[HOME] [INDEXES] < Life < Insecta < Lepidoptera < Ditrysia < Papilionoidea < Pieridae < Coliadinae
Eurema Hübner, [1819]
Grass Yellows
Eurema Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (6): 96, TS: Papilio delia Cramer
Abaeis Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (7): 97, TS: Papilio nicippe Cramer
= Eurema (Eurema) ; [AfrL]
Terias Swainson, 1821; Zool. Illustr. (1) 1: pl. 22, TS: Papilio hecabe Linnaeus
= Eurema (Terias) ; [AfrL]
Xanthidia Boisduval & Le Conte, [1829]; Hist. Lép. Am. Sept. (5/6): 48, TS: Papilio nicippe Cramer
= Eurema (Eurema) ; [AfrL]
Lucidia Lacordaire, 1833
= ; [NL4A, 105]
Heurema Agassiz, [1847]; Nom. zool. (Index univ.) : 181 (emend. Eurema Hübner, [1819])
= ; [NL4A, 105]
Pyrisitia Butler, 1870; Cistula ent. 1 (3) : 35, 55, TS: Papilio proterpia Fabricius
Sphaenogona Butler, 1870; Cistula ent. 1 (3) : 35, 44, TS: Terias bogotana C. & R. Felder
= ; [NL4A, 105]
= Eurema (Eurema) ; [AfrL]
Maiva Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1893; Rhop. Exot. [3] 2: (Lycaenidae) 96, TS: Maiva sulphurea Grose-Smith & Kirby
= Eurema (Eurema) ; [AfrL]
Kibreeta Moore, [1906]; Lepidoptera Indica 7 : 36, TS: Papilio libythea Fabricius
= Eurema (Eurema) ; [AfrL]
Nirmula Moore, [1906]; Lepidoptera Indica 7 : 40, TS: Terias venata Moore
= Eurema (Eurema) ; [AfrL]
Teriocolias Röber, [1909]; in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 5 : 89, TS: Terias atinas Hewitson
= Eurema (Eurema) ; [AfrL]
Eurema, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Eurema, Pieridae Holarcticae [Heiner Ziegler]

Pyrisita ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 11 (missp.)
Kibretta ; Sharpe, [1908], Zool. Rec. 43: 314 (missp.)
Teriocolias ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 11
Abaeis (Coliadinae) ; [NL4A, 105]
Pyrisitia (Coliadinae) ; [NL4A, 105]
Teriocolias (Coliadinae) ; [NL4A, 107]
Terias (Pierinae) ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (3): 118
Terias ; Godman & Salvin, [1889], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 154
Eurema ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 13
Eurema (Coliadinae) ; [AfrL]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 97; [NL4A, 105]


[sp-1.jpg] 450x365 (~25Kb) Venezuela, Yacambu park near Barquisimeto, July 2002, Photo © Simon Coombes [sp-2.jpg] 700x800 (~63Kb) USA: LepSoc field trip to Patagonia region, Santa Cruz Co., Arizona, 3.8.2005, Photo © Markku Savela [sp-3v.jpg] 600x400 (~85Kb) underside India: Subansiri, 3.11.2005, Photo © Kedar Tokekar

The exact identification of these species is still unknown, but tentatively assumed to belong into this group.



Eurema ada (Distant & Pryer, 1887)
-. See [About maps] Terias ada Distant & Pryer, 1887; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 19 (112): 271
Eurema ada ; [BOR, 184]; [MRS, 226]
Swarawk Eurema ada ada ; [BOR, 184]
E. a. iona Talbot, 1939
Burma, Peninsular Malaya, Singapore, S.Thailand, Indo-China Eurema ada iona Talbot, 1939; Fauna Brit. Ind., Butts (ed. 2) 1: 537, TL: Selangor, Malaysia
Eurema ada iona, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Eurema ada iona ; [BOR, 184]; [BMP: 99, pl. 10, f. 18-19]
E. a. indosinica Yata, 1991
Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam Eurema ada indosinica Yata, 1991; Bull. Kitakyushu Mus. Nat. Hist 9: 15, pl. 15, f. 1-8, TL: Doi Inthanon, N.Thailand
Eurema ada indosinica, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
E. a. prabha Fruhstorfer, 1910²
Philippines (Palawan) ada prabha Fruhstorfer, 1910²; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 170
Eurema ada prabha ; [BOR, 184]
E. a. yaksha Fruhstorfer, 1910²
Natuna Is. ada yaksha Fruhstorfer, 1910²; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 170
Eurema ada yaksha ; [BOR, 184]
E. a. toba (de Nicéville, [1896])
NE.Sumatra Terisa toba de Nicéville, [1896]; in de Nicéville & Martin, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 64 Pt.II (3) : 496, TL: NE.Sumatra
Eurema ada toba ; [BOR, 184]
E. a. varga Fruhstorfer²
W.Java Eurema ada varga ; [BOR, 184]
E. a. choui Gu, 1994
Hainan Eurema ada choui Gu, 1994; in Chou, Monographia Rhopalocerum Sinensium, 1-2: 754, 226, TL: Jianfengling

Eurema alitha (C. & R. Felder, 1862)
-. See [About maps] Terias alitha C. & R. Felder, 1862; Wien. ent. Monats. 6 (9) : 289, TL: Mindanao
?Terias invida Butler, 1883; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 11 (66) : 418, TL: Pasananca valley, Mindanao
Eurema alitha, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
?Terias invida ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 223 (note, Terias rahel group)
?Eurema invida ;
Terias alitha ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 223 (note, Terias rahel group)
Eurema alitha ; [BOR, 186]
Eurema (Terias) alitha ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 98

Larva on Albizia, Cassia, Desmanthus, Entada, Galactia, Glycine, Ormocarpum, Pithecellobium, Senna, Rhamnus Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 98

Philippines (Mindanao) Eurema alitha alitha ; [BOR, 186]
E. a. lorquini (C. & R. Felder, 1865)
S.Sulawesi Terias lorquinii C. & R. Felder, 1865; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 209
Terias lorquinii ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 223 (note, Terias rahel group)
Eurema (Terias) alitha lorquini ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 99
E. a. zita (C. & R. Felder, 1865)
Sulawesi, Banggai, ?Sula Is. Terias zita C. & R. Felder, 1865; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 210, TL: Celebes
?Terias zama C. & R. Felder, 1865; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 210, TL: Celebes
?Terias zama ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 223 (note, Terias rahel group)
Terias zita ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 223 (note, Terisa rahel group)
Eurema zita ;
Eurema alitha zita ; [BOR, 186]
Eurema tilaha zita ;
Eurema (Terias) alitha zita ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 99
N.Borneo Terias gradiens Butler, 1886; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 223, pl. 5, f. 9 (Terias rahel group), TL: Borneo
alitha gradiens ; [BOR, 186]
Eurema tilaha gradiens ;
Eurema alitha gradiens ; [BOR, 186]
E. a. bidens (Butler, 1886)
Sumatra Terias bidens Butler, 1886; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 221, pl. 5, f. 7 (Terias diversa group), TL: Sumatra
Terias latilimbata Butler, 1886; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 222, pl. 5, f. 5 (Terias diversa group), TL: Sumatra
= ; Shirôzu & Yata, 1981, Tyô to Ga 32 (1/2): 61
?Terias hecabe borneensis Fruhstorfer, 1910; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 167, pl. 73 row e, TL: Borneo
Eurema hecabe latilimbata ; [BOR, 183]
E. a. djampeana Fruhstorfer, 1908²
Tanahdjampea Eurema alitha djampeana ; [BOR, 186]
Eurema (Terias) alitha djampeana ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 99
E. a. sangira Fruhstorfer, 1910²
Sangihe alitha sangira Fruhstorfer, 1910²; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 171
Eurema tilaha sangira ;
Eurema alitha sangira ; [BOR, 186]
Eurema (Terias) alitha sangira ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 99
E. a. sankapura (Fruhstorfer, 1910)
Bawean alitha sankapura (Fruhstorfer, 1910); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 167
= Eurema hecabe suava ; Talbot, 1943, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (11) 10: 139; [NHM]
Eurema hecabe sankapura ;
Eurema alitha sankapura ; Shirôzu & Yata, 1981, Tyô to Ga 32 (1/2): 61
E. a. chemus (Fruhstorfer, 1910)
Alor hecabe chemus ;
Eurema alitha chemus ; Shirôzu & Yata, 1981, Tyô to Ga 32 (1/2): 61
E. a. jalendra (Fruhstorfer, 1910)
Palawan Eurema alitha hondai Morishita, 1973; Tyô to Ga 24 (4) : 99, TL: Ransang, Palawan
= ; Shirôzu & Yata, 1981, Tyô to Ga 32 (1/2): 61
Eurema hecabe jalendra ; Morishita, 1973, Tyô to Ga 24 (4) : 99
Eurema alitha jalendra ; [BOR, 187]
E. a. samarana Fruhstorfer, 1910²
Philippines (Samar) alitha samarana Fruhstorfer, 1910²; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 170
Eurema alitha samarana ; [BOR, 186]
Eurema tilaha samarana ; [NHM]
E. a. garama Fruhstorfer, 1910²
Sulu Is. alitha garama Fruhstorfer, 1910²; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 170
Eurema alitha garama ; [BOR, 186]
Eurema tilaha garama ; [NHM]
E. a. sanama (Fruhstorfer, 1913)
Sula Is. Terias alitha sanama Fruhstorfer, 1913; Ent. Rundschau 30 (16): 92, TL: Sula
Eurema alitha sanama ; [BOR, 187]
E. a. bozonia (Fruhstorfer, 1913)
Jolo Terias alitha bozonia Fruhstorfer, 1913; Ent. Rundschau 30 (16): 92, TL: Jolo
E. a. gunjii Shirôzu & Yata, 1981
Ceram Eurema alitha gunjii Shirôzu & Yata, 1981; Tyô to Ga 32 (1/2): 55, TL: Indonesia, Cerma, Kamarian
E. a. halmaherana Shirôzu & Yata, 1981
Halmahera Eurema alitha halmaherana Shirôzu & Yata, 1981; Tyô to Ga 32 (1/2): 57, TL: Indonesia, Halmahera I., Djailolo
E. a. novaguineensis Shirôzu & Yata, 1982
Papua Eurema alitha novaguineensis Shirôzu & Yata, 1982; Tyô to Ga 33 (1,2): 25 (repl. Eurema alitha papuapa Shirôzu & Yata, 1981), TL: W.Irian, Manokwari
Eurema alitha papuana Shirôzu & Yata, 1981; Tyô to Ga 32 (1/2): 59 (preocc. Terias papuana Butler, 1898), TL: W.Irian, Manokwari

Eurema andersoni (Moore, 1886)
Sikkim - Assam, Burma, Ceylon, Peninsular India. See [About maps] One-spot Grass Yellow
Terias andersonii Moore, 1886; J. Linn. Soc. Lond., Zool. 21 (1) : 47, TL: Mergui, S.Myanmar
Eurema andersoni andersoni, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Eurema andersonii ; [BOW: pl. 160, f. 10]
Terias andersoni ; [BIR, 454]
Eurema andersoni ; [BOR, 186]; [MRS, 226]
Eurema (Terias) andersoni ;
Peninsular Malaya, Langkawi, Singapore, Sumatra, Borneo, Thailand, Indo-China Eurema andersoni andersoni ; [BOR, 186]
Eurema andersonii andersonii ; [BMP: 99, pl. 10, f. 7-8]
E. a. godana Fruhstorfer, 1910
Taiwan andersoni godana Fruhstorfer, 1910; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 169
Eurema andersoni godama[sic?] ; [BOR, 186]; [MRS, 226]
Eurema andersoni godana ; [NHM]
E. a. udana Fruhstorfer, 1910
W.Java andersoni udana Fruhstorfer, 1910; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 169
Eurema andersoni udana ; [BOR, 186]
E. a. ormistoni Watkins, 1925²
Ceylon, ?S.India andersoni ormistoni Watkins, 1925²; J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 30 : 714
Eurema ormistoni ;
Eurema andersoni ormistoni ; [BOR, 186]
E. a. anamba Corbet & Pendlebury, 1932
Anambas Is. andersoni anamba Corbet & Pendlebury, 1932; Bull. Raffles Mus. 7: 178, pl. 4, f. 13, TL: Anamba Is.
Eurema andersoni anamba ; [BOR, 186]
E. a. evansi Corbet & Pendlebury, 1932
Andamans andersoni evansi Corbet & Pendlebury, 1932; Bull. Raffles Mus. 7: 179
Eurema andersoni evansi ; [BOR, 186]
E. a. jordani Corbet & Pendlebury, 1932
Sikkim, Bhutan Jordan's Grass Yellow
andersoni jordani Corbet & Pendlebury, 1932; Bull. Raffles Mus. 7: 180, TL: Sikkim
Terias jordani ; [BIR, 454]
Eurema jordani ; [BOR, 184]
Eurema (Terias) andersoni jordani ; [Torben B. Larsen]
E. a. konoyi Morishita, 1973
Palawan Eurema andersoni konoyi Morishita, 1973; Tyô to Ga 24 (4) : 102, TL: Taot-Daram, Palawan
Eurema andersoni konoyi ; [BOR, 186]
E. a. nishiyamai Shirôzu & Yata, 1981
Nias Eurema andersoni nishiyamai Shirôzu & Yata, 1981; Tyô to Ga 32 (1/2): 52, TL: Indonesia, Nias, Telukdalam
E. a. kashiwaii Shirôzu & Yata, 1981
Sumba I. Eurema andersoni kashiwaii Shirôzu & Yata, 1981; Tyô to Ga 32 (1/2): 54, TL: Indonesia, E.Sumba, Kampata, Wandut, Lewapaku
E. a. sadanobui Shirôzu & Yata, 1982
Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, S.Vietnam, S.Yunnan Eurema andersoni sadanobui Shirôzu & Yata, 1982; Tyô to Ga 33 (1,2): 25 (repl. _Eurema andersoni inouei Shirözu & Yata, 1981), TL: Cambodia, Kampot, Tuk Chov
Eurema andersoni inouei Shirôzu & Yata, 1981; Tyô to Ga 32 (1/2): 50 (preocc. Eurema simulatrix inouei Shirôzu & Yata, 1973), TL: Cambodia, Kampot, Tuk Chov
Eurema andersoni sadanobui, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
E. a. albida Shirôzu & Yata, 1982
Borneo (Sarawak) Eurema andersoni albida Shirôzu & Yata, 1982; Tyô to Ga 33 (1,2): 25 (repl. Eurema andersoni borneensis Shirôzu & Yata, 1981), TL: Borneo, E.Malaysia, Sarawak, Santuboung
Eurema andersoni borneensis Shirôzu & Yata, 1981; Tyô to Ga 32 (1/2): 52 (preocc. Terias hecabe borneensis Fruhstorfer, 1910), TL: Borneo, E.Malaysia, Sarawak, Santuboung
E. a. shimai Yata & Gaonkar, 1999
S.India Eurema andersoni shimai Yata & Gaonkar, 1999; Entom. Science 2 (2) : 281, TL: Conoor, Nilgiri Hills, S.India

Eurema beatrix (Toxopeus, 1939)
Java. See [About maps] Terias beatrix Toxopeus, 1939; Ent. Meded. Ned.-Ind. 5: 57

Eurema blanda (Boisduval, 1836)
Ceylon, Peninsular India - Sikkim, Assam, Burma, Japan. See [About maps] Three-spot Grass Yellow
Terias blanda Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 672, TL: Java
Terias phanospila C. & R. Felder, 1865; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 209
Terias citrina Moore, [1881]; Lepid. Ceylon 1 (3): 119, pl. 45, f. 4, 4a (preocc. Terias citrina Poey, [1852]), TL: Ceylon?
= Eurema blanda citrina ; [NHM]
Terias rotundalis Moore, [1881]; Lepid. Ceylon 1 (3): 120, pl. 46, f. 1, 1a-b, TL: Ceylon?
= Eurema blanda citrina ; [NHM]
Terias uniformis Moore, [1881]; Lepid. Ceylon 1 (3): 120, pl. 46, f. 2, 2a-b, TL: Cyelon?
= Eurema blanda citrina ; [NHM]
?Terias blanda saraha Fruhstorfer, 1910; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 169
?Terias norbana depicta Fruhstorfer, 1910; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 172, TL: Amboina
?Terias blanda wuwulana Fruhstorfer, 1912; Ent. Rundschau 29 (5) : 35, TL: Matty I.
Terias phanospila ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 220 (Terias hecabe group)
Terias citrina ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 220 (note, Terias hecabe group)
Terias rotundalis ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 217 (note, Terias senegalensis group)
Terias blanda ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 215 (note, Terias blanda group); [BIR, 453]
Eurema blanda ; [BOW: pl. 160, f. 11]; [BOR, 184]; [MRS, 225]
Eurema (Terias) blanda ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 98

Larva on Wagatea spicata [BIR], Alstonia, Acacia, Acrocarpus, Agati, Albizia, Archidendron, Caesalpinia, Cassia, Delonix, Gelditsia, Gliricidia, Guilandina, Macrotropis, Moullava, Ormosia, Parkia, Paraserianthes, Pithecellobium, Senna, Sesbania, Wagatea, Xylia, Camellia, Agatea Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 99

Java, Bali, Enggano Eurema blanda blanda ; [BOR, 184]
E. b. snelleni (Moore, [1907])
S.Thailand, Peninsular Malaya, Langkawi, Singapore, Sumatra, Borneo Terias snelleni Moore, [1907]; Lepidoptera Indica 7 : 78
Eurema blanda snelleni ; [BOR, 184]; [BMP: 99, pl. 10, f. 16-17]; [MRS, 225]
E. b. silhetana (Wallace, 1867)
Ceylon, India - Indo-China, S.Yunnan Terias silhetana Wallace, 1867; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. (3) 4 (3) : 324, TL: Silhet, NE.India
Terias heliophila Butler, 1885; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 16 : 338, : pl. 8, f. 2, TL: Assam
= ; [NHM]
Eurema blanda silhetana, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Terias silhetana ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 217 (note, Terias senegalensis group)
Terias heliophila ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 220 (note, Terias hecabe group)
Eurema blanda silhetana ; [BOR, 184]
E. b. moorei (Butler, 1886)
?Andamans, Nicobars Terias moorei Butler, 1886; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 216, pl. 5, f. 1 (Terias blanda group), TL: Nicobar I.
?grisea (Evans, 1932) (Terias); Indian Butterflies (edn. 2): 78, TL: Nicobar I.
Eurema blanda moorei ; [BOR, 184]
E. b. natuna Fruhstorfer, 1910²
Natuna Is. blanda natuna Fruhstorfer, 1910²; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 169, TL: Natuna Is.
Eurema blanda natuna ; [BOR, 184]
E. b. arsakia (Fruhstorfer, 1910)
Japan, Taiwan Eurema blanda arsakia ; [BOR, 184]; [MRS, 225]

Larva on Pithecellobium lucidum, Cassia siamea, C. surattensis, Caesalpinia crista, C. globulorum [MRS]

E. b. hylama Corbet & Pendlebury
Hainan Eurema blanda hylama ; [BOR, 184]; [MRS, 225]
E. b. rileyi Corbet & Pendlebury
S.China Eurema blanda rileyi ; [BOR, 184]; [MRS, 225]
E. b. acandra (Fruhstorfer, 1910)
Hong Kong blanda acandra (Fruhstorfer, 1910) (Terias); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 169
Eurema blanda acandra ; [BOR, 184]
Eurema blanda acandre ; [MRS, 225]

= Teria acandra Frushtorfer, 1910 or not? Spelling acandra or acandre?

E. b. visellia Fruhstorfer²
Philippines (Luzon) Eurema blanda visellia ; [BOR, 184]
E. b. vallivolans (Butler, 1883)
Philippines (Mindanao) Terias vallivolans Butler, 1883; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 11 (66) : 420, TL: Pasananca valley, Mindanao
Terias vallivolans ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 217 (note, Terias senegalensis group)
Eurema blanda vallivolans ; Morishita, 1973, Tyô to Ga 24 (4) : 101; [BOR, 184]
E. b. mensia Fruhstorfer²
Philippines (Samar, Bohol, Leyte) Eurema blanda mensia ; [BOR, 184]
E. b. norbana Fruhstorfer, 1910²
N.Sulawesi, Talaud, Sangihe, Banggai, Sula Eurema norbana ; [BOW: pl. 160, f. 16]
Eurema blanda norbana ; [BOR, 184]
Eurema (Terias) blanda norbana ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 99
E. b. odinia Fruhstorfer, 1910²
S.Sulawesi, Sula Is. Eurema blanda odinia ; [BOR, 184]
Eurema (Terias) blanda odinia ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 99
E. b. sanapati Fruhstorfer²
Lesser Sunda Is. Eurema blanda sanapati ; [BOR, 184]
E. b. laratensis (Butler, 1883)
Timor Terias laratensis Butler, 1883; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1883 : 369, pl. 38, f. 3, TL: Larat I.
Terias laratensis ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 216 (note, Terias floricola group)
Eurema blanda laratensis ; [BAUR, 163]
E. b. cungata (Fruhstorfer, 1910)
Ambon, Serang Terias blanda cungata Fruhstorfer, 1910; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 169, TL: Amboina
Eurema blanda cungata ; [BAUR, 163]
Moluccas - New Guinea Eurema blanda indecisa ; [BAUR, 163 (text)]
E. b. sahara (Fruhstorfer, 1910)
Papua

Eurema brigitta (Stoll, [1780])
Tropical Africa, AS, AU. See [About maps] Papilio brigitta Stoll, [1780]; in Cramer, Uitl. Kapellen 4 (26b-28): 82, pl. 331, f. B, C, TL: Guinea, W.Africa
Terias lerna Felder, 1860; Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien 40 (11): 448
Eurema brigitta, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Terias lerna ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 213 (note, Terias drona group)
Terias brigitta ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 214 (Terias drona group)
Eurema brigitta ; [BOR, 182]; [MRS, 226]
Eurema (Eurema) brigitta ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 97; [AfrL]

Larva on Hypericum aethiopicum, Cassia mimosoides [PBSA], Cassia mimosoides K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991, Review Austr. Butts. (1-4): (120-140), Adenanthera, Albizia, Cassia, Chamaecrista, Desmodium, Erioglossum, Neptunia, Pithecolobium, Senna, Sesbania, Hypericum Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 97

