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Graphium Scopoli, 1777
Swordtails
Graphium Scopoli, 1777; Introd. Hist. nat.: 433, TS: Papilio sarpedon Linnaeus
Zelima Fabricius, 1807; Magazin f. Insektenk. (Illiger) 6: 279, TS: Papilio pylades Fabricius
Arisbe Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (6): 89, TS: Papilio leonidas Fabricius
Idaides Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (6): 85, TS: Papilio codrus Cramer
Zetides Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (6): 85, TS: Papilio sarpedon Linnaeus
Ailus Billberg, 1820; Enum. Ins. Mus. Billb. : 81 (repl. for Zelima Fabricius, 1807)), TS: Papilio pylades Fabricius
Chlorisses Swainson, 1832; Zool. Illustr. (2) 2 (19): pl. 89, TS: Papilio sarpedon Linnaeus
Semicudati Koch, 1860; Stettin ent. Ztg 21 : 231, TS: Papilio sarpedon Linnaeus
Pathysa Reakirt, [1865]; Proc. ent. Soc. Philad. 3 : 503, TS: Papilio antiphates Cramer
Dalchina Moore, [1881]; Lepid. Ceylon 1 (4): 143, TS: Papilio sarpedon Linnaeus
Paranticopsis Wood-Mason & de Nicéville, [1887]; J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 55 Pt.II (4) : 376, TS: Papilio macareus Godart
Pazala Moore, 1888; Descr. Indian lep. Atkinson (3): 283, TS: Papilio glycerion Gray
Deoris Moore, [1903]; Lepidoptera Indica 6 : 31, TS: Papilio agetes Westwood
Klinzigia Niculescu, 1977, nec Lehrer, 1970
Klinzigiana Niculescu, 1989; (repl. name)
Eurypyleana Niculescu, 1989; , TS: Papilio eurypylus Linnaeus
Macfarlaneana Niculescu, 1989; , TS: Papilio agamemnon Linnaeus
Munroana Niculescu, 1989
Wallaceana Niculescu, 1989
Graphium, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]

?Semicaudati Koch, 1860; [AUCL]
Zethes ; Swinhoe, 1885, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1885 : 144 (missp. of Zetides)
Dalchinia ; Hampson, 1888, J. asiat. Soc. Bengal 57 (4) : 364 (missp. of Dalchina)
Pathysa (Papilioninae) ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (4): 141
Dalchina (Papilioninae) ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (4): 143
Zetides (Papilioninae) ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (4): 144
Arisbe (Leptocircini) ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 4
Graphium (Leptocircini) ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 3; [AfrL]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 90

Subgenus Idaides

The codrus species-group

Graphium codrus (Cramer, [1777])
Philippines, Celebes, Solomon Is.. See [About maps] Eastern Olive Triangle
Papilio codrus Cramer, [1777]; Uitl. Kapellen 2 (9-16): 127, pl. 179, f. A, B
Papilio codrus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 424
Graphium codrus ; [BOW: pl. 131, f. 4 (text)]; [BOR, 96]
Graphium (Graphium) codrus ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 3; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 91

Larva on Hernandia avigera, Hernandia, H. peltata? [BAUR], Annona, Uvaria, Hernandia, ?Thespesia Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 91

Buru, Ambon, Serang Papilio codrus codrus ; Rothschild, 1915, Novit. Zool. 22 (1): 108
Graphium codrus codrus ; [BAUR, 118]
G. c. melanthus (C. & R. Felder, 1862)
Philippinens (Bohol, Dinagat, Leyte, Luzon, Marinduque, Masbate, Mindanao, Negros, Panay, Romblon, Samar, Sibuyan) Papilio melanthus C. & R. Felder, 1862; Wien. ent. Monats. 6 (9) : 283, TL: Mindanao; Buria, Locban
Papilio codrus melanthus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 426
Graphium codrus melanthus ; [BOR, 96]
Graphium (Graphium) codrus melanthus ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 3, pl. 1, f. 8-9, pl. 2, f. 1-2
G. c. medon (C. & R. Felder, 1864)
Aru, Waigeu, W.Irian - Papua, D'Entrecasteaux, Woodlark, Rossel Is. Papilio medon C. & R. Felder, 1864; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 14 (3) : 306, 351, TL: New Guinea
Papilio codrus c (papuensis) Wallace, 1865; Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 25 (1) : 64, TL: Waigeu; Aru
= ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 426
Papilio codrus medon ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 426
Graphium codrus medon ; [BAUR, 118]
G. c. celebensis (Wallace, 1865)
Sulawesi, Banggai Papilio codrus b (celebensis) Wallace, 1865; Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 25 (1) : 64, TL: Celebes; Sulla Is
Papilio codrus celebensis ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 425
Graphium codrus celebensis ; [BOR, 96]
Graphium (Graphium) codrus celebensis ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 91
G. c. gilolensis (Wallace, 1865)
Bachan, Ternate, Halmahera Papilio codrus loc. f. a (gilolensis) Wallace, 1865; Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 25 (1) : 64
Papilio codrus gilolensis ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 425
Graphium codrus gilolensis ; [BAUR, 118 (text)]
G. c. segonax (Godman & Salvin, 1878)
New Britain, New Ireland, New Hanover, Duke of York Group Papilio segonax Godman & Salvin, 1878; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878 : 734, TL: New Ireland
Papilio segonax ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 427
Graphium codrus segonax ; [BAUR, 118]
G. c. pisidice (Godman & Salvin, 1888)
Bougainville, Shortland Group, Choiseul, Maleita, Florida Is., Guadalcanal Papilio pisidice Godman & Salvin, 1888; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 1 (2): 100, TL: Maleita, Solomon Is.
Papilio solon Godman & Salvin, 1888; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 1 (3): 213, TL: Aola, Guadalcanar
= ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 426
Papilio solon ; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1888, Rhop. Exot. [1] 1: (Papilio) 9, pl. 4, f. 1-2
Papilio codrus pisidice ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 426
Graphium codrus pisidice ; [BAUR, 118 (text)]
G. c. tenebrionis (Rothschild, 1895)
New Georgia Group Papilio segonax tenebrionis Rothschild, 1895; Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 427, TL: New Georgia, Solomon Islands
Graphium codrus tenebrionis ; [BAUR, 118 (text)]
G. c. auratus (Rothschild, 1898)
Admiralty Is. Papilio codrus auratus Rothschild, 1898; Novit. Zool. 5 (2): 218, TL: St. Gabriel, Admiralty Is.
Graphium codrus auratus ; [BAUR, 118 (text)]
G. c. toealensis (Rothschild, 1896)
Kai Is. Papilio codrus toealensis Rothschild, 1896; Novit. Zool. 3 (4) : 424, TL: Kei Toeal
Graphium codrus toealensis ; [BAUR, 118 (text)]
G. c. stiris (Jordan, 1909)
Sula Is. codrus stiris (Jordan, 1909) (Papilio); in Seitz, Grossschm. Erde 9: 93
Graphium codrus stiris ; [BOR, 96]
Graphium (Graphium) codrus stiris ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 91
G. c. taloranus (Jordan, 1909)
Talaud codrus taloranus (Jordan, 1909) (Papilio); in Seitz, Grossschm. Erde 9: 93
Graphium codrus taloranus ; [BOR, 96]
Graphium (Graphium) codrus taloranus ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 91
G. c. schoutensis (Talbot & Joicey, 1916)
Papilio codrus schoutensis Talbot & Joicey, 1916; Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1916 (1) : 68
G. c. yayoeae Nihira & Kawamura, 1986
Philippines (Sanga Sanga, Sibutu, Tawitawi) Graphium (Graphium) codrus yayoeae ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 3, pl. 2, f. 3-4
G. c. noeli Page & Treadaway, 2003
Philippines (Mindoro) Graphium codrus noeli Page & Treadaway, 2003; in Bauer & Frankenbach, Butterflies of the world, Suppl. 8: (1-6)
Graphium (Graphium) codrus noeli ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 3, pl. 2, f. 5-8

Graphium macleayanus (Leach, 1814)
E.Australia. See [About maps] Macleay's Swallowtail
Papilio macleayanus Leach, 1814; Zool. Miscell. 1: 17, pl. 5, TL: Australasia
Papilio scottianus C. Felder, 1862; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 12 (1/2) : 489, TL: Austr. or.
= ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 424
Graphium macleayanus, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Papilio macleayanus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 424
Graphium macleayanus ; [BOW: pl. 131, f. 22]

Larva on Geifera salicifolia, Doryphora aromatica, Atherosperma moschatum [BAUR], Tasmannia lanceolata, T. xerophila, Atherosperma moschatum, Daphnandra micrantha, D. repandula, Doryphora aromatica, D. sassafras, Cinnamomum camphora, Cryptocarya hypospodia, Endiandra pubens, Geijera salicifolia K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991, Review Austr. Butts. (1-4): (120-140)

Australia (Kuranda - Tasmania) Graphium wilsoni Couchman, 1965; Pap. Proc. R. Soc. Tasmania 99: 84
Graphium macleayanum macleayanum ; [BAUR, 116]
G. m. moggana Couchman, 1965
Tasmania macleayanus moggana Couchman, 1965; Pap. Proc. R. Soc. Tasmania 99: 84
Graphium moggana Couchman, 1965
Graphium macleayanum moggana ; [BAUR, 116 (text)]
G. m. insulana (Waterhouse, 1920)
Lord Howe I. Papilio macleayanus insulana Waterhouse, 1920; Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W. 45 (3) : 470, TL: Lord Howe Island
Graphium macleayanum insulanum ; [BAUR, 116 (text)]

Graphium weiskei (Ribbe, 1900)
New Guinea, Papua. See [About maps] Purple Spotted Swallowtail
Papilio weiskei Ribbe, 1900; Insekten-Börse 17 (39): 308
Graphium weiski[sic, recte weiskei] ; [BOW: pl. 131, f. 3]
Papilio weiskei ; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1901, Rhop. Exot. [1] 3: (Papilio) 49, pl. 21, f. 1-2
Graphium weiskei ; [BAUR, 117]

Graphium stresemanni (Rothschild, 1915)
Serang Papilio weiskei stresemanni Rothschild, 1915; in Rothschild & Durrant, Lep. B.O.U. Exp. New Guinea : 4, TL: Ceram
Papilio weiskei stresemanni ; Rothschild, 1915, Novit. Zool. 22 (1): 108
Grarphium stresemanni ; [EBW, 123, f. 13]
Graphium stresemanni ; [BAUR, 117]

Graphium cloanthus (Westwood, 1841)
Kashmir - Assam, Burma. See [About maps] Glassy Bluebottle
Papilio cloanthus Westwood, 1841; Arcana entomologica, 1: pl. 11, f. 2, (4) 42, TL: N.India
Graphium cloanthus cloanthus, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Papilio cloanthus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 445
Zetides cloanthus ; [BIR, 401]
Graphium cloanthus ; [BOR, 98]; [BOW: pl. 131, f. 16]; [MRS, 168]

Larva on Machilus odoratissima [MRS]

N.India - Assam, Bhutan, Burma, Yunnan Papilio cloanthus f. cloanthulus Fruhstorfer, 1902; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 15 (1) : 168
cloanthus cloanthus ; [BOR, 98]
G. c. clymenus (Leech, 1893)
S.China, W.China Papilio cloanthus var. clymenus Leech, 1893; Butts China Japan Corea (2): 523, pl. 32, f. 2
Papilio cloanthus clymenus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 445
Graphium cloanthus clymenus ; [BOR, 98]; [MRS, 168]
G. c. kuge (Fruhstorfer, 1908)
Taiwan Papilio cloanthus kuge Fruhstorfer, 1908; Ent. Zs. 22 (29) : 119, TL: Chip-Chip
Graphium cloanthus kuge ; [BOR, 98]; [MRS, 168]

Graphium sumatranum (Hagen, 1894)
Sumatra. See [About maps] Papilio cloanthus var. sumatrana Hagen, 1894; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 7 (1) : 28, TL: Sumatra
Papilio cloanthus sumatranus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 445
Graphium cloanthus sumatrana ; [BOR, 98]
Graphium sumatranum ; Hancock, 1983; Moonen, 1998, Trans. lepid. Soc. Japan 49 (3) : 220

Graphium sarpedon (Linnaeus, 1758)
China, Ceylon, S.India, Kashmir - Assam, Burma, AU. See [About maps] Common Bluebottle Blue Triangle
Papilio sarpedon Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 461, TL: Canton, China
Chlorisses helena Swainson, 1851; (nomen nudum)
Semicaudati choredon Koch, 1860; (nomen nudum)
?Papilio sarpedon f. sarpedonides Fruhstorfer, 1908; Ent. Zs. 22 (11): 46, TL: Ishigaki?
?Papilio sarpedon temnus Fruhstorfer, 1907; Ent. Zs. 21 (30) : 183, TL: New Guinea
?Papilio sarpedon corycus Fruhstorfer, 1907; Ent. Zs. 21 (30) : 183, TL: Waigiu
?Papilio sarpedon melas Fruhstorfer, 1907; Ent. Zs. 21 (30) : 183, TL: Tonkin
Papilio sarpedon ab. takamukuana Matsumura, 1929; Insecta Matsumurana 3 (2/3) : 88, TL: Formosa
Papilio sarpedon ab. lunula Matsumura, 1929; Insecta Matsumurana 3 (2/3) : 88, TL: Formosa
Papilio sarpedon ab. hirayamae Matsumura, 1929; Insecta Matsumurana 3 (2/3) : 88, TL: Honshu
Graphium sarpedon sarpedon, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Graphium sarpedon, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Papilio sarpedon ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 440
Zetides sarpedon ; [BIR, 401]
Graphium sarpedon ; [BOR, 98]; [MRS, 163]
Graphium (Graphium) sarpedon ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 3
[sarpedon-1v.jpg] 1047x773 (~62Kb) underside Yona, Okinawa, Ryukyus, Japan, 8-93, Photo © S. Shuichi Haupt [sarpedon-2v.jpg] 1000x888 (~105Kb) underside Japan: Tokyo, 18.09.2007, Photo © Peter Payzant

Larva on Lauraceae, Myrtaceae, Sapotaceae [EOB], Cinnamomum camphora, Cinnamomum oliveri, Cryptocarya triplinervis, Neolitsea dealbata, Doryphora aromatica, Tristania laurina, Planchonella laurina, Litsea glutinosa, Macaranga spp., Rutaceae [MRS], Geijera salicifolia, Daphnandra aromatica, Cryptocarya, Planchonella laurifolia, Persea gratissima [BAUR]

Larva on Annona reticulata, Melodorum leichhardti, Doryphora aromatica, Beilschmiedia obtusifolia, Cinnamomum camphora, Cinnamomum oliveri, Cryptocarya cinnamomifolia, C. hypospodia, C. mackinnoniana, C. murrayi, C. triplinervis, Endiandra impressicosta, Litsea ferruginea, L. glutinosa, L. leefeana, L. reticulata, Neolitsea australiensis, N. dealbata, Planchonella laurifolia, Geijera salicifolia?, Tristania laurina?, Clerodendrum spp.?, Macaranga spp.? K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991, Review Austr. Butts. (1-4): (120-140)


N.India - China, Hainan, Yunnan, Philippines Papilio demophon Meerburgh, 1775; Afbeeld. Gewass.: pl. 9
= Papilio sarpedon ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 440
Papilio sarpedon colus Fruhstorfer, 1907; Ent. Zs. 21 (30) : 183, TL: Palawan
Papilio sarpedon pagus Fruhstorfer, 1907; Ent. Zs. 21 (30) : 183, TL: Bazilan
Papilio sarpedon f. mela Fruhstorfer, 1907; , TL: Tonkin, Tenasserim
sarpedon sarpedon ; [BOR, 98]
Graphium (Graphium) sarpedon sarpedon ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 3, pl. 1-6
G. s. choredon (C. & R. Felder, 1864)
Aru, Kai Is., Misool, Salawati, Waigeu, W.Irian - Papua, D'Entrecasteaux, Louisiades, Woodlark, Torres Straits Is., E.Australia Papilio choredon C. & R. Felder, 1864; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 14 (3) : 305, 350, TL: Australia; New Guinea; Waigeu; Woodlark
Papilio sarpedon choredon ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 443
Graphium sarpedon choredon ; [BAUR, 120]
G. s. teredon (C. & R. Felder, 1865)
S.India, Ceylon Papilio teredon C. & R. Felder, 1864; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 14 (3) : 305 (nom. nud.?), TL: Canara; Ceylon
Papilio teredon C. & R. Felder, 1865; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (1): 61, TL: Ceylon
Delchina[sic] thermodusa Swinhoe, 1885; Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1885 : 146, TL: Matheran
Papilio sarpedon teredon ab. thermodusa ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 442
Dalchina teredon ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (4): 143, pl. 62, f. 1a-b
Papilio sarpedon teredon ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 442
Graphium sarpedon teredon ; [BOR, 98]
G. s. parsedon (Westwood, 1872)
Timor, Wetter, Adonara, ... Papilio parsedon Westwood, 1872; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1872 (2) : 99, pl. 5, f. 1-2
Papilio sarpedon parsedon ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 442
G. s. semifasciatum (Honrath, 1888)
SE.China, SC.China Papilio sarpedon var. semifasciatus Honrath, 1888; Ent. Nachr. 14 (11) : 161, TL: China, Kiukiang
Papilio sarpedon semifasciatus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 442
Graphium sarpedon semifasciatus ; [BOR, 98]
Graphium sarpedon semifasciatum ; [MRS, 163]
G. s. isander (Godman & Salvin, 1888)
Bougainville, Shortland Is., Santa Isabel, Gudalcanal, Florida Is., Choiseul Papilio isander Godman & Salvin, 1888; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 1 (3): 211, TL: Aola, Guadalcanar I.
Papilio isander ; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1888, Rhop. Exot. [1] 1: (Papilio) 13, pl. 6, f. 3-4; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 439
Graphium sarpedon isander ; [BAUR, 120 (text)]
G. s. imparilis (Rothschild, 1895)
New Britain, New Ireland, New Hanover, Duke of York Group Papilio sarpedon imparilis Rothschild, 1895; Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 443, TL: New Britain; New Ireland; Duke of York
Graphium sarpedon unparilis[sic?] ; [BAUR, 120 (text)]
G. s. impar (Rothschild, 1895)
New Georgia Group Papilio sarpedon impar Rothschild, 1895; Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 443, TL: Solomon Islands, New Georgia
Graphium sarpedon impar ; [BAUR, 120 (text)]
G. s. rufofervidus (Fruhstorfer, 1898)
Nias Papilio sarpedon rufofervidus Fruhstorfer, 1898; Berl. Ent. Zs. 42 (3/4) : 305, TL: Nias
Graphium sarpedon rufofervidus ; [BOR, 98]
Bawean Graphium sarpedon rofocellularis ; [BOR, 98]
G. s. jugans (Rothschild, 1896)
Sumba Papilio sarpedon jugans Rothschild, 1896; Novit. Zool. 3 (3): 324, TL: Waingapoeng, Sumba
Graphium sarpedon jugans ; [BOR, 98]
G. s. adonarensis (Rothschild, 1896)
Sumbawa, Flores, Adonara Papilio sarpedon adonarensis Rothschild, 1896; Novit. Zool. 3 (3): 324, TL: Adonara; Sumbawa
Graphium sarpedon adonarensis ; [BOR, 98]
G. s. nipponus (Fruhstorfer, 1903)
Japan Papilio sarpedon nipponus Fruhstorfer, 1903; Berl. ent. Zs. 47 (3/4) : 215, TL: Okinawa
nipporum[sic?] ; (missp.?)
G. s. luctatius (Fruhstorfer, 1907)
Thailand, Peninsular Malaya, Singapore, Indo-China Papilio sarpedon luctatius Fruhstorfer, 1907; Ent. Zs. 21 (30) : 183, TL: Natuna
Graphium sarpedon luctatius ; [BMP: 75, pl. 6, f. 4]; [BOR, 98]
[luctatius-1.jpg] 1020x860 (~196Kb) Thailand, Chon Buri Province, Si Racha environs, the Chan-ta-Then River valley at lower reaches, 14th January 2006, Photo © Oleg Kosterin

Larva on Persea odoratissima, Cinnamomum, Alseodaphe, Litsea [BMP]


G. s. timorensis (Rothschild, 1896)
Timor, Wetar Papilio sarpedon timorensis Rothschild, 1896; Novit. Zool. 3 (3): 323, TL: Timor; Wetter
Graphium sarpedon timorensis ; [BAUR, 120 (text)]
G. s. connectens (Fruhstorfer, 1908)
Taiwan Papilio sarpedon connectens Fruhstorfer, 1908; Ent. Zs. 22 (11): 46 [?]
?Papilio sarpedon morius Fruhstorfer, 1908; Ent. Zs. 22 (11): 46
?Papilio surusumi Matsumura, 1910; Ent. Zs. 23 (47) : 209, TL: Formosa, Horisha
Graphium sarpedon connectens ; [BOR, 98]
Graphium sarpedon connectens f. surusumi ; [BOR, 99, fig.]
Graphium sarpedon connectens ; [MRS, 163]

Larva on Cinnamomum camphora, Cinnamomum micranthum, C. osmophloeum, C. japonica, Persea thunbergii, P. zuihoensis, Litsea kostermansii, Lindera glauca, Persea japonica, Neolitsea sericea, N. aciculata, Laurus nobilis [MRS]

G. s. messogis (Fruhstorfer, 1907)
Key, Aru, Vulcan Papilio sarpedon messogis Fruhstorfer, 1907; Ent. Zs. 21 (30) : 183, TL: Key; Aru
G. s. phyris (Jordan, 1937)
Siberut Papilio sarpedon phyris Jordan, 1937; Novit. Zool. 40 : 321, TL: Siberut

Graphium anthedon (C. & R. Felder, 1864)
Buru, Ambon, Serang. See [About maps] Wallacea Bluebottle
Papilio anthedon C. & R. Felder, 1864; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 14 (3) : 305, TL: Amboina
Papilio sarpedon var. moluccensis Wallace, 1865; Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 25 (1) : 65, TL: Ceram; Buru; Batjan; Halmahera
= ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 444
?Papilio sarpedon anthedon ab. aureifer Fruhstorfer, 1899; Berl. ent. Zs. 43 (3/4) : 423
?Papilio sarpedon anthedon ab. citricinctus Fruhstorfer, 1899; Berl. ent. Zs. 43 (3/4) : 423
Papilio sarpedon anthedon ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 444
Graphium sarpedon anthedon ; [BAUR, 120 (text)]
Graphium anthedon ; Moonen, 1998, Trans. lepid. Soc. Japan 49 (3) : 220
Graphium (Graphium) anthedon ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 92

Larva on Cinnamomum Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 92

Graphium anthedon anthedon ; Moonen, 1998, Trans. lepid. Soc. Japan 49 (3) : 221
G. a. milon (C. & R. Felder, 1865)
Sulawesi, Talaud, Kabaena, Buton, Banggai Papilio milon C. & R. Felder, 1864; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 14 (3) : 305 (nom. nud.), TL: Celebes
Papilio milon C. & R. Felder, 1865; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (1): 62, TL: Celebes
Papilio miletus Wallace, 1865; Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 25 (1) : 65, pl. 7, f. 2, TL: Macassa; Menado
= Papilio sarpedon milon ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 444
Papilio sarpedon var. milon ab. milonides Honrath, 1884; Berl. ent. Z. 28 (2) : 397, TL: Macassar
Papilio sarpedon milon ab. milonides ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 444
Papilio sarpedon milon ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 444
Graphium milon ; Murayama, 1978, Tyô to Ga 29 (3) : 153, f. 5
Graphium sarpedon milon ; [BOR, 98]
Graphium anthedon milon ; Moonen, 1998, Trans. lepid. Soc. Japan 49 (3) : 221
Graphium (Graphium) anthedon milon ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 92
G. a. dodingensis (Rothschild, 1896)
Bachan, Ternate, Halmahera Papilio sarpedon dodingensis Rothschild, 1896; Novit. Zool. 3 (3): 323, TL: Halmaheira
Graphium sarpedon dodingensis ; [BAUR, 120 (text)]
Graphium anthedon dodingensis ; Moonen, 1998, Trans. lepid. Soc. Japan 49 (3) : 224
G. a. crudum (Rothschild, 1898)
Obi Papilio sarpedon crudus Rothschild, 1898; Novit. Zool. 5 : 416, TL: Obi
Graphium sarpedon crudus ; [BAUR, 120 (text)]
Graphium anthedon crudum ; Moonen, 1998, Trans. lepid. Soc. Japan 49 (3) : 224
G. a. coelius (Fruhstorfer, 1899)
Sula Papilio sarpedon coelius Fruhstorfer, 1899; Berl. ent. Zs. 43 (3/4) : 424, TL: Sula-Mangoli
Graphium (Graphium) anthedon coelius ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 92
G. a. sulaensis (Lathy, 1899)
Sula Is. Papilio sarpedon sulaensis Lathy, 1899; Entomologist 32 : 149, TL: Sula Arch.
Graphium sarpedon sulaensis ; [BOR, 98]
Graphium anthedon sulaensis ; Moonen, 1998, Trans. lepid. Soc. Japan 49 (3) : 222
G. a. halesus (Fruhstorfer, 1907)
Buru Papilio sarpedon halesus Fruhstorfer, 1907; Ent. Zs. 21 (30) : 183, TL: Buru
Graphium anthedon halesus ; Moonen, 1998, Trans. lepid. Soc. Japan 49 (3) : 222

Graphium monticolus (Fruhstorfer, 1896)
Sulawesi. See [About maps] Sulawesi Blue Triangle
Papilio monticolus Fruhstorfer, 1896; Soc. Ent. 11 (3): 20
Graphium sarpedon monticolus ; Murayama, 1978, Tyô to Ga 29 (3) : 153, f. 6
Graphium monticolus ; D'Abrera, 1982, [BOR, 98]
Graphium (Graphium) monticolus ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 91
Sulawesi Graphium (Graphium) monticolus monticolus ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 91
G. m. textrix Tsukada & Nishiyaa, 1980
Sulawesi Graphium sarpedon textrix Tsukada & Nishiyaa, 1980
Papilio sarpedon monticulus ab. longilinea Joicey & Talbot, 1922; Bull. Hill Mus. 1 (2) : 322, TL: Dekawa, N.Celebes
= ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 91
longilineatus Toxopeus, 1950
= ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 91
Graphium (Graphium) monticolus textrix ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 91

Graphium protensor (Gistel, 1857)
Graphium protensor ; [NHM]

Graphium gelon (Boisduval, 1859)
New Caledonia, Loyalty Island, Lifu Papilio gelon Boisduval, 1859; Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. (3) 7 : clv, TL: New Caledonia
Papilio megasthenes Mathew, 1889; Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1889 (2) : 314, TL: Nomea, New Caledonia
Papilio gelon ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 439
Papilio gelon ab. megasthenes ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 439
Graphium gelon ; [BAUR, 120]

?Graphium empedocles (Fabricius, 1787)
Borneo? Papilio empedocles Fabricius, 1787; Mantissa Insectorum 2: 10, no. 94
Papilio empedocles ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 427

= Graphium empedovana?


