[HOME] [INDEXES] < Life < Insecta < Lepidoptera < Ditrysia < Papilionoidea < Papilionidae < Papilioninae
Protographium Munroe, 1961
Protographium Munroe, 1961; Can. Ent., Suppl. 17: 18, TS: Papilio leosthenes Doubleday
Neographium (Graphiini)Möhn, 2002; Die Schmetterlinge der Erde 14: 2, TS: philolaus Boisduval
= ; [NL4A, 87]
Asiographium (Neographium)Möhn, 2002
= ; [NL4A, 87]
Eurygraphium (Eurytides)Möhn, 2002; Die Schmetterlinge der Erde 14: 4, TS: Papilio thyastes Drury
= ; [NL4A, 87]
Protographium, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Protographium (Graphiini) ; [EcuL]; [BW14, 2]
Protographium (Leptocircini) ; [NL4A, 87]

Protographium leosthenes (Doubleday, 1846)
-. See [About maps] Four-bar Swordtail
Papilio leosthenes Doubleday, 1846; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. 18 (121) : 372
Protographium leosthenes, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Papilio leosthenes ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 406
Protographium leosthenes ; [BW14, 2]

Larva on Desmos wardianus, Melodorum uhrii, auwenhoffia leichhardtii K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991, Review Austr. Butts. (1-4): (120-140)

Cape York (southwards), Queensland, New South Wales - Manning River Graphium leosthenes leosthenes
Graphium leosthenes leosthenes ; [BAUR, 121]
Protographium leosthenes leosthenes ; [BW14: 2, pl. 4, f. 1-2, 4-5]

Larva on Melodorum leichhardti, M. rupestrum, Desmos wardianus [BW14]

P. l. geimbia (Tindale, 1927)
Alligator River, Northern Territory Papilio geimbia Tindale, 1927; Rec. S. Aust. Mus. 3 (3): 339
Graphium leosthenes geimbia ; [BAUR, 121 (text)]
Protographium leosthenes geimbia ; [BW14: 2, f. 3, 6]

Subgenus Neographium
Neographium ; [BW14]

The philolaus species-group
philolaus ; [BW14, 2]

Protographium philolaus (Boisduval, 1836)
-. See [About maps] Dark Zebra Swallowtail
Papilio philolaus Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 256, TL: Mexico
Eurytides philolaus philolaus, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Eurytides philolaus philolaus, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Eurytides philolaus, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Papilio philolaus ; Godman & Salvin, [1890], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 220, 3: pl. 68, f. 12; Rothschild & Jordan, 1906, Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 693
Eurytides philolaus ; [NACL, #4185]; [BCR, 77]; [NAB, 349]; [BOW: pl. 24, f. 2]; [BNA: 163, pl. 58]; [Opler]
Graphium philolaus ;
Neographium (Neographium) philolaus ; [BW14: 2, pl. 7, f. 1-12]
Protographium philolaus ; [NL4A, #12]
Misidentified/misapplied:
Eurytides xanticles; Rogenhofer, [1888], in Staudinger, in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (19): 305 (not Bates, 1863)

Larva on Sapranthus [BCR], Annona [BNA]

Mexico, Honduras, Costa Rica?, S.Texas (occasionally) Papilio philolaus ajax Eimer, 1889; (preocc. Linnaeus, 1758), TL: Mexico
= ; [NL4A, #12a]
Papilio philolaus nigrescens Eimer, 1889; Artb. Verwandtsch. Schmett. (1) : 223, TL: Honduras
= ; [NL4A, #12a]
Papilio philolaus f. niger Eimer, 1889; Artb. Verwandtsch. Schmett. (1) : 214, pl. 4, f. 1, TL: Honduras
= ; [NL4A, #12a]
Papilio philolaus ab. felicis Fruhstorfer, 1904; , TL: Honduras
= ; [NL4A, #12a]
philolaus f. vazquezae (Beutelspacher, 1976) (Eurytides); , TL: Mexico
= ; [NL4A, #12a]
Protographium philolaus philolaus ; [NL4A, #12a]
P. p. xanticles (Bates, 1863)
Panama, N.Colombia, , N.Venezuela Papilio xanticles Bates, 1863; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1863 : 241, pl. 29, f. 3, TL: Panama
Papilio plaesiolaus Staudinger, 1884; in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (4): 17, TL: Colombia
= ; [NL4A, #12b]
Papilio xanticles var. phileonra Haase, 1892; , TL: Panama
= ; [NL4A, #12b]
Papilio xanticles ♀-f. scheba Rothschild & Jordan, 1906; Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 695, TL: Panam
= ; [NL4A, #12b]
Papilio xanticles ; Godman & Salvin, [1890], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 221, 3: pl. 68, f. 10-11; Rothschild & Jordan, 1906, Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 695
Eurytides xanticles ; [BOW: pl. 24, f. 7]
Neographium (Neographium) xanticles ; [BW14: 3, pl. 8, f. 7-8, 10-12]
Protographium philolaus xanticles ; [NL4A, #12b]

