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Zizina Chapman, 1910
Lesser Grass Blues
Zizina Chapman, 1910; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1910 (4) : 482, TS: Polyommatus labradus Godart
Zizina (Polyommatini) ; Eliot, 1973, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 447; [BK, 238]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 156; [AfrL]

Zizina antanossa (Mabille, 1877)
Africa, Madagascar, Réunion I.. See [About maps] Dark Grass Blue
Lycaena antanossa Mabille, 1877; Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. (5) 7 : lxxii, TL: Madagascar
Zizera antanossa ; Butler, 1900, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1900 : 110, pl. 11, f. 14-15
Zizina antanossa ; [BAFR, 550]; [BK: 238, pl. 24, f. 344]; [BMAT: 34, pl. 11, f. 17-20]; [MadL]; [AfrL]

Larva on Desmodium incanum, Indigofera sp. [PBSA]


Zizina otis (Fabricius, 1787)
Ceylon, India, Burma. See [About maps] Common Grass Blue Lucerne Blue Clover Blue Bean Blue Lesser Grass Blue
Papilio otis Fabricius, 1787; Mantissa Insectorum 2: 73, no. 689, TL: China
Zizina otis otis, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Zizera otis ; Druce, 1895, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1895 (3) : 576; Butler, 1900, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1900 : 111
Zizina otis ; [BOW: pl. 182, f. 11]
Zizeeria otis ; [BIR, 285 (key)]
Zizina otis ; [EBW]; [MRS, 674]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 156
[otis-1v.jpg] 769x513 (~72Kb) underside Thailand, Krabi 24.12.2003-7.1.2004, Photo © Olli Vesikko [otis-2v.jpg] 537x651 (~62Kb) underside Thailand, Chon Buri Province, between Pattaya and Bang Phra, a roadside. 1st February 2005, Photo © Oleg Kosterin [otis-3v.jpg] 793x656 (~64Kb) underside Thailand, Chon Buri Province, Pattaya, Jomtien beach, a wasting land behind Jomtien Holiday Hotel, 2nd January 2006, Photo © Oleg Kosterin
[otis-4v.jpg] 808x637 (~44Kb) underside Thailand, Chon Buri Province, Pattaya, bushes and trees around a small grassy swampat the Jomtien beach, between B.O. Guesthouse and Jomtien Metro Condotel. 2nd January 2006, Photo © Oleg Kosterin [otis-5v.jpg] 1023x1092 (~189Kb) underside Thailand, Chon Buri Province, Pattaya, Jomtien beach, a wasting land behind Jomtien Holiday Hotel, 2nd January 2006, Photo © Oleg Kosterin [otis-6v.jpg] 921x906 (~159Kb) underside Cambodia, Siem Reap, Angkor Wat. 8th January 2006, Photo © Oleg Kosterin

Larva on Mimosa pudica [EOB], Zornia diphylla, Sesbania aculeata, Alysicarpus vaginalis [MRS]


