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Satyrium Scudder, 1876
Satyrium Scudder, 1876; Bull. Buffalo Soc. nat. Sci. 3 : 106, TS: Lycaena fuliginosa Edwards
Chrysophanus Hübner, 1818; Zuträge Samml. exot. Schmett. 1 : 24 (suppr. ICZN Op. 541), TS: Chrysophanus mopsus Hübner
= ; [NL4A, 124]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 202
Argus Gerhard, 1850; Versuch Mon. europ. Schmett.: 4 (preocc. Argus Bohadsch, 1761), TS: Lycaena ledereri Boisduval
= ; Clench, 1978, J. Lep. Soc. 32 (4): 279; [NL4A, 124]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 202
Callipsyche Scudder, 1876; Bull. Buffalo Soc. nat. Sci. 3 : 106, TS: Thecla behrii Edwards
= ; Clench, 1978, J. Lep. Soc. 32 (4): 279; [NL4A, 124]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 202
Fixsenia Tutt, [1907]; Nat. Hist. Br. Lepid. 9 : 142, TS: Thecla herzi Fixen
= ; [NL4A, 124]
Nordmannia Tutt, [1907]; Nat. Hist. Br. Lepid. 9 : 143, TS: Lycaena myrtale Klug
= ; Clench, 1978, J. Lep. Soc. 32 (4): 279; [NL4A, 124]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 202
Leechia Tutt, [1907]; Nat. Hist. Br. Lepid. 9 : 142 (preocc. Leechia South, 1901), TS: Thecla thalia Leech
= Fixsenia Tutt, 1908; Clench, 1978, J. Lep. Soc. 32 (4): 278
= ; [NL4A, 124]
Edwardsia Tutt, [1907]; Nat. Hist. Br. Lepid. 9 : 142 (preocc. Edwardsia Costa, 1838, Edwardsia Quatrefages, 1841), TS: Papilio w-album Knoch
= Chattendenia ; Eliot, 1973, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 440
= ; Clench, 1978, J. Lep. Soc. 32 (4): 279; [NL4A, 124]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 202
Felderia Tutt, [1907]; Nat. Hist. Br. Lepid. 9 : 142 (preocc. Felderia Walsingham, 1887), TS: Thecla w-album var. eximia Fixsen
= Thecliolia ; Eliot, 1973, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 440
= ; Clench, 1978, J. Lep. Soc. 32 (4): 279; [NL4A, 124]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 202
Kollaria Tutt, [1907]; Nat. Hist. Br. Lepid. 9 : 142 (preocc. Kollaria Tutt, [1907]), TS: Thecla sassanides Kollar
= Superflua ; Eliot, 1973, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 440
= ; Clench, 1978, J. Lep. Soc. 32 (4): 279; [NL4A, 124]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 202
Erschoffia Tutt, [1907]; Nat. Hist. Br. Lepid. 9 : 142 (preocc. Erschoffia Swinhoe, 1900), TS: Thecla lunulata Erschoff
= Pseudothecla ; Eliot, 1973, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 440
= ; Clench, 1978, J. Lep. Soc. 32 (4): 279; [NL4A, 124]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 202
Klugia Tutt, [1907]; Nat. Hist. Br. Lepid. 9 : 142 (preocc. Klugia Robineau-Desvoidy, 1862), TS: Papilio spini Denis & Schiffermüller
= Tuttiola ; Eliot, 1973, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 440
= ; Clench, 1978, J. Lep. Soc. 32 (4): 279; [NL4A, 124]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 202
Bakeria Tutt, [1907]; Nat. Hist. Br. Lepid. 9 : 142 (preocc. Bakeria Kieffer, 1905), TS: Lycaena Ledereri
= ; Clench, 1978, J. Lep. Soc. 32 (4): 279; [NL4A, 124]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 202
Chattendenia Tutt, [1908]; Nat. Hist. Br. Lepid. 9 : 483 (repl. for Edwardsia Tutt, [1907], TS: Papilio w-album Knoch
= ; [NL4A, 124]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 202
Chattendenia Tutt, 1908; Ent. Rec. J. Var. 20 (6) : 143 (repl. Edwardsia Tutt, [1907]), TS: Papilio w-album Knoch
Strymonidia Tutt, [1908]; Nat. Hist. Br. Lepid. 9 : 483 (repl. Leechia Tutt, [1907]), TS: Thecla thalia Leech
= Fixsenia Tutt, 1908; Clench, 1978, J. Lep. Soc. 32 (4): 278
= ; [NL4A, 124]
Thecliolia Strand, 1910; Ent. Rundsch. 27: 162 (repl. Felderia Tutt, [1907]), TS: Thecla w-album var. eximia Fixsen
= ; [NL4A, 124]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 202
Superflua Strand, 1910; Ent. Rundsch. 27: 162 (repl. Kollaria Tutt, [1907]), TS: Thecla sassanides Kollar
= ; [NL4A, 124]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 202
Pseudothecla Strand, 1910; Ent. Rundsch. 27: 162 (repl. Erschoffia Tutt, [1907]), TS: Thecla lunulata Erschoff
= ; [NL4A, 124]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 202
Tuttiola Strand, 1910; Ent. Rundsch. 27: 162 (repl. Klugia Tutt, [1907]), TS: Papilio spini Dennis & Schiffermüller
= ; [NL4A, 124]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 202
Necovatia Verity, 1951; Rev. franç. Lépid., Suppl: 183, TS: Papilio acaciae Fabricius
= ; Clench, 1978, J. Lep. Soc. 32 (4): 279; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 202
Euristrymon Clench, 1961; in P & A. Erlich (eds.), How to know the butterflies: 184, 212, TS: Papilio favonius Smith
= Fixsenia Tutt, 1908; Clench, 1978, J. Lep. Soc. 32 (4): 278
= ; [NL4A, 124]
Harkenclenus dos Passos, 1970; J. Lep. Soc. 24: 28 (repl. Chrysophanus Hübner, [1818]), TS: Chrysophanus mopsus Hübner
= ; [NL4A, 124]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 202
Armenia Dubatolov & Korshunov, 1984; in, Insects and Helmints 17: 53 (repl. Argus Gerhard, 1850), TS: Lycaena ledereri Boisduval
= ; [NL4A, 124]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 202
Satyrium, Captain's European Butterfly Guide [Simon Coombes]

Chrysophanus ; Godman & Salvin, [1887], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 101
Thecliola[sic, recte thecliolia] ; Waterhouse, 1912, Index zool. 2: 299 (missp.)
Armenia (Lycaenidae) ; [BRU2, 102]
Superflua (Lycaenidae) ; [BRU2, 102]
Fixsenia (Eumaeini) ; Eliot, 1973, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 440
Fixsenia (Lycaenidae) ; Clench, 1978, J. Lep. Soc. 32 (4): 278
Nordmannia (Eumaeini) ; Eliot, 1973, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 440
Satyrium (Lycaenidae) ; Clench, 1978, J. Lep. Soc. 32 (4): 279
Callipsyche (Eumaeini) ; Eliot, 1973, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 440
Strymonidia (Eumaeini) ; Eliot, 1973, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 440
Chattendenia (Eumaeini) ; Eliot, 1973, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 440
Thecliolia (Eumaeini) ; Eliot, 1973, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 440
Pseudothecla (Eumaeini) ; Eliot, 1973, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 440
Tuttiola (Eumaeini) ; Eliot, 1973, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 440
Superflua (Eumaeini) ; Eliot, 1973, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 440
Satyrium (Eumaeini) ; Eliot, 1973, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 440; [Opler]; [NL4A, 124]

Some split this into several genera. When I get complete information, I may follow. Until then, there are some tentative groupings using the genus name in quotes. As I don't have the complete picture, these groups do not include all species.


The "satyrium" species-group
satyrium Scudder, 1876; Bull. Buffalo Soc. nat. Sci. 3 : 106, TL: Lycaena fuliginosa, Edwards
callipsyche Scudder, 1876; Bull. Buffalo Soc. nat. Sci. 3 : 106, TL: Thecla behrii, Edwards

Satyrium fuliginosa (Edwards, 1861)
-. See [About maps] Sooty Hairstreak
Lycaena fuliginosa Edwards, 1861; Proc. Acad. nat. Sci. Philad. 13: 164, TL: California
Satyrium fuliginosum, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Satyrium fuliginosa, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Satyrium fuliginosum, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Satyrium fuliginosum ; [NACL, #4277]
Satyrium fuliginosa ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 42; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 20, f. 20]; [Opler]
Satyrium (Satyrium) fuliginosa ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 203

Larva on Lupinus? [NAB]

California Lycaena suasa Boisduval, 1869; Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 12 : 51, TL: Gold Lake, Sierra Co., California
= ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 203
Satyrium (Satyrium) fuliginosa fuliginosa ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 203
S. f. tildenia Mattoon & Austin, 1998
California Satyrium fuliginosum tildeni Mattoon & Austin, 1998; Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (53): 682, f. 5-8, TL: California, Siskiyou Co.
Satyrium fuliginosa tildeni, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Satyrium (Satyrium) fuliginosa tildeni ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 203
S. f. albolineatum Mattoon & Austin, 1998
California Satyrium fuliginosum albolineatum Mattoon & Austin, 1998; Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (53): 684, f. 9-12, TL: California, Lake Co.
Satyrium (Satyrium) fuliginosa albolineatum ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 203

Satyrium semiluna Klots, 1930
-. See [About maps] Satyrium fuliginosum semiluna Klots, 1930; Bull. Brooklyn Ent. Soc. 25 (3): 161, f. 5-6, TL: Teton Co. Wyoming
Satyrium semiluna, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Satyrium semiluna, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Satyrium fuliginosum semiluna ; [NACL, #4277a]
Satyrium (Satyrium) semiluna ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 203
Wyoming Satyrium (Satyrium) semiluna semiluna ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 203
S. s. maculadistinctum Mattoon & Austin, 1998
Nevada, California Satyrium fuliginosum tr.f. immaculata Gunder, 1927; Can. Ent. 59 (12): 283, pl. A, f. 6, TL: Mono Co., California
= ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 203
Satyrium fuliginosum maculadistinctum Mattoon & Austin, 1998; Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (53): 685, f. 17-20, TL: Nevada, Lyon Co.
Satyrium semiluna maculadistinctum, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Satyrium (Satyrium) semiluna maculadistinctum ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 203

Satyrium behrii (Edwards, 1870)
Rocky Mountains. See [About maps] Behr's Hairstreak
Thecla behrii Edwards, 1870; Trans. amer. ent. Soc. 3 (1) : 18, TL: Lako Mono, California
Callipsyche behrii, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Satyrium behrii, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Callipsyche behrii ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 39; [BOW: pl. 19, f. 10]
Satyrium behrii ; [NACL, #4276]; [Opler]
Satyrium (Satyrium) behrii ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 203

Larva on Purshia tridentata, Purshia glandulosa [NAB]

Arizona, California Thecla kali Strecker, [1878]; Lep. Rhopal. Het. (14): 129, TL: Arizona
= ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 203
Callipsyche behrii ab. ♂ nigroinita Gunder, 1924; Ent. News 35 (5) : 154, pl. 2, f. A, TL: Mono Co., California
= ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 204
Satyrium (Satyrium) behrii behrii ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 203
S. b. crossi (Field, 1938)
Colorado, ... Callipsyche behrii crossi Field, 1938; J. Kansas Ent. Soc. 11 (4) : 130, TL: Nederland, Colorado
Satyrium behrii crossi ; [NACL, #4276a]
Satyrium (Satyrium) behrii crossi ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 204
S. b. columbia (McDunnough, 1944)
British Columbia, ... Callipsyche behrii columbia McDunnough, 1944; Can. ent. 76 (9): 190, TL: Fairview, B. C.
Satyrium behrii columbia ; [NACL, #4276b]
Satyrium (Satyrium) behrii columbia ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 204

Satyrium acadica (Edwards, 1862)
-. See [About maps] Acadian Hairstreak
Thecla acadica Edwards, 1862; Proc. Acad. nat. Sci. Philad. 14: 55, TL: "near London" [Ontario]
Satyrium acadicum, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Satyrium acadica acadica, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Satyrium acadica, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
acadia ; F. M. Brown, Eff & Rotger, 1955, (missp.)
Thecla acadica ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 36
Satyrium acadicum ; [NACL, #4278]
Satyrium acadica ; [Opler]
Satyrium (Satyrium) acadica ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 203

Larva on Salix [NAB]

