[HOME] [INDEXES] < Life < Insecta < Lepidoptera < Ditrysia < Papilionoidea < Lycaenidae < Theclinae
Axiocerses Hübner, [1819]
Scarlets
Axiocerses Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (5): 72, TS: Papilio perion Stoll
Axioxerces[sic] (Aphnaeini) ; Eliot, 1973, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 436
Axiocerses (Aphnaeini) ; [BK, 189]; [AfrL]


[sp-1a.jpg] 1055x1077 (~267Kb) Ethiopia, Amhara, a rapidous brook, Blue Nile right tributary just upstream the bridge of the road Addis Ababa - Bahir Dar, 1100 m a.s.l. 1st August 2012, Photo © Oleg Kosterin [sp-1b.jpg] 1339x1076 (~326Kb) Ethiopia, Amhara, a rapidous brook, Blue Nile right tributary just upstream the bridge of the road Addis Ababa - Bahir Dar, 1100 m a.s.l. 1st August 2012, Photo © Oleg Kosterin

The exact identification of these species is still unknown, but tentatively assumed to belong into this group.



Axiocerses harpax (Fabricius, 1775)
-. See [About maps] Papilio harpax Fabricius, 1775; Syst. Ent.: 829
Papilio perion Stoll, [1782]; in Cramer, Uitl. Kapellen 4 (32-32): 176, pl. 379, f. B, C
Axiocerces harpax ; [EBW]
Axiocerses harpax ; [AfrL]
Guinea - Nigeria Axiocerses harpax harpax ; [BAFR, 485]; [AfrL]
A. h. kadugli Talbot, 1935
Senegal - Red Sea coast (Somalia, Arabia) Axiocerses harpax kadugli ; [BAFR, 485 (text)]; [AfrL]
A. h. piscatoris Clench, 1943
Liberia Axiocerses harpax piscatoris Clench, 1943; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 51: (219-220), TL: Fisherman's Lake, Liberia
A. h. efulena Clench, 1963
Cameroun Axiocerses harpax efulena Clench, 1963; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 71 (3): 183, TL: Efulen, Cameroun
Axiocerses harpax efulena ; [BAFR, 485 (text)]; [AfrL]
A. h. ugandana Clench, 1963
NE.Zaire, Uganda, W.Kenya, N.Tanzania Common Scarlet
Axiocerses harpax ugandana Clench, 1963; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 71 (3): 184, TL: Bugoma Forest, Unyoro, Uganda
Axiocerses harpax uganda[sic?] ; [BAFR, 485 (text)]
Axiocerses harpax ugandana ; [BK: 189, pl. 17, f. 203]; [AfrL]

Larva on Acacia, (with Pheidole or Crematogaster) [BK]


Axiocerses tjoane (Wallengren, 1857)
S.Africa - E.Africa. See [About maps] Eastern Scarlet Scarlet Butterfly
Axiocerses tjoane ; [BK: 190, pl. 17, f. 204]; [AfrL]

Larva on Acacia spp. [PBSA], Brachystegia [BK]

Axiocerses tjoane tjoane ; [AfrL]
A. t. rubescens Henning & Henning, 1996
Axiocerses tjoane rubescens ; [AfrL]

Axiocerses bambana Grose-Smith, 1900
-. See [About maps] Axiocerses bambana Grose-Smith, 1900; in Grose-Smith & Kirby, Rhop. Exot. [3] 3: (Lycaenidae) 123, pl. 26, f. 10-11, TL: Moyabamba, East Africa
Axiocerses bambana ; [BAFR, 485]; [AfrL]
E.Africa Axiocerses bambana bambana ; [AfrL]
A. b. orichalcea Henning & Henning, 1996
Axiocerses bambana orichalcea ; [AfrL]

Axiocerses styx Rebel, 1908
E.Kenya (coast) - Tanzania - N.Malawi. See [About maps] Coast Scarlet
Axiocerses harpax styx ;
Axiocerses styx ; [BK: 190, pl. 17, f. 205]; [BAFR, 485]; [AfrL]

Larva on Brachystegia [BK]


