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Gonepteryx Leach, [1815]
Gonepteryx Leach, [1815]; in Brewster, Edinburgh Ency. 9 (1): 127, TS: Papilio rhamni Linnaeus
Gonoptera Billberg, 1820; Enum. Ins. Mus. Billb. : 76 (unjust. emend.)
Rhodocera Boisduval & Leconte, [1830]; Hist. Lép. Am. Sept. (7/8): 70, TS: Papilio rhamni Linnaeus
Goniapteryx Westwood, 1840; Introd. Class. Ins. 2 : 87 (unjust. emend., preocc. Goniapteryx Perty, 1833)
Goniopteryx Wallengren, 1853; Skand. Dagfjär.: 145 (unjust. emend.)
Goniopteryx Burmeister, 1878; Descr. phys. Rép. Arg. 5: 75, 104 (unjust. emend.)
Gonopteryx Schatz, [1886]; in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. Bd 1 (Th. 2, Lief. 2): 68 (unjust. emend.)
Gonepteryx, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Gonepteryx, Pieridae Holarcticae [Heiner Ziegler]
Gonepteryx ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 11

fiGonepteryx rhamni (Linnaeus, 1758)
NAF, EU, Russia, Asia Minor, Syria, Siberia. See [About maps] Sitruunaperhonen Brimstone Common Brimstone Citronfjäril Zitronenfalter Le Citron Limonera Latolistek cytrynek
Papilio rhamni Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 470, TL: Sweden
Gonepteryx rhamni, Larvae of North-European Lepidoptera [Kimmo Silvonen]
Gonepteryx rhamni, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Gonepteryx rhamni, Norges Sommerfugler [NORLEP]
Gonepteryx rhamni, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Gonepteryx rhamni, Extracts from [BRU] by [Ilya Osipov]
Gonepteryx rhamni, Europaische Schmetterlinge [Mario Maier]
Gonepteryx rhamni, Captain's European Butterfly Guide [Simon Coombes]
Gonepteryx rhamni ; [BRU, 180]; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 4, f. 15]; [BOR, 168]; [MRS, 229]; [Otakar Kudrna]
[rhamni-1v.jpg] 450x315 (~38Kb) underside Plymbridge woods, Devon, UK 20/07/95, Photo © Simon Coombes [rhamni-2mf.jpg] 298x427 (~18Kb) male female A pine forest at Akademgorodok [Academy Town], Novosibirsk, W SIberia, Russia. 23rd June 1996 (A male (yellow) and a female (white) playing), Photo © Oleg Kosterin [rhamni-3l.jpg] 700x485 (~31Kb) larva Järvenpää 670:39, 08.07.1977, Photo © Pertti Pakkanen
[rhamni-3p.jpg] 800x523 (~37Kb) pupa Järvenpää 670:39, 27.07.1975, Photo © Pertti Pakkanen [rhamni-4mv.jpg] 800x615 (~49Kb) underside male FINLAND: Ka: Virolahti, Virojoki, 14.8.1999, Photo © Markku Savela [rhamni-5fv.jpg] 800x626 (~52Kb) underside female FINLAND, Ab: Suomusjärvi, 669:31, 8.8.1999, Photo © Markku Savela
[rhamni-5v.jpg] 1200x949 (~145Kb) underside Russia, Udmurtia, Izhevsk (parklike areas along shore of "Izhevsky Prud"), 5.8.2004, Photo © Markku Savela [rhamni-6v.jpg] 737x697 (~71Kb) underside A swamp on the Ob' River right bank floodland betwen Nizhnyaya El'tsovka and Pravye Chemy at Novosibirsk, West Siberia, Russia. 9th August 1998 (on Lythrum salicaria), Photo © Oleg Kosterin [rhamni-7l.jpg] 601x400 (~40Kb) larva Central Europe 1990-2000, Photo © Michael Borsch
[rhamni-7p.jpg] 601x400 (~33Kb) pupa Central Europe 1990-2000, Photo © Michael Borsch [rhamni-7v.jpg] 400x601 (~43Kb) underside Central Europe 1990-2000, Photo © Michael Borsch [rhamni-8v.jpg] 623x831 (~82Kb) underside Sweden, Ekebo, Julita, 8.8.2003, Photo © Leif Wahlberg
[rhamni-9uf.jpg] 800x600 (~66Kb) upperside female Sweden, Ekebo, Julita, 8.8.2003, Photo © Leif Wahlberg [rhamni-a1.jpg] 705x696 (~117Kb) Russia, Moscow area, 14.8.2006 © D. Smirnov [rhamni-a2fv.jpg] 960x720 (~123Kb) underside female Russia, Moscow area (36°25'E, 56°00'N), 24.7.2009, Photo © D. Smirnov
[rhamni.jpg] 900x684 (~82Kb) FINLAND, Ab: Suomusjärvi, 669:31, 13.9.1998 (6 rhamni, Vanessa atalanta, Inachis io and one fly), Photo © Markku Savela

