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Strymon Hübner, 1818
Strymon Hübner, 1818; Zuträge Samml. exot. Schmett. 1 : 22, TS: Strymon melinus Hübner
Callipareus Scudder, 1872; 4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 51, TS: Stymon melinus Hübner
= ; Eliot, 1973, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 440; [NL4A, 130]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 227
Callicista Grote, 1873; Bull. Buffalo Soc. nat. Sci. 1 : 178, TS: Callicista ocellifera Grote
= ; [NL4A, 130]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 227
Uranotes Scudder, 1876; Bull. Buffalo Soc. nat. Sci. 3 : 107 (repl. for Callipareus Scudder, 1872), TS: Strymon melinus Hübner
= ; Eliot, 1973, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 440; [NL4A, 130]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 228
Eiseliana Toledo, 1978; Acta zool. Lilloana 33 (1): 80, TS: Eiseliana koehleri Toledo
= ; [NL4A, 130]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 228
Heoda Johnson, Miller & Herrera, 1992; Reps. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Wisc. (Stevens Point) 23: 5, TS: Thecla heodes Druce
= ; [NL4A, 130]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 228
Callicista (Eumaeini) ; Eliot, 1973, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 440
Strymon (Eumaeini) ; Eliot, 1973, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 440; [Opler]; [NL4A, 130]


[sp-1.jpg] 406x500 (~35Kb) Venezuela, Yacambu park near Barquisimeto, July 2002, Photo © Simon Coombes

The exact identification of this species is still unknown, but tentatively assumed to belong into this group.


The "melinus" species-group
"melinus" ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002, J. Lepid. Soc. 55 (3): 97

Strymon melinus Hübner, 1818
NA, CA - Venezuela, Colombia. See [About maps] Gray Hairstreak
Strymon melinus Hübner, 1818; Zuträge Samml. exot. Schmett. 1 : 22, : pl. [21], f. 121-122
Rusticus melinus Hübner, 1808; Erste Zuträge Schmett. : [5]
Thecla favonius Boisduval & Le Conte, [1835]; Hist. Lép. Am. Sept. (9/10): 95, pl. 30
= ; Scudder, 1876, Bull. Buffalo Soc. nat. Sci. 3 : 107; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 36
Thecla pan Harris, 1833; in Hitchcock, Rep. Geol. Min. Bot. Zool. Masschusets: 590
= ; Scudder, 1876, Bull. Buffalo Soc. nat. Sci. 3 : 107; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 36
Thecla silenus Doubleday, 1847; List Spec. lep. Ins. B. M. 2 : 31
= ; Scudder, 1876, Bull. Buffalo Soc. nat. Sci. 3 : 107; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 36
Thecla melinus clarionensis Heid, 1933; , TL: Mexico, Colima
= ; [NL4A, #620]
Strymon caldasensis Salazar, Vélez & Johnson, 1997; , TL: Colombia
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #620]
Strymon melinus, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Strymon melinus melinus, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Strymon melinus, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Strymon melinus, Georgia Lepidoptera (USA) [GALEPS]
Thecla melinus ; Godman & Salvin, [1887], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 92; Godman & Salvin, [1901], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 721
Uranotes melinus ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 36
Strymon melinus ; [NACL, #4336]; [BOW: pl. 20, f. 32]; [Opler]; [NL4A, #620]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 228
[melinus-1u.jpg] 1200x945 (~150Kb) upperside USA: LepSoc field trip to Patagonia region, Santa Cruz Co., Arizona, 2.8.2005, Photo © Markku Savela [melinus-1v.jpg] 800x1077 (~118Kb) underside USA: LepSoc field trip to Patagonia region, Santa Cruz Co., Arizona, 2.8.2005, Photo © Markku Savela [melinus-2ua.jpg] 1400x1030 (~172Kb) upperside USA: Alabama, 31.8.2003, Photo © Vitaly Charny
[melinus-2vb.jpg] 1100x1056 (~120Kb) underside USA: Alabama, 7.9.2003, Photo © Vitaly Charny [melinus-2vx.jpg] 1400x1083 (~133Kb) underside USA: Alabama, 27.9.2003, Photo © Vitaly Charny [melinus-3a.jpg] 1600x1340 (~132Kb) USA: Alabama, 2.9.2004, Photo © Vitaly Charny
[melinus-4v.jpg] 1400x1190 (~169Kb) underside USA: Alabama, 11.9.2005, Photo © Vitaly Charny [melinus-4x.jpg] 950x1279 (~95Kb) USA: Alabama, 11.9.2005, Photo © Vitaly Charny [melinus-5v.jpg] 1600x1158 (~155Kb) underside USA: Alabama, 8.7.2006, Photo © Vitaly Charny
[melinus-v.jpg] 450x440 (~28Kb) underside USA, Texas, Grapevine, 15-18.6.1996, Photo © Tero Piirainen

Larva on Zea mays, Quercus, Gossypium, Fragaria, Lamiaceae [NAB]


Thecla hyperici Boisduval & Le Conte, [1835]; Hist. Lép. Am. Sept. (9/10): 90, pl. 28, TL: Georgia; Florida
= Strymon melinus ; [NL4A, #620]
= ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 228
Strymon melinus tr.f. youngi Field, 1936; J. Ent. Zool. 28 (2): 25, TL: Florida [Miami-Dade Co.]
= Strymon melinus ; [NL4A, #620]
= ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 228
Strymon melinus melinus ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 228
S. m. humuli (Harris, 1841)
Thecla humuli Harris, 1841; Rep. Insects Mass. injurious to Vegn: 215, TL: Massachusetts
= Strymon melinus ; [NL4A, #620]
= ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 228
Strymon melinus tr.f. meinersi Gunder, 1927; Can. Ent. 59 (12): 283, pl. A, f. 9, 9a, TL: Table Rock, North Carolina
= Strymon melinus ; [NL4A, #620]
= ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 228
Strymon melinus humuli ; [NACL, #4336a]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 228
S. m. pudica (H. Edwards, 1877)
California Thecla melinus var. pudica H. Edwards, 1877; Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 7 : 172, TL: California
= Strymon melinus ; [NL4A, #620]
Strymon melinus pudica, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Strymon melinus pudica, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Strymon melinus pudicus ; [NACL, #4336c]
Strymon melinus pudica ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 228
S. m. atrofasciata McDunnough, 1921
British Columbia, ... Strymon melinus atrofasciata McDunnough, 1921; Can. Ent. 53 (2) : 47, TL: Wellington, B.C.
= Strymon melinus ; [NL4A, #620]
Strymon melinus atrofasciata, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Strymon melinus atrofasciatus ; [NACL, #4336e]
Strymon melinus atrofasciata ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 228
S. m. setonia McDunnough, 1927
British Columbia Strymon melinus setonia McDunnough, 1927; Can. ent. 59 : 160, TL: Seton Lake, Lillooet, B.C.
= Strymon melinus ; [NL4A, #620]
Strymon melinus setonia ; [NACL, #4336d]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 228
S. m. franki Field, 1938
Kansas Strymon melinus franki Field, 1938; J. Kansas Ent. Soc. 11 (4) : 127, TL: Lawrence, Kansas [Dougla Co.]
= Strymon melinus ; [NL4A, #620]
Strymon melinus franki, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Strymon melinus franki, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Strymon melinus franki, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
Strymon melinus franki ; [NACL, #4336b]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 228

Strymon avalona (Wright, 1905)
California (Catalina Island). See [About maps] Avalon Hairstreak
Thecla avalona Wright, 1905; Butts. West Coast: 62, 209, pl. 28, f. 328, 328b-c, TL: Catalina Island [Los Angeles Co.]
Strymon avalona, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Strymon avalona, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Strymon avalona ; [NACL, #4337]; [BOW: pl. 20, f. 23]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 229

Larva on Lotus agrophyllus, L. scoparius, Eriogonum [NAB]


Strymon sabinus (C. & R. Felder, 1865)
Colombia, Surinam. See [About maps] Thecla sabinus C. & R. Felder, 1865; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 263, pl. 32, f. 24, TL: Colombia
Thecla promissa Möschler, 1883; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 32 : 311, pl. 17, f. 9, TL: Surinam
= ; [NL4A, #622]
Strymon sabinus ; [NL4A, #622]

