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Melinaea Hübner, 1816
Melinaea Hübner, 1816; Verz. bek. Schmett. (1): 11, TS: Papilio egina Cramer [1777]
Melinaea Bates, 1862; Trans. linn. Soc. Lond. 23 (3) : 549 (preocc. Hübner, 1816), TS: Papilio egina Cramer [1777]
= ; [NL4A, 173]
Czakia Kremky, 1925; Ann. zool. Mus. polon. Hist. nat. 4 (3): 192, TS: Melinae mneme var. mediatrix Weymer
= ; Fox, 1940, Trans. amer. entomol. Soc. 66 (3) : 178; [NL4A, 173]
Melinaea, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Melinaea ; Godman & Salvin, [1879], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 12
Melinaea (Tithoreini) ; Fox, 1940, Trans. amer. entomol. Soc. 66 (3) : 178
Melinaea (Melinaeini) ; [EcuL]; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: 2; Brevignon, 2003, Lambillionea 103 (1): 42; [NL4A, 173]
Melinaea (Melinaeina) ; [Wahlberg]

Melinaea ethra (Godart, 1819)
Mexico - Amazon, Brazil(Bahia). See [About maps] ethra (Godart, 1819) (Heliconia); Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 221, TL: Brazil
Melinaea phasis Herrich-Schäffer, 1865; (nom. nud.), TL: ?
= ; [NL4A, #39]
Melinaea phasis C. & R. Felder, 1865; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 354, TL: Brazil(Bahia)
= ; [NL4A, #39]
Melinaea ethra ; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: 2, pl. 2, f. 5; [NL4A, #39]

Melinaea idae (C. & R. Felder, 1862)
Ecuador - Panama. See [About maps] Mechanitis idae C. & R. Felder, 1862; Wien. ent. Monats. 6 (12) : 414, TL: "Ecuador. Nova Granada, Bogota"
Melinaea ludovica idae ;
Melinaea idae ; [BOW: pl. 47, f. 2]; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: 2, pl. 2, f. 9; [NL4A, #40]
Colombia Melinaea idae idae ; [NL4A, #40a]
Ecuador Melinaea idae vespertina Fox, 1945; Amer. Mus. Novit. 1295: 1, TL: Playas de Juan Montalvo, Los Rios
Melinaea idae vespertina ; [EcuL]; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: pl. 2, f. 9; [NL4A, #40b]

Melinaea isocomma Forbes, 1948
-. See [About maps] Melinaea isocomma Forbes, 1948; J. N.Y. ent. Soc. 56 (1) : 6, TL: Upper Rio Negro, Colombia
Melinaea isocomma ; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: 2, pl. 3, f. 2; [NL4A, #41]
Colombia Melinaea isocomma isocomma ; [NL4A, #41a]
M. i. simulator Fox, 1960
Ecuador Melinaea isocomma simulator Fox, 1960; Trans. amer. entomol. Soc. 86: 162, TL: Puyo
Melinaea isocomma simulator ; [EcuL]; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: pl. 3, f. 2; [NL4A, #41b]
Peru Melinaea isocomma ssp. ; Lamas, MS, [NL4A, #41c]

Melinaea lilis (Doubleday, 1847)
C.America, Trinidad, Venezuela. See [About maps] Mechanitis lilis Doubleday, 1847; Gen. diurn. Lep. (1): pl. 17, f. 4, TL: Venezuela
Melinaea lilis ; Godman & Salvin, [1879], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 13; [BOW: pl. 47, f. 3]; [NL4A, #42]
Venezuela, ?Guatemala - Panama Melinaea ethra lilis ; [BCR, 218]
Melinaea lilis lilis ; [NL4A, #42a]

Larva on Markea neurantha [BCR]

M. l. messatis Hewitson, 1856
Colombia Mechanitis messatis Hewitson, 1856; Ill. exot. Butts [1] (Mechanitis I): [88], pl. [45], f. 4, TL: Colombia
Melinaea messatis ; [BOW: pl. 47, f. 5]
Melinaea lilis messatis ; [NL4A, #42h]
M. l. scylax Salvin, 1871
Panama, Costa Rica - Colombia Melinaea scylax Salvin, 1871; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 4 (21) 7 (42): 412, TL: Panama
Melinaea ribbei Weymer, 1875; Stettin ent. Ztg 36 (7/9) : 379, pl. 2, f. 4, TL: Panama
= ; [NL4A, #42j]
Melinaea ribbei Staudinger, 1876; (preocc. Weymer, 1875), TL: Panama
= ; [NL4A, #42j]
Melinaea scylax ; Godman & Salvin, [1879], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 12, 3: pl. 2, f. 12; Godman & Salvin, [1901], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 641; [BCR, 219]; [BOW: pl. 47, f. 8]
Melinaea lilis scylax ; [NL4A, #42j]

Larva on Juanaloa mexicana, Markea neurantha [BCR]