Larva on Rhamnus frangula, R. cathartica [SPRK], Frangula alnus [Oleg Kosterin], Rhamnus dahuricus (virgatus), Vaccinium spp. [MRS]


Gonepteryx rhamni rhamni ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 11, pl. 13, f. 8-9
G. r. transiens Verity, 1913
SEU, Caucasus Major, W.Siberia
G. r. nana Wnukowsky, 1935
Altai, S.Siberia, Transbaikalia
G. r. meridionalis Röber, 1907
Armenian Highland, N.Africa Gonepteryx rhamni f. meridionalis Röber, 1907; in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 1 : 61, TL: Algeria and S.Asia Minor
Gonepteryx rhamni meridionalis ; [BMAT: 19, pl. 7, f. 29-33]

Larva on Rhamnus sp., Rhamnus alaternus [BMAT]

G. r. miljanowskii Nekrutenko, 1966
Caucasus Minor
G. r. tianshanica Nekrutenko, 1970
N.Tian-Shan, Transbaikalia, Dzhungarsky Alatau Gonepteryx rhamni tianshanica Nekrutenko, 1970; J. Lep. Soc. 24 : 218
Gonepteryx rhamni tianshanica ; [BRU, 180]; [MRS, 229]
Gonepteryx rhamni carnipennis ; [MRS, 229]
Gonepteryx rhamni concolor ; [MRS, 229]
G. r. kurdistana de Freina, 1989
Gonepteryx rhamni kurdistana de Freina, 1989; in de Freina & Witt, Mitt. Münch. ent. Ges. 79: (111-117)

Gonepteryx cleopatra (Linnaeus, 1767)
Madeira, Canary Islands, NAF, SEU, Syria. See [About maps] Cleopatra Citron de Provence Cleopatra Sydlig citronfjäril
Papilio cleopatra Linnaeus, 1767; Syst. Nat. (Edn 12) 1 (2): 765, TL: Barbaria [Algeria]
Gonepteryx cleopatra, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Gonepteryx cleopatra, Europaische Schmetterlinge [Mario Maier]
Gonepteryx cleopatra ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 4, f. 14]; [Otakar Kudrna]
[cleopatra-1v.jpg] 450x378 (~35Kb) underside El Bosque, Andalucia, Spain 08/04/96, Photo © Simon Coombes

Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia Rhodocera cleopatra var. italica Gerhard, 1882; Berl. ent. Zs. 26 (1) : 125, TL: Italy
Gonepteryx cleopatra f. mauretanica Röber, 1907; in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 1 : 71, TL: Batna (Algeria)
Gonepteryx cleopatra f. bicolorata Chnéour, 1947; Bull. Soc. Hist. nat. Afr. N. 38: 22, TL: Tunisia
Gonepteryx cleopatra cleopatra ; [BMAT: 20, pl. 7, f. 25-28]; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 12, pl. 14, f. 1
[cleopatra_cleopatra-1v.jpg] 600x435 (~33Kb) underside Morocco, Djebel Azourki, Haut Atlas, Photo © Jean Delacre [cleopatra_cleopatra-2vm.jpg] 600x435 (~20Kb) underside male Morocco, Djebel Tazzeka, Moyen Atlas, Photo © Michel Tarrier

Larva on Rhamnus alaternus, R. myrtifolia, R. oleoides [BMAT]


