[HOME] [INDEXES] < Life < Insecta < Lepidoptera < Ditrysia < Papilionoidea < Nymphalidae < Nymphalinae
Eresia Boisduval, [1836]
Eresia Boisduval, [1836]; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : pl. 11 [= pl. 7B], f. 8, TS: Nereis eunice Hübner
Neptis [Illiger], 1807; Allgem. Lit. Ztg. Halle [Jena] 1807 (No. 2): 1180 (suppr.), TS: Nereis eunice Hübner
= ; [NL4A, 255]
Eresia, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Ecesia ; Weeks, 1906, Ent. News 17 (6) : 195 (missp.)
Eresia ; Godman & Salvin, [1882], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 183
Eresia (Phyciodini) ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 169
Eresia (Phyciodina) ; [Wahlberg]; [NL4A, 255]

Eresia clio (Linnaeus, 1758)
S.Mexico - Peru, Bolivia, Guianas, Amazonas - Mato Grosso. See [About maps] Papilio clio Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 467, no. 52, TL: "Sophora Americes"
Eresia clio clio, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Eresia clio clio, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Eresia clio, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Eresia clio ; Doubleday, 1850, 184
Papilio clio ; Linnaeus, 1764, Mus. Lud. Ulr.: 229, no. 48; Linnaeus, 1767, Syst. Nat. (Edn 12) 1 (2): 757, no. 66
Eresia clio ; Aurivillius, 1882, K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. (n.s.) 19 (5) : 172; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : pl. 92 row h, f. 1-2
Phyciodes clio ; Kirby, 1871, Syn. Cat. diurn. Lep. : 177; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 446; Hall, 1929, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 144; [BOW: pl. 40, f. 26-27]
Phyciodes (Eresia) clio ; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 165-166, 189
Eresia clio ; Honey & Scoble, 2001, Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 132: 312; [NL4A, #2137]
Misidentified/misapplied:
Papilio nauplius; Clerck, 1764, Icon. Ins. rariorum : pl. 46, f. 2
Papilio nauplius; Stoll, [1780], in Cramer, Uitl. Kapellen 4 (26b-28): 55, pl. 316, f. F-G
America, Brazil(Pará) Eresia clara Bates, 1864; J. Entomol. 2 (10): 192, TL: Brazil, Belem ("Para")
= ; [NL4A, #2137a]
Eresia clara ; Godman & Salvin, [1882], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 189, 3: pl. 20, f. 21-22; Godman & Salvin, [1901], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 674; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 131, 169, f. 177, 183-184, 364-367; [BCR, 206]
Eresia clara clara ; [EcuL]
Eresia clio clio ; [NL4A, #2137a]
E. c. reducta (Hall, 1929)
Ecuador Phyciodes clio reducta Hall, 1929; Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 156, TL: Ecuador, La Chima, Rio de las Juntas, pr. Bahahoyo
= Eresia clara ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 131
Eresia clara reducta ; [EcuL]
Eresia clio reducta ; [NL4A, #2137b]

Eresia estebana (Hall, 1929)
Venezuela. See [About maps] estebana (Hall, 1929); , TL: Venezuela
Phyciodes clio estebana Hall, 1929; Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 146, TL: Venezuela, San Esteban Valley, nr Puerto Cabello
= Eresia clara ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 131
Eresia estebana ; [NL4A, #2141]

Eresia nauplius (Linnaeus, 1758)
-. See [About maps] Papilio nauplius Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 488, no. 190, TL: "Indiis" [?Surinam]
Eresia nauplius, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Eresia nauplia ;
Eresia nauplius ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 132, f. 95-96, 368-374; [NL4A, #2147]
Guyanas, Amazonas Papilio nauplius ; Clerck, 1764, Icon. Ins. rariorum : pl. 46, f. 1
Papilio nauplia ; Linnaeus, 1767, Syst. Nat. (Edn 12) 1 (2): 783, no. 197 (missp.); Aurivillius, 1882, K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. (n.s.) 19 (5) : 105
Eresia nauplius nauplius ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 132, 169, f. 95, 368-374; [NL4A, #2147a]
Misidentified/misapplied:
Phyciodes clara; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 446, : pl. 92 row h, f. 5
E. n. extensa (Hall, 1929)
Brazil (Mato Grosso, lower R. Madeira) Phyciodes nauplia extensa Hall, 1929; Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 148, TL: Brazil, Chapada, Mato Grosso
Phyciodes (Eresia) nauplia extensa ; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 166
Eresia nauplius extensa ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 132, 169, f. 96; [NL4A, #2147b]
E. n. plagiata (Röber, 1913)
Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Ecuador Phyciodes nauplia plagiata Röber, 1913; in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 446, TL: Peru, upper Madre de Dios, 1500-3000ft
Phyciodes nauplia plagiata ; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 166
Eresia plagiata ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 133, 169, f. 97, 375-379
Eresia nauplius plagiata ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #2147c]
Misidentified/misapplied:
Eresia nauplia; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : pl. 92 row h, f. 5

Eresia letitia Hewitson, 1869
-. See [About maps] Eresia letitia Hewitson, 1869; Equat. Lepid. Buckley (2): 24, TL: Ecuador, St. Inez
Eresia letitia, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Eresia letitia ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 133, f. 98-99, 380-384
Phyciodes letitia ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 41, f. 11]
Eresia letitia ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #2145]
Colombia, Ecuador Eresia leucophaea Weymer, 1890; in Weymer & Maassen, Reisen Süd-America : 54, TL: Ecuador
= ?; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 133
= Eresia letitia ; [EcuL]
= ; [NL4A, #2145a]
Eresia letitia ; Hewitson, 1870, Ill. exot. Butts [2] (Eresia VIII-IX): [76], pl. [39], f. 70, 75-76; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : pl. 91 row a, f. 3
Phyciodes letitia letitia ; Hall, 1929, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 149; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 165
Eresia letitia letitia ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 133, 169, f. 98, 382, 384; [NL4A, #2145a]
E. l. ocellata (Röber, 1913)
Peru Phyciodes letitia ocellata Röber, 1913; in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 448, TL: Peru, Chanchamayo
Phyciodes neptoides Rosenberg & Talbot, 1914; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1913 (4) : 675, TL: Peru, El Porvenir, 900m
= ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 133; [NL4A, #2145b]
Phyciodes letitia nigra Rosenberg & Talbot, 1914; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1913 (4) : 676, TL: Peru, Huancabamba, Cerro del Pasco
= ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 133; [NL4A, #2145b]
Phyciodes letitia nigra f. leucophaeoides Hall, 1929; Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 151, TL: Peru, Chanchamayo
= ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 133; [NL4A, #2145b]
Phyciodes letitia nigra ; Hall, 1929, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 150; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 165
Phyciodes ocellata ; Hall, 1929, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 151; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 165, 189
Eresia letitia ocellata ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 133, 169, f. 99, 380-381, 383; [NL4A, #2145b]
Misidentified/misapplied:
Phyciodes leucophaea; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 448
Eresia leucophaea; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : pl. 91 row a, f. 4

Eresia lansdorfi (Godart, 1819)
Brazil (Espirito Santo, Bahia, Parana, Rio Grande do Sul, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro), N.Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, Peru?. See [About maps] Heliconia lansdorfi Godart, 1819; Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 209, TL: Brazil
Heliconia langsdorfii Hübner, 1823; , TL: Brazil
= ; [NL4A, #2144]
Phyciodes jacinthica Röber, 1913; in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 448, : pl. 90 row k, f. 6, TL: Brazil, San Jacintho, Theophilo Ottoni, Minas Geraës
= ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 134; [NL4A, #2144]
Phyciodes lansdorfi f. veternosa d'Almeida, 1922; Mélanges Lépid.: 181, TL: Brazil, Jacarépaguá [Rio de Janeiro]
= ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 134; [NL4A, #2144]
Phyciodes lansdorfi f. sulphurata Zikán, 1937; Ent. Rdsch. 54: 386, TL: Brazil, "Südabhang des Itatiaya", 700m [Rio de Janeiro]
= ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 134; [NL4A, #2144]
Eresia lansdorfi, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
?Melinaea lansdorfi ; Hübner, [1821-1822], pl. [68], f. 389-390; Hübner, 1823, 31
Heliconia lansdorfi ; Godart, [1824], Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (2): 806
Phyciodes lansdorfi ; Staudinger, 1885, in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (10): 92, (8): pl. 36; Hall, 1929, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 448; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 162, 164, 189; Hayward, 1964, Genera et species animalium argentinorum, 3: 338, pl. 18, f. 12; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (2): 97; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 41, f. 2]
Eresia lansdorfi ; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : pl. 92 row a, f. 1-2
Phyciodes lansdorfi ; Hayward, 1952, Acta Zool. Lilloana 10: 290
Eresia lansdorfi ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 134, 169, f. 100, 385; [NL4A, #2144]