Z. o. tanagra (Felder, 1860)
Tukangbesi, Sula, Maluku otis tanagra (Felder, 1860) (Lycaena); Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien 40 (11): 459, TL: Amboina
Zizina otis tanagra ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 156
China Polyommauts sangra Moore, [1866]; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1865 (3) : 772, pl. 41, f. 8, TL: Bengal
Lycaena lysizone Snellen, 1876; Tijdschr. Ent. 19 (3) : 161, pl. 7, f. 2, 2a, TL: Java
Lycaena thibetensis Poujade, 1885; Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. (6) 5 : cli [151], TL: Tibet
Zizera dryina Chapman, 1909; Proc. ent. Soc. Lond. 1908 (3/4) : lxxxii [82], pl. B. f. 2, TL: Java
Zizina otis otis ; [BOR, 651 (name)]
?Z. o. caduca (Butler, [1876])
New Hebrides Lycaena caduca Butler, [1876]; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1875 (4) : 616, TL: Erromanga, New Hebrides
Zizera caduca ; Butler, 1900, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1900 : 110, pl. 11, f. 12
Zizina otis(?) caduca ; [BAUR, 362 (text)]
Z. o. oriens (Butler, 1883)
Philippines Zizera oriens Butler, 1883; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 11 (66) : 417, TL: Mindanao
Z. o. mangoensis (Butler, 1884)
Fiji Lycaena mangoensis Butler, 1884; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 13 (77) : 347, TL: Fiji
Zizina otis mangoensis ; [BAUR, 362]
Z. o. aruensis (Swinhoe)
Aru, West Irian - Papua ?Zizera aruensis Swinhoe, 1916; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (8) 18 (104) : 211, TL: Aru I.
?Cupido aruensis ; [NHM]
Zizina otis aruensis ; [BAUR, 362 (text)]
Z. o. annetta Toxopeus, 1929
Sumatra Zizina annetta Toxopeus, 1929; Tijdschr. Ent. 72 (3/4) : 207, TL: Prapat, Sumatra
Zizina otis annetta ; [BOR, 651 (name)]
Z. o. kuli Toxopeus, 1929
Sumatra Zizina kuli Toxopeus, 1929; Tijdschr. Ent. 72 (3/4) : 207, TL: Deli, Sumatra
Zizina otis kuli ; [BOR, 651 (name)]
Z. o. parasangra Toxopeus, 1929
Sumatra Zizina parasangra Toxopeus, 1929; Tijdschr. Ent. 72 (3/4) : 206, TL: Pulo Weh
Zizina otis parasangra ; [BOR, 651 (name)]
Kangean Zizina soeriomataram Kalis, 1938; Ent. Rdsch. 55: 197, TL: Kangean
Zizina otis soeriomataram ; [BOR, 651 (name)]
Z. o. riukuensis (Matsumura, 1929)
Zizera labradus riukuensis Matsumura, 1929; Insecta Matsumurana 3 (2/3) : 106, TL: Okinawa
Zizina otis riukuensis ; [MRS, 674]

Larva on Zornia diphylla, Lotus corniculatus var. japonicus, Sesbania aculeata, Indigofera anil, Mimosa pudica [MRS]

Bismarck Archipelago Zizina otis lampra ; [BAUR, 362]
Z. o. lampa (Corbet, 1940)
Peninsular Malaya, Singapore, Java Zizeeria lampa Corbet, 1940; Entomologist 73 (2): 41, TL: Singapore
Zizina otis lampa ; [BOR, 651]; [BMP: 245, pl. 34, f. 37-39]
Sulawesi, Salayar Zizina otis ssp. ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 157
Banggai Zizina otis ssp. ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 157

Zizina labradus (Godart, [1824])
Australia. See [About maps] Polyommatus labradus Godart, [1824]; Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (2): 680, TL: Australia
Lycaena novaehollandiae C. Felder, 1862
Lycaena novae-hollandiae C. Felder, 1862; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 12 (1/2) : 490
Lycaena communis Herrich-Schäffer, 1869; Stettin ent. Ztg 30 (1-3) : 72
?Lycaena alsulus Herrich-Schäffer, 1869; Stettin ent. Ztg 30 (1-3) : 75
Lycaena phoebe Murray, 1873; Ent. mon. Mag. 10 : 107
Cupido delicata Tepper, 1882
Lycaena pervulgatus Guest, 1882
Polyommatus frequens Scott, 1890; (unavail.)
?Zizera subcoerulea Holland, 1900; Novit. Zool. 7 (1): 69, TL: Buru
Zizina labradus, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Zizera labradus ; Rothschild, 1915, Novit. Zool. 22 (3): 389
Zizina labradus ; [AUCL]

Larva on Desmodium sp., Glycine max, Glycine wightii, G. sp., Indigofera sp., Lotus australis, Macroptilium lathyroides, Medicago spp., Phaseolus vulgaris, Pisum sativum, Psoralea adscendens, P. patens, Swainsona spp., Trifolium pratens, T. sp., Trigonella sp., Vicia faba, Virgilia oroboides, Acacia baileyana K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991, Review Austr. Butts. (1-4): (120-140)

Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand, New Caledonia, Lyoalty Is., Norfolk, Lord Howe Is. Common Grass Blue Lucerne Blue Clover Blue Bean Blue
Zizina otis labradus ; [BAUR, 362]
?Z. l. labdalon Waterhouse & Lyell, 1914
Torres Strait Is., Cape York Zizina labdalon Waterhouse & Lyell, 1914
Zizina otis labdalon ; [BAUR, 362 (text)]
Z. l. oxleyi (C. & R. Felder, 1865)
New Zealand Lycaena oxleyi C. & R. Felder, [1865]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (2): 280
Zizina oxleyi ; [BOW: pl. 182, f. 6]; [BAUR, 362]


