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Phoebis Hübner, [1819]
Phoebis Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (7): 98, TS: Phoebis cypris Hübner
Colias Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (7): 99 (preocc. Colias Fabricius, 1807), TS: Papilio sennae Linnaeus
Callidryas Boisduval & Leconte, [1830]; Hist. Lép. Am. Sept. (7/8): 73, TS: Papilio eubule Linnaeus
= ; [NL4A, 103]
Metura Butler, 1873; Lepid. Exotica (19): 155 (preocc. Metura Walker, 1855), TS: Callidryas bracteolata Butler
= ; [NL4A, 103]
Parura Kirby, 1896; in Allen, Nat. Libr., Lepid. 1, Butts 2: 229 (repl. for Metura Butler, 1873), TS: Callidryas bracteolata Butler
= ; [NL4A, 103]
Phoebis, Pieridae Holarcticae [Heiner Ziegler]
Callidryas ; Godman & Salvin, [1889], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 139
Phoebis ; Godman & Salvin, [1889], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 142; Brown, 1929, Amer. Mus. Novit. 368: (1-22); Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 12
Phoebis (Coliadinae) ; [NL4A, 103]

Phoebis argante (Fabricius, 1775)
Mexico - Peru, Antilles, Cuba. See [About maps] Argante Giant Sulphur Apricot Sulphur
Papilio argante Fabricius, 1775; Syst. Ent.: 470, TL: Brasilia
?pallideflava Goeze
= ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 8
Phoebis argante, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Phoebis argante, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Phoebis argante, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Callidryas argante ; Bates, 1861, J. Ent. 1 (4) : 238
Phoebis argante ; Godman & Salvin, [1889], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 144; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 8; [NACL, #4230]
Phoenis argante ; [EBW]
Phoebis argante ; [Opler]; [NL4A, #66]
[argante-1m.jpg] 454x554 (~30Kb) male Belize, Central America, Photo © John Shuey

Larva on Pentaclethra macroloba [NAB], Cassia biflora, C. fruticosa, Inga vera, I. ruiziana [BCR]


Brazil, Uruguay Papilio cipris Cramer, [1777]; Uitl. Kapellen 2 (9-16): 5, pl. 99, f. E, F, TL: "Surinam"
= ; [NL4A, #66a]
Papilio volcanica Perry, 1811; , TL: "Rio de la Plata, Peru"
= Phoebis argante ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 8
= ; [NL4A, #66a]
Phoebis cypris Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (7): 98 (emend. Papilio cipris Cramer, [1777])
= ; [NL4A, #66a]
Colias cnidia Godart, 1819; (repl. name), TL: "Surinam"
= ; [NL4A, #66a]
Papilio aurantia Larrañaga, 1923; , TL: Uruguay
= ; [NL4A, #66a]
Phoebis (Phoebis) argante argante ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 154
Phoebis argante argante ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 12, pl. 15, f. 3, 6; [NL4A, #66a]
P. a. larra (Fabricius, 1798)
Papilio larra Fabricius, 1798; , TL: Guiana
Papilio hersilia Cramer, [1777]; Uitl. Kapellen 2 (9-16): pl. 173, f. C, D (preocc. Fabricius, 1776), TL: Surinam
= Phoebis argante ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 8
= ; [NL4A, #66d]
Papilio xanthe Sepp, [1847]; (preocc. Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775), TL: Surinam
= Phoebis argante ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 8
= ; [NL4A, #66d]
Callidryas hersilia ; Butler
Phoebis argante larra ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #66d]
P. a. minuscula (Butler, 1869)
Cuba Callidryas minuscula Butler, 1869; Cistula ent. 1 (1) : 16, TL: Havannah
= Phoebis argante ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 8
Callidryas fornax Butler, 1871; , TL: "Chile"
= ; [NL4A, #66f]
Phoebis argante minuscula ; [NL4A, #66f]
P. a. rorata (Butler, 1869)
Dominican Republic Callidryas rorata Butler, 1869; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 4 (21) : 202, TL: St. Domingo
f. adela Brown, 1929; , TL: [Domnican Rep.]
= ; [NL4A, #66g]
Phoebis argante rorata ; [NL4A, #66g]
P. a. comstocki Avinoff, 1944
Jamaica argante comstocki Avinoff, 1944; , TL: Jamaica
Phoebis argante comstocki ; [NL4A, #66c]
P. a. martini Comstock, 1944
Puerto Rico argante martini Comstock, 1944; , TL: Puerto Rico
Phoebis argante martini ; [NL4A, #66e]
P. a. chincha Lamas, 1976
Peru Phoebis argante chincha Lamas, 1976; , TL: Peru, Lima, Cieneguila, 360m
Phoebis argante chincha ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #66b]
Mexico Phoebis argante ssp. ; Lamas, MS, [NL4A, #66h]