Eresia carme Doubleday, [1847]
Venezuela, Colombia?. See [About maps] Eresia carme Doubleday, [1847]; Gen. diurn. Lep. (1): pl. 20, f. 5, TL: Venezuela
Eresia carme, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Phyciodes carme ; Staudinger, 1885, in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (10): 93; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 446
Phyciodes carme carme ; Hall, 1929, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 140; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 164
Eresia carme carme ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 136, 169, f. 106-107, 391-392
Eresia carme ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 135, f. 106-108, 391-393; [NL4A, #2135]

Eresia polina Hewitson, 1852
Peru. See [About maps] Eresia polina Hewitson, 1852; Ill. exot. Butts [2] (Eresia I): [60], pl. [31], f. 6, TL: Ecuador, "Quito"
Eresia polina, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Phyciodes polina ; Staudinger, 1885, in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (10): 93; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 445; Hall, 1929, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 142
Eresia polina ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 136, 170, f. 109, 394-395; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #2152]
Ecuador, Bolivia Eresia encina C. & R. Felder, 1861; Wien. ent. Monats. 5 (4): 103, TL: Ecuador
= Eresia polina ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 136
= ; [NL4A, #2152a]
Phyciodes polina f. intermedia Röber, 1913; in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 446, : pl. 92 row g, f. 5, TL: Bolivia
= Eresia polina ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 136
= ; [NL4A, #2152a]
Phyciodes (Eresia) carme polina ; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 164
Eresia polina polina ; [NL4A, #2152a]
E. p. laias Godman & Salvin, 1879
Colombia Eresia laias Godman & Salvin, 1879; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1879 (1) : 151, pl. 14, f. 1, TL: Colombia, Frontino, Antioquia
Phyciodes laias ; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 446, : pl. 90 row g, f. 7-8
Phyciodes laias laias ; Hall, 1929, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 143
Phyciodes (Eresia) carme laias ; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 164
Eresia carme laias ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 136, 170, f. 108, 393; [EcuL, (?)]
Eresia polina laias ; [NL4A, #2152b]
E. p. oblita (Staudinger, 1885)
Venezuela Phyciodes oblita Staudinger, 1885; in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (10): 93, TL: Venezuela, Puerto Cabello
Phyciodes oblita ; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 446
Phyciodes carme oblita ; Hall, 1929, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 141; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 164
Eresia oblita ; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : pl. 92 row d, f. 5; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 135, 169, f. 105, 390
Eresia polina oblita ; [NL4A, #2152d]
E. p. lycus (Hall, 1928)
Colombia Phyciodes laias lycus Hall, 1928; Entomologist 61 (776): 12, TL: Colombia, Rio Aguaca Valley
= Eresia carme laias ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 136
Phyciodes (Eresia) carme lycus ; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 164
Eresia polina lycus ; [NL4A, #2152c]

Eresia casiphia Hewitson, 1869
Ecuador. See [About maps] Eresia casiphia Hewitson, 1869; Equat. Lepid. Buckley (2): 25, TL: Ecuador, Jorge
Eresia casiphia, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Eresia casiphia ; Hewitson, 1870, Ill. exot. Butts [2] (Eresia VIII-IX): [76], pl. [39], f. 72-73
Phyciodes casiphia ; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 446; Hall, 1929, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 166, pl. 1, f. 7
Phyciodes (Eresia) casiphia ; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 167, 189
Eresia casiphia ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 147, 170, f. 137-138, 422
Eresia alsina casiphia ; [EcuL]
Eresia casiphia ; [NL4A, #2136]

Eresia sticta Schaus, 1913
Costa Rica, Colombia?. See [About maps] Eresia sticta Schaus, 1913; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1913 (3) : 344, pl. 50, f. 7, TL: Costa Rica
Eresia sticta, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Phyciodes sticta ; Röber, 1924, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 (Add.): 1030, pl. 192 row h, f. 4
Phyciodes ithomioides sticta ; Hall, 1930, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 4 (suppl.): 181; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 169
Eresia sticta ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 140, 170, f. 119, 405; [BCR, 207]; [NL4A, #2153]
Misidentified/misapplied:
Eresia coela; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : pl. 91 row c, f. 5

Eresia ithomioides Hewitson, 1864
-. See [About maps] Eresia ithomioides Hewitson, 1864; Ill. exot. Butts [2] (Eresia III-VI): [64], pl. [33], f. 20, TL: Colombia, "New Granada", Bogota
Eresia ithomioides, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Phyciodes ithomoides[sic] ; [BOW: pl. 41, f. 1]
Eresia ithomioides ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 140, f. 120, 124, 124a, 406-407; [NL4A, #2143]
Colombia Phyciodes pseudocelemina Strand, 1916; Lepidoptera Niepeltiana (2) : 6, pl. 16, f. 13, TL: Colombia
= ; [NL4A, #2143a]
Phyciodes ithomioides ithomioides f. pseudocelemina ; Hall, 1930, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 4 (suppl.): 180
Eresia ithomioides pseudocelemina ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 141, 170, f. 124
Phycioides ithomoides[sic] ; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 448, : pl. 90 row k, f. 2
Phycioides ithomioides ithomioides ; Hall, 1930, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 4 (suppl.): 179; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 169
Eresia ithomioides ithomioides ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 140, 170, f. 120, 124a; [NL4A, #2143a]
E. i. poecilina Bates, 1866
Panama, Costa Rica Eresia poecilina Bates, 1866; Ent. mon. Mag. 3 (30): 133, TL: Panama, Veragua, Santa Fé
Phyciodes eutropia confirmans Hall, 1930; Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 4 (suppl.): addit. [205?], TL: Costa Rica
= Eresia poecilina ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 139
= ; [NL4A, #2143g]
Eresia poecilina ; Godman & Salvin, [1882], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 188, 3: pl. 20, f. 19-20; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 139, 170, f. 115, 121; [BCR, 207]
Phyciodes poecilina ; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 448
Phyciodes ithomioides poecilina ; Hall, 1930, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 4 (suppl.): 181; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 169
Eresia ithomioides poecilina ; [NL4A, #2143g]
E. i. alsina Hewitson, 1869
Nicaragua, Costa Rica Eresia alsina Hewitson, 1869; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1869 (1) : 33, TL: Nicaragua, Chontales
Eresia alsina ; Hewitson, 1870, Ill. exot. Butts [2] (Eresia VIII-IX): [73], pl. [38], f. 62-63; Godman & Salvin, [1882], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 186; Godman & Salvin, [1901], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 674; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 137, 170, f. 110-111, 396-398; [BCR, 206]
Phyciodes alsina ; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 448, : pl. 90 row k, f. 5; Hall, 1930, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 4 (suppl.): 174; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 169, 189; [BOW: pl. 40, f. 19]
Eresia ithomioides alsina ; [NL4A, #2143b]
Misidentified/misapplied:
Eresia heliconina; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : pl. 91 row a, f. 2

Larva on Pilea pittieri [BCR]