Protographium marcellus (Cramer, [1777])
-. See [About maps] Zebra Swallowtail
Papilio marcellus Cramer, [1777]; Uitl. Kapellen 2 (9-16): 4, pl. 98, f. F, G, TL: Virginia
Papilio ajax Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 462 (part, rej. ICZN Op. 286)
Papilio telamonides C. & R. Felder, 1864; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 14 (3) : 303 (nom. nud.), TL: USA
= ; [NL4A, #11]
Papilio telamonides C. & R. Felder, 1865; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (1): 60, TL: USA
= ; [NL4A, #11]
?Papilio ajax var. walshii Edwards, 1868; Butts. N. Amer. 1: f. 1-5
?Papilio ajax var. walshii Edwards, 1871; Can. Ent. 3 : 70
Papilio ajax var. walshii Edwards, 1872; , TL: West Virginia
= ; [NL4A, #11]
?Papilio ajax var. walshii subvar. abbotii Edwards, 1868; Butts. N. Amer. 1: f. 6
Papilio ajax var. walshii subvar. abbotii Edwards, 1872; , TL: West Virginia
= ; [NL4A, #11]
Papilio ajax f. floridensis Holland, 1898; Buttefly Book (1898 edn): 307, pl. 44, f. 2, TL: Florida
= ; [NL4A, #11]
Papilio marcellus f.aest. lecontei Rothschild & Jordan, 1906; Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 690, TL: Tennessee
= ; [NL4A, #11]
Papilio ajax ab. tockhorni Schultz, 1908; , TL: N.Amer.
= ; [NL4A, #11]
Papilio marcellus cubensis Boullet & Le Cerf, 1912; (nom. nud.), TL: Cuba
= ; [NL4A, #11]
tr.f. broweri (Gunder, 1927) (Papilio); , TL: Missouri
= ; [NL4A, #11]
Papilio ajax f. carolinianus Holland, 1931; , TL: USA
= ; [NL4A, #11]
f. lecontei tr.f. pricei (Field, 1936) (Iphiclides); , TL: Kansas
= ; [NL4A, #11]
f. lecontei tr.f. nigrosuffusa (Field, 1936) (Iphiclides); , TL: Kansas
= ; [NL4A, #11]
Papilio annonae Fabricius, 1938; (repl. name), TL: N.Amer
= ; [NL4A, #11]
Eurytides marcellus, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Eurytides marcellus, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Eurytides marcellus, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Eurytides marcellus, Georgia Lepidoptera (USA) [GALEPS]

Papilio marcellus ; Boisduval & Leconte, 1829, Hist. Lép. Am. Sept. (1): 8, pl. 2, f. 1-4
Iphidicles[sic] ajax ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 2
Iphidicles[sic] ajax telamonides ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 2
Iphidicles[sic] ajax marcellus ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 2
Papilio marcellus ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1906, Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 684
Papilio marcellus f. hib. marcellus ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1906, Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 689
Papilio marcellus f. loc. hib. floridensis ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1906, Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 689
Papilio marcellus gen. hib. telamonides ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1906, Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 689
Eurytides marcellus ; [NACL, #4184]; [NAB, 347]; [BOW: pl. 12, f. 3]; [BNA: 162, pl. 7]; [Opler]
Graphium marcellus ;
Neographium (Neographium) marcellus ; [BW14, 2]
Protographium marcellus ; [NL4A, #11]
[marcellus-1u.jpg] 1191x1142 (~209Kb) upperside USA: Alabama, 17.5.2000, Photo © Vitaly Charny [marcellus-1v.jpg] 1506x921 (~146Kb) underside USA: Alabama, 17.5.2000, Photo © Vitaly Charny [marcellus-2.jpg] 1400x901 (~307Kb) USA: Alabama, 28.3.2002, Photo © Vitaly Charny
[marcellus-3u.jpg] 1200x1600 (~237Kb) upperside USA: Alabama, 10.4.2005, Photo © Vitaly Charny [marcellus-4v.jpg] 1200x870 (~189Kb) underside USA: Alabama, 16.4.2005, Photo © Vitaly Charny [marcellus-5.jpg] 1600x1200 (~315Kb) USA: Alabama, 11.4.2006, Photo © Vitaly Charny

Larva on Asimina triloba, Asimina parviflora, A. speciosa, A. pygmaea, A. obovata, A. reticulata [BNA]


E.USA (NA.Georgia - Massachusetts), S.Ontario, Wisconsin, Illinois, Kansas, Texas Neographium marcellus marcellus
Neographium (Neographium) marcellus marcellus ; [BW14: pl. 5, f. 1-4, 7-11, pl. 6, f. 7-8, 10-11]

Larva on Asimina, A. triloba, Asimina parviflora, A. speciosa, A. pygmaea, A. angustifolia, A. obovata [BW14]

P. m. floridensis (Holland, 1898)
Florida Neographium (Neographium) marcellus floridensis ; [BW14: 2, pl. 5, f. 5-6, pl. 6, f. 9, 12]

Protographium celadon (Lucas, 1852)
Cuba. See [About maps] Cuban Kite Swallowtail
Papilio celadon Lucas, 1852; Revue Mag. Zool. (2) 4 (3): 130, TL: [Cuba]
Papilio celadon ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1906, Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 691
Eurytides celadon ; [BOW: pl. 12, f. 3 (text only)]; [BNA: 163, pl. 58]
Neographium (Neographium) celadon ; [BW14: 2, pl. 4, f. 7-9, pl. 6, f. 1, 4]
Protographium celadon ; [NL4A, #6]

Protographium marcellinus (Doubleday, [1845])
Jamaica, Florida (occasional). See [About maps] Papilio marcellinus Doubleday, [1845]; List. lepid. Ins. Brit. Mus. 1 : 8, TL: Jamaica
Papilio sinon Fabricius, 1775; Syst. Ent.: 452 (preocc. Poda, 1761), TL: Jamaica
= ; [NL4A, #10]
Iphidicles[sic] sinon ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 2
Papilio marcellinus ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1906, Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 690
Eurytides marcellinus ; [BOW: pl. 12, f. 3 (text only)]
Neographium (Neographium) marcellinus ; [BW14: 2, pl. 4, f. 10-12, pl. 6, f. 2, 5]
Protographium marcellinus ; [NL4A, #10]

Larva on Oxandra lanceolata [BW14]


Protographium zonaria (Butler, [1870])
Haiti, Dominican Republic Papilio zonaria Butler, [1870]; Cat. diurn. Lep. Fabricius: 240, TL: Dominican Rep.
Papilio zonaria ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1906, Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 692
Eurytides zonaria ; [BOW: pl. 12, f. 3 (text only)]
Neographium (Neographium) zonaria ; [BW14: 3, pl. 4, f. 13-15, pl. 6, f. 3, 6]
Protographium zonaria ; [NL4A, #14]