Phoebis agarithe (Boisduval, [1836])
Venezuela, Colombia. See [About maps] Orange Giant Sulphur
Callidryas agarithe Boisduval, [1836]; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 623 [?625], TL: Mexique
Phoebis agarithe agarithe, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Phoebis agarithe agarithe, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Phoebis agarithe, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Phoebis agarithe agarithe, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
Phoebis agarithe ; Godman & Salvin, [1889], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 145; Godman & Salvin, [1901], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 726; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 8; [EBW]; [NACL, #4231]; [BOW: pl. 17, f. 35]; [Opler]; [NL4A, #65]
Misidentified/misapplied:
argante; auth.
[agarithe-1m.jpg] 418x483 (~24Kb) male Belize, Central America, Photo © John Shuey

Larva on Pithecellobium guadelupense, Cassia [NAB]

Larva on Inga vera [BCR]


Texas, Mexico agarithe maxima f. albarithe Brown, 1929; (female), TL: Mexico, Veracruz
= ; [NL4A, #65a]
Phoebis agarithe agarithe ; [NL4A, #65a]
P. a. fischeri (H. Edwards, 1883)
Baja California agarithe fischeri (H. Edwards, 1883) (Callidryas); , TL: Mexico, Baja California Sur
Phoebis agarithe fischeri ; [NL4A, #65c]
P. a. maxima (Neumoegen, 1891)
Florida agarithe maxima (Neumoegen, 1891) (Catopsilia); , TL: Florida
Catopsilia arganie floridiensis Röber, 1909; (preocc. Neumoegen, 1891), TL: Florida
= ; [NL4A, #65d]
Phoebis agarithe maxima ; [NACL, #4231a]; [NL4A, #65d]
P. a. antillia Brown, 1929
Haiti agarithe antillia Brown, 1929; , TL: Haiti
Phoebis agarithe antillia, Lepidoptera of French Antilles [Pierre Zagatti]
Phoebis agarithe antillia ; [NL4A, #65b]
P. a. pupillata Dillon, 1947
Dominica agarithe pupillata Dillon, 1947; , TL: Dominica
Phoebis agarithe pupillata ; [NL4A, #65e]
P. a. tumbesina Lamas, 1981
Peru Phoebis agarithe tumbesina Lamas, 1981; , TL: Tumbes, Matapalo, La Totora 100m
Phoebis agarithe tumbesina ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #65f]

Phoebis avellaneda (Herrich-Schäffer, 1865)
Cuba. See [About maps] Red-splashed Sulphur
Callidryas avellaneda Herrich-Schäffer, 1865; , TL: Cuba
Callidryas solstitia Butler, 1869; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 4 (21) : 203, TL: "Chile"
= ; [NL4A, #67]
Phoebis avellandea salvatori Calzadilla, 1973; , TL: Cuba
= ; [NL4A, #67]
Phoebis avellaneda ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 52, f. 19]; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 12, pl. 14, f. 8-9; [NL4A, #67]

Phoebis bourkei (Dixey, 1933)
Ecuador. See [About maps] Catopsilia bourkei Dixey, 1933; , TL: Coast region of Ecuador
Phoebis tatei Brown, 1933; , TL: Ecuador, Guayaquil
= ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #68]
Phoebis bourkei ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #68]

Phoebis editha (Butler, 1870)
Haiti Callidryas editha Butler, 1870; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1870 (1): (9-12)
Phoebis editha ; Coutsis, 1986, J. Lep. Soc. 40 (2): 97-106, f. 1-2 (m.gen), 3 (f.gen); [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 52, f. 21]; [NL4A, #69]