Axiocerses amanga (Westwood, 1881)
AFrica (south of Sahara). See [About maps] Bush Scarlet
Zeritis amanga Westwood, 1881; in Oates, Matabeland : 351
Chrysorychia mendeche Grose-Smith, 1889; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 3 (14) : 135, TL: Kenya, Mombasa?
= ; [NHM]
Axiocerses mendeche ; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1900, Rhop. Exot. [3] 3: (Lycaenidae) 124, pl. 26, f. 12-14
Axiocerses amanga ; [EBW]; [BAFR, 485]; [BK: 190, pl. 17, f. 206]; [AfrL]

Larva on Ximenia americana, X. caffra [PBSA], Acacia [BK]

Axiocerses amanga amanga ; [AfrL]
A. a. borealis Aurivillius, 1905
Axiocerses amanga borealis ; [AfrL]
A. a. baumi Weymer, 1901
Angola (interior) Axiocerses baumi ; [BAFR, 485]
Axiocerses amanga baumi ; [AfrL]

Axiocerses maureli Dufrane, 1954
Ethiopia. See [About maps] Axiocerses maureli ; [BAFR, 485 (text)]; [AfrL]

Axiocerses punicea (Grose-Smith, 1889)
Zimbabwe, Moçambique - Kenya. See [About maps] Punic Scarlet
Chrysorychia punicea Grose-Smith, 1889; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 3 (14) : 134, TL: Mombasa
Axiocerses punicea ; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1900, Rhop. Exot. [3] 3: (Lycaenidae) 125, pl. 26, f. 15-17; [BAFR, 485]; [BK: 191, pl. 17, f. 207]; [AfrL]
Axiocerses punicea punicea ; [AfrL]
A. p. cruenta (Trimen, 1894)
Axiocerses punicea cruenta ; [AfrL]

Axiocerses argenteomaculata Pagenstecher, 1902
Ethiopia. See [About maps] Axiocerses argenteomaculata ; [BAFR, 486]; [AfrL]

Axiocerses jacksoni Stempffer, 1948
Ethiopia, N.Somalia. See [About maps] Axiocerses jacksoni ; [BAFR, 486]
Axiocerces jacksoni ; [EBW]
Axiocerses jacksoni ; [AfrL]

 

Axiocerses bamptoni Henning & Henning, 1996
Axiocerses bamptoni ; [AfrL]

Axiocerses callaghani Henning & Henning, 1996
Axiocerses callaghani ; [AfrL]

Axiocerses coalescens Henning & Henning, 1996
Axiocerses coalescens ; [AfrL]

Axiocerses collinsi Henning & Henning, 1996
Axiocerses collinsi ; [AfrL]

Axiocerses croesus (Trimen, 1862)
Axiocerses croesus ; [AfrL]

Axiocerses heathi Henning & Henning, 1996
Axiocerses heathi ; [AfrL]

Axiocerses karinae Henning & Henning, 1996
Axiocerses karinae ; [AfrL]

Axiocerses kiellandi Henning & Henning, 1996
Axiocerses kiellandi ; [AfrL]

Axiocerses melanica Henning & Henning, 1996
Axiocerses melanica ; [AfrL]
Axiocerses melanica melanica ; [AfrL]
A. m. aurata Henning & Henning, 1996
Axiocerses melanica aurata ; [AfrL]

Axiocerses nyika Quickelberge, 1984
Axiocerses nyika ; [AfrL]

Axiocerses susanae Henning & Henning, 1996
Axiocerses susanae ; [AfrL]


3.5.2013 (20)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[AfrL]
Mark C. Williams; Checklist of Afrotropical Papilionoidea and Hesperoidea; Compiled by Mark C. Williams, 7th ed. (2008) (April 2007); Afrototropical Butterflies; e-mail: Mark C. Williams
[BAFR]
D'Abrera, 1980; Butterflies of the Afrotropical Region
[BK]
Larsen, 1996; The Butterflies of Kenya and their natural history
[EBW]
Smart, Paul, 1976; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World; ISBN 0 600 31381 6
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[NHM]
Natural History Museum; The Global Lepidoptera Names Index
[Oleg Kosterin]
Institue of Cytology & Genetics; Siberian Division of Russian Academy of Sciences; Novosibirsk; e-mail: Oleg Kosterin; http://pisum.bionet.nsc.ru/kosterin/
[PBSA]
Dickson, C.G.C (ed.), Kroon, D.M.; Pennington's Butterflies of Southern Africa; AD. DONKER 1978