M. l. dodona Hopffer, 1874
Colombia Melinaea dodona Hopffer, 1874; Stettin ent. Ztg 35 (10-12) : 344, TL: "Bolivia"
Melinaea lilis imitata f. erica Bargmann, 1929; Ent. Anz. 9: 141, TL: Colombia
= ; [NL4A, #42b]
Melinaea lilis dodona ; [NL4A, #42b]
M. l. imitata Bates, 1864
Guatemala, Mexico Melinaea imitata Bates, 1864; Ent. mon. Mag. 1 (3): 55, TL: Guatemala
Melinaea tachypetis Herrich-Schäffer, 1865; (nom. nud.), TL: ?
= ; [NL4A, #42e]
Melinaea tachypetis C. & R. Felder, [1865]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 355, TL: Mexico
= ; [NL4A, #42e]
Melinaea lilis imitata, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Melinaea lilis imitata, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Melinaea imitata ; Godman & Salvin, [1879], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 13, 3: pl. 2, f. 11; Godman & Salvin, [1901], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 641
Melinaea lilis imitata ; [NL4A, #42e]
M. l. parallelis Butler, 1873
Panama Melinaea parallelis Butler, 1873; Cist. Ent. 1 (7) : 155, TL: Panama, Chiriqui
Melinaea parallelis ; Godman & Salvin, [1879], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 13; [BOW: pl. 47, f. 5 (text only)]
Melinaea lilis parallelis ; [NL4A, #42i]
M. l. flavicans Hoffmann, 1924
Mexico lilis flavicans Hoffmann, 1924; , TL: Mexico, Colima
Melinaea lilis flavicans, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Melinaea lilis flavicans, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Melinaea ethra flavicans ;
Melinaea lilis flavicans ; [NL4A, #42d]
M. l. sola Kaye, 1925
Trinidad, Venezuela lilis sola Kaye, 1925; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1924 (3/4) : 413, TL: Trinidad
Melinaea imitata limitata Hall, 1935; Entomologist 68: 227, TL: Venezuela
= ; [NL4A, #42k]
Melinaea lilis sola ; [NL4A, #42k]
Venezuela lilis lateapicalis Hall, 1935; Entomologist 68: 227, TL: Venezuela
Melinaea lilis lateapicalis ; [NL4A, #42g]
M. l. ezra Fox, 1939
Colombia Melinaea lilis ezra Fox, 1939; Ent. News 50 : 74, TL: Colombia, Santa Marta Mts.
Melinaea lilis ezra ; [NL4A, #42c]
M. l. kayei Brown, 1977
Guyana Melinaea lilis kayei Brown, 1977; Syst. Ent. 2 (3): 167, TL: Guyana
Melinaea lilis kayei ; [NL4A, #42f]

Melinaea ludovica (Cramer, [1780])
Ecuador. See [About maps] Papilio ludovica Cramer, [1780]; Uitl. Kapellen 4 (25-26a): 17, pl. 297, f. E, TL: Surinam
Melinaea ludovica ; [EcuL]; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: 2, pl. 3, f. 1; [NL4A, #43]
Surinam, Guianas Papilio egina Cramer, [1777]; Uitl. Kapellen 2 (9-16): 144, pl. 191, f. D (preoc. Papilio egina Cramer, [1775])
= ; [NL4A, #43a]
Melinaea egina ; [EBW]
Melinaea ludovica ludovica ; Brevignon, 2003, Lambillionea 103 (1): 42; [NL4A, #43a]
M. l. paraiya Reakirt, 1866
Amazon, Brazil(Rio de Janeiro, Santa Catarina) Melinaea paraiya Reakirt, 1866; Proc. Acad. nat. Sci. Philad. 18 (3) : 242, TL: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro; Santa Catarina
Melinaea paraiya ; [BOW: pl. 47, f. 2 (text only)]
Melinaea ludovica paraiya ; [NL4A, #43c]
M. l. manuelito Tessmann, 1928
Peru ludovica manuelito Tessmann, 1928; Mitt. zool. Mus. Berl. 14 : 119, pl. 5, f. 22, TL: Peru
Melinaea ludovica manuelito ; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: pl. 3, f. 1; [NL4A, #43b]

Melinaea marsaeus (Hewitson, 1860)
-. See [About maps] Mechanitis marsaeus Hewitson, 1860; Ill. exot. Butts [1] (Mechanitis II-III): [90], pl. [46], f. 10, TL: Brazil, Amazonas
Melinaea marsaeus ; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: 2, pl. 3, f. 3-5; [NL4A, #44]
Brazil(Amazonas) Melinaea manga Haensch, 1909; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 5 : 123 (hyb.), TL: [Brazil, Amazonas]
= ; [NL4A, #44a]
Melinaea marsaeus marsaeus ; [NL4A, #44a]
M. m. mothone (Hewitson, 1860)
Colombia, Ecuador, Peru Mechanitis mothone Hewitson, 1860; Ill. exot. Butts [1] (Mechanitis II-III): [92], pl. [47], f. 14, TL: Colombia
Melinaea cydippe Salvin, 1871; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 4 (21) 7 (42): 412, TL: Ecuador,Peru
= ; [NL4A, #44e]
Melinaea mothone ; [EBW, (name only)]
Melinaea marsaeus mothone ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #44e]
M. m. macaria Godman & Salvin, 1898
Colombia Melinaea macaria Godman & Salvin, 1898; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1898 (1) : 107, TL: Colombia
Melinaea marsaeus macaria ; [EcuL]; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: pl. 3, f. 3; [NL4A, #44c]
M. m. messenina C. & R. Felder, 1865
Colombia marsaeus messenina C. & R. Felder, 1865; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 356, pl. 45, f. 11, TL: Colombia
Melinaea messenina ; [BOW: pl. 47, f. 6]
Melinaea marsaeus messenina ; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: pl. 3, f. 5; [NL4A, #44d]
M. m. phasiana Butler, 1870
Peru, Brazil(Acre) Melinaea phasiana Butler, 1870; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1870 (4) : 489, TL: Peruvian Amazons
Melinaea lucifer var. divisa Staudinger, 1885; in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (9): 71 (hyb.), TL: Peru
= ; [NL4A, #44f]
acreana d'Almeida, 1951; Bol. Mus. Nac. Rio de J. (n.s.) Zool. 100 : 22 (hyb.), TL: Brazil, Acre
= ; [NL4A, #44f]
Melinaea marsaeus phasiana ; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: pl. 3, f. 4; [NL4A, #44f]
M. m. clara Rosenberg & Talbot, 1914
Peru, Brazil(Amazonas) Melinaea orestes f. clara Rosenberg & Talbot, 1914; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1913 (4) : 672, TL: Peru
Melinaea clara juruensis d'Almeida, 1943; Pap. avul. zool. S. Paulo 3: 165 (hyb.), TL: Brazil, Amazonas
= ; [NL4A, #44b]
Melinaea marsaeus clara ; [NL4A, #44b]
M. m. rileyi Fox, 1942
Peru Melinaea marsaeus rileyi Fox, 1942; Amer. Mus. Novit. 1194: 3, TL: Peru, Iquitos, Rio Marañon. Brazil, Rio Jurua
Melinaea marsaeus rileyi ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #44h]
M. m. pothete d'Almeida, 1945
Brazil(Rondônia) marsaeus pothete d'Almeida, 1945; Bol. Mus. nac. Rio de J. (n.s) Zool. 39: 12, TL: Brazil, Rondônia
Melinaea marsaeus pothete ; [NL4A, #44g]
Peru Melinaea marsaeus ssp. ; Lamas, MS, [NL4A, #44i]