Strymon rufofusca Hewitson, 1877
S.Texas - Brazil, Argentina, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia. See [About maps] Reddish Hairstreak
Thecla rufo-fusca Hewitson, 1877; Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (7): 196, pl. 78, f. 627-628
Thecla (Uranotes) valentina Berg, 1896; An. Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires 5 : 3, f. 3a, TL: Argentina, Sierra de Córdoba, Córdoba Province
= ; [NL4A, #623]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 229
Thecla lucaris Weeks, 1901; Proc. New England Zool. Club 2 : 102, TL: Bolivia
= ; [NL4A, #623]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 229
Thecla melimus[sic] grisea Dufrane, 1939; Bull. Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 79 (7/8) : 290, TL: Peru
= ; [NL4A, #623]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 229
Thecla melimus[sic] grisea ab. nigriplaga Dufrane, 1939; Bull. Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 79 (7/8) : 290, TL: Peru
= ; [NL4A, #623]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 229
Strymon guanensis Le Crom & Johnson, 1997; Revta Thecl. Colomb. 2 (16): 15, TL: Colombia
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #623]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 229
Strymon rufofusca, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Strymon rufofusca, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Strymon rufofusca, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]

Thecla rufo-fusca ; Godman & Salvin, [1887], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 91
Thecla rufofusca ; Godman & Salvin, [1901], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 721
?Thecla velentina[sic] ; [BOW: pl. 69, f. 40 (Argentina)]
"Thecla" rufofusca ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 153
Thecla rufofusca ; [BOW: pl. 69, f. 40 (text)]
Strymon rufofuscus ; [NACL, #4338]
Strymon rufofusca ; [Opler]; [NL4A, #623]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 229

Larva on Malvastrum coromandelianum, Sida? [NAB]


Strymon sp.
Venezuela. See [About maps] Strymon sp. ; Nicolay & Robbins, MS, [NL4A, #624]

Strymon cyanofusca Johnson, Eisele & MacPherson, 1990
Colombia. See [About maps] Strymon cyanofusca Johnson, Eisele & MacPherson, 1990; , TL: Colombia
Strymon cyanofusca ; [NL4A, #625]

Strymon lamasi Nicolay & Robbins, 2005
Peru. See [About maps] Strymon lamasi Nicolay & Robbins, 2005; J. Res. Lep. 38: 46, f. 15-18, TL: Peru, Cuzco, 15km SW Limatambo, 2000m
Strymon sp. ; Nicolay & Robbins, MS, [NL4A, #626]

The "albata" species-group
"albata" ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002, J. Lepid. Soc. 55 (3): 97

Strymon albata (C. & R. Felder, 1865)
S.Texas - Costa Rica, Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad. See [About maps] White Hairstreak
Thecla albata C. & R. Felder, 1865; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 261, pl. 32, f. 17-18, TL: Venezuela; Colombia
Thecla sedecia Hewitson, 1874; Ent. mon. Mag. 11 (5) : 105, TL: Mazatlan, Sinaloa, Mexico
= ; [NL4A, #627]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 229
Strymon albata, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Strymon albata, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Strymon albata, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Thecla sedecia ; Hewitson, 1877, Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (7): 198, pl. 78, f. 637-638; Clench, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21: (181-184)
Strymon albatus sedecia ; [NACL, #4342a]
Thecla albata ; Hewitson, 1874, Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (6): 159; Godman & Salvin, [1887], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 94
Callicista albata ; [BOW: pl. 66, f. 18]
Strymon albatus ; [NACL, #4342]
Strymon albata ; [Opler]; [NL4A, #627]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 229

Larva on Abutilon incanum


Strymon alea (Godman & Salvin, [1887])
S.Texas, Mexico. See [About maps] Alea Hairstreak
Thecla alea Godman & Salvin, [1887]; Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 95, 3: pl. 58, f. 10-11, TL: Mexico, Veracruz
Callicista laceyi Barnes & McDunnough, 1910; Can. Ent. 42 (11) : 365, TL: Del Rio, Texas
= ; Clench, 1966, J. Lep. Soc. 20: (65-70); [NL4A, #628]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 229
laceyi Barnes & McDunnough
Strymon alea, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Strymon alea, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Strymon alea, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Strymon alea ; [NACL, #4344]; [Opler]; [NL4A, #628]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 229

Larva on Bernardia myricaefolia [NAB]


Strymon bebrycia (Hewitson, 1868)
S.Texas, Mexico, Costa Rica, Guatemala. See [About maps] Mexican Gray Hairstreak
Thecla bebrycia Hewitson, 1868; Descr. some new spec Lyc.: 13, TL: Mexico
Thecla chonida Hewitson, 1874; Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (7): 197, pl. 78, f. 635-636, TL: Mexico, Guerrero, Mazatlan or Acapulco
= ; [NL4A, #629]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 230
Strymon buchholzi Freeman, 1950; Field & Lab. 18 (1): 12, TL: Pharr, [Hidalgo Co.], Texas
= ; [NL4A, #629]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 230
Strymon bebrycia, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Strymon bebrycia, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Strymon bebrycia, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Strymon bebrycia, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
Thecla chonida ; Clench, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21: (181-184); Godman & Salvin, [1887], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 90
Thecla bebrycia ; Hewitson, 1869, Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (4): 119, pl. 50, f. 258-259; Godman & Salvin, [1887], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 93; Godman & Salvin, [1901], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 721; [BOW: pl. 69, f. 15 (text)]
Strymon bebrycia ; [NACL, #4339]; [Opler]; [NL4A, #629]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 230

Larva on Croton? [NAB]


The "yojoa" species-group
"yojoa" ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002, J. Lepid. Soc. 55 (3): 97

Strymon yojoa (Reakirt, [1867])
S.Texas, Mexico. See [About maps] Jojoa Hairstreak
Thecla yojoa Reakirt, [1867]; Proc. Acad. nat. Sci. Philad. 18 (5): 339, TL: Mexico, Veracruz
Thecla beroea Hewitson, 1868; Descr. some new spec Lyc.: 14, TL: Mexico
= ; [NL4A, #630]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 230
Strymon yojoa, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Strymon yojoa, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Strymon yojoa, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Thecla beraea ; (missp.?)
Thecla yojoa ; Hewitson, 1874, Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (6): 158; Godman & Salvin, [1887], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 95; Godman & Salvin, [1901], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 721
Callicista yojoa ; [BOW: pl. 67, f. 3]
Strymon yojoa ; [NACL, #4341]; [Opler]; [NL4A, #630]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 230
[yojoa-1m.jpg] 392x504 (~25Kb) male Belize, Central America, Photo © John Shuey

Larva on Hibiscus tubiflorus [NAB]



Strymon daraba (Hewitson, 1867)
Ecuador, Peru. See [About maps] Thecla daraba Hewitson, 1867; Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (3): 105, pl. 36, f. 89, TL: [Ecuador]
= Strymon yojoa ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002
Thecla tyleri Dyar, 1913; Proc. U.S. natn. Mus. 45 (2006) : 636, TL: Peru, Coropuna
= ; [NL4A, #621]
Thecla daraba ; Hewitson, 1874, Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (6): 158 (in syn.), pl. 62, f. 424-426
Strymon tyleri ;
Strymon daraba ; [NL4A, #621]

Strymon tegaea (Hewitson, 1868)
Brazil(Minas Gerais). See [About maps] Thecla tegaea Hewitson, 1868; Descr. some new spec Lyc.: 2
Thecla seitzi Spitz, 1931; Rev. Ent. S. Paulo 1: 48, TL: Brazil, Minas Gerais
= ; [NL4A, #631]
Thecla tegaea ; Hewitson, 1869, Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (4): 131, pl. 54, f. 308-309; [BOW: pl. 69, f. 21 (text)]
"Thecla" seitzi ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 153
Strymon tegaea ; [NL4A, #631]

Strymon ohausi (Spitz, 1933)
Brazil(São Paulo). See [About maps] Thecla ohausi Spitz, 1933; Rev. Ent. Rio de Janeiro 3: 244, TL: Brazil, São Paulo
Strymon ohausi ; [NL4A, #632]

The "mulucha" species-group
"mulucha" ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002, J. Lepid. Soc. 55 (3): 97