Graphium empedovana (Corbet, 1941)
Borneo?. See [About maps] Papilio empedovana Corbet, 1941; J. fed. Malay St. Mus. 18 (5): 805
Graphium empedovana ; [BOR: pl. 131, f. 4]
Graphium payeni empedovana ; D'Abrera, 1982, [BOR, 96]
Graphium empedovana ; [BMP: 75, pl. 5, f. 6]
Graphium (Graphium) empedovana ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 3

Larva on Hernandia peltata [BMP]

Philippines (Balabac, Busuanga, Palawan) Graphium (Graphium) empedovana empedovana ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 3, pl. 1, f. 6-7

Graphium mendana (Godman & Salvin, 1888)
Guadalcanal. See [About maps] Papilio mendana Godman & Salvin, 1888; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 1 (3): 212, TL: Aola, Guadalcanar I.
Papilio mendana ; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1888, Rhop. Exot.: 9, [1] 3: pl. 4, f. 3-4; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 428
Graphium mendana ; [BAUR, 116]
G. m. acous (Ribbe, 1898)
Bougainville Papilio mendana var. acous Ribbe, 1898; Soc. Ent. 12 (21): 161, TL: Bougainville
Graphium mendana acous ; [BAUR, 116 (note)]
G. m. neyra (Rothschild, 1895)
New Georgia Papilio mendana neyra Rothschild, 1895; Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 428, TL: Solomon Islands, Rubiana (New Georgia)
Papilio neyra ; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1900, Rhop. Exot. [1] 3: (Papilio) 47, pl. 20, f. 3-4
Graphium mendana neyra ; [BAUR, 116 (note)]

The eurypylus species-group

Graphium eurypylus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Sikkim - Assam, Burma, AU. See [About maps] Pale Green Triangle Great Jay
Papilio eurypylus Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 464, TL: Ambon
Chlorisses harrietta Swainson, 1851; (nomen nudum)
Semicaudati kochianus Koch, 1860; (nomen nudum)
Papilio eurypylus georgius Fruhstorfer, 1907; Ent. Zs. 21 (30) : 182, TL: Obi
Papilio eurypylus priscus Fruhstorfer, 1907; Ent. Zs. 21 (30) : 182, TL: Waigiu
Papilio eurypylus gabinus Fruhstorfer, 1909; Ent. Zs. 22 (41) : 170, TL: Sumbawa
Graphium eurypylus, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]

eurypilus ; Godart, 1819, (missp.)
Papilio eurypylus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 429
Zetides euryplus[sic] ; [BIR, 403]
Graphium eurypylus ; [BOR, 100]; [MRS, 165]
Graphium eurypelus[sic] ; [BOW: pl. 131, f. 20 (text)]
Arisbe (Eurypleana) eurypylus ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 4
Graphium (Graphium) eurypylus ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 92

Larva on Annona reticulata, A. muricata, Rauwenhoffia leichhardtii, Mitrephora froggattii, Polyalthia nitidissima, Diploglottis australis [MRS]

Larva on Michelia champaca, Annona cherimola, A. glabra, A. muricata, A. reticulata, Artabotryus sp., Desmos sp., Melodorum spp., Miliusa traceyi, Mitrephora froggattii, Polyalthia australis, P. nitidissima, P. sp., Rauwenhoffia leichhardtii, Saccopetalum bidwillii, Uvaria goezeanus, U. membranacea, U. rufa, Annona squamosa? K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991, Review Austr. Butts. (1-4): (120-140)

Larva on Annona, Artabotrys, Desmos, Fitzalania, Melodorum, Miliusa, Mitrephora, Polyalthia, Pseuduvaria, Rauwenhoffia, Saccopetalum, Uvaria, Michelia Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 92

Moluccas Graphium eurypylus eurypylus ; [BAUR, 114 (text)]
G. e. gordion (C. & R. Felder, 1865)
Philippines (Basilan, Bohol, Catanduanes, Cebu, Homonhon, Leyte, Luzon, Marinduque, Masbate, Mindanao, Mindoro, Negros, Panaon, Panay, Polillo, Samar, Sibuyan, Siquijor) Papilio gordion C. & R. Felder, 1864; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 14 (3) : 305, n. 225 (nom. nud.?), TL: Luzon
Papilio gordion C. & R. Felder, 1865; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (1): 66, TL: Luzon
?Papilio eurypylus tagalicus Fruhstorfer, 1903; Berl. ent. Zs. 47 (3/4) : 210
Papilio eurypylus gordion ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 435
Graphium eurypylus gordion ; [BOR, 100]
Arisbe (Eurypleana) eurypylus gordion ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 4, pl. 4, f. 13, pl. 5, f. 2-4
Graphium (Graphium) eurypylus gordion ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 92
Sula Is. Graphium eurypylus arctofasciatus ; [BOR, 100]
Graphium (Graphium) eurypylus arctofasciatus ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 92
G. e. pamphylus (C. & R. Felder, 1865)
Sulawesi, ?Saleyer Papilio pamphylus C. & R. Felder, 1864; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 14 (3) : 305 (nom. nud.), TL: Celebes
Papilio pamphylus C. & R. Felder, 1865; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (1): 67, TL: Celebes
Papilio telephus Wallace, 1865; Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 25 (1) : 67, pl. 7, f. 4, TL: Celebes
= ; [NHM]
Zetides telephus ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (4): 144, pl. 63, f. 3
Papilio eurypylus pamphylus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 435
Graphium eurypylus pamphylus ; [BOR, 100]
Graphium (Graphium) eurypylus pamphylus ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 92
G. e. lycaon (C. & R. Felder, 1865)
E.Australia Papilio lycaon Westwood, 1843; Arcana entomologica, 2: 15 (nom. nud.), TL: Australia
Papilio lycaon Doubleday & Westwood, 1846; Gen. diurn. Lep. (1): 14 (nom. nud.), TL: Australia
Papilio lycaon C. & R. Felder, 1864; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 14 (3) : 305 (nom. nud.), TL: Australia
Papilio lycaon C. & R. Felder, 1865; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (1): 68
Papilio eurypylus lycaon ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 431
Graphium eurypylus lycaon ; [BAUR, 114 (text)]
G. e. sangira (Oberthür, 1879)
Sangir, ?Talaud Papilio sangira Oberthür, 1879; Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1879 (3) : 229, pl. 8, f. 1
Papilio eurypylus sangirus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 435
Graphium eurypylus sangira ; [BOR, 100]
Graphium (Graphium) eurypylus sangira ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 92
G. e. mecisteus (Distant, 1885)
Peninsular Malaya, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philippines (Palawan, Balabac, Busuanga) Papilio mecisteus Distant, 1885; Rhopalocera Malayana : 361, f. 108
daton (Fruhstorfer, 1908) (Papilio); Ent. Zs. 21 (37): 222
Graphium eurypylus mecisteus; [BMP: 76, pl. 5, f. 7-8]
Graphium eurypylus mecisteus, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Papilio eurypylus axion ab. mecisteus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 434
Graphium eurypylus mecisteus ; [BOR, 100]
Arisbe (Eurypleana) eurypylus mecisteus ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 4, pl. 4, f. 13, pl. 5, f. 1
G. e. sallastius (Staudinger, 1895)
Wetter, Sumbawa Papilio sallastius Staudinger, 1895; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 7 (2) : 351, TL: Wetter; Sumbawa
Papilio eurypylus sallastius ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 431
G. e. extensus (Rothschild, 1895)
New Britain, New Ireland, Duke of York Group, New Hanover Papilio eurypylus extensus Rothschild, 1895; Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 430, TL: New Ireland
Graphium eurypylus extensus f. praetorianus Niepelt; [BAUR, 114, f.]
Graphium eurypylus extensus ; [BAUR, 114 (text)]
G. e. lycaonides (Rothschild, 1895)
Waigeu, Jobi, W.Irian - Papua, D'Entrecasteaux Papilio eurypylus lycaonides Rothschild, 1895; Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 430, TL: New Guinea
Graphium eurypylus lycaonides ; [BAUR, 114]
G. e. insularius (Rothschild, 1896)
Tanahdjampea, Kalao, ?Bonerate Papilio eurypilus[sic] insularius Rothschild, 1896; Novit. Zool. 3 (2): 92, TL: Kalao I.
Papilio jason lucius Fruhstorfer, 1903; Berl. ent. Zs. 47 (3/4) : 212, TL: Tanah Djampea
= ; [NHM]
Graphium eurypylus insularius ; [BOR, 100]
Graphium (Graphium) eurypylus insularis[sic] ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 92
G. e. crispus (Fruhstorfer, 1903)
Babber I. Papilio eurypylus crispus Fruhstorfer, 1903; Berl. ent. Zs. 47 (3/4) : 208, TL: Babber
G. e. sallastinus (Fruhstorfer, 1903)
Sumba, Flores, Wetar, Leti, Babar Papilio eurypylus sallastinus Fruhstorfer, 1903; Berl. ent. Zs. 47 (3/4) : 208, TL: Sumba
Graphium eurypylus sallastinus ; [BOR, 100]; [BAUR, 114 (text)]
G. e. cheronus (Jordan, 1909)
Sikkim - S.Burma, Thailand - S.China, S.Yunnan, Hainan, Indo-China Papilio eurypylus acheron f. cheronus Fruhstorfer, 1903; Berl. ent. Zs. 47 (3/4) : 204, TL: Siam?
juba (Fruhstorfer, 1908) (Papilio); Ent. Zs. 21 (37): 222
Papilio eurypylus cheronus f.vern. petina Jordan, 1909; in Seitz, Grossschm. Erde 9: 98, TL: Indo-china
Graphium eurypylus cheronus, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Graphium eurypylus cheronus ; [BOR, 100]; [MRS, 165]
G. e. melampus (Rothschild, 1896)
Kai Is. Papilio eurypylus melampus Rothschild, 1896; Novit. Zool. 3 (4) : 424, TL: Kei Toeal
Papilio eurypylus melampus ab. rufinus Rothschild, 1896; Novit. Zool. 3 (4) : 425
Graphium eurypylus melampus ; [BAUR, 114 (text)]
Andamans, ?Nicobars Graphium eurypylus macronius ; [BOR, 100]
G. e. lutorius (Fruhstorfer, 1907)
Batjan Papilio eurypylus lutorius Fruhstorfer, 1907; Ent. Zs. 21 (30) : 182, TL: Batjan, Halmaheira
G. e. lepidus Fruhstorfer²
Tanimbar Graphium eurypylus lepidus ; [BAUR, 114 (text)]
G. e. aloricus (Fruhstorfer, 1909)
Alor Papilio eurypylus aloricus Fruhstorfer, 1909; Ent. Zs. 22 (41) : 170, TL: Alor
Graphium eurypylus aloricus ; [BOR, 100]
G. e. nyctimus (Waterhouse & Lyell, 1914)
Northern Territory, Groote Eylandt Papilio nyctimus Waterhouse & Lyell, 1914
Graphium eurypylus nyctimus ; [BAUR, 114 (text)]
G. e. fumikoe Detani, 1983²
Banggai Graphium (Graphium) eurypylus fumikoe ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 92

Graphium evemon (Boisduval, 1836)
Assam, Burma. See [About maps] Lesser Jay
Papilio evemon Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 234
Papilio evemon ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 436
Zetides evemon ; [BIR, 402]
Graphium evemon ; [BOW: pl. 131, f. 20]
Arisbe (Eurypleana) evemon ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 4
Java Graphium evemon evemon ; [BOR, 100]
G. e. albociliatis (Fruhstorfer, 1901)
Assam - N.Laos, N.Vietnam Papilio evemon albociliatis Fruhstorfer, 1901; Soc. Ent. 16 (14): 106, TL: Tonkin
Graphium evemon albociliatis, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Graphium evemon albociliatis ; [BOR, 100]
G. e. igneolus (Fruhstorfer, 1901)
Nias Papilio evemon igneolus Fruhstorfer, 1901; Soc. Ent. 16 (12) : 89, TL: Nias
Graphium evemon igneolus ; [BOR, 100]
G. e. eventus (Fruhstorfer, 1908)
S.Burma, Thailand, Peninsular Malaya, Langkawi Is., Sumatra, Banka, Borneo Papilio evemon eventus Fruhstorfer, 1908; Ent. Zs. 21 (37): 222
Graphium evemon eventus, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Graphium evemon eventus ; [BOR, 100]; [BMP: 76, pl. 5, f. 9]
G. e. orithia Jordan, 1909²
Philippines (Mapun) evemon orithia Jordan, 1909²
?Papilio orthia Jordan, 1909; in Seitz, Grossschm. Erde 9: 98 (spell.?)
?Graphium evemon orthia ; [NHM]
Arisbe (Eurypleana) evemon orithia ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 4, pl. 4, f. 12
G. e. hetaerias (Jordan, 1937)
Siberut Papilio evemon hetaerias Jordan, 1937; Novit. Zool. 40 : 321, pl. 14, f. 2, TL: Siberut

Graphium chironides (Honrath, 1884)
Nepal - C.Burma, N.Laos, Vietman, Cambodia. See [About maps] Papilio chiron var. chironides Honrath, 1884; Berl. ent. Z. 28 (2) : 396, pl. 10, f. 4, TL: Darjeeling, Sikkim
Papilio chiron Wallace, 1865; Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 25 (1) : 66 (preocc.), TL: Assam; Sylhet
Graphium chironides chironides, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Papilio bathycles chiron ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 438
Papilio bathycles chiron ab. chironides ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 438
Graphium bathycles chiron ; [BOR, 102]
Graphium chironides ; [MRS, 165]
S.Yunnan, Assam, ...? Graphium clanis chironicum Eliot, 1982; Malayan Nat. J. 35 (1/2): 180, TL: Assam, Sylhet
Papilio bathycles chiron f.vern. ligyra Jordan, 1909; in Seitz, Grossschm. Erde 9: 100
G. c. clanis (Jordan, 1909)
clanis (Jordan, 1909) (Papilio); in Seitz, Grossschm. Erde 9: 100
Graphium chironides clanis ; [MRS, 165]
G. c. malayanum Eliot, 1982
Malaysia Graphium clanis malayanum Eliot, 1982; Malayan Nat. J. 35 (1/2): 180, TL: Malaysia, Selangor, 16 miles S of Pahang Road
Graphium chironides malayanum ; [BMP: 76, pl. 6, f. 2]

Graphium doson (C. & R. Felder, 1864)
S.Japan, Riu Kiu, Ceylon, S.India - Bengal, Kumaon - Assam, Burma. See [About maps] Common Jay
Papilio doson C. & R. Felder, 1864; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 14 (3) : 305, no. 222, 350, n 127 (repl. Papilio jason Esper), TL: Ceylon
Papilio jason Esper, 1801; Die ausl. Schmett. : pl. 58, f. 5
?Papilio jason Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 485
Papilio telephus C. & R. Felder, 1864; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 14 (3) : 305 (nom. nud.)
Papilio telephus C. & R. Felder, 1865; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (1): 64, TL: Ceylon
Papilio doson f. hankuronis Matsumura, 1929; Insecta Matsumurana 3 (2/3) : 88, TL: Formosa
Papilio doson f. kuronis Matsumura, 1929; Insecta Matsumurana 3 (2/3) : 88, TL: Formosa
Papilio eurypylus jason ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 432
Zetides doson ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (4): 145, pl. 61, f. 3; [BIR, 402]
Graphium doson ; [MRS, 164]; [BOW: pl. 131, f. 19]
Arisbe (Eurypleana) doson ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 4
[doson-1v.jpg] 1047x773 (~44Kb) underside Okuma, Okinawa, Ryukyus, Japan, 8-93, Photo © S. Shuichi Haupt

Larva on Desmos cochinechinensis, Uvaria microcarpa, Michelia alba [MRS], Annona, Desmos, Polyalthia, Rauwenhoffia, Mitrephora, Uvaria, Diploglottis, Cinnamomum, Magnolia, Michelia Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 4


Ceylon Graphium doson doson ; [BOR, 100]
G. d. mikado (Leech, 1887)
Japan Papilio mikado Leech, 1887; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1887 : 407, pl. 35, f. 1, TL: Satsuma, Japan
doson albidus (Wileman, 1903) (Papilio)
Papilio eurypylus mikado ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 435
G. d. axion (C. & R. Felder, 1864)
N.India - China, Hainan, Indo-China, Burma, Thailan Papilio axion C. & R. Felder, 1864; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 14 (3) : 305, TL: Hainan [?Silhet]
Zetides acheron Moore, 1885; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 16 : 120, TL: N.Bengal
Papilio jason axion f. nivepictus Fruhstorfer, 1903; Berl. ent. Zs. 47 (3/4) : 205, 212
actor (Fruhstorfer, 1907) (Papilio); Ent. Zs. 21 (34): 209
Papilio jason nanus Fruhstorfer, 1909; Ent. Zs. 22 (41) : 170, TL: S.Annam, Xom-Gom
Papilio jason praestabilis Fruhstorfer, 1909; Ent. Zs. 22 (41) : 170, TL: Tonkin; Hong Kong
Graphium doson axion, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Papilio eurypylus axion ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 433
Papilio eurypylus axion ab. acheron ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 434
Graphium doson axion ; [BOR, 100]; [MRS, 164]
[axion-1a.jpg] 1006x1062 (~138Kb) Thailand, Chon Buri Province, Si Racha environs, the Chan-ta-Then River valley at lower reaches, 12th January 2006, Photo © Oleg Kosterin [axion-1b.jpg] 974x849 (~259Kb) Thailand, Chon Buri Province, Si Racha environs, the Chan-ta-Then River valley at lower reaches, 12th January 2006, Photo © Oleg Kosterin

G. d. evemonides (Honrath, 1884)
Peninsular Malaya, Sumatra, Java - Borneo, Philippines (Balabac, Bongao, Mapun, Sanga Sanga, Sibutu, Tawitawi), Bangka, Natuna Papilio jason var. evemonides Honrath, 1884; Berl. ent. Z. 28 (2) : 396, pl. 10, f. 2, TL: Malacca
= Papilio eurypylus axion ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 433
vulso (Fruhstorfer, 1907) (Papilio); Ent. Zs. 21 (34): 209
Papilio jason appulejus Fruhstorfer, 1909; Ent. Zs. 22 (41) : 170, TL: Sumatra; Borneo
Papilio jason autronicus Fruhstorfer, 1909; Ent. Zs. 22 (41) : 170, TL: Natuna
Papilio heurni [Jacobson] & Eecke, 1914; Tijdschr. Ent. 57 : 12
Graphium doson evemonides, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Graphium doson evemonides ; [MRS, 164]; [BOR, 100]; [BMP: 76, pl. 5, f. 11]
Arisbe (Eurypleana) doson evemonides ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 4, pl. 4, f. 1-2, 9-11

Larva on Cinnamomum, Polyalthia [BMP]

G. d. rubroplaga (Rothschild, 1895)
Nias Papilio eurypylus rubroplaga Rothschild, 1895; Novit. Zool. 2 (4): 504, TL: Nias I.
Graphium doson rubroplaga ; [BOR, 100]
G. d. eurypylides (Staudinger, 1895)
Lombok, Sumbawa Papilio jason var. eurypylides Staudinger, 1895; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 7 (2) : 350, TL: Sambawa
Papilio eurypylus eurypylides ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 432
Graphium doson eurypylides ; [BOR, 100]
G. d. postianus (Fruhstorfer, 1902)
Taiwan, Philippines (Batanes) Papilio jason postianus Fruhstorfer, 1902; Soc. Ent. 17 (10) : 73, TL: Formosa
Graphium doson postianum ; [MRS, 164]
Graphium doson postianus ; [BOR, 100]
Arisbe (Eurypleana) doson postianus ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 4, pl. 4, f. 7-8

Larva on Magnolia grandiflora, Michelia alba, M. compressa, Annona squamosa [MRS]

G. d. sankapura (Fruhstorfer, 1904)
Bawean doson sankapura (Fruhstorfer, 1904) (Papilio); Insekten-Börse 21 (39): 309
Graphium sankapaur[sic?] ; (missp.?)
Graphium doson sankapura ; [BOR, 100]
G. d. gyndes (Fruhstorfer, 1907)
Philippines (Palawan, Busuanga, Dumaran) doson gyndes (Fruhstorfer, 1907) (Papilio); Ent. Zs. 21 (34): 209
Graphium doson gyndes ; [BOR, 100]
Arisbe (Eurypleana) doson gyndes ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 4, pl. 4, f. 3-4
G. d. eleius Fruhstorfer²
S.India Graphium doson eleius ; [BOR, 100]
G. d. perillus (Fruhstorfer, 1908)
doson perillus (Fruhstorfer, 1908) (Papilio); Ent. Wochenbl. 25 (9): 38
G. d. kajanga (Corbet, 1937)
Pulau Tioman Papilio kajanga Corbet, 1937; Proc. R. ent. Soc. Lond. (B) 6 (3): 47
Graphium doson kajanga ; [BOR, 100]
G. d. nauta Tsukada & Nishiyama, 1980
Philippines (Basilan, Bohol, Catanduanes, Cebu, Dinagat, Homonhon, Joo, Leyte, Luzon, Marinduque, Masbate, Mindoro, Mindano, Negros, Panay, Panaon, Polillo, Samar, Siargao, Siquijor, Tablas, Ticao) Graphium doson nauta Tsukada & Nishiyama, 1980; in Tsukada (Ed.), Butts SE Asian Islands 1: 380
Arisbe (Eurypleana) doson nauta ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 4, pl. 4, f. 5-6

Graphium arycles (Boisduval, 1836)
Assam, Burma, Malaysia. See [About maps] Spotted Jay
Papilio arycles Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 231, TL: Singapore
Graphium arycles arycles, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Papilio arycles ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 446
Zetides arycles ; [BIR, 403]
Graphium arycles ; [BOW: pl. 131, f. 14]; [BOR, 102]
Arisbe (Eurypleana) arycles ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 4
C.Burma - Peninsular Malaya, Java, Sumatra, Bangka, Borneo Papilio rama C. & R. Felder, 1860; Wien. ent. Monats. 4 (12) : 394, TL: Malacca
= Papilio arycles ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 446
Papilio arycles incertus Fruhstorfer, 1899; Berl. ent. Zs. 44 (3/4) : 283, TL: Singapore
Graphium arycles arycles ; [BMP: 76, pl. 6, f. 3]; [BOR, 102]
G. a. perinthus (Fruhstorfer, 1915)
Philippines (Balabac, Busuanga, Palawan) Papilio arycles perinthus Fruhstorfer, 1915; Ent. Rundschau 32 (1) : 6 [?], TL: Palawan
Arisbe (Eurypleana) arycles perinthus ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 4, pl. 4, f. 5-6
G. a. sphinx (Fruhstorfer, 1899)
"Cambodia" Papilio arycles sphinx Fruhstorfer, 1899; Berl. ent. Zs. 44 (3/4) : 283, TL: Indochina
Papilio arycles arycleoides Fruhstorfer, 1902; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 14 (2) : 344, TL: E.Thailand
Graphium arycles sphinx, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Graphium arycles sphinx ; [BOR, 102]

Graphium bathycles (Zinken, 1831)
China, Sikkim - Assam, Burma. See [About maps] Veined Jay
Papilio bathycles Zinken, 1831; Nova Acta physico-med. [Leop. Carol.] 15 (1) : 157, pl. 14, f. 6-7
Papilio bathycles ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 437
Zetides bathycles ; [BIR, 403]
Graphium bathycles ; [BOW: pl. 131, f. 15]; [BOR, 102]
Arisbe (Eurypleana) bathycles ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 4
Java Graphium bathycles bathycles ; [BOR, 102]
G. b. bathycloides (Honrath, 1884)
?S.Thailand, Peninsular Malaya, Sumatra, Borneo, Philippines (Palawan, Balabac, Busuanga) Papilio bathycles var. bathycloides Honrath, 1884; Berl. ent. Z. 28 (2) : 396, pl. 10, f. 3
Graphium bathycles bathycloides, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Papilio bathycles bathycloides ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 438
Graphium bathycles bathycloides ; [BOR, 102]; [BMP: 76, pl. 6, f. 1]
Arisbe (Eurypleana) batchycles bathycloides ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 4, pl. 5, f. 7-9

Graphium leechi (Rothschild, 1895)
China. See [About maps] Papilio leechi Rothschild, 1895; Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 437, TL: Chang-yang, China
Graphium leechi, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Graphium leechi ; [MRS, 166]

Graphium agamemnon (Linnaeus, 1758)
China, Ceylon, S.India - Saurasthtra, Kumaon - Assam, Burma. See [About maps] Green-spotted Triangle Tailed Jay
Papilio agamemnon Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 462, TL: China
Papilio agamemnon atreus Fruhstorfer, 1903; Berl. ent. Zs. 47 (3/4) : 219, TL: Kiriwina; Fergusson
mynion (Fruhstorfer, 1906) (Papilio); Ent. Zs. 20 (2) : 10
Papilio agamemnon lasius van Eecke, 1918; Zool. Meded. 4 (7) : 73, TL: Pulu Lasia
Graphium agamemnon, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Graphium agamemnon agamemnon, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Graphium agamemnon, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Papilio agamemnon ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 447
Zetides agamemnon ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (4): 145, pl. 63, f. 2, 2a; [BIR, 404]
Graphium agamemnon ; [BOR, 102]; [MRS, 167]
Graphium (Macfarlaneana) agamemnon ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 3
Graphium (Graphium) agamemnon ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 93
[agamemnon-1.jpg] 648x628 (~84Kb) Thailand, Chon Buri Province, Si Racha environs, the Chan-ta-Then River valley at lower reaches, 14th January 2006, Photo © Oleg Kosterin [agamemnon-2l.jpg] 600x400 (~24Kb) larva India: Pune, 20.9.2008 © Kedar Tokekar [agamemnon-2lx.jpg] 600x400 (~33Kb) larva India: Pune, 20.9.2008 © Kedar Tokekar

Larva on Michelia champaca, Ancana stenopetala, Annona cheromoya, A. cherimola, A. glabra, A. muricata, A. reticulata, A. squamosa, Cyathostemma micranthum, Desmos goezeanus, D. sp., Fitzalania heteropetala, Goniothalamus australis, Haplostichanthus johnsonii, H. spp., Melodorum uhrii, M. spp., Miliusa brahei, M. traceyi, Mitrephora froggattii, Oncodostigma sp., Polyalthia michaelii, P. nitidissima, P. sp., Pseuduvaria froggattii, P. hylandii, P. mulgraveana, P. villosa, Rauwenhoffia leichhardtii, Rollinia deliciosa, Uvaria goezeanus, U. membranacea, U. rufa, Xylopia maccreai, X. sp. K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991, Review Austr. Butts. (1-4): (120-140)


N.India - Singapore, S.Yunnan, Taiwan, Sumatra, Java, Bali, Borneo, Philippines Papilio aegisthus Linnaeus, 1763; Amoenitates Acad., 6: 401, TL: China
Papilio dorylas Sulzer, 1776; Gesch. Ins. nach linn. Syst.: pl. 13 f. 58
Papilio agamemnon var. anoura Oberthür, 1879; Étud. d'Ent. 4 : 58, TL: Borneo
= Papilio agamemnon ♂-ab. aegisthus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 449
Papilio agamemnon var. rufescens Oberthür, 1879; Étud. d'Ent. 4 : 58, TL: China
Papilio agamemnon ♂-ab. aegisthus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 449
Graphium agamemnon agamemnon ; [BOR, 102]; [MRS, 167]; [BMP: 77, pl. 5, f. 10]
Graphium (Macfarlaneana) agamemnon agamemnon ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 3, pl. 1, f. 4-5

Larva on Magnolia grandiflora, Michelia alba, M. compressa, Annona montana, A. squamosa, Artabotrys uncinatus, Desmos cochinchinensis, Uvaria microcarpa [MRS], Annona, Mitrephora froggattii [BAUR], Saccopetalum, Friesodielsia, Polyalthia [BMP]