Tropical Africa Terias zoe Hopffer, 1855; Ber. Verh. Akad. Berlin 1855 : 640 [wet-season]
= ; [AfrL]
Terias caffra C. & R. Felder, 1865; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 213
= ; [AfrL]
Terias candace C. & R. Felder, 1865; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 213
= ; [AfrL]
Terias seruli Westwood, 1881; in Oates, Matabeland : 342, TL: Botswana
= ; [AfrL]
Maiva sulphurea Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1893; Rhop. Exot. [3] 2: (Lycaenidae) 96, pl. 21, f. 13, TL: Lake Nyassa
= ; [AfrL]
Teria eximia Thurau, 1903; Berl. ent. Z. 48 : 143, TL: Tanzania
= ; [AfrL]
Terias zoe ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 213 (note, Terias drona group)
Terias candace ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 213 (note, Terias drona group)
Eurema brigitta brigitta ; [BAFR, 55]
Eurema (Eurema) brigitta brigitta ; [AfrL]
E. b. pulchella (Boisduval, 1833)
Madagascar, Mauritius, Comoro Is., Aldabra Is. Xanthidia pulchella Boisduval, 1833; Faun. ent. Madagascar, Lépid. : 20, pl. 2, f. 7
Terias pulchella ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 213 (note, Terias drona group)
Eurema brigitta pulchella ; [BAFR, 55 (text)]; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 13, pl. 17, f. 5-6
Eurema (Eurema) brigitta pulchella ; [MadL]; [AfrL]
E. b. drona (Horsfield, [1829])
Sumatra, Java - Lombok Terias drona Horsfield, [1829]; Descr. Cat. lep. Ins. Mus. East India Coy (2): 137, (1): pl. 1, f. 13, TL: Java
Terias drona ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (3): 120, pl. 46, f. 3, 3a; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 214 (Terias drona group)
Terias libythea drona ; Rothschild, 1915, Novit. Zool. 22 (1): 114
Eurema brigitta drona ; [BOR, 182]
E. b. senna (C. & R. Felder, [1865])
Peninsular Malaya, Singapore Terias senna C. & R. Felder, [1865]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 212
Terias senna ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 213 (Terias drona group)
Eurema brigitta senna ; [BMP: 99, pl. 10, f. 20]; [BOR, 182]
E. b. fruhstorferi (Moore, 1906)
E.Indo-China Terias fruhstorferi Moore, 1906; Lep. Ind. 7: 40
Eurema brigitta fruhstorferi ; [BOR, 182]
E. b. ina Eliot, 1956
S.Sulawesi, Muna Eurema brigitta ina Eliot, 1956; Bull. Raffles Mus. 27: 38, TL: Sulawesi, Malino
Eurema brigitta ina ; [BOR, 182]
Eurema (Eurema) brigitta ina ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 97
E. b. hainana (Moore, 1878)
Hainan Terias hainana Moore, 1878; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878 (3) : 700, TL: Hainan
Eurema brigitta hainana, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Eurema brigitta hainana ; [BOR, 182]; [MRS, 226]
E. b. rubella (Wallace, 1867)
Ceylon, India, Burma - S.China, Nicobars Small Grass Yellow
Terias rubella Wallace, 1867; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. (3) 4 (3) : 323, TL: Calcutta
= Terias santana ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 213 (note, Terias drona group)
Papilio libythea Fabricius, 1798; Ent. Syst. (Suppl.): 427 (preocc. Papilio libythea Fabricius, 1775)
Terias libythea ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 213 (note, Terias drona group); [BIR, 450]
Eurema libythea ; [BOW: pl. 160, f. 15]
Eurema brigitta rubella ; [BOR, 182]; [MRS, 226]
E. b. formosana Matsumura, 1919
Taiwan Eurema libythea f. formosana Matsumura, 1919; Thous. Ins. Japan. Addit. 3 : 510, pl. 34, f. 13, TL: Formosa
?Eurema dorothea Nakahara, 1922; Entomologist 55 : 123, TL: Formosa
Eurema brigitta formosana ; [BOR, 182]; [MRS, 226]
Eurema brigitta yunnana ; [MRS, 226]
E. b. zoraide (C. & R. Felder, 1865)
Australia, New Guinea, Papua Terias zoraide C. & R. Felder, 1865; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 213
Terias australis Wallace, 1867; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. (3) 4 (3) : 321, TL: Australia, Moreton Bay
= Terias zoraide ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 214
= ; [NHM]
Terias zoraide ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 214 (Terias drona group)
Eurema brigitta australis ; [BAUR, 162]
E. b. sincera Shirôzu & Yata, 1982
New Guinea Eurema brigitta sincera Shirôzu & Yata, 1982; Tyô to Ga 33 (1,2): 25 (repl. Eurema brigitta papuana Shirôzu & Yata, 1981), TL: NE.Papua New Guinea, Kundiawa
Eurema brigitta papuana Shirôzu & Yata, 1981; Tyô to Ga 32 (1/2): 49 (preocc. Eurema candida papuana Butler, 1898), TL: NE.Papua New Guinea, Kundiawa

Eurema candida (Stoll, [1782])
Moluccas. See [About maps] Papilio candida Stoll, [1782]; in Cramer, Uitl. Kapellen 4 (26b-28): 82, pl. 331, f. A, TL: Amboina
Eurema candida, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Terias candida ; [EBW]
Eurema candida ; [BOW: pl. 160, f. 12]
Buru, Ambon, Serang Eurema candida candida ; [BAUR, 162 (text)]
E. c. salomonis (Butler, 1898)
Alu, Fauro Is. Terias salomonis Butler, 1898; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (7) 1 (1): ?, TL: Solomon Is.
Eurema candida salomonis ; [BAUR, 162]
E. c. liberia Fruhstorfer²
Bachan, Halmahera, Morotai, Ternate Eurema candida liberia ; [BAUR, 162 (text)]
E. c. dindymene Fruhstorfer²
Obi Eurema candida dindymene ; [BAUR, 162 (text)]
E. c. papuana (Butler, 1898)
Misool Terias papuana Butler, 1898; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (7) 1 (1) : 60, TL: Misol
Eurema candida papuana ; [BAUR, 162]
Eurepa candida papuana ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 13, pl. 17, f. 7
E. c. diotima (Fruhstorfer, 1910)
Vulcan I., New Guinea Terias candida diotima Fruhstorfer, 1910; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 172, TL: German New Guinea and Vulcan
Eurema puella diotima ;
Eurema candida diotina[sic] ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 13, pl. 17, f. 8
E. c. octogesa Fruhstorfer, 1910²
Waigeu candida octogesa Fruhstorfer, 1910²; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 172, TL: Waigeu
Terias candida octegesia[sic]f. biakensis Joicey & Talbot, 1917; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (8) 20 (117) : 218, TL: Waigeu; Biak
Eurema candida octogesa ; [BAUR, 162 (text)]
E. c. xanthomelaena (Godman & Salvin, 1879)
New Britain, New Ireland, Duke of York Group Terias xanthomelaena Godman & Salvin, 1879; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1879 : 159
digentia (Fruhstorfer, 1910) (Terias); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 172
= ; [NHM]
Terias xanthomelaena ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 224 (note, Terias candida group)
Eurema candida xanthomelaena ; [BAUR, 162]
E. c. woodfordi (Butler, 1898)
Guadalcanal, Malaita, Florida Is., Shortland Group Terias woodfordi Butler, 1898; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (7) 1 (1): ?, TL: Solomon Is.?
Eurema candida woodfordi ; [BAUR, 162 (text)]

Eurema celebensis (Wallace, 1867)
-. See [About maps] Terias celebensis Wallace, 1867; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. (3) 4 (3) : 327, pl. 6, f. 1, TL: Macassar, Menado, Sulla Islands
Terias celebensis ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 224 (Terias candida group)
Eurema celebensis ; [BOW: pl. 160, f. 20 (text)]; [BOR, 188]
Eurema (Terias) celebensis ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 99
N.Sulawesi Eurema celebensis celebensis ; [BOR, 188]
Eurema (Terias) celebensis celebensis ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 99
E. c. exophthalma Fruhstorfer, 1910²
Banggai, Sula Is. ?poetelia Fruhstorfer
Eurema celebensis exophthalma ; [BOR, 188]
Eurema (Terias) celebensis exophthalma ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 99
E. c. toalarum Fruhstorfer²
S.Sulawesi Eurema celebensis toalarum ; [BOR, 188]

Eurema desjardinsii (Boisduval, 1833)
E.Cape - Transkei - Natal, Rhodesia, Madagascar, AF. See [About maps] Angled Grass Yellow
Xanthidia desjardinsii Boisduval, 1833; Faun. ent. Madagascar, Lépid. : 22, pl. 2, f. 6 [summer]
Terias desjardinsii ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 215 (note, Terias blanda group)
Eurema (Eurema) desjardinsii ; [AfrL]
Misidentified/misapplied:
desjardinsii f. mandarinula; [PBSA, [dry-season]]

Larva on Cassia mimosoides, Hypericum aethiopicum? [PBSA]

Madagascar, Comoro Is. Terias aliena Butler, 1880; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 5 (28): 337, TL: Madagascar
= Eurema desjardinsii ; [NHM]
= ; [AfrL]
Terias desjardinsi ab. drueti Dufrane, 1947; Bull. Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 83 (1/2) : 67, TL: Madagascar
= ; [AfrL]
Eurema desjardinsi desjardinisi ; [BAFR, 55]
Eurema (Eurema) desjardinsii desjardinsii ; [MadL]; [AfrL]
E. d. marshalli (Butler, 1897)
Kenya Terias marshalli Butler, 1897; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1897 : 851, pl. 50, f. 9 [dry-season]
Terias desjardinsi f. philonoe Stoneham, 1957; Bull. Stoneham Mus. (70) : [3], TL: Kenya
= ; [AfrL]
Terias desjardinsi f. dulcinea Stoneham, 1957; Bull. Stoneham Mus. (70) : [3], TL: Kenya
= ; [AfrL]
Terias desjardinsi marshalli f. pseudoregularis Berger, 1981; Les Papillons du Zaire: 83
= ; [AfrL]
Eurema (Eurema) desjardinsii marshalli ; [AfrL]

?Eurema ecriva (Butler, 1873)
Sphaenogona ecriva Butler, 1873; Cistula ent. 1: 175
Sphaenogona ecriva Butler, 1870; Cistula ent. 1: 35? (nom. nud.)

Eurema esakii Shirôzu, 1953
Taiwan Eurema esakii ; [BOR, 183]; [MRS, 226]

Eurema floricola (Boisduval, 1833)
Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion, Comoros, East Africa (coastal), Zaire, Kenya. See [About maps] Malagasy Grass Yellow
Xanthidia floricola Boisduval, 1833; Faun. ent. Madagascar, Lépid. : 21, TL: Madagascar
Terias floricola ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 216 (note, Terias floricola group)
Eurema (Terias) floricola ; [AfrL]
Madagascar Terias smilacina C. & R. Felder, [1865]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 208
= ; [AfrL]
Terias boisduvaliana Mabille, [1887]; in Grandidier, Hist. Phys. Nat. Pol. Madag. 18: 252, TL: Madagascar
= ; [AfrL]
Terias arisba Mabille, [1887]; in Grandidier, Hist. Phys. Nat. Pol. Madag. 18: 252, TL: Madagascar
= ; [AfrL]
Terias smilacina ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 215 (note, Terias smilax group)
Eurema floricola floricola ; [BAFR, 55]
Eurema (Terias) floricola floricola ; [MadL]; [AfrL]
E. f. anjuana (Butler, 1879)
Comoro Is. Terias anjuana Butler, 1879; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 3 (15) : 189, TL: Johanna I.
Terias decipiens Butler, 1879; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 3 (15) : 189, TL: Johanna I.
= ; [AfrL]
Terias decipiens ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 217 (note, Terias senegalensis group)
Terias anjuana ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 216 (note, Terias floricola group)
Eurema floricola anjuana ; [BAFR, 55 (text)]
Eurema (Terias) floricola anjuana ; [AfrL]
E. f. ceres (Butler, 1886)
Mauritius, Réunion Is. Terias ceres Butler, 1886; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 218, pl. 5, f. 3 (Terias senegalensis group), TL: Mauritius
Eurema floricola ceres ; [BAFR, 55 (text)]
Eurema (Terias) floricola ceres ; [AfrL]
E. f. leonis (Butler, 1886)
Sierra Leone Terias leonis Butler, 1886; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 222, pl. 5, f. 6 (Terias hecabe group), TL: Sierra Leone
Eurema floricola nivea Berger, 1981; Les Papillons du Zaire: 82, TL: Lusambo
= ; [AfrL]
Eurema floricola nivea ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 13, pl. 17, f. 4
Eurema (Terias) floricola leonis ; [AfrL]
E. f. aldabrensis Bernardi, 1969
Aldabra I. Eurema floricola aldabrensis Bernardi, 1969; Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. 73 : 194, TL: Aldabra
Eurema floricola aldabrensis ; [BAFR, 55 (text)]
Eurema (Terias) floricola aldabrensis ; [AfrL]

?Eurema halmaherana Shirôzu & Yata, 1981²

Eurema hapale (Mabille, 1882)
Tropical Africa, Madagascar. See [About maps] Pale Grass Yellow Marsh Grass Yellow
Terial hapale Mabille, 1882; Le Naturaliste 2: 99, TL: Madagascar
Terias hapale var. hibernia Neustetter, 1916; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 30 : 96, TL: Uganda
= ; [AfrL]
Terias hapale f. raritas Stoneham, 1957; Bull. Stoneham Mus. (70) : [3], TL: Uganda
= ; [AfrL]
Terias hapale ; Mabille, 1887, Hist. Madag. 18 (Lép. 1) : 250, pl. 32, f. 6-7
Eurema (Terias) hapale ; [MadL]; [AfrL]

Larva on Albizia, (in rearing) [BK]


Eurema hecabe (Linnaeus, 1758)
AF, AS, AU. See [About maps] Common Grass Yellow
Papilio hecabe Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 470, TL: S.China, Hong Kong
?Papilio hecabe Linnaeus, 1764; Mus. Lud. Ulr.: 249
Papilio luzoniensis Linnaeus, 1764; Mus. Lud. Ulr.: 249, TL: Luzon
?Papilio rahul[?] Fabricius, 1787; (spell.?)
Papilio rahel Fabricius, 1787; Mantissa Insectorum 2: 22, TL: India
Papilio chrysopterus Gmelin, 1790; in Linnaeus, Syst. Nat. (edn 13) 1 (5) : 2261
Terias suava Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 670
Terias sinensis Lucas, 1852; Revue Mag. Zool. (2) 4 (9): 429, TL: China
Terias hecabeoides Ménétriés, 1855; Cat. lep. Petersb. 2: 85, 1: pl. 2, f. 2
Terias aesiope Ménétriés, 1855; Cat. lep. Petersb. 2: 85, 1: pl. 2, f. 3, TL: "Haiti"
Terias anemone C. & R. Felder, 1862; Wien. ent. Monats. 6 (1): 23, TL: Ningpo; Hong Kong
Terias nicobariensis Felder, 1862; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 12 (1/2) : 480
Terias fimbriata Wallace, 1867; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. (3) 4 (3) : 323, TL: Mussooree
Terias hebridina Butler, [1876]; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1875 (4) : 617, pl. 67, f. 8, TL: Tanna, New Hebrides
Terias inanata Butler, [1876]; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1875 (4) : 617, TL: Mota I.; Erromango, New Hebrides
Terias pumilaris Butler, [1876]; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1875 (4) : 617, pl. 67, f. 7, TL: Tanna, New Hebrides
Terias lifuana Butler, 1877; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 20 (118) : 355, TL: Lifu, Loyalty Is.
Terias sinapina Butler, 1877; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 20 (118) : 355, TL: Lifu, Loyalty Is.
Terias arcuata Moore, 1878; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878 (3) : 700, TL: Hainan
Terias attenuata Moore, 1878; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878 (3) : 700, TL: Hainan
Terias subdecorata Moore, 1878; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878 (3) : 699, TL: Hainan
Terias connexiva Butler, 1880; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1880 (4) : 199, pl. 6, f. 12
Terias hybrida Butler, 1880; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1880 (4) : 199
Terias mariesii Butler, 1880; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1880 (4) : 198, pl. 6, f. 1
Terias unduligera Butler, 1880; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1880 : 668, TL: Formosa
Terias simulata Moore, [1881]; Lepid. Ceylon 1 (3): 110, pl. 45, f. 2, 2a
Terias apicalis Moore, 1882; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1882 (1) : 253, pl. 12, f. 2, TL: Kangra
Terias excavata Moore, 1882; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1882 (1) : 252, TL: Kangra
Terias irregularis Moore, 1882; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1882 (1) : 253, pl. 12, f. 3, TL: Kangra
Terias purreea Moore, 1882; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1882 (1) : 252, TL: Kangra
Terias multiformis Pryer, 1882
Terias narcissus Butler, 1883
Terias asphodelus Butler, 1884
Terias fraterna Moore, 1886; J. Linn. Soc. Lond., Zool. 21 (1) : 46, pl. 4, f. 6, TL: Mergui
Terias kana Moore, 1886
Terias merguiana Moore, 1886; J. Linn. Soc. Lond., Zool. 21 (1) : 47, pl. 4, f. 7, TL: Mergui
Terias patruelis Moore, 1886; J. Linn. Soc. Lond., Zool. 21 (1) : 46, pl. 4, f. 5, TL: Mergui
Terias anguligera Butler, 1886; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 224, pl. 5, f. 10 (Terias rahel group), TL: Tondano
Terias simplex Butler, 1886; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 217 (Terias floricola group), TL: Kangra, NW.Himalayas
Terias swinhoei Butler, 1886; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 216 (Terias floricola group), TL: Bombay; Poona
Terias aesiopeoides Moore, 1906
Terias andamana Moore, 1907
Terias blairiana Moore, 1907
Terias hecabe stankapura Fruhstorfer, 1910; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 167, TL: Bawean, Java, Bali and Lombok
Terias blanda acandra Fruhstorfer, 1910; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 169, TL: Hong Kong
Terias enganica Fruhstorfer, 1910
Terias locana Fruhstorfer, 1910
Terias sintica Fruhstorfer, 1910
Terias yaksha Fruhstorfer, 1910
?Terias taiwana Matsumura, 1919; Thous. Ins. Japan. Addit. 3 : 512, TL: ?Japan
?Terias hecabe f. accentifera Martin, 1920; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 34 (3/4) : 199
Terias paroeana Strand, 1922; Ent. Zeit. 36: 19, TL: Formosa
Terias rotundata Kishida, 1932
Eurema cephrens Corbet, 1941
Eurema telloana Corbet, 1941
Eurema ab. jacouleti Nakahara, 1941; Zephyrus 9: 1-3
Eurema hecabe, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Eurema hecabe hecabe, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Eurema hecabe, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]

?Terias rahel ; Boisduval, 1836, Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 673
Terias rahel ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 223 (note, Terias rahel group)
Terias suava ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 217 (note, Terias senegalensis group)
Terias anemone ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 216 (note, Terias floricola group)
Terias nicobariensis ; Wallace, 1867, Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. (3) 4 (3) : 325; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 220 (note, Terias hecabe group)
Terias fimbriata ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 215 (Terias blanda group)
Terias hebridina ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 219 (note, Terias aesiope group)
Terias inanata ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 219 (note, Terias aesiope group)
Terias pumilaris ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 216 (note, Terias floricola group)
Terias lifuana ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 216 (note, Terias floricola group)
Terias sinapina ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 216 (note, Terias floricola group)
Terias attenuata ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 215 (Terias blanda group)
Terias connexiva ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 215 (note, Terias blanda group)
Terias hybrida ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 216 (note, Terias floricola group)
Terias mariesii ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 220 (note, Terias hecabe group)
Terias unduligera ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 219 (note, Terias aesiope group)
Terias simulata ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 220 (note, Terias hecabe group)
Terias apicalis ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 216 (note, Terias floricola group)
Terias excavata ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 220 (Terias hecabe group)
Terias irregularis ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 216 (note, Terias floricola group)
Terias purreea ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 217 (note, Terias senegalensis group)
Terias narcissus ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 215 (note, Terias blanda group)
Terias asphodelus ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 216 (note, Terias floricola group)
Terias aesiope ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 219 (Terias aesiope group)
Eurema aesiope ;
Terias hecabeoides ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (3): 119, pl. 45, f. 3, 3a-b; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 220 (Terias hecabe group)
Eurema hecabeoides ;
Terias hecabe ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (3): 118, pl. 45, f. 1, 1a-c; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 220 (Terias hecabe group); [BIR, 453]; [EBW]
Eurema hecabe ; [BOW: pl. 160, f. 14]; [BOR, 183]; [MRS, 225]
Eurema hecabe anemone ; [MRS, 225]
Eurema hecabe subdecorata ; [MRS, 225]
Eurema (Terias) hecabe ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 98; [AfrL]
Misidentified/misapplied:
Terias fimbriata; Moore, 1882, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1882 (1) : 253
= Terias simplex ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 217
[hecabe-1vU.jpg] identification uncertain 769x513 (~82Kb) underside Thailand, Krabi 24.12.2003-7.1.2004, Photo © Olli Vesikko [hecabe-2vU.jpg] identification uncertain 769x513 (~76Kb) underside Thailand, Krabi 24.12.2003-7.1.2004, Photo © Olli Vesikko [hecabe-3v.jpg] 598x552 (~53Kb) underside A forest road at a small pond in the forest, Seonheul-ri, Jocheon-eup, Bukjeju-gun, Jeju-do Island, S Korea. 31st of July 2002, Photo © Oleg Kosterin
[hecabe-4v.jpg] 844x584 (~56Kb) underside A forest road at a small pond in the forest, Seonheul-ri, Jocheon-eup, Bukjeju-gun, Jeju-do Island, S Korea. 31st of July 2002, Photo © Oleg Kosterin [hecabe-5v.jpg] 450x704 (~27Kb) underside The Oda-River bank, Ikazaki Town (Ikazaki-cho), Echime Prefecture, Shikoku, Japan. 7th August 2002, Photo © Oleg Kosterin [hecabe-6v.jpg] 749x897 (~73Kb) underside Thailand, Chon Buri Province, Pattaya, Jomtien beach, a wasting land behind Jomtien Holiday Hotel, 2nd January 2006, Photo © Oleg Kosterin
[hecabe-7mfv.jpg] 880x998 (~99Kb) underside male female Thailand, Chon Buri Province, Pattaya, Ko Khram Island, Saikawe beach, a side of a road through shrubbery at the coast, 3rd February, 2006, Photo © Oleg Kosterin [hecabe-8v.jpg] 1292x1186 (~179Kb) underside Thailand, Chon Buri Province, Pattaya, Ko Khram Island, Saikawe beach, a side of a road through shrubbery at the coast, 3rd February, 2006, Photo © Oleg Kosterin [hecabe-9v.jpg] 600x400 (~53Kb) underside India: Pune, 21.9.2008 © Kedar Tokekar

Larva on Cassia, Acacia, Caesalpinia, Albizia [BIR], Hypericum aethiopicum, Sesbania, Caesalpinia, Albizia, Cassia [BK], Breynia oblongifolia, B. cernua, B. nivosa, Phyllanthus tenellus, Albizia lebbeck, Leucaena glauca, Sesbania aculeata, Indigofera, Cassia surrattensis [BAUR]

Larva on Brassica spp., Aeschynomene hirsuta, Indigofera sp., Sesbania cannabina, S. javanicus, Cassia coronilloides, C. surattensis, Acacia baileyana, A. maidenii, A. rubida, A. spectabilis, Albizia lebbeck, Leucaena glauca, L. leucocephala, Breynia cernua, B. nivosa, B. oblongifolia, B. stipitata, Phyllanthus tenellus K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991, Review Austr. Butts. (1-4): (120-140)

Larva on Alstonia, Solidago, Connarus, Bryonia, Breynia, Bridelia, Phyllanthus, Abrus, Acacia, Aeschynomene, Arachis, Archidendron, Caesalpinia, Cassia, Chamaecrista, Delonix, Entada, Galactia, Gleditsia, Indigofera, Kummerowia, Lespedeza, Leucaena, Macrotropis, Medicago, Mimosa, Moullava, Ormocarpum, Paraserianthes, Parkia, Pithecolellobium, Pterocarpus, Robinia, Senna, Sesbania, Smithia, Trigonella, Wagatea, Cratoxylon, Osmunda, Cocos, Santalum, Camellia, Tectona Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 98