Some related literature:
Clench, 1943
A new Axiocerses from West Africa (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 51: 219-220
Clench, 1963
Notes on Axiocerses (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 71 (3): 181-188
Eliot, 1973
The higher classification of the Lycaenidae (Lepidoptera): a tentative Arrangement Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 373-505, 162fgs, pl. 1-6
Fabricius, 1775
Systema Entomologiae, sistens Insectorum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, Adiectis Synonymis, Locis, Descriptionibus, Observationibus. Syst. Ent.: 832pp
Grose-Smith, 1889
Descriptions of twenty-four new Species of Butterflies captured by Mr. Last in the neighbourhood of Mombasa, East Coast of Africa, in the Collection of Mr. H. Grose Smith Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 3 (14) : 121-137
Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1900; Grose-Smith in Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1900
Rhopalocera Exotica, being Illustrations of New, Rare, and Unfigured Species of Butterflies Rhop. Exot. [1] 1: (Ornithoptera) 1-2, pl. 1 (1887), [1] 2: (Ornithoptera) 3-4, pl. 2 (1892), [1] 3: (Ornithoptera) [5-6] 1-2, pl. 3 (1900), [1] 3: (Ornithoptera) 7-8, pl. 4 (1901), [1] 1: (Papilio) 1-2, pl. 1 (1887), [1] 1: (Papilio) 3-5,7-14, pl. 2-6 (1888), [1] 1: (Papilio) 15-20, pl. 7-9 (1890), [1] 1: (Papilio) 21-25, pl. 10-11 (1891), [1] 2: (Papilio) 27-31, pl. 12-13 (1893), [1] 2: (Papilio) 33-35, pl. 14 (1894), [1] 2: (Papilio) 37-38, pl. 15 (1895), [1] 2: (Papilio) 39-40, pl. 16 (1897), [1] 3: (Papilio) 41-46, pl. 17-19 (1899), [1] 3: (Papilio) 47-48, pl. 20 (1900), [1] 3: (Papilio) 49-50, pl. 21 (1901), [1] 3: (Papilio) 51-55, pl. 22-23 (1902), [1] 1: (Delias) 1-3, pl. 1 (1889), [1] 2: (Delias) 5-7, 9-11, pl. 2-3 (1893), [1] 2: (Delias) 12-18, pl. 4-5 (1895), [1] 2: (Delias) 20-22, pl. 6 (1896), [1] 3: (Delias) 24-26, pl. 7 (1897), [1] 3: (Delias) 28-35, pl. 8-9 (1901), [1] 3: (Delias) 36-38, pl. 10 (1902), [1] 1: (Pieridae) 1-3, pl. 1 (1888), [1] 2: (Pinacopteryx) 1-4, pl. 1 (1893), [1] 1: (Callosune) 1-3, pl. 1 (1889), [1] 3: (Huphina) 1-7, pl. 1-2 (1898), [1] 3: (Huphina) [8],9-10, pl. 3 (1899), [1] 1: (Elodina) 1-4, pl. 1 (1890), [1] 1: (Belenois) 1-4, pl. 1 (1892), [1] 2: (Belenois) 5-8, pl. 2 (1892), [1] 3: (Mylothris) 1-3, 5-7, pl. 1-2 (1900), [1] 1: (Ixias) 1-3, pl. 1 (1888), [1] 2: (Appias) 1-3, pl. 1 (1894), [1] 1: (Pierinae) 5-7, pl. 2 (1889), [1] 2: (Dismorphia) 1-4, pl. 1 (1896), [1] 2: (Dismorphia) 5-9, 11-15, pl. 2-3 (1897), [2] 1: (Asthipa) 1-3, pl. 1 (1890), [2] 2: (Asthipa) 