[HOME] [INDEXES] < Life < Insecta < Lepidoptera < Ditrysia < Papilionoidea < Lycaenidae < Theclinae
Iolaus Hübner, [1819]
Sapphires
Iolaus Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (6): 81, TS: Papilio eurisus Cramer
Epamera Druce, 1891; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 8 (44) : 139, TS: Iolaus sidus Trimen
Argiolaus Druce, 1891; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 8 (44) : 143, TS: Anops silas Westwood
Tanuetheira Druce, 1891; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 8 (44) : 148, TS: Papilio timon Fabricius
= ; [AfrL]
Trichiolaus Aurivillius, 1898; K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 31 (5) : 29, 317, TS: Hypolycaena mermeros Mabille
= ; [AfrL]
Aphniolaus Druce, [1903]; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1902 (2) : 117, TS: Myrina pallene Wallengren
Pseudiolaus Riley, 1928; Novit. zool. 34 : 392, TS: Pseudiolaus poultoni Riley
Iolaphilus Stempffer & Bennett, 1958; Bull. I.F.A.N. (A) 20 (4): 1298, 1253, TS: Iolaus menas Druce
Philiolaus Stempffer & Bennett, 1958; Bull. I.F.A.N. (A) 20 (4): 1336, TS: Iolaus parasilanus Rebel

Tannetheira ; Sharp, [1892], Zool. Rec. 28 (year 1891) (Ins): 205 (missp.)
Tanuetheira ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 374
Argiolaus ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 375
Iolaus ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 382
Epamera ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 382
Pseudiolaus (Iolaini) ; Eliot, 1973, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 437
Trichiolaus (Iolaini) ; Eliot, 1973, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 437
Tanuetheira (Iolaini) ; Eliot, 1973, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 437
Argiolaus (Iolaini) ; Eliot, 1973, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 437
Iolaphilus (Iolaini) ; Eliot, 1973, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 437
Philiolaus (Iolaini) ; Eliot, 1973, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 437
Aphniolaus (Iolaini) ; Eliot, 1973, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 437
Epamera (Iolaini) ; Eliot, 1973, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 437
Iolaus (Iolaini) ; Eliot, 1973, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 437; [BK, 191]
Iolaus (Iolaina) ; [AfrL]

Subgenus Iolaus Hübner, [1819]
Iolaus Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (6): 81, TS: Papilio eurisus Cramer
Iolaus (Iolaus) ; [BK, 192]; [AfrL]

Iolaus eurisus (Cramer, [1780])
-. See [About maps] Papilio eurisus Cramer, [1780]; Uitl. Kapellen 3 (17-21): 4, pl. 221, f. D, E
Iolaus eurisus ; Hewitson, 1865, Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (2): 40; Hewitson, 1869, Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (4): (Suppl.) 9, pl. 4, f. 31-32
Iolaus (Iolaus) eurisus ; [AfrL]
Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Cameroun, Fernando Póo, Gabon - Zaire (Kibu) Iolaus eurisus eurisus ; [BAFR, 497]
Iolaus (Iolaus) eurisus eurisus ; [AfrL]
I. e. helius (Fabricius, 1781)
Ivory Coast, Senegal helius (Fabricius, 1781) (Papilio)
Iolaus eurisus helius ; [BAFR, 497 (text)]
Iolaus (Iolaus) eurisus helius ; [AfrL]
I. e. vexillarius Clench, 1965
Gabon, Cameroun, Nigeria, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Guinea, Senegal Iolaus vexillarius Clench, 1965; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 72: (237-244), TL: Btanga, Cameroun
Iolaus vexillarius ; [BAFR, 497 (text)]
Iolaus (Iolaus) eurisus vexillarius ; [AfrL]

Iolaus bolissus Hewitson, 1873
-. See [About maps] Iolaus bolissus Hewitson, 1873; Ent. mon. Mag. 10 : 123, TL: West Africa (Congo)
Iolaus bolissus ; Hewitson, 1878, Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (8): (Suppl.) 28, pl. 4a, f. 48-49
Iolaus (Iolaus) bolissus ; [AfrL]
Zaire, Congo Republic, Gabon Iolaus bolissus bolissus ; [BAFR, 497 (text)]
Iolaus (Iolaus) bolissus bolissus ; [AfrL]
I. b. aurora Clench, 1965
Uganda, W.Kenya Iolaus bolissus aurora Clench, 1965; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 72: (237-244), TL: Kyondo, Queen Elizabeth Park, Uganda
Iolaus bolissus aurora ; [BK: 192, pl. 17, f. 209]; [BAFR, 497]
Iolaus (Iolaus) bolissus aurora ; [AfrL]

Larva on Loranthus woodfordii [BK]

I. b. azureus Clench, 1965
Liberia, Cameroun Iolaus bolissus azureus Clench, 1965; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 72: (237-244), TL: Metet, Cameroun
Iolaus bolissus azureus ; [BAFR, 497 (text)]
Iolaus (Iolaus) bolissus azureus ; [AfrL]

Iolaus carina Hewitson, 1873
Gabon. See [About maps] Iolaus carina Hewitson, 1873; Ent. mon. Mag. 10 : 122, TL: West Africa
Iolaus carina ; Hewitson, 1878, Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (8): (Suppl.) 28, pl. 4a, f. 52-54; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 382; [BAFR, 497]
Iolaus (Iolaus) carina ; [AfrL]

Iolaus bilineata Bethune-Baker, 1908
Zaire (Makala). See [About maps] Iolaus bilineata ; [BAFR, 497 (text)]
Iolaus (Iolaus) bilineata ; [AfrL]

Subgenus Epamera Druce, 1891
Epamera Druce, 1891; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 8 (44) : 139, TS: Iolaus sidus Trimen
Epamera (Iolaus) ; [BK, 192]; [AfrL]

Iolaus sidus Trimen, 1864
E.Cape - Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe - Kenya, Uganda. See [About maps] Red-line Sapphire Blue
Iolaus sidus Trimen, 1864; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. (3) 2 : 176
Iolaus sidus ; Hewitson, 1865, Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (2): 41, pl. 20, f. 25
Epamera sidus ; [EBW]; [BAFR, 497]
Iolaus sidus ; [BK: 192, pl. 17, f. 210]
Iolaus (Epamera) sidus ; [AfrL]

Larva on Loranthus elegans, L. woodfordioides, L. quinquenervius, L. oleaefolius, L. kraussiana [PBSA]


Iolaus silanus Grose-Smith, 1889
-. See [About maps] Three-Tailed Sapphire
Iolaus silanus Grose-Smith, 1889; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 3 (14) : 137
Iolaus (Epamera) silanus ; [AfrL]
E.Kenya, Tanzania Epamera silanus silanus
Epamera silanus silanus ; [BAFR, 497]
Iolaus silanus silanus ; [BK: 195, pl. 18, f. 221]
Iolaus (Epamera) silanus silanus ; [AfrL]
I. s. alticola (Stempffer, 1961)
NE.Tanzania (Usambara Mts) Epamera silanus alticola ; [BAFR, 497]
Iolaus (Epamera) silanus alticola ; [AfrL]
I. s. silenus (Hawker-Smith, 1928)
SE.Zaire Epamera silanus silenus ; [BAFR, 498]
Iolaus (Epamera) silanus silenus ; [AfrL]
I. s. rondo (Congdon & Collins, 1998)
Iolaus (Epamera) silanus rondo ; [AfrL]
I. s. zanzibarica (Congdon & Collins, 1998)
Iolaus (Epamera) silanus zanzibarica ; [AfrL]

Iolaus aemulus Trimen, 1895
Cape - E.Kenya (coastal). See [About maps] Short-Barred Sapphire
Iolaus aemulus Trimen, 1895; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1895 (2) : 192
Iolaus (Epamera) aemulus ; [AfrL]

Larva on Loranthus quinquenervius [PBSA]

E.Cape, Natal Epamera aemulus aemulus
Epamera aemulus aemulus ; [BAFR, 498]

Iolaus apatosa (Stempffer, 1952)
coastal (E.Kenya, E.Tanzania). See [About maps] Epamera aemulus apatosa ; [BAFR, 498]
Iolaus aemulus apatosa ; [BK: 192, pl. 17, f. 211]
Iolaus (Epamera) apatosa ; [AfrL]

Iolaus penningtoni (Stempffer & Bennett, 1959)
Rhodesia (Odyi R.). See [About maps] Epamera penningtoni Stempffer & Bennett, 1959; Bull. I.F.A.N. (A) 21 (1): 312, TL: Hot Springs, Odyi R., E.Rhodesia
Epamera penningtoni ; [BAFR, 498 (text)]
Iolaus (Epamera) penningtoni ; [AfrL]

Iolaus aphnaeoides Trimen, 1873
Cape. See [About maps] Iolaus aphnaeoides Trimen, 1873; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1873 (2) : 110, TL: Grahamstown
Iolaus aphnaeoides ; Hewitson, 1878, Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (8): (Suppl.) 28, pl. 4a, f. 50-51
Epamera aphnaeoides ; [EBW]
Iolaus (Epamera) aphnaeoides ; [AfrL]

Larva on Loranthus prunifolius, L. wyliei? [PBSA]

E.Cape, Natal, Transvaal, Mozambique, Rhodesia, Malawi, Zambia, S.Zaire (Shaba) Epamera aphnaeoides aphnaeoides
Epamera aphnaeoides aphnaeoides ; [BAFR, 498]