E. i. quintilla Hewitson, 1872
Ecuador Eresia quintilla Hewitson, 1872; Ill. exot. Butts [2] (Eresia X): [78], pl. [40], f. 83, TL: Ecuador
Eresia quintilla, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Phyciodes quintilla ; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 447, : pl. 90 row i, f. 2; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 41, f. 12]
Phyciodes eutropia quintilla ; Hall, 1930, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 4 (suppl.): 178; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 170
Eresia quintilla ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 138, 170, f. 122, 403-404; [EcuL]
Eresia ithomioides quintilla ; [NL4A, #2143h]
E. i. eutropia Hewitson, 1874
Costa Rica?, Panama, W.Colombia Eresia eutropia Hewitson, 1874; Ent. mon. Mag. 11 : 56, TL: Panama, Santa Fé
Phyciodes eutropia eutropia ab. nivifera Hall, 1930; Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 4 (suppl.): 177, TL: Panama; Colombia
= Eresia melaina ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 139
= ; [NL4A, #2143e]
Eresia melaina Higgins, 1981; Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 139, 170, f. 117-118, TL: Panama, Veraguas
= ; [NL4A, #2143e]
Eresia melaina, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Eresia eutropia ; Godman & Salvin, [1882], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 187, 3: pl. 21, f. 1 [melaina]; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : pl. 92 row b, f. 5 [melaina]
Phyciodes eutropia ; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 447 [melaina]
Phyciodes eutropia eutropia ; Hall, 1930, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 4 (suppl.): 176 [melaina]; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 179 [melaina]
Eresia melaina ; [BCR, 207]
Eresia eutropia ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 137, 170, f. 113-114, 402; [BCR, 206]; [BOW: pl. 40, f. 35]
Eresia ithomioides eutropia ; [NL4A, #2143e]
Misidentified/misapplied:
?Eresia dismorphina; Godman & Salvin, [1882], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 3: pl. 20, f. 17-18 [melaina]
Phyciodes (Eresia) eutropia (= Eresia alsina); Young, 1973, J. N.Y. ent. Soc. 81: 87
E. i. mimas (Staudinger, 1885)
Colombia Phyciodes mimas Staudinger, 1885; in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (10): 93, TL: Colombia, Rio San Juan
Phyciodes alsina subfasciata Röber, 1913; , TL: Colombia
Phyciodes alsina subfasciata Röber, 1913; in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 448, : pl. 92 row c, f. 3, TL: Colombia
= Eresia mimas ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 138
= ; [NL4A, #2143f]
Phyciodes mimas ; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 448
Phyciodes eutropia subfasciata ; Hall, 1930, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 4 (suppl.): 177; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 170
Phyciodes eutropia mimas ; Hall, 1930, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 4 (suppl.): 178; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 170
Eresia mimas ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 138, 170, f. 116, 174
Eresia ithomioides mimas ; [NL4A, #2143f]
E. i. cissia (Hall, 1928)
Colombia Phyciodes ithomioides cissia Hall, 1928; Entomologist 61 (776): 12, TL: Colombia, Juntas, Cauca Valley
Phyciodes ithomioides cissia ; Hall, 1930, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 4 (suppl.): 181, pl. 2, f. 5; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 169
Eresia cissia ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 137, 170, f. 112, 399-401; [EcuL]
Eresia ithomioides cissia ; [NL4A, #2143d]
E. i. anomala Higgins, 1981
Colombia Eresia anomala Higgins, 1981; Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 141, 170, f. 123, TL: Colombia
Eresia ithomioides anomala ; [NL4A, #2143c]
Misidentified/misapplied:
Phyciodes ithomioides; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 447, : pl. 90 row k, f. 3-4
Phyciodes ithomioides ithomioides; Hall, 1930, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 4 (suppl.): 180 (f.) only
Colombia Eresia ithomioides ssp. ; Lamas, MS, [NL4A, #2143i]

Eresia emerantia Hewitson, 1857
Colombia. See [About maps] Eresia emerantia Hewitson, 1857; Ill. exot. Butts [2] (Eresia II): [61], pl. [32], f. 7, 11, TL: Colombia, "New Grenada"
Eresia emerantia, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Phyciodes emerentia[sic] ; Hall, 1930, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 4 (suppl.): 173; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 170, 189
Phyciodes emerantia ; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 446; [BOW: pl. 40, f. 31]
Eresia emerantia ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 142, 170, f. 126-127, 409-410; [NL4A, #2139]
Colombia Phyciodes celemina Röber, 1913; in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 448, : pl. 90 row k, f. 1, TL: Colombia, Cundinamarca
= Eresia emerantia ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 142
= ; [NL4A, #2139a]
Eresia emerantia emerantia ; [NL4A, #2139a]
E. e. coela Druce, 1874
Costa Rica, Panama Eresia coela Druce, 1874; Ent. mon. Mag. 11 (122) : 37, TL: Costa Rica, Limon
Eresia coela, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Eresia coela ; Godman & Salvin, [1882], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 187, 3: pl. 21, f. 2-3; Schaus, 1913, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1913 (3) : 344, pl. 50, f. 8; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : pl. 91 row c, f. 4
Phyciodes coela ; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 444
Phyciodes sestia coela ; Hall, 1930, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 4 (suppl.): 172; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 170
?Phyciodes cocla[sic] ; [BOW: pl. 41, f. 14 (text only) [missp.?]]
Eresia coela ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 135, 169, f. 103-104, 388-389; [BCR, 206]
Eresia emerantia coela ; [NL4A, #2139b]

Larva on Justicia [BCR]

E. e. sestia Hewitson, 1869
Ecuador, Colombia emerantia sestia Hewitson, 1869; , TL: Ecuador
Eresia sestia Hewitson, 1869; Equat. Lepid. Buckley (2): 26, TL: Ecuador
Phyciodes saturata Röber, 1913; in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 446, : pl. 90 row h, f. 3, TL: Ecuador, "Cachabé"
= Eresia sestia ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 134
= ; [NL4A, #2139c]
Eresia sestia, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]

Eresia sestia ; Hewitson, 1870, Ill. exot. Butts [2] (Eresia VIII-IX): [75], pl. [39], f. 68-69, 74; Fassl, 1912, Ent. Rdsch. 29 (19) : 122
Phyciodes sestia ; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 446, : pl. 90 row g, f. 9
Phyciodes sestia sestia ; Hall, 1930, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 4 (suppl.): 171; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 170
Phyciodes sestia sestia f. satura ; Hall, 1930, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 4 (suppl.): 172; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 170
Phyciodes sestia ; [BOW: pl. 41, f. 14]
Eresia sestia ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 134, 169, f. 101-102, 386-387; [EcuL]
Eresia emerantia sestia ; [NL4A, #2139c]

Eresia datis Hewitson, 1864
-. See [About maps] Eresia datis Hewitson, 1864; Ill. exot. Butts [2] (Eresia III-VI): [63], pl. [33], f. 14, TL: [Upper Amazon] [Peru]
Eresia datis, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Eresia datis ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 143, f. 129, 414; [NL4A, #2138]
Peru Phyciodes corybassa minicry Bryk, 1953; , TL: Peru
= ; [NL4A, #2138a]
Phyciodes datis datis ; Hall, 1930, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 4 (suppl.): 183; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 169, 189
Eresia datis datis ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 143, 170, f. 129; [NL4A, #2138a]
E. d. moesta Salvin & Godman, 1868
S.Colombia, Ecuador, Peru Eresia moesta Salvin & Godman, 1868; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 2 (8) : 145, TL: Ecuador, Canelos
Eresia ildica Hewitson, 1869; Equat. Lepid. Buckley (2): 24, TL: Ecuador, Aguano
= Eresia moesta ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 142
= ; [NL4A, #2138h]
Eresia cerquita Dognin, 1894; Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 38 (12) : 680, TL: Ecuador, environs de Loja
= Eresia moesta ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 142
= ; [NL4A, #2138h]
Eresia ildica var. heliconiformis Strand, 1912; Archiv Naturg. 78 A (9) : 143, TL: Ecuador, Macas
= Eresia moesta ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 142
= ; [NL4A, #2138h]
Phyciodes mirabilis Hayward, 1967; , TL: Ecuador, Puyo
= ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #2138h]