G. a. plisthenes (C. & R. Felder, 1864)
Buru, Ambon, Serang, Goram Papilio plisthenes C. & R. Felder, 1864; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 14 (3) : 306 (nom. nud.?), TL: Amboina
Papilio plisthenes C. & R. Felder, 1865; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (1): 70, TL: Amboina
Papilio agamemnon plisthenes ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 453
Graphium agamemnon plisthenes ; [BAUR, 112]
G. a. neopommeranius (Honrath, [1888])
New Britain, New Ireland, Duke of York Group, New Hanover Papilio agamemnon var. neopommerania Honrath, [1888]; Berl. ent. Z. 31 (2) : 350, pl. 6, f. 4, TL: Neu Pommern
Papilio agamemnon neopommeranius ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 454
Graphium agamemnon neopommeranius ; [BAUR, 112 (text)]
G. a. argynnus (Druce, 1888)
Kai Is. Papilio argynnus Druce, 1888; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 2 (9) : 235, TL: Key Is.
Papilio agamemnon argynnus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 454
Graphium agamemnon argynnus ; [BAUR, 112]
G. a. ligatus (Rothschild, 1895)
Aru, Misool, Salawati, Waigen, W.Irian - Papua, D'Entrecasteaux, Torres Strait Is., NE.Australia Papilio agamemnon ligatus Rothschild, 1895; Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 451, TL: New Guinea
ligathus[sic, recte ligatus] ; Tillyard, 1926
Graphium agamemnon ligatus ; [BAUR, 112]
G. a. exilis (Rothschild, 1895)
Wetar, Damar, Leti, Babar, Tanimbar, Timor Papilio agamemnon exilis Rothschild, 1895; Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 451, TL: Tenimber Islands
Graphium agamemnon exilis ; [BAUR, 112 (text)]
G. a. decoratus (Rothschild, 1895)
Nicobars Papilio agamemnon decoratus Rothschild, 1895; Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 452, TL: Nicobar Islands
Graphium agamemnon decoratus ; [BOR, 102]
G. a. guttatus (Rothschild, 1895)
Morotai, Halmahera, Ternate, Bachan, Obi Papilio agamemnon guttatus Rothschild, 1895; Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 453, TL: Halmahera
Papilio agamemnon kineas Fruhstorfer, 1904; Ent. Meddel. 2 (5/6) : 306, TL: Obi
= ; [NHM]
Papilio agamemnon appius Fruhstorfer, 1904; Ent. Meddel. 2 (5/6) : 307, TL: Batjan
= ; [NHM]
Graphium agamemnon guttatus ; [BAUR, 112 (text)]
G. a. salomonis (Rothschild, 1895)
Solomon Is. Papilio agamemnon salomonis Rothschild, 1895; Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 453, TL: Solomona Islands, Guadalcanar
Graphium agamemnon salomonis ; [BAUR, 112 (text)]
G. a. rufoplenus (Fruhstorfer, 1898)
Nias Papilio agamemnon rufoplenus Fruhstorfer, 1898; Berl. Ent. Zs. 42 (3/4) : 310, TL: Nias
Graphium agamemnon rufoplenus ; [BOR, 102]
G. a. obliteratus (Lathy, 1899)
Louisiades agamemnon obliteratus (Lathy, 1899) (Papilio); Entomologist 32 : 149
Graphium agamemnon obliteratus ; [BAUR, 112 (text)]
G. a. menides (Fruhstorfer, 1904)
Ceylon, S.India agamemnon menides (Fruhstorfer, 1904) (Papilio); Insekten-Börse 21 (23): 181
Graphium agamemnon menides ; [BOR, 102]
G. a. andamana (Lathy, 1907)
Adamanan Is. agamemnon andamana (Lathy, 1907) (Papilio); Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1907 (1) : 5, TL: Andaman I.
Graphium agamemnon andamana ; [BOR, 102]
G. a. atropictus (Fruhstorfer, 1903)
Enggano agamemnon atropictus (Fruhstorfer, 1903) (Papilio); Berl. ent. Zs. 47 (3/4) : 218, TL: Engano
Papilio agamemnon atropictus Fruhstorfer, 1904; Berl. ent. Zs. 49 (1/2) : 195, TL: Engano
Graphium agamemnon atropictus ; [BOR, 102]
G. a. pulo (Evans, 1932)
Nicobars (southern) agamemnon pulo (Evans, 1932) (Zetides); Indian Butterflies (edn. 2): 56, TL: Nicobar
Graphium agamemnon pulo ; [BOR, 102]
G. a. baweana Hagen, 1896
Bawean Papilio agamemnon var. baweana Hagen, 1896; Jahrb. Nass. Nat. 49 : 180, TL: Bawean
Papilio agamemnon aelius Fruhstorfer, 1903; Berl. ent. Zs. 47 (3/4) : 218 (repl. Papilio agamemon var. baweana Hagen, 1896)
Graphium agamemnon baweana ; [BOR, 102]
G. a. meton (Fruhstorfer, 1904)
Lombok, Sumba, Sumbawa agamemnon meton (Fruhstorfer, 1904) (Papilio); Insekten-Börse 21 (23): 180, TL: Lombok
Graphium agamemnon meton ; [BOR, 102]
G. a. comodus (Fruhstorfer, 1903)
Celebes Papilio agamemnon comodus Fruhstorfer, 1903; Berl. ent. Zs. 47 (3/4) : 218 (repl. Papilio agamemnon var. celebensis, Fickert, 1889)
Papilio agamemnon var. celebensis Fickert, 1889; Zool. Jahrb.: 730
Papilio agamemnon celebensis ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 452
Graphium agamemnon comodus ; [BOR, 102]
Graphium (Graphium) agamemnon comodus ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 93
G. a. ugiensis (Jordan, 1909)
Ugi I. agamemnon ugiensis (Jordan, 1909) (Papilio); in Seitz, Grossschm. Erde 9: 102
Graphium agamemnon ugiensis ; [BAUR, 112 (text)]
G. a. admiralis (Rothschild, 1915)
Admiralty Is. Papilio agamemnon admiralis Rothschild, 1915; Novit. Zool. 22 (2): 195, TL: Manus, Admiralty Islands
Graphium agamemnon admiralis ; [BAUR, 112 (text)]

Graphium meeki (Rothschild & Jordan, 1901)
Santa Isabel, Bougainville. See [About maps] Papilio meeki Rothschild & Jordan, 1901; Novit. Zool. 8 (4) : 402, f. A, TL: Isabel, Solomon Is.
Graphium meeki ; [BAUR, 112]

Graphium macfarlanei (Butler, 1877)
N.Australia, New Guinea, Moluccas. See [About maps] Papilio macfarlanei Butler, 1877; Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1877 (3) : 471, TL: New Guinea
Graphium macfarlanei, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Papilio macfarlanei ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 446
Graphium macfarlanei ; [BOW: pl. 131, f. 10 (text)]

Larva on Annona, Annona mercuriata, A. squamosa [BAUR], Annona muricata, A. reticulata K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991, Review Austr. Butts. (1-4): (120-140)

Bachan, Ternate, Halmahera, Waigeu, Misool, Salawati, W.Irian - Papua, NE.Australia Graphium macfarlanei macfarlanei ; [BAUR, 115]
G. m. seminigra (Butler, 1882)
New Britain, New Ireland Zetides seminigra Butler, 1882; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 10 (56): 153, TL: New Britain
Papilio aegistus[sic] var. aegistiades Honrath, 1888; Berl. ent. Z. 32 (1) : 250, TL: Ralum
= ; [NHM]
Papilio macfarlanei seminiger[sic, recte seminigra] ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 446
Graphium macfarlanei seminigra ; [BAUR, 115, f. (larva,pupa)]
G. m. cestius (Fruhstorfer, 1903)
Buru, Ambon, Serang Papilio macfarlanei cestius Fruhstorfer, 1903; Soc. Ent. 18 (7) : 49, TL: ?
Graphium macfarlanei cestius ; [BAUR, 115 (text)]
G. m. admiralia (Rothschild, 1915)
Admiralty I. Papilio macfarlanei admiralia Rothschild, 1915; Novit. Zool. 22 (2): 195, TL: Manus, Admiralty Islands

Graphium meyeri (Hopffer, 1874)
Celebes. See [About maps] Papilio meyeri Hopffer, 1874; Stettin ent. Ztg 35 (1-3) : 19, TL: Celebes
Papilio meyeri ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 436
Graphium meyeri ; [BOR, 100]
Graphium (Graphium) meyeri ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 93
N.Sulawesi Graphium meyeri meyeri ; [BOR, 100]
Graphium (Graphium) meyeri meyeri ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 93
G. m. extremum Tsukada & Nishiyama, 1980²
Sula Is. Graphium meyeri extremum ; [BOR, 100]
Graphium (Graphium) meyeri extremum ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 93

Graphium procles (Grose-Smith, 1887)
Sabah, Malaysia Papilio procles Grose-Smith, 1887; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 20 : 433, TL: Kina Balu
Papilio procles ; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1888, Rhop. Exot. [1] 1: (Papilio) 13, pl. 6, f. 1-2; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 436
Graphium procles ; [BOR, 102]

The wallacei species-group

Graphium wallacei (Hewitson, 1858)
-. See [About maps] Papilio wallacei Hewitson, 1858; Ill. exot. Butts [1] (Papilio III): [5], pl. [3], f. 7, TL: New Guinea
Graphium wallacei ; [BOW: pl. 132, f. 2]

Larva on Annona muricata [BAUR]

Aru, W.Irian, New Guinea Graphium wallacei wallacei ; [BAUR, 110 (text)]
G. w. rubrosignatus (Rothschild, 1895)
Halmahera, Bachan, Obi Papilio wallacei rubrosignatus Rothschild, 1895; Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 455, TL: Northern Moluccas, Batjan
Graphium wallacei rubrosignatus ; [BAUR, 110]

Graphium hicetaon (Mathew, 1886)
Bougainville, Choiseul, Shortland Is., Florida Is., Guadalcanal, New Georgia Group, Ugi Is.. See [About maps] Papilio hicetaon Mathew, 1886; Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1886 : 350, TL: Ugi I.
Papilio hicetaon ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 455; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1899, Rhop. Exot. [1] 3: (Papilio) 46, pl. 19, f. 3-4
Graphium hicetaon ; [BAUR, 111]

Graphium browni (Godman & Salvin, 1879)
New Britain, Duke of York Group, New Hanover, St. Mathias?. See [About maps] Papilio browni Godman & Salvin, 1879; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1879 : 655, TL: New Ireland
Papilio browni ; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1899, Rhop. Exot. [1] 3: (Papilio) 45, pl. 19, f. 1-2
Graphium browni ; [BOW: pl. 132, f. 2 (text)]; [BAUR, 110]

Larva on Annona mercuriana [BAUR]


Graphium sandawanum Yamamoto, 1977
Philippines (Mindanao). See [About maps] Graphium sandawanum Yamamoto, 1977; Tyô to Ga 28 (3) : 87, f. 1-2, TL: Philippines, Mindanao, Mt. Apo
Graphium sandawanum ; [BOR, 98]
Graphium (Graphium) sandawanum ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 3
Philippines (SE.Mindanao) Graphium (Graphium) sandawanum sandawanum ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 3, pl. 3, f. 7-8
G. s. joreli Nuyda, 1994
Philippines (N.Mindanao) Graphium sandawanum joreli Nuyda, 1994; , TL: Mt. Kitanglad?
Graphium (Graphium) sandawanum joreli ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 3, pl. 3, f. 9-10

Subgenus Arisbe Hübner, [1819]
Arisbe Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (6): 89, TS: Papilio leonidas Fabricius
Zelima Fabricius, 1807; Magazin f. Insektenk. (Illiger) 6: 279, TS: Papilio pylades Fabricius
Ailus Billberg, 1820; Enum. Ins. Mus. Billb. : 81 (repl. for Zelima Fabricius, 1807)), TS: Papilio pylades Fabricius
Arisbe (Graphium) ; [AfrL]

The antheus species-group
antheus ; [AfrL]

Graphium antheus (Cramer, [1779])
Tropical Africa. See [About maps] Large Striped Swordtail
Papilio antheus Cramer, [1779]; Uitl. Kapellen 3 (17-21): 71, TL: "Eiland Amboina" [error]
Papilio antharis Godart, 1819; Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 52, TL: "L'Amérique septentrionale" [error]
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio nyassae Butler, 1877; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 19 (114) : 459, TL: Lake Nyassa
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio lurlinus Butler, 1883; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 12 (68) : 106, TL: Victoria Nyanza
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio antheus evombaroides Eimer, 1889; Artb. Verwandtsch. Schmett. (1) : 228, TL: [Ghana] Goldküste
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio utuba Hampson, 1891; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 7 (38) : 182, TL: East Africa, Sabaki River district
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio hollandi Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1894; Rhop. Exot. [1] 2: (Papilio) pl. 14, f. 1-2 (preocc. Papilio hollandi Edwards, 1892)
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio mercutius Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1894; Rhop. Exot. [1] 2: (Papilio) 33 (repl. Papilio hollandi Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1894), TL: Morakwen, Delagoa Bay
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio antheus scheffleri Strand, 1909; Archiv Naturg. 75 (1) : 367, TL: British Ost Afrika, Kibwezi
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio antheus latepictulus Strand, 1914; Int. ent. Zs. 8 (1): 4, TL: D.O. Afrika, Kongoë, Kunusi
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio antheus ab. combinata Strand, 1914; Int. ent. Zs. 8 (2): 10, TL: Tabora in D.O. Afrika
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio antheus f. micrevombaroides Strand, 1914; Int. ent. Zs. 8 (2): 10, TL: Mishahöhe; Sokadé, Basari
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio antheus ab. misanus Strand, 1914; Int. ent. Zs. 8 (2): 10, TL: [Togo] Misahöhe
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio antheus ab. hoesemanni Strand, 1914; Int. ent. Zs. 8 (2): 10, TL: N.O. Tanganyika, Ukaranga; N. Nyassa See, Langenburg
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio antheus ab. rubrimacula Strand, 1914; Int. ent. Zs. 8 (2): 10, TL: Langenburg am N. Nyassa See
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio antheus ab. comma Strand, 1914; Int. ent. Zs. 8 (2): 10, TL: Langenburg am N. Nyassa See
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio (Cosmodesmus) antheus antheus ab. mathieui Dufrane, 1946; Bull. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 82 : 120, TL: Congo, Sankishia
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio (Cosmodesmus) antheus antheus ab. paradoxa Dufrane, 1946; Bull. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 82 : 120, TL: Congo Republic Belge
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio antheus f. atrantheus Basquin & Turlin, 1986; Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. (51): 1, TL: Bangui, R.C.A.
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium antheus, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Papilio anthaeus ; auct., (missp.)
Graphium antheus ; [BOW: pl. 89, f. 3]; [BK, 118]; [BAFR, 48]
Graphium (Arisbe) antheus ; [AfrL]

Larva on Uvaria caffra, Artabotrys monteiroae [PBSA], Annona reticulata [BK], Annona senegalensis, Artabotrys brachypetalus, Cleistochlamys kirkii, Hexalobus monopetalus, Landolphia ugandensis, Monanthotaxis caffra, Monodora junodi, Uvaria kirkii [AfrL]


Graphium evombar (Boisduval, 1836)
-. See [About maps] Papilio evombar Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 254, TL: Madagascar, Comoro I.
Graphium evombar ; [BAFR, 48]; [BOW: pl. 89, f. 9]
Graphium (Arisbe) evombar ; [MadL]; [AfrL]
Madagascar Graphium (Arisbe) evombar evombar ; [AfrL]
G. e. viossati Collins, 1997
Comoro Is. Graphium evombar viossati Collins, 1997; in D'Abrera, Butts Afrotrop. Region (1): 56, TL: Comoro Islands, Anjouan, Forest of Moya
Graphium (Arisbe) evombar viossati ; [AfrL]

The policenes species-group

Graphium policenes (Cramer, [1775])
-. See [About maps] Common Swordtail Small Striped Swordtail
Papilio policenes Cramer, [1775]; Uitl. Kapellen 1 (1-7): 61
Graphium policenes ; [BOW: pl. 89, f. 17]; [BK, 118]; [BAFR, 48]
Graphium (Arisbe) policenes ; [AfrL]

Larva on Uvaria caffra, Artabotrys [EOB], Artabotrys monteiroae [BK], Uvaria bukobensis, U. chamae, Landolphia buchannani, L. ugandensis, Polyalthia sp., Annona reticulata, A. senegalensis, A. squamosa, Monanthotaxis caffra [AfrL]

Africa (south of Sahara) Papilio pompilius Herbst, 1788; Naturs. Schmett. 3: 205, TL: "Surinam" [error]
Papilio agapenor Fabricius, 1793; Ent. Syst. 3 (1): 26, TL: Africa
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio scipio Palisot de Beauvois, 1805; Ins. Afr. Amer.: 70, TL: Les déserts derrière les royaumes d'Oware et de Galbar ou Kalabar
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio polixenus Godart, 1819; Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 52, TL: [Africa] "L'Amérique septentrionale"
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio (Cosmodesmus) policenes f. guineensis Dufrane, 1946; Bull. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 82 : 121, TL: Guinée, vallée de Mamou
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium policenes f. coussementi Berger, 1960; Lambillionea 60 : 71, TL: Congo, Kasai, Dekese
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium (Arisbe) policenes policenes ; [AfrL]
G. p. laurentia (Le Cerf, 1924)
Rhodesia, Moçambique - Transkei Papilio policenes laurentia Le Cerf, 1924; Bull. Hill. Mus. 1 (3) : 398, TL: Natal, Durban
= Graphium policenes policenes ; [AfrL]

Larva on Uvaria cafra, Artabotrys monteiroae [PBSA]

G. p. telloi Hecq, 1999
Nigeria, N.Cameroon, C.A.R, S.Sudan Graphium policenes telloi Hecq, 1999; Lambillionea 99 (4) : 517, TL: RCA, Région Nord, P.N., Brendja
Papilio policenes var. sudanicus Schultze, 1916; Archiv Naturg. 81 A (7) (11): 110, TL: Mapéo im Alantika Gebirge, Mittel Adamaua
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium (Arisbe) policenes telloi ; [AfrL]

Graphium liponesco (Suffert, 1904)
Guinea, Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, W.Nigeria. See [About maps] Long-tailed striped swordtail
Papilio policenes liponesco Suffert, 1904; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 107, TL: Hinterlande von Togo
Papilio boolae Strand, 1909; Archiv Naturg. 75 (1) : 307, TL: Boola, Guinea
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium (Arisbe) liponesco ; [AfrL]

Graphium biokoensis Gauthier, 1984
E.Nigeria, Equatorial Guinea, Bioko, Cameroon, Gabon, Congo, E.Congo Republic, Burundi. See [About maps] Gauthier's striped swordtail
Graphium biokoensis Gauthier, 1984; Ent. Zs. 94 : 318, TL: Insel Bioko
Papilio nigrescens ab. intermedia Birket-Smith, 1960; Bull. I.F.A.N. (A) 22 : 540, TL: French Cameroons, on the bank of the river Nyong just south of the town of Makak
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium (Arisbe) biokoensis ; [AfrL]

Graphium policenoides (Holland, 1892)
Cameroon, Gabon, Congo, Congo Republic (Bas-Fleuve, Equateur). See [About maps] Papilio policenoides Holland, 1892; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 10 (58) : 287, TL: Talaguga, upon the Upper Ogové
Papilio policines[sic] nigrescens Eimer, 1889; Artb. Verwandtsch. Schmett. (1) : 223 (preocc. Papilio philolaus nigrescens Eimer), TL: Kamerun
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium nigrescens ; [BAFR, 48 (text)]; [BOW: pl. 89, f. 17 (text)]
Graphium (Arisbe) policenoides ; [AfrL]

 

Graphium kirbyi (Hewitson, 1872)
Kenya, Tanzania (coasts). See [About maps] Kirby's Swordtail
Papilio kirbyi Hewitson, 1872; Ent. mon. Mag. 9 : 146, TL: "East Africa, Lagos" [error]
Papilio kirbyi var. ottonis Aurivillius, 1899; K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 31 (5) : 492, TL: Deutsch Ost-Afrika, Usambara
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio kirbyi ; Hewitson, 1873, Ill. exot. Butts [1] (Papilio XIII): [23], pl. [13], f. 42
Graphium kirbyi ; [BOW: pl. 89, f. 12]; [BK, 117]; [BAFR, 46]
Graphium (Arisbe) kirbyi ; [AfrL]

Larva on Annona senegalensis, Uvaria sp. [BK] [AfrL]


Graphium junodi (Trimen, 1893)
Angola, Congo Republic, Uganda, Tanzania, Mozambique, E.Zimbabwe. See [About maps] Junod's swordtail
Papilio junodi Trimen, 1893; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1893 (2) : 138, TL: Morakwen, Delagoa Bay
Papilio junodi ; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1894, Rhop. Exot. [1] 2: (Papilio) 34, pl. 14, f. 3-4
Graphium junodi ; [BOW: pl. 89, f. 3 (text)]; [BAFR, 48]
Graphium (Arisbe) junodi ; [AfrL]

Graphium polistratus (Grose-Smith, 1889)
Nigeria, E.Congo Republic (coast), Tanzania, N.Malawi, Mozambique. See [About maps] Dancing Swordtail
Papilio polistratus Grose-Smith, 1889; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 3 (14) : 121, TL: East Coast of Africa, in the neighbourhood of Mombasa
Papilio sisenna Mabille, 1890; Ann. Soc. ent. Fr. (6) 10 : 29, TL: Côte de Mozambique
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio richelmanni Weymer, 1892; Stettin ent. Ztg 53 (4-6) : 98, TL: Ostafrika, Tanga
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio polistratus ; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1893, Rhop. Exot. [1] 2: (Papilio) 31, pl. 13, f. 5-6; [BOW: pl. 89, f. 17 (text)]
Graphium polistratus ; [BK, 118]; [BAFR, 46]
Graphium (Arisbe) polistratus ; [AfrL]

Larva on Annona senegalensis, Uvaria [BK] [AfrL]


Graphium colonna (Ward, 1873)
Liberia, Sierra Leone, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Togo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo, Congo Republic, C.A.R, Sudan, SW.Ethiopia, S.Somalia, Uganda, Kenya (coast), Tanzania, Mozambique, E.Zimbabwe - Zululand, Swaziland. See [About maps] Black Swordtail Mamba swordtail
Papilio colonna Ward, 1873; Ent. mon. Mag. 10 : 151, TL: East Africa, Ribé
Papilio tragicus Butler, 1876; Ent. mon. Mag. 13 : 56, TL: [Mozambique] "Zambesi"
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio colonna loncona Suffert, 1904; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 107, TL: Deutsch Ost Africa, Mikindani und Lindi
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium colonna ; [BOW: pl. 89, f. 6]; [BK, 117]; [BAFR, 46]
Graphium (Arisbe) colonna ; [AfrL]

Larva on Artabotrys [EOB], Artabotrys monteiroae? [PBSA], Uvaria, Annona [BK], Artabotrys monteiroae, Uvaria caffra [AfrL]


Graphium illyris (Hewitson, 1873)
-. See [About maps] Cream-banded swordtail
Papilio illyris Hewitson, 1873; Ent. mon. Mag. 9 : 232, TL: Gold Coast
Papilio illyris ; Hewitson, 1873, Ill. exot. Butts [1] (Papilio XIII): [24], pl. [13], f. 43-44
Graphium illyris ; [BOW: pl. 89, f. 11]; [BAFR, 46]
Graphium (Arisbe) illyris ; [AfrL]
Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, C.Ghana Papilio illyris f. stictica Le Cerf, 1924; Bull. Hill. Mus. 1 (3) : 399, TL: Friapere Forest, Coomassie
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio (Cosmodesmus) illyris ab. addenda Dufrane, 1946; Bull. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 82 : 121, TL: Congo, le long de la rivière Salonga, environs de Watsikengo
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium (Arisbe) illyris illyris ; [AfrL]
G. i. flavisparsus (Fruhstorfer, 1903)
Equatorial Guinea (Bioko) Papilio illyris flavisparsus Fruhstorfer, 1903; Stettin ent. Ztg 64 (2) : 359, TL: Fernando Po
Graphium (Arisbe) illyris flavisparsus ; [AfrL]
G. i. girardeaui (Guilbot & Plantrou, 1978)
C.A.R Papilio illyris girardeaui Guilbot & Plantrou, 1978; Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. 83 : 70, TL: Empire centrafricain, Bangui
Graphium (Arisbe) illyris girardeaui ; [AfrL]
G. i. hamatus (Joicey & Talbot, 1918)
Nigeria, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo, Congo Republic, Tanzania Papilio illyris hamatus Joicey & Talbot, 1918; Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1917 : 271, TL: German East Africa
Graphium (Arisbe) illyris hamatus ; [AfrL]

Graphium gudenusi (Rebel, 1911)
Congo Republic (Kivu), Rwanda, Burundi, SW.Uganda. See [About maps] Papilio gudenusi Rebel, 1911; Ann. Mus. Wien. 24 : 409, TL: Urwalde am Nordwestufer de Tanganika Sees, 1900-2100m
Papilio babaulti Le Cerf, 1931; Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 1931 : 275, TL: Congo Belge oriental, Kitembo, région du lac Kivu
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium gudenusi ; [BAFR, 46]
Graphium (Arisbe) gudenusi ; [AfrL]

Graphium porthaon (Hewitson, 1865)
Natal, Zululand, Transvaal, Moçambique, Rhodesia, Botswana, Kenya, Malawi, Zambia, S.Zaire (Shaba), Tanzania. See [About maps] Coastal Swordtail Cream-striped Swordtail Dark swordtail
Papilio porthaon Hewitson, 1865; Ill. exot. Butts [1] (Papilio VII-VIII): [14], pl. [7], f. 21-22, TL: Zambesi
Graphium porthaon ; [BOW: pl. 89, f. 3 (text)]; [BK, 119]; [BAFR, 48]
Graphium (Arisbe) porthaon ; [AfrL]

Larva on Artabotrys monteiroae, Annona, Uvaria [BK], Friesodielsia obovata, Cleistochlamys kirkii, Monodora junodii, Monanthotaxis caffra, Uvaria caffra, U. kirkii [AfrL]

Kenya (coast), Tanzania, Angola, Malawi, Zambia, Mozambique - Natal, Zimbabwe, N.Botswana, Namibia Papilio porthaon ab. adjectus Thurau, 1903; Berl. ent. Z. 48 : 143, TL: Langenburg
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio porthaon vernayi van Son, 1936; Ann. transv. Mus. 17 (2) : 138
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium (Arisbe) porthaon porthaon ; [AfrL]
G. p. tanganyikae Kielland, 1978
Tanzania Graphium porthaon tanganyikae Kielland, 1978; Tijdschr. Ent. 121 (4) : 161, pl. 6, f. 21-24, TL: Tanzania, Kigoma, Kasoge
Graphium (Arisbe) porthaon tanganyikae ; [AfrL]
G. p. mackiei Collins & Larsen, 1991
Kenya Graphium porthaon mackiei Collins & Larsen, 1991; in Larsen, The butterflies of Kenya and their natural history: 119, 438, TL: Kenya, Meru Forest
Graphium (Arisbe) porthaon mackiei ; [AfrL]

The angolanus species-group
angolanus ; [AfrL]

Graphium angolanus (Goeze, 1779)
-. See [About maps] Angola white-lady swordtail White lady
Papilio angolanus Goeze, 1779; Ent. Beyträge 3 (1) : 87, TL: Angolae
Papilio angolanus ; [PBSA]
Graphium angolanus ; [BK, 116]
Graphium (Arisbe) angolanus ; [AfrL]

Larva on Annona senegalensis, Sphedamnocarpus pruriens [PBSA], Uvaria [BK], Landolphia buchannani, L. ugandensis [AfrL]

Angola, S.Congo Republic, Kenya (coast), Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, N.Botswana, N.Namibia, Transvaal, Natal, Swaziland, Comoro Is. Papilio anthemenes Wallengren, 1857; K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 2 (4) : 6, TL: "Caffraria"
= Graphium algolanus angorlanus ; [AfrL]
Papilio pylades lapydes Suffert, 1904; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 103, TL: Deutsch Ost Africa, Kilossa
= Graphium algolanus angorlanus ; [AfrL]
Papilio pylades angolanus ab. kitungulua Strand, 1911; Mitt. zool. Mus. Berl. 5 (2) : 294, TL: Msamwia; Kitungulu, Mtembwa Fluss
= Graphium algolanus angorlanus ; [AfrL]
Papilio pylades-angolanus ab. hypochroa Boullet & Le Cerf, 1912; Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 1912 (11) : 246, TL: Congo français, Diélé; Brazzaville
= Graphium algolanus angorlanus ; [AfrL]
Papilio angolanus ab. spoliatus Schultze, 1913; Ent. Rundsch. 30 (9) : 50, TL: Belgisch Kongo, Kimuenza am Stanleypool
= Graphium algolanus angorlanus ; [AfrL]
Papilio (Cosmodesmus) pylades angolanus ab. dawanti Dufrane, 1946; Bull. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 82 : 118, TL: Congo belge, Luebo
= Graphium algolanus angorlanus ; [AfrL]
Papilio (Cosmodesmus) pylades angolanus ab. wansoni Dufrane, 1946; Bull. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 82 : 118, TL: Bas Congo, Banana
= Graphium algolanus angorlanus ; [AfrL]
Papilio (Cosmodesmus) pylades angolanus ab. jottrandi Dufrane, 1946; Bull. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 82 : 118, TL: Congo, Léopoldville
= Graphium algolanus angorlanus ; [AfrL]
Papilio (Cosmodesmus) pylades angolanus ab. deficiens Dufrane, 1946; Bull. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 82 : 118, TL: Léopoldville
= Graphium algolanus angorlanus ; [AfrL]
Papilio (Cosmodesmus) pylades angolanus ab. blariauxi Dufrane, 1946; Bull. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 82 : 118, TL: Kasaï, rivière Mulundu, affluent de Longatschimo, 85 km. de Tshikapa
= Graphium algolanus angorlanus ; [AfrL]
Papilio (Cosmodesmus) pylades angolanus ab. addenda Dufrane, 1946; Bull. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 82 : 119, TL: Congo belge
= Graphium algolanus angorlanus ; [AfrL]
Papilio angolanus howelli Turlin & Lequeux, 1992; Lambillionea 92 (4): 312, TL: Ngezi forest, extrémité nord ouest de l'île Pemba, Tanzania
= Graphium algolanus angorlanus ; [AfrL]
Graphium angolanus howelli f. jozani Turlin & Lequeux, 1992; Lambillionea 92 (4): 313, TL: forêt de Jozani, sud de Zanzibar
= Graphium algolanus angorlanus ; [AfrL]
Graphium pylades ; [BOW: pl. 89, f. 18]
Graphium angolanus angolanus ; [BAFR, 40]
Graphium (Arisbe) angolanus angolanus ; [AfrL]
Misidentified/misapplied:
Papilio corineus; auct.
G. a. baronis (Ungemach, 1932)
Senegal, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast, Mali, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria, Sao Tome and Principe, Cameroon, Congo, C.A.R, N.Congo Republic(Ubangi, Mongala, Uele, Ituri), Chad, Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Ethiopia, W.Kenya, Tanzania Papilio angolanus baronis Ungemach, 1932; Mém. Soc. Sci. nat. phys. Maroc 32 : 21, TL: Ethiopia, Baro
Papilio pylades Fabricius, 1793; Ent. Syst. 3 (1): 34 (preocc. Papilio pylades Stoll, [1782]), TL: "Africa"
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio (Cosmodesmus) pylades pyladles ab. houzeaui Dufrane, 1946; Bull. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 82 : 118, TL: Guinée, vallée de Mamou
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium calabar Hancock, 1985; Papilio International 2 (1-2) : 97, TL: "Africa"
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium angolanus pylades ; [BAFR, 40]
Graphium angolanus baronis ; [BAFR, 40 (text)]
Graphium (Arisbe) angolanus baronis ; [AfrL]

