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Tuxentius Larsen, 1982
Pied Pierrots Pies
Tuxentius (Polyommatini) ; [BK, 233]; [AfrL]

Tuxentius calice (Hopffer, 1855)
-. See [About maps] Lycaena calice Hopffer, 1855; Ber. Verh. Akad. Berlin 1855 : 642, TL: Mozambique
Castalius calice ; [BOW: pl. 121, f. 4]
Tuxentius calice ; [AfrL]

Larva on Zizyphus [BK]

Natal, Transvaal, Rhodesia, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, S.Zaire (Shaba), Angola, Malawi, S.Tanzania Castalius calice calice
Castalius calice calice ; [BAFR, 547]
Tuxentius calice calice ; [AfrL]
T. c. gregorii (Butler, 1894)
N.Tanzania, Kenya Lycaena gregorii Butler, 1894; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1894 : 568
Castalius calice gregorii ; [BAFR, 547 (text)]
Tuxentius calice gregorii ; [BK: 233, pl. 24, f. 332]; [AfrL]

Tuxentius ertli (Aurivillius, 1907)
Malawi, Tanzania. See [About maps] Castalius ertli ; [BAFR, 547]
Tuxentius ertli ; [AfrL]

Tuxentius kaffana (Talbot, 1935)
SW.Ethiopia. See [About maps] Castalius kaffana ; [BAFR, 548]
Tuxentius kaffana ; [AfrL]

Tuxentius cretosus (Butler, 1876)
-. See [About maps] Castalius cretosus ; [BOW: pl. 121, f. 5]
Tuxentius cretosus ; [BK: 233, pl. 24, f. 333]; [AfrL]

Larva on Zizyphus [BK]

Kenya (coastal), Ethiopia Castalius cretosus cretosus
Castalius cretosus cretosus ; [BAFR, 548]
Tuxentius cretosus cretosus ; [BK, 234 (note)]; [AfrL]
T. c. lactinatus (Butler, [1886])
Somalia Castalius lactinatus Butler, [1886]; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1885 (4) : 764, pl. 47, f. 3, TL: Somalia
Castalius cretosus lactinatus ; [BAFR, 548]
Tuxentius cretosus lactinatus ; [AfrL]
T. c. usemia (Neave, 1904)
N.Kenya, Uganda Castalius cretosus usemia ; [BAFR, 548 (text)]
Tuxentius cretosus usemia ; [BK, 233 (note)]; [AfrL]
T. c. nodieri (Oberthür, 1883)
Senegal - east Castalius cretosus nodieri ; [BAFR, 548 (text)]
Tuxentius cretosus nodieri ; [AfrL]

Tuxentius melaena (Trimen, 1887)
-. See [About maps] Dark Pied Pierrot
Lycaena melaena Trimen, 1887; South-African Butts 2 : 82
Castaleus[sic] melaena ; [BOW: pl. 121, f. 9]
Tuxentius melaena ; [AfrL]

Larva on Zizyphus spp., Zizyphus mucronata [PBSA]

Natal, Transvaal - Rhodesia, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia, Tanzania, Kenya, Ethiopia Castalius melaena melaena
Castalius melaena melaena ; [BAFR, 548]
Tuxentius melaena melaena ; [BK: 234, pl. 24, f. 335]; [AfrL]
T. m. griqua (Trimen, 1887)
Cape Lycaena griqua Trimen, 1887; South-African Butts 2 : 84, TL: South Africa
Castalius melaena griqua ; [BAFR, 548 (text)]
Tuxentius melaena griqua ; [AfrL]

Tuxentius interruptus (Gabriel, 1954)
SW.Arabia. See [About maps] Tuxentius interruptus ; [BK, 234 (note)]
Castalius melaena interruptus ; [BAFR, 548 (text)]

Tuxentius stempfferi (Kielland, 1976)
Tanzania. See [About maps] ?melaena stempfferi ;
Tuxentius stempfferi ; [BK, 243 (note)]; [AfrL]

Tuxentius hesperis (Vári, 1976)
South Africa (Viool's Drift). See [About maps] Castalius hesperis Vári, 1976; Ann. Transv. Mus. 30 (13) : 133
Tuxentius hesperis ; [AfrL]

Tuxentius carana (Hewitson, 1876)
-. See [About maps] Lycaena carana Hewitson, 1876; Ill. exot. Butts [5] (Lycaena): [70], pl. [35], f. 6, TL: Angola
Tuxentius carana ; [AfrL]
Angola, Gabon, Congo Republic, Zaire Castalius carana carana
Castalius carana carana ; [BAFR, 548 (text)]
Tuxentius carana carana ; [AfrL]
T. c. kontu (Karsch, 1893)
Guinea - Nigeria Castalius carana koutu[sic?] ; [BAFR, 548 (spell.?)]
Tuxentius carana kontu ; [AfrL]

Tuxentius margaritaceus (Sharpe, 1892)
Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaire, Camroun. See [About maps] Castalius margaritaceus Sharpe, 1892; Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1891 : 636, TL: Sotik, Kavirondo
Castalius margaritaceus ; [BOW: pl. 121, f. 8]; [BAFR, 548]
Tuxentius margaritaceus ; [AfrL]

Larva on Gouania [BK]

Tuxentius margaritaceus margaritaceus ; [BK: 234, pl. 24, f. 334]

