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Brephidium Scudder, 1876
Brephidium Scudder, 1876; Bull. Buffalo Soc. nat. Sci. 3 : 123, TS: Lycaena exilis Boisduval
Brephidium (Polyommatinae) ; [NL4A, 138]
Brephidium (Polyommatini) ; Eliot, 1973, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 448; [Opler]; [AfrL]

Brephidium exilis (Boisduval, 1852)
-. See [About maps] Lycaena exilis Boisduval, 1852; Ann. Soc. ent. Fr. (2) 10 : 294, TL: California
Brephidium exilis exilis, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Brephidium exilis exilis, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Brephidium exilis, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Brephidium exile, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
Lycaena exilis ; Godman & Salvin, [1887], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 109, 3: pl. 58, f. 30-32; Godman & Salvin, [1901], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 723
Brephidium exile ; [NACL, #4353]
Brephidium exilis ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 46; [BNA: 394, pl. 38, f. 389]; [BOW: pl. 19, f. 17]; [Opler]; [AfrL]; [NL4A, #1081]
Brephidium exilis exilis ; [BNA, 394]
[exilis-1v.jpg] 750x677 (~55Kb) underside USA:Stop at road 70 to Phoenix, San Carlos Apache Reservation (33°13'35N, 110°13'47W), Graham Co., Arizona, 9.8.2005, Photo © Markku Savela [exilis-2u.jpg] 1500x1141 (~174Kb) upperside USA: Stop at Colorado River on rd. 128 (38°40'56"N, 109°28'42"W), Grand Co., Utah, 15.8.2005, Photo © Markku Savela [exilis-2v.jpg] 1500x1476 (~216Kb) underside USA: Stop at Colorado River on rd. 128 (38°40'56"N, 109°28'42"W), Grand Co., Utah, 15.8.2005, Photo © Markku Savela
[exilis-3v.jpg] 900x1142 (~97Kb) underside USA: Antelope Island, Great Salt Lake (near ~ 41°02'24"N 112°15'31"W), Davis Co., Utah, 17.8.2005, Photo © Markku Savela

Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, California, Mexico, Western Pygmy Blue
Lycaena fea Edwards, 1871; , TL: Texas
= ; [NL4A, #1081a]
Brephidium exilis ab. ♀ coolidgei Gunder, 1925; Ent. News 36 : 2, pl. 1, f. 2, TL: California
= ; [NL4A, #1081a]
Brephidium exilis yucateca Clench, 1970; J. Lep. Soc. 24: (3-6), TL: Progreso, Yucatan, Mexico
= ; [NL4A, #1081a]
Brephidium exilis yucateca, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Brephidium exilis yucateca, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Brephidium exilis exilis ; [NL4A, #1081a]

Larva on Atriplex canescens, Atriplex coulteri, A. serenana, A. leucophylla, A. patula, A. patula var. hastata, A. semibaccata, A. rosea, A. cordulata, A. hymenelytra, A. lentiformis var. breweri, Suaeda fruticosa, S. californica, S. torreyana, Salicornia virginica, Chenopodium album, C. leptophyllum, Salsola iberica, S. kali var. tenuifolia, Halogeton glomeratus, Trianthema portulacastrum, Sesuvium verrucosum, Batis maritima? [BNA]

B. e. isophthalma (Herrich-Schäffer, 1862)
New Orleans - Florida, NA.Georgia, Cuba, Bahamas, Grand Cayman Eastern Pygmy Blue
Lycaena isophthalma Herrich-Schäffer, 1862; CorrespBl. zool.-min Ver. Regensburg 16 (10): 141, TL: Cuba
Brephidium barbouri Clench, 1943; Psyche 49: (52-60) , TL: Great Inagua Island, Bahamas
= ; [NL4A, #1081b]
Brephidium exilis thompsoni Carpenter & Lewis, 1943; , TL: Grand Cayman
= ; [NL4A, #1081b]
Brephidium isophthalma, Georgia Lepidoptera (USA) [GALEPS]
Brephidium isophthalma ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 46; [NACL, #4354]
Brephidium exilis isophthalma ; [NL4A, #1081b]