Strymon mulucha (Hewitson, 1867)
Guatemala, Costa Rica, Amazon, Venezuela, Colombia. See [About maps] Thecla mulucha Hewitson, 1867; Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (3): 89, pl. 38, f. 117, TL: Venezuela
Tmolus invisus Butler & Druce, 1872; Cistula ent. 1 (5) : 108, TL: Costa Rica
= ; [NL4A, #634]
Strymon necjebus Le Crom & Johnson, 1997; , TL: Colombia
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #634]
Strymon novasignum Austin & Johnson, 1997; , TL: Brazil(Rondônia)
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #634]
Strymon clavus Austin & Johnson, 1997; , TL: Brazil, Rondônia
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #634]
Strymon implexus Austin & Johnson, 1997; , TL: Brazil, Rondônia
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #634]
Strymon inmirum Austin & Johnson, 1997; , TL: Brazil, Rondônia
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #634]
Strymon incanus Austin & Johnson, 1997; , TL: Brazil, Rondônia
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #634]
Strymon mulucha, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Strymon mulucha, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Thecla mulucha ; Hewitson, 1874, Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (6): 159, pl. 62, f. 428; Godman & Salvin, [1887], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 95
Strymon necjabus ; Le Crom & Johnson, 1997, (missp.)
Callicista mulucha ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 153; [BOW: pl. 67, f. 3 (text only)]
Strymon mulucha ; [NL4A, #634]
[mulucha-1m.jpg] 416x460 (~30Kb) male Belize, Central America, Photo © John Shuey


Strymon cestri (Reakirt, [1867])
S.Texas, Mexico, Brazil(Rio de Janeiro, Rondônia, ...?), Colombia. See [About maps] Cestri Hairstreak
Thecla cestri Reakirt, [1867]; Proc. Acad. nat. Sci. Philad. 18 (5): 338, TL: Mexico, Veracruz
Thecla cydia Hewitson, 1874; Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (6): 160, pl. 63, f. 433-434, TL: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro
= ; [NL4A, #635]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 230
Thecla crossoea Hewitson, 1874; Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (6): 158, pl. 62, f. 427
= ; [NL4A, #635]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 230
Strymon chamiensis Salazar, Vélez & Johnson, 1997; Revta Thecl. Colomb. 2 (16): 8, TL: Colombia
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #635]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 230
Strymon germana Austin & Johnson, 1997; , TL: Brazil, Rondônia
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #635]
Strymon cestri, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Strymon cestri, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Strymon cestri, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Strymon cestri, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
Strymon crossoea ;
Thecla cestri ; Godman & Salvin, [1887], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 96, 3: pl. 58, f. 12-13
Strymon cestri ; [NACL, #4347]; [Opler]; [NL4A, #635]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 230
[cestri-1v.jpg] 420x550 (~33Kb) underside Venezuela, Parai Tepui near Mount Roraima in the Gran Sabana, July 2002, Photo © Simon Coombes


Strymon davara (Hewitson, 1868)
Peru. See [About maps] Thecla davara Hewitson, 1868; Descr. some new spec Lyc.: 31
Thecla davara joannisi Dufrane, 1939; , TL: Peru
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #636]
Thecla davara joannisi ab. pallida Dufrane, 1939; Bull. Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 79 (7/8) : 291, TL: Peru
= ; [NL4A, #636]
Strymon daraba joannisi ;
Thecla davara ; Hewitson, 1873, Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (5): 147, pl. 58, f. 371
Strymon davara ; [NL4A, #636]

Strymon crambusa (Hewitson, 1874)
Brazil, Bolivia. See [About maps] Thecla crambusa Hewitson, 1874; Descr. new Spec. Butts Buckley Bolivia: 20, TL: Bolivia
Thecla crambusa ; Hewitson, 1877, Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (7): 205, pl. 81, f. 678-679; [BOW: pl. 68, f. 19]
"Thecla" crambusa ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 153
Strymon crambusa ; [NL4A, #637]

Strymon astiocha (Prittwitz, 1865)
Brazil(Rio de Janeiro, Rondônia, ...). See [About maps] Thecla astiocha Prittwitz, 1865; Stettin Ent. Ztg 26 (10-12): 324, TL: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro
Thecla faunalia Hewitson, 1868; Descr. some new spec Lyc.: 31, TL: Brazil
= ; [NL4A, #638]
Thecla deborrei Capronnier, 1874; Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 17 : 17, pl. 1, f. 4, TL: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro
= ; [NL4A, #638]
Strymon halos Austin & Johnson, 1997; , TL: Brazil, Rondônia
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #638]
Strymon conspergus Austin & Johnson, 1997; , TL: Brazil, Rondônia
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #638]
Strymon astiocha, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Strymon astiocha, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Thecla faunalia ; Hewitson, 1874, Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (6): 161, pl. 63, f. 437-438
Callicista faunalia ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 153
Strymon astiocha ; [NL4A, #638]

The "martialis" species-group
"martialis" ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002, J. Lepid. Soc. 55 (3): 98

Strymon martialis (Herrich-Schäffer, 1865)
Florida, Antilles, Cuba, Jamaica. See [About maps] Martial Hairstreak
Thecla martialis Herrich-Schäffer, 1865; CorrespBl. zool.-min Ver. Regensburg 18 (11-12): 164, TL: Cuba
Strymon martialis, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Strymon martialis, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Thecla martialis ; Hewitson, 1874, Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (6): 156, pl. 62, f. 418-419
Eupsyche martialis ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 36
Strymon martialis ; [NACL, #4340]; [BOW: pl. 20, f. 31]; [Opler]; [NL4A, #639]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 230

Larva on Trema micranthum, Suriana maritima, Caesalpinia bonduc Daniels, Pence & Emmel, 2005, J. Lep. Soc. 59 (3): 174


Strymon christophei (Comstock & Huntington, 1943)
Haiti Thecla christophei Comstock & Huntington, 1943; Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 45 (2) : 85, TL: Haiti
Strymon christophei ; [NL4A, #640]

Strymon michelle Nicolay & Robbins, 2005
SW.Ecuador, W.Peru. See [About maps] Strymon michelle Nicolay & Robbins, 2005; J. Res. Lep. 38: 44, f. 11-15, TL: Ecuador, Loja, Loja - Catamayo Rd., Km 28, 1700m
Strymon sp. ; Nicolay & Robbins, MS, [NL4A, #641]

The "istapa" species-group
"istapa" ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002, J. Lepid. Soc. 55 (3): 98

Strymon istapa (Reakirt, [1867])
S.Arizona, S.California, S.Texas, S.Florida, Mexico - Peru, Brazil. See [About maps] Thecla istapa Reakirt, [1867]; Proc. Acad. nat. Sci. Philad. 18 (5): 339, TL: Mexico, Veracruz
Thecla cybira Hewitson, 1874; Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (6): 161, pl. 73, f. 435-436, TL: Cuba; Jamaica
= ; [NL4A, #645]
Thecla columella arecibo Comstock & Huntington, 1943; Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 45 (2) : 81, TL: Puerto Rico
= ; [NL4A, #645]
Thecla columella clarionica Vázquez, 1958; An. Inst. Biol. Mexico 28: 302, TL: Mexico, Colima
= ; [NL4A, #645]
Thecla columella socorroica Vázquez, 1958; An. Inst. Biol. Mexico 28: 303, TL: Mexico, Colima
= ; [NL4A, #645]
Strymon istapa istapa, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Strymon istapa istapa, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Strymon istapa, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Strymon columella istapa, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
Strymon columella cybira ; [NACL, #4345b]
Strymon columella istapa ; [NACL, #4345c]
Strymon istapa ; Robbins & Nicolay, 1998, J. Lepid. Soc. 52 (3): 318-327; [Opler]; [NL4A, #645]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 231
Mexico Strymon istapa istapa ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 231
S. i. modesta (Maynard, 1873)
Florida, ... Lycaena modesta Maynard, 1873; Am. Nat. 7 (3): 177, TL: Florida
= Strymon istapa ; [NL4A, #645]
Callicista ocellifera Grote, 1873; Bull. Buffalo Soc. nat. Sci. 1 : 178, TL: "New York"
= Strymon istapa ; [NL4A, #645]
= ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 231
Strymon istapa modesta, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Strymon columella modestus ; [NACL, #4345a]
Strymon istapa modesta ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 231
S. i. clenchi (Austin & Emmel, 1998)
California, ... Strymon columella clenchi Austin & Emmel, 1998; Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (42): 508, TL: California, Riverside Co.
= Strymon istapa ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #645]
Strymon istapa clenchi, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Strymon istapa clenchi, Butterflies of America [BOA]
?Strymon columella clenchi ;
Strymon istapa clenchi ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 231

Strymon sp.
Venezuela. See [About maps] Strymon sp. ; Nicolay & Robbins, MS, [NL4A, #644]