Graphium endochus (Boisduval, 1836)
Madagascar. See [About maps] Papilio endochus Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 243, TL: Madagascar
Graphium endochus ; [BAFR, 38]; [BOW: pl. 89, f. 7]; [MadL]
Graphium (Arisbe) endochus ; [AfrL]

Graphium morania (Angas, 1849)
Natal, Zululand, Swaziland, Transvaal, S.Moçambique, SE.Zimbabwe, E.Botswana. See [About maps] Small white-lady swordtail White Lady Swallowtail
Papilio morania Angas, 1849; Kafirs Illustr.: [52], pl. 30, f. 1, TL: Natal and the Zulu Country
Graphium morania f. vansoniana Storace, 1953; Ann. Mus. Civ. Nat. Giacomo Doria 66 : 253, TL: Natal, Unkomaas
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium morania var. holoplaga Grei, 1986; Fauna and Flora, Pretoria (44) : 11, 10, TL: Transvaal, Boekenhout, Nylsvley
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio morania ; [BAFR, 40]
Graphium morania ; [BOW: pl. 89, f. 18 (text)]
Graphium (Arisbe) morania ; [AfrL]

Larva on Uvaria caffra, Artabotrys sp. [PBSA], Hexalobus monopetalus, Artabotrys brachypetalus, A. monteiroae, Annona senegalensis [AfrL]


Graphium taboranus (Oberthür, 1886)
Angola, Congo Republic (Shaba), Tanzania, Malawi, N.Zambia. See [About maps] Papilio taboranus Oberthür, 1886; Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. (6) 6 : 114, TL: Tabora, dans l'Ounyanyambé
Papilio nivinox Butler, 1894; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1893 : 667, TL: Lake Mweru
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio taboranus ; Oberthür, 1888, Étud. d'Ent. 12 : 2, pl. 1, f. 1
Graphium (Arisbe) taboranus ; [AfrL]
Graphium taboranus taboranus ; [BAFR, 40]

Larva on Annona [AfrL, Kielland, 1990]


Graphium schaffgotschi (Niepelt, 1927)
Namibia, Angola, S.Congo Republic, NW.Zambia. See [About maps] Schaffgotsch's swordtail
Papilio schaffgotschi Niepelt, 1927; Int. Ent. Zs. 21 : 53, TL: "Deutsch Sudw. Africa" [?error]
Graphium taboranus schaffgotschi ; [BAFR, 40 (text)]
Graphium (Arisbe) schaffgotschi ; [AfrL]

Graphium ridleyanus (White, 1843)
E.Nigeria, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo, Angola, C.A.R, Congo Republic, Chad, S.Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, W.Tanzania, Zambia. See [About maps] Acraea swordtail
Papilio ridleyanus White, 1843; Ann. Mag. nat. hist. 12 (1) : 262, TL: oras fluminis Zaire
Papilio ridleyanus ab. infuscatus Schultze, 1913; Archiv Naturgesch. 79 A (7) : 5, TL: Süd-Kamerun, Kulembembe
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio ridleyanus var. fumatus Niepelt, 1915; Int. Ent. Zs. 9 : 58, TL: Kassai-Fluss, Kongostaat
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio ridleyanus fumosus Holland, 1920; Bull. Am. Mus. nat. Hist. 43 (6) : 247, TL: S. Sudan, Yambio, Bahrel Ghazal
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio ridleyanus ?f. rosa Le Cerf, 1924; Bull. Hill. Mus. 1 (3) : 394, TL: E. Tanganyika, Upper Ruwubu River, Urindi Distr.
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio ridleyanus njami Röber, 1928; Int. ent. Zs. 22 (6): 67, TL: Njam Njam
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio ridleyanus ab. semivitreus Schultze, 1930; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 44 : 176, TL: C.A.R, Mongoumba
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio (Cosmodesmus) ridleyanus ab. hecqueti Dufrane, 1946; Bull. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 82 : 118, TL: Sud Kivu, rivière Micozi, zône des mines M.G.L.
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio ridelyanus var. fumatus ; Strand, 1916, Lepidoptera Niepeltiana (2) : 23, pl. 13, f. 4
Graphium ridleyanus ; [BAFR, 40]
Graphium ridleyanus f. infuscatus ; [BAFR, 41, f.]
Graphium ridleyanus ; [BOW: pl. 89, f. 19]
Graphium (Arisbe) ridleyanus ; [AfrL]

Larva on Popowia congoensis [AfrL]


The leonidas species-group
leonidas ; [AfrL]

Graphium leonidas (Fabricius, 1793)
-. See [About maps] Veined swordtail Veined swallowtail Common Graphium
Papilio leonidas Fabricius, 1793; Ent. Syst. 3 (1): 35, TL: Africa
Graphium leonidas, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Graphium leonidas ; [BOW: pl. 89, f. 14]
Graphium leonidas leonidas ; [BK, 117]
Graphium (Arisbe) leonidas ; [AfrL]

Larva on Popowia caffra [PBSA], Annona, Monanthotaxis, Uvaria [BK], Monanthotaxis caffra, Annona senegalensis, Landolphia ugandensis, L. buchannani, Annickia chlorantha, Friesodielsia obovata, Uvaria leptocladen, U. caffra, U. kirkii, U. acuminata, Artabotrys cinerea, A. brachypetalus [AfrL]

Africa (south of Sahara) Papilio similis Cramer, [1775]; Uitl. Kapellen 1 (1-7): 14 (preocc. Papilio similis Linnaeus, 1758), TL: "China; Java" [error]
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio brasidas C. & R. Felder, 1864; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 14 (3) : 307, TL: Zulu, Port Natal
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio leonidas ?ab. interniplaga Aurivillius, 1899; K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 31 (5) : 487, TL: Deutsch Ost-Afrika
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio leonidas onidale Suffert, 1904; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 106, TL: Muanza am Südufer des Victoria Nyanza
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio similis umanus Rothschild & Jordan, 1905; Novit. Zool. 12: 191, TL: Between Dalba to the Uma River, Konta
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio leonidas leonidas f. plagifera Le Cerf, 1924; Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. 30 (2) : 138, TL: Port Lakkah
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio leonidas brasidas f. melusina Le Cerf, 1924; Bull. Hill. Mus. 1 (3) : 397, pl. 5, f. 48, TL: Malvern, Natal
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio leonidas f. petiveranoides Bryk, 1928; Soc. Ent. 43 : 15, TL: Mount Elgon-Steppe; Busia
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio (Cosmodesmus) leonidas leonidas ab. obliterata Dufrane, 1946; Bull. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 82 : 119, TL: Congo Belge, Luebo
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio (Cosmodesmus) leonidas leonidas ab. subobliterata Dufrane, 1946; Bull. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 82 : 119, TL: Camayenne
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio (Cosmodesmus) leonidas leonidas ab. vreuricki Dufrane, 1946; Bull. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 82 : 119, TL: Congo Belge
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio (Cosmodesmus) leonidas leonidas ab. mathieui Dufrane, 1946; Bull. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 82 : 119, TL: Sankisishia Congo
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium leonidas leonidas ab. vrydaghi Berger, 1950; Ann. Mus. Congo belge Zool. (3) 8 (1) : 91, TL: Stanleyville
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium leonidas leonidas ab. leucosina Berger, 1950; Ann. Mus. Congo belge Zool. (3) 8 (1) : 91, TL: Lac Leopold II, Lukombe
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium leonidas leonidas ab. djema Berger, 1950; Ann. Mus. Congo belge Zool. (3) 8 (1) : 91, TL: Afrique Equat. Franç., Chari, Djema
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium leonidas ab. cyrnoides Storace, 1953; Ann. Mus. Civ. Nat. Giacomo Doria 66 : 260, TL: Zambesi, Cascate Victoria
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium leonidas leonidas ; [BAFR, 46]
Graphium leonidas brasidas ; [BAFR, 47, fig.]
Graphium (Arisbe) leonidas leonidas ; [AfrL]
G. l. santamarthae (Joicey & Talbot, 1927)
Principe I. Papilio leonidas santa-marthae Joicey & Talbot, 1927; Encycl. Ent. (B III) 2 (1): 12, TL: St. Principe, 1500-2000ft
Graphium leonidas santamarthae ; [BAFR, 46 (text)]
Graphium (Arisbe) leonidas santamarthae ; [AfrL]
G. l. thomasius (Le Cerf, 1924)
São Tomé I. Papilio leonidas thomasius Le Cerf, 1924; Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. 30 (2) : 137, TL: "San Thome"
Graphium leonidas thomasius ; [BAFR, 46]
Graphium (Arisbe) leonidas thomasius ; [AfrL]
G. l. pelopidas (Oberthür, 1879)
Pemba I., Zanzibar I. Papilio leonidas ?var. pelopidas Oberthür, 1879; Étud. d'Ent. 4 : 55, TL: Zanguebar, Tchouacka
Graphium leonidas zanzibaricus Kielland, 1990; Butterflies of Tanzania: 47, TL: Zanzibar
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium pelopidas ; [BAFR, 44]; [BAFR, 45 f. (Zanzibar pop.)]
Graphium (Arisbe) leonidas pelopidas ; [AfrL]

Graphium levassori (Oberthür, 1890)
Comoro Is. Papilio levassori Oberthür, 1890; Étud. d'Ent. 13 : 10, TL: Grand Comore
Graphium levassori ; [BAFR, 44]; [BOW: pl. 89, f. 15]
Graphium (Arisbe) levassori ; [AfrL]

Graphium cyrnus (Boisduval, 1836)
Madagascar. See [About maps] Papilio cyrnus Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 239, TL: Madagascar
Graphium cyrnus f. similis Storace, 1953; Ann. Mus. Civ. Nat. Giacomo Doria 66 : 260, TL: Madagascar
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium cyrnus f. adiecta Storace, 1953; Ann. Mus. Civ. Nat. Giacomo Doria 66 : 260, TL: Madagascar
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium cyrnus ; [BAFR, 42]; [BOW: pl. 89, f. 8]
Graphium (Arisbe) cyrnus ; [MadL]; [AfrL]
G. c. nuscyrus (Suffert, 1904)
Madagascar Papilio cyrnus nuscyrus Suffert, 1904; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 104, TL: Madagascar, Mojange
= Graphium cyrnus ; [AfrL]
Graphium (Arisbe) cyrnus nuscyrus ; [Lees]

The tynderaeus species-group
tynderaus ; [AfrL]

Graphium tynderaeus (Fabricius, 1793)
Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo, Angola, C.A.R, Congo Republic (Ituri Forest, N.Shaba), W.Tanzania. See [About maps] Electric green swordtail Green-spotted Swallowtail
Papilio tynderaeus Fabricius, 1793; Ent. Syst. 3 (1): 35
Papilio nausinous Godart, 1819; Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 45, TL: Afrique
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio tynderaeus var. ochrea Capronnier, 1889; Bull. Ent. Soc. Belg. 33 : cxix [119], TL: Lopori Strand
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio tynderaeus ab. fraudatus Gaede, 1916; Int. ent. Z. 9 (20): 105, TL: Süd Kamerun, Edea
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio tynderaeus ab. incompleta Dufrane, 1936; Lambillionea 36 : 42, TL: Congo Belge, Djamba
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium tynderaeus ab. confluens Berger, 1950; Ann. Mus. Congo belge Zool. (3) 8 (1) : 67, TL: Sankuru, Kondue
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium tynderaeus, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Graphium tynderaeus ; [BAFR, 40]; [BOW: pl. 89, f. 20]
Graphium (Arisbe) tynderaeus ; [AfrL]

Graphium latreillianus (Godart, 1819)
-. See [About maps] Coppery swordtail
Papilio latreillianus Godart, 1819; Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 44, TL: Afrique
Graphium latreillianus ; [BOW: pl. 89, f. 13]
Graphium (Arisbe) latreillianus ; [AfrL]
Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana Graphium latreillianus latreillianus ; [BAFR, 40]
Graphium (Arisbe) latreillianus latreillianus ; [AfrL]
G. l. theorini (Aurivillius, 1881)
Nigeria, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo, Congo Republic, Angola, C.A.R, Chad, W.Uganda, Tanzania Papilio latreillanus[sic] var. theorini Aurivillius, 1881; Ent. Tidskr. 2 (1) : 45, TL: Gaboon
Papilio potamonianus Ehrmann, 1909; Can. Ent. 41 (3) : 86, TL: Upper Congo, West Africa
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio latreillianus theorini ab. infrapicta Strand, 1914; Arch. Naturgesch. 80 A (2) : 159, TL: Cameroon, Duala
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio aurivillianus Avinoff, 1926; Ann. Carnegie Mus. 16: 355, TL: Cameroon, Lolodorf
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium tynderaeus theorini f. xerophila Berger, 1950; Ann. Mus. Congo belge Zool. (3) 8 (1) : 69, TL: Katanga, Tsibobe
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio letreillanus[sic] theorini ab. lutea Birket-Smith, 1960; Bull. I.F.A.N. (A) 22 : 533, TL: French Cameroons, River Nyong, south of Makak station
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium latreillianus theorini ; [BAFR, 40]
Graphium (Arisbe) latreillianus theorini ; [AfrL]

The philonoe species-group

Graphium philonoe (Ward, 1873)
-. See [About maps] Eastern white-lady swordtail Eastern Graphium White-dappled Swallowtail
Papilio philonoë Ward, 1873; Ent. mon. Mag. 10 : 152, TL: Kenya, Ribé
Graphium philonoe ; [BOW: pl. 89, f. 16]
Graphium (Arisbe) philonoe ; [AfrL]

Larva on Uvaria leptocladon, U. chamae, Annona sp. [AfrL]

Congo Republic (coast), E.Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique Papilio philonoë f. dulcinea Stoneham, 1931; Bull. Stoneham Mus. (2): [1], TL: Protectorate of Kenya, Gede, Arubuka Forest
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium philonoe philonoe ; [BK, 117]; [BAFR, 44]
Graphium (Arisbe) philonoe philonoe ; [AfrL]
G. p. whalleyi (Talbot, 1929)
S.Sudan (Riverine forest), SW.Ethiopia, N.Uganda, NW.Kenya Papilio philonoe whalleyi Talbot, 1929; Bull. Hill Mus. 3 : 72, TL: S. Sudan, Imatong Mountains
Graphium philonoe whalleyi ; [BAFR, 44 (text)]
Graphium (Arisbe) philonoe whalleyi ; [AfrL]

The adamastor species-group
adamastor ; [AfrL]

Graphium adamastor (Boisduval, 1836)
Guinea, Sierra Leone, Mali, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Congo, C.A.R, Congo Republic (Ubangi, Mongala). See [About maps] Boisduval's white-lady
Papilio adamastor Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 371, TL: Cote de Guinée
Papilio (Cosmodesmus) charcedonius[sic] ab. guineensis Dufrane, 1946; Bull. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 82 : 120, TL: Vallée de Mamou
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio (Cosmodesmus) charcedonius[sic] ab. houzeaui Dufrane, 1946; Bull. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 82 : 120, TL: kil. 30 au N. de Mamou, route vers Labé
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium adamastor dimbroko Berger, 1950; Ann. Mus. Congo belge Zool. (3) 8 (1) : 89, TL: Sierra Leone
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium adamastor zongo Berger, 1950; Ann. Mus. Congo belge Zool. (3) 8 (1) : 87, TL: Congo-Ubangi, Zongo-Mokoanghay
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium adamastor ; [BOW: pl. 89, f. 1 (text)]
Graphium adamastor zongo ; [BAFR, 44 (text)]
Graphium adamastor adamastor ; [BAFR, 44]
Graphium (Arisbe) adamastor ; [AfrL]

Larva on Annonaceae [AfrL, Larsen, 2005]


Graphium agamedes (Westwood, 1842)
Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, C.A.R, Congo Republic (Mongala, Uele). See [About maps] Westwood's white-lady Glassy Graphium
Papilio agamedes Westwood, 1842; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. 9 : 38, TL: Ashantee, tropical Africa
Papilio agamedes medesaga Suffert, 1904; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 106, TL: Togo, Hinterland
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium agamedes ; [BAFR, 44]; [BOW: pl. 89, f. 1]
Graphium (Arisbe) agamedes ; [AfrL]

Graphium schubotzi (Schultze, 1913)
E.Cameroon, Congo, C.A.R, Congo Republic (Mongala). See [About maps] Papilio [odin] var. schubotzi Schultze, 1913; Ent. Rundsch. 30 (13) : 73, TL: Duma, Ubangi-Distrikt; Angu, Ubangi-Distrikt
Papilio odin Strand, 1910; Wiener ent. Z. 29 : 34 (preocc. Papilio odin Fabricius, 1793), TL: Kamerun, Düm-Mündung
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio odin eyeni Berger, 1950; Ann. Mus. Congo belge Zool. (3) 8 (1) : 84, TL: Bas Congo, Lemfu
= Graphium aurivilliusi ; Hancock, 1993
= ; Smith & Vane-Wright, 2001; [AfrL]

Graphium auriger eyeni ; Ackery, Smith & Vane-Wright, 1995, Carcasson's African Butterflies: 162
Papilio schoubotzi[sic] ; auth.
Graphium odin ; [BOW: pl. 89, f. 10 (text)]
Graphium odin odin ; [BAFR, 44]
Graphium odin eyeni ; [BAFR, 44 (text)]
Graphium odin schubotzi ; [BAFR, 44 (text)]
Graphium (Arisbe) schubotzi ; [AfrL]

Graphium olbrechtsi Berger, 1950
-. See [About maps] Graphium olbrechtsi Berger, 1950; Ann. Mus. Congo belge Zool. (3) 8 (1) : 85, TL: Sankuru, Mwene-Ditu
Graphium (Arisbe) olbrechtsi ; [AfrL]
Congo Republic (Shaba, Kasai) Graphium olbrechtsi olbrechtsi ; [BAFR, 44]
Graphium (Arisbe) olbrechtsi olbrechtsi ; [AfrL]
G. o. tongoni Berger, 1969
E.Congo Republic (Maniema) Graphium olbrechtsi tongoni Berger, 1969; Lambillionea 67 : 84, TL: Congo ex Belge, Maniema, Tongoni
Graphium olbrechtsi tongoni ; [BAFR, 44 (text)]
Graphium (Arisbe) olbrechtsi tongoni ; [AfrL]

Graphium abri Smith & Vane-Wright, 2001
C.A.R. See [About maps] Graphium abri Smith & Vane-Wright, 2001; Bull. nat. Hist. Mus. Lond. (Ent.) 70 (2) : 628
Graphium (Arisbe) abri ; [AfrL]

Graphium almansor (Honrath, 1884)
-. See [About maps] Almansor white-lady swordtail Honrath's white-lady
Papilio almansor Honrath, 1884; Berl. ent. Z. 28 (1) : 210, TL: Guinea, Ashanti [error, Angola?]
Graphium almansor ; [BOW: pl. 89, f. 2]
Graphium (Arisbe) almansor ; [AfrL]

Larva on Pseudospondias microcarpa [AfrL]

Angola, Congo Republic (Lualaba, Lomami, Kasai, Sankuru, Tanganika), N.Zambia Graphium almansor almansor f. albescens Berger, 1950; Ann. Mus. Congo belge Zool. (3) 8 (1) : 81, TL: Lualaba, Kapanga
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium almansor almansor f. depuncta Berger, 1950; Ann. Mus. Congo belge Zool. (3) 8 (1) : 81, TL: Lualaba, Kinda
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium almansor almansor ; [BAFR, 44]
Graphium (Arisbe) almansor almansor ; [AfrL]
G. a. birbiri (Ungemach, 1932)
SW.Ethiopia Papilio charcedonius[sic] birbiri Ungemach, 1932; Mém. Soc. Sci. nat. phys. Maroc 32 : 21
Graphium almansor birbiri ; [BAFR, 44 (text)]
Graphium (Arisbe) almansor birbiri ; [AfrL]
G. a. carchedonius (Karsch, 1895)
Guinea, Ghana, Togo Papilio charchedonius Karsch, 1895; Ent. Nachr. 21 (18): 285, TL: Bismarckburg, Misahöhe
Graphium almansor carchedonius ; [BAFR, 44]
Graphium (Arisbe) almansor carchedonius ; [AfrL]
G. a. escherichi (Gaede, 1915)
E.Nigeria, Cameroon, Congo, C.A.R, Congo Republic (Mongala, Uele), S.Sudan, Uganda Papilio escherichi Gaede, 1915; Int. ent. Z. 9 (13): 71, TL: Neu-Kamerun, Carnot
Graphium almansor snowi Gabriel, 1945; Entomologist 78 : 151, TL: S. Sudan
= Graphium alamnsor escherichi ; [AfrL]
Graphium almansor escherichi ; [BAFR, 44 (text)]
Graphium (Arisbe) almansor escherichi ; [AfrL]
G. a. uganda (Lathy, 1906)
Congo Republic (Kivu), Uganda, SW.Kenya, NW.Tanzania, Rwanda?, Burundi? Uganda White Lady
Papilio uganda Lathy, 1906; Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1906 (1) : 9, TL: Entebbe
Papilio graueri Grünberg, 1908; S.B. Ges naturf. Fr. Berl. 1908 : 59, pl. 4, f. 2, TL: Uganda
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium almansor uganda ; [BAFR, 44]; [BK, 116]
Graphium (Arisbe) almansor uganda ; [AfrL]

Both sexes are mimics of Amauris niavius or A. tartarea (another mimic of those same species is Hypolimnas dubius). [BK]

Larva on Pseudospondias [BK]


Graphium auriger (Butler, 1876)
Senegal, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo, C.A.R, Congo Republic. See [About maps] Papilio auriger Butler, 1876; Ent. mon. Mag. 13 : 57, TL: Gaboon
Papilio harpagon Grose-Smith, 1890; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 5 (27) : 224, TL: Gaboon
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium auriger ; [BAFR, 42]; [BOW: pl. 89, f. 4, 10]
Graphium (Arisbe) auriger ; [AfrL]

Graphium fulleri (Grose-Smith, 1883)
-. See [About maps] Papilio fulleri Grose-Smith, 1883; Ent. mon. Mag. 19 : 234, TL: Camaroons
Papilio fulleri ; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1888, Rhop. Exot. [1] 1: (Papilio) 4, pl. 2, f. 3-4
Graphium fulleri ; [BAFR, 44]; [BOW: pl. 89, f. 4 (text)]
Graphium (Arisbe) fulleri ; [AfrL]
Cameroon, Congo Papilio boulleti var. transiens Le Cerf, 1912; Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1912 : 383, TL: Congo français, rivière San Benito
Papilio foersterius Strand, 1913; Archiv Naturg. 79 A (3): 17, TL: S. Kamerun, Nzimulana, Ngoko Sanga, 400-500m
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio sanganus Strand, 1913; Archiv Naturg. 79 A (3): 17, TL: Kamerun
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio sanganoides Strand, 1913; Archiv Naturg. 79 A (3): 18, TL: Kamerun
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio sanganoides ab. divisimacula Strand, 1913; Archiv Naturg. 79 A (3): 18, TL: Kamerun
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio stetteni Strand, 1913; Archiv Naturg. 79 A (7) : 140, TL: Süd-Kamerun Molundu
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium ucalegonides ucalegonides f. gabrieli Berger, 1950; 78, TL: S. Cameroun, Assobam
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium (Arisbe) fulleri fulleri ; [AfrL]
G. f. boulleti (Le Cerf, 1912)
Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo, Conge Republic Papilio boulleti Le Cerf, 1912; Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1912 : 382, TL: Congo français, chutes de Doumé (Ogooué)
Papilio weberi Holland, 1917; Ann. Carnegie Mus. 11 : 14, TL: Cameroon, in the vicinity of Lolodorf
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium ucalegonides beloni Darge, 1995; Lambillionea 95 (2) (II) : 284, TL: Cameroun, Mont Kala, 900/1150m, 20 km. W. de Yaoundé
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium weberi ; [BAFR, 42 (text)]
Graphium (Arisbe) fulleri boulleti ; [AfrL]

Graphium ucalegonides (Staudinger, 1884)
Cameroon, Congo, N.Angola, Congo Republic (except Shaba), Chad. See [About maps] Papilio ucalegonides Staudinger, 1884; in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (2): 10, TL: Innern Ost afrikas
Papilio phrynon Druce, 1895; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 15 (88) : 332, TL: Upper Congo
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio (Cosmodesmus) ucalegonides ab. cuvelieri Dufrane, 1946; Bull. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 82 : 120, TL: Punia Kivu
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium ugacelgonides ucalegonides f. addenda Berger, 1950; Ann. Mus. Congo belge Zool. (3) 8 (1) : 78, TL: Sankuru, km. 50 de la route Lousambo-Batempa
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium fulleri ucalegonides ; Smith & Vane-Wright, 2001
Graphium ucalegonides ucalegonides ; [BAFR, 42]
Graphium ucalegonides ; [BOW: pl. 89, f. 4 (text)]; Larsen, 2005
Graphium (Arisbe) ucalegonides ; [AfrL]

Graphium rileyi Berger, 1950
Ivory Coast, C.Ghana. See [About maps] Riley's graphium
Graphium ucalegonides rileyi Berger, 1950; Ann. Mus. Congo belge Zool. (3) 8 (1) : 78, TL: Gold Coast, West Africa, Begoro
Graphium ucalegonides rileyi ; [BAFR, 42 (text)]
Graphium fulleri rileyi ; Smith & Vane-Wright, 2001
Graphium rileyi ; Larsen, 2005
Graphium (Arisbe) rileyi ; [AfrL]

Graphium poggianus (Honrath, 1884)
N.Angola, S.Congo Republic, NW.Zambia. See [About maps] Papilio poggianus Honrath, 1884; Berl. ent. Z. 28 (1) : 210, TL: Guinea [error]
Graphium (Arisbe) poggianus ; [AfrL]

Graphium kigoma Carcasson, 1964
W.Tanzania (Kigoma). See [About maps] Graphium (Arisbe) almansor kigoma Carcasson, 1964; J. E. Africa nat. Hist. Soc. 24 (4): 66, TL: Tanganika, Makuyu, Kigoma
Graphium almansor wranghami Kielland, 1978; Tijdschr. Ent. 121 (4) : 160, TL: Kigoma, Gombe Stream Nat. Park
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium poggianus kigoma ;
Graphium kigoma ; Smith & Vane-Wright, 2001
Graphium almansor kigoma ; [BAFR, 44 (text)]
Graphium (Arisbe) kigoma ; [AfrL]

Graphium hachei (Dewitz, 1881)
-. See [About maps] Papilio hachei Dewitz, 1881; Berl. ent. Z. 25 : 286, TL: West afrika, Quango
Graphium hachei ; [BOW: pl. 89, f. 5]
Graphium (Arisbe) hachei ; [AfrL]
Cameroon, Gabon, Congo, Angola, W.Congo Republic Papilio hachei-möbii camerunicus Le Cerf, 1924; Bull. Hill. Mus. 1 (3) : 395, TL: Bitje, Ja River
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium hachei hachei ; [BAFR, 42]
Graphium (Arisbe) hachei hachei ; [AfrL]
G. h. moebii (Suffert, 1904)
Cameroon, Congo, N.Congo Republic, E.Congo Republic, C.A.R Papilio möbii Suffert, 1904; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 104, TL: Central-Africa, 6°S. Breite, 25-26 ° östl.
Papilio (Cosmodesmus) martensi Dufrane, 1946; Bull. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 82 : 119, TL: Congo Belge, Equateur
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio martensi ;
Graphium hachei moebii ; [BAFR, 42]
Graphium mobii[sic] ; [BOW: pl. 89, f. 5 (text)]
Graphium (Arisbe) hachei moebii ; [AfrL]

Graphium aurivilliusi (Seeldrayers, 1896)
Congo Republic, Congo?. See [About maps] Papilio aurivilliusi Seeldrayers, 1896; Ann. Soc. Ent. Belge 40 : 499, TL: Congo
Graphium auriger aurivilliusi ; Hancock, 1993, 568
Graphium aurivilliusi ; [BAFR, 44 (text)]
Graphium (Arisbe) aurivilliusi ; [AfrL]

