta (Walker, [1865])
Mexico, Panama. See [About maps] Aegeria producta Walker, [1865]; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 31: 4, TL: Mexico
Aegeria producta ; Godman & Salvin, 1883, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 30, 3: pl. 5, f. 7

Synanthedon laeta (Walker, 1856)
Guatemala. See [About maps] Aegeria laeta Walker, 1856; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 8: 59, TL: Guatemala, San Gerónimo
Aegeria laeta ; Godman & Salvin, 1883, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 30, 3: pl. 5, f. 10

Synanthedon flava (Edwards, 1881)
Panama. See [About maps] Aegeria flava Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (10) : 189, TL: Panama
Aegeria flava ; Godman & Salvin, 1883, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 30

Synanthedon guatemalena (Druce, 1883)
Guatemala. See [About maps] Aegeria guatemalena Druce, 1883; in Godman & Salvin, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 31, 3: pl. 5, f. 9, TL: Guatemala, San Gerónimo
Aegeria guatemalana ; (missp.)

Synanthedon tabogana (Druce, 1883)
Panama. See [About maps] Aegeria tabogana Druce, 1883; in Godman & Salvin, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 31, 3: pl. 5, f. 16, TL: Panama, Taboga Island
Aegeria tobogana ; (missp.)

Synanthedon ceres (Druce, 1883)
Guatemala. See [About maps] Aegeria ceres Druce, 1883; in Godman & Salvin, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 31, 3: pl. 5, f. 11, TL: Guatemala, Totonicapan 8500 to 10,500ft

Synanthedon proserpina (Druce, 1883)
Guatemala. See [About maps] Aegeria proserpina Druce, 1883; in Godman & Salvin, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 31, 3: pl. 5, f. 13, TL: Guatemala, San Gerónimo


27.1.2013 (84)

References:
[ALBERTA]
University of Alberta, E.H. Strickland Entomological Museum; Browse Entomology Collection
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BAMONA]
Opler, Pavulaan, Stanford & Pogue; Butterflies and Moths of North America; Mountain Prairie Information Node
[BCA]
electronic; BIOLOGIA CENTRALI-AMERICANA
[BHL]
The; Biodiversity Heritage Library; and on; Internet Archive; Note: The linking to the content of Internet Archive is somewhat delicate -- notify me when links break!
[BSW4]
de Freina, 1997; Die Bombyces und Sphinges der Westpalearktis 4; Sesioidea: Sesiidae; ISBN 3-926285-03-6
[Bart Vanholder]
e-mail: Bart Vanholder; Belgian Sesiidae (Clearwings); Belgian Migrant Lepidoptera
[Bruce Walsh]
Bruce Walsh; e-mail: Bruce Walsh; The Moths of Southeastern Arizona; Butterflies of Southeastern Arizona
[D. Smirnov]
Russia, Moscow; e-mail: D. Smirnov
[Don Herbison-Evans]
and Stella A. Crossley; Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans
[ESP]
Heppner, 1981; The dates of E. J. C. Esper's Die Schmetterlinge in Abblidungen... 1776-[1830]; Archives of Natural History (1981) 10 (2): 251-254
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[Ian Kimber]
http://www.ukmoths.force9.co.uk/
[JLS]
Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society; the original J. Lep. Soc. articles
[Kimmo Silvonen]
Espoo, Finland; Kimmo's Lep Site
[Lynn Scott]
Moths of the Ottawa Area; Lynn Scott's Lepidoptera Images
[MBE]
Moths and Butteflies of Europe; Paolo Mazzei, Diego Reggianti and Ilaria Pimpinelli; http://www.leps.it/
[MPG]
North American Moth Photographers Group
[NACL]
Hodges, 1983; Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico
[NHM]
Natural History Museum; The Global Lepidoptera Names Index
[NORLEP]
Norges Sommerfugler
[SPRK]
Seppänen, E. J, 1970; Suomen suurperhostoukkien ravintokasvit, Animalia Fennica 14
[SVF]
Svenska fjärilar; Naturhistoriska riksmuseet; (Sweden)