Phoebis neocypris (Hübner, [1823])
-. See [About maps] Colias neocypris Hübner, [1823]; Samml. exot. Schmett. 2 : pl. [136]
Phoebis neocypris, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Phoebis neocypris, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
Phoebis (Phoebis) neocypris ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 154
Phoebis neocypris ; [NACL, #4232]; [Opler]; [NL4A, #70]
Brazil Papilio cipris Fabricius, 1793; (preocc. Cramer, 1777)
= ; [NL4A, #70a]
Callidryas bracteolata Butler, 1865; Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1865 (2) : 458, pl. 26, f. 6, TL: Brazil
= ; [NL4A, #70a]
Callidryas irrigata Butler, 1870; , TL: Brazil, São Paulo
= ; [NL4A, #70a]
Phoebis neocypris bracteolata ; [NACL, #4232a]
Phoebis cipris ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 52, f. 17]
Phoebis neocypris neocypris ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 12, pl. 15, f. 10; [NL4A, #70a]
P. n. rurina C. & R. Felder, 1861
Mexico - Brazil, Venezuela, Colombia, Peru, Ecuador Callidryas rurina C. & R. Felder, 1861; Wien. ent. Monats. 5 (3): 82, TL: Venezuela, Cordillerae bogotanae
Callidryas bogotana Herrich-Schäffer, 1867; (nom. nud.), TL: [Colombia]
= ; [NL4A, #70b]
Catopsilia rurina ab. peruvicola Strand, 1912; Archiv Naturg. 78 A (9) : 186, TL: Peru
= ; [NL4A, #70b]
Catopsilia rurina ab. impurpurissata Niepelt, 1914; , TL: Ecuador
= ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #70b]
Catopsilia neocypris peruviana Martin, [1923]; (nom. nud.), TL: Peru
= ; [NL4A, #70b]
Phoebis rurina ; Godman & Salvin, [1889], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 143; Godman & Salvin, [1901], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 726; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 53, f. 3]
Phoebis neocypris rurina ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 12, pl. 15, f. 11; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #70b]

Larva on Cassia fruticosa [BCR]

P. n. virgo (Butler, 1870)
Mexico, Guatemala, Costa Rica Callidryas virgo Butler, 1870; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1870 (1) : 9, TL: Mexico, Oaxaca; Guatemala; "Bolivia"
Callidryas intermedia Butler, 1872; Cistula ent. 1 : 81, TL: Costa Rica
= ; [Opler]; [NL4A, #70c]
intermedia f. rubrofasciata Vázquez, 1952; , TL: Mexico(México)
= ; [NL4A, #70c]
Phoebis neocypris virgo, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Phoebis neocypris virgo, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Phoebis neocypris virgo ; [NL4A, #70c]
French Guiana Phoebis neocypris ssp. ; Brévignon, MS, [NL4A, #70d]

Phoebis philea (Linnaeus, 1763)
Cuba, CA - Brazil. See [About maps] Orange-barred Giant Sulphur Yellow Apricot
Papilio philea Linnaeus, 1763; Amoenitates Acad., 6: 404, TL: "Indiis" [North, Central & South America]
Phoebis philea philea, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Phoebis philea philea, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Phoebis philea, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
P. philea, Georgia Lepidoptera (USA) [GALEPS]
Phoebis philea, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
Callidryas philea ; Godman & Salvin, [1889], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 140; Godman & Salvin, [1901], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 726; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 7
Phoebis philea ; [NACL, #4229]; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 53, f. 1, 2]; [EcuL]; [Opler]; [NL4A, #71]
[philea-1f.jpg] 597x586 (~38Kb) female Belize, Central America, Photo © John Shuey [philea-1m.jpg] 627x652 (~43Kb) male Belize, Central America, Photo © John Shuey