Melinaea menophilus (Hewitson, 1856)
-. See [About maps] Mechanitis menophilus Hewitson, 1856; Ill. exot. Butts [1] (Mechanitis I): [87], pl. [45], f. 2-3, TL: Colombia
Melinaea menophilus, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
?Melinaea mneophilus[sic] ; [EBW, (missp.)]
?Xanthocleis menophilus ; [BOW: pl. 48, f. 9]
Melinaea menophilus ; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: 2, pl. 3, f. 6; [NL4A, #45]
Colombia Melinaea ishka Butler, 1870; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1870 (4) : 489, TL: Bogota
= ; [NL4A, #45a]
menophilus membrosa Forbes, 1927; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 35 (1) : 33, TL: ?
= ; [NL4A, #45a]
Melinaea menophilus menophilus ; [NL4A, #45a]
M. m. maenius (Hewitson, 1860)
Brazil(Amazonas) Mechanitis maenius Hewitson, 1860; Ill. exot. Butts [1] (Mechanitis II-III): [89], pl. [46], f. 7, TL: Brazil, Amazonas
Melinaea maenius ;
Melinaea menophilus maenius ; [NL4A, #45e]
M. m. zaneka Butler, 1870
Ecuador Melinaea zaneka Butler, 1870; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1870 (4) : 490, TL: Ecuador, Archidona
Melinaea dora Strecker, 1876; Lep. Rhopal. Het. (13): 120, TL: Ecuador
= ; [NL4A, #45h]
Melinaea zaneka ab. maculosa Haensch, 1903; Berl. ent. Zs. 48 : 163 (hyb.), TL: Ecuador, Santa Inéz
= ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #45h]
Melinaea zaneka ab. discurrens Haensch, 1909; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 5 : 122 (hyb.), TL: Ecuador, [Santa Inéz]
= ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #45h]
Melinaea zaneka ; [BOW: pl. 47, f. 9]
Melinaea menophilus zaneka ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #45h]
M. m. orestes Salvin, 1871
Peru Melinaea orestes Salvin, 1871; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 4 (21) 7 (42): 412, TL: Peru
Melinaea chincha Druce, 1876; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 (1) : 211, pl. 17, f. 3, TL: Peru
= ; [NL4A, #45g]
Melinaea menophilus orestes ; [NL4A, #45g]
M. m. hicetas Godman & Salvin, 1879
Colombia, Peru Melinaea hicetas Godman & Salvin, 1879; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1879 (1) : 150, TL: Peru
Melinaea hicetas ab. flavosignata Staudinger, 1885; in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (9): 71 (hyb.), TL: Peru
= ; [NL4A, #45d]
Melinaea egesta Godman & Salvin, 1898; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1898 (1) : 107 (hyb.), TL: Colombia,Peru
= ; [NL4A, #45d]
Melinaea magnifica Haensch, 1905; Berl. ent. Z. 50 (1/2) : 145, TL: Peru
= ; [NL4A, #45d]
Melinaea menophilus hicetas ; [NL4A, #45d]
M. m. mediatrix Weymer, 1891
Guianas, N.Brazil Melinaea mneme var. mediatrix Weymer, 1891; Stettin ent. Ztg 51 (7-12) : 282, TL: French Guinea
Melinaea mediatrix ab. anina Haensch, 1909; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 5 : 123, TL: Guyana
= ; [NL4A, #45f]
Melinaea mneme mediatrix ; [BOW: pl. 47, f. 4]
Melinaea menophilus mediatrix ; Brevignon, 2003, Lambillionea 103 (1): 42; [NL4A, #45f]
M. m. cocana Haensch, 1903
Ecuador Melinaea menophilus cocana Haensch, 1903; Berl. ent. Zs. 48 : 164, TL: Ecuador, Coca
Melinaea menophilus cocana ; [EcuL]; [NL4A, #45b]
M. m. ernestoi Brown, 1977
Colombia Melinaea menophilus ernestoi Brown, 1977; Syst. Ent. 2 (3): 180, TL: Colombia
Melinaea menophilus ernestoi ; [NL4A, #45c]
Melinaea menophilus ssp. ; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: pl. 3, f. 6 (Peru, Huánuco, La Morada)
Peru Melinaea menophilus ssp. ; Lamas, MS, [NL4A, #45i]
Peru Melinaea menophilus ssp. ; Lamas, MS, [NL4A, #45j]
Brazil(Rondônia) Melinaea menophilus ssp. ; Lamas, MS, [NL4A, #45k]
Brazil(Rondônia) Melinaea menophilus ssp. ; Brown, MS, [NL4A, #45l]