Strymon bazochii (Godart, [1824])
S.Texas, CA - Brazil, Cuba, Hawaii (introd.), AU. See [About maps] Smaller Lantana Butterfly
Polyommatus bazochii Godart, [1824]; Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (2): 681, TL: Brazil
Strymon gundlachianus Bates, 1935; Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 78 : 195, TL: Cuba
= ; [NL4A, #643]
Strymon diagonalis Austin & Johnson, 1997; , TL: Brazil, Rondônia
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #643]
Strymon bazochii, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Strymon bazochii bazochii, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Strymon bazochii, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Strymon bazochii, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
bazochii ; Johnson, 1991, J. Lep. Soc. 45 (2): 152
Strymon bazochii ; [NACL, #4348]; [BOW: pl. 67, f. 28]; [Opler]; [NL4A, #643]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 231
[bazochii-1m.jpg] 385x437 (~24Kb) male Belize, Central America, Photo © John Shuey

Larva on Lippia alba, L. graviolens, Lantana, L. camara, Hyptis pectinata, Ocimum basilicum [NAB]


Hyreus thius Geyer, 1832; Zuträge Samml. exot. Schmett. 4 : f. 743-744, TL: Brazil
= Strymon bazochii ; [NL4A, #643]
= ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 231
Thecla agra Hewitson, 1868; Descr. some new spec Lyc.: 30, TL: Brazil
= Strymon bazochii ; [NL4A, #643]
= ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 231
Thecla infrequens Weeks, 1901; Ent. News 12 (9) : 265, TL: Bolivia
= Strymon bazochii ; [NL4A, #643]
= ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 231
Thecla agra ; Hewitson, 1873, Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (5): 147, pl. 58, f. 369-370; Godman & Salvin, [1887], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 97; Godman & Salvin, [1901], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 722
Callicista thius ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 153
Strymon bazochii bazochii ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 231

Strymon acis (Drury, [1773])
Florida, Antilles. See [About maps] Acis Hairstreak
Papilio acis Drury, [1773]; Illust. Nat. Hist. Exot. Insects 1 : pl. 1, f. 3, TL: "New York"
Thecla acis gossei Comstock & Huntington, 1943; Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 45 (2) : 67, TL: Jamaica
= ; [NL4A, #642]
Thecla acis petioni Comstock & Huntington, 1943; Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 45 (2) : 64, TL: Haiti
= ; [NL4A, #642]
Strymon acis armouri Clench, 1943; Psyche 49 : 53, TL: Rum Cay[?], Bahamas
= ; [NL4A, #642]
Strymon acis leucosticha Clench, 1992; , TL: Bahamas
= ; [NL4A, #642]
Strymon acis, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Thecla acis ; Hewitson, 1874, Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (6): 157
Mitoura acis ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 38
Strymon acis ; [NACL, #4343]; [BOW: pl. 20, f. 21]; [Opler]; [NL4A, #642]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 231
S. a. bartrami (Comstock & Huntington, 1943)
S.Florida Thecla acis bartrami Comstock & Huntington, 1943; Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 45 (2) : 65, pl. 1, f. 2, TL: Florida
= Strymon acis ; [NL4A, #642]
Strymon acis bartrami, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Strymon acis bartrami ; [NACL, #4343a]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 231

Larva on Croton linearis Salvato, 2004, J. Lep. Soc. 58 (4): 223

S. a. casasi (Comstock & Huntington, 1943)
Cuba Thecla acis casasi Comstock & Huntington, 1943; Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 45 (2) : 66, TL: Cuba
= Strymon acis ; [NL4A, #642]
S. a. mars (Fabricius, 1776)
Papilio mars Fabricius, 1776; Genera Insectorum : 268, TL: "S. Amer."
= Strymon acis ; [NL4A, #642]

Strymon columella (Fabricius, 1793)
Antilles (Vieques, Palominos, Antigua). See [About maps] Columella Hairstreak
Hesperia columella Fabricius, 1793; Ent. Syst. 3 (1): 282 (nom. prot.), TL: West Indies
Papilio dion Schaller, 1788; Natuforscher Berlin, 23: 49, pl. 1, f. 9-10 (nom. oblit.)
= ; [NL4A, #647]
Tmolus erytalus Butler, [1870]; (nom. nud.)
= ; [NL4A, #647]
Thecla antigua Comstock & Huntington, 1943; Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 45 (2) : 83, TL: Antigua
= ; [NL4A, #647]
Thecla dion ; Hewitson, 1877, Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (7): 204
Callicista columella ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 38
Strymon columella ; [NACL, #4345]; [BOW: pl. 20, f. 25]; Robbins & Nicolay, 1998, J. Lepid. Soc. 52 (3): 318-327

Larva on Sida, S. hederacea [NAB], Hibiscus denudatus [BHR]


Strymon limenia (Hewitson, 1868)
Cuba, West Indies, Jamaica. See [About maps] Thecla limenia Hewitson, 1868; Descr. some new spec Lyc.: 32, TL: Jamaica
Strymon limenia, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Strymon limenia, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Thecla limenia ; Hewitson, 1874, Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (6): 160, pl. 63, f. 431-432
Callicista limenia ; [BOW: pl. 66, f. 19 (text only)]
Strymon limenia ; [NACL, #4346]; [Opler]; [NL4A, #648]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 231

Strymon toussainti (Comstock & Huntington, 1943)
Antilles, Haiti, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico. See [About maps] Thecla toussainti Comstock & Huntington, 1943; Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 45 (2) : 84, TL: Haiti
Strymon andrewi Johnson & Matusik, 1988; Ann. Carnegie Mus. 57 : 228, TL: Dominican Rep.
= ; [NL4A, #649]
Strymon rhaptos Johnson, Eisele & MacPherson, 1990; Bull. Allyn. Mus. 130: (1-77), TL: "Argentina, ?Patagonia"
= ; [NL4A, #649]
Strymon amonensis Smith, Johnson, Miller & McKenzie, 1991; Bull. Allyn. Mus. 134, TL: Mona Island, Puerto Rico
= ; [NL4A, #649]
Strymon toussainti ; Robbins & Nicolay, 1998, J. Lepid. Soc. 52 (3): 328-334; [NL4A, #649]

Strymon bubastus (Stoll, [1780])
Puerto Rico, Venezuela, Colombia, Peru, Dominica, Grenada. See [About maps] Papilio bubastus Stoll, [1780]; in Cramer, Uitl. Kapellen 4 (26b-28): pl. 332, f. G, H, TL: "Cape of Good Hope"
Papilio minereus Fabricius, 1787; Mantissa Insectorum 2: 77, TL: S.Amer.
= ; [NL4A, #646]
Thecla salona Hewitson, 1868; Descr. some new spec Lyc.: 31, TL: Venezuela
= ; [NL4A, #646]
Thecla sapota Hewitson, 1877; Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (7): 203, pl. 81, f. 668-669, TL: Peru
= ; [NL4A, #646]
Thecla cestri peruensis Dufrane, 1939; Bull. Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 79 (7/8) : 290, TL: Peru
= ; [NL4A, #646]
Strymon vividus Le Crom & Johnson, 1997; , TL: Colombia
= Strymon bubastus ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002
= ; [NL4A, #646]
Thecla salona ; Hewitson, 1874, Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (6): 159, pl. 63, f. 429-430
Callicista sapota ; [BOW: pl. 67, f. 1 (text only)]
Strymon sapota ;
Callicista bubastus ; [BOW: pl. 67, f. 1]
Strymon bubastus ; [NL4A, #646]
S. b. ponce (Comstock & Huntington, 1943)
Antilles Thecla bubastus ponce Comstock & Huntington, 1943; , TL: Puerto Rico
= Strymon bubastus ; [NL4A, #646]
Thecla ponce Comstock & Huntington, 1943

Strymon eurytulus (Hübner, [1819])
Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, Chile. See [About maps] Tmolus eurytulus Hübner, [1819]; Samml. exot. Schmett. 2 : pl. [90]
Thecla americensis Blanchard, 1852; in Gay, Hist. Chile, (Zool.) 7 : 38, TL: Chile
= ; [NL4A, #650]
Thecla argona Hewitson, 1874; Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (6): 162, pl. 63, f. 441-442, TL: Uruguay
= ; [NL4A, #650]
Thecla tucumana Druce, 1907; Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1907 (3) : 629, pl. 36, f. 26, TL: Argentina
= ; [NL4A, #650]
Thecla eurytulus nigra Lathy, 1926; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (9) 17 (97) : 46, TL: Argentina
= ; [NL4A, #650]
Strymon peristictos Johnson, Eisele & MacPherson, 1990; Bull. Allyn. Mus. 130: (1-77), TL: Chile
= ; [NL4A, #650]; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002

americensis ; Johnson, 1991, J. Lep. Soc. 45 (2): 153
nigra ; Johnson, 1991, J. Lep. Soc. 45 (2): 148
Thecla eurytulus ; Hewitson, 1874, Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (6): 155; Godman & Salvin, [1887], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 96; Godman & Salvin, [1901], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 721
Callicista eurytulus ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 153
?Callicista argona ; [BOW: pl. 67, f. 1 (text only)]
Thecla tucumana ; [BOW: pl. 67, f. 37 (text only)]
Thecla americensis ; Hewitson, 1877, Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (7): 207, pl. 83, f. 693-694; [BOW: pl. 67, f. 37]
Strymon eurytulus ; [NL4A, #650]