 

Tuxentius gabrieli Balint, 1999
Tuxentius gabrieli ; [AfrL]


11.2.2013 (11)

References:
[AJA]
African Journal Archive
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[AfrL]
Mark C. Williams; Checklist of Afrotropical Papilionoidea and Hesperoidea; Compiled by Mark C. Williams, 7th ed. (2008) (April 2007); Afrototropical Butterflies; e-mail: Mark C. Williams
[BAFR]
D'Abrera, 1980; Butterflies of the Afrotropical Region
[BK]
Larsen, 1996; The Butterflies of Kenya and their natural history
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[PBSA]
Dickson, C.G.C (ed.), Kroon, D.M.; Pennington's Butterflies of Southern Africa; AD. DONKER 1978


Some related literature:
Butler, [1886]
An account of two collections of Lepidoptera recently received from Somali-land Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1885 (4) : 756-776, pl. 47
Butler, 1894
On a collection of Lepidoptera from British East Africa, made by Dr J. W. Gregory between the Moths of March & August 1893 Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1894 : 557-593, pl. 36-37
Hewitson, 1876
Illustrations of new species of exotic Butterflies selected chiefly from the collections of W. Wilson Saunders and William C. Hewitson Ill. exot. Butts [5] : (Systematic Index) V, (Anteros): [1-2], pl. [1] (1867), (Erycina & Necyria): [3-4], pl. [2] (1870), (Erycina Symmachia &c): [5-6], pl. [3] (1875), (Necyria & Esthemopsis): [7-8], pl. [4] (1872), (Calydna): [9-10], pl. [5] (1854), (Calydna II): [11-12], pl. [6] (1859), (Theope): [13-14], pl. [7] (1860), (Symmachia): [15-16], pl. [8] (1867), (Symmachia & Charis II): [17-18], pl. [9] (1871), (Charis): [19-20], pl. [10] (1866), (Emesis): [21-22], pl. [11] (1872), (Nymphidium I): [23-24], pl. [12] (1853), (Nymphidium II-III): [25-28], pl. [13-14] (1865), (Nymphidium IV): [29-30], pl. [15] (1871), (Lemonias I): [31-32], pl. [16] (1853), (Lemonias II): [33-34], pl. [17] (1858), (Lemonias III-IV): [35-38], pl. [18-19] (1863), (Lemonias V): [39-40], pl. [20] (1872), (Lemonias & Baeotis): [41-42], pl. [21] (1875), (Lemonias & Baeotis): [43-44], pl. [22] (1874), (Pachythone & Cremna): [45-46], pl. [23] (1873), (Hades, Uraneis, &c): [47-48], pl. [24] (1870), (Limnas I-II): [49-52], pl. [25-26] (1853), (Limnas & Panara): [53-54], pl. [27] (1875), (Limnas &c): [55-56], pl. [28] (1876), (Limnas & Ithomeis): [57-58], pl. [29] (1870), (Chamaelimnas & Ithomiola): [59-60], pl. [30] (1871), (Hermathena &c): [61-62], pl. [31] (1875), (Ogyris): [63-64], pl. [32] (1853), (Pentila & Liptena): [65-66], pl. [33] (1866), (Pentila & Liptena II): [67-68], pl. [34] (1873), (Lycaena): [69-70], pl. [35] (1876), (Pyrrhopyga I-II): [71-74], pl. [36-37] (1857), (Pyrrhopyga): [75-76], pl. [38] (1869), (Pyrrhopyga II-III): [77-80], pl. [39-40] (1871), (Pyrrhopyga IV): [81-82], pl. [41] (1873), (Pyrrhopyga V & Erycides): [83-84], pl. [42] (1875), (Ismene I-II): [85-88], pl. [43-44] (1867), (Eudamus): [89-90], pl. [45] (1873), (Eudamus II-III): [91-94], pl. [46-47] (1875), (Chaetocneme): [95-96], pl. [48] (1874), (Hesperia I-II): [97-100], pl. [49-50] (1867), (Hesperia III): [101-102], pl. [51] (1868), (Hesperia IV): [103-104], pl. [52] (1869), (Hesperia V): [105-106], pl. [53] (1872), (Hesperia V*-VI): [107-110], pl. [54-55] (1873), (Hesperia VII): [111-112], pl. [56] (1876), (Leucochitonea): [113-114], pl. [57] (1869), (Leucochitonea II): [115-116], pl. [58] (1875), (Pterygospidea): [117-118], pl. [59] (1873), (Cyclopides): [119-120], pl. [60] (1874), (Cyclopides & Hesperilla): [121-122], pl. [61] (1874)
Hopffer, 1855
[Lepidoptera Diurna] Ber. Verh. Akad. Berlin 1855 : 639-643
Sharpe, 1892
Descriptions of New Butterflies collected by Mr. F. J. Jackson, F.Z.S:, in British East Africa, during his recent Expedition. - Part I & II Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1891 : 187-194, pl. 16-17, : 633-638, pl. 48
Trimen, 1887
South-African Butterflies: a monograph of the extra-tropical species. Vol. 2 South-African Butts 2 : 1-242, pl. 7-9
Vári, 1976
South African Lepidoptera 7. Descriptions and notes of new taxa of Rhopalocera Ann. Transv. Mus. 30 (13) : 121-144, pl. 13-17


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.