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Tomares Rambur, 1840
Tomares Rambur, 1840; Faune ent. Andal. 2 (5): 261, TS: Papilio ballus Fabricius
Tomares (Tomarini) ; Eliot, 1973, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 436
Tomares (Lycaenidae) ; [BRU2, 120]

Tomares ballus (Fabricius, 1787)
Spain, Morocco, Tripolitania, Cyrenaica, Egypt. See [About maps] Provence Hairstreak Cardenillo
Papilio ballus Fabricius, 1787; Mantissa Insectorum 2: 80, TL: Spain
Tomares ballus, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Tomares ballus, Europaische Schmetterlinge [Mario Maier]
Tomares ballus, Captain's European Butterfly Guide [Simon Coombes]
Tomares ballus ; [H&R, 239]; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 11, f. 5-6]; [Otakar Kudrna]
[ballus-1v.jpg] 500x433 (~59Kb) underside Manilva, Andalucia, Spain 03/04/96, Photo © Simon Coombes [ballus-2v.jpg] 400x349 (~42Kb) underside Manilva, Andalucia, Spain 03/04/96, Photo © Simon Coombes

Morocco, Algeria, N.Tunisia Thestor ballus ab. subtus-partim-confluens Oberthür, 1896; Étud. d'Ent. 20 : 14, f. 82, TL: Bône (Algeria)
Thestor Ballus var. crosi Dupont, 1908; Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 1908 : 320, TL: Mascara (Algeria)
Thestor ballus ab. oberthueri Holl, 1909; Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 1909 : 228, TL: Algeria
Thestor ballus ab. weberi Holl, 1909; Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 1909 : 229, TL: Algeria
Thestor ballus ab. undulatus Oberthür, 1910; Ètud. Lépid. Comp. 4 : 98, TL: Mascara (Algeria)
Tomarus ballus f. mauretanicoides Barragué, 1954; Bull. Soc. Hist. nat. Afr. N. 45 (3/4): 185, TL: Algeria
Tomares ballus ballus ; [BMAT: 27, pl. 9, f. 31-44]
[ballus_ballus-1v.jpg] 600x435 (~27Kb) underside Morocco, Aït-Baha, Anti-Atlas, Photo © Michel Tarrier

Larva on Anthyllis tetraphylla, Erophaca boetica, Medicago cf. turbinata, Lotus hispidus, Medicago sp. [BMAT]


T. b. cyrenaica Turati, 1924
S.Tunisia, N.Libya Tomares ballus cyrenaica Turati, 1924; Atti Soc. ital. Sci. nat. 63 : 35, pl. 1, f. 14-16, TL: Benghazi (Libya)
Tomares ballus cyrenaica ; [BMAT: 27, pl. 9, f. 45-49]

Tomares nogelii (Herrich-Schäffer, [1851])
Ukraine, Romania, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Turkey - Armenia. See [About maps] Polyommatus nogelii Herrich-Schäffer, [1851]; Syst. Bearb. Schmett. Europ. 1 (2): 33, ?pl. 110, ?f. 529-532, TL: Amasia [Turkey]
Thestor nogelii var. dobrogensis Caradja, 1895; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 8 (1) : 34
Thestor nogelii f. obscura Rühl, [1893]; Palaearktischen Grosschmetterlinge: 199
Tomares nogelii dobrogensis ;
Tomares nogelii ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 206, f. 45]; [BRU2: 123, pl. 56, f. 35-37, 50-52]
Tomares nogelli[sic?] ; [Otakar Kudrna]

Larva on Astragalus ponticus? [BHR], (Seitz)

T. n. nesimachus (Oberthür, 1893)
Thestor nesimachus Oberthür, 1893; Étud. d'Ent. 18 : 18, pl. 2, f. 30
Tomares nesimachus ;