Strymon nivea (Johnson, Miller & Herrera, 1992)
Argentina. See [About maps] Heoda nivea Johnson, Miller & Herrera, 1992; , TL: Argentina
= Strymon eurytulus ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002
Strymon nivea ; [NL4A, #656]

Strymon rana (Schaus, 1902)
Brazil(Paraná), Argentina. See [About maps] Thecla rana Schaus, 1902; Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 24 (1262) : 414, TL: Brazil, Paraná
Eiseliana patagoniensis Johnson, Miller & Herrera, 1992; , TL: Argentina
= Strymon oribata ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002
= ; [NL4A, #657]
Strymon rana ; [NL4A, #657]

Strymon flavaria (Ureta, 1956)
Chile. See [About maps] Thecla flavaria Ureta, 1956; Bol. Mus. nac. Hist. nat. Chile 26: 258, TL: Chile
Heoda erani Benyamini & Johnson, 1996; , TL: Chile
= ; [NL4A, #651]; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002
Eiseliana flavaria ;
Strymon flavaria ; [NL4A, #651]

Strymon colombiana (Johnson, Miller & Herrera, 1992)
Colombia. See [About maps] Heoda colombiana Johnson, Miller & Herrera, 1992; , TL: Colombia
Heoda lecromi Johnson & Hugo, 1997; (preocc. Johnson, 1997), TL: Colombia
= ; [NL4A, #652]
Strymon colombiana ; [NL4A, #652]

Strymon bicolor (Philippi, 1859)
Chile. See [About maps] Lycaena bicolor Philippi, 1859; Linn. Ent. 14 : 269, TL: Chile
Thecla quadrimaculata Hewitson, 1874; Ent. mon. Mag. 11 (5) : 106, TL: Valparaiso, Coquimbo or Arica, Chile
= ; [NL4A, #653]
ab. tricolor (Ureta, 1949) (Thecla); , TL: Chile
= ; [NL4A, #653]
Thecla quadrimaculata ; Clench, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21: (181-184)
Thecla bicolor ; Hewitson, 1877, Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (7): 208, pl. 83, f. 698-699
Eiseliana bicolor ;
Strymon bicolor ; [NL4A, #653]

Strymon heodes (Druce, 1909)
Peru, Argentina, Chile. See [About maps] Thecla heodes Druce, 1909; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1909 (3) : 437, pl. 11, f. 10-11, TL: Uramarca, San Marcas, Peru
Thecla leptocosma Hayward, 1949; Acta Zool. Lilloana 8: 578, TL: Argentina
= ; [NL4A, #654]
Heoda atacama Johnson & Miller, 1992; , TL: Chile
= ; [NL4A, #654]
Eiseliana probabila Johnson, Miller & Herrera, 1992; , TL: Chile
= Strymon bicolor ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002
= ; [NL4A, #654]
Heoda suprema Johnson, Miller & Herrera, 1992; , TL: Argentina
= Strymon bicolor ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002
= ; [NL4A, #654]
Heoda shapiroi Johnson, Miller & Herrera, 1992; , TL: Chile
= Strymon bicolor ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002
= ; [NL4A, #654]
Strymon heodes ; [NL4A, #654]

Strymon wagenknechti (Ureta, 1947)
Chile. See [About maps] Thecla wagenknechti Ureta, 1947; Bol. Mus. Nac. Hist. nat. Chile 23: 55, TL: Chile
Strymon wagenknechti ; [NL4A, #655]

Strymon oribata (Weymer, 1890)
Peru, Bolivia, Argentina, Chile. See [About maps] Thecla oribata Weymer, 1890; in Weymer & Maassen, Reisen Süd-America : 123, pl. 4, f. 8, TL: Bolivia
Thecla arenicola Jörgensen, 1934; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 48 : 61, TL: Argentina
= ; [NL4A, #658]
Thecla punona Clench, 1944; J. N.Y. ent. Soc. 52: 256, TL: Puno, Peru
= ; [NL4A, #658]
Thecla rojasi Ureta, 1956; Bol. Mus. nac. Hist. nat. Chile 26: 257, TL: Chile
= ; [NL4A, #658]
Eiseliana koehleri Toledo, 1978; Acta zool. Lilloana 33 (1): 80, TL: Argentina
= ; [NL4A, #658]
Eiseliana rojasi ;
Penaincisalia oribata ;
Strymon oribata ; [NL4A, #658]

The "sylea" species-group
"sylea" ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002, J. Lepid. Soc. 55 (3): 99

Strymon sylea (Hewitson, 1867)
Brazil(Pará). See [About maps] Thecla sylea Hewitson, 1867; Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (3): 99, pl. 39, f. 118-119, TL: Brazil, Pará
Thecla sylea ; [BOW: pl. 68, f. 17 (text)]
Strymon sylea ; [NL4A, #633]

The "serapio" species-group
"serapio" ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002, J. Lepid. Soc. 55 (3): 99

Strymon serapio (Godman & Salvin, [1887])
Mexico, Panama, , Venezuela, Trinidad, Colombia, Brazil(Pará, Rio de Janeiro), Argentina. See [About maps] Thecla serapio Godman & Salvin, [1887]; Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 93, 3: pl. 58, f. 8-9, TL: Mexico, Veracruz; Panama
Thecla lemnos Druce, 1890; Ent. mon. Mag. 26 (313) : 152, TL: Colombia
= ; [NL4A, #659]
Thecla mesca Dyar, 1914; Proc. U.S. nat. Mus. 47 (2050) : 151, TL: Taboga Island, Panama
= ; [NL4A, #659]
Thecla inconspicua Lathy, 1930; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 78 : 136, TL: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro
= ; [NL4A, #659]
Strymon golbachi Johnson, Eisele & MacPherson, 1990; Bull. Allyn. Mus. 130: (1-77), TL: Argentina
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #659]
Strymon trunctogen Johnson & Salazar, 1993; , TL: Colombia
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #659]
Strymon altamiraensis Johnson & Kroenlein, 1993; , TL: Brazil, Pará
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #659]
Strymon henaoi Salazar, Vélez & Johnson, 1997; , TL: Colombia
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #659]
Strymon hurtadoi Johnson, 1997; , TL: Colombia
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #659]
Strymon rosari Torres & Johnson, 1997; , TL: Venezuela
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #659]
Strymon originatus Johnson, Hernández & Cock, 1997; , TL: Trinidad
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #659]
Strymon serapio, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Strymon serapio, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Strymon serapio, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
inconspicua ; Johnson, 1991, J. Lep. Soc. 45 (2): 146
Strymon lemnos ;
Thecla serapio ; [BOW: pl. 69, f. 15]
Strymon serapio ; [Opler]; [NL4A, #659]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 232

Strymon glorissima Johnson & Salazar, 1993
Colombia. See [About maps] Strymon glorissima Johnson & Salazar, 1993; , TL: Colombia
Strymon campbelli Johnson & Salazar, 1993; , TL: Colombia
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #660]
Strymon glorissima ; [NL4A, #660]

Strymon jacqueline Nicolay & Robbins, 2005
Peru. See [About maps] Strymon jacqueline Nicolay & Robbins, 2005; J. Res. Lep. 38: 39, f. 3-5, TL: Peru, Cajamarca, Km 62 Pacasmayo to Cajamarca, 600m
Strymon sp. ; Nicolay & Robbins, MS, [NL4A, #661]

Strymon gabatha (Hewitson, 1870)
Guatemala, Honduras, Colombia, Ecuador. See [About maps] Thecla gabatha Hewitson, 1870; Equat. Lepid. Buckley (4): 62, TL: Ecuador
Thecla balius Godman & Salvin, [1887]; Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 65, 3: pl. 56, f. 6-7, TL: Guatemala; Colombia
= ; [NL4A, #662]
Strymon alexandra Johnson & Kroenlein, 1993; , TL: Ecuador
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #662]
Strymon alicia Salazar, Vélez & Johnson, 1997; , TL: Colombia
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #662]
Thecla gabatha ; Hewitson, 1874, Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (6): 174, pl. 68, f. 504-505; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 68, f. 17]
Strymon gabatha ; [NL4A, #662]