Eurema hecabe hecabe ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 13, pl. 17, f. 2
E. h. latimargo (Hopffer, 1874)
Sulawesi, Buton, Muna Terias latimargo Hopffer, 1874; Stettin ent. Ztg 35 (1-3) : 25, TL: Celebes
Terias latimargo ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 220 (note, Terias hecabe group)
Eurema latimargo ;
Eurema (Terias) hecabe latimargo ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 98
E. h. hobsoni (Butler, 1880)
Terias hobsoni Butler, 1880; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1880 : 668, TL: Formosa
Terias hobsoni ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 219 (note, Terias aesiope group)
Eurema hecabe hobsoni ; [MRS, 225]

Larva on Acacia mollissima, Albizia julibrissin, Acacia farnesiana, Aeschynomene indica, Arachis hypogaea, Cassia surattensis, Sesbania roxburghii, Breynia officinalis, Rhamnus formosana, Cassia tora, Cratoxylum ligustrinum, Sageretia theezans, Sesbania cohcinchinensis [MRS]

E. h. maroensis (Butler, 1883)
Terias maroensis Butler, 1883; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1883 : 368, pl. 38, f. 2, TL: Maroe I.
Terias maroensis ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 220 (note, Terias hecabe group)
Eurema hecabe maroensis ; [NHM]
E. h. biformis (Butler, 1884)
Ambon, Serang Terias biformis Butler, 1884; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 13 (75) : 196, TL: Amboina
Terias biformis ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 223 (note, Terias rahel group)
Terias hecabe biformis ; Rothschild, 1915, Novit. Zool. 22 (1): 114
Eurema hecabe biformis ; [BAUR, 163 (text)]
E. h. amplexa (Butler, 1887)
Christmas I. Terias amplexa Butler, 1887; in Günther, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1887 : 523, f. 5, TL: Christmas I.
Terias amplexa ; Butler, 1900, in Andrews, Mon. Christmas Isl. : 63
Eurema hecabe amplexa ; [BOR, 183]
Misidentified/misapplied:
Terias patruelis; Butler, 1888, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1888 : 545
= Terias amplexa ; Butler, 1900, in Andrews, Mon. Christmas Isl. : 63
E. h. mandarina (de l'Orza, 1869)
Terias mandarina de l'Orza, 1869; Lep. Jap.: 18, TL: Japan
Terias mandarina ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 215 (note, Terias blanda group)
Eurema hecabe mandarina ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 13, pl. 17, f. 3
E. h. solifera (Butler, 1875)
Afrotropical (savannah and woodlands) Terias solifera Butler, 1875; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 16 (96) : 396, TL: Angola
Terias bisinuata Butler, 1876; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (4) 18 : 485 [dry-season]
= ; [AfrL]
Terias chalcomiaeta Butler, 1879; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 3 (15) : 190, TL: Johanna I.
= ; [AfrL]
Terias dentilimbata Butler, 1879; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 3 (15) : 190, TL: Johanna I.
= ; [AfrL]
Terias bewsheri Butler, 1879; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 3 (15) : 190, TL: Johanna I.
= ; [AfrL]
Terias orientis Butler, 1888; Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1888 : 71
= ; [AfrL]
Terias aethiopica Trimen & Bowker, 1889; S-Afr. Butts 3 : 21
= ; [AfrL]
Terias butleri Trimen & Bowker, 1889; S-Afr. Butts 3 : 23
= ; [AfrL]
Terias floricola f. parva Rothschild, 1921; Novit. Zool. 28 (1): 152, TL: Nigeria
= ; [AfrL]
Terias brenda ab. alba Dufrane, 1945; Bull. Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 81 : 93
= ; [AfrL]
Terias brenda ab. subalba Dufrane, 1945; Bull. Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 81 : 93
= ; [AfrL]
Terias floricola ab. alba Dufrane, 1945; Bull. Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 81 : 93
= ; [AfrL]
Terias brenda ab. maureli Dufrane, 1947; Bull. Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 83 (1/2) : 68, TL: Ethiopia
= ; [AfrL]
Terias hecabe senegalensis f.? continua Storace, 1949; Ann. Mus. Civ. Nat. Giacomo Doria 64 : 18, TL: Somalia
= ; [AfrL]
Terias hecabe ♀-f. napia Stoneham, 1957; Bull. Stoneham Mus. (70) : [3], TL: Uganda
= ; [AfrL]
Terias hecabe ♀-f. neria Stoneham, 1957; Bull. Stoneham Mus. (70) : [3], TL: Uganda
= ; [AfrL]

Terias bisinuata ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 217 (note, Terias senegalensis group)
Terias chalcomiaeta ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 217 (note, Terias senegalensis group)
Terias dentilimbata ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 217 (note, Terias senegalensis group)
Terias bewsheri ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 217 (note, Terias senegalensis group)
Eurema floricola orientis ; [BK, 122]
Terias solifera ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 220 (note, Terias hecabe group)
Eurema hecabe solifera ; [BAFR, 54]
Eurema (Terias) hecabe solifera ; [AfrL]

Larva on (for Eurema floricola orientis) Caesalpinia, Desmanthus, Leucaena, Mimosa [BK]

E. h. albina Huang, 1994
Fujian Eurema hecabe albina Huang, 1994; in Chou, Monographia Rhopalocerum Sinensium 1-2: 754, 225, TL: Fujian
Timer - Kai I. Terias photophila Butler, 1884; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 13 (75) : 196, TL: Ké Dulan
Terias photophila ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 220 (note, Terias hecabe group)
Eurema hecabe brevicostalis ; [BAUR, 163]
E. h. diversa (Wallace, 1867)
Buru Terias diversa Wallace, 1867; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. (3) 4 (3) : 324, TL: Buru
Terias diversa ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 220 (note, Terias hecabe group)
Terias hecabe diversa ; Rothschild, 1915, Novit. Zool. 22 (1): 114
Eurema hecabe diversa ; [BAUR, 163]
E. h. oeta (Fruhstorfer, 1910)
West Irian - Papua Terias hecabe oeta Fruhstorfer, 1910; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 168, TL: New Guinea
Terias hecabe oeta ; Rothschild, 1915, Novit. Zool. 22 (1): 114
Eurema hecabe oeta ; [BAUR, 163 (text)]
E. h. sulphurata (Butler, [1876])
Terias sulphurata Butler, [1876]; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1875 (4) : 617, TL: Maré, Loyalty group
Terias variata Butler, [1876]; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1875 (4) : 617, TL: Erromango, New Hebrides
Terias aprica Butler, 1883; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 11 (66) : 420, TL: Tongatabu
Terias sulphurata ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 219 (Terias aesiope group)
Terias variata ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 219 (note, Terias aesiope group)
Terias varieta[sic] ; [NHM]
Terias aprica ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 219 (note, Terias aesiope group)
E. h. phoebus (Butler, 1886)
N.Australia Terias phoebus Butler, 1886; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 221, pl. 5, f. 4 (Terias hecabe group), TL: Queensland
Eurema hecabe phoebus ; [BAUR, 163]
E. h. kerawara Ribbe, 1898
Bismarck Archipelago Eurema hecabe var. kerawara Ribbe, 1898; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 11 (1): 85
Eurema hecabe var. magna Ribbe, 1898; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 11 (1): 85
Eurema hecabe kerawara ; [BAUR, 163 (text)]
E. h. contubernalis (Moore, 1886)
Terias contubernalis Moore, 1886; J. Linn. Soc. Lond., Zool. 21 (1) : 46, TL: Mergui
Eurema hecabe contubernalis ; [MRS, 225]; [BMP: 99, pl. 10, f. 14-15]

Larva on Pithecellobium, Cassia, Moullava, Acacia, Caesalpinia, Albizia, Sesbania [BMP]

E. h. nivaria Fruhstorfer, 1910²
Solomons hecabe nivaria Fruhstorfer, 1910²; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 168
Eurema hecabe nivaria ; [BAUR, 163 (text)]
E. h. sinda Fruhstorfer, 1910²
S.Sulawesi Eurema (Terias) hecabe sinda ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 98
E. h. pylos Fruhstorfer, 1910²
Banggai, Sula Eurema (Terias) hecabe pylos ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 98
E. h. dentyris Fruhstorfer, 1910²
Salayar, Tanahjampea Eurema (Terias) hecabe dentyris ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 98
E. h. kalidupa Fruhstorfer, 1910²
Tukangbesi Eurema (Terias) hecabe kalidupa ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 98

Eurema herla (MacLeay, [1826])
Australia. See [About maps] Pieris herla MacLeay, [1826]; in King, Narr. Surv. Austr. 2: 460
Terias sinta Wallace, 1867; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. (3) 4 (3) : 322
Terias hespera Butler, 1886; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 214, TL: NE.Australia
Terias immaculata Miskin, 1889
Terias apatosa Hulstaert, 1923; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (9) 11 : 189
Eurema herla, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Terias sinta ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 213 (note, Terias drona group)
Terias herla ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 225 (note, Terias herla group)
Eurema herla ; [BOW: pl. 160, f. 15 (text)]; [BAUR, 163]

Larva on Cassia mimosoides K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991, Review Austr. Butts. (1-4): (120-140)


Eurema hiurai Shirôzu & Yata, 1977
Philippines (Mindanao). See [About maps] Eurema hiurai Shirôzu & Yata, 1977; Kontyû 45 (3) : 343, TL: Palan-Capatagan (1000-1100m), Mt. Apo, Mindanao
E. h. admiranda Morishita, 1981
Palawan hiurai admiranda Morishita, 1981; Memoirs of the Tsukada Collection, (3): ?
Eurema hiurae[sic?] admiranda ; [BOR, 188]

Eurema lacteola (Distant, 1886)
Peninsular Malaya, Java, Sumatra, Borneo. See [About maps] Terias lacteola Distant, 1886; Rhopalocera Malayana : 466, f. 129
Eurema lacteola ; [BOR, 184]
Eurema lacteola lacteola ; [BMP: 99, pl. 10, f. 6]

Eurema laeta (Boisduval, 1836)
India, Ceylon, Burma, Japan, Australia. See [About maps] Spotless Grass Yellow
Terias laeta Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 674, TL: Bengal
Terias jaegeri Ménétriés, 1855; Cat. lep. Petersb. 2: 84, 1: pl. 2, f. 1
= ; [NHM]
Terias venata Moore, 1857; in Horsfield & Moore, Cat. lep. Ins. Mus. East India Coy 1 : 65, pl. 2a, f. 2
Terias santana C. & R. Felder, 1865; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 211
Terias vagans Wallace, 1866; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1866 (2) : 357, TL: N.India
Terias pallitana Moore, 1877; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 20 (115) : 48, TL: Kattywar (Bombay)
= ; [NHM]
Eurema laeta, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]

Terias santana ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 213 (note, Terias drona group)
Terias vagans ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 225 (note, Terias herla group)
Terias pallitana ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 213 (note, Terias drona group)
Terias venata ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 213 (note, Terias drona group)
Eurema venata ; [BOW: pl. 160, f. 15 (text)]
Terias laeta ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 225 (note, Terias herla group); [BIR, 452]; [EBW]
Eurema laeta ; [BOW: pl. 160, f. 13]; [BOR, 182]; [MRS, 225]
Eurema (Eurema) laeta ;
[laeta-1v.jpg] 600x400 (~31Kb) underside India: Melghat, 4.10.2008, Photo © Kedar Tokekar

Larva on Cassia mimosoides [MRS], Cassia mimosoides K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991, Review Austr. Butts. (1-4): (120-140)


Ceylon, India - W.Hiamalayas Eurema laeta laeta ; [BOR, 182]
E. l. betheseba (Janson, 1878)
Japan Terias betheseba Janson, 1878; Cistula ent. 2 : 272, TL: Yokohama
Terias subfervens Butler, 1883; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 11 (64) : 278, TL: S.Corea, "Carzodo Island"
= Eurema herla betheseba ; [NHM]
Eurema herla bethesba[sic, recte betheseba] ; [NHM]
Terias betheseba ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 225 (note, Terias herla group)
E. l. sikkima (Moore, 1906)
Sikkim, Assam, Burma, Thailand, Indo-China, Hainan laeta sikkima (Moore, 1906); , TL: Sikkim
Eurema laeta sikkima ; [BOR, 183]; [MRS, 225]
E. l. pseudolaeta (Moore, 1906)
S.Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam Terias pseudolaeta Moore, 1906; Lep. Ind. 7: 44, pl. 566, f. 1j-m, TL: Mergui, S.Myanmar
Nirmula annamitica Moore, 1906; Lep. Ind. 7: 46, TL: Annam; Siam
Eurema laeta pseudolaeta, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Philippines (Luzon, Benguet Mts.) Eurema laeta semperi ; [BOR, 183]
E. l. punctissima (Matsumura, 1909)
Taiwan Terias punctissima Matsumura, 1909; Ent. Zs. 23 (18) : 88, TL: Koshun
Eurema laeta punctissima ; [BOR, 183]; [MRS, 225]
?E. l. sana (Butler, 1877)
Northern Territory - Cape York, Torres Strait Is., Papua Terias sana Butler, 1877; Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1877 (3) : 470
Terias sana ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 213 (note, Terias drona group)
Eurema sana ; [BAUR, 163]
E. l. lineata (Miskin, 1889)
Northern Territory - Cape York, Torres Strait Is. Line Grass Yellow
Terias lineata Miskin, 1889
Eurema laeta lineata ; [BAUR, 163]
E. l. rama (Moore, 1872)
Terias rama Moore, 1872; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1872 (2) : 566, TL: Colombo, Ceylon
Terias cingala Moore, 1877; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 20 (115) : 48, TL: Ceylon
= Eurema herla rama ; [NHM]
Terias cingala ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (3): 120, pl. 46, f. 4, 4a; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 213 (note, Terias drona group)
Terias rama ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (3): 121, pl. 46, f. 5, 5a
Eurema laeta rama ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 13, pl. 17, f. 9
E. l. stigmatica (Rothschild, 1915)
Bali Terias laeta stigmatica Rothschild, 1915; Novit. Zool. 22 (1): 114, TL: Kintamani, Bali, 4000ft

Eurema lombokiana (Fruhstorfer, 1897)
Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores. See [About maps] Terias lombokiana Fruhstorfer, 1897; Berl. Ent. Zs. 42 (1/2) : 8
Terias lombokiana Fruhstorfer, 1897; Misc. ent. 5 (9): 105
Eurema lombokiana ; [BOR, 186]

Eurema mandarinula (Holland, 1892)
C.Africa, Kenya. See [About maps] Mandarin Grass Yellow
Terias mandarinula Holland, 1892; Entomologist 25 (Suppl.) : 91
Terias mandarinulus Holland, 1896; Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 18 (1062) : 242, pl. 7, f. 5
Terias punctinotata Butler, 1895; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1895 : 633, TL: Malawi
= ; [AfrL]
Eurema mandarinula ; [BK, 123]
Eurema (Eurema) mandarinula ; [AfrL]

Many references to f. mandarinula exist that do not belong to E. mandarinula. Only recently separated from E. desjardinsi. [BK]


Eurema mentawiensis Corbet, 1942²
Mentawai Is. mentawiensis Corbet, 1942²; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (11) 9: 615-626, TL: Sipora Island
Eurema mentawiensis ; [BOR, 186]

Eurema novapallida Yata, 1992
Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, S.Vietnam. See [About maps] Eurema novapallida Yata, 1992; Bull. Kitakyushu Mus. Nat. Hist 9: 62, pl. 26, f. 5-8, pl. 27, f. 1-2, TL: Bobla, S.Vietnam
Eurema pallida Shirôzu & Yata, 1973; Sieboldia (4) 3: 132 (preocc.)
Eurema novapallida, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Eurema pallida ; [BOR, 184]

?Eurema nilgiriensis Yata, 1990²

Eurema puella (Boisduval, 1832)
Aru?, Cape York - N.Queensland, New Guinea. See [About maps] Broad Margined Grass Yellow
Xanthidia puella Boisduval, 1832; in d'Urville, Voy. Astrolabe (Faune ent. Pacif.) 1 : pl. 2, f. 8
Terias virgo Wallace, 1867; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. (3) 4 (3) : 328, TL: Aru Islands
Eurema puella, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Terias puella ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 224 (note, Terias candida group)
Terias virgo ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 224 (note, Terias candida group)
Eurema candida virgo ; [BAUR, 162 (text)]
Eurema candida puella ; [BAUR, 162 (text)]

Eurema regularis (Butler, 1876)
East Africa, C.Africa, Ghana. See [About maps] Regular Grass Yellow
Terias regularis Butler, 1876; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (4) 18 : 486
Terias oberthuri Mabille, 1877; Bull. Soc. zool. Fr. 2 (3) : 223, TL: Angola
= ; [AfrL]
Terias regularis f. plagiata Berger, 1981; , TL: :REF#: 84
= ; [AfrL]
Terias regularis ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 224 (note, Terias nise group)
desjardinsii f. regularis ; [PBSA, [wet-season]]
Eurema desjardinsii regularis ; [BAFR, 55]
Eurema regularis ; [BK, 123]
Eurema (Eurema) regularis ; [AfrL]

Only recently separated from E. desjardinsii. [BK]


Eurema sari (Horsfield, [1829])
-. See [About maps] Terias sari Horsfield, [1829]; Descr. Cat. lep. Ins. Mus. East India Coy (2): 136
Terias sari ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 221 (Terias hecabe group)
Eurema sari ; [BOW: pl. 160, f. 17]; [BOR, 186]
Java Eurema sari sari ; [BOR, 186]
E. s. sodalis (Moore, 1886)
S.Burma, Peninsular Malaya, Singapore, Thailand, Indo-China, Sumatra, N.Borneo Terias sodalis Moore, 1886; J. Linn. Soc. Lond., Zool. 21 (1) : 45, TL: Mergui, S.Myanmar
Eurema sari sodalis, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Eurema sari sodalis ; [BOR, 186]; [BMP: 99, pl. 10, f. 10-11]
E. s. thyreus Fruhstorfer²
Enggano Eurema sari thyreus ; [BOR, 186]
E. s. obucola (Fruhstorfer, 1910)
S.Borneo, Natuna, Palawan Terias sari obucola Fruhstorfer, 1910; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 170, TL: S.Borneo
Eurema sari obucula[sic] ; Morishita, 1973, Tyô to Ga 24 (4) : 104
Eurema sari obucola ; [BOR, 186]
E. s. curiosa (Swinhoe, [1885])
?Bombay Terias curiosa Swinhoe, [1885]; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1884 : 508, pl. 47, f. 3
Terias curiosus ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 220 (note, Terias hecabe group)
Eurema sari curiosa ; [BOR, 186]

Eurema sarilata (Semper, 1891)
-. See [About maps] sarilata (Semper, 1891); Reisen Philipp. (6): 254
Eurema sarilata ; [BOR, 186]
N.Philippines - C.Philippines Eurema sarilata sarilata ; [BOR, 186]
E. s. mindorana (Butler, 1898)
Philippines (Mindoro) Eurema sarilata mindorana ; [BOR, 186]
E. s. perplexa Shirôzu & Yata, 1982
Philippines (Basilan) Eurema sarilata perplexa Shirôzu & Yata, 1982; Tyô to Ga 33 (1,2): 25 (repl. Eurema sarilata bazilana Shirôzu & Yata, 1981), TL: Philippines, Bazilan I., Maloong
Eurema sarilata bazilana Shirôzu & Yata, 1981; (preocc. Terias alitha bazilana Fruhstorfer, 1900), TL: Philippines, Bazilan I., Maloong
Eurema sarilata bazilana ; [BOR, 186]
E. s. aquilo Shirôzu & Yata, 1982
Philippines (Luzon) Eurema sarilata aquilo Shirôzu & Yata, 1982; Tyô to Ga 33 (1,2): 25 (repl. Eurema sarilata luzonensis Shirôzu & Yata, 1981), TL: Philippines, Luzon, Mt. Maquiling
Eurema sarilata luzonensis Shirôzu & Yata, 1981; Tyô to Ga 32 (1/2): 54 (preocc. Papilio luzoniensis Linnaeus, 1764), TL: Philippines, Luzon, Mt. Maquiling
Eurema sarilata luzonensis ; [BOR, 186]
E. s. risa Morishita, 1982
Philippines (Negros) Eurema sarilata risa ; [BOR, 186]
E. s. sibuyanensis Yata & Treadaway, 1982
Sibuyan I. Eurema sarilata sibuyanensis Yata & Treadaway, 1982; Tyô to Ga 33 (1,2): 26, TL: Romblon, Sibuyan Is., Mt. Sibuyan

Eurema senegalensis Boisduval, 1836
Senegal - W.Kenya, Tanzania, W.Uganda - Congo, Cameroun, Nigeria, Liberia, Sierra Leone. See [About maps] Forest Grass Yellow
Eurema senegalensis Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 672 [wet-season]
Terias brenda Doubleday, 1847; Gen. diurn. Lep. (1): pl. 9, f. 6 [wet-season]
= ; [AfrL]
Terias brenda f. maculata Aurivillius, 1910; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 13 : 64
= ; [AfrL]
Terias brenda ab. marginata Dufrane, 1947; Bull. Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 83 (1/2) : 68
= ; [AfrL]
Terias floricola f. ceres ab. mariae Dufrane, 1945; Bull. Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 81 : 93
= ; [AfrL]
hylas Stoneham, 1957; Bull. Stoneham Mus. (70) : [3] (repl. _Terias brenda ab. marginata Dufrane, 1947)
Terias senegalensis ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 217 (note, Terias senegalensis group)
Eurema hecabe senegalensis ; [PBSA]
Eurema senegalensis ; [BK]; [BAFR, 55]
Terias brenda ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 217 (note, Terias senegalensis group); [EBW]
Eurema (Terias) senegalensis ; [AfrL]

Larva on Hypericum aethiopicum, Cassia mimosoides [PBSA]


Eurema simulatrix (Semper, 1891)
-. See [About maps] Terias simulatrix Semper, 1891; Reisen Philipp. (6): 253, pl. 41, f. 7-8
Eurema simulatrix ; [BOR, 185]
Philippines (Mindanao) Eurema simulatrix simulatrix ; [BOR, 185]
E. s. princesae Morishita, 1973
Palawan Eurema simulatrix princesae Morishita, 1973; Tyô to Ga 24 (4) : 100, TL: Taot-Daram, Palawan
Eurema simulatrix princesae ; [BOR, 185]
E. s. tecmessa (de Nicéville, [1896])
S.Burma, Peninsular Malaya, S.Thailand, Singapore, Sumatra, Java, Borneo Terias tecmessa de Nicéville, [1896]; in de Nicéville & Martin, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 64 Pt.II (3) : 498, TL: Sumatra
Eurema simulatrix tecmessa, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Eurema simulatrix tecmessa ; [BOR, 185]; [BMP: 99, pl. 10, f. 12-13]
E. s. sarinoides (Fruhstorfer, 1910)
Sikkim - Myanmar, N.Thailand, Laos Terias hecabe grandis f. sarinoides Fruhstorfer, 1910; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 167, TL: Hinlap, Thailand
Eurema simulatrix tecmessa f. stockleyi Corbet & Pendlebury, 1932; Bull. Raffles Mus. 7: 167
Eurema simulatrix sarinoides, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
E. s. littorea Morishita, 1968
Langkawi Is. Eurema simulatrix littorea Morishita, 1968; Tyô to Ga 19 (3-4) : 66, f. 17-18, 19a, 20a, TL: Langkawi I.
Eurema simulatrix littorea ; [BOR, 185]
E. s. inouei Shirôzu & Yata, 1973
Thailand, Indo-China Eurema simulatrix inouei Shirôzu & Yata, 1973; Sieboldia (4) 3: 128-129, TL: Dinh Quan, S.Vietnam
Eurema simulatrix inouei ; [BOR, 185]
E. s. tiomanica Okubo, 1983
Tioman Eurema simulatrix tiomanica Okubo, 1983; Tyô to Ga 33 (3,4): 169, f. 1-4, TL: Lalang-Tekek, Tioman