Unknown or unplaced taxa

Lycaena indica Murray, 1874; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 22 (4) : 525, pl. 10, f. 2-3, TL: Allahabad
Zizera indica var. decreta Butler, 1883; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1883 (2) : 150
Zizera indica ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (2): 79, pl. 35, f. 7, 7a; Butler, 1900, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1900 : 111
Lycaena indica ; [NHM]
Zizina indica ;

Polyommatus similis Moore, 1878; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878 (3) : 702, TL: Hainan


21.10.2012 (3)

References:
[AUCL]
Nielsen & Rangsi, 1996; Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Australia; CSIRO, Australia
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[AfrL]
Mark C. Williams; Checklist of Afrotropical Papilionoidea and Hesperoidea; Compiled by Mark C. Williams, 7th ed. (2008) (April 2007); Afrototropical Butterflies; e-mail: Mark C. Williams
[BAFR]
D'Abrera, 1980; Butterflies of the Afrotropical Region
[BAUR]
D'Abrera, 1977; Butterflies of the Australian Region (2nd edn)
[BIR]
Wynter-Blyth, 1957; Butterflies of the Indian Region; (1982 Reprint)
[BK]
Larsen, 1996; The Butterflies of Kenya and their natural history
[BMAT]
Tennent, 1996; The butterflies of Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia; ISBN 0 906802 05 9
[BMP]
Eliot (Ed.), Corbet & Pendlebury, 1992; The Butterflies of The Malay Peninsula; 4th edition; ISBN 983-9681-05-2
[BOR]
D'Abrera, 1982, 1985, 1986; Butterflies of the Oriental Region, Part I-III
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[Don Herbison-Evans]
and Stella A. Crossley; Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans
[EBW]
Smart, Paul, 1976; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World; ISBN 0 600 31381 6
[EOB]
Feltwell; The Encyclopedia of Butterflies; Prentice Hall, 1993; ISBN 0-671-86828-4
[MRS]
Chou Io (Ed.); Monographia Rhopalocerum Sinensium, 1-2
[MadL]
Lees, D.C., Kremen, C. and Raharitsimba, H. 2003; in S.M. Goodman & J. P. Benstead (eds.), The Natural History of Madagascar; Classification, Diversity and Endemism of the Butterflies (Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea): A Revised Species Checklist: : pp. 762-793; University of Chicago Press. 1709 pp.
[NHM]
Natural History Museum; The Global Lepidoptera Names Index
[Oleg Kosterin]
Institue of Cytology & Genetics; Siberian Division of Russian Academy of Sciences; Novosibirsk; e-mail: Oleg Kosterin; http://pisum.bionet.nsc.ru/kosterin/
[Olli Vesikko]
http://koti.welho.com/ovesikko/
[PBSA]
Dickson, C.G.C (ed.), Kroon, D.M.; Pennington's Butterflies of Southern Africa; AD. DONKER 1978
[Yutaka Inayoshi]
A Check List of Butterflies in Indo-China; Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM
[²]
This may require parentheses or not. I don't have the necessary information for this taxon.


