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Methona Doubleday, [1847]
Methona Doubleday, [1847]; Gen. diurn. Lep. (1): 115, TS: Thiridia[sic] themisto Hübner
= Thryridia ; Fox, 1940, Trans. amer. entomol. Soc. 66 (3) : 180
Gelotophye d'Almeida, 1940; Revta Ent. R. de J. 11: 760, TS: Thyridia mystica Zikán
= ; [NL4A, 174]
Methona, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Methona (Mechanitidini) ; [EcuL]; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: 2
Methona (Mechanitini) ; Brevignon, 2003, Lambillionea 103 (1): 45; [NL4A, 174]
Methona (Mechanitina) ; [Wahlberg]

Methona confusa Butler, 1873
-. See [About maps] Methona confusa Butler, 1873; Cist. Ent. 1 (7) : 151, TL: "Tapajos, Peru", Brazil, Pará
?Thyridia confusa ; [BOW: pl. 48, f. 3]
Methona confusa ; [NL4A, #50]
Brazil(Pará) Thyridia crameri Aurivillius, 1882; K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. (n.s.) 19 (5) : 46, TL: Brazil
= ; [NL4A, #50a]
Methona confusa confusa ; [NL4A, #50a]
M. c. psamathe Godman & Salvin, 1898
Ecuador, N.Peru Methona psamathe Godman & Salvin, 1898; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1898 (1) : 108, TL: Ecuador, Gualaquiza
Thyridia confusa denigrata Talbot, 1932; Bull. Hill Mus. 4 (3) : 190, TL: N.Peru, Charape 4000ft
= ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #50b]
Methona confusa psamathe ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #50b]
Panama Methona confusa ssp. ; Lamas, MS, [NL4A, #50c]
Panama Methona confusa ssp. ; Lamas, MS, [NL4A, #50d]

Methona curvifascia Weymer, 1883
Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil(Amazonas). See [About maps] Methona curvifascia Weymer, 1883; Stettin ent. Ztg 45 (1-3) : 8, pl. 2, f. 3, TL: [Colombia]
Methona inferna Srnka, 1884; Stettin ent. Ztg 45 (7-9) : 296 (nom. nud.), TL: Brazil, Amazonas
= ; [NL4A, #51]
Methona curvifascia ; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: 2, pl. 15, f. 3; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #51]

Methona grandior (Forbes, 1944)
-. See [About maps] grandior (Forbes, 1944) (Thyridia); Ann. ent. Soc. Amer. 36: 714, TL: St. Laurent, French Guiana
Methona grandior ; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: 2, pl. 15, f. 4; [NL4A, #52]
Guianas Methona grandior grandior ; Brevignon, 2003, Lambillionea 103 (1): 45; [NL4A, #52a]
M. g. incana (Forbes, 1944)
Ecuador grandior incana (Forbes, 1944) (Thyridia); Ann. ent. Soc. Amer. 36: 716, TL: Ecuador, Puyo, Rio Pastaza
Methona grandior incana ; [EcuL]; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: pl. 15, f. 4, cover, f. 3; [NL4A, #52b]
Brazil(Acre) Methona grandior ssp. ; Lamas, MS, [NL4A, #52c]

Methona maxima (Forbes, 1944)
-. See [About maps] maxima (Forbes, 1944) (Thyridia); Ann. ent. Soc. Amer. 36: 711, TL: Bolivia
Methona maxima ; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: 2, pl. 15, f. 6; [NL4A, #53]
Bolivia Methona maxima maxima ; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: pl. 15, f. 6; [NL4A, #53a]
M. m. nigerrima (Forbes, 1944)
Peru maxima nigerrima (Forbes, 1944) (Thyridia); Ann. ent. Soc. Amer. 36: 712, TL: Peru
Methona maxima nigerrima ; [NL4A, #53b]

Methona megisto C. & R. Felder, 1860
Guianas, Brazil(Amazonas). See [About maps] Methona megisto C. & R. Felder, 1860; Wien. ent. Monats. 4 (4): 103, TL: "Brazil, Bahia"
Thyridia mystica Zikán, 1931; Ent. Rundsch. 48: 102 (nom. nud.)
= ; [NL4A, #54]
Methona mystica Zikán, 1934; Rev. ent. Rio de Janeiro 4: 147, TL: Brazil, Amazonas
= ; [NL4A, #54]
Aprotopos[sic] psidii ab. minor Dufrane, 1948; , TL: French Guiana
= ; [NL4A, #54]
Methona megisto ; Brevignon, 2003, Lambillionea 103 (1): 45; [NL4A, #54]

Larva on Brunfelsia Brevignon, 2003, Lambillionea 103 (1): 45


Methona singularis (Staudinger, 1884)
Brazil(Bahia). See [About maps] singularis (Staudinger, 1884) (Thyridia); in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (8): 56, (6): pl. 27, TL: [Brazil, Bahia]
Thyridia themisto felderorum Bryk, 1953; Arkiv. Zool. (2) 5 (1): 24, TL: Brazil, Bahia
= ; [NL4A, #55]
Methona singularis ; [NL4A, #55]