Iolaus mafugae (Stempffer & Bennett, 1959)
SW.Uganda. See [About maps] Epamera aphnaeoides mafugae ; [BAFR, 498 (text)]
Iolaus (Epamera) mafugae ; [AfrL]

Iolaus aethes Clench, 1965
Cameroun. See [About maps] Iolaus aphnaeoides aethes Clench, 1965; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 72: (237-244), TL: Efulen, Cameroun
Epamera aphnaeoides aethes ; [BAFR, 498 (text)]
Iolaus (Epamera) aethes ; [AfrL]

Iolaus nasisii (Riley, 1928)
W.Kenya, Uganda. See [About maps] Nasisi Sapphire
Epamera aphnaeoides nasisii Riley, 1928; Novit. zool. 34 : 391, pl. 10, 11, f. 26, TL: Nasisi Hills, 20 mil N of Munias, Kenya Colony, 4800ft
Epamera aphnaeoides nasisii ; [BAFR, 498 (text)]
Iolaus nasisii ; [BK: 193, pl. 17, f. 213]
Iolaus (Epamera) nasisii ; [AfrL]

Larva on Loranthus wyliei, L. glaucus? [PBSA]


Iolaus diametra Karsch, 1895
Cape - Ethiopia. See [About maps] Yellow-Banded Sapphire
Iolaus (Epamera) diametra ; [AfrL]
N.Tanzania, E.Kenya, S.Ethiopia Iolaus diametra diametra ; [BK: 193, pl. 17, f. 212]
Epamera aphnaeoides diametra ; [BAFR, 498]
Iolaus (Epamera) diametra diametra ; [AfrL]
I. d. natalica Vári, 1976
Natal Iolaus diametra natalica Vári, 1976; Ann. Transv. Mus. 30 (13) : 132
Iolaus (Epamera) diametra natalica ; [AfrL]

Larva on Loranthus wyliei [PBSA]

I. d. littoralis (Congdon & Collins, 1998)
Iolaus (Epamera) diametra littoralis ; [AfrL]
I. d. zanzibarensis (Congdon & Collins, 1998)
Iolaus (Epamera) diametra zanzibarensis ; [AfrL]

Iolaus jacksoni (Stempffer, 1950)
W.Kenya. See [About maps] Jackson's Sapphire
Epamera jacksoni ; [BAFR, 498]
Iolaus jacksoni ; [BK: 194, pl. 18, f. 217]
Iolaus (Epamera) jacksoni ; [AfrL]

Iolaus nursei Butler, 1896
S.Arabia. See [About maps] Iolaus nursei Butler, 1896; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1896 : 251, pl. 10, f. 16, TL: Shaik Othman
Epamera nursei ; [BAFR, 498]
Iolaus nursei ; [BK, 194 (note)]
Iolaus (Epamera) nursei ; [AfrL]

Iolaus obscurus Aurivillius, 1923
South West Africa. See [About maps] Iolaus obscurus Aurivillius, 1923; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 13 : 406
Epamera obscura ; [BAFR, 498]
Iolaus (Epamera) obscurus ; [AfrL]

Larva on Loranthus [PBSA]


Iolaus tajoraca Walker, 1870
-. See [About maps] Iolaus tajoraca ; [BK: 194, pl. 18, f. 216]
Iolaus (Epamera) tajoraca ; [AfrL]

Larva on Loranthus curviflora [BK]

Somalia, Ethiopia, Kenya, E.Uganda Epamera tajoraca tajoraca
Epamera tajoraca tajoraca ; [BAFR, 499 (text)]
Iolaus tajoraca tajoraca ; [BK, 194 (note)]
Iolaus (Epamera) tajoraca tajoraca ; [AfrL]
I. t. ertli Aurivillius, 1916
SE.Kenya, Tanzania Epamera tajoraca ertli ; [BAFR, 499]
Iolaus tajoraca ertli ; [BK, 194 (note)]
Iolaus (Epamera) tajoraca ertli ; [AfrL]

Iolaus dubiosa (Stempffer & Bennett, 1959)
NE.Tanzania (Usambara Mts.), N.Zambia. See [About maps] Epamera dubiosa ; [BAFR, 499]
Iolaus (Epamera) dubiosa ; [AfrL]

Iolaus arborifera (Butler, 1901)
highland (Kenya). See [About maps] Epamera arborifera ; [BAFR, 499]
Iolaus arborifera ; [BK: 193, pl. 17, f. 214]
Iolaus (Epamera) arborifera ; [AfrL]

Larva on Loranthus woodfordii [BK]


Iolaus mimosae Trimen, 1874
-. See [About maps] Mimosa Sapphire
Iolaus mimosae Trimen, 1874; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1874 (3) : 330
Iolaus mimosae ; [BK: 193, pl. 17, f. 215]
Iolaus (Epamera) mimosae ; [AfrL]

Larva on Loranthus spp., L. elegans, (on Acacia) [PBSA] Loranthus curviflora [BK]

E.Cape Epamera mimosae mimosae
Epamera mimosae mimosae ; [BAFR, 499]
Iolaus (Epamera) mimosae mimosae ; [AfrL]
I. m. rhodosense (Stempffer & Bennett, 1959)
Transvaal, Natal - Rhodesia, Malawi, Tanzania, E.Kenya mimosae rhodosense (Stempffer & Bennett, 1959); Bull. I.F.A.N. (A) 21 (1): 237
Epamera mimosae rhodosense ; [BAFR, 499 (text)]
Iolaus mimosae rhodosense ; [BK, 194 (note)]
Iolaus (Epamera) mimosae rhodosense ; [AfrL]
I. m. haemus (Talbot, 1935)
NW.Kenya, E.Uganda Iolaus mimosae haemus ; [BK, 194 (note)]
Epamera mimosae haemus ; [BAFR, 499 (text)]
Iolaus (Epamera) mimosae haemus ; [AfrL]
I. m. berbera (Bethune-Baker, 1924)
Somalia, Ethiopia Epamera mimosae berbera ; [BAFR, 499 (text)]
Iolaus (Epamera) mimosae berbera ; [AfrL]
I. m. pamelae (Dickson, 1976)
South West Africa Epamera mimosae pamelae Dickson, 1976; Ent. Rec. J. Var. 88 (11): 278
Iolaus (Epamera) mimosae pamelae ; [AfrL]

Iolaus umbrosa (Butler, [1886])
-. See [About maps] Hypolycaena umbrosa Butler, [1886]; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1885 (4) : 766, pl. 47, f. 6, TL: Somalia
Iolaus (Epamera) umbrosa ; [AfrL]
S.Somalia, E.Kenya Iolaus umbrosa umbrosa ; [BK: 195, pl. 18, f. 219]
Epamera umbrosa umbrosa ; [BAFR, 499]

Iolaus sudanicus Aurivillius, 1905
Ethiopia, Sudan. See [About maps] Iolaus sudanicus Aurivillius, 1905; Ark. Zool. 2 (12) : 15 (preocc. Iolaus umbrosa sudanica Butler ?)
?sudanica ??Butler²
?Epamera umbrosa sudanica ; [BAFR, 499 (text)]
Iolaus (Epamera) sudanicus ; [AfrL]

Iolaus glaucus Butler, [1886]
-. See [About maps] Iolaus glaucus Butler, [1886]; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1885 (4) : 766, TL: Somalia
Iolaus (Epamera) glaucus ; [AfrL]
Somalia, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Hadhramaut, Yemen Epamera glaucus glaucus
Epamera glaucus glaucus ; [BAFR, 499]
Jordan, Israel Epamera glaucus jordanus ; [BAFR, 499 (text)]
Epamera jordanus ; [BOW: pl. 205, f. 24]

Iolaus alienus (Trimen, 1898)
-. See [About maps] Brown-Line Sapphire
Epamera alienus Trimen, 1898; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1898 (1) : 10 [?Iolaus]
Iolaus (Epamera) alienus ; [AfrL]

Larva on Loranthus spp. [PBSA]

Natal, Transvaal - Mozambique, Rhodesia, Zambia, Malawi, S.Tanzania Epamera alienus alienus
Epamera alienus alienus ; [BAFR, 499]
Iolaus (Epamera) alienus alienus ; [AfrL]
I. a. bicaudatus Aurivillius, 1905
N.Cameroun, N.Nigeria, Upper Volta Epamera alienus bicaudatus ; [BAFR, 499]
Iolaus (Epamera) alienus bicaudatus ; [AfrL]
I. a. ugandae Stempffer, 1953
Kenya, Uganda, S.Sudan Iolaus alienus ugandae ; [BK: 195, pl. 18, f. 220]
Epamera alienus ugandae ; [BAFR, 499 (text)]
Iolaus (Epamera) alienus ugandae ; [AfrL]
I. a. sophiae Henning & Henning, 1991
Iolaus (Epamera) alienus sophiae ; [AfrL]

Iolaus scintillans Aurivillius, 1905
Senegal, N.Nigeria, Cameroun, Sudan, Uganda. See [About maps] Epamera scintillans ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 389; [BAFR, 500]
Iolaus (Epamera) scintillans ; [AfrL]

Iolaus australis Stevenson, 1937
Rhodesia. See [About maps] Iolaus scintillans australis Stevenson, 1937; Occ. Pap. Rhod. Mus. 1 (6): 24
Epamera australis ; [BAFR, 500]
Iolaus (Epamera) australis ; [AfrL]

Iolaus handmani (Gifford, 1965)
S.Malawi. See [About maps] handmani (Gifford, 1965); , TL: Mitsidi Hill, Blantyre, S.Malawi
Epamera handmani ; [BAFR, 500 (text)]
Iolaus (Epamera) handmani ; [AfrL]