Strymon monopeteinus Schwartz & Miller, 1985
Dominican Republic Strymon monopeteinus Schwartz & Miller, 1985; , TL: Dominican Republic
Strymon monopeteinus ; [NL4A, #663]

Strymon oreala (Hewitson, 1868)
Brazil(Bahia). See [About maps] Thecla oreala Hewitson, 1868; Descr. some new spec Lyc.: 27, TL: Brazil, Bahia
Thecla oreala ; Hewitson, 1874, Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (6): 152, pl. 60, f. 399-403; [BOW: pl. 68, f. 53]
Strymon oreala ; [NL4A, #664]

Strymon lucena (Hewitson, 1868)
Venezuela, Colombia, Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina. See [About maps] Thecla lucena Hewitson, 1868; Descr. some new spec Lyc.: 26, TL: "Venezuela"
Thecla legota Hewitson, 1877; Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (7): 205, pl. 81, f. 676-677, TL: Bolivia
= ; [NL4A, #666]
Thecla canitus Druce, 1907; Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1907 (3) : 605, pl. 36, f. 8, TL: Paraguay
= ; [NL4A, #666]
Strymon ochraceus Johnson & Salazar, 1993; , TL: Venezuela
= ; [NL4A, #666]
Strymon specialus Johnson, Eisele & MacPherson, 1997; , TL: Argentina
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #666]
Strymon baricharensis Le Crom & Johnson, 1997; , TL: Colombia
= Strymon ochraceus ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002
= ; [NL4A, #666]
Strymon legota ;
Thecla canitus ; [BOW: pl. 68, f. 53 (text)]
Thecla lucena ; Hewitson, 1874, Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (6): 154, pl. 61, f. 406-407; [BOW: pl. 68, f. 53 (text)]
Strymon lucena ; [NL4A, #666]

Strymon cardus (Hewitson, 1874)
Brazil. See [About maps] Thecla cardus Hewitson, 1874; Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (6): 151, pl. 60, f. 394-396, TL: Brazil
?Tmolus cardus ; [BOW: pl. 69, f. 47 (text)]
Strymon cardus ; [NL4A, #667]

Strymon azuba (Hewitson, 1874)
Brazil(Rio Grande do Sul, São Paulo), Argentina. See [About maps] Thecla azuba Hewitson, 1874; Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (6): 154, pl. 61, f. 408-409, TL: Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul
Strymon montevagus Johnson, Eisele & MacPherson, 1990; Bull. Allyn. Mus. 130: (1-77), TL: Argentina
= ; [NL4A, #668]
Strymon rojos Johnson & Kroenlein, 1993; , TL: Brazil, São Paulo
= ; [NL4A, #668]
Tmolus azuba ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 152
Strymon azuba ; [NL4A, #668]

Strymon eremica (Hayward, 1949)
Argentina. See [About maps] Thecla eremica Hayward, 1949; Acta Zool. Lilloana 8: 574, TL: Argentina
Strymon lariyojoa Johnson, Eisele & MacPherson, 1990; Bull. Allyn. Mus. 130: (1-77), TL: Argentina
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #669]
Strymon barbara Johnson, Eisele & MacPherson, 1990; Bull. Allyn. Mus. 130: (1-77), TL: Argentina
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #669]
Strymon nicolayi Johnson, Eisele & MacPherson, 1990; Bull. Allyn. Mus. 130: (1-77), TL: Argentina
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #669]
Strymon eremica ; [NL4A, #669]

Strymon ahrenholzi Nicolay & Robbins, 2005
SW.Ecuador, NW.Peru. See [About maps] Strymon ahrenholzi Nicolay & Robbins, 2005; J. Res. Lep. 38: 36, f. 1-2, TL: Ecuador, Loja, Loja - Catamayo Rd., Km 26, 1800m
Strymon sp. ; Nicolay & Robbins, MS, [NL4A, #670]

Strymon veterator (Druce, 1907)
Paraguay, Argentina. See [About maps] Thecla veterator Druce, 1907; Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1907 (3) : 627, pl. 36, f. 25, TL: Paraguay
Strymon lorrainea Johnson, Eisele & MacPherson, 1990; Bull. Allyn. Mus. 130: (1-77), TL: Argentina
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #671]
Strymon coronos Johnson, Eisele & MacPherson, 1990; Bull. Allyn. Mus. 130: (1-77), TL: Argentina
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #671]
Callicista veteratof[sic] ; [BOW: pl. 67, f. 3 (text only)]
Strymon veterator ; [NL4A, #671]

Strymon giffordi Nicolay & Robbins, 2005
Brazil(Goiás). See [About maps] Strymon giffordi Nicolay & Robbins, 2005; J. Res. Lep. 38: 42, f. 7-10, TL: Brazil, Goiás, Serra Dourada (16.3°S, 50.6°W)
Strymon sp. ; Nicolay & Robbins, MS, [NL4A, #672]

Strymon megarus (Godart, [1824])
Mexico - Brazil, Peru, Argentina, French Guiana. See [About maps] Polyommatus megarus Godart, [1824]; Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (2): 638, TL: Brazil
Tmolus basilides Geyer, 1837; in Hübner, Zuträge. Samml. exot. Schmett. 5 : 42, : f. 977-978, TL: Brazil, Paraná
= ; [NL4A, #673]
Thecla tigonia Schaus, 1902; Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 24 (1262) : 419, TL: "Peru"
= ; [NL4A, #673]
Strymon amphyporphyra Johnson, Eisele & MacPherson, 1990; Bull. Allyn. Mus. 130: (1-77), TL: Argentina
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #673]
Strymon rotundum Austin & Johnson, 1997; , TL: Brazil, Rondônia
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #673]
Strymon gallardi Faynel & Johnson, 2000; , TL: French Guiana
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #673]
Strymon megarus, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Strymon megarus, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Strymon megarus, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
megarus ; Johnson, 1991, J. Lep. Soc. 45 (2): 153
Tmolus tigonia ; [BOW: pl. 69, f. 47 (text)]
Strymon basilides ;
Thecla basalides[sic] ; Hewitson, 1874, Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (6): 155, pl. 61, f. 412-415; Godman & Salvin, [1887], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 93 (missp.); Godman & Salvin, [1901], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 721 (missp.); Kirby, 1871, (missp.)
Tmolus basalides[sic] ; [BOW: pl. 69, f. 47-48]
Strymon megarus ; [NL4A, #673]

The "ziba" species-group
"ziba" ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002, J. Lepid. Soc. 55 (3): 97

Strymon ziba (Hewitson, 1868)
Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, Colombia. See [About maps] Thecla ziba Hewitson, 1868; Descr. some new spec Lyc.: 26
Thecla thulia Hewitson, 1868; Descr. some new spec Lyc.: 28, TL: Brazil
= ; [NL4A, #674]
Thecla diaguita Hayward, 1949; Acta Zool. Lilloana 8: 576, TL: Argentina
= ; [NL4A, #674]
Strymon baptistorum Johnson, Eisele & MacPherson, 1990; Bull. Allyn. Mus. 130: (1-77), TL: Argentina
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #674]
Strymon dondiego Johnson & Adams, 1997; , TL: Colombia
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #674]
Strymon profusorubrus Le Crom & Johnson, 1997; , TL: Colombia
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #674]
Strymon lecromi Johnson, 1997; , TL: Colombia
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #674]
Strymon spinatus Austin & Johnson, 1997; , TL: Brazil, Rondônia
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #674]
Strymon latamaculus Austin & Johnson, 1997; , TL: Brazil, Rondônia
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #674]
Strymon pallidulus Austin & Johnson, 1997; , TL: Brazil, Rondônia
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #674]
Strymon tholus Austin & Johnson, 1997; , TL: Brazil, Rondônia
= ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002; [NL4A, #674]
Strymon ziba, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Strymon ziba, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Thecla ziba ; Hewitson, 1874, Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (6): 153, pl. 61, f. 404-405
Strymon ziba ; [NL4A, #674]


9.2.2013 (53)