Eresia ildica ; Hewitson, 1872, Ill. exot. Butts [2] (Eresia X): [78], pl. [40], f. 84
Phyciodes moesta moesta ; Hall, 1930, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 4 (suppl.): 187; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 170
Phyciodes moesta moesta f. cerquita ; Hall, 1930, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 4 (suppl.): 188; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 171
Phyciodes moesta moesta f. ildica ; Hall, 1930, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 4 (suppl.): 188; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 171
Eresia moesta ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 142, 170, f. 173, 411-412
Phyciodes ildica ; [BOW: pl. 40, f. 39]; [EBW]
Eresia datis moesta ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #2138h]
E. d. phaedima Salvin & Godman, 1868
Peru Eresia phaedima Salvin & Godman, 1868; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 2 (8) : 146, TL: Peru, Pozzuzo
Eresia prisca Hopffer, 1874; , TL: "Mexico",Peru
Eresia prisca Hopffer, 1874; Stettin ent. Ztg 35 (10-12) : 349, TL: "Mexico"; Peru, Chanchamayo
= Eresia phaedima ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 143
= ; [NL4A, #2138i]
Phyciodes prisca ; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 447
Phyciodes phaedima ; Hall, 1930, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 4 (suppl.): 185; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 169, 189
Eresia phaedima ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 143, 170, f. 128, 413
Eresia datis phaedima ; [NL4A, #2138i]
E. d. margaretha Hewitson, 1872
Colombia Eresia margaretha Hewitson, 1872; Ill. exot. Butts [2] (Eresia X): [77], pl. [40], f. 77, TL: Colombia, Bogota ("New Granada")
Phyciodes margaretha ; Röber, 1914, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 450, : pl. 91 row b, f. 1; [BOW: pl. 41, f. 6]
Phyciodes margaretha margaretha ; Hall, 1930, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 4 (suppl.): 184; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 169
Eresia margaretha ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 144, 170, f. 130, 415
Eresia datis margaretha ; [NL4A, #2138g]
E. d. corybassa Hewitson, 1874
Bolivia, S.Peru Eresia corybassa Hewitson, 1874; Descr. new Spec. Butts Buckley Bolivia: 6, TL: Bolivia
Eresia cornelia Röber, 1913; , TL: [Bolivia]
= ; [NL4A, #2138b]
Phyciodes cornelia Staudinger in litt.; (invalid)
Phyciodes cornelia ; Röber, 1914, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 450, : pl. 92 row g, f. 1
Phyciodes corybassa ; [BOW: pl. 40, f. 28]
Phyciodes datis corybassa ; Hall, 1929, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 184; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 169
Eresia datis corybassa ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 144, 170, f. 414; [NL4A, #2138b]
E. d. fassli (Röber, 1913)
Colombia Phyciodes ildica fassli Röber, 1913; in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 447, : pl. 90 row i, f. 5-6, TL: Colombia, Upper Rio Negro, 2500ft
= Eresia moesta ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 142
Phyciodes moesta fassli ; Hall, 1930, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 4 (suppl.): 188; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 170
Eresia datis fassli ; [NL4A, #2138c]
E. d. fenestrata (Röber, 1913)
Peru datis fenestrata (Röber, 1913); , TL: Peru
Phyciodes fenestrata Röber, 1914; in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 450, : pl. 91 row c, f. 3, TL: Peru, Huayabamba, SE of Chachapoyas, 3500ft
= ?Eresia datis datis ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 143
Phyciodes fenestrata derivata Bryk, 1953; Arkiv. Zool. (2) 5 (1): 92, TL: Peru, Roque
= ?Eresia datis datis ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 143
= ; [NL4A, #2138d]
Phyciodes datis fenestrata ; Hall, 1930, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 4 (suppl.): 183; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 169
Eresia datis fenestrata ; [NL4A, #2138d]
E. d. magniplaga (Röber, 1927)
Colombia Melitaea (Phyciodes) magniplaga Röber, 1927; Int. ent. Zs. 21 (13): 98, f. , TL: Colombia, Canungucho
Phyciodes magniplaga ; Hall, 1930, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 4 (suppl.): 186; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 170, 189
Eresia datis magniplaga ; [NL4A, #2138e]
E. d. manto (Hall, 1930)
Colombia Phyciodes margaretha manto Hall, 1930; Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 4 (suppl.): 185, TL: Colombia, Rio Dagua
= Eresia margaretha Hewitson, [1872]; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 144
Phyciodes (Eresia) margaretha manto ; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 169
Eresia datis manto ; [NL4A, #2138f]
Colombia Eresia datis ssp. ; Lamas, MS, [NL4A, #2138j]

Eresia olivencia Bates, 1864
Brazil(Amazonas, Rondônia), Venezuela, Guatemala, Colombia, Peru, Panama. See [About maps] Eresia eunice var. olivencia Bates, 1864; J. Entomol. 2 (10): 191, TL: Brazil, Săo Paulo de Olivençia
Eresia fraterna Austin & Emmel, 1996; , TL: Brazil, Rondônia
= ; [NL4A, #2148]
Phyciodes olivencia ; Staudinger, 1885, in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (15): 193; [BOW: pl. 40, f. 34 (text only)]
Phyciodes eunice eunice f. olivencia ; Hall, 1929, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 157
Phyciodes (Eresia) eunice olivencia ; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 167
Eresia eunice olivencia ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 145, 170, f. 132
Eresia olivencia ; [NL4A, #2148]

Eresia eunice (Hübner, [1807])
-. See [About maps] Nereis fulva eunice Hübner, [1807]; Samml. exot. Schmett. 1 : pl. [9], TL: [South America]
Nerëis eunice Hübner, [1807]
Eresia eunice, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Nereis eunica ; Boisduval, [1836], (missp.)
Phyciodes eunice ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 144, f. 131-132, 135, 416-420; [BOW: pl. 40, f. 34]
Eresia eunice ; [NL4A, #2142]

Larva on Fittonia Hayward, 1966, :

Brazil(Amazonas), Guyanas, Colombia, Peru, Ecuador Eresia pella Hewitson, 1852; Ill. exot. Butts [2] (Eresia I): [59], pl. [31], f. 2, TL: [Brazil], ("Amazon")
= ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 145; [NL4A, #2142a]
Phyciodes eucrasia Zikán, 1937; , TL: Brazil, Amazonas
= ; [NL4A, #2142a]
Phyciodes eunice homogena Bryk, 1953; Arkiv. Zool. (2) 5 (1): 89-90, TL: Brazil, Amazonas, Taracuá
= ?Eresia eunice olivencia ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 145
= ; [NL4A, #2142a]
Eresia eunice ; Bates, 1864, J. Entomol. 2 (10): 191
Phyciodes eunice eunice ; Hall, 1929, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 156; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 167, 171
Eresia eunice eunice ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 144, 170, f. 131, 418-420; [NL4A, #2142a]
Misidentified/misapplied:
Eresia olivencia; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : pl. 92 row b, f. 1
E. e. polymnia (Röber, 1913)
Colombia Phyciodes olivencia f. polymnia Röber, 1913; in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 447, TL: Colombia, Medina, 1600ft
= Eresia eunice olivencia ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 145
Eresia eunice polymnia ; [NL4A, #2142g]
E. e. drypetis Godman & Salvin, 1878
Panama, Colombia Eresia drypetis Godman & Salvin, 1878; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878 (1) : 269, TL: Panama, Lion Hill
= Eresia eunice olivencia ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 145
Phyciodes mechanitis f. daguana Bargmann, 1928; Lepid. Rdsch. 2 : 236, TL: Colombia, Rio Dagua
= ?Eresia mechanitis ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 147
= ; [NL4A, #2142b]
Eresia drypetis ; Godman & Salvin, [1882], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 184, 3: pl. 20, f. 11-12
Phyciodes eunice drypetis ; Hall, 1929, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 158; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 167, 171
Eresia eunice drypetis ; [NL4A, #2142b]
E. e. esora Hewitson, 1857
from Brazil (Pernambuco, Bahia, Mato Grosso, Espírito Santo), Ecuador, Paraguay, NE.Argentina Eresia esora Hewitson, 1857; Ill. exot. Butts [2] (Eresia II): [62], pl. [32], f. 12, TL: Brazil, [Espirito Santo]
Phyciodes eunice f. albella Zikán, 1937; Ent. Rdsch. 54: 385, TL: Brazil, [Fazenda] "Jerusalem", Alegre, Espirito Santo
= ?; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 146
= ; [NL4A, #2142c]
Phyciodes esora ; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 446
Phyciodes eunice esora ; Hall, 1929, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 158; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 167, 171; Hayward, 1964, Genera et species animalium argentinorum, 3: 340, pl. 18, f. 13; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (2): 97
Eresia eunice esora ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 145, 170, f. 135, 417; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #2142c]
Misidentified/misapplied:
Eresia eunice; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : pl. 92 row a, f. 3
E. e. mechanitis Godman & Salvin, 1878
Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia? Eresia mechanitis Godman & Salvin, 1878; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878 (1) : 269, TL: Nicaragua, Chontales
Eresia mechanitis, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Phyciodes mechanitis ; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 447, : pl. 90 row h, f. 5
Phyciodes eunice mechanitis ; Hall, 1929, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 159; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 167
Eresia mechanitis ; Godman & Salvin, [1882], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 183, 3: pl. 20, f. 13-14; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 147, 170, f. 139, 423; [BCR, 207]
Eresia eunice mechanitis ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #2142f]
E. e. klagesii (Weeks, 1906)
Venezuela eunice klagesii (Weeks, 1906); , TL: Venezuela
Ecesia[sic] klagesii Weeks, 1906; Ent. News 17 (6) : 195, TL: Venezia, Suapure
= Eresia eunice olivencia ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 145
Phyciodes eunice eunice f. klagesii ; Hall, 1929, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 158
Eresia klagesii ; Weeks, 1911, Ill. diurnal Lepid. 2 : 1, pl. 1
Eresia eunice klagesii ; [NL4A, #2142e]
E. e. gudruna Röber, 1913
Brazil(Amazonas), Peru Phyciodes olivencia f. gudruna Röber, 1913; in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 447, : pl. 92 row b, f. 2, TL: "Upper Amazon"
= Eresia eunice olivencia ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 145
Eresia brunhilda Röber, 1913; in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 447, : pl. 92 row b, f. 3, TL: "Upper Amazon"
= Eresia eunice olivencia ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 145
= ; [NL4A, #2142d]
Phyciodes eunice eunice f. brunhilda ; Hall, 1929, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 158
Phyciodes (Eresia) eunice brunhilda ; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 166
Phyciodes (Eresia) eunice gudruna ; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 167
Eresia eunice gudruna ; [NL4A, #2142d]
Peru Eresia eunice ssp. ; Lamas, MS, [NL4A, #2142h]