Graphium ucalegon (Hewitson, 1865)
Uganda. See [About maps] Creamy graphium
Papilio ucalegon Hewitson, 1865; Ill. exot. Butts [1] (Papilio VII-VIII): [13], pl. [7], f. 19, TL: Old Calabar
Graphium ucalegon ; [BOW: pl. 89, f. 4 (text)]
Graphium (Arisbe) ucalegon ; [AfrL]
W.Nigeria, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo, NW.Angola, C.A.R, Congo Republic (Mayumbe) Papilio ucalegon legonuca Suffert, 1904; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 106, TL: Süd-Camerun
Papilio ucalegon ab. superfluosa Strand, 1912; Archiv Naturg. 78 A (2) : 140, TL: Cameroon, Bombe; Nlohe
= ; [AfrL]
Papilio ucalegon ab. addenda Strand, 1913; Archiv Naturg. 79 A (2) : 25, TL: Kamerun, Bipindi, Bipindi Kribi; Spanish Guinea, Alén Benitogebt
= ; [AfrL]
Graphium ucalegon ucalegon ; [BAFR, 42]
Graphium (Arisbe) ucalegon ucalegon ; [AfrL]
G. u. schoutedeni Berger, 1950
E.Congo Republic, W.Uganda, NW.Tanzania Graphium ucalegon schoutedeni Berger, 1950; Ann. Mus. Congo belge Zool. (3) 8 (1) : 73, TL: Uele, Bambesa
Graphium ucalegon schoutedeni ; [BAFR, 42]
Graphium (Arisbe) ucalegon schoutedeni ; [AfrL]
G. u. fonteinei Berger, 1981
Congo Republic (Sankuri, Kabinda, Lomami, Lualaba) Graphium ucalegon fonteinei Berger, 1981; Les Papillons du Zaire: 51, TL: Sankuru, km. 43, route de Lusambo à Batempa
Graphium (Arisbe) ucalegon fonteinei ; [AfrL]

Graphium simoni (Aurivillius, 1899)
lowland forest (Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, Congo, Congo Republic, C.A.R). See [About maps] Papilio simoni Aurivillius, 1899; K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 31 (5) : 485
Papilio ucalegon var. simoni Aurivillius, 1899; K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 31 (5) : 485, TL: Congogebiet, Bangala
Graphium simoni ; [BAFR, 42]; [BOW: pl. 88, f. 4 (text)]
Graphium (Arisbe) simoni ; [AfrL]

Subgenus Pathysa

The antiphates species-group

Graphium antiphates (Cramer, [1775])
Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Malabar, Sikkim - Assam, Burma. See [About maps] Fivebar Swordtail
Papilio antiphates Cramer, [1775]; Uitl. Kapellen 1 (1-7): 113, pl. 72, f. A, B, TL: S.China
Papilio antiphates ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 410
Pathysa antiphates ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (4): 142, pl. 63, f. 1, 1a; [BIR, 400]; [BOR, 112]; [MRS, 171]
Graphium antiphates ; [BOW: pl. 131, f. 12]
Graphium (Pathysa) antiphates ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 94

Larva on Desmos cochinchinensis, Uvaria microcarpa [MRS], Annona lawii [BMP], Annona, Desmos, Goniothalamus, Melodorum, Miliusa, Uvaria, Xylopia, Michelia Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 94

Vietnam - SE.China Pathysa antiphates antiphates
Pathysa antiphates antiphates ; [BOR, 112]
G. a. alcibiades (Fabricius, 1787)
Java Papilio alcibiades Fabricius, 1787; Mantissa Insectorum 2: 8, TL: Tranqubar
Papilio antiphates javanicus Eimer, 1889; Artb. Verwandtsch. Schmett. (1) : 136, TL: Java
Papilio antiphates alcibiades ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 411
Pathysa antiphates alcibiades ; [BOR, 112]
G. a. pompilius (Fabricius, 1787)
N.India - Thailand, Hainan, S.Yunnan Papilio pompilius Fabricius, 1787; Mantissa Insectorum 2: 8, TL: "Asia" [?India, ?Thailand]
= Papilio antiphates ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 410
Papilio nebulosus Butler, 1881; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 7 (37) : 33, pl. 4, f. 3, TL: Darjeeling
Papilio antiphates continentalis Eimer, 1889; Artb. Verwandtsch. Schmett. (1) : 137
?Papilio antiphates paetus Fruhstorfer, 1909; Ent. Zs. 22 (41) : 170, TL: Borneo
Papilio antiphates linga Fruhstorfer, 1909; Ent. Zs. 22 (41) : 170, TL: Hainan
Papilio antiphates itamputi ab. leucania Jordan, 1909; in Seitz, Grossschm. Erde 9: 89, TL: NE. Sumatra
Graphium antiphates pompilius, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Papilio antiphates alcibiades ab. nebulosus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 412
Papilio antiphates alcibiades ab. continentalis ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 412
Pathysa antiphates pompilius ; [BOR, 112]; [MRS, 171]
[pompilius-1a.jpg] 945x918 (~156Kb) Thailand, Chon Buri Province, Si Racha environs, the Chan-ta-Then River valley at lower reaches, 12th January 2006, Photo © Oleg Kosterin [pompilius-1b.jpg] 1117x808 (~207Kb) Thailand, Chon Buri Province, Si Racha environs, the Chan-ta-Then River valley at lower reaches, 12th January 2006, Photo © Oleg Kosterin

G. a. itamputi (Butler, 1885)
Peninsular Malaya, Langkawi Is., Sumatra, Borneo, Natuna, Banggi Papilio itamputi Butler, 1885; in Forbes, Natur. Wander East. Archip.: 276, TL: Lake Ranau
Papilio antiphates alcibiades ab. itamputi ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 412
Pathysa antiphates itamputi ; [BOR, 112]
Pathysa (Pathysa) antiphates itamputi ; [BMP: 78, pl. 6, f. 12]
G. a. ceylonicus (Eimer, 1889)
Ceylon Papilio antiphates ceylonicus Eimer, 1889; Artb. Verwandtsch. Schmett. (1) : 149, TL: Ceylon
Papilio antiphates antiphanes Fruhstorfer, 1903; Berl. ent. Zs. 47 (3/4) : 197 (repl. Papilio antiphates ceylonicus Eimer, 1899)
Papilio antiphates alcibiades ab. ceylonicus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 412
Pathysa antiphates ceylonicus ; [BOR, 112]
G. a. antiphonus (Fruhstorfer, 1902)
Nias Papilio antiphates antiphonus Fruhstorfer, 1902; Soc. Ent. 16 (22) : 170, TL: Nias
Pathysa antiphates antiphonus ; [BOR, 112]
G. a. naira (Moore, [1903])
S.India Pathysa naira Moore, [1903]; Lepidoptera Indica 6 : 22, pl. 475, f. 1, 1a, TL: Travancore, S.India
Pathysa antiphates naira ; [BOR, 112]
G. a. balius (Jordan, 1909)
Bali antiphates balius (Jordan, 1909) (Papilio); in Seitz, Grossschm. Erde 9: 90, TL: Bali
Pathysa antiphates balius ; [BOR, 112]
G. a. rhabdotus (Jordan, 1937)
Sipora Papilio antiphates rhabdotus Jordan, 1937; Novit. Zool. 40 : 321, pl. 14, f. 1, TL: Sipora
G. a. kalaoensis (Rothschild, 1896)
Tanahdjampea, Kalao, Sumbawa, Flores Papilio antiphates kalaoensis Rothschild, 1896; Novit. Zool. 3 (2): 92, TL: Kalao I.
Pathysa antiphates kalaoensis ; [BOR, 112]
Graphium (Graphium) anthiphates kalaoensis ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 94
G. a. kurosawai (Igarashi, 1979)
Sulawesi antiphates kurosawai (Igarashi, 1979) (Pathysa); Kodansha: 165, TL: S.Sulawesi
Graphium (Graphium) antiphates kurosawai ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 94
G. a. pulauensis (Eliot, 1983)
Pulau Tioman Pathysa antiphates pulauensis Eliot, 1983; Malayan Nat. J. 36 (4): 284 (repl. Pathysa antiphates insularis Eliot, 1978), TL: Malaysia, P. Tioman
Pathysa antiphates insularis Eliot, 1978; in Corbet & Pendlebury, Butterflies Malay Peninsula (3rd edn): 412 (preocc. Graphium agetes insularis Staudinger, 1895), TL: Malaysia, P. Tioman
Graphium antiphates tiomanus Moonen, 1984; Papilio Int. 1 (3): 47 (repl. Pathysa insularis Eliot, 1978)
Pathysa antiphates insularis ; [BOR, 112]

Graphium nomius (Esper, 1799)
Peninsular India - S.Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Saurashtra, Lucknow, Simla - Sikkim, Assam, Burma, Ceylon. See [About maps] Spot Swordtail
Papilio nomius Esper, 1799; Die ausl. Schmett. : 210, pl. 52, f. 3, TL: "S. America" [error]
Papilio orestes Fabricius, 1793; Ent. Syst. 3 (1): 34, TL: "Africa"?
= ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 421
Papilio heroicus meges Hübner, [1803-1804]; Samml. eur. Schmett. [1] : pl. 106
= ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 421
Papilio niamus Godart, 1819; Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 51
= ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 421
Papilio nomius ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 421
Pathysa nomius ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (4): 142, pl. 62, f. 2; [BIR, 398]; [BOR, 110]; [MRS, 173]
Graphium nomius ; [BOW: pl. 131, f. 23]

Larva on Polyalthia spp., Leguminosae [MRS]

Ceylone, E.India - Bengal (coast) Phatysa nomius nomius
Phatysa nomius nomius ; [BOR, 110]
G. n. swinhoei (Moore, 1878)
Assam - Thailand, Indo-China Papilio swinhoei Moore, 1878; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878 (3) : 697, TL: Hainan
Papilio nomius f. pernomius Moore, [1903]; Lepidoptera Indica 6 : 29, pl. 478, f. 1, TL: Sikkim
Graphium nomius swinhoei, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Papilio nomius swinhoei ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 422
Pathysa nomius swinhoei ; [BOR, 110]; [MRS, 173]
G. n. hainana (Chou, 1994)
Hainan Pathysa nomius hainana Chou, 1994; in Chou, Monographia Rhopalocerum Sinensium 1-2: 751, 173, f. 6, TL: Hainan

Graphium aristeus (Stoll, [1780])
N.India - Burma - N.Australia. See [About maps] Chain Swordtail
Papilio aristeus Stoll, [1780]; in Cramer, Uitl. Kapellen 4 (26b-28): 60, pl. 318, f. E, F, TL: Moluccas
Papilio pherecrates C. & R. Felder, [1865]
Papilio timocrates C. & R. Felder, 1865; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (1): 55, TL: Halmahera
= ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 418
Papilio aristeus parmatinus Fruhstorfer, 1909; Ent. Zs. 22 (41) : 170, TL: Waigiu
Graphium aristeus, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Papilio aristeus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 418
Pathysa aristeus ; [BIR, 400]
Pathysa aristea ; [MRS, 173]
Graphium aristeus ; [BOW: pl. 131, f. 13]
Arisbe (Pathysa) aristeus ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 4

Larva on Miliusa brahei, M. traceyi, Polyalthia nitidissima, Mitrephora froggattii? K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991, Review Austr. Butts. (1-4): (120-140)

Ambon, Serang Graphium aristeus aristeus ; [BAUR, 110 (text)]
G. a. anticrates (Doubleday, 1846)
N.India, Nepal, Sikkim, Assam Papilio anticrates Doubleday, 1846; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. 18 (121) : 371, TL: Sylhet
Papilio aristeus anticrates ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 419
Pathysa aristeus anticrates ; [BOR, 110]
G. a. hermocrates (C. & R. Felder, 1865)
Burma - Thailand, Timor, Wetar, Damar, Philippines (Balabac, Basilan, Bohol, Bongao, Busuanga, Cebu, Dinagar, Dumaran, Leyte, Luzon, Marnduque, Masbate, Mindanao, Mindoro, Negros, Palawan, Panaon, Panay, Samar, Sibuyan, Siquijor, Tawitawi) Papilio hermocrates C. & R. Felder, 1864; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 14 (3) : 302 (nom. nud.)
Papilio hermocrates C. & R. Felder, 1865; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (1): 57, pl. 12, f. e, TL: Luzon
Papilio aristeoides Eimer, 1889; Artb. Verwandtsch. Schmett. (1) : 163, pl. 3, f. 3, TL: N. Burma
Papilio aristeus var. nigricans Eimer, 1889; Artb. Verwandtsch. Schmett. (1) : 168, f. R
Papilio aristeus pedo Fruhstorfer, 1909; Ent. Zs. 22 (41) : 170, TL: Sumba
Graphium aristeus hermocrates, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]

Papilio aristeus hermocrates ab. aristeoides ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 421
Papilio aristeus hermocrates ab. nigricans ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 421
Papilio aristeus hermocrates ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 420
Pathysa aristeus hermocrates ; [BOR, 110]
Graphium aristeus hermocrates ; [BAUR, 110 (text)]
Pathysa (Pathysa) aristeus hermocrates ; [BMP: 78, pl. 6, f. 13]
Arisbe (Pathysa) aristeus hermocrates ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 4, pl. 5, f. 10-13
G. a. hainanensis (Chou & Gu, 1994)
Hainan Pathysa aristea hainanensis Chou & Gu, 1994; in Chou, Monographia Rhopalocerum Sinensium 1-2: 751, 173, f. 3, TL: Hainan, Jianfengling
G. a. parmatus (Gray, [1853])
Aru, Waigeu, W.Irian, New Guinea, Papua, N.Queensland Papilio parmatus Gray, [1853]; Cat. lep. Ins. Coll. Brit. Mus. 1 (Papilionidae) : 30, pl. 3, f. 2, TL: Australia
Papilio parmatus guineensis Grose-Smith, 1894; Novit. zool. 1 (2): 333, TL: Humboldt Bay
= ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 419
Papilio aristeus parmatus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 419
Graphium aristeus parmatus ; [BAUR, 110]
G. a. paron (Godman & Salvin, 1879)
New Britain, New Ireland Papilio paron Godman & Salvin, 1879; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1879 : 654, TL: New Ireland
Papilio paron ; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1893, Rhop. Exot. [1] 2: (Papilio) 30, pl. 13, f. 3-4; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 423
Graphium aristeus paron ; [BAUR, 110 (text)]
G. a. bifax (Rothschild, 1898)
Obi Papilio aristeus bifax Rothschild, 1898; Novit. Zool. 5 : 416, TL: Obi

Graphium euphrates (C. & R. Felder, 1862)
Borneo - Philippines. See [About maps] Euphrates Swordtail
Papilio euphrates C. & R. Felder, 1862; Wien. ent. Monats. 6 (9) : 283, TL: Luzon
Papilio moorei Reakirt, [1865]; Proc. ent. Soc. Philad. 3 : 485, TL: Philippines
= ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 413
Papilio antiphates euphrates ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 413
Pathysa euphrates ; [BOR, 115]
Graphium euphrates ; [BOW: pl. 131, f. 12 (text)]
Arisbe (Pathysa) euphrates ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 5
Graphium (Pathysa) euphrates ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 94

Larva on Annona, Desmos, Uvaria Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 5

Philippines (Busuanga, Cuyo, Homonhon, Leyte, Luzon, Marinduque, Mindanao, Mindoro, Samar) Pathysa euphrates euphrates
cuyoensis Medicielo & Hanafusa, 1994
= ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 5
Pathysa euphrates euphrates ; [BOR, 115]
Arisbe (Pathysa) euphrates euphrates ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 5, pl. 8, f. 2-5
G. e. nisus (Jordan, 1909)
N.Luzon euphrates nisus (Jordan, 1909) (Papilio); in Seitz, Grossschm. Erde 9: 90
zebraica (Jordan, 1909) (Papilio); in Seitz, Grossschm. Erde 9: 90
Pathysa nisus f. zebraica ; [BOR, 115]
Pathysa euphrates nisus ; [BOR, 115]
G. e. domaranus (Fruhstorfer, 1903)
Philippines (Palawan, Dumaran, Balabac) Papilio antiphates domaranus Fruhstorfer, 1903; Berl. ent. Zs. 47 (3/4) : 198, TL: Domaran I.
Pathysa euphrates domaranus ; [BOR, 115]
Arisbe (Pathysa) euphrates domaranus ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 5, pl. 9, pl. 1-5
G. e. ornatus (Rothschild, 1895)
Halmahera, Ternate?, Bachan? Papilio ornatus Rothschild, 1895; Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 414, TL: Halmahera
Graphium euphrates ornatus ; [BAUR, 110]
Philippines (Bohol) Arisbe (Pathysa) euphrates boholensis ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 5, pl. 8, f. 6-7
Philippines (Cebu) Arisbe (Pathysa) euphrates buhisanus ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 5, pl. 8, f. 8
G. e. elegantia Tsukada & Nishiyama, 1980²
S.Sulawesi Graphium (Pathysa) euphrates elegantia ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 95

Graphium euphratoides (Eimer, 1889)
Philippines (Mindanao). See [About maps] Papilio euphratoides Eimer, 1889; Artb. Verwandtsch. Schmett. (1) : 133, pl. 2, f. 4
Papilio antiphates decolor ab. euphratoides ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 413
Pathysa euphrates euphratoides ; [BOR, 115]
Arisbe (Pathysa) euphratoides ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 5, pl. 9, f. 6-8

Graphium decolor (Staudinger, 1888)
N.Borneo, .... See [About maps] Papilio antiphates var. decolor Staudinger, 1888; Corr.-Bl. Ent. Ver. Iris 1 (5) : 279, TL: Palawan
Papilio antiphates palawanicus Eimer, 1889; Artb. Verwandtsch. Schmett. (1) : 149 (repl.), TL: Palawan
Papilio antiphates decolor ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 413
Graphium euphrates decolor ;
Pathysa euphrates decolor ; [BOR, 115]
Philippines (Balabac, Calamian, Palawan) Arisbe (Pathysa) decolor decolor ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 4, pl. 6, f. 1-4
G. d. atratus (Rothschild, 1895)
Philippines (Mindoro) Papilio antiphates euphrates ab. loc. atratus Rothschild, 1895; Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 414, TL: Mindoro; ?Bohol
Pathysa euphrates atratus ; [BOR, 115]
Arisbe (Pathysa) decolor atratus ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 4, pl. 6, f. 5-6
Philippines (Bohol, Leyte, Luzon, Marinduque, Masbate, Negros, Panaon, Panay, Polillo, Samar, Siquijor, Ticao) Arisbe (Pathysa) decolor neozebraica ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 4, pl. 6, f. 7-10
G. d. sibuyana Page, 1987²
Philippines (Sibuyan) Arisbe (Pathysa) decolor sibuyana ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 4, pl. 7, f. 1-2
G. d. tigris (Semper, 1892)
Philippines (Dinagar, Mindanao) Papilio antiphates f. tigris Semper, 1892; Reisen Philipp. (7): 284, pl. 48, f. 2, TL: SE.Mindanao
Papilio antiphates decolor ab. tigris ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 413
Arisbe (Pathysa) decolor tigris ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 4, pl. 7, f. 3-4, pl. 8, f. 1
G. d. rebeccae (Page & Treadaway, 2003)
Philippines (Camiguin de Luzon) Arisbe decolor rebeccae Page & Treadaway, 2003; in Bauer & Frankenbach, Butterflies of the world, Suppl. 8: (1-6)
Arisbe (Pathysa) decolor rebeccae ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 5, pl. 7, f. 5-6
G. d. jamesi (Page & Treadaway, 2003)
Philippines (Sibutu, Sanga Sanga) Arisbe decolor jamesi Page & Treadaway, 2003; in Bauer & Frankenbach, Butterflies of the world, Suppl. 8: (1-6)
Aribes (Pathysa) decolor jamesi ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 5, pl. 7, f. 7-8

Graphium epaminondas (Oberthür, 1879)
Andaman Islands Papilio epaminondas Oberthür, 1879; Étud. d'Ent. 4 : 62, n. 154, pl. 4, f. 1, TL: Andamans
Papilio laestrigonum[sic] Wood-Mason, 1880; Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal. 1880 : 103 (nom. nud.?)
Papilio laestrygonum Wood-Mason, 1880; J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 1880: 102, TL: Andaman Is.
= ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 414
Papilio epaminondas ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 414
Pathysa epaminondas ; [BOR, 115]

Graphium androcles (Boisduval, 1836)
Sulawesi. See [About maps] Lion Swordtail
Papilio androcles Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 249, TL: Celebes
?Papilio androcles latilinea Joicey & Talbot, 1922; Bull. Hill Mus. 1 (2) : 323, TL: Sula I.
Papilio androcles ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 416
Graphium androcles ; [BOW: pl. 131, f. 9]
Pathysa androcles ; [BOR, 112]
Graphium (Pathysa) androcles ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 94
[androcles-1u.jpg] 605x743 (~111Kb) upperside Indonesia, Photo © D. Smirnov [androcles-1v.jpg] 597x750 (~126Kb) underside Indonesia, Photo © D. Smirnov

Sulawesi Graphium (Pathysa) androcles androcles ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 94
G. a. cleomenes Fruhstorfer, 1911²
Sula Graphium (Pathysa) androcles cleomenes ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 94
G. a. pelengensis Detani, 1983²
Banggai Graphium (Pathysa) androcles pelengensis ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 94

Graphium rhesus (Boisduval, 1836)
Celebes. See [About maps] Monkey Swordtail
Papilio rhesus Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 253, TL: "Bengal" [error]
Papilio rhesus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 423
Pathysa rhesus ; [BOR, 110]
Graphium (Pathysa) rhesus ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 93
N.Sulawesi, E.Sulawesi Pathysa rhesus rhesus
Pathysa rhesus rhesus ; [BOR, 110]
Graphium (Pathysa) rhesus rhesus ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 93
G. r. rhesulus Fruhstorfer, 1902²
S.Sulawesi, Banggai Pathysa rhesus rhesulus ; [BOR, 110]
Graphium (Pathysa) rhesus rhesulus ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 93
G. r. rhaphia Jordan, 1908²
Tanahdjampea, Tukangbesi Is. Pathysa rhesus rhaphia ; [BOR, 110]
Graphium (Pathysa) rhesus rhapia[sic] ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 94
G. r. parvimacula (Joicey & Talbot, 1922)
Sula Is. Papilio rhesus parvimacula Joicey & Talbot, 1922; Bull. Hill Mus. 1 (2) : 322, TL: Sula I.
Pathysa rhesus parvimacula ; [BOR, 110]
Graphium (Pathysa) rhesus parvimacula ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 94

Graphium dorcus (de Haan, 1840)
Celebes. See [About maps] Tabitha's Swordtail
Papilio dorcus de Haan, 1840; Verh. Nat. Gesch. Ned. Overz. Bez. (Zool.): 35
Papilio dorcus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 416
Graphium dorcus ; [BOW: pl. 131, f. 9 (text)]
Pathysa dorcus ; [BOR, 112]
Graphium (Pathysa) dorcus ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 94
N.Sulawesi Graphium (Pathysa) dorcus dorcus ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 94
G. d. butungensis Hanafusa, 1997²
Buton Graphium (Pathysa) dorcus butungensis ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 94

Graphium agetes (Westwood, 1843)
Sikkim - Malaya, Sumatra. See [About maps] Fourbar Swordtail
Papilio agetes Westwood, 1843; Arcana entomologica, 2: 23, pl. 55, f. 1-2, TL: "Sylhet"
Graphium agetes agetes, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Papilio agetes ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 417
Pathysa agetes ; [BIR, 398]; [BOR, 108]; [MRS, 173]
Graphium agetes ; [BOW: pl. 131, f. 6]
Sikkim - Indo-China - S.Burma, S.Yunnan Pathysa agetes agetes
Papilio agetes tenuilineatus Fruhstorfer, 1901; Soc. Ent. 16 (12) : 89, TL: XomGom, S.Annam
Pathysa agetes agetes ; [BOR, 108]
G. a. iponus (Fruhstorfer, 1902)
Peninsular Malaya Papilio agetes iponus Fruhstorfer, 1902; Soc. Ent. 17 (8): 58, TL: Ipot, Perak
Pathysa (Pathysa) agetes iponus ; [BMP: 78, pl. 6, f. 14]
Pathysa agetes iponus ; [BOR, 108]
G. a. insularis (Staudinger, 1895)
Sumatra Papilio agetes var. insularis Staudinger, 1895; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 7 (2) : 349, TL: Sumatra; Kina Balu, N. Borneo
Papilio agetes insularis ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 417
Pathysa agetes insularis ; [BOR, 108]
G. a. kinabalensis (Tetens & Fruhstorfer, 1902)
N.Borneo Papilio agetes kinabalensis Tetens & Fruhstorfer, 1902; in Fruhstorfer, Soc. Ent. 17 (8): 58, TL: Kina-Balu
?Pathysa agetes kinabaluensis[sic?] ; [BOR, 108]
G. a. chinensis (Chou & Li, 1994)
Yunnan Pathysa agetes chinensis Chou & Li, 1994; in Chou, Monographia Rhopalocerum Sinensium 1-2: 751, 173, f. 8, TL: Mt. Dawei, Pingbian, Yunnan

Graphium stratiotes (Grose-Smith, 1887)
N.Borneo. See [About maps] Papilio stratiotes Grose-Smith, 1887; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 20 : 433, TL: Sarawak
Papilio stratiotes ; Honrath, [1888], Berl. ent. Z. 31 (2) : 349, pl. 6, f. 3; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1893, Rhop. Exot. [1] 2: (Papilio) 29, pl. 13, f. 1-2; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 417
Pathysa stratiotes ; [BOR, 110]

Subgenus Paranticopsis Wood-Mason & de Nicéville, 1887

The macareus species-group

Graphium macareus (Godart, 1819)
N.India - Philippines, Siam - Malayasia. See [About maps] Lesser Zebra
Papilio macareus Godart, 1819; Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 21, 76, no. 144, TL: Java
Papilio striatus Zinken, 1831; Nova Acta physico-med. [Leop. Carol.] 15 (1) : 154, pl. 14, f. 5, TL: Java
= ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 456
Papilio macareus ab. palanus Fruhstorfer, 1902; Soc. Ent. 17 (10) : 74, TL: Palabuan, W.Java
Papilio macareus ab. confluens Kalis, 1933; Tijdschr. Ent. 76 (1-2) : 74, TL: Java
Papilio macareus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 456
Paranticopsis macareus ; [BIR, 404]; [BOR, 104]; [MRS, 169]
Graphium macareus ; [BOW: pl. 131, f. 21]
Arisbe (Paranticops) macareus ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 5

Probably mimics Parantica aglea.