Iolaus farquharsoni (Bethune-Baker, 1922)
Nigeria, Cameroun, Uganda. See [About maps] Epamera farquharsoni ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 385; [BAFR, 500]
Iolaus (Epamera) farquharsoni ; [AfrL]

Iolaus laon Hewitson, 1878
Liberia - SW.Nigeria. See [About maps] Iolaus laon Hewitson, 1878; IDL#: (Suppl.) 28, pl. 4a, f. 46-47, TL: Gold Coast
Iolaus adamsi Lathy, 1903; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1903 (2) : 199, TL: Nigeria
= ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 383
Jolaus emma Suffert, 1904; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 69, TL: Bismarckburg, Togo
= ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 383
Epamera laon ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 383; [BAFR, 500]
Iolaus (Epamera) laon ; [AfrL]

Iolaus coelestis Bethune-Baker, 1926
Ivory Coast - Cameroun, Congo Republic, W.Zaire. See [About maps] Iolaus coelestis Bethune-Baker, 1926; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (9) 17 : 394, TL: Cameroons
= Epamera laon ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 383
Epamera coelestis ; [BAFR, 500]
Iolaus (Epamera) coelestis ; [AfrL]

Iolaus moyambina (Stempffer & Bennett, 1959)
Sierra Leone, Liberia, Congo Republic. See [About maps] Epamera moyambina ; [BAFR, 500]
Iolaus (Epamera) moyambina ; [AfrL]

Iolaus stenogrammica (Riley, 1928)
Uganda, NE.Zaire (Epulu, Ituri). See [About maps] Epamera laon stenogrammica Riley, 1928; Novit. zool. 34 : 384, pl. 10, 11, f. 13, TL: Uganda, N.W. shores Victoria Nyanza
Iolaus (Epamera) stenogrammica ; [AfrL]
Epamera stenogrammica ; [BAFR, 500]

Iolaus kelle Stempffer, 1967
Congo Republic. See [About maps] Epamera kelle ; [BAFR, 500 (text)]
Iolaus (Epamera) kelle ; [AfrL]

Iolaus pollux Aurivillius, 1895
-. See [About maps] Jolaus (Epamera) pollux Aurivillius, 1895; Ent. Tidskr. 16 : 213, TL: N'Dian
Iolaus (Epamera) pollux ; [AfrL]
S.Nigeria - Cameroun, Gabon, Congo Republic Epamera pollux pollux
Epamera pollux pollux ; [BAFR, 500]
Iolaus (Epamera) pollux pollux ; [AfrL]
I. p. oberthueri (Riley, 1929)
Ivory Coast, Liberia Epamera pollux oberthueri ; [BAFR, 500 (text)]
Iolaus (Epamera) pollux oberthueri ; [AfrL]
I. p. albocaerulea (Riley, 1929)
Uganda, E.Zaire Epamera pollux albocaerulea ; [BAFR, 500 (text)]
Iolaus (Epamera) pollux albocaerulea ; [AfrL]

Iolaus pseudopollux Stempffer, 1962
SW.Uganda. See [About maps] Epamera pseudopollux ; [BAFR, 501]
Iolaus (Epamera) pseudopollux ; [AfrL]

Iolaus flavilinea (Riley, 1928)
Cameroun (Bitje R.), W.Uganda (Kigezi). See [About maps] Epamera flavilinea Riley, 1928; Novit. zool. 34 : 389, pl. 10, 11, f. 22, TL: Bitje, Ja River
Epamera flavilinea ; [BAFR, 501]
Iolaus (Epamera) flavilinea ; [AfrL]

Iolaus neavei (Druce, 1910)
-. See [About maps] Epamera neavei Druce, 1910; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1910 (1) : 371, pl. 35, f. 4, TL: Bitje, Ja river, Cameroons
Iolaus (Epamera) neavei ; [AfrL]
Nigeria, Cameroun, Congo Republic, Zaire Epamera neavei neavei
Epamera neavei neavei ; [BAFR, 501]
Iolaus (Epamera) neavei neavei ; [AfrL]
I. n. katera Talbot, 1937
W shore of Lake Victoria, W.Uganda (Bwamba) Epamera neavei katera ; [BAFR, 501 (text)]
Iolaus (Epamera) neavei katera ; [AfrL]

Iolaus longicauda (Stempffer & Bennett, 1959)
SE.Nigeria (Ogoja). See [About maps] longicauda (Stempffer & Bennett, 1959); , TL: Ikom, Ogoja Province, Nigeria
Epamera longicauda ; [BAFR, 501]
Iolaus (Epamera) longicauda ; [AfrL]
Iolaus (Epamera) longicauda longicauda ; [AfrL]
I. l. haydoni Collins & Larsen, 2000
Iolaus (Epamera) longicauda haydoni ; [AfrL]

Iolaus aurivillii Röber, 1900
Nigeria - Cameroun - Zaire, Uganda, W.Kenya. See [About maps] Jolaus aurivillii Röber, 1900; Ent. Nachr. 26 (13) : 204 (repl. Iolaus sapphirinus Aurivillius, 1897), TL: Ogove R.
Iolaus (Epamera) sapphirinus Aurivillius, 1898; Ent. Tidskr. 18 : 218 (preocc. Jolaus sapphirinus Röber, 1877), TL: Ogove R.
Iolaus sapphirinus ; [BK: 195, pl. 18, f. 222]
Epamera sapphirinus ; [BAFR, 501]
Iolaus (Epamera) aurivillii ; [AfrL]

Iolaus sappirus (Druce, 1902)
Sierra Leoen - Nigeria, Congo Republic, E.Zaire. See [About maps] Epamera sappirus ; [BAFR, 501]
Iolaus (Epamera) sappirus ; [AfrL]

Iolaus gemmarius (Druce, 1910)
S.Nigeria, Cameroun. See [About maps] Epamera gemmarius Druce, 1910; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1910 (1) : 372, pl. 35, f. 3, TL: Bitje, Ja river, Cameroons
Epamera gemmarius ; [BAFR, 501]
Iolaus (Epamera) gemmarius ; [AfrL]

Iolaus bellina (Plötz, 1880)
-. See [About maps] Hypolycaena bellina Plötz, 1880; Stettin ent. Ztg 41 (4-6): 200, TL: Aburi
Iolaus iaspis Druce, 1890; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 5 (25) : 30, TL: W.Africa, Addah
= ; [NHM]
Epamera bellina ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 388
Iolaus (Epamera) bellina ; [AfrL]
Sierra Leone - Cameroun, Gabon, Congo Republic, Zaire Epamera bellina bellina
Epamera bellina bellina ; [BAFR, 501]
Iolaus (Epamera) bellina bellina ; [AfrL]
I. b. exquisita (Riley, 1928)
Uganda, E.Zaire Epamera bellina exquisita Riley, 1928; Novit. zool. 34 : 388, pl. 10, 11, f. 14, TL: Uganda, SE. Buddu, Tero Forest, 3800ft
Epamera bellina exquisita ; [BAFR, 501 (text)]
Iolaus (Epamera) bellina exquisita ; [AfrL]
I. b. maris (Riley, 1928)
São Tomé I. Epamera bellina maris Riley, 1928; Novit. zool. 34 : 388, pl. 10, 11, f. 15, TL: San Thomé
Epamera bellina maris ; [BAFR, 501 (text)]
Iolaus (Epamera) bellina maris ; [AfrL]

Iolaus sciophilus Schultze, 1916
Cameroun, S.Nigeria. See [About maps] Iolaus sciophilus Schultze, 1916; Archiv Naturg. 81 A (7) (7): 165, TL: Kamerun
Epamera sciophilus ; [BAFR, 502]
Iolaus (Epamera) sciophilus ; [AfrL]

Iolaus cytaeis Hewitson, 1875
-. See [About maps] Iolaus cytaeis Hewitson, 1875; Ent. mon. Mag. 11 : 182
Iolaus cyteis[sic] ; Hewitson, 1878, Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (8): (Suppl.) 29, pl. 4a, f. 55-56
Epamera cytaeis ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 390
Iolaus (Epamera) cytaeis ; [AfrL]
Nigeria, Fernando Póo, Gabon, Congo Republic, Zaire Epamera cytaeis cytaeis ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 390; [BAFR, 502]
Iolaus (Epamera) cytaeis cytaeis ; [AfrL]
I. c. caerulea (Riley, 1928)
Zaire (Kananga) Epamera cytaeis caerulea Riley, 1928; Novit. zool. 34 : 390, pl. 10, 11, f. 23, TL: Kassai distr., Belgian Congo
Epamera cytaeis caerulea ; [BAFR, 502 (text)]
Iolaus (Epamera) cytaeis caerulea ; [AfrL]

Iolaus leonis (Riley, 1928)
Sierra Leone, Liberia. See [About maps] Epamera cytaeis leonis Riley, 1928; Novit. zool. 34 : 390, pl. 10, 11, f. 24, TL: Moyamba, Sierra Leoneo
Epamera cytaeis leonis ; [BAFR, 502]
Iolaus (Epamera) leonis ; [AfrL]

Iolaus nolaensis (Stempffer, 1951)
-. See [About maps] nolaensis (Stempffer, 1951); , TL: Nola, Ubangi/Upper Sangha R., Congo Republic
Iolaus (Epamera) nolaensis ; [AfrL]
Congo Republic (Ubangi) Epamera nolaensis nolaensis
Epamera nolaensis nolaensis ; [BAFR, 502 (text)]
Iolaus (Epamera) nolaensis nolaensis ; [AfrL]
I. n. amanica (Stempffer, 1951)
NE.Tanzania (Usambara Mts.) Iolaus (Epamera) nolaensis amanica ; [AfrL]
Epamera nolaensis amanica ; [BAFR, 502]