Eurema irena Corbet & Pendlebury, 1932
Celebes. See [About maps] irena Corbet & Pendlebury, 1932; Bull. Raffles Mus. 7: 168
Eurema simulatrix irena ;
Eurema (Terias) irena ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 99

Eurema smilax (Donovan, 1805)
Australia, Tasmania. See [About maps] Papilio smilax Donovan, 1805; Epitome nat. Hist. Ins. New Holland: pl. 20, f. 3
Terias ingana Wallace, 1867; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. (3) 4 (3) : 322, TL: Australia, Sidney
Terias parvula Herrich-Schäffer, 1869; Stettin ent. Ztg 30 (1-3) : 78, TL: Rockhampton, Australia
Terias varius Miskin, 1889
Terias casta Lucas, 1892; Proc. R. Soc. Qd 8 (3) : 68, TL: Duaringa, Queensland
Eurema smilax, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Terias ingana ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 213 (note, Terias drona group)
Terias smilax ; Boisduval, 1836, Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 460; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 215 (note, Terias smilax group); [EBW]
Eurema smilax ; [BOW: pl. 160, f. 18]; [BAUR, 163]
Eurema smilax smilax ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 13, pl. 17, f. 10

Larva on Cassia fistula, Cassia nemophila, Neptunia gracilis [BAUR], Cassia coronilloides, C. eremophila, C. fistula, C. nemophila, C. retusa, C. tomentosa, Neptunia gracilis, N. monosperma K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991, Review Austr. Butts. (1-4): (120-140)


Eurema tilaha (Horsfield, [1829])
-. See [About maps] Terias tilaha Horsfield, [1829]; Descr. Cat. lep. Ins. Mus. East India Coy (2): 136, TL: Java
Terias eumide C. & R. Felder, 1865; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 214
Terias eumide ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 223 (note, Terias rahel group)
Terias tilaha ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 223 (note, Terias rahel group); [EBW]
Eurema tilaha ; [BOW: pl. 160, f. 19]; [BOR, 187]
Java Eurema tilaha tilaha ; [BOR, 187]
E. t. bazilana (Fruhstorfer, 1900)
Basilan Terias alitha bazilana Fruhstorfer, 1900; Berl. ent. Zs. 45 (1/2): 32, TL: Bazilan
Eurema tilaha bazilana ; [NHM]
Eurema alitha basilana[sic?] ; [BOR, 186]
E. t. myria (Fruhstorfer, 1913)
Bali Terias tilaha myria Fruhstorfer, 1913; Ent. Rundschau 30 (16): 92, TL: Bali
Eurema tilaha myria ; [BOR, 187]

Eurema nicevillei (Butler, 1898)
Burma, Malaysia, Langkawi, Pulau Tioman, Sumatra, Borneo. See [About maps] Terias nicevillei Butler, 1898; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (7) 1 (1) : 79, TL: NE.Sumatra
Eurema nicevillei nicevillei, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Eurema tilaha nicevillei ; [BOR, 187]; [BMP: 99, pl. 10, f. 9]; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 14, back f. 3

Eurema timorensis Shirôzu & Yata, 1977
Timor. See [About maps] Eurema timorensis Shirôzu & Yata, 1977; Kontyû 45 (3) : 340, TL: Pariti, West Timor

Eurema tominia (Vollenhoven, 1865)
-. See [About maps] Terias tominia Vollenhoven, 1865; Faune ent. 2 (Monogr. Pierid.) : 66, pl. 7, f. 4, TL: Celebes
Terias tondana C. & R. Felder, 1865; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 214, pl. 26, f. 1-2
Terias tominia ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 223 (note, Terias rahel group)
Eurema tominia ; [BOW: pl. 160, f. 20, 21]; [BOR, 188]
Eurema (Terias) tominia ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 100
Sulawesi Eurema tominia tominia ; [BOR, 188]
Eurema (Terias) tominia tominia ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 100
E. t. talissa (Westwood, 1888)
Talisei I. Terias talissa Westwood, 1888; Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1888 (3) : 469, pl. 12, f. 1, TL: Talisse Island
Eurema tominia talissa ; [BOR, 188]
Eurema (Terias) tominia talissa ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 100
E. t. battana (Fruhstorfer)
S.Sulawesi ?Terias tondana battana Fruhstorfer, 1908; Ent. Zs. 22 (15) : 64
Eurema tominia battana ; [BOR, 188]
E. t. theristra Fruhstorfer, 1911²
Sangihe Eurema (Terias) tomina theristra ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 100
E. t. toradja Fruhstorfer, 1910²
E.Sulawesi tominia toradja Fruhstorfer, 1910²; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 171
Eurema tominia toradja ; [BOR, 188]
E. t. mangolina Fruhstorfer, 1910²
Sula Is. tominia mangolina Fruhstorfer, 1910²; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 171, pl. 73 h
besina (Fruhstorfer, 1910) (Terias); in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 171
Eurema tominia mangolina ; [BOR, 188]
Eurema (Terias) tominia mangolina ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 100
E. t. halesa Fruhstorfer, 1910²
Selajar tominia halesa Fruhstorfer, 1910²; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 171, TL: Saleyer
Eurema tominia halesa Fruhstorfer; [BOR, 188]
Eurema (Terias) tominia halesa ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 100
E. t. arsia Fruhstorfer, 1910²
Tanahdjampea tominia arsia Fruhstorfer, 1910²; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 171, TL: Tanah Djampea
Eurema tominia arsia ; [BOR, 188]
Eurema (Terias) tominia arsia ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 100
E. t. faunia Fruhstorfer, 1910²
Tuakangbesi tominia faunia Fruhstorfer, 1910²; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 171, TL: Tukang Besi Is.
Eurema tominia faunia ; [BOR, 188]
Eurema (Terias) tominia faunia ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 100
E. t. horatia Fruhstorfer, 1910²
S.Borneo tominia horatia Fruhstorfer, 1910²; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 171, pl. 73 g, TL: S.Borneo
Eurema tominia horatia ; [BOR, 188]
E. t. nabalua Corbet & Pendlebury, 1932
N.Borneo (mountains) tominia nabalua Corbet & Pendlebury, 1932; Bull. Raffles Mus. 7: 186
Eurema tominia nabalua ; [BOR, 188]

Eurema upembana (Berger, 1981)
Tanzania. See [About maps] Terias upembana Berger, 1981; Les Papillons du Zaire: 83
Eurema (Terias) upembana ; [AfrL]
Eureme (Eurema) upembana ; Liseki & Vane-Wright, 2013, 5

Eurema zamida (Fruhstorfer, 1908)
Lutangan I. Terias zama f. zamida Fruhstorfer, 1908; Ent. Zs. 22 (15) : 63
Eurema zamida ; [BOR, 188]

= Eurema alitha zita ab.? [BOR]


The "NA" species-group

Eurema adamsi (Lathy, 1898)
Jamaica Sphaenogona adamsi Lathy, 1898; , TL: Jamaica
Eurema adamsi ; [NL4A, #96]

Eurema agave (Cramer, [1775])
-. See [About maps] Papilio agave Cramer, [1775]; Uitl. Kapellen 1 (1-7): pl. 20, f. H, I, TL: Surinam
Terias agave ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 224 (note, Terias nise group)
Eurema agave ; [NL4A, #97]
Surinam, French Guiana Eurema jodutta Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (6): 96 (repl. name), TL: Surinam
= ; [NL4A, #97a]
Terias mana Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 681, TL: Surinam,French Guiana
= ; [NL4A, #97a]
Terias mana ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 224 (note, Terias nise group); Godman & Salvin, [1889], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 167, 3: pl. 64, f. 13-14
Eurema agave agave ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #97a]
E. a. pallida (Chavannes, 1850)
Brazil(São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro) Terias pallida Chavannes, 1850; Bull. Soc. Vaud. 3 (21): (37-39), TL: Brazil, São Paulo
Terias sinoïdes Boisduval, 1874; , TL: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro
= ; [NL4A, #97c]
Eurema (Eurema) agave pallida ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 154
Eurema agave pallida ; [NL4A, #97c]
E. a. millerorum Llorente & Luis, 1987
Mexico agave millerorum Llorente & Luis, 1987; , TL: Mexico, Tabasco
Eurema agave millerorum ; [NL4A, #97b]

Eurema albula (Cramer, [1776])
-. See [About maps] Papilio albula Cramer, [1776]; Uitl. Kapellen 1 (1-7): pl. 27, f. E, TL: Surinam
Eurema albula, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Terias albula ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 224 (note, Terias nise group); Godman & Salvin, [1889], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 166
Eurema (Eurema) albula ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 154
Eurema albula ; [BCR, 107, pl. 10]; [BOW: pl. 50, f. 12]; [Opler]; [NL4A, #98]

Larva on Cassia fruticosa [BCR]

Surinam, Brazil(Amazonas, Pará) Papilio cassiae Sepp, [1844]; Surinaam. Vlinders 2 (14): pl. 56 (preocc. Linnaeus, 1758), TL: Surinam
= ; [NL4A, #98a]
Terias clara Bates, 1861; J. Ent. 1 (4) : 243, TL: [Brazil, Amazonas]
= ; [NL4A, #98a]
Terias tapeina Bates, 1861; J. Ent. 1 (4) : 244, TL: Brazil, Pará
= ; [NL4A, #98a]
Eurema melacheila Möschler, 1877; , TL: Surinam,"Panama"
= ; [NL4A, #98a]
Terias clara ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 224 (note, Terias nise group)
Eurema albula albula ; [NL4A, #98a]
E. a. sinoe (Godart, 1819)
Brazil Pieris sinoe Godart, 1819; Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 138, TL: Brazil
Terias sinoe ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 224 (note, Terias nise group)
Eurema albula sinoe ; [NL4A, #98e]
E. a. marginella (C. & R. Felder, 1861)
Venezuela Terias marginella C. & R. Felder, 1861; Wien. ent. Monats. 5 (4): 97, TL: Venezuela
Terias ?marginula Herrich-Schäffer, 1867; (nom. nud.)
= ; [NL4A, #98d]
Terias marginella ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 224 (note, Terias nise group)
Eurema albula marginella ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 14, pl. 17, f. 15; [NL4A, #98d]
E. a. celata (R. Felder, 1869)
Mexico Terias celata R. Felder, 1869; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien. 19 : 466, TL: Mexico, Veracruz
Terias leucilla R. Felder, 1869; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien. 19 : 466, TL: Mexico, Veracruz
= ; [NL4A, #98b]
Eurema albula celata, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Eurema albula celata, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Eurema albula celata ; [NL4A, #98b]
E. a. espinosae (Fernández, 1928)
albula espinosae (Fernández, 1928) (Terias); , TL: Peru, [Loreto], Iquitos
Eurema albula espinosai Lamas, 1999; (emend.)
Eurema albula espinosai ; [EcuL]
Eurema albula espinosae ; [NL4A, #98c]
E. a. totora Lamas, 1981
Peru Eurema albula totora Lamas, 1981; , TL: Peru, Tumbes, El Salto, sea level
Eurema albula totora ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #98f]

Eurema amelia (Poey, [1852])
Cuba. See [About maps] Terias amelia Poey, [1852]; Hist. Nat. Cuba 1 : 253, pl. 18, f. 11-13, TL: Cuba
Eurema amelia ; [NL4A, #99]

Eurema arbela Geyer, 1832
Mexico - Brazil. See [About maps] Eurema arbela Geyer, 1832; Zuträge Samml. exot. Schmett. 4 : f. 641-642, TL: "Java"
Eurema arbela ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 50, f. 13]; [NL4A, #100]
Eurema (Sphaenogona) arbela ; [EcuL]
Bolivia Terias arbela boliviensis Röber, 1909; , TL: Bolivia
= ; [NL4A, #100a]
Eurema (Eurema) arbela arbela ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 154
Eurema arbela arbela ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 14, pl. 17, f. 25; [NL4A, #100a]
E. a. gratiosa (Doubleday, 1847)
Costa Rica - Venezuela, Trinidad, Colombia Terias gratiosa Doubleday, 1847; Gen. diurn. Lep. (1): 78, pl. 9, f. 5, TL: Venezuela
Sphaenogona semiflava Butler, 1875; , TL: Trinidad
= ; [NL4A, #100g]
Teria[sic] gaugamela alba Apolinar, 1926; , TL: Colombia
= ; [NL4A, #100g]
Eurema gratiosa ; [BCR, 106, pl. 10]; [BOW: pl. 50, f. 20]
Eurema arbela gratiosa ; [NL4A, #100g]

Larva on Cassia [BCR]

E. a. deflorata (Kollar, 1850)
Colombia Terias deflorata Kollar, 1850; Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien. 1 : 363, TL: Colombia
Eurema arbela elsia Klots, 1929; , TL: Colombia
= ; [NL4A, #100d]
Eurema deflorata ; [BOW: pl. 50, f. 12 (text only)]
Eurema arbela deflorata ; [NL4A, #100d]
E. a. angulata (Wallengren, 1860)
Ecuador, Peru Terias angulata Wallengren, 1860; Wien ent. Monats. 4: 34, TL: Sandwich Islands
Terias ecuadora Hewitson, 1869; Equat. Lepid. Buckley (1): 2, TL: Ecuador, Island of Puna
= ; [NL4A, #100b]
Terias trujillensis Dufrane, 1947; , TL: Peru
= ; [NL4A, #100b]
Terias trujillensis ab. minor Dufrane, 1947; , TL: Peru
= ; [NL4A, #100b]
Eurema ecuadora ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 14, pl. 17, f. 28
Eurema (Sphaenogona) ecuadora ; [EcuL]
Eurema arbela angulata ; [NL4A, #100b]
E. a. boisduvaliana (C. & R. Felder, [1865])
Mexico - Costa Rica, Antilles Boisduval's Yellow
Terias boisduvaliana C. & R. Felder, [1865]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 200, TL: Mexico
Terias ingrata R. Felder, 1869; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien. 19 : 465, TL: Mexico, Veracruz; Morelos
= ; [NL4A, #100c]
Eurema boisduvaliana, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Eurema boisduvaliana, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Eurema boisduvaliana, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Eurema boisduvalianum, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
Terias boisduvaliana ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 217 (Terias senegalensis group); Godman & Salvin, [1889], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 159, 3: pl. 68, f. 1-4
Pyrisita[sic] boisduvaliana ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 11
Eurema arbela boisduvaliana ;
Eurema boisduvalianum ; [NACL, #4245]
Eurema boisduvaliana ; [BCR, 106, pl. 10]; [BOW: pl. 17, f. 25]; [Opler]
Eurema arbela boisduvaliana ; [NL4A, #100c]
E. a. graduata (Butler, 1873)
Brazil(Pará) Sphaenogona graduata Butler, 1873; Cist. Ent. 1 (7) : 174, TL: Brazil, Pará
Eurema arbela graduata ; [NL4A, #100f]
E. a. gracilis (Avinoff, 1926)
Brazil(Bahia) arbela gracilis (Avinoff, 1926) (Terias); , TL: Brazil, Bahia
Terias graduata var. clarescens d'Almeida, 1934; , TL: ?
= ; [NL4A, #100e]
Eurema arbela gracilis ; [NL4A, #100e]
E. a. ruizana Lamas, 1981
Peru Eurema arbela ruizana Lamas, 1981; , TL: N.Peru, rio Utcubamba, 20km N Pedro Ruiz Gallo 1200m
Eurema arbela ruizana ; [NL4A, #100h]

Eurema daira (Godart, 1819)
-. See [About maps] Fairy Yellow Barred Sulphur
Pieris daira Godart, 1819; Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 137 (repl. name), TL: Amerique septentrionale [Virginia]
?pallida Klots, 1928
Eurema daira; [BOW: pl. 17, f. 24, 27]
Eurema daira, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
daria ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 11 (missp.?)
Eurema daira ; [NACL, #4243]; [BCR, 108, pl. 10]; [Opler]; [NL4A, #101]
Misidentified/misapplied:
elathea; auth., not Cramer, 1777
[daira-1U.jpg] identification uncertain 450x375 (~26Kb) Venezuela, Yacambu park near Barquisimeto, July 2002, Photo © Simon Coombes
E. elathea?
[daira-2v.jpg] 800x1038 (~105Kb) underside USA: Alabama, 15.8.2004, Photo © Vitaly Charny [daira-3v.jpg] 1400x1050 (~173Kb) underside USA: Alabama, 28.5.2006, Photo © Vitaly Charny
[daira-4v.jpg] 1000x1155 (~157Kb) underside USA: Alabama, 30.9.2006, Photo © Vitaly Charny [daira-5.jpg] 1400x1023 (~166Kb) USA: Alabama, 30.9.2006, Photo © Vitaly Charny [daira-6.jpg] 1400x976 (~206Kb) USA: Alabama, 30.9.2006, Photo © Vitaly Charny
[daira-7u.jpg] 368x318 (~59Kb) upperside USA: Alabama, 30.9.2006, Photo © Vitaly Charny

Larva on Aeschynomene viscidula, Stylosanthes biflora [NAB], Desmodium [BCR]


Virginia, New York, Virginia, Louisiana, NA.Georgia, Florida Papilio delia Cramer, [1780]; Uitl. Kapellen 3 (23-24): 144, pl. 273, f. A (preocc. Papilio delia Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775), TL: Virginia
= ; [NL4A, #101a]
Eurema demoditas Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (6): 96 (repl. for. Papilio delia Cramer, [1780]), TL: Virginia
Xanthidia jucunda Boisduval & Leconte, 1829; Hist. Lép. Am. Sept. (5/6): 52 (sum. f.) ?[1830], TL: New York; Virginia; Louisiana
= ; [NL4A, #101a]
Terias lemnia C. & R. Felder, 1865; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 205, TL: "Brazil(Ba)"
= ; [NL4A, #101a]
Eurema jucunda ab. fusca Harris, 1931; , TL: Georgia
= ; [NL4A, #101a]
Eurema demoditas f. delioides Haskin, 1933; , TL: Florida
= ; [NL4A, #101a]
Eurema demoditus Hübner, 1819; [NACL, (missp.?)]
Eurema delia ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 11
Terias jucunda ; Godman & Salvin, [1899], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 168, 3: pl. 94, f. 9-12
Eurema jucunda ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 12
Eurema daira daira ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 13, pl. 17, f. 11; [NL4A, #101a]
E. d. palmira (Poey, [1852])
West Indies, Cuba, Bahamas Terias palmira Poey, [1852]; Hist. Nat. Cuba 1 : 249, pl. 24, f. 4-6, TL: Cuba
Terias ebriola Poey, 1853; Hist. Nat. Cuba 1 : 250, pl. 24, f. 7-13, TL: Cuba
= Eurema jucunda ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 12
= ; [NL4A, #101e]
Terias albina Poey, 1853; Hist. Nat. Cuba 1 : 251, TL: Cuba
= ; [NL4A, #101e]
Terias cubana Herrich-Schäffer, 1865; CorrespBl. zool.-min Ver. Regensburg 18 (11-12): 166 (repl. name), TL: Cuba
= ; [NL4A, #101e]
Eurema daira palmira, Lepidoptera of French Antilles [Pierre Zagatti]
palmyra ; auth., (missp.)
Eurema palmira ; [NACL, #4244]
Eurema daira palmira ; [NL4A, #101e]
E. d. eugenia (Wallengren, 1860)
Mexico, Panama, Costa Rica, Guatemala Terias eugenia Wallengren, 1860; Wien ent. Monats. 4: 33, TL: [Panama] ?Ins. St. Joseph, Venezuela
Terias solana Reakirt, 1866; Proc. Acad. nat. Sci. Philad. 18 (3) : 240, TL: Mexico, Veracruz
= ; [NL4A, #101b]
Terias persistens Butler & Druce, 1872; Cistula ent. 1 (5) : 110, TL: Costa Rica
= ; [NL4A, #101b]
Eurema jucunda f. pallidula Klots, 1929; , TL: Guatemala
= ; [NL4A, #101b]
Eurema daira eugenia, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Eurema daira eugenia, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Terias persistens ; Godman & Salvin, [1889], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 170, 3: pl. 63, f. 24-27
Eurema daira eugenia ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #101b]
E. d. sidonia (R. Felder, 1869)
Mexico Terias sidonia R. Felder, 1869; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien. 19 : 465, TL: Mexico, "Campeche"; "Morelos"
Terias cepio Godman & Salvin, [1889]; Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 169, 3: pl. 94, f. 5-8, TL: Mexico, Sinaloa; Guerrero; Morelos; Michoacán; Veracruz
= ; [NL4A, #101f]
Eurema daira sidonia, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Eurema daira sidonia, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Eurema daira sidonia ; [NL4A, #101f]
E. d. lydia (C. & R. Felder, 1861)
Venezuela, Colombia Terias lydia C. & R. Felder, 1861; Wien. ent. Monats. 5 (3): 87, TL: Venezuela,Colombia
Terias rhodia C. & R. Felder, 1861; Wien. ent. Monats. 5 (4): 97, TL: Venezuela
= ; [NL4A, #101c]
Terias medutina C. & R. Felder, 1861; Wien. ent. Monats. 5 (4): 97, TL: Venezuela
= ; [NL4A, #101c]
Terias phoenicia C. & R. Felder, 1865; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 205, TL: Colombia
= ; [NL4A, #101c]
Eurema daira lydia, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
Terias lydia ; Godman & Salvin, [1889], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 170, 3: pl. 63, f. 20-23
Eurema daira phoenicia ; [EcuL]
Eurema daira lydia ; [NL4A, #101c]
E. d. macheti Brévignon, 1996
French Guiana daira macheti Brévignon, 1996; , TL: French Guiana
Eurema daira macheti ; [NL4A, #101d]

Eurema deva (Doubleday, 1847)
-. See [About maps] Terias deva Doubleday, 1847; Gen. diurn. Lep. (1): 78, TL: "French Guiana"
Terias deva ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 215 (note, Terias smilax group)
Eurema (Eurema) deva ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 154
Eurema deva ; [BOW: pl. 50, f. 15]; Shapiro, 1991, J. Res. Lepid. 28 (3): 183; [NL4A, #102]
S.Brazil Terias fabricia Poey, 1853; Hist. Nat. Cuba 1 : 252, TL: "French Guiana"
= ; [NL4A, #102a]
Terias agavoides Wallengren, 1863; Wien ent. Monats. 7 (3) : 67, TL: Brazil
= ; [NL4A, #102a]
Eurema deva deva ; [NL4A, #102a]; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 14, pl. 17, f. 20
E. d. chilensis (Blanchard, 1852)
Chile Terias chilensis Blanchard, 1852; in Gay, Hist. Chile, (Zool.) 7 : 17, pl. 1, f. 5a-b, TL: Chile
Terias chilensis ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 215 (note, Terias smilax group)
Eurema deva chilensis ; [NL4A, #102b]
E. d. doris (Röber, 1909)
Bolivia deva doris (Röber, 1909) (Terias); , TL: Bolivia
Eurema pseudomorpha Klots, 1929; , TL: Bolivia
= ; [NL4A, #102c]
Eurema (Eurema) pseudomorpha ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 154
Eurema deva doris ; [NL4A, #102c]