5-6, pl. 2 (1896), [2] 2: (Ravadeba) 7, pl. 1 (1896), [2] 2: (Mycalesis) 1-4, pl. 1 (1895), [2] 2: (Mycalesis) 5-12, pl. 2-3 (1896), [2] 3: (Mycalesis) 13-18, pl. 4-5 (1902), [2] 3: (Libythea) 1-2, pl. 1 (1902), : (Ragadia-Argyronympha-Hypocysta) : 1-6, pl. [1] (1895), [2] 2: (Pedaliodes) 1-5, pl. 1 (1893), [2] 2: (Pedaliodes) 7-9, pl. 2 (1894), [2] 2: (Pedaliodes) 10-14, pl. 3 (1895), [2] 3: (Pedaliodes) 15-20, pl. 4-5, (Oxeoschistus) 1 (1900), [2] 3: (Pronophila) 1-2, pl. 1, (Oxeoschistus) 2-3, pl. 1 (1900), [2] 2: (Elymnias) 1-4, pl. 1 (1896), [2] 3: (Elymnias) 5-6, pl. 2, (Bruasa) 6-7, pl. 1 (1897), [2] 1: (Morpho) 1-2, pl. 1 (1890), [2] 3: (Morphotenaris-Hyantis) 1-3, pl. [1] (1898), [2] 2: (Tenaris) 1-3, 5-7, pl. 1-2 (1894), [2] 2: (Tenaris) 9-11, pl. 3 (1895), [2] 2: (Tenaris) 13-15, pl. 4 (1896), [2] 3: (Tenaris) 17-18, pl. 5 (1898), [2] 1: (Heliconius) 1-3, pl. 1 (1892), [2] 1: (Acraea) 1-6, pl. 1-2 (1889), [2] 1: (Acraea) 7-10, pl. 3 (1892), [2] 2: (Acraea) 11-14, pl. 4 (1892), [2] 2: (Acraea) 15-18, pl. 5 (1894), [2] 3: (Acraea) 19-29, pl. 6-8, (Planema) 29-30, pl. [1] (1901), [2] 1: (Cethosia) 1-2, pl. 1 (1889), [2] 3: (Cirrhochroa) 1, pl. [1], (Cupha) 2-4, pl. [1] (1898), [2] 2: (Terinos) 1-2, pl. 1 (1894), [2] 1: (Thaleropis) 1-3, pl. 1 (1891), [2] 2: (Doleschallia) 1-3,5-7, pl. 1-2 (1893), [2] 2: (Kallima) 1-3, pl. 1 (1892), [2] 1: (Hypolimnas) 1-2, pl. 1 (1891), [2] 3: (Hypolimnas) 3-4, pl. 2 (1897), [2] 3: (Hypolimnas) 5-6, pl. 3 (1898), [2] 1: (Euxanthe) 1-3, pl. 1 (1890), [2] 1: (Hestina) 1-3, pl. 1 (1891), [2] 1: (Cymothoe) 1-4, pl. 1 (1890), [2] 3: (Limenitis) 1-3, pl. 1 (1899), [2] 2: (Neptis) 1-4, pl. 1 (1895), [2] 3: (Neptis) 5-11, pl. 2-3 (1899), [2] 3: (Neptis) 13-17, pl. 4-5 (1900), [2] 1: (Euthalia-Tanaecia) 1-3, pl. 1 (1889), [2] 1: (Euthalia) 5-10, pl. 2-3 (1891), [2] 2: (Euthalia) 11-14, pl. 4 (1894), [2] 3: (Euthalia) 15, pl. 5, (Dichorragia) 16, pl. 1 (1898), [2] 1: (Apatura) 1-3, pl. 1 (1892), [2] 1: (Euphaedra) 1-2, pl. 1 (1889), [2] 1: (Euryphene) 1-3, pl. 1 (1889), [2] 1: (Charaxes) 1-2,[3-4] pl. 1-2 (1887), [2] 1: (Charaxes) [5], pl. 3 (1888), [2] 1: (Charaxes) 7-9, pl. 4 (1890), [2] 1: (Charaxes) 11-13, pl. 5 (1891), [2] 1: (Mynes) 1-2, pl. 1 (1888), [2] 2: (Mynes) 3-6, pl. 2 (1894), [2] 2: (Prothoe) 1-2, pl. 1 (1896), [3] 3: (Erycinidae) 1-10, pl. 1-2 (1902), [3] 2: (Dicallaneura-etc) 1-6, pl. 1 (1897), [3] 3: (Dicallaneura-etc) 7-11, pl. 2 (1901), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 1-4,[5-9] 1-5, pl. 1-2 (1887), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 11-17, 19-22, pl. 3-5 (1888), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 23-25, 27-29, 31-33, pl. 6-8 (1889), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 35-48, pl. 9-11 (1890), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 49-51,53-64, pl. 12-15 (1891), [3] 2: (Lycaenidae) 65-68, pl. 16 (1892), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) [69-72] 57-60, pl. 17 (1892), [3] 2: (Lycaenidae) [73-77] 61-65,79-84, pl. 18-19 (1892), [3] 2: (Lycaenidae) 85-107, pl. 20-23 (1893), [3] 2: (Lycaenidae) 109-120, pl. 24-25 (1894), [3] 3: (Lycaenidae) 121-125, pl. 26 (1900), [3] 3: (Lycaenidae) 127-131, 133-141, pl. 27-29 (1901), [3] 3: (Lycaenidae) 143-146, pl. 30 (1902), [3] 2: (Hypochrysops) 1-6, pl. 1 (1894), [3] 2: (Hypochrysops) 7-13, 15-22, pl. 2-3 (1895), [3] 2: (Thysonotis) 23-25, 27-31, pl. 1-2 (1895), [3] 2: (Waigeum) 34-38, pl. 1 (1896), [3] 2: (Thysonotis) 39-46, pl. 3-4 (1896), [3] 2: (Holochila) 1-4, pl. 1 (1896), [3] 2: (Holochila) 5-8, pl. 2 (1897), [3] 2: (Pseudonotis) 1-3, pl. [1], (Epimastidia) 4-5, pl. [1], (Lampides) 5-8, pl. [1] (1897), [3] 2: (Lampides) 9-10, pl. 2, (Thysonotis) 47, pl. 5 (1897), [3] 3: (Holochila) 9-11, pl. 3 (1898), [3] 3: (Arhopala) 1-7, pl. 1-2 (1898), [3] 3: (Arhopala) 9-12, pl. 3, (Ilerda) 13, pl. [1], (Horaga) 14-15, pl. [1] (1902), [3] 3: (Thysonotis) 47x,48-50, pl. 6 (1898), [3] 3: (Hypochrysops) 23-26, pl. 4 (1898), [3] 3: (Holochila) 13-15, pl. 4 (1899), [3] 3: (Hypochrysops) 27-29, pl. 5, (Waigeum) [30], pl. 2 (1899), [3] 3: (Holochila) 17-19, pl. 5 (1899), [3] 3: (Thysonotis) 51-54, pl. 7 (1899), [3] 3: (Jamides) 11-14, pl. 1 (1900), [3] 3: (Hypolycaena-etc) 1-4, pl. [1] (1900), [3] 3: (Hypochrysops) 31-33, pl. 6, (Thysonotis) 55-56, pl. 8 (1900), [3]: (Additions-Corrections) 1-2,[3],vii-x
Hübner, [1819]
Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge, 1816-[1826] Verz. bek. Schmett. (1): [1-3], 4-16 (1816), (2): 17-32 (1819), (3): 33-48 (1819), (4): 49-64 (1819), (5): 65-80 (1819), (6): 81-96 (1819), (7): 97-112 (1819), (8): 113-128 (1819), (9): 129-144 (1819), (10): 145-160 (1819), (11): 161-176 (1819), (12): 177-192 (1820), (13): 193-208 (1820), (14): 209-224 (1821), (15): 225-240 (1821), (16): 241-256 (1821), (17): 257-272 (1823), (18): 273-288 (1823), (19): 289-304 (1823), (20): 305-320 (1825), (21): 321-336 (1825), (22): 337-352 (1825), (23-27): 353-431 ([1825])
Stoll, [1782]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) in Cramer, Uitl. Kapellen 4 (26b-28): 29-90, pl. 305-336 (1780), (29-31): 91-164, pl. 337-372 (1781), (32-32): 165-252, 1-29, pl. 373-400 (1782)


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.