Melinaea mnasias (Hewitson, 1856)
S.Brazil, Amazonas, Guianas. See [About maps] Mechanitis mnasias Hewitson, 1856; Ill. exot. Butts [1] (Mechanitis I): [88], pl. [45], f. 5, TL: [Brazil, Pará]
Melinaea mnasias ; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: 2, pl. 3, f. 7; [NL4A, #46]
Brazil(Pará) Melinaea mnasias mnasias ; [NL4A, #46a]
M. m. lucifer Bates, 1862
Brazil(Amazonas, Acre) Melinaea lucifer Bates, 1862; Trans. linn. Soc. Lond. 23 (3) : 551, TL: Brazil, Amazonas
hicetas eryx d'Almeida, 1951; Bol. Mus. Nac. Rio de J. (n.s.) Zool. 100 : 24 (hyb.), TL: Brazil, Acre
= ; [NL4A, #46e]
Melinaea mnasias lucifer ; [NL4A, #46e]
M. m. thera C. & R. Felder, 1865
Melinaea thera C. & R. Felder, 1865; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 354, TL: ?
Melinaea thera Herrich-Schäffer, 1865; (nom. nud.), TL: ?
= ; [NL4A, #46k]
Melinaea mnasias thera ; [NL4A, #46k]
M. m. tecta Haensch, 1909
Guyana mnasias tecta Haensch, 1909; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 5 : 124, pl. 33 d, TL: Guyana
Melinaea mnasias tecta ; [NL4A, #46j]
M. m. comma Forbes, 1927
Peru Melinaea mnasias comma Forbes, 1927; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 35 (1) : 34, pl. 2, TL: Peru
Melinaea comma ; [EBW]
Melinaea mnasias comma ; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: pl. 3, f. 7; [NL4A, #46c]
Venezuela, Guianas Melinaea mnasias erastosthenes Hall, 1935; Entomologist 68: 226 (spell.?), TL: French Guiana
Melinaea mnasias erastosthenes[?] ; Brevignon, 2003, Lambillionea 103 (1): 43
Melinaea mnasias eratosthenes[sic] ; [NL4A, #46d]
M. m. lutzi Fox, 1942
Peru Melinaea lucifer lutzi Fox, 1942; Amer. Mus. Novit. 1194: 1, TL: Upper Rio Marañon, Peru
Melinaea mnasias lutzi ; [NL4A, #46f]
M. m. romualdo Fox, 1965
Peru mnasias romualdo Fox, 1965; Proc. R. ent. Soc. London (B) 34: 80, TL: Peru
Melinaea mnasias romualdo ; [NL4A, #46h]
M. m. abitagua Brown, 1977
Ecuador mnasias abitagua Brown, 1977; Syst. Ent. 2 (3): 164, TL: Ecuador, Oriente, km 43 of the Puyo-Napo road, near Santa Clara, 600m
Melilnaea mnasias abitagua ; [EcuL]
Melinaea mnasias abitagua ; [NL4A, #46b]
M. m. neblinae Brown, 1977
Brazil(Amazonas) Melinaea mnasias neblinae Brown, 1977; Syst. Ent. 2 (3): 164, TL: Brazil, Amazonas
Melinaea mnasias neblinae ; [NL4A, #46g]
M. m. rondonia Brown, 1977
Brazil(Rondônia) Melinaea mnasias rondonia Brown, 1977; Syst. Ent. 2 (3): 166, TL: Brazil, Rondônia
Melinaea mnasias rondonia ; [NL4A, #46i]
Peru Melinaea mnasias ssp. ; Lamas, MS, [NL4A, #46l]
Venezuela Melinaea mnasias ssp. ; Brown, MS, [NL4A, #46m]
Brazil(Pará) Melinaea mnasias ssp. ; Brown, MS, [NL4A, #46n]

Melinaea mneme (Linnaeus, 1763)
Amazonas, Guianas. See [About maps] Papilio mneme Linnaeus, 1763; Amoenitates Acad., 6: 403, TL: "China"
?Mechanitis polymnia Aurivillius, 1882; K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. (n.s.) 19 (5) : 42
= ; [NHM]
Melinaea mneme ; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: 2, pl. 3, f. 8; [NL4A, #47]
Melinaea mneme mneme ; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: pl. 3, f. 8; Brevignon, 2003, Lambillionea 103 (1): 43, f. 16 (melan.); [NL4A, #47a]
M. m. mauensis Weymer, 1891
Brazil(Amazonas) Melinaea mneme var. mauensis Weymer, 1891; Stettin ent. Ztg 51 (7-12) : 283, TL: Brazil, Amazonas
Melinaea mneme mauensis ; [NL4A, #47b]
Venezuela Melinaea mneme ssp. ; Brown, MS, [NL4A, #47c]
Brazil(Rondônia) Melinaea mneme ssp. ; Brown, MS, [NL4A, #47d]

Melinaea mnemopsis Berg, 1897
-. See [About maps] mnemopsis Berg, 1897; An. Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires 5 : 235, TL: "Peru"
Melinaea mnemopsis ; [EBW]; [NL4A, #48]
Bolivia Melinaea boliviana Weymer, 1907; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 20 (1,2) : 2, pl. 1, f. 2, TL: Bolivia
= ; [NL4A, #48a]
Melinaea mnemopsis mnemopsis ; [NL4A, #48a]
Brazil(Rondônia) Melinaea mnemopsis ssp. ; Brown, MS, [NL4A, #48b]