Eresia erysice (Geyer, 1832)
Brazil (Bahia). See [About maps] Melinaea erysice Geyer, 1832; Zuträge Samml. exot. Schmett. 4 : 28, : f. 717-718, TL: "South America"
Phyciodes erysice ; Kirby, 1871, Syn. Cat. diurn. Lep. : 176
Phyciodes erysice erysice ; Hall, 1929, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 160
Phyciodes (Eresia) erysice erysice ; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 168, 189
Eresia erysice ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 146, 170, f. 136; [NL4A, #2140]
Eresia erysice erysice ; [NL4A, #2140a]
E. e. etesiae (Hall, 1929)
French Guiana, N.Brazil Phyciodes erysice etesiae Hall, 1929; Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 160, pl. 1, f. 8-9, TL: French Guiana, ("Cayenne")
Phyciodes (Eresia) erysice etesiae ; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 168
Eresia etesiae ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 146, 170, f. 133-134, 421
Eresia erysice etesiae ; [NL4A, #2140b]

Eresia pelonia Hewitson, 1852
Bolivia, Brazil(Amazonas), .... See [About maps] Eresia pelonia Hewitson, 1852; Ill. exot. Butts [2] (Eresia I): [59], pl. [31], f. 3, TL: Ecuador, "Quito"
Eresia pelonia, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Eresia pelonia ; Hewitson, 1870, Ill. exot. Butts [2] (Eresia VIII-IX): [73], pl. [38], f. 64-67
Phyciodes pellonia[sic] ; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 446, : pl. 92 row b, f. 4
Phyciodes pelonia pelonia ; Hall, 1929, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 161; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 167
Eresia pelonia ; Hewitson, 1870, Ill. exot. Butts [2] (Eresia VIII-IX): [73], pl. [38], f. 64-67 [f. 66 f. ithomiola]; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 147, 170, f. 140-142, 424-425; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #2149]
Ecuador Eresia pelonia pelonia ; [NL4A, #2149a]
E. p. ithomiola Salvin, 1869
Peru, Ecuador Eresia ithomiola Salvin, 1869; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 4 (21) 4 (21): 171, TL: Peru, Cosnipata Valley
= Eresia pelonia ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 147
Phyciodes callonia var. murena Staudinger, 1885; in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (19): 02, TL: Peru, Chanchamayo
= Eresia pelonia ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 147
= ; [NL4A, #2149d]
Phyciodes pelonia f. hewitsonii Hall, 1929; Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 164, TL: Ecuador
= Eresia pelonia ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 148
= ; [NL4A, #2149d]
Phyciodes (Eresia) pelonia hewitsonii ; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 168
Phyciodes pelonia f. ithomiola ; Hall, 1929, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 163
Phyciodes (Eresia) pelonia ithomiola ; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 168
Phyciodes murena ; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 447, : pl. 92 row c, f. 1; [BOW: pl. 41, f. 7]
Eresia pelonia ithomiola ; [NL4A, #2149d]
E. p. callonia (Staudinger, 1885)
Peru, Ecuador Phyciodes callonia Staudinger, 1885; in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (10): 92, (8): pl. 36, TL: Peru, Pebas, Jurimaguas
= Eresia pelonia Hewitson, [1852]; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 147
Phyciodes pardalina Röber, 1913; in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 447, : pl. 90 row h, f. 6, TL: Peru, Pebas
= Eresia pelonia ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 147
= ; [NL4A, #2149b]
Phyciodes murena heliconina Röber, 1913; in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 447, TL: Peru, Pebas
= Eresia pelonia ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 148
= ; [NL4A, #2149b]
Eresia callonioides var. pastazana Strand, 1920; Int. ent. Zs. 14 (19): 147, TL: Ecuador, Upper Pastaza, 1000m
= Eresia pelonia ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 148
= ; [NL4A, #2149b]

Phyciodes pelonia f. callonia ; Hall, 1929, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 162
Phyciodes (Eresia) pelonia callonia ; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 168
Phyciodes callonia ; [BOW: pl. 40, f. 22]
Phyciodes pelonia f. pardalina ; Hall, 1929, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 163
Phyciodes pelonia f. heliconina ; Hall, 1929, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 163
Phyciodes (Eresia) pelonia heliconina ; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 168
Eresia pelonia callonia ; [NL4A, #2149b]
E. p. callonioides Strand, 1912
Peru Eresia callonioides Strand, 1912; Archiv Naturg. 78 A (9) : 181, TL: Peru
= Eresia pelonia ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 147
Phyciodes apicalis Röber, 1913; in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 447, : pl. 90 row i, f. 1, TL: Peru, Chuchurras, R. Palcazu, 320m
= Eresia pelonia ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 147
= ; [NL4A, #2149c]
Phyciodes pelonia f. apicalis ; Hall, 1929, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 163
Phyciodes (Eresia) pelonia apicalis ; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 167
Phyciodes pelonia f. callonioides ; Hall, 1929, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 164
Phyciodes (Eresia) pelonia callonioides ; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 168
Eresia pelonia callonioides ; [NL4A, #2149c]

Eresia phillyra Hewitson, 1852
Guatemala, Honduras?, Brazil?. See [About maps] Eresia phillyra Hewitson, 1852; Ill. exot. Butts [2] (Eresia I): [59], pl. [31], f. 1, TL: Mexico
Eresia phillyra phillyra, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Eresia phillyra phillyra, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Eresia phillyra, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Eresia phillyra, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Phyciodes phillyra ; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 448, : pl. 92 row c, f. 3-4; Hall, 1929, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 167
Phyciodes philura ; [EBW, (missp.)]
Eresia phillyra ; Godman & Salvin, [1882], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 185; Godman & Salvin, [1901], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 673; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 148, 170, f. 143-144, 185, 426-427; [NL4A, #2151]
Mexico Eresia ezorias Hewitson, 1857; Ill. exot. Butts [2] (Eresia II): [62], pl. [32], f. 13, TL: Mexico
= Eresia phillyra ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 148
= ; [NL4A, #2151a]
Phyciodes (Eresia) phillyra phillyra ; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 168, 189
Eresia phillyra phillyra ; [NL4A, #2151a]
E. p. nigripennis Salvin, 1869
Costa Rica, Panama? Eresia nigripennis Salvin, 1869; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 4 (21) 4 (21): 170, TL: Costa Rica, Cache
Eresia dismorphina Butler, 1872; Cistula ent. 1 : 78, TL: Costa Rica
= Eresia dismorphina ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 142
= ; [NL4A, #2151b]
Phyciodes nigripennis ; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 447, : pl. 90 row i, f. 4; Hall, 1929, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 169
Phyciodes (Eresia) phillyra nigripennis ; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 168
Eresia dismorphina ; Butler, 1874, Lepid. Exotica (21): 182, pl. 63, f. 1
Eresia nigripennis ; Godman & Salvin, [1882], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 186, 3: pl. 20, f. 15-16; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 141, 170, f. 125, 125a, 408; [BCR, 207]
Eresia phillyra nigripennis ; [NL4A, #2151b]