Protographium × oberthueri Rothschild & Jordan, 1906
Honduras, E.Mexico (San Martin, Tuxtla, Veracruz, Chiapas, Yaxchilán). See [About maps] Papilio oberthueri Rothschild & Jordan, 1906; Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 696, pl. 6, f. 25, TL: Honduras
Eurytides oberthueri ; [BOW: pl. 24, f. 7 (text only)]
Neographium (Neographium) oberthueri ; [BW14: 3, pl, 8, f. 6, 9]
agesilaus neosilaus × philolaus philolaus ; [NL4A]

Protographium anaxilaus (C. & R. Felder, 1865)
Panama, N.Venezuela, N.Colombia. See [About maps] Papilio anaxilaus C. & R. Felder, 1865; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (1): 59, TL: Colombia
Papilio arcesilaus Lucas, 1852; Revue Mag. Zool. (2) 4 (3): 131, 4 (9): pl. 10, f. 2(preocc. Papilio arcesilaus Stoll, 1781, Sulzer, 1776)
= ; [NL4A, #3]
Papilio anaxilaus C. & R. Felder, 1864; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 14 (3) : 302 (nom. nud)
Papilio arcesilaus ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1906, Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 697
Eurytides arcesilaus ; [BOW: pl. 24, f. 7 (text only)]
Neographium (Neographium) anaxilaus ; [BW14: 3, pl. 8, f. 1-5]
Protographium anaxilaus ; [NL4A, #3]

The epidaus species-group
epidaus ; [BW14, 3]

Protographium epidaus (Doubleday, 1846)
-. See [About maps] Papilio epidaus Doubleday, 1846; Gen. diurn. Lep. (1): 15, pl. 3, f. 1, TL: Mexico, Yucatán; Honduras
Eurytides epidaus epidaus, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Eurytides epidaus epidaus, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Eurytides epidaus, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Papilio epidaus ; Godman & Salvin, [1890], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 221, 3: pl. 68, f. 15; Rothschild & Jordan, 1906, Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 698
Eurytides epidaus ; [BOW: pl. 23, f. 15]
Neographium (Neographium) epidaus ; [BW14, 3]
Protographium epidaus ; [NL4A, #8]

Larva on Annona reticulata [BCR], Rollinia [BW14]

S.Mexico (Tamaulipas, Puebla, Veracruz, Tabasco, Yucatan, Quintana Roo, N.Oaxaca, N.Chiapas), Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica Papilio epidaus epidaus ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1906, Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 699
Eurytides epidaus epidaus ; [BCR, 77]
Neographium (Neographium) epidaus epidaus ; [BW14: 3, pl. 9, f. 1-6, pl. 11, f. 1-2]
Protographium epidaus epidaus ; [NL4A, #8a]
P. e. tepicus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)
W.Mexico (Sinaloa, Nayarit, Jalisco, Colima) Papilio epidaus tepicus Rothschild & Jordan, 1906; Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 700, TL: Mexico, Jalisco; Nayarit
Neographium (Neographium) epdidaus tepicus ; [BW14: 3, pl. 9, f. 5-6, pl. 11, f. 3-4]
Protographium epidaus tepicus ; [NL4A, #8c]
P. e. fenochionis (Salvin & Godman, 1868)
SW.Mexico (Michoacán, Guerrero, Morelos, Oaxac, S.Veracruz, Chiapas) Papilio fenochionis Salvin & Godman, 1868; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 2 (8) : 150, TL: Mexico, Oaxaca
f. obscurator (Beutelspacher, 1976) (Eurytides); , TL: Mexico, Guerrero; Oaxaca
= ; [NL4A, #8b]
Papilio fenochionis ; Godman & Salvin, [1890], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 222, 3: pl. 68, f. 13-14
Protographium epidaus fenochionis ; [NL4A, #8b]
Papilio fenochionis ; Godman & Salvin, [1901], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 729
Papilio epidaus fenochionis ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1906, Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 700
Neographium (Neographium) epidaus fenochionis ; [BW14: 3, pl. 10, f. 1-6, pl. 11, f. 5-6]

The agesilaus species-group
agesilaus ; [BW14, 3]

Protographium agesilaus (Guérin-Méneville & Percheron, 1835)
-. See [About maps] Papilio agesilaus Guérin-Méneville & Percheron, 1835; Gen. Ins. Lep.: pl. 1, TL: R. Magdalena, Colombia
Papilio agesilaus ; Godman & Salvin, [1890], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 219; Rothschild & Jordan, 1906, Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 703
Eurytides agesilaus ; [BOW: pl. 23, f. 9]
Neographium (Neographium) agesilaus ; [BW14, 3]
Protographium agesilaus ; [NL4A, #2]

Larva on Rollinia emarginata [BW14]