G. c. europaea Verity, 1913²
cleopatra europaea Verity, 1913²; , TL: Florence
Gonepteryx cleopatra europaea ; [H&R, 66]
Gonepteryx cleopatra ssp.[?] ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 12, pl. 14, f. 2-3 (Olymbos, Pantadaktylos, Cyprus)
G. c. palmae Stamm, 1963²
Canary Islands cleopatra palmae Stamm, 1963²; , TL: Canary Islands, La Palma
Gonepteryx cleopatra palmae, Europaische Schmetterlinge [Mario Maier]
Gonepteryx cleopatra palmae ; [H&R, 67]
Gonepteryx palmae palmae ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 12, pl. 13, f. 17
G. c. petronella de Freina, 1977
Gonepteryx cleopatra petronella de Freina, 1977; Atalanta 8: (270-278)

Gonepteryx maderensis Felder, 1862
Madeira Gonepteryx maderensis Felder, 1862; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 12 (1/2) : 473, TL: Madeira
Gonepteryx cleopatra maderensis ; [H&R, 67]
Gonepteryx maderensis ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 12, pl. 13, f. 18; [Otakar Kudrna]

Gonepteryx cleobule (Hübner, 1824)
Canary Islands "Canary Island Brimstone"
Anteos cleobule Hübner, 1824; Zuträge Samml. exot. Schmett. 3 : f. 455-456, TL: Tenerife
Gonepteryx cleopatra cleobule ; [H&R, 67]
Gonepteryx cleobule ; [EBW]; [Otakar Kudrna]
Gonepteryx cleobule cleobule ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 12, pl. 13, f. 16

Gonepteryx farinosa (Zeller, 1847)
SEEU, Asia Minor, Syria, Iran, Transcaucasia - Pamirs-Alai, Himalaya. See [About maps] Powdered Brimstone
farinosa (Zeller, 1847); Isis, 1847: 5, TL: Fethiye, Mugla Prov., Turkey
Gonepteryx farinosa, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Gonepteryx farinosa, Extracts from [BRU] by [Ilya Osipov]
Gonepteryx farinosa ; [BRU, 180]; [EBW]; [BMAT: 106 (Tunisia 1929)]; [Otakar Kudrna]

Larva on Rhamnus, Ziziphus, Paliurus [BRU, Nekrutenko, 1990]

Gonepteryx farinosa farinosa ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 11, pl. 13, f. 10
G. f. turcirana de Freina, 1983
Caucasus Minor, Armenian Highland Gonepteryx farinosa turcirana de Freina, 1983; Mitt. Münch. Ent. Ges. 72: (9-55)
G. f. meridioirana de Freina, 1983
Kopet-Dagh Gonepteryx farinosa meridioirana de Freina, 1983; Mitt. Münch. Ent. Ges. 72: (9-55)
G. f. chitralensis Moore, 1906
Ghissar, S.Ghissar, Alai, Darvaz, W.Pamirs

Gonepteryx mahaguru Gistel, 1857
E.China, Korea, Japan, Kashmir - Kumaon. See [About maps] Lesser Brimstone
Gonepteryx mahaguru Gistel, 1857; Achthundert und zwanzig ... Unbeschreiben Insekten: 93
?Gonepteryx zaneka Moore, 1865; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1865 (2) : 493, pl. 31, f. 18, TL: NW.Himalayas
Gonepteryx zaneka ; [BOW: pl. 160, f. 24]
Gonepteryx mahaguru ; [EBW]; [BOR, 167]; [MRS, 227]
G. m. aspasia (Ménétriés, 1859)
Amur, Ussuri ?aspasia (Ménétriés, 1859); in Schrenck, Reise Forschungen Amur-Lande 2 (1) : 38, TL: Amur region
?aspasia (Ménétriés, 1859); Bull. phys-math. Acad. Sci. St. Pétersb. 17 (14) : 213
Gonepteryx aspasia, Extracts from [BRU] by [Ilya Osipov]
Gonepteryx aspasia ; [BRU, 181]
?Gonepteryx aspasia ; [EBW]
Gonepteryx mahaguru aspasia ; [MRS, 227]

Larva on Rhamnus davurica [BRU, Graeser, 1888]

?G. m. niphonia Bollow, 1930
Japan Gonepteryx aspasia niphonia ;
G. m. taiwana Paravicini
Taiwan Gonepteryx mahaguru taiwana ; [BOR, 167]; [MRS, 227]
Gonepteryx taiwana ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 11, pl. 13, f. 15
G. m. alvinda (Blanchard, 1871)
Tibet, Yunnan Rhodocera alvinda Blanchard, 1871; C. R. hebd. Seanc. Acad. Sci., 72: 810
Gonepteryx alvinda ; [EBW]
Gonepteryx magaguru alvinda ; Huang, 2001