Ontario, Saskatchewan, ..., New Hampshire, New York Thecla souhegan Whitney, 1868; Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 12: 162, TL: [Hillsborough Co., New Hampshire]
= ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 204
Strymon acadica acadica ab. muskoka Watson & Comstock, 1920; Bull. Amer. Mus. 42 (10) : 450, TL: Gravenhurst, Muskoka Distr., Ontario
= ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 204
Strymon acadica souhegan ab. swetti Watson & Comstock, 1920; Bull. Amer. Mus. 42 (10) : 450, TL: Stony Clove, Greene Co., New York
= ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 204
Thecla acadica watrini Dufrane, 1939; Bull. Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 79 (7/8) : 289, TL: [Saskatchewan]
= ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 204
souhegon ; McDunnough, 1938, (missp.)
Satyrium acadicum watrini ; [NACL, #4278c]
Satyrium (Satyrium) acadica acadica ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 204
S. a. montanensis (Watson & Comstock, 1920)
Montana, ... Strymon acadica montanensis Watson & Comstock, 1920; Bull. Amer. Mus. 42 (10) : 451, TL: Montana
Satyrium acadicum montanense ; [NACL, #4278b]
Satyrium (Satyrium) acadica montanensis ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 204
S. a. coolinensis (Watson & Comstock, 1920)
Idaho, ... Strymon acadica coolinensis Watson & Comstock, 1920; Bull. Amer. Mus. 42 (10) : 451, TL: Idaho
Satyrium acadicum coolinense ; [NACL, #4278a]
Satyrium (Satyrium) acadica coolinensis ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 204

Satyrium californica (Edwards, 1862)
W.USA. See [About maps] California Hairstreak
Thecla californica Edwards, 1862; Proc. Acad. nat. Sci. Philad. 14: 223, TL: California
Satyrium californica californica, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Satyrium californica californica, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Satyrium californica, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Thecla californica ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 37
Satyrium californicum ; [NACL, #4279]
Satyrium californica ; [EBW]; [Opler]; [NL4A, #352]
Satyrium (Satyrium) californica ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 204
[californica-1vU.jpg] identification uncertain 600x626 (~47Kb) underside USA: Robinson Canyon Rd, (47°01'01N 120°42'41W), Kittitas Co., WA, 26.7.1999, Photo © Markku Savela [californica-2vU.jpg] identification uncertain 700x882 (~86Kb) underside USA: Robinson Canyon Rd, (47°01'01N 120°42'41W), Kittitas Co., WA, 26.7.1999, Photo © Markku Savela

Larva on Ceanothus, Quercus [NAB]


California Thecla borus Boisduval, 1869; Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 12 : 43, TL: California [, Plumas Co.]
= Satyrium californica ; [NL4A, #352]
= ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 205
Satyrium (Satyrium) californica californica ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 204
S. c. cygnus (Edwards, 1871)
Nevada, ... Thecla cygnus Edwards, 1871; Trans. amer. ent. Soc. 3 (3/4) : 205, TL: Nevada
= Satyrium californica ; [NL4A, #352]
Satyrium (Satyrium) californica cygnus ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 205
S. c. obscurafacies (Austin, 1998)
Nevada, ... Satyrium californicum obscurafacies Austin, 1998; Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (45): 543, f. 21-24, TL: Nevada, White Pine Co.
= Satyrium californica ; [NL4A, #352]
Satyrium (Satyrium) californica obscurafacies ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 205
S. c. brashor Kondla & Scott, 2006
British Columbia, ... Satyrium californica brashor Kondla & Scott, 2006; Papilio (n.s.) 12: 45, pl. 4, TL: Mica Creek, near Osoyoos, British Columbia
Satyrium (Satyrium) californica brashor ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 205
S. c. wapiti Fisher, 2006
Colorado Satyrium californica wapiti Fisher, 2006; Papilio (n.s.) 12: 46, pl. 6, TL: Hwy 133 nr Oliver, Gunnison Co., Colorado
Satyrium (Satyrium) californica wapiti ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 205

Satyrium sylvinus (Boisduval, 1852)
-. See [About maps] Sylvan Hairstreak
Thecla sylvinus Boisduval, 1852; Ann. Soc. ent. Fr. (2) 10 : 287, TL: California
Satyrium sylvinus, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Satyrium sylvinus, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Thecla sylvinus ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 37
Satyrium sylvinum ; [NACL, #4280]
Satyrium sylvinus ; [Opler]; [NL4A, #353]
Satyrium (Satyrium) sylvinus ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 205
[sylvinus-1vU.jpg] identification uncertain 700x745 (~53Kb) underside USA: FR9705, (~ 47°18N 120°41W), Kittitas Co., WA, 30.7.1999, Photo © Markku Savela [sylvinus-2v.jpg] 600x738 (~63Kb) underside USA: Dry Falls / Sun Lakes State Park, Grant Co., WA, 9.7.2000, Photo © Markku Savela [sylvinus-3v.jpg] 700x759 (~59Kb) underside USA: FR 9705 nr. Liberty and Lion Gulch, (47°17'49N 120°39'58W ±0.5km), Kittitas Co., WA, 14.8.2001, Photo © Markku Savela

Larva on Salix [NAB]


California Satyrium (Satyrium) sylvinus sylvinus ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 205
S. s. dryope (Edwards, 1870)
California, ... Thecla dryope Edwards, 1870; Trans. amer. ent. Soc. 3 (1) : 19, TL: "Plain County, Colorado" [error, Placer Co., California]
= Satyrium sylvinus ; [NL4A, #353]
Thecla dryope ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 37; [BOW: pl. 20, f. 36]
Satyrium sylvinum dryope ; [NACL, #4280a]
Satyrium (Satyrium) sylvinus dryope ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 206
S. s. putnami (H. Edwards, 1877)
Utah, ... Thecla putnami H. Edwards, 1877; Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 7 : 143, TL: Mt. Nebo, Utah
= Satyrium sylvinus ; [NL4A, #353]
Thecla putnami Scudder, 1876; Bull. Buffalo Soc. nat. Sci. 3 : 109 (nom. nud.), TL: Spring Lake, Utah
= Satyrium sylvinus ; [NL4A, #353]
= Satyrium sylvinum putnami ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 205
Thecla putnami ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 37
putmani ; F. M. Brown, Eff & Rotger, 1955, (missp.)
Satyrium sylvinum putnami ; [NACL, #4280c]
Satyrium (Satyrium) sylvinus putnami ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 205
S. s. itys (Edwards, 1882)
Arizona Thecla itys Edwards, 1882; Papilio 2 (2) : 23, TL: Arizona
= Satyrium sylvinus ; [NL4A, #353]
Thecla itys ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 37
Satyrium sylvinum itys ; [NACL, #4280c]
Satyrium (Satyrium) sylvinus itys ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 205
S. s. desertorum (Grinnell, 1917)
California Strymon sylvinus desertorum Grinnell, 1917; Can. Ent. 49 (10) : 349, TL: Oak Creek, Kern Co., California
= Satyrium sylvinus ; [NL4A, #353]
Satyrium sylvinus desertorum, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Satyrium sylvinus desertorum, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Satyrium sylvinum desertorum ; [NACL, #4280b]
Satyrium (Satyrium) sylvinus desertorum ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 206
S. s. nootka Fisher, 1998
British Columbia Satyrium sylvinus nootka Fisher, 1998; in Scott, Papilio (n.s.) 11: 4, f. 9-10, TL: Wellington, Vancouver Is., British Columbia
Satyrium (Satyrium) sylvinus nootka ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 205
S. s. megapallidum Austin, 1998
Nevada, ... Satyrium sylvinum megapallidum Austin, 1998; Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (45): 544, f. 25-28, TL: Nevada, Elko Co.
= Satyrium sylvinus ; [NL4A, #353]
Satyrium (Satyrium) sylvinus megapallidum ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 205

Satyrium titus (Fabricius, 1793)
-. See [About maps] Coral Hairstreak
Hesperia titus Fabricius, 1793; Ent. Syst. 3 (1): 297
Satyrium titus, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Satyrium titus titus, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Satyrium titus, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Harkenclenus titus, Georgia Lepidoptera (USA) [GALEPS]
Strymon titus ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 40
Harkenclenus titus ; [NACL, #4275]
Strymon titus ; [BOW: pl. 20, f. 34]
Satyrium titus ; [Opler]
Satyrium (Satyrium) titus ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 206
[titus-1v.jpg] 1000x819 (~93Kb) underside USA: Dry Falls / Sun Lakes State Park, Grant Co., WA, 8.7.2000, Photo © Markku Savela [titus-2v.jpg] 600x810 (~55Kb) underside USA: Dry Falls / Sun Lakes State Park, Grant Co., WA, 9.7.2000, Photo © Markku Savela

Larva on Prunus, Amelanchier alnifolia [NAB]


Florida, NA.Georgia, ... Chrysophanus mopsus Hübner, 1818; Zuträge Samml. exot. Schmett. 1 : 24, : pl. [24], f. 135-136
= ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 206
Satyrium (Satyrium) titus titus ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 206
Harkenclenus titus mopsus ; [NACL, #4275a]
S. t. immaculosus (Comstock, 1913)
Utah Strymon titus immaculosus Comstock, 1913; Bull. Brooklyn Ent. Soc. 8 (3): 33, pl. II, f. A-G, TL: Provo, Utah
Satyrium titus immaculosus, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Harkenclenus titus immaculosus ; [NACL, #4275c]
Satyrium (Satyrium) titus immaculosus ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 206
S. t. watsoni (Barnes & Benjamin, 1926)
Texas, ... Strymon titus watsoni Barnes & Benjamin, 1926; Bull. South. Calif. Acad. Sci. 25 (3): 94, TL: Kerrville, Texas
Harkenclenus titus watsoni ; [NACL, #4275b]
Satyrium (Satyrium) titus watsoni ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 206
S. t. occidentalis (Austin & Emmel, 1998)
Nevada Harkenclenus titus occidentalis Austin & Emmel, 1998; Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (42): 507, f. 27-30, TL: Nevada, Pershing Co.
Satyrium titus occidentalis, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Satyrium (Satyrium) titus occidentalis ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 206
S. t. winteri (Gatrelle, 2004)
Massachusetts, ... Harkenclenus titus winteri Gatrelle, 2004; Taxonomic Rep. 4 (6): 10, f. 23-26, TL: Sherborn [Middlesex Co., Massachusetts]
Satyrium (Satyrium) titus winteri ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 206
S. t. campus (Gatrelle, 2004)
Iowa Harkenclenus titus campus Gatrelle, 2004; Taxonomic Rep. 4 (6): 10, f. 9-18, TL: Iow, Shelby Co.
Satyrium titus campus, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Satyrium (Satyrium) titus campus ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 206

Satyrium edwardsii (Grote & Robinson, 1867)
E.USA. See [About maps] Edward's Hairstreak
Thecla edwardsii Grote & Robinson, 1867; Trans. Amer. ent. Soc. 1 : 172, TL: Canada
Satyrium edwardsii edwardsii, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Satyrium edwardsii, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Satyrium edwardsi ; [BOW: pl. 20, f. 26]
Thecla edwardsii ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 37
Satyrium edwardsii ; [NACL, #4281]; [Opler]
Satyrium (Satyrium) edwardsii ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 206

Larva on Quercus, Q. ilicifolia [NAB]

Ontario, ... ?Thecla edwardsii Saunders, 1869; Can. Ent. 1 (11) : 99
Thecla fabricii Kirby, 1871; Syn. Cat. diurn. Lep. : 654
= ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 207
Satyrium (Satyrium) edwardsii edwardsii ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 207
S. e. meridionale Gatrelle, 2001
South Carolina Satyrium edwardsii meridionale Gatrelle, 2001; Taxonomic Rep. 3 (2): 5, f. 2, 7, TL: South Carolina, Aiken Co.
Satyrium edwardsii meridionale, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Satyrium (Satyrium) edwardsii meridionale ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 207

Satyrium calanus (Hübner, [1809])
E.USA. See [About maps] Banded Hairstreak
Rusticus calanus Hübner, [1809]; Samml. exot. Schmett. 1 : pl. [100], f. 1-4
Satyrium calanus calanus, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Satyrium calanus, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Thecla calanus ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 37
Satyrium calanus ; [NACL, #4282]; [Opler]
Satyrium (Satyrium) calanus ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 207
[calanus-1va.jpg] 1200x844 (~120Kb) underside USA: Alabama, 22.5.2002, Photo © Vitaly Charny [calanus-1vb.jpg] 1000x1099 (~139Kb) underside USA: Alabama, 20.6.2005, Photo © Vitaly Charny [calanus-1vx.jpg] 1000x1072 (~110Kb) underside USA: Alabama, 27.5.2006, Photo © Vitaly Charny

Larva on Juglans, Carya, C. ovata, Quercus [NAB]