Colombia (Muzo, Rio Magdalena) - N.Venezuela Papilio conon Gray, [1853]; Cat. lep. Ins. Coll. Brit. Mus. 1 (Papilionidae) : 33 (nom. nud.), TL: Colombia
= ; [NL4A, #2a]
Papilio conon Hewitson, 1854; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. (2) 2 (8) : 246, pl. 22, f. 3, TL: Colombia
= ; [NL4A, #2a]
Papilio agesilaus agesilaus septemlineatus Eimer, 1889; Artb. Verwandtsch. Schmett. (1) : 100, pl. 1, f. 11, TL: Colombia
= ; [NL4A, #2a]
Papilio arnapes Ehrmann, 1919; , TL: Colombia
= ; [NL4A, #2a]
ab. fermata (Bryk, 1930) (Papilio); , TL: Colombia
= ; [NL4A, #2a]
Papilio agesilaus agesilaus ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1906, Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 705
Neographium (Neographium) agesilaus agesilaus ; [BW14: 3, pl. 13, f. 5-6, pl. 16, f. 4]
Protographium agesilaus agesilaus ; [NL4A, #2a]
P. a. eimeri (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)
Costa Rica, Panama, W.Colombia (Rio Dagua, Cauca Valley) Papilio agesilaus eimeri Rothschild & Jordan, 1906; Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 705, TL: Colombia
Eurytides agesilaus eimeri ; [BCR, 78]
Neographium (Neographium) agesilaus eimeri ; [BW14: 3, pl. 13, f. 3-4, pl. 16, f. 3]
Protographium agesilaus eimeri ; [NL4A, #2c]
P. a. fortis (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)
W.Mexico (Jalisco, Colima, Guerrero - Oaxaca) Papilio agesilaus fortis Rothschild & Jordan, 1906; Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 704, TL: Mexico, Guerrero
Neographium (Neographium) agesilaus fortis ; [BW14: 3, pl. 12, f. 1-7, pl. 16, f. 1]
Protographium agesilaus fortis ; [NL4A, #2d]
P. a. neosilaus (Hopffer, 1866)
Mexico - Nicaragua Papilio neosilaus Hopffer, 1866; Stettin ent. Ztg 27 (1-3) : 26, TL: Mexico, Oaxaca
Papilio neosilaus ; Godman & Salvin, [1890], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 219, 3: pl. 68, f. 8-9; Rothschild & Jordan, 1906, Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 704
Neographium (Neographium) agesilaus neosilaus ; [BW14: 3, pl. 12, f. 8, pl. 13, f. 1-2, pl. 16, f. 2]
Protographium agesilaus neosilaus ; [NL4A, #2f]
P. a. autosilaus (Bates, 1861)
Venezuela - Brazil (Amazon Basin - Rondonia, Goias), east of Andes (Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia) Papilio agesilaus autosilaus Bates, 1861; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. (2) 5 (8): 348, TL: Brazil, Ega
Papilio autosilaus var. multesilaus Ehrmann, 1919; , TL: Brazil, Amazonas
= ; [NL4A, #2b]
Papilio glaucolaus sztolcmani Prüffer, 1922; , TL: Peru
= ; [NL4A, #2b]
Neographium agesilaus tenebricosus Möhn, 2002; Die Schmetterlinge der Erde 14: 4, pl. 15, f. 8
= ; [NL4A, #2b]
Papilio agesilaus autosilaus ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1906, Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 706
Neographium (Neographium) agesilaus autosilaus ; [BW14: 4, pl. 13, f. 7-8, pl. 14, f. 1-8, pl. 15, f. 1-5, pl. 16, f. 5-6]
Neographium (Neographium) agesilaus tenebricosus ; [BW14: (or dark Neographium agesilaus autosilaus)]
Protographium agesilaus autosilaus ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #2b]
P. a. montanum (Küppers, 1974)
N.Peru agesilaus montanum (Küppers, 1974) (Graphium); , TL: N.Peru
Neographium (Neographium) agesilaus montanum ; [BW14: 4, pl. 15, f. 7, pl. 16, f. 7]
Protographium agesilaus montanum ; [NL4A, #2e]
P. a. viridis (Röber, 1926)
N.Bolivia, Brazil (Goias, São Paulo), Paraguay agesilaus viridis (Röber, 1926) (Papilio); , TL: Colombia?
Graphium autosilaus viridis ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 157
Neographium (Neographium) agesilaus viridis ; [BW14: 4, pl. 15, f. 6, pl. 16, f. 8]
Protographium agesilaus viridis ; [NL4A, #2g]

Subgenus Asiographium Möhn, 2002
Asiographium Möhn, 2002; Die Schmetterlinge der Erde 14: 4, TS: Papilio asius Fabricius

Protographium asius (Fabricius, 1781)
SE.Brazil (Bahia, Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Paraná, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul), Paraguay. See [About maps] Papilio asius Fabricius, 1781; Spec. Ins. 2 : 5, TL: S.Amer.
Papilio astyagas Drury, 1782; Illust. Nat. Hist. Exot. Insects 3 : 47, pl. 35, f. 4, TL: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro
= ; [NL4A, #4]
Papilio manlius Perty, [1833]; in Spix & Martius, Delectus Anim. articularotum Brasil: 151, pl. 29, f. 1 (preocc. Fabricius, 1798), TL: Brazil, Minas Gerais
= ; [NL4A, #4]
f. albofasciatus (Zikán, 1937) (Papilio); , TL: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro
= ; [NL4A, #4]
Papilio asius ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1906, Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 682
Eurytides asius ; [BOW: pl. 23, f. 11]
Neographium (Asiographium) asius ; [BW14: 4, pl. 17, f. 1-12]
Protographium asius ; [NL4A, #4]

Larva on Annona cacans [BW14]


Subgenus Eurygraphium Möhn, 2002
Eurygraphium Möhn, 2002; Die Schmetterlinge der Erde 14: 4, TS: thyastes Drury

The thyastes species-group
thyastes ; [BW14, 4]

Protographium calliste (Bates, 1864)
-. See [About maps] Papilio calliste Bates, 1864; Ent. mon. Mag. 1 (1): 3, TL: Guatemala
Eurytides calliste calliste, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Eurytides calliste calliste, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Papilio calliste ; Godman & Salvin, [1890], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 217, 3: pl. 68, f. 1-2; Rothschild & Jordan, 1906, Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 731
Eurytides calliste ;
Eurytides (Eurygraphium) calliste ; [BW14, 4]
Protographium calliste ; [NL4A, #5]

Larva on Magnolia dealbata? [BW14]