Melinaea satevis (Doubleday, [1847])
-. See [About maps] Mechanitis satevis Doubleday, [1847]; Gen. diurn. Lep. (1): pl. 17, f. 31, TL: Bolivia
Melinaea ludovica satevis ;
Melinaea satevis ; [BOW: pl. 47, f. 7]; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: 2, pl. 2, f. 6-8, 10; [NL4A, #49]
Bolivia Melinaea satevis satevis ; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: pl. 2, f. 10; [NL4A, #49a]
M. s. maelus (Hewitson, 1860)
Brazil(Amazonas, Rondônia) Mechanitis maelus Hewitson, 1860; Ill. exot. Butts [1] (Mechanitis II-III): [89], pl. [46], f. 6, 9, TL: Brazil, Amazonas
Melinaea pardalis Bates, 1862; Trans. linn. Soc. Lond. 23 (3) : 552 (repl. name), TL: Brazil, Amazonas
= ; [NL4A, #49g]
Melinaea hicetas brunnea Riley, 1919; Entomologist 52 : 181 (hyb.), TL: Brazil, Amazonas
= ; [NL4A, #49g]
Melinaea hicetas purusana Riley, 1919; Entomologist 52 : 181 (hyb.), TL: Brazil, Amazonas; Rondônia, Rio Purus
= ; [NL4A, #49g]
Melinaea madeira var. purusana Aurivillius, 1929; Ent. Tidskr. 50 (3/4): 155 (hyb., preocc. Riley, 1919), TL: Brazil, Amazonas
= ; [NL4A, #49g]
Melinaea maelus romani Bryk, 1937; in Strand, Lep. Cat. 28 (80): 641 (repl. name), TL: Brazil, Amazonas
= ; [NL4A, #49g]
Melinaea maelus ; [EBW]
Melinaea satevis maelus ; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: pl. 2, f. 6; [NL4A, #49g]
M. s. maeonis Hewitson, 1869
Ecuador satevis maeonis Hewitson, 1869; Equat. Lepid. Buckley (1): 11, TL: Ecuador [Sarayaco]
Melinaea strigilis Weymer, 1891; Stettin ent. Ztg 51 (7-12) : 280
= ; [NL4A, #49h]
Melinaea madeira aequatoriensis d'Almeida, 1951; Bol. Mus. Nac. Rio de J. (n.s.) Zool. 100 : 23, TL: Ecuador
= ; [NL4A, #49h]
Melinaea ethra maeonis ;
Melinaea satevis maeonis ; [EcuL]; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: pl. cover, f. 6; [NL4A, #49h]
M. s. cydon Godman & Salvin, 1879
Brazil(Amazonas), Peru Melinaea cydon Godman & Salvin, 1879; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1879 (1) : 151, TL: Brazil, Amazonas, Peru
Melinaea ethra cydon ;
Melinaea satevis cydon ; [NL4A, #49d]
M. s. flavomacula Weymer, 1894
Brazil(Amazonas) Melinaea pardalis var. flavomacula Weymer, 1894; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 6 (2) : 322, TL: Brazil, Amazonas
Melinaea madeira Kaye, 1904; (nom. nud.)
= ; [NL4A, #49e]
Melinaea pardalis madeira Moulton, 1909; Trans. ent. Soc. London 1908 : 597, TL: Brazil, Amazonas, Rio Madeira
= ; [NL4A, #49e]
Melinaea madeira Haensch, 1909; (preocc. Moulton, 1909), TL: Brazil, Amazonas
= ; [NL4A, #49e]
Melinaea satevis flavomacula ; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: pl. 2, f. 8; [NL4A, #49e]
M. s. crameri Godman & Salvin, 1898
Guyana Melinaea crameri Godman & Salvin, 1898; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1898 (1) : 107, TL: Guyana
Melinaea crameri ab. incisa Kaye, 1925; Proc. ent. Soc. London: xxiii, TL: Guyana
= ; [NL4A, #49c]
Melinaea crameri ;
Melinaea satevis crameri ; [NL4A, #49c]
M. s. tarapotensis Haensch, 1909
Peru satevis tarapotensis Haensch, 1909; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 5 : 122, TL: Peru
Melinaea satevis tarapotensis ; [NL4A, #49i]
M. s. zamora Haensch, 1909
Venezuela satevis zamora Haensch, 1909; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 5 : 123, TL: "Peru"
Melinaea maeonis borealis Hall, 1935; Entomologist 68: 226, TL: Venezuela, Merida
= ; [NL4A, #49j]
Melinaea satevis zamora ; [NL4A, #49j]
M. s. aurantia Forbes, 1942
Venezuela satevis aurantia Forbes, 1942; Bol. Ent. venezolana 1: 27, TL: Venezuela, Monagas
Melinaea satevis aurantia ; [NL4A, #49b]
M. s. lamasi Brown, 1977
Peru Melinaea satevis lamasi Brown, 1977; Syst. Ent. 2 (3): 171, TL: Peru
Melinaea satevis lamasi ; Lamas, 1999, Butterflies of the world, 3: pl. 2, f. 7; [NL4A, #49f]


Unknown or unplaced taxa

Melinaea agricola Hall, 1935; Entomologist 68: pl. 6, f. 6 (hyb.), TL: Brazil, Amazonas
Melinaea ludovica ludovica × mneme mauensis
agricola ; [NL4A, 174]