Larva on Cassia [NAB], Cassia grandis, C. alata, C. leptocarpa, C. hayesiana, C. fruticosa [BCR]


mainland (CA - Brazil) Papilio aricye Cramer, [1776]; Uitl. Kapellen 1 (8): pl. 94, f. A, B, TL: Surinam
= ; [NL4A, #71a]
Papilio melanippe Stoll, [1781]; in Cramer, Uitl. Kapellen 4 (29-31): pl. 361, f. E, F (spring f.), TL: Surinam
= ; [NL4A, #71a]
Colias lollia Godart, 1819; , TL: ?
= ; [NL4A, #71a]
Colias aricia Godart, 1819; (emend.)
= ; [NL4A, #71a]
Colias corday Hübner, [1819]; (repl. name), TL: "Indis"
= ; [NL4A, #71a]
var. obsolota (Niepelt, 1920) (Catopsilia); , TL: Costa Rica
= ; [NL4A, #71a]
ab. irma (Krüger, 1929) (Catopsilia); , TL: Peru
= ; [NL4A, #71a]
ab. inornata Dufrane, 1947; , TL: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro
= ; [NL4A, #71a]
f. androchroma Bryk, 1953; , TL: Peru
= ; [NL4A, #71a]
Phoebis (Phoebis) philea philea ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 155
Phoebis philea philea ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 12, pl. 15, f. 1-2, 5; [NL4A, #71a]
P. p. huebneri Fruhstorfer, 1907
Cuba Phoebus[sic] philea hübneri Fruhstorfer, 1907; Stettin ent. Ztg 68 (2): 286, TL: [Cuba]
Phoebis philea huebneri ; [NL4A, #71b]; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 12, pl. 15, f. 4
Misidentified/misapplied:
thalestris Illiger, 1801; Hübner, [1823]
P. p. thalestris (Illiger, 1801)
Hispaniola philea thalestris (Illiger, 1801) (Papilio); , TL: Dominican Rep.
Phoebis philea thalestris ; [NL4A, #71c]

Phoebis sennae (Linnaeus, 1758)
-. See [About maps] Cloudless Giant Sulphur
Papilio sennae Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 470, TL: "Habitat in Cassia Americas" [?Jamaica or Surinam]
Phoebis sennae, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Phoebis sennae, Georgia Lepidoptera (USA) [GALEPS]
Phoebis sennae, Lepidoptera of French Antilles [Pierre Zagatti]
Phoebis sennae ; [NACL, #4228]; Coutsis, 1986, J. Lep. Soc. 40 (2): 97-106, f. 4-5 (m.gen), 6 (f.gen); [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 53, f. 4]; [Opler]; [NL4A, #72]
[sennae-1v.jpg] 844x1131 (~144Kb) underside USA: Alabama, 27.3.2004, Photo © Vitaly Charny [sennae-2v.jpg] 1500x1143 (~202Kb) underside USA: Alabama, 17.9.2004, Photo © Vitaly Charny [sennae-3v.jpg] 1000x1311 (~258Kb) underside USA: Alabama, 23.9.2004, Photo © Vitaly Charny
[sennae-4v.jpg] 1600x1063 (~166Kb) underside USA: Alabama, 24.10.2004, Photo © Vitaly Charny [sennae-5v.jpg] 1400x1050 (~247Kb) underside USA: Alabama, 25.9.2005, Photo © Vitaly Charny [sennae-6v.jpg] 1600x1063 (~143Kb) underside USA: Alabama, 30.9.2006, Photo © Vitaly Charny
[sennae-7v.jpg] 1600x1063 (~176Kb) underside USA: Alabama, 29.10.2006, Photo © Vitaly Charny [sennae-8v.jpg] 1600x1063 (~199Kb) underside USA: Alabama, 13.4.2007, Photo © Vitaly Charny [sennae.jpg] 500x651 (~63Kb) Plate No. 58 © MERIAN

Larva on Chamaecrista cinerea, Cassia, Trifolium [NAB]

Larva on Cassia biflora, C. obtusifolia [BCR]