References:
[ALBERTA]
University of Alberta, E.H. Strickland Entomological Museum; Browse Entomology Collection
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BAMONA]
Opler, Pavulaan, Stanford & Pogue; Butterflies and Moths of North America; Mountain Prairie Information Node
[BCA]
electronic; BIOLOGIA CENTRALI-AMERICANA
[BHR]
D'Abrera; Butterflies of the Holarctic Region, Part I-III
[BOA]
Interactive Listing of American Butterflies; Listado Interactivo de la Mariposas Americanas; Butterflies of America
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[Bruce Walsh]
Bruce Walsh; e-mail: Bruce Walsh; The Moths of Southeastern Arizona; Butterflies of Southeastern Arizona
[Don Herbison-Evans]
and Stella A. Crossley; Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans
[EBW]
Smart, Paul, 1976; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World; ISBN 0 600 31381 6
[GALEPS]
Moths and Butterflies of Georgia and the Southeastern United States; James K. Adams; Dept. of Natural Science, Dalton State College, Dalton, GA ; http://www.daltonstate.edu/galeps/index.htm
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[ILMB]
Interactive Listing of Mexican Butterflies
[JLS]
Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society; the original J. Lep. Soc. articles
[John Shuey]
e-mail: jshuey at tnc.org; Director of Conservation Science; Indiana Office of The Nature Conservancy; http://www.nature.org
[LAMAS-NEO]
Gerardo Lamas; Bibliography of butterflies; An Annocated Bibliography of the Neotropical Butterflies and Skipper (Lepididoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea); Revised Electronic Edition (2007)
[NAB]
Pyle, 1981; Field Guide to North American Butterflies, National Audubon Society; ISBN 0-394-51914-0
[NACL]
Hodges, 1983; Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico
[NL4A]
Gerardo Lamas, 2004; Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera; Checklist: Part 4A; Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea
[Opler]
Opler & Warren, 2003 (April); Butterflies of North America. 2. Scientific Names List for Butterfly Species of North America, north of Mexico.
[Simon Coombes]
1 Park Street, Plymouth, PL3 4BL, UK; 01752 607854; e-mail: Simon Coombes; http://www.butterfly-guide.co.uk
[Tero Piirainen]
Tampere, Finland; e-mail: Tero Piirainen
[Vitaly Charny]
Birmingham, Alabama, USA


