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Neruda Turner, 1976
Neruda, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Neruda (Heliconiini) ; [NL4A, 265]

Neruda aoede (Hübner, [1813])
Amazons, Guianas, Venezuela, Bolivia. See [About maps] Nereis aoede Hübner, [1813]
Nerëis aoede Hübner, [1813]; , TL: [Brazil]
Heliconius aoede, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Heliconius aoede ; [BOW: pl. 43, f. 38]
Neruda aoede ; [NL4A, #2379]
Brazil Nerëis aoede Hübner, 1808; (nom. nud.)
= ; [NL4A, #2379a]
Neruda aoede aoede ; [NL4A, #2379a]
N. a. astydamia (Erichson, [1849])
Guyana aoede astydamia (Erichson, [1849]) (Heliconia); , TL: Guyana
Heliconius aoede astydamia ; [EBW, (name only)]
Neruda aoede astydamia ; [NL4A, #2379c]
N. a. bartletti (Druce, 1876)
Peru, Colombia Heliconius bartletti Druce, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 (1) : 219, pl. 18, f. 2, TL: Peru
Neruda vedius Staudinger, 1885; , TL: Peru
= ; [NL4A, #2379f]
Heliconius aoede f. metella Neustetter, 1932; , TL: Colombia
= ; [NL4A, #2379f]
Heliconius aoede bartletti ; Ackery & Smiles, 1976, Bull. Brit. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 32 : 180, pl. 6, f. 67; [EBW, (name only)]
Neruda aoede bartletti ; [NL4A, #2379f]
N. a. emmelina (Oberthür, 1902)
Guyana Heliconia emmelina Oberthür, 1902; 24, pl. 11, f. 132, TL: Guyana
= Heliconius aoede astydamia ; Ackery & Smiles, 1976, Bull. Brit. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 32 : 187, pl. 6, f. 66
Neruda aoede emmelina ; [NL4A, #2379i]
N. a. cupidineus (Stichel, 1906)
Peru Heliconius aoede cupidineus Stichel, 1906; Genera Insectorum 37 : 31, TL: Peru
Heliconia bartletti var. reducta Oberthür, 1920; , TL: Peru
= ; [NL4A, #2379h]
Heliconius aoede cupidineus ; Ackery & Smiles, 1976, Bull. Brit. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 32 : 185, pl. 6, f. 68
Neruda aoede cupidineus ; [NL4A, #2379h]
N. a. faleria (Fruhstorfer, 1910)
Brazil(Mato Grosso) Heliconius aoede faleria Fruhstorfer, 1910; Ent. Zs. 24 (35) : 194, TL: Brazil, Mato Grosso
Neruda aoede faleria ; [NL4A, #2379k]
Heliconius aoede faleria ; [EBW, (name only)]
N. a. lucretius (Weymer, 1891)
Brazil(Amazonas) Heliconius lucretius Weymer, 1891; Stettin ent. Ztg 51 (7-12) : 290, TL: Brazil, Amazonas
Heliconius aoede aoede f. postalbimacula Bryk, 1953; , TL: Brazil, Amazonas
= ; [NL4A, #2379l]
Neruda aoede lucretius ; [NL4A, #2379l]
N. a. eurycleia (Brown, 1973)
Brazil(Mato Grosso) Heliconius aoede eurycleia Brown, 1973; Bull. Allyn Mus. 13: 4, TL: Brazil, Mato Grosso
Heliconius aoede eurycleia ; Ackery & Smiles, 1976, Bull. Brit. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 32 : 188, pl. 6, f. 69
Neruda aoede eurycleia ; [NL4A, #2379j]
N. a. manu (Lamas, 1976)
Peru aoede manu (Lamas, 1976) (Heliconius); , TL: Peru
Neruda aoede manu ; [NL4A, #2379m]
N. a. philipi (Brown, 1976)
Bolivia Heliconius aoede philipi Brown, 1976; 214, TL: Bolivia
Heliconius aoede philipi ; Ackery & Smiles, 1976, Bull. Brit. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 32 : 201, pl. 38, f. 390
Neruda aoede philipi ; [NL4A, #2379n]
N. a. ayacuchensis (Neukirchen, 1992)
Venezuela Heliconius (Neruda) aoede ayacuchensis Neukirchen, 1992; , TL: Venezuela
Neruda aoede ayacuchensis ; [NL4A, #2379e]
N. a. centurius (Neukirchen, 1994)
French Guiana Heliconius (Neruda) aoede centurius Neukirchen, 1994; , TL: French Guiana
Neruda aoede centurius ; [NL4A, #2379g]
N. a. auca Neukirchen, 1997
Ecuador Neruda aoede auca Neukirchen, 1997; , TL: Ecuador, Napo, Pto Misahualli, 500m
Neruda aoede auca ; [NL4A, #2379d]; [EcuL]
N. a. aliciae Neukirchen, 2000
Ecuador Neruda aoede aliciae Neukirchen, 2000; , TL: Ecuador
Neruda aoede aliciae ; [NL4A, #2379b]
Brazil Neruda aoede ssp. ; Brown, MS, [NL4A, #2379o]