Iolaus fontainei (Stempffer, 1956)
Sierra Leone - Nigeria, Congo Republic, Zaire, Uganda. See [About maps] Epamera fontainei ; [BAFR, 502]
Iolaus (Epamera) fontainei ; [AfrL]

Iolaus frater (Joicey & Talbot, 1921)
-. See [About maps] Epamera frater Joicey & Talbot, 1921; Bull. Hill Mus. 1 (1) : 92, pl. 15, f. 68-69
Iolaus (Epamera) frater ; [AfrL]
Zaire, Congo Republic Epamera frater frater
Epamera frater frater ; [BAFR, 502]
Iolaus (Epamera) frater frater ; [AfrL]
I. f. kumboae (Bethune-Baker, 1926)
Nigeria, Fernando Póo Epamera hemicyanus kumboae ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 385
Iolaus (Epamera) frater kumboae ; [AfrL]
Epamera frater kumboae ; [BAFR, 502 (text)]
I. f. kamerunica (Riley, 1928)
Cameroun Epamera hemicyanus kamerunica Riley, 1928; Novit. zool. 34 : 385, pl. 10, 11, f. 16, TL: Bitje on the Ja River
Epamera frater camerunica[sic, recte kamerunica] ; [BAFR, 502 (text)]
Iolaus (Epamera) frater kamerunica ; [AfrL]

Iolaus pseudofrater Stempffer, 1962
SW.Uganda (Kigezi). See [About maps] Epamera pseudofrater ; [BAFR, 502]
Iolaus (Epamera) pseudofrater ; [AfrL]

Iolaus mongiro Stempffer, 1969
W.Uganda (Mongiro). See [About maps] Epamera mongiro ; [BAFR, 502 (text)]
Iolaus (Epamera) mongiro ; [AfrL]

Iolaus bansana Bethune-Baker, 1926
-. See [About maps] Iolaus bansana ; [BK, 196 (note)]
Iolaus (Epamera) bansana ; [AfrL]
W.Cameroun (Banso Mts.) Epamera bansana bansana
Epamera bansana bansana ; [BAFR, 503]
Iolaus (Epamera) bansana bansana ; [AfrL]
I. b. yalae (Riley, 1928)
E.Uganda, W.Kenya Yala Sapphire
Epamera bansana yalae Riley, 1928; Novit. zool. 34 : 385, pl. 10, 11, f. 17, 18, TL: Kenya Colony, Yala R., S. edge of Kakumga Forest, 4800-5300
Epamera bansana yalae ; [BAFR, 503]
Iolaus yalae ; [BK: 195, pl. 18, f. 223]
Iolaus (Epamera) bansana yalae ; [AfrL]

Larva on Loranthus [BK]


Iolaus hemicyanus Sharpe, 1904
-. See [About maps] Epamera hemicyanus ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 384
Iolaus (Epamera) hemicyanus ; [AfrL]
Uganda, W.Kenya Epamera hemicyanus hemicyanus ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 384; [BAFR, 503]
Iolaus hemicyanus hemicyanus ; [BK: 196, pl. 18, f. 224]
Iolaus (Epamera) hemicyanus hemicyanus ; [AfrL]
I. h. barbara Suffert, 1904
Cameroun, Fernando Póo Jolaus barbara Suffert, 1904; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 62, TL: Victoria, Camerun
Jolaus mildbraedi Schultze, 1912; Ent. Rundsch. 29 (14) : 93, TL: Molunda
Epamera yokoana Bethune-Baker, 1926; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (9) 17 : 396
= Epamera barbara mildbraedi ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 391
Epamera barbara milbraedi ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 391
mildbraedi ; Stempffer & Bennett, 1959
Epamera barbara ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 391
Epamera hemicyanus barbara ; [BAFR, 503 (text)]
Iolaus (Epamera) hemicyanus barbara ; [AfrL]
I. h. barnsi (Joicey & Talbot, 1921)
Zaire, Congo Republic Epamera barnsi Joicey & Talbot, 1921; Bull. Hill Mus. 1 (1) : 92, pl. 15, f. 66-67, TL: Bafwaboli, Tshopo River
Epamera barbara barnsi ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 391
Epamera hemicyanus barnsi ; [BAFR, 503]
Iolaus (Epamera) hemicyanus barnsi ; [AfrL]

Iolaus aethria Karsch, 1893
Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroun, Fernando Póo. See [About maps] Epamera mirabilis Druce, 1903
= ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 390
Epamera aethria ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 390, pl. 10, 11, f. 25 ♀; [BAFR, 503]
Iolaus (Epamera) aethria ; [AfrL]

Iolaus violacea (Riley, 1928)
Angola, S.Zaire, Rhodesia, Zambia, Malawi, Tanzania (Ukerewe I.), W.Mozambique?. See [About maps] Epamera violacea Riley, 1928; Novit. zool. 34 : 386, pl. 10, 11, f. 19-20, TL: Angola, Pungo Andongo; Belgian Congo, Tanganyika Distr, M'pala ?
Epamera violacea ; [BAFR, 503]
Iolaus (Epamera) violacea ; [AfrL]

Iolaus mermis (Druce, 1896)
NE.Tanzania, E.Kenya (coast). See [About maps] Epamera mermis Druce, 1896; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 17 (100) : 285, TL: Dar-es-Salaam
Epamera mermis ; [BAFR, 503]
Iolaus mermis ; [BK: 196, pl. 18, f. 225]
Iolaus (Epamera) mermis ; [AfrL]

Iolaus agnes Aurivillius, 1898
Nigeria, Cameroun, Congo Republic, Zaire. See [About maps] Iolaus (Epamera) agnes Aurivillius, 1898; Ent. Tidskr. 18 : 219, TL: Cameroun
Epamera agnes ; [BAFR, 503]
Iolaus (Epamera) agnes ; [AfrL]

Iolaus bakeri (Riley, 1928)
Rhodesia, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia, Zaire (Shaba, Kivu). See [About maps] Epamera bakeri Riley, 1928; Novit. zool. 34 : 388, pl. 10, 11, f. 21, TL: Port. E. Africa, valley of Kola River, near Mt. Chiperone, 1500-2000ft
Epamera bakeri ; [BAFR, 503]
Iolaus (Epamera) bakeri ; [AfrL]

Iolaus iasis Hewitson, 1865
-. See [About maps] Iolaus iasis Hewitson, 1865; Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (2): 42, pl. 19, f. 11-12
Epamera iasis ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 384
Iolaus (Epamera) iasis ; [AfrL]
Senegal - Cameroun, Gabon, Angola Epamera iasis iasis
Epamera iasis iasis ; [BAFR, 503]
Iolaus (Epamera) iasis iasis ; [AfrL]
I. i. albomaculatus Sharpe, 1904
Uganda, W.Kenya Iolaus iasis albomaculatus ; [BK: 196, pl. 18, f. 226]
Epamera iasis albomaculata ; [BAFR, 503 (text)]
Iolaus (Epamera) iasis albomaculatus ; [AfrL]

Larva on Loranthus [BK]


Iolaus sibella (Druce, 1910)
Sierra Leone - Gabon, Zaire, Uganda, W.Kenya. See [About maps] Epamera sibella Druce, 1910; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1910 (1) : 372, pl. 35, f. 2, TL: Bitje, Ja river, Cameroons
Iolaus sibella ; [BK: 196, pl. 18, f. 227]
Epamera sibella ; [BAFR, 504]
Iolaus (Epamera) sibella ; [AfrL]

?Iolaus belli Hewitson, 1869
Sierra Leone (Sherbro I.). See [About maps] Iolaus belli Hewitson, 1869; Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (4): (Suppl.) 9, pl. 4, f. 33-34, TL: Sherborough Island
Epamera belli ; [BAFR, 504 (text)]

Iolaus maesa (Hewitson, 1863)
Sierra Leone - Nigeria, Congo Republic?, Uganda?. See [About maps] Myrina maesa Hewitson, 1863; Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (1): 27, pl. 11, f. 4-5, TL: Sierra Leone
Epamera maesa ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 382, pl. 10, 11, f. 12; [BAFR, 504]
Iolaus (Epamera) maesa ; [AfrL]

Iolaus banco Stempffer, 1966
Ivory Coast. See [About maps] Epamera banco ; [BAFR, 504 (text)]
Iolaus (Epamera) banco ; [AfrL]

Iolaus creta (Hewitson, 1878)
S.Nigeria - Cameroun, Gabon, Congo Republic, Zaire, W.Uganda (Bwamba). See [About maps] Myrina creta Hewitson, 1878; Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (8): (Suppl.) 24, pl. 3b, f. 99-100, TL: Congo
Epamera fuscomarginata Joicey & Talbot, 1921; Bull. Hill Mus. 1 (1) : 91, pl. 15, f. 70-71, TL: Bafwaboli, Tshope River
= ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 389
Epamera creta ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 389; [BAFR, 504]
Iolaus (Epamera) creta ; [AfrL]

 

Iolaus bamptoni (Congdon & Collins, 1998)
Iolaus (Epamera) bamptoni ; [AfrL]

Iolaus congdoni (Kielland, 1985)
Iolaus (Epamera) congdoni ; [AfrL]