Jamaica, South Carolina, , Kansas, Virginia, Florida, Cuba Papilio eubule Linnaeus, 1767; Syst. Nat. (Edn 12) 1 (2): 764, TL: South Carolina
= ; [NL4A, #72a]
Papilio drya Fabricius, 1775; Syst. Ent.: 478 (spring f.), TL: America
= ; [NL4A, #72a]
Callidryas sennae pallida Cockerell, 1889; , TL: USA
= ; [NL4A, #72a]
Catopsilia eubule ab. lichas d'Almeida, 1922; , TL: Virginia; Florida
= ; [NL4A, #72a]
Phoebis eubule sennae f. sennalba Brown, 1929; , TL: Cuba
= ; [NL4A, #72a]
Phoebis eubule eubule f. browni Field, 1936; , TL: Kansas
= ; [NL4A, #72a]
Callidryas eubule ; Godman & Salvin, [1889], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 141; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 8
Phoebis sennae eubule ; [NACL, #4228a]; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 12, pl. 15, f. 7
Phoebus eubule ; [BOW: pl. 52, f. 18]
Phoebis (Phoebis) sennae sennae ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 155
Phoebis sennae sennae ; [NL4A, #72a]
P. s. marcellina (Cramer, [1779])
Mexico - Uruguay, Galapagos, Surinam, Honduras, Brazil, Argentina, Bolivia, Peru Papilio marcellina Cramer, [1779]; Uitl. Kapellen 3 (17-21): 103, [?]pl. 141, f. C, TL: Surinam
Papilio hyperici Sepp, [1832]; , TL: Surinam
= ; [NL4A, #72c]
Callidryas rhadia Boisduval, 1836; , TL: "Senegal, Île Maurice"
= ; [NL4A, #72c]
Callidryas yamana Reakirt, 1863; Proc. ent. Soc. Philad. 2 (3): 352, TL: Honduras
= ; [NL4A, #72c]
Callidryas eubule schausi Oberthür, 1912; , TL: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro
= ; [NL4A, #72c]
Catopsilia eubule f. fugax d'Almeida, 1922; , TL: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro
= ; [NL4A, #72c]
Catopsilia eubule f. giacomellii Köhler, 1923; , TL: Argentina
= ; [NL4A, #72c]
ab. albescens Dufrane, 1947; , TL: Brazil
= ; [NL4A, #72c]
ab. minor Dufrane, 1947; , TL: [Bolivia]
= ; [NL4A, #72c]
sennae drya ab. major Dufrane, 1947; , TL: [Peru]
= ; [NL4A, #72c]
Phoebis sennae marcellina, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Phoebis sennae marcellina, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Phoebis sennae marcellina, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
Phoebis sennae marcellina ; [NACL, #4228b]; Moreno, Silva del Pozo, Estevez, Marggraff & Margraff, 1997, Mariposas del Ecuador: 146; [EcuL]; Roque-Albelo, 2004, J. Lep. Soc. 58 (1): 36, f. 7-8; [NL4A, #72c]
Misidentified/misapplied:
Callidryas eubule; Holland, 1889, Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus. 12: 195
Callidryas eubule; Williams, 1911, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 1: 296
Callidryas eubule; Beebe, 1923, Zoologica 5: 55
Catopsila eubule; Van Duzee, 1933, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 21 (12) : 140
Phoebis sennae; Linsley & Usinger, 1966, Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (4) 33: 156
Phoebis sennae; Parkin, Parkin, Ewing & Ford, 1972, Pan-Pac. Entomol. 48 (2): 103

Larva on Senna tora, S. bicapsularis, S. occidentalis Roque-Albelo, 2004, J. Lep. Soc. 58 (1): 37

P. s. amphitrite (Feisthamel, 1839)
Chile Callydrias[sic] sennae amphitrite Feisthamel, 1839; , TL: Chile
Callidryas chilensis Herrich-Schäffer, 1867; (nom. nud.), TL: [Chile]
= ; [NL4A, #72b]
Phoebis sennae amphitrite ; [NL4A, #72b]