Florida, ... Thecla wittfeldii Edwards, 1883; Can. Ent. 15 (7) : 136, TL: Florida
= ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 207
Thecla wittfeldii ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 37
Satyrium (Satyrium) calanus calanus ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 207
S. c. falacer (Godart, [1824])
Pennsylvania, ..., Virginia, S.Manitoba, Ontario Polyommatus falacer Godart, [1824]; Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (2): 633, TL: [Philadelphia Co., Pennsylvania]
Thecla lorata Grote & Robinson, 1867; Trans. Amer. ent. Soc. 1 : 171, TL: Atlantic District
= ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 207
Thecla inorata Grote & Robinson, 1868; Trans. Amer. ent. Soc. 1 : 323, TL: Atlantic District
= ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 207
Thecla heathii Fletcher, 1903; Trans. R. Soc. Canad. (2) 9 (4) : 211, TL: valley of Long River, S.Manitoba
= ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 207
Thecla heathii Fletcher, 1904; Can. Ent. 36 (5) : 125, TL: valley of Long River, S.Manitoba
Strymon boreale Lafontaine, 1969; Trail & Landscape 3: 151, TL: Britannia Park, Ottawa
= ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 207
Strymon boreale Lafontaine, 1970; J. Lep. Soc. 24 (2): 83, f. 1-4, 7
Satyrium calanus falacer, Butterflies of America [BOA]
falacer ; Johnson, 1991, J. Lep. Soc. 45 (2): 153
Thecla calanus lorata ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 37
Strymon falacer ; [BOW: pl. 20, f. 22]
Satyrium calanus falacer ; [NACL, #4282a]
Satyrium (Satyrium) calanus falacer ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 207
S. c. godarti (Field, 1938)
Colorado, ... Strymon falacer godarti Field, 1938; J. Kansas Ent. Soc. 11 (4) : 129, TL: Rosement, Teller Co., Colorado
Satyrium calanus godarti ; [NACL, #4282b]
Satyrium (Satyrium) calanus godarti ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 207
S. c. albidus Scott, 1981
Colorado, ... Satyrium calanus albidus Scott, 1981; Papilio (n.s.) 1: 5, TL: NW Hayden, Routt Co., Colorado
Satyrium (Satyrium) calanus albidus ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 207

Satyrium caryaevorus (McDunnough, 1942)
Ontario, .... See [About maps] Hickory Hairstreak
Strymon caryaevorus McDunnough, 1942; Can. Ent. 74 (1): 1, TL: Merivale, Ontario
Satyrium caryaevorus, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Satyrium caryaevorum ; [NACL, #4283]
Satyrium caryaevorus ; [NAB, 454]; [Opler]
Strymon caryaevorus ; [BOW: pl. 20, f. 29 (text only)]
Satyrium (Satyrium) caryaevorus ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 208

Larva on Carya, less Fraxinus [NAB]


Satyrium kingi (Klots & Clench, 1952)
NA.Georgia. See [About maps] King's Hairstreak
Strymon kingi Klots & Clench, 1952; Amer. Mus. Novit. 1600: 2, TL: Savannah, Georgia
Satyrium kingi, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Satyrium kingi, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Satyrium kingi ; [NACL, #4284]; [Opler]
Satyrium (Satyrium) kingi ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 208

Larva on Symplocos tinctoria, Rhododendron calendulaceum?


Satyrium liparops (Le Conte, 1833)
-. See [About maps] Striped Hairstreak
Thecla liparops Le Conte, 1833; in Boisduval & Le Conte, Hist. Lép. Am. Sept. (9/10): 99, (11-22): pl. 31, f. 1-4, TL: Screven Co., Georgia
Satyrium liparops, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Satyrium liparops liparops, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Satyrium liparops, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Thecla liparops ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 37
Strymon liparops ; [BOW: pl. 20, f. 29]
Satyrium liparops ; [NACL, #4285]; [Opler]
Satyrium (Satyrium) liparops ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 208

Larva on Quercus, Salix, Ilex, Vaccinium, Prunus, Crataegus, Rosaceae [NAB], Vaccinium corymbosum

NA.Georgia, ... Hesperia anacreon Fabricius, 1793; Ent. Syst. 3 (1): 268 (nom. obl.)
= ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 208
Satyrium (Satyrium) liparops liparops ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 208
S. l. strigosa (Harris, 1862)
Massachusetts, New England Thecla strigosa Harris, 1862; Treatise Ins. injur. Veget. (3rd edn): 276, TL: Blue Hill
Thecla liparops pruina Scudder, 1889; Butts eastern U.S. Canada 2: 879, TL: New England?
= ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 208
Satyrium liparops strigosum ; [NACL, #4285a]
Satyrium (Satyrium) liparops strigosa ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 208
S. l. fletcheri (Michener & dos Passos, 1942)
Manitoba, ... Strymon liparops fletcheri Michener & dos Passos, 1942; Amer. mus. Novit. No. 1210: 3 (repl. Thecla strigosa var. liparops Fletcher), TL: Manitoba
Thecla strigosa var. liparops Fletcher, 1903; Trans. R. Soc. Canad. (2) 9 (4) : 211
= ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 208
Thecla strigosa var. liparops Fletcher, 1904; Can. Ent. 36 (5) : 124 (preocc. Thecla liparops Le Conte, 1833), TL: Manitoba, Rounthwaite
Satyrium liparops fletcheri ; [NACL, #4285b]
Satyrium (Satyrium) liparops fletcheri ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 208
S. l. aliparops (Michener & dos Passos, 1942)
Colorado, ... Strymon liparops aliparops Michener & dos Passos, 1942; Amer. mus. Novit. No. 1210: 3, TL: Glenwood Springs, Colorado
Satyrium liparops aliparops ; [NACL, #4285c]
Satyrium (Satyrium) liparops aliparops ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 208
S. l. floridensis Gatrelle, 2001
Florida Satyrium liparops floridensis Gatrelle, 2001; Taxonomic Rep. 3 (3): 7, f. 20-23, TL: Withlacoochee State Forest, Citrus Co., Florida
Satyrium (Satyrium) liparops floridensis ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 208

Satyrium auretorum (Boisduval, 1852)
California. See [About maps] Gold Hunter's Hairstreak
Thecla auretorum Boisduval, 1852; Ann. Soc. ent. Fr. (2) 10 : 288, TL: California
Satyrium auretorum, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Thecla auretorum ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 37
Satyrium auretorum ; [NACL, #4286]; [Opler]; [NL4A, #354]
Satyrium (Satyrium) auretorum ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 208

Larva on Quercus dumosa, Quercus wislizenii [NAB]

California Thecla tacita H. Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (4) : 54, TL: Mendocino Co., California
= Satyrium auretorum ; [NL4A, #354]
= ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 209
Thecla tacita ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 38
Satyrium (Satyrium) auretorum auretorum ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 208
S. a. spadix (H. Edwards, 1881)
S.California Thecla spadix H. Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (4) : 53, TL: Tehachepi Pass, S.California
= Satyrium auretorum ; [NL4A, #354]
Satyrium auretorum spadix, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Satyrium auretorum spadix, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Thecla spadix ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 37
Satyrium auretorum spadix ; [NACL, #4286a]
Satyrium (Satyrium) auretorum spadix ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 209
S. a. fumosum Emmel & Mattoni, 1990
California Satyrium auretorum fumosum Emmel & Mattoni, 1990; J. Res. Lep. 28 (1-2): 103, TL: California
= Satyrium auretorum ; [NL4A, #354]
Satyrium (Satyrium) auretorum fumosum ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 209

Satyrium tetra (Edwards, 1870)
California, Mexico. See [About maps] Mountain Mahogany Hairstreak
Thecla tetra Edwards, 1870; Trans. amer. ent. Soc. 3 (1) : 19, TL: California
Thecla adenostoma Scudder, 1876; Bull. Buffalo Soc. nat. Sci. 3 : 111 (nom. nud.)
= ; [NL4A, #355]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 209
Thecla adenostomatis H. Edwards, 1877; Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 7 : 144, TL: California
= ; [NL4A, #355]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 209
Satyrium tetra, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Satyrium tetra, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Satyrium tetra, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Thecla adenostomatis ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 38; [BOW: pl. 20, f. 35]
Thecla tetra ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 37
Satyrium tetra ; [NACL, #4287]; [Opler]; [NL4A, #355]
Satyrium (Satyrium) tetra ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 209

Larva on Cercocarpus betuloides [NAB]


Satyrium saepium (Boisduval, 1852)
-. See [About maps] Hedgerow Hairstreak
Thecla saepium Boisduval, 1852; Ann. Soc. ent. Fr. (2) 10 : 288, TL: California
Satyrium saepium, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Thecla saepium ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 37
Mitoura saepium ; [BOW: pl. 20, f. 9]
Satyrium saepium ; [NACL, #4288]; [Opler]; [NL4A, #356]
Satyrium (Satyrium) saepium ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 209
[saepium-1vU.jpg] identification uncertain 800x763 (~61Kb) underside USA: FR9705, (~ 47°18N 120°41W), Kittitas Co., WA, 30.7.1999, Photo © Markku Savela [saepium-2vU.jpg] identification uncertain 600x701 (~50Kb) underside USA: Table Mtn, Kittitas Co., WA, 30.7.1999, Photo © Markku Savela

Larva on Ceanothus cuneatus, C. velutinus, C. sanguineus, C. macrocarpus, less Cercocarpus betuloides [NAB]


California - British Columbia Strymon saepium var. okanagana McDunnough, 1944; Can. ent. 76 (9): 190, TL: Peachland, B.C
= Satyrium saepium ; [NL4A, #356]
= ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 209
Ignata illepida Johnson, 1992; , TL: "Bolivia" [error]
= Satyrium saepium ; [NL4A, #356]
= ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 209
Satyrium saepium okanaganum ; [NACL, #4288a]
Satyrium (Satyrium) saepium saepium ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 209
S. s. chalcis (Edwards, 1869)
California Thecla chalcis Edwards, 1869; Trans. amer. ent. Soc. 2 : 376, TL: California
= Satyrium saepium ; [NL4A, #356]
Satyrium saepium chalcis, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Satyrium saepium chalcis, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Thecla chalcis ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 37
Satyrium (Satyrium) saepium chalcis ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 209
S. s. fulvescens (H. Edwards, 1877)
California Thecla saepium var. fulvescens H. Edwards, 1877; Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 7 : 172, TL: California
= Satyrium saepium ; [NL4A, #356]
Thecla saepium fulvescens ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 37
Satyrium (Satyrium) saepium fulvescens ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 209
S. s. chlorophora (Watson & Comstock, 1920)
California Strymon saepium chlorophora Watson & Comstock, 1920; Bull. Amer. Mus. 42 (10) : 452, TL: San Diego, California
= Satyrium saepium ; [NL4A, #356]
Satyrium (Satyrium) saepium chlorophora ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 210
S. s. provo (Watson & Comstock, 1920)
Utah Strymon saepium provo Watson & Comstock, 1920; Bull. Amer. Mus. 42 (10) : 452, TL: Provo, Utah
= Satyrium saepium ; [NL4A, #356]
Satyrium (Satyrium) saepium provo ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 210
S. s. rubrotenebrosum Emmel, Emmel & Mattoon, 1998
California Satyrium saepium rubrotenebrosum Emmel, Emmel & Mattoon, 1998; Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (13): 161, f. 9-12, TL: California
= Satyrium saepium ; [NL4A, #356]
Satyrium (Satyrium) saepium rubrotenebrosum ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 210
S. s. caliginosum Emmel, Emmel & Mattoon, 1998
California Satyrium saepium caliginosum Emmel, Emmel & Mattoon, 1998; Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (13): 160, f. 5-8, TL: California
= Satyrium saepium ; [NL4A, #356]
Satyrium (Satyrium) saepium caliginosum ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 210
S. s. subaridum Emmel, Emmel & Mattoon, 1998
California Satyrium saepium subaridum Emmel, Emmel & Mattoon, 1998; , TL: California
= Satyrium saepium ; [NL4A, #356]
Satyrium (Satyrium) saepium subaridum ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 210
S. s. obscurofuscum Austin, 1998
Nevada Satyrium saepium obscurofuscum Austin, 1998; Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (45): 545, f. 29-32, TL: Nevada, Elko Co.
= Satyrium saepium ; [NL4A, #356]
Satyrium (Satyrium) saepium obscurofuscum ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 210
S. s. latalinea Austin & Savage, 1998
Utah Satyrium saepium latalinea Austin & Savage, 1998; Syst. W.N. Am. Butts (48): 613, f. 1-4, TL: Utah
= Satyrium saepium ; [NL4A, #356]
Satyrium (Satyrium) saepium latalinea ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 210

The "armenia" species-group
armenia Dubatolov & Korshunov, 1984; in, Insects and Helmints 17: 53 (repl. Argus Gerhard, 1850), TL: Lycaena ledereri, Boisduval
argus Gerhard, 1850; Versuch Mon. europ. Schmett.: 4, TL: Lycaena ledereri, Boisduval

Satyrium ledereri (Boisduval, 1848)
Transcaucasia, Asia Minor, Anatolia, Caucasus, Caspian, Palestine, Samos. See [About maps] Lycaena ledereri Boisduval, 1848; Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. (2) 6 : xxix
Satyrium ledereri, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Strymon ledereri ; [BOW: pl. 206, f. 36]
Armenia ledereri ; [BRU2: 102, pl. 52, f. 28-30]
Satyrium ledereri ; [Otakar Kudrna]

Larva on Atraphaxis daghestanica, A. spinosa [BRU2, 102]