Eresia perna Hewitson, 1852
coastal, .... See [About maps] Eresia perna Hewitson, 1852; Ill. exot. Butts [2] (Eresia I): [60], pl. [31], f. 5, TL: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro
Eresia perna, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Phyciodes perna ; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 446, : pl. 92 row g, f. 4-5
Phyciodes perna perna ; Hall, 1929, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 152; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 165
Eresia perna ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 150, 170, f. 146, 429; [NL4A, #2150]
Brazil(Rio de Janeiro, Santa Catarina) Phyciodes alma Staudinger, 1885; in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (10): 93, (8): pl. 36, TL: Brazil, Sta Catharina, Blumenau
= ; [NL4A, #2150a]
Eresia perna perna ; [NL4A, #2150a]
E. p. aveyrona Bates, 1864
Venezuela, Costa Rica, Guyanas, Brazil(Pará) Eresia aveyrona Bates, 1864; J. Entomol. 2 (10): 192, pl. 10, f. 4, TL: Brazil, Aveyros, on the Tapajos
Eresia aveyrona, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Eresia aveyrona ; Godman & Salvin, [1882], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 185; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 149, f. 145, 428
Phyciodes aveyrona ; Staudinger, 1885, in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (10): 93; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 446, : pl. 92 row d, f. 3
Phyciodes perna aveyrona ; Hall, 1929, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 153; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 165
Eresia aveyrona aveyrona ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 149, 170, f. 145, 428
Eresia perna aveyrona ; [NL4A, #2150b]
E. p. mylitta Hewitson, 1869
Ecuador Eresia mylitta Hewitson, 1869; Equat. Lepid. Buckley (2): 26, TL: Ecuador, St. Inéz
Eresia bella Hewitson, 1870; Ill. exot. Butts [2] (Eresia VIII-IX): [75], pl. [39], f. 71 (unj. repl. Eresia mylitta Hewitson, 1869)
= ; [NL4A, #2150c]
Phyciodes bella Kirby, 1871; (preocc. Hewitson, 1870,repl. Eresia mylitta Hewitson, 1869)
= ; [NL4A, #2150c]
Eresia bella ; Hewitson, 1870, Ill. exot. Butts [2] (Eresia VIII-IX): [75], pl. [39], f. 71
Phyciodes bella ; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 446, : pl. 88 row i, f. 2
Phyciodes perna bella ; Hall, 1929, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 153; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 162, 166
Eresia aveyrona mylitta ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 149, 170
Eresia perna mylitta ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #2150c]
Eresia perna ssp. ; Lamas, MS, [NL4A, #2150d (Brazil)]

Eresia levina Hewitson, 1872
Colombia. See [About maps] Eresia levina Hewitson, 1872; Ill. exot. Butts [2] (Eresia X): [77], pl. [40], f. 78, TL: Colombia, "New Granada"
Morpheďs felderi Hopffer, 1874; Stettin ent. Ztg 35 (10-12) : 351, TL: [Colombia] ("Bolivia")
= ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 150; [NL4A, #2146]
Phyciodes levina f. decorata Röber, 1914; in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 450, TL: Colombia
= ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 150; [NL4A, #2146]
Phyciodes levina werneri Hering, 1925; in Hering & Hopp, Dt. ent. Z. Iris 39: 193, TL: Colombia, Rio Micay
= ?; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 150
= ; [NL4A, #2146]
Eresia levina, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Phyciodes levina ; Staudinger, 1885, in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (10): 94, (8): pl. 36; Röber, 1914, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 450, : pl. 92 row e, f. 3; Hall, 1930, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 4 (suppl.): 189; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 163, 189; [BOW: pl. 41, f. 5]
Phyciodes levina ab. decorata ; Hall, 1929, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 180; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 163
Eresia levina werneri ; [EcuL]
Eresia levina ; Fassl, 1912, Ent. Rdsch. 29 (19) : 122; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 150, 170, f. 151, 430-431; [NL4A, #2146]

Eresia actinote Salvin, 1869
Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador. See [About maps] Eresia actinote Salvin, 1869; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 4 (21) 4 (21): 171, TL: Peru, Cosnipata Valley
Phyciodes actinote ; Röber, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 448, : pl. 92 row f, f. 2; [BOW: pl. 40, f. 17]
Phyciodes actinote actinote ; Hall, 1929, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 190
Phyciode (Eresia) actinote ; Forbes, 1945, Entomologica am. 24: 164, 189
Eresia actinote ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 150, 170, f. 152-153, 432; [NL4A, #2134]
Peru Eresia acraea Hopffer, 1874; Stettin ent. Ztg 35 (10-12) : 349, TL: Peru
= Eresia actinote ; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 150
= ; [NL4A, #2134a]
Eresia actinote actinote ; [NL4A, #2134a]
E. a. limbata (Röber, 1913)
Bolivia Phyciodes actinote limbata Röber, 1913; in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 448, TL: Bolivia
= Eresia actinote Salvin, 1869; Higgins, 1981, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 150
Phyciodes actinote limbata ; Hall, 1929, Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 191
Eresia actinote limbata ; [NL4A, #2134b]
Peru Eresia actinote ssp. ; Lamas, MS, [NL4A, #2134c]


Unknown or unplaced taxa

Eresia casada Herrich-Schäffer, 1865; (nom. nud.)
casada ; [NL4A, 256]

Melitaea flavula Capronnier, 1874; (nom. nud.), TL: Brazil
flavula ; [NL4A, 256]

Eresia rhea Herrich-Schäffer, 1865; (nom. nud.)
rhea ; [NL4A, 256]

Eresia rusina Herrich-Schäffer, 1865; (nom. nud.)
rusina ; [NL4A, 256]

Eresia silura Herrich-Schäffer, 1865; (nom. nud.)
silura ; [NL4A, 256]

Eresia surilla Herrich-Schäffer, 1865; (nom. nud.)
surilla ; [NL4A, 256]


22.2.2013 (20)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BAMONA]
Opler, Pavulaan, Stanford & Pogue; Butterflies and Moths of North America; Mountain Prairie Information Node
[BCA]
electronic; BIOLOGIA CENTRALI-AMERICANA
[BCR]
DeVries; The Butterflies of Costa Rica 1; Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae
[BHL]
The; Biodiversity Heritage Library; and on; Internet Archive; Note: The linking to the content of Internet Archive is somewhat delicate -- notify me when links break!
[BOA]
Interactive Listing of American Butterflies; Listado Interactivo de la Mariposas Americanas; Butterflies of America
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[EBW]
Smart, Paul, 1976; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World; ISBN 0 600 31381 6
[EcuL]
Tommaso & Racheli, 2001; Fragmenta entomologica 33 (2): 213-380; An annotated list of Ecuadorian Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae)
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[ILMB]
Interactive Listing of Mexican Butterflies
[JLS]
Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society; the original J. Lep. Soc. articles
[LAMAS-NEO]
Gerardo Lamas; Bibliography of butterflies; An Annocated Bibliography of the Neotropical Butterflies and Skipper (Lepididoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea); Revised Electronic Edition (2007)
[NL4A]
Gerardo Lamas, 2004; Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera; Checklist: Part 4A; Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea
[Wahlberg]
Niklas Wahlberg; The NSG's voucher specimen database; Nymphalidae Systematics Group