Some related literature:
Austin & Emmel, 1998
New subspecies of butterflies (Lepidoptera) from Nevada and California Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (42): 501-522
Barnes & McDunnough, 1910
A new Thecla from Texas Can. Ent. 42 (11) : 365-366
Bates, 1935
The butterflies of Cuba Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 78 : 63-258
Berg, 1896
Descripción de tres nuevos lepidópteros de la colección del museo nacional de Buenos Aires An. Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires 5 : 1-10
Boisduval & Le Conte, [1835]
Histoire générale et iconographie des lépidoptères et des chenilles de l'Amérique septentrionale Hist. Lép. Am. Sept. (1): 1-16. pl. 1-3 (1829), (2): 17-24, pl. 4-6 (1829), (3/4): 25-40, pl. 7-12 ([1830]), (5/6): 41-56, pl. 13-18 ([1830]), (7/8): 57-80, pl. 19-24 ([1830]), (9/10): 81-100, pl. 25-30 (1833), (11-22): 101-196, pl. 31-65 ([1835]), (23-26): 197-228, pl. 66-78 ([1837])
Brown & Mielke, 1967
Lepidoptera of the Central Brazil Plateau. I. Preliminary list of Rhopalocera (continued) J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 145-168
Butler & Druce, 1872
Descriptions of new genera and species of Lepidoptera from Costa Rica Cistula ent. 1 (5) : 95-118
Capronnier, 1874
Notice sur les époques d'apparition des lépidoptères diurnes du Brésil recueillis par M. C. van Volxem, dans son voyage en 1872 Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 17 : 5-39, pl. 1
Clench, 1943
The Lycaenidae of the Bahama Islands (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera) Psyche 49 : 52-60 (1942)
Clench, 1944
New neotropical Theclinae (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) J. N.Y. ent. Soc. 52: 255-261
Clench, 1966
The synonymy and systematic position of some Texas Lycaenidae J. Lep. Soc. 20: 65-70, 7fgs
Clench, 1967
Type localities of some neotropical Lycaenidae taken by Gervase Mathew and described by W. C. Hewitson J. Lep. Soc. 21: 181-184
Comstock & Huntington, 1943
Lycaenidae of the Antilles Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 45 (2) : 49-130
Daniels, Pence & Emmel, 2005
A new hostplant record for _Strymon martialis (Lycaenidae: Theclinae) in the Florida Keys J. Lep. Soc. 59 (3): 174-175
Doubleday, 1847
List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous insects in The Collection of the British Museum List Spec. lep. Ins. B. M. 2 : 1-57
Druce, 1890
Descriptions of seven new species of Thecla Ent. mon. Mag. 26 (313) : 151-152
Druce, 1907
On Neotropical Lycaenidae, with Descriptions of New Species Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1907 (3) : 566-632, pl. 31-36
Druce, 1909
On some new and little-known Neotropical Lycaenidae Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1909 (3) : 431-438, pl. 11
Drury, [1773]
Illustrations of natural history; wherein are exhibited ... Illust. Nat. Hist. Exot. Insects 1 : 1-130, pl. 1-50 (1770), (1773)
Dufrane, 1939
Lycaenidae Bull. Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 79 (7/8) : 289-292
Dyar, 1903
A List of North American Lepidoptera and Key to the Literature of this Order of Insects Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 1-723
Dyar, 1913
Results of the Yale Peruvian expedition of 1911. Lepidoptera Proc. U.S. natn. Mus. 45 (2006) : 627-649
Dyar, 1914
Report on the lepidoptera of the Smithsonian Biological Survey of the Canal Zone Proc. U.S. nat. Mus. 47 (2050) : 139-350
Eliot, 1973
The higher classification of the Lycaenidae (Lepidoptera): a tentative Arrangement Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 373-505, 162fgs, pl. 1-6
H. Edwards, 1877
Pacific Coast Lepidoptera. - No. 22. Notes on some Diurnal Lepidoptera, with description of new varieties Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 7 : 163-173
Fabricius, 1776
Genera Insectorum eorumque characters naturales secundum numerum, figuram, situm et proportionem ... Genera Insectorum : 1-310
C. & R. Felder, 1865
Reise der österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Behilfen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair. Zoologischer Theil. Band 2. Abtheilung 2. Lepidoptera. Rhopalocera Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (1): 1-136, pl. 1-21 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, [1865]), (2): 137-378, pl. 22-47 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, 1865), (3): 379-536, pl. 48-74 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, 1867), (4): 537-548, pl. 75-120, (Inhalts-Verz.) 1-9 (pl. 1-74), (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1874) , (5): pl. 121-140, (erklärung) 1-10 (pl. 75-107), (Inhalts-Verz.) 1-20 (pl. 108-140), (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1875)
Field, 1938
New forms and subspecies of North American Libytheidae and Lycaenidae J. Kansas Ent. Soc. 11 (4) : 124-133
Freeman, 1950
A new species of hairstreak and new records for the United States (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera, Lycaenidae) Field & Lab. 18 (1): 12-15
Godart, [1824]
in Latreille & Godart, Encyclopédie Méthodique. Histoire naturelle Entomologie, ou histoire naturelle des crustacés, des arachnides et des insectes Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 3-328 (1819), (2): 329-828 ([1824])
Godman & Salvin, [1887]; Godman & Salvin, [1901]
Biologia Centrali-Americana. Rhopalocera. (1887-1901) Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 1-782, 3: pl. 1-112
Grote, 1873
Description of a Butterfly new to the Lower Lake Region Bull. Buffalo Soc. nat. Sci. 1 : 178-179
Harris, 1841
A report on the insects of Massachusetts injurious to vegetation Rep. Insects Mass. injurious to Vegn: 459pp
Hayward, 1949
Nuevas especies del Lycaenidae de la Argentina (Lep. Rhop.) Acta Zool. Lilloana 8: 567-581
Herrich-Schäffer, 1865
Die Schmetterlingsfauna der Insel Cuba CorrespBl. zool.-min Ver. Regensburg 18 (11-12): 159-172, 19 (3-4): 52-60
Hewitson, 1867; Hewitson, 1869; Hewitson, 1873; Hewitson, 1874; Hewitson, 1877
Illustrations of diurnal Lepidoptera. Lycaenidae Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (1): 1-36,37*, pl. 1-16 (1863), (2): 37-76, pl. 17-30 (1865), (3): 77-114, pl. 31-46 (1867), (4): 115-136,14a-h, pl. 47-54,3a-c, (Suppl.) 1-16, pl. 1-5 (1869), (5): 137-150,151*, pl. 55-59, (Suppl.) pl. 6 (1873), (6): 151-184,185*, pl. 60-73 (1874), (7): 185-208,209*, pl. 74-83 (1877), (8): 209-228, pl. 84-85,88-92, (Suppl.) 17-47, pl. 1a-b,3a-b,4a,5a-b,7-8 (1878)
Hewitson, 1868
Descriptions of some new species of Lycaenidae Descr. some new spec Lyc.: 36pp
Hewitson, 1870
Equatorial Lepidoptera collected by Mr Buckley Equat. Lepid. Buckley (1): 1-16, (2): 17-32, (3): 33-48, (4): 49-80 (1870), (5): 81-96 (1877)
Hewitson, 1874
Descriptions of new species of butterflies collected by Mr. Buckley in Bolivia Descr. new Spec. Butts Buckley Bolivia: 22pp
Hewitson, 1874
Description of new species of Lycaenidae from South America Ent. mon. Mag. 11 (5) : 104-107
Hübner, [1819]
Sammlung exotischer Schmetterlinge, Vol. 2 ([1819] - [1827]) Samml. exot. Schmett. 2 : pl. [90], [180], [223] (1819), : pl. [2], [12], [16], [78], [141], [182] (1820), : pl. [11], [13], [24], [77], [83], [97], [102-103], [108-109], [116-117], [122], [147], [150], [164], [183], [195], [197], [212-214] (1821), : pl. [14], [18-19], [26], [38-39], [43], [68], [70-71], [74], [84], [86], [92], [94-95], [106], [114], [121], [161], [169], [174], [177-178], [184], [194], [200], [204-205], [207-208], [210] (1821), : pl. [33], [72], [76], [115], [131], [138-139], [153], [198], [211], [218], [220] (1822), : pl. [32], [75], [81], [93], [105], [129] (1822), : pl. [1], [6], [22-23], [25], [27], [29-31], [34-37], [40-42], [48], [50-53], [56], [58-59], [64-66], [69], [73], [87], [89], [91], [96], [98-101], [110], [124], [128], [130], [132-137], [142], [155-158], [160], [162-163], [165-167], [170-173], [175-176], [187-188], [196], [199], [201-202], [206], [215-216], [219], [222], [224] (1823), : pl. [54], [118], [143], [149], [159] [179], [181], [185], [203], [217] (1824), : pl. [3-5], [8-10], [15], [20], [45], [49], [55], [60], [62-63], [67], [79-80], [88], [104], [111-113], [120], [125], [127], [140], [144-146], [148], [151-152], [154], [168], [189-193], [221], [225] (1825), : pl. [7], [17], [21], [28], [44], [46-47], [57], [61], [82], [123], [126] (1826), : pl. [85], [119], [186], [209] (1827), : (Index Systematicus) [1-4] (1827-1832)
Hübner, 1808
Erste Zuträge zur Sammlung exotischer Schmetterlinge, besthend in genauer und richtiger Bekundigrung einzeln erworbener Bildermuster neuerfundener americanischer und columbianischer Schmetterlinggattungen, von Jacob Hübner in Augsburg 1808 [rejected] Erste Zuträge Schmett. : [1-5], 6-8 (1808)
Hübner, 1818
Zuträge zur Sammlung exotischer Schmettlinge, Vol. 1 [1808-] 1818 Zuträge Samml. exot. Schmett. 1 : [1-3], 4-6, [7], 8-32, [33-40] (post 22nd December 1818), : pl. [1-2], f. 1-12 (1808 - 1809), : pl. [3-25], f. 13-146 (1809 - 1813), : pl. [26-35], f. 147-200 (1814 - 1818)
Geyer, 1832
Zuträge zur Sammlung exotischer Schmettlinge, Vol. 4 [1826]-1832 Zuträge Samml. exot. Schmett. 4 : pl. [104-131], f. 601-764 (1826), : pl. [132-137], f. 765-800 (1827 - 1831), : [1-3], 4-6, [7], 8-48 (1832)
Geyer, 1837
Zuträge zur Sammlung exotischer Schmettlinge, Vol. 5 [1833]-1837 in Hübner, Zuträge. Samml. exot. Schmett. 5 : [1-3], 4, [5], 6-52 (1837), : pl. [138-151], f. 801-880 (1833), : pl. [152-172], f. 881-1000 (1834 - 1836)
Johnson, 1991
Types of neotropical Theclinae (Lycaenidae) in the Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris J. Lep. Soc. 45 (2): 142-157
Johnson & Matusik, 1988
Five new species and one new subspecies of butterflies from the Sierra de Baoruco of Hispaniola Ann. Carnegie Mus. 57 : 221-254
Johnson, Eisele & MacPherson, 1990
The "hairstreak butteflies" (Lycaenidae, Theclinae) of northwestern Argentina II. Strymon sensu stricto Bull. Allyn. Mus. 130: 1-77
Jörgensen, 1934
Neue Schmetterlinge und Raupen aus Südamerika Dt. ent. Z. Iris 48 : 60-78
Lathy, 1926
Notes on the American Theclinae Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (9) 17 (97) : 35-47
Lathy, 1930
Notes on South American Lycaenidae, with description of new species Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 78 : 133-137
McDunnough, 1921
A new race of Strymon melinus Hbn. Can. Ent. 53 (2) : 47
McDunnough, 1927
The Lepidoptera of the Seton Lake Region, British Columbia Can. ent. 59 : 152-162,193-199,207-214,239-246,266-277
Möschler, 1883
Beiträge zur Schmetterlings-Fauna von Surinam. V Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 32 : 303-362, pl. 17-18
Nicolay & Robbins, 2005
Five new dry-area South American Strymon species (Lycaenidae: Theclinae) and their biogeographic significance J. Res. Lep. 38: 35-49
Pelham, 2008
A catalogue of the butterflies of the United States and Canada J. Res. Lepid. 40: 1-652
Philippi, 1859
Beschreibung einiger neuer Chilenischer Schmetterlinge Linn. Ent. 14 : 265-297
Prittwitz, 1865
Beitrag zur Fauna des Coreovado Stettin Ent. Ztg 26 (4-6): 123-143, (10-12): 307-325
Reakirt, [1867]
Descriptions of some new species of Diurnal Lepidoptera. Series II Proc. Acad. nat. Sci. Philad. 18 (4): 331-336 (1867), (5): 337-342 (1867)
Robbins & Nicolay, 1998
Taxonomy and nomeclature of Strymon istapa and S. columella (Lycaenidae: Theclinae: Eumaeini) J. Lepid. Soc. 52 (3): 318-327 (1999?)
Robbins & Nicolay, 1998
Taxonomy of Strymon toussainti, S. andrewi, S. amoensis and S. rhaptos_ (Lycaenidae: Theclinae) J. Lepid. Soc. 52 (3): 328-334
Robbins & Nicolay, 2002
An overview of Strymon Hübner (Lycaenidae: Theclinae: Eumaeini) J. Lepid. Soc. 55 (3): 85-100 (2001)
Salvato, 2004
Notes on the status, natural history and fire-related ecology of Strymon acis bartrami (Lycaenidae) J. Lep. Soc. 58 (4): 223-227
Schaus, 1902
Descriptions of New American Butterflies Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 24 (1262) : 383-460
Scudder, 1872
A systematic Revision of some of the American Butterflies; with brief notes on those known to occur in Essex County, Mass. 4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 24-83
Scudder, 1876
Synonymic list of the butterflies of North America, north of Mexico. (2) Rurales Bull. Buffalo Soc. nat. Sci. 3 : 98-129
Smith, Johnson, Miller & McKenzie, 1991
A new hairstreak butterfly (Lycaenidae) from Mona Island, Puerto Rico Bull. Allyn. Mus. 134: 1-9
Stoll, [1780]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) in Cramer, Uitl. Kapellen 4 (26b-28): 29-90, pl. 305-336 (1780), (29-31): 91-164, pl. 337-372 (1781), (32-32): 165-252, 1-29, pl. 373-400 (1782)
Weeks, 1901
Descriptions of some new butterflies of the genera Thecla, Euptychia, Telegonus and Achlyodes Proc. New England Zool. Club 2 : 101-108
Weeks, 1901
New Lepidoptera from Bolivia Ent. News 12 (9) : 264-267
Weymer in Weymer & Maassen, 1890
Lepidoptera gesammelt auf einer Reise durch Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Brasilien, Argentinien und Bolivien in den Jahren 1868-1877 von Alphons Stübel Reisen Süd-America : 1-182, pl. 1-9
Wright, 1905
The Butterflies of the West Coast of the United States Butts. West Coast: 257pp


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.