7.2.2013 (8)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BAMONA]
Opler, Pavulaan, Stanford & Pogue; Butterflies and Moths of North America; Mountain Prairie Information Node
[BCA]
electronic; BIOLOGIA CENTRALI-AMERICANA
[BCR]
DeVries; The Butterflies of Costa Rica 1; Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae
[BOA]
Interactive Listing of American Butterflies; Listado Interactivo de la Mariposas Americanas; Butterflies of America
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[Bruce Walsh]
Bruce Walsh; e-mail: Bruce Walsh; The Moths of Southeastern Arizona; Butterflies of Southeastern Arizona
[EBW]
Smart, Paul, 1976; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World; ISBN 0 600 31381 6
[EcuL]
Tommaso & Racheli, 2001; Fragmenta entomologica 33 (2): 213-380; An annotated list of Ecuadorian Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae)
[GALEPS]
Moths and Butterflies of Georgia and the Southeastern United States; James K. Adams; Dept. of Natural Science, Dalton State College, Dalton, GA ; http://www.daltonstate.edu/galeps/index.htm
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[Heiner Ziegler]
Switzerland / Schweiz; www.pieris.ch
[ILMB]
Interactive Listing of Mexican Butterflies
[JLS]
Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society; the original J. Lep. Soc. articles
[John Shuey]
e-mail: jshuey at tnc.org; Director of Conservation Science; Indiana Office of The Nature Conservancy; http://www.nature.org
[LAMAS-2005]
Gerardo Lamas; Entomofauna 26 (6): 57-100; A Bibliography of the Zoological Publications of Hans Fruhstorfer (1886* - 1922+)
[LAMAS-NEO]
Gerardo Lamas; Bibliography of butterflies; An Annocated Bibliography of the Neotropical Butterflies and Skipper (Lepididoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea); Revised Electronic Edition (2007)
[MERIAN]
Merian, M. S., 1705; Metamorphosis insectorum Surinamensium. Of te verandering der Surinaamsche insecten. Waar in de Surinaamsche rupsen en wormen met alle des zelfs veranderingen, na het leven afgebeeld en beschreeven worden, zynde elk geplaast op die gewassen, bloemen en vruchten, daar sy op gevonden zyn; waar in ook de generatie der kirkvorschen, wonderbaare padden, hagedissen, slangen, spinnen en mieren werden vertoond en beschreeven, alles in America na het leven en levensgroote geschildert en beschreeven; pp. 1-60, pl. 1-60; Image from Francisco Welter-Schultes
[NAB]
Pyle, 1981; Field Guide to North American Butterflies, National Audubon Society; ISBN 0-394-51914-0
[NACL]
Hodges, 1983; Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico
[NL4A]
Gerardo Lamas, 2004; Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera; Checklist: Part 4A; Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea
[Opler]
Opler & Warren, 2003 (April); Butterflies of North America. 2. Scientific Names List for Butterfly Species of North America, north of Mexico.
[Pierre Zagatti]
WWW pages; Catalogue of the Lepidoptera of the French Antilles; e-mail: Pierre Zagatti
[Vitaly Charny]
Birmingham, Alabama, USA