Methona themisto (Hübner, 1818)
-. See [About maps] Thiridia[sic] themisto Hübner, 1818; Zuträge Samml. exot. Schmett. 1 : 28, : pl. [29], f. 163-164, TL: Brazil
Methona themisto, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Thyridia themisto ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (2): 94
Thyridia themiste[sic, recte themisto] ; [BOW: pl. 48, f. 3 (text only)]
Methona themisto ; [NL4A, #56]
Thyridia themisto Hübner, 1816; (nom. nud.)
= ; [NL4A, #56a]
Methona themisto themisto ; [NL4A, #56a]
Brazil(São Paulo) Methona themisto ssp. ; Lamas, MS, [NL4A, #56b]


14.2.2013 (7)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BHL]
The; Biodiversity Heritage Library; and on; Internet Archive; Note: The linking to the content of Internet Archive is somewhat delicate -- notify me when links break!
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[EcuL]
Tommaso & Racheli, 2001; Fragmenta entomologica 33 (2): 213-380; An annotated list of Ecuadorian Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae)
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[JLS]
Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society; the original J. Lep. Soc. articles
[LAMAS-NEO]
Gerardo Lamas; Bibliography of butterflies; An Annocated Bibliography of the Neotropical Butterflies and Skipper (Lepididoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea); Revised Electronic Edition (2007)
[NL4A]
Gerardo Lamas, 2004; Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera; Checklist: Part 4A; Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea
[Wahlberg]
Niklas Wahlberg; The NSG's voucher specimen database; Nymphalidae Systematics Group


Some related literature:
Aurivillius, 1882
Recensio critica Lepidopterorum Musei Ludovicae Ulricae quae descriptis Carolus a Linné K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. (n.s.) 19 (5) : 1-188, 1pl
Brevignon, 2003
Inventaire des Ithomiinae de Guyane Française (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) Lambillionea 103 (1): 41-58
Brown & Mielke, 1967
Lepidoptera of the Central Brazil Plateau. I. Preliminary list of Rhopalocera J. Lep. Soc. 21 (2): 77-106
Bryk, 1953
Lepidoptera aus dem Amazonasgebiete und aus Peru gesammelt von Dr. Douglas Melin und Dr. Abraham Roman Arkiv. Zool. (2) 5 (1): 1-268
Butler, 1873
Descriptions of new species of Lepidoptera Cist. Ent. 1 (7) : 151-177
Doubleday, [1847]
The genera of diurnal Lepidoptera, comprising their generic characters, a notice of their habitats and transformations, and a catalogue of the species of each genus; illustrated with 86 plates by W. C. Hewitson Gen. diurn. Lep. (1): 1-18, pl. A, 1-4 (1-2) (1846), (1): 19-132, pl. 4*, 5-25, 28 (3-14) (1847), (1): 133-200, pl. 1*, 26, 27, 29, 31-44 (15-23) (1848), (1): 201-242, pl. 30, 45-52, 56-58, 60-62, 64 (24-31) (1849), (1): 243-250 [?], (2): 243-326, pl. 53-55, 63, 65, 66 (32-38) (1850), (2): 327-466, pl. 59, 67-77 (39-50) (1851), (2): 467-534, 143, 144, pl. 78-80 (Index) (51-54) (1852)
C. & R. Felder, 1860
Lepidopterologische Fragmente. V-VI Wien. ent. Monats. 4 (4): 97-112, pl. 1-2, (8): 225-251, pl. 3-4
Fox, 1940
A generic review of Ithomiinae (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) Trans. amer. entomol. Soc. 66 (3) : 161-207, pl. 5-8
Godman & Salvin, 1898
Descriptions of New Species of American Rhopalocera Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1898 (1) : 105-112
Hübner, 1818
Zuträge zur Sammlung exotischer Schmettlinge, Vol. 1 [1808-] 1818 Zuträge Samml. exot. Schmett. 1 : [1-3], 4-6, [7], 8-32, [33-40] (post 22nd December 1818), : pl. [1-2], f. 1-12 (1808 - 1809), : pl. [3-25], f. 13-146 (1809 - 1813), : pl. [26-35], f. 147-200 (1814 - 1818)
Lamas, 1999
Nymphalidae II. Ithomiinae Butterflies of the world, 3: 17pp, 16pls
Srnka, 1884
Exotische Notizen Stettin ent. Ztg 45 (7-9) : 295-298
Staudinger, 1884
Exotische Tagfalter in sysmatischer Reihenfolge mit Berücksichtigung neuer Arten in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (1): 3-6, pl. 1-5 (1884), (2): 7-10, pl. 6-10 (1884), (3): 11-14, pl. 11-15 (1884), (4): 15-22, pl. 16-20 (1884), (5): 23-30, pl. 21-25 (1884), (6): 31-38, pl. 26-30 (1884), (7): 39-46, pl. 31-35 (1885), (8): 47-58, pl. 30-40 (1885), (9): 59-82, pl. 41-50 (1885), (10): 83-102, pl. 51-60 (1885), (11): 103-122, pl. 61-65 (1886), (12): 123-138, pl. 66-70 (1886), (13): 139-158, pl. 71-75 (1886), (14): 159-174, pl. 76-80 (1886), (15): 175-194, pl. 81-85 (1887), (16): 195-214, pl. 86-90 (1887), (17): 215-234, pl. 91-95 (1887), (18): 235-270, pl. 96-98 (1888), (19): 1-2,271-333, pl. 99-100 (1888)
Talbot, 1932
New species and forms of Lepidoptera from South America Bull. Hill Mus. 4 (3) : 189-197
Weymer, 1883
Exotische Lepidoperen. II. Stettin ent. Ztg 45 (1-3) : 7-28, pl. 1-2


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.