Iolaus djaloni Collins & Larsen, 1998
Iolaus (Epamera) djaloni ; [AfrL]

Iolaus helenae Henning & Henning, 1989
Iolaus (Epamera) helenae ; [AfrL]

Iolaus normani (Larsen, 1986)
Iolaus (Epamera) normani ; [AfrL]
I. n. meamui Collins & Larsen, 2005
Iolaus (Epamera) normani meamui ; [AfrL]
I. n. normani (Larsen, 1986)
Iolaus (Epamera) normani normani ; [AfrL]

Subgenus Aphniolaus Druce, 1902
Aphniolaus Druce, 1902; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1902 (2) : 117, TS: Myrina pallene Wallengren
Aphniolaus (Iolaus) ; [BK, 197]; [AfrL]

Iolaus pallene (Wallengren, 1857)
Natal - S.Sudan, Angola, S.Zaire (Shaba), Kenya, S.Sudan. See [About maps] Saffron Sapphire
Myrina pallene Wallengren, 1857; K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 2 (4) : 36
Myrina pallene ; Hewitson, 1863, Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (2): 37; Hewitson, 1878, Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (8): (Suppl.) 27, pl. 3b, f. 113-114
Aphniolaus pallene ; [BAFR, 510]
Iolaus pallene ; [BK: 197, pl. 18, f. 228]
Iolaus (Aphniolaus) pallene ; [AfrL]

Larva on Ximenia caffra [PBSA]


Subgenus Philiolaus Stempffer & Bennett, 1958
Philiolaus Stempffer & Bennett, 1958; Bull. I.F.A.N. (A) 20 (4): 1336, TS: Iolaus parasilanus Rebel
Philiolaus (Iolaus) ; [BK, 197]; [AfrL]

Iolaus alcibiades Kirby, 1871
Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroun, Fernando Póo, Gabon, Congo Republic, C.Zaire (Kasai). See [About maps] Iolaphilus alcibiades ; [BAFR, 508]
Iolaus (Philiolaus) alcibiades ; [AfrL]

Iolaus calisto (Westwood, 1851)
Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Nigeria, Gabon. See [About maps] Anthene calisto Westwood, 1851; Gen. diurn. Lep. (2): pl. 75, f. 6
Thecla calisto Westwood, 1852; Gen. diurn. Lep. (2): 487
Iolaphilus calisto ; [BAFR, 509]
Iolaus calisto ; Hewitson, 1865, Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (2): 41; [BK, 197 (note)]
Iolaus (Philiolaus) calisto ; [AfrL]

Iolaus christofferi Collins & Larsen, 2003
Iolaus (Philiolaus) christofferi ; [AfrL]

Iolaus ismenias (Klug, 1834)
Senegal - N.Nigeria, Sudan, Uganda. See [About maps] Lycaena ismenias Klug, 1834; in Ehrenberg, Symbolae phys., Ins. 4: pl. 40, f. 1-2
Iolaus ismenias ; Hewitson, 1865, Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (2): 41
Iolaphilus ismenias ; [BAFR, 509]
Iolaus (Philiolaus) ismenias ; [AfrL]
Iolaus (Philiolaus) ismenias ismenias ; [AfrL]
I. i. piaggiae Oberthür, 1883
Ethiopia Iolaphilus piaggiae ; [BAFR, 509]
Iolaus (Philiolaus) ismenias piaggiae ; [AfrL]

Iolaus laonides Aurivillius, 1898
Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Cameroun. See [About maps] Iolaus (Epamera) laonides Aurivillius, 1898; Ent. Tidskr. 18 : 218, TL: Sierra Leone
Iolaphilus laonides ; [BAFR, 509]
Iolaus (Philiolaus) laonides ; [AfrL]

Iolaus likpe Collins & Larsen, 2003
Iolaus (Philiolaus) likpe ; [AfrL]

Iolaus lukabas Druce, 1890
Sierra Leone - Cameroun. See [About maps] Iolaus lukabas Druce, 1890; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 5 (25) : 30, TL: W.Africa, Gambia
Argiolaus lekanion Druce, 1891; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 8 (44) : 144, TL: Sierra Leone
= ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 380
Jolaus julius Staudinger, 1891; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris, 4 (1) : 146, TL: Sierra Leone
= ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 380
Argiolaus lukabas ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 380
Iolaphilus lukabas ; [BAFR, 508]
Iolaus (Philiolaus) lukabas ; [AfrL]

Iolaus mane Collins & Larsen, 2003
Iolaus (Philiolaus) mane ; [AfrL]

Iolaus newporti Larsen, 1994
Nigeria. See [About maps] Iolaus (Iolaphilus) newporti Larsen, 1994; Ent. Rec. J. Var. 106 (11-12) : 197, TL: Zuru, Sokoto State, Nigeria
Iolaus (Philiolaus) newporti ; [AfrL]

Iolaus paneperata Druce, 1890
Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroun, W.Zaire. See [About maps] Iolaus paneperata Druce, 1890; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 5 (25) : 30, TL: W.Africa, Lagos
Iolaphilus paneperata ; [BAFR, 508]
Iolaus (Philiolaus) paneperata ; [AfrL]

Iolaus parasilanus Rebel, 1914
-. See [About maps] Jolaus parasilanus Rebel, 1914; Ann. k.k. naturh. Hofmus. Wien. 28 : 266
Argiolaus parasilanus ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 377
Iolaus (Philiolaus) parasilanus ; [AfrL]

Larva on Loranthus [BK]

Argiolaus parasilanus parasilanus ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 378, pl. 10, 11, f. 1
shores of (Lake Tanganyika) Philiolaus parasilanus parasilanus
Philiolaus parasilanus parasilanus ; [BAFR, 510]
Iolaus (Philiolaus) parasilanus parasilanus ; [AfrL]
I. p. mabillei (Riley, 1928)
N.Angola (Cabinda), Congo Republic, Gabon, Zaire Argiolaus parasilanus mabillei Riley, 1928; Novit. zool. 34 : 378, pl. 10, 11, f. 2-3, TL: Portuguese Congo, Landana
Philiolaus parasilanus mabillei ; [BAFR, 510 (text)]
Iolaus (Philiolaus) parasilanus mabillei ; [AfrL]
I. p. divaricatus (Riley, 1928)
W.Kenya, Uganda, NE.Zaire Argiolaus parasilanus divaricatus Riley, 1928; Novit. zool. 34 : 377, pl. 10, 11, f. 4-5, TL: Kenya Colony, Nandi Plateau
Philiolaus parasilanus divaricatum ; [BAFR, 510]
Iolaus parasilanus divaricatum ; [BK: 197, pl. 18, f. 229]
Iolaus (Philiolaus) parasilanus divaricatus ; [AfrL]
I. p. maesseni (Stempffer & Bennett, 1958)
Ghana Philiolaus parasilanus maesseni ; [BAFR, 510 (text)]
Iolaus (Philiolaus) parasilanus maesseni ; [AfrL]

Iolaus poecilaon (Riley, 1928)
-. See [About maps] Argiolaus poecilaon Riley, 1928; Novit. zool. 34 : 379, pl. 10, 11, f. 9, TL: Uganda, Entebbe
Iolaus (Philiolaus) poecilaon ; [AfrL]
Uganda, Zaire, Congo Republic, Cameroun, Nigeria Iolaphilus poecilaon ; [BAFR, 510]
Iolaus (Philiolaus) poecilaon poecilaon ; [AfrL]
I. p. fisheri Heath, 1983
Iolaus (Philiolaus) poecilaon fisheri ; [AfrL]

Iolaus theodori Stempffer, 1970
Ghana (Angoega). See [About maps] Iolaphilus theodori ; [BAFR, 510 (text)]
Iolaus (Philiolaus) theodori ; [AfrL]

Iolaus vansomereni (Stempffer & Bennett, 1958)
NW.Uganda. See [About maps] Iolaphilus vansomereni ; [BAFR, 509]
Iolaus (Philiolaus) vansomereni ; [AfrL]

Subgenus Iolaphilus Stempffer & Bennett, 1958
Iolaphilus Stempffer & Bennett, 1958; Bull. I.F.A.N. (A) 20 (4): 1298, 1253, TS: Iolaus menas Druce
Iolaphilus (Iolaus) ; [BK, 198]
Iolaphiuls (Iolaus) ; [AfrL]

Iolaus menas Druce, 1890
Gambia - Gabon, Zaire, Uganda, W.Kenya. See [About maps] Iolaus menas Druce, 1890; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 5 (25) : 29, TL: W.Africa, Gambia
Iolaus (Iolaphilus) menas ; [AfrL]
Gambia, Senegal, N.Nigeria, Sudan, Gabon Iolaphilus menas menas
Iolaphilus menas menas ; [BAFR, 507]
Iolaus (Iolaphilus) menas menas ; [AfrL]
I. m. tatiana (D'Abrera, 1980)
Iolaphilus menas tatiana D'Abrera, 1980; Butterflies of the Afrotropical Region: 507, TL: Mehi, West Madi, White Nile, Uganda
Iolaus menas tatiana ; [BK: 198, pl. 18, f. 231]
Iolaus (Iolaphilus) menas tatiana ; [AfrL]

Iolaus henryi (Stempffer, 1961)
SW.Uganda. See [About maps] Iolaphilus henryi ; [BAFR, 507]
Iolaus (Iolaphilus) henryi ; [AfrL]