Gonepteryx maxima Butler, 1885
NE.China - Korea, Japan, Amur, Ussuri, Japan. See [About maps] Gonepteryx maxima Butler, 1885; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 15 (89) : 407, TL: Japan
Gonepteryx maxima; [BRU, 181]
Gonepteryx maxima, Extracts from [BRU] by [Ilya Osipov]
Gonepteryx rhamni maxima ;

Larva on Rhamnus ussuriensis [BRU, Graeser, 1888]

G. m. amurensis Graeser, 1888
Amur, Ussuri

Gonepteryx amintha Blanchard, 1871
W.China, Taiwan. See [About maps] Gonepteryx amintha Blanchard, 1871; C. R. hebd. Seanc. Acad. Sci., 72: 810, TL: Tibet, Mou-pin
Gonepteryx amintha, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Gonepteryx amintha, Extracts from [BRU] by [Ilya Osipov]
Gonepteryx amintha ; [BRU, 181]; [EBW]; [MRS, 229]

Larva on Rhamnus dahuricus [MRS]

G. a. limonia Mell, 1943
S.Ussuri, Yunnan Gonepteryx amintha limonia ; [MRS, 229]
G. a. murayamae Nekrutenko
Gonepteryx amintha murayamae ; [MRS, 229]
G. a. thibetana Nekrutenko, 1968
Gonepteryx amintha thibetana ; [MRS, 229]
Gonepteryx amintha tibetana[sic] ; Huang, 2001, Neue Entomologische Nachrichten, 51: 108
G. a. formosana Fruhstorfer, 1908
Taiwan Rhodocera formosana Fruhstorfer, 1908; Ent. Zs. 22 (25) : 102, TL: Taihanroku
Gonepteryx amintha formosana ; [MRS, 229]; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 11, pl. 13, f. 14

Larva on Rhamnus formosana, R. liukuiensis, Cassia surattenis [MRS]

G. a. meiyuanus Murayama & Shimonoya, 1963
Formosa Gonepteryx amintha meiyuanus Murayama & Shimonoya, 1963; Tyô to Ga 13 (4): 89, TL: Formosa

Gonepteryx nepalensis Doubleday, 1847
Nepal. See [About maps] Gonepteryx nepalensis Doubleday, 1847; Gen. diurn. Lep. (1): 71, TL: Nepal
Gonepteryx rhamni nepalensis ; Fujioka, 1970, Spec. Bull. Lepid. Soc. Japan (4) : 9
Gonepteryx nepalensis nepalensis ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 11, pl. 13, f. 11-12

Gonepteryx acuminata C. & R. Felder, 1862
Gonepteryx aspasia var. acuminata C. & R. Felder, 1862; Wien. ent. Monats. 6 (1): 23, TL: Ning-Po
Gonepteryx acuminata acuminata ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 11, pl. 13, f. 13