Tomares callimachus (Eversmann, 1848)
Anatolia, Iran, Iraq, Caucasia. See [About maps] Lycaena callimachus Eversmann, 1848; Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou 21 (3) : 208, TL: Grusien [Khanlar, Azerbaijan]
epiphania (Boisduval, 1848)
?Polyommatus epiphania Herrich-Schäffer, 1850; Syst. Bearb. Schmett. Europ. 1 (43): f. 438-440
Polyommatus hafis Kollar, [1849]; Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien. 1 : 51
Tomares callimachus, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Tomares callimachus ; [BOW: pl. 206, f. 43]; [BRU2: 122, pl. 56, f. 20-25, 32-34]; [Otakar Kudrna]

Larva on Astragalus physodes [BHR], (Seitz) Astragalus vulpinus, (lower Volga,NW.Kazakhstan) Astragalus leptostachus, (Zailiisky Alatau Mts.) [BRU2, 122]

T. c. tauricus Korb & Yakovlev, 1998
Crimea

Tomares desinens Nekrutenko & Effendi, 1980
Azerbaijan. See [About maps] Tomares desinens Nekrutenko & Effendi, 1980; Nota lep. 3 (1-2): 69, f. 1-4, TL: Azerbaijan, Talysh Mountains, Zugand, Gili-dra, 1800m
Tomares desinens ; [BRU2: 122, pl. 56, f. 26-28]

Tomares romanovi (Christoph, 1882)
Transcaucasia, Kopet-Dagh, Turkey, Iran. See [About maps] Thestor romanovi Christoph, 1882; Horae Soc. ent. Ross. 17 (1-2) : 106, TL: Ordubad [Nakhichevan, Azerbaijan]
Tomares romanovi ; [BOW, pl. 206, f. 46]; [BRU2: 120, pl. 56, f. 38-43]

Larva on Astragalus scharuhdensis, (Kopet-Dagh) [BRU2, 121]

Armenia (highland) Tomares romanovi romanovi ; [BRU2, 121]

Larva on Astragalus finitimus [BRU2, 121]

T. r. cachetinus Nekrutenko, 1978
Georgia Tomares romanovi cachetinus ; [BRU2, 121]
T. r. cyprius Stichel, 1911
Talysh?, Kopet-Dagh? Tomares romanovi cyprius ; [BRU2, 121]
T. r. maculifera (Staudinger, [1892])
Thestor romanovi var. maculifera Staudinger, [1892]; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 4 (2) : 233

Tomares telemachus Zhdanko, 2000
Kopet-Dagh. See [About maps] Tomares telemachus Zhdanko, 2000; [BRU2: 121, pl. 56, f. 29-31], TL: Kopet-Dagh, 70 km E of Askhabad, Karachaudan, 800m

Larva on Astragalus spp.? [BRU2, 122]


Tomares fedtschenkoi (Erschoff, 1874)
Afghanistan, N.Pakistan. See [About maps] Thestor fedtschenkoi Erschoff, 1874; in Fedschenko, Travels in Turkestan. 2 (5) : 8, pl. 1, f. 6, TL: [Uzbekistan, vic. Samarkand, Zeravshansky Mts., Zhdizmansky Gorge]
Tomares fedtschenkoi ; [BOW: pl. 206, f. 44]
Tomares fedtchenkoi[sic] ; [BRU2: 120, pl. 56, 44-49]

Larva on Astragalus spp. [BRU2, 120]

S.Turkmenia, Ghissar-Darvaz, Alai, W.Tian-Shan, N.Tian-Shan Tomares fedtschenkoi fedtschenkoi ; [BRU2, 120]
T. f. alpinus (Grum-Grshimailo, 1890)
Pamirs, S.Ghissar Tomares fedtschenkoi alpinus ; [BRU2, 120]