Iolaus trimeni Wallengren, 1875
Natal, Transvaal - Rhodesia, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia, S.Zaire, SE.Angola, Tanzania. See [About maps] Iolaus trimeni Wallengren, 1875; Öfvers. Vet. Akad. Förh. 32 (1) : 87, n. 29
Argiolaus trimenis ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 382
Iolaphilus trimeni ; [BAFR, 507]
Iolaus (Iolaphilus) trimeni ; [AfrL]

Larva on Loranthus spp., L. braunii [PBSA]


Iolaus schultzei Aurivillius, 1905
NW.Cameroun (Mt Atlantika). See [About maps] Iolaphilus schultzei ; [BAFR, 507 (text)]
Iolaus (Iolaphilus) schultzei ; [AfrL]

Iolaus iulus Hewitson, 1869
Gambia, Sierra Leone - Nigeria, Gabon, Congo Republic. See [About maps] Iolaus iulus Hewitson, 1869; Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (4): (Suppl.) 9, pl. 4, f. 41-43, TL: Sherborough Island
Iolaphilus julus[sic, recte iulus] ; [BAFR, 507]
Iolaus (Iolaphilus) iulus ; [AfrL]

?Iolaus aelianus (Staudinger, 1891)
-. See [About maps] Jolaus aelianus Staudinger, 1891; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris, 4 (1) : 148, TL: Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone - Cameroun, Congo Republic, NE.Zaire (Isiro) Iolaphilus aelianus aelianus
Iolaphilus aelianus aelianus ; [BAFR, 508]
I. a. entebbeae (Riley, 1928)
Uganda, SE.Zaire Argiolaus jamesoni entebbeae Riley, 1928; Novit. zool. 34 : 376, pl. 10, 11, f. 6-7, TL: Uganda, Entebbe
Iolaphilus aelianus entebbae Riley; [BAFR, 508]

Iolaus jamesoni (Druce, 1891)
Argiolaus jamesoni Druce, 1891; , TL: Kisangani, Yambuya,Aruwimi R.
Argiolaus jamesoni jamesoni ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 376
Argiolaus jamesoni ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 376; [BAFR, 508 (text)]
Iolaus (Iolaphilus) jamesoni ; [AfrL]

Iolaus gabunica (Riley, 1928)
Cameroun, Gabon, Uganda, W.Kenya. See [About maps] Gabon Sapphire
Argiolaus gabunica Riley, 1928; Novit. zool. 34 : 375, pl. 10, 11, f. 8, TL: Gaboon
Iolaus gabunica ; [BK: 198, pl. 19, f. 232]
Iolaphilus gabunica ; [BAFR, 508]
Iolaus (Iolaphilus) gabunica ; [AfrL]
I. g. gabunica Riley, 1928
Iolaus (Iolaphilus) gabunica gabunica ; [AfrL]
I. g. mbami (Libert, 1993)
Iolaus (Iolaphilus) gabunica mbami ; [AfrL]

 

Iolaus alexanderi Warren-Gash, 2003
Iolaus (Iolaphilus) alexanderi ; [AfrL]

Iolaus carolinae Collins & Larsen, 2000
Iolaus (Iolaphilus) carolinae ; [AfrL]

Iolaus icipe Collins & Larsen, 1998
Iolaus (Iolaphilus) icipe ; [AfrL]

Iolaus shaba Collins & Larsen, 1995
Iolaus (Iolaphilus) shaba ; [AfrL]

Subgenus Argiolaus Druce, 1891
Argiolaus Druce, 1891; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 8 (44) : 143, TS: Anops silas Westwood
Argiolaus (Iolaus) ; [BK, 199]; [AfrL]

Iolaus aequatorialis (Stempffer & Bennett, 1958)
Uganda, Zaire, Gabon. See [About maps] Iolaphilus equatorialis[sic?] ; [BAFR, 509]
Iolaus (Argiolaus) aequatorialis ; [AfrL]

Iolaus bergeri (Stempffer, 1953)
NE.Zaire (Yindi). See [About maps] Iolaphilus bergeri ; [BAFR, 510 (text)]
Iolaus (Argiolaus) bergeri ; [AfrL]

Iolaus caesareus Aurivillius, 1895
Cameroun, Zaire. See [About maps] Jolaus (Argiolaus) caesareus Aurivillius, 1895; Ent. Tidskr. 16 : 213, TL: Itoki
Iolaphilus caesareus ; [BAFR, 509 (text)]
Iolaus (Argiolaus) caesareus ; [AfrL]
Iolaus (Argiolaus) caesareus caesareus ; [AfrL]
I. c. cleopatrae Collins & Larsen, 2000
Iolaus (Argiolaus) caesareus cleopatrae ; [AfrL]

Iolaus cottrelli (Stempffer & Bennett, 1958)
Zambia, Uganda, W.Kenya. See [About maps] Cottrell's Sapphire
Iolaphilus cottrelli ; [BAFR, 510]
Iolaus cottrelli ; [BK: 198, pl. 19, f. 234]
Iolaus (Argiolaus) cottrelli ; [AfrL]

Iolaus crawshayi (Butler, 1901)
Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, E.Zaire. See [About maps] Crawshay's Sapphire
Argiolaus silas crawshayi ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 382
Argiolaus crawshayi ; [EBW]
Iolaus (Argiolaus) crawshayi ; [AfrL]
Iolaus crawshayi ; [BK: 199, pl. 19, f. 239]

Larva on Loranthus [BK]

E.Kenya (E of Rift Valley) Argiolaus crawshayi crawshayi
Argiolaus crawshayi crawshayi ; [BAFR, 506]
Iolaus crawshayi crawshayi ; [BK, 200 (note)]
Iolaus (Argiolaus) crawshayi crawshayi ; [AfrL]
I. c. maureli Dufrane, 1954
Ethiopia, S.Somalia, NE.Kenya (Mt Kulal) Argiolaus crawshayi maureli ; [BAFR, 507 (text)]
Iolaus crawshayi maureli ; [BK, 200 (note)]
Iolaus (Argiolaus) crawshayi maureli ; [AfrL]
I. c. nyanzae (Stempffer & Bennett, 1958)
W.Kenya, E.Uganda Iolaus crawshayi nyanza[sic?] ; [BK, 200 (note)]
Argiolaus crawshayi nyanzae ; [BAFR, 506 (text)]
Iolaus (Argiolaus) crawshayi nyanzae ; [AfrL]
I. c. elgonae (Stempffer & Bennett, 1958)
W.Kenya (Mt Elgon) Iolaus crawshayi elgonae ; [BK, 200 (note)]
Argiolaus crawshayi elgonae ; [BAFR, 506 (text)]
Iolaus (Argiolaus) crawshayi elgonae ; [AfrL]
I. c. niloticus (Stempffer & Bennett, 1958)
N.Uganda (West Nile District) Argiolaus crawshayi niloticus ; [BAFR, 506]
Iolaus (Argiolaus) crawshayi niloticus ; [AfrL]
I. c. littoralis (Stempffer & Bennett, 1958)
E.Kenya, E.Tanzania Argiolaus crawshayi littoralis ; [BAFR, 507]
Iolaus crawshayi littoralis ; [BK, 199 (note)]
Iolaus (Argiolaus) crawshayi littoralis ; [AfrL]

Iolaus dianae Heath, 1983
Iolaus (Argiolaus) dianae ; [AfrL]

Iolaus iturensis (Joicey & Talbot, 1921)
Angola, E.Zaire, W.Tanzania, Uganda, W.Kenya. See [About maps] Ituri Sapphire
Argiolaus silarus iturensis Joicey & Talbot, 1921; Bull. Hill Mus. 1 (1) : 91
Argiolaus silarus ituriensis[sic, recte iturensis] ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 382
Iolaphilus iturensis ; [BAFR, 508]
Iolaus iturensis ; [BK: 198, pl. 19, f. 233]
Iolaus (Argiolaus) iturensis ; [AfrL]

Larva on Loranthus rufescens [BK]


Iolaus kayonza (Stempffer & Bennett, 1958)
W.Uganda (Kayonza, Kamenga). See [About maps] Iolaphilus kayonza ; [BAFR, 510]
Iolaus (Argiolaus) kayonza ; [AfrL]

Iolaus lalos (Druce, 1896)
-. See [About maps] Pale Sapphire
Argiolaus silas r. lalos Druce, 1896; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 17 (100) : 286, TL: Dar-es-Salaam
Argiolaus silas lalos ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 382
Argiolaus lalos ; [EBW]
Iolaus (Argiolaus) lalos ; [AfrL]
coast (E.Kenya, E.Tanzania), Usambara, Uluguru, Kilimanjaro Mts, Pemba I., Malawi, Rhodesia Argiolaus lalos lalos
Argiolaus lalos lalos ; [BAFR, 506]
Iolaus lalos lalos ; [BK: 199, pl. 19, f. 238]
Iolaus (Argiolaus) lalos lalos ; [AfrL]
I. l. kigezi (Stempffer & Bennett, 1958)
W.Uganda (Kigezi, Ankole) Argiolaus lalos kigezi ; [BAFR, 506 (text)]
Iolaus (Argiolaus) lalos kigezi ; [AfrL]

Iolaus manasei (Libert, 1993)
Iolaus (Argiolaus) manasei ; [AfrL]

Iolaus maritimus (Stempffer & Bennett, 1958)
-. See [About maps] Coastal Sapphire
Iolaus maritimus ; [BK: 199, pl. 19, f. 235]
Iolaus (Argiolaus) maritimus ; [AfrL]
E.Kenya (coast) Iolaphilus maritimus maritimus
Iolaphilus maritimus maritimus ; [BAFR, 508 (text)]
Iolaus (Argiolaus) maritimus maritimus ; [AfrL]
I. m. usambara (Stempffer, 1961)
NE.Tanzania (Usambara Mts) Iolaphilus maritimus usambara ; [BAFR, 508]
Iolaus (Argiolaus) maritimus usambara ; [AfrL]