SE.Mexico (Puebla, Veracruz, Tabasco, Campeche, Yucatan, Quintana Roo, Oaxaca, Chiapas), Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras Papilio l'orzae Boisduval, 1869
Papilio lorzae Boisduval, 1869; Insect. Agric.: 103, TL: El Salvador
= ; [NL4A, #5a]
f. albida (Beutelspächer, 1976) (Eurytides); , TL: Mexico, Oaxaca
= ; [NL4A, #5a]
Papilio calliste calliste ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1906, Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 732
Eurytides (Eurygraphium) calliste calliste ; [BW14: 4, pl. 22, f. 1-8, 10-11]
Protographium calliste calliste ; [NL4A, #5a]
P. c. olbius (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)
Costa Rica - Panama (Chiriqui) Papilio calliste olbius Rothschild & Jordan, 1906; Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 732, TL: Costa Rica
Eurytides calliste olbius ; [BCR, 78]
Eurytides (Eurygraphium) calliste olbius ; [BW14: 4, pl. 22, f. 7-8]
Protographium calliste olbius ; [NL4A, #5b]

Protographium thyastes (Drury, 1782)
-. See [About maps] Papilio thyastes Drury, 1782; Illust. Nat. Hist. Exot. Insects 3 : 47, pl. 35, TL: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro
Papilio thyastes ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1906, Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 728
Eurytides thyastes ; [BOW: pl. 23, f. 21 (text only)]
Protographium thyastes ; [NL4A, #13]
Eurytides (Eurygraphium) thyastes ; [BW14, 4]

Larva on Talauma ovata [BW14]

SE.Brazil (Mato Grosso - Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Paraná, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul), NE.Paraguay Iphiclides diaphorus Hübner, [1821]; Samml. exot. Schmett. 2 : pl. 93, TL: [Brazil]
= ; [NL4A, #13a]
Papilio thyastes thyastes ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1906, Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 729
Protographium thyastes thyastes ; [NL4A, #13a]
Eurytides (Eurygraphium) thyastes thyastes ; [BW14: 5, pl. 23, f. 1-2, pl. 29, f. 1-2]
E.Mexico (Puebla, Veracruz, Tabasco, Oaxaca, Chiapas), Belize, Guatemala, Honduras Papilio marchandii Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 350, TL: Mexico
Papilio marchandi ; Godman & Salvin, [1890], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 218, 3: pl. 68, f. 5; Rothschild & Jordan, 1906, Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 726
Papilio marchandi marchandi ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1906, Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 727
Eurytides (Eurygraphium) marchandii marchandii ; [BW14: 4, pl. 21, f. 1-4, 7]
Eurytides marchandi ; [BOW: pl. 23, f. 21]
Eurytides (Eurygraphium) marchandii ; [BW14, 4]
Protographium thyastes marchandii ; [NL4A, #13b]

Larva on Magnolicaceae?, (Eurytides marchandii) [BW14]

P. t. thyastinus (Oberthür, 1879)
east of Andes (SE.Ecuador, SE.Colombia), Peru, N.Bolivia, Amazonas Papilio thyastinus Oberthür, 1879; Étud. d'Ent. 4 : 75, pl. 2, f. 3, TL: Ecuador
Papilio thyastes zoros Rothschild & Jordan, 1906; Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 729, TL: Bolivia
= ; [NL4A, #13e]
Eurytides thyastes zoros ;
Protographium thyastes thyastinus ; [NL4A, #13e]; [EcuL]
Eurytides (Eurygraphium) thyastes thyastinus ; [BW14: 5, pl. 23, f. 3-8, pl. 29, f. 3-4]
P. t. panamensis (Oberthür, 1879)
Costa Rica, W.Colombia, NW.Ecuador, Panama Papilio marchandi var. panamensis Oberthür, 1879; Étud. d'Ent. 4 : 75, TL: Panama
Papilio marchandi panamensis ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1906, Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 727
Eurytides marchandi panamensis ; [BCR, 78]
Eurytides marchandii panamensis ; [BW14: 4, pl. 21, f. 5, 8]
Protographium thyastes panamensis ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #13d]
SW.Mexico (Guerrero, El Faisanal, Nueva Delhi) occidentalis (Maza, 1982) (Eurytides); , TL: Mexico, Guerrero
Eurytides (Eurygraphium) marchandii occidentalis ; [BW14: 4, pl. 21, f. 6]
Protographium thyastes occidentalis ; [NL4A, #13c]

The leucaspis species-group
leucaspis ; [BW14, 5]

Protographium leucaspis (Godart, 1819)
-. See [About maps] Papilio leucaspis Godart, 1819; Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 55, TL: "Peru?"
Papilio leucaspis ; Hewitson, 1856, Ill. exot. Butts [1] (Papilio II): [3], pl. [2], f. 5; Rothschild & Jordan, 1906, Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 732
Eurytides leucaspis ; [BOW: pl. 23, f. 19]
Eurytides (Eurygraphium) leucaspis ; [BW14: 5]
Protographium leucaspis ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #9]
N.Colombia, E.Ecuador, N.Peru, Bolivia Papilio leucaspis leucaspis ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1906, Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 733
Eurytides (Eurygraphium) leucaspis leucaspis ; [BW14: 5, pl. 18, f. 3-6, pl. 20, f. 2-3]
Protographium leucaspis leucaspis ; [NL4A, #9a]
P. l. lamidis Brown & Lamas, 1994
W.Venezuela (Tachira), Colombia Protographium leucaspis lamidis Brown & Lamas, 1994; (repl. name), TL: Colombia
Papilio leucaspis lamis Rothschild & Jordan, 1906; Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 733 (preocc. Cramer, 1779), TL: Colombia
Eurytides (Eurygraphium) leucaspis lamidis ; [BW14: 5, pl. 18, f. 1-2, pl. 20, f. 1]
Protographium leucaspis lamidis ; [NL4A, #9b]