Some related literature:
Bartel, 1906
Drei neue russische Sesia-Arten Soc. Ent. 20 (22) : 169-170
Brou, 1997
The flight period of Synanthedon acerni (Clemens) in southeastern Louisiana South. Lep. News 19: 25-26
Brou, 1997
The flight period of Synanthedon exitiosa (Say) in southeastern Louisiana South. Lep. News 19: 36-37
Brou, 1997
The flight period of Synanthedon rubrofascia (Hy. Edw.) in Louisiana South. Lep. News 19: 49
Le Cerf, 1922
Troisieme Contribution à l'étude des Aegeriidae in Oberthür, Étud. Lépid. Comp. 19 (2) : 17-39, pl. 539-540
Clerck, 1759
Icones Insectorum Rariorum cum Nominibus eorum Trivialibus, Locisque e C. Linnaei ... Systema Naturae allegatis. Holmiae Icon. Ins. rariorum : pl. 1-12 (1759), : pl. 13-55 (1764)
Duckworth & Eichlin, 1977
Two new species of clearwing moths from eastern North America clarified by sex pheromonens J. Lep. Soc. 31: 191-196
Eichlin, 1995
A new North American clearwing moth and notes on a rare species J. Lep. Soc. 49 (2): 114-118
Edwards, 1881
New genera and sepcies of the family Aegeridae Papilio 1 (10) : 179-208
Edwards, 1883
New species of Aegeriadae Papilio 3 (7-10) : 155-157
Engelhardt, 1946
The North American clear-wing moths of the family Aegeriidae Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus. 190 : 1-222
Esper, 1782; Esper, 1783
Die Schmetterlinge in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Beschreibungen. Theil II. Die Abendschmetterlinge Die. Schmett., Th. II (10): pl. 1-6 (1778), (11): 1-48, pl. 7-12 (1779), (12): 49-80, pl. 13-18 (1779), (13): 81-104, pl. 19-24 (1780), (14): 105-196, pl. [25] (1780), (6): 197-212, pl. 26-31 (1782), (7): 213-228, pl. 32-35 (1783), (28): 229-234, pl. 36 (1786)
Esper, 1800
Die Schmetterlinge in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Beschreibungen. Theil II. Supplement. Zweiter Abscnitt. Die Abendschmetterlinge Die. Schmett., Th. II (Suppl.) Abs. 2 (1-2): 1-4, pl. 37 (1789), (3-4): 5-12, pl. [38-40] ([1789]), (5-6): 13-16, pl. 41 (1794), ([7]): 17-20 (1798), (8-9): 21-40 pl. 42-46 (1800), (10): 41-52, pl. 47 ([1803-1804])
Fixsen, 1887
Lepidoptera aus Korea in Romanoff, Mém. Lépid. 3 : 233-356, pl. 13-15
de Freina & Lingenhöle, 2000
Beitrag zur Sesiidae-Fauna Israels und Palaestinas (Insecta, Lepidoptera, Sesiidae) Mitt. münch. ent. Ges. 90: 75-84
Ghidiu, Vasvary, Eichlin & Solomon, 1987
Injury and biology of the clearwing borer Synanthedon kathyae on Holly J. Lep. Soc. 41 (3): 154-158
Druce in Godman & Salvin, 1883; Godman & Salvin, 1883
Biologia Centrali-Americana; or Contributions to the Knowledge of the Fauna of Mexico and Central America. Zoology. Lepidoptera. Heterocera Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 1-490, 3: pl. 1-101
Gorbunov, 1991
Six new species of the clearwing moths from the Caucasus, USSR Atalanta 22 (2/4): 125-143
Gorbunov, 1994; Gorbunov, Buda, Mozuraitis & Miatleuski, 1994
A new species of clearwing moth from the Far East of Russia and its sex attractant Atalanta 25 (1/2): 307-311
Herrich-Schäffer, [1846]
Systematische Bearbeitung der Schmetterlinge von Europa, zugleich als Text, Revision und Supplement zu J. Hübner's Sammlung europäischer Schmetterlinge, Die Schwärmer, Spinner und Eulen, (1843-) 1845 (-1855) Syst. Bearb. Schmett. Europ. 2 (1): (v) pl. 1-2, f. 1-18, (viii) pl. 1-2, f. 1-12, (ix) pl. 1-2, f. 1-11 (1843), (2): (vii) pl. 1, f. 1-3, (ix) pl. 3, f. 12-16 (1843), (6): (ii) pl. 1, f. 1-5, (v) pl. 3-6, f. 19-49, (viii) pl. 3-4, f. 13-22 (1844), (7): (v) pl. 7, f. 50-56, (vii) pl. 2, f. 4-6 (1844), (9): (viii) pl. 5-9, f. 23-46, (ix) pl. 4-8, f. 17-40 (1844), (10): (ix) pl. 9-13, f. 41-64 (1845), (11): (ix) pl. 14-23, f. 65-114 (1845), (13): [1], 2-24 (1846), (14): 25-48, (iii) pl. 1, f. 1-6, (v) pl. 8-9, f. 57-70 (1846), (15): (v) pl. 10-11, f. 71-84, (viii) pl. 10-16, f. 47-84, (ix) pl. 24-28, f. 115-140 (1846), (17): 49-88, (vi) pl. 1-8, f. 1-46 (1846), (18): 89-104, (ix) pl. 29-38, f. 141-194 (1846), (19): (ix) pl. 39-52, f. 195-264 (1846), (21): 105-128, (v) pl. 12-13, f. 85-95, (vii) pl. 3-4, f. 7-13, (viii) pl. 17-22, f. 85-123 (1847), (23): 129-152, (ix) pl. 53-62, f. 265-316 (1847), (25): (ix) pl. 63-69, f. 317-356 (1847), (26): 153-166 (1847), (31): (viii) pl. 23-27, f. 124-147 (1848), (32): (vi) pl. 9, f. 47-63 (1848), (35): 167-190 (1848), (37): 191-214, (ix) pl. 70-76, f. 357-393 (1849), (38): 215-238, (ix) pl. 77-82, f. 394-425, pl. 85-87, f. 436-450 (1849), (41): 239-286, (viii) pl. 28, f. 148-150, (ix) pl. 83-84, f. 426-435, pl. 88-92, f. 451-475 (1850), (43): (ix) pl. 93-99, f. 476-511 (1850), (44): 287-326 (1850), (45): 327-334, (ix) pl. 101-102, f. 516-525 (1850), (47): 335-450, (v) pl. 14, f. 96-101, (vi) pl. 10, f. 54-59 (1851), (49): (v) pl. 15-16, f. 102-113, (ix) pl. 100, f. 512-515, pl. 103, f. 526-530 (1851), (50): (viii) pl. 29-31, f. 151-165, (ix) pl. 104-108, f. 527-551 (1851), (51): (iv) pl. 2, f. 7-10, (ix) pl. 109-110, f. 552-562 (1851), (52): (ix) pl. 111-113, f. 563-579 (1851), (54): (ix) pl. 114-118, f. 580-606, pl. 120-121, f. 614-625 (1852), (56): (ix) pl. 119, f. 607-613, pl. 122-124, f. 626-641 (1852), (59): (viii) pl. 32, f. 166-170, (x) pl. 1, f. 1-5 (1853), (67): (index) [1], 2-64 (1855)
Hübner, 1790
Beiträge zur Geschichte der Schmetterlinge, Band 2 (1789) Theil 1-4 Beitr. Ges. Schmett. 2 (1): [1-6], 7-31, [32], 4pls, (2): [33-35], 36-56, 4pls, (3): [57-59], 60-79, [80], 4pls, (4): [81-83], 84-100, 4pls, : [101-103], 104-128 (Nachtrag and suppl.), : [129-134] (index)
Hübner, [1819]
Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge, 1816-[1826] Verz. bek. Schmett. (1): [1-3], 4-16 (1816), (2): 17-32 (1819), (3): 33-48 (1819), (4): 49-64 (1819), (5): 65-80 (1819), (6): 81-96 (1819), (7): 97-112 (1819), (8): 113-128 (1819), (9): 129-144 (1819), (10): 145-160 (1819), (11): 161-176 (1819), (12): 177-192 (1820), (13): 193-208 (1820), (14): 209-224 (1821), (15): 225-240 (1821), (16): 241-256 (1821), (17): 257-272 (1823), (18): 273-288 (1823), (19): 289-304 (1823), (20): 305-320 (1825), (21): 321-336 (1825), (22): 337-352 (1825), (23-27): 353-431 ([1825])
Linnaeus, 1758
Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Clases, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Symonymis, Locis. Tomis I. 10th Edition Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 1-338, : 339-824
Mann, 1859
Verzeichnis der im Jahre 1858 in Sicilien gesammelten Schmetterlinge Wien. Ent. Mon. 3 (3): 78-96, (4): 97-106, (6): 161-171
Ochsenheimer, 1808
Die Schmetterlinge von Europa. Zweyter Band. Schwärmer, oder Abendschmetterlinge Schmett. Eur. 2 : 1-256
Bartel in Seitz, 1902
Die Gross-Schmetterlinge des Palaearktischen Faunengebietes. 2. Die Palaearktischen Spinner & Schwärmer Gross-Schmett. Erde 2 : 1-479 [Macrolep.], pl. 1-56
Staudinger, 1856
Beitrag zur Feststellung der bisher bekannten Sesien-Arten Europa's und des angrenzenden Asien's Stettin ent. Ztg 17 (5-6): 145-176, (7-8): 193-224, (9-10): 257-288, (11-12): 323-338
Staudinger, 1877
Neue Lepidopteren des europäischen Faunengebiete aus miner sammlung Stett. Ent. Ztg. 38 : 175-208
Staudinger, 1883
Einige neue Lepidopteren Europa's Stettin Ent. Ztg 44 (4-6) : 177-186
Walker, 1856
List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 1: 1-278 (1854), 2: 279-581 (1854), 3: 583-775 (1855), 4: 777-976 (1855), 5: 977-1258 (1855), 6: 1259-1508 (1855), 7: 1509-1808 (1856)
Walker, 1856
List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 8: 1-271 (1856)
Walker, [1865]
List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 31: 1-322 ([1865]), 32: 323-706 (1865), 33: 707-1120 (1865), 34: 1121-1534 ([1866]), 35: 1535-2040 (1866)


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.