Eurema elathea (Cramer, [1777])
-. See [About maps] Papilio elathea Cramer, [1777]; Uitl. Kapellen 2 (9-16): pl. 99, f. C, D, TL: "Virginia" [?Haiti]
Eurema elathea, Lepidoptera of French Antilles [Pierre Zagatti]
Eurema elathea ; [EBW]; [BCR, 108, pl. 10]; [BOW: pl. 50, f. 22]; [NL4A, #103]

Larva on Zornia, Stylosanthes [BCR]

Virginia?, Cuba Colias midea Ménétriés, 1832; , TL: Virginia
= ; [NL4A, #103a]
Terias lye d'Almeida, 1934; , TL: Cuba
= ; [NL4A, #103a]
Colias midea ; Ménétriés, 1834, Nouv. Mém. Soc. imp. Nat. Moscou 3 : 120, pl. 11, f. 6
Eurema (Eurema) elathea elathea ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 154
Eurema elathea elathea ; [NL4A, #103a]
E. e. flavescens (Chavannes, 1850)
Brazil(São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Bahia), Argentina Terias flavescens Chavannes, 1850; Bull. Soc. Vaud. 3 (21): (37-39), TL: Brazil, São Paulo
Terias plataea C. Felder, 1862; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 12 (1/2) : 474, TL: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro
= ; [NL4A, #103c]
Terias mycale C. & R. Felder, 1865; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 204, TL: Brazil, Bahia
= ; [NL4A, #103c]
Terias elathea plataea ab. venilia d'Almeida, 1922; , TL: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro
= ; [NL4A, #103c]
Terias elathea ab. incana d'Almeida, 1928; , TL: Argentina
= ; [NL4A, #103c]
Eurema mycale ; [BOW: pl. 50, f. 22 (text only)]
Eurema elathea flavescens ; [NL4A, #103c]
E. e. vitellina (C. & R. Felder, 1861)
Costa Rica, Panama, Venezuela, Colombia Terias vitellina C. & R. Felder, 1861; Wien. ent. Monats. 5 (3): 86, TL: Venezuela
Terias tegea C. & R. Felder, 1865; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 203, TL: Colombia
= ; [NL4A, #103f]
Eurema elathides Staudinger, 1884; , TL: Venezuela
= ; [NL4A, #103f]
Terias vitellina ; Godman & Salvin, [1889], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 171, 3: pl. 65, f. 1-4
Eurema elathea vitellina ; [NL4A, #103f]
E. e. ella (Röber, 1909)
Ecuador elathea ella (Röber, 1909) (Terias); , TL: Ecuador
Eurema elathea ella ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #103b]
E. e. obsoleta (Jörgensen, 1932)
Paraguay, Brazil(Mato Grosso) elathea obsoleta (Jörgensen, 1932) (Terias); , TL: Paraguay
Terias elathea f. gracilis d'Almeida, 1928; (preocc. Avinoff, 1926), TL: Brazil, Mato Grosso
= ; [NL4A, #103e]
Terias plagiata d'Almeida, 1935; (repl. name), TL: Brazil, Mato Grosso
= ; [NL4A, #103e]
Eurema elathea obsoleta ; [NL4A, #103e]
E. e. lamasi Brévignon, 1993
French Guiana elathea lamasi Brévignon, 1993; , TL: French Guiana
Eurema elathea lamasi ; [NL4A, #103d]
Eurema elathea ssp. ; [EcuL]
Eurema elathea ssp. ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 13, pl. 17, f. 12 (Montego Bay, Jamaica)
Venezuela Eurema elathea ssp. ; Lamas, MS, [NL4A, #103g]
Venezuela Eurema elathea ssp. ; Lamas, MS, [NL4A, #103h]

Eurema fabiola (C. & R. Felder, 1861)
Venezuela, Ecuador. See [About maps] Terias fabiola C. & R. Felder, 1861; Wien. ent. Monats. 5 (3): 85, TL: Venezuela, prov. Caracas
Terias arbela ab. rubella d'Almeida, 1928; , TL: Venezuela
= ; [NL4A, #104]
Terias rubricata d'Almeida, 1936; , TL: Venezuela
= ; [NL4A, #104]
Terias fabiola ; Godman & Salvin, [1889], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 160
Eurema (Sphaenogona) fabiola ; [EcuL]
Eurema fabiola ; [NL4A, #104]

Eurema lirina (Bates, 1861)
Brazil(Pará, Mato Grosso). See [About maps] Terias lirina Bates, 1861; J. Ent. 1 (4) : 244, TL: Brazil, Pará
Eurema furtadoi Casagrande & Mielke, 1979; , TL: Brazil, Mato Grosso
= ; [NL4A, #105]
Eurema lirina ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #105]

Eurema lucina (Poey, [1852])
-. See [About maps] Terias lucina Poey, [1852]; Hist. Nat. Cuba 1 : 252, TL: Cuba
Eurema lucina ; [NL4A, #106]
Cuba Terias fornsi Poey, 1854; Hist. Nat. Cuba 1 : 443, TL: Cuba
= ; [NL4A, #106a]
Terias arabella Lucas, 1857; in Sagra, Hist. fis. pol. nat. Isla Cuba (2) 7 : 515, pl. 16, f. 5, 5a, TL: Cuba
= ; [NL4A, #106a]
Terias conjungens Herrich-Schäffer, 1865; CorrespBl. zool.-min Ver. Regensburg 18 (11-12): 167, TL: Cuba
= ; [NL4A, #106a]
Terias stora Herrich-Schäffer, 1865; (nom. nud.)
= ; [NL4A, #106a]
Eurema priddyi forbesi Klots, 1929; , TL: Cuba
= ; [NL4A, #106a]
Eurema lucina lucina ; [NL4A, #106a]
E. l. priddyi (Lathy, 1898)
Haiti Terias priddyi Lathy, 1899; Ent. mon. Mag. ?: 223 (?1899), TL: Haiti
Eurema lucina priddyi ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 14, pl. 17, f. 13; [NL4A, #106b]

Eurema mexicana (Boisduval, 1836)
SNA, CA, SA. See [About maps] Mexican Yellow
Terias mexicana Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 655, pl. 19 [= 3C], f. 1, TL: Mexico
Eurema mexicana mexicana, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Eurema mexicana mexicana, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Eurema mexicana, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Eurema mexicana, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Eurema mexicanum, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
Abaeis mexicana ; Geyer, 1837, in Hübner, Zuträge. Samml. exot. Schmett. 5 : 29, : f. 917-918
Terias mexicana ; Godman & Salvin, [1889], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 157
Pyrisita[sic] mexicana ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 10
Eurema mexicanum ; [NACL, #4246]
Eurema mexicana ; [BCR, 106, pl. 10]; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 17, f. 37]; [Opler]; [NL4A, #107]
Eurema mexicana mexicana ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 14, pl. 17, f. 24

Larva on Cassia [NAB], Diphysa robinoides [EOB]

Mexico, Honduras, Arizona, Texas, Kansas Terias damaris C. & R. Felder, [1865]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 198, TL: Mexico
= ; [NL4A, #107a]
Terias depuiseti Boisduval, 1870; Considérations Lépid. Guatemala: 11, TL: Honduras; Mexico
= ; [NL4A, #107a]
Eurema biedermanni Ehrmann, 1925; , TL: Arizona
= ; [NL4A, #107a]
ab. recta Klots, 1929; , TL: Texas
= ; [NL4A, #107a]
f. rosa Whittaker & Stallings, 1944; (winter f.), TL: Kansas
= ; [NL4A, #107a]
Eurema mexicana mexicana ; [NL4A, #107a]
E. m. bogotana (C. & R. Felder, 1861)
Colombia Terias bogotana C. & R. Felder, 1861; Wien. ent. Monats. 5 (3): 84, TL: Colombia
?Terias chloë C. & R. Felder, [1865]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 199
= Terias bogotana ; Godman & Salvin, [1899], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 158
Terias bogotana ; Godman & Salvin, [1889], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 158
Eurema mexicana bogotana ; [NL4A, #107b]
Misidentified/misapplied:
Sphaenogona mexicana; Butler & Druce, 1874, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1874 (3) : 358

Eurema nigrocincta Dognin, 1889
-. See [About maps] Eurema nigrocincta Dognin, 1889; , TL: Ecuador, Loja
Eurema nigrocincta ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #108]
Ecuador Eurema nigrocincta nigrocincta ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 14, pl. 17, f. 16; [NL4A, #108a]
E. n. hockingi Lamas, 1981
Peru nigrocincta hockingi Lamas, 1981; , TL: Peru
Eurema nigrocincta hockingi ; [NL4A, #108b]

Eurema paulina (Bates, 1861)
Brazil(Amazonas), Peru. See [About maps] Terias paulina Bates, 1861; J. Ent. 1 (4) : 240, TL: Brazil, Amazonas
Eurema xanthochlora[sic] pomponia f. marjoria Klots, 1929; , TL: Peru
= ; [NL4A, #109]
Terias paulina ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 215 (note, Terias smilax group)
Eurema paulina ; [NL4A, #109]

Eurema phiale (Cramer, [1775])
Colombia, Bolivia. See [About maps] Papilio phiale Cramer, [1775]; Uitl. Kapellen 1 (1-7): 43, pl. 27, f. F, TL: Surinam
Eurema phiale ; [BOW: pl. 50, f. 27]; [EcuL, (?)]; [NL4A, #110]
Surinam Papilio musa Fabricius, 1793; Ent. Syst. 3 (1): 195, TL: "East Indies"
= ; [NL4A, #110a]
Terias gentilis Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 658, TL: S.Amer.
= ; [NL4A, #110a]
Eurema (Eurema) musa ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 154
Terias musa ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 224 (note, Terias nise group)
Eurema musa ; [BOW: pl. 50, f. 26 (text only)]
Eurema phiale phiale ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 14, pl. 17, f. 14; [NL4A, #110a]
E. p. columbia (C. & R. Felder, 1861)
Venezuela, Colombia, Bolivia Terias columbia C. & R. Felder, 1861; Wien. ent. Monats. 5 (3): 86, TL: Venezuela,Colombia
Terias phiale phialina Röber, 1909; (nom. nud.), TL: Colombia; Bolivia
= ; [NL4A, #110b]
Eurema phiale columbia ; [NL4A, #110b]
E. p. paula (Röber, 1909)
Brazil(São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro), Argentina phiale paula (Röber, 1909) (Terias); , TL: Brazil, São Paulo
Terias singularis d'Almeida, 1922; , TL: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, Pavuna de Jacarepagua
= ; [NL4A, #110c]
Terias phiale ab. flavomaculata d'Almeida, 1928; , TL: Brazil, São Paulo
= ; [NL4A, #110c]
Terias musa haline d'Almeida, 1928; , TL: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro
= ; [NL4A, #110c]
Terias raymundoi d'Almeida, 1928; , TL: Argentina
= ; [NL4A, #110c]
Terias phiale f. majorina d'Almeida, 1932; , TL: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro
= ; [NL4A, #110c]
Eurema phiale flavomaculata ;
Eurema (Eurema) phiale flavomaculata ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 154
Eurema phiale majorina ;
Eurema (Eurema) phiale majorina ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 154
Eurema phiale paula ; [NL4A, #110c]

Eurema reticulata (Butler, 1871)
Peru, Ecuador. See [About maps] Terias reticulata Butler, 1871; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1871 : 539, TL: Ecuador, Archidona
Eurema marmorata Dognin, 1887; , TL: Ecuador, Riviere Numbala
= ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #111]
Eurema (Sphaenogona) reticulata ; [EcuL]
Sphaenogona reticulata ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 225 (note)
Eurema reticulata ; [BOW: pl. 50, f. 28]; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 14, pl. 17, f. 27; [NL4A, #111]

Eurema salome (C. & R. Felder, 1861)
S.USA. See [About maps] Terias salome C. & R. Felder, 1861; Wien. ent. Monats. 5 (3): 84, TL: "Ecuador" [?Venezuela]
Eurema salome, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Eurema salome ; [NL4A, #112]; [NACL, #4247]; [BCR, 106, pl. 10]; [BOW: pl. 17, f. 29]; [Opler]

Larva on Diphysa robinoides? [BCR]

Peru Terias arbela ab. lurida d'Almeida, 1928; , TL: Peru
= ; [NL4A, #112a]
Terias (Eurema) salome saba Bryk, 1953; , TL: Peru
= ; [NL4A, #112a]
Eurema salome salome ; [NL4A, #112a]
E. s. limoneus (C. & R. Felder, 1861)
Venezuela Terias limoneus C. & R. Felder, 1861; Wien. ent. Monats. 5 (3): 84, TL: Venezuela
Terias ?limonia Ménétriés, 1857; (nom. nud.), TL: Venezuela
= ; [NL4A, #112d]
Eurema salome limoneum[sic] ; [NACL, #4247a (missp.?)]
Eurema salome limoneus ; [NL4A, #112d]
E. s. gaugamela (C. & R. Felder, [1865])
Colombia, Venezuela Terias gaugamela C. & R. Felder, [1865]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 199, pl. 26, f. 5, TL: Colombia
Eurema damarina Staudinger, 1889; , TL: "Mexico",Venezuela
= ; [NL4A, #112b]
Terias mexicana henricii Apolinar, 1926; , TL: Colombia
= ; [NL4A, #112b]
Eurema salome gaugamela ; [NL4A, #112b]
E. s. jamapa (Reakirt, 1866)
Mexico Terias jamapa Reakirt, 1866; Proc. Acad. nat. Sci. Philad. 18 (3) : 239, TL: Mexico, Veracruz
Eurema salome jamapa, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Eurema salome jamapa, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Eurema salome jamapa ; [NL4A, #112c]
E. s. xystra (d'Almeida, 1936)
Ecuador salome xystra (d'Almeida, 1936) (Terias); , TL: Ecuador, Quite
Eurema xystra ;
Eurema (Sphaenogona) salome xystra ; [EcuL]
Eurema salome xystra ; [NL4A, #112e]
Peru Eurema salome ssp. ; Lamas, MS, [NL4A, #112f]

Eurema tupuntenem Lichy, 1976
-. See [About maps] Eurema tupuntenem Lichy, 1976; , TL: Venezuela
Eurema tupuntenem ; [NL4A, #113]
Venezuela Eurema tupuntenem tupuntenem ; [NL4A, #113a]
Venezuela Eurema tupuntenem ssp. ; Lamas, MS, [NL4A, #113b]

Eurema xantochlora (Kollar, 1850)
Bolivia. See [About maps] Terias xantochlora Kollar, 1850; Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien. 1 : 363, TL: Colombia
Terias xanthochlora[sic] ; Godman & Salvin, [1889], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 161, 3: pl. 63, f. 5-8; Godman & Salvin, [1901], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 727
Eurema xanthoclora[sic] ; [BCR, 106, pl. 10]
Eurema xantochlora ; [NL4A, #114]
Mexico, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Colombia, Venezuela Terias theodes C. & R. Felder, 1861; Wien. ent. Monats. 5 (3): 85, TL: Venezuela
= ; [NL4A, #114a]
Terias constantia C. & R. Felder, [1865]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 200, TL: Venezuela,Mexico
= ; [NL4A, #114a]
Terias theona C. & R. Felder, [1865]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 202, TL: Venezuela
= ; [NL4A, #114a]
Eurema xanthochlora xanthochlora[sic] ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 14, pl. 17, f. 26
Sphaenogona constantia ; Butler & Druce, 1874, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1874 (3) : 359
Eurema (Sphaenogona) xantochlora xantochlora ; [EcuL]
Eurema xantochlora xantochlora ; [NL4A, #114a]
E. x. ectriva (Butler, 1873)
Ecuador Sphaenogona ectriva Butler, 1873; Cist. Ent. 1 (7) : 175, TL: Ecuador, Archidona
Terias ectriva Doubleday, 1847; (nom. nud.), TL: Ecuador
= ; [NL4A, #114b]
Eurema (Sphaenogona) xantochlora ectriva ; [EcuL]
Eurema xantochlora ectriva ; [NL4A, #114b]
E. x. pomponia (Hopffer, 1874)
Peru Terias pomponia Hopffer, 1874; Stettin ent. Ztg 35 (10-12) : 336, TL: Peru
Terias pomponia Hopffer, 1879; Stettin Ent. Ztg 40 (1-2): 86
Terias sybaris Hopffer, 1874; Stettin ent. Ztg 35 (10-12) : 337, TL: Peru
= ; [NL4A, #114c]
Terias sybaris Hopffer, 1879; Stettin Ent. Ztg 40 (1-2): 88
xanthochlora xanhtohchlora[sic] ab. marginata (Dufrane, 1947) (Terias); , TL: Peru
= ; [NL4A, #114c]
Eurema sybaris ; [BOW: pl. 50, f. 29]
Eurema xantochlora pomponia ; [NL4A, #114c]

The "abaeis" species-group

Eurema nicippe (Cramer, [1779])
S.USA - Costa Rica, West Indies. See [About maps] Sleepy Orange
Papilio nicippe Cramer, [1779]; Uitl. Kapellen 3 (17-21): 31, pl. 210, f. C, D, TL: Virginia
ab. flava (Strecker, 1878) (Terias); Synon. Cat. Macroplep.: 84, TL: [Pennsylvania)]
= ; [NL4A, #83]
tr.f. dammersi Gunder, 1930; , TL: California
= ; [NL4A, #83]
tr.f. callae Field, 1936; , TL: Texas
= ; [NL4A, #83]
f. pallens Whittaker & Stallings, 1944; (sum. f.), TL: Kansas
= ; [NL4A, #83]
Abaeis nicippe, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Abaeis nicippe, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Abaeis nicippe, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
E. nicippe, Georgia Lepidoptera (USA) [GALEPS]
Eurema nicippe, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
Terias nicippe ; Godman & Salvin, [1889], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 155; Godman & Salvin, [1901], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 727
Eurema nicippe flava ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 11
Eurema nicippe ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 11; [NACL, #4242]; [BCR, 107]; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 17, f. 28]; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 14, pl. 17, f. 22
Abaeis nicippe ; [Opler]; [NL4A, #83]
[nicippe-1v.jpg] 1600x1200 (~171Kb) underside USA: Alabama, 12.7.2003, Photo © Vitaly Charny [nicippe-2v.jpg] 1600x1200 (~191Kb) underside USA: Alabama, 9.8.2003, Photo © Vitaly Charny [nicippe-3v.jpg] 1500x1062 (~193Kb) underside USA: Alabama, 17.9.2004, Photo © Vitaly Charny
[nicippe-4v.jpg] 1500x1112 (~130Kb) underside USA: Alabama, 17.9.2004, Photo © Vitaly Charny

Larva on Cassia, Trifolium [NAB]



Eurema nicippiformis Munroe, 1947
Haiti Eurema (Abaeis) nicippiformis Munroe, 1947; , TL: Haiti
Abaeis nicippiformis ; [NL4A, #84]

The "pyrisitia" species-group

Eurema chamberlaini Butler, 1897
Eurema chamberlaini Butler, 1897; , TL: Bahamas
Pyrisitia chamberlaini ; [NL4A, #85]
Misidentified/misapplied:
Eurema chamberlaini; [NACL, #4241]
Bahamas Eurema chamberlaini banksi Clench, 1942; Mem. Soc. Cubana Hist. Nat. 16: (1-2), TL: Smoky Point, Cat Island, Bahamas
= ; [NL4A, #85a]
Pyrisitia chamberlaini chamberlaini ; [NL4A, #85a]
E. c. mariguanae Bates, 1934
Bahamas chamberlaini mariguanae Bates, 1934; , TL: Bahamas
Pyrisitia chamberlaini mariguanae ; [NL4A, #85d]
E. c. inaguae Munroe, 1950
Bahamas chamberlaini inaguae Munroe, 1950; , TL: Bahamas
Pyrisitia chamberlaini inaguae ; [NL4A, #85c]
E. c. clenchi Miller, Simon & Harvey, 1992
Bahamas Eurema chamberlaini clenchi Miller, Simon & Harvey, 1992; , TL: Bahamas
Pyrisitia chamberlaini clenchi ; [NL4A, #85b]

Eurema dina (Poey, 1832)
SNA - Panama, Antilles. See [About maps] Terias dina Poey, 1832; Centurie Lèpid. Cuba: (?) , TL: Cuba
Pyrisitia dina, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Terias dina ; Godman & Salvin, [1889], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 163
Eurema dina ; [NACL, #4240]
Pyrisitia dina ; [Opler]; [NL4A, #86]
[dina-1m.jpg] 434x540 (~23Kb) male Belize, Central America, Photo © John Shuey

Cuba Terias citrina Poey, [1852]; Hist. Nat. Cuba 1 : 247, TL: Cuba
= ; [NL4A, #86a]
Terias templetoni Butler, 1886; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 218 (Terias senegalensis group), TL: Ceylon
Pyrisitia dina dina ; [NL4A, #86a]
E. d. westwoodi (Boisduval, 1836)
Mexico, Costa Rica, Honduras, Panama Terias westwoodi Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 666, TL: Mexico
Terias calceolaria Butler & Druce, 1872; Cistula ent. 1 (5) : 110, TL: Costa Rica,Honduras
= Eurema westwoodi ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 11
= ; [NL4A, #86e]
Pyrisitia dina westwoodi, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Pyrisitia dina westwoodi, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Eurema dina westwoodi, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
Terias westwoodii ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 215 (note, Terias smilax group)
Terias calceolaria ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 215 (note, Terias smilax group)
Eurema westwoodi ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 11; [BOW: pl. 51, f. 2, 3]
Eurema dina westwoodi ; [NACL, #4240a]; [BCR, 107, pl. 10]; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 14, pl. 17, f. 19
Pyrisitia dina westwoodi ; [NL4A, #86e]

Larva on Picramnia alleni, P. quaternaria [BCR]

E. d. parvumbra (Kaye, 1925)
Jamaica dina parvumbra (Kaye, 1925) (Terias); , TL: Jamaica
Pyrisitia dina parvumbra ; [NL4A, #86d]
E. d. helios Bates, 1934
Bahamas dina helios Bates, 1934; , TL: Bahamas
Eurema dina helios ; [NACL, #4240b]
Pyrisitia dina helios ; [NL4A, #86b]
E. d. bayobanex Bates, 1939
Haiti dina bayobanex Bates, 1939; , TL: Haiti
Pyrisitia dina bayobanex ; [NL4A, #86c]

Eurema euterpiformis Munroe, 1947
Haiti Eurema (Pyristia) euterpiformis Munroe, 1947; , TL: Haiti
Pyrisitia euterpiformis ; [NL4A, #87]