7.2.2013 (10)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BHL]
The; Biodiversity Heritage Library; and on; Internet Archive; Note: The linking to the content of Internet Archive is somewhat delicate -- notify me when links break!
[BMAT]
Tennent, 1996; The butterflies of Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia; ISBN 0 906802 05 9
[BOR]
D'Abrera, 1982, 1985, 1986; Butterflies of the Oriental Region, Part I-III
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[BRU]
Tuzov, Bogdanov, Devyatkin, Kaabak, Korolev, Murzin, Samodurov, Tarasov, 1997; Guide to the Butterflies of Russia and adjacent territories; Hesperiidae, Papilionidae, Pieridae, Satyridae; Volume 1
[CiNii]
http://ci.nii.ac.jp/
[D. Smirnov]
Russia, Moscow; e-mail: D. Smirnov
[EBW]
Smart, Paul, 1976; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World; ISBN 0 600 31381 6
[H&R]
Higgins, L.G, Riley, N.D, 1970; A Field Guide to the Butterflies of Britain and Europe
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[Heiner Ziegler]
Switzerland / Schweiz; www.pieris.ch
[Ilya Osipov]
The insects from former USSR for collectors Web site; e-mail: Ilya Osipov; http://www.osipov.org/insects/
[JLS]
Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society; the original J. Lep. Soc. articles
[Jean Delacre]
http://homepage.mac.com/jdelacre
[Kimmo Silvonen]
Espoo, Finland; Kimmo's Lep Site
[LAMAS-2005]
Gerardo Lamas; Entomofauna 26 (6): 57-100; A Bibliography of the Zoological Publications of Hans Fruhstorfer (1886* - 1922+)
[LAMAS-NEO]
Gerardo Lamas; Bibliography of butterflies; An Annocated Bibliography of the Neotropical Butterflies and Skipper (Lepididoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea); Revised Electronic Edition (2007)
[Leif Wahlberg]
Julita, Sweden; e-mail: Leif Wahlberg
[MBE]
Moths and Butteflies of Europe; Paolo Mazzei, Diego Reggianti and Ilaria Pimpinelli; http://www.leps.it/
[MRS]
Chou Io (Ed.); Monographia Rhopalocerum Sinensium, 1-2
[Mario Maier]
Europäische Schmetterlinge; e-mail: Mario Maier
[Michael Borsch]
Geesthacht, Germany; contact through; e-mail: Francisco Welter-Schultes
[Michel Tarrier]
Michel R. Tarrier; Malaga, Spain; http://www.tarrier.org
[NORLEP]
Norges Sommerfugler
[Oleg Kosterin]
Institue of Cytology & Genetics; Siberian Division of Russian Academy of Sciences; Novosibirsk; e-mail: Oleg Kosterin; http://pisum.bionet.nsc.ru/kosterin/
[Pertti Pakkanen]
e-mail: Pertti Pakkanen; Butterfly and moth observations from Finland
[SPRK]
Seppänen, E. J, 1970; Suomen suurperhostoukkien ravintokasvit, Animalia Fennica 14
[SVF]
Svenska fjärilar; Naturhistoriska riksmuseet; (Sweden)
[Simon Coombes]
1 Park Street, Plymouth, PL3 4BL, UK; 01752 607854; e-mail: Simon Coombes; http://www.butterfly-guide.co.uk
[Wahlberg]
Niklas Wahlberg; The NSG's voucher specimen database; Nymphalidae Systematics Group
[Yutaka Inayoshi]
A Check List of Butterflies in Indo-China; Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM
[²]
This may require parentheses or not. I don't have the necessary information for this taxon.


