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Gnophodes Doubleday, [1849]
Evening Browns
Gnophodes Doubleday, [1849]; Gen. diurn. Lep. (1): pl. 61, f. 2, TS: Gnophodes parmeno Doubleday
Gnophodes Westwood, [1851]; Gen. diurn. Lep. (2): 363
Gnophodes, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Gnophodes (Melanitini) ; [Wahlberg]; [AfrL]

Gnophodes betsimena (Boisduval, 1833)
-. See [About maps] Banded Evening Brown
Cyllo betsimena Boisduval, 1833
Gnophodes betsimena ; [BK: 263, pl. 28, f. 396]; [AfrL]

Larva on Ehrharta erecta [BK]

Madagascar Gnophodes betsimena betsimena ; [BAFR, 162]; [MadL]; [AfrL]
G. b. parmeno Doubleday, [1849]
W.Kenya (W of Rift Valley) - Ethiopia, Uganda, S.Sudan, Zaire, Angola, Cameroun, West Africa Gnophodes parmeno Doubleday, [1849]; Gen. diurn. Lep. (1): pl. 61, f. 2
Gnophodes parmeno ; [EBW]
Gnophodes betsimena parmeno ; [BAFR, 162]
Ghophodes betsimena parmeno ; [BK: 263 (note)]
Gnophodes betsimena parmeno ; [AfrL]
G. b. diversa Butler, 1880
E.Cape - Natal, Mozambique, E.Rhodesia, Malawi, Tanzania, E.Kenya, N.Kenya (Mt. Marsabit) Gnophodes diversa Butler, 1880; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 5 (28): 333
Gnophodes diversa ; [BOW: pl. 119, f. 2]
Gnophodes betsimena diversa ; [BAFR, 162]; [AfrL]

Larva on (Grasses) Ehrharta erecta [PBSA]


Gnophodes chelys (Fabricius, 1793)
Sierra Leone - Angola, Tanzania, W.Kenya. See [About maps] Papilio chelys Fabricius, 1793
Gnophodes chelys ♀-f. iris Bartel, 1905; Novit. Zool. 12 : 130, TL: Cameroon
Gnophodes chelys, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Gnophodes chelys ; [BOW: pl. 119, f. 1]; [BAFR, 162]; [BK: 263, pl. 28, f. 397]; [AfrL]

Larva on Setaria? [BK]


Gnophodes grogani Sharpe, 1901
W.Uganda, E.Zaire (Kivu), Rwanda?, Burundi?. See [About maps] Gnophodes grogani ; [BAFR, 162]; [AfrL]


28.4.2012 (3)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[AfrL]
Mark C. Williams; Checklist of Afrotropical Papilionoidea and Hesperoidea; Compiled by Mark C. Williams, 7th ed. (2008) (April 2007); Afrototropical Butterflies; e-mail: Mark C. Williams
[BAFR]
D'Abrera, 1980; Butterflies of the Afrotropical Region
[BHL]
The; Biodiversity Heritage Library; and on; Internet Archive; Note: The linking to the content of Internet Archive is somewhat delicate -- notify me when links break!
[BK]
Larsen, 1996; The Butterflies of Kenya and their natural history
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[EBW]
Smart, Paul, 1976; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World; ISBN 0 600 31381 6
[MadL]
Lees, D.C., Kremen, C. and Raharitsimba, H. 2003; in S.M. Goodman & J. P. Benstead (eds.), The Natural History of Madagascar; Classification, Diversity and Endemism of the Butterflies (Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea): A Revised Species Checklist: : pp. 762-793; University of Chicago Press. 1709 pp.
[PBSA]
Dickson, C.G.C (ed.), Kroon, D.M.; Pennington's Butterflies of Southern Africa; AD. DONKER 1978
[Wahlberg]
Niklas Wahlberg; The NSG's voucher specimen database; Nymphalidae Systematics Group


Some related literature:
Bartel, 1905
Neue Aethiopische Rhopalocera des Kgl. Museums für Naturkunde in Berlin Novit. Zool. 12 : 129-152
Butler, 1880
On a collection of Lepidoptera from Madagascar, with descriptions of new Genera and Species Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 5 (28): 333-344, (29): 384-395
Doubleday, [1849]; Westwood, [1851]
The genera of diurnal Lepidoptera, comprising their generic characters, a notice of their habitats and transformations, and a catalogue of the species of each genus; illustrated with 86 plates by W. C. Hewitson Gen. diurn. Lep. (1): 1-18, pl. A, 1-4 (1-2) (1846), (1): 19-132, pl. 4*, 5-25, 28 (3-14) (1847), (1): 133-200, pl. 1*, 26, 27, 29, 31-44 (15-23) (1848), (1): 201-242, pl. 30, 45-52, 56-58, 60-62, 64 (24-31) (1849), (1): 243-250 [?], (2): 243-326, pl. 53-55, 63, 65, 66 (32-38) (1850), (2): 327-466, pl. 59, 67-77 (39-50) (1851), (2): 467-534, 143, 144, pl. 78-80 (Index) (51-54) (1852)


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.