Some related literature:
Butler, [1876]
On a Collection of Butterflies from the New Hebrides and Loyalty Islands with Descriptions of new Species Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1875 (4) : 610-619, pl. 67
Butler, 1883
The Lepidoptera collected during the recent expedition of H.M.S. "Challenger." Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 11 (66) : 402-428
Butler, 1883
On a collection of Indian Lepidoptera received from Lieut.-Colonel Charles Swinhoe; with numerous notes by the collector Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1883 (2) : 144-175, pl. 24
Butler, 1884
A Collection of Butterflies from the Fiji Islands Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 13 (77) : 343-348
Butler, 1900
A Revision of the Butterflies of the Genus Zizera represented in the Collection of the British Museum Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1900 : 104-111, pl. 11
Chapman, 1909
A Mimetic Group of Indian Celastrinids (Cyaniris) and Everids Proc. ent. Soc. Lond. 1908 (3/4) : lxxxi-lxxxv,[81-85],pl. A-C
Chapman, 1910
On Zizeeria Chapman, Zizera Moore. A Group of Lycaenid Butterflies Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1910 (4) : 479-497, pl. 51-60
Corbet, 1940
Revisional Notes on Malayan Rhopalocera Entomologist 73 (2): 39-443
Druce, 1895
A Monograph of the Bornean Lycaenidae Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1895 (3) : 556-627, pl. 31-34
K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991
Review of Australian Butterflies: distribution, life history and taxonomy. Pushlished by authors, Melbourne Review Austr. Butts. (1-4):
Eliot, 1973
The higher classification of the Lycaenidae (Lepidoptera): a tentative Arrangement Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 373-505, 162fgs, pl. 1-6
Felder, 1860
Lepidopterorum Amboienensium species novae diagnosibus Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien 40 (11): 448-462
C. Felder, 1862
Verzeichniss der von den Naturforschern der k. k. Fregatte Novara gesammelten Macropepidoteren Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 12 (1/2) : 473-496
C. & R. Felder, [1865]
Reise der österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Behilfen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair. Zoologischer Theil. Band 2. Abtheilung 2. Lepidoptera. Rhopalocera Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (1): 1-136, pl. 1-21 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, [1865]), (2): 137-378, pl. 22-47 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, 1865), (3): 379-536, pl. 48-74 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, 1867), (4): 537-548, pl. 75-120, (Inhalts-Verz.) 1-9 (pl. 1-74), (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1874) , (5): pl. 121-140, (erklärung) 1-10 (pl. 75-107), (Inhalts-Verz.) 1-20 (pl. 108-140), (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1875)
Godart, [1824]
in Latreille & Godart, Encyclopédie Méthodique. Histoire naturelle Entomologie, ou histoire naturelle des crustacés, des arachnides et des insectes Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (1): 3-328 (1819), (2): 329-828 ([1824])
Herrich-Schäffer, 1869
Neue Schmetterlinge aus dem "Museum Godeffroy" in Hamburg Stettin ent. Ztg 30 (1-3) : 65-80, pl. 1-4
Holland, 1900
The Lepidoptera of Buru. (1) Rhopalocera, (2) Heterocera Novit. Zool. 7 (1): 54-86, (3): 555-591
Mabille, 1877
[no title] Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. (5) 7 : xxxvii-xxxix [37-39], : xxxix-xl [39-40], : lxxi-lxxiii [71-73]
Matsumura, 1929
New butterflies from Japan, Korea and Formosa Insecta Matsumurana 3 (2/3) : 87-107, pl. 4
Moore, [1866]
On the Lepidopterous Insects of Bengal Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1865 (3) : 755-823, pl. 41-43
Moore, 1878
List of Lepidopterous Insects collected by the late R. Swinhoe in the Island of Hainan Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878 (3) : 695-708
Moore, [1881]
The Lepidoptera of Ceylon Lepid. Ceylon 1 (1): 1-40, pl. 1-18 (Dec 1880), (2): 41-80, pl. 19-36 (Jan 1881), (3): 81-136, pl. 37-54 (Jun 1881), (4): 137-190, pl. 55-71 (Dec 1881)
Murray, 1873
Descriptions of new species of exotic Rhopalocera Ent. mon. Mag. 10 : 107-108
Murray, 1874
Descriptions of some new species belonging to the genus Lycaena Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 22 (4) : 523-529, pl. 10
Poujade, 1885
[no title] Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. (6) 5 : x-xi [10-11], : xxiv-xxv [24-25], : xli-xlii [41-42], : lxvi [61], : xciv-xcv [94-95], : cxliii [143], : cli [151], : cc [200], : ccvii-ccviii [207-208], : ccxv-ccxvi [215-216]
Rothschild, 1915
On the Lepidoptera in the Tring Museum sent by Mr. A. S. Meek from the Admiralty Islands, Dampier and Vulcan Islands Novit. Zool. 22 (2): 192-208, (3): 387-402
Snellen, 1876
Lepidoptera van Batavia. Beschrijving der nieuwe soorten Tijdschr. Ent. 19 (3) : 159-167, pl. 7
Swinhoe, 1916
New Indo-Malayan Lepidoptera Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (8) 18 (104) : 209-221
Toxopeus, 1929
Beschreibung einiger Schmetterlinge (Riodinidae und Lycaenidae) von Pulu Weh bei Sumatra. (Lycaenidae Australasiae V) Tijdschr. Ent. 72 (3/4) : 204-214
Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003
The butterflies of Sulawesi: annotated checklist for a critical island faunda Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 3-268, pl. 1-16


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.