Some related literature:
Billberg, 1820
Enumeratio Insectorum Enum. Ins. Mus. Billb. : 1-138
Blanchard, 1871
Remarques sur la faune de la principauté thibétane du Moupin C. R. hebd. Seanc. Acad. Sci., 72: 807-813
Boisduval & Leconte, [1830]
Histoire générale et iconographie des lépidoptères et des chenilles de l'Amérique septentrionale Hist. Lép. Am. Sept. (1): 1-16. pl. 1-3 (1829), (2): 17-24, pl. 4-6 (1829), (3/4): 25-40, pl. 7-12 ([1830]), (5/6): 41-56, pl. 13-18 ([1830]), (7/8): 57-80, pl. 19-24 ([1830]), (9/10): 81-100, pl. 25-30 (1833), (11-22): 101-196, pl. 31-65 ([1835]), (23-26): 197-228, pl. 66-78 ([1837])
Burmeister, 1878
Description physique de la République Argentine d'après des observations personelles et étrangeres. 5. Lépidoptères. Première partie. Contenant les diurnes, crépusculaires et bombycoïdes Descr. phys. Rép. Arg. 5: vi, 526pp
Butler, 1885
On three new Species of Gonepteryx from India, Japan, and Syria Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 15 (89) : 406-408
Doubleday, 1847
The genera of diurnal Lepidoptera, comprising their generic characters, a notice of their habitats and transformations, and a catalogue of the species of each genus; illustrated with 86 plates by W. C. Hewitson Gen. diurn. Lep. (1): 1-18, pl. A, 1-4 (1-2) (1846), (1): 19-132, pl. 4*, 5-25, 28 (3-14) (1847), (1): 133-200, pl. 1*, 26, 27, 29, 31-44 (15-23) (1848), (1): 201-242, pl. 30, 45-52, 56-58, 60-62, 64 (24-31) (1849), (1): 243-250 [?], (2): 243-326, pl. 53-55, 63, 65, 66 (32-38) (1850), (2): 327-466, pl. 59, 67-77 (39-50) (1851), (2): 467-534, 143, 144, pl. 78-80 (Index) (51-54) (1852)
Felder, 1862
Verzeichniss der von den Naturforschern der k. k. Fregatte Novara gesammelten Macropepidoteren Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 12 (1/2) : 473-496
C. & R. Felder, 1862
Observationes de Lepidoteris nonullis Chinae centralis et Japoniae Wien. ent. Monats. 6 (1): 22-32, (2): 33-40
de Freina, 1977
Zur Systematik von Gonepteryx cleopatra (Linne, 1767) un ihre Unterarten und die Beschreibung einer neuen Unterart (Lep., Pieridae) Atalanta 8: 270-278
de Freina, 1983
Studien über Biologie, Verbreitung, geographische Variabilität und Morphologie von Gonepteryx farinosa (Zeller, 1847) nebst zusätzlicher Erläuterung der Verbreitung und geographischen Variabilität von Gonepteryx rhamni (Linne, 1758) in Kleinasien Mitt. Münch. Ent. Ges. 72: 9-55
de Freina in de Freina & Witt, 1989
Gonepteryx rhamni (Linnaeus, 1758) in Kleinasien. Bemerkungen zur Bionomie und geographischen Variabilität mit Beschreibung einer neuen Unterart (Lep., Pieridae) Mitt. Münch. ent. Ges. 79: 111-117
Fruhstorfer, 1908
Lepidopterologisches Pêle-Mêle. V. Neue und seltene Rhopaloceren der Insel Formosa Ent. Zs. 22 (25) : 102-103 (19 September)
Fujioka, 1970
Butterflies collected by the Lepidopterological Research Expedition to Nepal Himalaya, 1963. Part 1. Papilionoidea Spec. Bull. Lepid. Soc. Japan (4) : 1-125
Gerhard, 1882
Lepidopterologisches Berl. ent. Zs. 26 (1) : 125-128
Huang, 2001
Report of H. Huang's 2000 Expedition to SE. Tibet for Rhopalocera Neue Entomologische Nachrichten, 51: 65-152
Hübner, 1824
Zuträge zur Sammlung exotischer Schmettlinge, Vol. 3 [1824-] 1825 [-1831] Zuträge Samml. exot. Schmett. 3 : [1-3], 4-6, [7], 8-40, [41-48] (1827 - 1831), : pl. [70-100], f. 401-582 (1824), : pl. [101-103], f. 583-600 (1825)
Linnaeus, 1758
Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Clases, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Symonymis, Locis. Tomis I. 10th Edition Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 1-338, : 339-824
Linnaeus, 1767
Systema Naturae per Regna tria Naturae, secundum Classes, Ordines, .... Editio Duocecima Reformata. Tom. 1. Part II. Syst. Nat. (Edn 12) 1 (2): -,533-1327
Ménétriés, 1859
Lépidoptères de la Sibérie orientale et en particulier des rives de l'Amour Bull. phys-math. Acad. Sci. St. Pétersb. 17 (14) : 212-221, Mélanges biol. St.-Pétersb. 3 (1): 99-113 (1858)
Ménétriés, 1859
Lépidoptères de la Sibérie orientale et en particulier des rives de l'Amour in Schrenck, Reise Forschungen Amur-Lande 2 (1) : 1-75, pl. 1-5
Moore, 1865
List of diurnal Lepidoptera collected by Capt. A.M. Lang in the N. W. Himalayas Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1865 (2) : 486-509, pl. 30-31
Murayama & Shimonoya, 1963
Three new races, one aberrant form, and two unrecorded females of the Formosan butterflies [in Japanese] Tyô to Ga 13 (4): 89-92
Nekrutenko, 1970
A new subspecies of Gonepteryx rhamni from Tian-Shan Mountains, U.S.S.R. J. Lep. Soc. 24 : 218-220
Wallengren, 1853
Lepidoptera Scandinaviae Rhopalocera. Skandinaviens Dagfjärilar Skand. Dagfjär.: 20+280 pp
Westwood, 1840
An introduction to the modern classification of insects; founded on natural habits and corresponding organization of the different families Introd. Class. Ins. 2 : 1-352 (1839), : 353-587 (1840)
Winhard, 2000
Pieridae I Butterflies of the world, 10: (1) 40pp, (2) 48pls


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.