Some related literature:
d'Almeida, 1922
Mélanges Lépidoptérologiques, Études sur les Lépidoptéres du Brésil Mélanges Lépid.: viii + 226pp
Aurivillius, 1882
Recensio critica Lepidopterorum Musei Ludovicae Ulricae quae descriptis Carolus a Linné K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. (n.s.) 19 (5) : 1-188, 1pl
Bargmann, 1928
Neue exotische Falter Lepid. Rdsch. 2 : 223-224, : 234-236
Bates, 1864
Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon valley, Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae J. Entomol. 2 (10): 175-213, pl. 9-10 (1864), (12): 311-346, pl. 13-14 (1865)
Bates, 1866
New species of butterflies from Guatemala and Panama Ent. mon. Mag. 3 (27): 49-52 (1866), (28): 85-88 (1866), (30): 133-136 (1866), (31): 152-157 (1866)
Boisduval, [1836]
Histoire Naturelle des Insectes. Species Général des Lépidoptéres. Tome Premier Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 1-690, pl. 1-24
Brown & Mielke, 1967
Lepidoptera of the Central Brazil Plateau. I. Preliminary list of Rhopalocera J. Lep. Soc. 21 (2): 77-106
Bryk, 1953
Lepidoptera aus dem Amazonasgebiete und aus Peru gesammelt von Dr. Douglas Melin und Dr. Abraham Roman Arkiv. Zool. (2) 5 (1): 1-268
Butler, 1874
Lepidoptera Exotica, or descriptions and illustrations of exotic Lepidoptera Lepid. Exotica (1): 1-8, pl. 1-3 (1869), (2): 9-16, pl. 4-6 (1869), (3): 17-24, pl. 7-9 (1869), (4): 25-32, pl. 10-12 (1870), (5): 33-42, pl. 13-15 (1870), (6): 43-50, pl. 16-19 (1870), (7): 51-58, pl. 20-22 (1870), (8): 59-66, pl. 23-25 (1871), (9): 67-74, pl. 26-28 (1871), (10): 75-84, pl. 29-32 (1871), (11): 85-94, pl. 33-35 (1872), (12): 95-104, pl. 36-38 (1872), (13): 105-114, pl. 39-41 (1872), (14): [115],[116],117-120, pl. 42-44 (1872), (15): 121-128, pl. 45-48 (1873), (17): 137-144, pl. 49-51 (1873), (18): 145-152, pl. 52-54 (1873), (19): 153-162, pl. 55-57 (1873), (20): 163-174, pl. 58-60 (1874), (21): 175-190, pl. 61-64 (1874)
Butler, 1872
Descriptions of new Butterflies from Costa Rica Cistula ent. 1 : 72-90
Clerck, 1764
Icones Insectorum Rariorum cum Nominibus eorum Trivialibus, Locisque e C. Linnaei ... Systema Naturae allegatis. Holmiae Icon. Ins. rariorum : pl. 1-12 (1759), : pl. 13-55 (1764)
Dognin, 1894
Lépidoptčres nouveaux de Loja et environ Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 38 (12) : 680-687
Doubleday, [1847]
The genera of diurnal Lepidoptera, comprising their generic characters, a notice of their habitats and transformations, and a catalogue of the species of each genus; illustrated with 86 plates by W. C. Hewitson Gen. diurn. Lep. (1): 1-18, pl. A, 1-4 (1-2) (1846), (1): 19-132, pl. 4*, 5-25, 28 (3-14) (1847), (1): 133-200, pl. 1*, 26, 27, 29, 31-44 (15-23) (1848), (1): 201-242, pl. 30, 45-52, 56-58, 60-62, 64 (24-31) (1849), (1): 243-250 [?], (2): 243-326, pl. 53-55, 63, 65, 66 (32-38) (1850), (2): 327-466, pl. 59, 67-77 (39-50) (1851), (2): 467-534, 143, 144, pl. 78-80 (Index) (51-54) (1852)
Druce, 1874
Descriptions of three new butterflies from Costa Rica Ent. mon. Mag. 11 (122) : 36-37
Fassl, 1912
Neue Nymphaliden aus Südamerika Ent. Rdsch. 29 (19) : 121-123
C. & R. Felder, 1861
Lepidoptera nova Columbiae Wien. ent. Monats. 5 (3): 72-87, (4): 97-111
Forbes, 1945
The genus Phyciodes Entomologica am. 24: 139-207
Godart, 1819; Godart, [1824]
in Latreille & Godart, Encyclopédie Méthodique. Histoire naturelle Entomologie, ou histoire naturelle des crustacés, des arachnides et des insectes Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 3-328 (1819), (2): 329-828 ([1824])
Salvin & Godman, 1868
On some new species of diurnal Lepidoptera from South America Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 2 (8) : 141-152
Godman & Salvin, 1878
Descriptions of nineteen new species of Diurnal Lepidoptera from Central America Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878 (1) : 264-271
Godman & Salvin, 1879
Descriptions of new Species of Rhopalocera from Central and South America Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1879 (1) : 150-155, pl. 14
Godman & Salvin, [1882]
Biologia Centrali-Americana. Rhopalocera. Vol. 1. (1879-1886) Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 1-487, 3: pl. 1-24,24a,25-112
Godman & Salvin, [1901]
Biologia Centrali-Americana. Rhopalocera. (1887-1901) Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 1-782, 3: pl. 1-112
Hall, 1928
Some new forms of Nymphalinae (Rhopalocrea) from tropical America Entomologist 61 (776): 11-13
Hall, 1929
A revision of the genus Phyciodes Hubn. Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 3 (suppl.): 45-170
Hall, 1930
A revision of the genus Phyciodes Hubn. Bull. Hill. Mus., Witley, 4 (suppl.): 171-204, additions [205]
Hayward, 1952
Más notas sobre Ninfálidos Argentinos Acta Zool. Lilloana 10: 285-290
Hayward, 1964
Insecta. Lepidoptera. Nymphalidae et Heliconiidae Genera et species animalium argentinorum, 3: [8x] + 472pp, 20pls
Hering in Hering & Hopp, 1925
Eine Sammelausbeute des Herrn Werner Hopp aus dem Chocó Kolumbiens Dt. ent. Z. Iris 39: 181-207
Hewitson, 1852; Hewitson, 1857; Hewitson, 1864; Hewitson, 1870; Hewitson, 1872
Illustrations of new species of exotic Butterflies selected chiefly from the collections of W. Wilson Saunders and William C. Hewitson Ill. exot. Butts [2] : (Systematic Index) II, (Ithomia XIV): [1-2], pl. [1] (1855), (Ithomia XV-XIX): [3-12], pl. [2-6] (1856), (Ithomia XX): 13x,14x, [13-14] (1861), pl. [7] (1857), (Ithomia XXI): 15x,16x, [15-16] (1861), pl. [8] (1858), (Ithomia XXII): [17-18], pl. [9] (1859), (Ithomia XXIII): [19-20], pl. [10] (1861), (Ithomia XXIV): [21-22], pl. [11] (1863), (Ithomia XXV): [23-24], pl. [12] (1867), (Ithomia XXVI): [25-26], pl. [13] (1868), (Ithomia XXVII): [27-28], pl. [14] (1869), (Ithomia XXVIII-XXIX): [29-32], pl. [15-16] (1871), (Ithomia XXX-XXXI): [33-36], pl. [17-18] (1872), (Ithomia XXXII-XXXIII): [37-40], pl. [19-20], (1874) , (Ithomia XXXIV-XXXV): [41-44], pl. [21-22] (1876), (Acraea I): [45-46], pl. [23] (1852), (Acraea II): [47-48], pl. [24] (1861), (Acraea III): [49-50], pl. [25] (1865), (Acraea IV-V): [51-52], pl. [26-27] (1867), (Acraea VI): [53-54], pl. [28] (1868), (Acraea VII): [55-56], pl. [29] (1875), (Messaras): [57-58], pl. [30] (1859), (Eresia I): [59-60], pl. [31] (1852), (Eresia II): [61-62], pl. [32] (1857), (Eresia III-VI): [63-70], pl. [33-36] (1864), (Eresia VII): [71-72], pl. [37] (1868), (Eresia VIII-IX): [73-76], pl. [38-39] (1870), (Eresia X): [77-78], pl. [40] (1872), (Junonia): [79-80], pl. [41] (1864), (Cybdelis I-II): [81-84], pl. [42-43] (1852), (Cybdelis III): [85-86], pl. [44] (1857), (Cybdelis IV): [87-88], pl. [45] (1869), (Epiphile I): [89-90], pl. [46] (1857), (Epiphile II & Paromia): [91-92], pl. [47] (1861), (Eubagis I): [93-94], pl. [48] (1852), (Eubagis II): [95-96], pl. [49] (1857), (Eubagis III): [97-98], pl. [50] (1859), (Catagramma I): [99-100], pl. [51] (1851), (Catagramma II): [101-102], pl. [52] (1853), (Catagramma III-V): [103-108], pl. [53-55] (1855), (Catagramma VI): [109-110], pl. [56] (1857), (Catagramma VII-VIII): [111-114], pl. [57-58] (1858), (Catagramma IX and Callithea): [115-116], pl. [59] (1858), (Catagramma X): [117-118], pl. [60] (1864), (Catagramma XI-XII): [119-122], pl. [61-62] (1868), (Catagramma XIII): [123-124], pl. [63] (1876), : iv