Neruda godmani (Staudinger, 1882)
Colombia. See [About maps] Heliconius godmani Staudinger, 1882; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1882 (3) : 397, pl. 24, f. 3, TL: Colombia
Heliconius godmani ; [EBW, (name only)]
Neruda godmani ; [NL4A, #2380]

Neruda metharme (Erichson, [1849])
-. See [About maps] Heliconia metharme Erichson, [1849]; , TL: Guyana
Neruda metharme, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Neruda metharme ; [NL4A, #2381]
Heliconius metharme ; [BOW: pl. 44, f. 19]
Guyana Heliconia thetis Boisduval, 1870; Considérations Lépid. Guatemala: [?] 29, TL: "Nicaragua"
= ; [NL4A, #2381a]
Heliconius anaclia Riffarth, 1901; (nom. nud.)
= ; [NL4A, #2381a]
Heliconius metharme thetis ; Ackery & Smiles, 1976, Bull. Brit. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 32 : 206, pl. 6, f. 70; [EBW, (name only)]
Neruda metharme metharme ; [NL4A, #2381a]
N. m. perseis (Stichel, 1923)
Colombia metharme perseis (Stichel, 1923) (Heliconius); , TL: Colombia
Neruda metharme perseis ; [NL4A, #2381c]
N. m. makiritare Brown & Fernández, 1985
Venezuela metharme makiritare Brown & Fernández, 1985; , TL: Venezuela
Neruda metharme makiritare ; [NL4A, #2381b]


18.5.2013 (3)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[EBW]
Smart, Paul, 1976; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World; ISBN 0 600 31381 6
[EcuL]
Tommaso & Racheli, 2001; Fragmenta entomologica 33 (2): 213-380; An annotated list of Ecuadorian Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae)
[FLNHM]
Florida Museum of Natural History ; Bulletin of the Allyn Museum
[LAMAS-2005]
Gerardo Lamas; Entomofauna 26 (6): 57-100; A Bibliography of the Zoological Publications of Hans Fruhstorfer (1886* - 1922+)
[LAMAS-NEO]
Gerardo Lamas; Bibliography of butterflies; An Annocated Bibliography of the Neotropical Butterflies and Skipper (Lepididoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea); Revised Electronic Edition (2007)
[NL4A]
Gerardo Lamas, 2004; Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera; Checklist: Part 4A; Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea
[Wahlberg]
Niklas Wahlberg; The NSG's voucher specimen database; Nymphalidae Systematics Group


Some related literature:
Ackery & Smiles, 1976
An illustrated list of the type-specimens of the Heliconiidae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) in the British Museum (Natural History) Bull. Brit. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 32 : 173-214, pl. 1-39
Boisduval, 1870
Considerations sur des Lépidoptères envoyés du Guatemala à M. de l'Orza Considérations Lépid. Guatemala: 100pp
Brown, 1973
The Heliconians of Brazil. Part V. Three new subspecies from Mato Grosso and Rondônia Bull. Allyn Mus. 13: 1-19
Druce, 1876
List of the Butterflies of Peru, with descriptions of new species. With some notes by Edward Bartlett Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 (1) : 205-250, pl. 17-18
Fruhstorfer, 1910
Drei neue Heliconidenformen Ent. Zs. 24 (35) : 194 (3 December)
Staudinger, 1882
On three new and interesting species of Rhopalocera Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1882 (3) : 396-398, pl. 24
Stichel, 1906
Lepidoptera Rhopalocera. Fam. Nymphalidae. Subfam. Heliconiinae Genera Insectorum 37 : 1-74, pl. 1-3
Weymer, 1891
Exotische Lepidopteren. V Stettin ent. Ztg 51 (7-12) : 280-294


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.