Eurema leuce (Boisduval, 1836)
-. See [About maps] Terias leuce Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 659, TL: Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul
Terias thymetus Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 662
Terias leuce ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 215 (note, Terias smilax group)
Eurema thymetus ; [BOW: pl. 51, f. 1]
Eurema (Pyrisitia) leuce ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 154
Pyrisitia leuce ; [NL4A, #88]
Brazil(Rio Grande do Sul), Uruguay Papilio sanguinea Larrañaga, 1923; , TL: Uruguay
= ; [NL4A, #88a]
Terias riograndensis d'Almeida, 1934; , TL: Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul
= ; [NL4A, #88a]
Pyrisitia leuce leuce ; [NL4A, #88a]
E. l. circumcincta (Bates, 1861)
Brazil(Pará) Terias circumcincta Bates, 1861; J. Ent. 1 (4) : 241, TL: Brazil, Pará
Pyrisitia leuce circumcincta ; [NL4A, #88d]
E. l. athalia (C. & R. Felder, [1865])
Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad Terias athalia C. & R. Felder, [1865]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 208, TL: Colombia
Terias diodina Butler, 1875; , TL: Venezuela
= ; [NL4A, #88c]
Terias pseudoleuce d'Almeida, 1934; , TL: Trinidad
= ; [NL4A, #88c]
Terias diodina ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 215 (note, Terias smilax group)
Terias athalia ; Godman & Salvin, [1889], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 164, 3: pl. 64, f. 9-12
Pyrisitia leuce athalia ; [NL4A, #88c]
E. l. flavilla (Bates, 1861)
Brazil(Amazonas), Peru Terias flavilla Bates, 1861; J. Ent. 1 (4) : 240, TL: [Amazon region]
Eurema hahneli Staudinger, 1884; , TL: Peru
= ; [NL4A, #88e]
Terias flavilla ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 215 (note, Terias smilax group)
Pyrisitia leuce flavilla ; [NL4A, #88e]; [EcuL]
E. l. memulus (Butler, 1871)
Haiti Terias memulus Butler, 1871; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1871 : pl. 19, f. 6, TL: Haiti
Pyrisitia leuce memulus ; [NL4A, #88f]
E. l. antillarum (Hall, 1936)
St. Kitts, Dominica, St. Lucia, Puerto Rico leuce antillarum (Hall, 1936) (Terias); , TL: St. Kitts,Dominica,St. Lucia
Eurema sanjuanensis Watson, 1938; , TL: Puerto Rico
= ; [NL4A, #88b]
Eurema leuce antillarum, Lepidoptera of French Antilles [Pierre Zagatti]
Pyrisitia leuce antillarum ; [NL4A, #88b]

Eurema lisa (Boisduval & Leconte, 1829)
Panama, West Indies. See [About maps] Little Yellow Little Sulphur
Xanthidia lisa Boisduval & Leconte, 1829; Hist. Lép. Am. Sept. (5/6): 53, (7/8): pl. 19, f. 4-5 ?[1830], TL: USA
immaculata Whittaker & D. Stallings, 1944; (sum. f.)
Pyrisitia lisa, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Eurema lisa, Georgia Lepidoptera (USA) [GALEPS]
Eurema lisa lisa, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
Terias lisa ; Boisduval, 1836, Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 661; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 214 (Terias drona group)
Eurema lisa ; [NACL, #4237]; [BOW: pl. 17, f. 33]
Pyrisitia lisa ; [Opler]; [NL4A, #89]
Misidentified/misapplied:
euterpe; auth., not Ménétriés, 1832
Eurema euterpe; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 11
[lisa-1m.jpg] 379x438 (~21Kb) male Belize, Central America, Photo © John Shuey [lisa-2v.jpg] 1400x1050 (~141Kb) underside USA: Alabama, 31.8.2003, Photo © Vitaly Charny [lisa-3a.jpg] 1400x930 (~282Kb) USA: Alabama, 30.9.2006, Photo © Vitaly Charny
[lisa-3v.jpg] 1200x876 (~133Kb) underside USA: Alabama, 30.9.2006, Photo © Vitaly Charny [lisa-4av.jpg] 1200x1213 (~159Kb) underside USA: Alabama, 7.10.2006, Photo © Vitaly Charny [lisa-4xv.jpg] 1400x930 (~146Kb) underside USA: Alabama, 7.10.2006, Photo © Vitaly Charny

Larva on Cassia, Chamaecrista fasciculata, Trifolium, Amphicarpa [NAB], Mimosa [BCR]


Maine - Florida, Kansas ab. alba (Strecker, 1878) (Terias); Synon. Cat. Macroplep.: 85
= ; [NL4A, #89a]
Terias lisa clappii Maynard, 1891; , TL: Florida
= ; [NL4A, #89a]
f. immaculata Whittaker & Stallings, 1944; , TL: Kansas
= ; [NL4A, #89a]
Eurema clappi ;
Eurema euterpe alba ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 11
Pyrisitia lisa lisa ; [NL4A, #89a]
E. l. euterpe (Ménétriés, 1832)
Haiti, Cuba, West Indies Colias euterpe Ménétriés, 1832; Bull. Soc. imp. Nat. Moscou 5 : 299, TL: Haiti
Terias stygmula Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 661, TL: Cuba
= ; [NL4A, #89c]
Terias sulphurina Poey, [1852]; Hist. Nat. Cuba 1: pl. 18, f. 1-3, TL: Cuba
= ; [NL4A, #89c]
Terias thymetus var. pauperata d'Almeida, 1934; , TL: Cuba
= ; [NL4A, #89c]
Eurema lisa euterpe, Lepidoptera of French Antilles [Pierre Zagatti]
Colias euterpe ; Ménétriés, 1834, Nouv. Mém. Soc. imp. Nat. Moscou 3 : 121, pl. 11, f. 4
Terias euterpe ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 213 (note, Terias drona group)
Terias sulphurina ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 213 (note, Terias drona group)
?Terias euterpe ; Godman & Salvin, [1889], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 162
Eurema euterpe ;
Pyrisitia lisa euterpe ; [NL4A, #89c]
E. l. centralis Herrich-Schäffer, 1865
Mexico, Guatemala lisa centralis Herrich-Schäffer, 1865; , TL: Guatemala
Pyrisitia lisa centralis, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Pyrisitia lisa centralis, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Pyrisitia lisa centralis ; [NL4A, #89b]

Eurema messalina (Fabricius, 1787)
Jamaica, Cuba, Bahamas, Antilles, Florida. See [About maps] Papilio messalina Fabricius, 1787; Mantissa Insectorum 2: 22, TL: "India"
Terias bulaea Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 680, TL: "Senegal"
= ; [NL4A, #90]
Terias gnathene Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 680, TL: "Mexico, Yucatan"
= ; [NL4A, #90]
Terias iradia Poey, [1852]; Hist. Nat. Cuba 1 : 253, TL: Cuba
= ; [NL4A, #90]
Terias blakei Maynard, 1891; Man. N. Amer. Butt., app.: 216, TL: Bahamas; Florida
= ; [NL4A, #90]
Pyrisitia messalina, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]

Eurema gnatheme blakei ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 12
Eurema messalina blakei ; [NACL, #4239a]
Terias messalina ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 225 (note, Terias messalina group)
Eurema messalina ; [NACL, #4239]; [BOW: pl. 50, f. 24]
Terias gnathene ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 225 (note, Terias messalina group)
Eurema gnatheme[sic, recte gnathene] ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 12
Pyrisitia messalina ; [Opler]; [NL4A, #90]

Eurema nise (Cramer, [1775])
-. See [About maps] Mimosa Yellow
Papilio nise Cramer, [1775]; Uitl. Kapellen 1 (1-7): pl. 20, f. K, L, TL: Jamaica
Pyrisitia nise, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
?Eurema disa[sic?] ??Latreille²; [BOW: pl. 17, f. 33 (text only)]
Terias nise ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 224 (note, Terias nise group)
Eurema nise ; [BCR, 107, pl. 10]; [NACL, #4238]
Pyrisitia nise ; [Opler]; [NL4A, #91]
[nise-1m.jpg] 355x464 (~17Kb) male Belize, Central America, Photo © John Shuey

Larva on Mimosa pudica [NAB]


Jamaica Pieris neda Godart, 1819; Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 135 (repl. name), TL: Jamaica
= ; [NL4A, #91a]
Terias neda ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 224 (note, Terias nise group)
Eurema neda ; [BOW: pl. 50, f. 26]
Pyrisitia nise nise ; [NL4A, #91a]
E. n. stygma (Boisduval, 1836)
Peru, Ecuador Terias stygma Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 661, TL: Peru
Eurema sulla Weymer, 1890; in Weymer & Maassen, Reisen Süd-America : 123, TL: [Ecuador] Pululagua 2000m
= ; [NL4A, #91e]
Terias porteri d'Almeida, 1930; , TL: Quite
= Pyrisitia nise sulla ; [EcuL]
= ; [NL4A, #91e]
Terias joannisi Dufrane, 1947; , TL: Peru
= ; [NL4A, #91e]
Terias joannisi ab. minor Dufrane, 1947; , TL: Peru
= ; [NL4A, #91e]
Terias joannisi ab. marginata Dufrane, 1947; , TL: Peru
= ; [NL4A, #91e]
Terias joannisi ab. obliterata Dufrane, 1947; , TL: Peru
= ; [NL4A, #91e]
Pyrisitia nise sulla ; [EcuL]
Pyrisitia nise stygma ; [NL4A, #91e]
E. n. tenella (Boisduval, 1836)
Brazil(Rio de Janeiro), Argentina, Paraguay Terias tenella Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 657, TL: Brazil
Terias nisella Felder, 1862; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 12 (1/2) : 474, TL: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro
= ; [NL4A, #91f]
Terias perimede Prittwitz, 1865; Stettin Ent. Ztg 26 (4-6): 134, TL: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro
= ; [NL4A, #91f]
Terias tenella ♀ f. germana d'Almeida, 1921; Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. 90 : 63, TL: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro
= ; [NL4A, #91f]
Terias tenella ♀ f. jacarepaguana d'Almeida, 1921; Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. 90 : 63, TL: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro
= ; [NL4A, #91f]
Terias tenella ♀ f. panopea d'Almeida, 1921; Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. 90 : 63, TL: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro
= ; [NL4A, #91f]
Terias tenella ♀ ab. alcides d'Almeida, 1921; Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. 90 : 64, TL: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro
= ; [NL4A, #91f]
Terias lepidula d'Almeida, 1921; Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. 90 : 65, TL: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro
= ; [NL4A, #91f]
Terias thymetus f. cordobensis Köhler, 1923; , TL: Argentina
= ; [NL4A, #91f]
Terias tenella ab. cissa d'Almeida, 1928; , TL: Brazil(Rio de Janeiro)
= ; [NL4A, #91f]
Terias thymetus f. formosanus Jörgensen, 1935; , TL: Argentina,Paraguay
= ; [NL4A, #91f]
Terias tenella ; Godman & Salvin, [1889], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 165; Godman & Salvin, [1901], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 727
Eurema (Pyrisitia) tenella ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 154
Pyrisitia nise tenella ; [NL4A, #91f]
E. n. larae (Herrich-Schäffer, 1862)
Cuba Terias larae Herrich-Schäffer, 1862; CorrespBl. zool.-min Ver. Regensburg 16 (6-8): 120, TL: Cuba
Eurema (Pyrisitia) larae f. ricardi Torre & Alayo, 1953; , TL: Cuba
= ; [NL4A, #91c]
Eurema larae ;
Pyrisitia nise larae ; [NL4A, #91c]
E. n. nelphe (R. Felder, 1869)
Mexico, Panama Terias nelphe R. Felder, 1869; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien. 19 : 466, TL: Mexico, Veracruz
Eurema (Terias) venustula Staudinger, 1876; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 25 (1) : 93, TL: Panama
= ; [NL4A, #91d]
Terias linda Edwards, 1884; Papilio 4 (3) : 53, TL: Mexico, Sonora
= ; [NL4A, #91d]
Pyrisitia nise nelphe, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Pyrisitia nise nelphe, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Eurema nise nelphe, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
Eurema linda ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 11
Terias nelphe ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 215 (note, Terias smilax group)
Pyrisitia nise nelphe ; [NL4A, #91d]
E. n. floscula (Weeks, 1901)
Bolivia, Argentina, Peru Terias floscula Weeks, 1901; Proc. New England Zool. Club 2 : 89, TL: Bolivia, Cusilluni distr.
Terias neda f. fusca Giacomelli, 1915; , TL: Argentina
= ; [NL4A, #91b]
Terias tenella ab. argia d'Almeida, 1928; , TL: Bolivia
= ; [NL4A, #91b]
Eurema frieda Baumann & Reissinger, 1969; , TL: Peru
= ; [NL4A, #91b]
Eurema frieda f. discopunctata Baumann & Reissinger, 1969; , TL: Peru
= ; [NL4A, #91b]
?Eurema fridea ; (missp.?)
Eurema frieda ;
Pyrisitia nise floscula ; [NL4A, #91b]
Ecuador Pyrisitia nise ssp.
Pyrisitia nise ssp. ; [EcuL]
Peru Pyrisitia nise ssp.
Pyrisitia nise ssp. ; Lamas, MS, [NL4A, #91g]

Eurema portoricensis (Dewitz, 1877)
Puerto Rico Terias portoricensis Dewitz, 1877; , TL: Puerto Rico
Terias tenera Avinoff, 1926; , TL: Puerto Rico
= ; [NL4A, #92]
Pyrisitia portoricensis ; [NL4A, #92]

Eurema proterpia (Fabricius, 1775)
Antilles, Jamaica, Cuba, Guatemala, Ecuador, Colombia, Mexico. See [About maps] Tailed Orange Little Jaune
Papilio proterpia Fabricius, 1775; Syst. Ent.: 478, TL: Jamaica
Terias gundlachia Poey, 1851; Hist. Nat. Cuba 1 : 246, pl. 24, f. 1-3 ?[1853], TL: Cuba
= ; [NL4A, #93]
Terias longicauda Bates, 1864; Ent. mon. Mag. 1 (2): 32, TL: Guatemala
= Terias gundlachia ; Godman & Salvin, [1889], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 156
= ; [NL4A, #93]
Eurema proterpia watsonia Klots, 1923; , TL: Ecuador
= ; [NL4A, #93]
Eurema gundlachia morleyi Coxeý, 1932; , TL: Ecuador
= Pyrisitia proterpia watsonia ; [EcuL]
= ; [NL4A, #93]
ab. imitatrix (d'Almeida, 1932) (Terias); , TL: Colombia
= ; [NL4A, #93]
Papilio atzin Arias, 1968; (nom. nud.), TL: Mexico
= ; [NL4A, #93]
Pyrisitia proterpia, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Pyrisitia proterpia, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Pyrisitia proterpia, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Eurema proterpia, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]

Eurema longicauda ;
Eurema proterpia longicauda ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 14, pl. 17, f. 17
Eurema proterpia watsonia ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 14, pl. 17, f. 18
Pyrisitia proterpia watsonia ; [EcuL]
Pyrisitia proterpia ; Butler & Druce, 1874, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1874 (3) : 359
Terias proterpia ; Godman & Salvin, [1889], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 155
Terias gundlachia ; Godman & Salvin, [1889], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 156
Pyrisita[sic] gundlachia ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 11
Pyrisita[sic] proterpia ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 11
Eurema proterpia ; [NACL, #4236]; [EBW]; [BCR, 105, pl. 10]; [BOW: pl. 50, f. 25]
Pyrisitia proterpia ; [Opler]; [NL4A, #93]

Larva on Desmodium [EOB]


Eurema pyro (Godart, 1819)
Haiti Pieris pyro Godart, 1819; Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 137
Colias hyona Ménétriés, 1832; , TL: Haiti
= ; [NL4A, #94]
Colias hyona ; Ménétriés, 1834, Nouv. Mém. Soc. imp. Nat. Moscou 3 : 122, pl. 11, f. 5
Eurema hyona ; [BOW: pl. 50, f. 21]
Eurema pyro ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 14, pl. 23, f. 17
Pyrisitia pyro ; [NL4A, #94]

Eurema venusta (Boisduval, 1836)
Jamaica, Colombia, Trinidad. See [About maps] Terias venusta Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 658, TL: "Jamaica",Colombia
Pyrisitia venusta ; [NL4A, #95];
[venusta-1.jpg] 500x377 (~27Kb) Venezuela, Yacambu park near Barquisimeto, July 2002, Photo © Simon Coombes [venusta-2mf.jpg] 500x376 (~31Kb) male female Venezuela, Merida and the Sierra Nevada National Park, July 2002, Photo © Simon Coombes
E. nise?

Venezuela, French Guiana, Surinam Terias limbia C. & R. Felder, 1861; Wien. ent. Monats. 5 (3): 86, TL: Venezuela
= ; [NL4A, #95a]
Eurema diosa Möschler, 1883; , TL: French Guiana,Surinam
= ; [NL4A, #95a]
Terias limbia ; Godman & Salvin, [1889], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 164, 3: pl. 63, f. 13-15
Eurema limbia ; [BOW: pl. 50, f. 23]
Eurema venusta venusta ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 14, pl. 17, f. 21
Pyrisitia venusta venusta ; [NL4A, #95a]

[limbia-1.jpg] 500x363 (~33Kb) Venezuela, Merida and the Sierra Nevada National Park, July 2002, Photo © Simon Coombes

Larva on Mimosa, (for limbia)

E. v. emanona Dillon, 1947
Antilles venusta emanona Dillon, 1947; , TL: Dominica
Eurema venusta emanona, Lepidoptera of French Antilles [Pierre Zagatti]
Pyrisitia venusta emanona ; [NL4A, #95c]
E. v. aequatorialis (C. & R. Felder, 1861)
Ecuador? Terias aequatorialis C. & R. Felder, 1861; Wien. ent. Monats. 5 (3): 85, TL: "Ecuador"
Terias aequatorialis ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 224 (note, Terias nise group)
Eurema venusta aequatorialis ;
Pyrisitia venusta aequatorialis ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #95b]

The "teriocolias" species-group

Eurema zelia (Lucas, 1852)
-. See [About maps] Terias zelia Lucas, 1852; Revue Mag. Zool. (2) 4 (9): 430, TL: "Colombia" [Potopoto, La Paz, Bolivia]
Teriocolias zelia ; [EcuL, (?)]; [NL4A, #115]
Bolivia, Peru, Argentina Terias atinas Hewitson, 1874; Descr. new Spec. Butts Buckley Bolivia: 4, TL: Bolivia
= ; [NL4A, #115a]
Terias flavia Burmeister, 1880; , TL: Argentina
= ; [NL4A, #115a]
Teriocolias riojana Giacomelli, 1911; , TL: Argentina
= ; [NL4A, #115a]
Teriocolias atinas f. meridionalis Jörgensen, 1916; , TL: Argentina
= ; [NL4A, #115a]
Teriocolias atinas f. shiptoni Jörgensen, 1916; , TL: Argentina
= ; [NL4A, #115a]
Teriocolias atinas f. shiptone ; Jörgensen, 1916, (missp.)
Sphaenogona atinas ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 225 (note)
Eurema atinas ; [BOW: pl. 50, f. 14]
Teriocolias riojana ; Shapiro, 1991, J. Res. Lepid. 28 (3): 183
Teriocolias zelia zelia ; [NL4A, #115a]
E. z. pacis (Röber, 1909)
Peru zelia pacis (Röber, 1909) (Teriocolias); , TL: Peru
Teriocolias atinas plesseni Röber, 1909; , TL: Peru
= ; [NL4A, #115d]
Teriocolias zelia plesseni ; Winhard, 2000, Butterflies of the world, 10: 11, pl. 13, f. 7
Teriocolias zelia pacis ; [NL4A, #115d]
E. z. mathani Field, 1950
Peru Eurema (Teriocolias) zelia mathani Field, 1950; , TL: Chachapoyos, Dept. of Amazones, Peru
Teriocolias zelia mathani ; [NL4A, #115c]
E. z. andina (Forbes, 1928)
Peru, Chile zelia andina (Forbes, 1928) (Teriocolias); , TL: Peru
Teriocolias atinas kuscheli Ureta, 1947; , TL: Chile
= ; [NL4A, #115b]
Teriocolias yauta Fuchs, 1954
= ; [NL4A, #115b]
Eurema zalia kuscheli ;
Teriocolias zelia andina ; [NL4A, #115b]


Unknown or unplaced taxa

Terias norbana sulaensis Joicey & Talbot, 1922; Bull. Hill Mus. 1 (2) : 347, TL: Sula I.

Eurema puella var. salomonis Ribbe, 1898; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 11 (1): 86, TL: Shortland I.; Rubiana

Eurema arabella Geyer, 1837; in Hübner, Zuträge. Samml. exot. Schmett. 5 : f. 973-974

Terias limbata d'Almeida, 1934; ("nom collectif")
Eurema limbata ; [NL4A, 107]

Eurema amicula J. & W. Zikán, 1968; (nom. nud.), TL: Brazil, Minas Gerais
Eurema amicula ; [NL4A, 107]

Terias androphila Ménétriés, 1857; (nom. nud.), TL: Venezuela
Eurema androphila ; [NL4A, 107]

Terias cincta Herrich-Schäffer, 1867; (nom. nud.)
Eurema cincta ; [NL4A, 107]

Terias cleona Ménétriés, 1857; (nom. nud.), TL: Venezuela
Eurema cleona ; [NL4A, 107]

Terias dubiosa Herrich-Schäffer, 1867; (nom. nud.)
Eurema dubiosa ; [NL4A, 107]

Pieris elissa Doubleday, 1847; (nom. nud.), TL: Bolivia
Eurema elissa ; [NL4A, 107]

Terias guatemalena Herrich-Schäffer, 1867; (nom. nud.)
Eurema guatemalena ; [NL4A, 107]

Terias miala Herrich-Schäffer, 1867; (nom. nud.)
Eurema miala ; [NL4A, 107]

Terias singa Herrich-Schäffer, 1867; (nom. nud.)
Eurema singa ; [NL4A, 107]

Terias togata Herrich-Schäffer, 1867; (nom. nud.)
Eurema togata ; [NL4A, 107]

?Pieris smilda Godart, 1819; Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 136
= Terias lisa ; Butler, 1871, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1871 : 533

mimulus Butler
Terias mimulus ; Butler, 1886, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 215 (note, Terias smilax group)

Terias semifusca Butler, 1886; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 222, pl. 5, f. 8 (Terias diversa group), TL: Sumatra


18.9.2013 (71)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[AfrL]
Mark C. Williams; Checklist of Afrotropical Papilionoidea and Hesperoidea; Compiled by Mark C. Williams, 7th ed. (2008) (April 2007); Afrototropical Butterflies; e-mail: Mark C. Williams
[BAFR]
D'Abrera, 1980; Butterflies of the Afrotropical Region
[BAMONA]
Opler, Pavulaan, Stanford & Pogue; Butterflies and Moths of North America; Mountain Prairie Information Node
[BAUR]
D'Abrera, 1977; Butterflies of the Australian Region (2nd edn)
[BCA]
electronic; BIOLOGIA CENTRALI-AMERICANA
[BCR]
DeVries; The Butterflies of Costa Rica 1; Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae
[BHL]
The; Biodiversity Heritage Library; and on; Internet Archive; Note: The linking to the content of Internet Archive is somewhat delicate -- notify me when links break!
[BIR]
Wynter-Blyth, 1957; Butterflies of the Indian Region; (1982 Reprint)
[BK]
Larsen, 1996; The Butterflies of Kenya and their natural history
[BMP]
Eliot (Ed.), Corbet & Pendlebury, 1992; The Butterflies of The Malay Peninsula; 4th edition; ISBN 983-9681-05-2
[BOA]
Interactive Listing of American Butterflies; Listado Interactivo de la Mariposas Americanas; Butterflies of America
[BOR]
D'Abrera, 1982, 1985, 1986; Butterflies of the Oriental Region, Part I-III
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[Bruce Walsh]
Bruce Walsh; e-mail: Bruce Walsh; The Moths of Southeastern Arizona; Butterflies of Southeastern Arizona
[CiNii]
http://ci.nii.ac.jp/
[Don Herbison-Evans]
and Stella A. Crossley; Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans
[EBW]
Smart, Paul, 1976; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World; ISBN 0 600 31381 6
[EOB]
Feltwell; The Encyclopedia of Butterflies; Prentice Hall, 1993; ISBN 0-671-86828-4
[EcuL]
Tommaso & Racheli, 2001; Fragmenta entomologica 33 (2): 213-380; An annotated list of Ecuadorian Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae)
[GALEPS]
Moths and Butterflies of Georgia and the Southeastern United States; James K. Adams; Dept. of Natural Science, Dalton State College, Dalton, GA ; http://www.daltonstate.edu/galeps/index.htm
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[Heiner Ziegler]
Switzerland / Schweiz; www.pieris.ch
[ILMB]
Interactive Listing of Mexican Butterflies
[JLS]
Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society; the original J. Lep. Soc. articles
[JRL]
The Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera; JRL Archive
[John Shuey]
e-mail: jshuey at tnc.org; Director of Conservation Science; Indiana Office of The Nature Conservancy; http://www.nature.org
[Kedar Tokekar]
India
[LAMAS-2005]
Gerardo Lamas; Entomofauna 26 (6): 57-100; A Bibliography of the Zoological Publications of Hans Fruhstorfer (1886* - 1922+)
[LAMAS-NEO]
Gerardo Lamas; Bibliography of butterflies; An Annocated Bibliography of the Neotropical Butterflies and Skipper (Lepididoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea); Revised Electronic Edition (2007)
[MRS]
Chou Io (Ed.); Monographia Rhopalocerum Sinensium, 1-2
[MadL]
Lees, D.C., Kremen, C. and Raharitsimba, H. 2003; in S.M. Goodman & J. P. Benstead (eds.), The Natural History of Madagascar; Classification, Diversity and Endemism of the Butterflies (Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea): A Revised Species Checklist: : pp. 762-793; University of Chicago Press. 1709 pp.
[NAB]
Pyle, 1981; Field Guide to North American Butterflies, National Audubon Society; ISBN 0-394-51914-0
[NACL]
Hodges, 1983; Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico
[NHM]
Natural History Museum; The Global Lepidoptera Names Index
[NL4A]
Gerardo Lamas, 2004; Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera; Checklist: Part 4A; Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea
[Oleg Kosterin]
Institue of Cytology & Genetics; Siberian Division of Russian Academy of Sciences; Novosibirsk; e-mail: Oleg Kosterin; http://pisum.bionet.nsc.ru/kosterin/
[Olli Vesikko]
http://koti.welho.com/ovesikko/
[Opler]
Opler & Warren, 2003 (April); Butterflies of North America. 2. Scientific Names List for Butterfly Species of North America, north of Mexico.
[PBSA]
Dickson, C.G.C (ed.), Kroon, D.M.; Pennington's Butterflies of Southern Africa; AD. DONKER 1978
[Pierre Zagatti]
WWW pages; Catalogue of the Lepidoptera of the French Antilles; e-mail: Pierre Zagatti
[Simon Coombes]
1 Park Street, Plymouth, PL3 4BL, UK; 01752 607854; e-mail: Simon Coombes; http://www.butterfly-guide.co.uk
[Vitaly Charny]
Birmingham, Alabama, USA
[Wahlberg]
Niklas Wahlberg; The NSG's voucher specimen database; Nymphalidae Systematics Group
[Yutaka Inayoshi]
A Check List of Butterflies in Indo-China; Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM
[²]
This may require parentheses or not. I don't have the necessary information for this taxon.