Java Paranticopsis macareus macareus
Paranticopsis macareus macareus ; [BOR, 104]
G. m. lioneli (Fruhstorfer, 1902)
Assam, Manipur, W.Burma Papilio macareus lioneli Fruhstorfer, 1902; Soc. Ent. 17 (10) : 74, TL: Assam
Paranticopsis macareus lioneli ; [MRS, 169]; [BOR, 104]
G. m. indicus (Rothschild, 1895)
Sikkim, Khasia Hills, Tenasserim, Shan States Papilio macareus indicus Rothschild, 1895; Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 457, TL: Sikkim
Paranticopsis macareus indicus ; [BOR, 104]
G. m. perakensis (Fruhstorfer, 1899)
Peninsular Malaya, Langkawi Is. Papilio macareus perakensis Fruhstorfer, 1899; Berl. ent. Zs. 44 (3/4) : 283, TL: Perak, Malaysia
Papilio astina Westwood, 1847; Cabinet Orient. Ent.: 20, pl. 9, f. 3
Graphium macareus perakensis, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Paranticopsis macareus perakensis ; [BOR, 104]
Pathysa (Paranticopsis) macareus perakensis ; [BMP: 79, pl. 6, f. 8]
Pathysa (Paranticopsis) macareus perakensis f. astina ; [BMP: 79, pl. 6, f. 9]
G. m. macaristus (Grose-Smith, 1887)
Borneo, ?Pulau Tioman Papilio macaristus Grose-Smith, 1887; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 20 : 434, TL: Borneo
Papilio macareus var. borneensis Staudinger, 1889; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 2 (1) : 7, TL: Borneo
= ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 457
Papilio macareus macaristus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 457
Paranticopsis macareus macaristus ; [BOR, 104]
G. m. xanthosoma (Staudinger, 1889)
Sumatra Papilio macareus var. xanthosoma Staudinger, 1889; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 2 (1) : 7, TL: Sumatra
Paranticopsis macareus xanthosoma ; [BOR, 104]
Hainan macareus mitis Jordan²
Paranticopsis macareus mitis ; [MRS, 169]; [BOR, 104]
G. m. indochinensis (Fruhstorfer, 1901)
Thailand, Indo-China Papilio macareus indochinensis Fruhstorfer, 1901; Soc. Ent. 16 (14): 106
Papilio macareus indochinensis ab. argentiferus Fruhstorfer, 1901; Soc. Ent. 16 (14): 106
f. serda (Fruhstorfer, 1909) (Papilio); Ent. Zs. 22 (42) : 174, f. 10
Paranticopsis macareus dawna Tytler, 1939; J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 41 (2): 239, TL: Myanmar
Graphium macareus indochinensis, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Paranticopsis macareus indochinensis ; [BOR, 104]
G. m. albinovanus (Fruhstorfer, 1908)
Bali albinovanus (Fruhstorfer, 1908) (Papilio); Int. ent. Zs. 2 (38) : 238
Paranticopsis macareus albinovanus ; [BOR, 104]
G. m. burmensis Moonen, 1984
Burma, Thailand Graphium macareus burmensis Moonen, 1984; Papilio Int. 1 (3): 47 (repl. Papilio gyndeys Jordan, 1909), TL: Burma
Papilio gyndes Jordan, 1909; in Seitz, Grossschm. Erde 9: 104 (preocc. Papilio doson gyndes Fruhstorfer, 1907)
Graphium macareus burmensis, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Paranticopsis macareus gyndes ; [BOR, 104]
G. m. palawanicola (Koçak, 1980)
Philippines (Balabac, Palawan) Papilio macareus palawanicola Koçak, 1980; Nota lepid. 2 (4): 139 (repl. _Papilio macareus var. maccabaeus Staudinger, 1889)
Papilio macareus var. maccabaeus Staudinger, 1889; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 2 (1) : 6 (preocc. Papilio maccabaeus Herbst, 1796), TL: Palawan
Papilio macareus maccabaeus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 458
Paranticopsis macareus maccabeus[sic?] ; [BOR, 104]
Arisbe (Paranticopsis) macareus palawanicola ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 5, pl. 10, f. 1-3

Graphium xenocles (Doubleday, 1842)
Kumaon - Sikkim, Assam, Burma. See [About maps] Great Zebra
Papilio xenocles Doubleday, 1842; in Gray, Zool. Miscell. (2d): 74, TL: "Sylhet"
Papilio xenocles ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 458
Paranticopsis xenocles ; [BIR, 405]; [BOR, 104]; [MRS, 171]
Graphium xenocles ; [BOW: pl. 132, f. 4]

Probably a mimic of Danais melaneus. [BIR]

Sikkim, Assam, Bhutan Paranticopsis xenocles xenocles
Papilio (Paranticopsis) phrontis de Nicéville, 1897; J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 66 Pt.II (3) : 568, TL: Sikkim; Bhutan
Paranticopsis xenocles xenocles ; [BOR, 104]
G. x. kephisos (Fruhstorfer, 1902)
Burma - Vietnam Papilio xenocles kephisos Fruhstorfer, 1902; Soc. Ent. 16 (19): 145, TL: Chiem-Hoa, N.Vietnam
Papilio xenocles kephisos Fruhstorfer, 1902; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 14 (2) : 346, TL: Chiem-Hoa, N.Vietnam
Papilio xenocles f.temp. neronus Fruhstorfer, 1902; Soc. Ent. 17 (10) : 73, TL: Upper Tonkin
Graphium xenocles kephisos, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Paranticopsis xenocles kephisos ; [BOR, 104]
G. x. lindos (Fruhstorfer, 1902)
Thailand Papilio xenocles lindos Fruhstorfer, 1902; Soc. Ent. 16 (19): 145, TL: Muok-Lek, Siam
Papilio xenocles lindos Fruhstorfer, 1902; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 14 (2) : 347, TL: Muok-Lek, Siam
Graphium xenocles lindos, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Paranticopsis xenocles lindos ; [BOR, 104]
G. x. xenoclides (Fruhstorfer, 1902)
Hainan Papilio xenocles xenoclides Fruhstorfer, 1902; Soc. Ent. 17 (10) : 73, TL: Hainan, Five Finger Mts
Paparanticopsis xenocles xenoclides ; [MRS, 171]

Graphium ramaceus (Westwood, 1872)
-. See [About maps] Papilio ramaceus Westwood, 1872; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1872 (2) : 95, pl. 5, f. 3, TL: Borneo
Papilio schoenbergianus Honrath, 1888
Papilio schönbergianus Honrath, 1888; Berl. ent. Z. 32 (1) : 250, TL: Borneo
Paranticopsis ramaceus ; [BOR, 104]
Graphium ramaceus ; [BOW: pl. 131, f. 24]
Borneo Paranticopsis ramaceus ramaceus
Paranticopsis ramaceus ramaceus ; [BOR, 104]
Papilio leucothoë ramaceus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 459
G. r. pendleburyi (Corbet, 1941)
Peninsular Malaya, Langkawi Is. Pendlebury's Zebra
Papilio ramaceus pendleburyi Corbet, 1941; Entomologist 74 (6): 133
Papilio leucothoe Westwood, 1844
Papilio leucothoë Westwood, 1844; Arcana entomologica, 2: 128, pl. 79, f. 3 (preocc.), TL: Penang?
Papilio dealbatus Pendlebury, 1939; J. Fed. Malay St. Mus., 18 (3): 381 (preocc.)
Graphium ramaceus pendleburyi, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Papilio leucothoë ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 458
Paranticopsis ramaceus pendleburyi ; [BOR, 104]
Pathysa (Paranticopsis) ramaceus pendleburyi ; [BMP: 79, pl. 6, f. 10-11]
G. r. interjectus (Honrath, 1893)
Sumatra Papilio leucothoë var. interjectus Honrath, [1893]; Berl. ent. Z. 37 (1892) (4) : 490, TL: Palembang, Sumatra
Papilio leucothoë interjectus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 459
Paranticopsis ramaceus interjectus ; [BOR, 104]

Graphium delessertii (Guérin-Méneville, 1839)
Malaysia. See [About maps] Malayan Zebra
Papilio delessertii Guérin-Méneville, 1839; Rev. zool. (Soc. Cuvièr) 2 (8): 233-235, TL: Penang, Malaysia
Graphium delesserti delesserti, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Papilio delesserti ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 459
Paranticopsis delessertii ; [BOR, 106]
Graphium delesserti ; [BOW: pl. 131, f. 17]
Arisbe (Paranticopsis) delesserti ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 5
Peninsular Malaya, Sumatra, ?Java, Bangka, Natuna, Borneo Malayan Zebra
Papilio catoris Grose-Smith, 1892; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 10 (60) : 426, TL: North-east Borneo, Pingas; Penungah
= Papilio delesserti ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 459
Papilio delesserti sacerdotalis Fruhstorfer, 1909; Ent. Zs. 22 (41) : 170, TL: Sumatra
Papilio delesserti labienus Fruhstorfer, 1909; Ent. Zs. 22 (41) : 170, TL: Java
ab. albinistica (Bryk, 1930) (Papilio); in Strand, Lepid. Cat. 24 (37): 212
Papilio laodocus de Haan, 1840; Verh. Nat. Gesch. Ned. Overz. Bez. (Zool.): 42, pl. 8, f. 5 (preocc.), TL: Borneo
= Papilio delesserti ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 459
Papilio melanides Erichson, 1843; Arch. f. Naturgesch. 9 (2): 248 (preocc.)
Papilio dehaani Wallace, 1865; Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 25 (1) : 62 (preocc.), TL: Malacca; Borneo
= Papilio delesserti ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 459
Paranticopsis delessertii delessertii ; [BOR, 106]
Pathysa (Paranticopsis) delessertii delessertii ; [BMP: 78, pl. 6, f. 6-7]
G. d. hyalinus (Fruhstorfer, 1901)
Nias Papilio delesserti hyalinus Fruhstorfer, 1901; Soc. Ent. 16 (12) : 89, TL: Nias
Paranticopsis delessertii hyalinus ; [BOR, 106]
G. d. palawanus (Staudinger, 1889)
Philippines (Palawan, Balabac) Papilio delesserti palawanus Staudinger, 1889; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 2 (1) : 6
?Papilio laodocus var. palawanicus Staudinger, 1889; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 2 (1) : 6, TL: Palawan
= Papilio delesserti ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 459
Paranticopsis delessertii palawanus ; [BOR, 106]
Arisbe (Paranticopsis) delesserti palawanus ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 5, pl. 11, f. 10-11

Graphium megarus (Westwood, 1844)
-. See [About maps] Spotted Zebra
Papilio megarus Westwood, 1844; Arcana entomologica, 2: 98, pl. 72, f. 2
Papilio megarus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 460
Paranticopsis megarus ; [BIR, 405]; [BOR, 106]; [MRS, 170]
[megarus-1v.jpg] 1205x1147 (~148Kb) underside Thailand, Chon Buri Province, Si Racha environs, the Chan-ta-Then River valley at lower reaches, 12th January 2006, Photo © Oleg Kosterin

Mimics Danais melissa. [BIR]


Assam, Burma - Indo-China Paranticopsis megarus megarus
Paranticopsis megarus megarus ; [BOR, 106]
G. m. megapenthes (Fruhstorfer, 1902)
Peninsular Malaya, Langkawi Is, Sumatra Papilio mearus[sic] megapenthes Fruhstorfer, 1902; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 15 (1) : 161, TL: S.Vietnam
Papilio martinus Fruhstorfer, 1902; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 15 (1) : 162
Papilio mendicus Fruhstorfer, 1902; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 15 (1) : 162
Papilio similis Lathy, 1899; Entomologist 32 : 149 (preocc.), TL: Perak
Graphium megarus megapenthes, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Paranticopsis megarus megapenthes ; [BOR, 106]
Pathysa (Paranticopsis) megarus megapenthes ; [BMP: 79, pl. 6, f. 5]
G. m. fleximacula (Rothschild, 1895)
Banguey Is. Papilio megarus fleximacula Rothschild, 1895; Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 460, TL: Banguey Island
Paranticopsis megarus fleximacula ; [BOR, 106]
G. m. sagittiger (Fruhstorfer, 1901)
N.Borneo Papilio megarus sagittiger Fruhstorfer, 1901; Soc. Ent. 16 (14): 105, TL: N.Borneo
Paranticopsis megarus sagittiger ; [BOR, 106]
E.Java Paranticopsis megarus marthae ; [BOR, 106]
G. m. tiomanensis (Eliot, 1978)
Pulau Tioman Paranticopsis megarus tiomanensis Eliot, 1978; in Corbet & Pendlebury, Butterflies Malay Peninsula (3rd edn): 412
Pathysa megarus tiomanensis ;
Paranticopsis megarus tiomanensis ; [BOR, 106]

Graphium thule (Wallace, 1865)
Indonesia, New Guinea, Papua. See [About maps] Papilio thule Wallace, 1865; Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 25 (1) : 63, pl. 7, f. 1, TL: New Guinea
Papilio thule leuthe Grose-Smith, 1894; Novit. zool. 1 (2): 333, TL: German New Guinea
Papilio goldiei Godman & Salvin, 1880; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1880 : 613, 614 (note), TL: New Guinea
Papilio felixi Joicey & Noakes, 1915; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1915 (2) : 178, pl. 21, f. 2, TL: Biak

thule f. princeps ; [BAUR, 109, f.]
Papilio thule ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 461
Papilio thule ab. goldiei ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 462
Papilio thule ab. leuthe ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 462
Graphium thule f. leuthe ; [BAUR, 109, f.]
Graphium thule ; [BOW: pl. 132, f. 1]
Graphium thule f. thule ; [BAUR, 109 (text)]
Graphium thule f. felixi ; [BAUR, 109, f.]
Graphium felixi ;

Larva on Aquifoliacene ilex [BAUR]


Graphium encelades (Boisduval, 1836)
Celebes. See [About maps] Sulawesi Zebra
Papilio encelades Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 376, TL: "Moluques" [error]
Papilio encelades ; Hewitson, 1859, Ill. exot. Butts [1] (Papilio IV): [8], pl. [4]; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 463
Paranticopsis encelades ; [BOR, 106]
Graphium (Paranticopsis) encelades ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 95

Graphium phidias (Oberthür, 1906)
Vietnam, Laos. See [About maps] Papilio phidias Oberthür, 1906; Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 1906 (10) : 156, TL: S.Vietnam
Graphium phidias akikoae Morita & Shinkai, 1996; Futao 23: 9-11, pl. 4, f. 7-8, TL: Laos
Graphium phidias, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Paranticops phidias ; [BOR, 102]

Graphium megaera (Staudinger, 1888)
Philippines (Palawan, Balabac, Busuanga). See [About maps] Papilio megaera Staudinger, 1888; Corr.-Bl. Ent. Ver. Iris 1 (5) : 275
Paranticopsis megaera ; [BOR, 106]
Arisbe (Paranticopsis) megaera ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 5, pl. 10, f. 4-5

Graphium stratocles (C. & R. Felder, 1861)
-. See [About maps] Papilio stratocles C. & R. Felder, 1861; Wien. ent. Monats. 5 (10) : 298, n. 4, TL: "Mindanao" [error?]
Papilio stratocles ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 461
Paranticopsis stratocles ; [BOR, 106]
Arisbe (Paranticopsis) stratocles ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 5
Philippines (Mindoro) Paranticopsis stratocles stratocles
Paranticopsis stratocles stratocles ; [BOR, 106]
Arisbe (Paranticopsis) stratocles stratocles ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 5, pl. 10, f. 6-8
G. s. stratonices (Jordan, 1909)
Philippines (Bohol, Dinagat, Leyte, Mindanao, Panaon, Samar) Papilio stratocles stratonices Jordan, 1909; in Seitz, Grossschm. Erde 9: 106
Paranticopsis stratocles stratonices ; [BOR, 106]
Aribse (Paranticopsis) strattocles stratonices ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 5, pl. 11, f. 1-3
G. s. senectus Tsukada & Nishiyama, 1980
Philippines (Luzon, Marinduque) Graphium stratocles senectus Tsukada & Nishiyama, 1980; in Tsukada (Ed.), Butts SE Asian Islands 1: 423
Arisbe (Paranticopsis) stratocles senectus ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 5, pl. 10, f. 9-11
G. s. dodongi (Page & Treadaway, 2003)
Philippines (Palawan) Arisbe stratocles dodongi Page & Treadaway, 2003; in Bauer & Frankenbach, Butterflies of the world, Suppl. 8: (1-6)
Arisbe (Paranticopsis) stratocles dodongi ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 5, pl. 11, f. 4-6
G. s. pingi (Page & Treadaway, 2003)
Philippines (Busuanga) Arisbe stratocles pingi Page & Treadaway, 2003; in Bauer & Frankenbach, Butterflies of the world, Suppl. 8: (1-6)
Aribse (Paranticopsis) stratocles pingi ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 5, pl. 11, f. 7-9

Graphium deucalion (Boisduval, 1836)
Sulawesi, Moluccas. See [About maps] Yellow Zebra
Papilio deucalion Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 375, TL: "Moluques" [error]
Papilio deucalion ; Hewitson, 1859, Ill. exot. Butts [1] (Papilio IV): [8], pl. [4]; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 461
Paranticopsis deucalion ; [BOR, 106]
Graphium deucalion ; [BOW: pl. 131, f. 18]
Graphium (Paranticopsis) deucalion ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 95
Sulawesi Paranticopsis deucalion deucalion
Paranticopsis deucalion deucalion ; [BOR, 106]
Graphium (Paranticopsis) deucalion deucalion ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 95
G. d. leucadion (Staudinger, 1884)
Ternate, Halmahera, Bachan Papilio leucadion Staudinger, 1884; in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (4): 20, (3): pl. 13, TL: Halmahera
Papilio leucadion ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 461
Graphium deucalion leucadion ; [BAUR, 108]
G. d. marabuntana Detani, 1983²
Banggai Graphium (Paranticopsis) deucalion marabuntana ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 95

Graphium idaeoides (Hewitson, 1855)
Philippines. See [About maps] Papilio idaeoides Hewitson, 1855; Ill. exot. Butts [1] (Ornithoptera and Papilio): [2], pl. [1], f. 2, TL: Philippine Is.
Papilio idaeoides ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 462
Paranticopsis idaeoides ; [BOR, 106]
Arisbe (Paranticopsis) idaeoides ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 5
Philippines (N.Samar, Leyte, Mindanao) Arisbe (Paranticopsis) idaeoides idaeoides ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 5, pl. 12, f. 1-2
G. i. neergaardi (Page & Treadaway, 2003)
Philippines (Luzon) Arisbe idaeoides neergaardi Page & Treadaway, 2003; in Bauer & Frankenbach, Butterflies of the world, Suppl. 8: (1-6)
Arisbe (Paranticopsis) idaeoides neergaardi ; Page & Treadaway, 2003, Butterflies of the world, 17: 5, pl. 12, f. 3-4

The eurous species-group

Graphium eurous (Leech, [1893])
China, Kashmir - Sikkim, Assam. See [About maps] Sixbar Swordtail
Papilio eurous Leech, [1893]; Butts China Japan Corea (2): 521, pl. 32, f. 3, TL: Chang Yang, Central China
Papilio eurous ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 408
Pathysa eurous ; [BIR, 397]
Pazala eurous ; [BOR, 108]
Pazala euroa ; [MRS, 174]

Larva on Machilus odoratissimus, M. duthici? [BIR], Annonaceae [MRS]

Nepal, Assam, Sikkim, Manipur, ?Bhutan, Yunnan Pazala eurous eurous
Pazala eurous eurous ; [BOR, 108]
G. e. panopaea (de Nicéville, 1900)
W.China Papilio panopaea de Nicéville, 1900; J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 13 (1) : 172, pl. EE, f. 20, TL: Tse Kou, Western China
Graphium erous panopaea ; [NHM]
G. e. asakurae (Matsumura, 1908)
Taiwan Papilio asakurae Matsumura, 1908; Ent. Zs. 22 (13) : 54, TL: Formosa
Pazala eurous asakurae ; [BOR, 108]
Pazala euroa asakurae ; [MRS, 174]
G. e. inthanon (Katayama, 1986)
N.Thailand, Laos Pazala eurous inthanon Katayama, 1986; Gekkan Mushi 184: 4-6, pl. 2, f. 1-2, TL: Doi Inthanon, Chiang Mai, N.Thailand
Graphium eurous inthanon, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]

Graphium mandarinus (Oberthür, 1879)
W.China. See [About maps] Papilio glycerion var. mandarinus Oberthür, 1879; Étud. d'Ent. 4 : 115, TL: Moupin, Kuy-Tseu
= Pazala glycerion ; [BOR]
Papilio parus de Nicéville, 1900; J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 13 (1) : 172, pl. EE, f. 21, TL: Tse Kou, Western China
= ; [NHM]
Papilio mandarinus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 408
Pazala mandarina ; [MRS, 176]
G. m. paphus (de Nicéville, 1886)
Sikkim, Nepal Papilio paphus de Nicéville, 1886; J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 55 Pt.II (3) : 254, pl. 11, f. 6, TL: Sikkim
Papilio mandarinus paphus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 408

Graphium incerta Bang-Haas, 1927²
incerta Bang-Haas, 1927²
Pazala incerta ; [MRS, 176]

Graphium alebion (Gray, [1853])
China. See [About maps] Papilio alebion Gray, [1853]; Cat. lep. Ins. Coll. Brit. Mus. 1 (Papilionidae) : 30, pl. 13, f. 6, TL: Northern China
Papilio mariesi Butler, 1881; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 7 (37) : 33, pl. 4, f. 4, TL: Kiu-Kiang
Papilio alebion ab. mariesi ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 409
Papilio alebion ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 409
Pazala alebion ; [BOR, 108]; [MRS, 174]
C.Taiwan Pazala alebion chungiyanus ; [BOR, 108]
G. a. tayal (Shirôzu, 1961)
N.Formosa Iphiclides alebion tayal Shirôzu, 1961; Tyô to Ga 12 (2): 23, TL: Vicinity of Urai, N.Formosa

Graphium tamerlana (Oberthür, 1876)
China (Sichuan). See [About maps] Papilio tamerlanus Oberthür, 1876; Étud. d'Ent. 2 : 13, pl. 2, f. 1, TL: Moupin
Papilio tamerlanus ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 409
Pazala tamerlana ; [MRS, 174]
G. t. taliensis (O. Bang-Haas, 1927)
Yunnan, ...? Papilio taliensis O. Bang-Haas, 1927; Horae Macrolep. Palaearct. 1 : 2, pl. 5, f. 4
Pazala incerta taliensis ; Koiwaya, 1993
Pazala tamerlana taliensis ; Huang, 2003, Neue Ent. Nachr. 55: 76 (note)

Graphium hoenei (Mell, 1935)
S.China (Guangdong, Fujian, Zhejiang, Shaanxi, Sichuan). See [About maps] Papilio tamerlanus hoenei Mell, 1935; Mitt. Dtsch. Ent. Ges. 6 : 36, TL: Zhejiang, Guangdong
Pazala sichuanica Koiwaya, 1993; Studies Chinese Butts 2 : 77, TL: Sichuan
= ; Yoshino, 2001, Trans. lepid. Soc. Japan 52 (3) : 136
Pazala hoenei ; Yoshino, 2001, Trans. lepid. Soc. Japan 52 (3) : 136, f. 3-4

Graphium timur Ney²
-. See [About maps] timur Ney²
Pazala timur ; [MRS, 174]
G. t. kooichii (Morita, 1996)
Laos Pazala timur kooichii Morita, 1996; Futao (23): 8, pl. 3, f. 9-10, TL: Lac Sao, Laos
Graphium timur kooichii, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]

Subgenus ?pazala Moore, 1888

Graphium glycerion (Gray, 1831)
N.Thailand, Laos, N.India - China, N.Vietnam. See [About maps] Spectacle Swordtail
Papilio glycerion Gray, 1831; Zool. Miscell. (1): 32, TL: Nepaul
Papilio glycerion ; Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 407
Pathysa glycerion ; [BIR, 398]
Pazala glycerion ; [BOR, 108]
Nepal, Sikkim, Assam Pazala glycerion glycerion
Pazala glycerion glycerion ; [BOR, 108]
G. g. caschmirensis (Rothschild, 1895)
NW.India Papilio glycerion caschmirensis Rothschild, 1895; Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 407, TL: NW.India
G. g. kimurai Murayama, 1982
N.Thailand Graphium glycerion kimurai Murayama, 1982; New Ent. 31 (4): 69, 71, f. 1, TL: Doi Inthanon, N.Thailand
Pazala glycerion kimurai ;
G. g. phangana (Okano, 1986)
N.Thailand Pazala glycerion phangana Okano, 1986; Tokurana. 11 (3): 1-2, f. 3-4, TL: near Fang, Chiang Mai, N.Thailand
Pazala glycerion fangana ; (spell.?)

Subgenus ?

Graphium kosii Müller, 1999
New Ireland. See [About maps] Graphium kosii Müller, 1999; Records of the Australian Museum 51: (161-168), TL: New Ireland, Papua New Guinea, 2400 m


Unknown or unplaced taxa

Papilio (Paranticopsis) polynices de Nicéville, 1897; J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 66 Pt.II (3) : 568, TL: Sikkim; Upper Burma

Papilio princeps Weymer, 1902; Ent. Zs. 16 (2) : 5, TL: New Guinea


28.4.2013 (104)

References:
[AJA]
African Journal Archive
[AUCL]
Nielsen & Rangsi, 1996; Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Australia; CSIRO, Australia
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[AfrL]
Mark C. Williams; Checklist of Afrotropical Papilionoidea and Hesperoidea; Compiled by Mark C. Williams, 7th ed. (2008) (April 2007); Afrototropical Butterflies; e-mail: Mark C. Williams
[BAFR]
D'Abrera, 1980; Butterflies of the Afrotropical Region
[BAUR]
D'Abrera, 1977; Butterflies of the Australian Region (2nd edn)
[BHL]
The; Biodiversity Heritage Library; and on; Internet Archive; Note: The linking to the content of Internet Archive is somewhat delicate -- notify me when links break!
[BIR]
Wynter-Blyth, 1957; Butterflies of the Indian Region; (1982 Reprint)
[BK]
Larsen, 1996; The Butterflies of Kenya and their natural history
[BMP]
Eliot (Ed.), Corbet & Pendlebury, 1992; The Butterflies of The Malay Peninsula; 4th edition; ISBN 983-9681-05-2
[BOR]
D'Abrera, 1982, 1985, 1986; Butterflies of the Oriental Region, Part I-III
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[BnF]
Gallica / Bibliothèque nationale de France; Annales de la Société entomologique de France; Bulletin de la Sociéte entomologique de France
[CiNii]
http://ci.nii.ac.jp/
[D. Smirnov]
Russia, Moscow; e-mail: D. Smirnov
[Don Herbison-Evans]
and Stella A. Crossley; Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans
[EBW]
Smart, Paul, 1976; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World; ISBN 0 600 31381 6
[EOB]
Feltwell; The Encyclopedia of Butterflies; Prentice Hall, 1993; ISBN 0-671-86828-4
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[Kedar Tokekar]
India
[LAMAS-2005]
Gerardo Lamas; Entomofauna 26 (6): 57-100; A Bibliography of the Zoological Publications of Hans Fruhstorfer (1886* - 1922+)
[LAMAS-NEO]
Gerardo Lamas; Bibliography of butterflies; An Annocated Bibliography of the Neotropical Butterflies and Skipper (Lepididoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea); Revised Electronic Edition (2007)
[MRS]
Chou Io (Ed.); Monographia Rhopalocerum Sinensium, 1-2
[MadL]
Lees, D.C., Kremen, C. and Raharitsimba, H. 2003; in S.M. Goodman & J. P. Benstead (eds.), The Natural History of Madagascar; Classification, Diversity and Endemism of the Butterflies (Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea): A Revised Species Checklist: : pp. 762-793; University of Chicago Press. 1709 pp.
[NBC]
Netherlands Centre for Biodiversity Naturalis; NBC naturalis
[NHM]
Natural History Museum; The Global Lepidoptera Names Index
[Oleg Kosterin]
Institue of Cytology & Genetics; Siberian Division of Russian Academy of Sciences; Novosibirsk; e-mail: Oleg Kosterin; http://pisum.bionet.nsc.ru/kosterin/
[PBSA]
Dickson, C.G.C (ed.), Kroon, D.M.; Pennington's Butterflies of Southern Africa; AD. DONKER 1978
[Peter Payzant]
Canada; http://www.pbase.com/ppayzant/profile
[S. Shuichi Haupt]
e-mail: S. Shuichi Haupt; http://www.tu-berlin.de/fb7/ioeb/biologie/stefan.htm
[Wahlberg]
Niklas Wahlberg; The NSG's voucher specimen database; Nymphalidae Systematics Group
[Yutaka Inayoshi]
A Check List of Butterflies in Indo-China; Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM
[²]
This may require parentheses or not. I don't have the necessary information for this taxon.