Protographium dioxippus (Hewitson, 1856)
-. See [About maps] Papilio dioxippus Hewitson, 1856; Ill. exot. Butts [1] (Papilio II): [3], pl. [2], f. 3-4, TL: New Granada
Papilio dioxippus ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1906, Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 729
Eurytides (Eurygraphium) dioxippus ; [BW14, 5]
Protographium dioxippus ; [NL4A, #7]
Panama - Colombia (Cosmodesmus) ab. drueti (Dufrane, 1946) (Papilio); , TL: Colombi
= ; [NL4A, #7a]
Eurytides (Eurygraphium) dioxippus dioxippus ; [BW14: 5, pl. 19, f. 3-5, pl. 20, f. 5]
Protographium dioxippus dioxippus ; [NL4A, #7a]
P. d. marae (Racheli, Bollino & Sala, 1990)
SW.Venezuela (Tachira, Barinas) Eurytides dioxippus marae Racheli, Bollino & Sala, 1990; , TL: Venezuela
Eurytides (Eyrygraphium) dioxippus marae ; [BW14: 5, pl. 19, f. 6, pl. 20, f. 6 (= dioxippus dioxippus?)]
Protographium dioxippus marae ; [NL4A, #7d]
P. d. diores (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)
Colombia, Ecuador (Napo), Peru, Bolivia (Mapiri) Papilio lacandones diores Rothschild & Jordan, 1906; Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 731, TL: Peru [?Bolivia]
?pausanias (Fruhstorfer, 1938) (Papilio); (preocc. Hewitson, 1852)
= ; [NL4A, #7b]
Eurytides lacandones diores ;
Eurytides (Eurygraphium) dioxippus diores ; [BW14: 5, pl. 19, f. 7-8, pl. 20, f. 7]
Protographium dioxippus diores ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #7b]
P. d. lacandones (Bates, 1864)
SW.Mexico (Veracruz, E.Chiapas), Guatemala - Costa Rica, W.Panama Papilio lacandones Bates, 1864; Ent. mon. Mag. 1 (1): 4, TL: Guatemala
Eurytides dioxippus lacandones, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Eurytides dioxippus lacandones, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Papilio lacandones ; Godman & Salvin, [1890], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 216, 3: pl. 67, f. 11-13; Rothschild & Jordan, 1906, Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 730
Papilio lacandones lacandones ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1906, Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 730
Eurytides lacandones lacandones ; [BCR, 77]
Eurytides lacandones ; [BOW: pl. 18]
Eurytides (Eurygraphium) dioxippus lacandones ; [BW14: 5, pl. 19, f. 1-2, pl. 20, f. 4]
Protographium dioxippus lacandones ; [NL4A, #7c]


2.2.2013 (14)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BAMONA]
Opler, Pavulaan, Stanford & Pogue; Butterflies and Moths of North America; Mountain Prairie Information Node
[BAUR]
D'Abrera, 1977; Butterflies of the Australian Region (2nd edn)
[BCA]
electronic; BIOLOGIA CENTRALI-AMERICANA
[BCR]
DeVries; The Butterflies of Costa Rica 1; Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae
[BHL]
The; Biodiversity Heritage Library; and on; Internet Archive; Note: The linking to the content of Internet Archive is somewhat delicate -- notify me when links break!
[BNA]
Scott, 1986; The Butterflies of North America
[BOA]
Interactive Listing of American Butterflies; Listado Interactivo de la Mariposas Americanas; Butterflies of America
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[BW14]
Möhn, 2002; Butterflies fo the World, 14
[Don Herbison-Evans]
and Stella A. Crossley; Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans
[EcuL]
Tommaso & Racheli, 2001; Fragmenta entomologica 33 (2): 213-380; An annotated list of Ecuadorian Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae)
[GALEPS]
Moths and Butterflies of Georgia and the Southeastern United States; James K. Adams; Dept. of Natural Science, Dalton State College, Dalton, GA ; http://www.daltonstate.edu/galeps/index.htm
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[ILMB]
Interactive Listing of Mexican Butterflies
[JLS]
Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society; the original J. Lep. Soc. articles
[LAMAS-NEO]
Gerardo Lamas; Bibliography of butterflies; An Annocated Bibliography of the Neotropical Butterflies and Skipper (Lepididoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea); Revised Electronic Edition (2007)
[NAB]
Pyle, 1981; Field Guide to North American Butterflies, National Audubon Society; ISBN 0-394-51914-0
[NACL]
Hodges, 1983; Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico
[NL4A]
Gerardo Lamas, 2004; Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera; Checklist: Part 4A; Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea
[Opler]
Opler & Warren, 2003 (April); Butterflies of North America. 2. Scientific Names List for Butterfly Species of North America, north of Mexico.
[Vitaly Charny]
Birmingham, Alabama, USA
[Wahlberg]
Niklas Wahlberg; The NSG's voucher specimen database; Nymphalidae Systematics Group