Melinaea mayi d'Almeida, 1951; Bol. Mus. Nac. Rio de J. (n.s.) Zool. 100 : 20 (hyb.), TL: Brazil, Acre, Upper Rio Jurua
Melinaea marsaeus marsaeus × meneme mauensis
mayi ; [NL4A, 174]

Melinaea enginella Herrich-Schäffer, 1865; (nom. nud.), TL: ?
enginella ; [NL4A, 174]

Melinaea vilis Herrich-Schäffer, 1865; (nom. nud.), TL: ?
vilis ; [NL4A, 174]


13.2.2013 (11)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BCA]
electronic; BIOLOGIA CENTRALI-AMERICANA
[BCR]
DeVries; The Butterflies of Costa Rica 1; Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae
[BHL]
The; Biodiversity Heritage Library; and on; Internet Archive; Note: The linking to the content of Internet Archive is somewhat delicate -- notify me when links break!
[BOA]
Interactive Listing of American Butterflies; Listado Interactivo de la Mariposas Americanas; Butterflies of America
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[EBW]
Smart, Paul, 1976; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World; ISBN 0 600 31381 6
[EcuL]
Tommaso & Racheli, 2001; Fragmenta entomologica 33 (2): 213-380; An annotated list of Ecuadorian Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae)
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[ILMB]
Interactive Listing of Mexican Butterflies
[LAMAS-NEO]
Gerardo Lamas; Bibliography of butterflies; An Annocated Bibliography of the Neotropical Butterflies and Skipper (Lepididoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea); Revised Electronic Edition (2007)
[NHM]
Natural History Museum; The Global Lepidoptera Names Index
[NL4A]
Gerardo Lamas, 2004; Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera; Checklist: Part 4A; Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea
[Wahlberg]
Niklas Wahlberg; The NSG's voucher specimen database; Nymphalidae Systematics Group