Some related literature:
Agassiz, [1847]
Nomenclatoris zoologici. Index Universalis Nom. zool. (Index univ.) : 1-393
d'Almeida, 1921
Notes sur quelques lépidoptères d'Amérique du sud Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. 90 : 57-65
Butler in Andrews, 1900
A Monograph of Christmas Island (Indian Ocean): Physical Features and Geology Mon. Christmas Isl. : 1-337, pl. 1-21,2bis
Aurivillius, 1910
Die Gross-Schmetteringe der Erde; 13 Band; Die Afrikanischen Tagfalter in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 13 : 1-613, pl. 1-80
Bates, 1861
Contributions to an Insect Fauna of the Amazon Valley. Lepidoptera-Papilionide J. Ent. 1 (4) : 218-245 (1861)
Bates, 1864
New species of butterflies from Guatemala and Panama, collected by Osbert Salvin and F. du Cane Godman, Esqs. Ent. mon. Mag. 1 (1): 1-6 (1864), (2): 31-35 (1864), (3): 55-59 (1864), (4): 81-85 (1864), (5): 113-116 (1864), (6): 126-131 (1864), (7): 161-164 (1864), (8): 178-180 (1865), (9): 202-205 (1865)
Bernardi, 1969
Une nouvelle sous-espèce de Eurema floricola Boisduval Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. 73 : 193-194
Boisduval, 1832
Voyage de découvertes de l'Astrolabe exécuté par ordre du Roi, pendant les années 1826-1827-1828-1829, sous le commandément de M. J. Dumont d'Urville. Faune entomologique de l'Océan Pacifique, avec l'illustration des insectes nouveaux recueillis pendant le voyage. Lépidoptères in d'Urville, Voy. Astrolabe (Faune ent. Pacif.) 1 : 1-267, pl. 1-5
Boisduval, 1833
Faune Entomologique de Madagascar, Bourbon et Maurice. Lépidoptéres Faun. ent. Madagascar, Lépid. : 1-122, pl. 1-16, : (Repaged offprint from Nouv. Ann. Mus. Hist. nat. Paris 2 (2) : 149-270)
Boisduval, 1870
Considerations sur des Lépidoptères envoyés du Guatemala à M. de l'Orza Considérations Lépid. Guatemala: 100pp
Boisduval, 1836
Histoire Naturelle des Insectes. Species Général des Lépidoptéres. Tome Premier Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 1-690, pl. 1-24
Boisduval & Le Conte, [1829]; Boisduval & Leconte, 1829
Histoire générale et iconographie des lépidoptères et des chenilles de l'Amérique septentrionale Hist. Lép. Am. Sept. (1): 1-16. pl. 1-3 (1829), (2): 17-24, pl. 4-6 (1829), (3/4): 25-40, pl. 7-12 ([1830]), (5/6): 41-56, pl. 13-18 ([1830]), (7/8): 57-80, pl. 19-24 ([1830]), (9/10): 81-100, pl. 25-30 (1833), (11-22): 101-196, pl. 31-65 ([1835]), (23-26): 197-228, pl. 66-78 ([1837])
Brown & Mielke, 1967
Lepidoptera of the Central Brazil Plateau. I. Preliminary list of Rhopalocera (continued) J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 145-168
Butler, 1870
A revision of the Genera of the Sub-family Pierinae Cistula ent. 1 (3) : 33-58, pl. 1-4
Butler, 1871
Descriptions of some new Species and a new Genus of Pierinae, with a Monographic Lists of the Species of Ixias Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1871 : 250-254, pl. 19
Butler, 1871
A Revision of the Species formerly included in the Genus Terias (Pierinae) Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1871 : 526-541
Butler, 1873
Descriptions of new species of Lepidoptera Cist. Ent. 1 (7) : 151-177
Butler, [1876]
On a Collection of Butterflies from the New Hebrides and Loyalty Islands with Descriptions of new Species Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1875 (4) : 610-619, pl. 67
Butler, 1875
On a Collection of Lepidoptera from Southern Africa, with Descriptions of new Genera and Species Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 16 (96) : 394-420
Butler, 1876
On a Collection of Lepidoptera recently received from Abyssinia Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (4) 18 : 480-490
Butler, 1877
On a Collection of Lepidoptera obtained by the Rev. S. J. Whitmee from Lifu (Loyalty Group), with Descriptions of new Species Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 20 (118) : 348-359
Butler, 1877
On a collection of Lepidoptera from Cape York and the south-east coast of New Guinea Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1877 (3) : 466-475
Butler, 1879
On a Collection of Lepidoptera from the Island of Johanna Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 3 (15) : 186-192
Butler, 1880
On a collection of Lepidoptera from Madagascar, with descriptions of new Genera and Species Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 5 (28): 333-344, (29): 384-395
Butler, 1880
Observations upon certain Species of the Lepidopterous Genus Terias, with descriptions of hitherto unknown forms from Japan Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1880 (4) : 197-200, pl. 6
Butler, 1880
For a second collection of Lepidoptera made in Formosa by H.E. Hobson, Esq. Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1880 : 666-691
Butler, 1883
On a small Series of Lepidoptera from Corea Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 11 (64) : 277-279
Butler, 1883
The Lepidoptera collected during the recent expedition of H.M.S. "Challenger." Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 11 (66) : 402-428
Butler, 1883
List of Lepidoptera collected by Mr. H. O. Forbes in the Islands of Timor Laut Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1883 : 365-371, pl. 38
Butler, 1884
The Lepidoptera collected during the recent expedition of H.M.S. "Challenger", Part II Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 13 (75) : 183-203
Butler, 1885
On a Collection of Lepidoptera made at Manipur and on the Borders of Assam by Dr. George Watt Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 16 : 298-310, pl. 8, : 334-347
Butler, 1886
Notes on the Genus Terias, with Descriptions of new Species in the Collection of the British Museum Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 17 (99) : 212-225, pl. 5
Butler, 1888
On the Lepidoptera received from Dr. Emin Pascha [from Equatorial Africa] Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1888 : 56-85
Butler, 1888
On the Lepidoptera from Christmas Island Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1888 : 542-546
Butler, 1895
On a small Collection of Butterflies sent by Mr. Richard Crawshay from the country west of Lake Nyasa Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1895 : 627-634, pl. 35
Butler, 1897
On three consignmenets of Butterflies collected in Natal in 1896 and 1897 by Mr. Guy A. K. Marshall Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1897 : 835-857, pl. 50
Butler, 1898
A Revision of the Pierine Butterflies of the Genus Terias from the Old World Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (7) 1 (1) : 56-82
Butler & Druce, 1872
Descriptions of new genera and species of Lepidoptera from Costa Rica Cistula ent. 1 (5) : 95-118
Butler & Druce, 1874
List of the butterflies of Costa Rica, with descriptions of new species Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1874 (3) : 330-370
Clench, 1942
A new Bahaman Eurema Mem. Soc. Cubana Hist. Nat. 16: 1-2
Corbet & Pendlebury, 1932
A revision of the Indo-Australian species of the genus Eurema with special reference to the Malaysian forms Bull. Raffles Mus. 7: 143-193
Cramer, [1775]; Cramer, [1776]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) Uitl. Kapellen 1 (1-7): 1-132, pl. 1-84 (1775), (8): 133-155, pl. 85-96 (1776)
Cramer, [1777]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) Uitl. Kapellen 2 (9-16): 1-152, pl. 97-192 (1777)
Cramer, [1779]; Cramer, [1780]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) Uitl. Kapellen 3 (17-21): 1-104, pl. 193-252 (1779), (22): 105-128, pl. 253-264 ([1780]), (23-24): 129-176, pl. 265-288 (1780)
de Nicéville in de Nicéville & Martin, [1896]
A List of the Butterflies of Sumatra with special reference to the Species occurring in the north-east of the Island J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 64 Pt.II (3) : 357-555
Distant, 1886
Rhopalocera Malayana: a Description of the Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula Rhopalocera Malayana : 1-481, pl. 1-27,27A,27B,28-44
Distant & Pryer, 1887
On the Rhopalocera of Northern Borneo. Part I & II Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 19 (109): 41-56, (112): 264-275
Donovan, 1805
An Epitome of the Natural History of the Insects of New Holland, New Zealand, New Guinea, Otaheite and other Islands in the Indian, Sothern and Pacific Oceans ... Epitome nat. Hist. Ins. New Holland: 41pls
Doubleday, 1847
The genera of diurnal Lepidoptera, comprising their generic characters, a notice of their habitats and transformations, and a catalogue of the species of each genus; illustrated with 86 plates by W. C. Hewitson Gen. diurn. Lep. (1): 1-18, pl. A, 1-4 (1-2) (1846), (1): 19-132, pl. 4*, 5-25, 28 (3-14) (1847), (1): 133-200, pl. 1*, 26, 27, 29, 31-44 (15-23) (1848), (1): 201-242, pl. 30, 45-52, 56-58, 60-62, 64 (24-31) (1849), (1): 243-250 [?], (2): 243-326, pl. 53-55, 63, 65, 66 (32-38) (1850), (2): 327-466, pl. 59, 67-77 (39-50) (1851), (2): 467-534, 143, 144, pl. 78-80 (Index) (51-54) (1852)
Dufrane, 1945
Lepidopteres du Kivu (3e note) Bull. Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 81 : 90-143
Dufrane, 1947
Pieridae Bull. Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 83 (1/2) : 46-73
K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991
Review of Australian Butterflies: distribution, life history and taxonomy. Pushlished by authors, Melbourne Review Austr. Butts. (1-4):
Dyar, 1903
A List of North American Lepidoptera and Key to the Literature of this Order of Insects Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 1-723
Eliot, 1956
New and little known Rhopalocera from the Oriental Region Bull. Raffles Mus. 27: 32-38, 3 figs
Edwards, 1884
Description. of new species of butterflies mostly from Arizona Papilio 4 (3) : 53-58
Evans, 1932
The Identification of Indian Butterflies (edn. 2) Indian Butterflies (edn. 2): x + 454pp, 9 figs, 32 pls
Fabricius, 1775
Systema Entomologiae, sistens Insectorum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, Adiectis Synonymis, Locis, Descriptionibus, Observationibus. Syst. Ent.: 832pp
Felder, 1860
Lepidopterorum Amboienensium species novae diagnosibus Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien 40 (11): 448-462
Felder, 1862; C. Felder, 1862
Verzeichniss der von den Naturforschern der k. k. Fregatte Novara gesammelten Macropepidoteren Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 12 (1/2) : 473-496
R. Felder, 1869
Diagnosen neuer von dem K. K. Oberlieutenant H. v. Hedemann in Mexico in den Jahren 1865-1867 gesammelter Lepidopteren. Erste Folge Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien. 19 : 465-480
C. & R. Felder, 1861
Lepidoptera nova Columbiae Wien. ent. Monats. 5 (3): 72-87, (4): 97-111
C. & R. Felder, 1862
Observationes de Lepidoteris nonullis Chinae centralis et Japoniae Wien. ent. Monats. 6 (1): 22-32, (2): 33-40
C. & R. Felder, 1862
Lepidoptera nova a Dr. Carolo Semper in Insulis Philippinis collecta diagnosibus. (2) Wien. ent. Monats. 6 (9) : 282-294
C. & R. Felder, [1865]
Reise der österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Behilfen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair. Zoologischer Theil. Band 2. Abtheilung 2. Lepidoptera. Rhopalocera Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (1): 1-136, pl. 1-21 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, [1865]), (2): 137-378, pl. 22-47 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, 1865), (3): 379-536, pl. 48-74 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, 1867), (4): 537-548, pl. 75-120, (Inhalts-Verz.) 1-9 (pl. 1-74), (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1874) , (5): pl. 121-140, (erklärung) 1-10 (pl. 75-107), (Inhalts-Verz.) 1-20 (pl. 108-140), (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1875)
Fruhstorfer, 1897
Nouveaux Rhopalocères de l'archipel Malais Misc. ent. 5 (9): 105-106 (15 September)
Fruhstorfer, 1897
Aufzählung der von mir auf der Insel Lombok im Jahre 1896 gefangenen Rhopaloceren Berl. Ent. Zs. 42 (1/2) : 1-14 (mid November)
Fruhstorfer, 1900
Rhopalocera Bazilana. Verzeichniss der von W. Doherty auf der Insel Bazilan gesammelten Tagfalter Berl. ent. Zs. 45 (1/2): 1-38 (early August), 44 (3/4): [331], pl. 2, f. 1-6 (1899)
Fruhstorfer, 1908
Lepidopterologisches Pêle-Mêle. III. Bemerkungen zu FELDER's Terias-Typen Ent. Zs. 22 (15) : 63-64 (11 July)
Fruhstorfer, 1910
2. Familie: Pieridae, Weisslinge in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 119-120 (1909), : 121-144 (14 January, 1910), : 145-152 (11 February, 1910), : 153-168 (2 April, 1910), : 169-176 (4 April, 1910), : 177-190 (20 May, 1910)
Fruhstorfer, 1912
Rhopaloceren der Insel Matty Ent. Rundschau 29 (5) : 33-35 (9 March)
Fruhstorfer, 1913
Neue indo-australische Rhopaloceren Ent. Rundschau 30 (16): 91-92 (23 August), (21): 124-125 (8 November)
Gmelin, 1790
Systema Naturae in Linnaeus, Syst. Nat. (edn 13) 1 (5) : 2225-3020
Godart, 1819
in Latreille & Godart, Encyclopédie Méthodique. Histoire naturelle Entomologie, ou histoire naturelle des crustacés, des arachnides et des insectes Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 3-328 (1819), (2): 329-828 ([1824])
Godman & Salvin, 1879
On a Collection of Diurnal Lepidoptera made by the Rev. G. Brown in New Ireland and New Britain Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1879 : 155-160, pl. 15
Godman & Salvin, [1889]; Godman & Salvin, [1899]; Godman & Salvin, [1901]
Biologia Centrali-Americana. Rhopalocera. (1887-1901) Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 1-782, 3: pl. 1-112
Mabille in Grandidier, [1887]
Histoire naturelle des lepidopteres Hist. Phys. Nat. Pol. Madag. 18: 1-364 ([1887]), 19: pl. 1-55 ([1885])
Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1893
Rhopalocera Exotica, being Illustrations of New, Rare, and Unfigured Species of Butterflies Rhop. Exot. [1] 1: (Ornithoptera) 1-2, pl. 1 (1887), [1] 2: (Ornithoptera) 3-4, pl. 2 (1892), [1] 3: (Ornithoptera) [5-6] 1-2, pl. 3 (1900), [1] 3: (Ornithoptera) 7-8, pl. 4 (1901), [1] 1: (Papilio) 1-2, pl. 1 (1887), [1] 1: (Papilio) 3-5,7-14, pl. 2-6 (1888), [1] 1: (Papilio) 15-20, pl. 7-9 (1890), [1] 1: (Papilio) 21-25, pl. 10-11 (1891), [1] 2: (Papilio) 27-31, pl. 12-13 (1893), [1] 2: (Papilio) 33-35, pl. 14 (1894), [1] 2: (Papilio) 37-38, pl. 15 (1895), [1] 2: (Papilio) 39-40, pl. 16 (1897), [1] 3: (Papilio) 41-46, pl. 17-19 (1899), [1] 3: (Papilio) 47-48, pl. 20 (1900), [1] 3: (Papilio) 49-50, pl. 21 (1901), [1] 3: (Papilio) 51-55, pl. 22-23 (1902), [1] 1: (Delias) 1-3, pl. 1 (1889), [1] 2: (Delias) 5-7, 9-11, pl. 2-3 (1893), [1] 2: (Delias) 12-18, pl. 4-5 (1895), [1] 2: (Delias) 20-22, pl. 6 (1896), [1] 3: (Delias) 24-26, pl. 7 (1897), [1] 3: (Delias) 28-35, pl. 8-9 (1901), [1] 3: (Delias) 36-38, pl. 10 (1902), [1] 1: (Pieridae) 1-3, pl. 1 (1888), [1] 2: (Pinacopteryx) 1-4, pl. 1 (1893), [1] 1: (Callosune) 1-3, pl. 1 (1889), [1] 3: (Huphina) 1-7, pl. 1-2 (1898), [1] 3: (Huphina) [8],9-10, pl. 3 (1899), [1] 1: (Elodina) 1-4, pl. 1 (1890), [1] 1: (Belenois) 1-4, pl. 1 (1892), [1] 2: (Belenois) 5-8, pl. 2 (1892), [1] 3: (Mylothris) 1-3, 5-7, pl. 1-2 (1900), [1] 1: (Ixias) 1-3, pl. 1 (1888), [1] 2: (Appias) 1-3, pl. 1 (1894), [1] 1: (Pierinae) 5-7, pl. 2 (1889), [1] 2: (Dismorphia) 1-4, pl. 1 (1896), [1] 2: (Dismorphia) 5-9, 11-15, pl. 2-3 (1897), [2] 1: (Asthipa) 1-3, pl. 1 (1890), [2] 2: (Asthipa) 5-6, pl. 2 (1896), [2] 2: (Ravadeba) 7, pl. 1 (1896), [2] 2: (Mycalesis) 1-4, pl. 1 (1895), [2] 2: (Mycalesis) 5-12, pl. 2-3 (1896), [2] 3: (Mycalesis) 13-18, pl. 4-5 (1902), [2] 3: (Libythea) 1-2, pl. 1 (1902), : (Ragadia-Argyronympha-Hypocysta) : 1-6, pl. [1] (1895), [2] 2: (Pedaliodes) 1-5, pl. 1 (1893), [2] 2: (Pedaliodes) 7-9, pl. 2 (1894), [2] 2: (Pedaliodes) 10-14, pl. 3 (1895), [2] 3: (Pedaliodes) 15-20, pl. 4-5, (Oxeoschistus) 1 (1900), [2] 3: (Pronophila) 1-2, pl. 1, (Oxeoschistus) 2-3, pl. 1 (1900), [2] 2: (Elymnias) 1-4, pl. 1 (1896), [2] 3: (Elymnias) 5-6, pl. 2, (Bruasa) 6-7, pl. 1 (1897), [2] 1: (Morpho) 1-2, pl. 1 (1890), [2] 3: (Morphotenaris-Hyantis) 1-3, pl. [1] (1898), [2] 2: (Tenaris) 1-3, 5-7, pl. 1-2 (1894), [2] 2: (Tenaris) 9-11, pl. 3 (1895), [2] 2: (Tenaris) 13-15, pl. 4 (1896), [2] 3: (Tenaris) 17-18, pl. 5 (1898), [2] 1: (Heliconius) 1-3, pl. 1 (1892), [2] 1: (Acraea) 1-6, pl. 1-2 (1889), [2] 1: (Acraea) 7-10, pl. 3 (1892), [2] 2: (Acraea) 11-14, pl. 4 (1892), [2] 2: (Acraea) 15-18, pl. 5 (1894), [2] 3: (Acraea) 19-29, pl. 6-8, (Planema) 29-30, pl. [1] (1901), [2] 1: (Cethosia) 1-2, pl. 1 (1889), [2] 3: (Cirrhochroa) 1, pl. [1], (Cupha) 2-4, pl. [1] (1898), [2] 2: (Terinos) 1-2, pl. 1 (1894), [2] 1: (Thaleropis) 1-3, pl. 1 (1891), [2] 2: (Doleschallia) 1-3,5-7, pl. 1-2 (1893), [2] 2: (Kallima) 1-3, pl. 1 (1892), [2] 1: (Hypolimnas) 1-2, pl. 1 (1891), [2] 3: (Hypolimnas) 3-4, pl. 2 (1897), [2] 3: (Hypolimnas) 5-6, pl. 3 (1898), [2] 1: (Euxanthe) 1-3, pl. 1 (1890), [2] 1: (Hestina) 1-3, pl. 1 (1891), [2] 1: (Cymothoe) 1-4, pl. 1 (1890), [2] 3: (Limenitis) 1-3, pl. 1 (1899), [2] 2: (Neptis) 1-4, pl. 1 (1895), [2] 3: (Neptis) 5-11, pl. 2-3 (1899), [2] 3: (Neptis) 13-17, pl. 4-5 (1900), [2] 1: (Euthalia-Tanaecia) 1-3, pl. 1 (1889), [2] 1: (Euthalia) 5-10, pl. 2-3 (1891), [2] 2: (Euthalia) 11-14, pl. 4 (1894), [2] 3: (Euthalia) 15, pl. 5, (Dichorragia) 16, pl. 1 (1898), [2] 1: (Apatura) 1-3, pl. 1 (1892), [2] 1: (Euphaedra) 1-2, pl. 1 (1889), [2] 1: (Euryphene) 1-3, pl. 1 (1889), [2] 1: (Charaxes) 1-2,[3-4] pl. 1-2 (1887), [2] 1: (Charaxes) [5], pl. 3 (1888), [2] 1: (Charaxes) 7-9, pl. 4 (1890), [2] 1: (Charaxes) 11-13, pl. 5 (1891), [2] 1: (Mynes) 1-2, pl. 1 (1888), [2] 2: (Mynes) 3-6, pl. 2 (1894), [2] 2: (Prothoe) 1-2, pl. 1 (1896), [3] 3: (Erycinidae) 1-10, pl. 1-2 (1902), [3] 2: (Dicallaneura-etc) 1-6, pl. 1 (1897), [3] 3: (Dicallaneura-etc) 7-11, pl. 2 (1901), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 1-4,[5-9] 1-5, pl. 1-2 (1887), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 11-17, 19-22, pl. 3-5 (1888), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 23-25, 27-29, 31-33, pl. 6-8 (1889), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 35-48, pl. 9-11 (1890), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 49-51,53-64, pl. 12-15 (1891), [3] 2: (Lycaenidae) 65-68, pl. 16 (1892), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) [69-72] 57-60, pl. 17 (1892), [3] 2: (Lycaenidae) [73-77] 61-65,79-84, pl. 18-19 (1892), [3] 2: (Lycaenidae) 85-107, pl. 20-23 (1893), [3] 2: (Lycaenidae) 109-120, pl. 24-25 (1894), [3] 3: (Lycaenidae) 121-125, pl. 26 (1900), [3] 3: (Lycaenidae) 127-131, 133-141, pl. 27-29 (1901), [3] 3: (Lycaenidae) 143-146, pl. 30 (1902), [3] 2: (Hypochrysops) 1-6, pl. 1 (1894), [3] 2: (Hypochrysops) 7-13, 15-22, pl. 2-3 (1895), [3] 2: (Thysonotis) 23-25, 27-31, pl. 1-2 (1895), [3] 2: (Waigeum) 34-38, pl. 1 (1896), [3] 2: (Thysonotis) 39-46, pl. 3-4 (1896), [3] 2: (Holochila) 1-4, pl. 1 (1896), [3] 2: (Holochila) 5-8, pl. 2 (1897), [3] 2: (Pseudonotis) 1-3, pl. [1], (Epimastidia) 4-5, pl. [1], (Lampides) 5-8, pl. [1] (1897), [3] 2: (Lampides) 9-10, pl. 2, (Thysonotis) 47, pl. 5 (1897), [3] 3: (Holochila) 9-11, pl. 3 (1898), [3] 3: (Arhopala) 1-7, pl. 1-2 (1898), [3] 3: (Arhopala) 9-12, pl. 3, (Ilerda) 13, pl. [1], (Horaga) 14-15, pl. [1] (1902), [3] 3: (Thysonotis) 47x,48-50, pl. 6 (1898), [3] 3: (Hypochrysops) 23-26, pl. 4 (1898), [3] 3: (Holochila) 13-15, pl. 4 (1899), [3] 3: (Hypochrysops) 27-29, pl. 5, (Waigeum) [30], pl. 2 (1899), [3] 3: (Holochila) 17-19, pl. 5 (1899), [3] 3: (Thysonotis) 51-54, pl. 7 (1899), [3] 3: (Jamides) 11-14, pl. 1 (1900), [3] 3: (Hypolycaena-etc) 1-4, pl. [1] (1900), [3] 3: (Hypochrysops) 31-33, pl. 6, (Thysonotis) 55-56, pl. 8 (1900), [3]: (Additions-Corrections) 1-2,[3],vii-x