Satyrium hyrcanicum (Riley, 1939)
Trancaucasia, Kopet Dagh?, Ghissar, W.Pamirs, Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan. See [About maps] Strymon ledereri hyrcanica Riley, 1939; Novit. zool. 41 (4) : 360, TL: N.Persia
Armenia hyrcanica ; [BRU2: 102, pl. 52, f. 31-39]
S. h. cyri (Nekrutenko, 1978)
Caucasus Minor, Armenia Fixsenia cyri Nekrutenko, 1978; Dopovidi Akad. Nauk. Ukr. RSR (B) 1978 (1): 83
Armenia hyrcanica cyri, Lepidoptera collection [SZMN]
Armenia hyrcanica cyri ; [BRU2, 102]
S. h. seravshanica Shchetkin, 1984²
Ghissar hyrcanicum seravshanica Shchetkin, 1984²
Strymon hyrcanica seravshanica ;
Armenia hyrcanica seravshanica ; [BRU2, 102]
S. h. badachshanica Shchetkin, 1984²
W.Pamirs hyrcanicum badachshanica Shchetkin, 1984²
Armenia hyrcanica badachshanica ; [BRU2, 102]

The "nordmannia" species-group
nordmannia Tutt, [1907]; Nat. Hist. Br. Lepid. 9 : 143, TL: Lycaena myrtale, Klug
fixsenia Tutt, [1907]; Nat. Hist. Br. Lepid. 9 : 142, TL: Thecla herzi, Fixen
leechia Tutt, [1907]; Nat. Hist. Br. Lepid. 9 : 142 (preocc. Leechia South, 1901), TL: Thecla thalia, Leech
edwardsia Tutt, [1907]; Nat. Hist. Br. Lepid. 9 : 142 (preocc. Edwardsia Costa, 1838, Edwardsia Quatrefages, 1841), TL: Papilio w-album, Knoch
felderia Tutt, [1907]; Nat. Hist. Br. Lepid. 9 : 142 (preocc. Felderia Walsingham, 1887), TL: Thecla w-album var. eximia, Fixsen
klugia Tutt, [1907]; Nat. Hist. Br. Lepid. 9 : 142 (preocc. Klugia Robineau-Desvoidy, 1862), TL: Papilio spini, Denis & Schiffermüller
chattendendia Tutt, [1908]; Nat. Hist. Br. Lepid. 9 : 483 (repl. for Edwardsia Tutt, [1907], TL: Papilio w-album, Knoch
chattendendia Tutt, [1908]; Ent. Rec. J. Var. 20 (6) : 143, TL: Papilio w-album, Knoch
strymonidia Tutt, [1908]; Nat. Hist. Br. Lepid. 9 : 483 (repl. Leechia Tutt, [1907]), TL: Thecla thalia, Leech
thecliolia Strand, 1910; Ent. Rundsch. 27: 162 (repl. Felderia Tutt, [1907]), TL: Thecla w-album var. eximia, Fixsen
tuttiola Strand, 1910; Ent. Rundsch. 27: 162 (repl. Klugia Tutt, [1907]), TL: Papilio spini, Dennis & Schiffermüller
euristrymon Clench, 1961; in P & A. Erlich (eds.), How to know the butterflies: 184, 212, TL: Thecla favonius, Smith

Satyrium herzi (Fixsen, 1887)
Amur, Ussuri, NE.China, Korea. See [About maps] Thecla herzi Fixsen, 1887; in Romanoff, Mém. Lépid. 3 : 279, pl. 13, f. 4, TL: Korea, "Pung-Tung" (the mountains at about 38° n.lat./ 128° e. long.)
Fixsenia herzi, Lepidoptera collection [SZMN]
Strymon herzi ; [BOW: pl. 206, f. 35]
Fixsenia herzi ; Clench, 1978, J. Lep. Soc. 32 (4): 279
Fixenia herzi ; [BARU, #328]; [MRS, 657]
Nordmannia herzi ; [BRU2: 104, pl. 53, f. 10-12]
[herzi-1mv.jpg] 369x300 (~33Kb) underside male The Onon River right bank floodland 5 km upstream of the village Nizhnii Tsasuchei, Onon District, SE Chita Province (Dahuria), Transbaikalia, Siberia, Russia. 1st July 1996, Photo © Oleg Kosterin

Larva on Malus mandschurica, M. baccata [BARU], M. pallasiana [BRU2, 104]



fiSatyrium pruni (Linnaeus, 1758)
EU, AM, Siberia, Amurland, Korea, Japan. See [About maps] Tuominopsasiipi Black Hairstreak Plommonsnabbvinge Häggsnabbvinge Endrinera Ogończyk śliwowiec
Papilio pruni Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 482, TL: Germany
Papilio prorsa Hufnagel, 1766; Berlin. Mag. 2: 68
Satyrium pruni, Larvae of North-European Lepidoptera [Kimmo Silvonen]
Satyrium pruni, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Satyrium pruni, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Fixsenia pruni, Europaische Schmetterlinge [Mario Maier]
Satyrium pruni, Captain's European Butterfly Guide [Simon Coombes]
Fixsenia pruni ; Clench, 1978, J. Lep. Soc. 32 (4): 279; [SPL]
Fixenia pruni ; [BARU, #329]; [MRS, 657]
Strymonidia pruni ; [BOW: pl. 10, f. 30]
Strymondia[sic] pruni ; [EBW, (name)]
Nordmannia pruni ; [BRU2: 104, pl. 53, f. 13-15]
Satyrium pruni ; [Otakar Kudrna]
[pruni-1fv.jpg] 533x400 (~48Kb) underside female An edge of a swampy pine forest at the right branch of the Ob' River, the Novosibirsk environs at the village Nizhnyaya Eltsovka, Novosibirsk Province, West Siberia, Russia. 4th July 1993, Photo © Oleg Kosterin [pruni-2fv.jpg] 400x583 (~35Kb) underside female The Ora Rivulet valley 2 km nort of the village Motkovo, Moshkovo District, Novosibirsk Province. 28th June 1997 (on an inflorescence of Aegopodium podagraria L.), Photo © Oleg Kosterin [pruni-3muv.jpg] 623x899 (~124Kb) upperside underside male Russia: S.Tuva, Korumnug-Taiga Mts. (1200m), 8-25.6.2002, Vashchenko A. & B. leg. Photo © D. Smirnov
[pruni-4v.jpg] 654x657 (~125Kb) underside Russia, Moscow area, 12.6.2010 (36°25'E, 56°00'N), Photo © D. Smirnov

Larva on Prunus padus, Rubus idaeus [SPRK], Padus, Prunus, Sorbus [BARU], Padus avium, Padus asiatica, Prunus spp. [BRU2, 104]


EU, Caucasus, Transcaucasia, Siberia Nordmannia pruni pruni
Nordmannia pruni pruni ; [BRU2, 104]
S. p. jezoensis (Matsumura, 1919)
Transbaikalia, Amur, Ussuri, Japan (Hokkaido) Thecla pruni var. jezoensis Matsumura, 1919; Thous. Ins. Japan. Addit. 3 : 616, pl. 48, f. 1, TL: Hokkaido
Nordmannia pruni jezoensis ; [BRU2, 104]

Satyrium spini (Fabricius, 1787)
SEU, CEU, Asia Minor, Lebanon, Iraq, Iran - S.Ural. See [About maps] Blue-spot Hairstreak Schlehenfalter Mancha azul Ogończyk tarninowiec
Papilio spini Fabricius, 1787; Mantissa Insectorum 2: 68, nr. 651
Papilio spini [Schiffermüller], 1775; Ankündung eines systematischen Werkes von den Schmetterlingen der Wienergegend: 186 (nom. nud.)
Papilio lynceus Esper, 1779; Die Schmett. Th. I, Bd. 1 (9): 356, (7): pl. 39, f. 3 (preocc.)
Papilio cerasi Herbst, 1804; in Jablonsky, Naturs. Schmett. 11: pl. 307, f. 8-9 (preocc.)
= Normannia ilicis pruni ; [NHM]
Satyrium spini, Larvae of North-European Lepidoptera [Kimmo Silvonen]
Satyrium spini, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Satyrium spini, Europaische Schmetterlinge [Mario Maier]
Fixenia spini ; [BARU, #333]
Strymonidia spini ; [BOW: pl. 10, f. 31, 32]
Strymondia[sic] spini ; [EBW]
Nordmannia spini ; [BRU2: pl. 53, f. 16-21]
Satyrium spini ; [MRS, 660]; Kudrna & Belicek, 2005, Oedippus 23: 28; [Otakar Kudrna]
[spini-1vu.jpg] 647x875 (~122Kb) upperside underside Ukraine: Kherson region, 15.5-20.6.2003, Makarenko leg. Photo © D. Smirnov

Larva on Rhamnus, Prunus [H&R], Frangula alnus, Frangula daurica, Sorbus, Malus [BARU]


SEU, CEU Nordmannia spini spini
Nordmannia spini spini ; [BRU2, 104]

Larva on Rhamnus cathartica [BRU2, 105]

S. s. melantho (Klug, 1834)
Caucaus, Armenia, Talysh, Kopet-Dagh melantho (Klug, 1834) (Lycaena); in Ehrenberg, Symbolae phys., Ins. 4: pl. 40, f. 10-11
Nordmannia spini melantho ; [BRU2, 104]

Larva on Rhamnus pallasii [BRU2, 105]


Satyrium latior (Fixsen, 1887)
Transbaikalia, Amur, Ussuri, N.China, Korea. See [About maps] Thecla spini var. latior Fixsen, 1887; in Romanoff, Mém. Lépid. 3 : 271, TL: Pung-Tung [E.Korea]
Nordmannia latior, Lepidoptera collection [SZMN]
Fixenia spini latior ; [BARU, (note)]
Satyrium spini latior ; [MRS, 660]
Nordmannia latior ; [BRU2: 105, pl. 53, f. 31-33]
[latior-1mv.jpg] 800x600 (~96Kb) underside male The Onon River left bank, shaded by willow thickets, 7 km upstream of the village Nizhnii Tsasuchei, Onon District, Chita Province, SE Transbaikalia (Dahuria), Siberia, Russia. 11th July 1996, Photo © Oleg Kosterin

Larva on Rhamnus davurica, R. ussuriensis, (Ussuri) Armeniaca sibirica, (Transbaikailia) [BRU2, 105]



fiSatyrium w-album (Knoch, 1782)
CEU, SEU, AM, S.Ural, NE.China, Korea, Japan. See [About maps] Jalavanopsasiipi White-letter Hairstreak Almsnabbvinge Weißes W Le W-Blanc W-blanca Ogończyk wiązowiec
Papilio w-album Knoch, 1782; Beitr. Insektengesch. 2: 85, pl. 6, f. 1-2, TL: Leipzig
Papilio[?] cerasi Fabricius, 1787; Mantissa Insectorum 2: 69
Thecla w-album ab. butlerovi Krulikovsky, 1890; Bull. Soc. imp. Nat. Moscou (n.s.) 4 (2) : 216, pl. 8, f. d
majuscula (Jachontov, 1911) (Thecla); Mitth. Kaukas. Mus. 5: 313
Satyrium w-album, Larvae of North-European Lepidoptera [Kimmo Silvonen]
Satyrium w-album, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Satyrium w-album, Norges Sommerfugler [NORLEP]
Satyrium w-album, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Satyrium w-album, Europaische Schmetterlinge [Mario Maier]
Fixenia w-album ; [BARU, #331]
Strymonidia w-album ; [BOW: pl. 10, f. 32 (text only)]
Strymondia[sic] w-album ; [EBW]
Nordmannia w-album ; [BRU2: 105, pl. 53, f. 25-30]
Satyrium w-album ; [Otakar Kudrna]
[w-album-1v.jpg] 450x364 (~43Kb) underside Sydlings Copse, Oxfordshire, UK 20/06/91, Photo © Simon Coombes [w-album-2v.jpg] 609x812 (~87Kb) underside Sweden, Ekebo, Julita, 31.7.2004, Photo © Leif Wahlberg

Larva on Quercus, Ulmus, U. laevis, Ulmus propinga, Alnus, Fraxinus, Tilia, (arboreal Rosaceae) Prunus, Malus, Padus [BARU]


CEU, SEU, Caucasus, Transcaucasia, S.Siberia, Transbaikalia, Far East Nordmannia w-album w-album
Nordmannia w-album w-album ; [BRU2, 105]

Larva on Ulmus laevis, (central Russia) Ulmus glabra, (Transcaucasia) [BRU2, 105]

S. w. sutchani Tutt, 1907²
Amur, Ussuri w-album sutchani Tutt, 1907²
Nordmannia w-album sutchani ; [Oleg Kosterin]; [BRU2, 105]
[sutchani-1mv.jpg] 800x600 (~70Kb) underside male A tree of Ulmus pumila L. on the Onon River righht bank floodland, 7 km upstream of the village Nizhnii Tsasuchei, Onon District, SE Chita Region, Transbaikalia, Siberia, Russia, 4th July 1995, Photo © Oleg Kosterin

Larva on Ulmus japonica [BRU2, 105]


S. w. fentoni (Butler, [1882])
Sakhalin, Kunashir, Kuriles Strymon fentoni Butler, [1882]; in Butler & Fenton, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1881 (4) : 854, TL: Yesso
Nordmannia w-album fentoni ; [BRU2, 105]