Some related literature:
d'Almeida, 1951
Algumas considerações sôbre os gêneros Mechanitis Fabr. e Melinaea Huebn. (Lep. Ithomiidae) Bol. Mus. Nac. Rio de J. (n.s.) Zool. 100 : 1-27, pl. 1-5
Aurivillius, 1882
Recensio critica Lepidopterorum Musei Ludovicae Ulricae quae descriptis Carolus a Linné K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. (n.s.) 19 (5) : 1-188, 1pl
Aurivillius, 1929
Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der schwedischen Entomologischen Reisen des Herrn Dr. A. Roman in Amazonas 1914-1915 and 1923-1924. 13. Rhopalocera Ent. Tidskr. 50 (3/4): 153-168, 2 fgs
Bates, 1862
Contributions to an Insect Fauna of the Amazon Valley. Heliconidae Trans. linn. Soc. Lond. 23 (3) : 495-566, pl. 55-56
Bates, 1864
New species of butterflies from Guatemala and Panama, collected by Osbert Salvin and F. du Cane Godman, Esqs. Ent. mon. Mag. 1 (1): 1-6 (1864), (2): 31-35 (1864), (3): 55-59 (1864), (4): 81-85 (1864), (5): 113-116 (1864), (6): 126-131 (1864), (7): 161-164 (1864), (8): 178-180 (1865), (9): 202-205 (1865)
Berg, 1897
Comunicaciones lepidopterológicas. Acerca de veinticinco ropalóceros sudamericanos An. Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires 5 : 233-258
Brevignon, 2003
Inventaire des Ithomiinae de Guyane Française (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) Lambillionea 103 (1): 41-58
Butler, 1870
Descriptions of some new diurnal Lepidoptera, chiefly Hesperiidae Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1870 (4) : 485-520
Butler, 1873
Descriptions of new species of Lepidoptera Cist. Ent. 1 (7) : 151-177
Cramer, [1777]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) Uitl. Kapellen 2 (9-16): 1-152, pl. 97-192 (1777)
Cramer, [1780]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) Uitl. Kapellen 4 (25-26a): 1-28, pl. 289-304 (1780)
Doubleday, [1847]
The genera of diurnal Lepidoptera, comprising their generic characters, a notice of their habitats and transformations, and a catalogue of the species of each genus; illustrated with 86 plates by W. C. Hewitson Gen. diurn. Lep. (1): 1-18, pl. A, 1-4 (1-2) (1846), (1): 19-132, pl. 4*, 5-25, 28 (3-14) (1847), (1): 133-200, pl. 1*, 26, 27, 29, 31-44 (15-23) (1848), (1): 201-242, pl. 30, 45-52, 56-58, 60-62, 64 (24-31) (1849), (1): 243-250 [?], (2): 243-326, pl. 53-55, 63, 65, 66 (32-38) (1850), (2): 327-466, pl. 59, 67-77 (39-50) (1851), (2): 467-534, 143, 144, pl. 78-80 (Index) (51-54) (1852)
Druce, 1876
List of the Butterflies of Peru, with descriptions of new species. With some notes by Edward Bartlett Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876 (1) : 205-250, pl. 17-18
C. & R. Felder, 1862
Lepidoptera nova Columbiae Wien. ent. Monats. 6 (12) : 409-427
C. & R. Felder, 1865
Reise der österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Behilfen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair. Zoologischer Theil. Band 2. Abtheilung 2. Lepidoptera. Rhopalocera Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (1): 1-136, pl. 1-21 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, [1865]), (2): 137-378, pl. 22-47 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, 1865), (3): 379-536, pl. 48-74 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, 1867), (4): 537-548, pl. 75-120, (Inhalts-Verz.) 1-9 (pl. 1-74), (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1874) , (5): pl. 121-140, (erklärung) 1-10 (pl. 75-107), (Inhalts-Verz.) 1-20 (pl. 108-140), (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1875)
Forbes, 1927
The Genus Melinaea Hubner, with a Description of a New Species (Lepidoptera, Ithomiinae) J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 35 (1) : 23-37
Forbes, 1948
A second review of Melinaea and Mechanitis (Lepidoptera, Ithomiinae) J. N.Y. ent. Soc. 56 (1) : 1-24
Fox, 1939
Notes on Melinaea lilis D. & H. With the Description of a New Subspecies (Lepidoptera: Ithomiinae) Ent. News 50 : 72-76
Fox, 1940
A generic review of Ithomiinae (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) Trans. amer. entomol. Soc. 66 (3) : 161-207, pl. 5-8
Fox, 1942
On the identity of Melinaea lucifer Bates, with descriptions of two new Melinaea subspecies (Lepidoptera, Ithomiinae) Amer. Mus. Novit. 1194: 1-3
Fox, 1945
New genera and species of Ithomiinae (Lepidoptra, Nymphalidae) Amer. Mus. Novit. 1295: 14pp
Fox, 1960
A monograph of the Ithomiidae (Lepidoptera). Part II. The tribe Melinaeini Clark Trans. amer. entomol. Soc. 86: 109-171
Fox, 1965
Additional notes on Melinaea Hübner (Lepidoptera: Ithomiinae) Proc. R. ent. Soc. London (B) 34: 77-84
Godart, 1819
in Latreille & Godart, Encyclopédie Méthodique. Histoire naturelle Entomologie, ou histoire naturelle des crustacés, des arachnides et des insectes Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 3-328 (1819), (2): 329-828 ([1824])
Godman & Salvin, 1879
Descriptions of new Species of Rhopalocera from Central and South America Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1879 (1) : 150-155, pl. 14
Godman & Salvin, [1879]
Biologia Centrali-Americana. Rhopalocera. Vol. 1. (1879-1886) Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 1-487, 3: pl. 1-24,24a,25-112
Godman & Salvin, [1901]
Biologia Centrali-Americana. Rhopalocera. (1887-1901) Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 1-782, 3: pl. 1-112
Godman & Salvin, 1898
Descriptions of New Species of American Rhopalocera Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1898 (1) : 105-112
Haensch, 1903
Die Ithomiinen (Neotropiden) meiner Ecuador-Reise. Mit beschreibungen neuer Forman und biologischen Notizen Berl. ent. Zs. 48 : 157-214, pl. 3
Haensch, 1905
Neue südamerikanische Ithomiinen meiner Sammlung. Berl. ent. Z. 50 (1/2) : 142-182, pl. 4-5
Hall, 1935
New forms of Nymphalinae and Ithomiinae Entomologist 68: 221-227, pl. ?1, ?6
Hewitson, 1856; Hewitson, 1860