Hewitson, 1869
Description of six new species of diurnal Lepidoptera from Nicaragua Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1869 (1) : 33-35
Hewitson, 1869
Equatorial Lepidoptera collected by Mr Buckley Equat. Lepid. Buckley (1): 1-16, (2): 17-32, (3): 33-48, (4): 49-80 (1870), (5): 81-96 (1877)
Hewitson, 1874
Descriptions of new species of butterflies collected by Mr. Buckley in Bolivia Descr. new Spec. Butts Buckley Bolivia: 22pp
Hewitson, 1874
Description of new species of butterflies Ent. mon. Mag. 11 : 56
Higgins, 1981
A revision of Phyciodes Hübner and related genera, with a review of the classification of the Melitaeinae Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 43 (3) : 77-243, f. 1-490,124a,125a
Honey & Scoble, 2001
Linnaeus's butterflies Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 132: 277-399, 39figs
Hopffer, 1874
Neue Lepidopteren von Peru und Bolivia Stettin ent. Ztg 35 (10-12) : 329-371
Hübner, [1807]
Sammlung exotischer Schmetterlinge, Vol. 1 (1806 - [1819]) Samml. exot. Schmett. 1 : [1-4] (1807), : [5-12] (1807-1809), : [13-36] (1823-1824), : pl. [1-2], [5-8], [12], [15], [29], [47] (1806), : pl. [9], [11], [17], [21], [25-27], [32], [35], [43-44], [56], [60], [79], [102], [104], [116], [141], [148], [150-151], [155], [159], [200] (1807), : pl. [19], [39], [57], [73], [82], [114], [157], [167], [170], [173], [187] (1807), : pl. [3], [31], [37], [46], [54], [58], [62], [76], [84], [92], [95], [105], [112-113], [117], [137-138], [146], [154], [158], [180], [209] (1808), : pl. [16], [28], [65], [89], [142], [160], [162], [166], [182], [188], [193] (1809), : pl. [4], [22], [42], [53], [61], [88], [90], [97], [100], [107], [110], [118], [120], [140], [143], [149], [161], [171], [178], [184], [196], [202] (1809), : pl. [10], [18], [30], [41], [51], [80], [144], [172], [189] (1810), : pl. [36], [70], [87], [91], [101], [124], [129], [177], [183], [207], [210] (1811), : pl. [20], [38], [45], [55], [85], [98], [103], [108], [136], [139], [152-153], [156], [163], [179], [186], [190], [205-206] (1812), : pl. [13-14], [40], [48], [50], [67], [74], [86], [119], [121], [130], [135], [175-176], [197-199], [204], [212] (1813), : pl. [72], [75], [77-78], [83], [93], [109], [111], [115], [128], [131], [165], [174], [194] (1813), : pl. [24], [49], [52], [63-64], [66], [68-69], [71], [81], [123], [145], [181], [192] (1814), : pl. [126], [132-134], [168] (1815), : pl. [23], [96], [122], [125], [169], [195] (1816), : pl. [33], [99], [127], [187], [185], [213] (1817), : pl. [59], [106], [147], [164], [208], [211] (1818), : pl. [34], [94], [191], [201] (1819), : (Index Systematicus) [1-4] (1819 - April 1823)
Geyer, 1832
Zuträge zur Sammlung exotischer Schmettlinge, Vol. 4 [1826]-1832 Zuträge Samml. exot. Schmett. 4 : pl. [104-131], f. 601-764 (1826), : pl. [132-137], f. 765-800 (1827 - 1831), : [1-3], 4-6, [7], 8-48 (1832)
Kirby, 1871
A synonymic catalogue of the diurnal Lepidoptera Syn. Cat. diurn. Lep.: vii + 690pp : 1-690
Linnaeus, 1758
Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Clases, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Symonymis, Locis. Tomis I. 10th Edition Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 1-338, : 339-824
Linnaeus, 1764
Museum S'ae R'ae M'tis Ludovicae Ulricae Reginae Svecorum, Gothorum, Vandalorumque Mus. Lud. Ulr.: vi + 720 + [2]
Linnaeus, 1767
Systema Naturae per Regna tria Naturae, secundum Classes, Ordines, .... Editio Duocecima Reformata. Tom. 1. Part II. Syst. Nat. (Edn 12) 1 (2): -,533-1327
Rosenberg & Talbot, 1914
New South American butterflies Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1913 (4) : 671-682
Röber, 1913; Röber, 1914
4. Genus Phyciodes Hbn. - 7. Gattung: Gnatotriche Fldr. in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 434-440 (10 Dec 1913), : 441-448 (15 Dec 1913), : 449-454 ([before 28 Feb] 1914), : pl. 88-92 (1914)
Röber, 1927
Neue exotische Falter Int. ent. Zs. 21 (13): 97-100, 1 f. (1 Jul 1927), (14): 105-107 (8 Jul 1927), (18): 140-142, 1pl. (8 Aug 1927), (24): 197-198 (22 Sep 1927), (31): 281-282 (15 Nov 1927), (45): 435, 1pl. (1 Mar 1928)
Salvin, 1869
Description of new species of butterflies from tropical America Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 4 (21) 4 (21): 163-181 (1869), 7 (42): 412-416 (1871)
Schaus, 1913
New Species of Rhopalocera from Costa Rica Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1913 (3) : 339-367, pl. 50-54
Staudinger, 1885
Exotische Tagfalter in sysmatischer Reihenfolge mit Berücksichtigung neuer Arten in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (1): 3-6, pl. 1-5 (1884), (2): 7-10, pl. 6-10 (1884), (3): 11-14, pl. 11-15 (1884), (4): 15-22, pl. 16-20 (1884), (5): 23-30, pl. 21-25 (1884), (6): 31-38, pl. 26-30 (1884), (7): 39-46, pl. 31-35 (1885), (8): 47-58, pl. 30-40 (1885), (9): 59-82, pl. 41-50 (1885), (10): 83-102, pl. 51-60 (1885), (11): 103-122, pl. 61-65 (1886), (12): 123-138, pl. 66-70 (1886), (13): 139-158, pl. 71-75 (1886), (14): 159-174, pl. 76-80 (1886), (15): 175-194, pl. 81-85 (1887), (16): 195-214, pl. 86-90 (1887), (17): 215-234, pl. 91-95 (1887), (18): 235-270, pl. 96-98 (1888), (19): 1-2,271-333, pl. 99-100 (1888)
Stoll, [1780]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) in Cramer, Uitl. Kapellen 4 (26b-28): 29-90, pl. 305-336 (1780), (29-31): 91-164, pl. 337-372 (1781), (32-32): 165-252, 1-29, pl. 373-400 (1782)
Strand, 1912
Exotisch-Lepidopterologisches Archiv Naturg. 78 A (9) : 143-158
Strand, 1912
Über einige exotische Lepidoptera aus der Sammlung des Herrn W. Niepelt in Zirlau Archiv Naturg. 78 A (9) : 178-186
Strand, 1916
Abbildungen und Beschreibungen neuer und wenig bekannter Lepidoptera aus der Sammlung W. Niepelt Lepidoptera Niepeltiana (2) : 1-26, pl. 13-17
Strand, 1920
Bemerkungen über einige exotische Grosschmetterlinge Int. ent. Zs. 14 (17): 133-134, (19): 145-150
Weeks, 1906
New species of butterflies Ent. News 17 (6) : 195-204
Weeks, 1911
Illustrations of diurnal Lepidoptera with descriptions Ill. diurnal Lepid. 2 : 1-37, pl. 1-21
Weymer in Weymer & Maassen, 1890
Lepidoptera gesammelt auf einer Reise durch Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Brasilien, Argentinien und Bolivien in den Jahren 1868-1877 von Alphons Stübel Reisen Süd-America : 1-182, pl. 1-9
Young, 1973
Notes on the biology of Phyciodes (Eresia) eutropia in a Costa Rican mountain forest J. N.Y. ent. Soc. 81: 87-100
Zikán, 1937
Neue Nymphaliden-Arten und -Formen aus Brasilien Ent. Rdsch. 54: 385-387


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.