Satyrium eximia (Fixsen, 1887)
Ussuri, E.Mongolia, NE.China, C.China. See [About maps] Thecla w.album var. eximia Fixsen, 1887; in Romanoff, Mém. Lépid. 3 : 271, pl. 13, f. 2, TL: Korea, "Pung-Tung" (the mountains at about 38° n.lat./ 128° e. long.)
Thecla affinis Staudinger, 1892; in Romanoff, Mém. Lépid. 6 : 148 (preocc.)
Thecla fixseni Leech, [1893]; Butts China Japan Corea (2): 360, f. 2-3
?Thecla eximia kanonis Matsumura, 1929; Insecta Matsumurana 3 (2/3) : 102, TL: Formosa
Strymonidia eximia ; [BOW: pl. 10, f. 32 (text only)]
Fixenia eximia ; [BARU, #332]
Satyrium eximium ; [MRS, 660]
Satyrium eximia ; Huang, 2001, Neue Entomologische Nachrichten, 51: 76 (note), f. 34-35, 37
Nordmannia eximia ; [BRU2: 105, pl. 53, f. 22-24]
Ussuri, Korea Nordmannia eximia eximia
Nordmannia eximia eximia ; [BRU2, 105]

Larva on Rhamnus diamantiaca [BRU2, 106]

Zhejiang Satyrium eximium zhejianganum Tong, 1994; in Chou, Monographia Rhopalocerum Sinensium 1-2: 770, 660, f. 71, TL: Longquan, Zhejiang
S. e. mushanum Matsumura, 1929
Taiwan Thecla mushana Matsumura, 1929; Insecta Matsumurana 3 (2/3) : 102:Formosa
Satyrium eximium mushanum ; [MRS, 660]
Strymonidia eximia mushana ; [BOR, 630]

Satyrium prunoides (Staudinger, 1887)
Altai, Sayan, Transbaikalia, Amur, Ussuri, Mongolia, NE.China, Korea. See [About maps] Thecla prunoides Staudinger, 1887; in Romanoff, Mém. Lépid. 3 : 129, TL: Vladivostok and Ust'-Kamenogorsk
Thecla fulva Fixsen, 1887; in Romanoff, Mém. Lépid. 3 : 279
Thecla fulvofenestrata Fixsen, 1887; in Romanoff, Mém. Lépid. 3 : 279
Fixenia prunoides ; [BARU, #330]
Nordmannia prunoides ; [BRU2: 106, pl. 53, f. 37-40]
[prunoides-1fv.jpg] 533x400 (~54Kb) underside female A rocky ridge crest on the Adon-Chelon elevation, at the mountain Tsagan-Obo, 10 km NNW of the village Tasyrkhoi, S Chita Province (Dahuria), Transbaikalia, Siberia, Russia. 9th July 1996 (on its foodplant Spiraea aquilegifolia Pallas), Photo © Oleg Kosterin

Larva on Spiraea media, Spiraea spp., (not Padus or Rhamnus?) [BRU2, 106]



Satyrium runides (Zhdanko, 1990)
Transbaikalia. See [About maps] Nordmannia runides Zhdanko, 1990; , TL: Zabaikalye (Sretensk)
Nordmannia runides ; [BARU, (note)]; [BRU2: 106 (note), pl. 53, f. 47-48]

Satyrium ilicis (Esper, 1779)
SEU, CEU, SW.Siberia, Asia Minor, Caucasus, Transcaucasia, Lebanon, S.Ural. See [About maps] Ilex Hairstreak Järneksnabbvinge Steineichenfalter Querquera serrana Ogończyk ostrokrzewowiec
Papilio ilicis Esper, 1779; Die Schmett. Th. I, Bd. 1 (9): 353, (7): pl. 39, f. 1, TL: Erlangen [Germany]
Papilio lynceus Fabricius, 1787; (preocc.)
Thecla caudatula Zeller, 1847; Isis von Oken 1847 (1) : 6
Thecla bischoffii Gerhard, 1853; Mon. Lyc. : pl. 2, f. 4a-c
cilicica (Holtz, 1897)
Thecla ilicis syra Pfeiffer, 1932; in Osthelder & Pfeiffer, Mitt. Münch. Ent. Ges. 22 : 31
prinoptas (Zerny, 1932) (Thecla); Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 46 : 176, TL: Lebanon
Satyrium ilicis, Larvae of North-European Lepidoptera [Kimmo Silvonen]
Satyrium ilicis, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Satyrium ilicis, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Satyrium ilicis, Europaische Schmetterlinge [Mario Maier]
Satyrium ilicis, Captain's European Butterfly Guide [Simon Coombes]
Fixenia ilicis ; [BARU, #334]
Nordmannia ilicis ; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 10, f. 8]; [BRU2: 106, pl. 53, f. 34-36]
Satyrium ilicis ; [Otakar Kudrna]
[ilicis-1vx.jpg] 520x464 (~36Kb) underside France, Bretagne (Brittany), Bois De Lorge, 9 July 1997, Photo © Simon Coombes [ilicis-1vy.jpg] 450x483 (~37Kb) underside France, Bretagne (Brittany), Bois De Lorge, 9 July 1997, Photo © Simon Coombes

Larva on Quercus [R&H], Quercus robur, Rhamnus cathartica, Prunus, Padus [BARU]



Satyrium esculi (Hübner, 1804)
SWEU, NAF. See [About maps] False Ilex Hairstreak Querquera
Thecla esculi Hübner, 1804; Samml. eur. Schmett. [1] : f. 559-560
Satyrium esculi, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Satyrium esculi, Europaische Schmetterlinge [Mario Maier]
Satyrium esculi, Captain's European Butterfly Guide [Simon Coombes]
Satyrium esculi ; [Otakar Kudrna]
[esculi-1v.jpg] 463x500 (~48Kb) underside Axat, Pyrenees Orientales, France 24/07/96, Photo © Simon Coombes

Larva on Prunus? [R&H]


S. e. mauretanica (Staudinger, 1892)
Algeria, Morocco Thecla ilicis var. mauretanica Staudinger, 1892; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 5 (2) : 279, TL: Collo (Algeria), Tunisia
Nordmannia esculi f. powelli Oberthür, 1910; Ètud. Lépid. Comp. 4 : 79, pl. 49, f. 403-404, TL: Sebdou, Khenchela (Algeria)
Thecla ilicis ab. auronitens Seitz, 1908; Gross-Schmett. Erde 1 : 266, pl. 73 a, TL: Lambessa (Algeria)
Thecla ilicis var. mauretanica ab. fountaineae Aigner, 1906; Rovart L. Budapest 13: (69-75), TL: Algeria
Nordmannia esculi reisseri de Bros & Schmidt-Kohl, 1979; Mitt. ent. Ges. Basel 29: 16 (nom. nud.), TL: Chefchaoune (Morocco)
Nordmannia esculi mauretanica ; [BMAT: 25, pl. 9, f. 8-18]
[mauretanica-1v.jpg] 600x435 (~31Kb) underside Morocco, Djebel Lekst, Anti-Atlas, Photo © Jean Delacre

Larva on Quercus ilex [BMAT]



Satyrium acaciae (Fabricius, 1787)
SEU, Asia Minor, S.Ural. See [About maps] Sloe Hairstreak Sin Perfume Ogończyk akacjowiec
Papilio acaciae Fabricius, 1787; Mantissa Insectorum 2: 69, TL: [S.European part, Russia]
nostras (Courvoisier, 1913)
Satyrium acaciae, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Satyrium acaciae, Europaische Schmetterlinge [Mario Maier]
Satyrium acaciae, Captain's European Butterfly Guide [Simon Coombes]
Fixenia acaciae ; [BARU, #335]
Nordmannia acaciae ; [BOW: pl. 10, f. 8 (text only)]; [BRU2: 107, pl. 53, f. 41-43]
Satyrium acaciae ; [Otakar Kudrna]

Larva on Prunus spinosa, (Volga region) Prunus divaricata, (Transcaucasia) [BRU2, 107]


Satyrium abdominalis (Gerhard, [1850])
Transcaucasia, E.Turkey, W.Iran, S.Iran, Lebanon. See [About maps] Thecla abdominalis Gerhard, [1850]; Versuch Mon. europ. Schmett.: pl. 4, f. 3a-b, TL: [Gyanja, Azerbaijan]
Thecla gerhardi Staudinger, [1895]; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 7 (2) : 241
Thecla alboabdominalis Pfeiffer, 1938; Mitt. Münch. ent. Ges. 28 (2): 195, TL: Persia
Strymon abdominalis persica Riley, 1939; Novit. zool. 41 (4) : 359, TL: Persia
Nordmannia elta Higgins, 1964; Entomologist 97: 197, TL: Lebanon
marcidus alboabdominalis ;
gerchardi ; [BRU2, 107 (missp.)]
Nordmannia abdominalis ; [BRU2: 107, pl. 53, f. 44-46]

Larva on Cerasus microcarpa, (Transcaucasia) [BRU2, 107]


Satyrium myrtale (Klug, 1834)
Lebanon Lycaena myrtale Klug, 1834; in Ehrenberg, Symbolae phys., Ins. 4: 1, pl. 40, f. 15-16
Nordmannia myrtale ; [EBW, (name)]

Satyrium guichardi (Higgins, 1965)
Syria, Lebanon, Turkey. See [About maps] Nordmannia guichardi Higgins, 1965; Entomologist 98: 10

Satyrium thalia (Leech, [1893])
C.China. See [About maps] Thecla thalia Leech, [1893]; Butts China Japan Corea (2): 367, pl. 30, f. 15
Fixsenia thalia ; Clench, 1978, J. Lep. Soc. 32 (4): 279
Strymondia[sic] thalia ; [EBW, (name)]
Strymon thalia ; [BOW: pl. 206, f. 35 (text)]

Satyrium favonius (Smith, 1797)
-. See [About maps] Southern Hairstreak
Papilio favonius Smith, 1797; in Smith & Abbot, Nat. Hist. Rarer Lepid. Ins. Georgia 1: 27, pl. 14, TL: Georgia
Satyrium favonius favonius, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Satyrium favonius, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Thecla favonius ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 36
Euristrymon favonius ; [NACL, #4331]
Strymon favonius ; [BOW: pl. 20, f. 27]
Fixsenia favonius ; Clench, 1978, J. Lep. Soc. 32 (4): 279
Satyrium favonius ; [Opler]; [NL4A, #349]
Satyrium (Fixsenia) favonius ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 210

Larva on Quercus [NAB]

NA.Georgia, ... Satyrium (Fixsenia) favonius favonius ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 210
S. f. ontario (Edwards, 1868)
Ontario, ... Northern Hairstreak
Thecla ontario Edwards, 1868; Trans. amer. ent. Soc. 2 (2) : 209, TL: Port Stanley, Ontario
= Satyrium favonius ; [NL4A, #349]
Satyrium favonius ontario, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Fixsenia ontario ; Clench, 1978, J. Lep. Soc. 32 (4): 279
Thecla ontario ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 37
Strymon ontario ; [BOW: pl. 20, f. 33]
Euristrymon ontario ; [NACL, #4332]
Satyrium (Fixsenia) favonius ontario ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 210

Larva on Quercus virginiana, Q. laurifolia, Q. ilicifolia, Q. alba Clifford & Opler, 1983, J. Lep. Soc. 37 (2): 104

S. f. autolycus (Edwards, 1871)
Texas, ... Thecla autolycus Edwards, 1871; Trans. amer. ent. Soc. 3 : 271, TL: Dallas, Texas
= Satyrium favonius ; [NL4A, #349]
Satyrium favonius autolycus, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Satyrium favonius autolycus, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Thecla autolycus ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 36
Strymon autolycus ; [BOW: pl. 20, f. 32 (text only)]
Euristrymon ontario autolycus ; [NACL, #4332a]
Satyrium (Fixsenia) favonius autolycus ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 211
S. f. violae (Stallings & Turner, 1947)
New Mexico, ... Strymon ontario violae Stallings & Turner, 1947; Pan-Pacif. Ent. 23 (3): 119, TL: Folsom, New Mexico
= Satyrium favonius ; Robbins & Nicolay, 2002, J. Lepid. Soc. 55 (3): 100; [NL4A, #349]
Euristrymon ontario violae ; [NACL, #4332b]
Satyrium (Fixsenia) favonius violae ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 211

Satyrium ilavia (Beutenmüller, 1899)
Texas, California. See [About maps] Thecla ilavia Beutenmüller, 1899; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 7 (4) : 254, TL: Texas
Thecla mirabelle Barnes, 1900; Can. Ent. 32 (2) : 43, TL: Utah; California
= ; [NL4A, #350]; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 211
Satyrium ilavia, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Satyrium ilavia, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Satyrium ilavia, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Thecla ilavia ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 38
Euristrymon ontario ilavia ; [NACL, #4332c]
Fixsenia ilavia ;
Satyrium ilavia ; [Opler]; [NL4A, #350]
Satyrium (Fixsenia) ilavia ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 211

Satyrium polingi (Barnes & Benjamin, 1926)
-. See [About maps] Strymon polingi Barnes & Benjamin, 1926; Bull. South. Calif. Acad. Sci. 25 (3): 94, TL: Brewster Co., Texas
Satyrium polingi, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Satyrium polingi polingi, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Satyrium polingi, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Euristrymon polingi ; [NACL, #4333]
Fixsenia polingi ; Clench, 1978, J. Lep. Soc. 32 (4): 279
Satyrium polingi ; [Opler]; [NL4A, #351]
Satyrium (Fixsenia) polingi ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 211
Texas Satyrium (Fixsenia) polingi polingi ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 211
S. p. organensis (Ferris, 1980)
New Mexico Fixsenia polingi organensis Ferris, 1980; J. Lep. Soc. 34 (2): 221, f. 9-14, TL: New Mexico
= Satyrium polingi ; [NL4A, #351]
Satyrium (Fixsenia) polingi organensis ; Pelham, 2008, J. Res. Lepid. 40: 211

Satyrium tateishii (Matsumoto, 2006)
Fixenia tateishii Matsumoto, 2006; Futao (52): (?)