Illustrations of new species of exotic Butterflies selected chiefly from the collections of W. Wilson Saunders and William C. Hewitson. Ill. exot. Butts [1] : (Systematic Index) I, (Ornithoptera and Papilio): [1-2], pl. [1] (1855), (Papilio II): [3-4], pl. [2] (1856), (Papilio III): [5-6], pl. [3] (1858), (Papilio IV): [7-8], pl. [4] (1859), (Papilio V): [9-10], pl. [5] (1861), (Papilio VI): [11-12], pl. [6] (1864), (Papilio VII-VIII): [13-16], pl. [7-8] (1865), (Papilio IX): [17-18], pl. [9] (1868), (Papilio X-XII): [19-22], pl. [10-12] (1869), (Papilio XIII): [23-24], pl. [13] (1873), (Papilio XIV): [25-26], pl. [14] (1875), (Papilio XV): [27-28], pl. [15] (1877), (Pieris I): [29-30], pl. [16] (1852), (Pieris II): [31-32], pl. [17] (1853), (Pieris III-VI): [33-40], pl. [18-21] (1861), (Pieris VII): [41-42], pl. [22] (1862), (Pieris VIII): [43-44], pl. [23] (1866), (Euterpe): [45-46], pl. [24] (1860), (Euterpe II): [47-48], pl. [25] (1872), (Euterpe and Leptalis): [49-50], pl. [26] (1853), (Leptalis II): [51-52], pl. [27] (1857), (Leptalis III): [53-54], pl. [28] (1858), (Leptalis IV): [55-56], pl. [29] (1860), (Leptalis V-VII): [57-62], pl. [30-32] (1870), (Callidryas and Eronia): [63-64], pl. [33] (1867), (Euploea): [65-66], pl. [34] (1858), (Euploea II): [67-68], pl. [35] (1866), (Heliconia I): [69-70], pl. [36] (1853), (Heliconia II-III): [71-74], pl. [37-38] (1854), (Heliconia IV): [75-76], pl. [39] (1858), (Heliconia V): [77-78], pl. [40] (1867), (Heliconia VI): [79-80], pl. [41] (1871), (Heliconia and Tithorea VII): [81-82], pl. [42] (1873), (Heliconia VIII): [83-84], pl. [43] (1875), (Athesis): [85-86], pl. [44] (1872), (Mechanitis I): [87-88], pl. [45] (1856), (Mechanitis II-III): [89-92], pl. [46-47] (1860), (Ithomia I): [93-94], pl. [48] (1851), (Ithomia II): [95-96], pl. [49] (1852), (Ithomia III): [97-98], pl. [50] (1853), (Ithomia IV-V): [99-102], pl. [51-52] (1854), (Ithomia VI-XIII): [103-118], pl. [53-60] (1855)
Hewitson, 1869
Equatorial Lepidoptera collected by Mr Buckley Equat. Lepid. Buckley (1): 1-16, (2): 17-32, (3): 33-48, (4): 49-80 (1870), (5): 81-96 (1877)
Hopffer, 1874
Neue Lepidopteren von Peru und Bolivia Stettin ent. Ztg 35 (10-12) : 329-371
Hübner, 1816
Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge, 1816-[1826] Verz. bek. Schmett. (1): [1-3], 4-16 (1816), (2): 17-32 (1819), (3): 33-48 (1819), (4): 49-64 (1819), (5): 65-80 (1819), (6): 81-96 (1819), (7): 97-112 (1819), (8): 113-128 (1819), (9): 129-144 (1819), (10): 145-160 (1819), (11): 161-176 (1819), (12): 177-192 (1820), (13): 193-208 (1820), (14): 209-224 (1821), (15): 225-240 (1821), (16): 241-256 (1821), (17): 257-272 (1823), (18): 273-288 (1823), (19): 289-304 (1823), (20): 305-320 (1825), (21): 321-336 (1825), (22): 337-352 (1825), (23-27): 353-431 ([1825])
Kaye, 1925
New species and sub-species of Trinidad Rhopalocera and Heterocera Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1924 (3/4) : 413-428, pl. 45
Lamas, 1999
Nymphalidae II. Ithomiinae Butterflies of the world, 3: 17pp, 16pls
Linnaeus, 1763
in Johansson (Thesis), Centuria Insectorum Amoenitates Acad., 6: -,(121) 384-415
Moulton, 1909
On some of the principal Mimetic (Müllerian) Combinations of Tropical American Butterflies Trans. ent. Soc. London 1908 : 585-606, pl. 30-34
Reakirt, 1866
Descriptions of some new species of Diurnal Lepidoptera Proc. Acad. nat. Sci. Philad. 18 (3) : 238-249
Riley, 1919
Some new Rhopalocera from Brazil collected by E. H. W. Wickham, Esq. Entomologist 52 : 181-186, 200-202
Rosenberg & Talbot, 1914
New South American butterflies Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1913 (4) : 671-682
Salvin, 1871
Description of new species of butterflies from tropical America Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 4 (21) 4 (21): 163-181 (1869), 7 (42): 412-416 (1871)
Haensch in Seitz, 1909
Die amerikanischen Tagfalter Gross-Schmett. Erde 5 : 1-48 (1907), : 49-72 (1908), : 73-160 (1909), : 161-200 (1910), : 201-240 (1911), : 241-344 (1912), : 345-456 (1913), : 457-480 (1914), : 481-536 (1915), : 537-664 (1916), : 665-720 (1917), : 745-768 (1919), : 721-744,769-816 (1920), : 817-856 (1921), : 857-912,937-944 (1922), : 913-936,945-1000 (1923), : 1001-1141 (1924)
Staudinger, 1885
Exotische Tagfalter in sysmatischer Reihenfolge mit Berücksichtigung neuer Arten in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (1): 3-6, pl. 1-5 (1884), (2): 7-10, pl. 6-10 (1884), (3): 11-14, pl. 11-15 (1884), (4): 15-22, pl. 16-20 (1884), (5): 23-30, pl. 21-25 (1884), (6): 31-38, pl. 26-30 (1884), (7): 39-46, pl. 31-35 (1885), (8): 47-58, pl. 30-40 (1885), (9): 59-82, pl. 41-50 (1885), (10): 83-102, pl. 51-60 (1885), (11): 103-122, pl. 61-65 (1886), (12): 123-138, pl. 66-70 (1886), (13): 139-158, pl. 71-75 (1886), (14): 159-174, pl. 76-80 (1886), (15): 175-194, pl. 81-85 (1887), (16): 195-214, pl. 86-90 (1887), (17): 215-234, pl. 91-95 (1887), (18): 235-270, pl. 96-98 (1888), (19): 1-2,271-333, pl. 99-100 (1888)
Strecker, 1876
Lepidoptera, Rhopaloceres and Heteroceres, indigenous and exotic, with descriptions and colored illustrations Lep. Rhopal. Het. (1): 1-7, pl. 1 (1872), (2): 9-15, pl. 2 (1873), (3): 17-24, pl. 3 (1873), (4): 25-32, pl. 4 (1873), (5): 33-43, pl. 5 (1873), (6): 45-50, pl. 6 (1873), (7): 51-60, pl. 7 (1873), (8): 61-70, pl. 8 (1874), (9): 71-80, pl. 9 (1874), (10): 81-94, pl. 10 (1874), (11): 95-100, pl. 11 (1874), (12): 101-108, pl. 12 (1875), (13): 109-123, pl. 13 (1876), (14): 125-134, pl. 14 (1878), (15): 135-143, pl. 15 (1878)
Tessmann, 1928
Neue Schmetterlinge aus Ostperu Mitt. zool. Mus. Berl. 14 : 115-130, 23fgs
Weymer, 1875
Exotische Lepidopteren. Stettin ent. Ztg 36 (7/9) : 368-385, pl. 1-2
Weymer, 1891
Exotische Lepidopteren. V Stettin ent. Ztg 51 (7-12) : 280-294
Weymer, 1894
Revision der ersten Gruppe der Gattung Heliconius Dt. ent. Z. Iris 6 (2) : 281-345, pl. 4-5
Weymer, 1907
Exotische Lepidopteren Dt. ent. Z. Iris 20 (1,2) : 1-51, pl. 1-2


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.