Some related literature:
Beebe, 1923
Notes on Galápagos Lepidoptera Zoologica 5: 51-59
Bates, 1861
Contributions to an Insect Fauna of the Amazon Valley. Lepidoptera-Papilionide J. Ent. 1 (4) : 218-245 (1861)
Boisduval, [1836]
Histoire Naturelle des Insectes. Species Général des Lépidoptéres. Tome Premier Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 1-690, pl. 1-24
Boisduval & Leconte, [1830]
Histoire générale et iconographie des lépidoptères et des chenilles de l'Amérique septentrionale Hist. Lép. Am. Sept. (1): 1-16. pl. 1-3 (1829), (2): 17-24, pl. 4-6 (1829), (3/4): 25-40, pl. 7-12 ([1830]), (5/6): 41-56, pl. 13-18 ([1830]), (7/8): 57-80, pl. 19-24 ([1830]), (9/10): 81-100, pl. 25-30 (1833), (11-22): 101-196, pl. 31-65 ([1835]), (23-26): 197-228, pl. 66-78 ([1837])
Brown, 1929
A revision of the genus Phoebis (Lepidoptera) Amer. Mus. Novit. 368: 1-22
Brown & Mielke, 1967
Lepidoptera of the Central Brazil Plateau. I. Preliminary list of Rhopalocera (continued) J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 145-168
Butler, 1865
Description of six new species of exotic butterflies in the collection of the British Museum Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1865 (2) : 455-459, pl. 26
Butler, 1869
Descriptions of New Rhopalocera from the Collection of Herbert Druce Esq. Cistula ent. 1 (1) : 1-16
Butler, 1873
Lepidoptera Exotica, or descriptions and illustrations of exotic Lepidoptera Lepid. Exotica (1): 1-8, pl. 1-3 (1869), (2): 9-16, pl. 4-6 (1869), (3): 17-24, pl. 7-9 (1869), (4): 25-32, pl. 10-12 (1870), (5): 33-42, pl. 13-15 (1870), (6): 43-50, pl. 16-19 (1870), (7): 51-58, pl. 20-22 (1870), (8): 59-66, pl. 23-25 (1871), (9): 67-74, pl. 26-28 (1871), (10): 75-84, pl. 29-32 (1871), (11): 85-94, pl. 33-35 (1872), (12): 95-104, pl. 36-38 (1872), (13): 105-114, pl. 39-41 (1872), (14): [115],[116],117-120, pl. 42-44 (1872), (15): 121-128, pl. 45-48 (1873), (17): 137-144, pl. 49-51 (1873), (18): 145-152, pl. 52-54 (1873), (19): 153-162, pl. 55-57 (1873), (20): 163-174, pl. 58-60 (1874), (21): 175-190, pl. 61-64 (1874)
Butler, 1869
Descriptions of three new Species of Callidryas Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 4 (21) : 202-203
Butler, 1870
Descriptions of six new species of Callidryas Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1870 (1) : 9-12
Butler, 1872
Descriptions of new Butterflies from Costa Rica Cistula ent. 1 : 72-90
Coutsis, 1986
Male and female genitalia of Phoebis editha (Butler): how they differ from Hispaniolan P. sennae (Linnaeus) J. Lep. Soc. 40 (2): 97-106
Cramer, [1776]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) Uitl. Kapellen 1 (1-7): 1-132, pl. 1-84 (1775), (8): 133-155, pl. 85-96 (1776)
Cramer, [1777]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) Uitl. Kapellen 2 (9-16): 1-152, pl. 97-192 (1777)
Cramer, [1779]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) Uitl. Kapellen 3 (17-21): 1-104, pl. 193-252 (1779), (22): 105-128, pl. 253-264 ([1780]), (23-24): 129-176, pl. 265-288 (1780)
Van Duzee, 1933
The Templeton Crocker Expedition of the California Academy of Sciences, 1932. No. 12. The Diurnal Lepidoptera of the Expedition Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 21 (12) : 139-146
Dyar, 1903
A List of North American Lepidoptera and Key to the Literature of this Order of Insects Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 1-723
Fabricius, 1775
Systema Entomologiae, sistens Insectorum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, Adiectis Synonymis, Locis, Descriptionibus, Observationibus. Syst. Ent.: 832pp
C. & R. Felder, 1861
Lepidoptera nova Columbiae Wien. ent. Monats. 5 (3): 72-87, (4): 97-111
Fruhstorfer, 1907
Verzeichniss der von Herrn Dr. Theodor Koch-Grünberg am oberen Waupes 1903-1905 gesammelten Rhopaloceren mit Besprechung verwandter Arten Stettin ent. Ztg 68 (1): 117-164 (May), (2): 207-309, pl. 1 (July)
Godman & Salvin, [1889]; Godman & Salvin, [1901]
Biologia Centrali-Americana. Rhopalocera. (1887-1901) Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 1-782, 3: pl. 1-112
Holland, 1889