Some related literature:
Ackery, Smith & Vane-Wright, 1995
Carcasson's African Butterflies: an annotated catalogue of the Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea of the Afrotropical region Carcasson's African Butterflies: 803pp
Angas, 1849
The Kaffirs illustrated in a series of drawings taken among the Amazulu, Amapanda, and Amakosa Tribes; also Portraits of the Hotentot, Malay, Fingo and other Races Inhabiting South Africa Kafirs Illustr.: [52pp]
Aurivillius, 1881
Om en samling fjärilar från Gaboon Ent. Tidskr. 2 (1) : 38-47
Aurivillius, 1899
Rhopalocera Aethiopica. Die tagfalter des Aethiopischen Faunegebietes K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 31 (5) : 1-561, pl. 1-6
Avinoff, 1926
Descriptions of some new species and varieties of Rhopalocera in the Carnegie Museum Ann. Carnegie Mus. 16: 355-376, pl. 30-33
O. Bang-Haas, 1927
Horae Macrolepidopterologicae Regionis Palaearcticae Horae Macrolep. Palaearct. 1 : 1-128, pl. 1-11
Berger, 1950
Catologues Raisonnés de la Faune Entomologique du Congo Belge Lépidoptères-Rhopalocères 1. -- Fam. Papilionidae Ann. Mus. Congo belge Zool. (3) 8 (1) : 1-102
Berger, 1960
Rhopalocères remarquables capturés au Kasai Lambillionea 60 : 71-72
Berger, 1969
Note sur Graphium olbrechtsi Bger. Lambillionea 67 : 84-85
Billberg, 1820
Enumeratio Insectorum Enum. Ins. Mus. Billb. : 1-138
Birket-Smith, 1960
Results from the Danish Expedition to the French Cameroons (1949-1950) XXVII. - Lepidoptera Bull. I.F.A.N. (A) 22 : 521-554, 924-983, 1259-1284
Boisduval, 1859
[communications] Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. (3) 7 : cliv-clviii
Boisduval, 1836
Histoire Naturelle des Insectes. Species Général des Lépidoptéres. Tome Premier Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 1-690, pl. 1-24
Boullet & Le Cerf, 1912
Descriptions sommaires de formes nouvelles de Papilionidae de la collection du Muséum de Paris Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 1912 (11) : 246-247
Bryk, 1928
Ueber den Mimetismus der afrikanischen Papilio-Arten Soc. Ent. 43 : 13-16
Bryk, 1930
Papilionidae II & III in Strand, Lepid. Cat. 24 (37): 59-509, (39): 511-676
Butler, 1876
Description of three new species of Papilio from the collection of Mr. Herbert Druce Ent. mon. Mag. 13 : 56-57
Butler, 1877
Descriptions of several African and Australian Lepidoptera in the collection of the British Museum Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 19 (114) : 458-562
Butler, 1877
On a collection of Lepidoptera from Cape York and the south-east coast of New Guinea Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1877 (3) : 466-475
Butler, 1881
Descriptions of new Species of Lepidoptera in the Collection of the British Museum Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 7 (37) : 31-37, pl. 4
Butler, 1882
Descriptions of new species of Lepidoptera, chiefly from Duke of York Island and New Britain Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 10 (55): 36-43, (56): 149-160, (57): 226-238
Butler, 1883
On some Lepidoptera from the Victoria Nyanza Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 12 (68) : 101-107
Butler, 1885
A Naturalist's Wanderings in the eastern Archipelago, a narrative Travel and Exploration from 1878 to 1883 in Forbes, Natur. Wander East. Archip.: : xix, 536pp, 14 pls
Butler, 1894
On two collection of Lepidoptera sent by H. H. Johnston, Esq., C.B., from British Central Africa Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1893 : 643-684, pl. 60 (1894)
Capronnier, 1889
Liste des Lépidoptères capturés au Congo par Messieurs Thys, Legat, Martini et Machado en 1887 Bull. Ent. Soc. Belg. 33 : cxviii-cxxvii [118-127]
Carcasson, 1964
New butterflies from the Kigoma area of western Tanganyika J. E. Africa nat. Hist. Soc. 24 (4): 62-67
Le Cerf, 1912
Description d'un Papilio du Congo française Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1912 : 382-383
Le Cerf, 1924
Catalogue annoté des "types" et formes nouvelles des Papilios d'Afrique contenus dans la collection du "Hill Museum" Bull. Hill. Mus. 1 (3) : 369-399,576,578,580,582,584, pl. 1-5
Le Cerf, 1924
Lépidoptères nouveaux de la collection du Muséum (Rhopalocères) Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. 30 (2) : 137-139
Le Cerf, 1931
Un Papilio nouveau d'Afrique Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 1931 : 275-278
Corbet, 1937
Observations on Species of Papilionidae, Pieridae and Danaidae from the Malay Peninsula Proc. R. ent. Soc. Lond. (B) 6 (3): 45-52
Corbet, 1941
A further contribution to a knowledge of the Rhopalocera of the Malay Peninsula J. fed. Malay St. Mus. 18 (5): 805-313
Corbet, 1941
Further revisional Notes on Malayan Rhopalocera Entomologist 74 (6): 133-135
Eliot in Corbet & Pendlebury, 1978
The butterflies of the Malay Peninsula. Third Edition revised by J. N. Eliot Butterflies Malay Peninsula (3rd edn): 578pp, 55pls
Cramer, [1775]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) Uitl. Kapellen 1 (1-7): 1-132, pl. 1-84 (1775), (8): 133-155, pl. 85-96 (1776)
Cramer, [1777]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) Uitl. Kapellen 2 (9-16): 1-152, pl. 97-192 (1777)
Cramer, [1779]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) Uitl. Kapellen 3 (17-21): 1-104, pl. 193-252 (1779), (22): 105-128, pl. 253-264 ([1780]), (23-24): 129-176, pl. 265-288 (1780)
Darge, 1995
Contribution a l'etude de la biodiversite entomologique des forets tropicales humides: les lepidopteres du Mont Kala (Cameroun). (Introduction et Papilionidae) Lambillionea 95 (2) (II) : 281-288
de Nicéville, 1886
On some New Indian Butterflies J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 55 Pt.II (3) : 249-256, pl. 11
de Nicéville, 1897
On new or little-known Butterflies from the Indo- and Austro-Malayan Regions J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 66 Pt.II (3) : 543-577, pl. 1-4
de Nicéville, 1900
On new and little-known Butterflies, from Oriental region J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 13 (1) : 157-176, pl. CC,DD,EE (1900)
Dewitz, 1881
Zwei neue westafrikanische Papilionen Berl. ent. Z. 25 : 286
Distant, 1885
Rhopalocera Malayana: a Description of the Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula Rhopalocera Malayana : 1-481, pl. 1-27,27A,27B,28-44
Doubleday, 1846
Descriptions of new or imperfectly described Diurnal Lepidoptera Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. 18 (121) : 371-376
Doubleday & Westwood, 1846
The genera of diurnal Lepidoptera, comprising their generic characters, a notice of their habitats and transformations, and a catalogue of the species of each genus; illustrated with 86 plates by W. C. Hewitson Gen. diurn. Lep. (1): 1-18, pl. A, 1-4 (1-2) (1846), (1): 19-132, pl. 4*, 5-25, 28 (3-14) (1847), (1): 133-200, pl. 1*, 26, 27, 29, 31-44 (15-23) (1848), (1): 201-242, pl. 30, 45-52, 56-58, 60-62, 64 (24-31) (1849), (1): 243-250 [?], (2): 243-326, pl. 53-55, 63, 65, 66 (32-38) (1850), (2): 327-466, pl. 59, 67-77 (39-50) (1851), (2): 467-534, 143, 144, pl. 78-80 (Index) (51-54) (1852)
Druce, 1888
Descriptions of new Species of Lepidoptera, chiefly from Central America Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 2 (9) : 234-242
Druce, 1895
Description of a new Species of Papilio from West Africa Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 15 (88) : 332-333
Dufrane, 1936
Sur quelques espèces du genre Papilio Lambillionea 36 : 40-42
Dufrane, 1946
Papilionidae Bull. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 82 : 101-122
K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991
Review of Australian Butterflies: distribution, life history and taxonomy. Pushlished by authors, Melbourne Review Austr. Butts. (1-4):
Eimer, 1889
Die Artbildung und Verwandtschaft bei den Schmetterlingen Artb. Verwandtsch. Schmett. (1) : 1-243
Eliot, 1982
On three swallowtail butterflies from Peninsular Malayasia Malayan Nat. J. 35 (1/2): 179-182
Eliot, 1983
Pathysa antiphates pulauensis nom. n. Malayan Nat. J. 36 (4): 284
van Eecke, 1918
Studies on Indo-Australian Lepidoptera--III. Some Rhopalocera and Netrocera[sic] from Simalur, Pulu Lasia, Pulu Babi and Sumatra Zool. Meded. 4 (7) : 70-101, 2pls
Ehrmann, 1909
New species of exotic Lepidoptera Can. Ent. 41 (3) : 85-87
Esper, 1799; Esper, 1801
Die ausländischen oder die ausserhalb Europa zur Zeit in den übrige Welttheilen vorgefundenen Schmetterlinge in Abbildung nach der Natur mit Beschreibungen Die ausl. Schmett. : 1-20, pl. 1-4 (1784), : 21-36, pl. 5-8 (1785), : 37-52, pl. 9-12 (1786), : 53-66, pl. 13-16 (1788), : 65-80, pl. 17-20 (1790), : 81-96, pl. 21-24 (1791), : 97-144, pl. 25-36 (1792), : 145-160, pl. 37-40 (1793), : 161-192, pl. 41-46 (1796), : 193-204, pl. 47-50 (1797), : 205-220, pl. 51-54 (1799), : 221-254, pl. 55-59,60A,60B,60C,60D (1801), : (Internet archive page/plate links are for [1830] 2nd ed.)
Evans, 1932
The Identification of Indian Butterflies (edn. 2) Indian Butterflies (edn. 2): x + 454pp, 9 figs, 32 pls
Fabricius, 1807
Systema Glossatorum. Die neueste Gattungs-Eintheilung der Schmetterlinge aus den Linnéischen Gattungen Papilio und Sphinx Magazin f. Insektenk. (Illiger) 6: 277-295
C. Felder, 1862
Verzeichniss der von den Naturforschern der k. k. Fregatte Novara gesammelten Macropepidoteren Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 12 (1/2) : 473-496
C. & R. Felder, 1860
Lepidoptera nova in paeninsula Malayica collecta diagnosibus instructa Wien. ent. Monats. 4 (12) : 394-402
C. & R. Felder, 1861
Lepidoptera nova a Dr. Carolo Semper in Insulis Philippinis collecta diagnosibus. (1) Wien. ent. Monats. 5 (10) : 297-306
C. & R. Felder, 1862
Lepidoptera nova a Dr. Carolo Semper in Insulis Philippinis collecta diagnosibus. (2) Wien. ent. Monats. 6 (9) : 282-294
C. & R. Felder, 1864
Species Lepidopterum, hucusque descriptae vel iconibus expressae, in seriem systematicam digestae 1. Papilionidae Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 14 (3) : 289-378
C. & R. Felder, 1865
Reise der österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Behilfen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair. Zoologischer Theil. Band 2. Abtheilung 2. Lepidoptera. Rhopalocera Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (1): 1-136, pl. 1-21 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, [1865]), (2): 137-378, pl. 22-47 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, 1865), (3): 379-536, pl. 48-74 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, 1867), (4): 537-548, pl. 75-120, (Inhalts-Verz.) 1-9 (pl. 1-74), (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1874) , (5): pl. 121-140, (erklärung) 1-10 (pl. 75-107), (Inhalts-Verz.) 1-20 (pl. 108-140), (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1875)
Fruhstorfer, 1896
Rhopalocera celebica Soc. Ent. 11 (3): 20-21 (1 May)
Fruhstorfer, 1898
Neue Papilioformen aus dem Indo-malayischen Peloponnes Berl. Ent. Zs. 42 (3/4) : 303-310 (mid July)
Fruhstorfer, 1899
Neue Papilio-Formen aus dem Malayischen Archipel Berl. ent. Zs. 43 (3/4) : 419-430 (early May)
Fruhstorfer, 1899
Drei neue Papilio Berl. ent. Zs. 44 (3/4) : 283-284, pl. 2, f. 12 (mid December)
Fruhstorfer, 1901
Drei neue Papilioformen aus Nias Soc. Ent. 16 (12) : 89 (15 September)
Fruhstorfer, 1901
Neue Schmetterlinge aus Tonkin Soc. Ent. 16 (13): 97-99 (1 October), (14): 105-107 (15 October), (15): 113-114 (1 November)
Fruhstorfer, 1902
P. xenocles kephisos nov. subspec. Papilio xenocles lindos nov. subspec Soc. Ent. 16 (19): 145-146 (1 January)
Fruhstorfer, 1902
Elymnias undularis meridionalis nov. subspec. Soc. Ent. 16 (22) : 169-170 (15 February)
Fruhstorfer, 1902
Neue Indo-Australische Lepidopteren Dt. ent. Z. Iris 14 (2) : 334-350 (1 March)
Fruhstorfer, 1902; Tetens & Fruhstorfer in Fruhstorfer, 1902
Neue Papilioformen aus dem Indo-Australischen Gebiet Soc. Ent. 17 (8): 57-58 (15 July), (9): 65-66 (1 August)
Fruhstorfer, 1902
Neue Papilioformen aus Ostasien Soc. Ent. 17 (10) : 73-74 (15 August)
Fruhstorfer, 1902
Neue Papilio-Formen aus dem Indo-Malayischen Gebiet Dt. ent. Z. Iris 15 (1) : 161-168 (early September)
Fruhstorfer, 1903
Verzeichniss der in Tonkin, Annam und Siam gesammelten Papilioniden und Besprechung verwandter Formen Berl. ent. Zs. 47 (3/4) : 167-234, 4 fgs. (late January)
Fruhstorfer, 1903
Ornithoptera paradisea ab. auriflua (nov. subspec.) Soc. Ent. 18 (7) : 49 (1 July)
Fruhstorfer, 1903
Neue afrikanische Lepidopteren Stettin ent. Ztg 64 (2) : 359-360 (October)
Fruhstorfer, 1904
Elf neue Papilionen Insekten-Börse 21 (23): 180-181 (2 June), (24): 188-189 (9 June)
Fruhstorfer, 1904
Neue Rhopaloceren aus dem Malayischen Archipel Ent. Meddel. 2 (5/6) : 291-332, 5 figs. (June)
Fruhstorfer, 1904
Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Rhopaloceren-Fauna der Insel Engano Berl. ent. Zs. 49 (1/2) : 170-206, pl. 1-2 (mid August)
Fruhstorfer, 1904
Neue Rhopaloceren aus dem Malayischen Archipel Insekten-Börse 21 (39): 309 (22 September)
Fruhstorfer, 1906
Neue Papilioniden Ent. Zs. 20 (2) : 9-10, f. 1 (8 April)
Fruhstorfer, 1907
Neue Papilio-Rassen aus dem indo-australischen Gebiet Ent. Zs. 21 (30) : 182-184 (9 November)
Fruhstorfer, 1907
Neue und alte Rassen von Papilio jason Ent. Zs. 21 (34): 209 (21 December)
Fruhstorfer, 1908
Neue Papilio-Rassen aus der eurypylus-Gruppe Ent. Zs. 21 (37): 222 (11 January)
Fruhstorfer, 1908
Neue ostasiatische Rhopaloceren Ent. Wochenbl. 25 (9): 37-38 (27 February), (10): 41 (5 March)
Fruhstorfer, 1908
Lepidopterologisches Pêle-Mêle. I. Neue ostasiatische Rhopaloceren Ent. Zs. 22 (11): 46-47 (13 June), (12): 48-49 (20 June)
Fruhstorfer, 1908
Lepidopterologisches Pêle-Mêle. VI. Neue Rhopaloceren von Formosa Ent. Zs. 22 (29) : 118-119 (17 October)
Fruhstorfer, 1908
Neue Rhopalocerenrassen der Insel Bali Int. ent. Zs. 2 (38) : 238 (19 December)
Fruhstorfer, 1909
Neue Papilioniden des indo-australischen Faunengebietes Ent. Zs. 22 (41) : 169-170 (9 January)
Fruhstorfer, 1909
Lepidopterologisches Pêle-Mêle. XIII. Illustrationen interessanter Tagfalter Ent. Zs. 22 (42) : 172-175, f. 1-10 (16 January)
Fruhstorfer, 1915
Rhopaloceren aus Cochin-China. II Ent. Rundschau 32 (1) : 6 (23 January)
Gabriel, 1945
Notes on some Papilionidae (Lep. Rhopalocera), with descriptions of five new subspecies Entomologist 78 : 151-152
Gaede, 1915; Gaede, 1916
Neue Afrikanische Lepidoptera des Berliner Zoologisches Museums Int. ent. Z. 9 (7): 38-40, (13): 71-72, (13): 73-74, (15): 79-80, pl. 1, (20): 105-106, (21): 109-112, (24): 125-126
Gauthier, 1984
Neue Unterarten und neue Namen in den Gattungen Papilio, Graphium und Parnassius (Lep.: Papilionidae) Ent. Zs. 94 : 314-320
Godart, 1819
in Latreille & Godart, Encyclopédie Méthodique. Histoire naturelle Entomologie, ou histoire naturelle des crustacés, des arachnides et des insectes Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 3-328 (1819), (2): 329-828 ([1824])
Godman & Salvin, 1878
Descriptions of some apparently new Species of Butterflies from New Ireland and New Britain, sent by the Rv. G. Brown Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878 : 733-735
Godman & Salvin, 1879
On some hitherto unrecorded Diurnal Lepidoptera, from Duke-of-York Islanda and New Ireland, with Descriptions of some apparently new Species Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1879 : 652-655
Godman & Salvin, 1880
Descriptions of some supposed new Species of Butterflies from New Guinea Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1880 : 609-614, pl. 56
Godman & Salvin, 1888
New species of Butterflies collected by Mr. C. M. Woodford in the Solomon Islands Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 1 (2): 90-101, (3): 209-214
Goeze, 1779
Entomologische Beyträge zu des Ritter Linné zwölften Ausgabe des Natursystems Ent. Beyträge 3 (1) : 1-390
Grei, 1986
Nylsvley's new butterfly Fauna and Flora, Pretoria (44) : 10-12
Doubleday in Gray, 1842; Gray, 1831
The Zoological Miscellany Zool. Miscell. (1): [1], 1-40 (1831), (2a): 41-48 (1842), (2b): 49-56 (1842), (2c): 57-72 (1842), (2d): 73-80 (1842), (3): 81-86 (1844)
Gray, [1853]
Catalogue of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum. Part 1. Papilionidae. [1853 Jan], "1852" Cat. lep. Ins. Coll. Brit. Mus. 1 (Papilionidae) : 1-84, pl. 1-10,10*,11-13
Grose-Smith, 1883
Descriptions of three new species of Papilio Ent. mon. Mag. 19 : 234-235
Grose-Smith, 1887
Description of six new Species of Butterflies captured by Mr. John Whitehead at Kina Balu Mountain, North Borneo, in the collection of Mr. H. Grose Smith Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 20 : 432-435
Grose-Smith, 1889
Descriptions of twenty-four new Species of Butterflies captured by Mr. Last in the neighbourhood of Mombasa, East Coast of Africa, in the Collection of Mr. H. Grose Smith Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 3 (14) : 121-137
Grose-Smith, 1890
Description of a new Papilio from the West Coast of Africa Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 5 (27) : 224
Grose-Smith, 1892
Descriptions of Three new Species of Butterflies captured by Mr. D. Cator in British North Borneo, in the Collection of Mr. Grose Smith Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 10 (60) : 426-428
Grose-Smith, 1894
An Account of a Collection of Diurnal Lepidoptera from New Guinea (Parts I-III) - made by Mr. W. Doherty at Humboldt Bay, Dutch New Guinea, and in neighbouring islands, in the Museum of the honourable Walter Rothschild at Tring, with descriptions of new species Novit. zool. 1 (2): 331-365, (2): 543-551, (3): 571-584
Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1888; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1893; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1894; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1899; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1900; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1901
Rhopalocera Exotica, being Illustrations of New, Rare, and Unfigured Species of Butterflies Rhop. Exot. [1] 1: (Ornithoptera) 1-2, pl. 1 (1887), [1] 2: (Ornithoptera) 3-4, pl. 2 (1892), [1] 3: (Ornithoptera) [5-6] 1-2, pl. 3 (1900), [1] 3: (Ornithoptera) 7-8, pl. 4 (1901), [1] 1: (Papilio) 1-2, pl. 1 (1887), [1] 1: (Papilio) 3-5,7-14, pl. 2-6 (1888), [1] 1: (Papilio) 15-20, pl. 7-9 (1890), [1] 1: (Papilio) 21-25, pl. 10-11 (1891), [1] 2: (Papilio) 27-31, pl. 12-13 (1893), [1] 2: (Papilio) 33-35, pl. 14 (1894), [1] 2: (Papilio) 37-38, pl. 15 (1895), [1] 2: (Papilio) 39-40, pl. 16 (1897), [1] 3: (Papilio) 41-46, pl. 17-19 (1899), [1] 3: (Papilio) 47-48, pl. 20 (1900), [1] 3: (Papilio) 49-50, pl. 21 (1901), [1] 3: (Papilio) 51-55, pl. 22-23 (1902), [1] 1: (Delias) 1-3, pl. 1 (1889), [1] 2: (Delias) 5-7, 9-11, pl. 2-3 (1893), [1] 2: (Delias) 12-18, pl. 4-5 (1895), [1] 2: (Delias) 20-22, pl. 6 (1896), [1] 3: (Delias) 24-26, pl. 7 (1897), [1] 3: (Delias) 28-35, pl. 8-9 (1901), [1] 3: (Delias) 36-38, pl. 10 (1902), [1] 1: (Pieridae) 1-3, pl. 1 (1888), [1] 2: (Pinacopteryx) 1-4, pl. 1 (1893), [1] 1: (Callosune) 1-3, pl. 1 (1889), [1] 3: (Huphina) 1-7, pl. 1-2 (1898), [1] 3: (Huphina) [8],9-10, pl. 3 (1899), [1] 1: (Elodina) 1-4, pl. 1 (1890), [1] 1: (Belenois) 1-4, pl. 1 (1892), [1] 2: (Belenois) 5-8, pl. 2 (1892), [1] 3: (Mylothris) 1-3, 5-7, pl. 1-2 (1900), [1] 1: (Ixias) 1-3, pl. 1 (1888), [1] 2: (Appias) 1-3, pl. 1 (1894), [1] 1: (Pierinae) 5-7, pl. 2 (1889), [1] 2: (Dismorphia) 1-4, pl. 1 (1896), [1] 2: (Dismorphia) 5-9, 11-15, pl. 2-3 (1897), [2] 1: (Asthipa) 1-3, pl. 1 (1890), [2] 2: (Asthipa) 5-6, pl. 2 (1896), [2] 2: (Ravadeba) 7, pl. 1 (1896), [2] 2: (Mycalesis) 1-4, pl. 1 (1895), [2] 2: (Mycalesis) 5-12, pl. 2-3 (1896), [2] 3: (Mycalesis) 13-18, pl. 4-5 (1902), [2] 3: (Libythea) 1-2, pl. 1 (1902), : (Ragadia-Argyronympha-Hypocysta) : 1-6, pl. [1] (1895), [2] 2: (Pedaliodes) 1-5, pl. 1 (1893), [2] 2: (Pedaliodes) 7-9, pl. 2 (1894), [2] 2: (Pedaliodes) 10-14, pl. 3 (1895), [2] 3: (Pedaliodes) 15-20, pl. 4-5, (Oxeoschistus) 1 (1900), [2] 3: (Pronophila) 1-2, pl. 1, (Oxeoschistus) 2-3, pl. 1 (1900), [2] 2: (Elymnias) 1-4, pl. 1 (1896), [2] 3: (Elymnias) 5-6, pl. 2, (Bruasa) 6-7, pl. 1 (1897), [2] 1: (Morpho) 1-2, pl. 1 (1890), [2] 3: (Morphotenaris-Hyantis) 1-3, pl. [1] (1898), [2] 2: (Tenaris) 1-3, 5-7, pl. 1-2 (1894), [2] 2: (Tenaris) 9-11, pl. 3 (1895), [2] 2: (Tenaris) 13-15, pl. 4 (1896), [2] 3: (Tenaris) 17-18, pl. 5 (1898), [2] 1: (Heliconius) 1-3, pl. 1 (1892), [2] 1: (Acraea) 1-6, pl. 1-2 (1889), [2] 1: (Acraea) 7-10, pl. 3 (1892), [2] 2: (Acraea) 11-14, pl. 4 (1892), [2] 2: (Acraea) 15-18, pl. 5 (1894), [2] 3: (Acraea) 19-29, pl. 6-8, (Planema) 29-30, pl. [1] (1901), [2] 1: (Cethosia) 1-2, pl. 1 (1889), [2] 3: (Cirrhochroa) 1, pl. [1], (Cupha) 2-4, pl. [1] (1898), [2] 2: (Terinos) 1-2, pl. 1 (1894), [2] 1: (Thaleropis) 1-3, pl. 1 (1891), [2] 2: (Doleschallia) 1-3,5-7, pl. 1-2 (1893), [2] 2: (Kallima) 1-3, pl. 1 (1892), [2] 1: (Hypolimnas) 1-2, pl. 1 (1891), [2] 3: (Hypolimnas) 3-4, pl. 2 (1897), [2] 3: (Hypolimnas) 5-6, pl. 3 (1898), [2] 1: (Euxanthe) 1-3, pl. 1 (1890), [2] 1: (Hestina) 1-3, pl. 1 (1891), [2] 1: (Cymothoe) 1-4, pl. 1 (1890), [2] 3: (Limenitis) 1-3, pl. 1 (1899), [2] 2: (Neptis) 1-4, pl. 1 (1895), [2] 3: (Neptis) 5-11, pl. 2-3 (1899), [2] 3: (Neptis) 13-17, pl. 4-5 (1900), [2] 1: (Euthalia-Tanaecia) 1-3, pl. 1 (1889), [2] 1: (Euthalia) 5-10, pl. 2-3 (1891), [2] 2: (Euthalia) 11-14, pl. 4 (1894), [2] 3: (Euthalia) 15, pl. 5, (Dichorragia) 16, pl. 1 (1898), [2] 1: (Apatura) 1-3, pl. 1 (1892), [2] 1: (Euphaedra) 1-2, pl. 1 (1889), [2] 1: (Euryphene) 1-3, pl. 1 (1889), [2] 1: (Charaxes) 1-2,[3-4] pl. 1-2 (1887), [2] 1: (Charaxes) [5], pl. 3 (1888), [2] 1: (Charaxes) 7-9, pl. 4 (1890), [2] 1: (Charaxes) 11-13, pl. 5 (1891), [2] 1: (Mynes) 1-2, pl. 1 (1888), [2] 2: (Mynes) 3-6, pl. 2 (1894), [2] 2: (Prothoe) 1-2, pl. 1 (1896), [3] 3: (Erycinidae) 1-10, pl. 1-2 (1902), [3] 2: (Dicallaneura-etc) 1-6, pl. 1 (1897), [3] 3: (Dicallaneura-etc) 7-11, pl. 2 (1901), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 1-4,[5-9] 1-5, pl. 1-2 (1887), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 11-17, 19-22, pl. 3-5 (1888), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 23-25, 27-29, 31-33, pl. 6-8 (1889), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 35-48, pl. 9-11 (1890), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 49-51,53-64, pl. 12-15 (1891), [3] 2: (Lycaenidae) 65-68, pl. 16 (1892), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) [69-72] 57-60, pl. 17 (1892), [3] 2: (Lycaenidae) [73-77] 61-65,79-84, pl. 18-19 (1892), [3] 2: (Lycaenidae) 85-107, pl. 20-23 (1893), [3] 2: (Lycaenidae) 109-120, pl. 24-25 (1894), [3] 3: (Lycaenidae) 121-125, pl. 26 (1900), [3] 3: (Lycaenidae) 127-131, 133-141, pl. 27-29 (1901), [3] 3: (Lycaenidae) 143-146, pl. 30 (1902), [3] 2: (Hypochrysops) 1-6, pl. 1 (1894), [3] 2: (Hypochrysops) 7-13, 15-22, pl. 2-3 (1895), [3] 2: (Thysonotis) 23-25, 27-31, pl. 1-2 (1895), [3] 2: (Waigeum) 34-38, pl. 1 (1896), [3] 2: (Thysonotis) 39-46, pl. 3-4 (1896), [3] 2: (Holochila) 1-4, pl. 1 (1896), [3] 2: (Holochila) 5-8, pl. 2 (1897), [3] 2: (Pseudonotis) 1-3, pl. [1], (Epimastidia) 4-5, pl. [1], (Lampides) 5-8, pl. [1] (1897), [3] 2: (Lampides) 9-10, pl. 2, (Thysonotis) 47, pl. 5 (1897), [3] 3: (Holochila) 9-11, pl. 3 (1898), [3] 3: (Arhopala) 1-7, pl. 1-2 (1898), [3] 3: (Arhopala) 9-12, pl. 3, (Ilerda) 13, pl. [1], (Horaga) 14-15, pl. [1] (1902), [3] 3: (Thysonotis) 47x,48-50, pl. 6 (1898), [3] 3: (Hypochrysops) 23-26, pl. 4 (1898), [3] 3: (Holochila) 13-15, pl. 4 (1899), [3] 3: (Hypochrysops) 27-29, pl. 5, (Waigeum) [30], pl. 2 (1899), [3] 3: (Holochila) 17-19, pl. 5 (1899), [3] 3: (Thysonotis) 51-54, pl. 7 (1899), [3] 3: (Jamides) 11-14, pl. 1 (1900), [3] 3: (Hypolycaena-etc) 1-4, pl. [1] (1900), [3] 3: (Hypochrysops) 31-33, pl. 6, (Thysonotis) 55-56, pl. 8 (1900), [3]: (Additions-Corrections) 1-2,[3],vii-x
Grünberg, 1908
Neue Lepidopteren aus Uganda S.B. Ges naturf. Fr. Berl. 1908 : 50-62, pl. 2-4