Iolaus montana (Kielland, 1978)
Tanzania. See [About maps] Iolaphilus montana Kielland, 1978; Tijdschr. Ent. 121 (4) : 199, f. 31, pl. 11, f. 46-49, TL: Tanzania, Mpanda, Wanzizi Hills, 1450
Iolaus (Argiolaus) montana ; [AfrL]

Iolaus ndolae (Stempffer & Bennett, 1958)
N.Zambia (Ndola), Malawi. See [About maps] Iolaphilus ndolae ; [BAFR, 509]
Iolaus (Argiolaus) ndolae ; [AfrL]

Iolaus pamae Heath, 1994
Iolaus (Argiolaus) pamae ; [AfrL]

Iolaus silarus Druce, 1885
Zululand, Mozambique, Rhodesia, Botswana, Namibia, Malawi, Zambia, S.Zaire, Tanzania, SW.Kenya. See [About maps] Iolaus silarus Druce, 1885; Ent. mon. Mag. 22 : 154, TL: Delagoa Bay, East Africa
Jolaus silas lasius Suffert, 1904; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 70, TL: Konde-Unyika, Nord-Nyassa-See
= ; [NHM]
Argiolaus silas lasius ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 381
Argiolaus silas silarus ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 381; [BAFR, 506 (text)]
Iolaus silarus ; [BK: 199, pl. 19, f. 237]
Iolaus (Argiolaus) silarus ; [AfrL]

Larva on Loranthus [BK]

Iolaus (Argiolaus) silarus silarus ; [AfrL]
I. s. brainei Henning & Henning, 1984
Iolaus (Argiolaus) silarus brainei ; [AfrL]

Iolaus silas (Westwood, 1851)
-. See [About maps] Anops silas Westwood, 1851; Gen. diurn. Lep. (2): pl. 74, f. 5
Iolaus silas Westwood, 1852; Gen. diurn. Lep. (2): 481
Iolaus silas ; Hewitson, 1865, Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (2): 41
Argiolaus silas ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 381; [EBW]
Iolaus (Argiolaus) silas ; [AfrL]

Larva on Loranthus elegans, L. dregei, L. usuiensis [PBSA]

Cape, Natal, Transvaal Thecla nega Herrich-Schäffer, [1853]; Samml. aussereurop. Schmett. (II) 1: 51-52
= ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 381
Argiolaus silas silas ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 381; [BAFR, 506]

Iolaus stewarti Heath, 1985
Iolaus (Argiolaus) stewarti ; [AfrL]

Subgenus Pseudiolaus Riley, 1928
Pseudiolaus Riley, 1928; Novit. zool. 34 : 392, TS: Pseudiolaus poultoni Riley
Pseudiolaus (Iolaus) ; [BK, 200]; [AfrL]

Iolaus lulua (Riley, 1944)
Zululand. See [About maps] Pseudiolaus poultoni lulua Riley, 1944; Entomologist 77 : 28
Pseudiolaus lulua ; [BAFR, 505]
Iolaus (Pseudiolaus) lulua ; [AfrL]

Iolaus poultoni (Riley, 1928)
Mozambique - Kenya. See [About maps] Poulton's Sapphire
Pseudiolaus poultoni Riley, 1928; Novit. zool. 34 : 392, pl. 10, 11, f. 27, TL: Kenya Colony, nr. Wangi, on coast
Pseudiolaus poultoni ; [BAFR, 505]
Iolaus poultoni ; [BK: 200, pl. 19, f. 240]
Iolaus (Pseudiolaus) poultoni ; [AfrL]

Larva on Loranthus [BK]


Subgenus Tanuetheira Druce, 1891
Tanuetheira Druce, 1891; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 8 (44) : 148, TS: Papilio timon Fabricius
Tanuetheira (Iolaus) ; [AfrL]

Iolaus timon (Fabricius, 1787)
-. See [About maps] Papilio timon Fabricius, 1787; Mantissa Insectorum 2: 65
prometheus Druce, 1891²; (Sierra Leone)
Tanuetheira timon promentheus ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 375
Iolaus timon ; Hewitson, 1869, Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (4): (Suppl.) 10; Hewitson, 1878, Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (8): (Suppl.) 29, pl. 4a, f. 57
Tannetheira timon ; [BOW: pl. 127, f. 1]
Tanuetheira timon ; [EBW]
Iolaus (Tanuetheira) timon ; [AfrL]
Sierra Leone - Cameroun, Gabon, Congo Republic, W.Zaire, N.Angola Tanuetheira timon timon ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 375; [BAFR, 506]
Iolaus (Tanuetheira) timon timon ; [AfrL]
I. t. congoensis (Joicey & Talbot, 1921)
E.Zaire Congo Long-tailed Blue
Tanuetheira prometheus congoensis Joicey & Talbot, 1921; Bull. Hill Mus. 1 (1) : 90, pl. 15, f. 74, TL: Albertville, Tanganyika
Tanuetheira timon congoensis ; [BAFR, 506 (text)]
Iolaus (Tanuetheira) timon congoensis ; [AfrL]
I. t. orientius Hulstaert, 1924
Uganda timon orientius Hulstaert, 1924; Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr. 12 : 177
Tanuetheira timon orientius ; Riley, 1928, Novit. zool. 34 : 375; [BAFR, 506 (text)]
Iolaus (Tanuetheira) timon orientius ; [AfrL]

Subgenus Trichiolaus Aurivillius, 1898
Trichiolaus Aurivillius, 1898; K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 31 (5) : 29, 317, TS: Hypolycaena mermeros Mabille
Trichiolaus (Iolaus) ; [MadL]; [AfrL]

Iolaus mermeros (Mabille, 1878)
Madagascar. See [About maps] Hypolycaena mermeros Mabille, 1878; Bull. Soc. zool. Fr. 3 : 82
Trichiolaus mermeros ; [BAFR, 505]
Iolaus (Trichiolaus) mermeros ; [MadL]; [AfrL]

Iolaus argentarius Butler, 1879
Madagascar. See [About maps] Trichiolaus argentarius ; [BAFR, 505]
Iolaus (Trichiolaus) argentarius ; [MadL]; [AfrL]


Unknown or unplaced taxa

Iolaus canissus Hewitson, 1873; Ent. mon. Mag. 10 : 123, TL: South Africa

Jolaus julianus Staudinger, 1891; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris, 4 (1) : 144, pl. 1, f. 2, TL: Sierra Leone

Jolaus matilda Suffert, 1904; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 64, TL: Bismarckburg, Togo

Jolaus elisa Suffert, 1904; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 65, TL: Misahöhe, Togo

Jolaus bertha Suffert, 1904; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 66, TL: Kete-Kratji, Togo

Jolaus thuraui Suffert, 1904; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 67, TL: Misahöhe, Togo


15.4.2013 (118)

References:
[AJA]
African Journal Archive
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[AfrL]
Mark C. Williams; Checklist of Afrotropical Papilionoidea and Hesperoidea; Compiled by Mark C. Williams, 7th ed. (2008) (April 2007); Afrototropical Butterflies; e-mail: Mark C. Williams
[BAFR]
D'Abrera, 1980; Butterflies of the Afrotropical Region
[BHL]
The; Biodiversity Heritage Library; and on; Internet Archive; Note: The linking to the content of Internet Archive is somewhat delicate -- notify me when links break!
[BK]
Larsen, 1996; The Butterflies of Kenya and their natural history
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[EBW]
Smart, Paul, 1976; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World; ISBN 0 600 31381 6
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[LAMAS-NEO]
Gerardo Lamas; Bibliography of butterflies; An Annocated Bibliography of the Neotropical Butterflies and Skipper (Lepididoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea); Revised Electronic Edition (2007)
[MadL]
Lees, D.C., Kremen, C. and Raharitsimba, H. 2003; in S.M. Goodman & J. P. Benstead (eds.), The Natural History of Madagascar; Classification, Diversity and Endemism of the Butterflies (Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea): A Revised Species Checklist: : pp. 762-793; University of Chicago Press. 1709 pp.
[NHM]
Natural History Museum; The Global Lepidoptera Names Index
[PBSA]
Dickson, C.G.C (ed.), Kroon, D.M.; Pennington's Butterflies of Southern Africa; AD. DONKER 1978
[²]
This may require parentheses or not. I don't have the necessary information for this taxon.