Tomares mauretanicus (Lucas, 1849)
Atlas Mts., Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia. See [About maps] Moroccan Hairstreak
Polyommatus mauretanicus Lucas, 1849; Explor. Sci. Algérie, zool 3: 360, pl. 1, f. 3, TL: Bougie (Algeria)
Polyommatus mauretanicus var. undulatus Gerhard, 1853; Versuch Mon. europ. Schmett.: 5, pl. 5, f. 2a-b, TL: Germany [error]
Thestor mauretanicus ab. sabulosus Oberthür, 1910; Ètud. Lépid. Comp. 4 : 96, TL: Algeria
Thestor mauretanicus var. boisduvali Oberthür, 1910; Ètud. Lépid. Comp. 4 : 96, TL: Algeria
Thestor mauretanicus ab. tristis Oberthür, 1915; Étud. Lépid. Comp. 10 : 368, pl. 292, f. 2389, TL: Lambessa (Algeria)
Thestor mauretanicus f. subtus-reductus Zopp, 1954; Z. wien. ent. Ges. 39: 128, TL: [Algeria]
Thestor mauretanicus f. subtus-confluens Zopp, 1954; Z. wien. ent. Ges. 39: 128, TL: Lambessa (Algeria)
Thestor mauretanicus f. maroccanus Zopp, 1954; Z. wien. ent. Ges. 39: 129, TL: Beni-Amar, Tangier (Morocco)
Tomares mauretanicus antonius Brevignon, 1985; Alexanor 13: 42-43, f. 5-8, TL: Col du Zad (Morocco)
Tomares mauretanicus, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Tomares mauritanicus[sic, recte mauretanicus] ; [EBW]; [BOW, pl. 11, f. 6 (text only)]
Tomares mauretanicus ; [H&R, 239]; [BMAT: 28, pl. 9, f. 50-72]

Larva on Hippocrepis multisiliquosa, H. minor, Hedysarum pallidum, Astragalus epiglottis, A. pentaglottis [BMAT]

[amelnorum-1v.jpg] 600x435 (~58Kb) underside Morocco, Djebel Siroua, Anti-Atlas, Photo © Michel Tarrier


9.2.2013 (8)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BHR]
D'Abrera; Butterflies of the Holarctic Region, Part I-III
[BMAT]
Tennent, 1996; The butterflies of Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia; ISBN 0 906802 05 9
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[BRU2]
Tuzov (ed.), Bogdanov, Churkin, Devyatkin, Dantchenko, Murzin, Samodurov, Zhdanko, 2000; Guide to the Butterflies of Russia and adjacent territories; Libytheidae, Danaidae, Nymphalidae, Riodinidae, Lycaenidae; Volume 2
[EBW]
Smart, Paul, 1976; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World; ISBN 0 600 31381 6
[H&R]
Higgins, L.G, Riley, N.D, 1970; A Field Guide to the Butterflies of Britain and Europe
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[MBE]
Moths and Butteflies of Europe; Paolo Mazzei, Diego Reggianti and Ilaria Pimpinelli; http://www.leps.it/
[Mario Maier]
Europäische Schmetterlinge; e-mail: Mario Maier
[Michel Tarrier]
Michel R. Tarrier; Malaga, Spain; http://www.tarrier.org
[Simon Coombes]
1 Park Street, Plymouth, PL3 4BL, UK; 01752 607854; e-mail: Simon Coombes; http://www.butterfly-guide.co.uk