The "superflua" species-group
superflua Strand, 1910; Ent. Rundsch. 27: 162 (repl. Kollaria Tutt, [1907]), TL: Thecla sassanides, Kollar
kollaria Tutt, [1907]; Nat. Hist. Br. Lepid. 9 : 142 (preocc. Kollaria Tutt, [1907]), TL: Thecla sassanides, Kollar
erschoffia Tutt, [1907]; Nat. Hist. Br. Lepid. 9 : 142 (preocc. Erschoffia Swinhoe, 1900), TL: Thecla lunulata, Erschoff
pseudothecla Strand, 1910; Ent. Rundsch. 27: 162 (repl. Erschoffia Tutt, [1907]), TL: Thecla lunulata, Erschoff

Satyrium sassanides (Kollar, [1849])
N.Iran, Kashmir, Baluchistan, W.Tien-Shan, NW.Himalaya, Chitral - Mussoorie. See [About maps] Whiteline Hairstreak
Thecla sassanides Kollar, [1849]; Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien. 1 : 51, TL: Schiraz [S. Iran]
Strymon sassanides ; [BOW: pl. 206, f. 38]
Superflua sassanides ; [BRU2: 103, pl. 52, f. 40-42]

Larva on Amygdalus bucharica, A. spinosissima, Cerasus verrucosa [BRU2, 103]

Kopet-Dagh, S.Iran? Superflua sassanides sassanides
Superflua sassanides sassanides ; [BRU2, 103]
S. s. mirabilis (Erschoff, 1874)
Thecla mirabilis Erschoff, 1874; in Fedschenko, Travels in Turkestan. 2 (5) : 7, pl. 1, f. 4-5, TL: Zeravshansky Mts.
Superflua sassanides mirabilis ; [BRU2, 103]

Satyrium lunulata (Erschoff, 1874)
S.Ghissar?, Ghissar-Darvaz, W.Pamirs. See [About maps] Thecla lunulata Erschoff, 1874; in Fedschenko, Travels in Turkestan. 2 (5) : 7, pl. 1, f. 5, TL: [..between Iori an Dashty-Kazy in Zeravshan Valley, Uzbekistan]
Strymon lunulata ; [BOW: pl. 206, f. 36 (text)]
Pseudothecla lunulata ;
Superflua lunulata ; [BRU2: 103, pl. 53, f. 1-3]

Larva on Cerasus spp.? [BRU2, 103]


Satyrium acaudata Staudinger, 1901²
NW.Tian-Shan, Inner Tian-Shan, Darvaz, Alai. See [About maps] acaudata Staudinger, 1901²; Cat. Lepid. palaearct. Faunengeb.: 70, TL: Ferg. [Fregana Valley, Uzbekistan]
Pseudothecla lunulata acaudata ;
Superflua acaudata ; [BRU2: 103, pl. 53, f. 4-6]

Larva on Cerasus spp. [BRU2, 103]


Satyrium goniopterum Lukhtanov, 1995²
Ghissar. See [About maps] goniopterum Lukhtanov, 1995²; Nachr. ent. Ver. Apollo 16 (1): 52, f. 5, TL: Usbekistan, südwestlicher Teil des Ghisar-Gebirge, Tuda, 2400m
Superflua goniopterum ; [BRU2: 103, pl. 53, f. 7-9]

Larva on Cerasus spp.? [BRU2, 103]


The "?" species-group

Satyrium lais (Leech, 1893)
Wasigou lais (Leech, 1893) (Thecla); Butts China Japan Corea (2): 363, pl. 29, f. 4, TL: China
Satyrium lais ; Huang, 2001, Neue Entomologische Nachrichten, 51: 76 (note)

Satyrium xumini Huang, 2001
Batang Satyrium xumini Huang, 2001; Neue Entomologische Nachrichten, 51: 76, f. 32-33, 36, pl. 4, f. 26, TL: 50 km NE of Batang, Sichuan-Tibet border

Satyrium tanakai (Shirôzu, 1942)
Taiwan Strymon tanakai Shirôzu, 1942; Zephyrus 9 (2): (73-75)
Satyrium tanakai ; [MRS, 660]

Satyrium esakii (Shirôzu, 1942)
Taiwan Strymon esakii Shirôzu, 1942; Zephyrus 9 (2): (73-75)
?Strymonidia esakii ; [BOR, 630 (note)]

Satyrium inouei (Shirôzu, 1959)
Taiwan Strymonidia inouei Shirôzu, 1959; Kontyû 27 (1) : 91, pl. 8, f. 9-10 ♀, TL: Vicinity of Musha, Formosa
Strymonidia inouei ; [BOR, 630 (note)]

Satyrium percomis (Leech, 1894)
W.China. See [About maps] Thecla percomis Leech, 1894; Butts China Japan Corea (2): 366, pl. 29, f. 5

Satyrium patrius (Leech, 1891)
W.China. See [About maps] Thecla patrius Leech, 1891; Entomologist 24 (Suppl.) : 58, TL: Pu-tsu-fong, 10000ft
Strymonidia patrius ; [BOW: pl. 10, f. 32 (text only)]

Satyrium v-album (Oberthür, 1886)
W.China. See [About maps] Thecla v-album Oberthür, 1886; Étud. d'Ent. 11 : 20, pl. 4, f. 23, TL: Tibet
Fixsenia v-album ;
?Strymon v-album ; [BOW: pl. 206, f. 37]

Satyrium ornata (Leech, 1890)
W.China, C.China. See [About maps] Thecla ornata Leech, 1890; Entomologist 23 : 40, TL: Chang Yang
Strymon ornata ; [BOW: pl. 206, f. 37 (text)]

Satyrium persimilis (Riley, 1939)
W.China (Yunnan). See [About maps] Strymon persimilis Riley, 1939; Novit. zool. 41 (4) : 360, TL: Yunnan

Satyrium dejeani (Riley, 1939)
W.China. See [About maps] Strymon dejeani Riley, 1939; Novit. zool. 41 (4) : 360, TL: Siao-lou

Satyrium oenone Leech, [1893]²
Tibet, W.China. See [About maps] oenone Leech, [1893]²; Butts China Japan Corea (2): 366
Sichuan
S. o. minyonensis (Yoshino, 1999)
N.Yunnan Fixenia oenone minyonensis Yoshino, 1999; Neo Lepidoptera 4: 4, f. 29-30, 33-34, TL: Mt. Meilishueshan, Deqin, N.Yunnan
S. o. benzilanensis (Yoshino, 1999)
SW.Sichuan Fixenai oenone benzilanensis Yoshino, 1999; Neo Lepidoptera 4: 5, f. 31-32, 35-36, TL: Xiancheng, SW. Sichuan

Satyrium phyllodendri (Elwes, [1882])
Korea, Amur. See [About maps] Thecla phyllodendri Elwes, [1882]; Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1881 : 886, TL: Vladivostok
Thecla phellodendri Staudinger, MS

Satyrium grandis (C. & R. Felder, 1862)
N.China, E.China. See [About maps] Thecla grandis C. & R. Felder, 1862; Wien. ent. Monats. 6 (1): 24, TL: Ning-Po
Strymonidia grandis ; [BOW: pl. 10, f. 32 (text only)]
Satyrium grande ; [MRS, 658]

Satyrium mardinus van Oorschot, van den Brink, van Oorschot, 1985
Turkey. See [About maps] Satyrium mardinus van Oorschot, van den Brink, van Oorschot, 1985; Ent. Berl. 45: 145

Satyrium marcidus (Riley, 1921)
Turkey, NW.Iran. See [About maps] Strymon marcidus Riley, 1921; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (9) 8 (47) : 600, TL: Persia, Harir; Karind Gorge

Satyrium mera (Janson, 1877)
Japan. See [About maps] Thecla mera Janson, 1877; Cistula ent. 2 : 156, TL: Matzabaro, about 200 miles NW of Yedo
Strymonidia mera ; [BOW: pl. 10, f. 30 (text only)]

Satyrium armena (Rebel, 1901)
Thecla myrtale var. armena Rebel, 1901; Ann. Hofmus. Wien. 16 : 165
Satyrium armenum ;

Satyrium jebelia Nakamura, 1975²
Afghanistan. See [About maps] jebelia Nakamura, 1975²; J. Ent. (B) 44 (3): (283-295)
Satyrium jebelia, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]

Satyrium watarii (Matsumura, 1927)
Taiwan Thecla eximia watarii Matsumura, 1927; Ins. Matsumurana 2 (2) : 117, pl. 3, f. 3, TL: Formosa
Satyrium watarii ; [MRS, 657]
Strymonidia watarii ; [BOR, 630]

Satyrium iyonis (Oxta & Kusunoki, 1957)
Japan, Shikoku. See [About maps] iyonis (Oxta & Kusunoki, 1957); Trans. Shikoku Ent. Soc. 5: 101
Satyrium iyonis ; [MRS, 658]

Larva on Rhamnus japonica, R. yoshinoi [MRS]

S. i. kibiensis (Shirôzu & Nanba, 1973)
Japan (Honshu) Strymonidia iyonis kibiensis Shirôzu & Nanba, 1973; Tyô to Ga 23 (3&4): 65, f. 1-4, TL: Niimi City, Okayama Pref.

Larva on Rhamnus yoshinoi, R.japonica, R. japonica var. decipiens Shirôzu & Nanba, 1973, Tyô to Ga 23 (3&4): 65

S. i. koiwayi (Inomata, 1989)
Satyrium iyonis koiwayi ; [MRS, 658]
S. i. harutai (Inomata, 1989)

Satyrium rubicundula (Leech, 1890)
W.China. See [About maps] Thecla rubicundula Leech, 1890; Entomologist 23 : 40, TL: Chang Yang
Satyrium rubicundulum ; [MRS, 658]

Satyrium yangi (Riley, 1939)
China (Kwantung). See [About maps] Thecla yangi Riley, 1939; Novit. zool. 41 (4) : 358, TL: China, Foochow
Satyrium yangi ; [MRS, 661]

Satyrium austrina (Murayama, 1943)
Taiwan Satyrium austrinum ; [MRS, 661]
Strymonidia austrina ; [BOR, 630]
S. a. yoshikoae (Koiwaya, 1996)
Satyrium giacomozzoi Bozano, 196
= ; Huang, 2001, Neue Entomologische Nachrichten, 51: 77

Satyrium kuboi (Chou & Tong, 1994)
Zhejiang. See [About maps] Sayrium kuboi Chou & Tong, 1994; in Chou, Monographia Rhopalocerum Sinensium 1-2: 771, 661, f. 72, TL: Hangzhou, Zhejiang

Satyrium siguniangshanicum Murayama, 1992
China. See [About maps] Satyrium siguniangshanicum Murayama, 1992; Nature & Ins. 27 (5): (39-41)
Satyrium siguniangshanicum ; [MRS, 661]

Satyrium minshanicum Murayama, 1992
China. See [About maps] Satyrium minshanicum Murayama, 1992; Nature & Ins. 27 (5): (39-41)
Satyrium minshanicum ; [MRS, 659]

Satyrium neoeximia Murayama, 1992
N.Yunnan. See [About maps] Satyrium neoeximia Murayama, 1992; Nature & Ins. 27 (5): (39-41)
Satyrium neoeximium ; [MRS, 659]

Satyrium kongmingi Murayama, 1992
China. See [About maps] Satyrium kongmingi Murayama, 1992; Nature & Ins. 27 (5): (39-41)
Satyrium kongmingi ; [MRS, 659]

Satyrium pseudopruni Murayama, 1992
China. See [About maps] Satyrium pseudopruni Murayama, 1992; Nature & Ins. 27 (5): (39-41)
Satyrium pseudopruni ; [MRS, 659]

Satyrium volt (Sugiyama, 1993)
Satyrium volt ; Huang, 2001, Neue Entomologische Nachrichten, 51: 77 (note)

Satyrium redae Bozano, 1993
Satyrium redae ; Huang, 2001, Neue Entomologische Nachrichten, 51: 77 (note)

Satyrium mackwoodi (Evans, 1914)
Manipur - N.Burma, N.Thailand. See [About maps] Mackwood's Hairstreak
Thecla mackwoodi Evans, 1914; J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 23 (2) : 302, TL: Manipur, Saitu
Thecla saitua Tytler, 1915; J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 24 (1): 132, pl. 3, f. 25
Satyrium mackwoodi, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Strymon mackwoodi ; [BIR, 306]
Strymonidia mackwoodi ; [BOR, 630]
Satyrium mackwoodi ;
Strymonidia saitua ; [BOR, 630]