Some related literature:
Bates, 1861
Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon Valley Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. (2) 5 (6): 223-228 (1860), (8): 335-361 (1861)
Bates, 1863
On the collection of butterflies brought by Messrs. Salvin and Godman from Panama, with remarks on geographical distributions Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1863 : 239-249, pl. 29
Bates, 1864
New species of butterflies from Guatemala and Panama, collected by Osbert Salvin and F. du Cane Godman, Esqs. Ent. mon. Mag. 1 (1): 1-6 (1864), (2): 31-35 (1864), (3): 55-59 (1864), (4): 81-85 (1864), (5): 113-116 (1864), (6): 126-131 (1864), (7): 161-164 (1864), (8): 178-180 (1865), (9): 202-205 (1865)
Boisduval, 1836
Histoire Naturelle des Insectes. Species Général des Lépidoptéres. Tome Premier Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 1-690, pl. 1-24
Boisduval & Leconte, 1829
Histoire générale et iconographie des lépidoptères et des chenilles de l'Amérique septentrionale Hist. Lép. Am. Sept. (1): 1-16. pl. 1-3 (1829), (2): 17-24, pl. 4-6 (1829), (3/4): 25-40, pl. 7-12 ([1830]), (5/6): 41-56, pl. 13-18 ([1830]), (7/8): 57-80, pl. 19-24 ([1830]), (9/10): 81-100, pl. 25-30 (1833), (11-22): 101-196, pl. 31-65 ([1835]), (23-26): 197-228, pl. 66-78 ([1837])
Brown & Mielke, 1967
Lepidoptera of the Central Brazil Plateau. I. Preliminary list of Rhopalocera (continued) J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 145-168
Butler, [1870]
Catalogue of diurnal Lepidoptera described by Fabricius in the Collection of the British Museum Cat. diurn. Lep. Fabricius: (1869) 303pp, 3pls
Cramer, [1777]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) Uitl. Kapellen 2 (9-16): 1-152, pl. 97-192 (1777)
Doubleday, [1845]
List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous insects in The Collection of the British Museum List. lepid. Ins. Brit. Mus. 1 : 1-150
Doubleday, 1846
Descriptions of new or imperfectly described Diurnal Lepidoptera Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. 18 (121) : 371-376
Doubleday, 1846
The genera of diurnal Lepidoptera, comprising their generic characters, a notice of their habitats and transformations, and a catalogue of the species of each genus; illustrated with 86 plates by W. C. Hewitson Gen. diurn. Lep. (1): 1-18, pl. A, 1-4 (1-2) (1846), (1): 19-132, pl. 4*, 5-25, 28 (3-14) (1847), (1): 133-200, pl. 1*, 26, 27, 29, 31-44 (15-23) (1848), (1): 201-242, pl. 30, 45-52, 56-58, 60-62, 64 (24-31) (1849), (1): 243-250 [?], (2): 243-326, pl. 53-55, 63, 65, 66 (32-38) (1850), (2): 327-466, pl. 59, 67-77 (39-50) (1851), (2): 467-534, 143, 144, pl. 78-80 (Index) (51-54) (1852)
Drury, 1782
Illustrations of natural history; wherein are exhibited ... Illust. Nat. Hist. Exot. Insects 3 : 1-76, pl. 1-50
K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991
Review of Australian Butterflies: distribution, life history and taxonomy. Pushlished by authors, Melbourne Review Austr. Butts. (1-4):
Dyar, 1903
A List of North American Lepidoptera and Key to the Literature of this Order of Insects Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 1-723
Eimer, 1889
Die Artbildung und Verwandtschaft bei den Schmetterlingen Artb. Verwandtsch. Schmett. (1) : 1-243
Edwards, 1868
The Butteflies of North America. Vol. I. Butts. N. Amer. 1: 218pp, 50pls
Edwards, 1871
Rearing butterflies from the egg Can. Ent. 3 : 70
Fabricius, 1775
Systema Entomologiae, sistens Insectorum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, Adiectis Synonymis, Locis, Descriptionibus, Observationibus. Syst. Ent.: 832pp
Fabricius, 1781
Species Insectorum Exhibentes Eorum Differentia Specifica, Synonyma Auctorum, Loca Natalia, Metamorphosin Adiectis, Observationibus, Descriptionibus. Tom II Spec. Ins. 2 : 1-494 (1781), : 495-514 (appendix), 515-517 (index) ([1782])
C. & R. Felder, 1864
Species Lepidopterum, hucusque descriptae vel iconibus expressae, in seriem systematicam digestae 1. Papilionidae Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 14 (3) : 289-378
C. & R. Felder, 1865
Reise der österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Behilfen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair. Zoologischer Theil. Band 2. Abtheilung 2. Lepidoptera. Rhopalocera Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (1): 1-136, pl. 1-21 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, [1865]), (2): 137-378, pl. 22-47 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, 1865), (3): 379-536, pl. 48-74 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, 1867), (4): 537-548, pl. 75-120, (Inhalts-Verz.) 1-9 (pl. 1-74), (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1874) , (5): pl. 121-140, (erklärung) 1-10 (pl. 75-107), (Inhalts-Verz.) 1-20 (pl. 108-140), (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1875)
Godart, 1819
in Latreille & Godart, Encyclopédie Méthodique. Histoire naturelle Entomologie, ou histoire naturelle des crustacés, des arachnides et des insectes Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 3-328 (1819), (2): 329-828 ([1824])
Salvin & Godman, 1868
On some new species of diurnal Lepidoptera from South America Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 2 (8) : 141-152
Godman & Salvin, [1890]; Godman & Salvin, [1901]
Biologia Centrali-Americana. Rhopalocera. (1887-1901) Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 1-782, 3: pl. 1-112
Gray, [1853]
Catalogue of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum. Part 1. Papilionidae. [1853 Jan], "1852" Cat. lep. Ins. Coll. Brit. Mus. 1 (Papilionidae) : 1-84, pl. 1-10,10*,11-13
Hewitson, 1856