Some related literature:
Caradja, 1895
Die Grossschmetterlinge des Königreichs Rumänien Dt. ent. Z. Iris 8 (1) : 1-102
Christoph, 1882
Einige neue Lepidoptera aus Russisch-Armenien Horae Soc. ent. Ross. 17 (1-2) : 104-122
Dupont, 1908
Sur une variété de coloration du Thestor Ballus F. [Lép.] Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 1908 : 319-320
Eliot, 1973
The higher classification of the Lycaenidae (Lepidoptera): a tentative Arrangement Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 373-505, 162fgs, pl. 1-6
Erschoff, 1874
Travels in Turkestan. Volume 2. Zoogeographical Investigations. Lepidoptera [in Russian] in Fedschenko, Travels in Turkestan. 2 (5) : 1-128, pl. 1-6
Eversmann, 1848
Beschreibung einigen neuen falter Russlands Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou 21 (3) : 205-232
Herrich-Schäffer, 1850; Herrich-Schäffer, [1851]
Systematische Bearbeitung der Schmetterlinge von Europa, zugleich als Text, Revision und Supplement zu J. Hübner's Sammlung europäischer Schmetterlinge, 1843 (-1855), Die Tagfalter Syst. Bearb. Schmett. Europ. 1 (9): Title ("1843"), (1): [1-3], 4-16, (ii) pl. 1-5, f. 1-29 (1843), (2): 17-40, (ii) pl. 29-34, f. 131-156 (1843), (3): 41-56, (ii) pl. 6-12, f. 30-60, pl. 35-36, f. 157-164 (1844), (4): 57-80, (ii) pl. 13-22, f. 61-107 (1844), (5): 81-90, (ii) pl. 23-28, f. 108-130, pl. 37-41, f. 165-189 (1844), (6): 91-98, (ii) pl. 42-44, f. 190-203 (1844), (7): 99-114, (ii) pl. 45-52, f. 204-248 (1844), (9): 115-122 (1844), (10): 123-146, (ii) pl. 53-57, f. 249-274 (1845), (11): 147-162 (1845), (12): (iii) pl. 1-3, f. 1-17 (1845), (13): 163-164, (ii) pl. 58-65, f. 275-315 (1846), (14): (ii) pl. 66-70, f. 316-338, (iii) pl. 4-5, f. 18-30 (1846), (26): (ii) pl. 71-77, f. 339-376 (1847), (32): (ii) pl. 78-82, f. 377-400 (1848), (36): (ii) pl. 83-89, f. 401-426, (iii) pl. 6, f. 31-36 (1848), (37): (ii) pl. 90-91, f. 427-437 (1849), (43): (ii) pl. 92-94, f. 438-450, 452-453 (1850), (45): (ii) pl. 95-102, f. 453-489 (1850), (47): (ii) pl. 103, f. 490-495 (1851), (49): (ii) pl. 104-109, f. 496-528 (1851), (51): (ii) pl. 110-118, f. 529-570 (1851), (54): (ii) pl. 119-123, f. 571-596 (1852), (56): (ii) pl. 124-127, f. 597-618, pl. 130-132, f. 628-639, pl. 134, f. 646-651 (1852), (59): (ii) pl. 128-129, f. 619-627, pl. 133, f. 640-645 (1853), (65): (iii) pl. 7, f. 37-42, (index) [1], 2-20 (1854), (66): (index) 21-24 (1855)
Holl, 1909
Sur deux variétés de coloration du Thestor Ballus F. [Lep. Lycaenidae] Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 1909 : 228-229
Lucas, 1849
Exploration Scientifique de l'Algerie pendant les Annees 1840, 1841, 1842. Histoire Naturelle des Animaux Articules (3) Insectes Explor. Sci. Algérie, zool 3: 1-527
Nekrutenko & Effendi, 1980
A new species of Tomares from Talysh Mountains (Lycaenidae) Nota lep. 3 (1-2): 69-72
Oberthür, 1893
Lépidoptères d'Asie Étud. d'Ent. 18 : 11-45, pl. 2-6
Oberthür, 1910
Notes pour servir à établir la Faune Française et Algérienne des Lépidoptères Ètud. Lépid. Comp. 4 : 15-691, pl. 35-58
Oberthür, 1915
Faune des Lépidoptères de la Barbarie, Algerie Étud. Lépid. Comp. 10 : 1-459, pl. 276-277,277bis,278-315
Rambur, 1840
Faune entomologique de l'Andalusie. 1837-1840 (Vol. 2) Faune ent. Andal. 2 (1): pl. 14-15, 18 (1837), 2 (2): 1-16, pl. 1-4 (1838), 2 (3): 17-96, pl. 6-7, 9, 11 (1838), 2 (4): 97-176, pl. 5, 8, 10, 12, 17 (1839), 2 (5): 177-336 (1840)
Staudinger, [1892]
Neue Arten und Varietäten von Lepidopteren des paäarktischen Faunengebiets Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 4 (2) : 224-339, pl. 3-4 (1892)
Turati, 1924
Spedizione Lepidotterologica in Cirenaica 1921-1922 Atti Soc. ital. Sci. nat. 63 : 20-191


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.