Satyrium formosana (Matsumura, 1910)
Taiwan Thecla formosana Matsumura, 1910; Ent. Zs. 23 (50): 221, TL: Formosa, Koshun; Horisha
Strymonidia formosana ; [BOR, 630]
Satyrium formosanum ; [MRS, 660]

Larva on Sapindus mukorossii [MRS]



15.4.2013 (74)

References:
[ALBERTA]
University of Alberta, E.H. Strickland Entomological Museum; Browse Entomology Collection
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BAMONA]
Opler, Pavulaan, Stanford & Pogue; Butterflies and Moths of North America; Mountain Prairie Information Node
[BARU]
Korshunov & Gorbunov; Butterflies of the Asian part of Russia; English translation by Oleg Kosterin; [Dnevnye babochki aziatskoi chasti Rossii. Spravochnik]
[BCA]
electronic; BIOLOGIA CENTRALI-AMERICANA
[BHL]
The; Biodiversity Heritage Library; and on; Internet Archive; Note: The linking to the content of Internet Archive is somewhat delicate -- notify me when links break!
[BIR]
Wynter-Blyth, 1957; Butterflies of the Indian Region; (1982 Reprint)
[BMAT]
Tennent, 1996; The butterflies of Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia; ISBN 0 906802 05 9
[BOA]
Interactive Listing of American Butterflies; Listado Interactivo de la Mariposas Americanas; Butterflies of America
[BOR]
D'Abrera, 1982, 1985, 1986; Butterflies of the Oriental Region, Part I-III
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[BRU2]
Tuzov (ed.), Bogdanov, Churkin, Devyatkin, Dantchenko, Murzin, Samodurov, Zhdanko, 2000; Guide to the Butterflies of Russia and adjacent territories; Libytheidae, Danaidae, Nymphalidae, Riodinidae, Lycaenidae; Volume 2
[CiNii]
http://ci.nii.ac.jp/
[D. Smirnov]
Russia, Moscow; e-mail: D. Smirnov
[EBW]
Smart, Paul, 1976; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World; ISBN 0 600 31381 6
[ESP]
Heppner, 1981; The dates of E. J. C. Esper's Die Schmetterlinge in Abblidungen... 1776-[1830]; Archives of Natural History (1981) 10 (2): 251-254
[GALEPS]
Moths and Butterflies of Georgia and the Southeastern United States; James K. Adams; Dept. of Natural Science, Dalton State College, Dalton, GA ; http://www.daltonstate.edu/galeps/index.htm
[H&R]
Higgins, L.G, Riley, N.D, 1970; A Field Guide to the Butterflies of Britain and Europe
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[ILMB]
Interactive Listing of Mexican Butterflies
[JLS]
Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society; the original J. Lep. Soc. articles
[JRL]
The Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera; JRL Archive
[Jean Delacre]
http://homepage.mac.com/jdelacre
[Kimmo Silvonen]
Espoo, Finland; Kimmo's Lep Site
[LAMAS-NEO]
Gerardo Lamas; Bibliography of butterflies; An Annocated Bibliography of the Neotropical Butterflies and Skipper (Lepididoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea); Revised Electronic Edition (2007)
[Leif Wahlberg]
Julita, Sweden; e-mail: Leif Wahlberg
[MBE]
Moths and Butteflies of Europe; Paolo Mazzei, Diego Reggianti and Ilaria Pimpinelli; http://www.leps.it/
[MRS]
Chou Io (Ed.); Monographia Rhopalocerum Sinensium, 1-2
[Mario Maier]
Europäische Schmetterlinge; e-mail: Mario Maier
[NAB]
Pyle, 1981; Field Guide to North American Butterflies, National Audubon Society; ISBN 0-394-51914-0
[NACL]
Hodges, 1983; Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico
[NHM]
Natural History Museum; The Global Lepidoptera Names Index
[NL4A]
Gerardo Lamas, 2004; Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera; Checklist: Part 4A; Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea
[NORLEP]
Norges Sommerfugler
[Oleg Kosterin]
Institue of Cytology & Genetics; Siberian Division of Russian Academy of Sciences; Novosibirsk; e-mail: Oleg Kosterin; http://pisum.bionet.nsc.ru/kosterin/
[Opler]
Opler & Warren, 2003 (April); Butterflies of North America. 2. Scientific Names List for Butterfly Species of North America, north of Mexico.
[SPL]
Varis, V. (Ed), Ahola, M., Albrecht, A., Jalava, J., Kaila, L., Kerppola, S., Kullberg, J., 1995; Sahlbergia Vol. 2:1-80, 1995; Checklist of Finnish Lepidoptera - Suomen perhosten luettelo; e-mail: Jaakko Kullberg; e-mail: Anders Albrecht; e-mail: Lauri Kaila
[SPRK]
Seppänen, E. J, 1970; Suomen suurperhostoukkien ravintokasvit, Animalia Fennica 14
[SVF]
Svenska fjärilar; Naturhistoriska riksmuseet; (Sweden)
[SZMN]
Lepidoptera; Siberian Zoological Museum
[Simon Coombes]
1 Park Street, Plymouth, PL3 4BL, UK; 01752 607854; e-mail: Simon Coombes; http://www.butterfly-guide.co.uk
[Vitaly Charny]
Birmingham, Alabama, USA
[Wahlberg]
Niklas Wahlberg; The NSG's voucher specimen database; Nymphalidae Systematics Group
[Yutaka Inayoshi]
A Check List of Butterflies in Indo-China; Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM
[²]
This may require parentheses or not. I don't have the necessary information for this taxon.