Some related literature:
Aurivillius, 1895
Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Insektenfaun von Kamerun. 2. Tagfalter Ent. Tidskr. 16 : 195-220, : 255-268
Aurivillius, 1898
Diagnosen neuer Lepidopteren aus Afrika Ent. Tidskr. 18 : 213-222 (1898)
Aurivillius, 1898
Rhopalocera Aethiopica. Die tagfalter des Aethiopischen Faunegebietes K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 31 (5) : 1-561, pl. 1-6
Aurivillius, 1905
Lieutnant A. Schultzes Sammlung von Lepidopteren aus West-Africa Ark. Zool. 2 (12) : 1-47, pl. 1-5
Aurivillius, 1923
Die Gross-Schmetteringe der Erde; 13 Band; Die Afrikanischen Tagfalter in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 13 : 1-613, pl. 1-80
Bethune-Baker, 1926
Descriptions of new species of Rhopalocera from the Ethiopian Region Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (9) 17 : 384-402
Butler, [1886]
An account of two collections of Lepidoptera recently received from Somali-land Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1885 (4) : 756-776, pl. 47
Butler, 1896
On the Butterflies obtained in Arabia and Somaliland by Capt. Chas. G. Nurse and Col. J. W. Yerbury in 1894 and 1895 Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1896 : 242-257, pl. 10
Clench, 1965
Notes on som African Theclinae (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 72: 237-244, 2fsg (1964)
Cramer, [1780]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) Uitl. Kapellen 3 (17-21): 1-104, pl. 193-252 (1779), (22): 105-128, pl. 253-264 ([1780]), (23-24): 129-176, pl. 265-288 (1780)
Dickson, 1976
Six new Southern African Butterflies Ent. Rec. J. Var. 88 (11): 273-280, (12): 307-314, 2pls
Westwood, 1851; Westwood, 1852
The genera of diurnal Lepidoptera, comprising their generic characters, a notice of their habitats and transformations, and a catalogue of the species of each genus; illustrated with 86 plates by W. C. Hewitson Gen. diurn. Lep. (1): 1-18, pl. A, 1-4 (1-2) (1846), (1): 19-132, pl. 4*, 5-25, 28 (3-14) (1847), (1): 133-200, pl. 1*, 26, 27, 29, 31-44 (15-23) (1848), (1): 201-242, pl. 30, 45-52, 56-58, 60-62, 64 (24-31) (1849), (1): 243-250 [?], (2): 243-326, pl. 53-55, 63, 65, 66 (32-38) (1850), (2): 327-466, pl. 59, 67-77 (39-50) (1851), (2): 467-534, 143, 144, pl. 78-80 (Index) (51-54) (1852)
Druce, 1885
Descriptions of three new species of Lycaenidae Ent. mon. Mag. 22: 154 : 154-156
Druce, 1890
Descriptions of twelve new Species of Lycaenidae from West Africa, and one from the Solomon Islands, in the Collection of Herbert Druce Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 5 (25) : 24-31
Druce, 1891
On some African Butterflies hitherto referred to the Genus Iolaus, with Descriptions of new Species Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 8 (44) : 139-150
Druce, 1896
Descriptions of some East-African Lycaenidae Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 17 (100) : 285-286
Druce, 1902; Druce, [1903]
On some new and little-known Butterflies of the Family Lycaenidae from the African, Australian, and Oriental Regions Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1902 (2) : 112-121, pl. 11-12
Druce, 1910
Descriptions of new Lycaenidae and Hesperiidae from Tropical West Africa Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1910 (1) : 356-378, pl. 33-35
Eliot, 1973
The higher classification of the Lycaenidae (Lepidoptera): a tentative Arrangement Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 373-505, 162fgs, pl. 1-6
Grose-Smith, 1889
Descriptions of twenty-four new Species of Butterflies captured by Mr. Last in the neighbourhood of Mombasa, East Coast of Africa, in the Collection of Mr. H. Grose Smith Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 3 (14) : 121-137
Herrich-Schäffer, [1853]
Sammlung neuer oder wenig bekannter aussereuropäischer Schmetterlinge, 1850-[1869]: Rhopalocera (Tagfalter) Samml. aussereurop. Schmett. (II) 1 (1-2): pl. [1-10], f. 1-22 (1850), 1 (3): pl. 11-14, f. 23-60 (1853), 1 (4): pl. 15-18, f. 61-78 (1855), 1 (5): pl. [19-22], f. 79-94 (1856), 1 (?6): pl. [23-24], f. 95-102 (1858), 1: 1-52 (1856), 1: 53-84 (1858), 2: pl. [25-28], f. 103-123 (1869)
Hewitson, 1863; Hewitson, 1865; Hewitson, 1869; Hewitson, 1878
Illustrations of diurnal Lepidoptera. Lycaenidae Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (1): 1-36,37*, pl. 1-16 (1863), (2): 37-76, pl. 17-30 (1865), (3): 77-114, pl. 31-46 (1867), (4): 115-136,14a-h, pl. 47-54,3a-c, (Suppl.) 1-16, pl. 1-5 (1869), (5): 137-150,151*, pl. 55-59, (Suppl.) pl. 6 (1873), (6): 151-184,185*, pl. 60-73 (1874), (7): 185-208,209*, pl. 74-83 (1877), (8): 209-228, pl. 84-85,88-92, (Suppl.) 17-47, pl. 1a-b,3a-b,4a,5a-b,7-8 (1878)
Hewitson, 1873
Descriptions of nine new species of Lycaenidae from the west coast of Africa Ent. mon. Mag. 10 : 122-125
Hewitson, 1875
Descriptions of six new species of butterflies from South America, West Africa, and Borneo Ent. mon. Mag. 11 : 182-184
Hübner, [1819]
Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge, 1816-[1826] Verz. bek. Schmett. (1): [1-3], 4-16 (1816), (2): 17-32 (1819), (3): 33-48 (1819), (4): 49-64 (1819), (5): 65-80 (1819), (6): 81-96 (1819), (7): 97-112 (1819), (8): 113-128 (1819), (9): 129-144 (1819), (10): 145-160 (1819), (11): 161-176 (1819), (12): 177-192 (1820), (13): 193-208 (1820), (14): 209-224 (1821), (15): 225-240 (1821), (16): 241-256 (1821), (17): 257-272 (1823), (18): 273-288 (1823), (19): 289-304 (1823), (20): 305-320 (1825), (21): 321-336 (1825), (22): 337-352 (1825), (23-27): 353-431 ([1825])
Hulstaert, 1924
Lycaenidae nouveaux des Collections du Musée du Congo Belge Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr. 12 : 112-122,173-194
Joicey & Talbot, 1921
New Lepidoptera Collected by Mr. T. A. Barns, in East Central Africa. New Forms of Rhopalocera Bull. Hill Mus. 1 (1) : 44-118, pl. 5-16
Kielland, 1978
A provisional checklist of the Rhopalocera of the eastern side of Lake Tanganyika Tijdschr. Ent. 121 (4) : 147-237
Larsen, 1994
Iolaus newporti, a new species of Lycaenidae from Nigeria (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) Ent. Rec. J. Var. 106 (11-12) : 197-200
Lathy, 1903
An Account of a Collection of Rhopalocera made on the Anambara Creek in Nigeria, West Africa Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1903 (2) : 182-206, pl. 8
Mabille, 1878
Lepidoptera Africana Bull. Soc. zool. Fr. 3 : 81-95
Plötz, 1880
Verzeichniss der von Professor Dr. R. Bucholz in West-Africa gesammelten Schmetterlinge Stettin ent. Ztg 41 (1-3): 76-88, (4-6): 189-206, (7-9): 298-307
Rebel, 1914
Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Expedition R. Grauernach. Zentralafrika. 1909-1911. Lepidoptera Ann. k.k. naturh. Hofmus. Wien. 28 : 219-294, pl. 17-24
Riley, 1928
Notes on Iolaus, Argiolaus and related genera, with descriptions of new species, subspecies and a new genus Novit. zool. 34 : 374-394, pl. 10-11
Riley, 1944
Two new South African Lycaenidae Entomologist 77 : 28-29
Röber, 1900
Neue Schmetterlinge Ent. Nachr. 26 (13) : 199-204
Schultze, 1912
Neue Rhopaloceren aus dem tropischen Westafrika Ent. Rundsch. 29 (14) : 91-93
Schultze, 1916
Neue Rhopaloceren aus Kamerun Archiv Naturg. 81 A (7) (7): 159-167, (11): 110-112
Staudinger, 1891
Neue exotische Lepidopteren Dt. Ent. Z. Iris, 4 (1) : 61-157, pl. 1-2
Stempffer & Bennett, 1958; Stempffer & Bennett, 1959
Révision des genres appartenant au groupe des Iolaus (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) Bull. I.F.A.N. (A) 20 (4): 1243-1347 (1958), 21 (1): 227-325 (1959)
Stevenson, 1937
Lycaenidae of the Northern and North-Eastern parts of the South African Subregion Occ. Pap. Rhod. Mus. 1 (6): 14-48, 3pls
Suffert, 1904
Neue afrikansche Tagfalter aus dem kön. zool. Museum, Berlin, und meiner Sammlung Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 12-107, pl. 1-3
Trimen, 1864
Descriptions of some New Species of Butterflies found in Southern Africa Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. (3) 2 : 175-180
Trimen, 1873
On some new species of Butterflies discovered in Extra-Tropical Southern Africa Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1873 (2) : 101-124, pl. 1
Trimen, 1874
On some new species of South African Lycaenidae Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1874 (3) : 329-342
Trimen, 1895
On some new species of Butterflies from Tropical and Extra Tropical S. Africa Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1895 (2) : 181-194, pl. 5
Trimen, 1898
On some new or little-known Species of African Butterflies Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1898 (1) : 1-16, pl. 1
Vári, 1976
South African Lepidoptera 7. Descriptions and notes of new taxa of Rhopalocera Ann. Transv. Mus. 30 (13) : 121-144, pl. 13-17
Wallengren, 1857
Kafferlandets Dag-fjärilar, insamlade åren 1838-1845 af J. A. Wahlberg / Lepidoptera Rhopalocera in Terra Caffrorum annis 1838-1845 collecta a J. A. Wahlberg K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 2 (4) : 1-55
Wallengren, 1875
Insecta Transvaaliensia. Bidrag till Transvaalska Republikens i Södra Afrika Insektenfauna Öfvers. Vet. Akad. Förh. 32 (1) : 83-137


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.