Butler in Günther, 1887
Report on a Zoological Collection made by the Officers of H.M.S. 'Flying-Fish' at Christmas Island, Indian Ocean Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1887 : 507-526, pl. 41-44
Herrich-Schäffer, 1862
Schmetterlinge aus Cuba CorrespBl. zool.-min Ver. Regensburg 16 (6-8): 118-120, (10): 141-143, (11): 156-157, (12): 174-180
Herrich-Schäffer, 1865
Die Schmetterlingsfauna der Insel Cuba CorrespBl. zool.-min Ver. Regensburg 18 (11-12): 159-172, 19 (3-4): 52-60
Herrich-Schäffer, 1869
Neue Schmetterlinge aus dem "Museum Godeffroy" in Hamburg Stettin ent. Ztg 30 (1-3) : 65-80, pl. 1-4
Hewitson, 1869
Equatorial Lepidoptera collected by Mr Buckley Equat. Lepid. Buckley (1): 1-16, (2): 17-32, (3): 33-48, (4): 49-80 (1870), (5): 81-96 (1877)
Hewitson, 1874
Descriptions of new species of butterflies collected by Mr. Buckley in Bolivia Descr. new Spec. Butts Buckley Bolivia: 22pp
Holland, 1892
Descriptions of some new species of African Lepidoptera Entomologist 25 (Suppl.) : 89-95
Holland, 1896
List of the Lepidoptera Collected in Eastern Africa by Dr. W. L. Abbot, with descriptions of some apparently new Species Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 18 (1062) : 229-258, pl. 7-8
Hopffer, 1855
[Lepidoptera Diurna] Ber. Verh. Akad. Berlin 1855 : 639-643
Hopffer, 1874
Beitrag zur Lepidoptera-Fauna von Celebes Stettin ent. Ztg 35 (1-3) : 17-47
Hopffer, 1874
Neue Lepidopteren von Peru und Bolivia Stettin ent. Ztg 35 (10-12) : 329-371
Hopffer, 1879
Exotische Schmetterlinge Stettin Ent. Ztg 40 (1-2): 47-95, (10-12): 413-454
Horsfield, [1829]
Descriptive Catalogue of the Lepidopterous Insects contained in the Museum of the Horourable East-India Company, illustrated by coloured figures of new species Descr. Cat. lep. Ins. Mus. East India Coy (1): 1-80, pl. 1-4 (1828), (2): 81-144, pl. 5-8, (expl.) [1-4] (1829)
Hübner, [1819]
Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge, 1816-[1826] Verz. bek. Schmett. (1): [1-3], 4-16 (1816), (2): 17-32 (1819), (3): 33-48 (1819), (4): 49-64 (1819), (5): 65-80 (1819), (6): 81-96 (1819), (7): 97-112 (1819), (8): 113-128 (1819), (9): 129-144 (1819), (10): 145-160 (1819), (11): 161-176 (1819), (12): 177-192 (1820), (13): 193-208 (1820), (14): 209-224 (1821), (15): 225-240 (1821), (16): 241-256 (1821), (17): 257-272 (1823), (18): 273-288 (1823), (19): 289-304 (1823), (20): 305-320 (1825), (21): 321-336 (1825), (22): 337-352 (1825), (23-27): 353-431 ([1825])
Geyer, 1832
Zuträge zur Sammlung exotischer Schmettlinge, Vol. 4 [1826]-1832 Zuträge Samml. exot. Schmett. 4 : pl. [104-131], f. 601-764 (1826), : pl. [132-137], f. 765-800 (1827 - 1831), : [1-3], 4-6, [7], 8-48 (1832)
Geyer, 1837
Zuträge zur Sammlung exotischer Schmettlinge, Vol. 5 [1833]-1837 in Hübner, Zuträge. Samml. exot. Schmett. 5 : [1-3], 4, [5], 6-52 (1837), : pl. [138-151], f. 801-880 (1833), : pl. [152-172], f. 881-1000 (1834 - 1836)
Hulstaert, 1923
On Lepidoptera from New Guinea, Kei, Tenimber, the Philippines, and Australia Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (9) 11 : 178-190
Janson, 1878
Remarks on Japanese Rhopalocera and description of five apparently new species Cistula ent. 2 : 269-274
Joicey & Talbot, 1917
New Lepidoptera from Waigiou, Dutch New Guinea and Biak Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (8) 20 (117) : 216-229
Joicey & Talbot, 1922
New forms of butterflies from the Sula Is., and the Islands of Obi, Aru, and Tenimber Bull. Hill Mus. 1 (2) : 346-349
Kollar, 1850
Beiträge zur Insecten-Fauna von Neu-Granada und Venezuela Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien. 1 : 351-364, pl. 42-45
Linnaeus, 1758
Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Clases, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Symonymis, Locis. Tomis I. 10th Edition Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 1-338, : 339-824
Linnaeus, 1764
Museum S'ae R'ae M'tis Ludovicae Ulricae Reginae Svecorum, Gothorum, Vandalorumque Mus. Lud. Ulr.: vi + 720 + [2]
Lucas, 1852
Description de nouvelles Espèces de Lépidoptères appartenant aux Collections entomologiques du Musée de Paris Revue Mag. Zool. (2) 4 (3): 128-141 (1852), 4 (4): 189-198 (1852), 4 (6): 290-300 (1852), 4 (7): 324-343 (1852), 4 (9): 422-432, pl. 10 (1852), 5 (7): 310-322 (1853)
Lucas, 1857
Historia física política y natural de la Isla de Cuba. (Lepidópteros) in Sagra, Hist. fis. pol. nat. Isla Cuba (2) 7 : 474-750, pl. 14-17 (French Edition) (1857), : 202-313, pl. 14-17 (1857)
Lucas, 1892
On 34 new species of Australian Lepidoptera with additional localities, &c Proc. R. Soc. Qd 8 (3) : 68-94
Mabille, 1877
Catalogue des Lépidoptères du Congo. [1] Bull. Soc. zool. Fr. 2 (3) : 214-240
Mabille, 1882
Description Lépidoptères de Madagascar Le Naturaliste 2: 99-100
Mabille, 1887
in Grandidier, Histoire physique, naturelle et politique de Madagascar Hist. Madag. 18 (Lép. 1) : 1-364, pl. 1-55,2A,7A-B,9A,18A-B,25A,30A
MacLeay, [1826]
in King, Narrative of a Survey of the Intertropical and Western Coasts of Australia. 2 vols. in King, Narr. Surv. Austr. 2: -
Martin, 1920
Die Tagfalter der Insel Celebes. 4. Fortsetzung und Schluß Dt. ent. Z. Iris 34 (3/4) : 181-210
Matsumura, 1909
Die Pieriden Japans Ent. Zs. 23 (18) : 87-88
Matsumura, 1919
Thousand Insects of Japan. Additamenta 3 [Shin Nihon senchu zukai] Thous. Ins. Japan. Addit. 3 : 475-742, pl. 26-53
Maynard, 1891
A Manual for North American Butterflies Man. N. Amer. Butt., app.: -
Ménétriés, 1832
Catalogue de quelques Lépidoptères des Antilles avec la description de plusieurs espèces nouvelles Bull. Soc. imp. Nat. Moscou 5 : 291-316
Ménétriés, 1834
Notice sur quelques lépidopterères des Antilles, aveg la description de plusieurs espèces nouvelles Nouv. Mém. Soc. imp. Nat. Moscou 3 : 115-133, pl. 10-11
Ménétriés, 1855
Enumeratio corporum animalium Musei Imperialis Academiae Scientiarum Petropilitanae. Classis Insectorum, Ordo Lepidopterorum Cat. lep. Petersb. 1: 1-66, pl. 1-6, (supplement) 67-112 (1855), 2: 67-97,99-144, pl. 7-14 (1857), 3: 145-161, pl. 15-18 (1863)
Moore, 1857
A Catalogue of the Lepidopterous Insects in the Museum of the Hon. East-India Company in Horsfield & Moore, Cat. lep. Ins. Mus. East India Coy 1: : 1-278, pl. 1-12,1a,2a,3a,4a,5a,6a
Moore, 1872
Descriptions of new Indian Lepidoptera Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1872 (2) : 555-583, pl. 32-34
Moore, 1877
Descriptions of Asiatic Diurnal Lepidoptera Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 20 (115) : 43-52
Moore, 1878
List of Lepidopterous Insects collected by the late R. Swinhoe in the Island of Hainan Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878 (3) : 695-708
Moore, [1881]
The Lepidoptera of Ceylon Lepid. Ceylon 1 (1): 1-40, pl. 1-18 (Dec 1880), (2): 41-80, pl. 19-36 (Jan 1881), (3): 81-136, pl. 37-54 (Jun 1881), (4): 137-190, pl. 55-71 (Dec 1881)
Moore, 1882
List of the Lepidoptera collected by the Rev. J.H. Hocking, chiefly in the Kangra Discrict, N.W Hiamalaya; with Descriptions of new Genera and Species Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1882 (1) : 234-263, pl. 11-12
Moore, 1886
List of the Lepidoptera of Mergui and its Archipelago collected for the Trustees of the Indian Museum, Calcutta, by Dr John Anderson F.R.S., Superintendent of the Museum J. Linn. Soc. Lond., Zool. 21 (1) : 29-60, pl. 3-4
Morishita, 1968
Notes on the Butterflies of the Langkawi Islands, north-western extremity of Malaysia, with descriptions of new subspecies Tyô to Ga 19 (3-4) : 61-69
Morishita, 1973
The genus Eurema from Palawan Island, Philippines (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) Tyô to Ga 24 (4) : 99-105
Morishita, 1981
New or unnamed butterflies from south east Asian islands (Lep. Pieridae, Danaidae) Memoirs of the Tsukada Collection, (3): 1-18, 3pls
Nakahara, 1922
Two new species of far eastern Rhopalocera Entomologist 55 : 123-124
Neustetter, 1916
Neue oder wenig bekannte Cymothoe Arten Dt. ent. Z. Iris 30 : 95-108
Okubo, 1983
Butterflies of Tioman Island, West Malaysia, with the description of new species Tyô to Ga 33 (3,4): 168-184
Poey, 1832
Centurie de Lépidoptères de l'ile de Cuba contenat la description et les figures coloriées de cent espèces de papillons nouveaux ou peu connus, réprésentés d'après nature, souvent avec la chenille, la chrysalide, et plusieurs détails microscopiques Centurie Lèpid. Cuba : [1-54], pl. [1-20]
Poey, 1851; Poey, [1852]; Poey, 1853; Poey, 1854
Memorias sobre la historia natural de la isla de Cuba, acompañas de sumarios latinos y extractos en frances Hist. Nat. Cuba 1 : 1-463
Prittwitz, 1865
Beitrag zur Fauna des Coreovado Stettin Ent. Ztg 26 (4-6): 123-143, (10-12): 307-325
Reakirt, 1866
Descriptions of some new species of Diurnal Lepidoptera Proc. Acad. nat. Sci. Philad. 18 (3) : 238-249
Ribbe, 1898
Beiträge zur Lepidopteren-Fauna des Bismarck- und Salomon-Archipels in der Süd-See Dt. ent. Z. Iris 11 (1): 35-133, 12 (1): 219-260
Rothschild, 1915
On Lepidoptera from the islands of Ceram (Seran), Buru, Bali, and Misol Novit. Zool. 22 (1): 105-144, (2): 209-227
Rothschild, 1921
On the lepidoptera collected by capt. A. Buchanan in northern Nigeria and the southern Sahara in 1919-1920 Novit. Zool. 28 (1): 142-170, (2): 215-229
Röber, [1909]
2. Familie: Pieridae, Weisslinge in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 5 : 53-56 (25 May 1908), : 57-64 (26 Sep 1908), : 65-72 (26 Nov 1908), : 73-80 (16 Feb 1909), : 81-88 (19 Feb 1909), : 89-96 (26 Mar 1909), : 97-104 (26 Apr 1909), : 105-111 (21 May 1909)
Semper, 1891
Die Schmetterlinge der Philippinischen Inseln. Reisen im Archipel der Philippinen Reisen Philipp. (1): 1-46, pl. 1-8, A (1886), (2): 47-86, pl. 9-16 (1887), (3): 87-134, pl. 17-24 (1888), (4): 135-174, pl. 25-32 (1889), (5): 175-238, pl. 33-38, B (1890), (6): 239-270, pl. 39-46 (1891), (7): 271-380, pl. 47-49 [iv] (1892)
Sepp, [1844]
Natuurlijke Historie van Surinaamsche Vlinders, naar het leven geteekend. Papillons de Surinam dessinés d'après nature Surinaam. Vlinders 1 (1): 1-16, pl. 1-4 ([1829]), 1 (2): 17-24, pl. 5-8 ([1829]), 1 (3): 25-32, pl. 9-12 ([1830]), 1 (4): 33-40, pl. 13-16 ([1830]), 1 (5): 41-48, pl. 17-20 ([1832]), 1 (6): 49-56, pl. 21-24 ([1832-1840]), 1 (7): 57-64, pl. 25-28 ([1832-1840]), 1 (8): 65-72, pl. 29-32 ([1840]), 1 (9): 73-80, pl. 33-36 ([1841]), 1 (10): 81-88, pl. 37-40 ([1841]), 1 (11): 89-96, pl. 41-44 ([1842]), 1 (12): 97-104, pl. 45-48 ([1842]), 1 (13): i-viii, 105-108, pl. 49-50 ([1843]), 2 (13): 109-112, pl. 51-52 ([1843]), 2 (14): 113-120, pl. 53-56 ([1843]), 2 (15): 121-128, pl. 57-60 ([1844]), 2 (16): 129-136, pl. 61-64 ([1844]), 2 (17): 137-144, pl. 65-68 ([1845]), 2 (18): 145-152, pl. 69-72 ([1845]), 2 (19): 169-176, pl. 73-76 ([1845]), 2 (20): 177-184, pl. 77-80 ([1846]), 2 (21): 185-192, pl. 81-84 ([1847]), 2 (22): 193-200, pl. 85-88 ([1846]), 2 (23): 201-208, pl. 89-92 ([1847]), 2 (24): 209-216, pl. 93-96 ([1847]), 2 (25): i-iv, 217-224, pl. 97-100 ([1847]) , 3 (26): 225-232, pl. 101-104 ([1848]), 3 (27): 233-240, pl. 105-108 ([1848]), 3 (28): 241-248, pl. 109-112 ([1848]), 3 (29): 249-256, pl. 113-116 ([1849]), 3 (30): 257-264, pl. 117-120 ([1849]), 3 (31): 265-272, pl. 121-124 ([1850]), 3 (32): 273-280, pl. 125-128 ([1850]), 3 (33): 281-288, pl. 129-132 ([1851]), 3 (34): 289-296, pl. 133-136 ([1851]), 3 (35): 297-304, pl. 137-140 ([1851]), 3 (36): 305-312, pl. 141-144 ([1851]), 3 (37): 313-320, pl. 145-148 ([1852]), 3 (38): i-viii, 321-328, pl. 149-152 ([1852])
Shapiro, 1991
The zoogeography and systematics of the Argentine Andean and Patagonian pierid fauna J. Res. Lepid. 28 (3): 137-238 ("1989")
Shirôzu & Yata, 1977
Two new species of the genus Eurema (Lepidoptera, Pieridae) from Indonesia and the Philippines Kontyû 45 (3) : 338-348
Shirôzu & Yata, 1981
Ten new subspecies of the genus Eurema (Lepidoptera, Pieridae) from the Indo-Australian region Tyô to Ga 32 (1/2): 49-62
Shirôzu & Yata, 1982
New Names for Six Subspecies Belonging to Four Eurema Species (Lepidoptera, Pieridae) Tyô to Ga 33 (1,2): 25
Staudinger, 1876
Neue Lepidopteren des südamerikanischen Faunengebietes Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 25 (1) : 89-124
Storace, 1949
Spedizione zoologica del Marchese Saverio Patrizi nell Basso Giuba e nell'Oltregiuba, VI-VIII. 1934. Lepidotteri diurnini Ann. Mus. Civ. Nat. Giacomo Doria 64 : 12-29
Stoll, [1780]; Stoll, [1782]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) in Cramer, Uitl. Kapellen 4 (26b-28): 29-90, pl. 305-336 (1780), (29-31): 91-164, pl. 337-372 (1781), (32-32): 165-252, 1-29, pl. 373-400 (1782)
Stoneham, 1957
Two new generic names, and new subspecies and forms of Pieridae Bull. Stoneham Mus. (70) : 1-3
Strecker, 1878
Butterflies and Moths of North America Synon. Cat. Macroplep.: -
Swainson, 1821
Zoological illustrations, or original figures and descriptions of new, rare, or interesting animals, selected chiefly from the classes of ornithology, entomology, and conchology, and arranged on the principles of Cuvier and other modern zoologists Zool. Illustr. (1) 1: pl. 1-18 (1820), 1: pl. 19-66 (1821), 2: pl. 67-83 (1821), 2: pl. 84-119 (1822), 3: pl. 120-134 (1822), 3: pl. 135-182 (1823)
Swinhoe, [1885]
On the Lepidoptera collected at Kurrachee Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1884 : 503-529, pl. 47-48
Talbot, 1939
Fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma. (Papilionidae & Pieridae) Fauna Brit. Ind., Butts (ed. 2) 1: xxix, 600pp, 184 figs, 3 pls
Thurau, 1903
Neue Rhopaloceren aus Ost Afrika. Ergebnisse der Nyassa-See-un Kenya-Gebirgs-Expedition der Hermann und Elise geb. Heckmann-Wentzel-Stiftung Berl. ent. Z. 48 : 117-143
Trimen & Bowker, 1889
South-African butterflies: a monograph of the extra-tropical species 3. Papilionidae and Hesperidae S-Afr. Butts 3 : 1-438, pl. 10-12
Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003
The butterflies of Sulawesi: annotated checklist for a critical island faunda Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 3-268, pl. 1-16
Vollenhoven, 1865
Essai d'une Faune Entomologique de l'Archipel Indo-Néerlandais, Seconde monographie: Famille des Piérides Faune ent. 2 (Monogr. Pierid.) : 1-70, pl. 1-7
Wallace, 1866
List of Lepidopterous insects collected at Takow, Formosa, by Mr. Robert Swinhoe Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1866 (2) : 355-365
Wallace, 1867
On the Pieridae of the Indian and Australian Regions Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. (3) 4 (3) : 301-416, pl. 6-9
Wallengren, 1860
Lepidopterologische Mittheilungen (1-3) Wien ent. Monats. 4: 33-46,161-176 (1860), 7: 137-151 (1863)
Wallengren, 1863
Die während der Reise der königl. Schwed. Fregatte Eugenie gesammelten schon bekannten Schmetterlinge Wien ent. Monats. 7 (3) : 65-76
Weeks, 1901
Descriptions of ten new butterflies from Bolivia Proc. New England Zool. Club 2 : 85-90
Westwood, 1888
List of diurnal Lepidoptera collected in northern Celebes by Dr Hickson Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1888 (3) : 467-475, pl. 12
Weymer in Weymer & Maassen, 1890
Lepidoptera gesammelt auf einer Reise durch Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Brasilien, Argentinien und Bolivien in den Jahren 1868-1877 von Alphons Stübel Reisen Süd-America : 1-182, pl. 1-9
Winhard, 2000
Pieridae I Butterflies of the world, 10: (1) 40pp, (2) 48pls
Yata, 1991; Yata, 1992
A revision of the Old World species of the genus Eurema Hübner (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) Bull. Kitakyushu Mus. Nat. Hist 9: 1-103 (1989), 10: 1-52 (1991), 11: 1-77 (1992), 13: 59-105 (1994), 14: 1-54 (1995)
Yata & Gaonkar, 1999
A New Subspecies of Eurema andersoni (Lepidoptera : Pieridae) from South India Entom. Science 2 (2) : 281-285
Yata & Treadaway, 1982
A New Subspecies of Eurema sarilata (SEMPER) from Sibuyan Island (Lepidoptera, Pieridae) Tyô to Ga 33 (1,2): 26-28


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.