Some related literature:
Austin & Emmel, 1998
New subspecies of butterflies (Lepidoptera) from Nevada and California Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (42): 501-522
Barnes, 1900
New species and varietes of North American Lepidoptera Can. Ent. 32 (2) : 42-48
Barnes & Benjamin, 1926
Notes on diurnal Lepidoptera, with addition and corrections to the recent "List of Diurnal Lepidoptera" Bull. South. Calif. Acad. Sci. 25 (3): 88-98
Beutenmüller, 1899
Descriptions of and notes on some North American Lepidoptera J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 7 (4) : 254-256
Boisduval, 1848
[Lépidoptères recueillis par M. Kindermann aux environs d'Odessa et au pied du Caucase] Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. (2) 6 : xxviii-xxx
Boisduval, 1852
Lépidoptères de la Californie Ann. Soc. ent. Fr. (2) 10 : 275-324
Boisduval, 1869
Lépidoptères de la Californie Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 12 : 5-28,37-94
Le Conte in Boisduval & Le Conte, 1833
Histoire générale et iconographie des lépidoptères et des chenilles de l'Amérique septentrionale Hist. Lép. Am. Sept. (1): 1-16. pl. 1-3 (1829), (2): 17-24, pl. 4-6 (1829), (3/4): 25-40, pl. 7-12 ([1830]), (5/6): 41-56, pl. 13-18 ([1830]), (7/8): 57-80, pl. 19-24 ([1830]), (9/10): 81-100, pl. 25-30 (1833), (11-22): 101-196, pl. 31-65 ([1835]), (23-26): 197-228, pl. 66-78 ([1837])
Butler in Butler & Fenton, [1882]
On butterflies from Japan, with which are incorporated notes and descriptions of new species by Montague Fenton Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1881 (4) : 846-856
Clench, 1961
"Lycaenidae", pp. 176-288 in P & A. Erlich (eds.), How to know the butterflies: 262pp
Clench, 1978
The names of certain holarctic hairstreak genera (Lycaenidae) J. Lep. Soc. 32 (4): 277-281
Clifford & Opler, 1983
Natural history of seven hairstreaks in coastal North Carolina J. Lep. Soc. 37 (2): 97-105
dos Passos, 1970
A revised synonymic catalogue with taxonomic notes on some Nearctic Lycaenidae J. Lep. Soc. 24: 26-38
Dubatolov & Korshunov, 1984
[New data on the systematics of USSR butterflies (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera)]. [In Russian] in, Insects and Helmints 17: 51-57 (Novye i Maloizvestnye Vidy Fauny Sibiriri)
Dufrane, 1939
Lycaenidae Bull. Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 79 (7/8) : 289-292
Dyar, 1903
A List of North American Lepidoptera and Key to the Literature of this Order of Insects Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 1-723
Eliot, 1973
The higher classification of the Lycaenidae (Lepidoptera): a tentative Arrangement Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 373-505, 162fgs, pl. 1-6
Edwards, 1861; Edwards, 1862
Descriptions of certain Species of Diurnal Lepidoptera found within the limits of the United States and of British America. - No. [1]-3 Proc. Acad. nat. Sci. Philad. 13: 160-164 (1861), 14: 54-58, 221-226 (1862)
Edwards, 1868
Notes on a remarkable variety of Papilio turnus, and descriptions of two species of diurnal Lepidoptera Trans. amer. ent. Soc. 2 (2) : 207-210
Edwards, 1869
Descriptions of new species of diurnal Lepidoptera found within the United States Trans. amer. ent. Soc. 2 : 369-376
Edwards, 1870
Descriptions of new species of diurnal Lepidoptera found within the United States Trans. amer. ent. Soc. 3 (1) : 10-22
Edwards, 1871
Descriptions of new species of diurnal Lepidoptera found within the United States Trans. amer. ent. Soc. 3 (3/4) : 205-216
Edwards, 1871
Descriptions of new species of North American butterflies Trans. amer. ent. Soc. 3 : 266-277
Edwards, 1882
Description of species of butterflies taken in Arizona by J. Doll, 1881 Papilio 2 (2) : 19-29
Edwards, 1883
Description of a new species of Thecla from Florida Can. Ent. 15 (7) : 136-137
H. Edwards, 1877
Pacific Coast Lepidoptera. - No. 21. Descriptions of two new species of the genus Thecla Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 7 : 143-145
H. Edwards, 1877
Pacific Coast Lepidoptera. - No. 22. Notes on some Diurnal Lepidoptera, with description of new varieties Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 7 : 163-173
H. Edwards, 1881
On some apparently new forms of diurnal lepidoptera Papilio 1 (4) : 50-55
Elwes, [1882]
On the butterflies of Amurland, North China and Japan Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1881 : 856-916
Emmel & Mattoni, 1990
A new subspecies of Satyrium auretorum (Lycaenidae) from Santa Monica mountains of southern California J. Res. Lep. 28 (1-2): 100-104
Esper, 1779
Die Schmetterlinge in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Beschreibungen. Theil I. Die Tagschmetterlinge. Band 1 Die Schmett. Th. I, Bd. 1 (1): 1-40, pl. 1-6 (1776), (2): 41-72, pl. 7-12 (1776), (3): 73-104, pl. 13-18 (1777), (4): 105-120, pl. 19-24 (1777), (5): 121-144, pl. 25-30 (1777), (6): 145-176, pl. 31-36 (1777), (7): 177-200, pl. 37-46 (1778), (8): 201-216, pl. 43-48 (1778), (9): 217-388, pl. 49-50 (1779)
Erschoff, 1874
Travels in Turkestan. Volume 2. Zoogeographical Investigations. Lepidoptera [in Russian] in Fedschenko, Travels in Turkestan. 2 (5) : 1-128, pl. 1-6
Evans, 1914
Notes on Indian Butterflies (continued) J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 23 (2) : 302-310
C. & R. Felder, 1862
Observationes de Lepidoteris nonullis Chinae centralis et Japoniae Wien. ent. Monats. 6 (1): 22-32, (2): 33-40
Field, 1938
New forms and subspecies of North American Libytheidae and Lycaenidae J. Kansas Ent. Soc. 11 (4) : 124-133
Fixsen, 1887
Lepidoptera aus Korea in Romanoff, Mém. Lépid. 3 : 233-356, pl. 13-15
Fletcher, 1904
Descriptions of some new species and varieties of Canadian butterflies Can. Ent. 36 (5) : 121-129
Godart, [1824]
in Latreille & Godart, Encyclopédie Méthodique. Histoire naturelle Entomologie, ou histoire naturelle des crustacés, des arachnides et des insectes Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 3-328 (1819), (2): 329-828 ([1824])
Godman & Salvin, [1887]
Biologia Centrali-Americana. Rhopalocera. (1887-1901) Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 1-782, 3: pl. 1-112
Grinnell, 1917
Two unnamed Californian butterflies Can. Ent. 49 (10) : 349-351
Grote & Robinson, 1867; Grote & Robinson, 1868
Descriptions of American Lepidoptera. - No. 1-3 Trans. Amer. ent. Soc. 1 : 1-30, pl. 1-2, : 171-192, pl. 4, : 323-360, pl. 6-7
Gunder, 1924
Several New Aberrant Lepidoptera (Rhopalocera) from California Ent. News 35 (5) : 153-158
Harris, 1862
A treatise on some of the insects injurious to vegetation Treatise Ins. injur. Veget. (3rd edn): 1-640, 8pls
Higgins, 1964
Butterflies of Lebanon Entomologist 97: 193-200, pl. 8
Higgins, 1965
Five New Butterflies Entomologist 98: 10-12
Huang, 2001
Report of H. Huang's 2000 Expedition to SE. Tibet for Rhopalocera Neue Entomologische Nachrichten, 51: 65-152
Hübner, 1804
Sammlung europäischer Schmetterlinge. I. Papiliones - Falter ("Erste Band") Samml. eur. Schmett. [1] : 3-74, : pl. 1-88, f. 1-446 (1799-1800), : pl. 89-96, f. 447-490 (1800-1803), : pl. 97-114, f. 491-588 (1803-1804), : pl. 115-119, f. 589-612 (1805), : pl. 120-124, f. 613-636 (1805-1806), : pl. 125-128, f. 637-652 (1806-1808), : pl. 129-144, f. 653-727 (1808-1813), : pl. 145-147, f. 728-741 (1814-1816), : pl. 148-150, f. 742-756 (1816-1817), : pl. 151, f. 757-762 (1818-1819), : pl. 152-154, f. 757-774 (1819-1822), : pl. 155, f. 775-778 (1822-1823), : pl. 156-161, f. 779-806 (1823), : pl. 162-175, f. 807-874 (1823-1824), : pl. 176, f. 869-874 (1824-1825), : pl. 177-181, f. 875-895 (1825-1826), : pl. 182-187, f. 896-981 (1827-1828), : pl. 188-195, f. 922-968 (1828-1832), : pl. 196, f. 969-974 (1832-1833), : pl. 197-201, f. 975-997 (1834-1836), : pl. 202-203, f. 998-1009 (1836-1838), : pl. 204-207, f. 1010-1029 (1837-1838)
Hübner, [1809]
Sammlung exotischer Schmetterlinge, Vol. 1 (1806 - [1819]) Samml. exot. Schmett. 1 : [1-4] (1807), : [5-12] (1807-1809), : [13-36] (1823-1824), : pl. [1-2], [5-8], [12], [15], [29], [47] (1806), : pl. [9], [11], [17], [21], [25-27], [32], [35], [43-44], [56], [60], [79], [102], [104], [116], [141], [148], [150-151], [155], [159], [200] (1807), : pl. [19], [39], [57], [73], [82], [114], [157], [167], [170], [173], [187] (1807), : pl. [3], [31], [37], [46], [54], [58], [62], [76], [84], [92], [95], [105], [112-113], [117], [137-138], [146], [154], [158], [180], [209] (1808), : pl. [16], [28], [65], [89], [142], [160], [162], [166], [182], [188], [193] (1809), : pl. [4], [22], [42], [53], [61], [88], [90], [97], [100], [107], [110], [118], [120], [140], [143], [149], [161], [171], [178], [184], [196], [202] (1809), : pl. [10], [18], [30], [41], [51], [80], [144], [172], [189] (1810), : pl. [36], [70], [87], [91], [101], [124], [129], [177], [183], [207], [210] (1811), : pl. [20], [38], [45], [55], [85], [98], [103], [108], [136], [139], [152-153], [156], [163], [179], [186], [190], [205-206] (1812), : pl. [13-14], [40], [48], [50], [67], [74], [86], [119], [121], [130], [135], [175-176], [197-199], [204], [212] (1813), : pl. [72], [75], [77-78], [83], [93], [109], [111], [115], [128], [131], [165], [174], [194] (1813), : pl. [24], [49], [52], [63-64], [66], [68-69], [71], [81], [123], [145], [181], [192] (1814), : pl. [126], [132-134], [168] (1815), : pl. [23], [96], [122], [125], [169], [195] (1816), : pl. [33], [99], [127], [187], [185], [213] (1817), : pl. [59], [106], [147], [164], [208], [211] (1818), : pl. [34], [94], [191], [201] (1819), : (Index Systematicus) [1-4] (1819 - April 1823)
Hübner, 1818
Zuträge zur Sammlung exotischer Schmettlinge, Vol. 1 [1808-] 1818 Zuträge Samml. exot. Schmett. 1 : [1-3], 4-6, [7], 8-32, [33-40] (post 22nd December 1818), : pl. [1-2], f. 1-12 (1808 - 1809), : pl. [3-25], f. 13-146 (1809 - 1813), : pl. [26-35], f. 147-200 (1814 - 1818)
Janson, 1877
Notes on Japanese Rhopalocera with the description of new species Cistula ent. 2 : 153-160
Johnson, 1991
Types of neotropical Theclinae (Lycaenidae) in the Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris J. Lep. Soc. 45 (2): 142-157
Kirby, 1871
A synonymic catalogue of the diurnal Lepidoptera Syn. Cat. diurn. Lep.: vii + 690pp : 1-690
Klots & Clench, 1952
A new species of Strymon grom Georgia (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae) Amer. Mus. Novit. 1600: 19pp, 3fgs
Krulikovsky, 1890
[russian: ? "experimental catalog of lepidoptera of Kazakh province"] Bull. Soc. imp. Nat. Moscou (n.s.) 4 (2) : 200-251, pl. 8
Kudrna & Belicek, 2005
The 'Wiener Verzeichnis', its authorship, publication date and some names proposed for butterflies therein Oedippus 23: 1-32
Leech, 1890
New species of Lepidoptera from China Entomologist 23 : 26-50, 81-83, : 109-114, : 187-192, pl. 1
Leech, 1891
New Species of Rhopalocera from Western China Entomologist 24 (Suppl.) : 57-61, 66-68
Leech, [1893]; Leech, 1894
Butterflies from China, Japan, and Corea Butts China Japan Corea (1): 1-297, pl. 1-28 (1892-1894), (2): 297-681, pl. 29-43 (1893-1894)
Linnaeus, 1758
Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Clases, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Symonymis, Locis. Tomis I. 10th Edition Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 1-338, : 339-824
Lukhtanov, 1995
Eine Übersicht über die Arten der Untergattung Satyrium (Superflua Strand, 1910) mit den Beschreibung einer neuen Art aus Südwestgissar, Usbekistan (Lepidoptera, Lycaenide, Theclinae) Nachr. ent. Ver. Apollo 16 (1): 47-58
Matsumoto, 2006
A new species of the genus Fixsenia TUTT (Lycaenidae) from Vietnam Futao (52): -
Matsumura, 1910
Lycaeniden Japans Ent. Zs. 23 (49): 217-218, (50): 221-222
Matsumura, 1919
Thousand Insects of Japan. Additamenta 3 [Shin Nihon senchu zukai] Thous. Ins. Japan. Addit. 3 : 475-742, pl. 26-53
Matsumura, 1927
Some new Butterflies Ins. Matsumurana 2 (2) : 114-118
Matsumura, 1929
New butterflies from Japan, Korea and Formosa Insecta Matsumurana 3 (2/3) : 87-107, pl. 4
McDunnough, 1942
A new Canadian Strymon (Lycaenidae, Lepidoptera) Can. Ent. 74 (1): 1
McDunnough, 1944
Two new races of Theclinae from southern British Columbia (Lepidoptera) Can. ent. 76 (9): 190-191
Michener & dos Passos, 1942
Taxonomic observations on some North American Strymon with descriptions of new subspecies Amer. mus. Novit. No. 1210: 7pp, 5fgs
Murayama, 1992
Some new Lycaenid species of Chinese Rhopalocera Nature & Ins. 27 (5) : 37-41
Nakamura, 1975
Description of two new species of butterflies (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) from the South Sinai J. Ent. (B) 44 (3): 283-295
Oberthür, 1886
Espèces Nouvelles de Lépidoptères du Thibet / Nouveaux Lépidoptères du Thibet Étud. d'Ent. 11 : 13-38, pl. 1-7
Oberthür, 1910
Notes pour servir à établir la Faune Française et Algérienne des Lépidoptères Ètud. Lépid. Comp. 4 : 15-691, pl. 35-58
Pfeiffer in Osthelder & Pfeiffer, 1932
Lepidopteren-Fauna von Marasch in türkisch Nordsyrien Mitt. Münch. Ent. Ges. 22 : 17-32, : 38-51, : 52-73, : 74, : 74-82, : 83-87
Pelham, 2008
A catalogue of the butterflies of the United States and Canada J. Res. Lepid. 40: 1-652
Pfeiffer, 1938
Notizen über persische Lycaenidae (Lepid.) II. Mitt. Münch. ent. Ges. 28 (2): 188-195, 1pl
Rebel, 1901
Ueber einige neue von Herrn Max Korb in Westasien gesammelte Lepidopterenformen Ann. Hofmus. Wien. 16 : 165-169
Riley, 1921
Some undescribed Rhopalocera from Mesopotamia and N. W. Persia; and other Notes Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (9) 8 (47) : 590-600
Riley, 1939
Notes on oriental Theclinae (Lepidopera, Lycaenidae) with description of new species Novit. zool. 41 (4) : 355-361
Robbins & Nicolay, 2002
An overview of Strymon Hübner (Lycaenidae: Theclinae: Eumaeini) J. Lepid. Soc. 55 (3): 85-100 (2001)
Saunders, 1869
Entomological notes Can. Ent. 1 (11) : 93-101
Scott, 1981
New Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea from North America Papilio (n.s.) 1: 1-12
Fisher in Scott, 1998
New western North American butterflies Papilio (n.s.) 11: 1-12
Kondla & Scott, 2006
Taxonomic studies and new taxa of North American butterflies Papilio (n.s.) 12: 1-74
Scudder, 1876
Synonymic list of the butterflies of North America, north of Mexico. (2) Rurales Bull. Buffalo Soc. nat. Sci. 3 : 98-129
Scudder, 1889
The Butterflies of the Eastern United States and Canada, with special reference to New England Butts eastern U.S. Canada 1: 1-766, 2: 767-1774, 3: 1775-1958, pl. 1-89
Seitz, 1908
Die Großschmetterlinge des Palaearktischen Faunengebietes. 1. Die Palaearktischen Tagfalter Gross-Schmett. Erde 1 : 1-379
Shirôzu, 1942
A new species of the genus Strymon Hübner from Formosa (Lycaenidae) Zephyrus 9 (2) : 73-75 (?1941)
Shirôzu, 1959
Some new Formosan butterflies Kontyû 27 (1) : 91-92
Shirôzu & Nanba, 1973
A new subspecies of Strymonidia iyonis OTA et KUSUNOKI from Honshu, Japan [in Japanese] Tyô to Ga 23 (3&4): 65-67
Staudinger, 1887
Neue Arten und Varietäten von Lepidopteren aus dem Amur-Gebiete in Romanoff, Mém. Lépid. 3 : 126-232, pl. 6-12, 16-17
Staudinger, 1892
Lepidopteren aus Tunis Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 5 (2) : 277-300
Staudinger, 1892
Die Macrolepidopteren des Amurgebiets. I. Theil. Rhopalocera, Sphinges, Bombyces, Noctuae in Romanoff, Mém. Lépid. 6 : 83-658, pl. 4-14
Staudinger, [1895]
Neue Lepidopteren-Arten und Varietäten aus dem paläarktischen Faunengebiet Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 7 (2) : 241-296 (1895)
Strand, 1910
Fünf neue gattungsnamen in Lepidoptera Ent. Rundsch. 27: 161-162
Strecker, [1878]
Lepidoptera, Rhopaloceres and Heteroceres, indigenous and exotic, with descriptions and colored illustrations Lep. Rhopal. Het. (1): 1-7, pl. 1 (1872), (2): 9-15, pl. 2 (1873), (3): 17-24, pl. 3 (1873), (4): 25-32, pl. 4 (1873), (5): 33-43, pl. 5 (1873), (6): 45-50, pl. 6 (1873), (7): 51-60, pl. 7 (1873), (8): 61-70, pl. 8 (1874), (9): 71-80, pl. 9 (1874), (10): 81-94, pl. 10 (1874), (11): 95-100, pl. 11 (1874), (12): 101-108, pl. 12 (1875), (13): 109-123, pl. 13 (1876), (14): 125-134, pl. 14 (1878), (15): 135-143, pl. 15 (1878)
Tutt, [1907]; Tutt, [1908]
A natural history of the British Lepidoptera. A text-book for students and collectors Nat. Hist. Br. Lepid. 9 : 1-495, pl. 1-28
Tutt, [1908]
Preoccupied Generic Names Ent. Rec. J. Var. 20 (6) : 143-144
Tytler, 1915
Notes on some new and interesting butterflies from Manipur and the Naga Hills. Part 1-3 J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 23 (2): 216-229 (1914), 23 (3): 502-515, pl. 1-2 (1915), 24 (1): 119-155, pl. 3-4 (1915)
Notes on some new and interesting butterflies from Manipur and the Naga Hills. Part 3
Watson & Comstock, 1920
Notes on American Lepidoptera with descriptions of new varieties Bull. Amer. Mus. 42 (10) : 449-455
Yoshino, 1999
New Butterflies from China 5 Neo Lepidoptera 4: 1-10
Zeller, 1847
Verzeichnis der vom Professor Dr. Loew in der Türkey und Asien gesammelten Lepidoptera Isis von Oken 1847 (1) : 3-39
Zerny, 1932
Lepidopteren aus dem nördlichen Libanon Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 46 : 157-191


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Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.