Illustrations of new species of exotic Butterflies selected chiefly from the collections of W. Wilson Saunders and William C. Hewitson. Ill. exot. Butts [1] : (Systematic Index) I, (Ornithoptera and Papilio): [1-2], pl. [1] (1855), (Papilio II): [3-4], pl. [2] (1856), (Papilio III): [5-6], pl. [3] (1858), (Papilio IV): [7-8], pl. [4] (1859), (Papilio V): [9-10], pl. [5] (1861), (Papilio VI): [11-12], pl. [6] (1864), (Papilio VII-VIII): [13-16], pl. [7-8] (1865), (Papilio IX): [17-18], pl. [9] (1868), (Papilio X-XII): [19-22], pl. [10-12] (1869), (Papilio XIII): [23-24], pl. [13] (1873), (Papilio XIV): [25-26], pl. [14] (1875), (Papilio XV): [27-28], pl. [15] (1877), (Pieris I): [29-30], pl. [16] (1852), (Pieris II): [31-32], pl. [17] (1853), (Pieris III-VI): [33-40], pl. [18-21] (1861), (Pieris VII): [41-42], pl. [22] (1862), (Pieris VIII): [43-44], pl. [23] (1866), (Euterpe): [45-46], pl. [24] (1860), (Euterpe II): [47-48], pl. [25] (1872), (Euterpe and Leptalis): [49-50], pl. [26] (1853), (Leptalis II): [51-52], pl. [27] (1857), (Leptalis III): [53-54], pl. [28] (1858), (Leptalis IV): [55-56], pl. [29] (1860), (Leptalis V-VII): [57-62], pl. [30-32] (1870), (Callidryas and Eronia): [63-64], pl. [33] (1867), (Euploea): [65-66], pl. [34] (1858), (Euploea II): [67-68], pl. [35] (1866), (Heliconia I): [69-70], pl. [36] (1853), (Heliconia II-III): [71-74], pl. [37-38] (1854), (Heliconia IV): [75-76], pl. [39] (1858), (Heliconia V): [77-78], pl. [40] (1867), (Heliconia VI): [79-80], pl. [41] (1871), (Heliconia and Tithorea VII): [81-82], pl. [42] (1873), (Heliconia VIII): [83-84], pl. [43] (1875), (Athesis): [85-86], pl. [44] (1872), (Mechanitis I): [87-88], pl. [45] (1856), (Mechanitis II-III): [89-92], pl. [46-47] (1860), (Ithomia I): [93-94], pl. [48] (1851), (Ithomia II): [95-96], pl. [49] (1852), (Ithomia III): [97-98], pl. [50] (1853), (Ithomia IV-V): [99-102], pl. [51-52] (1854), (Ithomia VI-XIII): [103-118], pl. [53-60] (1855)
Hewitson, 1854
Descriptions of some new species of butterflies from South America Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. (2) 2 (8) : 245-248, pl. 22-23
Hopffer, 1866
Neue Arten der Gattung Papilio im Berliner Museum Stettin ent. Ztg 27 (1-3) : 22-32
Hübner, [1821]
Sammlung exotischer Schmetterlinge, Vol. 2 ([1819] - [1827]) Samml. exot. Schmett. 2 : pl. [90], [180], [223] (1819), : pl. [2], [12], [16], [78], [141], [182] (1820), : pl. [11], [13], [24], [77], [83], [97], [102-103], [108-109], [116-117], [122], [147], [150], [164], [183], [195], [197], [212-214] (1821), : pl. [14], [18-19], [26], [38-39], [43], [68], [70-71], [74], [84], [86], [92], [94-95], [106], [114], [121], [161], [169], [174], [177-178], [184], [194], [200], [204-205], [207-208], [210] (1821), : pl. [33], [72], [76], [115], [131], [138-139], [153], [198], [211], [218], [220] (1822), : pl. [32], [75], [81], [93], [105], [129] (1822), : pl. [1], [6], [22-23], [25], [27], [29-31], [34-37], [40-42], [48], [50-53], [56], [58-59], [64-66], [69], [73], [87], [89], [91], [96], [98-101], [110], [124], [128], [130], [132-137], [142], [155-158], [160], [162-163], [165-167], [170-173], [175-176], [187-188], [196], [199], [201-202], [206], [215-216], [219], [222], [224] (1823), : pl. [54], [118], [143], [149], [159] [179], [181], [185], [203], [217] (1824), : pl. [3-5], [8-10], [15], [20], [45], [49], [55], [60], [62-63], [67], [79-80], [88], [104], [111-113], [120], [125], [127], [140], [144-146], [148], [151-152], [154], [168], [189-193], [221], [225] (1825), : pl. [7], [17], [21], [28], [44], [46-47], [57], [61], [82], [123], [126] (1826), : pl. [85], [119], [186], [209] (1827), : (Index Systematicus) [1-4] (1827-1832)
Linnaeus, 1758
Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Clases, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Symonymis, Locis. Tomis I. 10th Edition Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 1-338, : 339-824
Lucas, 1852
Description de nouvelles Espèces de Lépidoptères appartenant aux Collections entomologiques du Musée de Paris Revue Mag. Zool. (2) 4 (3): 128-141 (1852), 4 (4): 189-198 (1852), 4 (6): 290-300 (1852), 4 (7): 324-343 (1852), 4 (9): 422-432, pl. 10 (1852), 5 (7): 310-322 (1853)
Munroe, 1961
The classification of the Papilionidae (Lepidoptera) Can. Ent., Suppl. 17: 1-51
Möhn, 2002
Papilionidae VIII: Baronia, Euryades, Protographium, Neographium, Eurytides Die Schmetterlinge der Erde 14: 16pp, 36pls
Oberthür, 1879
Catalogue raisonné des Papilionidae de la Collection de Ch. Oberthür Étud. d'Ent. 4 : 19-102, 107-117 (Appendice), pl. 1-6
Rothschild, 1895
A revision of the Papilios of the Eastern Hemisphere, exclusive of Africa Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 167-463, pl. 6
Rothschild & Jordan, 1906
A revision of the American Papilios Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 411-752, pl. 4-9
Rogenhofer in Staudinger, [1888]; Staudinger, 1884
Exotische Tagfalter in sysmatischer Reihenfolge mit Berücksichtigung neuer Arten in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (1): 3-6, pl. 1-5 (1884), (2): 7-10, pl. 6-10 (1884), (3): 11-14, pl. 11-15 (1884), (4): 15-22, pl. 16-20 (1884), (5): 23-30, pl. 21-25 (1884), (6): 31-38, pl. 26-30 (1884), (7): 39-46, pl. 31-35 (1885), (8): 47-58, pl. 30-40 (1885), (9): 59-82, pl. 41-50 (1885), (10): 83-102, pl. 51-60 (1885), (11): 103-122, pl. 61-65 (1886), (12): 123-138, pl. 66-70 (1886), (13): 139-158, pl. 71-75 (1886), (14): 159-174, pl. 76-80 (1886), (15): 175-194, pl. 81-85 (1887), (16): 195-214, pl. 86-90 (1887), (17): 215-234, pl. 91-95 (1887), (18): 235-270, pl. 96-98 (1888), (19): 1-2,271-333, pl. 99-100 (1888)
Tindale, 1927
New butterfly of the genus Papilio from Arnhem Land Rec. S. Aust. Mus. 3 (3): 339-341


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.