Guérin-Méneville, 1839
Description d'un Papilion noveau découvert par M. Adolphe Delessert, dan L'ile de Pulo-Pinag Rev. zool. (Soc. Cuvièr) 2 (8): 233-235
Guilbot & Plantrou, 1978
Note sur Graphium illyris (Hewitson) et revision systematique de l'espece (Lep. Papilionidae) Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. 83 : 68-73
Hagen, 1894
Verzeichnis der von mir auf Sumatra gefangenen Dt. ent. Z. Iris 7 (1) : 1-41
Hagen, 1896
Beitrag zur kenntnis der Rhopaloceren-fauna der Insel Bawean Jahrb. Nass. Nat. 49 : 173-188, pl. 4
Hampson, 1888
The Butterflies of the Nilgiri District, South India J. asiat. Soc. Bengal 57 (4) : 346-368 (1889)
Hampson, 1891
Lepidoptera from the Sabaki River, East Africa, with Description of new Specis Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 7 (38) : 179-184
Hancock, 1985
Systematic notes on some African species of Graphium Scopoli Papilio International 2 (1-2) : 97-103
Hecq, 1999
A propos de Graphium policenes; nouveau taxon (Lepidoptera Papilionidae) Lambillionea 99 (4) : 517-518
Hewitson, 1855; Hewitson, 1858; Hewitson, 1859; Hewitson, 1865; Hewitson, 1873
Illustrations of new species of exotic Butterflies selected chiefly from the collections of W. Wilson Saunders and William C. Hewitson. Ill. exot. Butts [1] : (Systematic Index) I, (Ornithoptera and Papilio): [1-2], pl. [1] (1855), (Papilio II): [3-4], pl. [2] (1856), (Papilio III): [5-6], pl. [3] (1858), (Papilio IV): [7-8], pl. [4] (1859), (Papilio V): [9-10], pl. [5] (1861), (Papilio VI): [11-12], pl. [6] (1864), (Papilio VII-VIII): [13-16], pl. [7-8] (1865), (Papilio IX): [17-18], pl. [9] (1868), (Papilio X-XII): [19-22], pl. [10-12] (1869), (Papilio XIII): [23-24], pl. [13] (1873), (Papilio XIV): [25-26], pl. [14] (1875), (Papilio XV): [27-28], pl. [15] (1877), (Pieris I): [29-30], pl. [16] (1852), (Pieris II): [31-32], pl. [17] (1853), (Pieris III-VI): [33-40], pl. [18-21] (1861), (Pieris VII): [41-42], pl. [22] (1862), (Pieris VIII): [43-44], pl. [23] (1866), (Euterpe): [45-46], pl. [24] (1860), (Euterpe II): [47-48], pl. [25] (1872), (Euterpe and Leptalis): [49-50], pl. [26] (1853), (Leptalis II): [51-52], pl. [27] (1857), (Leptalis III): [53-54], pl. [28] (1858), (Leptalis IV): [55-56], pl. [29] (1860), (Leptalis V-VII): [57-62], pl. [30-32] (1870), (Callidryas and Eronia): [63-64], pl. [33] (1867), (Euploea): [65-66], pl. [34] (1858), (Euploea II): [67-68], pl. [35] (1866), (Heliconia I): [69-70], pl. [36] (1853), (Heliconia II-III): [71-74], pl. [37-38] (1854), (Heliconia IV): [75-76], pl. [39] (1858), (Heliconia V): [77-78], pl. [40] (1867), (Heliconia VI): [79-80], pl. [41] (1871), (Heliconia and Tithorea VII): [81-82], pl. [42] (1873), (Heliconia VIII): [83-84], pl. [43] (1875), (Athesis): [85-86], pl. [44] (1872), (Mechanitis I): [87-88], pl. [45] (1856), (Mechanitis II-III): [89-92], pl. [46-47] (1860), (Ithomia I): [93-94], pl. [48] (1851), (Ithomia II): [95-96], pl. [49] (1852), (Ithomia III): [97-98], pl. [50] (1853), (Ithomia IV-V): [99-102], pl. [51-52] (1854), (Ithomia VI-XIII): [103-118], pl. [53-60] (1855)
Hewitson, 1872
Description of a new species of Papilio from Lagos Ent. mon. Mag. 9 : 146-147
Hewitson, 1873
Description of two new butterflies from the west coast of Africa Ent. mon. Mag. 9 : 232-233
Holland, 1892
Descriptions of some new Species of African Lepidoptera Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 10 (58) : 284-294
Holland, 1917
Two new West African Rhopalocera Ann. Carnegie Mus. 11 : 14-18, pl. 4
Holland, 1920
Lepidoptera of the Congo. Being a Systematic List of the Butterflies and Moths Collected by the American Museum of Natural History Congo Expedition Together with Descriptions of Some Hitherto Undescribed Species Bull. Am. Mus. nat. Hist. 43 (6) : 109-369, pl. 6-14
Honrath, 1884
Neue Rhoplaocera [1] Berl. ent. Z. 28 (1) : 203-212
Honrath, 1884
Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Rhopalocera (2) Berl. ent. Z. 28 (2) : 395-398, pl. 10
Honrath, [1888]
Neue Rhopalocera (6) Berl. ent. Z. 31 (2) : 347-352, pl. 6
Honrath, 1888
Zwei neue Tagfalter-Varietäten aus Kiukiang (China) Ent. Nachr. 14 (11) : 161-162
Honrath, 1888
Neue Rhopalocera (7) Berl. ent. Z. 32 (1) : 247-252, pl. 5
Honrath, [1893]
Neue Rhopalocera (11) Berl. ent. Z. 37 (1892) (4) : 490
Hopffer, 1874
Beitrag zur Lepidoptera-Fauna von Celebes Stettin ent. Ztg 35 (1-3) : 17-47
Huang, 2003
A list of butterflies collected from Nujiang (Lou Tse Kiang) and Dulongiang, China with descriptions of new species, and revisional notes Neue Ent. Nachr. 55: 3-114
Hübner, [1803-1804]
Sammlung europäischer Schmetterlinge. I. Papiliones - Falter ("Erste Band") Samml. eur. Schmett. [1] : 3-74, : pl. 1-88, f. 1-446 (1799-1800), : pl. 89-96, f. 447-490 (1800-1803), : pl. 97-114, f. 491-588 (1803-1804), : pl. 115-119, f. 589-612 (1805), : pl. 120-124, f. 613-636 (1805-1806), : pl. 125-128, f. 637-652 (1806-1808), : pl. 129-144, f. 653-727 (1808-1813), : pl. 145-147, f. 728-741 (1814-1816), : pl. 148-150, f. 742-756 (1816-1817), : pl. 151, f. 757-762 (1818-1819), : pl. 152-154, f. 757-774 (1819-1822), : pl. 155, f. 775-778 (1822-1823), : pl. 156-161, f. 779-806 (1823), : pl. 162-175, f. 807-874 (1823-1824), : pl. 176, f. 869-874 (1824-1825), : pl. 177-181, f. 875-895 (1825-1826), : pl. 182-187, f. 896-981 (1827-1828), : pl. 188-195, f. 922-968 (1828-1832), : pl. 196, f. 969-974 (1832-1833), : pl. 197-201, f. 975-997 (1834-1836), : pl. 202-203, f. 998-1009 (1836-1838), : pl. 204-207, f. 1010-1029 (1837-1838)
Hübner, [1819]
Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge, 1816-[1826] Verz. bek. Schmett. (1): [1-3], 4-16 (1816), (2): 17-32 (1819), (3): 33-48 (1819), (4): 49-64 (1819), (5): 65-80 (1819), (6): 81-96 (1819), (7): 97-112 (1819), (8): 113-128 (1819), (9): 129-144 (1819), (10): 145-160 (1819), (11): 161-176 (1819), (12): 177-192 (1820), (13): 193-208 (1820), (14): 209-224 (1821), (15): 225-240 (1821), (16): 241-256 (1821), (17): 257-272 (1823), (18): 273-288 (1823), (19): 289-304 (1823), (20): 305-320 (1825), (21): 321-336 (1825), (22): 337-352 (1825), (23-27): 353-431 ([1825])
Joicey & Noakes, 1915
New Butterflies and a Moth from Biak Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1915 (2) : 177-197, pl. 21-28
Talbot & Joicey, 1916
New Lepidoptera from the Schouten Islands, with description of a new Tineid Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1916 (1) : 65-83, pl. 3-6
Joicey & Talbot, 1918
New Butterflies from Africa and the East Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1917 : 271-272
Joicey & Talbot, 1922
New forms of Papilionidae from New Guinea, Malaya, and South America Bull. Hill Mus. 1 (2) : 320-324
Joicey & Talbot, 1927
New forms of Lepidoptera Rhopalocera Encycl. Ent. (B III) 2 (1): 1-14
Jordan, 1937
Spolia Mentawiensia: Papilionidae Novit. Zool. 40 : 316-322, pl. 14
Kalis, 1933
Bijdrage tot de kennis van de Lepidoptera Rhopalocera van Nederlandsch-Indië Tijdschr. Ent. 76 (1-2) : 47-86
Karsch, 1895
Aethiopische Rhopaloceren. I & II Ent. Nachr. 21 (18): 275-286, (19/20): 289-322
Kielland, 1978
A provisional checklist of the Rhopalocera of the eastern side of Lake Tanganyika Tijdschr. Ent. 121 (4) : 147-237
Koçak, 1980
On the nomenclature of some genus- and species-group names of Lepidoptera Nota lepid. 2 (4): 139-146
Koch, 1860
Entwurf einer Aenderung des System der Lepidopteren Stettin ent. Ztg 21 : 226-235, : 420 (Berichtigung)
Koiwaya, 1993
Descriptions of three new genera, eleven new species and seven new subspecies of butterflies from China Studies Chinese Butts 2 : 9-27, : 43-111
Lathy, 1899
Notes on the Indo-Australian Papilios in the collection of Mr. H. J. Adams, with descriptions of new Species Entomologist 32 : 147-149
Lathy, 1906
A Contribution towards the knowledge of African Rhopalocera Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1906 (1) : 1-10, pl. 1-2
Lathy, 1907
Notes on the Indo-Australian Papilionidae Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1907 (1) : 1-6, pl. 1
Leach, 1814
The Zoological Miscellany; being Descriptions of New, or Interesting Animals Zool. Miscell. 1: 144pp, 60pls
Leech, 1887
On the Lepidoptera of Japan and Corea, Pt I. Rhopalocera Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1887 : 398-431, pl. 35-36
Leech, [1893]
Butterflies from China, Japan, and Corea Butts China Japan Corea (1): 1-297, pl. 1-28 (1892-1894), (2): 297-681, pl. 29-43 (1893-1894)
Linnaeus, 1758
Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Clases, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Symonymis, Locis. Tomis I. 10th Edition Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 1-338, : 339-824
Linnaeus, 1763
in Johansson (Thesis), Centuria Insectorum Amoenitates Acad., 6: -,(121) 384-415
Mabille, 1890
Voyage de M. Ch. Allaud dans le territoire d'Assinie (Afrique occidentale) en juillet et aout 1886. Lépidoptéres avec des notes sur quelques autres espéces d'Afrique Ann. Soc. ent. Fr. (6) 10 : 17-51, 2pls
Mathew, 1886
Descriptions of some new Species of Rhopalocera from the Solomon Islands Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1886 : 343-350, pl. 34
Mathew, 1889
Descriptions and life-histories of new species of Rhopalocera from the Western Pacific Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1889 (2) : 311-315
Matsumura, 1908
Die Papilioniden Japans Ent. Zs. 22 (13) : 53-54
Matsumura, 1910
Neue Rhopaloceren aus Formosa Ent. Zs. 23 (47) : 209
Matsumura, 1929
New butterflies from Japan, Korea and Formosa Insecta Matsumurana 3 (2/3) : 87-107, pl. 4
Mell, 1935
Noch unbeschriebene chinesische Lepidopteren. 4 Mitt. Dtsch. Ent. Ges. 6 : 36-38
Moonen, 1998
Notes on some Papilionidae (Lepidoptera) from Indonesia Trans. lepid. Soc. Japan 49 (3) : 219-228
Moore, 1878
List of Lepidopterous Insects collected by the late R. Swinhoe in the Island of Hainan Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878 (3) : 695-708
Moore, 1888
Descriptions of new Indian Lepidopterous Insects from the collection of the late Mr. W.S. Atkinson Descr. Indian lep. Atkinson (1): 1-88, pl. 1-3 (1879), (2): 89-198, pl. 4-5 (1882), (3): 199-299, pl. 6-8 (1888)
Moore, [1881]
The Lepidoptera of Ceylon Lepid. Ceylon 1 (1): 1-40, pl. 1-18 (Dec 1880), (2): 41-80, pl. 19-36 (Jan 1881), (3): 81-136, pl. 37-54 (Jun 1881), (4): 137-190, pl. 55-71 (Dec 1881)
Moore, 1885
Description of a new Species of the Zetides Section of Papilio Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 16 : 120
Murayama, 1978
On some species of Rhopalocera from Southeast Asia with descriptions of a new species and a new subspecies Tyô to Ga 29 (3) : 153-158
Niepelt, 1915
Neue formen exotischer Tagfalter Int. Ent. Zs. 9 : 58
Niepelt, 1927
Neue exotischer Rhopaloceren Int. Ent. Zs. 21 : 49-53
Oberthür, 1876
Espèces nouvelles de Lépidopterès recueillis en Chine par M. l'abbé A. David / Lépidoptères nouveaux de la Chine Étud. d'Ent. 2 : 13-34, pl. 1-4
Oberthür, 1879
Catalogue raisonné des Papilionidae de la Collection de Ch. Oberthür Étud. d'Ent. 4 : 19-102, 107-117 (Appendice), pl. 1-6
Oberthür, 1879
Observations sur les Lépidoptères des îles Sangir, et descriptions de quelques espèces nouvelles Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1879 (3) : 229-233, pl. 8
Oberthür, 1886
[note] Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. (6) 6 : cxiv-cxv,[114-115]
Oberthür, 1888
Lépidoptères exotiques nouveaux ou peu connus Étud. d'Ent. 12 : 1-8, pl. 1-3,7
Oberthür, 1890
Lépidoptères des iles Comores Étud. d'Ent. 13 : 7-15, pl. 1-5
Oberthür, 1906
Description d'une espèce nouvelle de Papilio de l'Annam Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 1906 (10): 156 : 156
Page & Treadaway, 2003
Descriptions of New Subspecies and Changes in Classification in Bauer & Frankenbach, Butterflies of the world, Suppl. 8: 1-6
Page & Treadaway, 2003
Papilionidae of the Philippine Islands Butterflies of the world, 17: 12pp, pl. 1-59
Pendlebury, 1939
Notes on some new or little-known Malaysian Butterflies J. Fed. Malay St. Mus., 18 (3): 380-394, pl. 6
Reakirt, [1865]
Notes upon exotic Lepidoptera, chiefly from the Philippine Islands, with Descriptions of some new Species Proc. ent. Soc. Philad. 3 : 443-504
Rebel, 1911
Neue Tagfalter aus Zentralafrika Ann. Mus. Wien. 24 : 409-414, pl. 13-14
Ribbe, 1898
Neue Lepidopteren aus dem Schutzgebiete der Neu-Guinea-Compagnie Bismarck und Salomo-Archipel Soc. Ent. 12 (20): 153-154, (21): 161-162, (22): 171-172, (23): 177-178
Ribbe, 1900
Neue Lepidopteren aus Neu-Guinea Insekten-Börse 17 (39): 308, (42): 329-330, (44): 346
Rothschild, 1895
A revision of the Papilios of the Eastern Hemisphere, exclusive of Africa Novit. Zool. 2 (3): 167-463, pl. 6
Rothschild, 1895
Some notes on my revision of the Papilios of the Eastern Hemisphere, exclusive of Africa Novit. Zool. 2 (4): 503-504
Rothschild, 1896
New Lepidoptera Novit. Zool. 3 (2): 91-99, (3): 322-328
Rothschild, 1896
On Some New Subspecies of Papilio Novit. Zool. 3 (4) : 421-425
Rothschild, 1898
Some new Lepidoptera from the East Novit. Zool. 5 (2): 216-219, (3): 602-605
Rothschild, 1898
Some new Lepidoptera from Obi Novit. Zool. 5 : 416-418
Rothschild, 1915
On the Lepidoptera in the Tring Museum sent by Mr. A. S. Meek from the Admiralty Islands, Dampier and Vulcan Islands Novit. Zool. 22 (2): 192-208, (3): 387-402
Rothschild, 1915
Lepidoptera of the British Ornithologists' Union and Wollaston Expeditions in the Snow Mountains, Southern Dutch New Guinea in Rothschild & Durrant, Lep. B.O.U. Exp. New Guinea : 1-146, : 147-148, : 149-162, : 163-168, : 169-182, : pl. 1-2
Rothschild, 1915
On Lepidoptera from the islands of Ceram (Seran), Buru, Bali, and Misol Novit. Zool. 22 (1): 105-144, (2): 209-227
Rothschild & Jordan, 1901
On some Lepidoptera Novit. Zool. 8 (4) : 401-407, pl. 9-10
Rothschild & Jordan, 1905
Lepidoptera collected by Oscar Neumann in north-east Africa Novit. Zool. 10 (3): 491-542, 12: 175-191
Röber, 1928
Neue exotische Falter Int. ent. Zs. 22 (6): 67-72, 3fgs. (8 May)
Schultze, 1913
Vier neue Papilio-Forme aus dem tropischen West-Africa Ent. Rundsch. 30 (9) : 49-50
Schultze, 1913
Einige Mitteilungen über Papilio agamedes Westw. und Verwandte, sowie Einführung einer neuen Form aus dieser Gruppe Ent. Rundsch. 30 (13) : 73-74
Schultze, 1913
Zwei neue melanotische Papilioformen (Aberrationen) aus Westafrika Archiv Naturgesch. 79 A (7) : 4-5
Schultze, 1916
Neue Rhopaloceren aus Kamerun Archiv Naturg. 81 A (7) (7): 159-167, (11): 110-112
Schultze, 1930
Biologisches aus dem afrikanischen Aequtorialwald Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 44 : 176-188
Seeldrayers, 1896
Lépidoptères nouveaux du Congo + Note sur les Papilio du groupe Adamastor Ann. Soc. Ent. Belge 40 : 499-503,503-505
Semper, 1892
Die Schmetterlinge der Philippinischen Inseln. Reisen im Archipel der Philippinen Reisen Philipp. (1): 1-46, pl. 1-8, A (1886), (2): 47-86, pl. 9-16 (1887), (3): 87-134, pl. 17-24 (1888), (4): 135-174, pl. 25-32 (1889), (5): 175-238, pl. 33-38, B (1890), (6): 239-270, pl. 39-46 (1891), (7): 271-380, pl. 47-49 [iv] (1892)
Shirôzu, 1961
A Papilionid Butterfly new to the Fauna of Formosa [in Japanese] Tyô to Ga 12 (2): 23-29
Scopoli, 1777
Introductio ad Historiam naturalem sisteus Genera Lapidum, Plantarum et ANimalium detecta, Characteribus -- in tribus divisa, subinde ad Leges Naturae Introd. Hist. nat.: [x], 3-506 + [34 pp.]
Smith & Vane-Wright, 2001
A review of the Afrotropical species of the genus Graphium (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera: Papilionidae) Bull. nat. Hist. Mus. Lond. (Ent.) 70 (2) : 503-719
van Son, 1936
Scientific results of the Vernay-Lang Kalahari Expedition, March to September, 1930. Rhopalocera and Hesperioidea Ann. transv. Mus. 17 (2) : 121-140, pl. 2
Staudinger, 1884
Exotische Tagfalter in sysmatischer Reihenfolge mit Berücksichtigung neuer Arten in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (1): 3-6, pl. 1-5 (1884), (2): 7-10, pl. 6-10 (1884), (3): 11-14, pl. 11-15 (1884), (4): 15-22, pl. 16-20 (1884), (5): 23-30, pl. 21-25 (1884), (6): 31-38, pl. 26-30 (1884), (7): 39-46, pl. 31-35 (1885), (8): 47-58, pl. 30-40 (1885), (9): 59-82, pl. 41-50 (1885), (10): 83-102, pl. 51-60 (1885), (11): 103-122, pl. 61-65 (1886), (12): 123-138, pl. 66-70 (1886), (13): 139-158, pl. 71-75 (1886), (14): 159-174, pl. 76-80 (1886), (15): 175-194, pl. 81-85 (1887), (16): 195-214, pl. 86-90 (1887), (17): 215-234, pl. 91-95 (1887), (18): 235-270, pl. 96-98 (1888), (19): 1-2,271-333, pl. 99-100 (1888)
Staudinger, 1888
Lepidopteren von der Insel Palawan Corr.-Bl. Ent. Ver. Iris 1 (5) : 273-280
Staudinger, 1889
Lepidoptera der Insel Palawan Dt. ent. Z. Iris 2 (1) : 3-180, pl. 1-2
Staudinger, 1895
Ueber einige neuere und neue Tagfalter des indo-malayischen Faunengebietes Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 7 (2) : 341-358 (1895)
Storace, 1953
Appunti critici su alcuni Graphiini Africani Ann. Mus. Civ. Nat. Giacomo Doria 66 : 252-264
Stoll, [1780]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) in Cramer, Uitl. Kapellen 4 (26b-28): 29-90, pl. 305-336 (1780), (29-31): 91-164, pl. 337-372 (1781), (32-32): 165-252, 1-29, pl. 373-400 (1782)
Stoneham, 1931
A new form of Papilio philonoe, Ward, from Kenya Protectorate Bull. Stoneham Mus. (2): 1
Strand, 1909
Lepidoptera von Ober-Guinea und Sudan, gesammelt von Herrn Leo Frobenius Archiv Naturg. 75 (1) : 303-311
Strand, 1909
Ueber einige Schmetterlinge aus Kibwezi in British-Ost Afrika, nebst bemerkungen über Afrikanische Beralde-arten Archiv Naturg. 75 (1) : 367-374
Strand, 1910
Verzeichnis der von Herrn Oberleutnant F. Reuter an der Dume-Mündung in Kamerun gesammelten und dem Kgl zoologischen Museum geschenkten Lepidopterenp Wiener ent. Z. 29 : 29-36
Strand, 1911
Zoologische Ergebnisse der Expedition des Herrn Hauptmann a. D. Fromm 1908/09 nach Deutsch-Ostafrica. I. Lepidoptera Mitt. zool. Mus. Berl. 5 (2) : 275-304
Strand, 1912
Lepidoptera aus Kamerun, gesammelt von Herrn Ingenieur E. Hintz Archiv Naturg. 78 A (2) : 136-141
Strand, 1913
Zoologische Ergebnisse der Expedition des Herrn G. Tessman nach Süd-Kamerun und Spanisch-Guinea. Lepidoptera. V Archiv Naturg. 79 A (2) : 10-26, pl. 3-4
Strand, 1913
Neue Papilio-Formen aus Kamerun Archiv Naturg. 79 A (3): 17-18
Strand, 1913
Zoologische Ergebnisse der Expedition des Herrn G. Tessmann nach Sud-Kamerun und Spanisch-Guinea. Lepidoptera Archiv Naturg. 79 A (7) : 138-151
Strand, 1914
Lepidoptera aus Kamerun gesammelt von Herrn Leutnant von Rothkirch un Panthen Arch. Naturgesch. 80 A (2) : 139-161
Strand, 1914
Zur Kenntnis des afrikanischen Papilio antheus (Cr.) Westw. Int. ent. Zs. 8 (1): 3-4, (2): 10
Strand, 1916
Abbildungen und Beschreibungen neuer und wenig bekannter Lepidoptera aus der Sammlung W. Niepelt Lepidoptera Niepeltiana (2) : 1-26, pl. 13-17
Suffert, 1904
Neue afrikansche Tagfalter aus dem kön. zool. Museum, Berlin, und meiner Sammlung Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 12-107, pl. 1-3
Sulzer, 1776
Dr. Sulzers Abgekürzte Geschichte der Insecten nach dem Linaeischen System Gesch. Ins. nach linn. Syst.: -
Swainson, 1832
Zoological illustrations, or original figures and descriptions of new, rare or interesting animals, selected chiefly from the classes of ornithology, entomology, and conchology, and arranged according to their apparent affinities. Second series Zool. Illustr. (2) 1: 1-30, pl. 1-30 (1829), 1: 31-45, pl. 31-45 (1830), 2 (11): 46-50, pl. 46-50, 2 (12): 51-55, pl. 51-55, 2 (13): 56-60, pl. 56-60, 2 (14): 61-65, pl. 61-65, 2 (15): 66-70, pl. 66-70, 2 (16): 71-75, pl. 71-75, 2 (17): 76-80, pl. 76-80, 2 (18): 81-85, pl. 81-85 (1831), 2 (19): 86-90, pl. 86-90, 2 (20): 91, pl. 91 (1832), 3 (21): 92-96, pl. 92-96 (1832), 3 (22): 97-101, pl. 97-101, 3 (23): 102-106, pl. 102-106, 3 (24): 107-111, pl. 107-111, 3 (25): 112-116, pl. 112-116, 3 (26): 117-121, pl. 117-121, 3 (27): 122-126, pl. 122-126, 3 (28): 127-131, pl. 127-131, 3 (29): 132-136, pl. 132-136 (1833)
Swinhoe, 1885
On the Lepidoptera of Bombay and the Deccan. Part I-IV Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1885 : 124-148, pl. 9 (I. Rhopalocera), : 287-307, pl. 20-21 (II. Heterocera), : 447-476, pl. 27-28 (III. Heterocera), : 852-886, pl. 56-57 (IV. Heterocera)
Talbot, 1929
New forms of African Lepidoptera Bull. Hill Mus. 3 : 72-77
Thurau, 1903
Neue Rhopaloceren aus Ost Afrika. Ergebnisse der Nyassa-See-un Kenya-Gebirgs-Expedition der Hermann und Elise geb. Heckmann-Wentzel-Stiftung Berl. ent. Z. 48 : 117-143
Trimen, 1893
On some new or imperfectly-known species of South African butterflies Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1893 (2) : 123-143, pl. 8
Tsukada & Nishiyama, 1980
Butterflies of the South East Asia Islands 1. Papilionidae in Tsukada (Ed.), Butts SE Asian Islands 1: 1-459, pl. 1-166
Turlin & Lequeux, 1992
Nouveaux rhopaloceres de Tanzanie (Papilionidae, Nymphalidae) Lambillionea 92 (4)
Tytler, 1939
Notes on some new and interesting butterflies chiefly from Burma 1 & 2 J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 41 (2): 235-252, 42 (1): 109-123
Ungemach, 1932
Contribution à l'étude des Lépidoptères d'Abyssinie (Pt. 1, Rhopalocères) Mém. Soc. Sci. nat. phys. Maroc 32 : 1-122, 2pls
Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003
The butterflies of Sulawesi: annotated checklist for a critical island faunda Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 3-268, pl. 1-16
Wallace, 1865
On the Phenomena of Variation and Geographical Distribution as illustrated by the Papilionidae of the Malayan Region Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 25 (1) : 1-71, pl. 1-8
Wallengren, 1857
Kafferlandets Dag-fjärilar, insamlade åren 1838-1845 af J. A. Wahlberg / Lepidoptera Rhopalocera in Terra Caffrorum annis 1838-1845 collecta a J. A. Wahlberg K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 2 (4) : 1-55
Ward, 1873
Descriptions of new species of African diurnal Lepidoptera Ent. mon. Mag. 10 : 151-152
Waterhouse, 1920
Descriptions of New Forms of Butterflies from the South Pacific Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W. 45 (3) : 468-471
Westwood, 1841
Arcana entomologica, or Illustrations of new, rare and interesting Insects Arcana entomologica, 1: (1841-1843) [iv], 192pp, pl. 1-48 (in 12 parts)
Westwood, 1843; Westwood, 1844
Arcana entomologica, or Illustrations of new, rare and interesting Insects Arcana entomologica, 2: (1843-1845) [vi], 192pp, pl. 49-95, "68"
Westwood, 1842
Insectorum novorum Centuria. Decadis quartae, ex ordine Lepidopterum et genere Papilionis, Synopsis Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. 9 : 36-39
Westwood, 1847
The Cabinet of Oriental Entomology, being... Cabinet Orient. Ent.: [2] + 2 + 88pp, 42 pls (in parts)
Westwood, 1872
Descriptions of some new Papilionidae Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1872 (2) : 85-110, pl. 3-5
Weymer, 1892
Exotische Lepidopteren VI Stettin ent. Ztg 53 (4-6) : 79-125
Weymer, 1902
Zwei neue Tagfalter aus Neuguinea Ent. Zs. 16 (2) : 5-6
White, 1843
Description of some apparently new Insects from the Congo, sent to England by Mr. Curror, Surgeon R.N., and the late Mr. John Cranch Ann. Mag. nat. hist. 12 (1) : 262-268
Wood-Mason & de Nicéville, [1887]
List of the Lepidopterous Insects collected in Cachar by Mr. J. Wood-Mason, part ii J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 55 Pt.II (4) : 343-393, pl. 15-18
Yamamoto, 1977
New species of Graphium from Mindanao (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) Tyô to Ga 28 (3) : 87-88
Yoshino, 2001
Notes on Chilasa agestor and Pazala hoenei stat. nov. (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae) from South China Trans. lepid. Soc. Japan 52 (3) : 136-138
Zinken, 1831
Beitrag zur Insecten-Fauna von Java Nova Acta physico-med. [Leop. Carol.] 15 (1) : 129-194, pl. 14-16


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Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.