Brephidium pseudofea (Morrison, 1873)
Florida. See [About maps] Lycaena pseudofea Morrison, 1873; , TL: Florida
Brephidium isophthalma pseudofea Morrison, 1873
Brephidium pseudofea pseudofea, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Brephidium pseudofea, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Brephidium isophthalma pseudofea ; [NACL, #4354a]
Brephidium exilis pseudofea ; [BNA, 395]
Brephidium pseudopea[sic?] ; [BOW: pl. 19, f. 17 (text only)]
Brephidium pseudofea ; [Opler]; [NL4A, #1082]

Larva on Salicornia bigelovii, S. virginica, Batis maritima? [BNA]


Brephidium metophis (Wallengren, 1860)
Cape, Orange Free State, Botswana, Moçambique, Rhodesia, South West Africa. See [About maps] Lycaena metophis Wallengren, 1860; Wien ent. Monats. 4: 37
Brephidium metophis ; [BOW: pl. 120, f. 52]; [BAFR, 551]; [AfrL]

Larva on Exomis axyrioides [PBSA]



28.5.2012 (3)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[AfrL]
Mark C. Williams; Checklist of Afrotropical Papilionoidea and Hesperoidea; Compiled by Mark C. Williams, 7th ed. (2008) (April 2007); Afrototropical Butterflies; e-mail: Mark C. Williams
[BAFR]
D'Abrera, 1980; Butterflies of the Afrotropical Region
[BAMONA]
Opler, Pavulaan, Stanford & Pogue; Butterflies and Moths of North America; Mountain Prairie Information Node
[BCA]
electronic; BIOLOGIA CENTRALI-AMERICANA
[BNA]
Scott, 1986; The Butterflies of North America
[BOA]
Interactive Listing of American Butterflies; Listado Interactivo de la Mariposas Americanas; Butterflies of America
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[Bruce Walsh]
Bruce Walsh; e-mail: Bruce Walsh; The Moths of Southeastern Arizona; Butterflies of Southeastern Arizona
[GALEPS]
Moths and Butterflies of Georgia and the Southeastern United States; James K. Adams; Dept. of Natural Science, Dalton State College, Dalton, GA ; http://www.daltonstate.edu/galeps/index.htm
[ILMB]
Interactive Listing of Mexican Butterflies
[NACL]
Hodges, 1983; Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico
[NL4A]
Gerardo Lamas, 2004; Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera; Checklist: Part 4A; Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea
[Opler]
Opler & Warren, 2003 (April); Butterflies of North America. 2. Scientific Names List for Butterfly Species of North America, north of Mexico.
[PBSA]
Dickson, C.G.C (ed.), Kroon, D.M.; Pennington's Butterflies of Southern Africa; AD. DONKER 1978


Some related literature:
Boisduval, 1852
Lépidoptères de la Californie Ann. Soc. ent. Fr. (2) 10 : 275-324
Clench, 1943
The Lycaenidae of the Bahama Islands (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera) Psyche 49 : 52-60 (1942)
Clench, 1970
A new subspecies of Brephidium exilis from Yucatan (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) J. Lep. Soc. 24: 3-6
Dyar, 1903
A List of North American Lepidoptera and Key to the Literature of this Order of Insects Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 1-723
Eliot, 1973
The higher classification of the Lycaenidae (Lepidoptera): a tentative Arrangement Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 373-505, 162fgs, pl. 1-6
Godman & Salvin, [1887]; Godman & Salvin, [1901]
Biologia Centrali-Americana. Rhopalocera. (1887-1901) Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 1-782, 3: pl. 1-112
Gunder, 1925
Several New Varieties of and Aberrant Lepidoptera (Rhopalocera) from California Ent. News 36 : 1-9, pl. 1
Herrich-Schäffer, 1862
Schmetterlinge aus Cuba CorrespBl. zool.-min Ver. Regensburg 16 (6-8): 118-120, (10): 141-143, (11): 156-157, (12): 174-180
Scudder, 1876
Synonymic list of the butterflies of North America, north of Mexico. (2) Rurales Bull. Buffalo Soc. nat. Sci. 3 : 98-129
Wallengren, 1860
Lepidopterologische Mittheilungen (1-3) Wien ent. Monats. 4: 33-46,161-176 (1860), 7: 137-151 (1863)


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.