In Howard, Scientific results of explorations by the U.S. fish commission steamer Albatross. No. V. Annotated catalogue of the insects collected in 1877-'88 Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus. 12: 185-216
Hübner, [1823]
Sammlung exotischer Schmetterlinge, Vol. 2 ([1819] - [1827]) Samml. exot. Schmett. 2 : pl. [90], [180], [223] (1819), : pl. [2], [12], [16], [78], [141], [182] (1820), : pl. [11], [13], [24], [77], [83], [97], [102-103], [108-109], [116-117], [122], [147], [150], [164], [183], [195], [197], [212-214] (1821), : pl. [14], [18-19], [26], [38-39], [43], [68], [70-71], [74], [84], [86], [92], [94-95], [106], [114], [121], [161], [169], [174], [177-178], [184], [194], [200], [204-205], [207-208], [210] (1821), : pl. [33], [72], [76], [115], [131], [138-139], [153], [198], [211], [218], [220] (1822), : pl. [32], [75], [81], [93], [105], [129] (1822), : pl. [1], [6], [22-23], [25], [27], [29-31], [34-37], [40-42], [48], [50-53], [56], [58-59], [64-66], [69], [73], [87], [89], [91], [96], [98-101], [110], [124], [128], [130], [132-137], [142], [155-158], [160], [162-163], [165-167], [170-173], [175-176], [187-188], [196], [199], [201-202], [206], [215-216], [219], [222], [224] (1823), : pl. [54], [118], [143], [149], [159] [179], [181], [185], [203], [217] (1824), : pl. [3-5], [8-10], [15], [20], [45], [49], [55], [60], [62-63], [67], [79-80], [88], [104], [111-113], [120], [125], [127], [140], [144-146], [148], [151-152], [154], [168], [189-193], [221], [225] (1825), : pl. [7], [17], [21], [28], [44], [46-47], [57], [61], [82], [123], [126] (1826), : pl. [85], [119], [186], [209] (1827), : (Index Systematicus) [1-4] (1827-1832)
Hübner, [1819]
Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge, 1816-[1826] Verz. bek. Schmett. (1): [1-3], 4-16 (1816), (2): 17-32 (1819), (3): 33-48 (1819), (4): 49-64 (1819), (5): 65-80 (1819), (6): 81-96 (1819), (7): 97-112 (1819), (8): 113-128 (1819), (9): 129-144 (1819), (10): 145-160 (1819), (11): 161-176 (1819), (12): 177-192 (1820), (13): 193-208 (1820), (14): 209-224 (1821), (15): 225-240 (1821), (16): 241-256 (1821), (17): 257-272 (1823), (18): 273-288 (1823), (19): 289-304 (1823), (20): 305-320 (1825), (21): 321-336 (1825), (22): 337-352 (1825), (23-27): 353-431 ([1825])
Linnaeus, 1758
Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Clases, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Symonymis, Locis. Tomis I. 10th Edition Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 1-338, : 339-824
Linnaeus, 1763
in Johansson (Thesis), Centuria Insectorum Amoenitates Acad., 6: -,(121) 384-415
Linnaeus, 1767
Systema Naturae per Regna tria Naturae, secundum Classes, Ordines, .... Editio Duocecima Reformata. Tom. 1. Part II. Syst. Nat. (Edn 12) 1 (2): -,533-1327
Linsley & Usinger, 1966
Insects of Galápagos islands Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (4) 33: 113-196
Parkin, Parkin, Ewing & Ford, 1972
A report on the arthropods collected by the Edinburgh University Galápagos Islands Expedition, 1968 Pan-Pac. Entomol. 48 (2): 100-107
Reakirt, 1863
Notes on Central American Lepidoptera, with descriptions of new species Proc. ent. Soc. Philad. 2 (2): 135-142 (1863), (3): 345-360 (1864)
Roque-Albelo, 2004
The butterflies (Papilionoidea, Hesperoidea) of the Galápagos Islands, Ecuador: distribution, hostplants and biology J. Lep. Soc. 58 (1): 33-43
Stoll, [1781]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) in Cramer, Uitl. Kapellen 4 (26b-28): 29-90, pl. 305-336 (1780), (29-31): 91-164, pl. 337-372 (1781), (32-32): 165-252, 1-29, pl. 373-400 (1782)
Strand, 1912
Über einige exotische Lepidoptera aus der Sammlung des Herrn W. Niepelt in Zirlau Archiv Naturg. 78 A (9) : 178-186
Williams, 1911
Expedition of the California Academy of Sciences to the Galápagos Islands, 1905-1906. II. The butterflies and hawk-moths of the Galápagos Islands Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 1: 289-322
Winhard, 2000
Pieridae I Butterflies of the world, 10: (1) 40pp, (2) 48pls


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.